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|w by Douglas Nalbch tCopwrlght) fHE coining of New Year’s Day naturally suggests the remarkable case of Hap Hazard. The mother of Happizzez Hazard had aimed to give him a Bible name out of the ordinary, and her aim was certainly good. It was hard to spell, and hard to pronounce; and, pronounced properly, it sounded very much like a soda fountain clerk mak ing a fizz. But the boys shortened this unusual cognomen to “Hap.” The Hap Hazards were married ou New Year’s Day, Hap very happily suggesting that that would be a good way to start the New Year right. As New Year’s Day again approach ed, May’s Aunt Ada, at whose house in Columbus the Hazards were married, thought it would be a fine idea to ask the young couple back home to spend their wedding anniversary. Hap and May delightfully accepted, and wrote that they would leave Hometown for Columbus on the 29tii. It was now the 28th, and May decided it would be well to begin to pack, or at least to decide what she would wear and what she would take. It made her rather proud of her forehandedness. “And. Hap,” she said, “you might go by the depot and get the tickets, and a couple of lowers, and everything, so we shall be all ready to start tomor row. That will be easy to do.” “Gosh!” exclaimed Hap, his pipe falling from his mouth, “easy to do? Say, do you know I never thought about those gol-darned tickets?” He shoved both hands into his pockets. “How much do you suppose they will be? I don’t believe I have enough money. “I know we spent a lot for Christmas.” Hap had $3.11. May had $6 she had left out of her last week’s money. 'There was SI.BO in the little drawer of the kitchen cabinet, and sl2 In bills behind the picture of April Jones in the sitting room. That made $22.91; and Hap knew he could draw a few dollars in advance down at the shop— lie had done it before. He found it was too late to get low ers, and they missed that train any way. for the time liad been changed, and the train now went through half an hour earlier —when it was on time ! —and this -time it was. He managed to find an upper on the slow train for May, but he had to sit up in the smoker himself. flap did not sleep very well. The train stopped and started and jerked and bumped. It must have'been near morning, after an unusually heavy jolt, that Hup distinctly overheard a fellow passenger say: “Yep, it doesn't look much like we would get into Columbus before New Year’s night.” “What’s the matter?” he inquired, suddenly sitting up, “a wreck?” “Nope,” said the passenger, a fat man across the aisle Hap had observed before he fell off to slumber. “Nope, it ain’t a wreck. On this gosh-dinged road they can’t never have a wreck.” “Why not? Is it so safe?” “No, it ain't so safe. But they couldn’t have a collision because all the trains run east one day and west the next.” “That’s funny. What if you want to pet to Columbus on Wednesday?” “Then you have to go east to Pitts burgh on Tuesday and come west to Columbus the next day.” Hap tried hard to figure this out, but finally gave it up as a little deep. “But,” he said, “they could have a rear-end collision, anyway.” “No.” said the stranger, “they couldn’t nuther. Y’see,” he explained. ••We’re Go*r<£ to Run on Schedule Af ter This.” “every train on this road runs so much slower than every other train, that no train cau ever overtake any other." “Then, If there isn’t any wreck." asked Hap. “what’s the trouble?” “Well, to begin with,” replied the stranger, “the fireman is to blame. When we started out he didn’t figure on how much coal he was likely to need. Consequence was, we run out of coal right in the middle of the night” “What did we do?” “We Stopped aud got some from a WHY “THE FIRST OF YEAR?*’ An Arbitrary Designation Which Was So Decreed by William the Conqueror 336 Years Ago. January 1 is the first day of the new year. That Is what we call it; hut It is really an arbitrary designation and was so decreed by William the Con queror Sot* years ago. It was not until 170 b that Germany. Sweden and Den mark, and not until 1751 that England, farmer. He was madder tliau the dickens; too.” “But why didn’t the engineer see to it that the fireman had enough coal?” “The engineer hadn’t ought to say anything. He didn’t have enough wa ter. It was a wonder he didn’t have a blowup. He was just running along, and never watching the water-guage, and getting water whenever he could, but not knowing very far ahead when he could get it.” “Well, this must be a fine crew on this old milk train. But where was the conductor all this time?” “Why, the conductor didn’t know we was late until a few minutes ago when I told him. l r ou see, he wasn't keeping any particular account of the time. He figured that we was on the right road and that sooner or later we would git there.” “Some railroad.” thought Hap to himself, and in a few moments fell off to sleep again. * • • “He’s looking at you, Aunt Ada,” said May. “He’s going to be ail right,” said* the stranger. “He’s coming out of it.” “Oh, I’m so glad,” exclaimed May; and, to the stranger, I can’t thank you enough for all your kindness.” “He must have hit the arm of the seat when that jolt threw him out,” “He’s Looking at You, Aunt Ada,” Said May. said the doctor. “But it is nothing se rious.” By this time Hap was wide awake, really awake. It took a little time to untangle his thoxghts for him. “Everything’s all right, old man,” said the stranger. “You fell out of the seat —you’ve got a. bump on your head—and you were a little looney for awhile. But we got you to your folks all right. Well, I guess I’ll be running along.” But Aunt Ada insisted that the stranger, who was a traveling sales man unable to get home for the holi day, should spend New Year’s Day with them instead of at the hotel. Hap was so much better that he was able to take a little walk that after noon. In a stationery store he stopped and bought a book. The next day was New I’ear’s. That morning before they went downstairs Hap opened the package. “I’ve been thinking,” he said to May, “that I wasn’t so blamed looney, after all, when I got that bump on the head. Maybe I’ve got more sense that way than this way.” “Why. how you talk I Are you—are you feeling bad again?” “No, but I’ve been thinking that we run our house and our household ex penses about like they ran that rail road. We aren't keeping any account of what we spend, and we have just about enough coal and water to keep us going, without knowing where we can get more. It’s just good luck that has kept us from having a wreck. Now, here’s an account book, and we’re going to run on schedule after this.” The Forward Look. The old year has done what it could for me; All of It that was good for me Has now become a part of me: Whatever the New may bring to me. May only the good of it cling to me And enter into the heart of me. New Year's Fable. Once upon a time there was a man and his wife who decided to start the New Year right. He agreed never to come home late with a ,arge assort ment of mixed drinks. She agreed never to speak a cross word to him. He agreed to give her money whenever she asked for it. She agreed never to spend money foolishly. Both agreed never to quarrel. On Saturday night he came home very late and very un steady. whereupon his wife called him a mean old good-for-nothing hrute and demanded SSO. He told her she couldn't have 15 cents and wanted to know what she did with the other money. She admitted she had squandered it foolishly on afternoon highballs and taxis and other foolishment, and then they had the biggest fight of their lives. Moral —What else do you expect of two human beings? accepted the Ist of January as New 1 ear s day. The ancient Egyptians, Phoenicians and Persians began their year September 21, the autumnal equinox; the Greeks on December 21, the winter solstice, and most Christian peoples in early medieval days on the 25th of March. The Jews reckon to this day their civil year from the first day of the month of Tishri (Septem ber 6 to October 5) and their ecclesias tical year from March 21. the spring equinox.—Washington Times. ffle New Year* Dreamer* A woman fell asleep, one New Year’s eve, and dreamed a strange dream. And when she woke, she told a neigh bor about it, in some such words as these: “I thought I was in a strange coun try,” she said, “which belonged to us all. There was no king. And I thought that in that country shoes wjere ready-made, not fashioned clumsily of leathers, as we fashion them now, and that the flax was a 1 ! spun for us, and the flour all ground. I thought that the very cows were milked without our aid, and we lived in cities with clean pavements between clean, bright houses, and that milk and meat and bread and eggs were brought to our doors, day after day. I thought that there was some thing called gas, that made our cook ing clean and quick, and things called ears that carried us safely from place to place. “And in my dream we were all taught, taught to read and even to write, as only the scribes do now, and that we read books, books about strange tilings and wonderful places— and saw 7 pictures—the greatest in the world! —and that we could hear music whenever we chose. And there were wise doctors to keep us well, and to give us magic sleep in our pain. “But best of all,” she said, in a low tone still tinged with the radiance ot her dream, “best of all, was that the children were safe. There were no nobles to seize our girls for their own pleasure, and to send our boys like cattle into the wars. No man could kill another, and even women were of value, and children w r ere beloved. It seemed to me a world of peace, and sunshine and safety!” “You dreamed of heaven!” said the listener, her incredulous laughter changed to wistful awe. The other sighed and shook her head. “No,” she said sadly, “for in that country they were all mad!” “Mad?” came the astonished echo. “Well, better our hardships than such a state. Better the village well- that poisons our children and the tax that holds our men in bondage, and the pes tilences that sweep us! Aetter the dark houses, and the smoting coal fires, the heats of summer and the freezing winters, better even the agony and terror of bearing, unlielped. But tell, how were they mad?” “They do not see the sunshine, they do not hear the music, and they do not taste their freedom,” said the dreamer. “Their thoughts are chained to little things—the stitches in a skirt, tlie chopped nuts that must go into a dish they cook, the shape of a chair. They long for idleness —who have nothing to do! They long for pleas ure, who live in a world that might be heaven! They look at this one envi ously because she can come and go to another city at will and at that one enviously because her picture is print ed in the books they read. They weep because they must buy flax spun on their side of the ocean rather than that which comes to them in ships, and they weep because the papers they have pasted on the walls of their rooms are too green or too blue!” “Mad —quite mad!” agreed the neighbor, struck. “Did they live long ago?” “No. their time has not yet come,” the dreaming woman answered. “They will not live for another thousand years. They will spring from us, who live and work and die without the touch of fine linen on our bodies, or the help of a single hand with the planting and rousting and spinning and brewing, the hearing and rearing. We are their mothers, who will never read a book or write a letter, or enter a playhouse. Let us make them a New Year's wish, that their eyes may be opened and that they may see!” They knelt down together.—Kath leen Morris in Pictorial Review. How to Do Things. As the New Year comes and gently beck ons And bids you journey yet another mile. I hope that tear and sorrow, fear and shadow. Will be forgotten for a little while. For God is wise and good, and all things blessed Wiil surely come to us. some soon, some late. If we but learn each morning's holy les son. And in the evening smile, and hope, and wait. A New Year's Wish. Avery acceptable message to send with your card to a friend on New Year's morning is the following senti ment : Now what is here? A word of cheer To herald in another year. May all its days he free of blame— A little nobler than your aim; May all Its labors be contest A little better than your best. Do Your Part. Don't give the dying year a kick. has been just about as kind to you as you have been to it. And remember this: You are not going to pull any thing worth while out of 1918 unless you put something into it. Resolutions Each Day. At each New Year tide it is cvmmon to make new resolutions, but in the true life of the individual each day is the beginning of a New Year if he "will OQly make it so.—William George Jor -1 dan. WAUSAU PILOT MARKETS RECORD FLOCKOF GEESE FORTY BIRDS AVERAGE THIRTY POUNDS EACH AND BRING TOTAL OF $432.72. TOTAL WEIGHT IS 1,202 LBS. The Heaviest Bird Balanced Scale at 35 Pounds, Three Pounds Short of the Market Record—Other Good Sales Are Made. Watertown —What is believed to be anew weight record for stuffed geese was established by Robert Schroeder, town of Waterloo, who marked a flock of forty here. The birds, dressed weighed 1,202 pounds, or an average of 30 pounds per goose. Flocks averag ing 30 pounds have been sold in this city, but William A. Beurhaus, who purchased the flock, believes that no flock of forty ever held such a high average weight. The heaviest bird in the flock weigh ed 35 pounds, 3 pounds short of the market record of 38 pounds. The price was 36 cents per pound, or $432.72 for the flock. Julius Wilke of the town of Milford also marketed a fine flock. His thirty five geese weighed 947 pounds and he received a check for $312.51. PRAISE FOR WISCONSIN MEN Gen. Parker Says Badgers Will Soon Be Fighting in France—Suffi cient Equipment in Camp. Battle Creek, Mich.—“ Michigan and Wisconsin soon will have the satisfac tion of knowing their men are playing an active part in the theater of war,” Maj.-Gen. J. Parker said after taking command of the Eighty-fifth division. “I have just given up command of the Thirty-second division of national guardsmen at Waco, composed of Michigan and Wisconsin troops, and they are ready to go overseas. By dili gent study they have advanced them selves from near the bottom to the list and replaced other divisions which were scheduled to precede them to the battle line.” Maj.-Gen. Parker, accompanied by Mrs. Parker and his aide, arrived here to succeed Brig.-Gen. L. Miller, in command since the departure of Maj.- Gen. J. T. Dirkman for Camp Green. Sufficient clothing and other equip ment has arrived at Camp Custer fully to supply the men now in camp and the remaining 25 per cent of selected men to be called. - These men, num bering 9,000, will not be called until after Jan. 1. WARNING TO REGISTRANTS Fitzpatrick Urges All to Describe Definitely in Answering Questions Particular Work They Are Doing. Madison—“ Unless registrants in an swers to questions in the questionnaire describe definitely the particular work they are doing they are very likely to lose their chance for deferred classifi cations,” said Maj. A. E. Fitzpatrick in a statement based on a telegram from the provost marshal general. Registrants are urged not to answer the question regarding their occupa tion by saying, for instance, they are railroad men, but by saying they are tracklayers, trainmen or carshop re pairers, and the like. A man should not say he is a me chanic, but should describe the par ticular kind of work he does and indi cate the department in which he does it. NURSES UPHELD IN RULING Unlicensed Persons May Give Anaes thetic Under Direction of Respon sible Physician, Says Owen. Madison—That the giving of an an aesthetic under the direction of re sponsible licensed physician does not require the person to hold a medical license, was the opinion of Attorney- General Owen to Dr. Oscar Lotz of Milwaukee, member of the medical board. The fact that our legislature has not prohibited this practice and made spe cific directions therefor by state enact ment, shows to my mind that this prac tice is not to be considered as a viola tion of the statute,” says the opinion. In many hospitals of the state the anaesthetic is given by a registered nurse under the direction of a physi cian. The opinion sustains this prac tice. Hold Chicken Social for Red Cross. Black River Falls—The citizens of the town of Garfield, Jackson county, held a chicken social in the school house and netted $54.30 for the Red Cross. t Bank Cashier Marries. Birchwood—Willian D. Brady, cash ier of the Barron County bank of Rice Lake, and Miss Irene Charron, also of Rice Lake, were married by the bride’s uncle, the Rev. Louis Charron, at Ashland. Green Bay Men Promoted. Green Bay Thirteen Green Bay men have been granted promotions at Camp McArthur. In the list are two captains, four first lieutenants and seven second lieutenants. Propose Big Service Flag. Sparta—A service flag with a star for every man of this city who is fighting for Uncle Sam was proposed here by Mayor Stiles. Mrs. Stiles will make the flag and it will float by day over the leading street of the town. County Clerk Exonerated. Appleton—By a unanimous vote the county board exonerated County- Clerk Wolf from the charge of malfea sance in office preferred by a number of taxpayers in the county. Takes Vacation to Enlist. W est Salem—Having been rejected four different times because he did not weigh enough, Cecil Smith of this city took a vacation of six weeks and suc ceeded in enlisting, having gained six pounds. Well Known Woman Dies. Berlin—Mrs. Frank Russell, former ly Ellen Skinner, died suddenly, prob ably of apoplexy, at her home here. Her husband is the head of the large glove making concern here. SUPPORT TO SAVING STAMPS Many School Children Throughout the State Are Making Purchases Says State Direcotr Puelicher. Milwaukee —Interest in the War Savings Stamp campaign as applied to the school children both in Milwaukee and throughout the state, is rapidly gaining ground, and in Milwaukee in particular, have the school teachers extended full co-operation to State Di rector Puelicher. Commenting upon the War Savings stamp as a means for the children, Mr. Puelicher says: “I firmly believe that the Thrift stamp, as provided for in the War Savings Stamp campaign, is one of the best and most appealing methods of saving ever offered to the children of this nation. Not only is the sum so small that practically ev ery child can afford from time to time to purchase one of these stamps, but by doing so they will learn the los son of thrift and saving and aside from laying money away for themselves, they are directly helping the govern ment. Twenty-five cents sounds like a small amount, but when one considers the hundreds of thousands of school children in the United States, even should they, individually, purchase but one 25-cent stamp a month, the sum total in the aggregate would be very material. In Milwaukee and all thru Wisconsin, we have met with the most loyal support on the part of all con nected with the schools, and I am confident that the schools of Wiscon sin will show a splendid record long before the campaign comes to a close.” NO BANQUET AT ST. JOHN'S i For the First Time in History of Dela field Academy School Year Will Close Without Festivities. Delafield—The board of directors of St. John’s Military academy has de cided that the ceremonies known as “bringing in the boar’s head” and the elaborate banquet usually served at the close of the term shall this year, for the first time in the history of the school, be abandoned. Announcing the decision, President Smythe said: “It is not well in this year of war for any of us to be ban queting; more especially should this obtain in the case of America, which today stands as the almoner of the al lied nations. I suggest that the usual expenditures for decorations, music and the like be turned over to one of the several agencies busy with making Christmas glad for our soldiers.” The Corps of Cadets unanimously expressed its approval of the order. Preparations for hoisting the school service flag are being matured. The flag, which it is reported, will contain 500 stars, will be unfurled at the “mid winter festival,” on Feb. 9. SHOT TRYING TO SAVE CASH Racine Man Is Slain Almost in Heart of Downtown District After a Hard Fight. Racine His refusal to give high waymen money belonging to the Stan dard Oil company cost Edward Wag ner his life. He was shot to death by bandits, who entered the filling station opposite the public library. The murder occurred almost in the heart of the downtown district, and while scores of persons were passing the station. Pedestrians heard three shots, and saw a man leave the sta tion office on the run. The police found Warner dead, with a bullet through his heart. Two other bullets, which had glanced off the walls, were found on the floor. That Warner fought for his life and his employer’s money was shown by the looks of the office. Tables, chairs and desks were overturned. According to local officials of the Standard Oil company no money had been taken from the safe, although the doors were open. Warner was married and the father of two children. Has Charge of Mine Sweeper. Marinette —A letter received from France states that Lieut. Grant Ste phenson, son of former United States Senator Isaac Stephenson, second in command of the United States ship, Harvard, doing patrol work in the North sea and vicinity, has been given a promotion. He is now in command of a mine sweeper with four officers and forty men under him. Badger Soldier Drowned. Fond du Lac —A message notifying him of the death by drowning of his son, Private Joseph A. Morris, 25, member of Gen. Pershing’s force, has been received by Andrew L. Morris, this city. Morris enlisted in a supply company of a regular army last April, and, after brief border service, went overseas on July 4. Boy Admits Killing of Playmates. La Crosse—Alvin Peterson, 9 years old, confessed to accidentally shooting and killing his playmate, Helen Olsen, 12. The boy was playing with a shot gun in an adjoining room when it was discharged. Murder was suspected un til the boy confessed at the inquest. Red Cross Foe Is Fined. Portage—Edward Mael, a farmer of Fort Winnebago, brought into court charged with using improper langauge concerning the Red Cross to solicitors, was fined $25 and costs. He pleaded guilty. Not to Sell Wheat. La Crosse—The. Retail Grocers’ as sociation of this city agreed not to sell wheat products of any sort either on Tuesday or Wednesday, the latter be ing wheatless day. Many Join Red Cross. Neenah—Every family in this city will have a membership in the Red Cross by Christmas eve, according to present plans. The yuletide has been designated as a “Red Cross Christ mas” in Neenah. Fraternity House Burns. Madison—The Psi Upsilon fraternity house erected three years ago was de stroyed by fire, having started from overheated furnace pipes. The loss is estimated at $55,000. Mississippi River Frozen. La Crosse —The ice road on the Mississippi river from here to Browns ville. Minn., eleven miles, was staked out, the earliest for many years. The >Ji 3S * is frozen from shore to shore. Children Make Gun Cleaners. Neenah —Ten thousand gun cleaners made by children of this city have been entrusted to ex-Mayor Joseph Hill for delivery to the local company boys at Waco, Tex. AUTO DEATH TOLL INCREASES State Report Brings Out the Fact That Twice as Many Were Killed This Year as in 1914. Madison—The automobile figures in creasingly as a dealer of death in the mortality records of Wisconsin for the past several years. The reports to the state bureau of vital statistics show that in the present year more than twice as many deaths from automo biles have occurred as hapuened in 1914. Wisconsin deaths from automobile accidents increased steadily each year, as follows: 1914, 46 deaths; 1915, 53 deaths; 1916, 76 deaths; 1917, (ten months), 97 deaths. The largest death toll from automo biles in each year occurs during July, August and September, while the min imum level is reached during January, February and March. The present year affords a fair sample of this sea sonal trend. In the first quarter of 1917, deaths from automobiles num bered only seven; in the second period they reached 27; and in July, August and September this number was exact ly doubled, 54 being reported. In Oc tober alone the list was restricted to only nine. At this season of the year poorly ventilated garages are a health men ace. They sometimes prove veritable death traps. Carbon monoxide in en gine exhaust is odorless, colorless and tasteless, and may kill without warn ing or may undermine the health for years afterwards. “Found Dead in Garage” and “Overcome by Gas Fumes” have become common head lines during the winter season. SAVE MONEY FOR BUYERS Brown County Defense Counsel Sells Potatoes at Price Far Below the Prevailing Quotation. Green Bay—One of the most note worthy achievements of the Brown county council of defense was the han dling of a large quantity of potatoes at a price far below the prevailing quotation of grocers in Green Bay and De Pere. Through a “bear” movement inaugu rated by the defense council the price of spuds dropped from 30 to 40 cents a bushel, enabling at least 150 families to effect a saving on a portion of their winter’s supply of potatoes. The ac tual saving to those people who daalt directly with the defense council is es imated at $450. Other families were able to buy cheaper of retailers while the price was temporarily on the de cline. It is safe to say a few thousand dollars were saved in the aggregate. Orders placed with the council were filled at 95 cents a bushel. The mar ket price ranged from $1.25 to $1.35. Approximately 1,500 bushels of pota toes were contracted for by the coun cil. Secretary Desnoyers of the coun cil had charge of the work. U. STUDENTS TO CAMP GRANT Thirty-four Men Are Recruited for Officers’ Training Begin Three Months’ Course Jan. 5. Madison —The University’s quota of thirty-four recruits for the third Offi cers’ Reserve Training camp has been selected. The men will begin their three months’ training Jan. 5, 1918, at Camp Grant. Contrary to the custom pre vailing in the first two camps, all men who fail to secure commissions will be obliged to enlist for the duration of the war. Sixteen of Wisconsin’s thirty-four men are graduates or others not in school at present. Thirty-four alter nates have also been appointed. A lettet commendatory to Wisconsin has been received by Maj. A. R. Ker win from Commandant Mitchell of In diana university, where four Wiscon sin men reported for examination in accordance with requirements to re port to the nearest university or col lege. The four Wisconsin men receiv ed higher averages than those from any other college. Many Badger Soldiers Promoted. Camp MacArthur, Waco, Tex. There are 300 happy officers and non commissioned officers at Camp Mao Arthur. Gen. Willis Haan’s specially selected board has made its recom mendations and Wisconsin and Michi gan soldiers get their promotions, ef fective from Dec. 11. There were more than 500 applications and the fact that three-fifths of them were accepted shows the high rate of ability is rec ognized by the stern elimination board that passed on each individual. Gives Potatoes to Poor. Sheboygan—Frank Ira, city superin tendent of the poor, handed the high cost of living a wollap by purchasing at Waupaca 200 bushels of potatoes, part of which he sold at $2 per bag of two to two and a half bushels, the rest being given to the poor. Mrs. Wilcox Sells Home. Madison—The home of Mrs. Ella Wheeler Wilcox, the writer, has been sold. The mansion had been in her family for over sixty years. .To Give Farm Course. Madison —Because of the increased demand for power with which to speed the plow because of food production, the college of agriculture is announc ing a special farm power course to be given Jan. 22 to Feb. 16. Switchman Crushed to Death. Green Bay Peter Herber, switch man, was crushed to death in the yards of the North-Western road here. A widow, two children and his par ents survive. Equity Society Elects. Wausau—The American Society of Equity elected the following officers: President, Judge D. O. Mahoney. Viro qua Wis.; vice-president, H. A. Fuller, Menkato, Minn.: director for three years, Aaron J. Johnson, Calamus, la. Dies from Burns. Oconomowoc Mrs. Frank Lillge died at her home at Monterey as a re sule of burns suffered when a gasoline lamp exploded. She is survived by her husband. Elect Officers for Dane County Fair. Madison —William F. Pierstorff has been elected president of Dane Coun ty Agricultural society for another vear. M. M. Parkinson was re-elected secretary The society promotes the annual Dane county fair. U of W. Juniors Choose Class Play.: Madison The junior class of the University of Wisconsin after two J months of picking has chosen Moffet’s comedy, “Bunty Pulls the Strings," tta this year’s class play. YOU MIGHT AS WELL SURRENDER, PAP Omlui Pl*l RUSSIAN ARMY QUITS GERMAN NEWS AGENCY REPORTS DEMORALIZATION OF FORCES. Cossacks Under General Korniloff, Clash With Bolshevik! Troops Around Tamovka. Copenhagen. Dec. 14. —The semioffi cial German news agency says demo bilization of the Russian forces has begun and that peace negotiations, re stricted to the Russian front, have been authorized. The dispatch says that General Oherbatchoff has been appointed com mander in chief, “with the assistance of the allies (Teutonic?), and that he has been authorized to open peace ne gotiations with Germany.” Jassy, Roumanla, Dec. 14. —Official announcement was made of the 'sign ing of an armistice in accordance with which hostilities were suspended at l6:30 p. m. Sunday until further no tice. London. Dec. 14.—Russia’s civil w a r has apparently begun. Dispatches—all greatly delayed—re ported the first actual clash between the bolshevik! and 3,000 to 4.000 Cos sack rebels around Tamanovka, about 18 miles from Bleigorod. The Cossacks were part of a force commanded by General Korniloff, well furnished with arms, machine guns and ammunition. Reports of fighting at Mohilev. Rus sian general headquarters, between troops newly arrived there and the hol shevlki garrison were received in Pet rograd. It is also reported that shock battalions and Cossacks advancing on Mohilev clashed with the bolsheviki, who were defeated. It is said that thousands of Cossacks already have left the fighting front and rallied to Kaledines’ support, and It is expected he will soon have the entire force of 400.000 Cossacks at his dis posal. BRITISH STOP FOE'S ATTACK Massed Attack East of Bullecourt Driven Back—Teutons Succeeded in Entering FiOnt Trench. London, Dec. 14. —The German at tack in the morning east ,of Bullecourt was repulsed by the British except at one point, according to Field Marshal Haig’s report. The Germans suffered heavy losses, many dead being left be hind on their retiremena. The text of the statement reads: “This morning the enemy delivered a strong local attack' on the front about a mile east of Bullecourt. “On the right of the position at tacked, the enemy succeeded on enter ing a short length of front trench. “At all other points the attack was repulsed with heavy loss to the enemy, many of whose dead are lying in our wire. A number of prisoners were captured. ’ BOARD TO RULE U. S. ARMY Seven Men Chosen to Direct Whole Program of Winning the War— Council Named by Baker. Washington, Dec. 18. —Secretary of War Baker, after a long conference with President Wilson on Saturday, made this statement: “Plans under consideration for some weeks were consummated in a general order Issued, creating a war council within the war department. “At the outset the council will con sist of: Secretary of War Baker, As sistant Secretary of War Crowell, Gen eral Bliss, chief of staff; Maj. Gen. Henry G. Sharpe, Maj. Gen. Erasmus M. Weaver, Maj. Gen. William Crozier, Maj. Gen. Enoch H. Crowder. “The purpose of the council Is to oversee and co-ordinate all matters of j supply of our field armies and the mili tary relations between the armies la the field and the war department. The council will act through the chief of staff. Italy Calls 2,000,000 Men. Rome, Dec. 18. —Italy has called all the men of the classes of 1874 to 185)9 to the colors. The action is explained as to “be ready for whatever muy oc- j cur.” It is said the move is in prep- J aration for a iong campaign. British Destroyer Is Lost. London, Dec. 18. —A British air ship was destroyed by a hostile sea plane, and a second British airship was forced to descend In Holland. It was also announced that a British de stroyer had been sunk. Soldiers Black Shoes of Officers. Washington, Dec. 17.—Representa tive Miller, who visited the Europeun battle fronts, said he had seen Amer ican soldiers In France blackening the shoes of officers. Mr. Miller said the practice should not be permitted. Drafted Men to California. Chicago, Dec. 17. —Seven thousand selected men will leave Chicago begin ning next Wednesday for California where they will report to one of the irmy cantonments for training. Word to that efTect was received here. Interned for Kaiser Cakes. New York, Dec. 14.—Because Fred erick J. Heuser, a confectioner, sold cakes decorated with the German col ors, federal authorities decided he was spreading German propaganda. He was arrested an dlnterned on Ellis island. Wyoming Mob Lynches a Negro. Rock Springs, Wyo., Dec. 14. —An unidentified negro charged with mo lesting woman residents of Blairtown, a suburb, was taken from the city Jail | and hanged to a bridge north of Rock j Springs. r Ms body was found. BAKER TAKES BLAME SECRETARY OF WAR REPLIES TO CHARGES OF CROZIER. Chief of Army Ordnance Tells Senate Committee Baker Is Respon sible for Delay. Washington, Dec. 15.—Secretary Ba ker on Thursday made this reply to General Crozier’s charge that he Is responsible for the failure, until June 77 last, to make a choice of machine guns: “I am responsible for anything that goes on in the war department. I have been much interested In the subject of machine guns. I appointed a board to pass on them. “There’s no need for defense. The senate committee can very properly seek to find out everything that has been done, and It Is General Crozler’s plain duty to tell them the whole story. “But I can’t say anything for publi cation. It’s a matter concerning which, above all others, our adversaries would be glad to acquire Information. “There’s no need for taking sides. Clearly the department cannot allow itself to state what should not be stated, because somebody expresses a confused view of It. The military de fense of the country Is a thing that can’t be stated in detail. “The Browning gun Is anew gun In vented by a man who has invented more ordnance than anyone else. It Is a light gun. A long time ago It was tested and operated under the auspices of a board of experts which I ap pointed. It Is not true that the gun has not been thoroughly tested. The board of experts was appointed to pass on all machine gun questions. “The full capacity of this country for the manufacture of machine guns has been laid under contract. The entire capacity of every maker of ma chine guns is being used. “It is not the intention of the de partment to concentrate on the Brown ing gun. The intention of the depart ment is to get every machine gun it can get.” Secretary Baker declared American overseas forces are adequately sup plied witli machine guns. He added that all other forces going to France will he adequately supplied with these weapons. HOUSE ORDERS NAVAL INQUIRY Secretary Daniels and Others Will Be Called—Congress to Investigate All War Work. Washington, Dec. 17.—The search light of “pitiless publicity” will be turned by congress on every phase of the administration of the war. It was assured. The house ordered a sweeping In vestigation of the administration of the navy. The Investigation of the navy’s part in the war was ordered by the house committee on naval uffalrs. The investigation was ordered in executive session of the committee, the motion being offered by Mr. Oliver. He said he had received numerous re ports regarding the navy department which, in his opinion, made an inves tigation unavoidable. SIGN RUSS-GERMAN TRUCE Austria, Turkey and Bulgaria Parties With Kaiser to Agreement With Bolsheviki. Berlin, Dec. 18.—An armistice agree ment between the bolsheviki govern ment in liussla nnd the Teutonic allies was signed at Brest-Litovsk Saturday, according to an official communication issued on Sunday. The armistice be comes effective at noon Monday and is to remain In force until January 14. A provision in the armistice agree ment is that peace negotiations are to begin immediately after the signing of the armistice. Jackies Get Holiday Leave. Great Lakes, 111., Dec. 17.—Jackies at the Great Lakes naval training sta tion are happy over the announcement that the embryo sailors will be given ieave to visit their homes either Christmas or New Year’s. Capture Many Italians. London, Dec. 17. —An official Aus trian statement reviewing the drive on Italy, says that In the four days of fighting In the Meletta region 639 Ital ian officers and more than 16,000 men were made prisoners. Germans Have 3,000 Airplanes. Paris. Dec. 15.—The Germans now have 3.000 airplanes on the western front, It was estimated. Whitney War ren, a well-known New York writer, urges the United States to speed up her construction of aircraft. Surgical Dressings Needed. New York, Dec. 15.—“A serious ca lamity and a national disgrace are In evitable,” if surgical dressings are not sent to France with all possible speed, according to Major Murphy, head of the Red Cross In France. Art Works Destroyed by Flames. Youngstown. 0., Dec. 14.—A million dollars’ worth of noted paintings and bric-a-brac was a scrap of ruins as the result of fire which destroyed the home of Joseph G. Butler, Jr., multimillion aire steel man. Ordered Embargo on Export Freight. New York, Dec. 14.—An embargo on all export freight, except for the Unit ed States government, on all railroads reaching North Atlantic seaboard ports, was ordered by the general operating committee.