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SUFFRAGE TO FORE
NEXT TO MEXICO AND TRUSTS, IT IS SUBJECT THAT MOST IN TERESTS CONGRESS. WOMEN MAKING HEADWAY Plan for Invasion of South, Where the Opposition Is Strongest—Farm ers Are Said to Be "Com ing Over Strong.” By GEORGE CLINTON. Washington. —Next to Mexico and the trusts, suffrage is the chief sub ject of enlivening interest to congress and the populace in the city of Wash ington today. Senator Ashurst of Arizona has charge of the resolution proposing a constitutional suffrage amendment and every time he brings it within sight of bis brethren of the senate there is a clashing of arms and a Bounding of trumpets. It seems that some of the senators think it is best to wait yet awhile “for political reasons," before voting on the constitutional amendment proposition. They have an idea that suffrage will prevail in two-thirds of the states before long as the result of state enacted laws and that then every senator can vote for the amend ment without any fear of trouble at home, because he can Bay to his op posing constitusnts that two-thirds of the states of the Union are in favor of it and therefore it is useless to “kick against the pricks." It is apparent in Washington that even the strongest opponents of the woman suffrage movement seem to be lieve that eventual'y it will prevail all over the United States. Those who so think base their belief simply on the progress which suffrage has made within the last few years, vir tually an uninterrupted progress. Some men who are opposed to it say they are just as much opposed to it as ever, but that it is to come into its own and therefore before long they must get themselves into a mood to accept the inevitable. These same men say that if it does come it will prove itself to be a failure because they have an idea that woman will get tired of voting and that in time to come, while the privilege will be he~s, she will not take advantage of it. Hardest Fight In South. The women of the country who are devoted to the suffrage cause have realized for a great many years that their hardest fight is to be made in the South. Most of the southern members in congress are opposed to woman suffrage. At the suffrage head quarters in this city a plan has been made to invade the South in behalf of the cause of suffrage. A commit tee composed of noted women, good speakers all of them and represent ing every element in the suffrage cause, soon will make a trip through the South in a private car and will speak in many of the larger cities and probably in scores of the smaller places which lie between. Dr. Anna Howard Shaw, president of the National Suffrage association, heads the list of the invaders. With her will go Mrs. Stanley McCormick. Mrs. Susan Fitzgerald and Mrs. Rautz-Reese of Boston, Mrs. An toinette Funk, a sister-in-law of the Progressive party’s candidate for gov ernor of Illinois; Mrs. Desha Breck enridge, a member of the famous Breckenridge family of Kentucky, and Mrs. Medill McCormick, daughter of the late Senator Mark Hanna of Ohio. Farmers Being Converted. The farmers of the country showed in the last campaign that they were not as strong for the suffrage move ment as the women expected. Now it is declared at the headquartera of the suffragists in Washington that the farmers are “coming over strong." They say, taking Ohio as an example, that from all over that state there is a demand for suffrage speakers, and for suffrage organization, and that the movement is so general that women are confident that at the next election their cause will be sanctioned. A woman suffrage amendment to the Ohio constitution is to be submit ted at the next general election in that state. Congress is tremendously stirred up over this woman suffrage question and it has been so stirred up all winter. There are a g>'od many representa tives, especially from the northern states, who while at heart opposed to woman suffrage are afraid that wom an’s opposition may hurt them at the polls. The women are taking advan tage of this situation and are now pre paring to wage campaigns against all anti-suffrage candidates for congress in the campaign of next fall. Freight Case Undecided. The months are rapidly passing and yet the interstate commerce commission is still at its work try ing to determine definitely and prop erly whether or not the great rail road corporations of the western country are entitled to tack five per cent additional on the charges for ear ning freight. It was thought recently that no decision in the case could be reached until next September. Presi dent Wilson became worried over the delay, and while he could not inter pose personally for fear of having it charged that he was trying to preju dice the case, it was announced quickly that a decision probably would be reached before June. The members of the commission have in their employment Louis W. Brandeis as special counsel. It is he who is presenting the commission's side of the case, w hich in a way meane the shippers’ and the consumers’ Ancient Spanish Lighthouse. >♦ La Coruna, In northern Spain, iray bo seen a fire tower, which is, with the exception of the ruins of the Roman lighthouse at Dover, the oldest, of all existing structures of the kind. The exact date of the erection of ! this tower is unknown. According to an ancient tradition it Is accredited to Hercules, whence its name Torre de Hercules. Others say that Phoe nicians. who had established several colonies in Spain, had erected this light tower for their northland cruises. However, judging from the inscrip tion, it is more probable that the Ro man Emperor Trajan erected this structure. The inscription also men tions the name of Servius Supus of j Lusitania as the architect. The tower is built of ashlars and is 20 feet square and 120 feet in height. It has i six separate stories, which can only be reached by a circular staircase i around the exterior of the tower. The ; lighthouse was restored in 164, but at the end of the eighteenth century was again in ruins. In 1797 it was rebuilt by the Spanish government. side. Brandeis has made a study of railroad conditions and while a good many people think he is somewhat prejudiced, his knowledge of condi tions and his ability as a lawyer are said to be of groat service to the com mission in finding out the truth as between the conflicting statements of witnesses to the two sides of the pre sented case. The country probably has no realiz ing sense of the immerse quantity of material which must be gone through before a decision can be reached in this advanced rate case. The charge is that some of the railroads are either pairing on watered stock or try ing so to do, and that if they had Issued no stock without ample foundation for it, they would all be now in a prosperous condition, and would not need to ask an auvance in freight rates. There is one big railroad which is paying a five per cent dividend and which some men declare would be pacing 40 per cent if the securities which it had issued had a basis more stable than water. Innocent lnvesto r s’ Plea. Now of course thousands of inno cent people have bought this watered stock and they are expecting their dividends, and they maintain that if an advance rate is necessary to en able them to realize on their money the increase should be allowed be cause they made their purchases in good faith and should not be made to Buffer for the sins of railroad officials and great bankers who have helped to manipulate things bo aB to benefit pecuniarily the few to the injury of the many. It is little to be wondered that there has been slow progress in reaching a decision in this case. The shippers who do not want to pay advance freight rates have been sending in their protests with their reasons for opposing the increase which if granted of course they will have to pay. The stockholders are sending in their pleas for an increase. The railroads are en deavoring to show how they are obliged to conduct business at a loss under the i resent return on freight shipments. The financial operations of the roads in the past are being laid bare in the rooms of the interstate commerce commission. The matter Is a deep one and the hope is that one way or the other the members of the commission will be unanimous in its final decision. Civil Pensions Up Apaln. There has been introduced into con gress a bill to create a commission to consider the matter of pensions for aged government employes. There is reason to believe that the bill is likely to pass. The commission if appointed will be expected to submit a plan for what must be called, even if so calling it is unpalatable, a scheme to create a civil pension list. Ever since the foundation of the government there has been objection to pensions for civilians. It has been hard work even to secure the passage of legislation giving the widows of anny officers of high service, pen sions sufficient for their support. Of course army officers’ widows have a pension which is fixed by law, but whenever it has been attempted to increase the pension largely, strong opposition has been shown by the lawmakers. There are few civil pen sioners of the government today and virtually none outside of those who have had some connection direct or indirect with the armed services of the country. For years attempts have been made to get congress to “consider the civil veterans.” Members of congress have had the necessities in the case before their eyes in their daily walks. When one passes the treasury building, for instance, at the hour when work is about to begin, or just after it has ended, he sees men and women of advanced years going in or coming out of the big structure, some of them on crutches and others almost being carried to their desks. Congressmen have looked on these scenes for years and it has been the locking on them which has moved scores of represen tatives to introduce bills for the pen sioning of the aged and decrepit The introduction of the bills heretofore always has been Just so much wasted effort. In Continental Europe and in Eng land they have set the example of pensioning aged government workers, and the pillars of state of the coun tries which have shown generosity have not been shaken from their foun dations by the government act. Official Washington is beginning to look with different eyes upon this situation. Always tljere has been sym pathy for the aged who had to stay at their work in order to live, but always the thought that a civil pen sion system was utterly wrong has moved the majority of the law-makers to withhold the vote necessary to rem edy a condition w hich certainly seems to appeal for remedy. Talk of Old Age Pensions. Not only are congressmen looking more kindly on proposals to pensions fur government employes, but they are occasionally talking of pensioning all worthy men and women who have served the state by leading decent lives and who in their old age must face either penury in the cities or towns or the poor house with its self respect killing conditions. It may be that the bill which Mr. Reilly of Connecticut has Just intro duced into the house, will not pass and that no commission to study ine pension question will be appointed, but if such a bill shall fail this year, it will pass next year or the year r ’ter. The time of old age pensions for government clerks is coming and coming quickly. Just beyond the day of its coming there probably Is the other day of pensions for aged Ameri cans who have done their duty by the republic in whatever walk of life. Supply and Demand. Mr. Frauds was about to start away to attend the funeral of his rich old uncle. "Put a couple of large handkerchiefs into my grip, dear." he said to his wife. "The old gentleman promised to leave me $20,000, and I shall want to she-i some appropriate tears.” “But suppose when 'he will is read,” said the wife, "you find he hasn't left you anything ” "In that case,” replied he, “you had better put in three.”—lllustrated Sun day M&ga; : no. Soap for China. Announcement has been made at Shanghai of a combination of leading British soap manufacturers represent ing capital aggregating $170,000,000. The combine is understood to be pre paring to erect a factory In the Yang tszepoo district c* Shanghai, a site having already been purchased at a cost of $500,000. The new company will manufacture and market soap and allied products in China. It is ex pected that it will be able to create a large market for the output. JOT hero r:s:<s LIFE FOR SISTER CHILDREN STEP FROM BEHIND TRAIN INTO PATH OF FLYER. LAD MAKES DARING ATTEMPT I Grasps Arm of Girl and Leaps Back, But Both Are Hurled to Ground —Girl’s Skull Is Fractured and Boy Injured. Milwaukee.—A little girl is dead, her brother is at home with an in jured leg, sustained when he tried to save her, and four playmates had rar row escapes, all because there is no flagman on duty at the place where the Milwaukee road crosses Washing ton street. Elizabeth Budzisz, aged 11, daughter of a fisherman living on Jones Island, opposite the foot of National av oue, is the dead girl. Her brother, John, aged 10, received an injury to his left leg when he tried to save his sister. Helen Rotte, aged 8; Emily Silem, aged 11; Julian Budzisz, aged 12, and Minnie Herman, aged 12, escaped in jury after a wild scramble to get out of the path of the train. They all stum bled, fell and rolled out of danger. The six children were on their way to their homes on Jones island. Because of the absence of a flagman, the gates had not been lowered, con trary to the practice that obtains on other days when many horses use the crossing. The children passed the danger mark and stood close to one of the double tracks while waitiLg for pas senger train No. 16, bound out of Mil waukee for Chicago, to pass. Then they walked out onto the crossing, stepping directly In front of a passen ger train rushing toward the Union depot. John Budzisz caught hold of his sis ter’s arm and tried to pull her out of the way. He nearly succeeded, but the cylinder of the engine struck her when he had only a few inches to move to be safe. She was hurled to the side of the track. Her skull was smashed and she received a compound fracture of the right arm and a fracture of the right leg. Part of the engine struck John on the leg and threw him to the ground, but he escaped serious injury by a narrow margin. Witnesses to the accident called the police ambulance and the injured child was hurried to Emergency hos pital. It was apparant to the physi cians that she could not survive. W r ith her mother’s arms abou t her, she died. ELKS PLAN SIO,OOO ADDITION Waukesha Lodge Will Make Extensive Improvements on Clubhouse— Officers Are Ejected. Waukesha.—F. B. Hoehle was elect ed exalted ruler of Waukesha lodge, No. 400, Benevolent Protective Order of Elh.s. Other officers are; Esteem ed leading knight, G. B. Harris; es teemed loyal knight, (. H. Daubner; esteemed lecturing knight, H. E. Blair; secretary, J. C. Laing; treas urer, Steven Weber; tyler, Paul Kim ball; trustee for three years, E. D. Walsh. The matter of building a $lO,- 000 addition to the club’s new home was discussed and plans will be drawn and presented for approval. A ban quet was served in the G. A. R. hall to more than 200. Toasts were re sponded to by A. W. Jones, G. H. Daubner, Fred Phelps, C. A. Haertel, Frank Haight, E. I). Walsh, T. P. Buckley and Carl Snyder. Mayor Haw ley Wilbur was toastmaster. DECLINES $3,601) POSITION A. C. Wolfe of La Crosse Turns Down Place in ClalmagDivision of Dept, of Justice. La Crosse. —Attv. A. C. Wolfe, broth er of William C. Wolfe, wired Joseph E. Davies his decimation of a posi tion with the claims division in the department of justice. The salary is $3,600 per year and expenses. The position was held by Judge Dodge be fore he went on the Wisconsin su preme bench. Black Bear Is Harbinger. Couderay.—Charles Johnson, trap per, shot a black bear near Draper. The bear had left its winter quarters a month earlier than is. customary. Old trappers and Indians say this is a sure sign of an early spring. Robin Arrives in Snow. Maiden Rock. —The first robin of tnis year arrived in the heaviest snow storm of the season. Accept School Plans. Racine. —The board of education has accepted plans for anew school in West Racine to cost SIOO,OOO. The question of issuing bonds for the amount will be submitted to a vote of the people at the coming election. Buys Second C-eamery. Askeaton. —George H. Barber of Milwaukee, who has operated a cream ery here for some time, will also op erate one at Kaukauna in future, hav ing secured a factory. Will Send Exhibit. Superior.— At a meeting of the Doug las County Agricultural society it was decided to increase tie premiums of fered at the county fair and to send an exhibit to the state fair next Sep tember. Honor Dead Judges. Rhinelander. —Judge H. Reid sus pended proceedings in Circuit court and held memorial services in honor of the late Judges 3. H. Alban and D. H. Walker. Will Not Hold Sale. Neenah. —The Fox River Valley Hol stein Breeders' association re-elected R. J. Schaefer and E. G. Race presi dent and secretary. It was decided that no Holstein sale be held in this section this summer because of a shortage of stock. Reject State Insurance. Oshkosh. —The county board, :*6 to 13, rejected the proposition of having the public buildings insured bj the state instead of by private companies. WAUSAU PILOT. CONVICTS TO WORK MEN WILL BE EMPLOYED UPON STATE HIGHWAYS. Picked Inmates of Prison Will Not be Put Under Armed Guard While Employed. Madison.—Convicts fiom the state prison at Waupun will be employed in the state in roadmaking work this summer, according to an announce ment by the state board of control. They will be first put to work, it is planned, on the roads near Waupun and about the new tuberculosis camp on Tomahawk lake. They will start the work on the buildings for the new women’s reformatory at Taycheedah, just south of Fond du Lac. 1 hen they will be available for work in other parts of the state. The honor system will govern the men while they are out. Only men with clean records will be allowed on this work. They will be looked after by an officer of the state prison, who is also fitted for the supervision of the road building. He will have assist ants, but there will be no armed guard. This plan, as tried in Illinois and Colorado, was a great success. It is in line with the attempts to make a prison a reforming agency rather than a place to punish men. FOUR PERSONS DIE IN FIRE Three Unidentified Men and Young Woman Are Cremated—Another Is Taken to Hospital. Ashland.—Four persons lost their lives and one is dying from burns as the result of a fire at Saxon, Wis. Dillie Augers, 24 years old, daugh ter of Patrick Augers, and three un identified men are the victims. Anna Bowers of Butternut, Wis., was taken to an Ashland hospital and is dying from burns. The boarding house and saloon be longing to Patrick Augers was burned. Several arrests have been made in con nection with the blaze. This is the sixth fire during the year at Saxon. Most of the fires are thought to have been incendiary. Augers sus tained a property loss of $5,000. WED UNDER COMMON LAW Waukesha Couple Dispense with For mal Ceremony—Man Arrested on Statutory Charge. Waukesha.—Otto Falk and Hazel Anderson, both of this city, were wed ded here on Friday by the common law marriage. About two weeks ago Falk was arrested in Memphis, Tenn., charged with a statutory offense, and after being brought here by the sheriff had prepared to fight the case. Later he concluded to marry the girl, but was unable to pass the eugenic test. Attorney General Owen was written to for advice and informed the principals that under no condition could a permit be given for the couple to wed. Winnebago Sanatorium Site Picked. Oshkosh.—By i>. vote of 29 to 11, the Winnebago county board decided to locate the Winnebago county tubercu losis sanatorium on the grounds of the county asylum at Winnebago, four miles north of Oshkosh. The site is a quarter of a mile from any other building, half a mile from the North western depot at Winnebago. Guernsey Breeders Organize. Maiden Rock—The Intercounty Guernsey Breeders’ association, com prising Pierce, Pepin, Dunn and Buf falo counties, has been organized at Durand with the following officers: President, George Sankey, Durand; vice presidents, William Harmon, Plum City, and William Biddick, Dunn ville; secretary, George Krampeter, Mondovi; treasurer, W. A. Pace, Mon dovi. Offers Prizes for Drawings, Neenah. —Deputy Game W’arden 11. H. Albright of this city offers a unique educational feature in connection with school work in all public and parochial schools in the Twin cities by offering prizes to be given for the best draw ing and essays on the economic value of birds. Child Welfare Delegates. Madison. —Miss Tracy Copp, Green Bay, H. H. Jacobs, Milwaukee, and A. F. Buekmaster, Kenosha, were named j delegates to the annual conference of the child labor committee in New York, and Prof. M. V. O’Shea, Madi son, to the third international con gress on the welfare of the child at Washington, April 22. Want New Hospital. Superior.—A movement for the con struction of a city and county hospital for treatment of contagious diseases started at a meeting of the Douglas County Medical Society. May Hold Big Reunion. Appleton.—Two hundred invitations to Lawrence alumnae have been sent out for class reunions to be held com mencement week. Classes of 1865, 1866, 1867, 1868, 1884, 1885, 1886, 1887, 1903, 1904, 1905, 1906 and 1912 may be represented. Superior Has Car Fight. Superior.—A big fight has been started here over the question as to whether this city shall buy and oper ate its street car lines. Renewals Flood Office. Madison. —Corporation Clerk Joseph Edwards and his force are beginning to dig themselves out of the mass of renewals of aitides of incorporation filed last week. A number of amend ments have also been received by the secretary of state’s office. Woman Is Dying. Menominee. —Asa result of a fall ! on a slippery walk, Mrs. Mary St. Feter, 87 years old, Marinette, is dy ing. Makes Earliest Settlement. Hudson —City Treasurer R. A. Cleve land of Glenwood City has made set tlement with County Treasurer Chris Nebel of the state and county tax for his city. This is the earliest settle ment made with the county treasurer by a city or town treasurer in the history of SL CroLx county Injuries Prove Fatal. Baraboo —John Roeser, who was in jured when struck by failing rock at the Devil's Lake stone quarry, died. WOMEN DIAMOND THIEVESGET RICH TWO HELD AT MADISON ARE IDENTIFIED AS CLEVER OPERATORS. DETECTIVES REVEAL RECORD Both Reside in Chicago, But Have Taken on Aliases—One Has Served Prison Term—Always Work Together. Madison—Fannie Epstein and Jen nie Isaacson, held here on charges of stealing diamonds from the Gamm jewelry store, have been identified by the Pinkertcn detective agency at Chicago as clever operators in sev eral large cities. The agency has informed Chief of Police Shaughnes6y that Jennie Isaacson is Mrs. Ida Stonier, whose name was former!/ Mqs. Cohen. She is a hair dresser and lives at 1214 North Western avenue, Chicago. Her husband is Max Stohler, an iron worker. I Fannie Epstein, the agency goes on to tay, has a long list of aliases and a prison recorct. Her correct name is Mrs. Solomon Keller. She was formerly Mrs. Max Meltzer and lives at 820 Reed street, Chicago. In 19f*o she was arrested for lar ceny a* Washington, Pa., and was sentenced to eighteen months at Philadelphia. In 1909 she was ar rested in Chicago for shoplifting and got five days and a SSO fine. She gave her name as Richie Weinstein. As Rosa Burnstein she was arrested for larceny in Detroit, Nov. 30, 1912. “These two.’ the letter goes on to say, “have stolen many thousands of dollars’ worth of diamonds through out the United t States. They have gotten rich at it.’’’ Ben Banks, a Minneapolis jeweler, identified the two women as the ones who on Feb. 12 took two parcels con taining 249 diamonds, worth $1,200, from the store. Both were dressed lavishly in furs and had all the signs of wealth and luxury. He thinks one of the wom en slipped the stones in her stock ing. The same women were identified by Otto Stumpf, president of the Stumpf Jewelry company, 209 State street, Chicago, as being the two who came into his store Oct. 23, 1913, and took a paper of five diamonds worth $1,200. MAD BULL ATTACKS FARMER Vicious Beast Throws Master to Ground, Fracturing His Collar bone—Son Comes to Rescue. Waukesha. —A vicious bull attacked Hugh Humphrey of Pewaukee and after tossi 'g him about upon its horns, threw him to toe ground, fracturing his collarbone. Mr Humphrey’s sen, Byron, had difficulty in warding off the animal which had made a second attack. Mr. Humphrey was leading the animal. SI,OOO FOR LITTLE FINGER Port Washington Girl Ccts Reward for Losing F nger in Printing Press Last Fall. Port Washington.—Theresa Carrels, 16 years old, lost the little finger of her right hand in a printing press at the office of the Port Washington Zei tung mst fall. She brought iuit for SIO,OOO against Carl Fehlandt, the pro prietor, and was awarded SI,OOO by a jury in Circuit court. Thief Is Disappointed. Marinette. —Somewhere in Marinette there is a disgusted thief. Edward Gordan placed a satchel behind a store door while he did some shopping. When he returned it was gone. Later the police found it in the alley to the rear of the store beside a pile of dain ty feminine wearing apparel, which Gordon had purchased for his wife. The thief evidently found he could not wear long silk stockings and fril'ed woman’s underwear, for he took none of it. May Find Missing Sister. Appleton.—Mrs. John Moore is pre paring for r i reception of Mrs_ Dualia Hammond of Minneapolis, who is coming here looking for a sister from whom she was separated twenty years ago, thinking Mrs. Moore is she. Stabbed by Schoolmate. Menasha. —John Sokolofski, aged 12, was stabbed by Frank Stinske, a boy schoolmate, during a quarrel, the blade of the knife puercing his lung. The injured boy’s condition is serious. Inspects National Guard. Neenah.—Maj. J. B. Schneller of this city is touring the state inspecting companies of the Wisconsin National guard. Milwaukee, Oeonomowoc and Fort Atkinson companies will be in spected. Will Juild Church, Sheboygan Falls.' —A $15,000 brick church is to be erected by St. Paul’s Lutheran congregation of this city to replace the present frame structure, which was built in 1860. Veteran Commits Spicide. Waupaca.—Mathias Harig, a civil war veteran who attempted suic de at the hospital in the Wisconsin Vet erans’ home a ago by stabbing himself in the abdomen with a pocket knife died twi days later. Lutherans Plan to Aid College. Manitowoc.—Lutherans of this city will aid in the collection of $75,000 with which to rebuild the buildings burned at the German Lutheran Con cordia college at River Forest. Elks Plan Dedication. Waukesha.—At the Elks’ banquet in the G. A. R. hall the election of officers will take place. The date for the dedication of the new clubhouse, which will be a memorial event, will be decided at this meeting. The meeting may be the last held in the old clubroomsi. Will Meet at Green Bay. Green Bay.—The annual meeting of the Fox River Valley Denial society will be held in this city on March 10 SUPERIOR MANAGEMENT 0F SOWS AND PIGS ***>s£*& BL'JmIT"? I f ■ s ink' i 1.- } * '* . : s -- X y y *~ The Large Hog Waa Raised By a Member qf the Boya’ Pig Club; tha Small One Waa Raised By the Boy’s Father. (Prepared by the United Stated Depart* inent of Agriculture.) All hog lots s ould be built where the sun will shine upon some portion of them at all hours of the day, says State Farmers’ Bulletin 666, of the de partment of agriculture. Sunshine is one of the greatest factors for destroy ing germs and keeping down diseases. A supply of clean, fresh water at all times is essential. The troughs should be kept clean and not so much feed given at one time that it will be left In the trough to become sour and filthy. The troughs should be fre quently washed out and placed where the sun will shine In them. This is especially true of troughs used for feeding small pigs. Cleanliness of the feed is essential in this case to prevent scours, which is the cause of death among so many pigs. Avoid sudden changes of feed for the sow Just before farrowing or while suck ling her pigs. Do not give a sow too much feed at this time. She should have about four pounds of dry feed for each one hundred of live weight. Some clean, dry straw should be placed in every house for bedding, as it is essential that the sow have a warm, dry bed when she farrows. Many young pigs are lost each year from cold and exposure at farrowing time on every farm yvhere no shelter is provided. The young pigs must be kept warm, dry' and have plenty of sunshine until several weeks old in order to do well. Few sows that get plenty of exercise and are not too fat will need help in farrowing, but it is well to be present to give help if nec essary and to keep any pigs fro.n being crushed. Clip ofT the small tusks the day after the plgp are born. Give IV - <.***&** , ,/, , - ./ !sM§|L^ ; Is,' - ,' ' *&”&?** Hogs Raised by a Pig-Club Boy In Alabama. them the best of care for the first ten days and the death rate will be reduced greatly. A flat-bottomed trough with sides Tiot over three Inches high may be used for feeding the small pigs and the feeding should be started as soon as they will begin to eat, or at about four weeks old. Remedies for Hog Diseases. Charcoal, 1 bushel; hardwood ashes, 1 bushel; salt, 8 pounds; air-slaked lime, 8 pounds; sulphur, 4 pounds, and pulverized copperas, 2 pounds, is a good remedy for pigs suffering with scours and hogs affected with worms, according to the animal husbandry di vision of the bureau of animal Indus try, department of agriculture. If the pigs show indications of scouring, keep the charcoal mixture where the sow can eat it at will, or give her 15 grains of copperas in her slop every night and morning until effective. In case of severe scour ing with little pigs each may be given five to ten grains of subnitrate of bis muth after changing the sow's feed sind giving her the copperas. One of the best preventive meas ures for worms is to keep the mixture where the hogs can eat it at will. Mix the lime, salt and sulphur thoroughly, sind then mix with the charcoal and fishes. Dissolve the copperas in two parts of hot water. Store in a barrel under shelter, but keep some of it in ti shallow box for the hogs at all times. If hogs .are already wormy, turpentine can be given in the slop each morning for three mornings, at the rate of one teaspoonful for each £0 pounds of live weight. If hogs get plenty of exercise and are fed slop or soft feeds, they will seldom become constipated. In case a pregnant sow- becomes very consti pated give her one-fourth of a pound of Epsom salts in her slop once daily until her bowels become normal. Examine the hogs frequently about the ears, neck, flank and the inside of the legs to see if they are lousy. Lice cause unthriftiness among hogs of any age, and death among many pigs. To get rid of them wash or dip the hogs in a solution of any of the coal tar disinfectants, a rubbing post may be made by wrapping some ! gunny sacks about a stake and wet | ting the sacks frequently with crude oil, so that the hogs may rub against ! them. An effective method of clean ing the hogs of lice during the sum mer months is to pour crude oil on the water in the wallow. A thin layer of oil will get on the hogs and will kill the lice without injuring the togs. Every year the loss of little pig* from canker sore mouth is enormous, and might be prevented by a little care. The disease is caused by infec Prepare Your Own Grit. Take broker china, porcelain or or dinary “ironstone” dishes that have come to grief and pound up the scraps as fine as possible. Take the small fragments and scatter them over the chicken yard this winter, where the hens can pick them up daily. In sum mer the pieces may be scattered over a little wider range. They will pick op every fragment. Plentiful grit al ways available makes digestion of he rations easy for the hens. Good •igesticn ’ays the way for thrift. tlon through scratches on the nose or face of the pig, by a germ which la found In the droppings and filth from nearly all hogs. The infection results in swellings on the nose, or in eating canker sores. The small pigs have very sharp little tusks In the sides of their mouths, which scratch or cut the others’ cheeks when they fight The disease may be large’y prevented by clipping these small tusks ofT even with the gums the day after the pigs are born, and by keeping the pens cleaned and bedded with fresh, clean straw. Care must be taken not to lacerate the gums when clipping the teeth and not to pull out the tusks, an Infection would probably take place through these wounds more readily than from the scratches made by fighting. A pair of small bone forceps for clipping the tusks may be bought for 75 cents to sl, and should be kept on every farm where pigs are raised. They should be carefully disinfected, washed and dried after use. In case infection has already taken place and ulcers developed, the dis ease may be treated b> scraping each ulcer thoroughly and rubbing it with a penqjl of lunar caustic. Afterwards swab the sores twice dailj with a 6 per cent, solution of potassium per manganate. In mild cases good re sults have often been secured by dip ping the head of the effected pig sev eral times each day in a solution made by dissolving two ounces of potassium permanganate in a gallon of water. If lumps or bolls develop on the snout, cut deeply Into each with a sharp /aifc and at once satur ate with tir-crre of lodin. Wash the snout daily thereafter with a solution of potassium permanganate and every clay apply tincture of lodin to the ulcers. TIMELY HINTS FOR DAIRYMAN Practical Feeder Will Observe Manger Carefully—Cleanliness In Matter of High Ideals. Every euccessful dairyman knows that— Cows should not be milked with lightning speed, but steadily and gently. The good feeder will watch the manger, the eye, the coat and the voidings of his animals and soon ex perience a fascination in his work. By cleaning the stables, brushing the cows and properly mixing their feed it is possible to milk in comfort. If a few lazy, dirty dairymen fail to produce a clean product it is the duty of the state and municipal gov ernments to put them oat of busi ness. , Cleanliness Is not a matter of higher ideals alone but of careful business forethought, nevertheless dairymen should have high ideals and strive for greater perfection. Feeding Fowls Meat. Meat in some form must be fed to poultry. They must have animal mat ter. Fowls running on free ranges where insects are plentiful obtain a sufficient supply of animal matter, but those kept in closer quarters must be given this food in another form. Finely chopped frosh meat Is an excel lent bone and muscle builder for the young stock, but should not be fed more often than two or three timeß a week. Green bone, freshly cut just before feeding, is equally as benefi cial, but must also be fed with judg ment as to how much and how often. Meat foods assist feather, bone, mus cle and comb development, conse quently too much is apt tc cause too much forcing along these lines. Good Dairy Ration. A good dairy ration where farm grown feeds alone are used is alfalfa, clover or cowpea hay 15 to 20 pounds; corn 10 to 12 pounds. Along with this may be fed as much roughness as the cows will clean up. This roughness may be corn fodder, care or kafir, straw, or anything the cows relish. Fruit on Every Farm. No farm should be without fruit. A farmer who has ? taste for fruit-grow ing, and land suitable for it, should have his orchards of such fruits as hia local market calls for and of such va rieties as succeed best in bis locality. vigor and the production of eggs at the very time when eggs are most valuable. Oats as Dairy Ration. Oats have been used, when ground, as part of the dairy ration but are too high in price to be fed bconomically. It will be found cheaper 1.0 use wheat bran Instead and with the bran may be mixed some corn meal. Corn, at present prices, is a much cheaper milk maker than oata if fed in connection with bran or alfalfa hay. J PRESIDENT READS TOLLS MESSAGE URGES CONGRESS TO REPEAL THE EXEMPTION CLAUSE. “IN VIOLATION OF TREATY” Fevering of American Coastwise Ves uels Declared by Chief Executive Also to Be Based on Mistaken Economic Policy. Washington, March 6. —Declaring that the exemption of American coast wise shipping from the payment of Panama canal tolls was based upon a “mistaken economic policy" and was “in contravention of our treaty with. Great Britain,” President Wilson to day asked congress to repeal the Ad amson act containing the exemption clause. The appeal was mmie in per son by the president, who appeared before the senate and house of repre sentatives in Joint session. The president declared that nil the. world powers were unanimous in Judg ment that the exemption waß in vio lation of our treaty obligations. Only in the United States, he said, was the exemption clause regarded as debat able or as open to question. He said he had not come to congress to deliver a personal view, but that considera tions of Justice and wisdom led him to beileve that the proviso should be re pealed without delay. The president added that the United States “ought not to quibble” In the mutter of a treaty obligation. He in timated that the Panama canal tolls question was involved in all the other foreign questions now before the Uni ted States, because he would not know how to deal with them unless the ex emption is repealed. President’s Message. The address follows: “Gentlemen of the Congress: “I have come to you upon an errand wlilch can be very briefly performed, but I beg that you will not measure its Importance by the number of sen tences in which I state it. No com munication I have addressed to the congress carried with it graver or more far-reaching implications to the Interest of the country and I now come to speak upon a matter with, regard to which I am charged in a peculiar degree by the constitution it self with personal responsibility. “I have come to ask for the repeal of that provision of the Panama canal act of August 24, 1912, which exempts vessels engaged In the coastwise trade of the United States from payment of tolls, and to urge upon you the Jus tice, the wisdom, and the large policy of such a repeal with the utmost earnestness of which I am capable. Exemption a Mistake. "In my own judgment, very fully considered and maturely formed, that exemption constitutes a mistaken economic policy from every point of view, and is, moreover, In plain con travention of the treaty with Great Britain concerning the canal conclud ed on November 18, 1901. But l have not come to you to urge my personal views. I have come to state to you a fact and a situation. “Whatever may bo our own differ ences of opinion concerning this much debated measure, its meaning Is not debated outside the United States. Everywhere else the language of the treaty Is given but one Interpretation, and that Interpretation precludes the exemption I am asking you to repeal. Consented to Treaty “We consented to the treaty; its language we accepted, If we did not originate It; and we are too big, too powerful, too sclf-reßpectiDg a. nation to interpret with too strained or re fined a reading the words of our own promises just beet use we have power enough to give us leave to read them as we please. The large thing to do Is the only thing we can afford to do, a voluntary withdrawal from a posi tion every where questioned and misun derstood. We ought to reverse our action without raising the question whether we were right or Arong, and so once more deserve our reputation for generosity and the redemption of every obligation without quibble or hesitation. “I ask this of you In support, of the foreign policy of the administration. I shall not know how to deal with other meetings of even greater deli cacy and nearer consequence If you do not grant it to me In ungrudging measure.’’ RUSSIAN OFFICER MURDERED Slayer at Arms Factory Then Throws Himself Into Machinery and I8 Crushed. St. Petersburg, Russia, March 5. — Captain von Stahl, chief of works at the shrapnel tube factory of the Puti loff armament works, was brutally murdered by one of the foremen. The murderer then threw himself into the electrical machinery and was crushed to death. There has been a strike at the Putlloff works and Captain von Btahl’k' attitude toward the strikers is supposed to have been the cause of the trajedy. Note! Southern Woman Dead. Chattanooga, Tenn., March 5. —Mrs. Mary Ambler Coleman, aged eighty four, mother of Lewis M. Coleman, United States district attorney for the eEstern district of Tennessee, died here. Mrs. Coleman was a grand daughter of Chief Justice John Mar shall. Fruits Absorb Bad Flavors. Fruits have been knowc to absorb bad flavors from tainted air. Crapes Mill sometimes absorb enough chemi eils from the air In the vicinity of chemical works to spoil the flavor of tie juice or wine.—Farm and Fire side. Cleaning Brass Brass can be kept in good condition if washed once a month with vinegar snd water and then polished with dry liowdered rotten stone and chamois i kin. Cheap Sympathy. Pcul Rankin of Salina remarks that a lot of people go to a show and weep over the imaginary troubles of the heroine who wouldn’t give a one !.egged man an old broomstick to use as a crutch. On New Occasion. Church usher (on “church-gnlng Sun day")—“Where would you like to alt, sir?” Prosperous looking **Wky— the fourth row center, and an aisle seat, please."— Judge.