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HOUSE KILLS TAX
COMMISSION GILL ASSEMBLY VOTES DOWN ADMIN ISTRATION ACT, 49 TO 42, AFTER HOT DEBATE. WILL BE RECONSIDERED Hard Fight to Be Made in Mean Time to Line Up Enough Votes for Final Pas sage. Madison, June 22, 1915. Following the surprise it sprung in connection with the water power bill, the assembly again upset the plans of the administration by indef initely postponing the bill repealing the present tax commission law, and creating a commission to consist of one salaried member, with the gov ernor and state treasurer ex-officio members. The vote was 49 to 42. Gov. E. L. Philipp will present his best fighting front when the motion to reconsider the vote by which the tax commission bill was killed will be taken up. Administration leaders fear that unless the house recedes from its position on this proposition that practically the entire legislative program of the administration will be endangered. That the vote on reconsideration will be close there is little doubt, as the administration leaders will work tooth and nail in the interests of the bill in the interim. Education Board Bill Passed. The administration bill creating a state board of education to manage the state university, state normal schools, Stout institute and state mining school, passed the assembly by a vote of 53 to 33. The bill provides for a board of fifteen members, with the state su perintendent of public instruction as a member ex officio. The governor Is to appoint the members, and not more than seven of them are to be of the same political party. Three members are to be women, one mem ber is to be nominated to the gover nor by the faculty of the state uni versity and one by the presidents of the state normal schools. One mem ber is to be a practical agriculturist and one a laborer. The assembly refused to recon sider the vote by which it ordered to third reading the Glenn bill author izing the board of trustees of the teachers' retirement fund to raise the salary of its secretary from $1,200 to SI,BOO. It refused to revive the Bosshard bill providing for a state game farm in Vilas county. It killed the Schroeder resolution for a con stitutional amendment increasing the length of terms of county officers from two to four years. Many Senate Bills. ‘ The senate passed the following senate bills: by Senator Albers, re lating to fees of insurance compa nies; by Senator Fairchild, relating to assessment of taxes; by Senator Martin, relating to additional salaries to city employes. The senate con curred in the following assembly bills: by Heim, relating to the state indebtedness and making an appro priation; by Ballard, providing for compensation for accidental injury or death of employes, eliminating the farmers from the operation of the workmen’s compensation act; by Jenson prohibiting the operation of automobiles by intoxicated persons. Woman Suffrage Wins. The senate refused to reconsider the vote by which the Glenn woman suffrage bill had been ordered en grossed. The vote was 13 to 16. The Budlong bill, which exempted from taxation homesteads of veterans of the civil war and the Mexican war, was refused third reading. The Hed ding text-book bill, which provides for submission of copies of books and giving of a bond as to prices, was advanced to third reading. Absent Voting Passes. The assembly, after a long debate, ordered to third reading the Boss hard bill, appropriating $2,000 to At torneys John A. Aylward and M. B. Olbrich of Madison, for services and expenses in the prosecution of actions brought by Commissioner of Insur ance Ekern against former Gov. Mc- Govern to retain his office. The assembly ordered to third reading the Stevens bill authorizing the granting of liquor licenses to new hotels. The assembly killed the Fairchild bill, authorizing directors of build ing and loan associations to fix the compensation of officers of such or ganizations. The Pieper bill, providing for vot ing by mail, was passed by the as sembly. The Bray bill, providing for examinatien by legislature of any School Census Shows Gain. Oconomowoc. —The school census just completed here shows 535 children of school age in the district, which comprises the city, towns of Summit and Oconomowoc. This is a gain of eighty-two over last year. Fined for Shooting Deer. Tomahawk. —Eugene AUord was ar rested and fined SSO and costs, amount ing to $60.95. for illegal hunting. The entire carcass of a deer was found in his possession. Jitney Breaks Man's Leg. Kenosha. —A jitney bus traveling forty miles an hour and driven by Floyd Riennemann crashed into an ex press wagon here. Henry O’Hare, the driver, had his right leg broken. Bien nemann was arrested. Two Postoffices Closed. Grand Rapids.—The Saratoga and Van Driessen postoffices were closed on orders from the postmaster general. Hereafter the mail will be supplied by rural carriers. One Year for Stealing Safe. Antigo.—Edward and Joseph Hol ly were sentenced to one year at Waupun for stealing the safe from the Krause Kostka saloon on June 11. The safe contained about S9OO in cash and checks, and weighed 900 pounds. Carvings by Beavers. Ashland. —Unique and interesting specimens of wood carving by beavers In a colony near this city have been brought here and are on exhibition state officer or employe, and the Fairchild bill, authorizing insurance companies to give prizes to agents, were nonconcurred in by the assem bly. The assembly committee on agri culture recommended for passage the Grell bill permitting cheese to be made from skimmed milk, which is to be branded and sold as skimmed milk cheese. The assembly committee on state affairs recommended for indefinite postponement a bill providing for de taching the northern part of Eau Claire county and attaching it to Chippewa county. School Board Repeal Advanced. The repeal of the county board of education law went to engrossment in the assembly. This bill had originally been in the house but was sent to the finance committee for further consider ation and was recommended for pas sage by unanimous vote. The assem bly sent to engrossment the Heim bill for the payment of railroad and tele graph taxes. It engrossed the bill re ducing the appropriation for the com missioners of public lands from $5,000 to $4,250 annually. It killed the Bud long bill providing that elevators on leased lands shall be taxed as real estate and concurred in the Fairchild bill changing life insurance law’ in minor particulars so that several com panies which retired from the state a number of years ago will be able to return. It also passed the Stevens bill for the granting of liquor licenses to hotels and the Staudenmayer bill giving towns authority to build town halls containing moving picture shows. Assemblyman Budlong of Marinette moved a reconsideration of the vote by which the assembly advanced the banking bill which allows banks to pay their taxes on an income tax basis of 10 per cent. The joint committee on finance has recommended for passage the Nye bill for the state assessment of elevators and railroad terminals, the amount collected in taxes, however, to be turned over to the locality. Wants $50,000 for Hog Cholera. A bill appropriating $50,000 to re gents of the university for erection of a building for manufacture of hog cholera serum for free distribution to farmers w’as introduced in the senate by Senator Bosshard of La Crosse. It was referred to a committee. The Van Gordon bill, creating a state central board of education to manage the state university, state normal schools, Stout institute and state mining school, was received from the assembly, which passed it last week and referred it to the com mittee on finance. Amend Age of Consent Bill. On motion of Senator Monk his bill relating to the age of consent of fe males was amended so as to correct an error in the bill, making the age of consent 16 instead of 18 years. The law’ at present fixes the age of consent at 14 years. Bill No. 5785, authorizing com mon councils of cities and trustees of towns and villages to issue negotiable mortgage certificates for improve ments of municipal light, power and water plants, was recalled by resolu tion from the governor for a slight amendment in phraseology. The assembly passed the bill relat ing to shipment of rabbits and con curred in a measure by Senator Whit man, conferring civil and criminal jurisdiction on the County court of lowa county; also the bill by Senator Bennett, relating to the power of vil lage boards in cases of emergency. The assembly nonconcurred in 5775, relating to insanitary condi tions in the manufacture of dairy products, and the bill by Senator Ev erett relating to board of park com missioners in all cities except cities of first class. Investigation Costs $4,800. Madison.—While the legislative investigating committee has not for mally disbanded, the committee has discontinued hearings and is not ex pected to do any more investigating. The total expense of the investiga tion, as show-n by bills filed with the legislature, was $4,800. Monument to Soldiers. Grand Rapids.—At a recent meeting of the Sons of Veterans it was decided to erect a suitable soldiers’ monument in this city in honor of the soldiers of Wood county. The following commit tee was appointed to devise ways and means to procure the necessary funds: B. M. Vaughan, George L. Warr and R. C. Getts. Chaffey Postoffice Discontinued. Washington.—The postoffice at Chaffey, Douglas county, Wis., has been discontinued and the mail will be transferred to Foxboro. The post office at Green Lake, Minocqua, and Waunakee will become presidential, July 1. The first two pay a salary of $1,400 each, the last named SI,OOO. Two Rivers Has Boom. Two Rivers —Building activities have assumed unusual proportions here this year. Already fifty-five dwellings are under construction. Wausau Gets State Meeting. Wausau. —The Wisconsin conference cff charities and corrections will hold the annual meeting in Wausau on Oct. 12, 13 and 14. according to a decision of the executive committee at Madi son. Prize for Scout Fishers. Ashland. —A prize has been offered by a local merchant to the member of the Boy Scout troop on the annual en campment trip who catches the largest trout or the largest bass. Blast Nearly Fatal. Manawa. —While working on the state road works. Weyland Stevens, son of Isaac Stevens of this village, sustained a fractured jaw and com pound fracture of arm and the loss of one eye and other injuries by the de layed explosion of a charge of dyna mite. Glenwood Fair Dates Set. Glenwood Citw. —The dates of the sixth annual Glenwood intercounty fair have been set for Sept. 1. 2 and 3. Woman Dies on Train. Rhinelander.—Miss Tina C. Latul- returning to her home in Water ville. Me., from a visit at St. Paul, was found dead in a Pullman berth of a Soo line train here. Her sister. Mrs. Abbey Muerch. of Memphis. Tenn., was with her. Report Eighteen Births. Grand Rapids.—According to the re port of the city health officer for May there were eighteen births, eight mar riages and five deaths. OLD GRADUATES MEET ATREUNION NORTHWESTERN COLLEGE HOLDS ITS GOLDEN JUBILEE CELE BRATION. MANY GUESTS ARE PRESENT Graduates and Friends of the Institu tion Came From Many Parts of the Middle West. Watertowm. —Gray-haired ministers and retired business men and farmers who were graduated from Northwes tern college nearly fifty years ago met at the golden jubilee celebration of the college here. They found plenty of opportunity to talk over old times when Northwestern was one of the smallest of small col leges and to meet and exchange remi niscences with graduates of later days still in ihe midst of their careers and with young men who left the college only a few years ago. It was a joyous reunion, the biggest thing of its kind in Northwestern’s his tory. There was pathos, too, in the mutual acknowledgement of high hopes of college days still unrealized or oth er misfortunes suffered. It was a big day in every sense; big with the feeling of chums and friends long separated; big in plans for the fu ture for individuals and for the col lege; it was big, too, in the sense of numbers, for graduates and friends of the institution came from many parts of the middle west. MADISON WOMAN ELECTED Mrs. Della Larson Chosen Head of Daughters of G. A. R. at Wausau Encampment. Wausau. —Mrs. Della Larson of Madison was elected commander of the Daughters of the G. A. R., depart ment of Wisconsin, at the annual en campment held in conjunction w r ith the Grand Army encampment. The other officers are: Senior vice commander, Eline Wade, Kenosha; junior vice commander, Mrs. A. Woulke, Racine; chaplain, Nettie Watts, Manitowoc; quartermaster, Re gina Klaina, Racine; adjutant, Nellie Doyle, Madison; sentinel, O. Leich weichs, Racine; first trustee, Ada Rhodes, Madison; second trustee, Elsie Mae Wade, Kenosha; third trustee, Miss M. Morris, Racine; auditor, Sarah Shaw, Racine; patriotic instructor, Miss S. Maxted, Racine; officer of the day, Millie Cook, Kenosha; counselor, Cora Lane, Kenosha. MUSTLOWER FREIGHT RATES The Wisconsin Railroad Commission Ordered Roads to Haul Coal at Less Cost. Madison.—The Wisconsin railroad commission ordered the Milwaukee road and Chicago and Northwestern to establish a connecting track be tween their two lines where they cross near the southern limits of the city of Waukesha, which shall be long enough to hold ten cars. The commis sion ordered the Northwestern to re duce its rate on hard coal from Green Bay to Wausau and Marathon City from $1.50 to $1.40 per ton. The Green Bay and Western railway company was ordered to reduce its rate on hard coal from Green Bay to Black Creek from $1 to 88 cents per ton; to lola from $1.25 to $1.20; Amherst Junction from $1.25 to $1.20; Arnott from $1.35 to $1.30; Plover from $1.50 to $1.30, and Stevens Point, Meehan, Coyne, Barron, Grand Rapids, Walker and Elm Lake from $1.50 to $1.40. The Soo company was ordered to build anew depot at Dwight. Form Auto Club. Grand Rapids.—With a member ship of 121 the Wisconsin River Val ley Automobile club has been formed in this city. The following officers were elected: C. W. Rood, president; Otto R. Roenius, first vice-president; Dr. H. L. Waters, second vice-presi dent; E. P. Arpin, third vice-presi dent; Robert L. Nash, secretary and treasurer. Women Form Club. Grand Rapids.—The Wood County Women’s club has recently been or ganized in Vesper, the purpose being the welfare of the women in rural communities. The officers are: Mrs. Otto J. Leu. president: Miss K. C. Hoeneld, secretary, and Mrs. A. Kief fer, treasurer. Locusts Have Appeared. Baraboo. —The seventeen year lo custs have appeared in the vicinity of Durwards Glen, a few miles east of this city. Collect Car of Old Paper. Ashland.—Efforts of the Young People’s society of the St. John’s Lu theran church to collect enough old papers and magazines to fill a freight car have resulted successfully. It took them just about a year. “Forty-niner” Gets Papers. Janesville.—Gilbert Evenson, aged SO, who took out his fiist papers in 1849 and has been a resident of Wis consin ever since, has just taken out his second papers. Manitowoc Shows Growth. Manitowoc. —According to an ac curate census taken by Henry Mul holland. the population of this city is 14.297, two-thirds of which is on the south side. The last government census gave Manitowoc 13,02 7. Purchase Land for Park. Racine. —The Weber property fronting on Lake Michigan and run ning parallel to the beach for a block has been purchased by the city for | park purposes. I Three Years for Auto Theft. Racine. —Henry F. Stein, who stole an automobile from a chauffeur of the Warner Automobile company of ! Milwaukee while the latter was in ] charge of a car in this city. wa3 sen tenced to three years at Waupun. Famous Racine Singer Dead. Racine. —Hugh Whittington, a re | tired express driver, who won numer i ous medals as a tenor singer at vari ous eisteddfod contests, died from i blood poisoning. 67 vears old. DEATH CALLS JUDGE HANIj Jurist, Prominent in -Southern Wiscon sin Half a Century, Succumbs to Stroke. Kenosha. —Judge E. O. Hand of Ra cine, prominent among members o! the bench and bar of southern Wiscon sin for nearly half a century, died al Pennoyer sanitorium 1 sat the agn of 84 years. Elbert Osborne Hand was born at Newlebanon, N. Y., Nov. 29, 1830. He was a son of John S. Hand. He was one of the original “Forty Niners” and drove an ox team across the plains of California in 1849. He returned to Wisconsin by the Panama route in 1853 and in the next year he entered the University of Wisconsin, from which he was graduated in 1859. Later he graduated from the law school at Albany, N. Y. He began the practice of law in Ra cine in 1861. In 1868 he was appointed county judge by Gov. Schofield, and he was re-elected three successive terms. He also served Racine county as dis trict attorney. Judge Hand was a democrat and had been a party leader in this section of the state. He is survived by one son, E. B. Hand, and by two daughters, Mrs. Charles R. Carpenter and Mrs. W. F. McGregor of Racine. The death of Judge Hand resulted from a stroke of paralysis. WOLF PELT FRAUD CHARGED William Whitt Arrested at Frederic for Alleged Connections With Bounty Swindlers. Superior.—William Whitt, long famed as champion wolf slayer of northern Wisconsin, is under arrest at Frederic, Wis., and state game wardens are claimed to have connect ed him with gigantic frauds, whereby the northwestern counties of Wis consin have been defrauded of more than $20,000 in the last five years. Others are said to be implicated in the plan which it is alleged centered around the purchase of pelts of Ca nadian wolves, brought to the Twin cities and their presentation to Wis consin county clerks for bounty pay ments. The pelts are said to have cost the hunters from $2.50 to $4.50, while the bounty is S2O, half paid by the state and half by the county. During the last four years Whitt has collected from the state and from treasurers of Douglas, Burnett, Polk and Washburn counties $9,804, offi cials charge. That much of this was paid on Canadian wolf pelts, and that other men have used the same sys tem with similar results, is alleged, and arrests are imminent. OPEN AIR SCHOOLS SUCCESS Advance in Studies as Marked as Physical Improvement, Reports Green Bay Institution. Green Bay.—Every one of the fifty pupils in the two open air schools made at least one grade during the year which has just closed. One of the fifty has done three years’ work in one. Six have done the work of two grades and eight have made one and one-half grades. This is regard ed as a most remarkable showing, as the schools are maintained only for children suffering from serious phys ical handicap and the gain in health has been as striking as the record in study. At least three-quarters of an hour each afternoon is given to sleeping and the fine record made by the two schools is regarded as a typical dem onstration of what fresh air, proper food and sufficient rest will accom plish. The greatest gain in weight during the year was fifteen and a half pounds. The least was one-half pound, but the child who made the minimum in weight made great gain in general health conditions. The schools are under the supervision of Miss Myra Kimball. FIREMEN ELECT OFFICERS Anthony Push, Highland, Chosen Presl dent of State Association at Rice Lake. Rice Lake.—lt is estimated that 6,000 persons attended the firemen’s tournament in this city. At the busi ness meeting the following officers were elected: President, Anthony Push, Highland; first vice-president, W. P. Zech, Reedsburg; second vice president, John J. McCullom, Rice Lake; recording secretary, Benjamin R. Burt, Jafferson; treasurer, John West, Barron; corresponding secre tary, John Clifford, Juneau. Juneau was selected for the meeting place next year. Plan Fleet of Freight Boats. Neenah. —An attempt is being made to interest capitalists in the Fox river valley to organize a company and con struct a fleet of freight boats for ser vice on the Fox river between Fond du Lac and Green Bay. Girl Weds Father-in-Law . Racine. —Mrs. Catherine Thronson, 25 years old, was united in marriage to her father-in-law, Christian Thron son, 57 years, as a result of a court ship following the death of her first husband. Each has one child. Veterans Plan Reunion. Neenah. —Veterans of the thirtv-sec ond Wisconsin infantry will celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of their die | charge from service in Neenah and ! Menasha on June 23 and 24. Naval Militia Going East. Ashland. —Members of the local na val militia will take part in the cruise • of the Wisconsin naval militia alone the Atlantic coast in July. The cruise will take them to New York. Newport Philadelphia and Gardiners Bay. June Brides Are Numerous. Janesville. —Rock county is to have its share of June brides despite the cold weather. Thus far the number oi • licenses average five a day, which is | above the average. , Want Bogus Check Man. Janesville. —E. P. Johnson, claiming to be purchasing agent for the German government. Is wanted by the police ! for passing bogus checks on a Joliet bank. He bought several horses, but left before they were delivered. Superior Captain Promoted. Superior —Capt. E. Rossiter. for more j than a dozen years commander of com pany I. Third regiment. W. N. G„ has been appointed major in the inspector general’s department WAUSAU PILOT HARVESTING AND PACKING STRAWBERRIES American Quart Boxe* of Well-Graded Strawberries—“ Fancy" on the Right, “No. 1" on the Left. The stage of maturity at which strawberries should be picked depends upon the distance they are to be shipped. When grown for the local market they should be picked when throughly ripe but not soft, says anew farmers' bulletin, No. 664, of the United States department of agricul ture. If grown for a distant market the berries must be picked before they are thoroughly ripe, but they should be fully grown and about three-fourths ripe. If picked before they are colored the berries will shrink and wither, making them unfit for sale. Strawber ries should be picked with a short piece of stem attached (about one fourth to one-half inch). They should never be slipped from the stem, as that spoils appearance and injures their shipping and keeping qualities. Grading and Packing. Uniformity in the pack is essential in order to obtain high prices for strawberries, and this can be secured only when the berries have been care fully graded and sorted. Some grow ers have the berries graded in the field. A common practice in some sections is to pick the ripe berries of all grades into the same box and when the tray is full to take it to the packing shed, where the berries are sorted and packed. The graders dump the ber ries on a table and pick out all green, overripe or small berries. The others are placed in the boxes, one of the graders arranging the top layers in such a way that the berries show to best advantage. When berries are packed in this manner, care should be taken not to put the small, inferior berries in the center of the box and the large fine berries on top. The fruit should be uniform throughout the box, with the top layer merely placed to aid to the attractiveness of the pack and to hold the fruit in place. Where the fancy pack is put up, the berries should be divided into two grades. After the berries are picked they should be placed in the shade as soon as possible, for heat injures the fruit in a short time. The pickers should not be allowed to leave the filled Crate of Aroma Strawberries in Octagon Quart Boxes, Twenty-Four Quarts to the Crate. BUY THE BEST BINDER TWINE Always Best to Purchase Standard Quality Loss From Breakage Ought to Be Avoided. Buy what binder twine will be needed for the wheat crop early, so as to get a good article. It Is always best to buy of standard quality—that will not kink and knot up. A poor quality of twine will give no end of trouble In harvesting heavy grain. The loss of time caused by breakage during harvest will more than pay for all the best twine needed in har vesting the crop. Ropes for the hay fork and for hauling the hay cocks to barrack or rick, should be of the best quality and the full length. Anew rope, particularly if it be sisal, often causes trouble because of its stiffness. If used as a hay fork rope or to place where it runs through a set of pul leys, it is apt to tangle up until It has been used for some time. This trouble may be avoided by boiling the rope in water. Coil the rope in a large soap boiler and cover with water and bring it to a boil. The rope is then to be taken out and stretched out and allowed to dry, when it will be found to be soft and pliable. Pigs Attacked by Thumps. Young pigs that are overfed and un der exercised are often attacked by thumps. They may live for months and then recover or die after being affected a few weeks. A good treat ment for the disease is to feed light, laxative slop, without com, and add an ounce of limewater to each quart of slop. Roots and alfalfa hay make good feed for them. Be sure to give them plenty of exercise each day and idlow them free access to slaked lime, wood ashes and wood charcoal. Rid Barn of Fleas. If troubled with fleas In the bam, clean out all the dirt and rubbish and apray with a standard dip solution. You can also apply a coat of white vash, to which has been added a tea tpoonful of carbolic acid or creolin, t or every pint of water used. Sprin kle the floors with lime and in the vorst places tobacco dust may be ased in addition to the disinfectant. Have a Patato Sprayer. If you cannot afford to purchase a potato sprayer yourself double up with jcur neighbor in buying a three or four-row sprayer for potatoes and oth er crops. It will not cost either very much and will do practically as much good as two machines. Use Modern Machinery. Use the best and most up-to-date machinery possible to obtain. Where large areas are to oe cropped the ma chine requiring the least effort for the vicst work u -iesirabie. boxes along the rows, where the ber ries will be exposed to the sun. The shorter the time that elapses after the fruit is picked before it is put Into refrigerator cars or refrigerator boxes the better it is for the berries, which will continue to ripen rapidly until they are chilled. Large Crates Preferable. Many types of boxes and crates are used for strawberries, but the ten dency is toward a standard full-size quart box. In fact, in several states it is illegal to ofTer for sale a short box; shipments to these markets must be handled to conform with the laws. The boxes now in use are the Ameri can or standard quart berry box, which holds a full quart; the octagon box, and the square scale-board type of quart and pint boxes. The Ameri can type is the one that is most gen erally used; It Is full size, strongly made, and packs well in the crate. The octagon box is objectionable on ac count of its shape and the raised bot tom. A long, narrow box is not sat isfactory, because it is inconvenient to pick up without grasping the sides between the thumb and fingers, and when handled in this way the berries are likely to be mashed. Moreover, the sides of boxes with raised bottoms often split off below the bottom, caus ing the boxes to tip over. The scale-board boxes are cheaper than splint boxes, but as the latter are more substantial they are preferred in nearly all markets. The type of crate depends on the boxes used. Any crate substantially built and well ven tilated is satisfactory, but cost is an important consideration, as they are not returned to the shipper. The largest crate that can be handled conveniently is the one to use, as the large ones are cheaper in pro portion to the quantity of berries they carry. The 24 or 32-quart crates are generally used, though in some sec tions the 60-quart crate is employed. Crates with hinged lids have an ad vantage over others In that they pro vide for the inspection of the fruit to better advantage. The hinged-lid crate invites inspection and this is a point in its favor. PLAN TO SPRAY VEGETABLES Machinery as Necessary for Garden as for Orchard—Liquid Should Be Put on In Fine Mist. A spraying machine is as necessary for the garden as the orchard. Some folks use a common water sprinkler for applying spraying mixturea; but this does little good, because it is not only a great waste of material, but the plants are not fully covered in this way. The liquid should be put on in a fine mist, not as a heavy rain. To apply Paris green in water various cheap hand sprayers are on the market now. They need not be of copper for this purpose, as paris green will not corrode iron any more than does wa ter; but when bordeaux mixture is used as a carrier for the arsenical poison (and we would strongly urge that this be done in every case, as it must be done if we put our potato growing operations on a safe basis) then the sprayer must be made of copper and brass—iron would be eat en away in a short time. The modem knapsack sprayer, which possibly is the best implement for spraying smaller patches of potatoes up to three or four acres—cucumbers or other vines, and for general use as a sprayer machine in the garden and small vineyard, will involve a first expense of from sl2 to sls, but it will pay in any large-sized garden. FEW QUESTIONS TO CONSIDER Before Buying Machinery Find Out If It Has Been Tried by Others and Found Satisfactory. (By A. H. BENTON.) Before purchasing new machinery, it is well to consider the following questions: Will the use of the new machine give me a larger net return from the crops on which it is used? the new ujachine reduce !he de mand for man labor? Where a machine is required only a few days each year, can 'lt not be rented more cheaply than purchased? Will the money to be invested re turn more in some other w r ay? Has the machine been thoroughly tried by others and found satisfactory? Pure Blood Speaks Loud. With hens, as with cattle and hogs, pnre blood speaks louder than “wa ter-blood,” and as the farmer cannot afford to harbor scrub hogs and cat tle, so he cannot afford to feed and care for mongrel fowls. Silage “Succotash.” Com and Russian sunflower are grown together for silage “succotash” by New York farmers who experience favorable results from this mixture, planting the sunflower seed in every i third hole. HAD QUACKS AS FOUNDATION j German Science, So Famous Today, la Credited With Exceedingly Mod est Beginning. j German medical science is world famed and has proved a godsend to mankind. Yet the science may be said to have been founded by the quacks of former centuries, for, while quack ery has always flourished in all coun tries, Germany was long the leader in turning out practicioners of this dubir ous profession. They were often men of imagination akin to genius, and they traveled all over Europe. A ma jority of the celebrated quacks of England were Germans, and the r methods of advertising their “cures” were very similar to those of the “In dian medicine men” who still flourish in the rural districts of America. “Having studied over Galem, Hypo crates, Albumazer and Paracelsus, I am now become the Esculapius of the age,” modestly announced one medi eval quack, according to an early play, “having been educated at twelve kingdoms and been counselor to the counselors of several monarc ks. By the earnest prayers of several lords, earls, dukes and honorable person ages I have been at last prevailed upon to oblige the world with this no tice: That all persons, young and old, blind or lame, deaf or dumb, cur able or incurable, may know where to repair for cure in all cephalalgias, paralytic paroxysms, palpitations of! the pericardium, empyemas, syncopes' and nasieties, arising either from a plethory or a cachochymy, veryiginous* vapors, hydrocephalous exacerbation, odontalgic or podagrical inflammations; and the entire legion of tethnerous distempers. “This is nature’s palladium, health’s magazine, and it works seven manner of ways, as nature requires, for it scorns to be confined to any particular mode of operation.” Yet from those quacks arose the mighty army of German scientists whose researches have been the marvel and the benefaction of the whole world. —————— N Coalition Ministries. # Since the formation in 1852 of the famous coalition cabinet which went to pieces during the Crimean war, but served its purpose admirably for two years, there has been no such radi cal change in a British ministry as that of recent date. That ministry was created, like the new one, with out the formality of a general elec tion, and it included, with the excep tion of Lord Derby and Mr. Disraeli, every man of genuine ability as a leader in both the great parties. Pal merston’s war cabinet, which succeed ed it, in the excitement caused by Roebuck’s charges of army misman agement, was whoDy tory. The coali tion, in later years, of the liberal un ionists with the conservatives was not of so great political significance. The so-called liberal unionists who left the party of Mr. Gladstone and the Duke of Devonshire because of their opposition to Irish home rule have never since had a separate political existence. The cabinet of the Mar quis of Salisbury, to which they be longed, survived all the political op position engendered by the mistakes of the Boer war. Would Take Time. A minister was called to the bed side of a very sick man in order to give him consolation. The lawyer was also in the room, having just finished making out the will. The minister, who had not great re spect for the sick man on account of his mean ways, nevertheless did his duty, and asked him what it was he desired. “Well,” he replied, “I have a great many debts —I owe many people sums of money to which they are perhaps entitled, and so that I can leave the earth with a clear conscience I would pray that my life could be spared un til I have paid the uttermost farthing of my indebtedness.” "Avery proper wish,” said the min ister. “Certainly," said the lawyer from the other side of the bed, “for if it were granted he would have life ever lasting.” “Speaking of Dogs.” When I select a dog I first satisfy myself that he is one who will stick to a rabbit trail —the rest is imma terial so long as he possesses a head and tail, “Zim” writes in Cartoons. Next in consideration is his price and the perquisites that accompany the sale, so that in case pf the sudden and unexpected death of said dog, as in the present case, my loss is only partial, for I still have collar and li cense and a yard of hemp rope to re sume business with. Dog fanciers are apt to overlook these important items when making canine purchases. Many dogs wearing the blue ribbon are impostors as hunters. Few of them ever saw or heard the crack of a shotgun. Take it from me, the most profitable hound is the willing worker that costs about $3.50, who needs no valet to groom the burdocks from his silky coat after the chase! Harvard Men Wear Bangs. Harvard has several undergraduates who have taken up the fad of having bangs drooping over their foreheads. The Cambridge students have wit nessed the rise and decline of the mus tache, the annihilation of the pineapple clip and the complete routing of the pompadour, but now, on the eve of commencement, along comes a small group of students with bangs. There is no regulation in the Har vard book of laws forbidding bangs, and those who don’t like the new styles are at a loss what to do. —Cam- bridge Dispatch to New York World. Officer Was Shrewd. The officers in a certain British regiment have to go through the day’s training under exactly the same con ditions as the men, and carry the same sized pack. One of the officers for a long time amazed his colleagues by showing extraordinary agility and energy in spite of this fact, until a few days ago his secret was divulged. He had been filling his pack mostly with an air-cushion! Hay Versus Blubber. “Seems to be a pretty smooth sales man you have there,” remarked the visitor. “Indeed he is,” said the proud mer chant. "I believe if It were put square ly up to him he could sell breakfast food to Eskimos.” Power of the Individual. If only one person—you—makes up his mind to do his best for the meet ing, from that nucleus the contagion of best-doing will spread through the society. I Corns I bunion*, (ailing arches, ingrow ing nails, callouses all come ■ from bonea bent by wearing nar row, pointed shoes. Wear Educators and Nature will relieve or free your feet from these ills. For the whole family, $ 1.35 to $5.50. But be sure EDUCATOR is branded on sole —unless so marked they’re not the genuine orthopaedlcallv correct Educa ' ■' tor, made only by I RICE & HUTCHINS, Inc. 15 High St Boston, Mast. I Educatorj I SHOE® I f Dealers: W can sapply yoe at E wlsoUwle trsw tcxl< on oar floor. R Chicago Cos. ■a i vasilTO Walina K.Colrman.Wuh PH I KN I lngton, I) C. Booksfr*. Hint, I ft I lill I Vnt references. Beat result* W. N. U., MILWAUKEE, NO. 26-1915. FEW CAN ESCAPE NOSTALGIA Homesickness Claims Victims From All Classes and From Every Variety of People. German sailors on steamships which are held up in New York are said to have, several of them, gone mad. Idle ness anu homesickness are the causes, hospital authorities say. Homesickness finds strange victims, Army surgeons know that sometimes It kills. Often It is the man without a regular home who is most subject to nostalgia. This disturbance of soul, mind and body settles down upon the phlegmatic, the hurly, the thick skinned. It takes them under sunny skies amid the earth’s best loveliness and they moan for dirty streets where they played in childhood. Idleness breeds homesickness and active diversion cures it. It Is akin to melancholia and comes in myste rious ways. Probably it arises from the biological impulse intended to an chor man in one place long enough for him to take root. Its opposing in stinct is the wanderlust. Explorers have confessed that the worst homesickness they have known was in the first few hours and days of their return. In familiar surround ings the marks of time’s inexorable progress were painfully apparent. Changes, small and large, tortured them by reminders of the precious past. Some have turned in despondent revulsion to take up their roamings again. Bragging. Two close neighbors were in conver sation. “Well,” said one, “you haven’t any call to be proud. My father’s taller than yours." “Bet you a nickel he ain’t!” was the retort. “Bet you he is," said the first youngster. “My father can see over the wall at the end of the garden. Yours can’t.” “Yes, he can, smart/," replied the other, “with this hat on.” Fitness for Reward. A Sunday school teacher had been telling her class of little boys about crowns of glory and heavenly rewards for good people. “Now, tell me," she said, at the close of the lesson, ‘who will get the biggest crown?” There was silence for a minute or two, the' a bright little chap piped out: "Him wot’s got t’ biggest ’ead.” — Tit-Bits. Fine for Love-Making. “The planet Jupiter has five moons.” “How romantic the nights must be there!” —Kansas City Journal. The demand for sincerity is far in excess of the visible supply. To Build Strong Children Supply their growing bodies with right food, so that Brain, and Muscle, and Bone devel opment may evenly balance. Grape Nuts FOOD was originated to supply, in proper proportion, the very elements required by the human body for growth and repair. To supply children a dish of Grape-Nuts and cream for breakfast regularly, is to start them on the road to sturdy health. “There’s a Reason” for Grape-Nuts Sold by grocers.