Newspaper Page Text
By " Ex-Gunner and Chief Petty Officer. U.S. Navy a -a -I _ . Member of the Foreign Legion of France I |V| il iPnPW/’ Captain Gun Turret, French Battleship Cassard L W Winner of the Croix de Guerre CoPTrigbt, 1918, by Reilly nd B -itton Co-, Through Special Arrangement With the George Matthew Adams Service DEPEW GOES “OVER THE TOP’ AND GETS HIS FIRST GERMAN IN BAYONET FIGHT. Synopsis.—Albert N. Depew, author of the story, telis of his service In the United States navy, during which he attained the rank of chief petty officer, first-class gunner. The world war starts soon after he receives his honorable discharge from the navy, and he leaves for France with a determination to enlist. He joins the Foreign Legion and is assigned to the dreadnaught Cassard, where his marksmanship wins him high honors. Later he Is transferred to the land forces and sent to the Flanders front He f<“ts his first experience in a front line trench at Dixmude. Legionaries vow vengeance when Germans hide behind Bel gian women and children. CHAPTER Vl—Continued. — s— lieutenant came back with the stretcher bearers and he asked one of them, so the boy could not hear him, if the boy would live. The stretcher bearer said: “I don’t think so. One through his chest and right leg broken.” The boy had Kept quiet for a w’hile, but ali of a sudden he yelled. “Give me a cigarette!” I handed him a ciga rette butt that I had found in the dug out. We were all out of cigarettes. So they lit it for him and he kept quiet As soon as they could they got around the corner of the fire bay with him and through a communication trer ch to a field hospital. The lieu tenant and I walked a little way with him and he began to thank us, and he fold the lieutenant, “Old man, you have been a father and a mother to me.” And the lieutenant said to him: "You have done well, old boy. You have done more than your share." When they started into the commu nication trench the boy began to scream again. And the lieutenant acted like a wild man. He took out his cigarette case, but there were no cigarettes fn It, and then he swore and put it back again. But in a few min utes he had the case out again and was swearing worse than ever and talking to himself. "The hoy isn't dying like a gentie iiisr.’’ be said. “Why couldn’t he keep quiet.” I do not think he meant it. He was all nervous and excited and kept taking out his cigarette case and putting it back again. The other officer had gone on to in spect the sentries when the boy rolled into the trench and a poilu came up to tell us that the officer had been hit. We walked back to where I had been and there was the officer. If I had been there I would have got it too, I guess. He was an awful mess. The veins were sticking out of his neck and one side of him was blown off. Also, his foot was wounded. That is what shrapnel does to you. As I crawled past him I happened to touch his foot and he cursed me all over the place. But when I tried to say I was sorry I could not, for then he apolo gized and died a moment later. There was a silver cigarette case jsticking out of the rags where his side had been blown away and the lieutenant crossed himself and reached I ln and took out the case. But when he pried open the case he found that it had been bent and cracked and all the cigarettes were soaked with blood. He swore worse than ever, then, and 'threw his own case away, putting the other officer’s case in his pocket. At this point our own artillery be gan shelling and we received the order to stand to with fixed bayonets. When we- got the order to advance some of the men were already over the para pet and the whole bunch after them, and, believe me, I was as pale as a sheet, just scared to death. I think every man is when he goes over for the first time —every time for that matter. 3ut I was glad we were going to get some action, because it is hard to sit around in a trench under fire and have nothing to do. 1 had all I could do to hold my rifle. We ran across No Man’s Land. I cannot remember much about it. But when we got to the German trench I fell on top of a young fellow nud my bayonet went right through him. It was a crime to get him, at that. He was as delicate as a pencil. When I got back to our trenches after my first charge I could not sleep for a long time afterward, for remem bering what that fellow looked like and how my bayonet slipped into him and how he screamed when he fell. He had his legs and his neck twisted under him after he got it. I thought about it a lot and it got to be almost a habit that whenever I was going to sleep I would think about him and then all hope of sleeping was gone. Our company took a German trench that time and along with another company four hundred prisoners. We bad to retire because the men on our sides did not get through and we were being flanked. But we lost a lot of men doing it. When we returned to our trenches our outfit waa simply all in and we were lying around in the front line, tike a bunch of old rags in a narrow alley. None of us showed any signs of life except a working party that was digging with picks and shovels at some bodies that had been frozen Into the mud of the trench. I used to think all the Germans were big and fat and strong, and, of course, some of the grenadier regiments are, but lots of the Boches I saw were little and weak like this fellow I “got” in my first charge. lit was a good piece of work to take th prisoners and a novelty for me to look them in the face—the fellows I had been fighting. Because, when you look a Hun in the face, ( you can see the yellow streak. Even if you are their prisoner you can tell that the Huns are yellow. Maybe you have heard pigs being butchered. It sounded like that when we got to them. When they attacked us they yelled to bent the band, i guess they thought they could scare us. But you cannot scare machine guns nor the foreign legion either. So when they could not scare us they were up against it and had to fight. 1 will admit, though, tt/ t the first time Fritz came over and began yell iug I thought the whole G .Tninn army was after me, at that, and Kaiser Bill plgyiug the drum. And how they hate a jayonet! They would much rather ait in a ditch and pot you. I admit I am not crazy about bayo net fighting myself, as a general prop osition, but I wiil say that there have been times when I was serving a gun behind the front lines when I wished for a rifle and a bayonet in my hands and a chance at Fritz man to man. It was In this charge that our chap lain was put out of commission. As we were lined up, waiting to climb on to the fire step and then over the par apet, this chaplain came down the line speaking to each man as he went. He would not say much, but just a few words, ar.d then make the sign of the cross. He was in a black cassock. Ele was just one man from me as we got the word and stood up on the fire step. He was not armed with as much as a pin, but he jumped up on the step and stuck his head over the parapet and got it square, landing right beside me. I thought he was killed, but when we got back we found he was only wounded. The men who saw it were over the parapet before the order was given and then the whole bunch after them, because they, too, thought he was killed and figured he never tvould know how they came out about their vows. All the men in the company were glad when they found he was only wounded. While half of us were on the firing step throughout the day or night the other half would be in the dugouts or sitting around in the bottom of the trench, playing little games, or mend ing clothes or sleeping or cooking or doing a thousand and one things. The toen were always in good numor at such times and it seemed to me even more so when the enemy tire was heavy. If a man was slightly wounded down would come the rifles to order arms, and some poilu was sure to shout, “Right this way. One franc.” It was a standing joke and they always did it. The poilu who did it most was a Swiss and he was always playing a joke on somebody or imitating someone of us or making faces. We were all sorry when this Swiss “went west,” as the Limeys say, and we tried to keep up his jokes and say the same things and so forth. But they did not go very well after he was dead. He got his in the same charge in which the chaplain was wounded. He was one of the bunch that charged before the ordeg was given, when the chaplain got it, and was running pretty near me until we got to the Boche wire. I had to stop to get through, though must of it was cut up by artil lery fire, but he must have jumped it, for when I looked up ho was twenty or thirty paces ahead of me. We got to the Germans about that time and Stuck His Head Over the Parapet and Got It Square. I was pretty busy for a while. But soon I saw him again. He was pulling his bayonet out of a Boche when an other made a jab at him and stuck him in the arm. Then the Boche made a swing at him with his rifle, but the Swiss dropped on one knee and dodged it He kep' defending himself with his rifle, but there was another Ger man on him by this time and he could not get up. The corporal of our squad came up just about that time, but he was too late, because one of the Boches got to the Swiss with his bay onet. He did not have time to with draw it before our corporal stuck him. The other German made a pass at the corporal, hut he was too late. The corporal beat him to it and felled him ANGLING FOR RICH PATRONS How a New York Milliner Catches the Unwary Western Woman With Money. In Woman’s Home Companion, Corinne Lowe tells of the wiles used by a Fifth avenue milliner in mak ing the “Fern Piper” hat famous: “Those for whom the spider spread its web were not the wealthy and unfashionable women of New York, but wealthy and prompt customers from the mid. 'e West. These are the people who make money for every Fifth avenue specialty shop. And the only difficulty which now lay in our path was that this profitable cus tom always has to be secured through a reputation for serving the most fashionable members of New York so ciety, those notorious fashionables who are so sensitive to a second bill and who never think of paying their first one until at least six months have elap ed. “At first we did not have a single member of this sorority. What we did was to fal"' them. This was achieved by several ingenious meth with a terrific blow from his i itle butt. The Huns were pretty thick around there just as another fellow and my self came up. A Boche swung his rifle at the corporal and when he dodged it the Boche almost got me. The swing took him off his feet and (hen the cor poral did as pretty a bit of work as I ever saw. He Jumped for the Boche, who had fallen, landed on his face with both feet and gave tt to the next one with his bayonet all at the same time. He was the quickest man I ever saw. There were a couple of well-known savate men in the next company and I saw one of them get ui/'.er Fritz’s guara with his foot and, believe me, there was some force in that kick. He must Lave driven the German’s chin clear through the back of his neck. We thought It was pretty tough luck to lose both the chaplain ana the vil lage wit in the same charge, along with half of our officers, and then have to give up the trench. Every man in the bpnch was sore as a boil when we got back. CHAPTER VII. Stopping the Huns at Dixmude. I was standing in a communication trench that connected one of our front line trenches with a crater caused by the explosion of a mine. All around me men of the third line were coming up, climbing around, digging, hammer ing, shifting planks, moving sandbags up and down, bringing up new timbers, reels of barbed wire, iadders, cases of ammunition, machine guns, trench mortars —ali the things that make an army look like a general store on legs. The noise of the guns was just deaf ening. Our own shells passed not far above our heads, so close w’ere the enemy trenches, and the explosions were so near ard so violent that when you rested your rifle butt on something solid, like a rock, you could feel it shake and hum every time a shell landed. * Our first line was just on the out skirts of the town, in trenches that had been won and lost by noth sides many times. Our second line was in the streets and the third line was almost at the south end of the town. The Huns were hard at it, shelling the battered remains of Dixmude, and to the right stretcher bearers were working in lines so close that they looked like two parades passing each other. But the bearers from the com pany near me had not returned from the emergency dressing station and the wounded were piling up, waiting for them. A company of the 2me Legion Etran gere had just come up to take their stations in the crater, under the para pet of sandbags. A shell landed among them just before they entered the cra ter and sent almost a whole squad west, besides wounding several others. Almost before they occupied the crater the wires were laid and reached back to us, and the order came for us to remain where we were until further orders. Then we got the complete orders. We were to make no noise but were all to be ready in ten minutes. We put on goggles and respirators. In ten minutes the bombers were to leave the trenches. Three mines were to ex plode and then we were to take and hold a certain portion of the enemy trenches not far off. We were all ready to start up the ladders when they moved Nig’s section over to ours and he sneaked up to me and whis pered behind his hand, “Bea sport, Doc; make it fifty-fifty and gimme a chance.” I did not have any idea what he meant and he had to get back to his squad. Then the bombers came up to the ladders, masked and with loaded sacks on their left arms. “One min ute now,” said the officers, getting on their own ladders and drawing their revolvers —though most of the officers of the Legion charged with rifle and bayonet like their men. Then—Boom! Slam! Bang!—and the mines went off. “Allez!” and then the parapet was filled with bayonets and men scram bling and crawling and falling and get ting up again. The smoke drifted back on as, and then our own machine guns began ahead of us. Up toward the front the bombers were fisb**vj in their bags in 1 throw ing, just „rke boys alter a rat along the docks. The black smoke frem the “Jack Johnsons” rolled over vs and probably there was gas, too, but could not te’i. The front lines had taken their trenches and gone on and you could see them, when you stood on a para pet, running about l!k hounds through the enemy communication trenches, bombing out dugou f s, disarming pris oners—very scary-looking In their masks and goggles. The wounded were coming back 3lowly. Then we got busy with our work in the dugouts and communication trenches and fire bays, with bayonets and bombs, dig ging the Boches out and sending them “west.” And every once in a while a Fritz on one side would step out and yell “Kamerad.” while, like as not, on ods. One of these was to pay $lO a week each to the chauffeurs of Mrs. Philip Rhinestewart and of Mrs. Clin ton De Salle Rives for driving their crested limousines up before our doors when these same ultra-fashion able employers were otherwise en gaged. The empty limousines were extremely efficacious, and it was not long before the women who were try ing to get into fashionable society were impressed. One by one they came to us. “Meanwhile, we were also paying the clerks of two of the smartest of New York's hotels to recommend Fern Piper to their rich out-of-town pa trons." Limit Your Desires. Put a limit to your desires. That is better on the whole than to have un bounded means of gratifying them. Do not let yourself so much as wish that you were as rich as one acquaint ance or as cart free as another. Do not open your heart to the uneasy crav ings whose apper:***? increase the more they are fed. Content comes from controlling onr desires rather than from gratifying them. —Girl’s Com panion. the other side, his pal would pot vou with a revolver when you started TP pick him up, thinking he was wounded. Then we stood aside at the entrance to a dugout and some Boches came out in single file, shouting “Kamerad’' for all they were worth. One of them had his mask and face blown off; yet he was trying to talk, with the tears rolling down over the raw flesh. He died five minutes later. One night, while I was lying back In the trench trying not to think of any thing and go to sleep the bombs began to get pretty thick around there, and when I could not stand It any longer I rushed out into the bay of the fire trench and right up against the para pet, where it was safer. Hundreds of star shells were being sent up by both sides and the field and the trenches were as bright cs day. All up and down the trenches our men were dodging about, keeping out of the way of the bombs that were being thrown in our faces. It did not seem as if there was any place where It was possible to get cover. Most of the time I was picking dirt out of my eyes that explosions had driven into them. If you went into a dugout the men already in there would shout, “Don’t stick In a bunc I ;—spread out!” While The Bombers Were Fishing In Their Bag and Throwing. you were in a dugout you kept expect ing to be buried alive a.nd when you went outside you thought the Boches were aiming at you direct —and there was no place at all where you felt safe. But the fire bay looked better than the other places to me. I had not been there more than a few minutes when a big one dropped in and that bay was just one mess. Out of the 24 men in the bay only eight escaped. When the stretcher bearers got there they did not have much to do in the way of rescue —It was more pallbear er’s work. A stretcher bearer was picking up one of the boys, when a grenade land ed alongside of him and you could not find a fragment of either of them. That made two that landed within twelve feet of me; yet I was not even scratched. When I got so that I could move I went over to where the captain was standing, looking through a periscope over the parapet. I was very nervous and excited and was afraid to speak to him, but somehow I thought I ought to ask for orders. But I could not say a word. Finally a shell whizzed over our heads —just missed us, it seemed like, and I broke out: “What did you see? What’s all of the new’s?” and so on. I guess I chattered like a monkey. Then he yelled: “You’re the gunner officer. You’re just in time —I’ve lo cated their mortar batteries.” Depew has an exciting experi ence in a Zeppelin raid, as told in next installment. (TO BE CONTINUED.) CARE FOR SOLDIERS’ FEET Army Authorities Particular That Ti ere Shall Be Little Trouble in That Respect. “How is Uncle Sam able to raise suf ficient funds to shoe his children?” we might ask just now, when the prices of shoes are soaring almost above the average purse. This question was, however, an swered at a recent meeting in Atlan tic City of the American Leather Chem ists’ association, which was also at tended by several members of the American Chemical society. Their dis cussion on this subject proved most conclusively that the boys in service are being provided with the finest qual ity leather in their army shoes and that It is surpassed by none. Another interesting fact developed in the?r discussion —that the army shoes are made with the flesh side of the hide outside. In this way grease may be readily applied to the leath er from time to time In order to keep it waterproof. It was most gratifying to learn that in every first-aid kit the soldier carries a tube of paste to apply to the feet in order to prevent trench sores, which were so common In the early days of the war. These sores are caused by the alkaline water In the trenches, but if the feet are promptly protected by an inert grease r.o such bad effects result. Thus we see that Uncle Sam is deal ing with the question of the army shoe from the soldiers’ viewpoint of com fort and protection, as well as from his own standpoint of the wearing quali ties. The government recognizes that the soldiers’ feet are his best friend and it is doing everything to help to keep them so. Skeptical of German Starvation. The latest “well-informed” and anonymous correspondents who oblig inglv give us a picture of food con ditions in Germany do not add any thing material to previous stories of the kind. We are not greatly im pressed by the reported offer of a ham for £11; “well-informed neutrals” have provided us with much higher quota tions in the past. Judging by the way in which Berlin has consistently been reported to be starving since the au tumn of 1914. the Boehe must by now have.acqnired the art of living entire ly on air—or “substitutes.” —London Globe. Get Wise. Vaudt-rhoof Herald—lf yon feel tfMX the whole world is against you, get in line; the world may be right about it. —Boston Transcript. WAUSAU PILOT LEHIHE-TROTZKY KAISEiTSAGENTS Papers Secured by U. S. Show Vreachery of Bolshevik Chiefs. BETRAYED RUSSIA FOR GOLU Documents Given Member of Commit tee on Public Information Also Reveal How Germany Plotted Against U. S. in 1914. Washington.—Proofs removing any doubts that Nicolai Leon Trotzky, the bolshevik leaders, are paid German agents —if indeed any doubts have remained —are laid before the world by the United States gov ernment in an amazing series of offi cial documents disclosed through the committee on public information. Secured in Russia by Edgar G. Sis son, representing the committee (who was in that country during last win ter, 1917-18) these documents not only show how the German government through its Imperial bank pale’ its gold to Leuine, Trotzky, and their imme diate associates to betray Russia into deserting her allies, but give added proofs that Germany had perfected her plans for a war of world conquest long before the assassinations at Sarajevo, which conveniently furnished her pre text. Hun Plots Against America. These documents further show that before the world war was four months old, and more than two years before the United States was drawn into it (in 1914), Germany already was set ting afoot her plans to “mobilize de structive agents and observers” to cause explosions, strikes, and outrages in this country, and planned the em ployment of “anarchists and escaped criminals” for the purpose. Almost ranking in their sensational nature with the notorious Zimmer man note proposing war by Mexico and Japan upon the United States, these documents lay bare new strata of Prussian intrigue, anew view of the workings of kultur to disrupt the allies standing between the world and kaiserism. They disclosed also anew story of human treachery for gold. The intrigue appears to have been carried down to the last detail of ar rangement with typical German sys tem. Revolution Staged by Berlin. Not only do the disclosures prove that Lenine, Trotzky, and their band are paid German agents. They show that the bolshevik revolution, which threw Russia into such orgy of mur der and excesses as the tvorld seldom has seen, actually was arranged by the German general staff. They show how the paid agents of Germany betrayed Russia at the Brest- Litovsk “peace” conference; how Ger man staff officers have been secretly received.by the bolsheviki as military advisers; how th“y have acted as upon the embassies of the nations with which Russia was allied or at peace; how they have directed tlie bolshevik foreign, domestic and eco nomic policy wholly in the interest of Germany, and to the shame and deg radation of Russia. Originals of documei s. photographs of originals ar.J typewritten circulars, some of them marked ‘ very secret” or “private-,” ar.d many of them bear ing the annotations of the bolshevik leaders themselves; some of them con taining references to “Comrade Trotz ky” or “Comrade Lenine” comprise the record. Some of the originals, if is shown, although deposited in the archives of the bolsheviki, were required to be returned later to representatives of the German general staff in I’etrograd that they might be destroyed. JUST THE OLD HUN TRICK London Press Asserts Austria's Peace Conference Is Cynical and Insincere. London. —The Daily Mail, under (he heading “The Word of Austria, but the Kaiser’s Voice,” says the Austrian invitation to the allies to open “a con fidential, nonhinding discussion” of peace terms is another form of the old German trick. The Daily Telegraph says: “Nego tiations at the present moment even though they brought temporary peace would only postpone the final struggle between might and right. So long as the kaiser and his pan-Germans direct with irresistible authority the destinies of Germany so long can there be no question of an armistice or purely academic negotiations. The note is dis ingenuous, cynical, and insincere—an attempt to divert the entente powers from a resolute prosecution of the war.” The Austrian note is regarded in this country as a maneuver to obtain needed breathing space for the sorely tried central empires and to impress their own people with the desires of their rulers for a cessation of the struggle which Is wearing them to a shadow. Undoubtedly It Is a part of a com bined peace offensive which has been expected for some time, and which has taken definite form within the last few days. It is one of three moves which have been made almost simul taneously by enemy states. Tracing Use of Lightships. The first lightship, the Nore, was established in England in 1732. at the mouth of the Thames. The first in this country was stationed in 1820 in Chesapeake bay. off Willoughby Spit. Sandy Hook, now Ambrose, light ves sel was established In 1823. A light vessel was placed off Cape Hatteras in 1824 and was driven ashore in 1827, and a ship was not established again in this dangerous position un til 1807. after unsuccessful attempts had been made to build a lighthouse on Diamond Shoal. Alaskan Coast Forests. The coast forests of southern and southeastern Alaska are included in the national forests of Tongass and Chugach. which comprise O'er 96.000,- 000 acres, a large proportion of which Is covered with trees. Of these Sitka spruce averages about 20 per cent and western hemlock about 75 per cent Worse in Action Than in Heart We are not at bottom either all good nor all bad. but we all appear worse in our actions than In our hearts.— Ettguet CULL 10 EMPLOYERS Paramount Duty to Aid Work of Selective Boards. Can Perform Great Service to Coun try by Helping Work of Classifying Registrants Under the Se lective Service Act. Provost Marshal General Crowder has made public a communication ad dressed to employees of labor and oth er representatives of industry through out the country concerning their share of responsibility in the classification of the new registrants under the se lective service act. General Crowder says: I have noticed, in the general ex pressions of the public attitude which reuch 'his office, two frequent features which lead me to the present com ments. One of these features Is the belief that the process of awarding de ferred classification to a registrant re quires merely the filling out of the questionnaire, and that the selective service boards will perceive the pro priety of making the deferment, with out the assistance furnished by the registrant’s formal claim indicating the deferment desired. The other fea ture is the employer’s failure to real ize his responsibility to intervene in aiding the board's determination, and therefore to inform himself fully on all the considerations which should affect Ihe decision as to deferment. 1. As to the first mentioned belief, it m ist he pointed out that if it were universally acted upon, the process of classification would be seriously ham pered and delayed. Someone must in dicate that the individual ease is one which should arrest the special atten tion of the hoards in respect to the reg istrant’s occupational status. The boards do not possess a superhuman omniscence. Boards Win Make Examination. The hoards will do all that they pos sibly can, on their own initiative, to reach a just decision by a complete ex amination of the questionnaire, even where no claim is expressly made. A registrant is therefore at liberty, if he sees fit. to trust to the scrutiny of the hoards to discover the necessity for his deferment. Nevertheless, the boards will wel come and will need all the aid that can he furnished by the indication of a claim made for deferment. With this aid. the process will become a simple and speedy one. 2. Why should the employer, or oth er third person, in such cases, make the claim? Because the employer In this situation represents the nation, because (In the statutory phrase) “the maintenance of the military es tablishment or of national interest during the emergency” requires that some well-advised third person should look after that national Interest, which the registrant himself may not have sufficiently considered. It ;ls often forgotten that (he selec tive draft is only one element in the depletion of a particular industry’s man-power. A second and large ele ment Is found in the voluntary with drawals for enlistment: how large this Is may be seen from the circumstance that the total inductions hv draft have reached some 2,000,000, while the total enlistments in army and navy amount to some 1,400,000 —nearly three-quar ters as many. A third element, very large, but unknown as to its precise extent, has been (lie transfer of labor power from one industry to another, namely, into the distinctively war in dustries offering the Inducement of higher wages. How relatively small, in actual effect, has been the effect of the selective draft is seen in the fact that, for all the occupations represent ed In the 8,700.000 classified regis trants of January, 1018, the percen tage of the entire Industrial popula tion represented by the class 1 regis trants amounted to only 6 per cent. It ran as low as 0 per cent for some oc cupations. and correspondingly higher for some other occupations; hut the national average was only 6 per cent. Any notably larger depletion in partic ular industries must therefore have been due. partly to enlistments, and in probably greater degree, to voluntary transfers into other industries. Must Remember Nation's Needs. These other influences are therefore to be kept in mind by employers and others, in weighing the question wheth er the best solution, in the national interest, Is to ask for the deferment of individuals or groups of men. Such deferments may assist the immediate situation in the particular establish ment ; but they merely force the army and the navy to seek elsewhere for the same number of men thus deferred. The quantitative needs of the military forces are known and im perative: and any given quantity of deferments will ultimately have to be made up by the depletion of some other occupation. Thus it becomes the employer’s -duty to consider these aspects of deferment. In seeking that solution of his own problem which best comports with the national interest. The cessation of enlistments will henceforth protect industry against one Irrpgular and uncontrollable source of derangement. It will corro spondingly throw upon the selective service system the greater responsi bility for ai intelligent and discrim inating selection made in the light of industrial groups of workers. To ful fill this responsibility they must now prepare themselves even more care fully than hitherto. They will find the boards heartily ready to co-operate with them to the utmost. Gray Copper. The work of ■ a Swiss investigator suggests that absolutely pure coppei may have a light-gray color like that of most other metals, since it is found that copper which has been ten times distilled in vacuo has only a pale rose color, while the yellow color of gold becomes much lighter under similar treatment. Optimistic Thought. A man may be voted to he a gen eral, but only true bravery can make him one. Good Advice. The man who doesn’t worry when he ought to is as bad as the one who worries when he shouldn’t. Worrying Is bad for the health, but probably not as bad as letting things drift. In case of rain, run for an umbrella. Instead of saying “Don’t Worry” the best ad vice to give a man in trouble is “Get Busy."—Thrift Magazine. Just So. To be successful a farmer has to be sharp as a raiser.—Boston Tran script. PEANUTS VALUABLE AS FEED FOR LIVE STOCK IN MOST SECTIONS OF THE SOUTH! '■•'*• *^*s32§Jr *v. ’ t WsBBfW SBBtf * • 'SHfe*- iilSnP WEITOgiISW tT • • ■•>■. Jrw^f - sn. .\ii3>7^ mjWT, - VMHHfTs.yifift* < XW* v pf" : ~' > - v~. s * < ’^MwßßßH^^^^i^ ; gf >■^2£ißbSmbbO>£ : 'w -- *"*^^ FIELD OF PEANUTS GROWN FOR FORAGE IN TEXAS. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) The peanut Is one of the more Im portant crops grown in the South for l eding to hogs, thousands of acres being grown for that purpose. Few, it any, crops will produce more pounds of pork on an acre of land or produce It at a lower cost per pound. A good crop of peanuts will produce at least 400 pounds of pork per acre, and if the hay is harvested before turning the hogs into the patch it will practical!’' pay the cost of growing. In addition to the profit on the pork, the crop producing capacity of thr soil ”•111 he materially increased, due to the addi tion of humus and nitrogen. This is very important, as much of the land in the peanut growing sections is de ficient in both. By making successive plantings of peanuts at intervals of 15 to 30 days it is possible In most sec tions of the South to have peanuts available for the hogs from midsum mer until the end of November. In pasturing hogs on peanuts it is best to confine them to small areas by using portable fences, ’ rather than to let them have the run of the whole field. Plant Between Coen Rows. In some sections of the Southern states the peanut is planted between the rows of corn, either at the time the corn is planted or at the last cul tivation. After the corn is harvested cattle are turned in to eat the fodder and peanut tops. Hogs are then turn ed in to eat the peanuts. In this way the stubble and roots of the peanuts supply humus, and most of the nitro gen stored In the nodules on the roots s left In the soil. Hogs fattened exclusively on peanuts do not yield a very desirable grade of meat and lard, as the meat is soft and the lard oily. This can be remedied to a large extent, however, by feeding corn and other feeds along with the peanuts. In addition to growing peanuts to be fed in the field, the crop can be cured ond stored in barns or sheds for win ter feeding. The entire plant in a very valuable feed for nearly all classes of live stock. Peanut hay, consisting of the entire plant after the nets are re moved, has a much higher feeding value than the grass hays and about the same value as clover hay. The average yield of peanut hay is about two-thirds of a ton per acre. With 2,000,000 acres of peanuts, the esti mated acreage for 1917. there would be produced about i 333,000 tons of LOOK FOR INSECT TROUBLES Inspect Crops Often and Report Out breaks of Pests With Which You Are Not Familiar. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) Watch the grain crops carefully for the earliest indications of insect out breaks. Make a dally survey of the fields during the most active growing season, if possible. If ar. outbreak of any insect foe Is disco’ered, apply remedies promptly. If in doubt as to the identity of the pest, promptly send a specimen, in closed in a tight tin box, to your coun ty agricultural agent, state experiment station, or nearest federal entomolog ical field station, accompanied by a request for information regarding It. Keep on hand at least a small supply of the standard Insecticide prepara tions, such as paris green, lime, and arsenate of lead. Very often the delay caused by the fact that these prepara tions are not immediately available is fatal to the crop attacked. Report serious outbreaks of insects to one of the authorities mentioned above. Federal entomological field sta tions charged with the investigation of cereal and forage insects are located at the following places: Arizona—Tempe Oregon—F orest California—Martinez Grove Indiana—West La- Pennsylvania —Car fayette lisle lowa—Sioux City South Carolina—Co- Kansas—Wellington lumbia Maryland Hagers- Tennessee Knox town ville Missouri Charles- Texas—San Antonio ton Utah Salt Lake Ohio—Wakeman City Virginia Char lottesville Provide Grit for Poultry. Grit is essential to the health of fowls and to economy in feeding. Grit takes the place of teeth In preparing the feed for further digestion, and is required for the proper preparation of feed In the gizzard. When the feed is not properly taken care of in this organ, an undue strain is thrown on the fowl’s system, often resulting In disease, and also allowing much of the nutriment to pass through the bird’s body without being absorbed. In every pen or yard a box of grit should be kept. Investigators have asserted that grit is a part of the necessary feed, giving the fowls strong bones and a bright plummage. Save Liquid Manure. Save all of the liquid part of manure. It is richest in potash, and that ele ment is very high priced now, and scarce. Balanced Ration From Garden. Know your garden and make it pro duce a balanced ration. And Then Don’t Tell It. Before confiding your secret to a friend it is well to remember that your friend nas a friend and your friend’s friend has a friend. Bigger Point of View. Chuffles’ patent magnifying plate at tachment makes the portion look dou ble its size and gets the diner in a good humor. —London Opinion. Crude Oil Cures Diseases. Crude oil will cure most skin dis eases in bogs. peanut hay with a value of ai least $20,000,000. The peanut is especially valuable as n crop to be grown for feed in the; drier sections of the Southwest, wherei it is impossible to grow corn to advan tage. Peanuts will withstand drought better than most farm crops. In some regions where corn will not product* five bushels per acre, peanuts huve proved ver> satisfactory. The crop is of value also on land carrying a consid erable per entage of alkali. Peanut meal, a by-product from pea nut oil manufacture, is a highly con centrated feed. The meal made from; shelled nuts contains about 45 per eentj protein, 6 to 9 per cent fat, and 23> to 24 per cent carbohydrates. Meal made from the unshelled nuts contains about 30 per cent protein, 6 to 9 per cent fat, and 21 to 22 per cent carbo hydrates. The meal from swelled nuts lms about the same feeding value as cottonseed meal and cun be used for the same purpose. With the shorts age of feeds high in protein tht de mand for peanut meal at a good price' trill probably exceed the supply. It is especially valuable for dairy cattle and hogs and has been used to furnish a large percentage of the protein In a home-mixed horse feed. In fact,' one large farmer has been using pea nut meal for several years for feeding work horses and claims that it is the, cheapest protein feed he has ever used.' It can be used in quite large quan tity in connection with other feedsj without injurious effects. When fedi to hogs peanut meal does not produce soft pork, and for this reason it is preferable to raw peanuts. Shells for Feed. Peanut shells, which accumulate in; large quantities at cleaning and shell ing factories, are sometimes ground* with low-grade peanuts and sold for feed. The shells, however, have prac tically no feeding value, as they eon-i sist largely of crude fiber. All peanut feeds should ba sold on the basis of their protein, fat. and car bohydrate content rather than on th<* ton hasis. For example, 750 poundst of meal made from shelled peanuts lias practically the same feeding value ns 1,350 pounds of meal made from un shelled nuts. These amounts represent the meal left ns a by-product from pea nut oil manufactured from a ton of farmers’ stock Spanish peanuts. Def ers selling peanut meal should show on the label whether it is mnde from shelled or unshelled nuts; In fact, this is required by law in some states. INCREASE NUMBER OF SILOS More Beef Cattle Can Be Produced and Fed Economically During , Winter Season. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) A silo campaign to increase the number of silos on beef-cattle farms is being conducted by the bureau of an imal industry in co-operation with state authorities and county agents. With more silos more beef cattle can be produced and economically fed dur ing the winter. This campaign, there fore, has a direct bearing on increas ing the meat supply of the nation. The campaign is being given special atten tion In the Southern states, particu larly In territory which has recently been freed from cattle-tick quarantine, where the production of beef cuttle is on the increase. LENGTH OF THE WAR Far-seeing men believe that we have just begun to fight, and wise men realize that the only safe policy is for us to assume that the struggle will be long and bitter. It is vain to ask how long (he war will last, for such ques tioning tempts us to guess, and when we go to guessing our self interest causes us to guess (he best and so to take some chance in effort or sacrifice. All that we know is that we must win.— From Address by Clarence Ons ley, Assistant Secretary of Ag riculture. Food for Trees. The tree cannot chase about like the pig In search of food, and Is whol ly dependent on the hand of man. Let us not wait for the signs of failure to bear good crops of fruit, but keep up a constant bed of fertility. Our or chards will bear better if we feed them more. Big Decrease in Sheep. In 1903 there were something over 64,000.000 head of sheep in the United States, while in 1916 there were less than 49.000,000 —a decrease of 16.000,- 000, or 25 per cent, in 13 years. Keep the Boar Hustling. Don’t overfeed the boar. A boar that hustles will throw stronger litters than one that spends all of his time from one feed to the next sleeping. Pea Hay Is Excellent. Pea ht y Is so palatable and nu tritious that it is wc.th all the effort it requires to cure It. Live stock are fond of It and it is excellent hay. Her Opinion, Too. The man burst out with a strioe ai profanity. “Here,” said a gentleman, “don’t you realize that there is a lady present?" "That’s all right,” spoke up the lady. “He was merely expressing his opin ion of the kaiser, and I quite agree with him.” Well May It Ask. The Apple I’ie —They are making pie without a lower crust. The Pumpkin Pie—Grades*. what becomes of un#’ —New York Sun.