Newspaper Page Text
TRYING TO LEO WN OUT THE BIG NOISE WITH A PHONOGRAPH.
MR. BRYAN’S MAIL. ThouMniiils of Letters Pour in on the Nrbrasknn Daily. The mall that reaches William Jen nlngs Bryan these days wou’d make the heart of a mail order house manager glad, writes a Lincoln correspondent. It ■comes in great volume and the number of checks, express and postoillce money orders, crisp bills and promises to pay that the daily installment of 2,000 to iJ.OOO letters bring is a formidable stack when piled up on the table where the mail is sorted and opened. All of Mr. Bryan’s mall goes first to the Commoner office. There the greater part of it is Cared for, sorted out, and answered. Mail that deserves the at tention of the candidate himself is sent to Fairview, and there a big force of stenographers is kept at work. All mail is promptly answered. Much of it is ■of a nature that experienced assistants who have been with the candidate a long time may answer without bother ing either W. J. Bryan or his indus trious and unusually busy brother, Charles W. Bryan. Much of it is Com moner mall. Some of the letters received require no answer, but these are not numerejs. Many postcards, some merely contain ing congratulatory remarks and expres sions of hope for Democratic success, are received. Nearly every new post card picture finds its way to the Fair view home, and the Bryan grandchil dren have the chance of their lives to Acquire a collection of these of un equaled size. Some of these postcards •contain pictures of the White House, and others suggestions of victory of Just as pleasing a nature. Not all are pleasing, however, and the cynics and the jokers take their turn at the post card pranks. Contributions to the Bryan paper come in great number, and not one re wived is used. In the mail come let ters for publication that some of the magazines would pay big sums to receive. They are offered gratis, but to use any would involve discriminations for a name or make it * necessary to employ readers to go over the large number of articles sent for tjie purpose of selection. The Bryan political editors are able to fill the lit tle paper, and all manuscript is return ed with a stereotyped form of letter to the author. That is another bit of busi ness system that helps to dispose of a dally mall that requires four girls four hours to open. Thousands of people who write to know what Mr. Bryan said on a certain date are answered by a bright young lady who merely consults an index of The Commoner and Mr. Bryan’s books, and sends a dipping of the.language asked for. Mr. Bryan’s utterances are all in print, and everything bo has said through his publications or the news papers is kept on file and Indexed so that it may be turned to at a minute's notice. Mr. Bryan himself draws on this source of information. Reciprocal Monopoly. What is Republican reciprocity? James G. Blaiue, claiming it as a great modern invention, defined it as a ve hicle of international harmony and geniality, distributing the blessings of Increasing friendship, love and peace. Under its operations, as soon as we de tected in another country signs of In creasing love for us we were to recipro cate. If they allowed us to make more money in their country we were to in vite them to make more in ours. We were to sign a reciprocity treaty to that effect, and the effect of the treaty would i>e friendship, love, peace and more money for all concerned, growing more and more reciprocal throughout the world. As instead of this we have to spend more and more money every year In getting ready for war, there must have been a great mistake somewhere. There was. It began at the beginning, and It has continued from the beginning until Thursday morning, Aug. 20, 1906, when Joseph G. Camion. Speaker of the House of Representatives, explained through the St Louis Globe-Democrat tvhat Republican reciprocity Is to be henceforth: ‘The Republican party." he says, “pledges itself” (In the Chicago plat form, which he i explaining) “to ar range a reciprocity system so that if any foreign country shall discriminate against this country, the President BhaU have the power to increase the tariff above that which Is charged by ns on the products which are imported from a friendly nation which does not -discriminate against us.” ,W do not have to mad twice to know exactly what is to be reciprocal in Republican reciprocity. It is high taxes first, then hate, and then more high taxes. Friendship is first to be expressed in taxation by a Republican Congress Whose policy, the Speaker says, will be that “a tax shall be levied on every article made abroad coming to our market that competes with our products.” After this has been done in Congress, the President alone, with out waiting for Congress, is to levy more taxes on the products we buy from any country which raises its taxes to the monopolizing level of ours. This sort of reciprocity is as easy to under stand as a blow delivered to the solar plexus of a person who begins to double up his fists after we have called him bad names and warned him off the sidewalk in front of our gate. Rectpro eating friendship was a Blaine ideality. Reciprocating high taxes abroad, with higher taxes to build up more monopo lies at home, is a Cannon reality. The Democratic Camiwlcn Fund. The most far-reaching reform ever wrought in American politics will have been accomplished If Democratic man agers succeed in raising an adequate fund for this year’s presidential cam paign from popular subscriptions and from contributions limited to sums not in excess of slo,ouo. Add the announced purpose of Mr. Bryan and the Democratic National Committee to make public, before the election, the name of every contributor of SIOO or more, and we have au abso lute guarantee that the Democratic campaign fund of 1908, be it large or small, will be all clean money. The Democratic estimate of $500,000 to $1,000,000 for the necessary and le gitimate expenses of the campaign con trasts sharply with the Republican es timate of $3,000,000, and with Treas urer Sheldon’s call for half a million just as a starter. It the Democrats deem one million sufficient to pay for the maintenance of headquarters, the distribution of lit erature, the expenses of speakers and organizers, what does the Republican National Committee propose to do with the additional two millions, if Treas urer Sheldon can get it —as he readily can by giving to special interests a first mortgage on his party?* lu 1596 the Republican party’s hoped for power of legislation in Congress was sold to the interests that wrote the Dlugley tariff. Not the least im portant question lu this year’s politics is the extent to which the Republican National Committee and its treasurer are putting the party up at auction and the market in which they are of fering It. But if the Democratic plan of rais ing campaign money can be made a success, no party in this country will hereafter dare to sell itself for money with which to buy its way to power. Application for campaign money to sources which have no legitimate inter est in politics will be taken as prima facie evidence of wrong intent. The crime against the people of selling leg islation in advance will be forever sup pressed. Democratic voters who earnestly de sire the success of their party, because they believe its policies best for the country, should remember that much money is needed for the conduct of a great campaign, and should make it a part .of their party duty to contribute to Its expenses according to their means. There will be a great purifi eatton of politics when this course is adopted by the voters of all parties.— St. Louis Republic. Mr. Roosevelt’s Angror. It was not until Mr. Bryan called attention to it that Mr. Roosevelt knew General T. Coleman Du Pout, head of the gunpowder trust, was in charge of the speakers' bureau of the Republican National Committee. When he found It out Mr. Roosevelt became very an gry. * ills anger is directed against Chairman Frank Hitchcock. Du Pont's selection for the post Is classed by the President as a great blunder. The President's auger is by way of atonement for Hitchcock's blunder. If there was no expression of resentment from anyone and no charge of a blun der against anyone, the people might conclude that it is an ordinary thing for the Republican National Committee to have Intimate relations with trust magnates, even those who, like Gen eral Du Pont, are defendants in suits brought by the government for viola tion of the law. But the President's anger against Hitchcock will remove any suggestion or suspicion of that kind. The President ought to send a letter or thanks to Mr. Bryan for letting him knew that a trust magnate had forced his unwelcome presence into the Re publican councils. Point* Favorable to Bryan. As the two great political parties are coming to close quarters in the contest for the Presidency many solid reasons are seen why the probability of Bryan’s election this year is greater than it was at the beginning of September in 1896 or in 1900. The first of these is that many of the surviving issues of what was in those years passionately and vehement ly denounced as “Bryanis” have been put into effect by a Republican Presi dent and Congress without subverting civilization or bringing anarchy. Another is that the Chicago platform intimates most of the things which the Democratic platform says distinctly and without equivocation. This is al most an open confession that the living policies for which Bryan contended for are right, and the voters know that, if successful, the Democrats will do what they say, while doubting mightily if the Republican party can free itself from the evil influences which control it and do what it intimates. The Republican platform and the ut terances of the Republican candidate tie the hands of Bourbon standpatters who would throw stones at Bryan as the enemy of American industry for his advocacy of rational tariff revision. The hysterical shrieks frOm that source’ heard in 1896 and ln 1900 are pitched in a much lower key ln 1908. Though the “interests" are still in close alliance with the Republican or ganization, the outcry of previous years aganst Bryan as the arch enemy of business prosperity Is little heard outside the columns of a rabid parti san and sectional press. The people generally recognize in Bryan the aggressive, but conservative, leader of one of the great political par ties of the United States, deliberately rechosen to be its standard bearer after long trial. Even the greater number of those who oppose and will vote against him see in Bryan a patriotic and dignified character who must be reckoned with as a real force in Ameri can politics. Bryan enters upon the contest of this year decidedly stronger than he was in either of his prv.lous candi dacies. And it is fortunate for the country that the campaign of 1908 has gone forward thus far with compara tively little of the acrimony which marked the contests of 1896 aud 1900. —St. Louis Republic. Democrat* Will Help the Farmer. The President has become wonder fully solicitous, all of a sudden, about uplifting the farmer. Doesn’t the Pres ident think it would help the farmer to get his farm implements 40 per cent cheaper, his clothes 30 per cent cheap er. and most of his food supplies 20 per cent cheaper? But the President loves the trusts and protected interests better than the farmer. He has let them fatten enormously off the Amer ican consumer, and the far is a very large consumer. It Is too ~e for Mr. Roosevelt to talk about uplifting the farmer. The Democratic porty has been assigned that job.—Columbia State. Enongh for Him, A surgeon was explaining a very un common case to his students, aud fin ished up as follows: "This, gentlemen, is a very rare tu mor, indeed. In all my thirty years’ experience I have never come across one like this, and you will see me re move it to-morrow.” “X you won’t.” said the patient. “If that's all the experience you’ve had of this sort of thing I'm going home.” A Cllniatia Discouragement. “Do you think there is any reliable way of foretelling the weather?" “Yep," answered Farmer CorntasseL “Jos' think of the kind you don’t want and then prophesy it”—Washington Star. A Soft Heart. Mrs. Hashburn —Della, have you pit ted the prunes? Della —No, but I've pitied the poor boarders many's the tim*. -Chicago Daily Journal. No matter how great the ability, how large the genius, the achievement will never rise higher than the confidence. He can who thinks he can, and he can not who thinks he cannot. —Hughes. Stay not until you are told of op portunities to do good; inquire after them. —Smiles. All Over the State - . Items of Interest in . I— 1 WISCONSIN L : V 1 JILTED SHOOTS THREE. Man Tries to Slay a Family When His Plea Is Refused. Jilted by an 13-year-old girl, John Smith of Calhoun shot and fatally wound ed the mother of the girl, wounded the girl herself, and then wounded the sheriff, who came to arrest him. The injured are: Mrs. Augusta Grabow, shot three times, probably fatally wounded; Olga Grabow, shot twice; Sheriff George L. Dwinnel. slightly wounded in arm and face. Smith was barricaded in the house where the shooting took place. lie fired a number of bullets at a party of farmers who tried to eapture him after he had shot the sheriff. Smith had a quarrel with Gra bow as a result of the latter's refusal to allow him to marry the girl, and when he left the shop where both had been working al! day he went to the Grabow home, Mr. Grabow remaining behind to do some little work before closing up. On reaching the house. Smith went to the sec ond floor, where th girl was. and soon after the mother heard two shots fired in rapid succession. The mother rushed up stairs, but was wounded by a bullet which struck her in the right temple. An other, following in quick succession, bit her arm. while a third found lodgment in her nose. Tin sheriff and Undersheriff Clancy hurried to the scene. In the mean time Mrs. Grabow and the child had been removed to the Schneider home, where their wounds were dressed. Sheriff Dwin nel went into the house and made a thor ough search of the lower floor without finding Smith. He then called up stairs fpr Smith to surrender himself, but for a reply received a bullet, which entered his arm. Another followed, which struck him in the cheek and passed through the lower jaw. Leaving Clancy in charge, the sheriff took Mrs. Grabow and the girl to town. He later brought a posse to the scene and captured Smith. FOREST FIRE BURNS TOWNS. Gaigcn and Woodboro Destroyed— Rhinelander Is Threatened. Fearing the fate that befell Gagen and Woodboro, which were destroyed by for est fires Sunday, the mayor of Rhine lander requested Milwaukee to send a fire engine to protect the city. The fire start ed in the woods Sunday morning and quickly reached Gagen and Woodboro. Men, women and children fought valiantly to save their homes, but without avail. Gagen and Woodboro each had about 2,(XX) residents and nearly all are home less. Burned out of their homes, the people began fleeing from the fire, which grew more dangerous with each minute. Women carrying Children in their arms and men and boys with packs on their backs ran toward Rhinelander, many fall ing prostrate in the heat, only to be help ed on by the stronger refugees. Nearly all of those burned out at Gagen reached Rhinelander and were cared for. The fire is a fresh one. When the blaze started the wind was from the west and it was feared Rhinelander, with its homes for 7,000 persons, was doomed also, but a change in the direction of the wind prob ably has-saved the city. The mayor and members of the city council got together when the danger seemed greatest and de cided to ask Milwaukee for aid. At that time it was believed nothing could save Rhinelander from the fire. The towns of Gagen and Woodboro are on the Soo railway. Reports from the refugees say nothing is left of Gagen. ONE EMPLOYE IS KILLED. Snpt. F. T. Beers Punctured from Hrnd to Foot in Explosion. One man was killed and the genera! superintendent injured in an explosion in the plant of the Atlantic Dynamite Com pany, six miles from Ashland. Twenty three hundred pounds of dynamite blew up. D. R. Webber, employed in the neu tralizing plant, was blown to pieces. The general superintendent, S. T. Beers, was taken to Ashland on*a special train with a compound fracture of his leg. His heafd was cut and a piece was torn out of his leg. rendering him insensible for a time. The explosion broke his glasses and the glass cut his face. Beers has been super intendent of the plant for a year, coming from Emporium, Pa. He was making his daily inspection of the plant when neu tralizing house No. 2 blew up. He was a long distance from the house, but a liquid dynamite mixture was flowing in a gutter and an explosion followed. Beers weighs 250 pounds, but the explosion picked him up anti threw him over 100 feet. Doctors fear lockjaw. He is liter ally punctured from head to foot. VILLAGE CLERK GONE. Election at Tone Rock Delayed Be cause Officer Failed to Appear. Tuesday there was a special election at Lone Rook for the purpose of voting to raise the license from S2OO to SSOO. At the time for the opening ( of the polls the village clerk was missing with the tickets and the key to the ballot box. The ballot box had to be broken open and new tickets printed before any voting could be done, the election not starting until 11 o’clock. Low license won out. There is a question as to the legality of the election. FIRE SWEEPS VILLAGE. Solid Block of Bu*ine** Home* Burned Out in Town of Arena. At Arena, a solid street of business buildings was practically burned out. It is estimated that the loss will reach $25,- 000, partially covered by insurance. The fire started in the back room of Ralph Anderson’s general store. The fire was of mysterious origin and spread very rap idly. Th explosion of about a 25-pound keg of powder caused the fire to spread all the more. PREACHERS GETTING SCARCE. r amine In Ministers—— Vo Applicants for Methodist Churches. A famine in preachers is reported by the eastern Wisconsin Methodist confer ence. The scarcity of young ministers prepared to take the places of those who annually leave the conference offers a se rious problem. All members of the con ference agree that if the present condi tion continues there will be a big scarcity in the ministerial ranks, and extraordi nary measures will ba e to be devised to attract new ipen into the ministry. Suicide in Raclnc Jail. Josepn Travenick, 45 years old, and a former wealthy farmer of Caledonia, was found hanging in a cell at the Racine county jail by his suspenders. Travenick was arrested for intoxication and sentenc ed to five days. Reeling the disgrace, his mind became affected. He was single. Taken for Raclnc Murder. Owen McCarthy, wanted in Racine for the murder of Gustav Reth. Aug. 22 last, was arrested at Grosse Point. 111., and brought to Racine by Detective Christian son. RELEASED IN KENOSHA. Seized vrlth Babies in Jail. C hlea #on la Given Liberty. Fearing that William Smith, a Chicago man serving a sentence of ten days in the county jail at Kenosha on a minor charge, would die from hydrophobia in his cell. Acting Mayor Pirsch issued a pardon for the man and money was raised to send him to his friends in Chicago. The local physicians who attended him fear that he may be seized with violent hydropho bia at any time. The man was bitten by a dog in Chicago more than a week be fore. but paid no attention to the wound. Now his arm is affected. The physicians found him in a high fever. An effort to •.educe the fever failed and the physicians asked for his release. Smith is said to be long to a good family in Chicago and it is thought that the name given was an as sumed one. ALL OVER THE STATE. The Northwestern Wisconsin Teachers’ Association will meet in Eau Claire Oct. 1G and 17. Seven head of cattle on the farm of D. H. Hillman, near Brandon, died from hydrophobia. Superior coal dealers are experiencing a car shortage and many western ship ments are being held up. The total assessment of the city of She boygan is $0,605,085 on realty and $4,- 257,078 on personal property. Mrs. Neal Issetts of Kenosha was shot in the arm while a passenger on a North western train near Clybourn Junction, 111. The Chicago Commercial Association has succeeded in getting a reduction on freight rates to Sheboygan of about 10 per cent. Mrs. Charles Jeske committed suicide by hanging at Hudson. She was awaiting an insanity examination. Her husband and a child survive. After being out three hours a jury ac quitted John Strube of Lannon of a charge of attempting to assault Louisa Zahn. a 12-year-old girl. Tlie Kenosha police have been asked to aid in finding some trace of A. Velebuy of Zion City, who is thought to have fallen by the roadside and died. H. R. Cook of New York City has been placed in charge of the gas plant of the Eastern Wisconsin Railway and Light Company of Fond du Lac. Albert Mueller Of the town of Wien died from blood poisoning. The infection came from a scratch received on the sharp edge of an iron wagon tire. Children playing with matches caused a fire on the Rummrill farm at Gibbs lake. Rock county. Two corn cribs and some farm machinery were destroyed. At Fairchild women have been bitten by snakes, among them Miss Jean Foster and Miss Frederick, but it is not expected that any serious results will follow. Owing to the prolonged drought, the fish in the Manitowoc river are dying by thou sands. It may become necessary to bury the dead fish on account of the stench. The new pier to protect lake shore property in Manitowoc against the en croachment of the waves and which is 3.528 feet in length, has been completed. If negotiations looking to the purchase of the old George Marr farm go through, Kenosha will have anew 100-acre ceme tery. to be laid out on the lawn and park system. While attempting to assist his horses in pulling a heavy load of household goods up an incline, C. V. Benjamin of Neenah was badly injured. The load tipped over on him. On a ten-year contract the Kenosha Gas and Electric Company offers to fur nish lights to the city at the rate of SOO a lamp on a moonlight and $69 on an all night schedule.- J. F. Briggs of Wahpeton, N. D., is in Oshkosh visiting. He claims to be the oldest living Civil War veteran. Mr. Briggs is 90 years of age and enlisted in the First Wisconsin cavalry. Dorothy Garner, 4 years old, fell head long from the second story of the Taylor block in Chippewa Falls and struck the alley pavement. She was picked up in an unconscious condition and it is not be lieved she will survive. Hazel Goss, 3 years old, was fatally burned in Racine. The child played with a lighted lamp, upset it. and her clothing and the "bed caught fire. Only two months ago the father of the little one sustained injuries from,which he died. The board of education has taken up a plan for the opening of night schools in Kenosha for the education of foreigners. The board is also planning to add a de partment of sewing and cooking in the nigh school as part of the manual train ing course. Stephen Bromley and Belle Miller, who are trying to be released from State pris on, where they are serving life sentences, were granted a rehearing in the Supreme Court. They were convicted two years ago for killing Thomas McGawin in th ir saloon near Jump river. D. L. Manney of Fond du Lac, who was brought to St. Mary’s hospital in Oshkosh, following an accident on a freight car on the Wisconsin Central road, died in the hospital Wednesday. He has been in a serious condition, suffering from a depressed fracture of the skull. Andrew Yanlowski, a Pole, employed as a section hand for the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul road, terrorized the residents of the village of Franksville rhe other night, and after he had cut the head of a man. named Fritz Winters, split open the head of his mother-in-law. broke two ribs of one of his children and seriously injured two others, he was brought to the jail in Racine and locked up. Vanlotvski will be charged with assault and intent to do great bodily harm. Miss Zelia Harris, daughter of James Harris, president of th* Janes ille Barb Wire Company, fell from a tl ird-story window, breaking her right b* and sus taining serious internal injuries. R. J. Win‘ton. formerly of Janp.sville, now of Butt >, Mont., was assaulted by holdup men in that place. He was fired upon when he refused to halt, the bullet taking effect in his right thigh. Herbert Lee. a machinist, employed at rhe J. I. Case Threshing Machine Com pany in Racine, was hit on the head by a heavy weight which flew from a ma chine. Ills skull was fractured and he is in a critical condition. A stranger styling himself John Klum and giving Philadelphia as his home, is sought for by several Racine pe-sons of whom he borrowed small turns of money while "waiting for a belated check.” The Racine city council has accepted the offer of David G. Janes to bay the Erskine property as trustee of the city for $20347 for park purposes, the city to buy of him when money is available. The Janesville police claim to have re ceived from Leo Kingsley, who was cap tured after a hard chase, a full confession that he is Jack the Hugger, who has been frightening women after pightfal! for the last six months. FAVORS SUNDAY SPORT. Biwhop Grafton Says SuObath Recre ation Is Matter of Conscience. Replying to an attack on Sunday base ball by Rev. H. C. Miller of the First Baptist church of Fond du Lae, Bishop Grafton in a statement declared that all Sunday recreation is a matter of individ ual conscience and that prohibiting Sun day amusements would be wrong. He said: "Whether any recreation on Sunday is allowable must depend upon the indi vidual conscience. If recreation interferes with his primal duty to God. then it ought to be given up, and while a num ber of devout Christians would abstain from the recreation named, there are oth ers who look at baseball games or attend a free Concert at the park, which is not harmful to their spiritual life, they having done their duty by attending in the morn ing the divine worship prescribed by Christ. Sunday is a day of devotion, rest and recreation. While the chruch forbids all servile work that can be avoided it does not interfere with any recreation that does not interfere with a Christian’s devotional duty.” JAIL-BREAKING PLOT IS FOILED. Turnkey Detect* Trick in Time to Prevent Wholesale Delivery. The shrewdness of Turnkey Patrick of the Racine County jail prevented what might have been a wholesale jail delivery. Early ou a recent morning he was arous ed by tihe cries of the prisoners, who in formed him that Adam Yournice, held on a charge of assault and intent to kill, was bady hurt. The turnkey was about to open the inner cell door wheu he noticed that the supposed blood sta.ns on the shirt of th* prisoner were made by some chemical. After an investigation it was ascertained that Frank Burket, held on a charge of highway robbery, had planned the delivery and that William JVheeler, a negro burglar, had stained the shirt of Yournice. It was intended to slug and kill Patrick when he came into the jail and the prisoners then were to escape. NO. 13 PROVES A HOODOO. Edward Zander of Manitowoc Pur sued by ll] Luck While on Trip. “Thirteen” proved a hoodoo to Edward Zander of Manitowoc on his trip to at tend the convention of the National Pos tal Clerks’ Association at Birmingham, Ala., from which he has just returned. Zander had berth No. 13 in sleeper No. 1313, and when the train was leaving Dora, Ala., the engine left the track, de railing Che train on the edge of a 300- foot gulley. Previous to the accident the train was dela3'ed three hours by an ac cident to another engine and there was a third accident in pulling into Birmingham when the train had to send another en gine. HUNTER ACCIDENTALLY KILLED Joint Bomn, Ln Crosse Ilrick Manu facturer, an Enrly Season Victim. The first fatal hunting accident in La Crosse county this fall occurred at Rice lake on French island, a favorite hunt ing ground for ducks, when John Borna, a \Veil-to-do brick manufacturer of La Crqsse, was killed. Friends came upon P.oma and found him lying dead in his boat. Nobody was with him when the accident occurred, but it is supposed he discharged his rifle by drawing it toward him. The dead man was shot through the heart’and one shell in his gun had been discharged. YOUTH COMMITS SUICIDE. Fifteen-Yenr-Old Edward Gehrmnn, Kewaunee, Strangles Self. Edward Gthrman, the 14-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Gehrman, who re side on a farm near Kewaunee, commit ted suicide. The lad had an argument with his mother in the morning which caused ill feeling. At noon he was in structed to harness one of the horses and went to the stable. His mother becoming worried by his long absence went to the bam, where she found the boy upon the floor with a portion of the harness fast ened about his throat. UNION BANK IS CLOSED. ______ -’XI* Examiner* Take ( hnrge of State In atitution at Win necoune. The Union State bank at Winneconne, capitalized at SIO,OOO, has been closed by orders of the State banking department. Examjners Milo C. Hagen nd Thoinaa fferreid have taken charge of the insti tution and are checking up its accounts. Over loaning is said to be the cause of the failure. The officials of the bank are: President, W. K. Rideout; vice president, R. H. Edwards; cashier, George 11. Mil ler. BOUNTY FEES LARGE. Dourlh* Connty Pay* Over #2llOO for Wild Animal Pet* During Year. During the year ending Sept. 1 it cost Douglas county over $2,000 in bounty on wild animal pelts. The State paid a like amount and the hunters of the vicinity reaped nearly all the harvest. The rec ords in the county office show that 180 full grown wolves were slaughtered in Douglas county in the past year. In ad dition. thirty-four wolf cubs, seventy-six wild cats and six lynx were killed. TRAGIC SUICIDE AT SALEM. Despondent Woman Set* Fire to Oil-Soaked Clothing. A tragic suicide occurred when Mrs. Ella Isbestei, aged 40, wife of a promi nent farmer of Salem, deliberately poured kerosene oil over her clothing, and going to a field 300 feet distant from the house, set fire to her oil-soaked garments. SMOKE PALL HID TRAIN. Wisconsin Central Section Foreman Killed on Track* Near Sherwood. Michael Loerke. a section foreman for the Wisconsin Central between Manito woc and Neenah. was run down and killed by extra freight No 241. Loerke was working on the tracks and the approach of the train was hidden by the dense fog and the smoke from the forest fires in the northern part of the State, which envelop the entire section. Loerke was 48 years of age and is survived by a family. Th* accident happened near Sherwood. Boy I* Burned to Death. Harold Coyle, the 3-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. John Coyle of Chicago, who havs been camping at Crain and Chase's lake, seven miles northwest of Phillips, was burned to death when he was left alone at the camp for only a few minutes. The boy is supposed to hare found some matches in the teat and started the fatal fire. The State fish hatchery sent a carload of black bass to George Savoy at Pe waukee. The Savoy steamers took them out to the bogs Ir the lake. Never keep a boar pig that is not fully up to standard. Barley is good for horses, but it Is better for making beer. A bad slip on the ice will take pounds of flesh off a fat steer. A ration of half alfalfa and hair corn Is excellent for breeding sows be fore farrowing. A hog raiser who has a running stream and a bluegrass pasture is in deed fortunate. The feeder who fails to study the effects of roughness is not likely to make much progress. Some men seem to feed * ittle for the mere fun of the thin., without much regard to the profit. Bran is good hog feed from a chemi cal standpoint, but mechanically it is too coarse. Shorts are better. Many young pigs are killed by lice and the owners take so little interest that they do not know what ails them. Stock with inherent good qualities will make money on the same feed and care which with a scrub will bring only loss. See that the harnes, as well as the collar, are properly adjusted. You nmy thus have sore shoulders on your w#rk horses. Good feeding is something more than shoveling unhusked corn ou the ground ana allowing animals to dig it out of the mud. William Jennings Bryan owns $50,- 000 worth of farm property. His home place, near Lincoln, Neb., is assessed at $24,000. Alfalfa or clover pasture is the best for the hog. A good substitute for either of these is rape, field peas or cow peas sown in a pasture. Factories of this country produce $100,000,000 worth of furm machinery every year, of which about $6,000,000 worth is sent to foreign lands. About 245,000 acres, or nearly 383 square miles of land, in Missouri, that was formerly worthless has been changed from marsh and bogs to fine farms. Never let the dead wood remain on the fruit trees. It not only provides hiding places for Insect pests, but it opens the way for extending the de cay of the heart of the tree. Rye sown in corn ground in Septem ber makes fine pasture for late fall. If clover Is sown the next spring It will make good pasture until the rye Is ripe, when the hogs will thrive upon the grain. Forty-five thousand dollars Is a tidy commission on a land deal—a sum which is said to have been paid on the sale of the Spur ranch in Dickens county, Texas, to an English syndi cate for $2,500,600. To introduce new blood secure sev eral good bens and mate them to your best male bird, provided he is a good one. If your flock Is not up to the standard get the best male bird you can and breed up to him. Good pasturage and plenty of water is all that breeding stock need, but pigs which are to be marketed at six months must have plenty of grain to bring them up to the best marketable weight, about 200 pounds. Daniel Freeman, of Bjownville, Neb., fljed on t]j£ first £reo homestead pro vided Ey the government on January Ist, 1863. He Is still ly possession of this old patent, which Is numbered 1, and lives on his homestead. It is essential that we attend to the comfort and bodily ease of our cows. It would be well If some of us would ask ourselves how certain lines of treatment would suit us. All animals, man Included, have much In common. Again the Pennsylvania station, at gTeat labor and cost, proves that steers fed in sheds will make more gain than those fed in the open during a cold winter. Did anybody ever suppose they would not? Professor E. C. Parker, of the Min nesota experiment station, has gone to China at the call of the government of that country to organize and con duct an experiment station and school o? agriculture at Mukden, ln Man churia. The fenced farm Is the only one on which live stock can be kept and the rotation of crops followed, and as this method of farming Is the only profit able one In the long run. It follows that the farm must be fenced to be handled properly. Dr. O. P. Bennett, of Macon, 111., has a bunch of artichokes planted In each of his poultry yards. These make a dense shade during the summer, and spring up vigorously year after year. They require no cultivation and frost does not injure them. There is an objection to al&ike by some fanners, It Is claimed, for the reason that its foliage has a slightly bitter taste, and stock do not take to It as readily as they do to red clover, but they will learn to eat it In a short time if they are allowed no other grass. While attempting to relieve a cow which had swallowed a turnip, a Min nesota farmer pushed a broom handle lown her throat and broke off twenty Inches of It. Recently the stick was taken out of the cow’s back Just be hind the right shoulder and she is get ting well In 1840 the first ship load of Peru vian guano was sent to England to be applied as a land fertilizer. This was used for its ammonia. The Southern, rock phosphate mines were opened in 1867, the Florida and Tennessee phos phate mines later. The trade in nitrate of soda began about 1840. Obm* Bf. Queen bees should not be kept until too old, no matter how good they be. If they have some great excellences raise a number of young queens from them, and then you can dispose of the old ones. The same applies to the combs in the brood chamber. Do not let them stay in the hive until they be come old and worthless, but remove two or three at a time and give new frames, with at least 1 Inch starters. Breaking a Cow to Milk. If you are going to break a young cow, the first thing you have to do is to keep cool. Many kicking cows are made bad by bad breaking and bad tem per. It is a good idea to tie the new cow up the first few days and give lies the very best treatment, so she has won your confidence. Before you are going to milk be sure to haveyourfinger nails trimmed as close as possible. Do not rush milking at once, but start gently. When you are through milking pet her and give her something to eat during the time of milking. I have done milk ing for fourtee. years at home, on the farm of my parents, and know whereof I speak.—Paul Kautz lu Agricultural Epltomist Selecting Brood Sows. Few things are more displeasing to a practical farmer than to see a lot of heterogeneous pigs following an old scrub sow. They are very unsatisfac tory to the feed lot and unprofitable to the fanner. There is no excuse for keeping scrub sows. The brood sow should be large, roomy and stand well ou her toes. Her shoulders should be smooth and deep, back wide and slight ly arched. There should be ample room for heart and lungs provided by a large and deep chest, well sprung ribs and straight, deep sides; a deep, roomy body from end to end. A good depth of chest and abdomen are especially im portant lu a sow. If possible, the sow should bo select ed from a large litter, this being apt to insure fecundity. Each sot/ should have at reast twelve woll develojied teats, thus providing proper room and nourishment for large litters of pigs.— Agricultural Epitomist. British Rival ot Burbauk. Some of the achievements of that re markable horticulturist, Mr. Luther Burbank, in Southern California, S(>em to have been rivaled in England by a Lancashire farmer. It is said that on Gartou’s seed grown near Warrington a single oat plant surpasses by several hundred cereals any plant ever grown in the world. It Is the product of twen ty-seven years’ practice of a process called “accelerated evolution,” and has been obtained by crossing a highly de veloped oat with certain varieties of wild oats which have an incalculable capacity for generating seeds. By these means the Lancashire farm er obtains a yield of 160 bushels an acre, something over twice what is con sidered a good yield ln other parts of the country. So practical has the pro cess been found that in thirty years the yield of some crops has been completely doubled, and It may reasonably be ex pected that a similar increase will take place within the next thirty years. Pruning Shrub*. Many people think all shroubs should be pruned annually. This Is quite a mistake. Most varieties should be pruned only, when the growth Is weak or twiggy, and certain others only need the removal of old andi barren wood. The looser and more graceful are the forms the more attractive are the shrubs. Remember especially that the early flowering shrubs, such as weigeia, deut zia, wistaria, snowball, forsythia, flow ering almond, Iliac, which bloom on the wood, of the season before, should never be pruned lu the spring. The best time to do this Is after flowering before the growth Is started, otherwise the flower buds VilU*' ss* ol l* Avoid heavy cutting back at any time. A little each yea will suffice as a time. A eactj yeur will suffice as a when pruning and cut to give easy flowing vines, trying to keep the" branches well down to the ground. OljJjuid jwisted jt'yns and stuptgd growth should be thinned out, hut do dot cut away many of the healthy shoots. Branches either large or small should be cut back quite close to a Joint or stem, while twigs should be cut close to an eye or Joint. Pruning Is best done with a stout, sharp pocket knife or with medium sized pruning shears. Do not use hedge shears on the flowering shrubs, as the regular lines we admire on the privet are anything but beautiful on the lilac or snowball. Trim always to keep the bushes so the lower branches are not bure and the heads are masses of bloom. Should the shrubs grow crowded in the bed, remove some of them to other spots in the garden. Dlieam ln Poultry. Oregon Agricultural and Experiment Station writes as follows: “The success of poultry raising depends largely upon the ability of those engaged ln this Industry to keep their fowls free from contagious and Infectious diseases. “More failures are due to these dis eases than any other cause. “It has been said that ‘Fowls are machines which consume certain kinds of raw material and produce eggs and meat’; but in order to bring about this transformation with any degree of suc cess they should be kept in a good, healthy condition. “One of the most fatal diseases ln fowls, especially In young chickens, Is infectious lukainia. The first symptom of this trouble Is a rise In the tempera ture, which is followed by drowsiness and debility, with paleness of the mu cous membranes, also of the comb, wat tles and skin about the head; the fever Is continuous, generally resulting In death after four or five days. In some cases the disease Is of longer duration and two or three weeks may elapse before the death of the bird, ln which case there Is excessive emaciation. This disease is infectious and is caused by a micro-organism called bacterium sangulnarlum. “It is sometimes difficult for the poul try raiser to determine the disease af fecting his fowls, not having the ap pliance* necessary for this work ; there fore, if there be any doubt as to the naturo of disease in poultry, it would be well to forward a specimen, in the last stage of disease, to the bacteriolo gical laboratory of the Oregon Agricul tural College for diagnosis. This work win be done free of charge, and, 'cs ail eases possible, a remedy given,”