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SOME WONDERS OF ASTRONOMY. By Camille Flammarlon. ' 1 The silent solitudes of the moon, distant as M they are from us in terms of terrestrial meas- Lj ureraent, are but the mere suburbs of our ttjj planet compared "o the limitless immensity that lies beyond. Not for from here, not far, JT that is to say, astronomically speaking, at an JL average distance of something under fifty mll lion miles, we come to a most interesting —-o- J world. So many resemblances to our own abode do we discover at once that we would be almost Justified were we to jump to the conclusion that this world is placed where it is in order to enable us to adopt a juster conception of the universe, and thus enter into more Intimate relations with that bout .tfui nature in whose bosom exist not only all the worlds, but all the beings inhabiting them. To this world we have given the name of Mars. What beings organized like us would do on Jupiter It is impossible for us even to guess. Since Jupiter occu pies more than the equivalent of twelve terrestrial years in performing its journey around the sun, the Jovian year contains no less than ten thousand four hundred and fifty-five days. In this gigantic world we con distinguish neither continents nor seas: it is entirely enveloped in a dense, impenetrable, atmospherical envol ope. What lies beneath these banked up masses of clouds? Is there a liquid ocean? Is there a still burn ing kernel? Neptune, more than two thousand five hun dred million miles away, is on the frontier line of the solar system as we at present understand it. We now at last boldly enter upon the regions of the Infinite. WHAT IS MAN I THE HINDU’S ANSWER. By Mme. Jean Del/tire. ' i In one pithy line an Indian writer has WJ expressed the essence of his faith: Brahman is real; the word is illusory; man’s soul is gj Brahman and nothing else. Thus, for the ij Indian sages, man as well aB nature Ib an f incarnation of the divine, an involution of Jf God; and they conceived evolution as the slow, patient return of all things to their divine source. Involution and evolution were the two aspects of manifestation, the two poles of cre ative activity. Involution, or the Unconditioned, the All, limiting itself within the forms of the material universe, the one appearing as the many; God becoming man; and evolution, man becoming, or rebecomlng God— the slow ascension of nature through age long periods, from the mineral to the plant, the plant to the Animal, the animal to man, the man to God; involution and evo lution, or the morning and the evening in the vast ‘‘day of Brahman”; the outbreathlng and the inbreathing or Atman, the Great Breath; Involution, the sowing of the divine seed; evolution, the ingathering of the divine harvest. Whence comes this knowledge? Hindu scriptures thou sands of years ago anticipated the latest discoveries of LOST HOPE. Alas for the man who never sees The stars shine through his cypress trees! Who, hopeless, lays his dead away, Nor looks to see the breaking day Across the mournful marbles play! Who hath not learned, in hours of faith, The truth to flesh and sense unknown, That life is ever lord of death, And love can never lose its own. -—John Greenleaf Whittier. THE MYSTERY OF LIDA Mrs. Dilpeek paused with her hand in the air over her daughter's dresser, paralyzed for the moment. She had wandered in as usual to banish the disorder which Lida always left be lalnd her und for the ttrst time that her mother could remember there was nothing to straighten up. The top of the dresser was in precise array, not showing even a collar bow or a hair pin thrown down carelessly. The mir ror surface itself was dusted. “Well!” breathed Mrs. Dil’.peek. "Well 1” The phenomenon came bat k to her mind several times that day, but Lida •was downtown shopping, so Mrs. Dill peck said nothing. In fact, all her life Mrs. Dillpeck had said nothing. For one reason, Lida was so very pretty that the sternest resolutions melted to treacle at her smile and it was easier to follow around doing the things Lida should have doue than to scold her about the omission. And then, to her mother. Lida was still a mere child, who doubtless would re form when she grew up. Asking in a rather hopeless way that afternoon whether Lida remem bored to get the silk 6he wanted and receiving an affirmative answer from that young person, Mrs. Dillpeck was actually alarmed. “Does your head ache, IJda?” she inquired. “You are sure you aren't feverish or anything?” “Good gracious, no!" her daughter told her. “I never felt better! Why?" “Nothing.” said her mother. "There's so much sickness around. I Just hope you aren't going to be sick r Two days later Mrs. Dlllpeek had another shook. Entering the library, she found her daughter rearranging the tables and chairs. "Don't you think It looks homier this way. mother?” asked Lida. Up to that time Lida, with her laughter and harumscarum ways, ap parently had never observed whether the chairs were placed on the celling or side walls, not to mention the floor. Mrs, Dlllpeek sat down heavily. "I guess so.” she said, anxiously, as she gazed at her daughter. The rose bloom on the cheek was perfect, the eye was bright Still, Mrs. Dlllpeek was not satisfied. She felt Lida’s pulse. "J lust know you're going to be 111 cr something." she lamented. “Oh. I Jon't know —I have s feeling: No. you look all right, but one can't tell by that. 1 never saw any one look than my own cousin the very day before she was taken down with typhoid !” I. was the cook's day out and when Mrs. Dlllpeek started into the kitchen to prepare the family dinner Lida fol lowed her. TTiere was s hesitant look upon her face and she stumbled in her speech. "Mother.” she said, “won’t you please let me get the dinner to-night? Honestly. I’d like to try! I never have, yoa know!” Mrs. Dillpeck held to the gas range. Through her mind flashed the succes sion of Thursdays since Lida had grown up and the cook had been out. ▲ book or a call always had interfered with her mother’s desire that her daughter should leers to keep house. western science, and taught the cyclic processes o; crea tion or evolution, vast periods of activity and passivity. Worlds are born, attain their apogee and die; the hu manities they have evolved are born, attain their full est development, then pass on to other planets, other universes. The perfected men of one great world period become the teachers, the guides of the infant humanity of another planetary cycle. These are the wise ones, the holy ones, the gods that walked with men whose presence in the early ages of the world is hinted at in all scriptures of all nations. To their inspiration are attributable the sacred books. HYGIENE OF EMOTIONS IMPORTANT. By T. S, Clouston. —j Whistling to keep up courage is no mere WJ figure of speech. On the other hand, sit all Li day In a moping posture, sigh and reply to aJ everything in a dismal voice, and your mel & ancholy lingers. JT There is ao more valuable precept in moral sit education than this: If we wish to£ure unde- JKk sirable emotional tendency in ourselves we .J must asslduoqsly, and in the first instance cold bloodedly, go through the outward movements of those contrary dispositions which we prefer to cultivate. The reward of persistency will infallibly come in the fading out of anger or depression and the advent of real cheerfulness and kindliness in their stead. Smooth the brow, brighten the eye, contract the dorsal rather than the ventral aspect of the frame, and speak in a major key, pass the genial compliment and your heart must be frigid indeed if it does not thaw. There is no doubt that there Is a mental gymnastic that can be practiced by reasonable men who wish to keep their mental faculties correlated and under con trol, just as bodily gymnastics do for the muscles and the internal organs. One is for every man for some period of each day to Indulge in a quiet bit of solitude and communing with himself. Most of us nowadays read and apeak far too much and think too little. THE BLIGHT OF DIVORCE. By Cardinal Gibbons. Government figures show divorces are mul ish tiplying about three times as fast as the g/i population. They disclose that one mariage WJ In twelve ends in divorce. Men and women K enter the marriage state without regard for W the sacred nature of the bond they are under- JL taking. They look too much upon life with regard only to what they can get out of it, and with too little regard for that solemn word, duty. The fault is not in our system of educa tic j. but is the result of a false, loose interpretation of ine Gospel, and the attitude of society towards those who have been divorced. If divorce Is to be checked we should frown upon all divorced parties, and we should also have uniform, strict laws on the subj'Ct. It had always seemed too bad to break Into Lida's engagements. And now— She gazed, mystified, at the beseech ing young creature before her, whose yearning eyes were on the saucepans. “Why, you’d spoil everything!" ob jected Mrs. Dillpeck. “You run along —I don’t mind doing It!” “You never let me," Lida mourned, rebelliousl.v. Then she brlgfftened. “I can set the table, anyhow J” she said, triumphantly, and darted into the din ing-room. Mrs. Dillpeck was so preoccupied tliut she salted the coffee and flavored the custard with onion extract. Cer tainly something was Wrong with Lida! The child’s conduct was unnat ural and her mother was vaguely worried. After dinner, when Lida had depart ed for the theater, her mother sat thinking .and frowning. “What’s the trouble?” asked Dill peck over his evening paper. “I don’t know,” confessed his wife "I don't feel right about Lida. She seems well, but I'm afraid she's com ing down with something. She doesn’t act like herself!” “Pooh!" said Dillpeck. “She looks “SHE LOOKS WELL AND HAPPY.” well and happy to me! She's all right!” "You haven't got the eyes of a moth er.” said Mrs. Dillpeck. "To crown it all, I found her trying to cut out a shirt waist this morning, and she has always loathed sewing! And she was singing— actually singing, over it. Then you try to tell me!” “How do you make mince pies, moth ers?” Lida asked the next night, at dinner. Lven her father stared. “My!” he said, with clumsy playfulness. “What’s struck you?*' Lida blushed. “I Just wanted to know,” she said. It was the nert day that young Flick worth broke the news to them that he and Lida wanted to get married. After the excitement had calmed down Mrs. Dillpeck wiped her eyes and smiled a watery little smile. “Anyhow.” she said. “I'm glad it's only matrimony and not typhoid fever !hat made Lida act so odd! I knew it was something!”—Chicago Daily News. A PROFITABLE BUSINESS. Go4-Maklnf It One of India's Moat Immense lndnttrlet. Few of us realize that into the vast triangle of Hindustan is packed one flfth of the entire human race —more than 200.0U0.C00 Hindus. 00,000.000 Mohammedans. 10.000.000 aborigines and well over .*15,000.000 of other mis cellaneous peoples, making up a pop ulation of over 300.000.000. speaking scores of different tongues and divided into hundreds of separate states. Th.* most important industry of In dia Is agriculture, for the people are a race of farmers, and nearly two-thirds of the masses cultivate the soil, eking out a living so scanty that the slight est failure of the monsoon brings acute distress, If not positive famine. It is perhaps for this reason that India is the most god-ridden region on earth. Her deities are numbered In millions, for quite apart from the greater gods, every little hamlet, be tween the tremendous Hlamalayas and Cape Comorin has its own set of dei ties, dreadful and beneficent. Thus it will not be hard to believe that god making in India Is an ‘immense busi ness. Just now there is a feeling of deep wrath among the native arti ficers over this holy and most profit able industry being cut into by for eign merchants and traders. Only re cently an enormous five-tiered Jug ernaut car of gaily painted wood and steel was made in Calcutta, and of late years Birmingham and Philadel phia have both secured big sllcps of the traffic in gods. Every village, especially In South India, is supposed to be surrounded by evil spirits, always on the watch to Inflict disease and misfortune on the people. At The same time every little hamlet has also its guardian spirits. RUBBER AND ITS PROGRESS. It Haw Played a Slkp.flonnt Part In Civilizing tht. World. Two Interesting facts with regard to rubber have been brought out by the international rubber exposition In pro gress at London, says the Columbus i Dispatch. One is the great variety of important uses to which the substance has been put. and the other is the pro gress that is being made in increasing its production. Thirty countries have sent exhibits to the exposition in ques tion, and It is estimated that there is displayed in the building where the ex position is held *.->,000.000 worth of rubber in its natural and manufactured forms. In Ins speech opening the exposition, Sir Henry Blake declared that “during the last half-<‘ontury rubber has played a greater part than any other substance In expediting human progress.” With out rubber, no ocean cables, with all that they mean of friendship and com merce among nations, would have been laid. The working of every factory is in some way dependent upon rubber; it is used for valves, washers, etc. It en ters into the preparation of a multitude of things, such as telephone mouth pieces, musical instrument mouthpieces, puni[>s, vessels for horning acids, elec trical batteries, and all kinds of levers and switches for electrical work, while made Into belting. It Is said to su perior to leather. It has been used for street paving, and it is only its cost that prevents its general use for this purpose, since its advantages are manifest. Rubber-pav ed streets would be cleanly and noise less and are said to withstand the wear of heavy traffic better than brick or etone. Needless Expense. He —The astrologer described you ex actly, and said that I should marry you. Slie —Don’t you think tt was n waste of money to consult him? He-—Why ? She —i could have told you the same thing myself if you had asked me!— Tit Bits. Cynical View. “Was his courtship a success?” “No.” “Why, I thought he married the girl?” “Aud so he did.” —Birmingham Age-Herald. A Keen Business Xnn. Noah landed on Ararat. “Fine," he cried —“a mountain and seashore resort in one Herewith be starred to build a sum mer hotel.— New York Sun. Stand iD front of a mirror when look ing for your worat enemy. "FOE OFFREE SPEECH;" BRYflii TP PRESIOEHT Nebraskan Calls the Message on Panama Case Dangerous Doctrine. HITS FEDERAL PROSECUTION. Indianapolis Uew3 Regrets Roose velt’s “Pitiable Exhibition, of Rage.” “Billingsgate from the White House” is W. J. Bryan's ’description of meat Itoosereitian utterances. In an editorial discussion of the tilt between the I*resi dent and Congress. Mr. Bryan says in bis newspaper: President Itoosevett has sent to Con gress a message which announces anew and dangerous doctrine. It is the duty of every publisher and every believer in free speech and press to resent the President’s attempt to use the government to terrorize those who would criticise the action of public oflicials. No official can claim ex emption from criticism merely because he is an official, and uo act of the govern ment is so saend that the buhblest citi zen may not e .pr *ss an adverse opinion upon h. It is a r >at r of little consequence whether the charges made by the World are true or false—that can be determined by suit at !aw in the ordinary way—but it is a of great importance that every editor and every other individual shall be free to express his opinion on any subject connected with public af fairs. The World demands an investiga tion of the Panama purchase, and it is for Congress to determine whether the in vestigation shall be made. The fact that the President thinks no investigation is necessary is immaterial. Mr. Pulitzer is on solid ground when he resists the President’s attempt to convert newspaper criticism of officials into a criticism against the government itself. The President's message is indefensible in so far as it asserts the right of the gov ernment to prosecute the World, or Mr. Pulitzer, and he will find that he lias overstepped The limits of his authority if he attempts to use the Attorney Gen eral’s office in the way that he has pro posed. The President is not the govern ment ; a criticism of him is not a criticism of the government. The Indianapolis News, mentioned in the special message on the Pannrna canal deal, in reply to the chief exeat-* tive, says in part: It is difficult to characterize fully the latest outbreak of the President without resorting to the use of language as undig nified anrl blameworthy as that which put the President’s utterance in ,i class by itself in the official literature of the high office he holds. Whatever provocation Mr. Roosevelt may have felt pricking his soul nothing could justify or much extenuate the torrent of invective and virulence which he poured out in a state paper upon the head of private citizens. No one in his sober senses can fail to regard the performance as a grave derogation to the dignity of the presidential station, a pitia ble exhibition of towering rage on the part of the chief magistrate and the source of humiliation and chagrin to the entire country. False Theories of Prosperity. Listen to this typical assertion by one of the leading high tariff standpatters of the ways and means committee: “Under the 'operation of tlie present tariff law, which has been in effect for almost twelve years, the country, in the aggregate, has had the greatest prosper ity in its history.” It requires only average intelligence to realize, from a careful analysis of government reports, that this nation has experimented a flood tide of pros perity in spite of a high and unequal turiff. The high tariff advocates jum ble cause and effect deliberately. If this nation had begun equalizing the tariff on rational lines twelve years ago instead of now, it would have exjie rieuced an even greater measure of real prosperity in the intervening years. Of vaster importance still, that prosperity would have been distributed among the great body of consumers—otherwise the plain people. This nation's phenomenal prosperity, from natural causes, has enabled it to sustain the unnatural load of robber tariff schedules. The millions that have be*m taken from consumers to swell the private fortunes of tariff barons do not constitute real prosperity. A nation's prosperity can not be measured by the number of Carnegie* or R->ekefellers it produces. No rational American will deny that normal tariff protection has been a blessing to this country. It is the ab normal abuses of the protective theory that have tended to lay increasing bur dens on the Imok of consumers. It is the plundering of the thrifty poor, for the benefit of the idle rich, that brings the whole tariff law into disrepute. The great underlying causes of real prosperity are to be found in nature’s resources. When these resources are released by individual human thrift—in fn rms, mines and workshops—the less artificial taxation the better. The trriff is artificial at the best. Scientific protection takes account of such struggling industries as can not yet stand alone in competition with for eign labor When these Infants become giants and world beaters American consumers ask justly that tariff taxes be lowered. A Mere Miracle. After all, the tariff is a marvelous thing. It is constantly working new wonders. It makes the rain fall, the sun shine and the crops grow, as we have not only heard, but as so distin guished an authority as James Wilson, Secretary of Agriculture, has proved by statistics, accurate and eloquent. It makes two blades grow where one grew before, it promotes industry and brings employment to the unemployed, as in vestigation will show. But the tariff is not only eeffctlvc in esse, but in posse. It can work won ders not only when it is a reality, but the mere suggestion of it can accom plish considerable. Thus, a little over a week ago a delegation c* suppliants from Joplin went to Washington to pray for a tariff on zinc ore. The in dustry was languishing. The unemploy ed in the district had to draw their warmth from the sun and their suste nance from the air. Pale want and gaunt hunger stalked the streets, the price of zinc was that low. But what was the result of the trip to Washington? The delegation was received in friendship, and so great was the moral force of the exposition of the demand for right, justice and a duty on zinc ore that the market price was elevated. The Monday quotations show ed salsa on an tasty base price of $42. winch in some oases will mean $45 and in some si". with the prevailing price at S4O and over. This is difficult to understand if mere facts are considered. Mexican zinc ore, mined by pauper [eoii labor, comes fn as free of duty as it ever did. And yet ft was that pauper-peon-inined ore that drove the price down and caused air the destitution and hunger and pen ury in Joplin. We must conclude that when the faintest prospect of a tariff conies in at the door, trouble flies out at the window. And should we argil* that good prices for zinc ore demon strate that something besides the ab sence of a duty has affected the price? Certainly not. Have Cannon. Dingley. Grosvenor, DalzeH and Payne taught in vain? Treasury Fallacies. In his report Secretary CortelyoiT es timates the deficit for the present fiscal year at $143,000,000 This estimate ac cords With that of others, and it is the essence of a situation which is causing much worry to those Republican moin lers of Congress who are candid enough to heed facts. Km. the Republicans are not prepared to admit the facts as they exist. Mr. Roosevelt said the showing was “exceedingly satisfactory,” and added “there have been no new taxes and no increase of taxes. On the con trary, some taxes have lieen taken off; there has been a reduction of taxation.” A little analysis of the figures will show that the E-resident's eheeriness is bullded on very weak foundation. The net surplus of SIOO,OO ,000 which pleas ed him would warrant the Inference that, taking the good years with the bad. there lias been a surplus of re ceipts over expenditures. But he ad mits deficits in 1904, 1905 and 1908, and there will, of course, be a deficit for the first haif of 1909. In 1900 and 1907 the revenues were large. The surpluses of those two prosjierous years aggregat ed $110,000.000; the deficits for 1904, 1905 and for the fiscal year of 1908-9 will reach $180,000,000. Unless there is some renewal of pros perity and some sudden and unexpected increase of receipts, borrowing or in creased taxi-s will be imperative. More over, the ta. cs “taken off” were taxi’s imposed to meet the expenses of a for eign war, and they were not taken off until three years after the war was over. Now the situation demands atten tion. Bonds must be issued or taxes increased or both. Economy we may not hope for. In every department of government expenses have been increas ed. There is no prospect of nny change. 'The nation seems to hope for a change of luck. It is standing, like a gambler, eager to see what the next card will be, but with no idea of getting out of the game.—St. Louis Republic. NEWS IN LAVENDER. Splinter* of “Gleason's Pictorial** Which Still Have Point. Somebody with an investigating na ture recently got down from his fa ther's garret a bound volume of Glea son’s Pictorial Drawing Room Com panion. published in Boston. 1854, and thumbing the yellow pages over he found on the editorial page of each weekly issue a refreshing compendium of short facts and editorial humor un der the standing title of “Splinters.” Here are some of them, says the New York Sun: Little Cordelia Howard has made a most decided hit in the National thea ter in this city as Little Eva. The engineers of the Erie railroad have struck on account of a regula tion whose mandate is that every en gineer whose train runs off the track shall be dismissed. Miss Julia Dean's engagement in this city has been highly successful, though to us she lacks refinement and study. A Rochester paper states that the Rev. Miss Antoinette L. Brown is not married. We have had a remarkably open fall and a beautiful Indian summer in the State of Massachusetts. Kasosky, the celebrated bootmaker of Paris, works only for people who ride in carriages. His hoots cannot be walked in. The governor of Arkansas says the State treasury is short —a very preva lent complaint. it is now almost ns much an evi dence of foppery to have a close shorn face as It used to be to wear a mus tache. As many as eight dead horses are carried out of Boston daily to feed Mr. Ward's hogs. Who eats the pork? Ninety tons of poultry came to New York for Thanksgiving. Great place, New Y'ork. Mr. Joseph Brelsford was accident ally killed at Coney Island, N. Y., late ly; he broke his spine playing leap frog. A Good Qnaltflcatlon. The mystery of the negro mind is il lustrated by a story which the Philadel phia Record prints. John, the colored applicant for the position of butler in a family living in one of the fashion able suburbs of Philadelphia, strove to impress his would-be employer with his entire fitness for the place. “Oh. yes. sub.” he snld, “l's sholy well educated, sub. Is passed a civil Service examination.” “Indeed.” responded the gentleman, “that is very fine. I'm sure, but I can’t say that ftiat will be of any particular value to me in a butler.” “No?" said the surprised applicant. "It shore is strange how- gemmen's tastes do differ. Now Mr. Williams," — naming his former employer—“he say, •John, one thing I deman’ is civil serv ice to mail guests, all' he done gave me zamination ri' there, suh. an’ that's the truf.” Then the gentleman saw a great light. He replied: “Yes. you are quite right. John. Civil service is a very important and rather unusual virtue, so if you have passed that examination. I think we'll consider you mgaged.” Votii'nK Doln*. “Give me a good cigar, my boy,” said the customer iu the tobacco shop. “Give me one that smokes free.” “Can’t do it, mister.' replied the boy. “We haven't a cigar in the place that smokes for less than 5 cents.” She A crepted. Ethyl—l accepted nearly a hundred proposals at the seashore last summer. Mayme—Pshaw ! You are joking. Ethyl—No. I’m not. Every time a young man proposed soda or ice cream I accepted. Faitkfal for Years. Oyer—There goes a man who certain ly lores bis country. Myer—Why do you think ao? Gyer—He has held a government job for thirty year*. iSr. ALL ITALY IS IN GLOOM Province of Calabria Scene of Vio lent Seismic Disturbance. Monday. MANY THOUSANDS MEET DEATH Sicily in Rains and Entire Kingdom Terrorized, Fearing Greater Disaster May Come. Many thousands of pe:-sos. ruet death Monday as the result of au earthquake that devastated three provinces in the southeastern extremity of Italy and part of the Island of Sicily. Several thousand perished In the city of Mes sina in Sicily aloue and towns cut off from communication may have suffered as severely or been destroyed. Several villages are reported to have disap peared. swallowed up by the upheaval. Reports from the devastated regions indicate that the death list probably will reach over 50.000 and may be swelled to much larger figures. Scores of persons, buried under the ruins, were said to le alive, with uo hope of rescu ing them. Vandals found looting and robbing the dead were shot down by troops. Soldiers patrol the stricken towns, and what is practiaclly martial law prevails. Incalculable loss to property resulted from the quake and a tidal wave that followed, buildings being piled in ruins and rich country laid waste. It will be impossible for days to estimate with any accuracy the total of loss of life or cost in property, as isolated sections cannot be reached until railroads and wires are restored. Practically all the information so far received has been brought by boat from the ruined sections to telegraph points. Already relief work is under way and the government is doing all possible to relieve the survivors of the disaster. The three provinces of Cosonza, Ca tanzaro and Reggio di Calabria, com prising the department of Calabria, which forms the southwestern part of Italy, or “the toe of the boot,” suffered most severely, but the effects of the earthquake were felt almost throughout the entire country. In Sicily the de struction was enormous, Messina being practically ruined, and Catania was in undated. At Caltanissetta. a Sicilian town of 30.000 people, a number of houses were shaken down and the inhabitants fled for safety to the streets. Vast crowds gathered In the parks, and the church es are tilled. At Mineo. a small town 100 miles southwest of Catania, sev eral houses collapsed and the scenes of panic were regaled. At Catania the docks and shore front were overwhelmed by a tidal wave that rolled in from the sea. Much damage was done to the shipping. De tails are lacking, blit it is known That several steamers were damaged. At Catania the shocks lasted for twenty seconds. At Agosta. in the p.ovince of Syra cuse. two churches and several houses were demolished, lint no lives were lost. The prisoners in the local jail escaped and dashed through the pray ing crc'd-s on the streets. The troops were called out and quiet was restored. There were shocks also at Linduu Glos sa. Santa Saveriua and Noto, all in Sicily. Serious damage is said to have re sulted and some casualties are rejsn-t --ed at Mileto. Goncdi and Stefanconl. At Stefanconl the shock was most se vere. but San Gorgorio, San Giorgo, Mnjjerata also suffered. To Claim Share of Rlk Estate. John W. Askern of Albuquerque. N. M. will claim a share of the estate of Baron Christopher Springer at Wilming ton, Del., estimated at $80,000,000. As kern, who is an employe of the Santa Fe railway, declares his grandmother, Hannah Springer, was a sister of the baron anil that he is her only direct de scendant now living. No Hall for Carmack Slayers. In Nashville. Tenn., Judge Hart ha refused bail to Col. Cooper, Robin Cooper and John D. Sharp, charged with tba murder of Senator Carnia<-k. CURRENT NEWS NOTES Cardinal Victor Lucian Sulpice iz-eot, archbishop of Bordeaux, dieel at Cbatn bery, France. Date culture in the Imperial valley, California, is deiiared to be a success by J. W. Jennings, an experimenter. Justices of the Court of Special Ses sions in New York sat almost all night in efforts to catch up on cases. Forty-two steam and thirteen sailing vessels were built in the i'nited States and officially numbered during November. A special commission from Porto Rico is in Washington for the purpose of induc ing Congress to impose a duty of 5 eenU a pound on foreign coffee, .he princijal industry of the island. A bridge three miles in length will be built by the Pennsylvania road over Hell Gate, from Port Morris, a suburb of New York, to Ix>ng Island. Tbe center arch will be 1,000 feet long. The Rev. John T. MeCloskey, assistant pastor of the Church of the Immaculate Conception. Toledo, in the pulpit announc ed that his days were numbered, accord ing to doctor', but he would labor to thi last. The Rev. Thomas A. Kelly of St. Ag nes’ Roman Catholic church, Paterson, N. J„ committed suicide in midocean by jumping overboard from the steamship Arabic. Chiefs of the native tribes in German Samoa are threatening trouble. They want independence and may appeal to the United States and Britain for moral sup port. An "energy machine” used in the Car negie nutrition laboratory *in Roxbury, Mass., is said to make possible the calcu lation to a nicety of every fraction of sh erry -xercised by tbe body and the a mount of audition needed for the beet results. 1 The I nlted States, it is estimated, has 201,794,024 apple trees and 17,- 716,184 pear trees. It is not always the man who gets into the field first in the morning who raises the best crops. The man who refuses to mix with his neighbor and flocks all by himself has mighty poor company. Being a good neighbor means a great deal more than merely keeping our share of the line fence. A steady pull of ten hours counts more than a spurt before breakfast and an afternoon's rest at the old ftshlh” hole. You might about as well throw your hen manure into the creek as to mlk It with ashes or lime. Feet or muck Is the best to use as- an absorbent. Lambs make greater gains in feed ing than old sheep, Good second gTowth elover is a great feed for the lambs. The heaviest fleeces- are gener ally found' on medium-sized sheep. For a number of years following the introduction of the culture of sugar beets iu this country In 1881 the in dustry was at a standstill:. By 1893 the production of beet sugar laid leached 22,344 short tons. In 1901 it was t 54.606, while last .veer the total output was 500,000 short tons. The increase noted is due chiefly to the extending of the culture of the sugar beets in the irrigation sections of the West rather than to its adoption in sections where there is sufficient rain fall to produce the ordinary tilled farm crops. Suc(x of the Corn Show. The Chamber of Commerce, the busi ness men of Springfield, the exhibitors, the newspapers and the people who have patronized the exposition, have all been sowing corn show seed. They have visited the Illinois Corn Exposi tion which closed last night, seen the glorious exhibits, realized the value of the show as an entertainer and edu cator, and are sowing the seed -of in dorsement right and left. Now lets see that the fields are well cultivated, the growing plaut of future corn show enterprise properly nurtured and a magnificent crop reaped in the form of still better and greater corn show in 1909 than the brilliant show of the present year, the magnitude and suc cess of which were sufficient to war rant making the Illinois Corn Show a permanent institution in Springfield.— Springfield Register. Fife When*. Each wheat lias its own life history and romance. Take Fife wheats, which were the foundation of many varieties in spring wheats up to the Introduction of Durum wheat. Years ago, nearly a century ago, David Fife, a Scotchman of Otonabee, Ont., sent to a friend in Glasgow for a small bag of seed wheat to try in a cleared patch of the backwoods. The friend obtained some seed from a vessel just in from Dantzic. Unfortunately, it was a fall wheat and reached David Fife in the spring. Nevertheless, Da vid Fife sowed it In the spring. One can guess how feverishly the hack woods farmer watched for the growth of his experiment. Only three wheat heads survived till the fall; but those three wheat heads were entirely free of the rust that had ruined his neigh bors’ crops; and those three heads re ally represented anew variety of wheat, a fall wheat turned into a spring wheat. David Fife treasured the three heads and planted them in the spring. Such was the beginning of Fife wheat in America. It is thought ,t must have come originally from Rus sia; for, crossed with Russian Lagodu |>y Dr. Saunders, of Ottawa, it has pro duced a wheat splendidly adapted for the cold climate and long summer sun light of the northwest. Decrease In Apple Production. To show the decreases in the produc tion of apples in the Union In the last twelve years, these statistics, compiled by the Federal Department of Agricul ture. are quoted: Growers produced 60,540,000 barrels in 1895, and 09,070,000 barrels in 1890, the banner year In the history of the country. There was a decrease of nearly 28.000.000 barrels, or more than the entire crop w 1897. when the yield amounted to 41,536,000. Another de crease followed In 1898. the yield being placed at 28.570.000 barrels, but in 1809 and 1900 there were substantial in creases, placed at 37.500,000 and 47,- 900,000 barrels, respectively. There was a drop of' 20.890.000 barrels In 1901, while in 1902 there was nu in crease of 20,653.000 bnrrels. the crop being estimated at 47.625.WJ0 barrels. Forty-five million barrels of fruit pro duced In 1903, and in 1904 the yield was 800.000 barrels greater. Then, in 1906, It dropped to 23,500,000 barrels, and in 1906 it increased to 36.130.000 barrels. Ihe crop of 1907 fell off to 25,000,000 barrels, which Is the estimated yield for 1908. The total yield for the thir teen years amounts to 559,761,000 bar rels or 1,679,283,000 bushels. Beef Produced on Grass and Alfalfa. Prof. Herbert W. Mumford of the University of Illinois, who has spent lalf of this year investigating cattle jonditions in Argentina, South America, recently showed to a farmer and *tu lent audience at the College of Agri ruiture a very Interesting series of pho tographs which be took In that coun try, and gave the following, among Dtber items, showing conditions in strong contrast to our own and throw ing clear light on the character of Ar gentina competition: The past three years Argentina has been exporting considerably more beef to Great Britain than have the United States, and the Argentina beef can be delivered In London as cheaply as that from Chicago. The best sires have neen secured without regard to price. SIO,OOO and $15,000 being paid many times, and fine animal was found which had cost $21,- 000. But the best bull seen on this trip was bred In Argentina. Tbe short - horas are the most numerous, Tbe cat- tie country is close- to the great river system which furnishes much of the tram*i>ortatlon, and lies principally im mediately west of Buenos Ayres. As tine herds of cattle as you ever -aiv are produced in .Argentina without u mouthful of grain, simply on grass ami alfalfa. and : these cattle were never in a stable. Breeding cattle in txt.ra fine flesh were seen on alfalfa pasture one cow in particular showed actual rolls of fat on her rump, and yet she lmd never tasted anything else than alfalfa from he: birth; Grass fed mut ton has gone to London market too fat to sell. One ranch or estaucla visited/ contained 100,000 acres and hod on it 18.500 cattle, 10,000 sheep and 2,000 horses. Most of the cattle country is flat and) level. Xo Mutt tftr uic. There-are some farmers who are- im pressed with the belief that hogs do not require mud wallows in summer and then there- are- ethers who declare that a hog that does not have access to a mud hoie cannot thrive. There is no doubt that a. hog is a "hog” in- his habits largely because ho docs not have a chance to be decent. lie needs a great ileal of water la hot weather, and if he cannot get it he will take mud as tile next l>et tiling. A hog rushes to- a mini hole to cool off. He comes out and the mud dries oa his skin. The next mud bath he takes adds another layer to that already dried on and iu a short time the pores of his skin are completely clogged up with mud. Now. u hog cannot thrive with his pores all closed any better than a man. A dirty man is never a perfectly healthy man nor a dirty hog a r ..ectly healthy animal. If a hog has access to a deep pool of water, as he should in hot weather, he will keep clean and thrive much more than if he lies around in a mud hole made filthy by long continued use. Most farmers who supply a battling place for their liogs make them so shal low that they are soon converted into mud holes. On our home farm we usually kept from thirty to fifty pigs and they had a pool of water fed by a stream, and it was deep enough for thetu to swliu iu. The sides were dug down sharply ami were laid with cobblestones for a dis tance of four or five feet from the wa ter’s intge. The pool was always rea sonably clean; we never hail trouble with mange or lice, and when on two occasions cholera swept through the country our hogs were not affected. The liogs never used the pool unless the weather was extremely hot. We do not believe in the mud idea for liogs or filth of any kind for other aui mals.—a B. Miller. CURE FOR SNAKE BITE. How It it ii <-hui n n Trvultil n Wound When Fur from u Settlement. Bitten by a rattlesnake in the calf of the right leg in the Santa Ana .Mountains last Saturday, John Me- Cornicle, a randier of Gvapelnnd, saved his life by making an Incision with his pocket knife and inserting a piece of the reptile’s flesh In the wound, says the I>)s Angeles Times, lie hundaged It tightly and walked seven hours be fore he could receive nut I lea I treat ment. I)r. Summer J. (joint was called from Is Angeles to attend Mc- Corniek. When he arrived lie found that his patient was suffering from a slight poisoning. He declares that McCornlck saved his life by his own treatment. McCoruick was hunting through scrub oak when he felt a peculiar sting in ills leg. He looked down and saw the snake dragging on the ground as lie walked. Its fangs had become fas tened iu Ills leggings and it was unable to withdraw them. With the butt of his gun McCornlck knocked the shake off and then crush ed its head with his heel. As quickly as possible he ran hi •> the open and carried the snake with him. When lie bared Ids leg he squeezed all the blood he could out of the two punctures which the fangs hud made. Then he opened a gash, cutting though the two wounds and letting out the blood and poison. He cut a piece of flesh out of life snake’s back and inserted it in the wound. McCornlck used Ills handker chief for bandages and then tied Ids leg again Just above the knee to stop the poison from working through Ids system. McCornlck was miles away from any settlement where he could secure med ical attention, so he started back to Grapcland. His leg pulsated with puin and lie soon became deathly sick. Ir. his weakened condition he was cora pelled to rest <>u the road time and ngaln. When he finally reached home he was almost exhausted and his leg was dreadfully swollen and almost black. McCo“.dek says that Ids treatment was famous among the Indians for snake bites and he has known of a number of instances where Its applica tion has saved lives. Made tlevff Girl One of the cleverest girls In New York society blushes every time sits hears the name of Octave Mi rhea u, the Paris playwright, for it reminds her of an occasion on which she be trayed Ignorance of one of the sim plest of agricultural products Bha went with her chaperon and severe! friends to the author's Corineilles bouse to see the gardens, of which lie is prouder than of his piaywrlUug ability. One of the first things that caught her eye was a bed of green planta tipped with red. The contrast appealed to her aesthetic sense, and she gushed a little, just the least hit In the world. Indicating the parterre with the tip of her parasol, she cried: “Ahat lovely things they are! You must send me some of the flowers when they bloom, dear M. Mir beau.” To which, with a laugh, the builder of comedies returned, “You may Save to wait for aome time, for they cabbages—the kind one eats in your beautiful America nl.ii corned beef, you know.” Tka Heal Thin*. Mrs BLjehose—Who is your favorite writer. Mrs. Sbopleigb? Mrs. Sbopleigb--My hustwnd. Mrs. Biuehose —Wny I wasn’t aware that b* was of a literary turn. Mrs. Sbopleigb—Oh, yes; he writes cheeks.