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RACE NEEDS IMPROVING. By Prof. Charles Zueblin. We are -v*>t witnessing any marked improre- WJ ment in the human race as compared with Ft four or ten thousand years ago. With our ffjj scientific knowledge of to-day we ought to see FI an improvement which is beyond what we W see among favored people, increased stature, JL in vigor, in mental endowments, because of their peculiarly favored circumstances. We do not know enough to perfect the human race, but we know enough to begin. Our chief obligation in this life is the care of children. It should be our chief occupation ; it comes ahead of any spiritual satisfactions. There is no other equal to the enjoyment of the care of children. We must give our little children a fine con ception of the least of our human relationships if we are to expect them to fulfill their obligations the greatest. Therefore they must be trained in citizenship, the girls as well as the boys. We have often had presented to us the contract be tween the beautiful free lite of the country and the rich, many-sided life of the city. Most city people would dread the Isolation of the country, and the country peopl.e are afraid of the overcrowding of the city. There ought not to be either the one or the other. The more we cou sider the beautiful positive contributions of rural life the more we become convinced that they ought to be the possession of the city people, and the more we use the schools, libraries, churches, newspniiers, music halls and all the other opportunities of city life, the more we be come convinced that they ought to be the possession of the country Deople. WORLD CONSTANTLY GROWING BETTER. By Ada May Krecker. l So soon as we look at our own times with l?J the historical perspective they seem different. j! j And they seem better. They are contrasted gjf with the past, and the favorable changes that Vj have taken place in the meantime are clearly exposed. They receive from the past the light JL that is needed In order to set into relief the present. Without this light from the past, the present is easily misunderstood. Modern peo ple Insist upon learning something about their own times. And then they verify the old saw that a little learning Is a dangerous thing. For they have discovered the ills of our own time without relating them to the greater ills of the other times. For ali the pessimism abroad regarding the degen WHAT WILL IT MATTER? What will it matter in a little while That for a day We met and gave ft word, a touch, a smile, Upor the way? What will It matter whether hearts were brave, And lives were true; That you gave me the sympathy I crave. As I gave you? These trifles—can it be they make or mar A human life? Are souls as lightly swayed as rushes are, By love, or strife? Tea, yea. a look the faiuting heart may break, Or make it whole; And jusr one word, if said for love’s sweet sake. May save a soul 1 May Riley Smith. (t Game for Two v Now. as he entered the parlor he gave the impression of a young bentle man whose hands were empty, and no matter how he was viewed the gaze flew back to the emptiness of his hands. Oh, unmistakably empty were his hands, and absolutely innocent of either candy or flowers. Most con aciously empty, too, they were, blush ing a dull red ns they hung by their thumbs from his waistcoat pockets in “i‘vx swor.n orr.” n sheepish sort of way. hanging in shame, as It were, and ye' with a sort >f sullen bravado, as though saying: ••Well, what of It?" Yes. even thus our hero entered the parlor and said: •Hello!” And as his salutation is subdued Into silence let us look at the lady in the otse and see whether the eye of circunuqieetton can come to rest on a matter so mobile. Plump, coxy and j divinely short was the lady m quer j tiou. with a pert, quick manner of j movement and eyes that were alter nately bright with speculation or brighter yet with oonviction. Items: She could sit back iu a chair and swing one foot over the other with j an Insouciance that boded harm for j happiness of creation's lords, and no oi:e could gaze upon her twice without knowing that her bands ' ad the gift of expression, each serrate finger be ing a digit of delight ami ringed with a dimple of joy. Yes, even such RS his maid of distraction who cast a bright glance of speculation at the emptiness of our hero's hands and said to him: -How .ate you are!” "Yes." said he, “I made up my mind that, begtuuing with the new year. I was going to work hard, and that's what kept me.” -Gracious!" said she. and again she looked at the emptiness and the sheep lsbnf-s of his hands ••j—i didn’t bring any flowers to night." he said. "I'd been thinking it over, and it seemed such a—such a— such a—such s—that, anyway, I swore off.” *My!" said she. and swinging her foot, she asked. In a careless manner: “Did you swear anything else off. John?” eracy of the day. the Ideals of business and political life are on the rise. They invite comparison with those of other of their predecessors and ancestors. Our political heroes of to-day are not Talleyrands to declare that the first qualification of a successful statesman is the ability to lie. And the merchants of to-day have so far aban doned the methods of more primitive commercialism, the moving scale of prices and kindred ideas, that they find it difficult to trade with the nations which have not adopted the.r own, the modern system. THE MENACE OF A WOOD FAJGSE. By Roland Phillips. I To-day, to supply public* needs and to fill B their own pockets, individual exploiters are FI sweeping away the forests three times as fast PJ as they grow. This means that many of the FI hard woods are already gone; that the total W supply of hard wood, which used to furnish J. the better-grade furniture, fitting*, and so on, will be exhausted, for commercial purposes, within fifteen years; and that the entire wood supply of the country will not last longer than twenty five or thirty years. It is as though some foreign invader, or some deadly pest, should suddenly appear on our shores and ravage the entire forest area of the country, at the rate of two States a year, until every tree were gone. Do you im agine for one instant that as the years go by your In terest in this great question will become less vital, or less personal, than it is to-day?—Success. THE NATION OF MONEY TO BURN. By Samuel n. Adams. 1 y low long shall we, as a nation continue to Kf make good the vulgar boast that we have FI money to burn? Surely we have, with our ¥.l billion dollars given to flame and smoke in the FI past ten years, sufficiently established our pri -7 macy In wastefulness. The idea has taken too A L firm a hold upon us that fire is a “necessary evil.” A lothsome allocution that! A respon sibility-shifting lie, paralleling the “dispensa tion-of-Provldence” and >dge. But America, in this age of growing tboughtlessn ?s and analysis, is beginning to ex hibit symptoms of nausea over its “necessa-y evils," and haply, in the progress of time, this overwhelming de structive and costly one of fire wastage may go over th* lee rail into th ocean of oblivion, together with such others of Us ki as industrial murder, tuberculosis at u typhoid, and roaen politics.—Everybody's Magazine. “Wert,” he said, evading her eye, “candy.” And brighter grew his glance. “And concerts," he continued, his voice dropping a note and hanging over the edge of the tragics. And even brighter grew her glance. “And all sorts of shows,” he conclud ed. far. far down the keyboard. “My!” said she. “You were busy!” “Yes,” he said, trying to look at her In a significant manner. “And now I’ll be able to save a little money and then—” “Flowers,” she added, ralsli g one Anger. He nodded. “Candy?” she said, raising another. He nodded again. “Concerts.” Again he nodded. “And all sorts of shows,” she con cluded. And nodding again, he drew a long breath and made room for her on the sofa, saying: “Grace!” “No," slie mournfully made answer. “I've sworn off.” “Sworn off what?” “Sitting on the sofa like you meant. I made up my mind that beginning with the new year I was keeping you away from your work too much. So I just swore off.” And, shaking her head, she sighed: “No more, John.” Whereupon, lie went over to her with considerable velocity of locomo tion, holding out his hand and crying with emotion: “Grace!” “No,” she mourned, putting her hands behind her, and shaking her head. “I’ve swore that off. too, John!’’ “Sworn what off?” demanded John. “Holding hands,” she mourned again. “You have, have you?” “Oh, dear, yes!” And still keeping her hands behind her she looked up at him and pleasantly remarked: • What a beautiful day It has been, | Jolm!” But as for John, he marched out . Into the hall, jammed Ills hat on his I head, and laid violent hands upon his overcoat. She followed him. “Good-bye!” he muttered. “Good-bye. John,” she pleasantly an swered him. “Goodbye forever!” he said, punish ing his coat. “Oh. that's such a long time!” sfie said. “So it’s all over between us 1 ” he scowled, turning j his coat collar and looking ferocious. “What is?" she asked. "Yo won’t sip on the sofa with me?” “I've sworn off sitting on sofas, John." she, gently reminded him. “And you won't let me hold your hand?" "Why, John. How can I when I’ve sworn off holding hands?" Plump, cozy and divinely short was she. and when - John tried to envelop those contents of charm her manner A FOLDING BARRACKS FOR THE BATTLEFIELD. The accompanying illustrations show the workings of an ingenious invention of Mr. r. £. Ostromaky of Berlin, Ger- of movement was never so graceful mr her eyes so bright as when she eluded his grasp. “Swjrn off that, too, have you?” bitterly cried John, embracing the air. “Sworn that off, too, John,” she smiled from a distance. And as for John. John slammed the door open, passed out into the vesti bule and banged the door behind him. From the hall Inside she pleasantly waved her hand at him and turning to annihilate her with an awful look hts eyes fell upon the solitaire that gleamed from one of her fingers. “Here! I want my ring back!” he pantomimed to her through the glass of the door. To which she pleasantly panto mimed back: “I’ve sworn off giving rings back, John. And pleasantly drew down the blind. And as for John, John sat down on the top step buried In thought, from which he emerged at last, saying to himself: “I wonder if I’d better get some flowers and candy and come right back or telephone her in the morning that I’ll call for her to-morrow night and take her to a show.” And as a certain picture arose be fore him of two persons sitting on a sofa, discussing cabbages and kings and eating candy together, he hur riedly turned his steps to the candy shop and hurriedly muttered: “I guess I’d better come right hack !”—New York Sun. White House Renovated. When William Howard Taft stepped into the White House at noon on the 4th of March as the new president or the United States of America, he found a model home equipped with every modern convenience; that is what other presidents have never enjoyed. Before the election of President Roose velt few changes had been made in the White House since the days of John Quincy Adams, when it was rebuilt after being fired by the marauding British troops, only the walls being left staudlng. The executive mansion, as It was called before the advent of Mr. Roose velt —he dubbed it officially “The White House" —was the first public building erected at the seat of government. Tbe architect was James Hoban, who drew his plans closely after those of the seat cf the Duke of Leinster, near Dublin. Ireland. George Washington himself selected the site, laid the coner stone on Oct. 13. 1792, and lived to see the building completed. John Adams, how ever. was the first president to occupy it. which he did in ISOO.—Technical World Mngflr.iue. People always behave themselves a little better when they get to thinking seriously of Judgment Day. The amateur gardener raises more blisters than vegetables. many. It is an expanding barracks for use in war time, planned in such man ner that !t is said it may be drawn by two horses. By means of lazy tongs. the affair can be made to length en telescope fashion until It becomes a barracks eighty-four feet long, lu which are included twelve ordinary compartments, an officer’s cabin, a sergeant's mess, a field kitchen, and an observation tower. It is claimed for the affair that it will be useful not only as a barracks, but as a field kos pita!. Toe furniture folds up as the barracks doses. TAFT ASKS CONGRESS TO REVISE REVENUES In Message on the Tariff He Points to a Deficit of $100,000,000. IMMEDIATE ACTION IS URGED. Says Business Interests of Country Demand Settlement of Nation’s Import Schedules. President William 11. Taft on 'T ues day presented to Congress his eagerly awaited message calling for revision of the tariff. Both the House and the Senate were surprised by the brevity of the document, which comprises less than 3.70 words; they regard it as a welcome change from the long .mes sages of previous excutives. The Pres ident explained in the message that Congress must change the duties to tit changed business conditions, and sug gested that the work be* accomplished at once. As his position on the subje< t was well known tie considered it use less to state it again. Following is the full text of the message: To the Senate and House of Represen tatives ; I have convened Congress in this ex tra session in order to enable it to give immediate consideration to the revision of the Dingley tariff act. Conditions affecting production, manu facture and business generally have so changed in the last twelve years as to re quire a readjustment and revision of the import duties imposed by that act. More than this, the present tariff act, with the other sources of government rev enue, do not furnish incon.° enough to pay the authorized expenditures. By July 1 next the excess of expenses over re ceipts for the current fiscal year will equal $100,000,000. The successful party in the late elec tion is pledged to a revision of th? tariff. The country, and the business commun ity especially, expect it. The prospect of a change in ftie rates of import duties always causes a suspen sion or halt in business because of the uncertainty as to changes to be made and their effect. It is therefore of the highest importance tiiat the new bill should be agreed upon and passed with as much speed as possible consistent with its due and thorough consideration. In my inaugural address T stated in a summary-way the principles upon which, in my judgment, the revision of the tariff should proceed, and indicated at least one new source of revenue that might be properly resorted to in order to avoid a futuie deficit. It is not necessary for me to repeat what I then said. I venture to suggest that the vital busi ness interests of the country require that the attention of he Congress in this ses sion lie chiefly devoted to the considera tion of the new tariff bill, and that the less time given to other subjects of legis lation in this session, the better for the country. WILLIAM 11. TAT L. When Profit I* t nrj f . Alexander Graham Bell, the noted in ventor. undertakes in the March World's Work to answer the question. “When does profit become usury?” with the ob jeet of finding a true principle for Hie regulation of trusts. “We have arrived at a critical point in our history." begins Prof. Bell. "Competition as an element in business is going out and monopolies which are opposed to competition are coming in. Individual producers no long er count." He says that the great prob lem of the age is what to do with the trusts which extend their operations be yond the jurisdiction of the state govern ment. He judges from history that the trusts are a natural process of evolution and that “man can not combat a law of nature.” lie believes that any combina tion 'hat reduces the cost of production and distribution is essentially beneficial, even though it does not lower prices. It is only when prices are raised above the competitive level, lie argues, that injury to the public begins. The hurtful thing is not the combination itself, but the power which it potenr'illy possesses to raise prices to the public, even though it does not do so. He says that there should be some recognized relation between the cost of production and the amount of profit. Everything lie.vond an equitable return upon the capital invested should be regarded as usury and forbidden by law. Summing up. Mr. Bell says that destruction of the trusts is out of the question, that government ownership is a doubtful remedy with many objections, and that the immediate problem is to control by suitable legislation the amount of profit they can legally receive from the public. NUBBINS OF NEWS. Two strong shocks of e thquake were felt in Guayaq lil, Ecuador. The mill of the Westjiort Lumber Com pany. Westport, Oregon, was destroyed by fire. Ixiss $200,000. Edward V. Hallock. a grain dealer of Queens, L. 1., died from apoplexy while riding on a subway express train in New York. One thousand houses are to lie built at Messina. Sicily, and I,< KAO at Reggio to care for the survivors of the Italian earthquake. Henry Hutt. th" artist who attracted attention by the creation in bis drawings of a tyin* of American women, was strick en while on hi* way from his studio in New York and was taken to the Now York hospital. He was graduated from the Chicago Art Institute. The steamer Austria. which has arrived at Algiers, reports having seen a drifting lioat containing live liodies off the Alger ian coast. The boai bore the name "Con dor. 1-ondon," believed to have been the sailing vessel which was rammed by the steamer Australia on Feh. 12 near Al lioran island, in the Mediterrsneati- Col Charles C. Rivers, who returned from he Civil War in eoninian'’ ha Eleventh Massachusetts Volunte* un ity. after having taken part in ,-.rty fonr tatties, died suddenly in Boston. After twelve years of public life Charle* Warren Fairbanks has returned to his heme in Indianapolis. After a few months' vacation Mr. "Fairbanks will re sume the practice of law at Indianapolis. Figur- s -how tha r . while :he population in New Y ork "ty h.i* in -reused at the tale of 4 p**r cent n year, th.- increase in the number of indictments for crime in l!Mrs ov.-r V.*7 teas n..!,- than lO ;*-r cen'. I. !*r “sic or Iltosevelt i* quoted as saving regarding polities; "1 am not out if rhe game, nor do ! expect to be out for . King time." Ir. Alexander Chessio of the Washing t ui Fuiversity at St. Louis, demonstrated at, principle ' the Brennan monorail ,-sr in tbe physical laboratory of Colum bia University. Dr. Gh“ssin suggests * tst of tu, tar in the New York subway. A. A. YH*aek- former cashier of the German National Bar.k in l'ittsburg. te-s --.ified in the bribery cases in that city h.t: \V. Y>\ Ramsey, former t.r sblent of ,Ne Geri\s:s biak. had ordered him to get SIY.-av* cut of r. - vaults for Co-’jciiaa* John F. Klein. CfIRE OF THE SKIN One must perspire if he or she , wishes a healthy skin. The skin of , the man who labors and perspires is really cleaner than the skin of th-i man who bathes and bathes but leads a sedentary life. This is not a plea for abstemiousness in regard to bath ing. but for rigorous exercise. By ex- j ercising vigorously the circulation is j quickened, the blood being sent rac ing through the veins, carrying life with it. Perspiration is increased. You must breathe, and, what is well, unconsciously you fill the lungs, the benefit of w hich is immeasurably j greater than that derived from stand ing before an open window “inhal ing seven timer.'' The digestion is strengthened. The nerves will be quiet, the harassed mind soothed, and the skin will become stipple and soft. You roust eat slowly. Cut down the amount of your diet one-fourth, and give up tea and coffee —that is aAout all; in fact, all to the person i with no active skin disease. “Isn’’ it simple?” Of course we know that all over-drinking and over-eating coarsen the skin. Therefore, exer cise, perspire, eat slowly and reduce your diet only about one-fourth. The drinking of water might c.tmn under diet, for this one agent is most efficacious in clearing and refin ing the skin. Drink several glasses of water daily, between meals, giv ing up coffee and tea in the mean time, and in three short weeks one will notice a change in the freshness of her skin. If a woman has yel low' patches, sometimes called liver spots, disfiguring her skin, they will disappear if this taking of water is persevered in. Many people are dying for water. No plant can live without it, no human be wqll without it. The principal benefit of bathing apart from its cleansing qualities, is the stimulating effect upon the cir culation. A cool bath daily is almost a necessity for health. It sends the blood coursing through the veins and capillaries, many of which wither away when no blood is forced through them. Gradually inure yourself to a cool bath, your colds will disappear; no woman wit/h colds ever had a soft, creamy skin. You will agree that the greatest aid to health, and Its barometer —a beautiful epidermis—is exercise; for activity is life, and the penalty for the inactive is that they either become weak, pale and th’", or w r eak, red and fat. As exercise is the important agency in assisting and producing internal health, so is outward manipulation the agent conducing the outward health of the skin. Every woman should know that the blood must be brought to flow through every small capillary if the skin is to have the look of health. Even the red face —unless a dis ease, when the woman back of the skin should be treated —twill be bene fited toy rubbing and pinching of the skin. The woman or girl who daily manipulates her face scientifically, or has it manipulated regularly, will have a much better complexion and a softer skin than if her face were not treated. Most poor complexions, muddy, oily, dry or yellow', will be benefited by this intelligently applied outward stimulation. The poor com plexioned have some affection of the sebaceous glands; either they are coarse and oily, or they are pitted with dead substance which they are not able to expel, and the skin is dry. For this condition a careful scniobing with a complexion brush is advised, even when the deep, button like pimples are present. If, on the other hand, there is no Irritable erup tion, treatment should toe soothing.— From an article in Vogue. A PRETTY GOOD HORSE. Or Else This Tennessee Doctor is Na ture Faking. A Tennessee doctor named Bar num thinks he has about the wis est horse that ever carried a rider and his saddle bags over a country road. •‘Charlie never, in the many calls I daily make, requires fastening.” writes the doctor in Our Dumb Ani mals. “but will follow along, pick around until the visit is finished, and if the next is near, trot around and wait until it too is finished. “>Oharlie understands, if he cannot speak, tihe English language. One instance of many I will give. “One morning when starting out on my morning round a woman call ed from a neighboring row of tene ments, ‘Call and see my child when you come back!’ Some two hours had elapsed before the round was finished and I had forgotten the re quest, but when we reached the street corner Charlie balked, took the bit in his mouth and made a run up the street to the woman's house. “He stopped at the door and wait ed till the little sufferer's wants had been attended to and then quietly followed me home. He had never been there before, and if he did not understand what was said, what made him act so? “Sometimes he is quite helpful ’’n ridding me of the chronic hypochon driac cases, who fancy a full recital of all their ills, real and imaginary, to be necessary at every visit, and that the doctor has nothing to do save to hear these wandering stor ies. If a call at certain places is unusually prolonged and an open ttoor or window accessible, his bead is sure to pop in and a prolonged neighing ie kept up until it leaves. “One morning he had been quietly following me until noon was ap proaching. when by sundry little nips on my coat sleeve he intimated that 'corn time' toad come. When I thought mv call was over and had started to leave, another member of the family esaimed attention. This done, anew start was made, when another required attention. Charlie pulled violently on my sleeve to no purpose. “After this case was pacified I again made a move, when the old grandmother called to me to ‘wait till they could send to a neighbor's and bring the baby’. This wa'., too much. Charlie seized me by the coat collar and pulled me away, striking out viciously, with both heels to ward the tormentors. Too could al most imagine from the expression of kis face that he was saying: These people ha“ had doctoring enough mad I want my corn.’ “fhcriie knows every yoongstef ar.d baby in the neighborhood. Put one on his back, tie up the reins and start him off to take the little one home and he goes to the right house, stops at the door, stands till re lieved of his burden and then quietly trots 'home unless he sees me coming, and then he follows me.' “The night is never so dark but Jhat he brings me safely home, often over roads where a misstep would land us hundreds of feet below. Nev er a stream so swift that he will not carry me surely across. Mover a storm but that to the best xA his ability he will shield me with his body trout its force.” ENGLISH WOMEN AS SWIMMERS. An Increasing Liking for the Sport, in Which Age Does Not Count. Seventy-four men and forty-three women will receive awards of merit in connection with the intermediary examination of the Royal Life Sav ing Society in London. The interme diary represents a step to the gain ing of the diploma, a tremendous test of the swimmer’s aquatic pow ers and it does not follow that those who have gained the one will at tempt the other. The examination in swimming con sists of various difficult tests. Among other things the candidate for hon ors has to jump into the water ful ly dressed except for hat and shoes and rescue a person, carrying him twenty yards in the water. Candi dates must also swim 600 yards ful ly dressed, must give examples of various strokes, must undress on the surface of the water, dive and per form other feats. In the case of a woman she must take off corsets, blouse, skirt and stockings while in the water and then in her swimming costume pass the other tests. The increasing love of swimming among English women is not confin ed to women of one class. Feminin ity in all ranks of society now fa vor it as an excellent exercise. Sev eral women’s clubs have swimming ; tanks and the Bath Club makes a special feature of lessons and exhibi tions of this form of sport. The swiftest swimmers are to be ! found among the North ’Country fac tory girls, and the teacher in charge of the intermediary examination as i crlbes this to the fact that their daily work involves in many cases a I good deal of use of the muscles of the arms and also to the fact that the streets in a mill town are not so bright and attractive on the win ter nights as those of the metropolis, while the baths are warm and well lighted and offer a strong attraction to the mill girl seeking recreation, with the result that she becomes a proficient swimmer. Age does not seem to affect swim ming ability and one team of worn j en at a swimming club counted 2ID I years as their united age. There were only four of them and they were the champion team of the club. j Village 2,300 Years Old. j Dr. A. Bulleid, who discovered the : ancient British lake village at Glas ' tonbury in 1892, has now found anoth er group of ’lake dwellings at the neighboring village of Meare. The site of the lake village consists of two fields covering about twelve acres, and is marked by a number of grassy mounds formed by floors of dwellings. Dr. Bulleid has found large quan tities of relics, including objects in toronz. bone, horn and pottery. The village is supposed to be of late Cel- I tic date. It was probably built be i tween 300 and 400 B. C. and the Ro man Conquest.—Philadelphia Record. A Story of the Lumleys. Lumley Castle, the seat of the Earl of Scarborough, is a beautiful raan- I sion situated above the River Wear. In the great hall may he seen a series of portraits of the Lumleys, ’whose ancestry goes back hundreds of years. There is a good anecdote told concerning a visit paid by King James I. to Lumley Castle. The owner of the castle was somewhat boastful, and also very proud of his pedigree, and he commenced retailing the glory and antiquity of the Lumleys at ■ such length that .Tames, who was In tensely bored, turned to him and begged him to desist, adding, “By may soul. I did not know before that Adam was a Lumley!”—Home Notes. Home. In the boarding house parlor they ! talked of home. J “Home,” said the old-mo id schoo 1 teacher, “is the best place for a mar | ried man after business hours.” “Home,” said the extravagant ! clerk, “is the dearest and yet the cheapest place for a man to live in.’ ‘TI-ome is the flower of which Heav en is the fruit," said the young clergy man. “It's the only spot.” said the old bachelor, “where the baby is appreci ated.” “It's where you are treated best and grumble most.” saiu the widow. "Home,” said the landlady, “is the antipodes of the boading house.”— Philadelphia Bulletin. Cats of Osaka. Consul John H. Snodgrass of Kobe reports that since Dr. Koch advised the keeping of cats as the best means for the prevention of plague the Jap anese authorities have been active in investigating ttoe number of cats maintained and their relative value. The result of investigations made by the police shows that there are 54,- 389 oats kept in Osaka, a city of 1,590.000 people, the families where cats are kept numbering 48.222. In addition there are 5,696 homeless cats. It is noteworthy that in cer tain parts of the city, recognized as mre liable to plague, no cats are found.— Daily Consular and Trade Reports. Robins’ Winter Nest. It is a rare occurrence for robins to be found sitting at the end of December; yet this “an now be seen at the Vine Kennels. Overton. Hamp shire. The robins have chosen for rheir nesting place a disused railway at the kennels, where the men usually clean thedr clothes, a process which seems to interest the i robbins not a little. • One of the windows of the carriage is broken, and through this the birds obtain ingress and egress. Their newt, in which are three eggs, is in 1 a crevice in the noof of the car riage—ljondon Standard. The country that one passes ; through from Athabasca landing down to the Arctic Red River is full of I vegetation, and will one day be set -1 tied. s, Wood charcoal should always be kept in the hog pen. No animal on the farm succumbs so quickly to disease as sheep, but they are not difficult to keep healthy. Be careful about the harness. If It is comfortable you will get work out of the team to the best advantage. If there are any young colts running about in the stable, be sure you hang the harness out of their reach. Oil meal or ground flax seed makes a splendid ration to overcome a ten dency to constipation in the horses. Nervous and bad tempered horses have been tamed by feeding sugar. Many instances of this are on record. In breeding, defects are peculiarly persistent and are more easily stamped on the next generation than are good qualities. Oats and bran, half and half by measure, is the best grain ration for the stallion in season, according to an experienced horseman. Pigs will eat Ordinary slop with rel ish. It is good for them because it supplies certain elements which are not found in the ordinary rations. A ration made of corn, shorts and tankage makes an ideal ration. The proportion should be five parts of corn, five parts shorts, and one part tankage. A hen can stand considerable cold, but will quickly succumb to drafts. To keep her comfortable she must be made to exercise and tbis is best done by kceiling the floor of the scratching shed or the regular pen heavily littered and grain thrown among it. ‘ Modern t e* of Corn. People often wonder, particularly those who have traveled for hundreds of miles through the corn belt, what becomes of corn which is grown every year. In the year 1008, when the total crop was 2.000,000,000 bushels, 241, 000.000 bushels were consumed in flour and grist-mill products, 8,000,000 bushels in the manufacture of starch. 0,000,000 for malt liquors, 17,000.000 bushels in the production of distilled liquors. 40,000,000 for glucose, 190,- 000,000 for export and 13,000.000 for seed, making a total of 518,000,000 bushels or 19.3 per cent of the entire crop. The remaining 80.7 per cent, or 2,148,000,000 bcshels, seems to have been almost entirely for feeding pur poses. It is an interesting fact that about 80 per cent of the corn crop, roughly the above amount, was shipped out of the counties in which it was grown.—Corn Reporter. Discovers New Farm I’rodueis. After a quest for new varieties of alfalfa and clover in which he cov ered much of Russia, Siberia, Central Asia. Turkestan and Northern Africa. N. E. Hanson, the agriceltural explor er, has returned with more than 300 lots of seeds and plants to be used by the agricultural department in ex perimental work. Prof. Hanson on previous trips discovered alfalfa and clover that thrived amazingly in the west where before t lie plants would not grow at all. He also introduced in the northwest a Siberian alfalfa that is believed to be the hardiest of the proteid plants and endures the most severe cold. Professor Hanson lias found two more varieties of this northern plant, which grow in a section of Siberia where the men ur.v freezes and where there is no snow. The* departu'ent of agriculture will conduct, experiments with the newest plants that havr been discovered in several of the northwest ern States, and the results will oe watched with great interest. Fact* About Poultry. Keep your hens warm, well watered and fed. Eggs are the drawing cards at this time of the year. Keep your laying hens from rough or raw weather. Are you aware that the lazy hen is never a laying lien? Eggs are profitable if hens are housed and fed intelligently. The hopper method of feeding is a success with some varieties. Laying hens that are confined dur ing the cold days must have meat. Never, under any circumstances keep the feed before the fowls constantly. The American and Asiatic breeds will do better if fed at regular inter vals. You will quickly notice a falling off in eggs when hens are allowed to run out In the cold snow. Line your house With tarred paper. Cracks are roup producers, a sick fowl Is worse than none at all. Fit up your breeding pens early. Remember that early hatches develop and make the most valuuble birds. Feeding is a puzzling problem to the majority of amaturs. Feed a variety, only Just what they will eat, and you have solved the problem. Sec that your roost poles are low. While corn is high see that every fowl is paying a profit. If she is not profitable, dispose of her at once. Stretching Fence. The first thing to do in building a strong woven wire fence is to set all the posts deep, tamp the earth firmly around and strongly brace the end sure po ting posts. The best stay for an fad post is the anchor guy. This is made by digging a bole four or five feet away from the post in a straight line with the fence, two or three feet deep, and placing in this bole a rock, old iron wheel or piece of durable wood. To the stone, iron or wood anchor, and to the top of the post or near the top is fastened a double No. 9 wire. The anchor is then solidly covered with earth and the wire twist ed with a lever until it iz tight and slightly pulling on the post. The far ther out from the base of the post the anchor is buried the greater puling power it will have. Also a No. and wire will l>e stronger and last longer than No. 9 wire, if the anchor guy wire will be in the way whet* fastened to the end post, it can be fastened to next to the end posr and the end post braced from it. In climates in which the ground freezes to the depth of several inches fences can be built to advantage in midwinter. Set the posts and anchors and allow them to become so’idly frozen and the posts in rigid jxisition; stretch the wire fencing and staple every wire to every post. Some fence builders stap'e only two or three of the horizontal wires to each post, but such is poor economy of time and ma terial. The cost of a few pounds of extra staples and an hour or two of work in a forty rod fence will save many dollars and days of work in tin* end. * By stretching the wire fencing when the posts are Immovable in the ground no portion of the wire can pull a post out of position. By the time the ground thaws out and becomes soft the wire will have settled iu position am! each post will be bearing an equal strain. If the string of fence is very long— more than forty rods—it is well to brace one or more intermediate posts. This will prevent the fence from giv ing and becoming loose when It is put under heavy strain by persons climb ing over it or animals pressing against it. A woven wire fence is good if it can be kepi tight all the time; if not, it is nearly worthless. Where to I’lnee the lnenbator. As to the location of the incubator. l>o not place It in a room where It will be between two windows where a draft is likely to blow across it. The machine should not be located where the su i can fall across it or strike the floor too close to it. The effect of the sun upon the ma chine is rather peculiar, and while the temperature in the room may not seem to rise, the sun will cause the egg chamber to heat more rapidly than might L>e supposed, thereby interfer ing with the adjustments of the regu lator. Do not locate the machine in a north or west room, unless it is impossible to find another place. A south or east room is far more satisfactory. The incubator should Ih> where there Is fire all the time or it should be in a room where there is no (ire at all. If the machine is placed in a room where there is no tire it should Im Iwme iu mind that the eggs can not be cooh*d in a temperature lower than UO degrees for any length of time with out chilling the eggs. The eggs should be w-rapped between the folds mt a blanket and carried into an adjoining room where there is a fire. The operator should use every possK ble care iu keeping the lamp bowl and lamp burner scrupulously clean aud free from oil or any other foreign set tlings. If this is not done the beat of the burner will naturally generate some gas, and If this be thrown off in the room it is sure to bo gathered back into the Incubator, and as it flows through the egg chamber, may cause a great deal of damage. The air in the room must be abso lutely sweet and fresh. Be very care ful to see that the Incubator sets per foetl.v level, but do not attempt to level it by a water bottle, pan of water or anything except a carpenter's spirit level. Be sure to set the machine true in the front and back and across each end, as this will insure a perfect cir culation of air through the tanks as well as through the egg chamber, which will play a good part in produc ing strong, healthy chickens. Agricultural Development. No one factor has contributed more toward modern agricultural expansion than farm machinery. At the begin ning of the nineteenth century there were approximately 1,500,000 farms in the United States, and to-day there are 6,000,000. A century ago the pro duction of wheat averaged four and one-third bushels j>er capita of the population, and to-day the production of wheat will average ten bushels ix*r capita. A hundred years ago there were no steel plows, grain drills, har vesters or steam threshing machines, and farm work was the heaviest kind of drudgery. When all the agricultural operations were performed by manual lalsir there was no wonder that the sons of farm ers sought other occupations lesi<ie.s tilling the soil. The grain was sown broadcast by hand, as in the days when Moses presided over the agricul ture of Egypt. To the farmer of five .-core years ago there was no interval of rest, as every function of the farm called for physical strength and ardu ous work. The grain that was sown by band was harvested with the sickle nr with the cradle. It was stored in the barn and threshed by flails and cleaned by tossing it into the wind, which separated the wheat from the chaff. The funner grew but u small surplus over his urgent necessi ties. as his time was too circumscribed to till land for commercial crops. If one looks on the hard and labor ious operations of primitive agricul ture and contrasts conditions on the farm to-day with the environments of the farm a century ago. lie will mar vel at the transition. With less fiian 4 js-r cent of the population massed In cities it became necessary to import wheat from Europe for domestic cr n sumption. When the population was only 4,000.000 and over 90 per cent of the people resided on farms, agri cultural products were Inadequate for maintenance of the inhabitants, while to da; , with a population of 87.000.000, there is a surplus production of 150,- 000,000 to 300.000,000 bushels of wheat annually for export. This achievement is consummated with 70 per cent of the people living in cities. What has wrought this marvelous transition in agriculture? The answer can only be modern machinery and scientific methods of farming. A strenuous drudgery has been raised to a national industry, and Is destined to take rank as the leading profession. As an industry it embraces one-third of the population, aDd as a profession it is equipped with a university and experiment station in every common wealth of the nation. If there are law and medical colleges to equip men for professions, so also there are uni versities to teach farmers scientific agriculture. Under the inspiration of scientific ki owledge of all branches of farming the agriculture of the future will surpass in production the achieve ments of to-day.—Goodall s I armer.