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CAUSES OF INTERNATIONAL DISPUTES. By Baron Takahira. BA careful study of the international disputes establishes that they arise almost as much, If not more, from the internal conditions of the coun try affected as they do from the con flict of outside interests. It is a pe culiar feature of such questions that where they occur there are almost always signs of disorder, retrogres sion or misgovernment. In tliis respect ix>litical observation somewhat resembles meteorological observations. The rain comes down BAaoN lAKAHikA. from where there are clouds. Inter national disputes develop where there are undesirable conditions of life. I do not, of course, mean to say that the less modern or the less organized States are in the wrong in all in ternational questions. On the contrary, there are cases in which such countries deserve sincere sympathy; but it ia an undeniable fact that the less modem or the less organized States present more frequently a cause of public anxiety on account of international disputes, and it may be reasonably questioned whether the unsettled condition they present, politically, economically or other wise, does not frequently lead to such disputes. JUAN THE CREATURE OF ENVIRONMENT. By Ada May Kracker. - ■■■ ' • 'i Even In the simpler, even In the simplest, RJ matters, but let a phenomenon recur or per- Sfl slst and its results are foreordained to ram- Ify surprisingly and to waft unforeseen ef- Ej fects into unexpected places. Of this the ¥ everyday ■ soot of an everyday city supplies Jm a case In point Its influences on clothes >and complexions and atmosphere and petty f”* ease doubtless have been ventilated more or less by most dwellers In city tents beyond the belt of an thracite. But if pursued by some of our Parisian psy chologists and statisticians who revel In Infinitesimal analyses and who delight in adding to numbers golden numbers, the results accruing from city smokefulness might acquire gigantic bigness. There might be traced In the several members and organs of our bodies the dis eases bred by the grime, and there might be discovered a Chicago lung, a Pittsburg skin, a St.. Louis eye. From an enforced and prolonged absence of beauty ’tls but a step to the loss of taste and the esthetic sense. But here the psychologists take up the tale, averring, besides, that somber hues make a somber man. They rate all dark hues ns depressing, deadening, enervating, the light end brilliant colors as energizing, vivifying, exalting. To the dark occult psychologists add the malignance of VVi f'AIIIW In the old times the thirsty soul—or bodj*—solaced Itself with plain water or with lemonade. The chief variation upon tlfis was iced tea and once in a while iced coffee. These were the only beverages open to the drinker of tem perance habits. We have improved upon that sort of thing and have in troduced “soft” punches, in which our old friend, lemonade, while still serv ing as a foundation, would not recog nize itself. Tea. too. Is metamorphos ed, although hardly Improved, and other mixtures of which we did not dream in earlier days are taken as a matter of course. The house where the pleasantest welcome and the best and most refreshing thirst-quenchings are offered Is likely to be the one to which the young people will flock, and we need not fear that our boys and girls will wander off to undesirable associa tions while they know that good things, both spiritual and physical, await them at home. None of the drinks given be low contains liquor of any sort. Iced Ten Punch. Make Iced tea and turn it into a punch bowl, on a big lump of ice. Add J to a quart of the strong tea a table spoouful of lemon Juice, a bottle of apolllnnris water aud sugar to taste. Cut thin slices of lemon and let them float on the surface of the punch. When they are In season a few straw berries or cherries or a bit of pine apple may be added. Ladle out aud drink In tumblers. OrntiKP Sherbet. Peal and squeeze eight large oranges and two lemons. Put the juice of the oranges into a bowl with a small cup of granulated sugar. After it has stood 10 minutes, and the sugar is well melt ed. add a tablespoonful of minced pine apple, and after standing a few min utes longer pour upon a block of lee in a punch bowl. Just before serving turn in a quart of apolffnarls. Iced Coffee. Make your coffee clear and strong, and add to it plenty of cream and no milk. The best plan is to have the clear coffee lu a pitcher and add cream and sugar as It is needed. To those who bare never tried it let me say that there are many worse drinks on a hot day than good, clear coffee, served with plenty of ice and without cream or sugar. But the coffee must be of the best and freshly made —not the left overs of the breakfast beverage. riuenpplp Lemonade. 801 l two cups of sugar and a pint of water 10 minutes and then set it aside to cool: When It is cold add to it the Juice of three good-sized lemons and a grated pineapple. Let this stand on the lee for two hours. When ready to serve add a quart of water, either plain or "charged,” and pour on a piece of Ice in a punch bowl or in a large pitcher. Krai* Punch. Make a foundation of a good lemon ade, allowing five lemons to a quart of water and sweetening to taste. To each quart of the lemonade allow half an orange, sliced, r. tablespoonful of pineapple, cut Into 'dice; a small banana, sliced, and a handful of cher ries or strawberries or raspberries. Let all stand half an hour before serv ing. and turn into a punch bowl or large pitcher with plenty of Ice. Stir up well from the bottom before pouring rut Hapbfrrr Shrub. For a foundation for this beverage one must have the old preparation of raspberry vinegar or raspberry royal. Tv At* teaspoonfuls of this a quart of hatred, selfishness, suspicion, jealousy, greed, and their nearest of dreadful kin. Those who live always amid sunshine and balmy breezes are readily crushed by the first outburst d¥ storm, whereas the'sterner hearts, destined to rise only In face of difficulties d - re and dangers, glow a rude, robust ob stinacy and forcefulness that stand their success in good stead. So the Parisian may conclude that, albeit a sorry blight on our sunless cities, the smoke In divers times and places has blown us some small measure of good. WOMAN’S DISCOVERY OF HERSELF. By Rev. William Bustard. '"" L ri One of the greatest discoveries of f he past wJ twenty-five years has been woman's discov /7 ery of herself. She has reached that stage fj where she knows she is not a doll, an angel fj or a slave, but a woman, and claiming her ¥ . rights and privileges. JL Once, to be born a girl was to be born a jMS. nonentity; In this age to be born a girl means a bundle of possibilities, with a power to Influence the world for good or evil. Many young girls have gone Into commercial life, and they have gained success through punctuality, being industrious and mind ing their own business. The woman who minds her own business is to be praised and respected. More girls go into society. The trouble with our American mothers nowadays Is that they try to fit their daughter only for her society entrance. It is all right to be a society woman, but It Is better to be a woman in society. We are emphasiz ing the word society too much and the word woman too little. COLLEGE STUDENTS WASTE TIME. By Chancellor MacCracken. I Four years of Intelligent, faithful work in ffj the average college gives a young man a de /y elded advantage in the work of the profes wj sional school; four years of college, spent f] as the worst third of college students, es ¥ pecially In the largest colleges, prefer to jL spend them, is worse than washed. Lord JsYy Bacon wanted students to allot their time, one-third to sleep, one-third to meals, recre ation and prayers, and one-third to work. Many college students, especially In the larger col leges, prefer to amend the third division. Their allot ment would be read thus: One-third to sleep, one-third to meals, recreation and prayers, meaning college prayers, when required, but instead of the one-third for work, substitute one-third for athletics, college societies, col lege politics, with just enough attention to the demands of the faculty to keep the name of the student on the col lege roll. cold water must be allowed, and the mixture must be served with plenty of ice. If red raspberries to float on the surface of the punch cannot be pro cured, In their place may be used n cupful of shredded pineapple or a banana cut Into dice. Taking the Privileges. The public in general will sympa thize with the young woman who said that of all her experiences of hotel life the head waiter was the hardest to live up to. Who has not qualified before the hauteur of the porter or the offi cial? The following, taken from the Washington Star, shows that others. In a higher walk of life, might like to adopt some of the traditional char acteristics of domestic or clerk. “Remember,” said the patriot, “that so long as you hold public office you are a servant of the people, a plain servant.” “Great Scott!” answered the subur ban resident, who had ju§t been elect ed. “Can I act as haughty and ovt-r --bearlng and take as many holidays as all that?” LEADER OF “YOUNG TURKEY.” JH. Kjj • KKVEB BKY. In the preliminary work leading up to the forcing of a constitutional gov ernment from the Sultan of Turkey and the ending of a cruel and bloody rule by a tyrant supported by a spy system, no man had a greater part than that performed by Enver Bey, leader of the revolutionists in Salon lea. In the picture we present he is shown in his major's uniform. Enver Bey and the other leaders of the Young Turkey movement expect, now that tee ice is broV-’j, that their country will ere long be able to take a place among the civilized nations from which she has hitherto been barred by her mrbarian form of gov ernment. "I don’t believe In that doctor.” "Why?” "Fie didn't tell me everything I wanted to eat was bad for me.'”— London Opinion. Let the devil alone, and he’ll not bother you. BETTER THAN BERRIES. Harriet Hoiraer'a Delight When Su* First Finds Modeling Clay. An old school friend of the late Har riet Hosmer, the sculptress, has recent ly related some Interesting anecdotes of her childhood* Her first modeling, it appears, came about through a blue berrying expedition. “Hattie,” as she was always called, had gone to the ber ry pastures with her foster brother Alfred. “They had tramped farther than usual, when all of a sudden Hattie stumbled upon a big clay bank. It w-as just as if she’d been looking for It all her life. Out went all the berries from her nearly full pall, and Into the pall went big double handfuls of the soft clay. “Then she fairly rushed home, sat down on the back doorstep, and there modeled her first figure, a representa tion of the little, shaggy yellow dog who was at that time her cliiefest treasure. After that she never forgot the clay bank. “Why, when she was at boarding school with the rest of us she made casts of all our hands, and they were beautiful. She did one of Mrs. Sedg wick’s, I know’—she was our head mis tress —and I remember that Mrs. Sedg wick said it was ‘truly exquisite,’ and wound it all over with the soft, smooth silver paper she used for her finest laces." In a day when the athletic, outdoor g!r’. was yet unknown, Harriet Hosmer, against all convention, at the Impera tive call of a free nature, rode, swam, paddled, hunted, fished, climbed, tramp ed, and studied nature—to the horror and dismay of the excellent housewives of her town. “You should have seen her collec tions.” sahl her ole friend. “She had bugs and beetles, squirrels, rabbits and biids, and even an old fat woodchuck that she had shot and wounded herself. We girls could never see how she could do It—the things are so—so smelly— ana unpleasant.” Even when her study of her art had taken her to Rome, among fellow ar tists and great folk who praised her aud made much of her, she yet kept cut relic of those happy days, oddly tucked in amid the clay aud tools and glistening marbles of her studio. It was an olu. dilapidated crow’s-nest, the prize of a daring climb, reduced to dec orous service as a darning basket WHICH WAS RIGHT P See if Yon Cnn Untangle the Knots in This Problem, A young man named Enathlus de sired to learn eloquence and art of pleading, and he bargained with Pro tagoras, the ancient Greek sophist, for Instructions, agreeing to pay one-half of the fee down and the other half on the first day he gained a ease. It took the young man so long to learn :bat his tutor came to the conclusion that he was delaying his start in busi ness to avoid paying the Ather half of the fee, so Protagoras sued him for the money. When the ease eame up for trial Pro tagoras said to the young man: "You act most absurdly, young man, because In either case you must pay me. If the judges decide against you, you must pay. and if they decide for you you must pay. for you will then have gained your case.” “You are wrong.” replied the young man. "I will win either way. If the Judges are for me. I will not have to pay, and If they are against me I will not have to pay. for this last was the very bargain between us—namely, if I did not win my ease." The judges considered the case in explicable, and as they could not see their way to any decision they adjourn ed the case to a day that never came for any of the principals. On Prota goras' side it was a case of losing when he won and on the young student's side wlnn'eg when he lost. A Literal Youth. "Why, Johnny,” said Mrs. Muggins, "what are you doing here? Is Willie's party over?” “Nome.” blubbered Johnny. “But the minute I got inside the house Willie's father told me to make myself at home, and I came." ill MID SNOW END THE RUINOUS DOOUGNI Heavy Downpour in Many States Balks Damage Threatened by Dry Weather. FROST DOES HARM IN WEST. Wintry Whiteness Falls Over Ken tucky, Wisconsin, and Minne sota for a Few Hours. Rain, snow, and hail has broken the long drought. From many sections of the country joyful telegraa.s were re ceived at the weather bureru in Wash ington announcing that “dry spell” which threatened ruin to thousands of farmers and millions of dollars of crops Is ended. But slight damage was done by Jie snow flurries, although the frost, which powdered Kansas. Missouri. Nebraska Oklahoma, and Texas, caused the late corn to shrivel and caused other losses. Forest fires, which were a menace to large tracts of timber in many States, were quenched by the downpour and it is estimated that many millions of trees were saved. Stock raisers also added their paean to “King Rain” as the water supply for the ani mals was exceedingly low and it was believed that much suffering would be caused by thirst. Factories, which have been shut down in many places for an indefinite period because the water was too low to turn the power wheels, will once more resume activity as the shrunken streams once more fill out and brawl along their weed grown courses. In Kentucky, Wisconsin and Minne sota snow was reported. It was a typ ical first-of-season kind and in Ken tucky preceded a heavy rainfall just as a woman gives a hasty powder dab to her nose before entering a ballroom. At Wausau, Wis., the air was thick with flakes for an hour or more, while two inches fell. It melted immediate ly. Minnesota had a touch of real winter with Its icing of snow, and St. Paul, still clinging to summer regalia, shivered in a temperature but three de grees above freezing. Oklahoma was the worst sufferer from the pranks of Jack Frost, who skipped down the Mis sissippi valley and coolly caressed the new State. It is feared the cotton crop is damaged. Waco, Texas, also complained of frost gambols, but it all happened in the northern part of the State and merely the vegetation was nipped. Kansas sent in a complaint to the weather bureau that the mer cury dropped below freezing around Topeka and that a thin sheet of ice seared many pools. Farmers in Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Ohio greeted the advent of rain with shouts of glee, and many grang ers in the 30,000 square miles about Pittsburg, where the drought menaced $23,000,000 worth of crops, stood in the downpour and danced wth joy. In the timber sections of New York and Wis consin the rain checked forest fires which have been burning, in some cases, since midsummer. It also saved numerous towns and villages from de struction by flames which could not have been checked otherwise. (oiOOl-S (OLLE6ES The trustees of Dakota Wesleyan uni versity at Mitchell, S. D., have elected Dr. S. F. Kerfoot of Mankato, Minn., president of the college. The enrollment at the Winona normal school, exclusive of the elementary de partment". is given at 318, which is an in crease of twelve over a year ago. Anew gift of $2,000,000 by John D. Rockefeller has enabled Chicago univer sity to make a general increase of 25 per cent in rhe pay of the teaching force. The opening of the two weeks’ session of the summer school of methods at Eau Wis., witnessed the largest at tendance in the history of the institu tion. C. W. Ratsall has taken up the work of superintendent of the government In dian school at Pierre, S. D., succeeding C. J. Levegood. who has been in charge the past five years. A number of Wisconsin school superin tendents have begun a rigid enforcement of the compulsory education laws which require all children between the ages of 7 and 14 to attend school. South Dakota agricultural college will work the western part of the State pretty thoroughly with farmers’ institutes this fall. They have fixed dates for such meetings at about twenty-five places for October and November, the work reach ing from Lemon, on the north down through Butte, Stanley and Lyman coun ties. The Progressive Journal of Education is the naifte of a monthly magazine which a group of Chicago socialists are to start Oct. 1, with the object of leading the minds of teachers into the paths of so cialist thought. Peyton Boswell is the editor. , Lawrence university has four trustees in the field for high political office rhis year. They are Isaac Stephenson. Mari nette. for United States Senator: W. H. Hatton. New London, for United States Senate: Luther Lindauer, Kaukauna. can didate for Congress; 11. A. Moehlenpaw, Clinton, candidate for Congress. In resigning as athletic director of the Cleveland public schools George W. Ehler said: “Schools are not turning out manly lads. They are quitters. In their games they show no sportsmen's honor. They want merely to win. They lack tie quali ties a man would teach them by example. Women teachers, too. inculcate habits of taie-bearing and their pupils run con stantly into the woman teacher's ‘don'ts.’ missing inspiration to constructive, char acter building effort.” To all of this Supt. Elson answered "Bosh." But Presi dent Thwing of Western Reserve says that we must have more men teachers to avert the feminization of our youth. Anew era in education for commercial life in America is marked by the announc ed opening of the school of business ad ministration at Harvard university, for post-graduares only. That is. in order to enter this school It will be necessary to have the bachelors degree, the conditions being the same as those for ent.nng Har vard law school. The new course will lead to the degree of “master of business administration.' Prof. Alexander Pell has tendered his resignation as head of the department of mathematics in the University of South Dakota to accept a position as assistant professor of mathematics in Armour In stitute sf Chicago. POLITICS a a-** = OF THE DAY Republican Taitfl Pledges. That the tariff plank of the Repub lican party entirely suits the American Economist, the subsidized orgnu of the Protective Tariff League, should quiet all fears of machine Republicans that if their party is successful it will re vise the tariff by reducing the preseut high rates of duty. Far from it. In fact, the Economist most encourages the hearts of the trusts and combines and protected monopolists, who sub scribe so liberally to Republican cam paign funds and incidentally keep the wolf from the Economist door, by the frank avowal that those predatory cor porations may still be certain of “the fullest measure of protection.” Those Republicans who have been fondly Imagining that their party would revise the tariff, so that the trusts could no longer have a monopoly and charge double prices for their products, must now confess that the stand pat ters have them at their mercy, for the Economist says: “Advocates of the tariff revision downward will find not a word or sylla ble in this tariff plank that tends to furnish them the slightest crumb of comfort. There Is no promise In the platform of tariff revision downward; on the contrary, the scope and purpose of the tariff plank is to continue the fullest measure of protection to all in dustries in the United States, and that the proposed revision of the schedules shall maintain the standard of protec tion In every feature of the new law.” The Economist did, it is true, for a time look askance at Mr. Taft; it fear ed he was infested with the virus of revising the tariff downward, in fact, it denounced him as a tariff tinkerer, but now the Economist declares: “To those who believe that the nom ination of William Howard Taft of Ohio would be a pledge of the party to a downward revision of the tariff, the platform is a complete and unqual ified answer. If Taft has at any time gone too far iu his advocacy of tariff tinkering he has not been able to carry the Republican party with him.'” There may be a good many Repub lican voters who will hardly be satis fied with the evident intention of the Republican leaders to again deceive them by nominating a candidate who has squinted towards revising the tariff downward and tying his hands with absolute platform pledges “to continue the fullest measure of protection.” But the President of the United States can only recommend to Congress such legislation as he thinks desirable, and the House of Representatives has the exclusive right to originate all rev enue measures, such as tariff taxes and the like. The stand-patters E vidently rely upon again controlling a majority of the representatives of the people and thus perpetuate the machine that Can non and the other leaders in Congress has built up. No tariff reform measure can get a - favorable hearing as long as the stand patters control the Committee on Ways and Means. Therefore, t-hose voters who think that the tariff should be re vised can only hope to see a reform measure passed, if Cannon and Payne and Dalzell aud Sherman, and their followers are not able to organize the lower house of Congress. If the Re publicans have a majority of the next House of Representatives, the same old stand-pat machine—known as the “hog combine”—will surely stand by the Re publican national platform, which vir tually declares that the tariff must be revised higher, by creating e maximum scale of duties much greater than the present plundering rates, which will be continued as the minimum rates, with perhaps some slight amendments to suit some favored interest. It is already certain that an enor mous campaign fund has been promised to elect the Republican ticket in return for the platform promises that the Economist aud its stand-pat supporters are so joyous over. But there must be some Republicans and also a number of independent voters who feel they are being robbed by the tariff protecting the trusts, who will hardly endorse this double headed plan to again deceive them. The only way to ensure tariff reform is to elect Democrats to Congress, for it is apparent the Republican party is wedded to its policy of protecting the trusts. The Election in Maine. Superficially viewed, the vote in Maine means just what the figures say—that there has been a falling off of 4 per cent in the Republican vote and a gain of 32 per cent in the Dem ocratic. Read in connection with the particular issues which excited the people, this gain aud loss are of small consequence. National matters were discussed very little during the cam paign, and the vote itself indicates nothing in regard to them. But the speculative are privileged to go behind the returns and consider them in relation to what is popularly termed "apathy toward Taft.” This is a phrase used by Republicans to ex plain tlie alarming lack of responsive ness to their appeals for support. This “apathy" has manifested itself in va rious ways. It Is dissatisfaction with prohibition In Maine, hostility to boss- Isiu in New York, disgust with State administrations in Ohio and Indiana, nnd enmity to reactionary government In the West. What the unusual gain by the Demo crats in Maine means is, In a broad sense, a serious condition of political unrest. The manifestation of this con dition takes one form here and another there. Political discontent seeks a concrete target. The spirit of protest takes strange forms and shows itself In odd ways. The blindly groping vot er seems to find satisfaction It. speak ing against prohibition when his true feeling is one of discontent over dull times. It is his disposition to rebuke bossism because the cost of living la still high. The lessen from Maine is not that the Democrats gained so many votes as compared to so many two and four years ago, tut that there was re corded in el'xjuect font evidence of general disappc'n.xient over things as they are. The Democrats have no right to ex pect that Maine's electoral vote will go to Bryan. They have the right, how ever, to consider that Maine has given an earnest of the demand of the peo ple everywhere for a efiauge. It was an emphatic preliminary expression of discontent. There is no satisfaction anywhere with Republican rule or Re publican promises. Whether Mr. Bry an and the Democratic party are to be the beneficiaries of this unrest depends entirely on how the people view their ability to change the condition of af fairs generally. All we know is that Mr. Bryan is continuing to make re markable gains.—St. Louis Republic. Why It Looks Bright for Bryan. Since James Monroe was re-elected to the presidency in IS2O by an elec toral vote that was unanimous save for the single ballot of William Plumer of New Hampshire, who bolted his in structions,, there has not been such unanimity of political sentiment In this country as is apparent in the presiden tial campaign of the present year. An overwhelming preponderance of the voters in both parties are aiming at the same results. There are as many voters in the Republican as iu the Dem ocratic party who demand Insistently that the tariff be revised in the interest of all the people. On that Issue Mr. Taft would go as far as Mr. Bryan iu the special session of Congress which both candidates are pledged to call immediately after the 4th of March next. The voters of both parties demand that discrimination iu the laws in favor of special interests shall cease, that monopolies in restraint of trade shall be curbed. The voters of both parties are agreed that the public must have fair service from the corpo rations It creates in return for fair pay. Both parties promise to do these things, the only difference being that the Republican promises are so guarded as to arouse the suspicion of insincerity, while the Democratic platform is out spoken in saying what it means. The candidate of each party is a man of unquestioned integrity and of highest ability. Both are personally popular. What, then, is the difference between the parties and why should there seem to be a greater probability of Bryan's election than of Taft’s? The advantage in Bryan’s favor ex ists in the popular knowledge that ail the controlling leaders of the Republi can party, and the 'great special inter ests whose servant that party is, are opposed to the reforms intimated in the Republican platform and honestly fav ored by Taft. The voters of both parties know mighty well that if the Republicans control the next House of Representa tives Mr. Cannon will be elected to the Speakership again, and that suppres sion of the popular will in that branch of the government will go on unchecked. The voters know that a Republican Congress would never make good tbe promises Mr. Taft makes for it. It would, on the contrary, bind him, hand and foot. And it is because the people know all this that they seem likely to put Bryan into the White House. Democratic Nominee for Governor. In nominating Adlai E. Stevenson as their candidate for Governor of Illi nois the Democratic voters have chosen a man distinguished in national af fairs. His candidacy is specially in teresting, because In recent times it has been rather unusual for a national reputation to be utilized as a stepping stone to State honors. When the na tion was young, however, there were notable instances df this sort. Mr. Stevenson was the twenty-third Vice President of the United States, serving In that capacity during Cleve land's second administration. He had been First Assistant Postmaster Gen eral in Cleveland’s first administra tion. Prior to that time he had twice represented the Bloomington district in Congress. At the close of his term in the vice presidency he was appointed a member of the commission sent to Eu rope to try to secure international bi metallism. In 1900 bis name again was before the American electorate as that of Bryan’s running mate. Throughout his participation in pub lic life Mr. Stevenson’s course has been marked equally by courtesy and com bativeness. To-day he is both aged and vigorous. Although in his seventy third year he Is counted upon to make an aggressive campaign for the govern orship. Because of his standing and character it is expected that his can vass will be marked by dignity as veil as by force. That he is popular with his fellow Democrats was sufficiently demonstrated by bis easy victory at Saturday's primaries. This popular ity goes back to the days of “Adlai’s ax,” with which he decapitated so many thousands of republican third class postmasters when he was First Assistant Postmaster General. Since bis nomination for Governor Mr. Stevenson has been quoted as say ing that he holds that office to be non partisan. Nevertheless, his candidacy already has united the Democrats of Illinois in a remarkable way, and doubtless has strengthened the party ticket In this State —Chicago News. The Drift to Bryan. The drift of the independent voter toward Bryan Is apparent and strong. In large numbers gold Democrats have returned to the party, and those who for the most patriotic reasons object to the continuance of the Roosevelt rule see far less danger to the country and far more certainty for the preser vation of our form of government in the election of the Democratic party than continuing in power the party whose extravagance and leadership has spread alarm and disgust from one end of this country to the other. —Rich- mond Tlmes-Dispatch. Through Her Head. “Bugby gets out of all patience with his wife. He says she can't get a thing throngh her head.’’ ‘That's funny. He told me every thing he sakl to her went in one ear and out of the other.” Hot Water. Ilyker—Troubled with indigestion, eh? You should drink a cup of Lot water every morning. Pyker—l Cos, but they call it coffee at my ’.warding house.—London Express. Marriage is on the decrease in Eng land. and the throne says very seriously and earnestly that it is because of the suffragette agitation. John R. Eoarly, known as the tent leper, is happy- For a long time he has realized that he was doomed to die from the terrible disease which afflicts him, but his greatest concern has been for the welfare of his faithful little wife, the woman who has refused to desert him in his misery. Now that the government has granted him a pension of $72 a mouth, he is relieved of his greatest source of anxiety and faces the future with a smile. Early’s home is iu North Carolina. When he was discov ered to be a leper he was forced to move *and for several months was a wanderer, shifted hither and yon by the fates and with no permanent abid ing place. Finally he was lodged in a tent iu the outskirts of this city near the workhouse and has been dependent upon the gifts of the charitably inclined. His faithful little wife has been living in a little nearby cottage. The Board of Health has taken the most strenuous measures to prevent contagion, and no one has been permitted to pass the guards stationed near Early’s tent or touch anything with which he has come into contact. The granting of a liberal pension was brought about by the belief that Early's disease is a result of his his army service, and it makes his care and the support of his wife certain. Government clerks must give their undivided services to Uncle Sam. They are not to be permitted to do any out side work. Several clerks have been dismissed. It has been a common prac tice here at headquarters for aspiting clerks to attend night colleges, and. se curing diplomas, practice professions after office hours. These so-called “sun down” doctors, dentists, lawyers, archi tects, etc., were able materially to in crease their incomes. Protests were made by regular members of various professious, complaining of the unfair competition of the “sundowners,” who cut prices. The pensioners of the Civil War are dying at the rate of more than a hun dred and fifty a day, as the annual re port of the Commissioner of Pensions shows. With the ranks of the veter ans thinning by sixty thousand a year, it will not be long before the Grand Army parades on Memorial Day will have to be abandoned, unless they are succeeded by the parades of the pro posed United Order of American Vet erans, to include all those who have fought under the Stars and Stripes in any war. A train-stopping device, which it Is said will practically eliminate the tele graph operator as a factor in the move ment of railroad trains, is under in vestigation by the block signal and train control board of the Interstate Com merce Commission, who soon will give it an official test. The system is an in vention of P. J. Slmmen, of Los An geles, Cal. It already has been in stalled on eighteen miles of the Santa Fe Railway in Southern California, and is said to be a success. Virginia will soon be represented in Statuary Hall in the national capitol by more than a cheap plaster cast of Washington. The Virginia legislative commission, in New York, on its way from Providence, R. 1., where the bronze statue of Gen. Lee was Inspect ed, met at the Iloffman House to ask for bids for a bronze statue of Wash ington. This is to be a companion piece of the Lee statue and as soon is it is ready the plaster cast will be removed. Lawrence O. Murray, the Comptroller of the Currency, is making an effort to ascertain how the bankers of the coun try regard the methods pursued by bank examiners in going over the affairs of banks under examination, and at the same time to secure from bankers their views as to how the work of hank ex amination can be improved. With that end in view, the Comptroller has sent to each national bank president a letter of inquiry. Ambassador Leishman cabled the State Department that after much ef fort he has succeeded in settling a mat ter that has been pending bn- several years in relation to tiie transfer of tin; property to be used as a site for the American college for girls at Constan tinople. Under this settlement the title of the site will be transferred to the name of Secretary Barton, of tbe Amer ican board of missions. Gen. Allen, chief signal officer of the army, has received advices that the two wireless telegraph stations located at Fort Gibson and Nome, Alaska, have been completed and put in operation. These are the last stations of the tele graph system which extends from Seat tle, Wash., to Nome. Reports from the Panama Canal con tinue to show a surprisingly rapid rate of progress. More than three times as much earth was excavated in June and July of this year as was dug out in the corresponding months of last year, and the rainy season, which it was thought would check the work, has had prac tically no effect. At the present rate of three million cubic yards a month !t will not take long to excavate a hun dred mil Won cubic yards. Following instructions from the Pres ident, notice has been served upon all civil service employes that those who resign to take up political work during the present campaign will not be rein stated after election day. When Congress meets in December members of the House and Senate will find awaiting them in the corridors a lobby working to secure an increase of the pay of army and navy officers above the relative grade of captain in the army. The new battleship North Dakota is nearly 50 per cent completed, according to an announcement made at tse Fore River shipyards. It was stated that the craft would probably be completed by the middle of July. 1910. She will be launched on Xov. 9 next, when 56 per cent will be finished. There were in existence at the close of business Aug. 31. 6,870 national banks, with an authorized capital of $934,735,275. and circulation outstand ing, secured by bonds, $025,986,993. [THEWEEKLY 1435—Treaty of Arras concluded between the King of France and the Duke ol Burgundy. 15S0—Henry IV. defeated the Leaguera at Arques. 1600—Hudson, the explorer, reached th present site of the city of Albany. 1655—Fort Casimir, the Swedish settle ment on the Delaware, surrendered to the Dutch forces under Gov. Stuy vesant. 1675—Duehesneatt appointed Inteudaut of New France. 1692—Tw0 men and seven women ex ecuted at Salem for witchcraft. 1705—Jacques Francois de Brouillon, governor of Acadia, died at sea. 1759—The French surrendered Quebea to the English. 1772—First dismemberment of Poland. 1776 British made an unsuccessful at tack on the Americans on Harlem Heights. 1777 American force under Gen. Wayne defeated by the British under Gen. Grey. Washington and his army crossed the Schuylkill, deter mined to give battle to Gen. Howe’s troops. 178 S—The Oneida Indians ceded all their lands to the State of New York 1792 —France declared a republic... .Ths President issued a proclamation or dering all persons to submit to the excise law. 1800—The Concordat between Bona parte and die Pope ratified. 1804—-The rice crop of South Carolina completely destroyed by a great hur ricane... .Mr. Dearborn, sou of the Secretary of War, left for Algiers with presents for the ruler of that country. 1814—The British ship Forth destroyed the American brig Regent... .United States troops defeated the English ia battle at Fort Bowyer. IS22 —Moses Rogers, captain of the first steam vessel to cross the Atlantic, died at Cheraw, S. C. Born in New London, Conn., in 1780. 1829 —Slavery abolished in Mexico. 1833—The boundary line between New York and New Jersey settled. 1845—Americans defeated the Mexicans at battle of Monterey. 18Q2 —United States troops defeated th# Indians at battle of Wood Lake. 1863 — President Lincoln suspended the habeas corpus act. 1864 — John C. Fremont withdrew as candidate for President of the United States... .The Federal forces were victorious in the battle at Opequan, Vn....A McClellan meeting in the Lindell hotel, St. Louis, broken up by a party of Union soldiers. 1868—Outbreak of the Spanish revolu tion. .. .Lieut. Beecher and Dr. Moore killed in battle with Indians near the Reimbliean river. 1871—Lincoln’s body was removed to its final resting place at Springfield, II!. 1881—Body of President Garfield lay ia state in tflie capito! at Washington. ISB2 —Arabi Pasha, the leader of the military insurrection in Egypt, sur rendered after his defeat at Tel-el- Ivebir. 18S4 —A party of several hundred Cana dian boatmen left Quebec to take part in the Nile expedition for the relief of Gen. Gordon. . .Earthquake shocks were felt in Michigan, Ohio and In diana. 1887 —The centenary of the constitution , of the United States was celebrated in Philadelphia. 1803—The Earl of Aberdeen assume!? office as governor general of Canada. IS97 —Five men accused of burglary lynched at Versailles, Ind. 1898—Statue of Samuel de Complain unveiled at Quebec by Lord Aberdeen. 1906—Much destruction caused by heavy rains in Texas. 1901— The Duke and Duchess of Corn wall and York welcomed in Montreal. ... .The funeral of President McKin ley was held at Canton, Ohio. 1902 — Marie Ilenriette, Queen of the Bel gians, died, aged 00 years. 1906 — Fatal race riots in Atlanta, 0a.... Rock Island train plunged into the Cimarron river in Oklahoma and a number of lives were 105 t.... Secre tary of War Taft and Acting Sec retary of State Bacon left Washing fin for Cuba. 1907 — Explosion on a Japanese battle ship kill"’ thirty-four officers and men.... The new treaty between France and Canada was signed at Paris. NUBBINS OF NEWS. The Phelps granite bank building at Binghamton. N. Y.. was damaged to the extent of $75,000 by fire. Minority stockholders filed a petition in St Louis asking that a receiver be ap pointed for the State Trust Company, a real estate firm capitalized at $1,000,000. Italians of Coney Island are mourning the death of the Rev. Joseph Bradley, Catholic priest, at tbe resort. The priest had built up a large the first church building being a transformed dance ball. The White Star lin* has decided to re sume its cargo service between New York and Liverpool. England, which was with drawn recently owing to the slackness of tiadc. Col. Christopher Ellerbe, one of the leading members of the St. Louis bar and a brother-in-law of ex-Gov. David R. Francis, died at his home in Ferguson, a suburb of St. Louis. A unique race of volunteer life-saving crews of two m<m. involving a pull of thirt-cn miles from New York battery, followed by a plunge into the sea, was won by a South Norwalk (Conn.) crew in 1 :45 :00. The body of a boy, George Steison, tan:.-' <i up with a fishing line and a string of fish, was found ia the Hudson rivr at 3-Sth s reet. New York. Ths boy is suppos' and to have fallen into tbe water in the ex< ii'-ment of landing a fish. Widows and daughters of Civil War veterans, who for thirty years have work ed in the New York navy yard, have protested to the Navy Department against n threaten' and cut in their pay because ol .abor-saving machinery. IV Wadsworth. Staten Island, is t be greatly strengthened and the garrison increased to twelve companies o i coast ar tillery.