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A Hazard of Hearts
By ALIX JOHN Copyright, 1900. by Frank Leslie Publishing House CHAPTER X.—(Continued.) With both hands outstretched, she flut tered towards Mathilde, who had been studying some unusual signs of discom posure in her husband’s manner, but of what kind she could not exactly define. “I hardly think we require an introduc tion.” the little woman said, holding Ma thilde’s hands. “I am sure that Jpm must have told you of his cousin Nellie, hasn’t he?” Even if Mathilde had been readier with an answer than she was, it would have been her husband who spoke first, and at ”te sound of his voice she knew that there was war in it. “How am I to win forgiveness if I plead guilty to never having done so? Let me atone now, and present my cous in, Miss Nellie Fearon, who in the foolish days of her teens, once thought that she could put up with my humble self as a fiance, but who, under stress of duty, changed her mind.” It was rather a heavy-handed blow from a man to a, woman, and Mathilde knew that the woman felt it by the sud denness with which her hands were drop ped. and by the wavering of her color. Her smile, however, never wavered, and she was ready enough with a retort. “Oh, you bad man, how can you make me look so idiotic, and the first time, too, that your wife has met me!” But now Mrs. Herbert came to her res cue. “Nellie, dear, do let James speak to Mr. Harter,” and now it was the par son’s turn to greet the husband, and be introduced to the wife. As they took their places at table, Ma thilde noted with admiration a sign of Mrs. Herbert’s skill. The table was per fectly round, and there being no seat di rectly facing Stewart’s the difficulty of place was avoided. The meal was not as tedious as she had expected, and it did not seem long before the women were back by the drawing-room fire, and the men safe in the smoking-room. Miss Fearon fidgetted about, carefully arranged a pile of soft cushions, glanced at a fashion paper, and then cooed : “Flora, dear, I am sure you will ex cuse me if I run away for a few mo ments to finish a little scribble for the post,” and with a smile she fluttered out o f the room. Then, as Mrs. Herbert leaned back in her chair and folded her hands, Mathilde felt that she was delivered into the hands of the enemy, and prepared for action. The attack began at once. “I am sorryqto hear that you were not satisfied with your rooms. If you had told me so at once I could have given directions about it then, without giving James the trouble of speaking to the housekeeper.” Here was, in truth, a weak joint in her armor. Mathilde devoutly hoped that the other might be too short-sighted to see her rosy confusion. “Oh, the rooms are delightful,” she an swered hastily. “But one of my hus band’s fads is space, and he is always spreading himself and his possessions over as much ground as possible.” “Indeed,” came very dryly from the other. “I should hardly have thought that he had been accustomed of late to such spacious mansions.” But now her antagonist spoke with more spirit. “It may be the deprivations of the last ten years which have deepened his zest for the comfortable and pleasant things of life. You can hardly understand. I think, how much he enjoys everything.” The widow sighed aggressively: "No doubt he enjoys the change of prospects, but he should remember that the uncertainties of life which gave him those prospects may also make them as ashes in his mouth.” Mathilde suddenly saw that she had been all but openly dwelling on the bene fits caused by the death of her listener's husband, and gasped horrorstruek: "Oh. 1 did not mean that he was not sorry for your loss.” “It does not matter,” (he other answer ed with a smile of patient resignation, then with a return to her more mr.idane manner, sbe added. “I trust, my dear, that the unexpected meeting with dear Nellie would not distress your husband. It was so stupid in me not to prepare him for it.” “Why should it distress him?” The question was short and incisive. Mrs. Herbert seemed a bit flustered. “Why. my dear, don't you know? I wouldn’t for the world make any trouble, and I would not have spoken if I had not thought that you knew: but at the time of his” —she hesitated—“of his misfortune, he was engaged to Nellie, and her jwirent.s insisted on breaking off the match. Poor, dear Nellie behaved very sweetly about it, and wrote him the most touching letter imaginable.’’ “How romantic 1* remarked Mathilde. “And but for me it would have been quite tin orthodox ending to the third volume, to-night.' “Oh. my dear. I am sure ” “Thanks; don't worry yourself; I am not of a jealous disposition." Mrs. Herbert looked relieved. “How sensible! And now, my dear, as ve are getting on so well together, just let me say one little thing quietly to you. You'll promise me not to mind, won't you?” This is never a reassuring question, and Mathilde answered wisely, “We'll see." “Oh, no: I’m sure you wrn’t. You see l '.ave been feeling all the evening that it would be kinder to tell you that En glish ladles don't wear so mu- h jewelry on quiet occasions like this. Of course 1 understand that it is quite natural un der the circumstances, but strangers migat be a mused.” Mathilde was by now thoroughly roused, and spoke with each word clear ly : “I appreciate to the full the kindness of your intentions. Perhaps It will re lieve you to know that l was sophisticat ed enough to be ft ware that there were unsuitable ornaments for the occasion, aud only wore them at the express wish of Sir James ’’ Here, fortunately, perhaps, for the in terests of peace, the men made their ap pearance. and the duel was suspended. That first night under her husband's roof Mathilde suffered a terrible lapse from heroism at and cried herself to sleep in regular seliool-girl fashion. CHAPTER XI. When Matihie looked bnok on those first weeks spent at Orkwetl thay seemed to have passed in a far easier fashion than site had anticipated. There were morning hours spent beside Sir James' arm-chair in his room, or mid day ones by the hath-chair that he loved to have wheeled into a great conservator}. where he could bask in the sun. and see the choicest collection of flowers from the houses which he had made famous in the county. More than once or twice Stewart came on their little group, and surprised a ten der expansiveness in her face and voice, which faded at his approach into the fa miliar. half-shy, half-reserved dignity. Then there were long outdoor hours passed Hi her husband's society, either riding or driving about the country, and these hours generally left her brighter, and with a more resolutely cheerful view of the situation. The first time that Mathilde had been alone with Stewart after the evening of their arrival. Miss Feason formed the topic of their conversation. They were walking through the beech woods, chat ting, when Stewart gave an abrupt turn to her thoughts by asking: “What did you think of the surprise last night?” “What surprise?” she retorted, al though she guessed what he meant. “The reappearance upon the scene of my first, love. I wonder why it was done,” he went on thoughtfully. Then, after a moment’s pause: ‘ Did you think me very brutal to her?” Mathilde’s face had hardened, and her voice was very cold. “I supposed that there was some feel ing on your part which caused, and per haps justified, your outspoken remark. Otherwise, I must confess I think it might have been better left unsaid.’ He cast a keen, sidewise glance at her, and then laughed gaily. “You thought it the ground-swell of some past storm of lover's quarrel. Poor little Nellie ! She was about as much a present issue in my life as the rabbits I petted as a child. No, my remark was a preventive one as to any mischief that they might be up to with you.” “Mrs. Herbert did try it a bit after dinner,” she agreed, in a less stony voice. "But why should you include Miss Fearon? She mus have cared for you once, even if meeting you again in that fashion was not painful to her.” Again he laughed. “If you will persist in constructing a romance out of the affair, you must have the whole of it. You needn’t distress yourself about Nellie’s feelings. If she minds anything now, it is the loss, not of me, but of the heir. Then, she was glad enongh to have a good excuse to get rid of me, for she had had a bit of success in town, and thought that she might do bet ter than a younger son. And I, for my part, had been learning her unreality for so long that after her valedictory letter she seemed to fade from my mind like an old photograph. The loss of her, cer tainly, hardly added a pang to those of the debacle.” “But that does not explain why you distrust her now.” "It’s not so easy to explain. It’s more an instinct than a reason, but your safest plan is to take her enmity for granted.” “That seems a rule of universal appli cation.” she answered, bitterly. ■'What, not losing heart already, when you have swept all before you with my father?” “I am not losing heart,” was the proud answer. Then she added somewhat wist jlly; “I really think he likes me.” “Improbable as it seems, I really think he does,” he retorted, looking into her face as he put out his hand to help her ■over a stile, with a glance that brought on one of her shy fits, and set her talking to the Ixish setter. Nomad, whom she had adopted as her own special follower and friend. The first change in the situation came when, one morning at breakfast, Stewart looked up from his correspouoence, never very large, to announce generally: “Here's a letter from Norman, saying that he is coining over from Paris to see me. Wonder how he heard of my getting home, for though I have been meaning to write to him ever since I came, I haven’t done so.” Mathilde, looking up as her husband spoke, saw a tell-tale change of color on Nellie's face, saw. too, an interchanged giance between the two women which left her no further doubt as to their secret alliance. It was only a momentary thing, then Nellie spoke in her pretty, babbling fash ion. "Oh. I hope you won’t thing me a dreadful gossip, but I was writing to him the other day about some old paste but tons that he is getting me, and I put in all our news to till up. How you had come back after all sorts of hard work and roughing it, with a Canadian wife who looked like a princess, and had taken everyone's heart by storm.” Mathilde had heard them speak before now of this Norman Stewart, cousin, and after James, heir, now attache over in Paris. This news of his approaching visit filleil her with grave misgivings, for his tastes were said to be artistic, and she feared their orbit have crossed. “What role shall I have to play with him? My Paris life must be altogether hidden. I suppose?’ she asked her hus band anxiously, as they paced the south terrace, sunny and sheltered on this win ter morning, and well removed from all chance of listeners. “I’ve been thinking it over,” he an swered. “and I don't see why you should not he altogether your self with him. As I said before, the more you stick to the truth about yourself, save for the last five years, the simpler it all is.” “A large exception.” she said. “Then the role of the ‘habitant’ woman is alio gethed dropped.” "That is what I wished from the firsi,” he agreed gravely. She paced on in silence, staring out over the quiet, dim winter landscape that stretched below, with eyes that had in them the sullen fire of one held in bond age. Suddenly she spoke. "What are your feelings about this cousin? Do you eon sider him a friend or an enemy?” He was not quick to answer her. "We grew up together, and were al ways churns. When the crash came, he tried, in a mild way, to help me, and came and saw me off at Liverpool. I have every reason to consiuer him a friend, ar.d his letter is very cordial: and yet —he is the next heir to me, and is in comaiunication with those two. lie might very well think that he. too. would have a shy at the disposable cash. Yes, we must both be on our guard.” "Oh, what a wretched entanglement it is !' she broke out. “How much better it would have been if you had come home alone and faced it out. Anything would have been bettor than this.” “Not at all,” he remarked with urban ity. “Fancy life in this cheerful man sion. unenlivened by your society, or by the uncertainties of warfare.” “That is what a pickpocket might say.” she retorted. “Exactly so.” he agreed. “I always had a strong fellow-feeling for the criminal classes. But I ana forgetting one piece of good news for you. My father has the solicitor over this morning to finish up the business of the will in my favor. What do you think of that?” They were standing by the balustrade, facing each other, and she looked up at him and marked the change x-rought in him since those first sea days, the cheer ful energy replacing the old cynicism. “I am very glad.” she said simply. That afternoon. Stewart, having gone off on some business of the estate. Ma thilde spent in her own sitting-room. As the tea-hour approached she sat strug gling with a desire to have her tea brought to her here, instead of going down to the library. How She hated that twilight tea-time, when a certain amount of conversation had to be got through, and she thought herself lucky if she could turn Mra. Her bert on to the subject of missions, or Miss Fearon on chiffons, rather than have to answer questions of a personal nature. She started at her maid’s appearance to know if she would go down to tea. “Oh, yes, I suppose so,” she answered lazily, and then made a move in the ab rupt fashion of one resisting the temp tation to delay. Part of the house was built round a courtyard, and on the upper stories, cor ridors ran round this square. The ser vants had been later than usual in light ing up, and the corridor that she passed along was almost in darkness. There were light below though, and as she glanced carelessly down, she looked across a near angle into the room which Stewart had taken for his own den. One of the candles on the writing table had apparently been hastily lighted, and the shade not replaced. Against the table Stewart was leaning, still in his riding things. His back was turned to the win dow so that she would not see his face, but she saw that his hand rested on the shoulder of Nellie Fearon, who stood quite close to him, her pretty, upturned face wet with tears, and lit by a depth of feeling that Mathilde would not have sup posed to be a possible outcome of her na ture. She stood there in the chill, dusky gallery, with her eyes fixed on the tab leau framed in the lighted window below. So this was the reality, and the loyal comradeship and alliance was the pre tense. (To be continued.) ORIGIN OF THE DOG. In III* Wolf Day* lie Wa* a Hanger- On of tho Camp* of Men. As to the origin of the dog we should be inclined to conjecture, says the Abolitionist, that the presence of wolves as hangers on of the camps of primitive man suggested to him the possibility of their domestication, and then by feeding them directly from his hand when hard pressed by hun ger. or by taking charge of and bring ing up the wolf cuts, some wolves be came domesticated, as they seem to be now among the Indians and Eski mos, and from these domesticated wolves the dog race of that regiou was gradually evolved, choice in breed ing being employed to develop the qualities most useful to man. It must be remembered that the remarkable thing about the dog is not the survival of its primary instinct, the instinct of the chase, but the sub stitution as a dominant motive of some ruling aim outside itself adopted to please its master and friend, man. To illustrate what we mean, let us take the collie or sheep dog, which, as we have seen, comes very directly from the wolf and retain the physical evidence of this origin. The domi nant instinct of the wolf is to chase and kill and eat sheep whenever he sees them, but this dominant natural instinct, while it does break out in an occasional collie, is yet in the great majority of collies completely over come by a desire to satisfy his mas ter's confidence and merit his master's approval by showing himself to be the guardian, protector and guide of the flock. The failure of a few collies, the success of the majority, to resist the primary instinct to chase and kill the sheep, the foresight and skill with which the guilty dogs endeavor to con ceal their sins, their evident conscious ness of guilt, their almost human shame when discovered, point to a moral nature in the making. When we come to think of it the whole-hearted devotion of the collie to his divinity—man—and to what the dog nature knows of the moral law reads often a much-needed lesson to his master. A collie has been known to remain without food guarding the flock and to be found by his master after days of starvation deliberately endured rather than leave his charge, only able to crawl to his feet and die. Even the strong maternal in stinct has been unable to overcome the collie’s sense of duty, and a collie, in charge of sheep, that has pupped on the w'ay has repeatedly been proved true to her charge, giving her primary attention to the flock and her second ary attention to her puppies. The ca pacity for enforcing order and dis cipline in the flock is another very human and very remarkable quality in the collie, not derived, apparently, from its wolf ancestry. The collie knows the art of government. His woolly dependents are trained to obey his slightest orders and to accept his will as law. He rules them resolutely but kindly and, while he punishes in subordination, will risk his life to protect them. The sheep dog in for eign lands, for instance, in the Span ish Pyrenees or the Sierra, will un hesitatingly face the wolf or even the bear, with a kingly readiness to sacri fice himself in defense of his other wise defenseless subjects. Trouble Averted. A Washington man, much given to long foot tours through Virginia, once came upon an unkempt and melan choly-looking person stretched under a tree, who, upon the approach of the pedestrian, immediately executed a "hurry touch" for a dime. Now the Washington man had. a short (..stance back, been talking to a prosperous farmer, who had complain ed of the difficulty of obtaining labor; accordingly he said to the hobo as he handed him the coin: “About half a mile down, my friend, there’s a farmer, looking for men to help him In his fields." The melancholy looking person bow ed as politely as possible, considering his sitting posture, and replied: “Thanks. I might er strolled down that way accidental-like.” —Harper's Magazine. Quickly Solved. “I dislike publicity,” declared a phil anthropist who had just donated $1 to the public library fund, “but if you will promise to put the notice where it won't be generally read I will let you state the amount I have given.” “That's easy,” answered the city editor. “Well put it in our funny column." —Birmingham Age-Herald. The Worst. “Everyone despises mere fair-weath er friends.” “I don’t know. I like them better than the rainy weather ones who drop in on one and absent-mindedly walk off with his umbrella." —Kansas City Times. True to Truining:. Generous Lady—Here, my little boy. I know you are hungry for a box of these animal crackers. v Boy—Much obliged, lady, but my folks is vegetarians.—Judge. One View of It. “Pa!” “Well?” “What is conscience?” “A thing that we always believe ought to bother the other fellow.”— Cleveland Leader. Too heavy feeding sometimes causes paralysis In young pigs. The best results from the farm can only be obtained as the farmer studies the Individual characteristics of each field which he is cultivating. The Michigan State Agricultural School has added a course of instruc tion In the use of automobiles, and it is said that lowa and Kansas will fol low suit. Make every square rod on your farm yield Its quota of profit. Some use can be found for even the poor strips. Study out how you can be3t use all your land. Large quantities of alfalfa seed are shipped every year to Belgium and other countries of Europe to be made Into dye. This Is a beautiful shade, which can be obtained from no better source. Pigs are more apt to be "rooters” in spring, when the ground Is soft, than they are at any other time of the year. Much of this can be prevented by feeding regularly with coal, char coal, ashes or other mineral matter. Ringing the hogs should be resorted to In extreme cases. A farmer troubled with thistles, tried digging up and salting their roots to no avail. He then plowed the field eight inches deep in June. Again, in August he plowed six Inches deep, again In October, then In March the following year, and finally again in May, and then he planted to corn, and reports that he got rid of the thistles. Horns are going out of style, decid edly. Horned cattle and horned sheep are rapidly disappearing. Many of the cattle bred and fed in tho corn belt are hornless. Breeds of this kind are growing In popularity. In the mountainous countries and on the plains wild cattle needed long horns for the protection of themselves Bml their young. Now, however, with the plains country thickly settled and with few wild animals the cattle do not need horns. Among the hornless breeds are the Galloway, AngU3, Red Poll and Polled Shorthorn. Polled Jer sey and Polled Hereford are also com ing Into favor. By the application of caustic potash the growth of the horn Is prevented In the young calf. Insects and Insecticides* The following are cheap insecticides and come highly recommended: Dissolve two chunks of common whitewash lime for each pail of water used, and add a small teaspoonful of copperas In powdered form. Sprinkle this mixture freely on growing plants and on the ground around them, and it will kill all kinds of plant lice and Insects except cabbage worms, striped beetles, white grubs and potato bugs. A handful of fine dust from the middle of the street sprinkled on the cabbage settles the worms. Bolling water into which is placed scraped soap and a little kerosene, when applied around squash or cucum ber vines never fail to kill the yellow striped bug. London purple is cheaper than parls green, and does the same work in kill ing potato bugs. Lime and ashes, mixed with water and poured on the ground, causes the white grub to curl up for the last time. Poured on manure piles, it kills fly eggs and many embryo insects. Fly Repellent. Here Is a recipe for a fly repellant which is said to be gulte effective: Resin,’ one and one-half pounds; laun dry soap, two cakes; fish oil, one-half pint; enough water to make three gal lons. Dissolve the resin in a solution of soap and water by heating, add the fish oil and the rest of the water. Apply with a brush. If to be used as a spray, add one-half pint of kero sene. This mixture will cost you from 7 to 8 cents per gallon, and may bfe used on cows and calves. One-half pint of this mixture is considered enough for one application for a cow; a calf, of course, would require con siderably less. It will be more econ omical to apply this only to the parts of the animal not reached by the tail. At first It will be necessary to give two or three applications per week, until the outer ends of the hair be come coated with resin. After that, retouch those parts where the rosin Is rubbed off. This formula has been used by the Kansas Agricultural Col lege successfully.—Kansas Farmer. Maklngr Potatoes Pay. A well-drained clam loam Is consid ered best for potato growing. Allu vial soil is also good. The production per acre will be In proportion to the amount of available plant food and moisture In the soil. Select a three year rotation, for the scab germ lasts but two years. I use fertilizer with 10 per cent actual potash. This we have applied as high as 1,500 pounds per acre, but usually use 500 to 800 pounds, and never drill more than 500 pounds directly into the row. The Green Mountain variety seems to be best with us. Select your seed potatoes In the fall and keep over winter at a tempera ture of 38 degrees, as this will retard sprouting in the spring. Plow 7 to 10 inches deep and cultivate once a week. Do not roll. Plant as 9on as ‘possible after April 15, in rows 3 feet apart Spray one to five times with a mix ture of m pounds of Paris green and fifty gallons of water. For five years the cost per acre of growing the potato has been $45 to SSO with us. Summary of points necessary for success: (1) Good seed. (2) Clay loam, well drained and of good fertility. (3) Break land early and deep, but do not pack. (4) Store crop in cool, dark place. (5) Do everything on time- (6) Square dealing.—Agricul tural Epitomise Gapeworm *. Gape worms are small worms that lodge in the windpipes of chicks and in time choke them to death. It has never been definitely settled where they come from. When they first en ter the windpipe they are so amall that they can hardly be seen with the naked eye. but unless destroyed they grow no til they fill the windpipe, causing the chick to gape for breath, hence the name. There are a num ber of ways of treating gapeworms in chicks. One of the best is to place the chicks in a tight box covered over the top with cheesecloth and dust air slacked lime through the cloth. This will cause them to sneeze violently, and the worms will be expelled from the throat. Be careful not to overdo the thing and choke the chicks to death. The worms can also be re moved by lnaertlng a couple of loop ed and twisted horse hairs into the windpipe, giving a few turns and withdrawing, but It is a tedious job. Assafoetida in the drinking water or a little turpentine added to Boft feed are also said to be effective remedies. If the houses and runs are sprinkled occasionally with air-slacked lime it will go a long way toward eliminating the trouble. A Poor Con Stables. The subject of cow stalls i3 one of the most important dairy studies. As cows are ordinarily stabled, their con dition is anything but what it should be. Poor, miserable stables, cold and damp and badly ventilated, prevail. There must be a low order of intelli gence amongst the poorer dairymen to permit such conditions. It is common to see cows standing on a dilapidated old floor, without bed ding enough to make a decent hen’s nest, and their hind feet half an inch deep in filth. How any man can ex pect to produce clean, sanitary milk under such conditions is a mystery. The probabilities are that a good many so-called dairymen don’t expect to do so. They don’t care so long as they get their money for the product, and the trouble is we haven’t inspect ors with honesty enough or backbone enough to show up conditions as they actually exist. We have a few very good dairymen, men who are straight forward and who turn out a good prod uct, but their good work is discounted by the miserable fellows who conduct their business in such a slovenly man ner as to bring discredit upon the whole dairy fraternity. It may be a little easier to use some old contraption of a stable that some ignorant farmer built twenty or thirty years ago than it is to get at it and tear the bottom out and build some thing right and decent, but a dairy man worthy of the name will manage in some way to keep his cows in a cleanly sanitary condition. —Agricul- tural Epitomist. Pare Bred Corn Payi. The Missouri experiment station sent out a lot of samples of pure bred corn to farmers in eighty counties. This corn was planted in the fields and tended as was the common corn. Reports from these farmers showed that the “pedigreed” corn brought a yield of ten bushels per acre more than the other kinds with w r hich It was compared. This was not up to the possibilities by any means, but furnishes abundant food for thought. Now suppose a case. In Kansas last year there were 7,057,535 acres plant ed to corn from which the farmers harvested a total of 150,640,516 bush els, or an average of about 21 bushels per acre. Suppose they had used pure bred seed with the results as good as those obtained by the Mis souri farmers. This would have in creased the average yield to more than 31 bushels of corn per acre, or a total yield .>r the state of more than 225,000,000 bushels. The value of the corn crop thus Increased would have put nearly $40,000,000 more cash in the pockets of our farmers than they did get and would have raised the average yield to the verge of respect ability. Now let us suppose that this extra $40,000,000 which the farmers would have had if they had planted pure seed corn were invested at 5 per cent Interest. The annual returns would endow the Agricultural College and Experiment Station with a greater fund than they have ever had, but only with whai they are entitled to and should have. —Kansas Farmer. Feed for Work Horses. Farm animals should be fed accord ing to their needs. Their needs de pend, of course, upon the product that they yield. Work horses are kept for applying energy, and should be sup plied with feeds that will furnish the required energy at the least possibli cost, all things considered. There is a wide difference in the efficiency of horses in utilizing feed. There is an “Individuality” in the work horses, as well as in other farm animals. Horses that are notably hard to keep in good condition should be replaced by ones that may be main tained at less cost. The data presented do not prove that, for use with pure timothy hay, ear corn is as efficient, pound for pound, as oats. Neither is any evi dence at hand to indicate that a grain ration made up exclusively of corn is suitable for brood-mares with foal or in milk or for young growing horses. When the weights of the horses for the year previous to the experiment are compared with the weights secur ed during the experiment, it is seen that the exclusive use of either corn or oats has not had any bad effect upon the horses. There is not posi tive proof, however, that a mixed ra tion would not be more efficient than one made up exclusively of corn or oats. This experiment does show, nevertheless, that corn Is a valuable feed for work horses and should be given a large place in their rations, whenever market conditions warrant its use. It is obvious that feeds for work horses should be palatable, efficient and economical. As far as palatable ness is concerned, corn seems, accord ing to these experiments, to have a slight advantage over oat3. although this will depend to a considerable ex tant upon the Individual appetite. The results obtained thus far in the experiment reported that com is an efficient feed for work horses. The bulk of an amount of ear com equal in feeding value to the usual amount of oats is small—jso small that a cas ual observation might lead one to be lieve that too little com was being med. As regards economy, ear com m usually cheaper per pound than oftt whils this experiment Indicates ear com and oats are worth ap proximately the same per pound for feeding under the conditions stated previously TRAMP MURDERS FOUR PERSONS South Dakota Father Shot Dead— Wife, Daughter and Visitor Slain. J. W. Christie, a farmer, living near Rudolph, S. D., his wife, his daughter, aged 13 years, and a neighbor were murdered Saturday by a tramp, whose name is not known. It is supposed that the murder was the result of an attempt to get a large sum of money supposed to have been in the Christie home. The murder was discovered when a neighbor went to the Christie home. Mr. Christie was milking a cow in his barnyard Saturday morning when the unknown person approached him, and before he could make a sound shot him dead. The murderer hurried to the house and, finding Mrs. Christie and her daughter and a boy named Roy Maine, who was visiting at the house, prepared to fight him, he began firing. The first shots took effect, and the two women and the boy fell dead at the feet of the murderer. It is supposed that the man who committed the crime was acquainted to a certain extent with the Christie family and their habits, for few peo ple knew that Christie was in the habit of keeping large sums of money in his house. It is believed that he had coin to the extent of several thou sands of dollars in his home at the time of the murder. Posses of farmers were immediately organized and a hasty pursuit of the murderer was begun. ASSERTS BODY IS LEON LING'S Man Who Knew Alleged Murderer of Miss Sigel Identifies Corpse. That the body of the Chinaman found in the Hudson River is that of Leon I-ing, alleged murderer of Miss Elsie Sigel, is affirmed by a reporter who viewed the body in the Fordhatn morgue in New York. “This is un doubtedly the body of Leon Ling,” said he. “I knew him well at Fort George all last summer. He was run ning a pin game there. I recognize him particularly by his hair, and gen erally by his appearance. If I could see his teeth, which were very fine and regular, I could make this iden tification doubly positive. I have no doubt that this is Ling.” In the effort to establish the iden tity full}’, several other persons who knew Leon well were taken to the morgue to view the body. The height, weight, complexion and certain pecu liarities of physical appearance of the dead man corresponded with those at tributed to Leon. The absence of clothing on the drowned man, except for a silk undershirt, was one of the baffling features of the case. Detective Van Wagener of Capt. Carey’s staff took a boy who knew Ling to the morgue, but the lad said the body was not that of Ling. Be cause of the action of the water on the body the detectives believe the boy might be mistaken. MRS. TUCKER OBTAINS DIVORCE. Remarkably Brief Hearing Ends in the Entering of Decree. Mary Elizabeth Logan Tucker, daughter of Gen. John A. Logan of Civil War fame, was granted an abso lute divorce Tuesday from Col. Will iam F. Tucker, U. S. A., retired, on the ground of desertion. Judge Barnes entered the decree in the Superior Court in Chicago. Mrs. Tucker was given the right to resume her maiden name. The hearing was remarkably brief. Mrs. Tucker and her mother, Mrs. Logan, were the only witnesses. In lieu of alimony the former receiv ed real estate from the colonel said to be worth about $5,000. Col. Tucker was retired from active service last spring and given a pension of $3,750 a year. THREE ARE PINED FOR BRIBERY Colurabna, Ohio, Judge Aaaesaes Pen alties In Paving Scandal. Judge Kinkead of the Common Pleas Court in Columbus, Ohio, fined Nelson Cannon, former agent of the Trinidad Paving Company, of Cleveland, SSOO on a plea of guilty of bribing mem bers of the board of public service in the East Broad street paving scandal. Arthur Beck, former assistant city en gineer, was fined S2OO, and Henry Lang, former local manager of the company, was fined SSOO for accept ing bribes. They pleaded guilty. The four indictments against M. F. Bram ley, president of the company, for of fering a bribe, were nollied because he turned State’s evidence. QUAKE SHOCKS ALARM COAST. DownieTille, Cal., Resident* Fear an Eruption of Mount Fillmore. For over a week earthquake shocks have been felt at Downieville, Cal., every night and the residents of that part of Sierra county are getting un easy, as they fear an eruption of Mt. Fillmore, which seems the center of the disturbed area. Miners, fearing cave-ins, are refusing to work under ground. A slight earthquake shock was felt at San Bernardino at 5:30 p. m. on Wednesday. No damage was done. The atmosphere was unusually heavy throughout the day with the thermo meter registering 105. Tbree Hurt In Pittubnrig Ora*he. An 8-year-old newsboy, an 11-year old office boy and a 48-year-old crippled man were all Injured, probably fatally, by automobiles In Pittsburg. Only in one Instance, that of the newsboy, did the driver of the machine stop to find out how badly the victim had been hurt. The police made no arrests. Pauengtr Wrecked; One Killed. A Missouri Pacific passenger train was wrecked near Dodson, five miles east of Kansas City. Engineer G. P. Reed was killed and O. C. Smith, the fireman, severely injured, but none of the passengers suffered more than slight bruises. Torpedo Boat Bla.t Hurt* Five. Five men of the crew of the torpedo boat Hull at the Mare Island navy yard, Vallejo, Cal- were injured In an explosion aboard the vessel. It is believed one man will die. Open Door In < hlaa Sow. The maritime customs on the Sun gari River in China was opened to in ternational trade Thursday. This step abrogates the treaty of Aigun. The Amur River will be opened to in ternational trade Aug. 1. Heavy Damage la Tex* a Storm. Passengers arriving at Kingsville, Texas, from the extreme southern part of Texas and along the Mexican bor der confirm dispatches as to heavy property damage, the result of a storm of wind and rain. In the Laboratories. Scientists have decided that the earth is at least 240,000,000 years old. Doesn’t seem half that old, does it?— Toledo Blade. One astronomer says Mars has been trying to talk to us for 500,000 years. Got to change Mars’ name to some thing more feminine. Cleveland Leader. Reports that an English physician has declared in favor of cannibalism is important only as an indication of the foothold sensational journalism has secured in London.—Washington Star. A London scientist has figured it out that the age of the earth is at least 240,000,000 years. This is inter esting as being evidence that it will probably continue to live for some little time.—Topeka Journal. Some friend of western humanity has discovered that alfalfa can be boil ed and eaten and healthfully assimi lated?' Now look out for alfalfa break fast food —delicious when served with cream! —Cleveland Plain Dealer. A Boston dentist is said to have dis covered an obtundent that will bring about sure enough painless dentistry. If it’s a fact, this discovery will make it possible to do away with a tremend ous amount of lying in this country.— Houston Post. Army and Navy. It would be an annoyance to John Bull to discover that the war scare was merely a piece of press-agent work on behalf of the advocates of increased armament. Washington Star. •If Admiral Baron Uriu manages to eat all these dinners and still go away confirmed in his friendly attitude to ward the United States, it may be set down that the peace is secure.—Wash ington Times. The French government has plan ned to spend $600,000,000 on its naval establishment. And before the last of the ships is afloat a German aero fleet may send the last one to Davy Jones’ locker. —Atlanta Constitution. A Washington dispatch insists that battle ships can be built in this coun try cheaper than in Germany or En gland. Inquisitive taxpayers will be tempted thereby to ask why, in that case, they are not. New Orleans Times-Democrat. The British first lord of the admir alty says the United States is no longer the second naval power. That need cost us no sleep. But let no one repeat the Briton’s remarks at Wash ington or we will have a war scare manufactured to produce a brace of Dreadnoughts.—Cleveland Plain Deal er. IfunliviK in Africa. News of arrangements for tennis matches in Africa is rather slow in coming in.—Washington Star. It all goes to show that Colonel Roosevelt is still using that asbestos fountain pen.—Washington Post. The world is getting better, all right. Not a single summer light opera has a song entitled “Bwana Tumbo.” —Cleveland Leader. Noting that Mr. Roosevelt has kill ed another hippopotamus, the New York World observes that next to shooting the family cow, this is said to be the most exciting form of sport known to man.—Augusta Chronicle. Bwana Tumbo now seeks a njago gunda, whatever that may be. Any way, it is better than an animal with a single name, for its slayer can com mand $2 instead of $1 ‘when he comes to report its demise.—Cleveland Plain Dealer. About iihe Mighty Hunter. The African lion is the greatest of cowards, says an explorer. He’s got a right to be, right now.—Cleveland Leader. Without presuming to forecast any thing Mr. Roosevelt may write it is believed his jungle book will be very different from Upton Sinclair’s. —Kan- sas City Star. It is rather surprising that some of the progressive citizens of Mombasa have not started a movement to change the name of the town of Bwana Tumbo. —Washington Star. Rev. William J. Long has discharged his rhetorical fowling piece again at Mr. Roosevelt, but he has hardly fired a shot that will be head half way ’round the world. —Providence Bulle tin. Re-Enforced Concrete Boat. The Italian Government, after many experiments, has succeeded in having constructed a freight-carrying boat made of re-enforced concrete. Boats of this kind can be turned out very rapidly and inexpensively. To Protect Child Merchant*. The Cincinnati Council has passed an ordinance regulating the work of children venders in the streets on a plan similar to that already in effect in Boston. Hitherto the state child labor laws have not applied to chil dren selling in the city streets. Here after boys under 10 and girls under 16 will not be allowed to sell on the street, and those above those ages must secure a permit and wear a badge renewable each year. Spectacle* a. a Care for Crime. Dr. W. M. Richards, of New York, has been gathering statistics in vari ous prisons and reformatory insti tutions in support of his theory that defective eyes and imperfect vision have much to do with the entrance of men and women upon a criminal career. Most of the boys at the El mira Reformatory he found suffering from abnormal vision and that this had led to their first offense, namely, truancy. He is now fitting several hundred second offenders with glasses at the expense of a Hebrew charity. Mn*leal Wlrele** Me*n;e*. “Singing sparks" i3 the name given to the improved system of wireless communication which Slaby and Arco, the engineers of the Geiman Telefun ken Wireless Telegraph Company, have just announced as perfected so a3 to obviate the uncertainties of pre vious wireless systems. By this new method the vibratics or waves are sent out as pure musical tones, capable of being heard by the receiver, however softly attuned, and in spite of the most violent atmospheric disturbances. THE WEEKLY /yUI^rORIAN 1701—Jacques Francois de Brouillaa was made Governor of Acadia. 1711—Queen Anne's fleet sent to re duce Canada, arrived at Boston. 1757—Battle of Plassey, which laid the foundation of the British em pire in India. 1759—Wolfe’s army landed to attack Quebec. 1778 —Congress met at the State house in Philadelphia... .Congress held its last session at York, before re turning to Philadelphia. 1780—In a skirmish at Springfield, N. J., the British were defeated by the Americans under Gen. Greene. 1789 —Mackenzie River was discovered. 1812 — The army of Napoleon, consist ing of 470,000 men. began the Rus sian campaign by the passage of the Niemen. 1813— The “Lawrence,” Commodore Perry’s flagship, launched at Erie, Pa. 1827—First issue of the Gazette in Cincinnati. 1829—First issue of the Philadelphia Inquirer. 1838—Coronation of Queen Victoria. 1840—Montreal and Quebec incorpo rated as cities. 1843—Great celebration in Charles town, Mass., to mark the eomple tioli of the Bunker Hill monument. IS44 —Joseph Smith, the Mormon lead er, was killed. IS47—President James K. Polk visited Boston. 1857—Two hundred and fifty lives were lost by the burning of the steamer “Montreal” in the lower St. Lawrence. 18G1—The President acknowledged the Wheeling government of Virginia ....The Confederate privateer, Sumter, escaped from New Or leans. 1863—Gen. Meade succeeded Gen. Hooker in command of the Army of the Potomac. .1864—The Confederates in command of Gen. Early moved up the Shen andoah valley... .Maryland consti tutional convention agreed to abolish slavery. 1872 —Harvard conferred the honorary degree of LL. D. on Gen. Grant ....President Grant attended the Peace Jubilee in Boston. 1872 —The navy department dispatch ed two ships to rescue the survi vors of the Polaris Arctic expedi tion. 1880 —National Democratic convention at Cincinnati nominated Gen. Win field S. Hancock for President. 1886 —Members of the Orleans and Bonaparte families expelled from France. 1892—Democratic convention at Chi cago nominated Grover Cleveland for President The battleship Texas was launched at Newport News. 1895 Five firemen lost their lives at a fire in Minneapolis. 1896 — France proposed that the Brit ish evacuate Egypt in two years. 1897 Great naval review at Ports mouth, England, In celebration of Queen’s jubilee. 1898— The Japanese cabinet, under Premier Ito, resigned. 1908 —The United States severed dip lomatic relations with Venezuela ....President Roosevelt ordered troops to the Rio Grande to en force neutrality against Mexican revolutionists. IIiiIIiIok: Slop* ll umi XVl))'. “General” is undoubtedly the most famous bulldog In the Northwest, hav ing leaped into fame by stopping a runaway horse on a crowded thorough fare of Menominee. Mich. It was a wild scene. The horse, attached to a light wagon, was seen coming down the crowded street and people were scrambling to get out of the wild ani mal’s way. "General,” who was walk ing with his master, realized that the supreme moment of his life was at hand and grasped it. He jumped in where it was dangerous for even a bull pup as hard as nails and as lim ber as a whip lash. He darted ahead of the horse and then sprang back straight at its head, checking it some what. Again and again he turned this trick, whirling in the air like a four-legged dervish, until he brought the frightened animal to a standstill. Chlcnffn** Saloon Revenue. Every saloon license which was in force in Chicago on April 30 has been renewed for the first period of 1909. For the first time since the SI,OOO li cense and the ordinance limiting the number of saloons went into effect in 1905 not a single saloon has allowed its permit to lapse. City officials be lieve that in future Chicago's income from saloon llceuses will never fall be low $7,000,000 a year. PltnlinrK It* Own Butcher. Mayor Magee, of Pittsburg, is seek ing authority to establish a municipal slaughter house under the supervision of the public health department. All animals would be inspected fully be fore and after killing by the city butchers, and the output would be sold to the local butcher shops at cost, with an estimated saving of $9 a bead of cattle. The city would get its compensation from the by-products. The mayor asks SIOO,OOO from the city as a sinking fund to build the aba toir. Sheep Bone In Man'* I.*-*. The medical profession is watching with much interest the outcome of a surgical operation at Chicago on the 17th, when at the Frances Willard Hos pital a section of the bone of a lamb's leg was grafted into the shat tered tibia of a man patient named Townsend. It is said to have been the first operation of its kind in Amer ica. There are over 5,000 motor boats on the can?ls of Holland.