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qUALiTY OF BUTTER
Creameries Can Improve Condi tions by Standardizing. SOME COMMON FAULTS FOUND Highly Important in Marketing Brand ed Product That Sanitary and At tractive Package Be Used— Maintain Excellence. (From the United States Department of Agriculture.) The standardization of butter pack ages and the production of a more uni form quality of product are two re quirements of butter markets to which ••reameries need to give consideration if they wish to improve conditions for the marketing of their butter, say spe cialists of the office of markets and ru ral organization of the United States department of agriculture in Depart ment Bulletin 456, recently issued. On the Pacific coast a “cube,” varying in capacity from 63 to 80 pounds of but ter, is used. The creameries of the middle West usually use the 63-pound / Washing the Churn. ash tub, while in New England spruce tubs varying in capacity from 10 to 60 pounds are used. On the Pacific coast a long, fiat carton is used as a con sumer’s package, while in New Eng land a flat, rather broad carton is used. In the middle West a standard carton 2 1 4. by 2*4 by 5% inches is used. Increase of Undergrades. At certain seasons the market spe cialists found on the markets an in creasing quantity of inferior quality of butter which is known as “under grades.” This inferior quality, if de veloped, is often due to the use of cream of pqor quality and, to some extent, to faulty methods of manufac ture. The more common faults ob served in the quality of this butter were soft, leaky, open body; too much or not enough salt; too high or too light color; metallic flavors; high acid, unclean, and old cream flavors; streaks and mottles; mold on butter; also moldy and dirty packages. Butter pos sessing such faults, although not al ways classed as “undergrades,” is often discriminated against by the critical buyer. During those seasons when the market receipts are heavy and the market is weak such butter s!, Printing the Butter. Can be moved only at low prices, and often sells at 6 to 8 cents below the better grades. Co-Operate in Shipping. In the shipment of butter to mar ket, according to the bulletin, cream eries situated close together may often effect economies in transporta tion by co-operating in obtaining spe cia! scheduled “pickup" refrigerator car service and by assembling local shipments into carload lots which may be shipped at lower freight costs. Many country creameries, it was found, consigned their butter to whole sale butter receivers who often func tion as jobbers, while the tendency among the larger creameries and, to some extent, among smaller ones, is to distribute directly to the retailer. The grading and handling of hulk but ter would be greatly facilitated, it is pointed out by the experts, if the con secutive numbers of the different churnings of a creamery were stamped on the containers. Butter in Cold Storage. Approximately one-’enth of the but ter received in the larger markets is placed in cold storsige. the bulletin states, and is held f >r an average pe riod of six months, lite c<>.-,: of stor tug butter approximates one-fourth of a cent per pound per month. Iu the market distribution of creamery but ter there is at present a tendency to ward the more goueral use of cousuin- Real Feeding Economy. There is no economy iu feeding the poultry less food thdu they should have or in feeding tl. 'in less vr.ricty than they should have, for the result in eggs, when eggs ar ■ high, is what determines the profit. Sanitary Milk Can. A sanitary milk can is fitted with valves permitting its contents to he poured out, but preventing the en trance of any liquid after it has been ers’ packages, usually of the one-pound size. It is pointed out by the specialists that the establishment of brands is essential for effective advertising. Salesmanship is also a vital factor in successful market distribution. It is highly important in marketing a branded product that a sanitary and attractive package be used and that a certain standard of quality in the product be maintained. NEW VARIETIES.OF POTATOES Originate From Seed Found in Bolls Produced on Vines—Plant in Hot house or Cold Frame. New varieties of potatoes are orig inated from seed which is found in the bolls produced on the vines. The seed which is light and fine should be saved\n the same manner as the seed from tomatoes. Cut open the bolls and squeeze out the seeds into a small vessel with as little pulp as possible. Add warm water and allow the mess to ferment for two days so that the little seeds will wash clear from the pulp. After being washed the seeds should be dried, in which condition they will keep through the winter. Anyone who t ies to carry the seed boll through the winter will likely lose all the seeds. Along in March prepare some fine, rich light soil that will hold moisture, llotten cow' manure several years old is better than common soil. The seed may be planted in a hothouse, cold frame or in a box in the kitchen win dow. It should be covered very slight ly with soil and must be kept moist by frequent watering or by covering with a piece of cloth until the seeds begin to break ground. The plants cofhe up quickly and should be transplanted and handled like tomatoes. They will frequently produce tubers the first year that will weigh a pound. Each seed will pro duce a distinct variety. Promising new varieties must be grown for sev eral years and tested in the fields alongside of standard sorts for at least two years before their true value can be determined. FIRM GROUND FOR PLANTING Plants in Loose Soil Cannot Draw Suf ficient Moisture to Make Them Thrive Well. Ground for planting, w'hether seeds, plants or trees, should be fairly firm. Too often the garden is plowed up late and the seeds planted in the loose soil without giving it any firming, and then the seeds are blamed because they do not germinate. Plants set in such ground are often supposed to he poor ly rooted or have low vitality, when in reality neither seeds nor plants can draw sufficient moisture from the loose ground to make them grow. A garden roller is as necessary as a plow if the plow is used late. If the ground is plowed early enough so it can settle well before being planted and then lightly cultivated on the surface to keep the weeds down and form a dust mulch until it is plant ed, both seeds and plants will start much better and grow faster. Deep fall plowing, with the surface left rough, and then light culture before planting in the spring, is the idea 7 method, provided you do not want to give it two or three plowings during the winter, with light applications of manure. TO GROW HORERADISH CROP Cuttings Made Four to Five Inches Long and Set in Early Spring— Deep Loam Is Best. The culture of horseradish is quite dmple. Cuttings are made four to five inches long, and set in early spring two to five inches deep and 12 inches apart in rows about 30 inches apart. The crop Is cultivated every ten days or so until the leaves shadt* the ground. The roots are dug in late fall, trimmed and sorted. The side branches and prongy roots are cut off and saved for cuttings to plant the following year. A good yield ranges from 3.000 to 6,000 pounds per acre of marketable roots. They usually run about half No. 1 and half No. 2 roots. Horseradish will grow in anything but light sand or heavy clay, but does best in a deep loam of medium texture. A good dressing of commercial fertilizer Is commonly advised. Many truckers who grow this crop, plant the cuttings deep and grow between the rows a catch crop of some early maturing vegetable. It requires about 10,000 cut tings to set an acre. USES FOR THE DISK HARROW One of Most Valuable Farm Imple ments—lndispensable in Preparing Sod for Potatoes. The disk harrow is one of the most valued implements on the farm. It is almost indispensable in the prepara tion of sod ground for potatoes or corn. * One of the most Important uses of this implement is to break tip the sur face soil a few days in advance of the plow, so that capillary attraction of moisture will be readily established with the subsoil. It effectually seals the surface of the unplowed land so that it will keep moist for a longer period of time, and consequently plow easier in case a drought comes on so as to seriously interfere with the work of plowing. ACID PHGSPHATE IS USEFUL Ohio Station Recommends Its Use to Re-enforce Barnyard Manure to Maintain Fertility. Since phosphorus is carried off the farm in relatively 4arge amounts in grain ‘•’•ops, in the bones of animals, aud in milk, soil specialists of the Ohio station recommend the use of acid phosphate rock to re-enforce barnyard manure, if the fertility of the soil is to be maintained. Acid pin sphate is more generally recommended, because under average conditions it is more ef fective and more economical than the raw rock. Well-Planned Barns. Some farmers have their barns so arranged that the care of stock is a pleasure, and in many instances this handy arrangement has been brought about with comparatively little ex pense for material or labor. Calves Need Exercise. Let the calves out for a romp each day. The exercise will strengthen j their muscles and keep them healthy. While they are out. clean their stalls i and supply fresh bedding. flyjii * BiSS Rsls This body voted unanimously in support of the revolution In Russia, and a committee headed by its president took over the reins of government. FRENCH TRENCH SHIELDED BY BRUSHWOOD Entrance to one of the French trenches in the Jure woods, shielded from view by heaps of brushwood. RETURNS TO THE SENATE I • ] Senator Philander C. Knox of Penn sylvania, formerly secretary of state, takes Senator Oliver’s seat in the sen ate. HEROIC FRENCH PRIEST Captain Trelles. a French priest, has received several decorations for serv ices at the front. Colors Mentioned in Bible. The natural colors mentioned in the Bible are white, black, red, yellow and green. The only fundainentary color of which the ancient Hebrews appear to have had a clear conception was red. They had no scientific knowl edge of colors. Not a Good Monitor. Meeker —'fids paper says a man should tell his wife daily that he loves her. What do you think of that? Enpeck—Huh 1 I don’t think a news paper ought to encourage lying. Alas. Poor Willie! Boss —I gave you a copy of rules for my employees. Did you carry out the instructions? Willie —Why. I—er —put them In the waste paper basket and 1 guess the janitor did. Amateur Raffles. •*I hoar you had a burglary in your house.” “Yep.” ••Anything romanticabout it?” “Kaw. I could see the dress suit the , burgiar had on was hired.” MEMBERS OF THE RUSSIAN DUMA BELGIAN RELIEF SHIP TORPEDOED The Norwegian steamer Storstad. which rammed the Empress of Ireland in the St. Lawrence river in May, 1914, with a loss of almost 1,000 lives, has met her doom at the hands of a German submarine. The Storstad was flying the American flag in the Belgian relief service, and displayed the regulation relief signals whet sunk, according to dispatches from London. All members of the crew were landed, but one died of exposure. The photograph shows the Storstad as she appeared with her bow crushed in, after rammint the Empress of Ireland. ARRIVES IN WASHINGJON - ■ ' - • ■ ...... —.—... W.. •„... . . • James W. Gerard, ambassador to Germany, was met on his arrival in Washington by cabinet officers and officials of the state department. Beside Ambassador Gerard in the picture is Secretary McAdoo, and back of them Is William Phillips, assistant secretary of state. FACTS WORTH KNOWING In 20 generations every person has had 131.076 direct ancestors. | Easily detached casters have been i patented to aid in movi/ig washing ma | chines. The Australian state of Victoria has employed an expert from the United ; States to revive its beet-sugar industry. Bread as a daily food is used by only about one-third of the world’s population. In many nations rice Is the chief food. A Washington expert has a plan for i developing from California waste gas oil worth 2 cents a gallon, which may be made into gasoline at a cost of 6 gents. A California dyer took off the rear seat of his automobile and put in its place a glass showcase, in which his work is displayed as he delivers it to his customers. British hospital surgeons have adopt ed green uniforms in place of the long used suits of white. The hospitals also are being fitted in green. The color is said to be less trying to the eyes of both patient and doctor. WAUSAU PILOT Japanese have built a factory In China to make paper from rice straw. During 1916, 9.295.53S ounces of gold were taken from mines In the Trans vaal. This establishes anew record for the Rand. The government of Ecuador has es tablished seven land wireless stations and equipped three war vessels with radio telegraphy. An electrically operated washing machine has been invented that also dries clothes by centrifugal force with out removing them. Sergt. Charles Roussell of Worcester, Mass., who enlisted In the Thirty-fifth French infantry at the outbreak of the war, is said to be the only survivor of that regiment. Hydraulic cartridges used to break down coal In British mines not only avoid all danger of explosion, but also produce a greater proportion of large sized coal than blasting powder. A record crop of sugar In Barbados has helped to create an attractive mar ket for sugar machinery. American machinery should make large sales, as trade with England, the former sup plier, has almost ceased. I,® .. STOATT CAME FISHING L^J HIS MAJESTY, THE BROOK TROUT. My Dear Buck: Without a doubt, oldtimer, I feel like tacking the blue ribbon on the brook trout for being the wisest, liveliest and gamest of the fresh water fish. For downright nerve and fight, he is in a class by himself and he carries more tricks in his tail than any other fish. He is truly an Ameri can and of a sturdy fcype that car forage a living in any stream or spring-fed lake that is cool. Al though he does not grow as large as his cousin, the rainbow trout from the "West, or his foreign relative, the brown, or German trout, for his small size and weight he puts up the keenest fight of the trout family. The trout is a trim-built fish with graceful lines and his constant battle with swift currents makes him a strong, husky youngster. Asa gen eral thing he is found in the small flowing streams where the water is cool and fresh, while the rainbow and brown trout can thrive in warmer and deeper streams as well as lakes. Asa rule I have found the rainbow and brown trout in the roily waters below falls, in the swift rapids, and the brook trout in the quieter pools, especially those with grassy beds. The trout is a rapacious feeder, and takes his food from the surface, in midwater and at the bottom; he is, however, mostly a surface feeder and dotes on flies, grasshoppers, insects, worms, small minnows and even small frogs. Trout Has Keen Sight. Undoubtedly he has the keenest sight of any fish, and he evidently watches his prey before it strikes the water, as he will close his jaws on a fly the instant it hits the water, often leaping up and catching it on the wing. It’s a pretty good guess that he watches the flies or insects as they fly over the water and this same sight makes it necessary for the rod wield er to match his wits against those of Mr. B. Trout. Trout are caught with artificial flies, grasshoppers, worms, minnows, crick ets, grubs and almost any small in sects that are found along streams, also with very small spoons. fishing with a fly it should be kept in motion, imitating as near as possible the movements of a fly that has dropped on the surface and is strug gling to rise again. This can be ac complished by a slight broken twitch ing of the wrist. When a trout takes the fly, strike quickly, but not with a heavy jerk, only a slight move of the wrist is necessary. In taking a fly he snaps his jaws together over the fly, but is quick to throw out the artificial feathery substitute for a square meal. Lot Depends on Rod Work. The sport begins with a rush right after you hook your fish and you sure have to work your gray matter, Buck, before you can creel a trout. He seems to know every rift, rooted hold, snag or windfall in the stream, and you got to keep your mind on the game to hold him from reach ing cover, which means a lost fish and a snagged line. Let your rod do most of the work, that’s what a good fly rod is for —keep your line tight, at no time give any slack, as the trout may not be securely hooked, and a slack line gives him a chance to cough out the fly. You will find the trout is more quickly landed if worked down stream, especially with a large fish, as the current is in your favor. Keep the rod well up and the line shortened, as a short line gives better control over the fish and you need every extra bit of advantage, as the sole object of the trout is to get away and at that game he is some little getter. Fish Both Up and Down Stream. If you are fishing a slow running stream it is best to fish up stream and on swift-running streams fish down, making it a point to walk around pools and fish them from the lower end up to the head. In fishing up stream the fly comes quickly down with the current, this can be slowed up by casting diagonally up and across. Trout Gorge Angleworms. Early in the season the common angleworm is considered a delicacy by the trout and this bait if floated down stream under a shelving bank or around a log, which makes an ideal hiding place for trout, it’s a twenty-to one shot that another fish will be add ed to the creel. Hook the worm so that the entire hook is covered, using a No. 6or 8 snelled hook. Always fish down stream with worms, as the natural action of the current carries the worms down stream. Let the bait float from about thirty feet above the spot where you anticipate the trout are lying and throw in the shut-off on all noise. DIXIE. Association Football Feature. One of the features of the Eastern association football season will be a friendly game between the champion University of Pennsylvania team and the Intercollegiate league, and the Bethlehem eleven champions of the country. Horse Show Prizes. Since the first National Horse Show association events, held in New York 33 years ago, the association has dis tributed $832,780 in prizes to 7,617 ex hibitors, representing 39,533 entries. New Stroke at Leland Stanford. Crew coach Frank Guerena of Le land Stanford varsity eight, is drilling his proteges in anew stroke, which Is slower than that previously rowed by the Pacific coast aquatic stars, and per mits of a more gradual recovery. By this means he hopes to add speed to the progress of the boat. More Tennis Players. The United States Lawn Tennis as sociation in 1910 examined the rec ords of 4,506 players, an increase of 67 per cent over 1915 contestants. Nothing But Praise for This Kidney Medicine Your preparation is & very good one and according to the kind words of praise received from those who have dfeed it it stands in better favor with the people than any other medicine on the market. Cases of catarrh or inflammation of the bladder have found a meritorious friend in Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root. Eight years ago it was introduced here, and I firmly believe that it is one remedy that is worthy of a hearty recommendation. Very truly yours, J. C. NELSON, Druggist, Dec. 9, 1916. Beloit, Wis. Prove What Swamp-Root Will Do For You Send ten cento to Dr. Kilmer & Cos., Binghamton, N. Y., for a sample size bottle. It will convince anyone. You will also receive a booklet of valuable information, telling about the kidneys and bladder. When writing, bo sure and mention this paper. Regular fifty-cent and one-dollar size bottles for sale at all drug stores. Which 7 She is ten years old and had re ceived a nice, new, red bicycle for Christmas, but the weatherman, to gether with a case of “mumps,”, had kept her housed up without a chance to try out her gift. With the first warm day she was out early, however, and spent the day in the saddle. That evening she complained of the mus cles in her arms and legs being sore and after being tucked in bed she said: “Mother, I just know I am going to be stiff all over in the morning. If you were me Mould you rather be stiff ‘straightened out’ or ‘doubled up?’”— Indianapolis New r s. TAKES OFF DANDRUFF HAIR STOPS FALUN6 Girls! Try This! Makes Hair Thick, Glossy, Fluffy, Beautiful—No More Itching Scalp. Within ten minutes after an appli cation of Danderine you cannot find a single trace of dandruff or falling hair and your scalp Mill not Itch, but what will please you most will be after a few Meeks’ use, when you see new hair, fine and doM-ny at first— yes —but really new hair—growing all over the scalp. A little Danderine immediately dou bles the beauty of your hair. No dif ference how dull, faded, brittle and scraggy, just moisten a cloth with Danderine and carefully draw it through your hair, taking one small strand at a time. The effect is amaz ing—your hair will be light, fluffy and M-avy, and have an appearance of abundance; an incomparable luster, softness and luxuriance. Get a 25 cent bottle of KnoM-lton’s Danderine from any store, and prove that your hair is as pretty and soft as any—that it has been neglected or injured by careless treatment —that’s all —you surely can have beautiful hair and lots of it if you will just try a lit tle Danderine. Adv. Old Acquaintances. When Wilkinson went to his office he felt calm and contented. He hadn’t any need to worry about his M'ife’s loneliness any more, for he had bought a capital Matchdog for her. But, alas! when he arrived home his wife met him with the neMS that the dog had gone. “Eh,” said Wilkinson, “did he break the chain, theq?” “No,” she replied, “but a great, ugly looking tramp came here and acted so impudently that I let the dog loose. But instead of tearing tire tramp to pieces the nasty dog went auay with him.” “Great Scott 1” said Wilkinson, “that must have been the tramp I bought him from!” Important to Mothers Examine carefully every bottle ot CASTORIA, that famous old remedy for infants and children, and see that it In Uae for Over 30 Years. Children Cry for Fletcher’s Castoria Pet Polly Among Ducks. Members of the Social Target club, maintained by Kansas City sportsmen at Mud lake, w r ere excited some time ago when a big flock of ducks settled on the lake and floated about, M’aiting to be shot. Down through the M’eeds and grass squirmed the hunters, guns ready. “Hello,” came a wailing voice across the Mater, apparently from the flock. “Gosh,” muttered John Caskey, dep uty county recorder at the courthouse, “somebody out in the lake.” “Hello, hello, hello,” came the an- SM'er. “It’s a talking duck,” gasped one of the hunters. “Duck nothing, it’s a parrot; there he is od that muskrat house,” said an other. And, sure enough, a “poll” parrot M'as sitting out in the middle of the lake and around him floated the ducks, all unmindful of his chatter. —Cleve- land Plain Dealer. The Most Interesting Spot. The busy man was getting decidedly bored by the alleged old soldier’s remi niscences. “This,” said the alleged so!d*er, “Mas Mhere the enemy was massed in front of us. Here,” pointing to an other place on a soiled pocket map, “is Mhere our division was drawn up. We deployed in this direction, and our left Ming Mas attacked by the enemy on this knoll. Just at this point I Mas M'ounded on the left shoulder, and a hundred yards further on I got my right arm shattered by a piece of our own shell —and —” • “Yes,” interrupted the busy man, "but where did you get your brains blown out?” I am of the opinion that Dr. Kilmer 1 * Swamp-Root enjoys the best reputation and has met with more success in the treatment of 1 the diseases for M-hich it is intended, than any other medicine on the market. Swamp-Root sells and pleases; and in gravel it is recommended as one of the best medicines. I am so well pleased with the demand for Swamp-Root that I never fail to give it my personal recom mendation, feeling that it will do what it claims. Very truly yours, F. WM. DIEDRICH. Druggist, 209 Main Street, Dec. 9, 1916. Ripon, Wis. UNUSUAL OPPORTUHITY TO BECOME THE REPRESENTATIVE IN • TOUR LOCALITY OF A LARGE 6ASOLINE PRODUCING CORP. The corporation will back your efforts with locai advertising and give you credit for all business secured In your territory, through your efforts and theirs. Only a part of your time necessary to earn from toO.UO to SIOO.OO weekly. Responsible men only considered. Two references essential, treated conlidentially. 6ASOLINE PRODUCING CORPORATION 60 Broad St. New York City Reliable German Poultry Paper 28th year; experienced writers, practical and helpful; tells ail you must know to raise poultry successfully; illustrated and every phase of poultry keeping covered. 75c a year; 4 months’ trial and “Jahrbuch” 1916 for 25c. Write today. Sample free. Der GeiluegelZuechter.Cox M, Hamburg, Wis. SEE FAILURE IN THE HOME Growing Laxity in Discipline Thero Declared a Crime Cause by Prison Directors. Growing laxity in mental and moral training and discipline in the home is responsible in a large measure for the unprecedented growth of population at California’s prison and reformatories during the last two years, the Sacra mento Bee observes. This is charged by the state board of prison directors in the biennial report filed with Gover nor Johnson. There appears to be an increasing disposition among parents to place pleasure above duty and to place much of the responsibility of parenthood on the state, a condition that should not be tolerated, the report says. The responsibility of the home is taken up in the report. “It should be made the imperative legal as well as moral duty of parents to rear children properly,” it is de clared. “If the moral training of chil dren is neglected; if they are not taught self-control*, if no rules of home conduct are promulgated or being pro mulgated, children are permitted to disregard or evade them, it may be ex pected that such children, M hen grown, Mill not give due attention to rules of organized society.” BOSCHEE’S GERMAN SYRUP Why take ordinary cough remedies when Boschee's German Syrup has been used for fifty-one years in all toM*ns in the United States, Canada, Australia, and other countries, for coughs, bronchitis, colds settled in the throat, especially lung trouble. It gives the patient a good night’s rest, free from coughing, with easy expec toration in the morning, giving nature a chance to soothe the inflamed parts, throw off the disease, helping the pa tient to regain his health, assisted by pure air and sunshine M’hen possible. Trial size 25c, and 75c family size. Sold n all towns In the United States, Canada, Australia, and other coun tries. —Adv. Pneumatic Tires for Hiking Shoes. Taking his Inspiration from automo bile tires, and going the ordinary rub ber heel one better, Oscar Musslnan of New York city has invented a pneu matic tire for his own shoes. The “tire” differs very decidedly from the ordinary heels in that a partition of rubber is built in It half way up its thickness. The partition thus forms an air chamber with the bottom of the leather above it, and still another one with the ground nhen the heel comes down upon it, explains the Popular Science Monthly. Each of these two chambers is connected with the out side air by a small opening. When the heel strikes the ground, the air in the chambers becomes slightly compressed, causing the jolt of the walking to be very greatly cushioned in a manner very much similar io that in which the automobile tire cushions the jolts of riding. To prevent the air from be coming too suddenly compressed and so putting the bottom of the heels out of shape, the air Is allowed to escape slowly through the openings. Not a Compliment. They were dancing the one-step. The music M r as heavenly. The swish of her silken skirts was divine. The fragrance of the roses upon her bosom was really intoxicating. “Ah,” she smiled sweetly, with an arch look up into his face,“you re mind me of one of Whitman’s poems." A sudden dizziness seemed to seize him. It was as if he M’ere floating in a dream. When he had sufficiently gained his breath he spoke: “Which one?” “Oh, ally one,” she replied. “The feet are mixed in all of them.” —Ev- erybody’s Magazine. Two ovens of the usual kind and a third on the fireless cooker principle feature anew gas range. There's a good way to keep growing boys and girls healthy and happy and that is to give them Grape-Nuts lor breakfast. This wonderfully nourishing food ham a sweet, nutty flavor that makes it popular with children. One of the few sweet foods that does not harm digestion, but builds them strong and bright. Jit grocers everywhere.