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well legacy to a people, whom for more than
tweuty years be had served with * dialntcrest eduuei> and devotiou which have no example in the history of human actions, be **wd earnest and patriotic appeal: "Against the insidiyus wiles of foreign influunc*, I conjureyou to believe me, fellow-cities, the jealousy of a free people ought U) be constantly awake ; since history and experience prove that foreigu influ ence la one of the most baueful foea of a repub lican government." If this influence operating from abroad, may justly be regarded as a bane ful foe, what language can portray the oils of its existence in our very midst, controlling and deciding the destiniea of our country l;v its uilent but irrenutible power at the jiolts. But it ia urged, sixthly, that it ia harsh and illiberal to withdraw a privilege ao long per milted. Hitherto we liave permitted, and at times perhaps invited immigration. No length of time, however, can change this permission on our part into a right on theirs. Nor can wo justify ourselves to posterity in continuing a permission which the permanent interests and welfare of our country require us to with draw. " Harsh and illiberal indeed I A\ hose claim* upon us are the higher and stronger . Those of our children, our posterity, our coun try ; or those of aliens, strangers, distant lands Y ?\Verc we to propose to interdict immigration entirely there might be some appearance of harshness and ilHberaHty towards those who seek this country aa a refuge from tyranny and oppression. The exactions of arbitrary governments from the earnings of industry are oppressive, mid their restraints upon the liberty of speech mid action are tyrannical. Aa republicans we view those things with abhorrence; but we must take care of ourselves", and wo evince our sym pathy to the Aillest extent of prudent action, l>y offering the subjects of arbitrary power .1 home and a refuge amongst 11s, where they may enjoy unmolested"tho fruits of their labor, the profits of their trade, the reward# of their industry ! Must we also say to them, come tind govern ??/ Are we prepared to admit that thi* is the teat of republicanism t Do we not know that Europe is overburdened with population, and that the inducements to iniiin graaon hither are ao great, and the eflorta of foreign governments so effectual, that the for eign is fast gaining upon our native popula tl0"t has been ascertained that, for the last few years, foreign immigration has averaged about '300,000 annually. If the opinions of foreigners themselves may bo credited, we may estimate foreign immigration during the next ten years at half a million aunually, at the least. Of this number, more than tK>,000 (or one in eight) would be added yearly to the foreign vote, bixty thousand foreign votes to bo annually added (after five years) to the number which they will poll at the expiration of that time11 Fellow-citizens, behold your condition 1 \Y 1U1 in forty years, if the present laws continue 111 force you will be outnumbered at the polls I And'yet, Americana, ay, Americans, in name, condemn our measures as harsh and illiberal. Are vou willing to acquiesce in tins prospective condition of things? Can you willingly per mit it? or would you desire to prevent it t It you would prevent it, Tull you point out any other mode of doing it tMn that which we have adopted ? AVe know 110 other. There are some iuen who arc sensible of the danger which threatens us, but who will only cousent to an enlargement or the term of residence from live years to twenty, as a pie-requisite to naturali zation. We respectfully insist that this would postpone but not remedy the evil. The day would finally como, though post poned, when the foreign vote would outnumber that of the natives. Ay, and that day would come with a vengeance! The first moment of the ascendency of the foreign party would be signalized by the demolition of every barrier to their indiscriminate exorcise of free suffrage, and nativo Americanism would bo buried in the consummation of a progressive, peaceful, but disastrous revolution! Fellow citizens, it is alleged by some who oppose us, that our measures are of a kindred character with the "alien law" of the elder Adams. That demagogues should take this 1 ground, and endeavor to avail themselves of | the almost universal prejudice which has ob tained in regard to this law, to render our aa i?ociation unpopular, is by no means surprising. It would, however, bo surprising, if such men should succeed in convincing the disciples of Jefferson, that the principles of tho Native American party, which that distinguished statesman boldly and earnestly advocated, are of the same cwiago with those other principles which ho and his party as boldly and earnestly condemned! Xbonuus JcfterBon foresaw and deprecated the evils which now exist Head his own language, in 1781: "The present desire of America in to produce rapid population by m great importations of for eigners as possible. Hut la this founded in pood policy ? The advantage proposed i# the multipli cation of numbers. Now let us suppose, for ex ample onlv, that lu this Bute we could double our numbers iu one vear by the importation of for eiKners; and this is a greater accession than the ?uost sanguine advocate for emigration has a right | to expect. But art- there no inconveniences to be j thrown Into the scale against the advantage ex- ; noctod from a multiplication of number* by the importation of foreigners? It is for the happiness | of those united iu society to harmonize as much as | possible In matu-ra which they must of necessity 1 transact together. Civil government being the sole oljject of forming societies, its administration must be conducted by common consent." 11 Every species of government has its specific principles. Ours perhaps arc more peculiar than those of any other iu the univurse. It is a composition of tho freest principles of the English constitution, with other* (leiived from natural reason To these nothing can l>e more opposed ) than the maxims of absolute monarchies. Yet from such we arc to expect the greatest number of emigrant*. They will bring with them the prin uples of tho government they have imbibed iu their early youth ; or, if able to throw theni off, It | will be in exchange for au unbounded lie utious ihhm is id ubu< from one extreme to i another, ft would be a mimefc ?vre thty to ?top | precisely at the point of tnnptrate liberty. These principles, with their language, they will transmit , to their children. In proportion to their numbers they will share with u* the IcgisUtion. They will infuse into it their spirit, warp and bias its direction, and render it a heterogeneous, Incoherent, dis tiacted mass. I may appeal to experience, dur- j wig the present contest, for a verification of these I r?iyeeturce." On another occasion he uttered the following j declaration: I " I hope that wo may tind some means in fu tnre of shielding onraelves from foreign influence, political, commercial, or in whatever fonn it may I he attempted. I can scarcely withhold mvself | from joining in the wish of Silas Dean?that there j were an oceart of fire between this and tho Old | World." Who amongfct us ha<* uaod language more j plain, direct and unequivocal? If he subse quently sanctioned a bill authorizing naturali zation upon a short res-idtnee in the country, it proves rather his deference to the popular will than a change in his individual opinions. Such a bill was constitutional, and it was not bis practice to substitute his own will for that of Congress. If he recommended the repeal of a law on this subject, enacted under Uie ad ministration of his predecessor and rival, which it appears was more in accordance with his previously expressed opinions than the one substituted therefor, some allowance must be made for the claims of t*rty, the excitement of a heated canvass, and the expectations of devo ted naturalized friends. Tnat his deliberate opinions wore in opposition to the encourage ment of immigration, and adverse, to the idea of tht competency of foreigners generally to appreciate the principles of our government, is moat clearly proved by the above extracts co pied froiu his letters. " To such of yon, fellow dtJawis, aa claim to be his disciples?to such as truly revere his memory and would hood hie warnings?we may appeal with confidence. His language above quoted convoya the senti ment* of a patriot, the reflections of ? sage aud the unadulterated feeliugs of a Nati\o American1 . , , . It is questionable, fullowcitizena, whether those wlio would assimilate our measures to the principles of the "alien law," know auy thing of either. They liave hoard of the Alien Law, aud of the odium wliich attached to it, and as our action has relation to foreigners, they imagine they can attach to it a like re proach. l>o they know that whilst we would vouchsafe to the immigrant the peaceable and permanent enjoyment of all the rights of citi zenship, (excepting the power to intermeddle with our laws,( the alien law subjected him to arrest, imprisonment, and expulsion from the country, upon the (suspicion of the President)' We would confer upon the immigrant all the rights and privileges which the safety and per manency of our institutions would allow us U> confer, and these privileges we would grant in perpetuity, aud on the sole condition, that he permit this to remain, an American govern ment ! The alien lato made his residence, and his liberty, depend upon the whim, caprice and will of the President! We would place him in a condition, that his motives in immigrating could not be questioned, wlii^t his home would lie permanent, his protection perpetual, las liberty and property held sacred, and his chil dren, being reared up amongst us, and indoc trinated in Republican principles, would be Ambkicans! And yet, there are men, who would assimilate our purposes to the provis ions of the Alien Law! How vast the im provement thoso modern great men would make, in political science, whose well train ed optic have discovered a resemblance, where the unclouded vision of a Jefferson perceived a contrast! , We have thus, fellow-citizens, presented to your consideration, in such manner as we were able, the evils which surround us, and the dangers that are approaching. W e have unfolded to you our purposes, and our mode of action. We have stated the objections which have been urged against our principles, and we have endeavored to remove tbem. 10 your unproltidiced judgment wo now appeal. Is it expedient or not, to change the rule of naturalization Y * Are our rights and privileges worth pre serving ? Are the paupers and criminals of the Old World, lit and proper persons to make laws for the new V Is it ,r expedient-' that we permit foreigners to rule over us? Shall wc barter away our birth right?for something less than a mess of pottage ? These are questions which must be answered soon, or never. Ere long it may bo mockery to ask them. Come then, Americans, to the rescue of our institutions ! Henceforth, let the names, "Fed eralist"Democrat," "Whig" and " Loco," be unknown amongst us. Tin; pekpeti'ation or American freedom is ovk object ; Ameri can BIGHTS, OVK MOTTO", AND THE AMERICAN pakty, ouu cognomen I Foreigners by birth, and foreigners in feeling, will rally under their appropriate banner! W e cannot doubt, that iu thus doing buttley wo shall be triumphant. But if in the contest between the American and foreign parties, it should bo the doerec__oL] Heaven, that the temple of American liberty | shall be overthrown, let tie, lighting in its de fence, esteem it a glorious privilege to be buried beneath its ruins! SENSIBLE ANSWER. I The Democracy of Feliciana passed resolu tions at its late meeting condemning the order of Know-Nothings on the ground that the ob jects of the order were unconstitutional. A sensible answer has been given by some 1 one who lias Bent it to us to print The fol lowing paragraphs are ^jo irrefutable, and at the same time so candid, that wc cannot refrain j from copying them : . . , The resolution states: " That its principles, aims, and objects arc in diredt violation of the Constitution of the United States." This is assumption?the begging of a legal proposition | in a statement of fact. Let us sec. The Constitution says: " No person except a natural-born citizen of tl,o United States shall be eligible to the office of Prei.idwit of the United States." It again says: " Congress shall have power to establish a uniform rule on the subject of naturalization." It agaiu says: " No person shall be a Representative who shall not have been seven years a citizen of the United States." And again . " No person shall be a Senator who shall not have been nine years a citizen of the United States." Here are three several prohibitory, protcrip tire provisions No foreigner can ever reach the highest office In the gift of the people ; and no foreigner can ever be a Representative or Senator in Congress except in compliance with the rule or law which may be established ; and in like manner, can never become a citizen, and fill any minor office, as a matter of right This power of Congress is entirely permis sive, and the non-exereisal of it, would have left the subject just where it was. Foreigners would have been foreigners still. But Con gross having exercised tho power?established a ride, certain rights and privileges attached to those who avail themselves of it, and of which they can not b* deprived. The whole question, then, rosolves itself into one of exjtediencv, as to whethor the action of Congress was, and still continues to be expe dient: and about this, we may all be permitted to differ without regarding each other as "com mon enemies." But the main question of fact as stated, "that the principles" of the order of Know Nothings, so callod, " are in direct conflict with the Constitution," is not truly stated?is not evidenced by the plain language of it, and is not inferable, but the contrary, from its spirit, and consequently the " aims and tendencies of the order, harmonize with it however inex pedient they may be. The great object and purpose as we understand them, of the Aimici ation, is to organize and build up a great "American party." A party having for its grand design the employment of " American agencies" for the transaction of American busi ness, st home and abroad. And while we unit* heartily with all in welcoming to our shores the oppressed of evorv land?for "Uncle Sam is rich enough to give em all a ftirin ? tnay we not be permitted to doubt at least the propriety of giving them any voice in the con trol in the management oj the great Ameri can Farm. And 'for the expression of this doubt, even wc are styled "common enemies." The prescriptive principle in the constitution being fundamental as regards foreigners?Iwgin ning with the highest, runs through all the Pets the government. And in the very last ono? in the celebrated Nebraska tall, jmssod at the last session of Congress, and approved by our Democratic President, who is so highly lauded, and to which we hoi?c you will permit us to take no exception, not l>eing "common ene mies"?in this bill it is expressly enacted, that the territory shall lie entitled to a rejMresentative in Congress?but only in the person of an American citizen--a bread distinction being drawn between the qualification of those having a right to a vote, and that of their representative. Is it not plain that those who denounce the order for its proscription of foreigner* either are ignorant of the (me spirit of the constitu tion, and the true position of tho government towards foreigners, or that their denunciations I of the Know Nothings are bids for the vote of I the foreign bom at the coming elections? N. 0. Creole. Mr. Stephen R. Smith, lately shot in the ' back of the head, writes a letter to the Cincin ! nati Commercial concluding, " I am, sir, yours, with the Itall si ill in my head." He ought to j bo thankful that it is "$till.'y "WAt^HNGTONJl). C. WEDNESDAY NOVEMbKRTc, IBM. VwXaN BLLIU, Editor. K. M HEATH, Asaktaiit. Ag?ut? for the " Anieririii Or^an." ? John T. Auuurr, Bt. AsapU street, two doors from xt/-thSte* - ?? .irwt, U.liium, "jSTp. H..TO. ? ou, ?? to *"? other cities in the weat. a .rent, U empowered to Uke ?d*ertise"?> ^ ^ K_ at the rates required to ? ^-Boston, ^ul' pi^ed uawments. l^s une Buildlugs; I'M' tyf 5?^i^JStbSl-d Chestnut ate. Th^ V^caT0^aN "will b. found1 for sale at Anim & Yath'i No. 29 Beckman street, New \ ork r_J?~ Subscribers who do not recicvo the pa pers, will please l?ave t,leir "UIUC 4111(1 a(idroriH at the office. r#""All idnrtlmmih for l'10 "Organ should be handed into the office, before twelve o'clock, M., of the day of publication. TO OUR READERS. Owing to the fact that few of our exchange* have yet been received, we are unable to fur nish our readers with that variety of miscella neous news which wo intend shall always be found in the columns of tins paper. In a few dnys the omission?at present unavoidable will be supplied. CONSERVATISM. Within the last few weeks, our readers must have observed that several pretty, claiming to belong to the Democratic party, have put forth views and opinions distinctly favoring the or ganisation of a new Democratic and conserva- i live party, ntfecting to regard the "American party" as opposed to conservatism and to the perpetuity of the Union. We saw, but a few days since, a correspon dence between the lion. George M. Dallas and some of his political friends, in wh^h itwas proposed to form "constitutionaldvbn. Wo Lo seen in some of the New "iork papers, propositions for the coalition of Dcmociatic " harda" and silver grey " W higs. To come nearer home, we have recently seen in the rVWKington Sentinel, a proposition for tho reconstruction of the Democratic party, strongly urged by one of its accredited corres The1 people of the United States (we mean the mantes as contradistinguished from the poli ticians) can dispense with the services of those _s4ip seem to be so very willing to aul them in ^construction of parties. This has been dis tinctly shown in the late elections. Politicians of the present day are as far behind the people in forecast, as they arc in patriotism. Is it pos sible these jtolitlcians have not yet discovered that the people have themselves already form ed, and raised into eminence, a new Comena titei><irtyt llavo not these politicians heard from the Northwest, fhnn the North, and from the East? Do they not know that in New York the " American party" is composed of sound con servative elements entirely? Do they not know that the " hards" and the "silver greys compose the American party in that State ? Do they not know that in Massachusetts, the Whig*, the Democrat*, and the tVce*oilcr>, (a*K ran a candidate for governor, and that the "American party" took up an independent ronecrvative Union man for governor, and olcctod him by a vote far exceeding all the votes cast for the throe other parties ? Do they not know tliat the American party in tho " Old Bav State" in a pure national party ? Surely these politicians who now propose U> create a new Democratic conservative party, do not so far underrate the intelligence of the people of this country, as to suppose they arc ignorant of the motive* which prompt such politicians in their proposed scheme of recon structing the Democratic elements 1 The peo ple at large will not fail to discover that such politicians are influenced by the hope of pr+ nerving their own jx>titi"M wul influent, rather than by the conviction of a necessity for such reconstruction of parties, to preserve the union of these States. ... i Is there a ,?oHtician in this nation bold and | reckless enough to assert that tho "American party," in any respect, or to any extent, seeks to stand on any other platform than the ( on stitution and the I nion. Is there any riyht guaranteed by the Con stitution cither to the States or to individuals which we do not maintain in its purity and in its full length and breadth ? " We thnll main tain and defend the Comtitution M it *tand*, the Union a* it etiit*, and the right* of the State* without diminution, a* guaranteed thereby, oj^.iny at all time,, and to the ex tent of our ability and infuence, aU who m(,y a***il them, or either of th*m. To this doctrino we stand pledged. and we de y our opponents to point to one single act done, or one sentiment oxpT?*ed by the " American partv," in conflict with this doctrine. Who at (be North assails our principles as promul gated in our first number ? Who at the South can assail them ? What rights of the Northern States do we oppose? What rights of the Southern Stetes do we not, maintain? What rights of either will we not defend to the last extremity ? A one. The " American party" was formed on tho basis of the Constitution and the Union, and is des lined to preserve both, by purifying the body politic, and exercising a contertative influence wherever its organisations prevail. 1 f there tx any destructive principle in our creed, it seeks only the destruction of native demagognism and fortign influence. We do neck to destroy all political native demagoguism, v"I de scriptions offoreign influence, and wc are yet to learn that the constitution forbids our doing this, or that tho Union would be endangered by our complete success in those particulars. If those gentlemen who liave, under the load of Mr. Dallas, proposed to form " Constitutional Clubs," really and iinetrely seek the prescr- j ration of tho Constitution, and if they will con vince tho " American party" of their sincerity and unite with us, they will find a hearty co option on our part, in furtherance of their objects; and if those other genl lemon, above alluded to, in New York and Washington, real ly seek to porpetuate the Union, and to main tain unim|>aired and untouched tho right* of the State*, we shall be most happy, upon be ing satisfied that permnal advancement is not the foundation of th-.lr soliHtnde, to have them co-operate in tho great work, which tho "Ameri can party" U destined to accomplish. THE WASHINGTON UNION. Tip Waajuagton Union is generally recog nised u an authoritative exponent of tl?? views and principles of the pm>uat administration Wo shall so regard it nntil otherwise advised, Iu whatever comments we nuke, now or hur*. aflfcr, upon its course. It in a most extraordi nary journal, and iu this respect it is certainly a true representative of its constituency. We do not propose, 011 this occasion, a gen eral review of its political opinions; that woukl require more time than one day, and more space than one number of our paper. We have seen in that journal, as we think, a sufficient variety of text* for a great number of commentaries, and, if our commentaries were to be mere elucidations of those texts, we eould illustrate for the Union, as many differ ent and contradictory opinions as a chameleon cau exhibit colors. This diversity of opinion at different times, results we suppose, from circumstances, for " circumstances alter cases," and why not opinions!1 Opinions and posi tions suited to one condition of tilings, the Union doubtless thinks, are unsuited to an other. We will give a practical illustration of our meaning. It was quite consistent with the views of the Union, before the recent elections in Ohio, Indiana, Pennsylvania, &c., &c., to denounce the " Know-Nothings " as " intoler ant,'" " infamous" " deceitful" "fradulent " audacious," and " treacherous" It was also deemed proper by the Union to assert that " no true Democrat would ever join any such " unconstitutional party /" But circumstances alter opinions. Thousands upon thousands of " true Democrats" did join the " Knotv Nothings 1" The administration was overwhelmed in those qjections, and immediately thereafter the Union held the following language, to wit: "It should be carefully borne in mind that the Democratic party (meaning the administration) neither ussumes that the naturalization lawn, as they exist, are perfect, nor that foreigners liuve not, on some occasion*, subjected themselves to just censures, nor that the Roman Catholic religion is based upon the true Christian creed !" [See the Union of October 17th, 1854. Doubtless our foreign-born citizcns will moderate their anger towards the " Amer ican party," sine? the administration ad mits the existence of some of the prominent ecils which we seek to remedy! Tho very best motives no doubt influenced the Union in administering this gentlo rebuke to its allies. The admission and rebuke originated in tho patriotic purpose of convincing tho Demo cratic Knoic-Nothings that tho Union was only joking when it denounced thcui as " in tolerant, infamous, deceitful, fraudulent, auda cious, and treacherousand when it asserted that no true Democrat would ever join any such unconstitutional party ! It was neces sary to make the " amende honorable" to the Democratic portion of the American party, or give up all hope of ever regaining them ; and how otherwise could this be done, than by ad mitting the existence of the evils of which we complain, and by administering a gentle re buke to the foreigners, for being " on some oc casions" obnoxious to censure t The Demo cratic " Know-Nothings" iruty, per hap*, fund perhaps not,) excuse tho Union for having made its reckless assaults, when they considor that these assaults were made in ignorance of the important fact, reeontly discovered, that al>out one-half of tho American party are Dem ocrats ! Do wo uot read in the " Good Book" that tho sin of ignorance shall be forgiven ? j 111 further perusing tho Un ion's article above referred to, we must confess there is one sen tence, of which not only our foreigVi-born cit izens, but ire also, may justly complain, they for one reason, and we for another. The Union says : " Native Americans are justly proud of their high prerogatives, and naturally jealous "f anything like foreign influence upon their institutions, and in these sentiments we par tici)>ate to the fullest extent//" Now, as to ourselven, we have come to tho conclusion, that while wo admire, as well the sentiments as tho language of this }>aragreph, there is some mischief browing in that same Union office! Now, Mr. Union, we must solemnly protest against your stealing our principles from us 1 W0 must keep an eye upon you ? Why, you talk alwut the " hiijh prerogatives" of Native Americans as though you were tho Chiefs of our Councils 1 You talk about " participating to the fullest extent," in our " sentiments," as though you did not think us a set of " intolor ant, infamous, deceitful, fraudulent, audacious, and treacherous Know-Nothings, whom no true Democrat could ever join "! We don't comprehend this,?it is more mysterious than our own " workings"! Now, dear Mr. Union, let us compromise this matter! We will agree that we are worse than anything you have ever called us, if you will only recant your opinions of the 17th of October, and promise not to ap ply for initiation into our mysteries, nor to supplant us, as the " Organ" of the American party! Do you say " agreed " T So *ay we! Now that ig sett led, and there must be no more "barking and filling"! Since we have thus compromised our mat ters, we are curious to know what the foreign born citizens really think al?out the "high prerogatives" which you claimed for us, natives! By the way, we had almost forgotten to cite another sentence from your late editorial, in volving a similar idea to tho one abovo referred to, viz: "Citizenship is a boon granted to for eigners by the liberality of our institutions"! Now did you really mean to Bay this? or was it a lapsus pennnt Won't the utterance of those two sentiments lead you into difficulties with your friends? As to the " high preroga tives" of the native*, don't that sound like giving the natives something more than equal rights t " Prerogatives" ia a t<tm bad enough by it self, but when you prefix the adjunct " high," won't it have the appearance of being some thing above the reach of the foreigner ? Will they stand it? Then, again, you say that " citi zenship is a boon." Now, a boon is something " good," and, in that sense, it will not be ob jected to; hut tho manner in which you speak of it, leavos the impression that citizenship is not a natural right! Surely, you hare not forgotten the Declaration of Independence, by virtue of which Africans, Arabs, Chinese, French, Germans, Italians, Irish, and, in fket, the world at large, and " the rest of mankind," are all made "free and equal /" It is true, there is something in the consti tution about Congress having power to pass uniform hues of naturalisation, which, con strued literally, pre supposes that natural rights arc regulated by constitutional law; but, then, dou't the " kiyher L'U>" btep ia and ?reiride the constitution f Seward and Suuunw nay it does, and they are as good h mukLs of the for eigners as the Washington UMon ! But, Mr. Union, we leave you to adjust all these ques tions with foreigner*), who, -under the contract mWde at Carusi's Saloon, are a part W?d parod ?of your organization, and, in the merciftil lan guage of criminal courts, when culprits are put on trial, we say, " God grant you a safe deliv erance 1" ILLINOIS ELECTION. A telegraphic despatch appeared a day or two ago in the columes of one of our city coteinpo raries, to the cffect that Illinois had gone for the democrats, by a decided majority; that four or live Nebraska democrats had been elect ed to Congress, and tliat from the complexion ! of the Legislature General Shields would uo doubt be returned to the U. S. Senate. As we have seen no confirmation of this intelli gence in any of the New York papers, we pre sume that there must be some mistake about it The first news received from Illinois was of a very different cliaracter, and justified tho inference tliat the prairie Stat* had repudiated the administration as emphatically as had been done by her neighbors?Ohio and Indiana. Until some additional intelligence is received it will be impossible to say what has been the actual result. |3y The Transcript, published at Cham bersburg, Pennsylvania, is about to be enlarged, and will hoist the flag of the "American party," " esteeming the repro%uh connected with such a course greater honok than to be found in the ranks of tho anti-republican or foreign faction." This is tho patriotic language of its publishers. We wish it success. Jgff* Tho New Orioans Creole copies the following resolution, offered by tho oditor of this paper at the mass meeting on the 27th September, to wit: "RetolueJ, That the naturalization laws ought to be totally repealed, or materially altered; and the term of residence, before admission to the right of citizenship, be extended to the period of twenty one years." And comments thereon as follows : " In regard to this resolution, wc will remark, that ho fur as we are informed, the doctrine of total repeal is the doctrine of Louisiaiia. And wbv tthould it not be all over the Union V All will agree that it is in every respect a better measure than the material alteration tcheme. Repeal will accomplish, in a more perfect manner, the great object of purifying and Americamzing the ballot box It will protect us thoroughly against frauds and perjuries. No alteration of the kind alluded to would effect that object. And, finally, TOTAL REPEAL is emphatically not only the correct, but it is also the popular measure, which will rally to its enthusiastic and united support the truly patri otic spirits oT every party, ehae, and creed. The peoplo of this country are not now, nor have they ever been, partial to half-way measures on any subject. The true American voter is decided, di rect, bold, and energetic in all liis movements, lie is not in any sense a half-way man." All who heard, or who have read, the re marks which we submitted to the meeting referred to, are apprised of the reasons which induced us to present the resolution above copied, in the alternative. The views then briefly presented by us were thus expressed. " I shall advocate the repeal of the laws of nat uralisation bo as to prevent foreigners from be coming citizens, and thus acquiring the right of suffrage. I am aware that many of the American party arc in &vor of granting citizenship in fun, after a period of twenty-one years; but I am lu favor of a total exclusion, because, if any term or years be fixed, many persona will evade tho law, I by proving their residence for tlie necessary tenn, before they have resided here as many months, as there may be years required. It is my purpose to do all In mf"power to inculcate the safe and salu tary doctrine?to extend it all over the country? to teach it to the yonng, and to impress it upon the old, that Americatti thall rul* their coun Our friends of the New York Creole will pcrcoive that there is no difference of opinion between us on this point, and that the resolu tion was shaped in the alternative, that it might command the assent of all our friends. Whilst we shall strenuously advocate the opin ions which we entertain individually, we shall nevertheless respect the views and wishes of our friends, in the hope th?t when the con test shall be reached in Congrcsn, harmony may prevail in our ranks. On all questions of policy there must bo concession and compro mise. ? gf The New York Herald (whose editor is a foreigner by birth) oontains an article head ed the " Know-Xo thing platformfrom which wc extract tho following remarks touching the action of foreigners as American citizens, to wit: " They hardly ever become fused Into the Ameri can masses: adhering together In clans, and voting in a body regardless of principle, under the orders of their priest or the orator of their lager-bier saloon, they liring discredit on the system of uni versal suffrage, and Interfere materially with Its salutary woridng. For these reasons the Know Nothings?who may now be considered as one of the three groat parties In this nation?demand that the electoral franchise shall hereafter l>e denied to foreign born i?ld?f The? will be allowed to coiihi here a* usual, work, make mouey, and even abuse our institutions to their heart's content; but vote they shall not." Every observing man in the country knows, and every honest man will admit, that the for cign population do in truth generally vote and act as stated by the Herald. Docs not this fact fully justify the purposes our party have in view in flic present organization? H*'s a Know-Nothing?Kim in* out.? Such is the language of the administration at Washington. What right has an American to be an American in fooling ? or what right has an American to hold an office * There are plenty of Irishmen in tho country who will accept of power and place?and surely so long as foreigners can be found they should l>e pre ferred ! Roman Catholic Irishmen?Jesuits and aliens'?members of the society of Jesus. 4c., can bo appointed to office -can remain in ofHcw and be hail fellow well met with the President and cabinet; but an American who is suspected of acting as he pleases roust be kicked out 1 An American citizen has no priv ileges?no rights. And yet if an American is j not entitled to office, who in the name of all that is sacred is ? I.et Pierre and the admin istration answer. If he is a Know-Nothing, kick him out I?American Sentinel What ths American 1'astv is had* or.? In relation to the true friends of the country, the New York Mirror has tho following: " But, if we rightly understand this Ameri can order of men, there is nothing of the Hes sian or the Swiss in their character or pur poses. They are not in the market?to be sold out to the highest bidder on the eve of tlve election. The platform on which they stand is simple and firm. Their obiecto are urftriotic and pure. Tho candidates they vote for roust be men of revolutionary stamp, whose lore of country outweighs allegianoc to psrty or love of power?men " native and to the manor hornmen whose grnndnires seeled their immortality and earned a nation's gratitude by pouring out their life-blood at Lexington, Mon mouth, Yorktown, and Bunker Hill. WRECK Of tm WUP The following lettar from the a^oWof the New York associated pr**>, gives the -UitaLU of thin terribl* disaster: On Board Steamboat Achillm, Near Long Branch, No*. 18, 8, P. M D. H. Ckaio, Kmj. : Am promised this morn ing by tehgrapn, I proceed to give you what particulars 1 liave witnessed of the dreadful wreck at Long Branch. The news of the wreck of the New Kra ashore at Long Branch reached me about 8 o'clock thin morniug by telegraph, and I im mediately conveyed the intelligence to Captain Reynold*, of the Achilles, who was then lying to olf the llook. While waiting an answer from W. R. Jones, as to whether he shotAd Boceed at once to the wreck, or go to tf?e city r the wrecking schooners, a message came from Mr. Morrtt, at Long Branch, that the ship ashore had 800 passengers on board, and was fast breaking up. Upon tins Capt. R. de cided to go at once to the scene of the wreck, to co-operate with those already on the spot in saving life. | We left the Hook at 9 1-2, in a dense fog and southerly wind, which raised a very heavy head-swelL The fog, however, so increased in density as to render it impossible to discern objects further than the vessel's length, much less to keep sight of the shore at a safe dis tance, or see objects near it. We, however, kept on, until we must have been within a short distance of where the wreck lay; but as it was impossible to see or do anything, Capt. R, after waiting sometime, put the vessel's head again to the northward. When opposite the Highlands, the fog suddenly lighted up, so that the land could be distinctly seen, and we again steered to the southward, in search of the wreck. About 3 o'clock we came in sight of her, lying broadside to the beach, heading to the southward, with her fore, main, and mizen topsails close reefed still standings -OitTeach ing her, she proved to be level with the water, and Aill, and the swell breaking in heavy sur ges across hur decks. We had already passed many pieces of the wreck, and half a mile far ther on we saw the body of a little child, ap parently about four or five years old, and in quick succession also that of a man, stripped of clothing and others with clothes on?four or five bodies in all. As we approached the wreck, so as to get a uoarer view, a most liar rowing spectacle met the eyes. The jib-boom, rigging, and top of the ship, fore and aft, were filled with human beings closely packed together, and clinging to cach other and to the ropes, while the ship surged to and fro with cach returning wave; which broke in wild spray far into the rigging and over the ship, drenching and suffocating the passengers, while the poor creatures filled the air with the most soul-harrowing and pitiful outcries for assistance. On the beach were some two hundred persons, gathered in groups, apparently consulting as to how to act, whilo others sat leisurely upon the gunwale of the boats, which the heavy surf rendered it certain destruction to launch. We saw several boats upon the shore apparently well-adapted for tho purpose, and a crowd of persons dragging a long life-boat toward the beach, where it was left, and no further attempt mado to launch it We saw no line frohi tho ship to the shore, and no life-car. From tho fact that what ap peared the ship's boat was lying on the beach, we judged the officers and crew, or most of them, might have landed or been thrown ashore in her. The tide was now about. at its full? the wind had died away, and a slight breeze sprung up from off-shore, wliich greatly in creased our hopes that toe swell would go down with the tide, and render it possible for the boats to bo launched from shore. As to ourselves, we found we could do? nothing. This steamer, which is employed ex pressly by the underwriters to render assis tance to vessels ashore, has not the sign of a surf-boat on board?nothing but two miserable yawls, both of which would scarcely float the vessel's crew, were she sinking, and one of them could not float herself if put overboard. Not a spar, lino, or life-nresferver?not a piece of cork big enough to float a drowning dog. By four and-a-half o'clock the swell had so much subsided that every passenger could have been rescued had there been a surf-boat on board, and there was not a man, from the fire men to the pilot and captain, who would not have rejoiced at the opportunity of snatching the poor sufferers from death, liad they the means of doing it By whoso neglect is it that these steamboats are not provided with surf boats for such dreadful emergencies as this? Still hoping for a movement toward launching the boats from shore, we continued painfiil spectators of the scene, ringing, our bell to en courage them and beckoning to those on the shore to launch the boats. When our wheels were put in motkm, to ad just the position of the steamer, the passengers, apparently fearing we were about to nave them, rent the air with imploring cries, while others tolled tho ship's bell, the sounds of which were borne to us above the waitings of the surf that swept over the ship. We wore near enough to distinctly see women holding their little ones with ope hand, while the other, bleached by the spray, clung with a death-grip to the ratlines on which they stood. On the fore castle, there stood, a few moments ago, a group of four dinging to the stay, but they are now gone; a heavy swell has probably swept them away. Two nave been seen to nil from the jib-boom into the surf. '1 bus we have looked on, unable to approach the ship. Captaia Reynolds twice hailed them on the shore, and asked them to launch the )>oatH, as the surf^ to us, seemed to bo now suf I ficieutly smooth to do so on the lee side of the | ship. Finding that we could do nothing, and, as the sun went down, seeing the boats nauled back upon the beach, we left to procure lifc t>oaU, making signals to the wreck that we would return immediately. Meantime the Leviathan also arrived oppo [ site the wrock, but like ourselves, had no boats | to render any assistance. On our way un we i soon met tho Hector, liaving in tow a wrecking ' schooner, in charge of Capt. Bowne, and with him we went back to the wrock. On reaching | it Capt Bowne informed us that although he had boats, ha had not two men who could pull I an oar. nnd asking if any one on board would go witn him in the boat? I replied, " Here is | one," and Mr. Haskill voluntered to do the I same. Capt Reynolds then informed Capt. Howne that he could get men to man his hfe ? boat by coming alongside the Achillea. We I then made prepamtions to ioin Capt Bowne, | but to our surprise he pulled away from us to j ward the ship, leaving word for tho Achilles to ! return to the city. Thus a large and powerful boat with plenty of accommodations for the rescued passengers, was sent to town, and the Iloctor, a comparatively slow and unsuitable boat, is retained. At half past eight o'clock, when we left tho wreck, the wind was blowing fresh from tho j westward, and it was thought would soon re duce the swell, but with the darkness to con : tend with, and short handed, it must be impos ! sible to take off the passengers?and many ! more must inevitably perish from exposure during tho dreary darkness that has now closed over them. A reverend sportsman wan once boasting of his infallible skill in finding a hare. " If" said irQuaker, who was present, " I were a hare, I would take my seat in a phu-e where I should be sure of not being disturbed by thee from the 1st of .January to the last of December."* ?'Why. where would yo go?" "Into thy study. " If you don't give me a penny," said a young hopeftil to his mamma, " I know a boy that's got the measles, and I'll go and catch them, so I will!" An editor in Iowa has lieen fined two hun, dm! and fifty dollars for hugging a young girl in church.