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Appleby 7iy r'RA.MCIS Ly r JWT>B COPYRIGHT 1902 BY THE BOWEM-SiERRRL COMPAHT CHAPTER XII. With the house guard for a guide I found my host in a fcox-Uke den below stairs; a room with a writing-table, two chairs and a great iron strong box for its scanty furnishings. The old man was sitting at the table when I looked in, his long nose buried in a musty parchment deed. He recognized me at a glance, despite the hussar uni form. In a twinkling he put the breadth of the oaken table between us, hurled the parchment deed Into the open strong-box, slammed to the cover and gave a shrill alarm. "Ho! you without, there! Here he Is—l have him! Help! Murder!” The guard, a burly Dardstamter, turned on his heel and stood at atten tion in the doorway, looking stolidly for his orders, not to the shrilling mas ter of the house, but to the man who wore a uniform. " ’Tis naught,” I said, speaking in German. "He mistakes me for a ritt meister of the rebels.” The soldier saluted, wheeled and vanished; and I sat down to wait till the old man’s outcry should pause for lack of breath. When my chance came, I said: "Calm yourself, Mr. Stair. You are in no present danger greater than that which you may bring upon yourself. Blot out all the past, if you piease, and consider me now as a member of Cord Cornwallis' military family seeking quarters in your house by my Lord’s express command.” “Quarters In my house? —ye’re a reb el spy:" he cried. "I’ll denounce ye to my Lord for what ye are. Ho! ye ras cals. I say!” "Peace!” I commanded, sternly; “this is but child’s folly. No man in the British army would arrest me at your behest. Ring the bell and sum mon your factor lawyer. I would have a word or two In private with both of you.” He dropped Into a chair, and I could see the sweat standing in great beads on his wrinkled forehead. “D'ye mean to kill us both?” he gasped. “Not If I can help it. But some bet ter understanding is needful, and we will have It here and now, once for all. Will you ring, or shall I?” He made no move to reach the bell cord, and I rang for him. A grinning black boy came to the door, and see ing that Mr. Gilbert Stair was beyond giving the order, I gave it myself. "Find Master Pengarvln and send him here quickly. Tell him Mr. Stair wants him.” There was a short interval of waiting and then the lawyer came. Being but a little wisp of a man. all malignance and no courage, he would ha e fled when he saw me. But I caught him by the collar and sent him scurrying around the table to keep his master company. “Now, then; how much or how little have you two blabbed of the doings at Appleby Hundred some weeks since?” I demanded. “Speak out, and quickly.” 'Twas the lawyer wht> obeyed, and now he was the trapped rat to snap blindly in despair. "You will hang higher than Haman when the dragoons find you,” he grit ted out. "Never mind,” said I; "what’s done is done. But it must be undone, and that swiftly and thoroughly. He out of it to Colonel Tarleton and the oth ers as you will; Captain John Stuart and the baronet are not here to contra dict you, and you are the only witness es. Knock together some story that will hold water and lose no time about It. Do you understand?" Seeing he was not to be put to the wall and spitted on the spot, the law yer recover?d himself. “ ’Tis not the criminal at the bar who dictates terms, Captain Ireton," he said, with his hateful smirk. "You are under sentence of death, and that by a court lawful enough in war time." "You refuse?” I said. "Speaking for myself. I shall leave no stone unturned to bring you to book. Captain—when it suits my purpose.” I was loath to go to extremities with either of them; but my bridge of glass must be defended at all hazards. "Y'ou would best reconsider, Mr. Pen garvin. At this present moment I am of my Lord Cornwallis’ military fam ily and I have his confidence. A word from me will put you both in arrest as persons whose loyalty In times past has been somewhat more than blown upon.” "Bah!” said the pettifogger. "Blus ter is a good dog. but Holdfast is the better. You can prove nothing, as you well know. Moreover, with your own neck in a noose you dare not mess and meddle with other men’s affairs.” "Dare not. you say? I’ll tell you what 1 may dare. Master Attorney. If you are not disposed to meet me half way In this matter, I shall go to ray Lord, tell him how I have been cheated out of my estate, declare the marriage with Mistress Margery, and see that you get your just deserts. And you may rest assured that this soldier-earl will right me. come what may.’ ’Twas a bold stroke, the boldest of any 1 had made that morning; but I was wholly unprepared for Its effect upon the lawyer. His rage was like that of some venomous little animal, a thing to make an onlooker shudder and draw back. ’’Never!” he hissed; “never, I say! I’ll kill her first—l’ll—” He choked in the very exuberance of his malignance and his face was like the face of a man In a fit. ’Twas then that I saw the pointing of his villainy and knew that Margery had meant when she said that for rea sons of hts own he was holding my be trayal In abeyance. He was Falcon net’s successor and my rival. This lit tle reptile aspired to be the master ot my father's acres and the husband of my dear lady! And his holding off from denouncing me at once was also explained. Taking It for granted that the wife would bargain for the hus band's life, he had made a whip of his leniency to flog Margery Into subjec tion. My determination was taken upon the Instant There was no safety for Margery whilst this plotting pettifog ger was at large, and I stepped to the door and called the sentry. The Darm stadter came back and I pointed to the lawyer. Then, indeed, the furious lit tle madman found his tongue and shrilled out his defiance. "Curse you!” he yelled. *TII be quits with you for this. Master Spy! Tis your hearing now. but mine will come, and you shall hang like a dog! Til fol low you to the ends of the earth—l'll l made a sign and the soldier brought his musket into play and pricked his prisoner with the bayonet in token that time pressed. So we were rid of the lawyer In bodily presence, though I could hear his and spittings as the big Darmstadter ran him out at the bayonet’s point. During this tilt between his factor and me, Mr. Gilbert Stair had stood apart, watchful but trembling. When we were alone I said: "Now, Mr. Stair, I shall trouble you to billet me somewhere in your house, as a member of my Lord’s family. Lead on, if you please, and I’ll follow.” He went before me without a word, out of the little den and up the broad stair, doddering like a man grown ten years older in a breath, and catching at the balustrade to steady himself as we ascended. The room he gave me was at an angle in one of the crooklngs of the corridor, and pointing me to the door he went pottering away, still without a word or a look behind him. The door was on the latch, but it gave reluctantly, letting me in sudden ly when I set my shoulder to it There was a quick little cry, half of anger, half of affright, from within. I drew back hastily, and in the act my spur caught the door and slammed it shut behind me. Gilbert Stair had shown me to my lady’s chamber. I warrant you my lady’s flashing eyes would have crisped me to a cinder where I stood fumbling with one hand behind me for the latch of the slammed door. Scorn, indignation, outraged maiden modesty, all these thrust at me like air-drawn daggers; and it need not her, "Fie, for shame, Captain Ireton! —and you would call yourself a gentleman!” to set me afire with prinklings of abash ment. What could I saw or do? The door latch would not find itself to let me fly; and as for excusings, I could not tell her that her own father had t'.rust me thus upon her. Yet, had she let me be, I hope I should have had the wit to find the door fastening and the grace to run away; in truth, I had the latch in hand when she lashed out at me again. “How are you better than the man you warned me of?” she cried. And then, in a tempest of grief: "Oh! you would not leave me the respect I bore you; you must even rob me of that to fling it down and trample it under foot! ” I stumbled from the room, thinking only how I should quickest rid me of myself. Hastening to my garret sleep ing-place I buckled on my sword, found my shako, and went <ra!ght to my Lord’s bed-chamber. My rap at the door went unanswered, and a broad-shouldered young fenow in a lieutenant’s uniform, lounging on a set tle in the clock landing of the stair, told me Lord Cornwallis was gone out. I was face to face with this young lieutenant before I recognized him; be ing so bent upon haste I should have passed him on the landing without a second glance had he not risen to grip me by the shoulders. “Why!” he cried, ‘is It thus you pass an old friend without a word, Captain Ireton?” 'Twas my good death-watch: that Lieutenant Tybee of the light-horse who had sunk the British officer in the man in that trying night at Appleby Hundred. I returned his hearty greet ing as well as I might, and would have explained my present state and stand ing but that 1 was loath to lie to him. But as to this, he saved me the shame of it. "I knew you were no rebel. Captain Ireton; indeed I made bold to say as much to our colonel, after it was all over. I told him a soft word or two would have won you back to your old service. You see I knew better than the others what lay beneath all your madnesses that night” "You knew somewhat, but not all,” I said; and thereupon, lest he should In volve me deeper and detain me longer when I was athirst to be gone. I has tened to ask where I might hope to find his Lordship and Colonel Tarle ton. "'Tls the hour for parade; you will find them at the camp,” he replied. And then, out of the honest English heart of him: "Have you made your peace. Captain? Do you need a friend to go with you?” I said 1 had been granted a hearing by Lord Cornwallis but a little while hefore; that by my Lord's appointment I was now a sort of honorary aide-de camp. “Good!” said the lieutenant, grip ping my hand In a way to make me wtnee for the lie-in-cffect hidden in the simple statement of fact. Then he roared at the soldier standing guard at the house door below; "A mount for Captain Ireton —and be swift about it!" I rode slowly across the common skirting the commissary's quarters and making ntal notes of all Isa this from soldier habit solely, for at the time I had little thought of living on to make a spy's use of them. I need not drag you back and forth with me on the search I made to find Lord Corn wallis. 'Tis enough to say that after missing him here and there. I ran him to earth at the court house, where, It was told me, my Lord was sitting In council with his staff officers. The old court house of our greater Mecklenburg was a stout wooden bulld irg raised upon brick pillars to leave a story underneath. In the time of the British occupation this lower story served as a market house, and the pub lic entrance to the court room above was reached by steps on the outside. In my boyhood days this outer stair was the only one; but now In wander ing aimlessly through the market-place beneath I found another flight In a cor ner; the “jury stair,” they called it it provided the means of egress from the jury box above. The sight of this inner stair set me plotting. Could I make use of It to come unseen Into the council chamber of Lord Cornwallis and hts officers? Happily for the success of the ad venture there was an angle in the nar row stair to hide me whilst I lifted the trap door In the court-room floor a scant half-inch and got my bearings. As I had hoped, the trap opened behind the Jury box. and I was able to raise it cautiously and so to draw myself up into the room above, unseen and unheard. A peep around the comer of the high Jury stalls showed me my Lord and his suite gathered about the lawyers' table in front of the bar. Of the staff I recognised only Stedman, the commis sary-general; Tarleton, looking some thing the worse for his late illness; Major Hanger, his second in command, and the young Irishman, Lord Raw don. At the moment of my espial. Cornwal lis was speaking, and I drew back to listen, well enough content to be In earshot. "What we have to consider now Is how best to reach Ferguson with an express Instantly,” his Lordship was saying. "This rising of the over-moun tain men is likely to prove a serious matter —not only for the major, but for the king's cause in the two provinces. Lacking positive orders to the contrary, Ferguson will fight—we all know that; and if he should be defeated ’twill hopelessly undo his work among the border loyalists and set us back anoth er twelvemonth.” "Then your Lordship will order him to come in with what he has?” said a voice which I knew for Colonel Tarle ton’s. "Instanter, had Ia sure man to send." "I can find you a hundred amongst the late royalist recruits.” ’Twas young Lord Rawdon who said this. “I would sooner trust this new aide of mine. He comes straight from the major and can find his way back again.” Tarleton laughed. "I fear we shall never agree upon him, my Lord. I know not how he has made his peace with you, but I do assure you he is as great a rascal as ever went unhung. 'Tis true, as you say, I did not go into the particulars; but were Captain Stuart or Sir Francis Falconnet here, either of them would convince your Lordship in a twinkling.” (To be continued.) AMERICANS IN INDIA. Condition* of the Empire Undergo lng Remarkable Change. If the sun were to cease to shine in India, says the Bombay correspondent of the Pall Mall Gazette, and it were still possible to continue to live, the seasons could with ease be regulated by the movements of the viceroy. When the viceregal entourage leaves the heights of Simla for the plain It is announcement of the advent of the cold weather. Of recent years there has also been a marked increase in the number of cold-weather visitors and there are signs that India is gain ing in popularity as tirus goes on with tourists cf all descriptions. The four months beginning with October now occupy a distinct place in the calendar of the hotel-keeper, the tradesmen and the bearers. Lord Mlnto's tour Is the most exten sive one ever made by any viceroy in a single season. It covers prac tically the whole of India and comes at a most opportune moment. The new Imperial legislative council under the reform scheme, holds Its first ses sion in Calcutta after the viceroy’s return. Lord Minto will have an op portunity of seeing for himself how the reforms are received by the peo ple, or, rather, the educated classes, throughout the country. It is no holi day tour. While the Indian world is busy with the details of the viceroy’s tour, new3 conies that a party of wealthy Ameri cans is to invade India during the present season. The tourist agency assures us that they are the elite of America. They confine their pere grination to the north of India on their tour around the world. The con ditions of life in India have under gone a remarkable change in the last fifty years. In town, where the trav eler had formerly to make the best of the limited means of accommodation, now good hotel accommodation is available, and there are scores of big shops. A greater portion of India has become modern, but the old charm is lost. In the matter of sport a traveler has to go many miles into the country to find something worth shooting. For merly game abounded a few paces, so to say, from the wayside stations. From another point of view the in novations in the towns do not harmon ize with their surroundings. Side by side with an old mosque or an old Hindoo temple ugly two-storied hotels rear their heads and the effect is ludi crous, but it shows the actual condi tions of life in India. Toukli Turkey. Mark Twain when he worked in Ne vada on the Virginia City Enterprise inserted in the news a good many boarding house jokes. In revenge the humorist’s sensitive fellow boarders in Virginia City de cided to put up a game on him. They enlisted the landlady’s help, and at the Thanksgiving dinner at the board ing house Mark Twain by a dexterous piece of sleight of hand was served apparently direct from the fowl with a turkey leg of painted wood. The humorist sawed away solemnly at the wooden leg for some time. Then he said to the landlady, with a smile: "You’ve changed your poutry deal er, haven't you, ma’am?” "Why, no, Mr. Clemens,” she re plied. “What makes you think bo?” "This turkey,” he answered, giving the wooden drumstick a little whack with his knife. “It’s about the tender est morsel I've struck in this house for some months.” A Mean Trick. “Talking of mean tricks,” said the big man, "there was Ballantine. This man Ballantine cacne in late to a song recital at Palm Beach, and there wasn’t a vacant seat in the house. “Ballantine noticed Mrs. Jerome Blank. Mrs. Jerome Blank, he knew, had a very handsome husband that she kept a strict watch over. She didn’t like him to associate with any of the fair sex. ’’Ballantine, edging near to Mrs. Blank, who had an excellent seat, said in a loud voice to a friend: “ Who was that enormously pretty girl I saw Jerome Blank talking to on the pier?’ "In about four seconds Mrs. Blank wa3 gone and Ballantine was seated comfortably in her chair.” —Kansas City Star. Ala Webster. She —What's the difference between an engagement and an understanding? He —Well, an understanding is a kissable arrangement whereby each may act with impunity, and may either ripen into an engagement or be cancelled by either party if the other does not live up to expectations. —Yale Record. Tacle Kbrn Sara. "Some men,” said Uncle Eben. “is so hopeful of w&kin' up an' flndin’ deir se'fs famous dat dey puts In moe' o’ deir time goin' to sleep.”—Washington Star. __ A Cate Child. "Every time the baby looks into my face he smiles.” said Mr. Meeklns. "Well" answered hts wife, “it may not be exactly polite, but it shows he has a sense of humor.” Aeeldeat Statlatlee. One man in every twenty meets with an accident yearly. DEAD KANSAS CITY MILLIONAIRE, HIS NEPHEW, SWOPE HOME AND THE PHYSI CIAN CHARGED WITH MURDER. Swop's, KCK& . "" ::r> pill M** na'ir- xflils §g§|gfgra&r '-.''w SllHiiilll I>V. *£> ClarX, If^cle hk>TO ay AUiX- LEYTON. K.C Asa climax to the lengthy investi gation of the mysterious death of Colonel Thomas H. Swope on Oct. 3, 1909, Dr. B. C. Hyde, husband of the late Kansas City millionaire’s niece, was arrested on the charge of murder ing the aged philanthropist. First de gree murder is charged. The warrant says that Dr. Hyde, with felonious in tent. administered strychnine to Col onel Swope on the day of his death. TO CROSS THE ATLANTIC. Dirigible Balloon Will Make the At tempt >'ext May. It has now been arranged that thfe dirigible balloon trip across the Atlan tic which is projected by Joseph Brucker will start from Berlin for Ten eriffe on May 15. The enterprise will be undertaken by S. L. Schwartz, a New York promoter, and the Ganz Company of Mannheim. The balloon, which will have Vancou ver, B. C., as its objective point, is be ing constructed at Hamburg. It will be semi-circular, will be of 5,000 cubic feet dimensions and will have two 50- horsepower motors. It will carry six persons, all of them engineers. The first stage of the voyage is ex pected to take four days. The balloon will have the benefit of the trade winds most of the way. Two steamers will accompany the balloon, but they will sail two days ahead of the airship. Ban on Cold Storage Foods. Alderman Dennis J. Egan has pre sented to the Chicago City Council an ordinance prohibiting the cold storage men from keeping their supplies more than sixty days Millions In Stolen Milk. The superintendent of weights and measures for New York City announces that an Investigation has convinced him that more than 50 per cent of bot tles in which milk is delivered in the metropolis are short measure. He es timates that by this means the con sumers are robbed annually of 14,000,- 000 quarts of milk, which at 9 cents a quari would amount to $1,360,000. He wants a law passed making it a crimi nal offense to manufacture or use bot tles of less than full measure. Pluck May Save Life. Struck by a locomotive, near Utica, N. Y„ Clayton Jackson, on regaining his senses, found both his legs severed. With rare pluck he sot about saving his life by removing his shoes and ty ing the laces around the stumps of his limbs to stop the flow of blood. He then rolled over and over In the snow for a third of a mile to a railway sig nal shanty, where he obtained medical aid. There Is plenty of room at the top in a dude s bead. m ' 1 m vjdLjr Chr.iS'man Swope The death of Colonel Swope was at tended by circumstances which mysti fied the millionaire's family and close friends. Dr. Hyde had treated Colonel Swope during his last hours, and had, in signing the death certificate, given apoplexy as the cause of his demise. When in December an epidemic of typhoid fever raged in the Swope household, during which eight persons were stricken and one, Chrisman Swope, died under conditions that caused much apprehension among the attending nurses, John G. Paxton, the executor, and Mrs. Logan Swope, moth er of Christman, instituted a vigorous investigation. Dr. Edward L. Stewart came forward with the statement that on Nov. 10 Dr. Hyde had secured from him an active typhoid culture. After Dr. Stewart had divulged this info.- mation, Dr. Hyde was placed under the constant surveillance of detectives. Dr. Hyde prescribed for Colonel Swope during the latter’s illness. The pa tient was given a digestive capsule on Oct. 3. Twenty minutes later, while reading a newspaper, he went into con vulsions. His neck and limbs stiffen ed and he groaned in great pain. He rallied long enough to say: “I wish I had not taken that medicine.” The basket ball team of the Chicago University recently defeated the North western University team by a score of 44 to 6. The Walnut Hill Farm of Kentucky will send forty-four youngsters up to New York to the Fasig-Tipton sale at Madison Square Garden. The fastest new trotter of 1909 for Kansas, raced solely over half-mile tracks, was Pat My Boy, 2:17%, whose winnings exceed $1,700. Yale defeated Princeton in the first swimming meet of the season at Princeton by a score of 27*4 to 25*4. The visitors also won the water polo game 10 to 6. The high school basket ball team of Menomonie, Wis., which holds the State championship cup. recently won its first game from the Stillwater high with a score of 34 to 18. Star Pointer, the 1:59*4 pacer, will soon be shipped from California to Co lumbus, Tenn„ wfiere the balance of his life will be spent at his old home. At Oakland, Cal.. Bubbling Water gained an easy victory in the Follans bee handicap, from a field of seven. Arasee ruled favorite.’ but Bubbling Water went to the front easily and won by two lengths. Anew half-mile track, sixty feet wide, is being built at Oakdale, Cal., by the Driving Association. The track Is beautifully situated, and the grounds will be further improved by the plant ing of trees and shrubbery. Jogb Walsh, of San Francisco, who it walking from that city to Boston in the hope of breaking Weston's coast to-coast record of 105 days, expects to make the trip in 101 daya He is 5$ years old and served in the United States army thirty years. * In the second series of matches be ing shot indoors by the Intercollegiate Indoor Rifle Shooting League, the Uni versity of lowa defeated Washington State College by a margin of 57 points, which gives to the lowa team the rec ord mark of the shoot, 1,809 points. Co lumbia University defeated Cornell by 25 points, George Washington Univer sity defeated Delaware College by 193. t *j If the cows do not give their milk freely take it from them, firmly but gently. All cows that are weak, extremely thin and coughing must be removed from the herd. Apple pickers should remember that the least puncture in the skin of an apple results sooner or later in a rot ten spot. Very young pigs are sometimes kill ed by running in wet pasture during the cold days of early spring. Keep them dry. The old brood sow should be kept as long as she remains vigorous. She knows better how to raise her suck ing pigs than the young mother. It looks like a waste when thin ning the fruit on the trees, but the harvest time of larger and better fruit proves the wisdom of the course. There are so many little details to dairying that constant reading is nec essary to keep posted. Even if you know, you are likely to forget. Remember that milk does not take the place of water, and when milk is fed to the fowls should be liberally supplied with fresh water at the same time. An application of muriate of potash and fine ground bone in equal quanti ties, say two pounds each to a tree in full bearing, will prove to be very beneficial. Wood ashes are of use for fertilizer in the orchard. A combination of wood ashes and manure in the orchard is considered an excellent fertilizer for apple trees. An effective fly poison, harmless to human life, can be maae uy dissolving a dram of bichromae of potash in two ounces of water, and sweetening with * little sugar. In the vineyards of France growers not only use smudges to keep off the frosts, but to protect the vines from the sun’s drying rays in the morning after the freeze. Poultry may often with advantage be kept in the orchard. This makes it possible to arrange in poultry keep ing on a considerable scale without any cost for land. Watch the hired man when he is tending to the stock. If he is rough and brutal you can well dispense with his services, for the animals will not thrive under his care. Isn't it strange that men who never neglect a cow, or any other animal, will pay a big price for a fruit tree, stick it in the ground and never touch it again until it dies? But they do. Horses should have plenty of ex ercise during the winter months. As a rule, the horses worked continuous ly through the winter are the ones which endure best the hard work in th<? spring. There should be a few sheep on al most every farm. It is easily admitted that a few horses, a few cattle, a few pigs and some poultry must be kept on every farm from necessity or be cause they are economical. Why not sheep? Farmers with silos are inclined to feel and show greater independence than their neighbors without them. They say they don’t care so much what the season is, they are sure of lots of good feed. Andnbon Soeletlea and Farmer*. Audubon societies have been oigan ized in various States of the Union and possibly two-thirds of the States have passed laws protecting the birds, until the farmers of the coun try realize the vast importance and value of birds and until thedr wan ton destruction for ornamenting fem inine headgear is ended, the rate of insect increase and bird decrease will continue at an unsatisfactory rate. Why I'altle Are Scarce. There is a great shortage of cattle in the United States. The breaking up of the great western ranges has been a contributing cause. Large herds have been cashed in during the past few years. This meant the marketing of many females and immature stuff, and while a share of these found their way back to the feeders the larger proportion met immediate slaughter. Under such conditions the future sup ply was necessarily shortened. This, in connection with the fact that the country's beef supply has not for many years kept pace with the in creased consumptive demand, makes the shortage more keenly felt. What lo Feed the Calf. hay what you please, raising a calf by hand it not nature’s way and is not so good, but the difference in cost is supposed to make up for defects. When the calf sucks it gets a tiny stream of milk that is well mixed with saliva, which flows copiously at the same time. This saliva is very netes sary to digestion. It is really more important than the butter fat that is skimmed out. Milk may be too rich in cream for the calf. If the calf drinks its milk it takes It too fast for the saliva to mix with it properly; hence the digestion will not be perfect. But Is there no way to improve the usual drinking meth od? There is, at least to some extent. It is to feed a small quantity of milk at a time, say about a pint. This gives time for saliva to collect in the calf's mouth between drinks, and the effect is much better. Porooa Soil for Cabbage. To be able to grow cabbage success fully in any season the soil should be In such condition that the water will pass through It as freely as it would through a piece of pumice stone or porous rock. Asa general rule, the poorer the soil the drier and more porous it Is. Thus it is that on the comparatively poor farms better late cabbage are grown than in the mar ket gardens that are very rich. A sod field broken early In the spring and well manured has generally been found to grow the best cabbage. This does npt apply to the early crops. These do best on the soils that are rich and full of humus. Low-priced fertilizers sometimes give as good results as the higher priced goods, but on the whole it will pay to be liberal with nitrogen. The two experiments indicate that it is profit able to use nitrate of soda on the plant beds at the rate of 450 to 600 pounds per acre. I ** of “Tankiigt," In view of the fact that there is much inquiry concerning the use of tankage, the following description is here given as published in bulletin 65 issued by the lowa Experimental Sta tion: "Digester tankage is made from meat scraps, fat trimmings and scrap bones. These are taken up as fast as taken from the animals and put into a large steel tank and cooked un der a large steam pressure of 40 pounds to the square inch, which cooks out the tallow. After the steam is turned off it is allowed to settle, when the grease rises to the top and is drawn off. After the grease Is drawn off the tankage is kept agitated and by evaporation the water is extracted un til the tankage contains about 8 per cent moisture. It is then taken out of the tank, allowed to cool, is ground and stored ready for shipment.”—Mich igan Experiment Station. Planting' Orchard (irndnulljr, I will suggest that one acre is enough for the family orchard, writes a Min nesota orchardist. and I do not advise planting it ail the first year. As the years go by you will learn much from experience. The best location is a north or east slope, mainly because the trees will not start growing so soon in the spring, and because the soil will not dry out so quickly. One can mulch trees on a south slope to keep the ground from thawing early in the spring, but this does little gocd, for it also takes cool air to keep the buds from starting; this condition is more natural on the north slope. But do not give up planting an orchard, even if yon do not have the ideal location, be cause fruit will do fairly well on south ern exposure. Be sure to put up a good fence around the orchard site. This is one of the things I might leave to common sense? But I have noticed in this line common sens-: is mighty uncommon. Discuse in Milk. Milk, when pure, is the best of food, but that it may become a menace to health is shown by the following from a high medical authority: "It has been demonstrated that dis ease germs may not only survive, but in many instances actually proliferate in the milk, and it is not a difficult matter to point out the many ways by which these germs gain access, es pecially when some of the employes are also engaged in nursing the sick, or are suffering themselves from some mild infection while continuing their duties, or are convalescent from dis ease, and thus infect the milk while handling it. “It is quite conceivable how animals, in wading in filth and sewage-polluted water, may affect the udder, and through it the milk, with the germs of typhoid fever. We can also appre ciate how infected water may convey the germs when used for washing the utensils or in deliberate adulterations. Infection may also take place through the agency of scrubbing brushes, dish cloths, flies, and exposure to infected air.” Srraiihiff Hurl* from Treen. As to the advisability of scraping rough, or shaggy, bark from apple trees, Prof. H. A. Surface of Pennsyl vania says: “This depends upon the conditions in general. I would advise such treat ment, especially where it Is rough, scaly bark of old trees; but If it be bark that has been roughened by tho injurious action of oil sprays, or by burning with fire or by some other injury, I can assure you that I am satisfied it would be wrong to scrape off such bark; because it is to the ten der bark underneath just what a scab on an animal is to a sore which it is protecting. Therefore, if the bark beneath be tender, so that it would be injured by being scraped, it is not best to do it. In the case of an ordi nary healthy tree it is certainly best, but at injured places, such as above mentioned, it is advisable to scrape gently, if at all. On an old tree you can not apply enough pressure with a short-handled doe or bark-scraper to do any injury, and you will remove many insect pests, such as codling moth, woolly aphis and certain hiber nating creatures, and expose scale in sects and other pests to the action of the weather and of the insecticides, which you will doubtless apply before the leaves appear.” H,,v t Srlwl a Karin. Tne following is taken from an ar ticle in the North Dakota Farmers’ Institute Annual: “If the farm is old, a good deal ma* be learned by noticing the crops grow ing, or taking account of the yieMs per acre. But if the land is new some other method must be followed. Per haps as good a one as is at present in use is that employed by the rail roads in making their soil surveys. Provide yourself with a spade or 2-inch augur having a shank at least 40 Inches in length. Find a corner of your land and work from that along one line. On a ruled piece of paper indicate the forties as you go along. Go to the center or a high point and map the whole area. Get the hills accurately located and if there is a creek fix Its location “After the map Is completed divide your land into ten-acre plots and in the center of each make a bole, boring at least 30 inches deep, and put down in black aDd white what you find. In connection with this, notice the ground thrown up by badgers, prairie dogs or gophers. Too much emphasis can not be laid upon the matter of sub soil and subsoil moisture. It marks the line between arid and productive lands. It means success or failure. Where that subsoil in the middle of summer shows a plenty of moisture, the chance becomes a fair assurance. But where the subsoil besides being dry is leachy in character, unless yon can Irrigate or live In the land of many rains—don't buy. THE WEEKLY 1497—Second patent granted to John Cabot by Henry VII. of England to make a western voyage of discov ery. 1652—New Amsterdam incorporated, and a municipal government estab lished, 1663—The valley of the St. Lawrenco vieited by a disastrous earthquake. 1690—Schenectady. N. Y., attacked and burned by the French and Indians. 1693—Nearly 2,000 persons killed in earthquake in Sicily. 1775 Second Provincial Congress met at Cambridge, Mass. 1776 — The Gadsden flag presented to the American Congress. 1783 —Sweden recognized the independ ence of the United States.. .Final cessation of hostilities between the United States and Great Britain. 1787—Gen. Arthur St. Clair elected President of the American Con gress. 1793—Salary of President of the United States fixed at $25,000 a year. 1811—Prince of Wales appointed regent for King George 111. of England. 1814—Massachusetts abolished impris onment for debt. 1831 —Baron Aylmer entered upon his term of office as Governor of Can ada. 1809—Gen. Zuloaga resigned the presi dency of Mexico. 1861—The government of the Confeder ate States of America organized st Montgomery, Ala... .Texas conven tion passed an ordinance of seces sion. ’.B67—The Earl of Carnarvon, British colonial secretary. Introduced the British North American Act into the House of Lords... .Nebraska admitted to Statehood by act of Congress. 1874—Coomasie captured by a British force under Lord Wolseley. 1876—Manitoba abolished the legisla tive council.... National League of Baseball Clubs organized at Cin cinnati. 18S3—Toronto opera house destroyed by fire. 1887 — Sir Alexander Campbell appoint ed Lieutenant Governor of Ontario. ....David Turpie elected United States Senator from Indiana. 1888— Completion of the Lick observa tory at Mount Hamilton, Cal. 1889— United States Senate rejected an extradition treaty with Great Brit ain. 1899 — Commander Taussig took pos session of the Island of Guam in the name of the United States. 1892 — The Behring Sea Commission met at Washington. 1893 The Illinois Legislature repealed the compulsory education law. 1895—Insurrection in Cuban began. 1897 —Pennsylvania State capital st Harrisburg destroyed by fire. 1900 — Sir Wilfrid Laurler delivered memorable speech in Parliament on the relations between Canada and Great Britain. 1901 — L. P. Brodeur elected speaker of the Dominion (louse of Commons. 1904 — Beginning of the great Balthnor* fire, which lasted two days and de stroyed property to the value of nearly $150,000,000... .William H. Taft became Secretary of War. 1905 — The Reid company awarded sl,- 500,000 for the loss of telegraph rights of Newfoundland. 1908 — Manual If. ascended the throne of Portugal. 1909 — Ispahan, Persia, captured by the rebels. Cold Facia. Hen —There, my dear son, go eggs laid by my grandmother, who is dead and gone these two years.- Life. SHORT NEWS NOTES. The Salvation Army has announced the receipt of $2,500 from an unidenti fied woman, to assist in the work of its New York bread line. New York thieves have stolen a pair of huge bronze spectacles from the statue of Chester A. Arthur, in Madi son Square Park. A snake fifteen feet long and fiv* inches In diameter, which had been crawling along one of the principal residence streets of Jersey City, was cut in two by a trolley car. A $200,000 institutional church for negroes is to be built at New York by St Philip's Episcopal Church, a wealthy negro congregation. The has relief of Ezra Cornell's head is so hard to duplicate in ordinary dec orative work that the trustees of Cor nell University have offered a prize of S2OO for the best emblem for the uni versity. Police at Lexington, Ky., believe that drunken rowdies broke the window glasses in the Burley Tobacco Socie ty's offices there and scared the watch man Into thinking they were night riders. Mrs. Patrick Joyce and her grand daughter, Mary Sweeney, died In a firs which destroyed their home at Mi nooka. Pa. Seven other persons were hurt Representatives of the Baltimore and Ohio conductors and trainmen held a preliminary conference with officials of the road on the wage question, at Baltimore. The report of State Examiners L. G. Tatsman and R- A. Taiiman filed with the State Auditor of Ohio shows offi cers and former officers of Columbiana County to have received illegal fees aggregating $21,338.99. A total of |S,- its.2B baa been refunded.