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Wausau pilot. [volume] (Wausau, Wis.) 1896-1940, March 05, 1912, Image 2

Image and text provided by Wisconsin Historical Society

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85040749/1912-03-05/ed-1/seq-2/

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F one would learn the in-
Snermost secrets of the
wild neighbors about him,
let him go forth into
woods and fields after the
first snowstorm has cov
ered the earth with an
immaculate mantle of
glistening whiteness.
There he will find re
corded a true and exhaus
tive account of outdoor
■ happenings of the past
twenty-four hours.
Across the snow-covered field at the
♦’dge of the woods you trail the fa
miliar tracks of the little cottontail
rabbit. By their side, and occasional
ly joining and obliterating them, are
the accusing foot-prints of that mis
chievous pointer pup, who should
have been tied up in the barn. About
a small clump of swaying weed-stalks
are the four-barred prints of such
hardy birds as Juncos, red polls, and
the larger blue-jays and crows. A pow
dery mass of loosened snow comes
sifting down from the topmost bough
of an evergreen at the forest edge, as
a large snowy owl flies noiselessly
back into the silent woods. Driven
from his summer hunting grounds at
the far north, by the icy hand of win
ter, he will levy toll from squirrels,
grouse and rabbits, before taking his
departure for more congenial climes
at the coming of spring. His hunting
is methodical and constant. With set.
silent, wings, he swoops suddenly down
upon his victim, like some great
white specter of the forest. Little
round pellets of hair, feathers and
bones found on the snow beneath his
favorite perch, indicate the fate of his
unfortunate prey Fierce, rapacious
and insatiable, he flies over the fields,
and through the forest, ever ready to
fall like a meteor on some unsuspect
ing bird or mammal. Unlike most of
his kind, this bold assassin from the
arctic does not confine his hunting ex
cursions to the night lime alone, but
flies abroad during certain hours of
the day as well; thereby proving even
more destructive and dangerous than
bis ally in crime, the northern gos
hawk.
Over the whitened aisles of the for
est wind the beautiful, delicately
traced trails of the little wood-mice.
Nibbling daintily at dried grass and
larger weed-stalks, they wander
about during the coldest weather.
When the thermometer stands far be
low zero and starvation often threat
ens them, these little mice, when in
the vicinity of farms, make their way
to the granaries and barns, in seart h
of food. When wandering about the
woods, they often come upon the
shed antler of a deer or moose; they
at once start to nibble and gnaw at
the hard substance, until they finally
entirely destroy it. In many instances
their winding ~raile disappear beneath
the snow, to reappear some little dis
tance further on, emerging from a tiny
tunnel which they have dug in search
of hidden seeds.
At the base of some forest tree is
recorded the jump of the gray squir
rel. In long, undulating bounds, he
makes his way over the snow. Often
times he pokes his nose beneath the
Burface and pushes and roots in search
of acorns or uuts, which he knows are
somewhere beneath that cold w’hite
covering. Some blue-jays scream, and,
unwilling to betray his storehouse, he
runs quickly to a nearby trunk and as
cends to the first limbs, where he sits
vociferously scolding the noisy intru
ders.
Reneath the snow-laden branches of
the balsams, the round cat-like Im
prints of the lynx show forth. Rold
and prominent, they form an easily
followed trail through the woods. The
half-buried top of a fallen tree, a
cavity left by the roots of an upturned
stump, a thick-grown mass of rhodo
denrons. have all been carefully ex
amined by this soft-footed prowler in
his relentless search for food. Slight
ly further on. his trail Joins that of the
varying hare, or "white rabbit,” and
his tread becomes measured and care
ful. as he creeps forward on the hot
scent of his intended victim. About
tile edge of a dismal swamp the dis
turbed snow shows where, coming on
the unwary hare, he has made his leap
and secured his prize. The line by
the side of his trail marks the drag
of his prey on the snow as he has car
ried it to the top of an open knoll
Here are displayed all the evidences
of his savage feast. Having satisfied
his hunger he has circled about and
several times walked to the point of
his commanding elevation. One can
almost bear his weird, piercing
scream, uttered in bold defiance from
his prominence Evidently satisfied
that nothing is to be gained by tarry
ing longer in the vicinity, his restless
feet have been again turned toward
the denser forest in which direction
his trail disappears.
By the side of a gently murmuring.
Ice Intrusted brook, appears the sinu
ous hunting trail of the blood-thirsty
mink The little footprints in sets of
two and two. register in the snow
Thunder Sound Carries Far
While Authorities Differ, It Is Agreed
That Reverberations Carry
Many Miles.
How far may thunder be heard *
One encyclopedia says in its article
on lightning: "The distance away of
the flash can be estimated by the
time between flash and the beginning
of the thunder, every 5 seconds being
equivalent to 1 mile; 50 seconds or
10 miles is the greatest observed in
terval at which thunder has been
heartl. Other reference bucks say 15
miles; and this i.s the prevailing popu
lar opinion. It nearly agrees with,
and is probably founded upon, the
statement in Arago's well-known work
on thunder and lightning—the highest
authority of its time—that De I‘lsle
once counted 72 seconds between the
lightning and the thunder. This, says
A 'ago, is the greatest interval record
el in the annals of meteorology, and
is 23 seconds greater than in any oth
er cas4 with which he was acquaint
\
I rf*,: if - *-v
PhISMHHhHBBJ
along both shores of the stream, for
the mink in his hunting, crosses and
recrosses on the ice many times in
the course of a mile. Keenly alert, be
travels swiftly along, watchful for
anything with which he may satiate
the pangs of hunger. A disabled or
careless grouse, a trout, trapped in
some shallow, isolated pool, an unwary
muskrat, a venturesome wood mouse,
abroad from its shelter, or even the
remains left from the repast of some
more fortunate re nowerful marauder,
will suffice in his time of need. Up
into the wind goes the slim, pointed
head, with the little bead-like eyes;
the tiny nose twitches apprehensively
at some scent borne on the uncertain
breeze. Every nook and crevice be
neath the shelving bant s is thorough
ly explored; into each air-hole of the
ice-coated stream, is hrust the rat
like head to peer intently into the
depths of the black pool beneath.
Through one of these openings the
long, slender, brown body slips, to turn
and twist with lightning like rapidity
in the icy current. Emerging from
the chilling water, its wet coat glisten
ing. its eyes flashing triumphantly,
the agile little animal has its jaws
fastened across the body of a luckless
trout. Beneath the shelter of a fallen
pine, the prize is nlaeed and closely
guarded by the suspicious mink. Aft
er many little patrols about the near
vicinity, made for the purpose of dis
covering any hidden foe. if such there
be, the crafty hunter has partaken of
his well-earned meal. Some telltale
evidences left behind on the trampled
snow proclaim all this, and then the
tracks lead on down the stream.
At some distance from the brook
bed. farther back in the forest, winds
the clear-cut, well-defined tracks of the
red fox. The footprints are distinguish
able from those of the lynx even at
first glance. The imprints themselves
are narrower, and placed more nearly
in a straight line; while the stride,
from the track to track, is half again
as long as in the wider lynx trail The
drag of the bushy tail it, duly recorded,
as the sharply outlined footprints lead
up to and over the brow of a hill.
Prom the clean, sharp tracks left on
the snow, one can readily imagine the
sly. red fellow daintily placing those
tireless black feet. The trail leads
into an old wood road along which
the fox has trotted. At one place, evi
dently frightened by something he has
Jumped far to one side, then gone on
at a mad gallop. Down to the edge
of an Ice-covered, snow-coated pond,
the tracks lead. Evidently recovered
from his unexplainable panic, he steals
; stealthily to the cover or the bushes
that fringe the frozen lake His trail
proceeds to the outskirts of a frozen
marsh, along which it follows. About
several muskrat houses his wayward
footprints circle: at one particular
dome-shaped habitation the impatient
fox has scraped away the snow and
seemingly endeavored to scratch
through the impentrable. frozen mass
! composing the roof. Having probably
! caused the terrified inmates to aban
! don the grass-lined living chamber,
I and to plunge Into the black, chilling
water beneath the ice. he has turned
1 and made his way leisurely across the
: swamp to a hemlock grove. Cantious
j ly he has worked his way under the
1 drooping branches, his keen nose
I searching for some promising scent.
He Uas alarmed a torpid grcltse. as
! corded by the disturbed area o* snow,
| showing the bomb-like flight of the
1 startled bird at the near approach of
the silent stalker.
At one place he has Jumped for a
It is rather rarely the case that the
flashes in a distant thunderstorm are
so spaced that one can tell certainly
to which flash a particular peal of
thunder belongs; hence the difflcultv
of testing the above figures. Such an
opportunity was, however, recently
presented to a well-known German
meteorologist. Dr. R. Hennig. while
he was visiting a summer resort on
the Baltic, From his bed one nigbt
be observed flashes of lightning far
out at sea at intervals of seven min
utes. The thunder was faint, but dis
tinctly audible. On “counting sec
onds” he found that from SO to 90
seconds and upwards elapsed between
lightning and thunde- The maximum
interval was 96 seconds.
Commenting on this observation a
German meteorological journal states
that in northern Germany intervals
of from SO to S5 seconds betce*n
lightning and thunder have frequectlj
been recorded On the coast, with
> ihs abnormal distribution of n'iwr
mouse, and, judged by the imprints,
has miscalculated the distance and
missed his quarry. Two or three play
ful bounds mark the ascent of his trail
to higher ground, where, reaching
more open country it leads off to the
right, the tracks showing he has bro
ken into a hurried trot for parts un
known.
On the crest of a neighboring hard
wood ridge is the trail of a noble
white-tail buck. Differing from the
trail of the doe, b v the larger tracks,
more rounded toes, greater length of
stride between pi.nts and drag on the
snow before and after each particular
footprint, the tracks are sufficiently
interesting to follow. From the trail
it may be gathered that the animal
has walked leisurely along upwind,
brow-sing on laurel, birch twigs, and
smaller bushes. He has carefully
walked a log to cross a brook, and
stood drinking of the clear, cold wa
ter. Occasionally he has stopped to
listen and look back on his trail for
the detection of any harmful follower.
He has nothing to fear from the front,
for his sensitive muzzle w'ould detect
the warning taint on the breeze, long
before the enemy itsel? hove in sight.
In several places he has pawed the
snow clear for considerable spaces,
evidently in search of some winter
delicacy beneath the glimmering crys
tals.
Another buck track still larger than
the first, which it joins, promises in
teresting developments further along.
For some distance it follows rival
at a walk, then impatience Is shown
in the recorded tracks left by the trot
ting animal. This second buck one
would judge to be the bigger animal,
from its larger tracks, although this
need not essentially follow. At any
rate he is evidently in a great hurry
to overtake and challenge his prede
cessor. judging from his tracks, which
show he has broken into a graceful
canter.
Farther on the snow records the pre
liminaries of battle gone through by
both bucks at sight of each other
Each has pawed and stamped the
snow in a circle of considerable area
Both have broken small bushes and
rubbed the bark from saplings with
their antlers. One has trotted forward
challengingly for a short distance, giv
en a few buck jump-s and retreated to
again vent his wrath on bush and
tree.
At last they closed with a rush;
both, from the evidence recorded ap
parently having been tarried to their
knees by the force of the impact. Ris
ing they pusned. retreated and
charged, until the snow was entirely
cleared from the arena. Several times
one or the other has been thrown
heavily to earth; the imprints left bv
their bodies being plainly visible. Bits
of hide, long coarse hairs and alarm
ing blotches of red. prove the fierce
ness of the battle for supremacy.
As is inevitably tbe case, the weak
at last gave way; his blood-stained
trail leading off in a series of great
bounds down the hillside. For some
distance the second trail accompanied
it. out finally branched off into a dense
bit of forest, the victor evidently seek
ing the shelter and solitude for recu
peration from his own wounds and
bruises.
As twilight comes stealing over the
whitened landscape, obliterating dis
tance and closing in. in a gradually
■ contracting circle, many other inter
esting tracks and trails are found,
but the winter days are short and the
fading light beneath the trees drives
one out in the open fields across them
line f be road —and home.
Happiiess is the natural flower e{
duty. T 1 e good man ought to be a
thoroughly bright and happy man.—
Phillips Brooks.
pfceric density, much greater intervals
are sometimes observed. At N'orden.
in East Friesland, on several occa
sions there has been noted intervals
as great as 140 seconds. At ordinary
temperatures of the air this would
correspond to a distance of about 29
miies. In one case an observer be
lieved the interval to have been 310
seconds, representing a distance o f
about 65 mile*.
Brother** Heroism Unavailing.
The story of a brother’s sacrifice
wa related in a compensation case at
Stockport tEng.) recently. The hair
of a 15-year-old girl, named Edith
Stuart, was caught in some machinery
at the factory where she was em
ployed. and she was completely
scalped. A brother offered to allow
skin from his leg to be grafted on his
s -ter's head. Sixteen pieces of skin
from the brother s leg were grafted
on the head of the girl, but she did
u.". recover In the allocation of the
compensation. £lO was awarded to
th? brother who was in hospital fa?
sevci week*. - -w-
RAGE IS DIG OUT
Indians of Alaska are Rapidly
Decreasing In Numbers.
AID OF CONGRESS IS ASKED
Dr. Foster’s Report Shows That Dis
ease, Especially Tuberculosis, Is
Making Great Inroads Among
the Natives of the North
western Territory.
By GEORGE CLINTON.
Washington.—The national bureau
of education b*s asked congress for
an appropriation o l S7O,C 0 for ad 11-
tional medical work among the natives
of Alaska. Ever since the Indians of
the western plains stopped going on
the war path philanthropists have
been at work among them seeking to
decrease the death rate and to make
the one time warriors and their
squaws and papooses observe the
white man’s safeguard against dis
ease. The result has been that the
Indians within the United States prop
er are increasing in numbers.
The Alaska Indians, however, are in
a pitiful condition notwithstanding the
efforts of the bureau of education,
which has charge of the work there,
I to aid them in every way. Alaska is
a long way off and the condition of
the tribes there does not appeal to the
residents of the United States so
strongly as does that of the Indians
who are at the doorstep. It is said,
however, that congress is likely to be
come alive to its responsibilities and
; that the condition of the Alaska tribes
will be materially bettered.
Dr. M. H. Foster, past assistant sur
gton in the public health and marine
hospital service, has recently return
ed from Alaska, where he was sent to
I make a survey of the health condi
tions of the country. His report has
a good deal in it to make Americans,
and members of congress especially,
| think on the duty of this country to
its northwestern wards, many of whom
| are suffering physical disabilities be
: cause of the encroachment on their
country of the ‘'white master.”
Population Rapidly Dwindling.
In the report of the bureau of edu
cation it is said that no Indians at all
will be left in Alaska in sixty or seven
ty years unless the government at
once takes vigorous measures to check
disease among them. Dr. Foster in
discussing the decrease in the native
population says:
“Owing to the usual lack of vital sta
tistics in a pioneer country such as
this, the exact facts on which to base
an opinion have never been available
and most of the statements have been
mere conjectures. At Sitka accurate
records have been kept by the
churches, and they show that for a pe
riod of five years and seven months
the annual birth rate has £een 72.3
per thousand and the arnual death
rate 85.4 jier thousand. During this
period, with tai estimated population
of 400, there were 29 more Heaths than
births.
“The returns of the United States
census bureau show that in the last 10
years there has been a decrease in
the total Indian population approxi
mately equal to 14 per cent., or 1 tfc
per cent, per year. This corresponds
very closely to the rates as figured
at itka. and they may, be t# on. as In
dicating fairly correctly the rates for
the whole country. The death rate In
the United States varies from 7 or 8
per thousand to 35 per thousand, de
pending upon the locality. An aver
age death rate may be placed at 22 to
23 per thousand
“The very unusual mortality In Alas
ka, 85.4 per thousand, is to be attrib
uted largely to pulmonary tubercu
losis, and unless it Is checked in some
way It will result In the extinction of
the natives in 60 or 70 years. For
tunately, it <*i counteracted to a cer
tain extent by an unusually large
birth rate, but the birth rate will
probably decrease as time goes on.”
Not Easy to Treat.
Congress has been asked to estab
lish a tuberculosis sanitarium in Alas
ka. a provision having been made for
it in an appropriation bill which Is
now before the law makers. There Is
a touch of humor, although it is a
kind of grim'humor, in what Dr. Fos
ter has to say about the trouble of
rendering medical assistance to In
dians in their own homes. His words
are intended to show the necessity for
congressional action on behalf of a
hospital to which natives who are
seriously ill can be transferred for
treatment. In his report Dr. Foster
says:
“Under present conditions the Indians
cannot be effectively treated in their
own homes except for a few minor
complaints. Every physician of ex
perience in Alaska states that they
will not carry out instructions or take
medicine as directed. If the drug is
palatable or they can feel its effects,
they are very likely to take it all at
one dose. If it is distasteful or if no
immediate results follow, they take It
a few times and then stop.
“I know of a case where a physi
cian was called in to see a native 111
3f pneumonia. He left some strych
nine tablets with explicit directions
that one tvas to be taken every two
aours. The brother of the sick man.
despite these directions, reasoning
that if one was good, more were bet
ter, gave tbe entire supply at one time
and the man died in a few hours.”
It Is hoped that before long an ad
ditional corps of doctors and nurses
Made Fierce by Cold Weather. I
The recent intense cold has driven
many packs of wolves out of the
high-lying forests of Hungar> down
amongst the villages near the Rozaly
mountains A number of cattle and
other domestic animals have fallen a
prey to their depredations. One vil
lage near Gros Banya was treated to
the remarkable spectacle of a tight in
a garden between a bear, who had
come to the village to look for some
thing to eat, and a number of wolves
who had come for the same purpose.
The bear defended himself stoutly
with blows of his paws, and killed
two of his assailants, but he was final
ly forced to take refuge up a tree,
where he was shot by a rillag- sports
mac. after the wolves had given up
the siege. A farmer at Vessxod saw
a wolf put bis head through the half
opened door of the room in which he
was sleeping. With great presence of
mind hF slammed the door to caught
the animal's neck between door and
doorpost, and killed it with a blow
oi the head from a heavy ebai'. The
authorities are arranging a drive on
a large seal*, by which it is hoped to
can be sent to Alaska who will act a s
medical missionaries.
Aaron Burr’s Cousins.
A paragraph in a Washington pa
per says that Senator Page of
\ ennont “has a grandson who on
his mother's side is a cousin of
Aaron Burr.” If Speaker Champ Clark
were asked about this matter he prob
ably would say that to be a cousin of
Aaron Burr may carry a certain
amount of distinction because of the
blood relationship, but that Aaron
Burr s cousins are like the blossoms
of the apple tree in May in a record
breaking fruit year.
Speaker Clark has been a great stu
dent of Aaron Burr’s life. In a way.
and perhaps heartily, Mr. Clark is
something of a champion of Aaron
Burr, a sincere champion because the
speaker, it is said, thinks that Burr
was accused of a good many things
of which he was not guilty and that
he was a man too much abused for
faults which he had not committed.
There are men who think that if
Aaron Burr hau not killed Alexander
Hamilton many of the animosities
against him would not be in existence
today. There are other men who say
that the dislike of Hamilton’s ideas of
government, held hereditarily by pol
iticians of today, are responsible in a
measure for the championship of Burr
by men who otherwise would not haw
loved his memory so much If they did
not hate the memory of Hamilton’s po
litical and governmental views more.
Many Descendants of Edwards.
As for the matter of Aaron Burr's
many cousins, let It be said that Burr
was a grandson of Jonathan Edwards,
the great theologian, and one of the
first presidents of Princeton college.
Jonathan Edwards had ten sisters, all
of whom married and had large fam
ilies. The descendants of Jonathan
Edwards direct and collateral, today
are numbered by the thousands and
everyone of these descendants, of
course, is a cousin of Aaron Burr who
was Jonathan Edward's grandson.
Someone not long ago wrote a story
about tae Edwards descendants direct
and collateral. Six of these descend
ants, either grandchildren or grand
nephews, were at one time presidents
ot colleges. It is possible that more
men of the Edwards blood hold promi
nent positions in the world today than
men of the blood of any other one
American family. The name is not al
ways Edwards, of course, for in fact
the Edwards of the female line out
number those of the male line per
haps twenty to one, but the descend
ants of Jonathan Edwards’ sisters and
of his daughters are just as much of
the Edwards blood as are the people
who bear the name.
Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt is a direct
descendant of Jonathan Edwards and
so it is said is former President Eliot
of Harvard. The Dwights have the
Edwards blood in them and a compara
tively recent president of Yale uni
versity who held the office for many
years was a Dwight and an Edwards.
He, however, is not included in the
six college presidents who at one time
held office and were of the Edwards
kin. The most recent Yale Dwight
v, as of course of a younger generation.
Army Worried About Horses.
Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood, chief
of stafi, United States army, who
as a surgeon was stationed with
a cavalry regiment in the south
over the growing difficulty of securing
good horses for the service. General
W r ood and some other officers with
him say that the laws against betting
on horse races in ma\- of the states
are responsible in a way for the grow
ing scarcity of good horses for the
service.
It must not be understood that
General Wood either personally or in
his capacity as the ranking officer of
the army upholds betting. He sim
ply states what he thinks is a fact
and deplores the effect if not the
cause. , When American cavalry of
ficers recently went to England to en
gage in a contest of horsemanship, in
cluding high jumping, with the officers
of cavalry regiments of European
countries, they lost most of the events
because it is said their horses were
not the equals of those used by the
foreign officers
August Belmont, who is chairman of
the American Jockey club, at a dinner
In New York a night or two ago, point
ed to the serious menace which threat
ened the cavalry and field artillery
branches of the United States army
“in the depletion of thoroughbred
horses by reason of a cessation of
racing.” Mr. Belmont has suggested
the formation of a nation-wide asso
ciation to be known as the National
Cavalry and Artillery Remount asso
ciation. to be created ‘from all ranks
of 6ports and agricultural life with
the center of the organization at
Washington, to keep a register or
mares inspected and found suitable
for breeding remounts and artillery
horses. Gen. Leonard Wood and Col.
Theodore Roosevelt have expressed a
willingness to become vice-presidents
of tbe association. It 1b expected that
inducements will be held out to horse
breeders in all parts of the country
tb make a specialty of animals suit
able for the army service.
American Record Rides.
There has been a general belief
through the years that the foreign
cavalry horses were better than those
of America, and yet there are records
in the United States service of long,
hard rides, the horses coining through
in good condition, which never have
been equaled by men and horses of
the foreign service. The army has
records of some of these rides and it
fears today that the deterioration of
the American horse may prevent their
repetition if the service should de
mand strenuous efforts on the part of
the cavalry horses of the present and
of the near future.
clear the inhabited country of the
wolves.
To Supplement Natural Tresaea.
Anew German invention for sup
plementing natural tresses is hair
made of artificial silk, which has the
texture of real hair. It can be dyed
the exact color of natural hair, no
matter how- difficult the shade may be.
This flew silk hair is certain to be
extremely popular. It is clean, to be
gin with, and may be washed at any
time as easily as any other kind of
silk. Besides that, it has a great deal
of body, and. when made into tails
and transformations, hold* much bet
ter than real hair. It is giossv, and
will submit to brililantine or oil like
the loose hair switches, and when
once curled keeps the curl much be;
ter than ordinary false hair.
A Bad Outlook.
**No, I can’t get up enough courage
to ask old Patterson for hii, daughter."
• And why notr*
“Because I’m a builder of absolute
ly fireproof buildings and he is a fire
insurance agent.”
WHEN MAKING NOODLES
FOR BEST RESULTS. TRY THESE
APPROVED RECIPES.
Little Accessories That Give Flavor to
the Soup Are Well Worthy of
Attention—How Some Han
dle the Dough.
The following recipes represent the
experience of several noodle makers,
as described by them:
Noodle Soup.—Boil a small shank of
beef for three hours, strain off liquor,
return to the poc and add salt. Make
noodles by rubbing into one egg as
much flour as it will take, then roll
out as thin as a wafer. Dust over a
little flour and then roll. Cut off thin
slices from the edge of the roll and
shake out into long strips. Drop light
ly into soup and let It boil for ten min
utes atier they are put in. About a
saltspouu of salt should be added while
mixing in the flour.
Bread Noodles.—One egg, one table
spoon of water, pinch of salt, one-half
cup flour, or enough to thicken. Pet
a scant one-lu.lf cup of flour in a bowl
and break into it an egg. Add water,
stir all well together and add more
flour until a thick dough is formed,
then roll out to a thin sheet and let
dry a few minutes. Dredge with a lit
tle flour, roll up and cut into broad
strips and lay them straight to dry.
Drop in boiling water with a pinch of
salt and boil for twenty minutes. Drain
in colander, put in dish, and cover with
browned bread crumbs and a little
butter.
Noodles.—One egg. one-fourth tea
spoon of salt, three-fourths cup of
flour. Beat the egg, add salt, and add
the flour to make a stiff dough -three
fourths of a cup is usually suffic'-'nt.
Roll out on a floured board till as thin
as a wafer and leave on board to cry
w hile soup is cooking. Then cut up in
little thin strips and drop in boiling
stock. Let boil about thirty minutes.
Some cooks after rolling out their
noodle dough hang it over a roller or
over a clean cloth on a broomstick to
dry. Of course eggs are in different
sizes, so It is impossible to tell the
exact amount of flour that any one egg
will require.
All AROUND
HriiOUSE
China on which is gilt decoration
should not be washed in strong soap
suds or water containing washing
powder.
In washing ordinary china the hot
ter the w-ater the more easily the
pieces will dry and the brighter they
will be.
Leather-covered furniture can be
cleaned with sweet milk applied w-ith
a piece of soft flamml. Rub gently
until dry.
Dish cloths should he kept scrupu
lously clean by washing thoroughly in
soap and water, well rinsed and hung
in the air after using.
An ordinary brick is excellent for
an Iron stand and if heated before
using the irons will keep hot much
longer than with the common iron
stand.
Perfume in Cakes.
The latest luxury for the woman
who likes a faint fragrance of sweet
ness about all her belongings is the
cake of perfume which may be tossed
among lingerie or laces without the
trouble of sewing sachet powder up
in cotton batting and silk pads. These
cakes of perfume are put up attrac
tively, and when the perfume fails—
as all perfumes do when exposed to
the air—the surface of the cake may
be scratched and anew surface of
sw'eetness exposed. These cakes of
perfume are not by any means inex
pensive, a small size costing almost
sl, but the perfume is dainty and re
fined and by scraping the surface oc
casionally the cake may be used some
Mme.
Sweet Milk Griddle Cakes.
Take two cupfuls of flour, one level
tablespoonful of baking powder, two
level tablespoonfuls of sugar, one-half
teaspoonful of salt, one and a third
cupfuls of milk, one egg and two ta
blespoonfuls of melted butter. Sift to
gether the dry ingredients, add the
milk gradually, then the well-beaten
egg and the melted butter. Beat thor
oughly and drop by spoonfuls on a
greased hot griddle or frying pan.
Olive Oil Pickles.
Use medium-sized cucumbers, a gal
lon jar and sn ail bottle of best olive
oil (25-eent siz?). Slice cucumbers
without paring, and for every three
cucumbers uso one tablespoon eacli
of salt, brown sugar and black mus
tard seed, pouring the oil gradually
over each layer. Fill the jar with vin
egar and after standing two weeks,
pack in glass jars if you wish.
Chestnut Puree.
Procure two pints of large chest
nuts. split them across with a sharp
pointed knife, plunge them into a
saucepan with boiling water and al
low them to boil for two minutes
drain well, dry the. a on a cloth and
put into a frying pan with a small
piece of butter; place over a quick
fire for five minutes, cover with a cloth
and remove tbe shells while hot
Silver and Brass Cleaners.
For cleaning brass and silverware;
Half a cup of waiting, then fill the cup
up with cold water Pour this mix
ture into a bottle, add one ounce of
ammonia. ?’.ake well before using
Wet a flannel cloth *ith this, then
rub the article to be cleaned, after
wards rubbing dry till polished.
Blend for Potted Beef.
(For one pound of meat pounded
to a paste.) Use one level table
spoonful of salt; one teaspoonful
(level) of pepper, one-half teaspoonful
of allspice, and one teaspoonful of
-age, with melted butter sufficient to
knead to a thick paste
Baked Mackerel.
After filleting the fish, cut each
piece in two, seasoif with pepper, sal*
and lemon juice, and arrange on a
buttered dish or tin thus—first, a
piece off Uh. them a .slice of tomato,
and so on until all are used. Pour
over a little stock made from the
bones, cover with a buttered paper
and cook in the over for 2d minutes
Dish up. mix the stock In which th
fish was cooked wi;h a little br<-wn
sauce, boil up. finally stir in a
good-sized piece of butter Pour th
sauce over the fish and serve.
INCREASE IN NUMBER
OF AMERICANS
80ING TO CANADA
Although Western Canada suffered.
as did many other portions of the
west, from untoward conditions, which
turned one of the most promising
crops ever seen in that country, into
but little more than an average yield
of all grains, there is left in the
farmers’ hands, a big margin of profit.
Of course there were many farmers
who were fortunate enough to harvest
and market a big yield, and with the
prices *. v at were secured made hand
some returns. From wheat, oats, bar
ley and f.ax marketed to the Ist of
January, 1912, there was a gross rev
enue of $75,384,000. The cattle, hogs,
poultry and dairy proceeds brought
this up to $101,620,000 or 21 million
dollars in excess of 1910. There was
still In the farmers’ hands at that
time about 95 million bushels of wheat
w'orth at least another sixty-five mil
lion dollars tallowing for inferior
grades), besides about 160 million
bushels cf oats to say nothing of bar
ley and flax, which w ould run into sev
eral million of dollars.
There is a great inrush of settlers
to occupy the vacant lands through
out Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Al
geria. The reports from the Govern
ment show th§t during the past year
upwards of 131,000 Americans crossed
tne border into Canada. A great many
of these took up farms, over ten thou
sand having homesteaded, in 'act the
records show that e\ ery state >n the
Union contributed. A larger number
not caring to go so far away as the
homesteading area, have purenasea
lands at from fifteen dollars an acre
to twenty-five dollars an acre. The
prospects for a good crop for 1912
are as satisfactory as for many years.
The land has had sufficient moisture
and with a reasonably eaiiy spring, _t
is safe to predict a record crop.
Those who have not had the atest
literature sent out by the uovernmeu
agents should send to -he one nearest,
and secure a copy.
Truth Alone Not Sufficient.
Just consider for a moment how
ridiculous it would be for a lawyer
to attempt to win a case on his client’s
bare assertion as to the facts. The
facts as stated, might be true, but
truth alone is not sufficient either in
law or In advertising—there must be
proof positive or at least evidence
(reasons) sufficiently good to conv'acft
the jury or the judge that the asser
tions made are probably true.—John
E. Kennedy in Printers’ Ink.
Certainly Not.
Mrs. Styles—Don’t you think this
new hat improves my looks, dear?
Mr. Styles—l suppose so.
“But what makes you look so
cross?”
“I’m thinking of the bill for that
hat.. You can’t exited that to improve
my looks.” —Yonkers Statesman.
Didn't Wait to Choose.
“I presume Blobster applied some
choice expletives to his automobile
when it broke down yesterday 50
miles from a garage?”
“No, indeed. He just cut loose and
said the first strong words that, came
iutc his mind.”
Sad Meeting.
“I think we met at this cafe last
winter. Your overcoat is very familiar
to me.”
“But I didn’t own it then.”
"No; but I did!”—Fliegende Blaet
ter.
Insult to Injury.
“How dare you throw' that snowball
at me like that?”
"I didn’t, sir. I threw it at that
funny ole woman who’s wiv yer!”—
London Opinion.
Stop the Pain.
Tin* hurt of a burn or a cut stops when
Cole’s Carbolisalve Is applied. ft heals
quickly and presents scars. 25c and 50c by
druggists. For free sample write to
J. W. Cole & Cos.. Black River Falls, Wis.
A One-Ringed Circus.
“There’s a ring around the moon.”
“I guess the man in it is having a
circus.”
Dr. Pierce’s Pleasant Pellets rejiulate
anti invigorate stomach, liver and bowels.
Sugar-coated, tiny granules, easy to take
Do not gripe.
Why comes temptation but for man
to meet and master and make crouch
beneath his foot, and so be pedestailed
in triumph?—Robert Browning.
*
TO CURE A COLD IN ONE DAY
Take LAXATIVE BKOMO Quinine 'Tablets,
a refund mony if it fails to cure. &. W.
(iiwVii'S signature ison each box. 26c.
Many things may come to the man
who waits, but better things come to
the chap who waits on himself.
He Is a brave man who will face
the parson with a short haired woman.
fSMSTIM
The Kind You Have
Always Bought
i k i ALCOHOh-3 PER CENT * **
1)i XVetfetable Preparation for As- M
I ama*. Bears the V.
Signature /A\ )
a ' Promotes Digestion,Cheerful- M jf 4 lt
i : : nessand Rest Contains neither of yK/lfr
Opium. Morphine nor Mineral m l\
Si Not Narc otic
Prep, SOU D, SAMVEL PfTCPEP I
U| S—d - ft m
Mx - \ 1 M
; r W/r - I 1^
gi l A f\% In
i/\*
f(or/t+d Sttfmr J 1 1 B
■;? | /w ' JJI T * |i
A perfect Remedy for Comfipa /TT Alt (I S 0
lion, Sojur Stomach,Diarrhoea, I ■ \¥ wwm
Worms .Convulsions. Feveris- Ilk/ _ _
nessand LOSS OF SLEEP \ M L|||* j] Wft |
EC Fac Simile Signature of
!> Thirty Ypsr^
O The Centaur Company. 11111 If lUUIO
& NEW YORK J /
ssnapACTniHA
SCj/uaranteed under the Fopdawf S kS Bft I
Uxact Copy of Wrapper. nimMWM<. mnuMn.
SAVE!! FROM
AN OPERATION
How Mrs. Reed of Peoria, 111,
Escaped The Sur
geon’s Knife.
Peona, 111. —“I wish to 'et every one
know what Lydia E. Pink ham’s Vegetal) la
F“" "■ Compound has dona
M; :: forme, roriwoyeara
US I suffered. The doc
f —s tor sa *d I had a tumor
L' r/ and the only remedy
[ I jur was the surgeon’s
1 u knife. My mother
E bought me Lydia E.
Vegeta-
Jjf (:( ble Compound, and
fffrSIL A today I am a well and
StH&SIW* "\ J healthy woman. For
'months I suffered
from inflammation, and your Sanative
Wash relieved me. I am glad to tell
anyone what your medicines have done
for me. You can use my testimonial in
any way you wish, and I will be glad
to answer letters.”—Mrs. Christina
Reed, 105 Mound St., Peoria, 111.
Mrs. Lynch Also Avoided
Operation.
Jessup, Pa. —“After the birth of my
fourth child, I had severe organic inflam
mation. I would have such terrible pains
that it did not seem as though I could
stand it This kept up for three long
months, until two doctors decided the t
an operation was needed.
“Then one of my friends recommended
Lydia E. Pinkham’s Vegetable Com
pound and after taking it for two months
I was a well woman.”—Mrs. Joseph A.
Lynch, Jessup, Pa.
Women who suffer from female ills
should try Lydia E. Pinkham’s Vegeta
ble Compound, one of the most success
ful remedies the world has ever known,
before submitting to a surgical opera
tion.
Chest Pains
and Sprains
Sloan’s Liniment is an ex
cellent remedy for chest and
throat affections. It quickly
relieves congestion and in
flammation. A few drops
in water used as a gargle is
antiseptic and healing.
Here’s Proof
11 1 have used Sloan’s Liniment for
years and can testify to its wonderful
efficiency. 1 have used it for sore throat,
croop, lame back and rheumatism and
in every case it gave instant rebel.”
REBECCA JANE ISAACS,
Lucy, Kentucky.
SLOANS
LINIMENT
is excellent for sprains and
bruises. It stops the pain
at once and reduces swell -
ing very quickly.
Sold by all dealers.
Price, 25c., 800., SI.OO
f S. Sloan
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Electrotypes
IN GREAT VARIETY
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THERAPION
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HKD. CO . HAVKRHTOOK BD.. HAMPSTEAD. LONDON, INO.
Brown’s Bronchial Troches
Couch .and lironrhlal Trouble* Keller,•<!. No ornate*
Sample free. Josh I. lijtowa A Son. Boston, Ma*.

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