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Ghe Master of
Appleby "By F'RA.ftCIS Ly/TDE COPYRIGHT 1902 BT THE BOWKIf-MERRILL COMPACT CHAPTER XI. "Leave that to me,” I rejoined. Then I remembered the portmanteau and the promise that It should be sent hither. Here was a further complica tion, and I must needs beg a boon of her. “A black boy will bring my port manteau in the morning. I have a de cent desire to be hanged In clean Clothing; may I beg you to ” She make a quick little gesture of Impatience; at the further complica tion, or at my boldness In asking, I knew not which. But her whispered reply was qf assent, and then she turned to leave me. At that a sudden fierce desire to know why she had thus befriended me came to throttle prudence. "One more word before you go, Mis tress Margery. Will you tell me why you have done this for the man who can serve you only by thrusting his neck into the hangman's noose?" She was silent for a little space, and I knew not what emotion It was that moved her to turn away and cover her face with her hands. But when she spoke her voice was low and tremu lous with pent-up anger, as I thought. "Truly, Captain Ireton, you have done a thing to make me hate you— and myself, as well. But I may not forget my duty, sir.” And wdth this cruel word she was gone. You are not to suppose that the hazards of this hiding place in my Lord Cornwallis' •h eadquarters would keep me from sleeping well and sound ly. One of the things a soldier learns soonest Is to take his rest when and as he can; and after peering curiously Into the nooks and corners of my gar ret to make sur'e I was alone, I fiung myself a-sprawl on the broad settle and was dropping off Into forgetful ness when I heard a tapping at the wainscot. Groping my way cautiously to the secret door. I crouched and listened. All was silent save for the intermit tent clamor of the wascallers In the room beneath. After waiting a full minute I opened the door and looked without. The high dormer window in the end of the corridor made the dark ness something less than visible, and I could see that the passage was emp ty. But on the floor at my feet was my supper; a roasted fowl on a serv er, hot from the spit, with maize bread and garnishlngs fit for an epicure. I tumbled out of my settle-bed In the morning and made for the door. But someone had been before me, entering whilst I slept. On a broken chair were a basin and ewer, with soap and towels; beside the chair was my portmanteau; and on a deal box. neatly covered with a linen cloth, was my breakfast. Having my Austrian uniform, I was now ready to move In that venture outlined in part to Colonel Davie; but to set my plan In action I must first get free of the house unseen by my Lord or any of his suite. How to do this unaided I could not determine; and. since any fresh blundering would surely breed new trouble for Margery, I was forced to wait for her return. I made sure she would come, if only to b A the sooner quit of me; and so she did, tapping at the wainscot door wlille I was dallying with the -break fast leavings. 'Twas worth something to see her start of surprise when I opened to her; but she was far too true a lady to be one thing to the un washed vagabond and another to the gentleman-clad. I gave her good morring, and was beginning in some formal fashion to .hank her for her thoughtful care, when she cut me short. “ ’Tis my bounden duty, sir,” she said, twanging once again upon that frayed string. "You are my guest and my—husband; though I would you were neither.” "As once before, I tm your poor mtsfortunate pensioner; but this time you are not less willing to give thefn than I am to receive." She gave me a look that I could not fathom, and for a flitting Instant there was a mocking smile a-lurk at the back of the beautiful eyes. Then she went straight to the subject-matter of her errand, brushing aside the small passage at arms as If It had not been. "You are In a most perilous situa tion, Captain Ireton; do you know It? Mews of your presence in Charlotte fas got abroad, and at this very mo ment Tarleton's dragoons are making a house-to-house search for you. There are no doors unwatched. You must stay here till nightfall.” “Nay, that I will net. Will you tell me who it was set th sm on?” ” Twas a man you hate—and who hates you heartily In return. He saw you come here last night; he knows you are here now—or guesses it ‘Tis Owen Pengarvln.” "If he knows I non here, why does he let them search elsewhere?” "He has reasons of his own; reasons of —of ” but instead of telling me what they were she broke off to say: “But now you know why all the doors of this house are under guard.” “Truly,” said I; and therewith I fell to pacing up and down the narrow in the garret, striving to see how I might come off with nothing worse than the loss of my burdensome life. I paused to ask If my Lord Corn wallis yet in the house. "He Is writing letters in his bed room." was her answer. “If you will show me the way thith er I shall be your poor debtor by that much more.” "I will not —unless you first tell me what you mean to do. You are going to give yourself up.” she said; and when T would not deny It. she darted before me and set her back against the wainscot door. “'Tts folly, folly! 1 aay you shall not go!” I took her gently in my arms, set her aside, and stepped out into the cor ridor. I looked for nothing less than a volcano-burst of righteous Indigna tion to pay me out for this piece of tyranny. But now my lady showed me bow little a man man know of a woman’s moods. "You need not be so masterful rough with me.” she said, with a pouting ef the sweet Ups that set mo back upen that thought of the wayward chlid wanting to be kissed. "If you say I must. 1 am in duty bound to show you the way.” And so she led on and 1 followed. In a deeper maxe than any she had ever set me In. Arrived at a pair of doors In the main passage, rhe showed me the one that opened to .ny Lord’s bed-chamber and ran away; ran with her hands to feer face as If to shut out a sight which would not bear looking upon. I turned my back stiffly upon this newer wonder, pulled myself together and rapped on the door. A voice with in bade me enter; the door, opened under my hand and I stood In the presence of the man who, as I made no doubt, would shortly summon his guards and have me out to my rope and ;ree. My Lord was busy at his writing-desk when I entered; but when he looked up I saw the light of In stant recognition In his eye. Never, I think, did another prisoner at the bar strive harder to read his sentence In his Judge's eyes than I did in that mo ment of suspense. “Ah, Captain Ireton; 'tls you, is it? We are well met, at last. They told me you were gone to Join the rebels, did they not?” Here was aji opening for a bold man, ar.d in a flash I came to the right about, choked down the defiance I had meant to hurl at him, and took quick counsel of cool audacity. "Indeed, my Lord, I know not what they have told you. In times past, the king had no truer soldier than I; and when I came across seas 'twas not to fight against him. But that I have not Joined the rebels is no fault of certain of your Lordship’s officers.” "Say you so? But how Is this? Surely I am not mistaken. I could be certain Colonel Tarleton reported your taking as a spy, and his trying of you.' And was there not something about a rescue at the last moment by a band of these border bravos? But stay; let us have the colonel’s story at first hands. Have the goodness to ring the bell for me, will you, Captain?” The crisis was come. A pull at the bell-cord would summon the guard, and the guard would be sent after Colonel Tarleton. Well, said the de mon Despair, 'tls time you were gone to make room for Richard Jennifer; and I laid a hand upon the tasseled rope. But when I would have rung, all the man-pride, of race and of sol dier training, rose up to bid me fight for space to strike one good blow In freedom's cause by way of leave-tak ing. So, as it had been an afterthought, I said: "A word further with you first, my Lord, and then. If you please, I will call the guard. All you remember Is true, save as to the principal fact. So far from being a spy in intent, or even a partizan of either side, I was at the time but newly come into the province, knowing little of the cause of quarrel anti caring still less. But Captain Falconnet and Colonel Tarle ton did their earnest best to make a rebel of me out >f hand." "Ah? But the proof of all this, Cap tain Ireton.” "The best I can offer is the present fact of my coming to place myself at your Lordship’s disposal, being moved thereto by your Lordship’s own de sire expressed In an order sent some weeks since to Slf Francis Falconnet” "So?—then you knew of that order?” "Captain Falconnet showed It to me after I was condemned and the firing squad was drawn up to snuff me out.” My Lord Charles gave me the cour tier smile that so endeared him to his soldiers —he,was well-loved of his men —and bade me sit. “The plot thickens, as Mr. Richard son would say. Let me have your story. Captain Ireton. I would rejoice to know’ why Captain Sir Francis Fal connet saw fit to disobey his orders." I w T as clear of the lee shore and the breakers at last, but I was fain to be lieve that not Mlchiavelli himself could hope to weather the storm in the open. How much or how little did Lord Cornwallis remember ot Colonel Tarle ton's report? How explicit had that report been?—was there sny mention In It of my eavesdroDping at the con ference between Captain John Stuart and the baronet; of my attempt to warn the over-mountain men against .the Indian-armlng? Could I hope to tell his Lordship a tale so near the truth as to be unassailable by Tarle ton and his officers, by Gilbert. Stair and the spiteful little pettifogger, and yet so deftly garbled as to keep my neck out of the halter for the time being? All these questions thronged upon me as a mob to pull cool reason from her seat, and I could only play the part of the trapped rat and snap back at them. Yet my Lord Cornwallis was waiting for his answer, and a single moment's hesitation might breed sus picion. You must forgive me, my dears. If I confess It beyond me to set down here In measured words the tale I told his Lordship. A lie Is a lie, be It told In never so good a cause; a thing deplor able and not to be glozed over or boasted of after the fact. So I beg you to let these quibbltngs to which I was driven rest in oblivion, figuring to yourselves that I used all the truth I dared, and that I strove through dt all not wholly to sink the gentleman and the man of honor In the spy. ’Twas but a bridge of glass when all was said; a bridge that carried me safely over for the moment Into my Lord’s confidence, yet one which a peb ble Hung by any one of a dozen hands might shiver in the dropping of an eyelid. VTruly. you have had a most roman tic experience," said his Lordship, when I had made an end. Then he lay back In his chair and laughed till the stout body of him shook again. ’’And all about a little wench of the But all this was In the early suvhmer. you say; where have you been since?” Here was a chance for more romanc ing. this time ok,& sort less danger ous. So I drew breath and plunged again, telling how 1 had been carried off by my captor-rescuers; how I had fallen Into the hands of the Indians — not all of whom. I would remind his Lordship, were friendly to the king; and lastly how I had but lately es caped from the mountain fastnesses back of Major Ferguson's camp at Gil bert Town. At this point my Lord In terrupted the tale-telling. ’’So you know of the major and his doings? I would you had brought me late news of him. "Tis & week since hia last courier reached us." This was the moment for the play ing of my trump card —the only one I held. I rose, bowed, took from my pocket that other Utter given me by Colonel Davie and handed it t© his Lordship. Twas Major Ferguson’s last report. Intercepted by one of Da vie's vigilant scouting parties. “Ah’.” said my Lord; and I strolled to the window whilst he read the let ter. When I turned to front him again he was all affability; and I knew I was safe —for the time, at least "Thf major commends you highly as a good man and a true, Captain Ireton,” he said, and truly the letter did contain g warm-hearted commen dation of "the bearer,” whose name, for safety's sake, was omitted; and not only this, but the writer desired to have his man back again. Then my Lord added; “You are here to take your old service again, I assume?” I hesitated. There be things that even a spy may balk at; and the tak ing of the oath of allegiance to the other side I conceived to be one of them. So I said: "I have worn many uniforms since I doffed that of King George, my Lord, and ” He laughed cheerily. " 'But me no buts,' Captain Ireton; once an English man, always an Englishman, you know. I shall assign you to duty in my own family.” At this I made a bold stroke. "Let it be then as an officer of her service, and your Lordship's guest for the time. Believe me, it Is thus I may best serve your—ah—the cause.” "As how?” he would ask. I smiled and touched the braided Jacket of my hussar uniform. “As an Austrian officer on a tour of observation In the campaign I may go and come where others may not, and see and hear things which your Lord ship may wish to know. Does your Lordship take me?” He laughed and rose and clapped me on the shoulder. "You may call the guard now. Cap tain.” "It Is your Lordship’s meaning that I should be quaVtere'i here?—in this house?” I gasped. “And why not? Ah. my good Cap tain of Hussars, I have made you my honorary aide-de-camp and a mem ber of my family so that I may keep an eye on you." He said it with a laugh and another hearty hand-clap on my shoulder, and I would fain take It for a Jest. Yet there be playful gibes that hint at gib bets; and I may confess to you here, my dears, that I left my Lord’s pres ence with the conviction that my ac quittal was but a reprieve conditioned upon the best of future good behavior. So.lt took another turn of the audac ity screw to tune me up for the battle royal with Gilbert Ktalr and the petti fogger, Owen Pengarvln. (To be continued.) COST OF LIVING ABROAD. Austrian Government Takes Steps to Advance In Necessities. Consul J. I. Brittain writes from Prague that since the announcement that the government of Austria would take steps to check the advance of prices for provisions the large land owners have made known the condi tions upon which they would consent, says the San Francisco Chronicle. By the new treaties with the Bal kan States the importation of meats into Austria-Hungary will be permit ted, but only In limited quantities. The large land owners will, however, insist upon the following concessions before granting their consent: They desire that the importation both of live stock and meats be prohibited from Bulgaria; also further restric tions regarding veterinary inspection, and that steps be taken to compensate them for hay losses sustained through the importation of meats from the Balkan States. They also demand the establishing of a financial Institution to act as broker for the Cattle Breeders' Asso ciation and further desire the estab lishment of an agrarian bank, -with branches In the leading cities of Aus tria, and the taking over of the Vienna slaughter house or anew similar In stitution established, and that the prices for meat sliall not be a source of profit, but shall be in proportion to the prices for cattle, and that branch meat markets be esablished In all the leading cities In Austria. The agrarians also desire that the cattle and meat business of Vienna be taken over by the newly proposed agrarian bank. Another demand is the establishment of a central office for the utilization of cattle products, with branches in Austria and foreign coun tries, and to be supported by the pro posed agrarian bank. To carry out this project will require $4,060,000. Costly Counsel. “I can understand all you have to say on the subject in an hour’s time,” said the judge. “Beg pardon, your honor,” persisted the young lawyer, “but I shall con sume at least five hours In my argu ment.” “Very well; have It your own way,” said the judge, with resignation. ‘‘But it will take the prisoner about five years to tell why he employed you." —Harper's Weekly. The Bright Boston Boy, Rider (to small boy)—Here, I say, hold this horse, will you? S. B. —Is he vicious? R—No. S. B. —Does he kick? r R. No! S. B.—Will 'e bite? R—No!! S. B. —Does It take two to hold ’lm? R. (frenzied) —No!!! S. B. —Well, then, hold ’im yerself! —Harvard Lampoon. Always the T'nexpected. Riggs—What did she do when you kissed her? Briggs—She said, “.Oh, this Is so unexpected!” Riggs—What did you say then? Briggs—l told her that the unex pected always happened.—Harvard Lampoon. ± What Women Will Wear. "Where are you going, my pretty maid?" “I’m going a marketing, sir," she said. "And where Is your basket, my pretty maid?” "I’m wearing It, sir, upon my head.” —Cornell Widow. A Doable Calling. ‘‘You didn't seem abl/ to understand what 1 was saying over the telephone to you this morning at your office.” “No wonder. While you were call ing me up my boss was calling me down.” —Baltimore American. Ttr Run. Down. Bacon —Why doesn't some budding genius build a clock that won't run down. Egbert —Why. how could he? “Build It on the principle of the gas meter!” —Yonkers Statesman. Cramped. Friend (looking oTer Brown's unfur nished flat )—And what it this pasaage way for? Brown—Passageway! Great Scott, this is the dining room! —Boston Tran script. Imparts of Hi—■ Hair. More than 200,000 pounds of human hall are exported from Hongkong to I this country annually. 9 • - . 4-v-w- When trees are affected with peach yellow they should be exterminated, root and branch. The faster you can make the pullets grow without putting on extra fat, the sooner they will begin their life work. A field of turnips will supply a rich table for the hogs, from which they can help themselves and grow big and fat. To fatten ducks do not allow them to have access to a swimming pool, as the exercise of swimming keeps them down. Choice, hand-picked winter apples, each one wrapped in paper and stored in a cool place, will keep a surpris ingly long time. The bruise of an apple may not at once develop into rot, but it will make a brown spot which disfigures and less ens the value of the fruit. If you don't want to buy tarred pa per take some rolls of wall paper lying around the house and paste over the cracks. It will make the place very much warmer. All like fruit, but too little ol it (s found on the farm, many times. Put in more fruit trees and bushes. The health of the family will be better if there is a generous fruit diet. It may not be generally known that soy beans make the finest egg-pro ducing food for poultry. The beans should better be cracked until the chickens are educated to eat taem. The brood sow that is mature can, with safety, raise two litters a year, and can be carried cheaply and easily from the weaning of the spring litter to the coming of the fall litter with out much grain. Labor-saving devices are appreciated more on the farm than ever before. It seems almost impossible to get help to do the necessary work, and we are obliged to farm differently and to use mechanical means instead of hand labor. Tree Planting to Reclaim Farms. During the past year 2,500 acres have been planted to trees in the Eastern States by private citizens who ire trying to make the wornout farms yield again. Many wealthy men be lieve that these abandoned farms v ill pay well if set in trees and well cared for. The acreage will probably be increased greatly this year. Wheat Yield In America. The average wheat yield of America is only about fourteen bushels to the acre, while in England the iand that has been farmed for hundreds of years averages about thirty bushels, Cropping Soil Land. Sod land is very good for almost all crops if the season is seasonably wet and other conditions are favorable. One of the worst troubles with corn in sod land is that the cutw’orms living in the sod destroy much of the young corn. By plowing sod land for corn in late fall or early winter many of the cutworms will be destroyed. Also, when the land is plowed at this time the sod will have more time to settle and decay, and the corn next season will stand dry weather better. If the sod must be plowed again next spring no harm, but much good, will be done. Plowing any land twice for a crop S* disking well after plowing is labor well spent. Plentiful Water on Dairy Farms. Every dairy farm should be well supplied with pure water. It may come from a well ">r a cistern, where the country is level, and in hill coun tries the water may often be brought in gravity pipes from the' spring to the house and barn. Iron pipes are cheap, and it is easy to carry the wa ter to any point desired in the house or other place if only you have a good spring on a higher level. For cooling the milk or butter It is better to have a large cold spring and set the milk products in the wa ter as near the head of the spring as possible, w.iere the water is the cold est. For watering the cow and other purposes it should be brought in pipes when possible. Giving- Chickens Cnrgc Runs. Houses and runs should be in pro portion. It is seldom that the yards are large enough to keep the fowls active and healthy. In cities and vil lages it is no unusual sight to see a good sized house and a run no larger than the house in the area covered. The result is a perfectly bare and often filthy ground plot. The area of the yard should be at least teu times that of the house in which the birds are kept, and if the yard is larger, it will not be excessive in size. In fact, you cannot give the hens too much range, and if you can not give them free range, the area of the run should be so large that part of it will remain ,green through the entire growing season. Feeding Skimmilk *o Colts. In reference to the feeding of skim milk to colts. L. C. Litchfield writes to the Melbourne Leader as follows: “We have brought up a .-year old filly on skimmilk. This was a standard trotting filly, and was at large and vigorous animal, larger at 2 years old than h*r sire or dam were at matur ity. This mare had ralber a hard show till she was 5, as she farmed’ out for her keep, but the bone and constitution given her by liberal skimmilk feeding in colthood and the disposition to get there which was born in her never went back on her, and a few months cf careful handling after her return was enough to put her in nice trim again. We have fre quently fed skimmilk to colts, both trotting bred and drafts. ivlth the best results. In the autumn of ISOS we had quite a number or horses. Desir ing to wean a colt, we pun him on sep arated milk. He soon learned ttat when we came to the ’cowhouse to feed the calves he was to be fed, and would fMnib into bis manger with fore feet ai d beg for skimmilk. We fed him frt m a pint to three pints twice a day from the time he was about 4 months old, and he grew like a weed.. He was part Clyde* and both bone and muscle were well developed for a year ling.” Alfalfa In Hog Development. Asa pasture for sow's and young pigs, alfalfa proves wonderfully help ful ration for growth in pigs. Ex periments have shown that pigs make tetter growth when the dam is fed considerable alfalfa than those from sows fed the best of commercial ra tions but with no alfalfa. Of two seta of pigs, one fed clover, rape and soak ed corn, and the other with access to alfalfa in lieu of clover and rape, ihose having alfalfa seemed to grow the more rapidly. For brood sows, it is a most val uable food, either as hay, a soiling crop, or a pasture. The litters of such sows are generally large and vigorous, and the dams have a strong flow of nutritious milk. Alfalfa meal in slop may be used with profit where the hay i3 pot to be obtained. It is also claim ed that sows fed on alfalfa during pregnancy will not devour their young, its mineral elements seeming to sat isfy the appetite of the sow, while contributing to the fetal development of the pigs. Science in Breeding;. In the breeding of to-day utility swings to the front as the chief stand ard of merit. For thi3 to be secured and perpetuated the importance of careful and systematic selecting and mating must be everywhere insisted upon. We talk about man being helped or hindered by his environments, by boys being broughf up under a choked en vironment, but do we stop to consider the environment of the farm animals from which we are trying to reap a harvest of gain, or the animals that are performing our farm work? The successful dairyman is the man who applies the mo3t improved busi ness methods to his dairy operations from the cow to the delivery of his produce to the consumer. It is difficult to conceive of a good system of farming without there is systematic rotation of crops. Any other system is based largely upon a hit-and-miss plan and is largely de pendent upon the season and markets. The practical farmer should regard his farm as a book of nature that is spread out before him, inviting the closest study and the most careful ob servation of facts pertaining to soil, climate, variety of production to which it is adapted and the markets for the products. Crop ' Dotation Xeeestsary. Look at the farms upon which the same crops have been grown year in and year out. If they are not to be seen in your own locality, come down to the experiment station and see plots so handled. Compare these with farms where rotation is practiced. What is the difference? On one the yields are high, if not increasingly high, at least uniformly so. Grass or clover and cleaning crops must he grown in rotation. Something must be at hand to utilize them. What can do this to better advantage than sheep and cows? Manure, moreover, must be supplied if fertility Is to be maintained. The sheep is one of the best manure producers and spreaders to be found anywhere. The farmer is dependent upon the soil for his gains, no matter in what form he markets the produce. Unless he maintains the soil fertility from year to year he is curtailing his gains by just so much. Manure and crop rotation are necessary to the mainte nance of fertility. No other way has yet been discovered for keeping the soil fertile than by enriching it by de caying animal and vegetable matter and by growing upon it successive crops that keep the soil in good phys ical condition, and keep the available supply of plant food high. On a farm so managed either sheep or cattle must be kept to furnish the necessary manure and consume the necessary roughage.—Prof. T. B. Mum ford. The Telephone on the Farm. The farmer of to-day is one of the most progressive citizens of this pro gressive country. Whenever he is thoroughly convinced that a certain tool or piece of machinery will do his work better, do more of it, or increase his income, it is not very long before he owns that tool or machine. The first thought that comes to the farmer is: "What good is a telephone to me?” This is but a natural ques tion. The farmer, above all, is a prac tical man, and the value of the tele phone has not yet been demonstrated. He cannot see the utility of it. It will not milk tie cows, plough the soil, nor make the crops grow. What practical benefit, then, can a farmer derive from the telephone. ’ , He can understand that it might be ‘‘just the thing” for the capitalist. He can see how merchants and city folk can use it, but the farmer cannot find time to fool around the house talking over a telephone. Some farmers argue that they have gotten along so far without a telephone, and why not the rest of their days? This same argument, if carried out, would have kept hundreds of our im provements now considered absolute necessities, off the farm, and would thus have retarded the marvelous march of progress Thousands of farm ers. however, are quick to recognize the value of the telephone to the rural resident. They see the improved con ditions that its adoption will bring to them and their families and the ronsequence is that the building of farm lines is going on at a livelier rate than ever before. In spite of this fact, some fanners even yet are undecided as to the wis dom of this universal improvement. They fear that it is a-needless waste of hard-earned money. But the farm er who has had a telephone for a year or more knows why so many farm lines are being built. To him the Tea ser is plain. It is because the tele phone is a money-saving, time-saving, labor-saving addition to tbe farmer that pays its own way. The farm telephone has come to be recognized as a necessity. No one questions the statement that time is money, and very few will question the statement that as a time saver the telephone has no equal. Time Is sa important factor on the farm. gf VDa/ Eleven Months of Tnft. The people of the United States rec ognize the fact that this is a transi tion period in American history. We have been engaged in exploiting the immense resources of a virgin conti nent; we have sacrificed all other things in our progress to the single consideration of speed, and wallowed in material prosperity. We are now confronted with two questions of the first magnitude; How to conserve that which remains of the national heritage we have been wast ing in riotous living, and how to keep the corporations which we ourselves have made from devouring us. In our struggle with these problems vision, conscience and courage in the Federal Executive are of priceless value to the country. The hope of the future turns upon the execution of law to-day. How stands President Taft in the judgment of. the country, after eleven months of administration? This question is the more important because all the strength there is in the Executive Department, so far as revealed, is in the Presidential chair. Perhaps no other President of the United States ever served through a year so heavily fraught with events of moment to government and people with so little help from his Cabinet. Two roads lie open before President Taft—the service of the “interests” and the service of the people. A break has occurred within his own party; there is an irrepressible conflict be tween the men of the “Roosevelt pofi cies” and the men of the machine. Few executives ever faced so clean-cut an alternative. It is not a question of revolutionizing or deserting his own party, but of choosing between two factions, one numerically larger, the other active and growing, with the logic both of conscience and political history in its favor. Thus far President Taft’s course has been what mathematicians call an “ir regular curve,” that may be described, but cannot be plotted mathematically. He has zigzagged back and forth be tween radicals and reactionaries. He stands committed to an excellent pro gramme of legislation upon conserva tion and kindred issues; he demands radical measures for the control of corporate abuses; he is the champion of certain judicial reforms which will give to the poor man a speedier and less expensive justice. But he has pub licly commended a tariff act whose principles he had publicly disapproved; he has defied the very men whose en thusiasm and moral weight he so sadly needs to carry out reforms dear to his heart; he has accepted and ap proved as his instruments machine politicians of low type. His treatment of the insurgents shows no continuity of purpose; he has challenged, pla cated, threatened, withdrawn his threats. He has handled the Ballinger- Pinchot Issue in such a good-Lord good-devll way that a man who, in spite of certain superficial defects, has been the nation’s self-forgetful and ef ficient servant in a work of great mo ment, chose that defiance of the ad ministration which led inevitably to dismissal as the best course open to him. One hundred years from now the historian may reconstruct two Tafts from the records which the last year has written: One, the uncompromis ing standpatter and chilled-steel regu lar, the upholder of the status quo and threatener of the insurgents; the other the continuator of the Roosevelt poli cies and tribune of the people. Now the acute question is, Which Taft is to be the Taft of the future? Mr. Taft is no politician, or he would perceive as a matter of instinct, with out stopping to reason or reflect, that the fissure in the Republican party is irreparable. Republicanism must for the future mean either Aldrich and Cannon or Murdock and Dolliver. It cannot mean both. Mr. Taft is wast ing his time in trying to reconcile ir reconcilables. He may go down in history as archpriest of the regulars, as leader of the radicals, or eg one who stumbled back and forth between two hosts whose line of march separated them ever more widely, in a vain at tempt to find a common way for men set on reaching different destinations. —St. Louis Republican. Election of Senator* by the People. This is a time for election of Sena tors by the people, so far as that Is possible under our system. Ordinarily the Senate, in its constitutional func tion of a check upon the hasty im pulses of the House of Representatives, serves the useful purpose of imposing reflection and deliberation in the pro cesses of legislation. But we now confront well-considered popular demand for legislation that has been hung up for from five to ten years by the combined forces of House organization and Senate con servatism. These strengthen and sup port each other. The House organiza tion could have been overthrown soon er but for its refuge in the citadel of the Senate. Now it is pretty certain to be broken down one way or an other in the next elections. How will that help thorough legisla tlon for land law reform, conserva tion of natural wealth, railroad and corporation, unless the Senate can be brought into line also by a similar change? That is no more possible now than it has been in the ?ast, if Sen ators are to continue to be chosen by the old method of machine intrigue in the legislatures, financed by inter**fs opposed to the legislation in question. Though direct election of Senators by the people is impossible without constitutional change blocked by the Senate and the state legislatures, many states have found ways to accomplish it indirectly. In some of them, the primary nomination of Senators is pro vided for by law and the legislatures obey the people's mandate, though it has no legal force. In others the party In power has been farced by public opinion to hold a voluntary primary election by which the legislature is guided. It will be fonnd that most of the newer Senators by whom the old or ganization Is attacked and the progres sive legislation of thi administration and the last supported, got their seats in this way. States that have to choose Senators in the legislative sessions of 1911, if they have not already pro vided for some Indlrecn popular choice, should lose no time in doing so. That might be me solution of a rather uii promising contest in this state. —Mia* Tribune. What About the guitar Truatf With conflicting feelings the public will learn from Washington dispatches that Taft has evidenca against every illegal trust in the Unit ed States, that President Taft will force Congress to provide postal sav ings banks, that President Taft wih curb financial evils, regulate trusts and stock manipulation, and secure immediate legislation on several other national matters of importance. Naturally, the people wonder why a President who undertakes such varied and important legislation with confi dence of carrying his plans to comple tion could not secure the tariff reduc tion which he promised the people of the West. And the public may be pardoned for surprise that such vast government activity in so many directions should suddenly be displayed while the sugar trust prosecution rests with but one minor sugar trust official and a few weighers held to answer for the most enormous swindle in the history of America. The avalanche of allegations against trusts in general and the packers in particular must not be permitted to swallow* up the sugar case or prevent the strict punishment of men higher up, both in the sugar trust and in the customs service, without whose guilty knowledge no one imagines such whole sale thefts were possible.—Chicago Journal. Don’t Let Th -n Delude You. All kinds of excuses will be put for ward in response to Inquiry into the high cost of living. Most of them will be labored attempts to direct attention away from the real cause of high prices and fix it upon plausible distor tions of fact. The increased cost of living is due directly to the high tariff on imports, and to nothing else. Nobody should be deluded by any other pretense. In ISBO, the first year under the Mc- Kinley act, the average expenditure of each American family for food was $318.20. In 1896, even with the very few re ductions of the tariff under the Wilson act, the average food expenditure was only $296.76. In 1897 the Republican majority in Congress passed the Dingley bill. After ten years under the Dingley tariff the average family expense for food had risen in 1907 to $347.75. To-day, under the Aldrich-Taft tariff, the cost of living is at least 10 per cent higher than two years ago. The man who voted for a Congress man who aided Senator Aldrich and his crew of pirates in tightening the tariff strangle hold on the neck of the American workingman voted to in crease the cost of living. The man who votes for a Republican Congressman next fall will vote to still further increase his own living ex penses. A Tariff on Christianity. No one who realizes the deep care with which tariff schedules are framed to trick the public will be surprised to learn that the Aldrich-Taft law con tains a provision for increased taxes on imported Bibles. The Dingley law imposed a duty of 25 per cent on all Bibles of which the chief cost was the paper. The Aldrich- Taft law added a little joker which fixes a 40 per cent rate on Bibles of which the chief cost is leather. This means an extra tax on all the better editions, which are of Englisl publication Almost entirely, American Bible production being mostly in cheap bindings. Bible importers have noti fied retailers that prices are going up. Thus the tariff begins to get in its work on Christianity. Self Hetralnt. Ellen stopped scrubbing the veranda steps long enough to cast an admiring eye on her employer’s garden. “Sure they are fine posies ye have, doctor,” she said. “I’ve a neat little tease I bought with the money I'd put by. and an elegant garden it had last year, too, but now there's neither stick nor stalk in it.” “What was it, hens or dogs?” asked the doctor, sympathetically mentioning his own aversions. “Sure, me neighbor—bad luck to her —had a ditch dug in her land, and the water ran down into me garden and washed all me seeds away ' “And what did you do about it?” “What could a poor lone body like me do?" “Well, didn’t-you at least say some thing to the woman, complain or tell her that you wouldn't stand it?” “Now, doctor, dear, hard words just leads to bad feelings among neighbors, and that ye know as well as I do, and it’s not me that would be using them. So I only said to her. ‘I hope I’ll live to see the floods flowing over your grave as your ditch waters have flowed over me garden.’ and I let it go at that.” —Youth’s Companion. A peculiarity of l)Pfami. As to ;reams, there was a discussion at the club lunch, and one man re marked that no man dreamed of him self as braver than he is. When the dream came the dreamer was always the under dog. He was in horrible danger and never did anything pic turesque to face it. There may be men who are Irave in their sleep, but it would be interesting to find one man outside of the dozen sleeping cow ards who is a hero in a dream.—Lon don Chronicle. Study in Still Life. "This,” said the artist, who was showing a visitor through his studio, "is a study in still life.” "Still life!” echoed the visitor in astonishment. “Why, It looks like tbe portrait of a man.” “Yes,” explained the artist, “it is a portrait of Mrs. Enpeck’s husband.”— Chicago News. I>atlliK Mi* Joy. Her Father —Yesterday I won the prize in the lottery, and to-day you come and ask me for my daughter a hand. Suitor —Yes, you know one bit of good luck always brings another. Making a Life. Many a man has made a good living who has made a poor life. Some men have mad-i splendid lives who have made very moderate and even scanty livings. —Success Magazine. Wkn He Found It. “He found that he loved her after all." "Yes, after all the other girls had turned him down.”—Houston Post. Little minds are tamed and sub dued by misfortunes: but great minds rise above them. —Washington Irving. 1785—The second society for the abol ition of slavery organized in New York, with John Jay as president. 1804—Great banquet in Washington, in honor of the acquisition of Louis iana. 1854 Main line of the Great Western Railway of Canada opened for traffic. 1855 The eastern coast of Canada vis ited by a disastrous storm, many lives being lost. 1856 Order of the Victoria Cross in stituted. 1858 —Queen Victoria officially named Ottawa as the site of the future Confederated Provinces of British North America. 1866 —Lord Monck opened the last Can adian Parliament 1868 —Academy of Music, in Albany, N. Y.. destroyed by fire. 1870 — Virginia's political rights as a State in the Union restored. 1871— Eighty lives lost by explosion on the steamboat W. R. Arthur, near Memphis... .Statue of Abraham Lincoln at Washington unveiled. The British Columbia Legisla ture passed resolutions in favor of joining the Dominion. 1874—Morrison R. Waite appointed chief justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. 1882—Charles Gulteau sentenced to death for the murder of President Garfield. 1885 —A statue of Sir George R. Carter unveiled in Ottawa. 1885 —Kail of Khartoum and death of Gen. Gordon. 1888 —New South Wales celebrated Us centenary as a colony... .Thomas Greenway became premier of Man itoba. 1890 —Dominion House of Commons unanimously voted a resolution of adhesion to the mother country. 1903—Alaska boundary treaty signed by United States and Great Brit ain. 1905 — Robert M. UaFollette elected Uni ted States Senator from Wiscon sin... .Conservative party won in the Ontario elections. 1906 — The Canadian Pacific steamship Empress of Ireland launched on the Clyde. 1907 Twenty-eight persons killed in explosion of carload of powder at Sandford, Ind. 1908— John R. Walsh, president of the Chicago National Bank, found guil ty of misappropriating the funds of that institution. 1909 — George E. Chamberlain elected United States Senator from Ore gon... .Secretary of State Root re signed and Robert Bacon succeeded him... .Jose Migue* Gomez inaugu rated President of Cuba Am bassador Bryce and Secretary signed the Newfoundland Fisheries Treaty... .Four lives lost in the burning of the Southern Hotel at Fort Worth, Texas. Price. Were Never So lllull. A record of current prices of ninety six commodities in every day use. as compiled by Bradstreet's agency, shows that the cost of living up to this tims had reached the highest point since such figures were kept, exceeding even the prices of March 1, 1907, when they went soaring in anticipation of the pan ic. Bradstreet’s figures are based on actual wholesale quotations per pound over a wide area of markets. The lat est index number is $9.129.1, which 1 means that the cost of one pound each of the ninety-six commodities ut the prevailing wholesale rate would total that Bum. This is a gain of 11.7 sine® Jan. 1, 1909, hut only 3.5 over the flrßt of 1907. But it should be understood that this list of articles is not confined to foods alone, but Includes textiles, hides and leather, coal, oil, building materials, drugs, etc., as well as bread stuffs and provisions. The rate of In crease in foods alone is much greater. To Limit Ciilil Storage. In Cleveland, where th- first meat boycott was started, it is said that over 50,009 had signed the pledge to abstain from eating meat for thirty days. These people will ask the Legis lature to pass a bill to penalize the re taining of food in cold storage for long er than one month. In this connection a reporter for the New York World gained admittance to one of the largest cold storage plants in New York and found records of foodstuffs kept as long as two years or more, such as fish, poultry, eges, fruits and meats. Eggs in some c s were five years old and originally had been imported from Chi na. It is estimated that an entlr® beef carcass for each adult in the coun try is held In cold storage. TELEGRAPHIC BREVITIES A hearing at Helena by the Montana State railroad commission on express rates disclosed a big melon for Great Northern Express Company stockhold ers in the shape of a 60 per cent divi dend on a capital stock of $1,500,000. Fifteen per cent advance in the wag® scale over the Lake Erie scale signed last July was agreed upon by repre sentatives of the National Window Glass Manufacturers' Association at a conference with a committee of work men at Pittsburg. Under a prosecution by tbe State De partment of Labor, the Norfolk Knit ting Mills was fined $25 and coats for employing children under 13 years of age. The grand Jury at Lima, Ohio, hag returned five indictments against Sher iff Henry Van Gunten, charging forgery in connection with prisoners’ board bills rendered the commissioners. Asking a congressional appropriation of $1,009,000 for a national highway improvement commission, draft of a bill was approved at the convention of th® International League for Highway Im provement at St. Augustine. Fla. Fifty-eight bodies have been recov ered from the wrecked Canadian Pa cific train at Spanish River. Ont, and two passenger* are unaccounted for. Applications are pouring In for th® position of official sp- aker at the New Jersey State home for girls. The es tablishment of the Job la proposed in ft bill in the Legislature. A party of West Virginia educators, accompanied by Governor Glasscock, started north to study the methods of reaching at Armour Institute, Cook County Normal School, University of Chicago, Valparaiso University, tbs Ohio State University and the Uciyei sity of WUcouiJi.