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CONTROL HOUSE BOTH POLITICAL PARTIES ARE PLANNING FOR THE CAM PAIGN THIS FALL. NORTH DAKOTA VINDICATED Disloyal Elements Rooted Out and State Is Shown to Be Doing 'ts Full Share in War—Farm Labor Prob lem. By ARTHUR W. DUNN. Washington.—lt is evident that both political parties are going to make a very strong fight for control of the house of representatives in the elec tions this fall, and at the same time elect as many senators as possible. It is quite likely that there will be a close working agreement between the na tional committees and the congres sional committees ard possibly the na tional committees will have more to do with the coming campaign than the congressional committees. Usually in the off years congressional committees take full charge of the campaigns for the election of members of the house, but both parties seem to regard the contest this year of enough importance to induce them to use all the power of the national organizations in the elec tions. There appears to be no lack of organization on the part of both par ties and it is evident that each confi dently expects to win the elections this fall. No state of community likes to have the brand of disloyalty placed upon it, and consequently North Dakota is making every effort to get out from under the smirch which certain peo ple of that region placed upon the state in connection with the war. Senatoi McCumber has several times insisted upon the loyalty of his state, and very recently Claude S. Spencer of Bis marck, the capital, explained that the state is now loyal to the core and has 8,000 men in uniform. lie went on to say that very effective steps had been taken to root out the disloyal class that eaused so much trouble and gave the state such a bad name. Units of state defense have been organized and armed. Those who have not rifles have shotguns and the probabilities are that they will make it rather disagreeable for any persons that undertake to preach disloyalty in the future. Senator Hardwick of Georgia does not take kindly to the'legislation that has been passed for war purposes, par ticularly when it infringes on the Con stitution. The Georgia senator has a great reverence for that document, and even wartime necessity does not im press him with the necessity for strain ing the ancient visrument to some ex tent. During a recent debate in the senate the Georgia senator said: “We have got to have a shipping cor poration. the government running the railroads, the government running busi ness credits in this country; we have got to have centralization at the ex pense of state governments, centraliza tion at the expense of individualism in this republic, until we have heaped upon our people a system of laws that when the sum total is carefully weighed is just about as obnoxious as the system under which the Russians lived before they got rid of the czar.” “Otherwise it is all right, I sip pose?” remarked Senator Reed of Mis souri. Secretary Houston of the agricul tural department believes that there are great possibilities for obtaining farm labor in cities, towns and vil lages, and the department hopes that every community will utilize all the man power possible in planting and harvesting crops this year. Here is a part of a statement made by Secretary Houston: “If soldiers are willing to serve in the trenches, to dig ditches, build rail roads and risk their lives, many civil ians can well afford to spare a part of their time to serve in the furrows and in the harvest fields." It is not often that a man voluntar ily retires from the senate. It often happens that a man will continue to be u candidate, and say that he is forced in because someone, forsooth, has said that he would be beaten any how. Many a senator has gone into a fight after saying that he would like to he relieved of tlte duty, and given that as a reason for his so doing. At the same time it is not often that a man retires when lie has got rather easy sailing ahead, therefore, it is rather surprising that William Alden Smith of Michigan should decide to get out cf the senate at this time. William Alden has had a long career of pub lic service and he is mighty well placed on committees, but he has decided to retire even though his friends say that he could easily be re-elected. “Gee, I should think they'd have a trolley line here!” is an expression rhat has frequently been heard by vis itors in the Yellowstone, Yoseiuite tr 1 other national parks. So far n v per mits have been given for the const ruc tion of trolley lines, because 1‘ ,vas feared that It would disfigure great natural wonder-spots. 1- sec retary Lane has gone to the extent of allowing automobiles to be used in the parks, although that caused a protest on the ground that It would scare the wild animals and birds. Now Secre tary Lane has gone a step farther and CONDENSATIONS Six counties In Kansas have women county clerks. A four-m.iilon-dollar palace for the Japanese parliament is in the course of erection. Mrs. J. W. Gale of Calgary is the first woman to be elected to the board of aldermen of any city In Canada. Secretary of the Navy Daniels is said to have received something like 40.000 suggestions for eliminating subma rines. The production of quicksilver in the United States last year. 2.T20.325 pounds, was the greatest in quantity since ISS3 and the greatest in value since 1875. Safety is a leading feature of a uew motor omnibus which cannot be start ed while the entrance door is open, while the door cannot be opened while the vehicle is in motion. Many inquiries for supplies of fish skins are being received by the ourean of fisheries. It is stated that the prob lems in connection with tanning fish skins for use as leather are being over come. allowed motorcycles to go into these various parks. Cato Sells, commissioner of Indian affairs, is very proud of the part which the Indians have taken in war activities. In a recent letter he points out that their subscription to the first Liberty loan amounted to 84,607,850. and to the second, $4,3P2,750. The In dians have also participated in Red Cross work and the schools have done a lot to help furnish supplies for the war. More than that, the Indians have gone into the service as volunteers, and are likely to be found on the fight ing line in due time. Ever since the United States ac quired the Philippine islands, near ly twenty years ago, there has been more or less of an uneasy feeling in regard to Japan. Out of this has grown what has been termed the “yel low peril.” For many years the Jap anese menace was dragged out when ever there was an army or naval ap propriation bill considered, and the danger which Japan was to the inter ests of the United States given as a reason why both the army and the navy should be greatly strengthened. Probably this long period of uneasi ness or apprehension is responsible for the feeling of uncertainty that exists in regard to Japan’s activities in east ern Russia. There have been criti cisms of Japan becuuse she would not furnish men, ships or money at any point where there was real fighting against Germany, although she is one of the allies and was one of the coun tries early in the fight. But now it is believed her own interests may be threatened and for that reason she is willing to take an active part, and, just as she is ready to do so, there seems to be a sort of scary feeling as to whether all will be well after Japan has had her way in Siberia. More rigid methods of dealing with spies in this country are likely to be utilized if any American soldiers should he shot for disobedience of or ders, For instance, the sentiment seems to be expressed pretty generally by public men in Washington that they do not look kindly upon death sentences for soldiers who may have fallen asleep while on duty at the front, while spies in this country are let off with sentences of a year’s or two years’ imprisonment. Talk on this sub ject develops the fact that Americans generally would rather see the shot than these soldier boys who, of course, are subject to severe penalties for violation of orders. Some of the saddest stories of the Civil war are twf those eases where rue* ware court-martialed anal ordered *het for goiag to etoep ca picket duay. Whenever possible President Lincoln pardoned such men. There is also a demand by military authorities for the shooting of deserters in this country, but the sentiment is still against such drastic action and will be until some of the spies that have been doing such damage are sentenced to the usual penalties prescribed for spies. Seven miles above Washington Is the historic Cabin John bridge. The f ew persons who pass that way notice that workmen are busy on one corner of the bridge, and if they stopped to investigate they find that the workmen are engaged in restoring the name of Jefferson Davis to a big stone which forms part of the structure. When this bridge was built Jefferson Davis was secretary of war, and his name was placed upon the btfdge be cause it was built under the direction of the war department. During the Civil war, when an intense prejudice arose in the North against Jefferson Davis, somebody chiseled his name off Cabin John bridge. But now that feel ing has all subsided and his name is to be restored. In this connection It may be men tioned that there are quite a number of people who feel great indignation when they think of the statue of Fred erick William the Great, the ancestor of the present leader of the Huns, standing in front of the war college in one of our big military reservations in Washington. It has been proposed that this statue should be torn down and melted into bullets for the use of the troops who are now facing the Huns in France. The differences between the Missis sippi senators, who never speak to each other and cordially detest each other, often furnishes a nice little by play in the senate. Not long ago dur ing the discussion of the shortage of farm help Senator Vardanian of Mis sissippi suggested that the soldiers who knew anything about working on a farm should be furloughed so that they could go home and help make a large crop. In the course of an hour or so Senator Williams took the floor and ridiculed the idea with all of the sarcastic invective at his command, al though he never mentioned Vardanian or intimated that Vardaman had taken the other side. Williams told a story about how old Gov. Joe Brown of Georgia wanted the soldiers to come home during the war between the states and work cn the farm until they were wanted to go into battle, and then they would be sent hack again. The discussion developed that only about 1 per cent of the farm labor had been taken for service in the war. The real facts are that farm labor has gone to the cities and the big towns, where there is a great demand for labor with high prices. Beyond Hope. “So you've quarreled with your fiancee?" "Yes. 1 fear it’s all over." “Don't give up so easily. Call her on the telephone.” “It's no use. She used to know who I was the moment I said ‘Hello.’ Now she positively refuses to recognize my voice.”—Birmingham i Age-Herald. Automobile factories In the United i States are training women to take the ! places of men who are called away to I war. To equalize unemployment in the winter months, members of Seattle ; (Wash.) painters union will work five days a week. Saturday will be the off i day. The Great Westeri, railway system extends over 3.008 miles, thus taking first place in the United Kingdom. The Northwestern conies second with 1.9G9 I miles. A prize of $5,000 for the best inven tion which will enable coal gas to be used for motor cars and motorcycles is offered by the London Automobile association. It has been estimated by a scientist that in a lifetime of seventy years a man grows nails which, if it were pos sible to preserve them uncut, would reach the length of 7 feet 9 inches. To make the artificial eye practical ly indistinguishable Is the aim of a British army surgeon who Is experi menting with a ball made of cartilage as a substitute for a metai or glass • onflb ;: : ;;: : : : : :: : v : ~ i;C >S-: : EASTER SUNDAY NEWJfEAR’S DAY Originally Marked the Beginning of the Twelve Months—Spring Festivals in Vogue Long Before the Time of Christianity. By REV. ARTHUR HOLT. EASTER Sunday was formerly equivalent to New Year’s day; though not the first day of the year it was the day on which the opening of the year was celebrated. Historically the Christian Easter is simply a continuation of the Jewish Passover, which was celebrated on the 14th day of the first month* of the Jew ish year—that is, on the day of the first full niuCD next following the day of the equinox. It has been questioned whether any special observance of this day was practiced or enjoined by the apostles and the early Church Fa thers ; yet the words of St. Paul (I Cor. 5:7-8) seem to sanction if they do not recommend an observance of some sort and foreshadow the thought which came finally to underlie It: “For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us. Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincer ity and truth.” According to the Jew ish tradition, the Passover commemo rated the passing of the Angel of Death over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt, the doorposts and lintels of which had been sprinkled with the blood of the paschal lamb. The Chris tians, in adopting the festival, gave it anew significance. For them the Sav ior became the true Paschal Lamb, and the new festival commemorated His resurrection on the third day following the Crucifixion. The proper day for celebrating East er was one of the questions which the Council of Nice (A. D. 325) was called upon to decide. By the Eastern Chris tians it was at that time celebrated on the same day as the Jewish Passover, without regard to the day of the week on which it might fall. Among the Western Christians, who held that the crucifixion occurred on a Friday and the resurrection on a Sunday, there had arisen a custom of celebrating Easter on the first Sunday following the 14th of the first month, and to this custom was given the official sanction of the council. Furthermore, the rule then established for fixing upon the proper Sunday was designed partly to prevent the possibility of Easter ever falling on the same day as the Pass over, but the rule has failed on several occasions to prevent this coincidence, and at rare intervals the two festivals came together. Changes in Calendar. The old Roman year, like the Jewish year, began in March, when the sun en tered the constellation Aries. When the calendar was reformed under Julius Caesar, the year was made to begin on the first day of January. After the adoption of Christianity in Europe, the date of the beginning of the year was changed to March in most countries, so that Easter became recognized as a New Year’s day. The reform of the calendar by Pope Gregory, in 1582, again changed the day on which the year began, although in England it continued to begin on the 25th of March until the adoption of the “new style" there in 1752. Christianity found Spring festivals already in vogue in heathen Europe, WAUSAU PILOT and to these oldtime festival* many of the customs and superstitious rites still connected with Easter are clearly traceable. The name Easter, given to the day by the Teutonic nations —the Roman nations have retained the old Hebrew name, pascha, under modified forms, as the Jour de Paques, of the French —is derived by Bede from Eos ter or Ostara, the name of an old Anglo-Saxon goddess, in whose honor a Spring festival was celebrated. Grimm was unable to find any mention of a deity of this name among the an cient Germans, but from the fact that the month of April still bears the name ostermonat (in Old High German os tarmanoth), he did not doubt that such a goddess, probably “the divinity of the radiant dawn,” had been known among them. The old Oster festival was clearly of a solar character, a cel ebration in honor of the birth or the rejuvenation of the sun of the new year. This is made evident, aside from the known character of similar festi vals in other par,ts of th# world, by many of the observances which it be queathed to Easter. Thus it was foi merly a custom all through the north of Germany, on the night of Easter Sunday or the third night following, to kindle bonfires on all the heights, af fording a magnificent spectacle, when these fires were to be seen here and there over miles of country. This cus tom had become simply a mode of merrymaking, but it is held with plaus ibility that originally the bonfire was symbolical of the new fire that was to warm the earth and quicken it into re newed life after the cold embrace of winter. Ancient Popular Belief. Another indication of the ancient solar character of this festival is an old popular belief, said to survive still in Brandenburg and Saxony, that the sun at the moment of rising on the morning of Easter gives three joyous leaps, that he dances with youthful joy. This curious belief was not con fined to Germany. In the middle dis tricts of Ireland, according to Brand, it was customary, after spending East er eve in merrymaking and carous ing—watching the pot boil, the con tents of which were to break the long The Easter Hare ' 1 There are several versions of the connection of the hare with Easter, but the hare custom is exclusively pa gan in origin and has nothing to do with the Christian festival. In the East, the hare played a part in the mythical life and adventures of Buddha. In fact, several hare myths come out of India, the great reservoir of religious symbolism. Leato fast, yet must not be touched before the crewiag <" the ceek—4er the whole compwnfr of revelers to go out just at daybreak to see tke rising sun take his three Easter leaps. Sir Thomas Browne, writing of popular errors, mentions thus quaintly the ex istence of this belief in England: “We shall not, I hope, disparage the resur rection of our Redeemer, if we say that the sun doth not dance on Easter day; and though I would willingly assent unto any sympathetic exultation, yet we cannot conceive therein more than a tropical (figurative) expression.” Perhaps there is no more striking illus tration than this of the power of an inherited belief to live on in spite of the testimony of all experience against it. In some places, apparently as an alternative for giving up the beliet wholly, it was held that in order to witness these three leaps one must look, not at the sun itself, but at the reflection of it in a pool of clear water. Asa last resort, to save the belief, the sun might be made to dance. Brand could recall that when he was a boy he had seen “a vessel full of water set in the open air, in which the reflected sun seemed to dance, from the tremu lous motion of the water." If the mountain will not come to Mahomet, then Mahomet must go to the moun tain. Among the customs handed down through long ages and accepted by the Church were those of Easter eggs and the Easter tale which the preacher told from the pulpit, in lieu of a sermon, connecting it with Christian reminis cences. Later still there were in Ger many dramatic shows, named Oster spiele, executed by twelve performers, one of whom, apparently, was the leader, and represented Summer beat ing Winter out of the land. The dances and sports prevalent at this season in Germany among the youths and maid ens appear sometimes to have been marked with something of the loose ness characteristic of the floral games in Italy, as they were probably prac ticed among the people in the days of the republic and before license had degenerated into the grossness of the exhibitions on the Roman stage. Egg Part of Passover Feast. Easter eggs can hardly be said strict ly to have been adopted from heathen dom, for they formed an essential part of the Feast of the Passover. Indeed, the association of eggs with the festi val of the New Year is so general that it may almost be said to be universal. The Chinese, the Hindus, the Persians, the Egyptians—all used eggs, and, what is more remarkable, colored eggs, in one way or another, in connection with their sun-god festivals. Symbol ism lies, probably, at the bottom of this practice. The principle omnia ex ova was recognized long before Harvey pronounced it as a scientific dictum. Away back in mythological times the egg had come to be a symbol of the be ginning of life. In both the Hindu and the Greek mythologies the egg—the great mundane egg—was the primeval source of all things. It contained the germ of all things yet to be, “the earth, the sky, the continents and seas, riv ers, mountains, towns and men, and all their deeds." In fact, it was the world; for what is this vast globular universe but a gigantic egg? And chil dren, peeping through show windows at Eeaster time may still see this world-egg in miniature, and may catch glimpses of the castles and landscapes, the gardens and fairies, and other won ders that it holds. DOUBT NO LONGER. In his blest life I see the path, and in his death the price, And in his resurrection proof supreme Of immortality. —Edward Young. MDDYS EVENINC Will Hi MART O&HA&BQaSER PEACOCK BOOK-RACKS. “The whole household was asleep.” said Daddy, “and everything was very still. Even the gold fishes in the bowl were sleeping and the snails were en joying a good rest. “Suddenly a little fairy came hopping and skipping into the library. ‘Hello, peacocks,’ she said. Tve been mean ing to come for some time, but I’.e been so busy. Gracious, but I’ve been a busy fairy!’ “ What have you been doing?’ ask ed the peacocks. ‘We like to hear what’s going on. We see a good deal, but still when folks come into the li brary they’re apt to sit in big chairs and put their heads inside of books — or it looks that way to us, anyway— and they read and read. They don’t say anything at all. We’re all ready to hear the news—and we don’t hear any. So tell us, won’t you, little fairy, what you have been doing lately?’ “The little fairy put her wand down on the library table and jumped up on the table beside the peacocks. And of course you must know just who the peacocks were, and why they were in the library. On the library table was a set of book-racks. At either end these racks held up whatever books were put between them, so they were arranged where people could look at the names of the books they wanted to take out and read. These book racks were very beautiful. Each one was made to look like a beautiful pea cock with a spread tail, and so, at either end there was a make-believe peacock. “They were the the fairy had come to see. She stuck her lit tle feet straight out before her, and she wore sandals with wings upon them. “ T can jump and fly so much eas ier that way than if I didn’t wear them’, she said, when she noticed the peacock were looking at them. “ ‘And now you’ve asked me what I’ve been doing lately. I’ve been go ing to a number of parties. The fairies have given a ball, the brownies and gnomes have given a slush party on a deliciously slushy day last week, and there has been a lot of work to attend to. “I’ve been helping the Fairy Queen in her talks to Mr. Sandman and the Dream King so children will have love. She Stuck Her Little Feet Out Be fore Her. ly dreams, and also so they’ll hear that there are no bad goblins, but only nice, jolly goblins. “‘I do believe the children in the bedrooms of this house are dreaming some of our special dreams tonight.’ “She threw a kiss to each peacock, and said, ‘Now tell me the story you promised me last time I came.’ “The peacocks could not look at each other, as one was at one end of the books—and the other one at the other end. “The fairy noticed this at once, and said, ‘You might begin, peacock at this end, and then when you pause, the other peacocks will talk.’ “So that settled the difficulty. “ ‘The story we wanted to tell you,’ said the first peacock, ‘was this. We wanted to let yon know what an honor had been paid to peacocks. We thought you might tell the fairies about us, and that would please us so much. We get rather tired staying so still, but we’re happy because of our story.’ “The second peacock began to speak, as the fairy hopped over nearer that end of the hook-rack. ‘We’re so de lighted because for years we’ve been considered very vain. We have beau tiful tails and we love to spread them out and strut about and show them off. We know our tails are lovely, and the colors of our feathers very wonderful. “ ‘No wonder, then, that we want to show them to the whole world. We think they enjoy beautiful things, and so we show off our tails. But do they appreciate them? Not for a moment Well, maybe that’s a bit harsh. They do think our tails are beautiful, I’ve not a doubt of that, but instead of thanking us for giving them so many opportunities for seeing our tails, they call us vain.’ “ ‘We are vain, to be sure,’ said the first peacock, ‘but we like to give pleasure with our beauty. And so it’s no wonder they choose us for lovely book-racks. But more than that —we make lovely decorations, but we hold up books, and so they'must think we’re wise, and it’s something we’ve never been thought before.’ “Both the peacocks looked very happy, and the fairy promised to tell the other fairies about them, but she laughed to herself for she didn’t think it was any sign of wisdom to simply hold up books.” Willie’s Good Reason. “Willie,” said the teacher, “suppose I had two squash pies, and cut one in six pieces and the other in twelve pieces; which pie would you rather have a piece of?” “The one cut in twelve pieces,” re plied Willie. “I don’t like squash pie!” We Wonder. “Here’s a question I’d like to pro pound,” remarked the Observer of Events and Things: “Doesa bowlegged soldier become knock-kneed when he faces the enemy for the first time?” Development of Character. Education is a poor thing if it does not include the development of charac ter. A girl had better never learn to read and write, than not to learn to tell the truth. Proficiency in mathe matics cannot make up for lack in the qualities which win friends. Educa tion should include the training of the -pint as well as that of the brain. Wood Like a Monarch. When is a piece of wood like a mon arch? When it la made into ruler. . . Set Contents 15 Fluid Drachm If pfifllw UASloifii MxT [a ALCOHOL-3 PER n AVc^elablcPreparation ibrAs H H by Rcgula tin^iheStomachsandßw’ctso^ £vj i Thereby Promoting Digestion ijj Cheerfulness and RestCoatai® v 1 i neither Opkim.Morphine nor 'mjj j. ) | Mineral. Not Narcotic Jbunpim S*d \ Hr-- j Alx Sva | AnistSrtd fM j 1 A helpful Remedy for I a&if Constipation and Diarrhoea . and Feverishness and i Loss OF SLEEP ) resulting th^rcfronvinlrf*n^ ■'l j Facsimile Signatory* j jgf | The Centaur GoMPAtor. | :jp| Exact Copy of Wrapper. BAKED POTATO BIG, white, mealy —with butter melting on it. Um-m-m! And you like it because it is baked Same with Lucky Strike Cigarette IT'S TOASTED Cooking makes things deli cious—toasting the tobacco has made the Lucky Strike Cigarette famous. © n Guaranteed * j stops Jri KaiMnOBH TA MEN ESS Iff from a Bone Spavin, Ring Bone, toff Splint, Curb, Side Bone, or similar |1 troubles and gets horse going sound. II It acts mildly but quickly and good re ll suits are lasting. Does not blister or remove the hair and horse can be worked. Page 17 in pamphlet with each bottle tells how. $2.50 a bottle delivered. Hbrse Book 9 R free. ABSORBINE, JR., the antiseptic liniment for mankind, reduces Painful Swellings, En larged Glands, Wens, Bruises, Varicose Veins; heals Sores. Allays Pain. Will tell you more if you write. $1.25 a bottle at dealers 9t delivered. Liberal trial bottle lor 10c lumpa W. F. YOUNG. P. D. F.. 310 Temol" ILSorinofield. Mail. “Land of Lanterns." Among the Chinese there has exist ed for agefc a passion for fireworks and lanterns. In every city, it every port and on every river and canal, as soon as night comes on, the lanterns make their appearance. hung out at the door of every dv* .ling; they swing as pendants to the angles of the pagoda; they form the fiery crown of every shop front; they cluster round the houses of the rich and light np the hovels of the poor; they are borne with the carriage of the traveler, nnc they swing from the yards and masts f his vessel. How to Go Up Stairs. How do you go upstairs? With yn nr body bent over? And clinging * the banister? That isn’t the way to profit by staircUmbing. Going opstalrs is a fine chance for body training. People who know its value in physical culture go upstairs In a prescribed way. This Is how to do it: You pause lightly on the balls of your feet; yon lift your chest; you inhale a good long breath; then you go up easily and qttekiy as If you were lifted by your chest. See? Try It “Nervea” Easily Explained. What Is eccentricity In one stage of experience is natural in another, and many a state the average physician calls “nerves” is really the movement of the individual on a larger orbit of perception, expression and, perhaps, realization. —Gertrude Capen Whitney. Mouth Illuminator. For the nse of physicians and den tists. a tongue depressing instrument has been invented that switches on an electric light to Illuminate a patient’s mouth when it is used.—Houston Post. OASTORIA For Infants and Children. Mothers Know That Genuine Castoria .Always / Beats tha Use \J For Over Thirty Years CASTORIA TH CKNTAU* toO MPA NY, NEW YORK CITY. ’to ciiiuan cosing economy. Wife (desperately)—“Can’t you the car away?” Husband—“l hate to ask so much of a friend.” iWhat Do You Know Abevt CATTLE? Do Yoo Want to Know the CATTLE BUSINESS ? Drop us a _post card today and *et FKHB INFORMATION about the New Book, • “CATTLE, BREEDS AND ORIGIN" about all breeds of cattle on earth. M. DAVID ROBERTS' VETERINARY CO.. A IOC'. WAUKESHA. Wit. W. N. u., MILWAUKEE, NO. 13-191* Excuses of Little Value. The world does not want men who offer excuses in place of accomplish ment. Often it is compelled to acoept excuses. Often it experience genuine sorrow for the man who, instead of succeeding, brings back a satisfactory excuse for failure. But when the time for advancement comes, the man who is pushed forward is he who has done the work, who has not offered hard-luck stories in place of success ful effort. In him confidence can be placed. Excuse and Failure Bynonymous. An excuse is an admission of fail ure. It Is a plea for leniency, for sus pension of sentence. It is a step to ward loss of self-confidence. It is th beginning of life failure. And thaf man o woman who expects success to crown his or her old age should go to any legitimate extreme to prevent ths possibility of having to offer excuses for failure in execution. Excuses art the aliases of bankrupt lives. Achieve ment is difficult, but profitable In Its large and gainful returns.—Milwaukee Journal. Great Soldiers of Small Physique. Military greatness seems to arrive often to the short. It Is hard to think of a gigantic general of first-class gen ius; while military history is peopled by fine strategists and tacticians of diminutive size or poor physique. Alex ander, Caesar and Napoleon were alt little men. William 111 never went through a battle without paroxysms of coughing. Luxemburg, who beat him again and again, was a dwarfish hunch back. Moltke was a living skeleton, who never expected to aurvlva thm rigors of 1870.