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OF HAIS RETREAT Illinois Officer Relates Experience of Hun Attack on the British. TEN DIVISIONS AGAINST ONE Despite Overwhelming Number of En emy, His Losses Were Great Miraculous Escape From Bap tism of Shell Fire. 'irsr Lieutenant Roswell T. Pettit. to his father. Dr. .T. W. Pettit of the Ottawa tuberculosis colony, and pub lished in the fhtoagn Tribune, relates the thrilling story of the great battle 1" Picardy. The American oftieer was in the thickest of the fighting for nine days, during the retreat of the British Fifth army from before St. Quentin. Lieutenant Pettit's account of the bat tle thrills with the stress of the con flict. as It was written immediately after he had passed through the tre mendous experiences and before his impressions had been in any way dulled •by time. His letter follows: t Lieutenant Pettit's Letter. March 30. Hear Father. Now that the show is over for me for the time being, and I have time to breathe and slepp and eat •and write. I'll try and fell you about the battle. Before you receive this you will have had the whole story from liie papers, but I know you will be Interested in knowing what I did in the affair. Of course, the tilings I saw were but an infinitesimal part of a gigantic • whole and it would tie impossible for me to give a correct description of the battle. And as I write this. I do it with no knowledge whatever of what Tins been going on even a few miles from me. f have not seen a paper in eight days: I have received no mail, and the only information we have received lias been by word of mouth, and most of what we hear must be wild rumors. For ex ample : The French have advanced •JO miles at Verdun, the Ameri cans have taken Ostend. and are on their way to Zeebrtigge. and a great naval battle has been fought in the North sea. All I know Is that on this part of the front the Germans attacked us in over whelming numbers, in plaees ten divi sions to our one: that they .suffered terrible losses, but finally broke through our lines of defense, one after another, and fighting for the most part, a rear guard action, we have retired about 15 miles in a straight line. For a week before the battle started we had been expecting it; we were ready to move on 30 minutes’ no tice. I had been out with combatant as well ns medical officers on tours of reconnaissance, definite methods of evacuation of the wounded had been worked out. and our plans of counter attack been made. After four or five days of waiting, the storm finally broke. The Beetle opened up on us at 5 a. in., March 21, with the heaviest barrage I have ever heard. “Stand to,” was sounded, we turned out dressed, and bad all our equipment packed in 30 minutes. Then we sat down and waited for orders to move. The bar rage kept up continuously, sometimes heavier and then of less intensity, sometimes it seemed to be to the north of us and then suddenly it switched to the south. Our balloons were up as soon as it was light and the airplanes were, buz zing over our heads. The ground mist gradually cleared and the Germans out a hail of shrapnel on our camp and we all took cover, but three men ■were hit. Why it is a fellow always feels safer with a roof over bis head, even if lie knows bullets and shrapnel and pieces of shell will go through boards and corrugated iron just like paper. Ordered to Move. Our orders to move finally came and we marched off to the brigade nsseni !f v point several miles away. This as sembly point was in a little bunch of trees about the size of Allen park and behind and separated from a larger wood in front. In the larger wood there was a battery of heavy artillery and shells were dropping in there two or three to a minute, and it was heavy st uIT. too. Sometimes they overshot the big "•nod and shells were landing in the •open around the little wood where my brigade had its assembly point. As we approached our litt'e copse we could make all this out from some dis tance away and it wasn’t a pleasant sensation to fee! that we were march ing straight into it. All the battalions arrived and in that lit tie copse there must have been at least two thousand men. What a chance if the Germans only knew! But the shells continued to drop in front of us und on either side, but none landed among us, und after waiting there for three hours, expecting to be blown to hits any second, we finally moved for ward. Just ns we left the copse, from behind us. up over a ridge, came a vream of galloping horses. “It’s the cavalry.” someone shouted, but soon l made out timbers ami field gnus. They galloped past us. going like mad took up a position to our right, swung into position, unlinibered. and Tree Within a Tree. Due of tin? firin' redwoods in Men* : foot no county, California, tins shown "utt in spite of its combined foes the wind ami the forest fire, it has made up it' mind to keep right on living in tne same spot where it has stood for dozens of years. During a terrible storm on the mountain the top of this ids; tree was broken off, and later the trunk was nearly destroyed by a for est fire: yet enough vitality remained in a young ree to* rise from the roots >f the older one anti to grow up within Remarkable Last Words- Mauv last words of splendid aptness are to be found in the masterly mod ern short stories which have coate to rank almost ns a branch of literature by themselves. "‘Tell the boys I've got the luck with nte now." said Ken tuck in the tale that made Bret Harte famous vs he "drifted awty into the shadowy river that flows forever to the unknown sea.” "I allers meant to nave asked you—to—marry rue.” said the procrastinating old lover of Mary Wilkins* sketch to his spinster in two minutes were blazing away. It was a thrilling sight. Torn by Shells. In going forward w r e went around the eml of the larger wood in front of us, over ground that was torn to hits by the heavy shell fire that had just preceded, over another edge, across a valley, and under the crest of a hill. And here we found the tanks going over the top of the hill to take up their position. At this point we were still about a mile from the front line. At this place I opened up an aid post under the crest of the hill to take care of what wounded came in while we were getting into position. Shrapnel was bursting in the air, shells were whizzing overhead, and our guns behind me were belching forth the fire. The noise was deafening. A railroad ran through the valley and an engine pulling a couple of flat cars was going by. A couple of sol diers were sitting on the rear truck swinging their feet. A shell burst on the track and only missed the last car about fifteen yards. Neither man was hit and the train went blithely on. By this time it was getting along toward evening, the sun was sinking in the west, and finally went down a great ball of fire. At the time. I re member, I noticed its color. It was blood red and bad a sinister look. Was it my imagination, or might it have been a premonition? At any rate. 1 shall never forget the color of the sun as it set that night at the end of the first day of probably one of the great est battles in history. It certainly didn’t look good to me. The drumming of the guns contin ued. twilight gradually deepened iuto night, the signalers stopped their wig wagging and took up their flash sig nals. ii fog dropped down on us and put the lights out of business, and when we left to go forward under the cover of darkness they were busy put ting out their telephone lines—signal ers and runners don’t have an easy time. Shell Dump Goes Up. Behind us a shell landed in an am munition dump and it went up with a roar: then the rifle ammunition smarted going off like a great bunch of fire crackers, and great tongues of flame lit up the sky. It is reported that the Germans had broken through our line and we were to counter-attack in the morning. We got into positions without a single casualty. I opened an aid post in an old dugout and settled down to sleep until morning. Ton may think It fun uy that one could sleep under such conditions, but 1 had been up since 5:30, had tramped about six or seven miles, nad had a rather trying day and was dog tired. Just like some of the warm days we get the last of March at home. In going forward it was necessary for ns to march seventy-five yards in front of three batteries of field guns. There are six guns to a battery. They shoot an eighteen-pound shell and while we were there each gun was shooting twice to the minute. You can imagine the racket when I tell you that the discharge of one gun can be heard about four miles. In addi tion the Boche was trying to knock out this battery and be was dropping bis six inch shells a little too close for comfort. Nearly in a Trap. Then 1 made a lovely mistake. 1 was to establish an aid post near bat talion headquarters and went blithely on when I met a company commander and asked him where to go. “Rack there about a quarter of a mile,” he replied. “This is the front center company. If you keep on in the direction you are going you are going up over that ridge and Fritz will be waiting for you with a machine gun.” So my sergeant and orderly and tnvself didn't waste any time in clear ing. On the way back 1 found a gallon can full of water, got into a corrugated iron shelter and had a wash and a shave, it certainly felt good. 1 don’t believe 1 had washed for thirty-six hours. It was warm and bright. I could look out of my shelter and see our support lines digging themselves in several hundred yards away. The cannon tire ceased, the machine guns settled down to an occasional fitful burst and it was midday of a beautiful spring day. A couple of partridge flew over me. What did they know or care about all this noise and racket and men getting tip In line and killing each other? Along about three o’clock things be gan to liven up again. In the mean time headquarters bad been establish ed in a sunken road with hanks about fifteen feet high on either side (later this cut was half filled with dead). My aid post was in a dugout near by and gradually things got hotter and hotter. Our men had dug themselves iu and were popping away with their rifles; The field batteries behind us were putting up a barrage, airplanes were circling overhead, both ours and the Germans’. The Germans put up a counter-barrage, the machine guns were going like mad. I was standing with the colonel on a little rise of ground above the sunken road when the Germans broke through about a mile to the north of us. They could be plainly seen pouring over the ridge in close formation. Tanks Get Into Action. Then the tanks came up. and you should have seen them run! Just like rabbits! The tanks retired; the Roche-, reformed and came at it again. They tell me that at certain places our men withstood fifteen suc cessive attacks and that the Germans went down ir. thousands. One Welsh man told me that his gun accounted for 75 in three minutes during one wave. Machine-gun bullets were nipping around me. the shell fire was getting the wide trunk, which serves as a protection against the wind. The orig inal tree was a magnificent specimen more than eleven few In diameter, towering high in the air. and its youth ful successor should be of goodly size when the old stump is ready to fail away.—George F. Paul in St. Nicholas. Deserved a Happier Fate. The remarkable career of Sir Sam uel Romilly, the British statesman, came to a tragic end ninety-nine years ago. He was the first influential man friend as he died a bachelor at sev enty. "Quite so!" muttered Aldrich's taciturn soldier as he succumbed to his wounds "A little bit of string—a little bit of string. Look, here it is, Mr. Mayor,” repeated over and over the dying peasant, falsely accused of theft, in Guy de Maupassant's "La Fi celie." More dramatic than all was the startled cry of the Napoleonic vet eran in Daudet’s "Siege of Berlin" who rose from a sick bed in Paris to -teal a look at the French army re turning. as he believed, victorious from hotter, and even though it was a won derful sight to watch I decided “dis cretion was the better part of valor,” or something like that, and got down in my dugout. I went back to the advanced dress ing station through the hottest shell fire I ever experienced. More than once I went down on my face when a shell burst and the pieces went whiz zing over my head. I spent the night in a mined village where the advanced dressing station was located, and all night they shelled it to blazes. It was remarkable how few casualties we had. About eleven o’clock the morning of the third day a shell blew in the side of our post, but luckily no one was hurt. We stuck to it until about four in the afternoon, when we saw our men retiring over a ridge in front of us. keeping up a continuous machine gun and rifle fire, and we beat it back to another village and opened anoth er post. The Begrimed Lord. About ten o’clock on the morning of the fourth day Lord Thyme, my col onel when I was with the battalion, stumbled into the shack where I was sitting. He looked like a ghost. He had lost his hat. his face was covered with a four days’ beard, the sweat had traced tracks in the dust from his forehead to his chin. His sleeve was torn and bloody and he had a gash in his arm where he had been struck by a piece of flying shell case. “My God, doc, are you here?” he said. “You got out just in time.' The battalion is all gone. The sunken road is filled with dead—mostly Huns, damn ’em. The line broke on the right; we were surrounded, and at the last we were fighting back and back. Only thirty of us got away.” So we knew the Boche had broken through to our right and our left, and it was a question of how long it would be before we, too. were surrounded, In t we wanted to stick it out as long ns we could. But not more than an hour later a medical officer rushed in from one of the battalions and between gasps for breath told us the Germans were on the edge of the village, had shot him through the sleeve with a machine gun bullet (luckily that was all), and for us to beat it. Let me tell you we did. I threw my knapsack and made the first hun dred yards in nothing flat and then settled down to a walk because I was so out of breath I couldn’t run any more. The incessant scream and crash and bang of the shells kept up and the rat-tat-tat of the machine guns never ceased. The village immediately be hind us was a seething mass of brick dust, smoke, flame, and bursting shells. We were told on our way back that a stand was to be made behind this village, so we circled around it and took up a position about a half mile behind it at a cross roads. Unfortunately for us, a six inch bat tery came into action about fifty yards from us and, aside from the harassing effect, of the terrific noise, batteries are always unpleasant neighbors, as they invite shell fire. We stepped here until about 10 o’clock at night, when we were ordered to retire. There was no way of getting out the w ounded that we had collected, so the stretcher bearers carried them on their stretchers for six or seven miles. In fact, we all helped, and when we arrived at our destination at 4 o’clock in the morning of the fifth day we were all in. I could hardly move, hut after two big bowls of hot tea and some hard tack I turned in on the floor and slept like a log for four hours, when we moved to another place and opened a dressing station. Hun Plane Crashes. On the way a German airplane came down aud crashed near the road, but neither the pilot nor observer were hurt. They were a couple of rather neat looking lads about 19 years old. And so it went for three days more, open a dressing station, retire (some times on the run), long marches, very little to eat. except what we foraged from abandoned camps and dumps, dog tired, sleeping when and where we could, and finally the division was re lieved. We now saw our first civilians, and 'ast night I slept in a bed. It wasn't much of a bed, and the mattress was full of humps, but to get my boots off my sore aud aching fbet, to stretch out, and know I wouldn’t be routed out in fifteen minutes—well, you couldn’t have bought that bed front me for SIOO. Did you ever read Robert W. Serv ice's description of the retreat from Mens? Well, that’s the way I felt; Tramp, tramp, the grim road the road from Mons to Wipers; I’ve 'ammered out this ditty with me bruised and bleeding feet; Tramp, tramp, the dim road— We didn't 'ave no pipers— All bellies that were 'oiler was the drums we 'ad to beat. The ninth day. sitting around the fire in our mess After the best dinner we had had in days, the commanding officer banded me some papers and said. “Here is something that will in terest you. Pettit. I want to say we shall be sorry to lose you.” And this is what it was: “Lieut. Roswell T. Pettit. M. R. C.. is relieved from duty with the British army and will proceed to the A. E. F„ where he will report for duty.” I leave for Paris in the morning. This has been a long tale. bmrhe half of it hasn't been told. 1 hope I haven't strung it out too much. I have just been informed that all toy kit had to be burned to prevent it falling into the hands of the enemy, i shall probably want you to send me some things from home, but will see what l can get here first. Your eon. ROSWELL. in England to attempt to bring about the abolition of capital punishment. When he entered public life the Eng lish statutes punished with death nearly 300 crimes, ranging from mur der and treason down to keeping com pany will* gypsies. Romilly. who was of French descent, secured the repeal of these codes. Kor illy was devoted to his wife, and whew she died. Octo ber Lit. ISIS, the philanthropist fell into a delirium of grier. Four days later his grief had so preyed on his mind that he killed himself. Beillr. and saw instead the spiked hel mets of the Prussian troops advanc ing to the music of Schubert’s march. “Aux artnes! I.es Prussians !” shouted the ancient colonel and fell dead. His Reply. "There goe a man I migjt have married," she said. ‘ I'm sorry," he replied, "that 1 can not point out to you a woman who once turned me down, but you are the ouly one I ever proposed to.” WAUSAU PILOT 57 Y. M. C. A. MEN SAVED FROM SHIP British Steamer Orissa Bearing Workers to France Torpedoed by Submarine. DESTROYERS TO THE RESCUE Passengers Taken From Lifeboats— Illinoisan Is Hero of Disaster as He Saves Injured Soldier and Unconscious Wife. London, May 1. —A party of 57 American army Young Men’s Christian association workers under Arthur E. Hungerford arrived in London. The ship on which they sailed was tor pedoed Sunday morning and sank in 12 minutes. All the passengers and all out three of the crew were saved. The passeugers were picked up In lifeboats and lauded at a British port. On their arrival in London they were taken in charge by the American Y. M. C. A. and Red Cross. The number of persons on board the vessel was about 250. One of tne ship’s officers said the Americans conducted themselves iu an admirable manner. Destroyers were sent immediately to the rescue and all the lifeboats were picked up within half an hour. The vessel was struck amidships while proceeding in a large convoy under the protection of a number of destroyers. It was proceeding at about ten knots in bright moonlight when struck. There was an immediate heavy list and three minutes later the boilers blew up, extinguishing the lights all over the ship. New York, April 30. —The vessel which was sunk iu English waters while carrying 57 Young Men’s Chris tian association workers was the Brit ish steel steamship Orissa, of 5,436 tons gross, it was learned here. She left| an American Atlantic port on April 12. Among the passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Tliring had the most exciting experience Mr. Thring is an Austra lian who was invalided from the Brit ish army several months ago after two years of fighting in Africa and at Gal lipoli. He went to Australia, where he wms married, aud was returning to England with his bride to settle the es tate of two brothers who were killed recently in France. The torpedo struck just beneath their cabin and they were thrown from their berth and injured severely. The state room door was jammed so that it could not be opened. Mr. Thring broke the partition and carried his unconscious wife to the deck, where he, too, fell un conscious. Both were carried to a life boat by Arthur Bogue, Y. M. C. A. man from Chicago. SENATE 0. K/S OVERMAN BILL President Given Authority to Co-ordi nate and Reorganize Government Departments During War. Washington, May I.—Rejecting all amendments designed to limit the president’s authority the senate on Monday passed the Overman bill, with its general grant of power for the ex ecutive to co-ordinate and reorganize government departments and other agencies during the war. The vote on the measure, which now goes to the house, was 63 to 13. Only one Democrat. Senator Reed of Missouri, voted against the bill. Re publicans who voted against it were: Brandegee. Cummins. Dillingham, France, Gallinger, Hardir.g, Johnson (Cal.), Knox. E'oindexter, Sherman, Sterling, Sutherland. As passed by the senate, the meas ure authorizes the president to “make such redistribution of functions among executive agencies as he may deem necessary” and to “utilize, co ordinate and consolidate any execu tive or administrative commissions, bureaus, agencies, offices or officers now existing by law, to transfer any duties or powers from one existing department or to transfer the person nel thereof.” These powers, however, “shall be exercised only in matters relating to the conduct of the pres ent war.” / SLAYER OF FIVE TO PRISON German Farmer Who Murdered Mich igan Family Is Given Life Sen tence Day After. Alma, Mich., May 1. Herman Wittig, a German farmer, was sent to Marquette prison Monday night, where he will serve a life term. Sunday morning he murdered in cold blood Mr. and Mrs. Willard Kimball, tenants of his, and their three children. That night he was arrested and confessed his crime. Monday he pleaded guilty and was sentenced. Justice never moved more swiftly in this part of Michigan. Secretary for Ireland Out. London. May 1. —The Dally News lobby correspondent hears that Henry E. Duke has resigned as chief secre tary for Ireland. Lord Wimbome like wise has decided to resign the Irish viceroyalty. Japan Is True to Allies. Tokyo. May 1. —“Japan will ever keep faith with her allies, and there will he no change In our foreign pol icies.” declared Foreign Minister Cato In the first Interview since his appoint ment. “T. R.” to Visit Central West. New York. April 30.—C01. Theodore Roosevelt will start o*n a tour of Wis consin. Michigan. lowa and Ohio late in May. it was announced on Saturday. He wilt he in Chicago for a day's rest on May 26. British Drop 36,179 Bombs. I.ondon. April 30. — During March British aircraft In France dropped 36.- 179 bombs on enemy positions and the German flyers dropped 2.465 bombs, the British air ministry announced on Saturday. Allies Get $5,288,850,000. Washington. April 29.—Belgium was granted another credit of $3,250,000 by ;he treasury, making her total borrow ings from the United States $107,850,- 000 and credits to all the allies $5 288,- 550.000. Accused Major Gets Bait. Santa Fe. N. M„ April 29.—Dr. John M. Birkner, formerly major of the army in charge of the medical corps at Camp Cody, N. M„ held on a disloyalty charge, was released here on $5,000 bail. JOHN D. RYAN John D. Ryan, the copper magnate, has been appointed director of aircraft production for the army, and the avia tion sectiou of the signal corps has been recognized. U. S. RAID NEAR MEUSE SUCCESSFUL AMERICAN ATTACK NORTH OF ST. MIHIEL. Missing Yanks Are Found Alive in Badly Smashed Dugout in “No Man's Land." With the French Army in France, April 29. American troops Sunday made a successful trench raid near the heights of the Meuse, in the vicinity of Vaux-les-Palaineix (on the front below Verdun, nine miles north of St. Mi hiel). Their French comrades har assed the enemy in the same way at a number of places in Lorraine and in the Vosges. The sector along which the Germans made a heavy attack against tt ? Amer icans is situated among very brokeu, hilly country, about 17 miles eastward of the important St. Mihiel salient on the road between St. I’izier and Metz. The town of Seicheprey is surrounded by hills about 800 feet high. The line of the allies passes 2.000 yards north of Seicheprey and a few hundred yards from the edge of Ren neres wood. Ti.e Germans were able to seize this wood and a strip of ground 1,000 yards long and half a mile wide lying west of the wood, on Sat urday morning, and the attack on the American sector in the vicinity of Seicheprey was a sequel to this ac tion. With the American Army in France, April 29. Two American soldiers, wounded in the engagement around Seicheprey, were found alive in a dug out in “No Man’s Land.” The dugout had been badly smashed by German shellfire and how the men managed to keep alive in the rain and mud and under continuous German bombard ments, physicians say, is little short of miraculous. The American troops in the Seiche prey fight, additional details show, were outnumbered in some instances eight to one. The latest reports are that the American casualties are much under the first estimates. AMERICANS HALT HUN RAID Germans Take Clothing From the Dead and Attempt to Reach Yan kee Trenches —Ruse Discovered. With the American Army in France, April 30/ —The enemy laid down a heavy barrage in front of the Ameri can trenches in the Toul sector at three o’clock in the morning, the bom bardment lasting an hour. After an interval of silence he re peated the performance at five o’clock and half an hour later the German In fantry started for the American lines. So intense was tiie American counter attack that the enemy was repulsed without getting close enough to he en gaged by the American infantry. The Germans have been stripping the bodies of dead French soldiers in other sectors and, wearing these clothes, have come over at the point where the French and American lines Join. This method of attack was used during the attack on the Americans at Apremont forest two weeks ago. On that occasion they spoke French and said they had come to assist the Amer icans, but the ruse was discovered and they were driven off. CLARK DECLINES SENATE SEAT Speaker of House Tells Governor of Missouri He Can Best Serve Coun try in Present Position. Washington, April 29. Speaker Champ Clark on Friday definitely de clined the appointment as senator from Missouri to succeed the late Sen ator William .1. Stone. Speaker Clark announced his declination of the ap pointment in a letter to Governor Gardner of Missouri. American Money for China. Peking. May I.—Communications fiom Dr. Wellington Koo, Chinese min ister to Washington, forecast an Amer ican loan of $30,000,000 to $50,000,000 to China for war purposes, if the Chi nese government requests it. U. S. Ship Sunk in Crash. New York. May I.—The American steamship Westerly, one of the first of the new ships built by the Emer gency Fleet corporation, was sunk in a collision off the French coast. All on board were saved. Bomb Kills Enemy Alien. Seattle. Wash.. April 30. —Carl Dar gotz, an enemy alien, arrested by fed eral authorities as a draft evader, bat later released, was Instantly killed here when a bomb, which the police say he was manufacturing, exploded. Draft Roundup in Detroit. Detroit. Mich., April 30.—Two thou sand men of draft age who were un able to produce registration cards were arrested here. The men were rounded up in a general cleanup of all cafes and saloons in the city. Russ Protest Invasion. Washington. April 27. Protest against the advance of German-Ukrain ian troops into the Crimea In viola tion of the Brest-Litovsk treaty has been sent by the Russian government to Germany. Car Turns Over; Three Dead. Birmingham, Ala., April 27. —Three persons were killed, another was fa tally injured anu ten were also seri ously hurt when a street car turned over while rounding a sharp curve here. CZAR'S SON ON RUSSIAN THRONE? %. ————————— Counter-Revolution Reported to Have Broken Out in Petrograd. GRAND DUKE REAL LEADER Dispatches From Finland Tell of Seri ous Rioting In Former Capital— Washington Officials See •German Plot. Stockholm, April 30.—Correspond ents of Swedish newspapers in Finland telegraph persistent rumors in circula tion there of Important happenings in Russia. The most definite rumor de clares that former Grand Duke Alexis, son of the former emperor, has been declared emperor, with Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovitch as regent, and that the new government would refuse to recognize the bolshevtki peace treaty with Germany. London, April 30. — A dispatch from Copenhagen to the Exchange Telegraph says it is reported there that a counter revolution has broken out in Petro grad. It reports that while no tele grams have been received from Petro grad for several days, there are rumors from Finland that there is serious ri oting at the capital and that the ru mor is persistent that Grand Duke Alexis Nikolai viteh has been pro claimed emperor and that Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovitch is the real leader in Russian affairs. Copenhagen, April 29. —The Stock holm Aftenblodet suys that definite re ports have been received from Abo, Finland, that Grand Duke Alexis Niko laivitch, son of the former emperor of Russia, has been proclaimed em peror. with Grand Duke Michael Alex androvitch as regent. Washington, April 30. —Reports from Copenhagen of persistent rumors from Finland that Grand Duke Alexis Niko lalvitch, son of the former czar of Russia, has been proclaimed emperor of Russia were taken here to indicate that Germany w r as attempting to carry through a well-formulated plan for re storing a monarchy in that revolution tion country. THANKS ALL FOR AIDING LOAN Secretary McAdoo Declares Farmers and Small Towns Have Bought Liberty Bonds Liberally. Chicago. April 30.—William G. Mc- Adoo, secretary of the treasury, ar rived in Chicago Sunday with a heart ening message of the nation’s third Liberty loan achievements, a glowing tribute to the irdor with which Amer ican citizens everywhere are meeting the country's financial exigencies, and a determined plea for the unmitigated strength which must characterize the final week of the campaign. Tf America’s rural population suf fered contumely during previous bond subscriptions Mr. M< Adoo’s enthusias tic commendation of the farmers’ loy alty during the present loan campaign, should afford grateful encouragement. To the women of the United States, to railroad employees'; in fact, “to all classes of people everywhere,” Mr. Mc- Adoo offers the approval of the gov ernment for “an unequaled and spirit ed degree of support.” 28 SAILORS HURT IN WRECK “Jackie Special," With 1,400 Men Aboard, Hit by Train During Fog Near Chicago. Chicago. April 30. Twenty-eight jackies were hurt, many of them gravely enough to be sent to a hos pital, and the lives of hundreds of oth ers were jeopardized by a collision just before midnight Saturday just north of Summerville station. It was due to a fog. The “Jackie Special,” with 1,000 men aboard, was struck by the Waukegan local, which was fol lowing close behind. The following men were taken to the hospital: Thomas R. Colins, Roland Cleland, Joseph H. Elliott, Harry Ehmcke, J. A. Renriinger, Howard A. Selle, Alex. J. Sikorski, E. T. Sewandowski. “AT ’EM, BOYS!” Speaking of potatoes, not ball players. * Millions of bushels of potatoes should be eaten within the next few weeks, if we eat them, we save wheat and potatoes both. And if we save wheat, the boys in France who are holding the line can “carry on” under the same rallying cry— “At 'em, boys; eat 'em up!" Passes as Officer; Suicide. Baltimore, Md., May I.—A man reg istered at a small water-front hotel here as Capt. John Stewart of the United Slates army committed suicide by shooting. He came to Baltimore from Camp Jackson, Columbia, S. C. Enemy Alien Campaign On. Chicago, May I.—Department of justice agents opened a campaign against the enemy aliens and other persons opposing the government’s war program who will come under the new sabotage and espionage bills. Germany Angers Uruguay. Montevideo. Uruguay, April 29.—1 t Is rumored her*- that the German repty to Uruguay’s inquiry as to whether the German goverr>ro.mt considered that a state of war existed between Uruguy and Germany is an unsatisfactory one. Seize Farmer as Wheat Hoarder. Adrian. Mich., April 29.—Memberc of the state constabulary took into cus tody H. Wyman Wells, a farmer living at Tipton, and confiscated about 4,000 bushels of wheat, which it was charged he had been holding for higher prices. Send U. S. Soldiers Back as Orators. With the American Amy in France, April 27. —Fifty privates and noncom missioned officers* are on their way hack to America to speak for the Third Liberty loan. The men were selected from various units. Bare Hun War Camp Horrors. Geneva. April 27. —Two French pris oners who escaped from a Bavarian camp arrived here and declare that the hungry German guards constantly stole food parcels sent from France to the prisoner*. , VISCOUNT MILNER Viscount Milner, who has been ap pointed British secretary of state for war to succeed the earl of Derby. TURNS OVER AT PIER J. S. LINER CAPSIZES AT ATLAN TIC PORT. All but Three of Several Hundred Workers Escape From the Famous Ship. An Atlantic Port, April 27.—The American line steamship St. Paul, a famous passenger liner, overturned and sunk at her pier here while being warped into a pier preparatory to Loading for a trip to Europe. Three men probably lost their lives in the accident. At the time the St. Paul was not under steam but was being brought b£ tugs from a dry dock, where for the last week she had been undergoing repairs. On her at the time were several hun dred men—a majority of them em ployees of the dry dock —who hud been sent with the vessel to complete their work while she was being loaded. The St. Paul was built at a cost of $2,650,000 and was launched in Phila delphia on April 11, 1895. , She normally carried a crew of 360 men. The ship is 554 feet long, with a 63-foot beam. Called iuto war service in 1398 dur ing the Spanish-Americnn war, the St, Paul, ur.uer command of then Capt. Charle. D. Sigsbee, U. S. N„ distin guished herself with the St. Louis, a sister ship, in several engagements. U. S. AGENTS TAKE PAIL HEAD William Edenborn, Louisiana Million aire, Charged With Having Voiced “Seditious Treason. New Orleans, April 30.—William Edenborn, president of the Louisiana Railway and Navigation company and a naturalized citizen of German birth, was arrested by department of justice agents on Sunday at Shrewsbury, La., on an affidavit charging violation of the espionage act. The arrest followed a meeting here of the executive committee of the Na tional Security league, Louisiana sec tion, at which resolutions were adopt ed denouncing alleged utterances by Edenborn at an Americanization meet ing of citizens of German descent last Friday night as “seditious treason against the United States and its al lies.” HOLLAND HITS AT THE U. S. Puts Embargo on Tin and Medicine From the West Indies—Cuts Off War Supplies. The Hague, April 30.—The comman der in chief of the land and sea forces in Holland has provisionally stopped all leaves of absence. Washington, April 30.—Holland has placed an embargo on the exportation from the Dutch East Indies of tin, tin ore, dnohona bark, quinine, quinine salts and kapok, all of which are need ed by the United States for war pur poser. INDICT 16 FOR LYNCHING Five Collinsville (III.) Men Already in Jail, Seven Others Sought for Slaying Prager. Edwardsville. 111,. April 27.—Sixteen residents of Collinsville, 111., are un der indictment for the lynching of Robert P. Prager in that city during the early morning hours of April 5. Twelve must answer charges, of mur der, and four policemen will he tried for omission of duty and malfeasance in office. The grand Jury made its re port in the Madison circuit court at Edwardsville. Former Atchison Mayor Dies. Atchison. Kan., April 30.—Balle P. Waggener, general solicitor for the Missouri Pacific railway company, died at his home here. He was mayor of Atchison and served In both branch es of the legislature. Brings Down Thirty-Six Airplanes. Paris, April 30. —Lieutenant Fonch has brought down his thirty-sixth Ger man airplane, according to reports re ceived from the front on Saturday. Lieutenant Chapul has scored his six teenth aerial victory. Persians Dying of Hunger, Petrograd, April 29.—People are dy ing of hunger in the streets of the large towns of Persia, notably In Ham adan and Senne, says a dispatch re ceived on Friday from Kazvln to the Rostovskaya Retch. Vote St. Louis Traction Strike. St. Louis. April 29.—Employees of the St. Louis Car company, numbering approximately 1.000 voted to go on a strike on Saturday for an eight-bour day. Increase in wages end recogni tion of the union. British Air Chief Resigns. London, April 27 Lord Rothmere, brother of Lord NorthcllfTe. has re signed from the office of secretary of state for air forces, it is announced. Lord Rothmere said his resignation was due to Increasing ill Health. U. S. Men Arrest lowa Sleuth. Cedar Rapids, la., April 27.—Charles Schulte, a detective, was arrested here on Thursday by federal authorities on a charge of seditious utterances. Schulte has been probing alleged boarding of flour by farmers. GOT HIM STARTED Wife’s Conversation May Hava Been for Effect. While She Deplored the Average Man's Lack of Knowledge of Tools He Evidently Had Been Doing Some Thinking. The woman put down the magazine she- had been reading and addressed herself to the family in general. “There,” she cried, “it says exactly what I have been thinking for ages and ages and never had sufficient sense to write about.” “What is that?” inquired her hus band sleepily. “It says that boys should be pre pared for matrimony exactly as girls should,” replied the woman. “It says that they should have a course of training in putting up pictures, in do ing simple repairs to the plumbing, in taking care of the furnace, in hang ing curtains, making shelves and do ing other carpentering work, just as girls should be taught how to cook and keep house.” At this her husband looked self-con scious and he resumed his rending with an ostentatious air of absorption, so that his better half was fain to con tinue her remarks to the more recep tive sister who sat by. “Especially when one lives in the country should a husband have had some manual training,” she went on. “For instance, last week we found It Impossible to turn off one of the spig ots that fills the bathtub. A full stream of water ran from it all day. I telephoned Walter of the tragedy, and he replied that I was not to bother, for he would fix It as soon as he came home. “When he reached home that even ing he found that he could not do any more to check the water than I had done, and so he sent a plumber out from town the next morning. The plumber examined the leak, said that the washer on the spigot had worn out, and that if I would give him a washer he would repair it at once. But I had no washer—what is a washer, anyway? And so lie had to go back into town to get one. He returned two hours later, put on the washer, stopped the leak and sent us a bill for $7.” “But it was a peculiar sort of washer.” interrupted her husband apologetically. “If it had been just a plain washer I could have done it.” His wife disregarded this explana tion. “Then the laundry tubs became stopped up.” she went on, “and though T worked at them with a hatpin and the poker. I could not open them. The plumber had to come out from town again. He brought with him a long stick with a rubber cup on the end of it, placed this cup over the vent in the tub, pressed, and lo! all was well. The bill for this piece of work was $3.50. “i wanted a simple shelf put up in the bathroom and the carpenter who put it up charged $2.50 for that job. The door leading to our side porch had not been locked for a year because no one in this family can move a lock. Sometimes I wish that I had married a carpenter or a plumber. It must he lovely to have a man who can use tools constantly in the house." And as for the woman’s husband, he put aside his book impatiently and arose. “Well, get me the nails and the boards and a hammer and I’ll make that window hox for you that you’ve been pining for.” he sakl. "I’ll show you that I am as good as a carpenter any day in the week.”—Providence Journal. Sailor Now German Prisoner. Men serving on the destroyer Jacob Jones of the American fleet in foreign waters had a terrific fight with the sea after their ship had been sunk by a German submarine. The attack came suddenly, late In the afternoon. Al though every effort was made to re turn the fight and save the ship, she finally settled and went down. Many of the men got Into the boats and on the rafts and a great number were seen swimming in the sea. Two of these were picked jip by the Germans. One of these men, John Francis Mur phy, Is now held as a prisoner by the Germans. After having gone through the ordeal of being torpedoed Murphy made a heroic struggle to save mem bers of the ship’s crew. No further news has been heard from him beyond the fact that he is held prisoner in Germany. Murphy was a ship’s cook, first class, on the Jones. Wanted Reduction. “Now, here is a showcase," said the dealer, pointing to a peculiar-looking specimen of his wares, “that is bound to become popular. It magnifies ev erything put in it to double its natural size.” “Can’t use it in my business,” re plied the prospective customer. “What I want is a case that will seemingly reduce the actual size of its contents fully one-half.” “What is your line?” asked the dealer. “My specialty is ladles' shoes.” Ghost Photographs. Those who are looking for novelty in photography may find it interesting to take a photograph of a ghost. Of course it will be a “fake” g iost. Get a friend to pose as the “ghost” and expose your negative allowing one third of the prope** time. Then let the “ghost” leave the room ami expose the negative for the remaining two thirds of the proper exposure. Of course the camera must not be moved and the "ghost” may he draped in white. Want Rabbits for Food. Shortage of meat has revived the popularity of the rabbit in England, and the Guilford food control commit tee has asked the town council to finance a scheme for starting a rabbit warren in order to increase the food supply. It Is estimated that, begin ning with 40 fame rabbits here would be 4.000 at the end of the season, and os the initial cost would be only S3OO, the venture would prove very profit able. One Secure. “There may be meat and egg and milk trusts, but there never could b a successful vegetable trust.” “Why not?” “Because there would be sure to b< a leek in it somewhere.” Seems That Way. Baron —Conservation is the thinj Just now. Egbert—Then I suppose the mai who makes two blades of grass grow where only one grew before is in <ji ß grace?