Ghe Master of
"By F'RA.ftCIS Ly/TDE
COPYRIGHT 1902 BT
THE BOWKIf-MERRILL COMPACT
"Leave that to me,” I rejoined.
Then I remembered the portmanteau
and the promise that It should be sent
hither. Here was a further complica
tion, and I must needs beg a boon of
her. “A black boy will bring my port
manteau in the morning. I have a de
cent desire to be hanged In clean
Clothing; may I beg you to ”
She make a quick little gesture of
Impatience; at the further complica
tion, or at my boldness In asking, I
knew not which. But her whispered
reply was qf assent, and then she
turned to leave me.
At that a sudden fierce desire to
know why she had thus befriended me
came to throttle prudence.
"One more word before you go, Mis
tress Margery. Will you tell me why
you have done this for the man who
can serve you only by thrusting his
neck into the hangman's noose?"
She was silent for a little space, and
I knew not what emotion It was that
moved her to turn away and cover her
face with her hands. But when she
spoke her voice was low and tremu
lous with pent-up anger, as I thought.
"Truly, Captain Ireton, you have
done a thing to make me hate you—
and myself, as well. But I may not
forget my duty, sir.”
And wdth this cruel word she was
You are not to suppose that the
hazards of this hiding place in my
Lord Cornwallis' •h eadquarters would
keep me from sleeping well and sound
ly. One of the things a soldier learns
soonest Is to take his rest when and
as he can; and after peering curiously
Into the nooks and corners of my gar
ret to make sur'e I was alone, I fiung
myself a-sprawl on the broad settle
and was dropping off Into forgetful
ness when I heard a tapping at the
Groping my way cautiously to the
secret door. I crouched and listened.
All was silent save for the intermit
tent clamor of the wascallers In the
room beneath. After waiting a full
minute I opened the door and looked
without. The high dormer window in
the end of the corridor made the dark
ness something less than visible, and
I could see that the passage was emp
ty. But on the floor at my feet was
my supper; a roasted fowl on a serv
er, hot from the spit, with maize bread
and garnishlngs fit for an epicure.
I tumbled out of my settle-bed In
the morning and made for the door.
But someone had been before me,
entering whilst I slept. On a broken
chair were a basin and ewer, with
soap and towels; beside the chair was
my portmanteau; and on a deal box.
neatly covered with a linen cloth, was
Having my Austrian uniform, I was
now ready to move In that venture
outlined in part to Colonel Davie; but
to set my plan In action I must first
get free of the house unseen by my
Lord or any of his suite. How to do
this unaided I could not determine;
and. since any fresh blundering would
surely breed new trouble for Margery,
I was forced to wait for her return.
I made sure she would come, if only
to b A the sooner quit of me; and so
she did, tapping at the wainscot door
wlille I was dallying with the -break
fast leavings. 'Twas worth something
to see her start of surprise when I
opened to her; but she was far too
true a lady to be one thing to the un
washed vagabond and another to the
gentleman-clad. I gave her good
morring, and was beginning in some
formal fashion to .hank her for her
thoughtful care, when she cut me
“ ’Tis my bounden duty, sir,” she
said, twanging once again upon that
frayed string. "You are my guest and
my—husband; though I would you
"As once before, I tm your poor
mtsfortunate pensioner; but this time
you are not less willing to give thefn
than I am to receive."
She gave me a look that I could not
fathom, and for a flitting Instant there
was a mocking smile a-lurk at the
back of the beautiful eyes. Then she
went straight to the subject-matter of
her errand, brushing aside the small
passage at arms as If It had not been.
"You are In a most perilous situa
tion, Captain Ireton; do you know It?
Mews of your presence in Charlotte
fas got abroad, and at this very mo
ment Tarleton's dragoons are making
a house-to-house search for you.
There are no doors unwatched. You
must stay here till nightfall.”
“Nay, that I will net. Will you tell
me who it was set th sm on?”
” Twas a man you hate—and who
hates you heartily In return. He saw
you come here last night; he knows
you are here now—or guesses it ‘Tis
"If he knows I non here, why does
he let them search elsewhere?”
"He has reasons of his own; reasons
of —of ” but instead of telling me
what they were she broke off to say:
“But now you know why all the doors
of this house are under guard.”
“Truly,” said I; and therewith I fell
to pacing up and down the narrow
in the garret, striving to
see how I might come off with nothing
worse than the loss of my burdensome
life. I paused to ask If my Lord Corn
wallis yet in the house.
"He Is writing letters in his bed
room." was her answer.
“If you will show me the way thith
er I shall be your poor debtor by that
"I will not —unless you first tell me
what you mean to do. You are going
to give yourself up.” she said; and
when T would not deny It. she darted
before me and set her back against
the wainscot door. “'Tts folly, folly!
1 aay you shall not go!”
I took her gently in my arms, set her
aside, and stepped out into the cor
ridor. I looked for nothing less than
a volcano-burst of righteous Indigna
tion to pay me out for this piece of
tyranny. But now my lady showed
me bow little a man man know of a
"You need not be so masterful rough
with me.” she said, with a pouting ef
the sweet Ups that set mo back upen
that thought of the wayward chlid
wanting to be kissed. "If you say I
must. 1 am in duty bound to show you
the way.” And so she led on and 1
followed. In a deeper maxe than any
she had ever set me In.
Arrived at a pair of doors In the
main passage, rhe showed me the one
that opened to .ny Lord’s bed-chamber
and ran away; ran with her hands to
feer face as If to shut out a sight which
would not bear looking upon.
I turned my back stiffly upon this
newer wonder, pulled myself together
and rapped on the door. A voice with
in bade me enter; the door, opened
under my hand and I stood In the
presence of the man who, as I made
no doubt, would shortly summon his
guards and have me out to my rope
and ;ree. My Lord was busy at his
writing-desk when I entered; but when
he looked up I saw the light of In
stant recognition In his eye. Never, I
think, did another prisoner at the bar
strive harder to read his sentence In
his Judge's eyes than I did in that mo
ment of suspense.
“Ah, Captain Ireton; 'tls you, is it?
We are well met, at last. They told
me you were gone to Join the rebels,
did they not?”
Here was aji opening for a bold man,
ar.d in a flash I came to the right
about, choked down the defiance I had
meant to hurl at him, and took quick
counsel of cool audacity.
"Indeed, my Lord, I know not what
they have told you. In times past, the
king had no truer soldier than I; and
when I came across seas 'twas not to
fight against him. But that I have not
Joined the rebels is no fault of certain
of your Lordship’s officers.”
"Say you so? But how Is this?
Surely I am not mistaken. I could be
certain Colonel Tarleton reported your
taking as a spy, and his trying of you.'
And was there not something about a
rescue at the last moment by a band
of these border bravos? But stay; let
us have the colonel’s story at first
hands. Have the goodness to ring the
bell for me, will you, Captain?”
The crisis was come. A pull at
the bell-cord would summon the guard,
and the guard would be sent after
Colonel Tarleton. Well, said the de
mon Despair, 'tls time you were gone
to make room for Richard Jennifer;
and I laid a hand upon the tasseled
rope. But when I would have rung,
all the man-pride, of race and of sol
dier training, rose up to bid me fight
for space to strike one good blow In
freedom's cause by way of leave-tak
So, as it had been an afterthought,
I said: "A word further with you first,
my Lord, and then. If you please, I
will call the guard. All you remember
Is true, save as to the principal fact.
So far from being a spy in intent, or
even a partizan of either side, I was
at the time but newly come into the
province, knowing little of the cause
of quarrel anti caring still less. But
Captain Falconnet and Colonel Tarle
ton did their earnest best to make a
rebel of me out >f hand."
"Ah? But the proof of all this, Cap
"The best I can offer is the present
fact of my coming to place myself at
your Lordship’s disposal, being moved
thereto by your Lordship’s own de
sire expressed In an order sent some
weeks since to Slf Francis Falconnet”
"So?—then you knew of that order?”
"Captain Falconnet showed It to me
after I was condemned and the firing
squad was drawn up to snuff me out.”
My Lord Charles gave me the cour
tier smile that so endeared him to his
soldiers —he,was well-loved of his men
—and bade me sit.
“The plot thickens, as Mr. Richard
son would say. Let me have your
story. Captain Ireton. I would rejoice
to know’ why Captain Sir Francis Fal
connet saw fit to disobey his orders."
I w T as clear of the lee shore and the
breakers at last, but I was fain to be
lieve that not Mlchiavelli himself could
hope to weather the storm in the open.
How much or how little did Lord
Cornwallis remember ot Colonel Tarle
ton's report? How explicit had that
report been?—was there sny mention
In It of my eavesdroDping at the con
ference between Captain John Stuart
and the baronet; of my attempt to
warn the over-mountain men against
.the Indian-armlng? Could I hope to
tell his Lordship a tale so near the
truth as to be unassailable by Tarle
ton and his officers, by Gilbert. Stair
and the spiteful little pettifogger, and
yet so deftly garbled as to keep my
neck out of the halter for the time
All these questions thronged upon
me as a mob to pull cool reason from
her seat, and I could only play the
part of the trapped rat and snap back
at them. Yet my Lord Cornwallis was
waiting for his answer, and a single
moment's hesitation might breed sus
You must forgive me, my dears. If I
confess It beyond me to set down here
In measured words the tale I told his
Lordship. A lie Is a lie, be It told In
never so good a cause; a thing deplor
able and not to be glozed over or
boasted of after the fact. So I beg
you to let these quibbltngs to which I
was driven rest in oblivion, figuring
to yourselves that I used all the truth
I dared, and that I strove through dt
all not wholly to sink the gentleman
and the man of honor In the spy.
’Twas but a bridge of glass when all
was said; a bridge that carried me
safely over for the moment Into my
Lord’s confidence, yet one which a peb
ble Hung by any one of a dozen hands
might shiver in the dropping of an
VTruly. you have had a most roman
tic experience," said his Lordship,
when I had made an end. Then he
lay back In his chair and laughed till
the stout body of him shook again.
’’And all about a little wench of the
But all this was In the
early suvhmer. you say; where have
you been since?”
Here was a chance for more romanc
ing. this time ok,& sort less danger
ous. So I drew breath and plunged
again, telling how 1 had been carried
off by my captor-rescuers; how I had
fallen Into the hands of the Indians —
not all of whom. I would remind his
Lordship, were friendly to the king;
and lastly how I had but lately es
caped from the mountain fastnesses
back of Major Ferguson's camp at Gil
bert Town. At this point my Lord In
terrupted the tale-telling.
’’So you know of the major and his
doings? I would you had brought me
late news of him. "Tis & week since
hia last courier reached us."
This was the moment for the play
ing of my trump card —the only one I
held. I rose, bowed, took from my
pocket that other Utter given me by
Colonel Davie and handed it t© his
Lordship. Twas Major Ferguson’s
last report. Intercepted by one of Da
vie's vigilant scouting parties.
“Ah’.” said my Lord; and I strolled
to the window whilst he read the let
When I turned to front him again he
was all affability; and I knew I was
safe —for the time, at least
"Thf major commends you highly
as a good man and a true, Captain
Ireton,” he said, and truly the letter
did contain g warm-hearted commen
dation of "the bearer,” whose name,
for safety's sake, was omitted; and
not only this, but the writer desired to
have his man back again. Then my
Lord added; “You are here to take
your old service again, I assume?”
I hesitated. There be things that
even a spy may balk at; and the tak
ing of the oath of allegiance to the
other side I conceived to be one of
them. So I said:
"I have worn many uniforms since
I doffed that of King George, my Lord,
He laughed cheerily. " 'But me no
buts,' Captain Ireton; once an English
man, always an Englishman, you
know. I shall assign you to duty in
my own family.”
At this I made a bold stroke. "Let
it be then as an officer of her service,
and your Lordship's guest for the
time. Believe me, it Is thus I may best
serve your—ah—the cause.”
"As how?” he would ask.
I smiled and touched the braided
Jacket of my hussar uniform.
“As an Austrian officer on a tour of
observation In the campaign I may go
and come where others may not, and
see and hear things which your Lord
ship may wish to know. Does your
Lordship take me?”
He laughed and rose and clapped me
on the shoulder.
"You may call the guard now. Cap
"It Is your Lordship’s meaning that
I should be quaVtere'i here?—in this
house?” I gasped.
“And why not? Ah. my good Cap
tain of Hussars, I have made you my
honorary aide-de-camp and a mem
ber of my family so that I may keep
an eye on you."
He said it with a laugh and another
hearty hand-clap on my shoulder, and
I would fain take It for a Jest. Yet
there be playful gibes that hint at gib
bets; and I may confess to you here,
my dears, that I left my Lord’s pres
ence with the conviction that my ac
quittal was but a reprieve conditioned
upon the best of future good behavior.
So.lt took another turn of the audac
ity screw to tune me up for the battle
royal with Gilbert Ktalr and the petti
fogger, Owen Pengarvln.
(To be continued.)
COST OF LIVING ABROAD.
Austrian Government Takes Steps to
Advance In Necessities.
Consul J. I. Brittain writes from
Prague that since the announcement
that the government of Austria would
take steps to check the advance of
prices for provisions the large land
owners have made known the condi
tions upon which they would consent,
says the San Francisco Chronicle.
By the new treaties with the Bal
kan States the importation of meats
into Austria-Hungary will be permit
ted, but only In limited quantities.
The large land owners will, however,
insist upon the following concessions
before granting their consent: They
desire that the importation both of
live stock and meats be prohibited
from Bulgaria; also further restric
tions regarding veterinary inspection,
and that steps be taken to compensate
them for hay losses sustained through
the importation of meats from the
They also demand the establishing
of a financial Institution to act as
broker for the Cattle Breeders' Asso
ciation and further desire the estab
lishment of an agrarian bank, -with
branches In the leading cities of Aus
tria, and the taking over of the Vienna
slaughter house or anew similar In
stitution established, and that the
prices for meat sliall not be a source
of profit, but shall be in proportion to
the prices for cattle, and that branch
meat markets be esablished In all the
leading cities In Austria.
The agrarians also desire that the
cattle and meat business of Vienna be
taken over by the newly proposed
agrarian bank. Another demand is the
establishment of a central office for
the utilization of cattle products, with
branches in Austria and foreign coun
tries, and to be supported by the pro
posed agrarian bank. To carry out
this project will require $4,060,000.
“I can understand all you have to
say on the subject in an hour’s time,”
said the judge.
“Beg pardon, your honor,” persisted
the young lawyer, “but I shall con
sume at least five hours In my argu
“Very well; have It your own way,”
said the judge, with resignation. ‘‘But
it will take the prisoner about five
years to tell why he employed you."
The Bright Boston Boy,
Rider (to small boy)—Here, I say,
hold this horse, will you?
S. B. —Is he vicious?
S. B. —Does he kick? r
S. B.—Will 'e bite?
S. B. —Does It take two to hold ’lm?
R. (frenzied) —No!!!
S. B. —Well, then, hold ’im yerself!
Always the T'nexpected.
Riggs—What did she do when you
Briggs—She said, “.Oh, this Is so
Riggs—What did you say then?
Briggs—l told her that the unex
pected always happened.—Harvard
What Women Will Wear.
"Where are you going, my pretty
“I’m going a marketing, sir," she said.
"And where Is your basket, my pretty
"I’m wearing It, sir, upon my head.”
A Doable Calling.
‘‘You didn't seem abl/ to understand
what 1 was saying over the telephone
to you this morning at your office.”
“No wonder. While you were call
ing me up my boss was calling me
down.” —Baltimore American.
Ttr Run. Down.
Bacon —Why doesn't some budding
genius build a clock that won't run
Egbert —Why. how could he?
“Build It on the principle of the gas
meter!” —Yonkers Statesman.
Friend (looking oTer Brown's unfur
nished flat )—And what it this pasaage
Brown—Passageway! Great Scott,
this is the dining room! —Boston Tran
Imparts of Hi—■ Hair.
More than 200,000 pounds of human
hall are exported from Hongkong to
I this country annually.
9 • - . 4-v-w-
When trees are affected with peach
yellow they should be exterminated,
root and branch.
The faster you can make the pullets
grow without putting on extra fat, the
sooner they will begin their life work.
A field of turnips will supply a rich
table for the hogs, from which they
can help themselves and grow big and
To fatten ducks do not allow them
to have access to a swimming pool,
as the exercise of swimming keeps
Choice, hand-picked winter apples,
each one wrapped in paper and stored
in a cool place, will keep a surpris
ingly long time.
The bruise of an apple may not at
once develop into rot, but it will make
a brown spot which disfigures and less
ens the value of the fruit.
If you don't want to buy tarred pa
per take some rolls of wall paper lying
around the house and paste over the
cracks. It will make the place very
All like fruit, but too little ol it
(s found on the farm, many times. Put
in more fruit trees and bushes. The
health of the family will be better if
there is a generous fruit diet.
It may not be generally known that
soy beans make the finest egg-pro
ducing food for poultry. The beans
should better be cracked until the
chickens are educated to eat taem.
The brood sow that is mature can,
with safety, raise two litters a year,
and can be carried cheaply and easily
from the weaning of the spring litter
to the coming of the fall litter with
out much grain.
Labor-saving devices are appreciated
more on the farm than ever before.
It seems almost impossible to get help
to do the necessary work, and we are
obliged to farm differently and to use
mechanical means instead of hand
Tree Planting to Reclaim Farms.
During the past year 2,500 acres
have been planted to trees in the
Eastern States by private citizens who
ire trying to make the wornout farms
yield again. Many wealthy men be
lieve that these abandoned farms v ill
pay well if set in trees and well cared
for. The acreage will probably be
increased greatly this year.
Wheat Yield In America.
The average wheat yield of America
is only about fourteen bushels to the
acre, while in England the iand that
has been farmed for hundreds of years
averages about thirty bushels,
Cropping Soil Land.
Sod land is very good for almost all
crops if the season is seasonably wet
and other conditions are favorable.
One of the worst troubles with corn in
sod land is that the cutw’orms living
in the sod destroy much of the young
corn. By plowing sod land for corn
in late fall or early winter many of
the cutworms will be destroyed. Also,
when the land is plowed at this time
the sod will have more time to settle
and decay, and the corn next season
will stand dry weather better. If the
sod must be plowed again next spring
no harm, but much good, will be done.
Plowing any land twice for a crop S*
disking well after plowing is labor
Plentiful Water on Dairy Farms.
Every dairy farm should be well
supplied with pure water. It may
come from a well ">r a cistern, where
the country is level, and in hill coun
tries the water may often be brought
in gravity pipes from the' spring to
the house and barn. Iron pipes are
cheap, and it is easy to carry the wa
ter to any point desired in the house
or other place if only you have a good
spring on a higher level.
For cooling the milk or butter It
is better to have a large cold spring
and set the milk products in the wa
ter as near the head of the spring as
possible, w.iere the water is the cold
est. For watering the cow and other
purposes it should be brought in pipes
Giving- Chickens Cnrgc Runs.
Houses and runs should be in pro
portion. It is seldom that the yards
are large enough to keep the fowls
active and healthy. In cities and vil
lages it is no unusual sight to see a
good sized house and a run no larger
than the house in the area covered.
The result is a perfectly bare and often
filthy ground plot.
The area of the yard should be at
least teu times that of the house in
which the birds are kept, and if the
yard is larger, it will not be excessive
in size. In fact, you cannot give the
hens too much range, and if you can
not give them free range, the area of
the run should be so large that part
of it will remain ,green through the
entire growing season.
Feeding Skimmilk *o Colts.
In reference to the feeding of skim
milk to colts. L. C. Litchfield writes
to the Melbourne Leader as follows:
“We have brought up a .-year old filly
on skimmilk. This was a standard
trotting filly, and was at large and
vigorous animal, larger at 2 years old
than h*r sire or dam were at matur
ity. This mare had ralber a hard
show till she was 5, as she
farmed’ out for her keep, but the bone
and constitution given her by liberal
skimmilk feeding in colthood and the
disposition to get there which was
born in her never went back on her,
and a few months cf careful handling
after her return was enough to put
her in nice trim again. We have fre
quently fed skimmilk to colts, both
trotting bred and drafts. ivlth the best
results. In the autumn of ISOS we
had quite a number or horses. Desir
ing to wean a colt, we pun him on sep
arated milk. He soon learned ttat
when we came to the ’cowhouse to
feed the calves he was to be fed, and
would fMnib into bis manger with fore
feet ai d beg for skimmilk. We fed
him frt m a pint to three pints twice
a day from the time he was about 4
months old, and he grew like a weed..
He was part Clyde* and both bone and
muscle were well developed for a year
Alfalfa In Hog Development.
Asa pasture for sow's and young
pigs, alfalfa proves wonderfully help
ful ration for growth in pigs. Ex
periments have shown that pigs make
tetter growth when the dam is fed
considerable alfalfa than those from
sows fed the best of commercial ra
tions but with no alfalfa. Of two seta
of pigs, one fed clover, rape and soak
ed corn, and the other with access to
alfalfa in lieu of clover and rape,
ihose having alfalfa seemed to grow
the more rapidly.
For brood sows, it is a most val
uable food, either as hay, a soiling
crop, or a pasture. The litters of such
sows are generally large and vigorous,
and the dams have a strong flow of
nutritious milk. Alfalfa meal in slop
may be used with profit where the hay
i3 pot to be obtained. It is also claim
ed that sows fed on alfalfa during
pregnancy will not devour their young,
its mineral elements seeming to sat
isfy the appetite of the sow, while
contributing to the fetal development
of the pigs.
Science in Breeding;.
In the breeding of to-day utility
swings to the front as the chief stand
ard of merit. For thi3 to be secured
and perpetuated the importance of
careful and systematic selecting and
mating must be everywhere insisted
We talk about man being helped or
hindered by his environments, by boys
being broughf up under a choked en
vironment, but do we stop to consider
the environment of the farm animals
from which we are trying to reap a
harvest of gain, or the animals that
are performing our farm work?
The successful dairyman is the man
who applies the mo3t improved busi
ness methods to his dairy operations
from the cow to the delivery of his
produce to the consumer.
It is difficult to conceive of a good
system of farming without there is
systematic rotation of crops. Any
other system is based largely upon a
hit-and-miss plan and is largely de
pendent upon the season and markets.
The practical farmer should regard
his farm as a book of nature that is
spread out before him, inviting the
closest study and the most careful ob
servation of facts pertaining to soil,
climate, variety of production to which
it is adapted and the markets for the
Crop ' Dotation Xeeestsary.
Look at the farms upon which the
same crops have been grown year in
and year out. If they are not to be
seen in your own locality, come down
to the experiment station and see plots
so handled. Compare these with farms
where rotation is practiced. What is
the difference? On one the yields are
high, if not increasingly high, at least
Grass or clover and cleaning crops
must he grown in rotation. Something
must be at hand to utilize them. What
can do this to better advantage than
sheep and cows? Manure, moreover,
must be supplied if fertility Is to be
maintained. The sheep is one of the
best manure producers and spreaders
to be found anywhere.
The farmer is dependent upon the
soil for his gains, no matter in what
form he markets the produce. Unless
he maintains the soil fertility from
year to year he is curtailing his gains
by just so much. Manure and crop
rotation are necessary to the mainte
nance of fertility. No other way has
yet been discovered for keeping the
soil fertile than by enriching it by de
caying animal and vegetable matter
and by growing upon it successive
crops that keep the soil in good phys
ical condition, and keep the available
supply of plant food high.
On a farm so managed either sheep
or cattle must be kept to furnish the
necessary manure and consume the
necessary roughage.—Prof. T. B. Mum
The Telephone on the Farm.
The farmer of to-day is one of the
most progressive citizens of this pro
gressive country. Whenever he is
thoroughly convinced that a certain
tool or piece of machinery will do his
work better, do more of it, or increase
his income, it is not very long before
he owns that tool or machine.
The first thought that comes to the
farmer is: "What good is a telephone
to me?” This is but a natural ques
tion. The farmer, above all, is a prac
tical man, and the value of the tele
phone has not yet been demonstrated.
He cannot see the utility of it. It will
not milk tie cows, plough the soil, nor
make the crops grow. What practical
benefit, then, can a farmer derive from
the telephone. ’ ,
He can understand that it might be
‘‘just the thing” for the capitalist. He
can see how merchants and city folk
can use it, but the farmer cannot find
time to fool around the house talking
over a telephone. Some farmers argue
that they have gotten along so far
without a telephone, and why not the
rest of their days?
This same argument, if carried out,
would have kept hundreds of our im
provements now considered absolute
necessities, off the farm, and would
thus have retarded the marvelous
march of progress Thousands of farm
ers. however, are quick to recognize
the value of the telephone to the rural
resident. They see the improved con
ditions that its adoption will bring
to them and their families and the
ronsequence is that the building of
farm lines is going on at a livelier
rate than ever before.
In spite of this fact, some fanners
even yet are undecided as to the wis
dom of this universal improvement.
They fear that it is a-needless waste
of hard-earned money. But the farm
er who has had a telephone for a year
or more knows why so many farm
lines are being built. To him the Tea
ser is plain. It is because the tele
phone is a money-saving, time-saving,
labor-saving addition to tbe farmer
that pays its own way.
The farm telephone has come to be
recognized as a necessity. No one
questions the statement that time is
money, and very few will question the
statement that as a time saver the
telephone has no equal. Time Is sa
important factor on the farm.
Eleven Months of Tnft.
The people of the United States rec
ognize the fact that this is a transi
tion period in American history. We
have been engaged in exploiting the
immense resources of a virgin conti
nent; we have sacrificed all other
things in our progress to the single
consideration of speed, and wallowed
in material prosperity.
We are now confronted with two
questions of the first magnitude; How
to conserve that which remains of the
national heritage we have been wast
ing in riotous living, and how to keep
the corporations which we ourselves
have made from devouring us. In our
struggle with these problems vision,
conscience and courage in the Federal
Executive are of priceless value to the
country. The hope of the future turns
upon the execution of law to-day. How
stands President Taft in the judgment
of. the country, after eleven months of
This question is the more important
because all the strength there is in
the Executive Department, so far as
revealed, is in the Presidential chair.
Perhaps no other President of the
United States ever served through a
year so heavily fraught with events
of moment to government and people
with so little help from his Cabinet.
Two roads lie open before President
Taft—the service of the “interests”
and the service of the people. A break
has occurred within his own party;
there is an irrepressible conflict be
tween the men of the “Roosevelt pofi
cies” and the men of the machine. Few
executives ever faced so clean-cut an
alternative. It is not a question of
revolutionizing or deserting his own
party, but of choosing between two
factions, one numerically larger, the
other active and growing, with the
logic both of conscience and political
history in its favor.
Thus far President Taft’s course has
been what mathematicians call an “ir
regular curve,” that may be described,
but cannot be plotted mathematically.
He has zigzagged back and forth be
tween radicals and reactionaries. He
stands committed to an excellent pro
gramme of legislation upon conserva
tion and kindred issues; he demands
radical measures for the control of
corporate abuses; he is the champion
of certain judicial reforms which will
give to the poor man a speedier and
less expensive justice. But he has pub
licly commended a tariff act whose
principles he had publicly disapproved;
he has defied the very men whose en
thusiasm and moral weight he so sadly
needs to carry out reforms dear to
his heart; he has accepted and ap
proved as his instruments machine
politicians of low type. His treatment
of the insurgents shows no continuity
of purpose; he has challenged, pla
cated, threatened, withdrawn his
threats. He has handled the Ballinger-
Pinchot Issue in such a good-Lord
good-devll way that a man who, in
spite of certain superficial defects, has
been the nation’s self-forgetful and ef
ficient servant in a work of great mo
ment, chose that defiance of the ad
ministration which led inevitably to
dismissal as the best course open to
One hundred years from now the
historian may reconstruct two Tafts
from the records which the last year
has written: One, the uncompromis
ing standpatter and chilled-steel regu
lar, the upholder of the status quo and
threatener of the insurgents; the other
the continuator of the Roosevelt poli
cies and tribune of the people.
Now the acute question is, Which
Taft is to be the Taft of the future?
Mr. Taft is no politician, or he would
perceive as a matter of instinct, with
out stopping to reason or reflect, that
the fissure in the Republican party is
irreparable. Republicanism must for
the future mean either Aldrich and
Cannon or Murdock and Dolliver. It
cannot mean both. Mr. Taft is wast
ing his time in trying to reconcile ir
reconcilables. He may go down in
history as archpriest of the regulars,
as leader of the radicals, or eg one who
stumbled back and forth between two
hosts whose line of march separated
them ever more widely, in a vain at
tempt to find a common way for men
set on reaching different destinations.
—St. Louis Republican.
Election of Senator* by the People.
This is a time for election of Sena
tors by the people, so far as that Is
possible under our system. Ordinarily
the Senate, in its constitutional func
tion of a check upon the hasty im
pulses of the House of Representatives,
serves the useful purpose of imposing
reflection and deliberation in the pro
cesses of legislation.
But we now confront well-considered
popular demand for legislation that
has been hung up for from five to
ten years by the combined forces of
House organization and Senate con
servatism. These strengthen and sup
port each other. The House organiza
tion could have been overthrown soon
er but for its refuge in the citadel of
the Senate. Now it is pretty certain
to be broken down one way or an
other in the next elections.
How will that help thorough legisla
tlon for land law reform, conserva
tion of natural wealth, railroad and
corporation, unless the Senate can be
brought into line also by a similar
change? That is no more possible now
than it has been in the ?ast, if Sen
ators are to continue to be chosen by
the old method of machine intrigue in
the legislatures, financed by inter**fs
opposed to the legislation in question.
Though direct election of Senators
by the people is impossible without
constitutional change blocked by the
Senate and the state legislatures, many
states have found ways to accomplish
it indirectly. In some of them, the
primary nomination of Senators is pro
vided for by law and the legislatures
obey the people's mandate, though it
has no legal force. In others the party
In power has been farced by public
opinion to hold a voluntary primary
election by which the legislature is
It will be fonnd that most of the
newer Senators by whom the old or
ganization Is attacked and the progres
sive legislation of thi administration
and the last supported, got their seats
in this way. States that have to choose
Senators in the legislative sessions of
1911, if they have not already pro
vided for some Indlrecn popular choice,
should lose no time in doing so. That
might be me solution of a rather uii
promising contest in this state. —Mia*
What About the guitar Truatf
With conflicting feelings the public
will learn from Washington dispatches
that Taft has evidenca
against every illegal trust in the Unit
ed States, that President Taft will
force Congress to provide postal sav
ings banks, that President Taft wih
curb financial evils, regulate trusts
and stock manipulation, and secure
immediate legislation on several other
national matters of importance.
Naturally, the people wonder why a
President who undertakes such varied
and important legislation with confi
dence of carrying his plans to comple
tion could not secure the tariff reduc
tion which he promised the people of
And the public may be pardoned for
surprise that such vast government
activity in so many directions should
suddenly be displayed while the sugar
trust prosecution rests with but one
minor sugar trust official and a few
weighers held to answer for the most
enormous swindle in the history of
The avalanche of allegations against
trusts in general and the packers in
particular must not be permitted to
swallow* up the sugar case or prevent
the strict punishment of men higher
up, both in the sugar trust and in the
customs service, without whose guilty
knowledge no one imagines such whole
sale thefts were possible.—Chicago
Don’t Let Th -n Delude You.
All kinds of excuses will be put for
ward in response to Inquiry into the
high cost of living. Most of them will
be labored attempts to direct attention
away from the real cause of high
prices and fix it upon plausible distor
tions of fact.
The increased cost of living is due
directly to the high tariff on imports,
and to nothing else. Nobody should be
deluded by any other pretense.
In ISBO, the first year under the Mc-
Kinley act, the average expenditure of
each American family for food was
In 1896, even with the very few re
ductions of the tariff under the Wilson
act, the average food expenditure was
In 1897 the Republican majority in
Congress passed the Dingley bill. After
ten years under the Dingley tariff the
average family expense for food had
risen in 1907 to $347.75.
To-day, under the Aldrich-Taft tariff,
the cost of living is at least 10 per
cent higher than two years ago.
The man who voted for a Congress
man who aided Senator Aldrich and
his crew of pirates in tightening the
tariff strangle hold on the neck of the
American workingman voted to in
crease the cost of living.
The man who votes for a Republican
Congressman next fall will vote to still
further increase his own living ex
A Tariff on Christianity.
No one who realizes the deep care
with which tariff schedules are framed
to trick the public will be surprised
to learn that the Aldrich-Taft law con
tains a provision for increased taxes
on imported Bibles.
The Dingley law imposed a duty of
25 per cent on all Bibles of which the
chief cost was the paper. The Aldrich-
Taft law added a little joker which
fixes a 40 per cent rate on Bibles of
which the chief cost is leather.
This means an extra tax on all the
better editions, which are of Englisl
publication Almost entirely, American
Bible production being mostly in cheap
bindings. Bible importers have noti
fied retailers that prices are going up.
Thus the tariff begins to get in its
work on Christianity.
Ellen stopped scrubbing the veranda
steps long enough to cast an admiring
eye on her employer’s garden. “Sure
they are fine posies ye have, doctor,”
she said. “I’ve a neat little tease I
bought with the money I'd put by. and
an elegant garden it had last year,
too, but now there's neither stick nor
stalk in it.”
“What was it, hens or dogs?” asked
the doctor, sympathetically mentioning
his own aversions.
“Sure, me neighbor—bad luck to her
—had a ditch dug in her land, and the
water ran down into me garden and
washed all me seeds away '
“And what did you do about it?”
“What could a poor lone body like
“Well, didn’t-you at least say some
thing to the woman, complain or tell
her that you wouldn't stand it?”
“Now, doctor, dear, hard words just
leads to bad feelings among neighbors,
and that ye know as well as I do, and
it’s not me that would be using them.
So I only said to her. ‘I hope I’ll live
to see the floods flowing over your
grave as your ditch waters have flowed
over me garden.’ and I let it go at
that.” —Youth’s Companion.
A peculiarity of l)Pfami.
As to ;reams, there was a discussion
at the club lunch, and one man re
marked that no man dreamed of him
self as braver than he is. When the
dream came the dreamer was always
the under dog. He was in horrible
danger and never did anything pic
turesque to face it. There may be
men who are Irave in their sleep, but
it would be interesting to find one
man outside of the dozen sleeping cow
ards who is a hero in a dream.—Lon
Study in Still Life.
"This,” said the artist, who was
showing a visitor through his studio,
"is a study in still life.”
"Still life!” echoed the visitor in
astonishment. “Why, It looks like tbe
portrait of a man.”
“Yes,” explained the artist, “it is a
portrait of Mrs. Enpeck’s husband.”—
I>atlliK Mi* Joy.
Her Father —Yesterday I won the
prize in the lottery, and to-day you
come and ask me for my daughter a
Suitor —Yes, you know one bit of
good luck always brings another.
Making a Life.
Many a man has made a good living
who has made a poor life. Some men
have mad-i splendid lives who have
made very moderate and even scanty
livings. —Success Magazine.
Wkn He Found It.
“He found that he loved her after
"Yes, after all the other girls had
turned him down.”—Houston Post.
Little minds are tamed and sub
dued by misfortunes: but great minds
rise above them. —Washington Irving.
1785—The second society for the abol
ition of slavery organized in New
York, with John Jay as president.
1804—Great banquet in Washington, in
honor of the acquisition of Louis
1854 Main line of the Great Western
Railway of Canada opened for
1855 The eastern coast of Canada vis
ited by a disastrous storm, many
lives being lost.
1856 Order of the Victoria Cross in
1858 —Queen Victoria officially named
Ottawa as the site of the future
Confederated Provinces of British
1866 —Lord Monck opened the last Can
1868 —Academy of Music, in Albany, N.
Y.. destroyed by fire.
1870 — Virginia's political rights as a
State in the Union restored.
1871— Eighty lives lost by explosion on
the steamboat W. R. Arthur, near
Memphis... .Statue of Abraham
Lincoln at Washington unveiled.
The British Columbia Legisla
ture passed resolutions in favor of
joining the Dominion.
1874—Morrison R. Waite appointed
chief justice of the Supreme Court
of the United States.
1882—Charles Gulteau sentenced to
death for the murder of President
1885 —A statue of Sir George R. Carter
unveiled in Ottawa.
1885 —Kail of Khartoum and death of
1888 —New South Wales celebrated Us
centenary as a colony... .Thomas
Greenway became premier of Man
1890 —Dominion House of Commons
unanimously voted a resolution of
adhesion to the mother country.
1903—Alaska boundary treaty signed
by United States and Great Brit
1905 — Robert M. UaFollette elected Uni
ted States Senator from Wiscon
sin... .Conservative party won in
the Ontario elections.
1906 — The Canadian Pacific steamship
Empress of Ireland launched on
1907 Twenty-eight persons killed in
explosion of carload of powder at
1908— John R. Walsh, president of the
Chicago National Bank, found guil
ty of misappropriating the funds
of that institution.
1909 — George E. Chamberlain elected
United States Senator from Ore
gon... .Secretary of State Root re
signed and Robert Bacon succeeded
him... .Jose Migue* Gomez inaugu
rated President of Cuba Am
bassador Bryce and Secretary
signed the Newfoundland Fisheries
Treaty... .Four lives lost in the
burning of the Southern Hotel at
Fort Worth, Texas.
Price. Were Never So lllull.
A record of current prices of ninety
six commodities in every day use. as
compiled by Bradstreet's agency, shows
that the cost of living up to this tims
had reached the highest point since
such figures were kept, exceeding even
the prices of March 1, 1907, when they
went soaring in anticipation of the pan
ic. Bradstreet’s figures are based on
actual wholesale quotations per pound
over a wide area of markets. The lat
est index number is $9.129.1, which 1
means that the cost of one pound each
of the ninety-six commodities ut the
prevailing wholesale rate would total
that Bum. This is a gain of 11.7 sine®
Jan. 1, 1909, hut only 3.5 over the flrßt
of 1907. But it should be understood
that this list of articles is not confined
to foods alone, but Includes textiles,
hides and leather, coal, oil, building
materials, drugs, etc., as well as bread
stuffs and provisions. The rate of In
crease in foods alone is much greater.
To Limit Ciilil Storage.
In Cleveland, where th- first meat
boycott was started, it is said that
over 50,009 had signed the pledge to
abstain from eating meat for thirty
days. These people will ask the Legis
lature to pass a bill to penalize the re
taining of food in cold storage for long
er than one month. In this connection
a reporter for the New York World
gained admittance to one of the largest
cold storage plants in New York and
found records of foodstuffs kept as long
as two years or more, such as fish,
poultry, eges, fruits and meats. Eggs
in some c s were five years old and
originally had been imported from Chi
na. It is estimated that an entlr®
beef carcass for each adult in the coun
try is held In cold storage.
A hearing at Helena by the Montana
State railroad commission on express
rates disclosed a big melon for Great
Northern Express Company stockhold
ers in the shape of a 60 per cent divi
dend on a capital stock of $1,500,000.
Fifteen per cent advance in the wag®
scale over the Lake Erie scale signed
last July was agreed upon by repre
sentatives of the National Window
Glass Manufacturers' Association at a
conference with a committee of work
men at Pittsburg.
Under a prosecution by tbe State De
partment of Labor, the Norfolk Knit
ting Mills was fined $25 and coats for
employing children under 13 years of
The grand Jury at Lima, Ohio, hag
returned five indictments against Sher
iff Henry Van Gunten, charging forgery
in connection with prisoners’ board
bills rendered the commissioners.
Asking a congressional appropriation
of $1,009,000 for a national highway
improvement commission, draft of a bill
was approved at the convention of th®
International League for Highway Im
provement at St. Augustine. Fla.
Fifty-eight bodies have been recov
ered from the wrecked Canadian Pa
cific train at Spanish River. Ont, and
two passenger* are unaccounted for.
Applications are pouring In for th®
position of official sp- aker at the New
Jersey State home for girls. The es
tablishment of the Job la proposed in ft
bill in the Legislature.
A party of West Virginia educators,
accompanied by Governor Glasscock,
started north to study the methods of
reaching at Armour Institute, Cook
County Normal School, University of
Chicago, Valparaiso University, tbs
Ohio State University and the Uciyei
sity of WUcouiJi.
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