SOME WONDERS OF ASTRONOMY.
By Camille Flammarlon.
' 1 The silent solitudes of the moon, distant as
M they are from us in terms of terrestrial meas-
Lj ureraent, are but the mere suburbs of our
ttjj planet compared "o the limitless immensity
that lies beyond. Not for from here, not far,
JT that is to say, astronomically speaking, at an
JL average distance of something under fifty mll
lion miles, we come to a most interesting
—-o- J world. So many resemblances to our own
abode do we discover at once that we would be almost
Justified were we to jump to the conclusion that this
world is placed where it is in order to enable us to
adopt a juster conception of the universe, and thus
enter into more Intimate relations with that bout .tfui
nature in whose bosom exist not only all the worlds,
but all the beings inhabiting them. To this world we
have given the name of Mars.
What beings organized like us would do on Jupiter
It is impossible for us even to guess. Since Jupiter occu
pies more than the equivalent of twelve terrestrial
years in performing its journey around the sun, the
Jovian year contains no less than ten thousand four
hundred and fifty-five days. In this gigantic world we
con distinguish neither continents nor seas: it is entirely
enveloped in a dense, impenetrable, atmospherical envol
ope. What lies beneath these banked up masses of
clouds? Is there a liquid ocean? Is there a still burn
ing kernel? Neptune, more than two thousand five hun
dred million miles away, is on the frontier line of the
solar system as we at present understand it. We now at
last boldly enter upon the regions of the Infinite.
WHAT IS MAN I THE HINDU’S ANSWER.
By Mme. Jean Del/tire.
' i In one pithy line an Indian writer has
WJ expressed the essence of his faith: Brahman
is real; the word is illusory; man’s soul is
gj Brahman and nothing else. Thus, for the
ij Indian sages, man as well aB nature Ib an
f incarnation of the divine, an involution of
Jf God; and they conceived evolution as the
slow, patient return of all things to their
divine source. Involution and evolution were
the two aspects of manifestation, the two poles of cre
ative activity. Involution, or the Unconditioned, the
All, limiting itself within the forms of the material
universe, the one appearing as the many; God becoming
man; and evolution, man becoming, or rebecomlng God—
the slow ascension of nature through age long periods,
from the mineral to the plant, the plant to the Animal,
the animal to man, the man to God; involution and evo
lution, or the morning and the evening in the vast ‘‘day
of Brahman”; the outbreathlng and the inbreathing or
Atman, the Great Breath; Involution, the sowing of the
divine seed; evolution, the ingathering of the divine
Whence comes this knowledge? Hindu scriptures thou
sands of years ago anticipated the latest discoveries of
Alas for the man who never sees
The stars shine through his cypress trees!
Who, hopeless, lays his dead away,
Nor looks to see the breaking day
Across the mournful marbles play!
Who hath not learned, in hours of faith,
The truth to flesh and sense unknown,
That life is ever lord of death,
And love can never lose its own.
-—John Greenleaf Whittier.
THE MYSTERY OF LIDA
Mrs. Dilpeek paused with her hand
in the air over her daughter's dresser,
paralyzed for the moment. She had
wandered in as usual to banish the
disorder which Lida always left be
lalnd her und for the ttrst time that
her mother could remember there was
nothing to straighten up. The top of
the dresser was in precise array, not
showing even a collar bow or a hair
pin thrown down carelessly. The mir
ror surface itself was dusted.
“Well!” breathed Mrs. Dil’.peek.
The phenomenon came bat k to her
mind several times that day, but Lida
•was downtown shopping, so Mrs. Dill
peck said nothing. In fact, all her
life Mrs. Dillpeck had said nothing.
For one reason, Lida was so very
pretty that the sternest resolutions
melted to treacle at her smile and it
was easier to follow around doing
the things Lida should have doue than
to scold her about the omission. And
then, to her mother. Lida was still a
mere child, who doubtless would re
form when she grew up.
Asking in a rather hopeless way
that afternoon whether Lida remem
bored to get the silk 6he wanted and
receiving an affirmative answer from
that young person, Mrs. Dillpeck was
“Does your head ache, IJda?” she
inquired. “You are sure you aren't
feverish or anything?”
“Good gracious, no!" her daughter
told her. “I never felt better! Why?"
“Nothing.” said her mother.
"There's so much sickness around. I
Just hope you aren't going to be
Two days later Mrs. Dlllpeek had
another shook. Entering the library,
she found her daughter rearranging
the tables and chairs.
"Don't you think It looks homier
this way. mother?” asked Lida.
Up to that time Lida, with her
laughter and harumscarum ways, ap
parently had never observed whether
the chairs were placed on the celling
or side walls, not to mention the floor.
Mrs, Dlllpeek sat down heavily.
"I guess so.” she said, anxiously, as
she gazed at her daughter.
The rose bloom on the cheek was
perfect, the eye was bright Still,
Mrs. Dlllpeek was not satisfied. She
felt Lida’s pulse.
"J lust know you're going to be 111
cr something." she lamented. “Oh. I
Jon't know —I have s feeling: No.
you look all right, but one can't tell
by that. 1 never saw any one look
than my own cousin the very
day before she was taken down with
I. was the cook's day out and when
Mrs. Dlllpeek started into the kitchen
to prepare the family dinner Lida fol
lowed her. TTiere was s hesitant look
upon her face and she stumbled in her
"Mother.” she said, “won’t you
please let me get the dinner to-night?
Honestly. I’d like to try! I never
have, yoa know!”
Mrs. Dillpeck held to the gas range.
Through her mind flashed the succes
sion of Thursdays since Lida had
grown up and the cook had been out.
▲ book or a call always had interfered
with her mother’s desire that her
daughter should leers to keep house.
western science, and taught the cyclic processes o; crea
tion or evolution, vast periods of activity and passivity.
Worlds are born, attain their apogee and die; the hu
manities they have evolved are born, attain their full
est development, then pass on to other planets, other
universes. The perfected men of one great world period
become the teachers, the guides of the infant humanity
of another planetary cycle. These are the wise ones,
the holy ones, the gods that walked with men whose
presence in the early ages of the world is hinted at in
all scriptures of all nations. To their inspiration are
attributable the sacred books.
HYGIENE OF EMOTIONS IMPORTANT.
By T. S, Clouston.
—j Whistling to keep up courage is no mere
WJ figure of speech. On the other hand, sit all
Li day In a moping posture, sigh and reply to
aJ everything in a dismal voice, and your mel
& ancholy lingers.
JT There is ao more valuable precept in moral
sit education than this: If we wish to£ure unde-
JKk sirable emotional tendency in ourselves we
.J must asslduoqsly, and in the first instance
cold bloodedly, go through the outward movements of
those contrary dispositions which we prefer to cultivate.
The reward of persistency will infallibly come in the
fading out of anger or depression and the advent of real
cheerfulness and kindliness in their stead. Smooth the
brow, brighten the eye, contract the dorsal rather than
the ventral aspect of the frame, and speak in a major
key, pass the genial compliment and your heart must be
frigid indeed if it does not thaw.
There is no doubt that there Is a mental gymnastic
that can be practiced by reasonable men who wish to
keep their mental faculties correlated and under con
trol, just as bodily gymnastics do for the muscles and
the internal organs.
One is for every man for some period of each day to
Indulge in a quiet bit of solitude and communing with
himself. Most of us nowadays read and apeak far too
much and think too little.
THE BLIGHT OF DIVORCE.
By Cardinal Gibbons.
Government figures show divorces are mul
ish tiplying about three times as fast as the
g/i population. They disclose that one mariage
WJ In twelve ends in divorce. Men and women
K enter the marriage state without regard for
W the sacred nature of the bond they are under-
JL taking. They look too much upon life with
regard only to what they can get out of it,
and with too little regard for that solemn
word, duty. The fault is not in our system of educa
tic j. but is the result of a false, loose interpretation of
ine Gospel, and the attitude of society towards those
who have been divorced. If divorce Is to be checked
we should frown upon all divorced parties, and we
should also have uniform, strict laws on the subj'Ct.
It had always seemed too bad to break
Into Lida's engagements. And now—
She gazed, mystified, at the beseech
ing young creature before her, whose
yearning eyes were on the saucepans.
“Why, you’d spoil everything!" ob
jected Mrs. Dillpeck. “You run along
—I don’t mind doing It!”
“You never let me," Lida mourned,
rebelliousl.v. Then she brlgfftened. “I
can set the table, anyhow J” she said,
triumphantly, and darted into the din
Mrs. Dillpeck was so preoccupied
tliut she salted the coffee and flavored
the custard with onion extract. Cer
tainly something was Wrong with
Lida! The child’s conduct was unnat
ural and her mother was vaguely
After dinner, when Lida had depart
ed for the theater, her mother sat
thinking .and frowning.
“What’s the trouble?” asked Dill
peck over his evening paper.
“I don’t know,” confessed his wife
"I don't feel right about Lida. She
seems well, but I'm afraid she's com
ing down with something. She doesn’t
act like herself!”
“Pooh!" said Dillpeck. “She looks
“SHE LOOKS WELL AND HAPPY.”
well and happy to me! She's all
"You haven't got the eyes of a moth
er.” said Mrs. Dillpeck. "To crown it
all, I found her trying to cut out a shirt
waist this morning, and she has always
loathed sewing! And she was singing—
actually singing, over it. Then you try
to tell me!”
“How do you make mince pies, moth
ers?” Lida asked the next night, at
Lven her father stared. “My!” he
said, with clumsy playfulness. “What’s
Lida blushed. “I Just wanted to
know,” she said.
It was the nert day that young Flick
worth broke the news to them that he
and Lida wanted to get married. After
the excitement had calmed down Mrs.
Dillpeck wiped her eyes and smiled a
watery little smile.
“Anyhow.” she said. “I'm glad it's
only matrimony and not typhoid fever
!hat made Lida act so odd! I knew it
was something!”—Chicago Daily News.
A PROFITABLE BUSINESS.
Go4-Maklnf It One of India's Moat
Few of us realize that into the vast
triangle of Hindustan is packed one
flfth of the entire human race —more
than 200.0U0.C00 Hindus. 00,000.000
Mohammedans. 10.000.000 aborigines
and well over .*15,000.000 of other mis
cellaneous peoples, making up a pop
ulation of over 300.000.000. speaking
scores of different tongues and divided
into hundreds of separate states.
Th.* most important industry of In
dia Is agriculture, for the people are a
race of farmers, and nearly two-thirds
of the masses cultivate the soil, eking
out a living so scanty that the slight
est failure of the monsoon brings acute
distress, If not positive famine.
It is perhaps for this reason that
India is the most god-ridden region
on earth. Her deities are numbered
In millions, for quite apart from the
greater gods, every little hamlet, be
tween the tremendous Hlamalayas and
Cape Comorin has its own set of dei
ties, dreadful and beneficent. Thus it
will not be hard to believe that god
making in India Is an ‘immense busi
ness. Just now there is a feeling of
deep wrath among the native arti
ficers over this holy and most profit
able industry being cut into by for
eign merchants and traders. Only re
cently an enormous five-tiered Jug
ernaut car of gaily painted wood and
steel was made in Calcutta, and of
late years Birmingham and Philadel
phia have both secured big sllcps of
the traffic in gods.
Every village, especially In South
India, is supposed to be surrounded by
evil spirits, always on the watch to
Inflict disease and misfortune on the
people. At The same time every little
hamlet has also its guardian spirits.
RUBBER AND ITS PROGRESS.
It Haw Played a Slkp.flonnt Part In
Civilizing tht. World.
Two Interesting facts with regard to
rubber have been brought out by the
international rubber exposition In pro
gress at London, says the Columbus
i Dispatch. One is the great variety of
important uses to which the substance
has been put. and the other is the pro
gress that is being made in increasing
its production. Thirty countries have
sent exhibits to the exposition in ques
tion, and It is estimated that there is
displayed in the building where the ex
position is held *.->,000.000 worth of
rubber in its natural and manufactured
In Ins speech opening the exposition,
Sir Henry Blake declared that “during
the last half-<‘ontury rubber has played
a greater part than any other substance
In expediting human progress.” With
out rubber, no ocean cables, with all
that they mean of friendship and com
merce among nations, would have been
laid. The working of every factory is
in some way dependent upon rubber; it
is used for valves, washers, etc. It en
ters into the preparation of a multitude
of things, such as telephone mouth
pieces, musical instrument mouthpieces,
puni[>s, vessels for horning acids, elec
trical batteries, and all kinds of levers
and switches for electrical work, while
made Into belting. It Is said to su
perior to leather.
It has been used for street paving,
and it is only its cost that prevents its
general use for this purpose, since its
advantages are manifest. Rubber-pav
ed streets would be cleanly and noise
less and are said to withstand the wear
of heavy traffic better than brick or
He —The astrologer described you ex
actly, and said that I should marry
Slie —Don’t you think tt was n waste
of money to consult him?
She —i could have told you the same
thing myself if you had asked me!—
“Was his courtship a success?”
“Why, I thought he married the
“Aud so he did.”
A Keen Business Xnn.
Noah landed on Ararat.
“Fine," he cried —“a mountain and
seashore resort in one
Herewith be starred to build a sum
mer hotel.— New York Sun.
Stand iD front of a mirror when look
ing for your worat enemy.
"FOE OFFREE SPEECH;"
BRYflii TP PRESIOEHT
Nebraskan Calls the Message on
Panama Case Dangerous
HITS FEDERAL PROSECUTION.
Indianapolis Uew3 Regrets Roose
velt’s “Pitiable Exhibition,
“Billingsgate from the White House”
is W. J. Bryan's ’description of meat
Itoosereitian utterances. In an editorial
discussion of the tilt between the I*resi
dent and Congress. Mr. Bryan says in
President Itoosevett has sent to Con
gress a message which announces anew
and dangerous doctrine. It is the duty of
every publisher and every believer in free
speech and press to resent the President’s
attempt to use the government to terrorize
those who would criticise the action of
public oflicials. No official can claim ex
emption from criticism merely because he
is an official, and uo act of the govern
ment is so saend that the buhblest citi
zen may not e .pr *ss an adverse opinion
It is a r >at r of little consequence
whether the charges made by the World
are true or false—that can be determined
by suit at !aw in the ordinary way—but
it is a of great importance that
every editor and every other individual
shall be free to express his opinion on
any subject connected with public af
fairs. The World demands an investiga
tion of the Panama purchase, and it is
for Congress to determine whether the in
vestigation shall be made. The fact that
the President thinks no investigation is
necessary is immaterial.
Mr. Pulitzer is on solid ground when he
resists the President’s attempt to convert
newspaper criticism of officials into a
criticism against the government itself.
The President's message is indefensible in
so far as it asserts the right of the gov
ernment to prosecute the World, or Mr.
Pulitzer, and he will find that he lias
overstepped The limits of his authority if
he attempts to use the Attorney Gen
eral’s office in the way that he has pro
posed. The President is not the govern
ment ; a criticism of him is not a criticism
of the government.
The Indianapolis News, mentioned in
the special message on the Pannrna
canal deal, in reply to the chief exeat-*
tive, says in part:
It is difficult to characterize fully the
latest outbreak of the President without
resorting to the use of language as undig
nified anrl blameworthy as that which put
the President’s utterance in ,i class by
itself in the official literature of the high
office he holds. Whatever provocation Mr.
Roosevelt may have felt pricking his soul
nothing could justify or much extenuate
the torrent of invective and virulence
which he poured out in a state paper upon
the head of private citizens. No one in
his sober senses can fail to regard the
performance as a grave derogation to the
dignity of the presidential station, a pitia
ble exhibition of towering rage on the
part of the chief magistrate and the source
of humiliation and chagrin to the entire
False Theories of Prosperity.
Listen to this typical assertion by one
of the leading high tariff standpatters
of the ways and means committee:
“Under the 'operation of tlie present
tariff law, which has been in effect for
almost twelve years, the country, in the
aggregate, has had the greatest prosper
ity in its history.”
It requires only average intelligence
to realize, from a careful analysis of
government reports, that this nation
has experimented a flood tide of pros
perity in spite of a high and unequal
turiff. The high tariff advocates jum
ble cause and effect deliberately.
If this nation had begun equalizing
the tariff on rational lines twelve years
ago instead of now, it would have exjie
rieuced an even greater measure of real
prosperity in the intervening years. Of
vaster importance still, that prosperity
would have been distributed among the
great body of consumers—otherwise the
This nation's phenomenal prosperity,
from natural causes, has enabled it to
sustain the unnatural load of robber
tariff schedules. The millions that have
be*m taken from consumers to swell the
private fortunes of tariff barons do not
constitute real prosperity. A nation's
prosperity can not be measured by the
number of Carnegie* or R->ekefellers it
No rational American will deny that
normal tariff protection has been a
blessing to this country. It is the ab
normal abuses of the protective theory
that have tended to lay increasing bur
dens on the Imok of consumers. It is
the plundering of the thrifty poor, for
the benefit of the idle rich, that brings
the whole tariff law into disrepute.
The great underlying causes of real
prosperity are to be found in nature’s
resources. When these resources are
released by individual human thrift—in
fn rms, mines and workshops—the less
artificial taxation the better. The trriff
is artificial at the best.
Scientific protection takes account of
such struggling industries as can not
yet stand alone in competition with for
When these Infants become giants
and world beaters American consumers
ask justly that tariff taxes be lowered.
A Mere Miracle.
After all, the tariff is a marvelous
thing. It is constantly working new
wonders. It makes the rain fall, the
sun shine and the crops grow, as we
have not only heard, but as so distin
guished an authority as James Wilson,
Secretary of Agriculture, has proved by
statistics, accurate and eloquent. It
makes two blades grow where one grew
before, it promotes industry and brings
employment to the unemployed, as in
vestigation will show.
But the tariff is not only eeffctlvc in
esse, but in posse. It can work won
ders not only when it is a reality, but
the mere suggestion of it can accom
plish considerable. Thus, a little over
a week ago a delegation c* suppliants
from Joplin went to Washington to
pray for a tariff on zinc ore. The in
dustry was languishing. The unemploy
ed in the district had to draw their
warmth from the sun and their suste
nance from the air. Pale want and
gaunt hunger stalked the streets, the
price of zinc was that low.
But what was the result of the trip
to Washington? The delegation was
received in friendship, and so great was
the moral force of the exposition of the
demand for right, justice and a duty
on zinc ore that the market price was
elevated. The Monday quotations show
ed salsa on an tasty base price of $42.
winch in some oases will mean $45 and
in some si". with the prevailing price
at S4O and over.
This is difficult to understand if mere
facts are considered. Mexican zinc ore,
mined by pauper [eoii labor, comes fn
as free of duty as it ever did. And
yet ft was that pauper-peon-inined ore
that drove the price down and caused
air the destitution and hunger and pen
ury in Joplin. We must conclude that
when the faintest prospect of a tariff
conies in at the door, trouble flies out
at the window. And should we argil*
that good prices for zinc ore demon
strate that something besides the ab
sence of a duty has affected the price?
Certainly not. Have Cannon. Dingley.
Grosvenor, DalzeH and Payne taught in
In his report Secretary CortelyoiT es
timates the deficit for the present fiscal
year at $143,000,000 This estimate ac
cords With that of others, and it is the
essence of a situation which is causing
much worry to those Republican moin
lers of Congress who are candid enough
to heed facts. Km. the Republicans are
not prepared to admit the facts as they
exist. Mr. Roosevelt said the showing
was “exceedingly satisfactory,” and
added “there have been no new taxes
and no increase of taxes. On the con
trary, some taxes have lieen taken off;
there has been a reduction of taxation.”
A little analysis of the figures will
show that the E-resident's eheeriness is
bullded on very weak foundation. The
net surplus of SIOO,OO ,000 which pleas
ed him would warrant the Inference
that, taking the good years with the
bad. there lias been a surplus of re
ceipts over expenditures. But he ad
mits deficits in 1904, 1905 and 1908, and
there will, of course, be a deficit for
the first haif of 1909. In 1900 and 1907
the revenues were large. The surpluses
of those two prosjierous years aggregat
ed $110,000.000; the deficits for 1904,
1905 and for the fiscal year of 1908-9
will reach $180,000,000.
Unless there is some renewal of pros
perity and some sudden and unexpected
increase of receipts, borrowing or in
creased taxi-s will be imperative. More
over, the ta. cs “taken off” were taxi’s
imposed to meet the expenses of a for
eign war, and they were not taken off
until three years after the war was
over. Now the situation demands atten
tion. Bonds must be issued or taxes
increased or both. Economy we may
not hope for. In every department of
government expenses have been increas
ed. There is no prospect of nny change.
'The nation seems to hope for a change
of luck. It is standing, like a gambler,
eager to see what the next card will be,
but with no idea of getting out of the
game.—St. Louis Republic.
NEWS IN LAVENDER.
Splinter* of “Gleason's Pictorial**
Which Still Have Point.
Somebody with an investigating na
ture recently got down from his fa
ther's garret a bound volume of Glea
son’s Pictorial Drawing Room Com
panion. published in Boston. 1854, and
thumbing the yellow pages over he
found on the editorial page of each
weekly issue a refreshing compendium
of short facts and editorial humor un
der the standing title of “Splinters.”
Here are some of them, says the New
Little Cordelia Howard has made a
most decided hit in the National thea
ter in this city as Little Eva.
The engineers of the Erie railroad
have struck on account of a regula
tion whose mandate is that every en
gineer whose train runs off the track
shall be dismissed.
Miss Julia Dean's engagement in this
city has been highly successful, though
to us she lacks refinement and study.
A Rochester paper states that the
Rev. Miss Antoinette L. Brown is not
We have had a remarkably open fall
and a beautiful Indian summer in the
State of Massachusetts.
Kasosky, the celebrated bootmaker
of Paris, works only for people who
ride in carriages. His hoots cannot be
The governor of Arkansas says the
State treasury is short —a very preva
it is now almost ns much an evi
dence of foppery to have a close shorn
face as It used to be to wear a mus
As many as eight dead horses are
carried out of Boston daily to feed Mr.
Ward's hogs. Who eats the pork?
Ninety tons of poultry came to New
York for Thanksgiving. Great place,
Mr. Joseph Brelsford was accident
ally killed at Coney Island, N. Y., late
ly; he broke his spine playing leap
A Good Qnaltflcatlon.
The mystery of the negro mind is il
lustrated by a story which the Philadel
phia Record prints. John, the colored
applicant for the position of butler in
a family living in one of the fashion
able suburbs of Philadelphia, strove to
impress his would-be employer with his
entire fitness for the place.
“Oh. yes. sub.” he snld, “l's sholy
well educated, sub. Is passed a civil
“Indeed.” responded the gentleman,
“that is very fine. I'm sure, but I can’t
say that ftiat will be of any particular
value to me in a butler.”
“No?" said the surprised applicant.
"It shore is strange how- gemmen's
tastes do differ. Now Mr. Williams," —
naming his former employer—“he say,
•John, one thing I deman’ is civil serv
ice to mail guests, all' he done gave me
zamination ri' there, suh. an’ that's the
Then the gentleman saw a great
light. He replied:
“Yes. you are quite right. John. Civil
service is a very important and rather
unusual virtue, so if you have passed
that examination. I think we'll consider
“Give me a good cigar, my boy,” said
the customer iu the tobacco shop.
“Give me one that smokes free.”
“Can’t do it, mister.' replied the
boy. “We haven't a cigar in the place
that smokes for less than 5 cents.”
She A crepted.
Ethyl—l accepted nearly a hundred
proposals at the seashore last summer.
Mayme—Pshaw ! You are joking.
Ethyl—No. I’m not. Every time a
young man proposed soda or ice cream
Faitkfal for Years.
Oyer—There goes a man who certain
ly lores bis country.
Myer—Why do you think ao?
Gyer—He has held a government job
for thirty year*.
ALL ITALY IS IN GLOOM
Province of Calabria Scene of Vio
lent Seismic Disturbance.
MANY THOUSANDS MEET DEATH
Sicily in Rains and Entire Kingdom
Terrorized, Fearing Greater
Disaster May Come.
Many thousands of pe:-sos. ruet death
Monday as the result of au earthquake
that devastated three provinces in the
southeastern extremity of Italy and
part of the Island of Sicily. Several
thousand perished In the city of Mes
sina in Sicily aloue and towns cut off
from communication may have suffered
as severely or been destroyed. Several
villages are reported to have disap
peared. swallowed up by the upheaval.
Reports from the devastated regions
indicate that the death list probably
will reach over 50.000 and may be
swelled to much larger figures. Scores
of persons, buried under the ruins, were
said to le alive, with uo hope of rescu
ing them. Vandals found looting and
robbing the dead were shot down by
troops. Soldiers patrol the stricken
towns, and what is practiaclly martial
Incalculable loss to property resulted
from the quake and a tidal wave that
followed, buildings being piled in ruins
and rich country laid waste. It will be
impossible for days to estimate with
any accuracy the total of loss of life or
cost in property, as isolated sections
cannot be reached until railroads and
wires are restored.
Practically all the information so far
received has been brought by boat from
the ruined sections to telegraph points.
Already relief work is under way and
the government is doing all possible to
relieve the survivors of the disaster.
The three provinces of Cosonza, Ca
tanzaro and Reggio di Calabria, com
prising the department of Calabria,
which forms the southwestern part of
Italy, or “the toe of the boot,” suffered
most severely, but the effects of the
earthquake were felt almost throughout
the entire country. In Sicily the de
struction was enormous, Messina being
practically ruined, and Catania was in
At Caltanissetta. a Sicilian town of
30.000 people, a number of houses were
shaken down and the inhabitants fled
for safety to the streets. Vast crowds
gathered In the parks, and the church
es are tilled. At Mineo. a small town
100 miles southwest of Catania, sev
eral houses collapsed and the scenes
of panic were regaled.
At Catania the docks and shore
front were overwhelmed by a tidal
wave that rolled in from the sea. Much
damage was done to the shipping. De
tails are lacking, blit it is known That
several steamers were damaged. At
Catania the shocks lasted for twenty
At Agosta. in the p.ovince of Syra
cuse. two churches and several houses
were demolished, lint no lives were
lost. The prisoners in the local jail
escaped and dashed through the pray
ing crc'd-s on the streets. The troops
were called out and quiet was restored.
There were shocks also at Linduu Glos
sa. Santa Saveriua and Noto, all in
Serious damage is said to have re
sulted and some casualties are rejsn-t
--ed at Mileto. Goncdi and Stefanconl.
At Stefanconl the shock was most se
vere. but San Gorgorio, San Giorgo,
Mnjjerata also suffered.
To Claim Share of Rlk Estate.
John W. Askern of Albuquerque. N.
M. will claim a share of the estate of
Baron Christopher Springer at Wilming
ton, Del., estimated at $80,000,000. As
kern, who is an employe of the Santa
Fe railway, declares his grandmother,
Hannah Springer, was a sister of the
baron anil that he is her only direct de
scendant now living.
No Hall for Carmack Slayers.
In Nashville. Tenn., Judge Hart ha
refused bail to Col. Cooper, Robin Cooper
and John D. Sharp, charged with tba
murder of Senator Carnia<-k.
CURRENT NEWS NOTES
Cardinal Victor Lucian Sulpice iz-eot,
archbishop of Bordeaux, dieel at Cbatn
Date culture in the Imperial valley,
California, is deiiared to be a success by
J. W. Jennings, an experimenter.
Justices of the Court of Special Ses
sions in New York sat almost all night
in efforts to catch up on cases.
Forty-two steam and thirteen sailing
vessels were built in the i'nited States
and officially numbered during November.
A special commission from Porto Rico
is in Washington for the purpose of induc
ing Congress to impose a duty of 5 eenU
a pound on foreign coffee, .he princijal
industry of the island.
A bridge three miles in length will be
built by the Pennsylvania road over Hell
Gate, from Port Morris, a suburb of New
York, to Ix>ng Island. Tbe center arch
will be 1,000 feet long.
The Rev. John T. MeCloskey, assistant
pastor of the Church of the Immaculate
Conception. Toledo, in the pulpit announc
ed that his days were numbered, accord
ing to doctor', but he would labor to thi
The Rev. Thomas A. Kelly of St. Ag
nes’ Roman Catholic church, Paterson,
N. J„ committed suicide in midocean by
jumping overboard from the steamship
Chiefs of the native tribes in German
Samoa are threatening trouble. They
want independence and may appeal to the
United States and Britain for moral sup
An "energy machine” used in the Car
negie nutrition laboratory *in Roxbury,
Mass., is said to make possible the calcu
lation to a nicety of every fraction of sh
erry -xercised by tbe body and the a mount
of audition needed for the beet results.
The I nlted States, it is estimated,
has 201,794,024 apple trees and 17,-
716,184 pear trees.
It is not always the man who gets
into the field first in the morning who
raises the best crops.
The man who refuses to mix with
his neighbor and flocks all by himself
has mighty poor company.
Being a good neighbor means a great
deal more than merely keeping our
share of the line fence.
A steady pull of ten hours counts
more than a spurt before breakfast and
an afternoon's rest at the old ftshlh”
You might about as well throw your
hen manure into the creek as to mlk
It with ashes or lime. Feet or muck
Is the best to use as- an absorbent.
Lambs make greater gains in feed
ing than old sheep, Good second
gTowth elover is a great feed for the
lambs. The heaviest fleeces- are gener
ally found' on medium-sized sheep.
For a number of years following the
introduction of the culture of sugar
beets iu this country In 1881 the in
dustry was at a standstill:. By 1893
the production of beet sugar laid
leached 22,344 short tons. In 1901 it
was t 54.606, while last .veer the total
output was 500,000 short tons. The
increase noted is due chiefly to the
extending of the culture of the sugar
beets in the irrigation sections of the
West rather than to its adoption in
sections where there is sufficient rain
fall to produce the ordinary tilled farm
Suc(x of the Corn Show.
The Chamber of Commerce, the busi
ness men of Springfield, the exhibitors,
the newspapers and the people who
have patronized the exposition, have
all been sowing corn show seed. They
have visited the Illinois Corn Exposi
tion which closed last night, seen the
glorious exhibits, realized the value of
the show as an entertainer and edu
cator, and are sowing the seed -of in
dorsement right and left. Now lets
see that the fields are well cultivated,
the growing plaut of future corn show
enterprise properly nurtured and a
magnificent crop reaped in the form of
still better and greater corn show in
1909 than the brilliant show of the
present year, the magnitude and suc
cess of which were sufficient to war
rant making the Illinois Corn Show a
permanent institution in Springfield.—
Each wheat lias its own life history
and romance. Take Fife wheats,
which were the foundation of many
varieties in spring wheats up to the
Introduction of Durum wheat. Years
ago, nearly a century ago, David Fife,
a Scotchman of Otonabee, Ont., sent
to a friend in Glasgow for a small
bag of seed wheat to try in a cleared
patch of the backwoods. The friend
obtained some seed from a vessel just
in from Dantzic. Unfortunately, it
was a fall wheat and reached David
Fife in the spring. Nevertheless, Da
vid Fife sowed it In the spring. One
can guess how feverishly the hack
woods farmer watched for the growth
of his experiment. Only three wheat
heads survived till the fall; but those
three wheat heads were entirely free
of the rust that had ruined his neigh
bors’ crops; and those three heads re
ally represented anew variety of
wheat, a fall wheat turned into a
spring wheat. David Fife treasured
the three heads and planted them in
the spring. Such was the beginning of
Fife wheat in America. It is thought
,t must have come originally from Rus
sia; for, crossed with Russian Lagodu
|>y Dr. Saunders, of Ottawa, it has pro
duced a wheat splendidly adapted for
the cold climate and long summer sun
light of the northwest.
Decrease In Apple Production.
To show the decreases in the produc
tion of apples in the Union In the last
twelve years, these statistics, compiled
by the Federal Department of Agricul
ture. are quoted:
Growers produced 60,540,000 barrels
in 1895, and 09,070,000 barrels in 1890,
the banner year In the history of the
country. There was a decrease of
nearly 28.000.000 barrels, or more than
the entire crop w 1897. when the yield
amounted to 41,536,000. Another de
crease followed In 1898. the yield being
placed at 28.570.000 barrels, but in 1809
and 1900 there were substantial in
creases, placed at 37.500,000 and 47,-
900,000 barrels, respectively. There
was a drop of' 20.890.000 barrels In
1901, while in 1902 there was nu in
crease of 20,653.000 bnrrels. the crop
being estimated at 47.625.WJ0 barrels.
Forty-five million barrels of fruit pro
duced In 1903, and in 1904 the yield was
800.000 barrels greater. Then, in 1906,
It dropped to 23,500,000 barrels, and in
1906 it increased to 36.130.000 barrels.
Ihe crop of 1907 fell off to 25,000,000
barrels, which Is the estimated yield
for 1908. The total yield for the thir
teen years amounts to 559,761,000 bar
rels or 1,679,283,000 bushels.
Beef Produced on Grass and Alfalfa.
Prof. Herbert W. Mumford of the
University of Illinois, who has spent
lalf of this year investigating cattle
jonditions in Argentina, South America,
recently showed to a farmer and *tu
lent audience at the College of Agri
ruiture a very Interesting series of pho
tographs which be took In that coun
try, and gave the following, among
Dtber items, showing conditions in
strong contrast to our own and throw
ing clear light on the character of Ar
The past three years Argentina has
been exporting considerably more beef
to Great Britain than have the United
States, and the Argentina beef can be
delivered In London as cheaply as that
The best sires have neen secured
without regard to price. SIO,OOO and
$15,000 being paid many times, and fine
animal was found which had cost $21,-
000. But the best bull seen on this
trip was bred In Argentina. Tbe short -
horas are the most numerous, Tbe cat-
tie country is close- to the great river
system which furnishes much of the
tram*i>ortatlon, and lies principally im
mediately west of Buenos Ayres.
As tine herds of cattle as you ever
-aiv are produced in .Argentina without
u mouthful of grain, simply on grass
ami alfalfa. and : these cattle were never
in a stable. Breeding cattle in txt.ra
fine flesh were seen on alfalfa pasture
one cow in particular showed actual
rolls of fat on her rump, and yet she
lmd never tasted anything else than
alfalfa from he: birth; Grass fed mut
ton has gone to London market too fat
to sell. One ranch or estaucla visited/
contained 100,000 acres and hod on it
18.500 cattle, 10,000 sheep and 2,000
horses. Most of the cattle country is
flat and) level.
Xo Mutt tftr uic.
There-are some farmers who are- im
pressed with the belief that hogs do
not require mud wallows in summer
and then there- are- ethers who declare
that a hog that does not have access
to a mud hoie cannot thrive. There is
no doubt that a. hog is a "hog” in- his
habits largely because ho docs not
have a chance to be decent.
lie needs a great ileal of water la
hot weather, and if he cannot get it he
will take mud as tile next l>et tiling.
A hog rushes to- a mini hole to cool off.
He comes out and the mud dries oa
his skin. The next mud bath he takes
adds another layer to that already
dried on and iu a short time the pores
of his skin are completely clogged up
with mud. Now. u hog cannot thrive
with his pores all closed any better
than a man. A dirty man is never a
perfectly healthy man nor a dirty hog
a r ..ectly healthy animal.
If a hog has access to a deep pool
of water, as he should in hot weather,
he will keep clean and thrive much
more than if he lies around in a mud
hole made filthy by long continued use.
Most farmers who supply a battling
place for their liogs make them so shal
low that they are soon converted into
On our home farm we usually kept
from thirty to fifty pigs and they had
a pool of water fed by a stream, and it
was deep enough for thetu to swliu iu.
The sides were dug down sharply ami
were laid with cobblestones for a dis
tance of four or five feet from the wa
ter’s intge. The pool was always rea
sonably clean; we never hail trouble
with mange or lice, and when on two
occasions cholera swept through the
country our hogs were not affected.
The liogs never used the pool unless
the weather was extremely hot. We
do not believe in the mud idea for
liogs or filth of any kind for other aui
mals.—a B. Miller.
CURE FOR SNAKE BITE.
How It it ii <-hui n n Trvultil n Wound
When Fur from u Settlement.
Bitten by a rattlesnake in the calf
of the right leg in the Santa Ana
.Mountains last Saturday, John Me-
Cornicle, a randier of Gvapelnnd, saved
his life by making an Incision with his
pocket knife and inserting a piece of
the reptile’s flesh In the wound, says
the I>)s Angeles Times, lie hundaged
It tightly and walked seven hours be
fore he could receive nut I lea I treat
ment. I)r. Summer J. (joint was
called from Is Angeles to attend Mc-
Corniek. When he arrived lie found
that his patient was suffering from a
slight poisoning. He declares that
McCornlck saved his life by his own
McCoruick was hunting through
scrub oak when he felt a peculiar sting
in ills leg. He looked down and saw
the snake dragging on the ground as
lie walked. Its fangs had become fas
tened iu Ills leggings and it was unable
to withdraw them.
With the butt of his gun McCornlck
knocked the shake off and then crush
ed its head with his heel. As quickly
as possible he ran hi •> the open and
carried the snake with him. When lie
bared Ids leg he squeezed all the blood
he could out of the two punctures
which the fangs hud made. Then he
opened a gash, cutting though the two
wounds and letting out the blood and
poison. He cut a piece of flesh out of
life snake’s back and inserted it in the
wound. McCornlck used Ills handker
chief for bandages and then tied Ids
leg again Just above the knee to stop
the poison from working through Ids
McCornlck was miles away from any
settlement where he could secure med
ical attention, so he started back to
Grapcland. His leg pulsated with puin
and lie soon became deathly sick. Ir.
his weakened condition he was cora
pelled to rest <>u the road time and
ngaln. When he finally reached home
he was almost exhausted and his leg
was dreadfully swollen and almost
McCo“.dek says that Ids treatment
was famous among the Indians for
snake bites and he has known of a
number of instances where Its applica
tion has saved lives.
Made tlevff Girl
One of the cleverest girls In New
York society blushes every time sits
hears the name of Octave Mi rhea u,
the Paris playwright, for it reminds
her of an occasion on which she be
trayed Ignorance of one of the sim
plest of agricultural products Bha
went with her chaperon and severe!
friends to the author's Corineilles
bouse to see the gardens, of which lie
is prouder than of his piaywrlUug
ability. One of the first things that
caught her eye was a bed of green
planta tipped with red. The contrast
appealed to her aesthetic sense, and
she gushed a little, just the least hit
In the world. Indicating the parterre
with the tip of her parasol, she cried:
“Ahat lovely things they are! You
must send me some of the flowers
when they bloom, dear M. Mir beau.”
To which, with a laugh, the builder
of comedies returned, “You may Save
to wait for aome time, for they
cabbages—the kind one eats in your
beautiful America nl.ii corned beef,
Tka Heal Thin*.
Mrs BLjehose—Who is your favorite
writer. Mrs. Sbopleigb?
Mrs. Sbopleigb--My hustwnd.
Mrs. Biuehose —Wny I wasn’t aware
that b* was of a literary turn.
Mrs. Sbopleigb—Oh, yes; he writes
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