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E. B. THAYER, Publisher. WAUSAU, - - WISCONSIN. SUMMARY OF THE MOST IMPORTANT NEWS. Sunday. The brutal murder of 15-year-old girl atirred Dayton, Ohio. The liner Republic, injured in collision off Nantucket, went to the bottom, the captain and crew narrowly escaping. Miss Mabel Sturtevant, a Missouri girl, was awarded the Braun prize as the best student of European and American universities. The body of a young woman, evidently from Chicago, was found in a sitting pos ture on the porch of a parsonage in St. Louis, with letters probably written by a man as the only clew to the murder. Governor Magoon recommended that United States remove the Maine from Ha vana harbor, declaring that the Spanish element in Cuba believes America neglects to remove the wreck for fear such action would show that the ship was sunk by an Interior explosion and not by a mine. Monday. Secretary Garfield hopes to recover Cl 14,000,000 worth of stolen public lands and has asked for $1,000,000 to carry on investigation. Captain O’Brien of the Chicago detec tive bureau advocates a “rogues' gallery” for reckless chauffeurs as the result of the running down and killing of Miss Em ma Wilkelman. The Baltic with 1,650 passengers of wrecked vessels landed all safely in New York, captain and crew of the Republic arrived on the Seneca and the battered Flo-ida reached her dock in Brooklyn. A well-known Washington correspond ent quotes a high government official against the theory of “inevitable conflict” with Japan and says there is little foun dation foe the belief tlia-t war must come. Tuesday. John David Stewart of Kansas City choked his baby to death so he could have quiet after his day’s labor. Formal charges of corruption of voters In the primaries were made against Uni ted States Senator Stephenson in the Wis consin Legislature. Secretary of State Root saved Chris tian Rudovitz from trial in Russia and established a precedent making the Uni ted States an asylum for political refu gees. Members of the crew of the sunken liner Republic were notified that wages ended when the ship went down and that pay would be ready Thursday. Many had no place to sleep. Governor Gillett in a special message to the California Legislature opposed legis lation likely to annoy Japanese. Presi dent Roosevelt sent a second letter op posing proposed laws. Wednesday. Senator Tillman in replying to reported criticism by W. 11. Taft said the Presi dent-elect by his talks is hastening the conflict between whites and blacks and declares the South will never educate the negro to rule it. Sixty lives were lost when fire attacked the crib of the southwest land and water tunnel in Lake Michigan off Chicago. Forty-seven men are known to have been burned to death and a number of others were drowned when they leaped into the icy lake. Thursday. Trinity church of New York took the public into its confidence and reformed its methods. Washington officials see in the violent agitation of the yellow press the only danger in the Japanese situation. Secretary Root and Senator Knox were summoned to appear before the federal grand jury to testify in the libel case against the New York World. Compere, Mitchell and Morrison braved additional contempt of Justice Wright in a statement issued in the American Fed- at Washington protesting against their punishment. Friday. Herman Biilik, sentenced to be hanged for the murder of Mrs. Vrzal in Chicago, got his sentence commuted to life impris onment in the penitentiary. Jay Gould, sou of George .T. Gould, offered his services free as probation offi cer in New York, and probably will be come a pacifier in domestic troubles. President Roosevelt in a special mes sage to Congress transmitted the report of the national conservation commission and urged that its recommendations for care of the country’s resources be met. John Mitchell was the hero of the Unit ed Mine Workers’ convention at Indian apolis, and he declared his sentence to jail shows workers what they must ex pect. The session voted $2,50Q to aid in the defense of the labor leaders. Saturday. Seirmographs recorded an earthquake somewhere in Asia almost as severe as that of Messina. Three persons were killed by London robbers who, when run down, shot them selves to avoid capture. The bodies of forty-seven victims of the Jackson crib horror were buried in one grave in Mount Greenwood Cemeary, Chi cago, amid heartrending scenes. The liner Republic was wrecked in col lision off Nantucket, four passengers being killed. The wireless summoned help and the TST aboard were oansferred to anoth er vessel. BRIEF NEWS ITEMS. The Senate committee on commerce has approved & bill requiring all motor ves sel* to carry life preservers, the collector of customs estimating the number of such beats in the Uuited States to be about 40,000. 11. D. I-ce. who has just retired aa president of the Farmers' National Bank of Salitm. Kan., was at one time a full partner of John D. Rockefeller in the oil business in Ohio. He owned forty-nine shares of the company and Mr. Rocke feller owned fifty-one. After consultation with Roy Knaben abue, the aeronaut, persons interested in the project of building a balloon railroad up Mount Wilson iu California have or dered a detailed statement prepared. l>r. Johu H. Bigg.ir. the physician and personal friend of John !>. Rockefeller, says the oil king will live to be 100. He says the reason is found in absence of worry, open-air exercise and light eating. Representative Goldfogle of New York has introduced a joint resolution to have the treaty of MstS between the United States and Russia abolished, unless Rus sia ceases what be declares is discrimina tion against American Jews. Igorrote head hunters raided an Ilion cano village iu the Philippine Islands and carried off three heads, a detachment of constabulary being dispatched at once af ter f be head hunters. Became Pope laio. leader of a band of fanatical ‘'.drones, who is under *en tance of death for murder at Manila, P. 1„ surrendered without a fight, the offi cers who captured him hare suggested a commutation of sentence. According to a decision of the Superior Court in San Francisco, Cal., E. J. t Lucky 1 Baldwin will have to pay a note of $9,000. His attorneys gave up the case because they bad heard nothing from their client after the suit was brought. INDIANA COUNTIES GO “DRY.” Four Practically Swept by Militant Anti-Liquor Forces. Complete returns from four Indiana counties holding local option elections Tuesday show that four have been added to three that entered the dry column some three weeks ago. In every county the victory was more decisive than the advocates of option had ex pected and rout of the liquor forces comes with crushing force because overwhelming results were not antici pated. In Decatur County the majori ty is close to 1.500, with only 1 per cent wet: in Putnam. 1,784. with only two precincts out of thirty four wet; in Tipton. 1.527, with all twenty-four precincts dry, and in Hamilton the ma jority wHI reach 2,000, with possibly only one or two precincts wet. Elec tions in all the counties were quiet and orderly. The anti-saloon elements were busy all day. Women iu cities and towns took leadlug parts in get ting voters to the polls. In some cities church bells were rung at regular in tervals. In others, teachers marched at the heads oi their classes to the j)olls, wearing badges. In country dis tricts and in cities and towns schools were given a holiday and the children went out with the teachers election eering. KILLS HIS OWN CHILD. Baby’s Neck Is Broken by Father to Stop Cry. John David Stewart was tired when he came home at night after his work in Kansas City. He had heard the clanging of tools and machinery all day and quiet was what he wanted. But there was no quiet at his home. A little g ! ri, ten months old, was a part of the Stewart family. She cried frequently, after the manner of babies when the father conies home tired. A child of ten months was but a fluffy bit of nothing in his hands. The fin gers accustomed to hard work gripped too tightly for baby’s comfort. And with those same strong hands Stewart choked the baby. He shook it hard one nffeht and then slammed it down on the bed and told bis wife to care for It. Baby's temper was broken. So was its neck. The coroner and the doc tor said Stewart killed the child and the wife pointed the accusing fiuger. In criminal court Stewart withdrew Ills plea ot not guilty and pleaded guilty to manslaughter in the fourth degree. Ilis sentence to the peniten tlary was two years. EXPLOSION KILLS MINE OFFICER Superintendent Lotea Life and Ten Men Are Caught in Wreck. While Superintendent J. G. Logan and a party of miners were investigating con ditions, which had been unsatisfactory, in the coal mine of the Merchants’ Coal Company ait Boswell, near Pittsburg, a gas explosion occurred which has already cost the life of one man and may result in the death of ten more. Because of the anticipated trouble the night shift was not permitted to enter the mine, and thus the lives of many men were spared. When the explosion occurred the mine caved in and the passageway was completely block ed, with ten men bac's of the obstruction. The superintendent v.as oarried out seri ously injured and died soon after being taken from the mine. DENIES RUDOWITZ EXTRADITION Rnula’a Demand for Prlaoner Re fined by United State* Official. Christian Rudowilz, Russian political refugee, whom the government of the czar charged with murder in an effort to ex tradite him for punishment as a revolu tionist, will not have to go back to the hangman’s rope in fcis native land. The long fight to save him, in which men and women in all walks of life participated, was successful Tuesday. Secretary of State Root overruled United States Com missioner Foote nl held Chat the of fense of the refugee was political and therefore not extraditab'e under the Uni ted States treaty with the Russian gov ernment. EIGHT ARE HURT IN A WRECK. O. B. McKeen, Mu nager of Vandalia I.lues. Injured in Ohio Crash. Train No. 44, the Pittsburg special from St. Ixmis on Ihe Pan-Handle divis ion of the Pennsylvania Railroad, was wrecked between Conesvii’e and Trinway, in Ohio, 133 mile.i west of Pittsburg. Seveu passengers and G. R. McKeen. gen eral manager of the Vandalia linos, were injured, none of then seriously, it is said. The train was east ln>und when two rear care, the Burnley, fiom Louisville to Pittsburg, and special car No. 0528, Mr. McKeen's private cr, left th* track and turned over on their sides. 7t is pre sumed the wreck was caused by & broken rail. Promoter Kleran Surrender*. P. J. Kieran, the much-wanted head of the Fidelity Fundii.g Company, who has been sought all over the world for two months past on account of the big dis crepancy between the company’s assets and liabilities, lias voluntarily surrendered to the authorities at Pittsburg and given bonds for his appea *ance in court at New York, asserting that he was prepared to make good every obligation of his com pany. Many Catholic institutions were believed to be involved in Kieran’s af fair*. Shot Dead by Wife. During a family quarrel In Ironton. Ohio. James Taylor was shot and instant ly killed by his wife. It is said he hacked her with a butcher knife because she re fused to give him tl.e revolver with which the shooting wae done. V. 9. Seeds Sent to Panama. The “gold” employes in the isthmian *one are being given some of the free seeds distributed by the bureau of agriculture at Washington. Two hundred and fifty packages of vegetable seed and 500 pack ages of flower seeds have been sent there. Hold* Coart Over Telephone. Quarantined in his home by the board of health on account of his little daughter having scarlet fever. Judge Harry Wilson of Clarion. Pa., held court over the tele phone. hearing motions and making orders to th? attorneys ard the clerk, who were aaeac&led in the jrothonotary’s office at the court house. Children Bara Powder Fatally. Four children were bu: aea. three of them fatally, when one of them ignited three ke* of powder to nee “the puff" at Pa. Twelve Old People Hart la Fire. Fire destroyed the men'* building of tbs Mahoning county infirmary in Can field. Ohio, and twelve of the aged in mates received bums, more or leas serious. The fire loss la $30,000. Aetor Killed by a Live Wire- Frank Robinaoe, leading man for the “As Told In the Hiils” company, was killed by coming in contact with a lice wire as he left the Gale theater in Mitch ell. S. !>.. after the performance. His body was found L~ing in an alley across from the theater in hour after the play had ended. MANY DIE IN LAKE HORROR OFF GHIGA6O Ninety Workmen Caught In Blax> ing Prison on the Chicago Water Crib Structure. LEAP FROM FLAMES TO WATER. Hundreds of Peraona, Powerless to Give Relief, Witness Struggles * of Laborers from Shore. Over three score unfortunate work men lost their lives and many others were badly injured Wednesday morn ing in a fire which destroyed the inter mediate crib in Lake Michigan, a mile and a half off 71st street, Chicago, used by George W. Jackston, the contractor, in the construction of anew water tynnel. Estimates of the fatalities ranged from sixty to seventy. Ninety men, who lived at the ?tlb and worked in shifts, were on the structure when the fire broke out Many of these were burned to death before they could reaoh the doors. Others, their clothes aflame, leaped into the icy water re gardless of the results. A number, un able to swim, sank beneath the surface. Others swam to cakes of Ice to support themselves until the arrival of relief. Start* from Powder Explotlon. The fire originated in the powder magazine on the first landing, Many of the employes were asleep in bunks, and others were just going to work, when a sheet of flame shot through the building. The alarm spread rapidly. Chicagoans who heard of the Impend ing disaster were appalled when they learned that over seventy workmen at the crib were completely isolated from the shore. Smoke could be faint ly seen puffing up 8,000 feet away, where a light mist lay over the water. A -r*?. i a Occasionally a tongue of red flame flared up. An alarm was Bent at once to South Chicago, where the Are tug Conway was stationed. Confined in a fiery prison, with all means of communication with the shore cut off and the icy waters of Lake Michigan all about them, the workmen made a desperate fight for their lives, which was witnessed by crowds on the SCENE OF THE TERRIBLE DISASTER IN LAKE MICHIGAN OFF CHICAGO. Frantic Relatives of the Victims. Unfinished Water Tunnel^ shore. As soon a3 the alarm was given prompt measures of relief were taken, but the quick spread of the flames In the wooden structure and the distance to be covered made these efforts all but useless. The crowds on the shore watching the distant blaze with its plume of black smoke, the squad of men on the adjoining crib and those wcrking from the fire tug Conway, which had been hurrld through the ice floes from its station in South Chicago to the scene of the conflagration, were greatly alarmed when it was learned that three tons of dynamite were stored in the substructure of the burning crib. The flames spread rapidly, and it was bnt a few moments when the crib was a mass of flames. Hundreds, helpless to aid, watched from th shore. SHOOT TWO; KIDNAP BRIDE. BrUrcroom Slain and Friend Fatally Wonuded by Trio. A murder, which had as its object the kidrapmg of the young bride of one of the two victims was committed just out aide of Middletown, X Y.. by three Ital ians. The victims were Kinitio Gaetano, who was instantly killed, and Scanlon Ms friend, who is dying in a local ho. ital from wounds inflicted by bullets. Mrs. Gae'ano was found by the authorities in an Italian shack on the on'skirts of the '.sty Kansas City Fnnd* 913,000 Short. A Shortage ef $13,000 in the city audi tor’s office was disclosed in Kansas City. Y. H. Green, the auditor, says the short age probably is the result of systematic scaling by clerks. •00,900 Acre* far Settlers. The Sangre de Christo land grant, one of the oldest given by the Mexican gov ernment. has been thrown open to set tlers after having been in the possession of the Costilla family more than a cen tury and a half. It comprises tWO.OOO acre*. The grant lies partly in New Mexico, bnt mostly ia Colorado. “WHAT’S THE USE?** BILLIK’S NECK IS SAVED. Sentence of Alleged Chicago Poisoner Commuted to Life Imprisonment. Herman Biilik, sentenced to hang on Friday, Jan. 29. was rescued from the gallows when Governor Deneen, on rec ommendation of the State Board of Pardons, commuted his sentence to im prisonment for life. The convicted slayer of Mary Vrzal, who five times w’as granted an eleventh-hour reprieve, fell on his knees at the county jail and wept when the news from Springfield was conveyed to him. “Life imprisonment means liberty,” he declared. “I shall now have the chance I have been fighting for to prove my innocence.” Commutation of Bill Ik s sentence Is due to the testimnoy and subsequent confession of perjury of Jerry Vrzal, who, .with his sisters, Emma Neiman and Bertha Vrzal, were the only mem bers of the Vrzal family to escape death by poisoning. “We are of the opinion (hat even with the elimination of this testimony there Is evidence to support the ver dict of the Jury beyond reasonable doubt,” says the pardon board. “But In taking into consideration statements later made by some of the Jurors we feel we are warranted In the conclu sion the death penalty would not have been Inflicted.” Biilik. who is 42 rears old and was born In Yolfort of Bohemian parents, was indicted more than two years ago for having poisoned ‘‘five members of the Vrzal family. He was placed on trial In June, 1907, before Judge Alfred C. Barnes for the murder of Mary Vrzal, the oldest daughter, and was The Crib Fire Trap. found guilty on July 18, 1907. He denied bis guilt and blamed Mrs. Emma Vrxal Niemann for his prosecu tion because he had Incurred her en mity. QUAKE VICTIMS SWAMP ITALY. Coat of Caring for 200,000 Homeleu Eat I mated mt #IOO,OOO a Day. Italy is confronted with a grave prob lem. the caring for the 200,000 persons made homeless by the earthquake of last month in Sicily and Calabria and who have dispersed not only to the interior of their native provinces, but have gone in great numbers to Naples and other of the large cities of the country. At pres ent, it is estimated, it is costing SIOO,OOO a day to meet the simplest necessities of the pour, a sum which neither interna tional charity nor the State can long con tinue to bear. Furthermore, the bestowal of charity is having an ill effect upon the lower classes and many disorders are re ported to result. Get. Wisconsin Central Post. Newman Erb has been elected president of the Wisconsin Central railway at a meeting of the directors of the road held in New York, following the transfer of the road's control to interests said to be affiliated with the Minneapolis, St. Paul and Saujt Ste. Marie railroad. Venemnela Bows to Holland. Jose J. Paul, the Venezuelan envoy, bad a lengthy conference with M. Van Swin deren. the foreign mir.ister in The Hague, and an agreement was reached on the principal points at issue between Venez uela and the Netherlands. This will en able the completion of a protocol, restor ing diplomatic relations. Peach Crop Badly Damaged. Reports to the Horticultural Associa tion indicate that the peach crop of Ar kansas has been damaged thousands of dollar* by storms and unusually sever* weather. Carload of Bahiea Glvea Away. A carload of seventy-five babies was distributed in New Orleans the other day. The precious freight cam. from tha New York foundling and orphan asylum. Scores of foster-parents were waiting at the sta tion to claim the little ones, for whom they had previously apph . Penitentiary for Registration Fraad. Andrew White, who pleaded guilty in St. Louis to a charge of fraodnlent regis tration and was sentenced to two years in the penitentiary, was the thirteenth voter to be convicted of fraud in tha last registration. KANSAS TO DOUBLE WHEAT CROP Aarricaltaral College Experiment* Promise Wonderful Result*. Prof. H. F. Roberts of the Kansas Ag ricultural College has been experimenting in the breeding of wheat since 1906. His experiments have now reached the stage that a warning has gone out to farmers to increase the size of their granaries. The result of Prof. Roberts’ researches is the probable propagation of a wheat that will increase the average yield from fourteen to twenty-eight bushels an acre. The wheat crop of Kansas for the last five years has averaged approximately 80,000,- 000 bushels. Roberts gathered 616 varie ties front every known country. Through the process of elimination there now re main thirty-nine varieties. “By next fall,” declared the professor, “I will have se cured the ideal wheat. Then watch Kan sas. Her wheat yield will be doubled, and the farmers of the State will have their annual Incomes increased to the extent of nearly fifty million dollars.” DUAL TRAGEDY IN OHIO. Man Send* Note to Girl, Then Kill* Wife and Hlmaelf. “When my son returns home he will find his mother and myself dead. Be kind to him.” This was the note 19-year old Eari Ililborn delivered to his sweet heart. Helen Williams, when he came for his Sunday evening call. It was given to him before be left his own house by his father, R. L. Hilborn, a well-to-do farm er, living near Willoughby, Ohio. The envelope bore this direction: “This must not be opc jed until my son leaves you to night.” In obedience to this Miss Will iams did not read the contents of the note until she had closed the door behind her sweetheart. Then she ran after him and they drove to the Hilborn home. They arrived there about midnight and found Mrs. Hilborn dead in the kitchen with a bullet through her head. The husband's body was discovered in the barn, where he had blown out his own brains with the same revolver after killing her. HilLorn received a letter Saturday informing him of the loss of Canadian real estate in which he is said to have put all of his money. H.New&tgg The Tennessee Night Riders are begin ning to see daylight. If the “foot-and-modth” disease should ever strike Washington Things are still a little bit shaky in the neighborhood of Messina. The Senate seems to have blackballed New Mexico and Arizona again. Somehow, hanging doesn't seem to be quite enough for a Night Rider. Japan might get some satisfaction by declaring war against the California Leg islature. President Castro considers it much more pleasant to be bung in effigy than in real life. Judge Landis thinks $20,000,000 worth of fining entities him to a rest in the Standard Oil case. Uncle Sam tells Miss Columbia that two a year is all he can afford of Merry W'dow-sixe battleships. Mr. Taft told the Georgia girls that matrimony isn't necessary. No; but they all know it is very desirable. If they don’t quit bothering him. Farm er Jim Wilson will pick up his acytbe and mow down a few professors. When Uncle Sam is sending those 3,000 houses over to Italy he might send along some firm and stable land to put ’em on. The Ohio man who has invented a cur rent of ai.- which will throw people out of the way of a street car is hot stuff ali right. Th* New Yorker who has found a Rockefeller prototype 2,300 years old must have been going back to the old Adam. His doctor friend says John D. Rocke feller will live to be 100 years old. By that time will the rest of the country have any money left? “Phoniste" is the new name for the telephone girL Bat the man who can’t get his number will probably continue to eaii her the same old names. TWO SEA GIANTS VOTED. House Grants Demands for Battle* ' ships to Cost $30,000,000. The war god held full sway In the House Friday and the navy appropria tion bill, carrying $135,000,000, including $18,000,000 for two first-class battleships, was passed Just as it came from the committee. The Japanese war senre was the sole topic, In the discussion of which tha leaders on both sides joined In addition to the passage of the bill favorable action was token by the com mittee on the fortifications bill, pro visions for coast batteries in the Phil ippines, Hawaii and Fort Travis. By a vote of 160 to 80 authorization was given for the construction by the United States of two of the greatest battleships in the world. This action was taken despite the opposition of some of the President’s Republican ene mies in the House, powerful lieutenants of Speaker Cannon, and over the heads of the few men of both parties who sincerely believe it u mistake to go on enlarging the American navy. The ac tion authorizes the construction of two Dreadnaughts, leviathans of 26,000 tons each, carrying 14-inch guns, the largest on any warship, and tLo two vessels to cost when in commission nearly $30,000,000. The vote was ac companied by a patriotic demonstra tion on the floor and in the galleries, participated in by both Democrats and Republicans and significant of what the spirit of the nation would be if a for eign war were actually threatened The opponents of the two battleship proposal, led by Chairman Tawney of the House Appropriations Committee, attacked President Roosevelt, virtually declaring that the present Japanese agitation was a ruse cooked up at the White House to induce Congress to vote for naval increase. “I am tired of these annual wars with Japan, which always occur simultaneously with the consideration of the naval ap propriation bill by Congress," declared Mr. Tawney. “All the rest of the time our relations with Japan are friendly, but as soon as we begin to consider the naval appropriation bill then we learn from the press and other sources that war is imminent." SUES TO RECOVER U. S. LAND. Government Starts More Actions Against Railroads In Oregon. Another step in the fight of the fed eral government to recover possession of the land included in the immense grant to the Oregon and California Railroad Company was taken the other day when B. D. Townsend, special assistant to th Attorney General, filed in the federal court in Portland thirty-five suits in equity against the Oregon and California Railroad, the Southern Pacific Company and over one hundred other defendants These suiOi are supplementary to thos previously filed against the Ilarrimac companies. The suits involve more than $15,000,000 and also more than 853.28S acres of land. All of the land is located in Oregon. U. S. GRANT ACCUSES BANKER. Financier Arrested as Embessler of $750,000. Homer G. Taber, former president of the United States Bank of Los Angeles, former president of the Internationa Bank of Searchlight, Nev., and now presi dent of the San Diego Bank and Trust Company, has been arrested, and will b taken to Fioche, Nev., to answer to nine teen indictments said to involve aitogethei $750,000. It is charged Taber embezzled $40,000 worth of telephone bonds front U. E. Grant. Jr., of San Diego. S. K Williamson, cashier of the Lincoln Na tional Bank of Searchlight, was arrested simultaneously with Taber. German>’• Tmds la decrease. The export and import trade of Ger many for 1008. according to estimates based on the prevailing prices of 1007, amounted to $2,184,500,000 in imports, which is a decrease of $66,250,000 from the 1907 figures, and to *7.701,250,000 in exports, a decrease of $64,750,000. . Threaten Pastor with Death. Rev. W. A. Amis of Hot Springs, lead er of reform measures before tbs Arkan sas Legislature, has received anonymous letters which threaten him with de* h. “Within thirty days.” be rzjt, **l bar* received seven letters." Seer* ary Boat Rnigaa. Secretary of State Root has tendered to President Roosevelt his resignation, ef fective upt a qualification of his succes sor. Robert Bacon, whose nomination along with that of J- C. O’Laughlin to be Assistant Secretary of State in place of Mr. Bteee, went to the Senate Monday. DteUe Fisheries OU>te. Secretary and Ambassador Bryce have readied A agreement on the New foundland fisheftfc treaty and the British government has oeen requested by cable to giro the Canadian officials authority to sign U. ?| WORK or |< j|COI%RIESS|j On Friday in the Senate Feb. 12 next was declared to be a special iegal hol iday and a survey and plans fo- a highway from Washington to Gettys burg. to be known as the “Lincoln way,” as a memorial to Abraham Lin coln. was provided for by a joint reso lution passed by the Senate, nfter an extended debate. The resolution did not eomnitt Congress to the construc tion of the highway when surveyed. Final action was also taken on the legislative, executive and Judicial bill, the Seneto refusing by a vote of 4t to 27 to fix at $">.000 the salary of the President, previously increased by an amendment to >IOO,OOO. Exactly as re ported by crmuiittee the naval pro gran. for the fiscal year 1909 was adopted by the House and the naval appropriation hi!’, was passed. The op ponents of tbe navy increase feature of the Hill found themselves in a hope less minority. The only vital altera tion made in the measure was the striking out of the provision restoring marines to naval vessels. The aggre gate amount appropriated by the bill is $135,000,000. The Senate was not in session Sat urday. A large number of pension bills were passed and by the decisive vote of 42 to 103 the House refused to in crease the pension of Julia B. Coghlau. widow of the late Rear Admiral Cogh lan. U. S. N„ from SSO a month, as rec ommended by tile Committee on Pen sions, to SIOO, as proposed in an amendment offered by Representative Oieott of New York. Consideration of a bill to prohibit the importation of opium except for medical purposes was prevented by Mr. Payne of New York on the ground that such action would reduce the national revenue $1,000,000 a mouth and would not lessen the use of the drug. At 2 o’clock the House adjourned until Sunday when memo rial services were held for tbe late Representative Dunwell of New York. The postal savings bank and the omnibus claims bill were before the Senate Monday for discussion and amendment, but no substantial prog ress was made on either measure. An amendment was made to the postal bill limiting to SSOO the amount of the deposits of any one person and fixing the rate of interest to be paid at 2 per cent, with the understanding that the amendment would be subject to further change by the Senate. The urgent deficiency bill was passed. Leg islation affecting the District of Co lumbia was considered by the House. An interesting feature of the day was a tribute paid by Mr. Boutell of Illi nois to the heroism of John R. Bitms, the wireless operator aboard the steamship Republic recently in colli sion with the Florida. A speech by Senator Davis of Arkan sas, favoring legislation to prevent dealings by exchanges in “futures" in products of the soil, and a maiden speech by Senator Cummins of lowa against (lie passage of the postal sav ings bank hill as reported to the Sen ate by the Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads were the features in the Senate Tuesday. Mr. Cummins spoke in favor of the deposit of is.stal savings in State and Territorial banks. The Senate voted to purchase an oil portrait of the late Senator Allison of lowa. A sensational and bitter attack on William Nelson Cromwell and Pres ident Obaldia of Punama and others by Mr. Rainey of Illinois was made in the House of Representatives. The post office appropriation bill was under consideration, but Mr. Rainey spoke under license of general debate, and lie was unsparing in his charges of cor ruption and fraud against the iiersons named. At the conclusion of his siK'ech. which consumed over an hour and a half, Messrs. Stevens of Minne sota and Kustermann of Wisconsin ex pressed fheir disapproval of his re marks and entered a defense of the ac cused. During the morning hour the House passed a joint resolution making Feb. 12. liSK). which marks the one hundredth anniversary of the birth of Abraham Lincoln, a general holiday. When the House adjourned the post office bill was still pending. SHORT NEWS NOTES. An explosion of fire damp in the Auka coal mine at Veszprim, Hungary, resulted in the death of fifty-six men. Of 240 men entombed 184 were taken oat alive. Mexico is fo be invited to take part in the conservation conference at Washing ton Fell. 18. Canada has accepted an in vitation to co-operate with the Cnited States. Fire destroyed the buildings occupied by the Hudson Dry Goods Company, the Brown, Eager & Hill Rook Company, the Scotch Woollen Mills Company, Knapp’s jewelry store and Fleisohmann’a cafe in Toledo, Ohio. John M. Cushing, a “ ’49er,” died in fcan Francisco. He was bom in Salem, Mass., in 1825. Frank M. Howe, who designed the elec tricity building at the Columbian expo sition. died in Kansas City, Mo., aged 50. Witnesses summoned from Chicago will testify in New York at the hearing of the government’s suit against the alleged powder trust. Reports that George B. Cortelyou, Sec retary of the Treasury, is to become presi dent of the Consolidated Gas Company of New York are denied in the eastern metropolis. David Jackson, a millionaire land own er an.t philanthropist of Monterey, Cal., died there. lie was born in Scotland eighty-eight years ago and came to Cali fornia in 1849. Thomas W. Lawson was blamed for his financial troubles by C’ardenio Flavius King, when he was sentenced to from ten to fifteen years In the penitentiary for larceny and embezzlement. Senator Buckley will introduce a bill in Congress for the incorporation of the “descendants of signers." the purpose of which is the organization of descendant* of those who signed the declaration of in dependence. The steam senooner Sybil Marston, loaded with lumber for Redondo. Cal., was driven ashore near Surf, Cal., and two of the crew lost. Fire destroyed the l*eekskill ( N. Y.) Military Academy, causing a loss of $75,- 000. The JSO students escaped in safety and had time to save their books and other movable property. it i* reported in St. Louis that the Standard Oil Company is attempting to force H. Clay Pierce out of tho Waters- Pierce Oil Company as a punishment for his attitude in 'tie ouster suit. The Standard has cut ‘be price of oil and brought a competitor into the Miss* .ri field. CHICAGO. Sustained gains in payiueuts through the banks and a low commercial mor tality add further teatlmcuy to im proved conditions. Despite the un favorable weather, trade activity re flects healthy progress, lesdiug distrib utive branches showing a seasonable volume and forwarding of general mer chandise increasing in response to nu merous requests for prompt deliveries. Farm products show heavier market ings, together with larger outgo of breadstuff*. A shortage of bogs re ceived adversely affects the live stock aggregate, and prices of the principal cereals and provisions average higher, those of liog product reoordlug sharp advances. Factory outputs contribute more toilnage for transportation and movements of raw materials run closer to normal. Earnings of the Chicago steam roads steadily recover and to some extent exceed those at this time ast year. Failures reported In the Chicago dis trict number 23. against 83 last week, 39 in V.his and 24 ir I!K>7. Those with liabilities of more Ilian $5,000 number 7. against 10 last week, 16 in 1908 nnd 8 in 1907.—Dun’s Weekly Review of Trade. NEW YORK. Trade is expanding slowly but stead ily. wholesale and jobbing lines noting some good orders for immediate deliv ery and rather more confidence in plac ing orders for spring. Conservatism is. however, noted in many sections, and some markets report a feeling of dis appointment at tbe rate of progress making. In tbe leading industries the ten dency is still toward gradual resump tion, but iti few oases is the output up to a good normal. Uncertainty ns to tariff changes is still widely mentioned hh a bar lo full est activities, this being notable espe cially in iron ami steel, where present demaud is below expectations, and in some lines of textiles. Reports from the railways are of an increased merchan dise traffic Northwest and Southwest, but tills is to a certain extent offset by restricted movement of grain to market. Business failures in the United States for tbe week ending with Jan. 21 were 307, against 319 last week, 408 in the like week of 1908, 252 in 1907, 276 in 1900 and 228 in 1905. Canadian business failures for the same period numbered forty, as against thirty-six last week and flfty-onc in this w<H>k last year.- Bradstroot's. Chicago—Cattle, common to prime, $4.00 to $7.00; hogs, prime heavy, s4.st> to $6.45; sheep, fair to choice, $3.00 to $5.50; wheat, No. 2, $1.06 to $1.08; coni, No. 2,58 cto 59c; oats, standard, 49c to 50c; rye. No. 2,75 cto 77c; hay, timothy, SB.OO to $12.50; prairie, SK.oO to $11.50, butter, choice creamery, 27c to 30c; eggs, fresh, 27c to 30c; potatoes, per bushel, 65c to 7So. Indianapolis—Cattle, shipping, $3.00 to $7.00; hogs, good to choice heavy, $3.50 to $5.60; sheep, good to choice, >2.50 to $4.00; wheat. No. 2, $1.03 to $1.04; corn. No. 2 white, 56c to 60c; oats, No. 2 white, 49c to 51c. St. Louis — I Cattle, $4.50 to $7.40; hogs, $4 00 to $6.06; sheep. $3.00 to $5.25; wheat. No. 2, sl.lO to $1.13; corn. No. 2, 50c to 60c; oats. No. 2,50 cto 32c; rye, No. 2,77 cto 78c. Cincinnati —Cattle, $4.00 to $0.25; $5.00; wheait. No 2, sl.ll to $1.12, corn, hogs, $4.00 to $6.45; sheep, $3.00 to No. 2 mixed, 01c to 02c; oats, No. 2 mixed, 51c to 53c rye, No. 2,80 cto 81c. Detroit- Cattle, $4.(X> to $5.25; hogs, $4.00 to $6.45; sheep, $2.50 to $1.00; wheat No. 2, $1.07 to $1.06; corn, No. 3 ydllow, 01c to 62c; oats, No, 3 white, 51c to 53c; rye, No. 2,70 cto 78c. Milwaukee —Wheat, No. 2 northern, $1.07 to $1.10; corn, No. 3,61 cto 62c; oats, standard, 51c to 52c; rye, No. 1, 75c to 77c; barley, No. 1,64 cto 65c; pork, moss, $15.50. Buffalo —Ufcttle. choice shipping stpers, $4.00 to $6.70; hogs, fair to choice, $4.00 to $6.60; sheep, common to good mixed, $4.00 to $4.75; iambs, fair to hoice, $5.00 to $7.40 New York—Cattle, $4.00 to f>5.90; hogs, $3.50 to $6.05; sheep, $3.00 to $5.00; wheat, No. 2 red, $1.07 to $1.00; c<wn, No. 2,66 cto 67c; oa*s, natural white. Vie io 57c; butter, cteamery, 29c to 3"a: ; eggs, western, 25c to 29c. Toledo--Wheat, No. 2, mixed, $1.06 to $1.06; am, No. 2 mixed, 60c to 62c; oats. No. 2 mixed. 50e to 52c; rye, No. 2,77 cto 78c; clover seed, $5.52. TRADE AND INDUSTRY. Soap men fr;,n twenty-four different points in riie Middle West met at Bur lington, lowa, aud entered a protest against increase in freight rates. Daring the last year L. A. Bweet of Mari.in county, Minnesota, produced and •old 92,000 worth of produce from his forty-acre farm, the grea'er, portion com lng from bis cows. The independent glass manufacturers bare decided to stand pat on the wage scale made with rbeir employes last Sep tember and to make no concessions. This means that 12.0C9 men on strike will re main out of work until they coins to tbe nrmi of the employers. There are about 7,500 skilled workers wbo made the de maod for an increase said to aver from 23 to 40 psr cent. “Wash sales" on the floor* of produca exchanges or chambers of commerce are aimed at in a bill offered by Senator B. E. Nunberg of Kennedy. A penalty of from SSOO to $5/00 is to be imposed when one member of a firm makes a sale to another member of the same firm. William B. Dickson, second vice presi dent of tbe United States Steel Corpora tion, has been elected first vice president to su'-cced James Gayley, who retired several weeks ago. David G. Kerr of Pittsburg, wbo has i>een connected with tbe raw material de-partment of the cor poration, was elected second vies preai dent to succeed Ur. Dickson. President Goncrpers of the American Federation of Isibor has notified the unions affiliated that on account of the application of tbe Sherman anti-trust law to the unions by the decision of the Bs preme Court in ths Loews ha.t boycotting *nd the imposition of a fine of three time*- the supposed damages, ho has de cided, by advice of counsel, to discontinue the “We Don’t Patronize" list In future numbers of the Fedcrationist, or until Congress could be induced to amend tbe Sherman law so ts not to apply to labor anions. The Grotan shipyard, where tbe steam ships Minnesota and Dakota were built for James J. Hill* !• dismantled.