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E. B. THAYER. Publisher. WAUSAU, - - WISCONSIN SUMMARY 01 THE MOST IMPORTANT NEWS. Sunday. ■William Winter Jeffersm, son of the famous actor, has been sued for di vorce. Deadly gas prevented an advance of recuers in the Cherry mine; many bodies were seen and hope existed that some live. The Senate committee on irrigation and reclamation of arid lands found a leak of thousands of dollars and pre pared to call a halt of needless ex penditures. Tue United States will demand rep aration by Nicaragua for the death of Americans; a transport has been ordered to Panama and marines may be landed. The report of the Isthmus Canal Commission estimates the total cost of the big ditch at $375,201,000, or two and a third times the sum appropri ated by Congress. Monday. Secrete of State Knox is ande 4jr xnined that Zelaya’s sway in Nicaragua must end. The Interstate Commerce Commis sion seeks to force express companies to reduce rates. Samuel Gompers, in an address to the civic federation, said lawyers cheat workmen of their just dues. The United States decided that if Zelaya’s government refuses indem nity for the execution of Americans, to seize seaports. Amelia Johnson, aged 13, kidnaped from Jersey City, N. J., was recovered from gypsies in Chicago and the “king” of the band arrested. Standard Oil, as a last resort, will foil the government by launching a $350,000,000 corporation that will buy subsidiary properties outright. Tuesday. A German write; accused Alloa Roosevelt of having insured the Em peror of China during her vioii to his court. Troops were c red to the scene of the Cheriy (II! ) mine horror; riot ing was feared, r.a miners were bitter in their feeling toward the operators and the officials; the pit was kept sealed. Wednesday. The British government delivered an ultimatum on the budget. A former employe revealed the loss of $1,000,000 in duties on lemons by fraud. All classes of property In Illinois are worth $6,476,095,350, according to the State Board of Equalization. General Frederick Dent Grant and his wife had a narrow escape in an early morning fire in Chicago. John Mitchell stirred the A. F. of L. convention by a defiant speech up holding the boycott and saying he will continue to exercise the right of free speech. Thursday. Richard Watson Gilder died sudden ly In New York. ‘‘Annoyances" of married life were held to be the cause of an Illinois uni versity professor’s suicide. President Taft, thoroughly enraged at tht shooting of two Americans In Nicaragua, demanded satisfaction. Goveruor Deneen of Illinois ousted from office Sheriff Frank R. Davis, from whom the Cairo mob took “Frog gy” James. Friday. Consuelo, Dowager Duchess of Man chester, and an American by birth, died in London. An immense assemblage of all Chris tian sects in London protested against the atrocities in the Congo. Federal court held a coal company can refuse to sell to anyone and can fix prices without violating the law. The United Mine Workers of Amer ica will conduct an inquiry into the Cherry disaster with a view of fixing the blame. Collector Loeb dropped nineteen more men from the customs office in New York, making a total of 125 dis charged in the present inquiry, and Secretary MacVeagh announced that the end is not yet. Saturday. Dr. Haldane Cleminson of Chicago was convicted of the murder of his wife and punishment fixed at life im prisonment. The Federal Circuit Court at St. Paul handed down a decision order ing that the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey be dissolved as an illegal monopoly. The German steamer arriving at Tampa, Fla., reports seeing a wreck which was believed to be that of the Nourmahal, Col. John Jacob Astor's pa latial vacht. Twenty-one men were rescued alive from the Cherry mine; many others were vat to be brought up; wild scenes in the village as women beheld hus bands thought dead. Word has been received from a steamer at Willemstad that the Astor yacht was safe at San Juan on Nov. 15. NOTES OF CURRENT EVENTS The plant of \V. J. Hughes .fi Sons' Lumber Company at Louisville. Ky.. was destroyed by tire, with a loss of 175,00’J. The seven-story warehouse of New ton <v- Davidson at Winnipeg. Manito ba. was gutted by tire. The loss was *IOO.OOO. Charles Barker, a Cincinnati laborer, ran amuck and stabbed six people with a butcher knife, one of whom may die. The streets were crowded at the time. William T. Winstandley. a traveling salesman from Louisville. Ky.. was one of his victims. Dire woe is in store for the Ameri can gum ehewer. In fact, his favorite nonperishable delicacy is threatened with extinction, according to Franklin Canning, an officer of the American Chicle Company, who has been inves tigating the chicle supply in Mexico. Owing to the great demand and con sequent high prices the chicle growers of Yucatan have been tapping the trees too often, and as a result the trees are being destroyed at a rapid rate. An antitoxin administered to Albert Pierce, a snake chr.rmer. after he was bitten by a big “rattler'' in a New York museum, saved the man's life. DANGER AHEAD IN THE COST OF LIVING, SAYS J. J. HILL After Visit to White House, Railway Builder Sounds Note of Warning and Predicts Diraster. “History shows that the high cost of living is the beginning of every na tional decline,” philosophized James J. Hill in Washington the other day, after he had talked with the President. .‘‘Of course it is better that men should working for $2 a day while they are paying 20 cents a pound for meat than to be without work and have the price of food at the present level, but the future of the country would be more certainly secured if a reduction in the cost of living could be brought about.” Mr. Hill did not wish to go into an amplification of his views or furnish a panacea for the ill that he sees is threatening the country. Generally speaking, however, he thought that economy—the cutting down of useless expenditures—individual and govern mental—would go further than any thing else toward tiding in improve ment of conditions. Mr. Hill is serious in his view of the danger threatening the country in the constant increase In the cost of living. He has studied history, and he finds, as he stated, that national decline be gins when the cost of living becomes a burden to the masses, while the im mensely rich are in no wise affected. As Mr. Hill sees it, there must be deep and serious consideration and without unnecessary delay of the questions dealing with the cost of food and dres3 of the people of the country. Prosper ity is not the cure, he admits, although it is a help. BIG APPLE YIELD. U. S. and Canada Produce 12,000,- 000 More Barrels than in 1908. Thirty-five million barrels, or 12,- 000,000 barrels more than in 1908, Is the estimated apple crop of the United States and Canada this season, ac cording to Ben H. Rice, secretary manager of the second national apple show in Spokane. The International Apple Shippers’ Association has issued an official statement that the crop in the New England States is 20 per cent in ex cess of 1908, while the yield in the Centre’ States is about 7% per cent belo ust year, and the Middle West ern States report a crop double that of last season, when the yield was slight. Growers in the Southern States re port a crop from 125 to 150 per cent larger than in 1908. The Pacific group will have a smaller crop than last year, but the decreases in Idaho, Washington and New Mexico are more than made up by the big yiela in Col orado, so that the western crop will be fully as large as the previous sea son. Losses are shown in reports from New York, New Hampshire, Kansas and Oklahoma. Michigan, Wisconsin and other States have gains. The Do minion of Canada, not including Nova Scotia, shows a gain of 75 per cent. LaBOR A Jewish labor hall is about to be erected in Leeds, England. The woman clerks in Leavenworth, Kan., have formed an organization. International Longshoremen have in creased their membership in eleven years from 8,000 to 50,000. The Illinois State Federation of La bor has taken a decisive stand in op position to local option. Steam Engine Makers’ Society of Great Britain has 13,000 members, with a bank balance of $425,000. The Chicago Federation of Labor is doing good work in undertaking to limit women's working time to ten hours a day. Photo Engravers’ Union reports a membership of 3.366, a net increase of 364 for the present year. The total number of locals is forty-nine, a gain of four. The long standing differences be tween the New York local and the In ternational Theatrical State Employes’ Union have been adjusted to their mu tual benefit. The National Federation of Cotton Weavers, at its recent annual conven tion, adopted a resolution to change the name of their organization to National Federation of Cloth Weavers. The national executive board of the Metal Polishers and Buffers’ Interna tional Union has announced that it will start a fight in every State in the Un ion for the eight-hour day, and that it has set aside a large fund to carry on this campaign. Upon recommendation of the labor organizations of Oklahoma, the State board of public affairs has adopted a rule that hereafter no contractor who Is not willing to stipulate that only un ion labor shall be employed and union rates paid for such labor will be per mitted to bid on State work. The Federation of Labor of the State of New York has declared its belief in woman suffrage as a necessary step toward the better protection of the in dustrial interests, not of women wage workers only, but of men as well. An official inquiry has recently been made in St. Petersburg, Russia, with reference to the medical assistance furnished workmen by the different factories. One-third of the enterprises give no medical assistance at all, and forty-five allow free drugs. New regu lations are likely to grow out of the inquiry. A noticeable feature in recent child labor legislation in this country has been the increasing emphasis placed upon the proof of age requirements of children who desire to go to work. At the request of the California State Federation of Libor the San Francisco labor council named a committee of four to meet with the federation in the matter of organizing migratory labor. The official organ of the Amalgamat ed Association of Street and Electrical Railway Employes of America, the Mo torman and Conductor, shows a sub stantial profit, having in the last two years paid off a large deficit, and is now on a paying basis. The general run of wages in Buda- Pesth, Hungary, may be inferred from these rates: Bricklayers, paid by the hour and lostng even part-day time through bad weather, and with four or five months’ loss in winter, receive *1 to *1.50 a day; carpenters, working un der the same conditions, get *l.lO to *1.50 for a day of ten hours. The number of children working half time in Great Britain has decreased materially in recent years and this is said to have been due mainly to re strictive legislation. The official labor paper in Vancou ver. B. C.. is said to be proving a suc cess in every way. SOME RESCUED ALIVE FROM PIT AT CHERRY Miners Thought Dead for Seven Days Are Snatched from Their Living Tomb. WILD SCENE IN LITTLE T WH Heaps of Corpses Found Where It Is Evident Entombed Men Tried to Escape Flames. Twenty-one men rose from the grave in Cherry, 111., Saturday. Twenty-one men, pronounced dead days ago by all the mining experts in Illinois, rose from the depths of the St. Paul mine, where, with 310 others, they had been entombed for seven days, and when the people looked at them they were alive. Cherry saw a tragedy one Sat urday. The next it witnessed a mir acle. But, Just when the hopes of the wait ing wives of the remaining entombed miners were at their highest, when the rescuers seemed likely to bring scores of other living men to the sur face, the sickening news came that the mine was again on fire. At midnight a small fire broke out, cutting off the rescue work. Fire apparatus had to be lowered and a stream of water had again to be turned into the mine. The news of the rescue of living men swept through the village like a telepathic wave. It transformed a community which was groveling in the deepest pits of woe into a community delirious with joy, intoxicated with hope. When the men came forth from the shaft they found the whole com munity gathered to give them wel come. When their eyes, accustomed for a wek to the inky blackness of a sealed-up mine, were able to take in the sights around them one of the first things that they saw was the piled-up coffins in which, by all the laws of science and engineering, they were to WATCHING EFFORTS AT RESCUE. Firemen, Officials and Part of Crowd Around Air Shaft at Cherry Mine Horror. have been buried. When they were able to speak the first words that left their lips were words that brought up hope that hundreds of other men yet in the mine might be still alive. Dur ing the long watches of their own im prisonment they said they had heard sounds that made them sure that the crannies and corridors about -_em held living .men. STORM-TOSSED SAILORS ESCAPE. Will Might y-Kour-Ilour Hattie with Element* on l.nke Superior. After being tossed about in a storm for eighty-four hours in a “dead” gaso line launch, without food for sixty hours and exhausted from exposure. Axel Oberg, his wife, two children and two sailors were cast on the rocks on the south shore of Lake Superior, thir teen miles from Duluth. A sailor and Robert Oberg. aged 12, told of their es cape. Oberg started for Two Harbors from Duluth. The boat ran into a heavy storm, the entire cargo was washed overboard and the gasoline tanks flooded with water, making it impossible to operate the boat. The boat was driven twenty miles from its course. No one was injured. Auction Sale Keren!* Secret. Andrew Klein and Joseph Bolts. Albany njerchants. purchased jointly for $2.75 an old trunk at an auction sale of effects of murderers, suicides and victims of accidents, and found it contained bonds of a French trac tion line. They received word later that the bonds are believed to be worth $95 eiuh, with accrued interest since 1903. Three Kronen to Heath in Colorado. The bodies of Frank Loftus, William Hasty, and James Hays, all of Lead vine, were found to-day four miles west of the Hill Top mine in the Horseshoe district of Colorado. They had been in a blizzard and were frozen to death. Two Hart in Aato Accident. Harold Jenks of Florida and Leslie Abell, students at the State Normal School, San Jose. Cal., wre injured probably fatally in an automobile ac cident. Kind I.lmh of Girl In Aah Pile. The leg and part of the thigh of a girl about 16 years old. apparently re cently severed from the body, was found in an ash pile in a lot in the center of Troy. N. Y. Seek* Gift Then Rejects It. The Young Women's Christian Asso ciation of Des Moines, lowa, asked the Des Moines Brewing Company for a contribution to apply on a building debt of the association. The brewing company sent a check for sl,o<r9, which was refused. the price of coal —Chicago Record Herald. GEORGETOWN LIBRARY BURNED. Team and Driver Cos Down Bank, to University Klre In Washington. A spirited team hitched to a hose cart dashed down a fifty-foot embank ment and another fire horse fell dead after a heroic run with his mates at a fire which destroyed the library of Georgetown University, Washington, D. 0. About fifty students were asleep in che dormitory over the library when the fire was discovered, but all escap ed. The flames, which originated in the boiler room, consumed rare vol umes worth at least SIO,OOO. TO SEIZE BLEACHED FLOUR. Secretary Wilson Taken Drnstic Ac tion—Millers' Stocks Kalded. Open refusal of millers of bleached flour to heed the government’s warn ing to cease the manufacture of that article of food has led Secretary Wil son to take drastic action. An order has been issued by him to inspectors of the department of agriculture to seize all the bleached flour in the coun try. and information has been received that as a consequence fourteen con signments, including several hundred carloads, were taken in the west. It is supposed that about SI,OOO. 000 worth of bleached flour was manu factured in the lait year and that most of what remains of it is in the east, especially in and about New York. TRADE AND INDUSTRY. H. Rockwell, an lowa strawberry en thusiast, after twelve years' effort and experimenting, claims to have pro duced an ever-bearing strawberry. St. Paul officials declare that no ad vance in freight rates is contemplated in the Northwest, whatever may be the plans of railroads in other parts of the country. The immigration commissioner an nounced recently that arrivals during the last three months from - he United States for the fanning districts of Western Canada total 13,811. Every month has an increase over those o f last year. Michael Ryan. president of the American Packers’ Association, at a convention in Chicago, said that un less a great nany more cattle were raised in America, this country would soon need to be importing meat. No hope of permanently lower prices for meat is held out by the association. James J. Hill will distribute $2,500 in gold as prizes at the Omaha corn ex hibit for the best grain grown in Mon tana within twenty five miles of the Great Northern. Montana will have on display products which will demon strate that the Stale of former mining and cattle-raising fame is now in the agricultural class. A report from Canada is to the effect that anew tentative route for the new Welland canal, enlarged so that suc cessful competition with the Erie barge canal can be had, has been agreed upon by the government engineers. During the fourth annual convention of the meat packers at Chicago a com mittee reported to the effect that prices, which are now higher than ever before, will never go lower, and prob ably must go still higher. This, it was said, was due to the rising cattle mar ket. on account of the increased cost of raising cattle. The committee said that the prices were purely a matter of supply and demand. One of the largest tobacco farms in the world, a 25,000-acre affair near Amsterdam. Ga., has grown about a third of all the Sumatra tobacco used for cigar wrappers in the United States. The fourth Dry Farming congress of the world was held at Billings, Mont., recently. The purpose of the ’dry' farming congress" is to forward the interests of what is known as "dry farming.” and dry farming is the sys tem of conservation of rainfall by whie. the great semi-arid district east of the Rockies is being converted into one of the richest farming regions In America. LIFE TERM FOR CLEMINSON. Chicago Physician Is Convicted by Jury of Wife Murder. Dr. Haldane Cleminson was found guilty of the murder of his wife, Nora Jane Cleminson, by a jury '*t Judge McSurely’s eort in Chicago Saturday night, and his punishment was fixed at imprisonment for life. Only one juror stood between the accused Rogers Park physician and the gallows. The final verdict was reached after the twelve men had deliberated less than three hours and four ballots had been taken. Mrs. Cleminson was found dead in her bed at the family residence, 6823 Wayne avenue, May 30. Her husband telephoned to Dr. Paul Hullhorst, of Rogers Park, and told him that huig lars had entered his home, chloro formed him and his wife, and stole a gold watch. Cleminson said that he had been unconscious for several hours, and that when he recovered he found his wife dead. The case was reported to the police of the Rogers Park station, and an investigation re sulted. Burned matches and bureau drawers were found on the floor, and SSO the physician said he had in his clothing and jewelry were missing. After Dr. Cleminson had been taken to the Alexian Brothers’ Hospital an investigation of the burglary story led the police to believe it false. Their theory was strengthened when physi cians reported that Cleminson was shamming illness. EDITOR OF CENTURY IS DEAD. R. W. Gilder, Surrounded by Mem bers of Family, Conscious at End. Richard Watson Gilder, poet, lectur er and editor-in-chief of the Century Magazine, died shortly before 6 o'clock Thursday night. The famous editor, who for more than a quarter of a cen tury has been regarded as an author ity id literature, passed away at the home of a friend, Mrs. Schuyler Van Rensselaer, 9 West 10th street. New York. He succumbed to an attack of angina pectoris. He was surrounded by his wife and children. Mr. Gilder had been slightly indis posed for two weeks, but death cam? with unexpected quickness. He was seemingly in better health Thursda v morning when Mrs. Gilder left the hoiise for a short time, but an hour after noon he w’as stricken with heart trouble. He retained control of his faculties until the end. and bade fare well to the members of his family. THIS BOY BAD WHEN HE SLEEPS Order Reversed in Cane of Hanna* City Fn<l—Would Kill Parent*. What strange impulse leads Walter Schoonover, 11 years old, who is de voted to his parents in his waking hours, to try to murder them when darkness falls? For months his par ents, who live at Kansas City, Kan., have attempted to answer this ques tion. Failing, they have appealed to Judge Van B. Prather to help them solve the mystery. Several times the boy's father and step-mother have awakened to find the youth stooping over them with a hammer, ready to kill them. When awakened he returns to bed in a peaceful frame of mind. The boy asserts that he does not know why he has such homicidal impulses. The court ordered him sent to a sani tarium. CHURCH BLOWN UP IN FEUD. Dynamite Wreck* Front of Fane for Control of Which Race* Battle. An explosion of dynamite destroyed the front of the new Sacred Heart Catholic Church at Clinton, Ind., in the coal fields. The parish is largely composed of Hungarian and Bohemian miners. There had been a quarrel be tween the races as to which should have charge of the church. The church cost $50,000 and was dedicated last July. Elmira City Ilnll Burned. The City Hall in Elmira. X. Y.. was burned to the ground when a fire which started in the engineer’s room spread so quickly that the firemen could not check the flames. The struc ture was built ten years ago at a cost of 8100,000. .Blnrk Hand' Member Die. in I’rluoa. Guiseppe A. Aiello, a member of the Black Hand Society which operated in Cincinnati, died in the federal prison hospital in Leavenworth, Kan., of in anition, brought on by acute melancho lia. He had been violently insane for two weeks. Convict Hang* Self In Cell. Benjamin Lamont, of New York, sentenced to four years in the peni tentiary In Montreal, for robbery and assault, committed suicide by hang ing himself to the cell door. yrineteen Hart la Wreck. Frisco passenger train No. 11 was wrecked by spreading rails at Rogers. Ark., and nineteen persons were in jured. including W. J. Ballard, of St. Louis, and T M. Martin. pie of Hydrophobia m Train. Paul Wesley Collins. 4 years old. died of hydrophobia on a Big Four train due in Indianapolis. The child had been bitten by a dog at Delaware, Ohio, and was being taken home from Chicago, where he had received treat ment DISSOLVE OIL TRUST IS COURT’S DECISION Standard of New Jersey, Rocke feller's Head Company, Branded as an Illegal Monopoly. GOVERNMENT IS THE VICTOR Ruling of St. Paul Tribunal Re garded as Death Blow, but Cor poration Plans Appeal. The federal Circuit Court in St. Paul Saturday stamped the Standard Oil Company as an illegal corpora tion in restraint of trade, and a mo nopoly, and decreed its dissolution within thirty days. In its decision the court is believed to have dealt the Standard Oil Company what will prove to be its death blow-, and to have placed a weapon in the hands of the government that will enable it to wipe out of existence all similar combina tions. The company affected is the Standard of New Jersey, the king pin of all the Rockefeller oil concerns. The goverumect won a sweeping victory over the oil trust, for there is nothing in the decision to soften the severity of the blow. Every con tention made by the government dur ing its three years’ fight against the greatest of industrial trusts was sus tained by the court. The decision is based upon the Sher man anti-trust act of 1890, the form of the company’s organization, and the methods which it pursues in business being declared contrary to and In direct violation of Sections 1 and 2 of that act. Section 1 declares every form of combination and trust in re straint of trade and commerce to be illegal, while Section 2 prohibits any monopoly or attempted monopoly, or any combination or attempted combi nation, for the purpose of securing a monopoly of trade. The law, accord ing to the court, is plain and explicit, and by inference it can readily be ap plied to nearly all of the great indus trial combinations of the day. The purpose of the government, should the Supreme Court uphold the decision, is declared to be that it shall be speedily applied to all com binations and trusts which have so markedly changed industrial condi tions in the United States during the past decade. What will be the ulti mate effect of the decision of the court, assuming that the Supreme Court of the United States, to which the case will go direct, concurs in the view held by the Circuit Cour„ is the question that is being asked on all sides. The attorneys for the govern ment do not hesitate to say that it will revolutionize the industrial world of the country, and will eventually throw back into the hands of smaller corporations the business which the great combinations have absorbed. There will, it is claimed, be a recur rence to the industrial conditions of ten or fifteen years ago, when the man or the corporation with comparatively small capital could embark upon the sea of commerce with the assurance that he would get a fair run and that he would not be gobbled up by a great er and more powerful rival. BOY’S CAPTOR IS KILLED. Outlaw Shot After Kef using to Stir render t€> Poaae. The unknown tramp who, for twen ty-four hours, held Harry Garrett cap tive in an upstairs room of the Garrett ranch house, near Boise, Idaho, threat ening death to the boy should an at tempt to arrest him be made, was shot and killed Friday morning at day break after the boy escaped. Wear ied by his long vigil, the outlaw fell into a doze and his prisoner quickly seized the opportunity to jump from a window. Shots startled the watchers and a moment later the boy rushed from the direction of the house. The man had attempted to kill the lad, the men called on the desperado to surren der. but he refused and a volley of shots were fired through the floor from the room below. Jump* Sixteen Storle* to Ilenth. Morris Landauer, a well-known finan cial writer, committed suicide by jump ing from a sixteen-story window down a light well in the Real Estate Trust Company building in Philadelphia. The cause for the suicide has not yet been learned. Wilbur and Orville Wright have purchased 700 acres of farm land northwest of Springfield, Ohio, near Tippecanoe City, as a site for a park to be used for experiments with aero plates. Howard B. Phillips, one of the old est and best-known trainers and driv ers of light harness horses in Pennsyl vania, died recently at Pottstown. For more than two score years Trainer Phillips was a familiar figure at light harness horse races throughout that State. Firestone easily won the Nassau handicap at Aqueduct, X. Y., from a high-class field. The thirty-seventh annual fall meet ing of the Kentucky Trotting Horse Breeders’ Association has closed. A few of the horses went from Lexington to Baltimore, while others were sent to Parkersburg. W. V. The twenty-fifth national horse show held its annual five-days exhibit at Madison Square Garden, recently. There were over 1,500 entries. Alfred Gwynn Vanderbilt, president, his brother, Reginald C. Vanderbilt, and a number of other noted horsemen, were present. Jack Johnson retained the heavy weight pugilistic championship by knocking out Stanley Ketchel In the twelfth round at San Francisco. T. C. I>u Pont’s gTand little trotting ■ ore, Little Lady, 2:17*4. which ha* been racing at Wilmington, ha* been booked to Del Coronado, 2:06, and will be bred next *prlng. The Times. London, reviewing the work of American horses during the pa*t racing season, says that the gen eral conclusion is that they held their own in the matter of speed, but were deficient in stamina. They no doubt suffered from the change of climate and surrounding*. ME 10 EIT CERTAIN FAR ILL IN AMERICA Crop Report Shows One Extra Bushel Potatoes Per Capita Over Last Year. CORN YIELD IS NEAR RECORD Traders Give Figures Bearish Inter pretation and Market Sells Somewhat Lower. The crop reporting board of the De partment of Agriculture in a prelimi nary report gives the indicated total production of corn for 1909 as 2,767,- 316,000 bushels, against 2,668,651,000 finally estimated last year, with the quality 84.2 per cent, against 86.9 last year. The preliminary estimate of the average yield per acre of corn Is 25.4 bushels, against 26.2 finally estimated last year. About 3 per cent (79,779,- 000 bushels) of the crop of 1908 is es timated to have been in farmers’ hands on November 1, against 2.7 per cent (71,124,000 bushels) of the 1907 crop in farmers’ hands at this time last year. By states the total produc tion (thousands omitted) for 1909 and total production for 1908 are as follows: Bushels. ’O9. Bushels, 'OB. Maine 552.000 567. OCo New' H'shire... 1.053.000 1,092,000 Vermont 2,353.000 2.499.000 Mass 1.715,000 1.818,000 Rhode Island... 365,000 428,000 Connecticut ... 2,501,000 2,395,000 New York 28.484.000 24,250,00 P New Jersey ... 9,189.000 10,564.000 Pennsylvania .. 48.256,000 57,275.000 Delaware 6,107.000 6.240,000 Maryland 21.603,000 24,705,000 Virginia 47.328,000 50,050,000 W. Virginia 26.533.00 23,962.000 N. Carolina ... 48,686,000 50,166.000 S. Carolina 37.041,000 29.229,000 Georgia 62,161,000 53.750.000 Florida 8,379,000 6,584,000 Ohio 151.443.000 136,675.000 Indiana 196.520,000 137.835.000 Illinois 366.395,000 298,620,000 Michigan 69,950,000 60.420,000 Wisconsin 50.589.000 49.674.000 Minnesota .... 58.464.000 46,835,000 lowa 294,210,000 287.456.000 Missouri 215.028,000 203.634,000 N. Dakota 5,518,000 3,856,000 S. Dakota 65,270,000 57.677,000 Nebraska 196,565.000 205.767.000 Kansas 155,419,000 156,200.000 Kentucky 103,472.000 84,823.000 Tennessee 75.174,000 85,080,000 Alabama 43,646,000 44.835,000 Mississippi 41.499,000 45,845,000 Louisiana 51,198,000 33.898,000 Texas 117,107.000 201,848,000 Oklahoma 100,555.000 122.238,000 Arkansas 52,002,000 54,036,000 Montana 153,000 h 4,000 Wyoming 119.000 84.000 Colorado 4.017,000 2.586.000 New Mexico ... 2,129,000 1,755,000 Arizona 417,000 432.000 rtah 345,000 323,000 Idaho 184.000 171,000 Washington . . . 389.000 332,000 Oregon 493.000 445.000 California 1,740,000 1,600,000 Total 2,767.316.000 2,068.631,000 Weight of Grains. The average weight per measured bushel of this year’s wheat crop is 58.0 pounds, against 58.3 last year, and of oats 32.7 pounds, against 29.8 a year ago. Buckwheat quality is 91.1 per cent, against 90.7 last year, with the prelim inary estimate of the average yield per acre 20.8 bushels, against 19.8 bushels in 1908, and a total indicated production of 16,692,000 bushels, against 15,874,000 bushels a year ago. Potatoes show r a quality of 88.9 per cent, against 87.6 a year ago, with a total yield per acre of 106.5 bushels, against 85.7 in 1908, an indicated to tal production of 367,473.000 bushels, against 278,985,000 last year. The quality of tobacco is 86.7 per cent, against 87.9 last year; the pre liminary estimate of the average yield per acre is 807.7 pounds, against 820.2 pounds, as finally estimated In 1908. and an indicated total production of 895,184,935 pounds, against 718,061,000 pounds, the final estimate of a year ago. The average quality of flaxseed is 92.1 per cent, against 91.4 in 1908: the preliminary estimate of the average yield per acre is 9.4 bushels, against 9.6 bushels, as finally estimated in 1908, and an indicated total produc tion of 25,767,000 bushels, against 25,- 805,000 bushels, the final estimate last year. The average production of apples this year is 42.5 per cent of a full crop, against 43.4 last year. Traders in the grain markets gave the government crop report on corn a bearish interpretation and sold the market somewhat lower because of it. Other grains sympathized to a consid erable extent with corn. EICH TRUCK FARMER DEAD. Lyman A. Budlong’s Long Career In Cook County Is Ended. Lyman A. Budlong, said to have been the wood’s largest producer of garden truck for city markets, died the other day at his home In Chicago of infirmities due to old age. He was born in Cranston, R. 1., on Dec. 22, 1829, and went to Cook Coun ty in 1857. He bought land at what is now Foster and Western avenues, then some distance outside the city limits, hut now part of Chicago. At the time of his death he had seven hundred acres, most of it within the city limits and all devoted to truck farming. His wealth has been esti mated at from $1,500,000 to $2,000,000. He left a widow and four children, rollon Trout ilia lllval. The Marquise de Breteuil and her sister. Lady William Gordon-Cumming. formerly known in this country a* the Garner girls, have Just closed a deal with Southern and Eastern cotton manufacturers for the sale of the vast cotton print manufacturing plant* In Northern New York, which they had Inherited from their father, who db-d In 1876. It is said that the purchasers are thus freed from the yoke of the cotton trust, which operates In the New England State*, and will be able to reduce the price of their goods to the public, thus nullifying the effect of the increase in the tariff. Paolbnn Makes Keeord Height. Paulhan, the aviator, flying at San down. England, reached and sustained a height of M 7 feet, which Is claimed as the world’* record. Orville Wright and De Lambert both claim to have gone higher, but their performance* are not officially certified. Paulhan also created anew English record for speed by going a mile tn 290 1-6. Notices posted in the cotton mills of New Bedford. Mass., informed more than 17.000 operatives that the produc tion of cotton cloth would be curtailed two hours in the week. CHICAGO. The weekly review of Chicago trade by R. G. Dun & Cos. says: Trade de velopments sustain optimistic views as to the future, and further testi mony to the progress made is fur nished by the bank reports, which re flect gratifying expansion in both de posits and discounts Credits gener ally are strengthened by the improv ed condition of collections through out the western territory, although the trading defaults yet show more than normal. Seasonable weather stimulated wider demand for necessa ries and the leading branches of dis tribution exhibit increasing activity <n current shipments and forward bookings. Retail trade here and at the interior equals the best expecta tions. Heavy absorption is noted of winter clothing, blankets, worsteds, footwear and food supplies, most stocks undergoing gratifying reduc tions. Supplementary ordert are nu merous in wholesale dry goods and other staples, many requiring immedi ate forwarding and indicating that consumption exceeds that for which provision was previously made by many country dealers. Another rise m costs of cotton fabrics has also in duced urgent buying against future needs. Prices of food products and other needs average unusually high and cause enforced economies, but increased population and purchasing power as sure prospects for very encouraging results in Christmas trade. Bank clearings. $277,816,907, exceed those of the corresponding week in 1908 by 4.2 per cent and compare with $196,856,633 In 1907. Failures reported in the Chicago dis trict number twenty-seven, against thirty-three last week, eighteen in 1908 and thirty-six in 1907. Those with liabilities over $5,000 number six, against eleven last week, five in 1908 and fourteen in 1907. NEW YORK. With the arrival of cold weather this week, retail trade hitherto inclin ed to lag, has taken on the appear ance of activity, and distributive trade reports are more uniformly encourag ing than for some time past. In some sections, jiarticularly the Northwest, the temporary effect cf heavy snows interrupting transportation to some extent has been to dull some lines of wholesale trade, but the general ef fect of the winter visitant lias been helpful. Business failures in the United States for the week ending Nov. 18 were 232, against 221 last week, 273 in the like week of 1908, 265 in 1907, 212 in 1906 and 224 in 1905. Business failures in Canada for the week number 26, which compares with 29 last week and 33 in the correspond ing week of 1908.—Brndstreet’s. Chicago—Cattle, common to prime, $4.00 to $9.25; hogs, prime heavy, $4.50 to $8.25; sheep, fair to choice, $4.50 to $4.75; wheat, No. 2. $1.19 to $1,20; corn, No. 2,01 cto 63c; oats, standard, 37c to 39c; rye, No. 2,73 cto 74c; hay, timothy, SB.OO to $15.00; prairie, SB.OO to $13.50; butter, cholcu creamery, 27c to 30c; eggs, fresh, 25c to 28c; pota toes, per bushel, 30c to GOc. Indianapolis—Cattle, shipping. $3 00- to $8.00; hogs, good to choice heavy, $3.50 to $8.15; sheep, good to choice, $2.15 to $4.50; wheat, No. 2, $1.15 to $1.17; corn, No. 2 white, 57c to 59c; oats, No. 2 white, 39c to 41c. St. Louis —CaJtle, $4.00 to $8.00; hogs, $4.00 to $8.25; sheep, $3.00 to $4.75; wheat, No. 2, $1.22 to $1.25; corn. No. 2,59 cto 61c; oats, No. ?, 38c to 39c; rye, No. 2,72 cto 73c. Detroit —Cattle, $4.00 to $6.00; hogs, $4.00 to $8.15; sheep, $2.50 to $4.25 wheat, No. 2, $1.20 to $1.22; corn. No. 2 yellow, 60c to 62c; oats, standard, 40c to 42c; rye. No. 1,75 cto 76c. Milwaukee —Wheat, No. 2 northern. $1.06 to $1.01); corn. No. 3,58 cto COe; oats, standard. 40c to 12c; rye, No. 1, 73c to 75c; barley, standard, 65c to 67c; pork, mess, $23.75. Buffalo Cattle, choice shipping steers. $4.00 to $7.00; hogs, fair to choice, $4.00 to $8.40; sheep, common to good mixed, 54.00 to $5.50; lambs, fair to choice, $4.00 to $7.90. Toledo —Wheat, No. 2 mixed, $1.20 to $1.21; corn. No 2 mixed, 65c to 66c; oats, No. 2 .mixed, 40c to 42c; rye. No. 2,74 cto 75c; clover seed, $8.55. Cincinnati —Cattle, $4 00 to $6.5f1; hogs, $4.00 to $8.20; sheep, $3.00 to $4.50; wheat, No. 2, $1.24 to $1.26: corn, No. 2 mixed, 58c to 59c; oats. No. 2 mixed. 41c to 42c; rye. No. 2, 76c to 78c. New York—Cattle, $4.00 to $6.80; hogs, $4.00 to $8.25; sheep, $3.00 to $4.25; wheat, No. 2 rod, $1.23 to $1.25; corn, No. 2,70 cto 72c; oats, natural, white, 43c to 46c; butter, creamery, 27c to 31c; eggs, western. 30c to 33c. Since the raid on th home of George Kreltz. near Lexington, Ky., whose re fusal to enter a tobacco pool might have cost his life if his daughter, armed with a shotgun, had not suc ceeded In inspiring awe, fear of night rider raids is general. Growers will ask the protection of troops. The project of the Daughters of the American Revolution to have the gov ernment build a road from Yorktown. Va., to Jamestown, via Williamsburg. re< eived the indorsement of the na tional congress of good road builders, in session at Columbus, Ohio. A wireless message received at At lanlic City, N. J.. states that the Scar borough, a schooner, bound from Phil adelphia to Chlncoteagate. Va.. loaded with coal, was wrecked off Cape Hen lopea in a heavy gale. The crew of five men were rescued by a paxsing steamship. Notwithstanding the recent business depression, more funds were raised during the past year by the Women’s Foreign Missionary Bocl*ty of lh- M-thodiat Episcopal Cht:xn than dur ing any other t.me in the v .story of Ur: organization.