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“Doans Saved My Life”
“I Had Given Up Hope” Says Mr. Dent, “But Doan’s Kidney Pills Cured Me Permanently.” "My kidney trouble begin with back ache, which ran on IK about a year," says A W. H. Dent, 2213 1 Reynolds Street, Mff-* |L 1 Brunswick, Ga. "My 4Br 5> b back got so I was at urj Sv f) times unable to sleep, yjAfci. -i even * chair. Of- IV ten the P a iu bent me / double. I would be A prostrated and some- one would have to mJE move me. Uric acid fr E ot into my blood ' \tai ,and I began to break Mr. Dent out. This got so bad I went to a hospital for treatment. I stayed there three months, but got but little better. Dropsy set in and I bloat ed until nearly half again my size. My knees were so swollen the flesh burst in strips. I lay there panting, and iust about able to catch my breath. I ld five doctors; each one said it was im possible for me to live. "I hadn’t taken Doan’s Kidney Pills long before I began to feel better. I kept on and was soon able to get up. The swelling gradually went away and when f had used eleven boxes I was completely cured. I have never had a bit of trouble since. I owe my life and my health to Doan’s Kidney Pills.” Get Doan’s at Any Store, bOe a Box DOAN’S ""V FOSTER-MILBURN CO., BUFFALO. N. Y. Swiss Producing Alcohol. The great demand for calcium car bide and the low cost of water power in Switzerland have caused a big in crease of the application of the elec tric furnace for the production of this commodity. The leading Swiss hydro electric concerns, ns well as a concern with its own big power stations at Gampel, Viege, Thusis and Chevres, have now finished their researches for the production of pure alcohol for in dustrial purposes out of calcium car bide through treatment with hydro gen and by the electrolytic decompo sition of water. As the industrial production and sa'e of alcohol is under government control in Switzerland, the introduc tion of this new industry will be a joint work of the confederation and tlie Lonza concern. With the Fingers! Says Corns Lift Out Without Any Pain Sore corns, hard corns, soft corns or any kind of a corn can shortly be lifted right out with the fingers if you will apply on the corn a few drops of freezone, says a Cincinnati authority. At little cost one can get a small bot tle of freezone at any drug store, which will positively rid one’s feet of every corn or callus without pain or sore ness or the danger of infection. This new drug is an ether compound, and dries the : oment it is applied and d6es not inflame or even irritate the surrounding skin. Just think! You can lift oft' your corns and calluses now without a hit of pain or soreness. If your druggist hasn’t freezone he can easily get a small bottle for you from his wholesale drug house.—adv. Not a Butcher. Lady Poore, the wife of Sir Rich ard Poore, who had just been placed on the retired list at his own request in order to facilitate the promotion of younger officers, has published anew volume of reminiscences, "An Ad miral’s Wife in the Making,” which i* full of good stories. Here is one concerning a Lieuten ant Thrupp, who was, one gathers, a rather self-important personage. One morning, writes Lady Poore, he was rung up on the telephone, and the question: “Have you any beef?” surprised his attentive ear. “No,” he replied, “I have no beef.” "Have you any mutton?” followed. “No, I have no mutton,” said Mr. Thrupp. “Well, then, have you any veal or lamb?” “No,” he answered curtly. “And you call yourself a butcher!” said the voice, conveying, even through the telephone the contempt of his fe male interlocutor. “I don’t,” roared Mr. Thrupp. “I’m Thrupp of the Royal Artillery,” and rang off. Quite Philosophical. The maiden looked at her ardent wooer with disdain. “If you try to kiss me. I’ll scream,’ she declared. “I’ll do it anyhow, and take the risk.” he returned, preparing to suit the action to the word. “In that case.” she said, with charm ing resignation to the 'nevitable, “1 don’t see it is any use to scream.” Described. “Pa, what is a patriot." “A patriot, my boy. is one who thinks*# little more of liis country than he lines of ids personal comfort.” PARENTS who love to gratify children’s desire for | the same articles of food find drink that jj grown-ups use, find Instant 1 POSTUM | just the thing. j 4 hi “There's a Reason” fl ■SE DRAFT TO BE FAIR METHODS OF SELECTING MEN FOR NATIONAL ARMY WILL BE ABOVE CRITICISM. VO CHANCE OF FAVORITISM i Tides for Phycical Examination of Volunteer Recruits for Regular Army Will Be Modified for the Young Conscripts. By EDWARD B. CLARK. Washington. Washington knows that there is anxiety throughout the country lest in the drawings her* 1 and there there may be some “trick of the trade” by which certain men may be drawn for the new army ami certain other men not drawn by means of some deft sleight-of-hand performance. The last Registration day reports have come into Washington.' There is not enough concern left in the results of registration to shadow the rapidly looming interest in the methods which will be adopted to choose the service men by use of the rule of chance. The country can at once give over any apprehension that the drawings will not he fair. A method will be adopted by which' the drawings will be lifted from out of any shadow of suspicion as to the fairness of methods. There will be no possibility that any one can enter a legitimate objection to the means which are to be employed to give iili men equal chances in the matter. The chances seem to be that for the new army there will lie some modifi cation of the rules which now are in force for the physical examination of volunteer recruits for the regular army. It is not believed that young Americans for the new forces will be compelled to measure up to the stand ards set for recruiting for the regulars. When it was declared a. day or two ago, seemingly by authority, that regu lar army standards would be main tained for a physical examination, rroakers instantly began to say, “This will riot leave one really stalwart young American in the country.” Why So Few Are Accepted. It is pretty generally known that out of every five men who have applied in the past at regular recruiting offices, only one man has been accepted. No one has seemed to realize the real reason for this condition of things. In certain districts in the United States fully f>o per cent of the volunteers of the regular army have been accepted. In some other districts only 10 percent of the willing ones have been accepted. It is a matter easily explained. In the past, notably in the city dis tricts. there have applied to the re cruiting officers thousands of men of whom by far the greater percentage were seeking enlistment because they had come to the conclusion that they could do nothing in civil life. Army officers, if they would talk, coukl tell tales of hundreds of down and outers, physical ilecrepits, who, tired with the struggle to get a living, perhaps not by the labor route, have applied for per mission to serve Uncle Sam, with good money, good bed, good board, good clothing and good care thrown in. It was the down and outers and the men who. not M illing to consider themselves down and out. yet through adverse con ditions had become run down physical ly, who applied In largest numbers to the recruiting officers for regular serv ice. It was the inevitable thing, there fore, that the recruiting office records In the great cities should show only nbout one enlistment for about four or five applicants. In the country dis tricts the percentage of acceptances was much higher, because away from the cities living conditions were better, and moreover many sturdy young Americans were willing to enlist to got a chance to see life under new con ditions. To Keep Alive Service Spirit. And still the wonder is growing here at the results of registration day. There is an inflowing stream of tele grams and letters from the country, most of which giv£ in enthusiastic de scription the marked service spirit and service desire with which the young men of all sections of the country went to their duty. Belief is strong in Washington to day that the war department will take advantage of the patriotic psychology of the occasion to move quickly with selections and exemptions and thus to give the country its new national urmy in short order. It is known that officials believe in stant preparation for the rest of the work should be made and that no more time than is necessary should be given to allow the ardor of youth to cool. There was a volunteer spirit evident everywhere Registration day, and it is this spirit which quick action. Wash ington believes, will keep alive. It is realized that President Wilson has a difficult and delicate task in the outlining of industrial class exemp tions. Unquestionably he studied the matter for a long time, advising almost daily with Provost Marshal General Enoch H. Crowder and other army officials ns to just what form the leg ulations of industrial exemption should take. No Classes of Industry Exempt. There are still evidences In Wash ington that men engaged in certain pursuits in life take it for granted that they M ill not be called to the col ors. In some sections of the country farmers have been told by persons Ignorant of the facts In the case that thev will not be called. Potato Rings Valuable. Irish potato rings are being eagerly sought for by collectors. These rings were in every-day use in the last cen tury to encircle potatoes which had been boiled in the skins, and were served at the table nestling in Irish napery. Not long ago 16 of these sil ver rings brought'as much as $11,190, the chief example, 74 inches in diame ter. by John Lloyd of Dublin. 1770. realizing $1,025. Another ring by the same maker was bought for tho Na tional museum, Dublin, for S7OO. Fifty-Fifty. Passing a hand over his forehead, the worried drill-sergeant paused for breath as he surveyed the knock-kneed recruit. Then he pointed a scornful finger. “No .e declared, “you’re hopeless. You , never make a soldier. Look at you now. The top ’alf of your legs is standin’ to attention, an’ the bottom ’alf is standin’ at ease ’’’ —Tit- Bits. First Step to Greatness. “The first step to greatness is to be honest.” —Johnson. No classes of industry are to be ex empted as a whole. The law is man datory OLly as it affects persons of religious creeds which contain definite pronouncemtots against arms bearing. That many industrial workers will he exempted is certain, but every means Mill he taken ,to determine definitely that the exempted ones will be of more use at home to the army and the country than they will be in service abroad. From some of the industrial centers where munitions, machinery and tex tiles are manufactured there have come reports that a large percentage of the workmen expect the nature of their calling to exclude them from the army ranks. The percentages Mill not he heavy unywh >re. It is only those whose services cannot be spared from the plow, the bench or the desk who will be told that until another day they need not carry the rifle. Army officials already are looking forward to the day of the raising of the second army. Washington real izes, it! the rest of the country does not that the strong probability is America must send contingent after contingent across the Mater to make certain the triumph of democracy. For a long time in the capital there was keen anxiety because of the re curring evidences that the country as a whole did not realize the immensity and the intensity of the Mar that is to come. Since Registration day the minds of the officials seem to have been lifted from their depression. Washington officials desire that the w r ork which began on Registration day shall be completed quickly. The pres ent spirit they say is the spirit that honors, and quick action will li,lp to keep the flame burning bright. South to Get Training Camps. Every man in the new National army that soon is to be organized for service will go into tent or into barracks early in September. The original plans for the encampments have been changed. It is entirely probable that later they may undergo another change. Climate eventually may prove to be the ruler In the case. There has been a demand from near ly every section of the country that one of the training camps he given to the petitioning community. Selfish ness to a large extent is at Ihe bot tom of some of the requests. Benefit to local trade conditions has been Ihe first- consideration in many instances. The good of the service has been the second consideration if it has been given any thought at all on the part of the petitioners. Men cannot drill out of doors under had weather conditions. Some persons seem to think that troops are harden ed by subjecting them to conditions which would send the ordinary civil ian on sick report inside of an hour. Troops are softened, not hardened, by adverse climatic conditions. In the northern section of the country the weather is bad in November. Outdoor drills cense at West Point on the last day of October or at the latest on November 15. Why? Simply because outdoor drilling is impossible. Can’t Drill In Snow or Hard Rains. The recruits for the new National army of course cannot he hothouse re cruits. nor on the other hand can they be icehouse recruits. They must he trained up to the point of resistance to climatic influences, but fitting the body to resistance in one tiling while the drilling of the men so that they can take part in propeY maneuvers is another thing. Infantry drill largely is impossible when the snow is on the ground, when heavy rain is falling, on when the mud Is deep. The new army must have quarters in places less likely than oth ers to experience sudden changes in weather conditions. The North is an Ideal training place for recruits from April 1 to November 1. The South is a fairly good training place from No vember 1 to April 3, although it is not always ideal by any manner of means. It is believed today that the army officials finally M ill determine that the new army should be trained largely in the South, where in September the weather is inclement enough at times to give the men a certain amount of resisting power without being severe enough to put an entire camp of green troops on the sick list. Washington waited with little anx iety hut with deep interest the reports from the registration districts. As soon as they were received they were studied closely and there was particu lar interest in the number of ansu-ers received to Question 12 which con cerns itself with the desire of the re cruits to claim exemption at the out set. Not long before Registration day an order was issued that ansn-ers to Ques tion No. 12 are not obligatory. This meant simply that no young man was compelled to say whether or not he claimed exemption, but could postpone his decision in the matter to a later day when the question of exemptions specifically Mas to be considered. This fact made it impossible for Washington to determine definitely just how many men for some reason or other would claim exemption. It is expected that about 60 per cent of the men ulio are exempted on no oth er ground M ill be exempted on physi cal grounds, but it is believed that there Mill be enough young Americans physically sound and with no depen dents to fill the ranks of ns many armles as it will be necessary to send to Europe to aid in the fight for demo cratic principles. Some of Them. “I tell you. the horrors of war are coming home to us women.” "I should say so. Here the women in France have to go without powder and the women in Germany have to have their hair cut.” Ordinary Mole Merely Blemish. A mole may be defined as a localized increase in the coloring matter in the skin. It is often associated with nn overgrowth of some other structure in the skin, especially the connective tis sue or the hair. They are usually pres ent at birth and manifest no tendency to grow after adult age has been reached. Sometimes, especially If they are irritated by pressure, or otherwise, malignancy develops in later years. The ordinary pigmented mole is.* how ever. merely a blemish. Everything Provided For. Willis—Bump’s olfiee is run abso lutely on system. GUlis—lndeed? Willis—Yes, they tell me there is even a recess of ten minutes each day for the clerks to borrow money from each other.—Judge. Get Out and Get Under. Walker—l suppose by this time yon have gained a pretty thorough knowl edge of the workings of your car? ltyder—WeM. hardly; bot I’ve got a sood line on its nonworkings. M)IB£VD®£ noQ FROGS' SINGLES. “Goog-a-rum, goog-a-rum, goog-a rum,” said Grandfather Frog. “Goog-a-rum, goog-a-rum, goog-a rum,” answered Uncle Green Back Frog. . He was usually called Green Back because he had a hack very green in color anjl he was .iitvemely proud of it. Often he would call all the frogs to gether as if he had a great secret to tell them, and when they had all be come very much excited, he would whisper in hoarse tones: “Haven’t Ia handsome back?” Of course the frogs would be much disappointed that Uncle Green Buck had nothing else of Interest to tell them, for they had heard him admire his OM'n back almost ever since he be came a frog. “How about it?” asked Grandfather Frog. “It’s fine, think you. It’s looking particularly beautiful in the sun shine.” “Oh, dear mo • oh, mercy me; oh, goodness, gracious me, I didn’t mean to ask about your back.” “And why not, pray tell?” asked Green Back in a sad voice. “I’m sure it is worth asking about.” “To be sure, goog-a-rum, to be sure,” said Grandfather Frog. “I have noth ing to say against your back or be hind your back or in front of your back —no, I couldn’t speak in front of a back, could I?” And Grandfather Frog looked very much puzzled as he put on his spectacles and opened his eyes and his mouth quite wide/ “It’s good to think,” said Grandfa ther Frog, as he swallowed a bug which had hopped upon his nose. “What makes you say so?” asked Green Back. “I was thinking just then, and I swallowed a bug. See?” “I certainly don’t see the bug,” said Green Back. “And what is more, I really do not see why you should, thank your thinking cap for giving you that bug.” “I must explain,” said Grandfather Frog, as he moved a little on his stump. “You see. I was thinking I had; my mouth open and all 1 had to do: r~- im^v <%r $ $ “I Swallowed a Bug.” M as to snap it shut and take inside the delicate little bug which had happened to come along at just that time.” “It was not because you were think ing,” said Green Back. “You don’t have to think with your mouth open;' in fuct, I’ve heard folks say that it looks stupid to have one’s mouth hang open. When the mouth is closed we are more apt to look wise whether we are or not.” “Your rules, and the things you have heard say do not amount to anything,” said Grandfather Frog. “The main thing is that I SM 7 allowed a bug —a most delicious bug,” and Grandfather Frog smacked his lips together. “Yes, that is the main thing,” said Green Back, “but you mustn’t say it was because you Mere thinking.” “Oh, very w 7 e11,” said Grandfather Frog, taking off his spectacles and looking at Green Back’s face. “How much you look like me,” said Grandfather Frog. “What a great hon or for you. Ah, you are a lucky frog.” “Well, as you think your face is handsome, I can think my back is,” said Green Back. “We can think all M'e want,” said Grandfather Frog, “but I hope the next time I think I’ll get another bug.” “What did you call me for today?” asked Green Back. “You called ‘goog n-rum/ and you must have had some special reason, didn’t you?” “Of course, of courts'.’ said Grand father Frog. “Do you see this tennis racket I have by my side. I put it down when I came along, as I M’as so busy talking and thinking of other things. But I really came to ask you to have a game. We'll play Frogs’ Singles.” “What in the w'orld are they ?” asked Green Back. “When only two men play or two hoys play, they say ‘Men’s Singles.’ When four men play—two on each side, they say ‘Men’s Doubles.’ So, as there are only two of us, it means M T e are playing singles—one against one j —and as we aren’t men, we must say ■ frogs.” “To be sure, goog-a-rum, to be sure,” | said Green Back. “I’ll be ready in a moment.” He looked about him and saw a nice bit of bark from a stump which he thought would do beautifully as a tennis racket. The tennis net was a vine growing between two low bushes, and the frogs hopped about on either side, using a ball of mud. They had a great game, and though neither could beat the other, they decided that “Frogs’ Singles” Mas a wonderful game. Pat's Riddle. Pat and his neighbors were sitting around the fire on a cold, wet night and somebody suggested that a few riddles would make some fun. . “Well, 1 11 start ye.” said Pat, “an’ ye may well put on yer thinking caps. Tell me why a soldier is always tired on the Ist of April?” That was a hard one and they all gave it up. So Pat furnished the an swer : ‘ Arrah. why I suppose it’s because of thirty-one days March.” The New Fashion. His dog was a fierce airdale, which could whip, and had whipped, every other bow-wow in the neighborhood. Then he clipped his coat. “Yes," he said to a friend, “the clip ping was my own idea. I believe it made him look better, but it was very awkward for the dog.” “How was that?” queried the friend. “Oh, the other dogs didn't know him. He had to fight them all over again.” Labor looks easy to a cheerful worker. WAUSAU PILOT LOCATION AND DESIGN OF VARIOUS ROADS Fig. 1. §top to I*per foot.depending an tha rat* of curvature and grade CROSS SECTION SOMETIMES USED ON SIDE HILL CURVES TO PREVENT SKIDDING OF VEHICLES AND EROSION OF T>!E SLOPES. CROSS SECTION SHOWING BERM DITCH BUILT ABOVE SLOPE Dimensions of the ditch are determined by ihe amount of water to be carried, v is generally 15 to cn ana G about lE' (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) The minimum width to accommodate safely two lines of average horse drawn traffic is 14 feet, and for auto mobile traffic the width preferably should be not less than 18 feet, though a width of 16 feet is used frequently, in order to maintain the traveled way to the required width and to afford proper safeguards against accidents, it is necessary to provide a shoulder not less than three or four feet wide along each side of the roadM'ay proper. The shoulders may have a somewhat steep er crown than the rest of the road surface, but they should be sufficiently flat not to endanger traffic using them and really should constitute au addi tional width of roadway. This means that the total width of roadway be tween side ditches never should be less than 20 feet where horse-drawn traffic predominates, and 24 feet where any considerable volume of automobile traffic is to be accommodated. Where sharp curves occur in the alignment it is desirable, though not customary,, to increase the width of the traveled way. A vehicle being drawn along a curved road tends to oc cupy an appreciably greater width titan where the road is straight, and unless the width of the traveled way is increased correspondingly, this ten dency contributes materially to the hazards that invariably accompany sharp curves. The minimum widths given above should also be increased on embankments of any considerable depth, so as to make maintenance easier and at the same time diminish the danger of accidents. The width of right of way required to provide all necessary area for the roadway, slopes and ditches, varies considerably with the nature of the topography. Grades. In designing a public road one of the most difficult problems to solve proper ly is the question of maximum allow able grades. In deciding this question, the advantages to be gained by reduc ing all of the steeper grades on a par ticular road to a given maximum should be weighed against the addi tional cost which the reduction in volves. The following data and suggestions are intended to aid individual judg ment, which necessarily must be the prime facto* in solving this important problem: 1. The cost <K average pleasure traf fic, horse-drawn and motor, is practi cally unaffected by grades of not more than 6 or 7 per cent (six or seven feet rise per 100 feet, measured horizontal ly). provided the conditions are such that it is unnecessary to apply the brakes to vehicles when descending the grades. But for traffic where loads are as important as speed, even very light grades may be of considerable disadvantage. 2. Increasing the steepness of a grade decreases in three distinct ways the land a horse can haul: (a) for the same character of surface, the required tractivf; effort or pull per ton of load is increased by about 20 pounds for each per cent increase in grade, (b) the possible pull the horse can exert is decreased by an amount equal to the effort required to lift his own weight through the rise. This amount is ap proximately equal to one one-hun dredth of the horse’s weight for each per cent increase in grade, (c) the ef fective pull of the horse is reduced by the change in the angle at which the pull is applied. 3. The pull a horse can exert on a level road varies greatly with the in dividual animal, and is affected by the manner of hitching and the skill of the driver. The character of the road surface also may have an important influence by affecting the security of the horse’s foothold. Tests made by the office of puolic roads and rural engineering indicate that, on a level road, average farm horses untrained to the road can exert a Steady pull for several consecutive hours equivalent to from 0.08 to 0.10 of their own weight without undue fatigue, and that by resting at inter vals of from 500 to 600 feet they can exert a pull equivalent to about 0.25 of their weight, provided the foothold is good. 4. The tests referred to above also indicate that with a well-constructed wagon the pull required to move a gross load of one ton over a level road varies about as follows: Pounds. Loose sand road 315 Average dry earth road (varies greatly) 150 Firm earth or sand-clay road 105 Average gravel road SO First-class gravel or macadam road 55 In general, the judgment should be largely influenced, in fixing the maxi mum grade, by the topography of the region which the road traverses. Ac cording to the best current practice, where the road is or is expected to be come of sufficient importance to war rant a highly improved surface, the maximum grade usually is fixed with reference to this feature about as fol lows: Per cent. Coastal plain and prairie regions 2to 3 Average rolling country 4 to 6 Hilly or mountainous regions 6 to S The question of minimum grade is of importance only as regards the slue ditches. These should have adequate fall to empty the water that collects in them at a sufficiently rapid rate to prevenr damage to the road. Ordinar ily it is desirable to give the side EMULSION FOR KILLING LICE Mixture of Soap and Kerosene Is One of Best Insect Killers—lt Is Easily Prepared. Kerosene emulsion is one of the best lice killers on plants and animals. It is easily prepared and very cheap. Dissolve one-half pound soap In one gallon of boiling water. Add two gal lons of kerosene and stir very vigor ously or better yet. churn vyith a force pump for a few minutes. For use, dF ditches a fall of about one foot per 100 feet of length, though a somewhat less fall has proved satisfactory some times. Wherever changes in grade occur the change should be made by means of a vertical curve, and not by an abrupt angle. Slopes. The slope at which earth will stand when faced up in a cut or placed in an embankment depends (1) on the char acter of the earth and (2) on the cli mate. In cuts, a good quality of non slaking clay usually will stand on a slope of about 45 degrees, or, as slope is expressed usually, one horizontal to one vertical, even where fairly deep freezing occurs, and in some of the Southern states such material has been known to stand for many years on a slope of less than one-half to one. On the other hand, clay that slakes very easily, may require a slope of three to one, or even four to one, under the most favorable condition of climate, but this latter extreme is very unusual. The usual slope for clay in cuts is one to one in warm climates and one and one-half to one in cold climates. While in the case of emliai.kntents clay .usually can be deported on an initial slope of about one to one, this steep slope seldom can be maintained unless the material is of an exceptional quality and the climate very favorable. Ordinarily clay embankments should have a slope of about two to one in cold climates and at lease one and one half 'me in climates; and if the clay be of ques,.enable quality these values should be increased. Em bankment slopes require more care in construction than excavation slopes, because any flattening of an embank ment slope by the action of weather after the road is completed is very likely to damage the road surface; while the sliding in of excavation slopes usually does no further damage than to obstruct the side ditches, which cau be reopened readily. Sand of average quality usually re quires a slope of about two to one in cuts and three to one in embankments, regardless of climate. Moderately coarse sand mixed with gravel will stand on a steeper slope than fine sand, because the former is not moved so readily by the action of storm wa ter. Solid rock excavation usually can be done on an average slope of about one fourth to one, except where the rock occurs in sloping strata separated by slippery clay seams. In the latter case the average slope may be as much as one-lialf to one or three-fourths to one. The faces of rock cuts usually are not dressed down to even an approximate ly smooth slope, as is done in earth cuts. In excavating solid rock only such material Is moved as is actually necessary to obtain the desired width at the bottom of the cut or as has been loosened in blasting. The faces should, of course, be cleared of all material which is loose, or which might be loosened subsequently by frost and slide down upon the road. Stone em bankments usually will stand on a slope of about one to one. In order to prevent damage by wash ing all earth slopes in either excava tion or embankment should be protect ed by a growth of grass as soon as practicable after they are formed. In many localities where the soil is fertile and a good quality of grass is native no seeding of the slopes is nec essary. In other cases the soil may not possess sufficient fertility to grow grass, even when the slopes are seed ed. and in which event it may be very desirable to cover the slopes! with cut sod. This latter process usually is very expensive, and should be em ployed only where it is known that thorough seeding and fertilizing would fail to secure a covering of sod. Another precaution frequently neces sary in order to prevent the washing away of excavation slopes is to inter cept water from the natural ground surface which otherwise would flow down over the excavation slope. This is done by means of a “berm” ditch constructed well back from the top of the slope. Figure 2 illustrates a con dition which makes a “berm” ditch desirable and also shows how such a ditch is constructed. IMPORTANT WORK OF HUMUS Comprises Elements of Plant Food and Has Power of Holding Neces sary Nitrates of Soil. Humus Is the substance formed In the soil by decaying vegetable matter, such as leaves, stubble, roots, manure, crop plowed under and so on. Humus not only comprises' elements of plant food itself, but it has the power of holding the necessary nitrates of fer tile soil to prevetft their escaping through washing or other means. It also hasthe effect of a sponge in ab sorbing and holding mpisture in posi tion and form available for the use of ; plants and aids in keeping the soil porous. Humus Is indispensable to plant growth. Poor crops are in many cases due to its lack. Thrifty, Vigorous Currants. The black currants are thrifty and vigorous of growth, loam Soil for Apples. Apples do best on a loam soil un derlaid with clay. lute one gallon with nine to ten gal lons of water. Stir well. It Is best to use rain water. If enly a small quantity is wanted use one to two ounces of soap, two quarts of boiling water and one pint of kerosene ana dilute to two gallons. Separate Warm Milk. Separate the cream while the milk is still warm, and in cold weather first run hot water through the separator tc warm It. Strain the milk into the sep arator through a wire gauze. MEALS IN CONDENSED FORM Three Cakes, Similar in Size and Shape to Shaving Soap, One Day’s Emergency Rations for Soldiers. While as yet the war department has hot solved the “emergency ration” problem to its satisfaction, it has tried some interesting experiments, one of which is represented in three con densed meals for a soldier, says the Philadelphia Hedger. Three cakes about the size and shape of a cake of shaving soap are com posed of cereal and meat, deprived of moisture and pressed to the hardness of a brick. Wrapped about each of them is a piece of tissue paper bear ing printed directions to the effect that the contents, If boiled five minutes in three pints of water, will make soup; or, If boiled the same length of time in one pint Of water, will make a por ridge. The porridge, if allowed to get cold, may be sliced and fried, if bacon or other fat is obtainable. The three cakes, supplemented by three disks of chocolate wrapped Ik tinfoil, are expected to furnish three meals; in other words, to supply one fighting man with sustenance for one day. They (together with the choco late) are packed in a tin can which is carried by the soldier in his knap sack. A compartment in the bottom of the can contains pepper and salt. Of course such rations are meant to be usfd only when the soldier, sepa rated by accidental circumstances from the supply train, is obliged to fall back on them. Twenty-Five Years’ Experience With This Kidney Medicine It is a quarter of a century since I in troduced Dr. Kilmer’s Swair.p-Root to my trade and they all speak very favor ably regarding.it, and some friends said it is the best medicine they have ever used. The sale we have enjoyed on the preparation and the splendid reputation that it feels is a positive proof that it is one of the most meritorious remedies on the market. Very truly yours, F. E. BRITTON, Druggist. Nov. 28th, 1916. Jonesboro, Tenn. Prove What Swamp-Root Will Do For You Send ten cents to Dr. Kilmer & Cos., Binghamton, N. Y., for a sample size bot tle. It will convince anyone. You will also receive a booklet of valuable infor mation, telling about the kidneys and blad der. When writing, be sure and mention this paper. Regular fifty-cent and one dollar size bottles for sale at all drug stores. —Adv. How Did He? The absent-minded professor from the university town was in Indianapo lis over Saturday, attending a conven tion. While here he took a tour of the larger department stores. In one of them he was much perplexed. He read the sign over the door of the elevator: “This > ear express to fifth and sixth floors. Up only.” Absently he read the sign again. Then the car door opened. “I would like to know,” he asked the elevator boy, “if this elevator goes only up how on earth did you get down here?” The elevator boy grinned, frowned, scrutinized the man closely a id then said in a dignified voice: “Ot, I just came down.”—lndianapolis News. FRECKLES Is the Time to Get Kid of These U*ly Spots. There’s no longer the slightest need of feeling ashamed of your freckles, as the prescription othlne double strength is guaranteed to remove these homely spots. Simply get an ounce of othlne—double strength—from your druggist, and apply f little of it night and morning and you should soon see that even the worst freckles have begun to disappear, while the lighter ones have vanished entirely. It Is seldom that more than one ounce Is needed to com pletely clear the skin and gain a beautiful clear complexion. Be sure to ask for the double strength othlne, as this is sold under guarantee of money back If It falls to remove frecltUa— Aflr Wouldn't Hurt Her. Frances was mischievous, yet when she wished to send a message to a friend or relative she invariably said, “Tell them I am a good girl.” One day a friend had been visiting her mother and was leaving for another city to visit one of Frances’ aunts, and she asked her what she should tell her Aunt Mary for her. As usual, Frances said, “Tell her I am a good girl.” “Why, why,” said the friend, “how can I tell her that?” “Oh, well,” she said, “It won’t hurt you to tell a lie.” Sounds Reasonaole. “What is a furrier, Willard?” asked the teacher of a pupil In the Ju venile class. “A man who deals in furs,” an swered Willard. “That’s right,” said the teacher. “Now, Ralph, you may tell me what a currier is.” “A man who deals in curs,” was the reply.—Minneapolis Tribune. Important to Mother* Examine carefully every bottle of CASTORIA, that famous old remedy for infants and children, and see that It Signature of In Use for Over 30 Years. Children Cry for Fletcher’s Castoria When She Smiled. Margery—Mumps—Why that broad grin? ♦ Bobby Bumps—l’ve just found out that I’m incurable. —Cartoons Maga zine. Wind. Editor—Was his speech full of at- i tnosphere? Author —Yes, In motion.—Judge. A Frock Made of Scraps. 'Tn* family scrap bag will If properly npproa>hed provide many a dainty lit tle summer frock for the younger gen eration. This one for a child of three and one-half years, was mu e Iv two afternoons from two yards of blue ehambray. The trimming was p,-ovid ed by a third of a yard o f yel low gingham left over from a dress made years ago. The color of this bit of bright yellow Is far brighter and more lasting than any which could be bought now. Lottie squares of the yellow which was in odd shared pieces were appUqued round the b,*m of the skirt and at the points of the broad col lar. The two bands at the waist are of bias yellow stitched firmly in place, one at the joining of skirt and bodice, the other in a creeent curved above, which produces the pretty two-belt ef fect so much used now. Joining Wosted Without Knots. As many people are making sweaters and other articles just now with the soft worsteds, it may be of Interest ta them to know that knots are no longer i necessary for joining. When th< end cum STAIRS ON HER HANDS Too 111 to Walk Upright Operatioit Advised. Saved by Lydia E. Pmkhan’s Vegetable Compound, This woman now raises chickens and does manual labor. Read her story: Richmond, Ind.—“ For two years I was so sick and weak with troubles I^—.. from my age that our new house. My daughter asked me to try Lydia E, Pinkham’s Vegetable Compound as she had taken it with good results. I did so, my weakness dis appeared, I gained in strength, moved into our new home, did all kinds of garden work, shoveled dirt, did build ing and cement work, and raised hun dreds of chickens and ducks. I can not say enough in praise of Lydia EL Pinkham a Vegetable Compound and if these facts are useful you may pub lish them for the benefit of other women.”—Mrs. M. O. Johnston, Routs D, Box 190, Richmond, Ind. DAISY FLY KILLER anywh.rA, attracts and kills dealers. o< by ex- HAROLD SOMERS. ISO 01 KALB AVI., BROOKLYN, N. V. ECZEMA!? if HUNT’S CURE fails in the treatment of ITCH, ECZEMA, vll RING WORM.TETTKR or other £ l| itching skin diseases. Price 'll 50c at druggists, or direct from / n 'v/ / / I A.B.Richards Meliclne Cos , Ehcrman.Tti. (A/ / I RITFIITO Wation G.Colem.n.Wiib rn I r SB I \ tngton.D.C. Books free. High ■ ■* ■ Hi* I V eat refemnees. Best result*. W. N. U„ MILWAUKEE, NO. 25-1917. SURPRISE BY WOMAN LAWYER Opponents at Bar at First Held Her Cheaply, but Soon Began to Take More Time Preparing Cases. Anna Moscowitz, a successful wom an lawyer in New York city, has had many sunusing experiences with her opponents, we are told in the American Magazine. “They are invariably overpolite, call ing her ‘iny fair adversary’ and.'our feminine opponent.’ At first they held her cheaply; but when Miss Moscowitz began to win case after case, New York lawyers began to take more time in preparing their briefs. “One distinguished lawyer walked up to her and said she had defeated him because he had thought so little of a woman lawyer that he had been a little careless with bis case. She met him in court a few weeks later, and lie came over, shook hands, smiled, and said ‘l’m ready this time.’ i “Witnesses, judges, attendants, In fact, everyone connected with courts, looked at Miss Moscowitz with great curiosity at first. Witnesses would not talk to her, and one day a man walked up to her in court und said, ‘Do men really give you cases to try?’ “‘Sometimes,’ the little lady an | swered, smiling at the question. “‘Do they pay you?’ “ ‘Sometimes,’ was again her rejoin ; der. v ‘ ‘Then they must be fools,’ And he walked away." A Real Providence. Mr. Younghusbaud reached home late for dinner. “I got pinched for spee<Hng on the way home,” he explained, rati er sheepishly. “Have to appear to-mor row morning and get ‘ten dollars or fifteen days.’ ” Mrs. Younghush .nd fervently clap ped two blistered little hands. “What a Providence!” she cried, devoutly. “You must take the fifteen days. John I The cook has just left!”—Harper’s Magazine. Dad’s Choice. “So your father gave up the idea of making a garden?” "Yes. He was very enthusiastic at first, but our soil Is mostly yellbw clay and It blistered his hands to dig n it." “But I thought he was going to plant vegetables?" "So he was. Now he says that if next winter’s food depends on his dig ging like that he prefers to die of star vation.” Puzzling. “It's hard to tell just what to do these times.” “How so?” “Why, my neighbors are telling me to raise more food in the garden to eat this summer.” “That’s good advice.” “But my doctor tells me not to eat so much In the summer.” Starting at the Top. Barber—Hair getting thin, sir. Obese Party—Thank goodness! That antifat is beginning to work. Children make sweet music in a home until they get old enough to take music lessons. What a man saves rather than what he spends indicates what a mao is. of the yarn is almost reached the new yarn is inserted in the eye of a large needle, and then is stitched up to the end of the old for an inch and a half or more. The needle Is then with drawn, the joined threads given a slight twist, and it is almost impossible to find the joining. This may be used successfully with ail wools that are not handtwisted. Double-Faced Neck Ribbons. Blouses are hardly considered fin ished just now unless there is a neck ribbon of some sort to finish the broad collar. These ribbons are shown in the shops in every modish color and the latest to arrfve are double-faced. On one side these are a plain color, white, bine rose and so on; the other side is a fine hair line of black and white or dark blue and white. It takes one and 'x fourth yards to make a neckpiece. An Embroidery Hint. When working Initials on handker chiefs, or doing any fine embroidery, baste a piece of wiring paper under the design. The work will be smoother and the fingers will not be pricked.