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Albert K EX-GUNNER AND CHIEF PETT^OFFICE^HJrS^NAVY. ** MEMBER. OF THE FOREIGN LEGION OF FRANCE CAPTAIN GUN TURRET. FRENCH BATTLESHIP tASSAKD y? WINNER OF THE CROIX DE GUERRE Gopyntht. 1911. by Roly and Drrnon Cos.. Throug) Special Anantament W* iht George Mtohew Aden Servica DEPEW GETS HIS FIRST EXPERIENCE IN THE FRONT LINE TRENCHES AT DIXMUDE. Synopsis.—Albert N. Depew. author of the story, tells of his service In the United States navy, during which he attained the rank of chief petty officer, flrst-clnss gunner. The world war starts soou after he receives his honorable discharge front the navy, and he leaves for France with a 'leterminntlon to enlist. He Joins the Foreign Legion and is assigned to the dreadnought Cnssnrd, where his marksmanship wins him high honors. Later he Is transferred to the lund forces and sent to the Flanders front. CHAPTER IV—Continued. In the communication trench you have to keep your distance from the man ahead of you. This Is done so that you will have plenty of room to fall down in. and because If a shell should find the trench, there would be fewer casualties In an open formation than In a closed. The German artil lery is keen on communication trenches, and whenever they spot one they stay with it a long time. Most of them are camoullaged along the top and sides, so that enemy nvlutors can not see anything but the earth or bushes, when they throw uu eye down on our lines. We took over our section of the front line trenches from a French line regiment that had been on the job for 24 days. That was the longest time I have heard of uny troops remaining on the firing line. Conditions at the front and ways of fighting arc changing all the time, as each side invents new methods of butchering, so when I try to describe the Dlxmude trenches, you must real ize that it Is probably Just history by now. If they are still using trenches there they probably look entirely dif ferent. But when I was at FMxraude they were something like this: Behind the series of front-line trenches are the reserve trenches; in this case five to seven miles away, and still farther back are the billets. These may be houses or barns or ruined churches —any place that can possibly be used for quartering troops when off duty. Troops were usually in the front line trenches six to eight days, and fourteen to sixteen days in the reserve trenches. Then back to the billets for six or eight days. We were not allowed to change our clothing In the front-line trenches — not cveu to remove socks, unless for Inspection. Nor would they let you as much as unbutton your shirt, unless there was an Inspection of Identifica tion disks. We •store a disk at the wrist and another around the neck. You know the gag about the disks, of course: If your arm is blown off they can tell who you are by the neck disk; tf your head is blown off, they do not care who you are. In the reserve trenches you can make yourself more comfortable, but you cannot go to such extreme lengths of luxury ns changing your clothes en tirely. That Is for billets, where you spend most of your time bathing, changing clothes, sleeping and eating. Believe me, a billet is great stuff; It is like a sort of temporary heaven. Of course you know what the word “cooties” means. Let us hope you will never know what the cooties themselves mean. When you get in or near the trenches, you take a course in the natural history of bugs, lice, rats and every kind of pest that has ever been invented. It Is funny to see some of the new comers when they firs* discover a cootie on them. Some of them cry. If they really knew whrt It was going to he like they would do worse than that, maybe. Then they start hunting all over each other, just like monkeys. They team up for this purpose, and many times It Is in this way that a couple of men get to be trench partners and come to be pals for life —which may not be a long time nt that. , In the front-l'ne trenches it Is more comfortable to tall asleep on the para pet fire-step than In the dugouts, be cause the cooties are thicker down below, and they simply will not give you a minute’s rest. They certainly are active little pests. We used to make back scratchers out of certain weapons that had flexible handles, but never had time to use them when we needed them most. We were given bottles of a liquid which smelled like lysol and were sup posed to soak our clothes in It. It was thought that the cooties would object to the smell and quit work. Well, a cootie that could stand our clothes without the dope on them would not be bothered by a little thing like this stuff. Also, our clothes got so sour and horrible smelling that they hurt our noses worse than the cooties. They certainly were game little devils, and came right back at us. So most of the pollus threw the dope at Frit* and fought the cooties hand to hand. There was plenty of food In the trenches most of the time, though once u a while, during a heavy bombard ment. the fatigue—usually a corporal’s guard—would get killed In the com munication trenches and we would not have time to get out to the fatigue and rescue the grub they were bringing. Sometimes you conld not find either the fatigue or the grub when you got to the point where they had been hit. But. as I say. we were well fed most of the time, and got second and third helpings until we had to open our belts. But ns the Limeys say: “Gaw blimey, the chuck was rough." They served a thick soup of meat and vege tables In bowls the size of wash ba sins. black coffee with or without sugar—mostly without I —and plenty of bread. Also, we had preserves In tins, just like the Limeys. If you send any par cels over, do not put any apple and plnm jam In them or the man who gets It will let Fritz shoot him. Ask any Limey soldier and he will tell yon the same. I never thought there was so much Jam In the world. No Man’s Land looked like a city dump. Most of 11s took It. after a while, Just to get the bread. Early lu the war they used the tins to make bombs of, hut that was before Mills came along with his hand grenade. Lnter on they flat tened out the tins and lined the dug outs with them. Each man carried an emergency ra tion in his bag. This consisted of bully beef, biscuits, etc. This ration was never used except in n real emergency, because no one could tell when It might mean the difference between life and death to him. When daylight catches u man In a shell hole or at a listening post out In No Man’s Land he does not dare to crawl back to his trench before nightfall, and then Is the time that his emergency ration comes in handy. Also, the stores failed to reach us sometimes, ns I lmve said, and we had to use the emergency rations. Sometimes we received rnw meat and fried it in our dugouts. We built regular clny ovens In the dugouts, with iron tops for broiling. This, of course, was In the front-line trenches only. We worked two hours on the fire step and knocked off for four hours. In which time we cooked and ate and slept. This routine was kept up night nnd day, seven days a week. Some times the program was changed; for instance, when there was to be an at tack or when Fritz tried to come over and visit, but otherwise nothing dis turbed our routine unless It was a gas attack. The ambition of most privates Is to become a sniper, as the official sharp shooters are called. After a private has been In the trenches for six months or a year and has shown his marksmanship, he becomes the great man he has dreamed about. We had two snipers to each company and be cause they took more chances with their lives than the ordinary privates they were allowed more privileges. When It was at nil possible our snipers were allowed dry quarters, the best of food, and they did not have to follow the usual routine, but eume and went as they pleased. Our snipers, as a rule, went over the parapet about dusk, Just before Fritz got his star shells going. They would crawl out to shell craters or tree stumps or holes that they had spotted during the day—ln other words, places where they could see the enemy parapets but could not be seen themselves. Once In position, they would make themselver comfort able, smear their tin hats with dirt, get a good rest for their rifles and snipe every German they saw. They wore extra bandoleers of cartridges, since there was no telling how many rounds they might fire during the night. Sometimes they had direct and visible targets and other times they potted Huns by guesswork. Usually* tney crawled back just before day light, hut sometimes they were out 24 hours at a stretch. They took great pride In the number of Germans they knocked over, and if our men did not get eight or ten they thought they had not done a good night’s work. Of course it was not wholesale killing, like machine gunning, but It was very useful, because our snipers were al ways laying for the German snipers, and when they got Sniper Fritz they saved just so many of our lives. The Limeys have a great little ex pression that means lot: “Carry on." They say It is a cockney expression. \ They Potted Hum by Guess Work. When a captain fails In action, his words are r.ot s message to the girl he left behind him or any dope about his gray-halred mother, but “Carry on. Lieutenant Whosis." If the lieutenant gets his it Is “Carry on. Sergeant Jacks," and so on as far as it goes. So the words used to mean. “Take over the command and do the job right.” But now they mean not only that but “Keep up your courage, and go to It.” One man will say It to another sometimes when he thinks the first man Is getting downhearted, bnt more often, if he is a Limey, he will start kidding him. our men, of course, did not say “Carry on,” and in fact they did not have any expression in French that meant exactly the same thing. But they used to cheer each other along, all right, and they passed along the ci jnmand when It was necAsary, too. I wonder what expression the Ameri can troops will use. (You notice I do not call them Sammies!) I took my turn at listening post with the rest of them, of course. A listen ing post Is any good position out In No Man’s Land, nnd is always held by two men. Their Job Is to keep a live ear on Fritz and In case they hear any thing that sounds very much like an attack one mau runs bnck to his lines and the other stays to hold hack the Boches ns long as he can. You can figure for yourself which Is the most healthful Job. As many times as I went on listen ing-post duty I never did get to feel ing homelike there exactly. You have to He very still, of course, ns Fritz Is listening, too, nnd a move may menn a bullet In the ribs. So, lying on tHe ground with hardly a change of posi tion. the whole lower part of my body would go to sleep before I had been at the post very long. I used to brag a lot about how fast I could run, so I had my turn as the runner, which suited me nil right. But every time I got to a listening post and started to think about what I would do If Fritz should come over and wondered how good a runner he was, I took a long breath nnd said, ‘‘Feet, do your duty." And I was strong on duty. After 1 hnd done my stunt In the front-line nnd reserve trenches I went back with my company to billets, but had only been there for a day or two before I was detached nnd detailed to the nrtillery position to the right of us, whore both the British and French had mounted natal guns. There were guns of all calibers there, both naval and field pieces, and I got a good look at the famous "75’s,’’ which are the best guns In the world, In my estima tion, and the one thing that saved Verdun. The “75V fired .'lO shots a minute, where the best the German guns could do was six. The American three-inch field piece lets go six times a minute, too. The French government owns the secret of the mechanism that made this rapid fire possible. When the first “75’s" began to roar, the Germans knew the French had found anew weapon, so they were very anxious to get one of the guns and learn the secret. Shortly afterward they captured eight guns by a mass attack In which, the allies claim, there were 4,000 Ger man troops killed. The Boches studied the guns nnd .rled to turn out pieces like them at the Krupp factory. But somehow they could not get it. Their Imitation ‘‘7s’s’’ would only fire five shots very rapidly nnd then “cough”— puff, puff, puff, with nothing coming out. The destructive power of the “75’s” is enormous. These guns have saved the lives of thousands of pollus and Tommies and It Is largely due to them that the French are now able to beat Fritz at his own game and give back shell for shell—nnd then some. CHAPTER V. With the “75'5." My pal Brown, of whom I spoke be fore, had been put in the Infantry when he enlisted In the Legion, be cause he had served in the United States Infantry. He soon became a sergeant, which had been his r ating In the American service.. I never saw him In the trenches, because our out fits were nowhere near each other, but whenever we were in billets at the same time, we were together as much as possible. Brown was a funny card and I never saw anyone else much like him. A big, tall, red headed, dopey-looking fel low, never saying much nnd slow In everything he did or said—you would never think he amounted to much or was worth his salt. The boys used to call him “Ginger” Brown, both on ac count of his red hair and his slow movements. But he would pull a sur prise on you every once in a while, like this one that he fooled me with. One morning about dawn we started out for a walk through what used to be Dixmude —piles of stone and brick and mortar. There were no civvies to be seen; only mules and horses bring ing up casks of water, bags of beans, chloride of lime, barbed wire, ammu nition. etc. It was a good thing we were not superstitious. At that, the shadows along the walls made me feel shaky sometimes. Finally Brown said: “Come on down; let’s see the ‘7s’s ’ ” At this time I had not seen a “75,” except on a train going to the front, so I took him up right away, but was surprised that he should know where they were. After going half way around Dix mude Brown said, “Here we are,” and started right into what was left of a big house. I kept wondering how he would know so much about it, but fol lowed him. Inside the house was a passageway under the ruins. It was nbout seven feet wide and fifty feet long, I should judge. At the other end was the great old “75,” poking its nose out of a hole in the wall. The gun captain and the crew were sitting around waiting the word for action, and they seemed to know Brown well. I was surprised at that, but still more so when he told NO TRUTH IN TRADITION Old Legend of the Drowning of Prin cess in Petrograd Fortress Proved to Be Without Foundation. .The fortress of SS. Peter and Paul, in Petrograd, has an evil reputation as the former place of Imprisonment of many of Russia’s idealists, includ ing Prince Kropotkin and Madame Breshkovsky; but one blot on Its ’scutcheon is removed by an illustrated article in the London Sphere. The article reproduces a painting by the Russian nrtlst Flavltsky. showing a beautiful woman standing on her bed In a cell In this prison, seeking to es cape the rising waters of a flood that threatens her life. This was the Prin cess Tarakanova, who had incurred the enmity of Catherine the Great. The tradition is that she was drowned, by order of the empress, during the In undation of 1777. The Sphere, how ever. shows that she died of tuberculo sis two years before the flood swept through the fortress. Thus this gloomy prison and the great empress are re lieved of one of the tragedies with which they have been associated. — The Outlook. Cockney Repartee. Some of the senior boys from a Vauxhall school’s literary class were taken to the old Vic to see *The Mer chant of Venice.” When Shylock. In the court scene, was urgently demanding his pound of flesh, a bright cockney boy, In eager tones, cried out to the Judge. “HI. you 1 Ask him for his meat card!” —London Tit-Bits. Queen Wilhelmlna of Holland is'a practical dairymaid. She can milk a cow, churn and make excellent bread. WAUSAU PILOT me I could examine the gun If I wanted to. Just as If he owned It. So I sat In the seat and trained the a '>BB wires on an object, opened nnd closed the breech and examined the recoil. Then Brown said: “Well. Chink, you’ll see some real gunnery now,” and they passed the word and took sta tions. My eyes bulged out when I saw Brown take his station with them 1 “Silence!” Is about the first com mand a gun crew gets when It Is going Into action, but I forgot all about It, and shouted out and asked Brown how he got to he a gunner. But he only grinned and looked dopey, as usual. Then I caine to and expected to get a call down from the officer,.but he only grinned and so did the crew. It seems they had It all framed to spring on me, nnd they expected 1 would be surprised. So we put cotton In our cars and the captain enlled the observation tower a short distance away and they guve him the range. Then the captain “called 4128 meters” to Brown. They placed the nose of a Hhell lq. a fuse adjuster and turned the hundle until it reached scale 4128. This set the fuse to explode at the range given. Then they slammed the shell Into the breech, locked It shut and Brown sent his best to Fritz. The barrel slipped bnck, threw out the shell case at our feet and returned over a cushion of grease. Then we received the results by telephone from We Started Right Into What Was Left of a Big House. the observation tower. After he had fired twelve shots the captain said to Brown, “You should never waste your self In Infantry, son.” And old dopey Brown Just stood there and grinned That was Brown every time. He knew about more things than you could think of. He had read about gunnery and fooled around at Dlxmude until they let him play with the “75’5,” and finally here he was, giving his kindest to old Fritz with the rest of them. Members of the Foreign Le gion, all soldiers of fortune, swear vengeance when they see the Germans place Belgian wom en and children In front of them as shields against the enemy’s fire. Gunner Depew tells about this in the next installment. (TO BE CONTINUED.) LEARNING WHITE MAN’S WAYS Eskimos Said to Be Making Gratify* ing Progress as a Result of Mis sionaries’ Teachings. On Hersohel Island, where the sun shines continuously for eight weeks In summer, the Eskimos had a sun dance, not always clothed In the garments of propriety, a writer in an exchange says. They had an Idea that when the sun came back Its movements were direct ed by an Invisible power, hut they had no tangible conception of a God. They had no belief in a future life, either of reward or punishment. Today they are religious, truthful, kind to their children and to the aged. They are ambitious to learn; they are practical, extremely Industrious, sanitary In their habits, well clothed and well housed. Insanity Is unknown, but tu berculosis is common. They whale In summer and trap In winter. They are clever In trading, good workers on land, water and ice, and take excellent care of their house hold effects. Tools, If broken, are neatly repaired. When on Herschel Island or at Fort McPherson, they eat the white man’s food with great rel ish. In summer they eat their fish and blubber raw and In winter frozen. They like food cooked, but it is a matter of indifference to them. They will bar ter for the white man’s food, eat a hearty meal of it, and then go out and eat blubber and raw fish as dessert. The contents of a deer’s stomach they consider a great delicacy. Luxury Market Hard Hit. “Don’t try to sell luxuries in New Zealand.” This is the advice United States Consul General Winslojv gives American merchants in a commerce report. , No. New Zealand is not pinched for money. Its wallet is well filled. “There is no particular necessity foi retrenchment,” as the consul puts it, but the public is opposed to the pur* chase of luxuries, especially luxuries that have to be imported, thereby u ing tonnage needed to head off the U-boats. Trinidad, too, and the whole of the British West Indies, Is abstaining from use of Imported goods. This has caused the population to change Its whole menu, for many foodstuffs were for merly imported. Now the people eai home-grown plants that only the ani mals ate before. They like the new diet so well they say they will nevei again Import any staple food except corameaL Of Course. A young author said to William Deac Howells at a recepdon in the latter*! honor In Miami: “That was Astorbllt who just asked you for your autograph, sir. You don’t seem much Impressed.” “I can never understand," said Mr. Howells, “why people should be in> pressed by millionaires. My own e perience has been that whenever yoa lunch with them they always let you pay.-* The yonng author laughed gaily. “That of course. Is how they becomi millionaires. Isn’t it?" he Mid. Turtle Eggs. The eggs of the turtle vary In nno her from CO to 100, and at first they resemble damp parchment in their tex- PLAN FOR SECURING BEST PRODUCING POTATO SEED FOR FOLLOWING SEASON ■-...nK Harvesting Potatoes—Seed Should Be Selected From the Beet Plats. (Prepared by the United Staten Depart ment of Agriculture.) Do not wait until plnnting time next spring to select your seed potatoes. Do not even wait until harvest time this fall. Begin now by making a study of the plunts. This is the plan that should be followed by potato growers who want to have seed that will pro duce the highest yields. Potato grow ers should have n seed plat, which may or may not be a part of the main crop, and from the best-growing, disease-re sistant plants in this plat, which pro duce high yields of marketable-sized potatoes, select their seed for the fol lowing year. An area of one-tenth or one-fifteenth of the entire acreage will usually provide sufficient seed for the following season’s planting. While it is an advantage to start the seed plat with selected material the work may be begun during the grow ing season with any good stock of promising quality planted in suitable soil and properly cared for. The best portion of the field therefore should be selected for the seed plat. It should be well drained, frequently cultivated nnd thoroughly sprayed. Inspect Seed Plat. Several times during the growing season the seed plut should be inspect ed. All weak, degenerate and diseased hills and those showing varietal mix tures should be pulled, so that only the progeny of healthy hills of the correct variety will remain at harvest KEEP FARM MACHINERY BUSY Lazy Binder Works Only Forty Days in Eleven Years—“Work-or-Fight” Policy Applicable. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) The work-or-flght policy should be applied to farm machinery as well as to men. Though machines cannot fight they can be put to work on many occa sions Instead of standing idle in the barn lot. Most farm machines and im plements are capable of doing much more work than they usually do, and the more they are used the less man labor will be required on the farm. Three men with a corn binder, one op erating the machine and two gathering and shocking the bundles, will cut from seven to ten acres a day, while four or five acres would be a fair day’s work for the same three men cutting corn by hand. The average corn hinder 'nsts about eleven years, but during that time does only about forty days’ actual work, There is no doubt that it could render several times this much service before wearing out if there were more work to do. There seems to be very little relation between the amount of work done annually by a corn binder and the years of service. The bulletin refers to a survey con ducted in New York state which show ed that the more the corn binder could be used each year the less the cost of cutting the corn when the cost of using the binder was taken into considera tion. Two hundred and thirty-three of the 438 binders on which data were ob tained, cut 15 acres or less annually at a cost of $9.78 per day used aind $1.67 per acre. The remaining 225 cut over 15 acres annually, averaging 32% acres, at a cost of $3.24 per day of service and 57 cents per acre. The orig inal cost of one of these, binders was nbout $125. Thus If there is only one or two days’ work for the hinder to do each year, the cost of cutting the corn with it will be so great that its use will not be advisable unless it is impossible to cut the corn by other methods with )ut seriously neglecting other work. If this is the case, the bulletin recom mends that two or three neighbors, rnch of whom has only a small crop, romhine in the purchae and operation of n corn hinder. The first investment required of each and the machinery cost per acre will then lie greatly re duced. This plan should not only ap ply ro com hinders, but to other la bor-saving machinery. CREAM SEPARATOR IS HANDY Many of Our Farmers Are Neglecting Important Matter of Thorough Separation of Milk. Approximately one-half of our farm ers are still neglecting the important matter of thorough separation of the milk which their herds produce. As a result, from 10 to 25 per cent of the total production of butterfat is not made available to the consumer. The use of the crea*n separator is worthy of encouragement as an instrument capable of increasing the quantity of food available for human consumption. USE FOR POULTRY AND EGGS Considerable Portion of Increase This Year Should Be Used on Farmer's Own Table. (Prepared by the Unjted States Depart ment of A^ric’.l'ure.) Asa matter of busvess foresight and economy, as well as patriotism, farmers who increase their production of poultry and eggs this year should plan to use a considerable part of the increase on their own tables. Hogs Must Have Pasture. Raising hogs without plenty of pas ture. especially in the West where the grain crop Is often short, is a los ing venture. increasing Meat Supply. The American hen has no equal when it come-.: to the quickest and cheapest way of increasing our meat supply. Increase Production of Poult'y. One way to increase poultry produc tion Is to baqish chicken mites from infested hen roosts. time. Plants showing stem rot either at or below the surface of the soil, plants developing any type of abnormal rolling of the leaves, those with mot tled or crinkled leaves, and any plants that are stunted, weakened or that make unthrifty growth, should be dis carded. If practicable It is best to dig the seed plat by hand, care being taken to elmlnate all low-yielding hills and those producing an undue proportion of small or unshapely tubers. In harvesting, avoid unnecessary cutting, bruising or other injury, since the vitality of dam aged tubers is reduced. Gather nnd store the seed potatoes in slat crates, l’iace them as soon as possible ufter harvesting in a cool reasonably moist sioruge house provided with good ven tilation and maintained at a tempera ture of 30 to 40 degrees F. Work Stock Over Carefully. Before the next planting time the stock should be carefully worked over to remove nil badly cut or bruised tu bers and those showing serious scab or black scurf and decay of any kind. Tu bers badly off type should also lie dis carded, as should any showing abnor mal discoloration of flesh, which can be seen, of course, only at the time of cutting. If scid) or black scurf is present in nny degree, it is advisable to treat the seed by covering for 30 minutes in a solution containing four ounces of corrosive sublimate to 30 gallons of water. VALUE OF INSECTICIDE ACT Farmers Have Pcen Saved Money by Prevention of Sale of Worth less Preparations. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) Both the farmer and the manufac turer have been benefited by the en forcement of the Insecticide act of 1910. Farmers have been supplied with in secticides and fungicides that will do what is claimed for them; and have been saved money by prevention of the sale of worthless, low grade, and short-weight preparations, nnd by pre vention of crop or live-stock losses through use of worthless Insecticides or fungicides. The legitimate manufacturer has been protected against the illegitimate manufacturer; confidence in insecti cides and fungicides has been created among farmers and stock raisers, and sales have increased; valuable infor mal ion regarding the manufacture and efficacy of insecticides and fungicides lias been given to the manufacturer, enabling him to prepare koocJ prenara tions and truthful labels. ADVANTAGES OF VETCH (Prepared by the United States De partment of Agriculture.• Vetches are gaining in favor In many parts of the United States, for they make excellent feed either green or as hay, and are exceedingly useful ns cov er or green manure crops. In some respects, particularly their use, they are similar to com mon red clover, but have the ad vantage of this crop in that they grow in certain soils and cli mates where clover does not thrive. About 20 wild kinds oc cur in this country and are com monly known as wild peas. Only two kinds, namely the common vetch and hairy vetch, are very extensively grown, hut other species are likely to become of increasing importance. DISPOSING OF CULL APPLES Discards Can Be Converted Into Cider and Vinegar—Outline of Sul phur Process. Dispose of cull apples hy turning them into cider. Sell all the cider you can profitably and convert the rest In to cider vinegar. Cider can he kept sweet by the sulphur process. Use a clean barrel and st rained cider. Melt a sulphur stick in a pan. and absorb it in clean clothes. Fill the barrel three-fourths full of cider. Wrap the sulphurated cloth on a stick, insert it in the barrel through the bunghole and set it afire. When burned so that the rag no longer blazes freely, re move, drive in the hung quickly, and then thoroughly agitate the contents until the cider is thoroughly impreg nated with the sulphur fumes. It will keep perfectly. LARGER PEANUT-OIL OUTPUT Bigger Yield Expected Because of In creasing World Shortage of Oils and Fats. fPrepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) Because of the increasing world shortage of fats and oils and with the large crop of peanuts grown in this 'country tn 1917, the peanut-oil out put in 1917-18 is expected to he much larger than that of any previous sea son. Lumpyjaw of Cattie. Uuropyjaw of cattle is caused hy a fungus living and growing within the tissues c! the bones of the Jaw, be ! neath the skin of the jaw, in the j tongue, about the throat or occasion • ally In the lungs. War Garden Enthusiasm. Don’t let your war-garden enthusi asm evaporate with the perspiration. Job for ar. Off Day. A rainy-day job: Repair and oil the harness. ABOUT OUR SHOES Buttoned Footgear Uses More Leather Than the Laced. Bpata Likely to Be Strongly In Favor Again as Well as Knitted ' Woolen Stockings. Every woman with her eyes open must have noticed that bntton shoes are little worn, and no doubt the fact that lace shoes are, us a general thing, neater and trimmer and more easily kept In condition has a good deal to do with thh, declares u fashion writer. The fact that button shoes use up quite i\ little bit more leather than lace shoes Is the big reason behind their disappearance from fashion, say those who know. It does seem a very little leather to save, doesn't It,? But then this Is the duy when we appreciate the importance of very small things; the suving of a slice of bread a day, a lump of sugar or a half pound of meat —trilles that we are assured amount to enormous proportions In the aggre gate. From the point of view of good sense pure and simple, we might wish that shoes for autumn werq not going to he so thinly soled. Thicker soles are warmer and dryer and do not need re pairing so often, bnt the government has decreed that for civilians no soles shall be of more than very moderate thickness, the exact thickness being set down by the rules In definite terms. Since the height of shoes Is to be limited to eight und a half or nine Inches, there is every reason to believe that low shoes will be worn to a very great extent, even In cool weather. We are not in love with a low high shoe, though we find the Oxford entirely satisfactory; and, of course, if the nine-inch shoe Is a conservation and patriotic shoe, the low shoe Is even more so. To prevent the low shoe from being the cause of colds and chills, women will wear spats again as fondly as they did two seasons ago, or perhaps they will take to heavier stockings. Some women, you know, wore knitted woolen stockings last winter with low shoes, and found the combination warmer than high shoes and the usual thin stockings. LEGHORN HAT IS A FAVORITE Some ef This Season’s Styles Are Em broidered Directly Upon the Hat- Other Decorations. Exquisitely simple was a leghorn hat of the ever-pleasing “picture” shape, with a flat crown and droop ing brim, A wide blue ribbon of sil ver luster and velvety softness was drawn around the high crown, cov ering It at one side and crushed at the other end in a loose bow with scarf ends which hung over the brim. Tucked in about the lower edge of the ribbon were roses, alternating w ith tiny clusters of grapes. Avery nar row binding of the blue edged the brim. Upon another large leghorn was laid, to all appearances, an entire hat of lavender georgette crepe. The crown was soft; the brim, stiffened with tiny wires, reached almost to the edge of the leghorn brim and was fastened se curely to it. About the crown were more soft folds of the crepe. In front was a large cluster of lilacs, reddish Persian blooms and purple blossoms, opened to disclose their bluish petals. NO WASTE IN WAR-TIME GOW . < The American designers are doing their utmost to eliminate waste on all materials, so as to meet the present war demands. This gown is one of the most striking in that respect. Not an unnecessary inch of material has been used. Tie gown pictured here is of navy serge with long black fringe and sun rays of silk in black. TIMELY HINTS Evening capes have collars made of silk flowers sewed very close to gether. Ostrich feathers are much used on hats, but usually flat under a veiling of tulle. Pink silk gingham trimmed with pink organdie makes an unusually smart frock. Ratine and spotted batiste, and even mull make the wartime garden party gowns. A yellow bathing suit is girdled with blue, and has pockets of yellow and blue stripes. Among the ornaments seen on the summer hats are silk flowers painted bf hand. The untrimmed low-cut necks of dresses are becoming only to plump and lovely throats. Collar Versions Vary. Different versions of the deep sailor collar are frequently used on the open necked blouses, as are other flat col lars with long or wide, round or square front points. There are coliars which SUIT FOR OCEAN BATHING Mu&aauoe T / , BBBaHawßfc ■HHWraUHMfii Asa last gasp in practical bathing suits—purple wool Jersey slip-on, sim ply trimmed with a band of white; Jersey embroidered In black outache. The one-piece undergarment Is of black Jersey. In the heart of the cluster were two blue roses. Some of this season's leghorns are embroidered directly upon the hat, In stead of having flower wreaths or clus ters appliqued as embroideries, too, in solid diamonds, squares or scallops In conventional patterns all around the edge. One hat had a pattern of crim son triangles übout the brim. A clus ter of popples In the same shade was embroidered close up to the crown, but lay flat on the brim. AMONG FASHIONS AND FADS Intereating Notes That Will Aid Women In Selection of Styles That Are Mostly in Favcy*. A Breton sailor hat needs no trim ming. Cuffs may be circular and slightly bell shaped. The long waistcoat seems to bo much in favor. Every really smart frock boasts an apron effect. A coat of silk Jersey cloth has col lar of velour. The new bathing robes may be made of Scotch plaid. Many of the blouses are ornamented only by hern.tltchlng. Openwork stockings should always be worn with pumps. Still, the frilly blouse has no rival among fashionable blouses. The newest silk blouses are made very much like the sweater. Plush hats become very smart when worn with dotted net veils. A dress of soft leather is heavily studded with bea Is of many colors. Umbrellas are going to be longer, slimmer and with Ivory crook handles. Perfumes and sachets are supposed to have vanished since the war. Soothes Burning Feet. That burning sensation of the feet is ail too often an accompaniment of hot, sultry weather, but may be par tially, If not entirely, overcome with attention. Res! and keeping off the feet as ranch as possible is, of course, the most vital factor In the cure, and frequent bathing is another almost equally important. Wear easy shoes about the house and in the streets, avoid heavy soles and high heels, bathe the feet often in cold water and massage them with cocoa butter or olive oil. Dust a little talcum powder over the feet and Into the shoes before wearing tight shoes or those that bind the ankle. Summer Smock. It would be impossible to create a more artistic garment for summer wear than the smock. Young girls and slender women find It exceptionally becoming. The loose and straight but pli..Me lines of the smock conceal and even beautify defects, simulating a pleas ant roundness of figure. The materials used for them range from calico to georgette crepe. One very practical smock is very much like a large allover apron, for it buttons on the shoulders, is very long and shows huge pockets capable of bolding any necessary articles, frcm knitting to farming implements. Have You Slender Ankles? Women having thick ankles should practice ankle exercises every morn ing and night. Seated on a chair, bend the foot up and down from left to right, making each motion ten times before taking up the next. Of course the shoes should be removed, and one foot exercised at a time. Another very good exercise consists in rising slov.ly on the toes, holding the position for a few seconds and sinking slowly back again. This should be repeated sev eral times and the length of time the exercises are practiced increased from day to day. are merely wide plaited frills, and there are various forms of the be coming rolling collar. There are also high stock collars and slightly flaring Eton collars. Cuffs show ail kinds of coquettish details, and though sim plicity is the watchword there is very little that is mannish about these 1918 blouses. Haa Side Openings. .ilouses with aide openings are very popular models at this moment, and many blouses basing this slip-on ef fect really fasten to this way, as do the vestee effects (Km a standpoint of convenience. The Turban Tendency. Recent millinery is tending toward turbans and everywhere you see silk and straw fashioned to fit close round the head. Some of the straws are in vivid tones of rose pink or blue; others are dark blue, black and white or brown. Some are shiny and fine, oth ers shiny and coarse, while others again are in a dull, stringy, hairy sort of material which is very attractive, especially when allied to 1 good shade.