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Wausau pilot. (Wausau, Wis.) 1896-1940, April 10, 1917, Image 8

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PRESIDENT ASKS CONGRESS
10 OEOHTE OF 1R
Says United States Must Assist in Bringing German
Government to Terms, But Would Not Involve
Others of Central Powers.
WANTS AN ARMY OF A MILLION MEN
/ "
Recommends Adoption of Universal Military Service, Co-operation
With Entente Allies, Granting of Liberal Financial Credits
and Use of Navy in Destroying Submarines.
President’s Plea for War.
I advise that the congress de
clare the recent course of the
imperial German government to
be in fa t nothing less than war
against the government and peo
ple of the United States; that it
formally accept the status of
belligerent which has thus been
thrust upon it and that it take
immediate 6teps not only to put
the country in a more thorough
6tate of defense, but also to ex
ert all its power and employ all
its resources to bring the govern
ment of the German empire to
terms and end the war.
Washington, April 3 President
in his message to congress last
flight demands that the United States
accept the gage of war thrown down
by Germany; that the navy be put in
fa state of defense, particularly against
(submarines; that the army be in
creased by 500,000, making the total
mrmy over 1,000,000 fighting men; that
£OO,OOO be raised in a universal train
ing law and that the resources and
finances of the naflon be employed to
Ifurther the common cause of this coun
try with the entente allies to defeat
Germany as soon as possible and end
the war.
President Wilson spoke as follows:
I have called the congress into ex
jtraordinary session because there are
teerlous, very serious, choices of policy
(to be made, and made immediately,
‘which it was neither right nor consti
tutionally permissible that I should as
sume the responsibility of making.
On the 3d of February last, I offi
icially laid before you the extraordl
mary announcement of the imperial
German government that on and after
the first day of February it was its
jpurpose to put aside all restraints of
law or of humanity and use its sub
marines to sink every vessel that
Sought to approach either the ports
(Of Great Britain and Ireland or the
[western coast of Europe, or any other
port controlled by the enemies of Ger
many within the Mediterranean.
That had seemed to be the object
P* the genuine submarine warfare ear
lier in the war, but since April of last
year the imperial government had
Somewhat restrained the commanders
Of its undersea crafts in conformity
With its promise then given to us that
passenger boats should not be sunk,
fend that due warning would be given
♦o all other vessels which its subma
rines might seek to destroy, when no
resistance was offered or escape at
tempted, and care taken that their
Crews were given at least a fair chance
to save their lives in their open boats.
Meager Precautions Taken.
' The precautions taken were meager
fend haphazard enough, as was proved
In distressing instance after instance
In the progress of the cruel and un
manly business, but a certain degree
<of restraint was observed.
The new' policy has swept every re
striction aside. Vessels of every kind,
•whatever their flag, their character,
their cargo, their destination, their er
rand, have been ruthlessly sent to the
bottom without warning and without
thought of help or mercy for those on
board, the vessel of friendly neutrals
along with those of belligerents. Even
hospital ships and ships carrying re
lief to the sorely bereaved and strick
en people of Belgium, though the lat
ter were provided with safe-conduct
through the proscribed areas by the
German government itself, and were
distinguished by unmistakable marks
of identity, have been sunk with the
isarae reckless lack of compassion or
principle.
I was for a little while unable to
believe that such things would in fact
be done by any government that had
hitherto subscribed to the humane
practices of civilized nations. Interna
tional law had its origin In the at
tempt to set up some law. which
would be respected and observed upon
the sens, where no nation had right of
dominion and where lay the free high
ways of the world.
By painful stage after stnge has that
law been built up with meager enough
results, indeed, after all was accom
plished that could be accomplished,
but always with a clear view, at least,
of what the heart and conscience of
mankind demanded.
Scruples Thrown to Wind.
This minimum of right the German
government has swept aside tinder the
plea of retaliation and necessity, and
MINES TO PROTECT NEW YORK
Ail Possible Precautions Being Taken
to Protect the Great Metropolis
and its Harbor.
New York. April 3. —Two enormous
mine fields will assist In protecting the
port of New York in the event of war
with Germany.
They are said to be the most elabo
rate and intricate mine fields a na
tion has ever devised. Foreign mili
tary experts, it Is said by United
GREAT ACTIVITY AT HARVARD
Hundreds of Students Preparing
Themselves to Take Up Duties of
Officers in Event of War.
Cambridge. Mass., April 3. —Har-
vard is probably doing more to pre
pare for war than any other American
university. There are 1,100 men en
rolled in the department of military
science end tactics. The work makes
this by no means what the collegian
calls a "snap course." Each man must
because it had no weapons which it
could use at sea, except these, which
it is impossible to employ as it is em
ploying them without throwing to the
winds all scruples of humanity or of
respect for the understandings that
were supposed to underlie the inter
course of the world.
I am not thinking of the loss of
property Involved, immense and seri
ous as that is, but only of the wanton
and wholesale destruction of the lives
of noncombatants, men, women and
children, engaged in pursuits which
have always, even in the darkest pe
riods of modern history, been deemed
innocent and legitimate. Property can
be paid for; the lives of peaceful and
innocent people cannot be.
The present German submarine
w'arfare against commerce is a war
fare against mankind. It is a war
against all nations. American ships
have been sunk, American lives taken,
in ways which it has stirred us deeply
to learn of, but the ships and people
of other neutral and friendly nations
have been sunk and overwhelmed in
the waters in the same way. There
has been no.discrimination. The chal
lenge is to all mankind. Each nation
must decide for itself how it will meet
it.
The choice we make for ourselves
must be made with a moderation of
counsel and a temperance of judgment
befitting our character and our mo
tives as a nation. We must put ex
cited feeling away. Our move will not
be revenge or the victorious asser
tion of the physical might of the na
tion, but only the vindication of right,
of human right, of which we are only
a single champion.
“Could Never Be Friend.”
One of the things that has served
to convince me that the Prussian au
tocracy was not and could never be
our friend that from the very out
set of the present war It has filled our
unsuspecting communities and even
our offices of government with spies
and set criminal intrigues everywhere
,afoot against our national unity of
counsel, our peace within and without,
our industries and our commerce.
Indeed it is now evident that its
spies were here even before the war
began, and it is unhappily not a mat
ter of conjecture, but a fact proved
in our courts of justice, that the in
trigues which have more than once
come perilously near to disturbing the
peace and dislocating the industries
of the country have been carried on
at the instigation, with the special,
and even under the personal direction
of official agents of the Imperial gov
ernment accredited to the government
of the United States.
Even in checking these things and
trying to extirpate them we have
sought to put the most generous in
terpretation possible upon them be
cause we knew that their source lay
not In any hostile feeling or purpose
of the German people toward us (who
were no doubt as ignorant of them
as we ourselves were), but only in
the selfish designs of a government
that did what it pleased and told its
people nothing.
Makes Purpose Clear.
“While we do these things, these
deeply momentous things, let us be
very clear and make very clear to all
the world what our motives and our
objects are. My own thought has not
been driven from its habitual and nor
mal course by the unhappy events of
the last two months; and I do not be
lieve that the thought of the nation
has been altered or clouded by them.
“I have exactly the same thififes in
mind now that I had in mind when I
addressed the senate on the 22d of
January last; the same that I had in
mind when I addressed the congress
on the 3d of February and on the 26th
of February. Our object now, a then,
is to vn Mcate the principles of peace
and ui justice In the life of the world
as against selfish and autocratic pow
er and to set up among the really free
and self-governed peoples of the world
such a concert of purpose and of ac
tion as will henceforth Insure the ob
servance of those principles.
Neutrality Not Feasible.
Neutrality is no longer feasible or
desirable where the peace of the world
is involved and the freedom of its
peoples, and the menace to that peace
and freedom lies in the existence of au
tocratic governments backed by organ
ized force which is controlled wholly
by their will, not by the will of their
people. We have seen the last of neu
trality I", such circumstances.
We are at the beginning of an age
in which it will be insisted that the
States army men, admit this nation
has the best harbor trine type in the
world.
The coast artillery corps and the
corps of engineers have the mine
fields all completed save the last
detail, the actual laying of the mine*.
The hig spheres are now stored here
by the hundreds.
The mine fields are off Sandy Hook
—the outpost of the more frequently
used southern gate to the city—and
off Sands Point, the northern entrance
by way of Long Island Sound.
put in five hours of drill and four of
instruction every week. In spite of
this, the course has the biggest mem
bership of any in the university.
The object is to traiu men for more
than to handle a rifle. The wish is to
turn out officers. President Lowell
said in an address to “rookies:" “On
you. as otiicers. will depend the lives
of other men. and it Is your duty to
. become as expert as possible, for the
| pages of history are thickly strewn
I with the blunders of commanding offi
cers.
same standards of conduct and of re
sponsibility for wrong done shall be ob
served among nations and their gov
ernments that are observed am ng the
individual citizens of civilized states.
No Quarrel With People.
We have no quarrel with the German
people. We have no feeling toward
them but one of sympathy and friend
ship. It was not upon their impulse
that their government acted in enter
ing this war. It was not with their
previous knowledge or approval.
It was war determined upon as wars
used to be determined on in the old,
unhappy days when peoples were no
where consulted by their rulers and
wars were provoked and waged in the
interest of dynasties or of little groups
of ambitious men who were accustomed
to use their fellow-men as pawns and
tools.
Self-governed nations do not fill
their neighbor states with spies or set
the course of intrigue to bring about
some critical posture of affairs which
will give them an opportunity to strike
and make conquest. Such designs can
be successfully worked only under
cover and where no one has the right
to ask questions.
Cunningly contrived plans of decep
tion and aggression, carried, it may be,
from generation to generation, can be
worked out and kept from the light
only within the privacy of courts or
behind the carefully guarded confi
dences of a narrow and privileged
class. They are happily impossible
where public opinion commands and
insists upon full information concern
ing all the nation’s affairs.
A steadfast concert for peace can
never be maintained except by a part
nership of democratic nations. No au
tocratic government could be trusted to
keep faith "within it or observe its cov
enants. It must be a league of honor,
partnership of opinion. Intrigue would
eat its vitals away; the plottings
of inner circles who could plan what
they would and render account to no
one would be a corruption seated at
its very door.
Only free peoples can hold their
purpose and their honor steady to a
common end and prefer the interests
of mankind to any narrow interest of
their own.
Does not every American feel that
assurance has been added to our
hope for the futlire peace of the
world by the wonderful and hearten
ing things that have been happening
within the last few weeks in Russia?
Russia was known by those who knew
it best to have been always In fact
democratic at heart, in all the vital
habits of her thought, in all the inti
mate relationships of her people that
spoke their neutral instinct, their ha
bitual attitude tow’ard life.
The autocracy that crowned the
summit of her political structure, long
as it had stood and terrible as w r as the
reality of its power, was not in fact
Russian in character, or purpose, and
it now has been shaken off and the
great, generous Russian people have
risen in all their naive majesty and
might to the height of he forces that
are fighting for freedom in the w’orld,
for Justice, and for peace. Here is a
fit partner for a league of honor.
Intrigued Against National Unity.
One of the things that has served
to convince us that the Prussian au
tocracy was not and could never be
our friend Is that from the very outset
of the present war it has filled our un
suspecting communties and even our
offices of government with spies and
set criminal intrigues everywhere afoot
against our national unity of counsel,
our peace within and without, our in
dustries and our commerce.
Indeed, it Is new evident that Its
spies were here even before the war
began; and it is unhappily not a mat
ter of conjecture, but a fact proved
in our courts of justice that the in
trigues which have more than once
come perilously near to disturbing the
peace and dislocating the Industries of
the country have been carried on at
the instigation, with the support, and
even under the personal direction of
official agents of the imperial govern
ment accredited to the government of
the United States.
Even in checking these things and
trying to extirpate them we have
sought to put the most generous in
terpretation possible upon them, be
cause we know that their source lay.
not in any hostile feeling or purpose of
the German people toward us (who
were, no doubt, as ignorant of them as
we ourselves were), but only In the
selfish designs of a government that
did what it pleased and told its peo
ple nothing.
Would Act at Convenience.
But they have played their part in
serving to convince us at last that the
government entertains no real friend
ship for us and means to act against
our peace and security at its conveni
ence. That it means to stir up ene
mies against us at our very doors toe
intercepted note to the German minis
ter at Mexico City is eloquent evi
dence.
We are accepting this challenge of
hostile purpose because we know that
in such a government, following such
methods, we can never have a friend,
and that In the presence of Its organ
ised power, always lying in wait to ac
complish we know not what purpose,
there can be no assured security for
the democratic governments of the
world.
We are now about to accept gauge
of battle with this natural foe to lib
erty and shall, if necessary, expend the
whole force of the nation to check and
nullify its pretensions and its power.
We are glad, now that we see the
facts with no veil or false pretense
about them, to fight thus for the ulti
mate peace of the world and for the
liberation of its people, the German
peoples included; for the rights of na
SECRET SERVICE MEN BUSY
Complete War Census of Long Island
Being Taken—Thorough Classifica
ti'on of Residents Made.
New York, April 3.—Government
secret service agents are taking a war
census of Long Island, a likely place
for u hostile expeditionary force to
land for the purpose of attacking the
metropolis in case the United States
were at war alone against a powerful
nation or coalition of nations.
PREPARE FOR WORK IN NAVY
Yale Students in Training to Serve in
Motor Boat Patrol—St. Lauis
Organizations Busy.
New Haven, April 3.—More than a
hundred have volunteered for the Yale
Naval Training Unit, which is the lat
est preparedness activity added to the
Reserve cor;* and Aero corps units
already established. Plans for Imme
diate work fer the motor boat patrol
have been adopted, a contribution of
WAUSAU PILOT
tions great and small, and the priv
ilege of men everywhere to choose
their way of life and of obedience.
The world must be made safe for
democracy. Its peace must be planted
upon the tested foundations of polit
ical liberty.
We desire no conquest, no dominion.
We seek no indemaities for ourselves,
no material compensation for the sac
rifice we shall freely make.
We are but one of the champions of
the rights of mankind. We shall be
satisfied when those rights have been
made as secure as the faith and the
freedom of nations can make them.
Just because we fight, without ran
cour and without selfish object, seek
ing nothing for ourselves but what we°
shall wish to share with all free, peo
ples, we shall, I feel confident, conduct
our operation on belligerents without
passion and ourselves observe with
proud punctilio the principles of right
and of fair play we profess to be fight
ing for.
Defers Austria-Hungary Action.
I have said nothing of the govern
ments allied with the imperial govern
ment of Germany because they have
not made war upon us or challenged
us to defend our right and our honor.
The Austro-Huhgarian government
has, indeed, avowed its unqualified in
dorsement and acceptance of the reck
less and lawness submarine warfare
adopted now without disguise by the
imperial German bovernment. and it
has therefore not been possible for
this government to receive Count
Tarnowski, the ambassador recently
accredited to this government by the
imperial and royal government of Aus
tria-Hungary.
But that government has not ac
tually engaged in warfare against
citizens of the United States on the
high seas, and I take the liberty, for
the present at least, of postponing a
discussion of our relations with the
authorities at Viennna.
We enter this war only where we
are clearly forced into it, because
there are no other means of defend
ing our rights.
It will be all the easier for us to
conduct ourselves as belligerents in a
high spirit of right and fairness be
cause we act without animus, not in
enmity toward a people or with the
desire to bring any injury or disad
vantage upon them, but only in armed
opposition to an irresponsible govern
ment which has thrown aside all con
siderations of humanity and of right
and is running amuck.
Hopes for Early Peace.
We are, let me say again, the sin
cere friends of the German people, and
shall desire nothing so much as the
early re-establishment of intimate re
lations of mutual advantage between
us, however hard it may be for them
for the time being to believe that this
is spoken from our hearts. We have
borne with their present government
through all these bitter months be
cause of that friendship, exercising a
patience and forbearance which would
otherwise have been impossible.
We shall, happily, still have an op
portunity to prove that friendship in
our daily attitude and actions toward
the millions of men and women of
German birth and native sympathy
who live among us and share our life,
and we shall be proud to prove it to
ward all who are in fact loyal to their
neighbors and to the government in
the hour of test. They are, most of
them, as true and loyal Americans as
if they had never known any other
fealty or allegiance. They will be
prompt to stand with us in rebuking
and restraining the few who may be of
a different mind and purpose.
If there should be disloyalty it will
be dealt with with a firm hand of stern
repression, but, if it lifts head at all it
will lift it only here and there and
without countenance except from a
lawless and malignant few.
It is a distressing and oppressive
duty, gentlemen of the congress, which
I have performed in thus addressing
you. There are, it may be, many
months of fiery trial and sacrifice
ahead of us.
It is a fearful thing to lead this
great, peaceful nation into war, into
the most terrible and disastrous of all
wars, civilization itself seeming to be
in the balance. But the right is more
precious than peace and we shall fight
for the things which we have always
carried nearest our hearts —for democ
racy, for the right of those who submit
to authority to have a voice in their
own governments, for the rights and
liberties of small nations, for a univer
sal dominion of right by such a concert
o ffree people as shall bring peace and
safety to all nations and make the
world itself at last free.
To such a task we can dedicate our
lives and our fortunes, everything that
we are and everything that we have
with the pride of those who know that
the day has come when America is pro
vided to spend her blood and her might
for the people that gave her birth and
happiness and the peace whin-? she has
treasured.
God helping her, she can do no other.
REBEL LEADERS CAUGHT
Ringleaders of Cuban Revolution Cap
tured in Haiti by U. S. Cruiser—
Held Captives.
Havana, April 3. —Rigoberto Fernan
dez and Loreto de Mobt, leaders of the
Cuban revolution in Santiago, are held
captives in Haiti awaiting extradition
to Cuba, according to cable advices
from the Cuban consul in Haiti.
The revolutionary leaders were cap
tured aboard a seh'ooner off the coast
of Haiti by an American cruiser. Three
other leaders were also taken captive.
Charges of murder arson will he
lodged against the men if the Haitian
government grants their extradition.
The census has two chief purposes:
To list resources that can be made
quickly available for defense use, and
to locate all hostile, or probably hos
tile residents or temporary dwellers
of the district.
In carrying out the first part of the
plans all motortrucks are being in
spected and classified and contractors
are being asked concerning shovels,
picks and other intrenching equipment
they have on hand. Lumber yards are
also being inventoried in a mort thor
ough manner.
SI,OOO from a graduate has been made
to begin the financing of the undertak
ing, and a permanent committee chos
en to direct the work of training. Sev
eral graduates have volunteered their
services as instructors.
St. Louis, Mo., April 3.—A1l civic
and national organizations in this city
have banded together in a gigantic
campaign to enroll 20,000 new mem
bers in the SL Louis chapter of the
American Red Cross. Recruiting head
quarters have been established in all
parts of The city.
CONGRESS TAKES
QUICK ACTION ON
WAR MEASURES
IDENTIC RESOLUTION RECOGNIZ
ING HOSTILITIES IS INTRO
DUCED IN BOTH HOUSES.
CHAMP CLARK RE-ELECTED
Missouri Congressman Defeats James
R. Mann for Speakership—Senator
Chamberlain Prepares Compul
sory Military Training B;!'
Washington, April 3.—lmmediately
after President Wilson finished bis ad
dress to congress Monday night and
left the capitol the senate and house
reconvened and an identic joint reso
lution was introduced in both houses,
declaring the existence of a state of
war, and directing the president to
employ all the resources of the coun
try to carry on war against the im
perial German government and bring
the conflict to a successful conclusion.
Because of the opposition to the meas
ure by Senator Stone, chairman of the
foreign relations committee the reso
lution was introduced in the senate by
Senator Martin of Virginia, the Demo
cratic floor leader, Representative
Flood, chairman of the foreign affairs
committee, introduced it in the house.
The resolution follows:
Joint resolution declaring that a
state of war exists between the im
perial German government and the
government and people of the United
States and making provision to prose
cute the same:
“Whereas, The recent acts of the
imperial German government are acts
of war against the government and
people of the United States.
“Resolved, By senate and house
3f representatives of the United States
af America in congress assembled,
that the state of war between the
United States and the imperial Ger
man government which has thus been
thrust upon the United States is here
by formally declared; and
“That the president be, and is here
by authorized and directed to take im
mediate steps not only iu put the
country in a thorough state of defense,
but also to exert all of its power and
employ all of its resources to carry
on war against the imperial German
government and to bring the conflict
to a successful termination.”
Compulsory Training Bill.
Changing it to make it effective in
promptly raising armed forces, Sena
tor Chamberlain on Monday virtually
completed his universal compulsory
military training bill.
The chief change provides for regis
tration and training this year of men
between 20 and 23. In subsequent
years men of 21, 22 and 23 years
would be subject to training upon call
of the president.
Senator Chamberlain plans to intro
duce the amended bill at the first op
portunity.
In explaining the important changes
in the bill, Senator Chamberlain said:
“'ln 1917 those 20 years of age, in
stead of 19 will be trained and if the
president finds that the national de
fense so requires he may by proclama
tion also call out for training all those
of the ages of 21, 22 and 23.
Provides Huge Army.
“In 1917 the president, even though
he does not find it necessary to call
out those of 21, 22 and 23, years, may
require them to register and be ex
amined
"The men who have been or are be
ing trained constitute the national
army which is a reserve force liable
to call to service in case of war or
imminent danger therefore.”
How many men a call upon those
from 20 to 23 years of age would raise,
Senator Chamberlain said, was pro
blematical, but he estimated the num
ber at between 1,500,000 and 2,000,000.
He predicted t'.at “if we should have
to raise troops by compulsory service,”
and said a universal training plan
would determine definitely the number
of men available and those having the
fewest responsibilities and depend
ents.
The general staff training
bill was introduced in the house by
Representative Kahn, California, and
a bill identical with the Chamberlain
measure was presented by Representa
tive Caldwell of New York. Both
measures will come before the house
military committee on Wednesday.
Washington, April 3. —Champ Clark
of Missouri was elected speaker of
the house of representatives of the
Sixty-fifth session in a session of the
house that was marked with sensa
tions almost from the outset. The
SENATOR LODGE HAS FIST
FIGHT WITH PEACE CALLER
Washington—A sensational incident
at the opening of congress followed
a call at the office of Senator Lodge
by a pacifist group from his state.
The senator was called to his door to
hear the arguments of the visitors.
There were harsh words and then
blows were exchanged between the
senator —ager 67 —and Alexander W.
Bannwart, 36 years old, of Dorchester,
How It Looked to Her.
Grandma was making her first visit
to the city. She loved music and was
enjoying the popular musical play of
the season. Watching the graceful
couple in a daring waltz, she whisp
ered to her hostess: "Thatll be a
match all right.”
Suspicious Man.
If a man could be aroused as easily
as his suspicions are, there would’t
be much of a demand for alarm clocks.
—Atchinson Globe.
Glass Making an Old Art.
Among the Romans the art of glass
making does not date earlier than the
beginnin gof the empire, but as far
back as 58 B. C. the theaters had been
decorated with mirrors and glass
plates.
A Good Time?
People are always being misunder
stood; especially the man whose idea
of showing a friend a good time is to
take him out in a racing car and hand
frtm the scare of his life.
speaker defeated James R. Mann of
Illinois.
The vote resulted: Speaker Clark,
217; Representative Mann, 205; Rep
resentative Lenroot, 2; Representative
Gillette, 2. Two members were re
corded present but not voting.
Nominated by Progressive.
The dramatic moment of the house
organization preliminaries was the
nomination of Champ Clark by Rep
resentative Thomas D. Schall, the Pro
gressive Republican of Minnesota.
The blind member was led to the
center of the house by a page. His
introductory remarks were of a patri
otic nature, not disclosing the real ob
ject of his speech. He continued:
“A state divided against itself in
time of peace may stand, but today
such a situation might be a serious
menace. We should forego party ad
vantages in a time like this.
“The peril of today renders partisan
ship dangerous because it might be
construed as a country presenting a
divided front to the wo: Id. As an in
dependent Progress*ve Republican, I
nave no hesitancy in saying how I
must vote under the circumstances.
“Were my country not in the face
of an international crisis, with the
president and the senate Democratic,
I would as a mater of party pride cast
my ballot for the Republican candi
date. He is able, alert, fair-minded.
I should like to vote for him.
May Be Used Against Him.
“I realize that action I am about to
take will be used to attempt my po
litical death in Minnesota.
“With my sightless eyes I would be
of .little service to my country on the
field of battle, but I can use the light
that God gives me to vote right today.
I believe the president should have a
Democratic senate and house behind
him.
“Under all these circumstances I
shall cast my vote for Speaker for
that Progressive Democratic, Champ
Clark of Missouri.”
“Does the gentleman place Mr. Clark
in nomination for speaker?” asked
South Trimble, qlerk of the house, who
was presiding.
“I gladly do so,” said Schall.
Representative William S. Greene of
Massachusetts then arose to nominate
James R. Mann as the Republican can
didate, and the Republicans had their
first opportunity to applaud. Mr.
Greene, however, did not make any
formal speech in naming Mr. Mann.
Representative Lenroot of Wiscon
sin, who has been a keen critic of
some of Mr. Mann’s acts, received
thunderous applause from the Repub
lican side when he went into the well
of the house to second Mann’s nomin
ation. He had pi'eviously been
brought forward by a faction of the
Republicans as a candidate for the
speakership. It was a dramatic mo
ment when Lenroot in seconding the
nomination of Mann, said:
“I cannot let the statements of the
gentleman from Minnesota and the in
ferences they make go unchallenged.
He takes the position that patriotism
demands that the organization of this
house be turned over to the Demo
crats.
“Patriotism demands that the Demo
crats out to submit to a Republican
organization of the house.”
Shouts of “No,” from the Demo
cratic side interrupted him.
When he resumed it was to promise
that “there will be no partisanship in
the house,” so far as the Republicans
were concerned.
"What we need in this hour is a
united country,” he said. “We need
the wisdom, the advice and the assis
tance of every American. This is no
time to criticize the president, but it
would be far better for the country
if the president was compelled to con
sult Republicans as well as Democrats
in this crisis.”
Representative Lee of Georgia, Dem
ocrat, who had been seriously ill, was
brought into the house amid the ap
plause of his colleagues on the Demo
cratic side. He cast his vote for Clark
for speaker.
Mr. Lee was among those absent
when the roll was called to determine
a quorum. He showed plainly the ef
fects of his illness when assisted to
the floor by two attendants. Up until
the last moment it was not thought he
could be present. His presence, and
the fact that four of the five inde
pendents who voted in the early stages
of the roi! call cast half their ballots
for Speaker Clark made the Missou
rian’s election a certainty long before
the roll call was completed*.
Rector Accepts Call in West.
Kenosha—The Rev. Fred Ingley for
the last nine years rector of St. Mat
thew’s church here and one of the
best known members of the Episcopal
ministry in the Milwaukee diocese has
accepted a call to St. Mark’s parish in
Denver, Col. He will leave Kenosha
May 1.
Employes Get Five Per Cent Raise.
Oshkosh —An increase of 5 per cent
in wages has been voluntarily given
to its employes by the Foster Loth
man company, manufacturers of sash
and doors. A better price for goods,
the increased cost of living and an ap
preciation of past loyal service arc
given as reasons for the increase.
born in Swizerland of Swiss-German
parents. Senator Lodge sent his an
tagonist to the floor with a blow to
the jaw, and while the office force was
clearing away the other pacifists a
young man in the corridore pummeled
Bannwart vigorously before turning
him over for a beating at the hands
of David B. Herman, a half grown tele
graph messenger. Then the capitol
police appeared and Bannwart, very
bloody, was locked up charged with
assault. Later he was released on
SI,OOO cash bail.
Serving a Purpose
“Doesn’t it make you indignant for
that man next door to come out and
shout at your boys for disturbing
him?” “It used to,” replied the placid
woman, “but it doesn’t any more. You
have no idea how it amuses the chil
dren.”
Ruling Spirit Strong.
“That reformed yegg is true to his
instinct, at any rate.” “How so?”
“Why, now he’s trying to break into
society.”—Puck.
Too Much for Him.
“What killed Green? He always
looked healthy to me.” “He tried to
live according to the rules for attain
ing longevity that a ninety-year-old
man gave to a reporter on a Sunday
newspaper.” —Life.
Enterprising Eye.
“How did you get such a bruised
eye, Rastus?” "Well, boss, I was out
a-lookin’ for trouble, an’ dis yere eye
was the first to find it! —St. Lou.a
G 1 oce-Democrat.
ARID AMERICAN
SNIP TORPEDOED;
ELEVEN MISSING
U. S. Steamer Aztec Attacked
by Submarine at Night.
SURVIVORS SAVED BY FRENCH
Captain and Others In Small Boat
Picked Up by Cattle Ship—
Search is Being Made
for Others.
Washington, April 3.—French ad
miralty dispatches to the French em
bassy here announcing the sinking
without warning of the first armed
American freighter, Aztec, by a Ger
man submarine, said apparently Lieut
Fuller Graham and 12 American blue
jackets constituting the armed guard
of the vessel, had been saved, but that
11 of the crew were reported missing.
Washingaon, April 3.—Eleven of the
crew of the armed American steamer
Aztec torpedoed without warning off
the French coast are missing, accord
ing to a dispatch received at the
Frt nch embassy. No complete list of
the survivors of the ship was con
tained in the dispatch, which was
garbled in transmission, and which
mentioned two missing boats, after re
ferring to the 11 men missing. The
dispatch as given out by the French
embassy read:
Gas Follows Explosion.
“The French ministry of thq navy
has given the foreign office the follow
ing information:
“The steamer Axtec, 2,700 tons,
armed, bound from New York to
Havre, has been sunk without warn
ing April 1 off Ouessant. The torpedo
struck amidships, destroying the wire
less apparatus and generating great
quantities of asphyxiating gas. The
first boat broke in two while being
lowered. The second boat took off the
captain and Lieutenant Fuller-Graham,
the naval officer in charge of thp ship’s
guard, and 15 men of the crew.
French Rescue Survivors.
“The third boat took off the sec
ond officer and 15 men. Eleven men
are missing. The boat with the cap
tain was sighted by the French cattle
ship Sirius anrl the Sirius took the
survivors aboard. Searching for the
others.”
Secretary of the Navy Daniels said
he had no official information as to
the sinking of the Aztec, but he would
make public the names of the gun
crew aboard as soon as a complete
list of survivors is received. The state
department has asked for an imme
diate report on the sinking.
First Armed Ship Sunk.
The Axtec was the first armed
American ship to lie sunk since the be
ginning of the German ruthless under
sea boat campaign. Sixteen Americans
were in the crew of the vessel and it is
believed several of them perished.
The vessel had a cargo of the value
of more than half a million dollars.
The Aztec was formerly in the serv
ice of the Pacific Mail line.
FAVOR MILLIONS FOR WAR
Resolution Approved by House Appro
priations Committee Asks Hesac
to Act on Big Revenue Bills.
Washington, April 3. —Within ten
minuses after President Wilson had fin
ished his address to congress Chair
man John Fitzgerald of the appropria
tions committee introduced a resolu
tion, which immediately was passed,
calculated to give millions of dollars
to the administration for war pur
poses.
His resolution provides that within
the next ten days the house shall, un
der a suspension of rules, take action
on four great revenue bills —the sun
dry civil, general deficiency, army ap
propriation and military academy ap
propriation—all of which failed to pasa
the Sixty-fourth congress.
HELD FOR THREAT TO WILSON
A. E. W. Simmers o* New Jersey, Said
To Be German, Taken for Plot,
ting to Kill President.
Camden, N. J., April 3.—Adolph E.
W. Simmers of Woodbine, N. J„ said to
be a German, was held today under
$20,000 bail for a further hearing on
Wednesday by United States Commis
sioner Joline on a charge of threaten
ing the life of President Wilson. No
testimony was taken by the commis
sioner. Acting on instructions from
Washington not to discuss arrests
made during the international crisis,
federal agents refused to make public
any details in the case. Simmers was
arrested by a Philadelphia agent of the
department of justice Saturday.
ORDER OUT MORE GUARDS
Second Regiment, West Virginia,
Fourth Virginia, and Battery Vir
ginia Field Artillery Called.
Washington, April 3.—The follow
ing National Guard units were ordered
out by the war department for gei. ral
police duty: Second regiment, West
Virginia; Fourth regiment, Virginia J
Battery D. Field artillery, Virginia.
Mean Insinuation.
Miss Fluff —Mr. Crump hasn’t got
a bit of tact.
Miss Flip—How do you know he
hasn’t?
Miss Fluff —I heard him ask Miss
Prim the other day if she wasn’t in
terested in the prehistoric age.
A Mean Slam.
“I lost a buncli of jokes today,” said
a professional humorist. “It was some
thing of a loss to me.”
“And no gain to the finder either. He
probably won’t know what they are.”
—Louisville Courier-Journal.
United States Has No “Penny.”
The habit of .calling the one-cent
piece of our American coinage a “pen
ny” is utterly without foundation or
excuse. We have no penny in our
coinage. At one time half-cent pieces
were coined but now the unit is one
cent, the hundredth part of a dollar.
The Assurance of Him.
Betty—The fortune teller says lam
going to marry money.
Jack— Good! Did she say how I
was going to make it?—Boston Eve
ping Transcript.
MOTHER! LDOK AT
GHILD’SJONGUE
If cross, feverish, constipated,
give ‘‘California Syrup
of Figs.”
A laxative today saves a sick child
tomorrow. Children simply will not
take the time from play to empty their
bowels, which become clogged up with
waste, liver gets sluggish; stomach
scur.
Look at the tongue, mother! If coat
ed, or your child is listless, cross, fev
erish, breath bad,Restless, doesn't eat
heartily, full of cold or has sore throat
or any other children’s ailment, give a
teespoonful of “California Syrup of
Figs,” then don’t worry, because it is
perfectly harmless, and in a few hours
all this constipation poison, sour bile
and fermenting waste will gently
move out of the bowels, and you have
a well, playful child again. A thor
ough “inside cleansing” is ofttimes all
that is necessary. It should be tha
first treatment given in any sickness.
ißeware of counterfeit fig syrups.
Ask at the store for a 50-cent bottle of
“California Syrup of Figs,” which has
full directions for babies, children of
all ages and for grown-ups plainly
printed on the bottle. Adv.
Not Lonesome.
We don’t feel so sorry for the man
and woman who were divorced—tHfcy
had brought their troubles upon them
selves. But our heart went out to their
child—poor, little lonely kiddie! We
went to see him. lie looked pathetic
to us, and as we had feared, he had a
prematurely wise expression on his
little face, says the Cleveland Plain
Dealer.
“Do you get lonesome?” was asked.
“Nope,” he responded quickly.
“The court lets mamma come to see
me Mondays, and papa conies to seo
me Tuesdays. On Wednesdays, the
man that’s stuck on mamma calls, and
on Thursdays the woman ilmt papa’s
going to marry comes to see me. My
grandparents scrap over me on Fri
days and Saturdays.” He drew a deep
sigh, then ljis face brightened, and
he said:
“But, thank goodness, I have my
Sundays to myself!”
A MINISTER’S CONFESSION
Rev. W. H. Warner, Route 2, Myers
ville, Md., writes: “My trouble was
sciatica. My back was affected and
took the form of lumbago. I also had
® neuralgia, cramps
in my muscles,
pressure or sharp
pain on the top of
my bead, and nerv
_Jgg ous diazy spells. I
had other symp
*^"^r| toms showing my
Rev. W. 11. Warner kidneys were at
fault, so I took Dodd’s Kidney Pills.
They were the means of saving my life.
I write to say that your medicine re
stored me to perfect health.” DODD'S
KIDNEY PILLS, 50c box, any store.
Dodd's Medicine Cos., Buffalo, N. Y.—
Aqv.
NOW COMES NEAR-SKIN SHOF
New Footwear Which Seems to Be
Made of Calfskin Has Not a Bit'
of Leather in Its Composition.
"Have you seen the near skin shoe —
our latest laboratory product*?" asked
the boot and shoe expert.
The boot that he set down on the
table seemed to be made of calfskin. It
would certainly pass for an ordinary
black calf boot displayed In any shop
windows. Perhaps not one person In
one hundred thousand or even one mil
lion would have discovered Its true
Identity without an exceedingly careful
inspection.
“There isn’t a bit of leather In It,’*
said this unfolder of mysteries, “and
I’ll bet you can’t tell the difference.”
He enjoyed my nstoi Islunent for a
moment and then he said: “Smell It."
I put the seeming box calf toe to
my discerning nose and Inhaled. Ah I
there was rubber !n It! At least It
had the smell of n rubber factory
around it. It might peihnps have come
from some tire works or garden hose
plant.
“Here Is the story,” the hoot and
shoe philosopher went on. “There you
have a near skin or leatherette shoe.
You can call It what you please. It is
a laboratory masterpiece. The vamp
and top are made of imitation leather,
a rubberized product with a fabric
base. Sole and heel are composed of
what they call fiber, and this fiber is
a mystery and masterpiece all by It
self. The box toe counter is made of
the same material. You will find felt
welting and Inner sole, imitation leath
er back and lace stays and top facing.
“That’s the whole story, and that Is
what one part of the world Is coming
to as regards boots and shoes.” —Bos-
ton Transcript.
fc/3 Steady
MJ Those Nerves!
If it’s caffeine —the drug
in coffee —.that’s causing
shaky nerves, the remedy
is perfectly plain—
Quit coffee, and for a
pleasant, healthful table
beverage, use
POSTUM
Postum is a delicious
cereal drink, pure and
nourishing and absolutely
free from any harmful in
gredient
There’s a big army of
Postum users who are en
joying better health and
comfort since joining the
ranks.
- ,
“There’s a Reason”

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