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V?JfiiU™ NCGfiO PDOBLCM IN .
tf HE first idea of a “Liberia” — set t.lement of free negroes—arose H Jim with the foundation of the Brit n/fWKmJk. *sh colony of Sierra Leone. Aft- Wv.WNlfflk er the close of the American m War of Independence in 1783 it became necessary to provide for jglcV the negro troops who had served Great Britain faithfully in that unhappy struggle. They were at " first deported to Nova Scotia, but 1 ad no place there in the body politic of white men; they were no longer slaves, but the idea of granting the suffrage to negroes was then displeasing to the dominant race. There was also the problem of che free Maroon negroes of Jamaica, who were irksome to the authori ties in a land of slavery. So the idea of found ing a free negro state or community in West Africa for the reception of enfranchised Amer ican negroes came into being about 1784, and in 1787 the colony of Sierra Leone was found ed under a chartered company and taken over by the crown in 1808. Early in the nineteenth century the same difficulty arose in the United States, namely, the presence of thousands of free negroes whose case had not been sufficiently provided for by the American Constitution. Somehow A S/Arty/F CHt/!.577/l/Y rAWIY _*• or other these free negroes and mulattoes — growing impatient of being taxed without rep resentation—must be provided for. So several philanthropists, remembering Sierra thought to promote by private enterprise and philanthropy a similar colony aciyiss Che sea ■which might provide for the return to West Africa (whence most of them had come) of the freed slaves of the United States. Indeed, there was a strong disposition to adop. Sierra for this purpose, with the assent of the British government; but the local authorities of Sierra Leon showed themselves very averse from receiving American negroes, who might owe a divided allegiance. 1 Accordingly the Ai\erioan founders of “Li beria” (this name was not given to the infant state until 1824) —who were mostly white men with a few mulattoes and negroes—selected the Grain Coast, immediately to the south and east of Sierra Leone, for their experiment. It was som*' weeks before the hostility of the natives, who were wedded to the slave trade, could be overcome, but in 1822 active operations were begum A thirty-acre tract was allotted to each man with the means of cultivating it. The National Colonization soci ety’s agents became discouraged at the diffi culties that were met and returned to Ameri ca with a few faint-hearted ones; but the others rallied about a determined negro, Elijah Johnson, and remained. The colony was en larged bv the addition of new tracts. New settlements were afterward formed at Cape Monte and in the newly acquired Bassa Land, in which, in 1834, a town, was founded and called Edina, in acknowledgment of pecuniary aid sent from Edinburgh. Many of the neigh boring chiefs were received into the colony, and others were subdued. Trials of many kinds, deprivations and dissensions were the lot of the colony, managed by a society which did not fully know whether its aims were sen timental or practical. In 1847 Liberia was left to its own resources and declared an Inde pendent republic. The colony Immediately be gan to show more prosperity, numerous churches and schools were founded, newspa pers were established, and slavery in the neighboring states was abolished. The first president of independent Liberia was Roberts, an octoroon. He was a most able and cour ageous man and the country made rapid strides in civilization and other material lines Poor Man-on Foot In a few years aeroplanes will be as jommon as automobiles are now, and It is obvious that the man-on-foot will have little show, says the Emporia Ga zette. The auto-scorcher will be a harmless individual as compared with the speed maniac overhead. A man who will take to aeroplaning must be naturally reckless to begin with, and his recklesness will increase with each flight. His boilers will bust, and his The Spider and the Fly What a change has come over the world since the time when children used to be taught what were consid ered to be pretty verses of the hate ful, horrid spider and the innocent little fly who used to be Invited to walk into hts parlor, and, tempted by many allurements, be there caught, ruthlessly bound hand and foot and cruelly murdered. What a moral lee son Is made for the ycun* to avoid 1J //r r " r ///r£ * /a * *> IMI C£L£r&RAT//VG TH£ L/G£ft/Arf f£f£)£P£HDF/VCIT DA Y of progress under his administra tion. The constitution of the republic is framed after that of the United States. There are a president, vice president, a council of six ministers and a house of representatives. Vot ers must be of negro blood and own real estate. The natives gnerally do not avail themselves of the suf frage. No foreigner can own land without the consent of the govern- ernment. The coast territory is formed into the counties of Bassa, Cape Palmas and Sinoe, with one superintendent each, and Montserra do, with four superintendents. The capital is Monrovia, named after President Monroe. English monev is used, but American money figures usually in the keeping of accounts. There is a Liberian coinage and a rather large paper currency. The officL.l language of the country Is English. The civilized in habitants are orthodox Protestants, mostly Episcopalians. During the fifties and sixties of the last cen tury the Americo-Liberians did much to ex plore the interior and enter into treaty rela tionships with the native chiefs. But thirty years ago their administration began to get into financial difficulties. It is not an easy thing to create a well-ordered, well-governed state In tropical Africa without a consider able capital to draw on. Consider for a mo ment what Great Britain has spent on Sierra Leone since 1787, and on the Gold Coast wars, the opening up of Nigeria; or the outlay of France on Senegambia or Dahomey; and then Imagine how the government of Liberia could without any reserve of capital bring law, order and civilization into a densely forested terri tory nearly the size of England, with a prob able population of over a million warlike sav ages and semi-savages. So long as Britain and France —the control ling powers—contented themselves with the mere occupation of a few coast towns on the seaboard of their West African dominions or protectorates, the Monrovia government could afford to do the same. But when these great European powers were compelled by force of circumstances to occupy and administer the regions behind their coasts the Liberians found themselves in a position of great diffi culty. They had been allotted theoretically by France and England a considerable hinter land—more than 80,000 square miles—and were held responsible for the doings of the native tribes in that extensive interior. Now these tribes had never been subdued by the government of the republic. They were many of them in treaty relationships with the Mon rovia administration, and such of them as had heard of the civilized negro government on the coast (and it must be remembered that much of the interior is dense forest, inhabited by engines will fly to pieces, and there will be showers of hardware, and big iron castings will hit the man-on-foot and knock him into the ground up to his shoulder blades. Every time he walks around a block a falling monkey wrench or claw hammer will dot him on the head and make him sick and weary. Another prospective evil Is the in crease of insurance agents. There the allurements of the world, for the wages of sin is death, and he who loveth the danger shall perish in it As the FYench would say: "But, how we have changed all that!" Now we know that any agency that is destruct ive of the fly Is a precious boon to mankind. We know that the harm less, innocent fly, of whom we used to talk during the winter at least in rather pitiful ayr ■'•♦hetic tone* tribes who for ages have been isolated in that forest, and were—and are—quite ignorant of the world outside their tribal land) were quite willing to regard the Liberians as the ruling power on the seashore. But they were very disinclined to obey orders from Monrovia if contrary to their own desires. The tribes farthest inland looked upon the British and French —the “white men ’—as ag gressors who were putting down by force a most lucrative slave trade, who were forcibly disclosing the secrets of sacred streams like the Niger near its sources, who, in short, were not only to be opposed, but whose organized territories offered a most, profitable field for raids and robberies. More than this; the im port of guns, gunpowder, rifles (above all) and alcohol was being restricted or forbidden by the Europeans. The Liberian coast, especially where it was slenderly guarded by the Libe rian administration, offered the one loophole through which these forbidden goods might be smuggled. Accordingly a great trade sprang up between these uncontrolled hinterland tribes and the Kru people on the coast, who affected a sort of detachment from the govern ment by the Amerlcan-Negro republic. In these ways the Liberian hinterland became a positive source of danger and expense to the The “servant problem” is bad enough in America, and the experiences mistresses have to relate are many and varied; but an infinite ly wider range of possibilities Is opened up when mere man—and a bachelor at that — tackles the servant and other household prob lems In an East African bungalow. Anything can happen —and does happen! Native house servants of a sort are plen tiful enough around the chief towns of Brit ish East Africa. Nairobi and Mombasa, and the slightest rumor that the Muzungu (white man) requires a “boy” or m’pezl (cook) fills one’s compound with cooks, “generals” and raw niggers, representing every tribe under Africa's sun, a writer in the Wide World says. The average bachelor contents himself with four servants—a head “boy,” a cook, a “toto” (youth) to assist them, and a m'shenzi (raw, untrained native) for odd Jobs, garden ing, etc. It is no easy task to make a selection from the host of eager, voluble applicants. Dirty, carefully stuck-together “baruas” (testimoni als) are examined and the owners questioned, but it is unwise to put much faith in these documents, for it is no unusual occurrence for a “boy”—on the principle of "the more the merrier" —to proudly present you with three will be an aeroplane insurance, which will enable you to provide for your widow and children in case an aviator falls on you and squashes you. In surance agents of various kinds are so thick now that It is Impossible to avoid them, and any scheme that threatens to swell their ranks should be denounced by press and pulpit. Life Preservers for the Air. Dirigible balloon accidents for the last four years show a loss of 35 lives, and in the past two years 12 aeroplan- though our tune changed sometime* .n summer, when he bothered our rest, is one of the most deadly ene mies that mankind has. He is prob ably responsible for more sickness and death, and especially among the children —those to whom he was held up once as an object lesson for sym pathy and an ethical warning in the past —than any other single agent. Wars and accidents, and even earth quakes and floods, cannot be com pared with musca volitans for sheer 4* strsictl veness. —lndependent Hiring Help In East Africa ists have met the same fate. Is it not time that some of the Ingenuity spent upon perfecting the airship be devot ed to Inventing an airship life pre server? In hot air balloon ascensions the descent Is always made with a par achute. While an aeroplaaist might not be able to extricate himself from his seat in time to take advantage of a parachute, why should not an equip ment of this kind be feasible for the dirigible airships? Those who are competent to deai with the situation should devise Borne method of pre Mean Trick to Play on Rival. A characteristic anecdote is told of Cherubini, the most jealous of the Ir ritable genus of composers. He had been prevailed upon to be present at the first representation of the work of a confrere, and. during the first acta, which were much applauded by the public, he had kept a gloomy silence. The third act was less favorably re ceived, and a certain pasaage especial ly seemed to cast a cold blanket over the spectators, when the old maestro, to the astonishment of his friends, was British protectorate of Sierra Leone and the French possessions of the Sudan and Ivory Coast. Consequently the Liberian government has been forced of late years to live somewhat beyond its means in organizing a police and a marine, in occupying the Kru coast and in attempting to construct roads to places of importance in the interior. It has from time to time engaged Euro pean officers for its services; but whereas some of these engagements have been of noteworthy success, others have been the reverse, and it is difficult to locate the blame. European capital is somewhat shy of Liberia, partly owing to the turbulence of the interior natives (though this has been exaggerated, for white men very seldom really incur danger from the indigenes), but more on account of the irresponsible fickleness of the legislature, which is given too much to the hasty making and unmaking of laws and to conflicts of opinion with the executive. Yet the country is extremely rich. Its rocks and river valleys produce both gold and diamonds, some of the coast districts (especially in the east) even give indications of the existence of bitumen, or oil-bearing strata, while the forests of the in terior are remarkable for their wealth of rubber bearing trees and lianas, their ebony, African teak and “mahogany," and the piassava fiber (derived from the raphia palm), which is used for so many purposes connected with the making of brooms and brusffes. Then there Is the oil-palm, with its two kinds of oil, both valuable to commerce—the oil of the husk and that of the kernel. The extraction of this last and its great value for special Industries are said to have been dis covered some seventy-five years ago by an American negro, one of the early colonists of Liberia. A great deal was done by these freed slave settlers, for which they have never re ceived sufficient credit. Unfortunately the attempted colonization of Liberia has been hindered by the American negro colonists proving almost as much liable to malarial fever and other African diseases as Europeans. They seem to have lost the relative immunity from these blood-germ mal adies which their African ancestors enjoyed. The modern Amerlca-Liberian does not stand the climate of Liberia much better than the white man from Europe or America. The country is not unhealthy in the interior; it is the coast belt which, with its eternal heat and moisture, its very short dry seasons, and tor rential rains (conditions which suit admirably the cultivation of rubber, cofTee and cacao) saps the vitality of residents not of African birth. And the hinterland, with its superior conditions of climate, has already a some what large indigenous population, who are not eager for foreign additions to their numbers. testimonials, every one bearing a different name from the one under which he introduces himself* These gentry are always greatly offended when you kick them off the veranda and tell them they have bought or stolen the docu ments from other natives! Upon one occasion a would- be cook brought me a “barua” signed by a well-known settler and worded: "To whom It may concern: The bearer of this ‘barua’ is an infernal rogue and thief. Please kick him out.” By the time I had stopped laughing the nig ger had arrived at the conclusion that some thing was wrong and was doing record time down the path, so I was unable to avail my self of the kind invitation. HORSE TRADE IN MISSOURI. In St. Charles last week Lester Ingraham traded A. S. Osborn a horse for a motor boat. A few hours later Osborn discovered that the horse was worthless, so he went to the boat and removed the engine and the horse died as he was hauling it away. A Jury In a Jus tice’s court awarded Ingraham the engine and $1 damages.—Detroit Free Press. serving life in the case of accidents, which seem to be a foregone conclu sion, at least In the early stages jf the flying game.—Leslie’s. A Professional Diagnosis. Policeman —What is the matter with my finger, doctor? It pains me terri bly. Surgeon—lt is a strictly profes. sional affliction. Policeman—What do you mean? Surgeon—Simply that you have a felon on hand. seen to applaud heartily. "Do you really like that duo?" asked one of them; "I should have thought it was one of the poorest and coldest in the whole opera." "You idiot," answered the maestro, with genuine naivete, "don't you Bee that if I did not applaud it be might possibly cut it cut?" For a Clean Cellar. When whitewashing a cellar add a tablespoonful of carbolic acid to every pailful of whitewash. Thla la tfca best purifier you can ha?*, SECRETS OF HONEY BUSINESS Bees Will Store Just as Much In Old Box or Washing Machine as in Finest Hive. Bees will store Just as much honey In any kind of an old box. keg or de serted washing machine as in the finest hive that was ever made, and that Is one of the big secrets of the bee business; the principal thing is keep the box cool by shading it dur ing the heat of the day, though shade at other times I consider objection able. Close to the hive have an abun dance of water, some salt and slaked lime, writes A. F. Benney in Farm Press. The best watering device I A "T ree Box." know of is a board st at an angle of about twenty degrees with a can or bucket at the high end which leaks Just fast enough to keep the board wet a little. The container must be kept covered, else the bees will get in and drown. Secret No. 2. Do not molest the bees after they get to work, and give them an abundance of room in which to store honey—2,ooo to 3.000 cubic Inches is not too much. No. 3. Bees will sting, for they are built that way. The remedy Is to wear veil and gloves until you get to like having the little dears prod you. Take an old box of about 2,000 cu bic Inches capacity and across one end fasten a dozen sticks the size of your finger, nailing into the ends of them through the sides of the box. Cleat the cover boards together, cut a hole one half by six inches In the lower end and fasten it on with screws. Now tie a wire loop in the top of the box to hang it up by and you have what I call a “tree box.” With several of them, which cost me just 15 cents, I got honey enough to sell for SIOO, but I sorted it carefully, putting the clean white comb into jars (Mason), and selling it for 15 cents a pound. The rest of the honey I strained and put in jelly tumblers, Mason Jars and tin (gallon) cans and it averaged me 11*4 cents a pound. Labels can be bought at a low price which aid in selling. At the end of the season I had besides the honey several swarms of bees and could have had more. Long Churning. The principal causes for long churn ing are here given in the Montana ex periment station bulletin, and possi bly those Interested may find out what is wrong by comparison with these different causes. 1. Cream may be too cold. 2. Cream may be from "strippers.” 3. Cream may be too thin. 4. Cream may be too thick, and thus whip up into a lather when the churning commences, and by sticking on the side of the churn is not really churning, even if the churn is revolv ing. 5. Churn may be too full. 6. You may be churning too fast and thus carry the cream right around with the churn. Of course, there are bacteria] infec tions that will cause slow churning, but I would hardly suppose that you would be bothered to that extent. Prob ably in looking over your work some of these causes may give you a clue. Bees and Cucumbers. A correspondent of one of the lead ing bee Journals is authority for the statement that more than 100 growers of hothouse cucumbers in Massachus etts have found it necessary to keep bees in their buildings to "set" or fructify the cucumbers. Over 1,000 col onies are now being used in this way and in most cases It has found necessary to replace these colonies each year. This has created a steady demand for bees, and the benefits de rived have been so apparent that this demand promises to grow. At present, however, an earnest effort is being made to determine if possible, why col onies thus kept in hothouses are short lived, since the necessity of replacing them almost yearly la not only very expensive but seems a great sacrifice of the industrious little insects. Vermin on Pigs. Keep your pigs free from vermin and also free from worms and you will not hear so much about "cholera” Many hogs die from the above causes and the trouble is laid to cholera. If the genuine cholera ever gets Into your herd of hogs you will quickly know it, and all the doctoring you may do will be of little use. The many so-called cures are general fail ures. Kill those showing the disease, and put all the others on new ground where no hogs have been, and feed them but very little, and you may stamp out the disease to a consider able extent Good Pastures. Shade from the hot sun and pure water are as essential to good pastures as plenty of grass. Hauling Produce. The average cost of hauling one ton of produce one mile in the incited States is twenty-three cents; in Eu rope it is eight cents. With equally as good roads as the French peasant enjoys, the American farmers could save $250,000,000 a year. Growing Cedar Trees. A fanner In Tennessee ha a 2? acres planted to cedar, which is grown for the sole purpose of making lead pen cils. The trees grow very rapidly and ars cultivated ilka any other crop. STUMP SPUTTER IS UNIQUE Old Method of Using Wedge or Dyna mite Improved Upon by Large Conical Screw. The usual method of removing stumps of trees from the ground is to split them by the use of a wedge or a blast of dynamite, says Scientific American. The accompanying illus Unique Stump Splitter. tration shows anew method. It con sists in screwing a wedge into the top of the stump. The wedge is in reality a large conical screw, provided at its lower end with a fine thread used for starting the cone into the wood. The shaft of the screw is provided with a hand wheel, by which it may be stead ied and turned. Extending laterally from the shaft is a long arm, at the end of which a whiffietree is coupled. A horse may be hitched to the whtffi tree, to turn the shaft and screw the cone into the stump. When the stump Is too large for the threaded cone on the shaft to spilt effectively, another cone section may be added. After the stump has been split by means of the cone into a number of small parts these parts can easily be excavated and removed. POTATOES WERE LEFT OVER Seed Remained in Ground All Winter and Produced Strong, Vigors ous Plants. Sometimes potatoes left in the ground over winter will produce good crops the following year. Of course such instances are raro and are not easily accounted for. The photograph Left-Over Potatoes. from which the accompanying cut was made was sent by a man living at Stamford, Conn. He says this hill was from seed which remained In the ground all winter and grew strong vigorous plants the next spring. The ground had been heavily fertilized for rhubarb. Comfort for Hired Men. I once knew a man who believed It was right to provide a comfortable room for the hired man, and was glad to see that he had plenty to eat oi good wholesome food. He also found that It paid, for he has never had any trouble to keep his help when hands were scarce and his help takes an in terest in the work too. I know, be cause I have worked for him for o number of years and do not expect to make a change soon. —A Hired Man. Exercise for Horses. Exercise is essential to the welfare of both mare and foal. Green pas turage is, of course, the ideal environ ment for the brood mare, and especial ly by its cleanliness has a salutary effect in the prevention of Ills. The early foal without the advantage of this environment is peculairly liable to the contraction of disease from germs lurking in the stable. The application of lime to cabbage soil is highly recommended. Thin the early endives and keep the cultivation going between the rows. Bee hives should be made so that they can be opened without jarring them. Stirring honey unnecessarily causes it to candy sooner than it otherwise would. Avoid breaking or treading on the vines when gathering cucumbers or melons. The best way to combat the Hessian fly, is to seed the wheat fields as late as possible. On the same day that the plowing is done the harrow or packer should fol low the plow. The cool days of middle autumn af ford the best time of the year to paint the farm buildings. Eat the string beans while trey are crisp. Take a dish of them over to the neighbor who has none. One hundred pounds of nitrate of soda per acre will help shove late cabbages along wonderfully. Close stopping of fruiting cucumbers is necessary or a lot of useless wood and foliage will be made. Young plants, of course, will need more free dom. Fruit trees, like most other plants appreciate god soil, although it is true that many paying orchards are on land that is unfit for general farm ing. Unless the pasture Ls exceptionally t;ood and the calf five or six month* old when turned out they should not be left to eat grass alone, but should have some grain. The queen bee lives to an age oI four years or more, but the workers live for only about forty days. Keep the tomato vines off the ground. Hand-pick tomato-worms, they are easily found and killed. If you want to enrich your soil cheaply, sow a cover crop as fast as the ground Is vacated by vegetables. Hoe or cultivate cabbages, and other growing crops, often, —at least once In ten days, and especially after rains The maintenance of fertility of pro ductivenees of soils ls very largely a matter of the up-keep of the humus content RECIPES FOR CAKE OATMEAL COOKIES MADE TEN DER BY USE OF KNIFE. Ingredients Used In Making Three- Layer Hot-Watet Cake, Orange Preparations—Also Good Di rections for Kisses. Oatmeal Cookies Help. —Almost ev ery one is fond of oatmeal cookies, but there is one thing disliked by many, that is the uncooked taste that the oatmeal has if not ground. 1 have learned by experience that by using the coarsest knife on your food chop per and grinding the oatmeal through it improves the cookies very much. This does not pulverize the oatmeal but makes the grains finer and dis tributes the flavor more evenly, and they never have that uncooked taste. Below is my favorite recipe; One cup shortening, half lard and half butter; one large cupful C sugar creamed with butter, two eggs well beaten, nine tablespoonfuls sour milk, one scant teaspoonful soda dissolved In milk, one teaspoonful cinnamon, half tea spoonful nutmeg, pinch of salt; one half cupful chopped nut moats; one cupful chopped raisin, one small tea spoonful baking powder sifted with two cups flour. Add one cup ground oatmeal last. I bake these in inuftlu tins, but can be baked as drop cookies if preferred. Hot Water Cake. —Pour eggs, sop urate them, beat yolks light, gradually stirring in two cupfuls of granulated sugar. Beat well together, add one cupful of boiltng water, two cupfuls of flour, one teaspoonful of baking pow der. Beat whites to a froth and flavor. This makes a good, large, three layer cake. Bake slowly. Orange Cake. —One cup sugar, three tablespoonfuls butter, two eggs, half cup orange juice, grated rind of one orange, one and one-half cups flour, one and one-half teaspoonfuls baking powder. Cream butter, add sugar, beat; add eggs unbeatetn; beat thor oughly; add orange juice, then the flour sifted with the baking powder. Bake in gem pans and roll in powder ed sugar while warm. Kisses. —Tho secret of good kisses lies in the beating. Beat the whites of two eggs to a stiff froth, then add two cupfuls of granulated sugar and one teaspoonful of vinegar. Beat well for twenty minutes. Turn your bak ing pan upside down and cover with oiled paper. Drop the mixture in tea spoonfuls on the pan. In baking they swell quite a bit. Do not turn the light dc the oven until they are In. Then bake slowly 25 minutes. This quan tity makes two dozen. Veal In New Style. Get two pounds of the breast even (f there is to be no con pany, for it :-an be eaten cold the next day. 801 l aut the long narrow piece and All it with a stuffing of dry, stale white bread, and chopped plmeni.os seasoned with cayenne and salt. Mix the mass together with olive oil, put in a raw beaten egg and lay the dressing on the veal, shaping this into a roll. Skewer or tie with cords and dredge with flour, pouring over a little olive oil to start the roasting if there is lit tle fat. This must be thoroughly done to be perfect, and when tt is served the carver cuts a round slice, putting the stuffing beside it and covering the two with the gravy. Chipped Beef With Mushrooms. One-half pound of chipped beef, cut in small pieces, soak in cold water fifteen minutes, squeeze dry In a cloth, and mix thoroughly in plenty of flour, well peppered. Place two small ta blespoonfuls of but! r in a frying pan; in the butter have a piece of onion which has been cooked ten minutes, take out onion, put in the floured beef, and let simmer over the Are three minutes, stirring constantly; add three dozen tiny button mush rooms or one and one-half dozen larger cut in halves, and one and one half cups of milk. Stir constantly until il starts to boil. Serve on six slices ol toast. This can be prepared very nicely in a chafing dish. Filler for Floors. When you are having your floor stained here is a good filler, recom mended by a paint man, to cover ut the cracks in a carpetless floor. It ls nothing more nor less than newspaper and mucilage. Soak the newspaper In warm water until It ii reduced, by tearing and squeezing, tc a mere pulp; mix this pulp with enough mucilage to give It consistency and stuff the cracks with It by means of a pointed stick, smoothing them off carefully so as to avoid lumps. This will do Just as well as an ex pensive and troublesome putty filler. Chicken Salad. An attractive way of serving chick en salad is to place it In a ring of ham jelly. Two cupfulß of the salad should he poured in the ring of Jelly after it Is placed on a platter. To make the dish attractive the jelly should rest on lettuce or watercress. For the ham Jelly whip one-half pint of thick cream until stiff, stir Iv a cupful of aspic jelly, cool a little, and add a Jar of potted ham. By adding a few drops of fruit sirup it will make the Jelly pink. Light Buns. Set sponge for bread at noon. Be fore going to bed take out about on* quart of the sponge, add one egg, one half cupful of sugar, a lump of short ening the size of an egg. and knead In the morning mold into biscuit, lei rise until light, and bake. When don* touch over lightly with butter. Tbi* makes the crust tender. These bum are delicious and enjoyed by everj Brown Sugar Fudge. A pound of brown sugar (a mediun shade), a cup of rich milk, lump o butter size of egg, teaspoonful of va nilla. Cook the mixture until it form* a soft ball in water, beat hard am! pour until an inch thick in buttered pans. This fudge ls also good with nuts In it. and some persons considei it is improved by a tablespoonful ol table molasses (sirup). Fruits. Anything from a watermelon down to strawberries unhulied with a little paper of powdered sugar to assist In their service goes well at a picnic. A few lemons should always be car ried —a squeeze of lemon Juice added to each cup of drinking water ma king it not only more refreshing but serving as a germicide in case there is anything out of the way with tha water supply. In packing bananas, carry separately from the rest of tha luncheon, as their heavy odor par* meates everything laid near theca.