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Wausau pilot. [volume] (Wausau, Wis.) 1896-1940, March 27, 1917, Image 8

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WAR MAY FOLLOW
SINKING OF U. S.
SHIPS BY U-BOATS
f
CABINET MEMBERS URGL PRESI
DENT WILSON TO SUMMON
CONGRESS AT ONCE.
AMERICAN LIVES ARE LOST
Officials Say Germany’s Submarine
Attacks Cause Virtual State of
War—Rush Work on Fleet
of U-Boat Chasers.
Washington, D. C-, March 21. —For
two hours on Tuesday President Wil
son discussed the international crisis
with his cabinet, and heard urgent
suggestions that the date for the ex
tra session of congress, fixed for April
16, be set forward to consider further
steps in defense of American com
merce against German submarines. It
is understood there was not a dissent
ing vote against this advice.
Among officials virtually the unani
mous opinion is that in spite of the
technical armed neutrality statute of
the United States, actually a state of
war exists as the result of the ruth
less destruction of American merchant
ships and the killing of American cit
izens in defiance of international law
and of the most solemn warning one
nation can give another. The only
question is “What shall be done about
it, further than the arming of mer
chantmen to resist submarine attacks
if they get the chance?"
Favor War Declaration.
The cabinet members generally are
said to have expressed their willing
ness to support a program based on
an early call for congress and a for
mal declaration that a state of war
exists between Germany and the Unit
ed States.
After the cabinet meeting Secretary
Daniels, saying that no new naval or
ders had been iss.ued, hurried to the
navy department and went into con
ference with members of the general
board.
The only argumfent known to have
been advanced in official circles
against the early calling of congress
was that the president himself can do
almost everything possible immedi
ately. But in spite of this argument
the preponderance of official opinion
seemed to be that congress should be
summoned just as soon as possible so
that the full power of the government
would be assembled in Washington.
May Co-Operate With Allies.
It is stated in official circles that
the United States, Great Britian and
France may join in garding the
transatlantic ship lanes against Ger
man U-boats, and that the work of in
formal negotiations with these nations
will probably be undertaken this week
through the state department and the
British and Fr nch embassies here.
With its proiosed big fleet of patrol
and submarine chaser boats, plus larg
naval vessels, the United States
will be in a position to ofTer protection
to commerce off the American coast,
while Great Britian and France will
be expected to reciprocate in the
barred zone.
See Menace to U. S. Coast.
Navy men believe that the subma
rine menace may be brought directly
home; that facts such as the U-53
performed off Nantucket last summer
will be repeated.
Navy and army departments are buz
*ing with preparations. The navy
bears the brunt of the work, hut un
der the surface the army has shaped
Its plans whereby it can call out the
natlonul guard anew and also provide
sufficient- officers for the training of a
■half million men.
The New York navy yard is at work
on forty submarine chasers, hastily
ordered, while bids have been opened
for 200 or more 110 foot boats avail
able for coast patrols and submarine
cha. rs.
Sing Three American Steamers.
* London, March 19.—The sinking of
the American steamships City of Mem
phis, Illinois and Vigilancia was an
nounced here.
Fourteen men from the Vigilancia
are missing, as are 'some of the men
from the City of Memphis. The crew
of the tank steamship Illinois was
landed safely.
Tha City of Memphis, in ballast
from Cardiff for New York, was sunk
by gunfire. The second officer and
15 men of the crew have been landed.
A patrol boat has gone in search of
the other members of the crew.
The Illinois, from London for Port
Arthur, Tex., in ballast, was sunk at
eight o’clock Sunday morning.
Torpedoed Without Warning.
The Vigilancia was torpedoed with
out warning. The submarine did not
Doubtful.
*Tlease, mister, can you help a poor
man what wants to set back to his
family what he ain’t seen in ten
years?” "Certainly. Just get me a
sworn statement from your family say
ing that they want you back and I’ll
be glad to help you.”
Suspicious Man.
if a man could be aroused as easily
as his suspicions are, there would’t
be much of a demand for alarm clocks.
—Atchinson Globe.
Record for Cake.
Often when my little cousin came to
our bouse my mother had ginger cake,
but one day she had an angel food
cake and Johnnie said: “Gee. Aunty
Anrie. this Is the cleanest cake you
, •ver had.” —Exchange.
Purifying Swimming Pools.
London chemists have found that
water in swimming pool can be puri
fied without frequent changes by the
additto' c* a fluid obtained by the
electrolysis- o? magnesia.
New Steel Shipping Box.
A shipping box of steel instead of
wood has been made by an American
manufacturer to reduce the damage
received by goods in shipment and
from theft in transit. It is almost
unbreakable and entirely thief-proof.
Had Her Doubts.
He—‘Rut you say y jureelf that your
father is anxious to get you off his
hands.” She “Yes: that’s why I don’t
think he'll list, n to you.”—Boston
appear. The captain, first and second
mates; first, second and third engi
neers and 23 men of the crew have
been landed at the Scilly islands. The
fourth engineer and 13 men are miss
ing.
The City of Memphis carried a crew
of about fifty officers and men, vir
tually all American-born citizens or
Americans by naturalization.
The captain, three mates and chief
engineer and three assistants and the
steward were Americans by birth.
Most of the crew were bom in Nor
way and the fireman in Portugal or
Spain, but had taken out final citizen
ship papers in the United States.
The vessel was owned by the Ocean
steamship company of Savannah. It
left there ,on January 23 for Havre,
France, with cotton. It arrived there
on February 6 and word was received
here by owners of the departure for
Cardiff to take on bunker coal for her
voyage toward New York.
The City of Memphis was of 5,252
tons gross. It was 377 feet loDg, 49
feet of beam and was built in Ches
ter, Pa., in 1902.
Washington Told of Attacks.
Washington, March 19. —The official
information of the sinking of three
American vessels by submarines in the
barred zone reached the state depart
ment from Consul Frost at Queens
town and told of the sinking of the
City of Memphis. It read:
"American steamer City of Mem
phis, Cardiff to New York, sunk by
German submarine 4 p. m., 17th inst.,
35 miles south of Fastnet.
“Fifteen survivors landed at Hull,
7 a. m. today.
"Thirty-four additional survivors are
on admiralty vessel, which continues
search for eight missing.
“Will land Baltimore, Ireland.”
Consul General Skinner at London
cabled the department a meager re
port on the sinking of the three ships
in which he said:
“American steamer City of Mem
phis, Cardiff to New York, reported
sunk. Some of crew landed. Patrol
boat going to pick up rest. American
steamer Illinois, London to Port Ar
thur, reported sunk. American steam
er Vigilancia reported torpedoed with
out warning.”
Counsel General Skinner’s report
was believed to refer to the Vigilancia.
Report Fifteen Men Lost.
Plymouth, March 20.—Fifteen mem
bers of the crew of the American steam
er Vigilancia lost their lives when the
steamer was torpedoed by a German
submarine. Among those drowned were
several American citizens, including
Third Officer Neils P. North and Third
Engineer Carl Adehelde. This infor
mation was given out by Capt. Frank
A. Middleton of New York, who, with
the survivors of the Vigilancia, has
reached the mainland.
Moves to Meet Crisis.
Washington, March 20.—Following
close upon receipt of news that the
City of Memphis, Vigilancia and Illi
nois had been sunk by German sub
marines, government officials started
entensive preparations for protection
of the country’s rights. These things
were done:
1. The president made a personal
visit to the secretary of the navy in
the latter’s office to discuss the naval
measures to be adopted to protect
American trade and American ship
ping.
2. The president authorized the ex
penditure of $115,000,000 in expediting
the construction of men of war and
the purchase of additional torpedo--
boat destroyers, submarine chasers
and other small craft, including air
ships.
3. The secretary of the navy will
immediately place contracts for 250
submarine chasers and has directed
the New York navy yard to turn out
without delay 60 vessels of this type..
4. The president authorized the
graduation of the two higher classes
of the naval academy, in order to pro
vide the navy with ft sufficient num
ber of officers.
5. Instructions have been given to
expedite the examination of applicants
for appointment in reserve corps; and
officers of these corps have been di
rected to purchase their uniforms and
be ready for service.
6. A conference took place at the
army war college with reference to co
operation in connection with and con
trol of the telephone and telegraph
wires, cables and wireless in time of
war.
(7. Plans are being perfected by the
war department under which the land
forces can he promptly increased.
8. The war and navy departments
have taken urgent measures to equip
the coasts with defense guns and
munitions and the fleet with ample
supplies.
9. Plans are being devised for the
better distribution of naval vessels,
including the commissioning of those
in reserve and of the troops.
10. Strategic plans are under con
sideration for the most effective use
of ships aid troops.
11. Arrangements have been made
for joint action by the army, navy and,
marine corps.
12. Consideration was taken of the
advisibility of replacing American
ships destroyed by German vessels in
terned in American ports.
Good Reason.
“Maria, you'll never be able to drive
that nail with a flat-iron. For heaven’s
sakes use your head.” admonished Mr.
Stubkins. And then he wondered why
she would not speak to him the rest
of the day.—Puck.
Ultra Fashionable.
Willis—" What kind of a school is
your son attending?” Gills—“Very
fashionable—one of these institutions
where you develop the mind without
using it.’’
Get Experience. Young Man.
The young man entering life must
not be impatient, writes Theodore Vail
in American Magazine. He must ac
cumulate experience, he must learn
the duties of his position by the actual
doing before he has any value to his
employer.
Ruling Spirit Strong.
“That reformed yegg is true to his
instinct, at any rate.” “How so?"
“Why. now he’s trying to break into
society."—Puck.
How Long?
“Mother," said Freddie as he laid
down a paper telling of ttie success of
the French army, “how long would a
fellow have to study to become a
Frenchman, if he had a lot of talent?"
'—Youth’s Companion.
Fishermen Paralyze Catch.
Madagascar fishermen sprinkle a
poisonous substance on rivers and
lakes which paralyzes the fish and
causes their bodies to rise, when they
, are c-.aght by hand.
RAILROAD STRIKE
IS DECLARED OFF
CONCESSION OF EIGHT-HOUR DAY
TO EMPLOYES AVERTS NA
TIONWIDE TIEUP.
ADAMSON LAW HELD VALID
U. S. Supreme Court Declares Act of
Congress to Be Constitutional—
International Crisis Hastens
Settlement.
Washington, D. C., March 20. —The
United States Supreme court on Mon
day upheld the Adamson eight-hour
law.
New York, March 20.—The railroads
have met the fullest demands of the
Adamson eight-hour law and thereby
averted the threatened nationwide
strike, with the country on the verge
of its most serious crisis.
Patriotism, swayed to its height by
the sinking of three American vessels,
brought from the railway managers’
committee on Monday the announce
ment that they would accept the broth
erhood chiefs’ demands rather than
give the impression at home or abroad
that the efficient’ operation of the
country’s railways will be hampered
or impaired in the face of its latest
peril.
The railroads surrendered complete
ly, leaving their end of the adjustment
entirely in the hands of President Wil
son’s mediation board. A joint com
mittee is to thrash out the minute de
tails.
The railway managers’ agreement
with the brotherhoods to put into op
eration the eight-hour day, on a ten
hour pay basis, with pro rata pay for
overtime, means approximately SI,OOO
-a week added to the pay rolls of
the railroads. Thirteen million dol
lars extra back pay, dated from Jan. 1,
when the Adamson law was to have
become effective, will be distributed
among 400,000 trainmen.
The decision meahs that the brother
hoods have won an important victory,
although it does not bring them all
their original demands.
Text of the Agreement.
The following agreement was signed
by the railway managers’ committee
and the brotherhood chiefs:
“In all road service, except pas
senger, where schedules now read:
‘Our hundred miles or less, nine or
ten hours, or less, overtime at ten
or eleven miles per hour;’ eight hours
or less for a basic day, and twelve
and a half miles per hour for speed
basis for the purpose of computing
overtime to be paid for at not less
than one-eighth of a daily rate per
hour. In all ' yards, switching and
hostling service, where schedules now
read ‘ten, eleven or twelve hours or
less shall constitute a day’s work,’ in
sert ‘eight hours or less shall consti
tute a day’s work at present ten hours
pay.’
“Overtime to be paid for at not
less than one-eighth of the daily rate
per hour.
" "In yards now working on an eight
hour basis, the daily rate shall be the
present ten hours’ standard rate with
overtime at one-eighth of the present
standard daily rate.
“In case the law is declared uncon
stitution*\ .-ight hours or less at pres
ent ten hours’ pay will constitute a
day’s work in hostling service.
“In passenger service the present
milage basis will be maintained. On
roads now having a flat ten-hour day
In passenger service, the rule will be
amended to read ‘eight within ten
hours.’
“For all classes of employes in short
turn around passenger service, where
the rule now reads: ‘eight within
twelve hours,’ it will be amended to
read ‘eight within ten hours.’
“For such territory as has no num
ber of hours for a day’s work in short
turn around passenger service, the
eight within ten hour rule applies.
“Overtime to be paid for at not less
than one-eighth of the daily rate per
hour. .
“The general committees on indi
vidual roads may elect to retain pres
ent overtime rules in short turn
around passenger service, or the for
going provisions, but may not make
a combination of both to produce
greater compensation lhan is provided
in either basis.”
“In the event the law is Held to be
constitutional, if the foregoing settle
ment is inconsistent with the decision
of the court, the application will be
adjusted to the decision. If declared
unconstitutional, the above stands
with all the provisions as written.
“The foregoing to govern for such
roads, classes of employes and classes
of service represented by the national
conference committee of the railways.
“The schedules, except as modified
by the above changes remain as at
present.
Glass Making an Old Art.
Among the Remans the art of glass
making does not date earlier than the
beginnin gof the emptry, but as far
back as 58 B. C the theaters had been
decorated with mirivr? and glass
plates.
A Good Time?
People are always being misunder
stood; especially the man whose idea
of showing a friend a good time is to
take him out in a racing car and hand
him the scare of his life.
Too Much for Him.
“What killed Green? He always
looked healthy to me." “He tried to
live according to the rules for attain
ing longevity that a ninety-year-old
man gave to a reporter on a Sunday
newspaper.”—Life.
Enterprising Eye.
“How did you get such a bruised
eye. Rastas?” “Well, boss, I was out
a-iookin' for trouble, an’ dis ; ere eye
was the fiaet to find it!—SL i
Gloce-Democrat.
Devotion.
Alice— Why are you taking up bot
any? Kitty—Because my fiance is
interested in a plant of some kind and
I want to be able to converse intelli
gently with him about his business.—
Brooklyn Citizen.
Who Will Offer a Baby?
“I wish I had a baby brother— tb
peal meat kind—to ride in my gocart,
mamma." said little Lola. My dolls
are always getting broke when it ups
Over."
A REAL ANSWER AT LAST!
SENATE KILLS PACT
TREATY WITH COLOMBIA WITH
DRAWN BY CHAIRMAN STONE.
Believed New Plan More Acceptable
to Republicans Will Be Offered
Next Session.
Washington, March 19.—The treaty
with Colombia, to pay $25,000,000 for
the partition of Panama was with
drawn from the senate on Friday on
motion of Chairman Stone of the for
eign relations committee.
Senator Stone’s action was taken to
foreshadow further diplomatic negotia
tions with Colombia for anew treaty,
which wquld not be received with such
strong objections. An effort to frame
a more acceptable treaty is expected
before the congress, vhich convenes in
special session April 16, has ad
journed.
Withdrawal of the treaty was expect
ed in view of the announcement that
President Wilson wished the treaty
ratified because of the situation in
which the United States might find it
seld in Central America.
The attitude of the administration
in the withdrawal of the treaty was not
openly disclosed, but it was apparent
that such action would not have been
taken without a previous understand
ing.
Sudden withdrawal of the treaty
with Colombia and postponement until
the session of April 16 is explained by
developments disclosing an offer of
Colombia to reconsider certain provi
sions as to condemnation of Roose
velt’s course in taking Panama, also
to reduce amount of award and partic
ularly to add provisions allowing ex
tra fortifications on the coast of Co
lombia by the United States and an
agreement not to allow any European
or Asiatic nation privileges of naval or
military base without the consent of
the United States.
U. S. SAILORS ROUT REBELS
Americans From Gunboat Eagle Drive
Cubans From Altocedo—Mexi
cans Aid Insurgents.
Havana, March 19.—United States
sailors from the gunboat Eagle landed
at Altocedo, in Oriente province, and
drove a group of insurgents from the
town. It was reported that many
Mexicans were in the group, which
numbered about 300 men. American
marines are believed to have evacuated
the port of Santiago. They landed
when the rebel forces quit the town.
Since then Cuban government troops
have assumed control.
The presence with Cuban insurgents
of Mexicans caused much surprise and
speculation here. There are Mexican
colonies in some parts of Cuba, but
heretofore no activity of Mexicans,
skilled in revolutionary and destruc
tive warfare in their own country, has
been reported to government officials
here.
Railroad bridges destroyed by the
rebels between Havana and Camaguay
have been restored. Passenger and
freight service will be resumed immedi
ately.
ALL N. Y. BOYS MUST TRAIN
Governor Whitman Signs Bill Making
Drills for Youths Between 15 and
19 Years of Age Compulsory.
Albany, *N. Y., March 17.—Governor
Whitman signed the military training
bill which extends the law enacted last
year so as to compel all boys between
sixteen and nineteen years of age to
receive military instruction. Last
year’s law applied only to school
boys, but the bill signed includes work
ing boys as well.
Drops '‘German" in Bank’s Name.
Los Angeles, Cal.. March 20.—The
Gernian-Araericfin Trust and Savings
bank filed a petition in the superior
court asking a permission to change
the name to “Guaranty Trust and Sav
ings bank.”
Diver Rammed by Patrol Boat
New York, March 20.—A British pa
trol boat pounced on and sank a Ger
man submarine which 'a’inehed a- tor
pedo at the White Star liner Lapland
as it was putting into Liverpool on its
eastern trip.
Troops to Protect Canal.
Washington. March 19.—A battalion
of the United States infantry, now
statio-cd at Porto Rico, will be rushed
to the Panama canal to re-enforce the
guard of that waterway without delay,
it 'was learned at the war department
British Destroyer Hits Mine.
London. March 19. —A British de
stroyer of an “old type” struck a mine
in the English channel and sank with
20 members of her crew, the admir
alty announced- All of the officers
were saved.
Four Russ Transports Sunk.
Berlin, March 17.—According to
telegrams from Vienna the commander
of the Black sea fleet announces that
four Russian military transports on
the way from Sebastopol to Armenia
were sunk by mines or torpedoes.
Southern States to Ship Eggs.
Mobile, Ala., March 17.—1 t was an
nounced that eggs in carload lots
would be sent to northern markets
from the extreme southern states. This
announcement was made by the Gulf
Coast Produce exchange.
WAUSAU PILOT
MORE U. S. WARSHIPS
TEN GREAT BATTLESHIPS OR
DERED TO BE BUILT.
Craft Will Cost the Government Over
$100,010,000 —Record Order
for Nation.
Washington, March 17.—Contracts
for what is’believed to be the largest
single order for fighting craft ever
given by any nation were placed by
the navy department.
Private builders undertook to turn
out four great battle cruisers and six
scout cruisers, costing nearly $112,-
000,000 for hulls and machinery alone,
and pledged themselves to keep 70 per
cent of their working forces on navy
construction.
In response to an appeal to their
patriotism by Secretary Daniels, the
major shipbuilders have agreed to ac
cept 10 per cent net profit on the bat
tle cruisers, whose cost will represent
about $76,000,000 of the total sum in
volved in the contracts. A fifth bat
tle cruiser will be built at the Phila
delphia navy yard.
The builders are besieged with of
fers of merchant work, and are get
ting as high as 50 per cent profit on
these jobs, with more work in sight
than they can do. They have placed
their facilities at the disposal of the
government, making it unnecessary for
the president to consider employing
authority to commandeer plants.
Both classes of cruisers ordered are
new types to naval architecture, and
are designed for a speed of 25 knots
an hour.
The scouts were awarded on bids
submitted, prices ranging from $5,-
950,000 to $5,996,000, and stipulated
time of delivery from 30 to 32 months.
Construction will be hastened to the
limit, however, the government footing
the bill for additional cost.
The battle cruisers, the fixed limit
of cost of which is $19,000,000 per
ship, exclusive of speeding up ex-'
pense, were ordered.
Of the authorized building program
there remain to be contracted for three
dreadnaughts, 38 submarines, the 15
destroyers, and several auxiliary ves
sels. Bids will be opened early In
April on these craft, and at the same
time orders will be placed for more
than 100 coast patrol boats.
FOUR DIE WHEN HOME BURNS
0
Scottish Home for the Aged at River
side, 111., Destroyed—Thirty-
Three Hurt.
Chicago, March 20. —Four aged per
sons were burned to death and thirty
three others were injured In a fire
which early Sunday morning destroyed
the Scottish Old People’s home near.
Riverside. The loss vas placed at
$30,000. The dead: Mrs. Janet Gren
nock, seventy-three; William McPher
son, ninety-two: Thomas Louitt, seven
ty-six; William Robertson, eighty.
The fire was discovered at 2:30. With
in fifteen minutes, just as the fire de
partment arrived, the last of the wom
en was taken to safety. Rescue work
was slow because of the heavy smoke.
2 INTERNED GERMANS SHOT?
Sailors of Raider Kronprinz Wilhelm
Wounded by U. S. Marines at Phil
adelphia, Says Report.
, #
Philadelphia. March 17.—Two sailors
of the interned German raider Kron
prinz Wilhelm at the Philadelphia navy
yard were shot and wounded by United
States marines, according to a report,
during a fight on the deck of the vessel
Thursday night. The story was denied
at the navy yard hospital and the com
mandant’s office would not discuss it.
Signs Bill Ending Death Penalty.
Jefferson City. Mo., March 21.—Gov
ernor Gardner signed the bill abolish
ing capital punishment in Missouri.
Life imprisonment will be the maxi
mum penalty for crimes now punish
able with death.
Spends $30,000,000 a Day.
London, March 21.—Replying to *.
question in the house t>f commons,
Andrew Bonar Law, chancellor of the
exchequer, said the daily average
expenditure of the British government
would work out at $30,000,000.
Refuses Embargo Plea.
Washington, March 19.—The United
States government refuses to place any
embargo on supplies or munitions to
the allies, .says a note to General Car
ranza stmt by the state department
on Friday.
Plan Largest Divinity School.
Chicago. March 19.—Dean Shaller
Mathews of the University of Chicago
announced that the institution plans
the organization of the largest divinity
school In the world. The buildings
alone will cost $3,000,000.
Doctor Grayson Is Confirmed.
Washington. March 17. —Dr. Cary T.
Grayson, president Wilson’s friend and
naval aid. was confirmed by the senate
as medical director and rear admiral
in The navy after a long fight against
him by Republican senators.
Stop Seizures in Belgium.
London. March 17.—The German em
peror has ordered compulsory deporta
tion ‘from Belgium discontinue*] for
the preset, according to a Berlin dis
patch to Reuters by way of Amster
dam.

BRITISNJI TOWNS
BAPAUME, NESLE, CHAULNES AND
PERONNE AMONG THE VIL
LAGES CAPTURED.
BERLIN ADMITS BIG RETREAT
English Troops Enter Foe’s Positions
to Depth of Ten Miles on Front of
About Forty-Five Miles—French
Continue Drive.
London, March 20.—British troops,
continuing their rapid advance on the
heels of the retiring Germans, have oc
cupied the important towfis of Nesle,
Chaulnes and Peronne, says an offi
cial report issued here.
Along a front of about 45 miles they
have entered the German positions to
a depth of ten miles in places. In ad
dition the British have taken more
than GO villages.
Berlin officially admitted the loss
of the above strongholds, as well as
Bapaume and Roye.
The Germans are still retreating
and fighting rear-guard engagements.
While the allies are sweeping for
ward in pursuit of the* Germuns a
gigantic battle of warplanes is in
progress for air mastery on the
Franco-Belgian front. German avia
tors have shot down 22 allied planes,
while the French claim the destruction
of nine hostile machines.
The capture of Peronne by British
troops Is announced in a Reuter dis
patch from British headquarters in
France.
“The German retreat has been con
tinuous throughout the night, and
the area covered by it has spread very
widely,” says the dispatch. “News nas
just been received of our troops enter
ing Peronne.
“Favored by fine weather and dry
ing ground, our columns everywhere
are pressing the retiring enemy.
“The scenes of activity behind the
enemy lines eclipse even the busiest
days of the Somme offensive.
“The spirit of the troops is one of
demonstrative enthusiasm.”
Berlin, March 2t'.—Systematic re
tirement of the German troops be
tween Arras and the Oise on the
French front is announced by the war
office. Peronne, Noyon, Bapaume,
Roye and several other towns have
been abandoned by the Germans.
Field Marshal von Hindenburg has
gone to great headquarters to make a
report on the situation to Emperor
William.
J. M. STUDEBAKER IS DEAD
Founder of Famous Firm Succumbs at
South Bend, Ind., After a
Long Illness.
South Bend, Ind., March 19. —John
M. Studebaker, Sr., founder of the ve
hicle manufacturing concern benrfng
his name, died here on Friday night
at his home following a long illness.
Mr. Studebaker was born near
Gettysburg, Pa., October 10, 1833, the
son of a blacksmith. He was one of
13 children. In his youth he moved
with the family to Ashland county,
Ohio, and later to South Bend, Ind.,
which city later became the seat of the
Studebaker corporation.-
On January 2, 1860, Mr. Studebaker
married Alary J. Stull, the daughter of
a farmer living near South Bend, Ind.
From this union there were born three
daughters and John M. Studebaker, Jr.
LIVERPOOL BOUND BOAT SUNK
Sagamore, Munitions Laden, Is Tor
pedoed—Two Americana
on Board.
Boston, March 17. —Agents of the
Warren line announced that they had
received indirect word that the Brit
ish steamer Sagamore, which sailed
from Boston February 21 for Liver
pool, has been sunk by a submarine.
The Sagamore was In command of
Capt. P. Cummings and had a crew of
50. It was said that two Americans
were aboard. It carried a general
cargo Including munitions for the
British government and was armed
astern with a 4.7-inch gun. Vessel and
cargo „ere valued at $1,500,000.
CREW OF ZEPPELIN KILLED
Airship Brought Down in Flames by
French Gunners—Teutons Leap
to Death.
Paris, March 20. —A Zeppelin has
been shot down in flames near Com
piegne on Saturday. All of its crew
were lost.
The Zeppelin was sighted shortly
before dawn and was reached by
French anti-aircraft guns at a height
of more than two miles. The airship
caught fire, and the wreckage, with
the burned bodies of the crew, fell out
side Complegne.
Teutons Sink British Ship.
London, March 21.—A British de
stroyer and a merchant vessel were
sunk, and another destroyer was dam
aged in the German naval raid at
Ramsgate, the British admiralty an
nounced.
Tears Down the U. S. Flag.
Fort Wayne, Ind., March 21.—County
Commissioner Sehweir ordered the
American flag removed from the win
dow of the Allen county courthouse
for fear its presence there would of
fend somebody.
Queen Asks Women Aid War.
Loudon. March 20. —Queen Mary at
tended a big massmeeting held in Al
bert hall to stimulate woman's serv
ices in the war. Austen Chamberlain,
secretary of state for India, was one
of the principal speakers.
Loyalists Win Santiago Clash.
Santiago, Cuba, March 20. —The first
skirmish between government forces
and rebels since the landing of loyal
troops at Santiago was won on Satur
day by the soldiers of President Meno
caL
Serves 30-Second Sentence.
Freeport. El., March 17. —After hear
ing testimony in the case of George
Reitzell, indicted for violation of the
Mann act Judge Landis sentenced him
to sit for 30 seconds in a chair and
then the judge freed him.
U-Boat Films Algonquin.
Plymouth. Eng.. March 17.—Pictures
of the Algonquin, showing the American
flag flying at its stern and painted on
both sides, were taken by the German
submarine commander before the Stars
and Stipes were hanled down.
GOOD HABITS FIRST
Most Important Requirement for
Mate, Say Students.
Women Are Insistent Also on Intel
lectual Ability While Men Demand
Physical Beauty as Impor
tant Requisite.
What are your requirements of the
person whom you would marry?
That question was asked of the stu
dents in connection with the discussion
on “convention” by Prof. L. L. Bernard,
in his sociology class in the University
of Missouri, says the Kansas City Star.
Sixty-eight students, 41 women and 27
men, placed on the professor’s desk
anonymous statements in unswer to
the question. g
The tabulated opinions show the
women consider good moral habits as
Mie prime requisite. Nlneteeu women
make it the first requirement, six the
second requirement, eight the third re
quirement, six the fourth requirement,
one the fifth requirement and one does
not mention it, evidently considering it
of no importance.
Good social position is considered
most important by seven women, while
the average place this requirement in
fourth place. *
Good income is held to be of prime
Importance by five women, while seven
teen hold it to be of secondary and ten
of tertiary importance.
Congeniality and good treatment is
placed among the first four requisites
by 31 vomen, three of whom make it
the first requirement.
One signifies her willingness to abide
with a middle-aged man, while 13 place
youth as fifth in importance.
One insists that good looks is the
first essential In a husband, while the
majority seem willing to waive this
quality after putting in requests for a
good income, congeniality and a good
social position.
Just ns the women require good
moral habits ns the prime essentials
so the men insist on good character
and 20 demand it as the first require
ment.
While the women are more insistent
for intellectual ability, the men base
their faith on physical beauty. Five
men make It a first requirement, 15
make It a second requirement, while
no one places it below the fourth place.
All except five of the men express an
opinion on congeniality but they do not
hold it as a high requirement and in
dicate their trust in character, youth
and beauty to include tfmt quality.
The men are generally interested in
the training for home making, making
this requirement average fourth in im
portance. The men are decidedly in
terested in good heredity, while the
women make no mention of it.
Two women and two men desire
their mates to be religious. One man
ydhrns for mutual Infatuation and
places it ns a third requirement in his
scheme of things for marital bliss. One
woman longs for sympathy and assigns
it in fifth place. One man Insists on
sincerity and common while an
other requires musical talent in his
wife-to-be and a third demands his
wife must be economical.
A Gigantic Meteor Stream.
One of the most accomplished and
assiduous students of meteors, Doctor
Denning, is of the opinion that the
August meteors, which radiate from
the constellation Perseus, and are
sometimes called the “Tears of St.
Lawrence,” belong to a stream so
broad that the earth, traveling be
tween 18 and 19 miles a second, occu
pies seven weeks In crossing It.
This would make the width of the
stream, If the earth traversed it at a
right angle to Its course, nearly 80,-
000,000 miles. These meteors are so
scattered all around the orbit In which
they travel that some of them are
visible every year. They are believed
to be connected with a bright comet
which appeared In 1862 and is sup
posed to have a period of about 120
years. The outer end of its elliptical
meteor stream Is situated far beyond
the orbit of Neptune.
What the First Telegram Said.
Contrary to general belief, “What
hath God wrought?” was not the first
message to be sent by telegraph nor
was Morsq the sender of the first com
munication, soys the Popular Science
Monthly. Instead, it was sent by one
of the committee who were debating
upon the proposal of Morse, the in
ventor, to string a telegraph line from
Baltimore to Washington. Mr. Morse,
who wanted to end the discussion and
at the same time demonstrate his in
vention, strung a wire from the com
mittee room to the top of the capitol.
One of the committee, who was op
posed to President Tyler wrote, “Tyler
deserves to be hanged.” This was re
ceived by the man at the other end ex
actly as it was composed.
Taste and Temperature.
The sense of taste resides in little
flask-shaped pockets imbedded in the
skin of the surface of the tongue and
in the upper part of the throat. Each
of these bulbs has n fibril of a nerve
connecting it with the larger nerves of
its region. Anything to be tasted must
be in a dissolved or gaseous condition,
and differences in taste depend upon
the varying intensity with which the
impression is transmitted through the
nerves. It is not surprising, then, that
taste is much influenced by tempera
ture and may temporarily be stopped
altogether by extreme heat or cold.
The sense of taste is. It appears,,
strongest at a temperature between 50
and 60 degrees Fahrenheit.
Peevish Pedagogue.
There are some surnames which jar
on the susceptibilities of purists. A
story is told of an Oxford don who, af
ter hearing the viva voea of an un
dergraduate imed Llttler, thus ad
dressed him: “Mr. Littler, your Greek
prose Is disgusting, your Latin prose is
disgusting, your translation is disgust
ing and your name is ungrammatical.”
Just Do Your Duty.
Do that which Is assigned you and
you cannot hope too much or dare too
much.—Emerson.
Speaking of Speedways.
Mrs. Jenkinson. a regular visitor in
the doctor’s consulting room, started
on the long story of her troubles. The
doctor endured it patiently and gave
her another bottle. At last she started
to go, and the doctor was congratulat
ing himself, when she stopped and ex
claimed ;
“Why doctor, you didn’t look to
see if my toogue was coated."
“I know it isn't.” wearily replied the
medical man. “You don’t find grass
on a motor speedway.” —The Epwortb
Herald.
I WOMAN HOW IT
PERFECT HEALTH
What Came From
a Pinkham Adver-
tisement
Paterson, N. J. —“I thank
the Lydia A Pinkham remedies^
decided to try a bottle of
ham’a Vegetable Compound. It
from the first bottle, so I took a
and a third, also a bottle of Lydia p
Pinkham’s Blood Purifier, and now I
just as well as any other woman. I!?
vise every woman, single or married
who is troubled with any of th e aW
said ailments, to try your wonderful
Vegetable Compound and Blood p ur jg“
and I am sure they will help her to Z
rid of her troubles as they did me.’’
Mrs. Elsie J. Van dee Sande as
York St, Paterson, N. J.
Write the Lydia E. Pinkham Medicb.
Cos., (confidential) Lynn, Mass, if
seed special advice. m
Cockroachti
ARE FILTH
STEARNS’ ELECTRIC PASTE
U. S. Government Buys It
SOLD EVERYWHERE—2Sc end
An Exchange of Courtesies.
“Six cents a loaf for bread? How'i
that?”
“You’ll pj y ten before the winter',
over,” snapped the baker.
“Maybe so, but I won’t pay it here,"
And Mr. Dumdum walked out.
Practical War Economy.
Soft collars and “office overalls” fa
men, dark blouses and curtainless par
lors for women, are all on the pn>
gram of England’s “save the laundry
hills and help the war” campaign. In
eidentally, the authorities are pointint
out that when the hands and face are
washed carefully, the towels do not
have to be laundered so often.
GREEN’S AUGUST FLOWER
Few persons can be sick who use
Green's August Flower. It has been
used for all ailments that: are caused
by a disordered stomach and innetlv*
liver, such as sick headache, constipi
tion, sour stomach, nervous Indices
tlon, fermentation of food, palpitation
of the heart from gases created In
the stomach, pains in the stomach, and
many other organic disturbance!
August Flower Is a gentle laxative,
regulates digestion,'both in the stom
ach and intestines, cleans and sweet
ens the stomach and whole alimentary
canal, and stimulates the liver to se
crete the bile and Impurities from the
blood. Try it. Two doses will relieve
you. Used for fifty years In every
town and hamlet In the Unit’d Staten
and in all civilized countries.—Adv.
Airship Losses in Europe.
An official recapitulation In Berlin
of the statistics of airship losses due
lng the year 1916 indicates that thn
Germans lost 221 machines and their
opponents sacrificed 784. Th£ bulk of
the losses on both sides was in the
West, where the Germans lost 181
airships and the English and French
73d, It 19 declared.
Postal Surplus In China.
The Chinese postal department
shows a surplus of $500,000 gold for
the year 1916. The postal admlnli
tratlon was first inaugurated In Chins
In 1896, and operated at a loss until
1913, when the net surplus amounted
to $125,000 gold. Since tlmt time th
Increase in surplus has grown each
year.
Very Considerate.
“Have you ever traveled sixty mile*
an hour in yonr automobile?"
. "No,” replied the cautious motorist
“In our part of the country nasseimer
trains seldom go faster than forty
miles nn hour nnd I don’t want to
bring our railroads Into disrepute."
But.
“My denr, our automobile looks w
cheap beside the one our neighbor*
have. We ought to get the latest
make.” ' ,
“I k%ow we ought, but this Is the
only house I have to mortgage."
Pneumatic boxing gloves have been
Invented by a Philadelphia sporting
man.
A busy man talks but little A busy
body never stops talking.
V
Have You Ever
Suspected
that the cause of various
annoying ills might lie w
the daily cup of tea or coffee
A sure and easy way out
of coffee and tea trouble*
is to shift to
Instant
Postum
There’s no caffeine nof
anything harmful in t i*
delightful, pure food'ch*
—just the nourishing g°°“
ness of wheat.
Postum has put thou
sands of former tea
coffee drinkers on tr ‘
Road to wellville.
“There's a Reason

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