OCR Interpretation


Daily American organ. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1856, November 15, 1854, Image 2

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042002/1854-11-15/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

well legacy to a people, whom for more than
tweuty years be had served with * dialntcrest
eduuei> and devotiou which have no example
in the history of human actions, be **wd
earnest and patriotic appeal: "Against the
insidiyus wiles of foreign influunc*, I conjureyou
to believe me, fellow-cities, the jealousy of a
free people ought U) be constantly awake ; since
history and experience prove that foreigu influ
ence la one of the most baueful foea of a repub
lican government." If this influence operating
from abroad, may justly be regarded as a bane
ful foe, what language can portray the oils of
its existence in our very midst, controlling and
deciding the destiniea of our country l;v its
uilent but irrenutible power at the jiolts.
But it ia urged, sixthly, that it ia harsh and
illiberal to withdraw a privilege ao long per
milted. Hitherto we liave permitted, and at
times perhaps invited immigration. No length
of time, however, can change this permission
on our part into a right on theirs. Nor can
wo justify ourselves to posterity in continuing
a permission which the permanent interests
and welfare of our country require us to with
draw. " Harsh and illiberal indeed I A\ hose
claim* upon us are the higher and stronger .
Those of our children, our posterity, our coun
try ; or those of aliens, strangers, distant lands Y
?\Verc we to propose to interdict immigration
entirely there might be some appearance of
harshness and ilHberaHty towards those who
seek this country aa a refuge from tyranny
and oppression.
The exactions of arbitrary governments from
the earnings of industry are oppressive, mid
their restraints upon the liberty of speech mid
action are tyrannical. Aa republicans we view
those things with abhorrence; but we must
take care of ourselves", and wo evince our sym
pathy to the Aillest extent of prudent action,
l>y offering the subjects of arbitrary power .1
home and a refuge amongst 11s, where they
may enjoy unmolested"tho fruits of their labor,
the profits of their trade, the reward# of their
industry ! Must we also say to them, come
tind govern ??/ Are we prepared to admit
that thi* is the teat of republicanism t Do we
not know that Europe is overburdened with
population, and that the inducements to iniiin
graaon hither are ao great, and the eflorta of
foreign governments so effectual, that the for
eign is fast gaining upon our native popula
tl0"t has been ascertained that, for the last few
years, foreign immigration has averaged about
'300,000 annually. If the opinions of foreigners
themselves may bo credited, we may estimate
foreign immigration during the next ten years
at half a million aunually, at the least. Of this
number, more than tK>,000 (or one in eight)
would be added yearly to the foreign vote, bixty
thousand foreign votes to bo annually added
(after five years) to the number which they will
poll at the expiration of that time11
Fellow-citizens, behold your condition 1 \Y 1U1
in forty years, if the present laws continue 111
force you will be outnumbered at the polls I
And'yet, Americana, ay, Americans, in name,
condemn our measures as harsh and illiberal.
Are vou willing to acquiesce in tins prospective
condition of things? Can you willingly per
mit it? or would you desire to prevent it t It
you would prevent it, Tull you point out any
other mode of doing it tMn that which we have
adopted ? AVe know 110 other. There are some
iuen who arc sensible of the danger which
threatens us, but who will only cousent to an
enlargement or the term of residence from live
years to twenty, as a pie-requisite to naturali
zation. We respectfully insist that this would
postpone but not remedy the evil.
The day would finally como, though post
poned, when the foreign vote would outnumber
that of the natives. Ay, and that day would
come with a vengeance! The first moment of
the ascendency of the foreign party would be
signalized by the demolition of every barrier to
their indiscriminate exorcise of free suffrage,
and nativo Americanism would bo buried in the
consummation of a progressive, peaceful, but
disastrous revolution!
Fellow citizens, it is alleged by some who
oppose us, that our measures are of a kindred
character with the "alien law" of the elder
Adams. That demagogues should take this 1
ground, and endeavor to avail themselves of |
the almost universal prejudice which has ob
tained in regard to this law, to render our aa
i?ociation unpopular, is by no means surprising.
It would, however, bo surprising, if such men
should succeed in convincing the disciples of
Jefferson, that the principles of tho Native
American party, which that distinguished
statesman boldly and earnestly advocated, are
of the same cwiago with those other principles
which ho and his party as boldly and earnestly
condemned! Xbonuus JcfterBon foresaw and
deprecated the evils which now exist Head
his own language, in 1781:
"The present desire of America in to produce
rapid population by m great importations of for
eigners as possible. Hut la this founded in pood
policy ? The advantage proposed i# the multipli
cation of numbers. Now let us suppose, for ex
ample onlv, that lu this Bute we could double our
numbers iu one vear by the importation of for
eiKners; and this is a greater accession than the
?uost sanguine advocate for emigration has a right |
to expect. But art- there no inconveniences to be j
thrown Into the scale against the advantage ex- ;
noctod from a multiplication of number* by the
importation of foreigners? It is for the happiness |
of those united iu society to harmonize as much as |
possible In matu-ra which they must of necessity 1
transact together. Civil government being the
sole oljject of forming societies, its administration
must be conducted by common consent."
11 Every species of government has its specific
principles. Ours perhaps arc more peculiar than
those of any other iu the univurse. It is a
composition of tho freest principles of the English
constitution, with other* (leiived from natural
reason To these nothing can l>e more opposed )
than the maxims of absolute monarchies. Yet
from such we arc to expect the greatest number
of emigrant*. They will bring with them the prin
uples of tho government they have imbibed iu
their early youth ; or, if able to throw theni off, It |
will be in exchange for au unbounded lie utious
ihhm is id ubu&lt from one extreme to i
another, ft would be a mimefc ?vre thty to ?top |
precisely at the point of tnnptrate liberty. These
principles, with their language, they will transmit ,
to their children. In proportion to their numbers
they will share with u* the IcgisUtion. They will
infuse into it their spirit, warp and bias its direction,
and render it a heterogeneous, Incoherent, dis
tiacted mass. I may appeal to experience, dur- j
wig the present contest, for a verification of these I
r?iyeeturce."
On another occasion he uttered the following j
declaration: I
" I hope that wo may tind some means in fu
tnre of shielding onraelves from foreign influence,
political, commercial, or in whatever fonn it may I
he attempted. I can scarcely withhold mvself |
from joining in the wish of Silas Dean?that there j
were an oceart of fire between this and tho Old |
World."
Who amongfct us ha<* uaod language more j
plain, direct and unequivocal? If he subse
quently sanctioned a bill authorizing naturali
zation upon a short res-idtnee in the country,
it proves rather his deference to the popular
will than a change in his individual opinions.
Such a bill was constitutional, and it was not
bis practice to substitute his own will for that
of Congress. If he recommended the repeal
of a law on this subject, enacted under Uie ad
ministration of his predecessor and rival, which
it appears was more in accordance with his
previously expressed opinions than the one
substituted therefor, some allowance must be
made for the claims of t*rty, the excitement of
a heated canvass, and the expectations of devo
ted naturalized friends. Tnat his deliberate
opinions wore in opposition to the encourage
ment of immigration, and adverse, to the idea
of tht competency of foreigners generally to
appreciate the principles of our government, is
moat clearly proved by the above extracts co
pied froiu his letters. " To such of yon, fellow
dtJawis, aa claim to be his disciples?to such
as truly revere his memory and would hood
hie warnings?we may appeal with confidence.
His language above quoted convoya the senti
ment* of a patriot, the reflections of ? sage
aud the unadulterated feeliugs of a Nati\o
American1 . , , .
It is questionable, fullowcitizena, whether
those wlio would assimilate our measures to
the principles of the "alien law," know auy
thing of either. They liave hoard of the Alien
Law, aud of the odium wliich attached to it,
and as our action has relation to foreigners,
they imagine they can attach to it a like re
proach. l>o they know that whilst we would
vouchsafe to the immigrant the peaceable and
permanent enjoyment of all the rights of citi
zenship, (excepting the power to intermeddle
with our laws,( the alien law subjected him to
arrest, imprisonment, and expulsion from the
country, upon the (suspicion of the President)'
We would confer upon the immigrant all the
rights and privileges which the safety and per
manency of our institutions would allow us U>
confer, and these privileges we would grant in
perpetuity, aud on the sole condition, that he
permit this to remain, an American govern
ment ! The alien lato made his residence, and
his liberty, depend upon the whim, caprice and
will of the President! We would place him
in a condition, that his motives in immigrating
could not be questioned, wlii^t his home would
lie permanent, his protection perpetual, las
liberty and property held sacred, and his chil
dren, being reared up amongst us, and indoc
trinated in Republican principles, would be
Ambkicans! And yet, there are men, who
would assimilate our purposes to the provis
ions of the Alien Law! How vast the im
provement thoso modern great men would
make, in political science, whose well train
ed optic have discovered a resemblance, where
the unclouded vision of a Jefferson perceived a
contrast! ,
We have thus, fellow-citizens, presented to
your consideration, in such manner as we
were able, the evils which surround us, and
the dangers that are approaching. W e have
unfolded to you our purposes, and our mode
of action. We have stated the objections
which have been urged against our principles,
and we have endeavored to remove tbem. 10
your unproltidiced judgment wo now appeal.
Is it expedient or not, to change the rule of
naturalization Y *
Are our rights and privileges worth pre
serving ? Are the paupers and criminals of
the Old World, lit and proper persons to make
laws for the new V Is it ,r expedient-' that we
permit foreigners to rule over us? Shall wc
barter away our birth right?for something less
than a mess of pottage ? These are questions
which must be answered soon, or never. Ere
long it may bo mockery to ask them.
Come then, Americans, to the rescue of our
institutions ! Henceforth, let the names, "Fed
eralist"Democrat," "Whig" and " Loco,"
be unknown amongst us. Tin; pekpeti'ation
or American freedom is ovk object ; Ameri
can BIGHTS, OVK MOTTO", AND THE AMERICAN
pakty, ouu cognomen I Foreigners by birth,
and foreigners in feeling, will rally under their
appropriate banner! W e cannot doubt, that
iu thus doing buttley wo shall be triumphant.
But if in the contest between the American
and foreign parties, it should bo the doerec__oL]
Heaven, that the temple of American liberty |
shall be overthrown, let tie, lighting in its de
fence, esteem it a glorious privilege to be buried
beneath its ruins!
SENSIBLE ANSWER.
I The Democracy of Feliciana passed resolu
tions at its late meeting condemning the order
of Know-Nothings on the ground that the ob
jects of the order were unconstitutional.
A sensible answer has been given by some 1
one who lias Bent it to us to print The fol
lowing paragraphs are ^jo irrefutable, and at
the same time so candid, that wc cannot refrain j
from copying them : . . ,
The resolution states: " That its principles,
aims, and objects arc in diredt violation of the
Constitution of the United States." This is
assumption?the begging of a legal proposition |
in a statement of fact. Let us sec.
The Constitution says:
" No person except a natural-born citizen of
tl,o United States shall be eligible to the office
of Prei.idwit of the United States."
It again says:
" Congress shall have power to establish a
uniform rule on the subject of naturalization."
It agaiu says:
" No person shall be a Representative who
shall not have been seven years a citizen of the
United States."
And again .
" No person shall be a Senator who shall not
have been nine years a citizen of the United
States."
Here are three several prohibitory, protcrip
tire provisions No foreigner can ever reach
the highest office In the gift of the people ; and
no foreigner can ever be a Representative or
Senator in Congress except in compliance with
the rule or law which may be established ; and
in like manner, can never become a citizen,
and fill any minor office, as a matter of right
This power of Congress is entirely permis
sive, and the non-exereisal of it, would have
left the subject just where it was. Foreigners
would have been foreigners still. But Con
gross having exercised tho power?established
a ride, certain rights and privileges attached to
those who avail themselves of it, and of which
they can not b* deprived.
The whole question, then, rosolves itself into
one of exjtediencv, as to whethor the action of
Congress was, and still continues to be expe
dient: and about this, we may all be permitted
to differ without regarding each other as "com
mon enemies."
But the main question of fact as stated,
"that the principles" of the order of Know
Nothings, so callod, " are in direct conflict with
the Constitution," is not truly stated?is not
evidenced by the plain language of it, and is
not inferable, but the contrary, from its spirit,
and consequently the " aims and tendencies of
the order, harmonize with it however inex
pedient they may be. The great object and
purpose as we understand them, of the Aimici
ation, is to organize and build up a great
"American party." A party having for its
grand design the employment of " American
agencies" for the transaction of American busi
ness, st home and abroad. And while we
unit* heartily with all in welcoming to our
shores the oppressed of evorv land?for "Uncle
Sam is rich enough to give em all a ftirin ?
tnay we not be permitted to doubt at least the
propriety of giving them any voice in the con
trol in the management oj the great Ameri
can Farm. And 'for the expression of this
doubt, even wc are styled "common enemies."
The prescriptive principle in the constitution
being fundamental as regards foreigners?Iwgin
ning with the highest, runs through all the Pets
the government. And in the very last ono?
in the celebrated Nebraska tall, jmssod at the
last session of Congress, and approved by our
Democratic President, who is so highly lauded,
and to which we hoi?c you will permit us to
take no exception, not l>eing "common ene
mies"?in this bill it is expressly enacted, that
the territory shall lie entitled to a rejMresentative
in Congress?but only in the person of an
American citizen--a bread distinction being
drawn between the qualification of those having
a right to a vote, and that of their representative.
Is it not plain that those who denounce the
order for its proscription of foreigner* either
are ignorant of the (me spirit of the constitu
tion, and the true position of tho government
towards foreigners, or that their denunciations
I of the Know Nothings are bids for the vote of
I the foreign bom at the coming elections? N.
0. Creole.
Mr. Stephen R. Smith, lately shot in the
' back of the head, writes a letter to the Cincin
! nati Commercial concluding, " I am, sir, yours,
with the Itall si ill in my head." He ought to
j bo thankful that it is "$till.'y
"WAt^HNGTONJl). C.
WEDNESDAY NOVEMbKRTc, IBM.
VwXaN BLLIU, Editor.
K. M HEATH, Asaktaiit.
Ag?ut? for the " Anieririii Or^an."
? John T. Auuurr, Bt. AsapU street, two doors from
xt/-thSte* - ??
.irwt, U.liium,
"jSTp. H..TO. ? ou, ?? to *"?
other cities in the weat. a .rent, U
empowered to Uke ?d*ertise"?> ^ ^ K_
at the rates required to ? ^-Boston, ^ul'
pi^ed uawments. l^s une Buildlugs; I'M'
tyf 5?^i^JStbSl-d Chestnut ate.
Th^ V^caT0^aN "will b. found1 for sale at
Anim & Yath'i No. 29 Beckman street, New \ ork
r_J?~ Subscribers who do not recicvo the pa
pers, will please l?ave t,leir "UIUC 4111(1 a(idroriH
at the office.
r#""All idnrtlmmih for l'10 "Organ
should be handed into the office, before twelve
o'clock, M., of the day of publication.
TO OUR READERS.
Owing to the fact that few of our exchange*
have yet been received, we are unable to fur
nish our readers with that variety of miscella
neous news which wo intend shall always be
found in the columns of tins paper. In a few
dnys the omission?at present unavoidable
will be supplied.
CONSERVATISM.
Within the last few weeks, our readers must
have observed that several pretty, claiming to
belong to the Democratic party, have put forth
views and opinions distinctly favoring the or
ganisation of a new Democratic and conserva- i
live party, ntfecting to regard the "American
party" as opposed to conservatism and to the
perpetuity of the Union.
We saw, but a few days since, a correspon
dence between the lion. George M. Dallas and
some of his political friends, in wh^h itwas
proposed to form "constitutionaldvbn. Wo
Lo seen in some of the New "iork papers,
propositions for the coalition of Dcmociatic
" harda" and silver grey " W higs.
To come nearer home, we have recently seen
in the rVWKington Sentinel, a proposition for
tho reconstruction of the Democratic party,
strongly urged by one of its accredited corres
The1 people of the United States (we mean
the mantes as contradistinguished from the poli
ticians) can dispense with the services of those
_s4ip seem to be so very willing to aul them in
^construction of parties. This has been dis
tinctly shown in the late elections. Politicians
of the present day are as far behind the people
in forecast, as they arc in patriotism. Is it pos
sible these jtolitlcians have not yet discovered
that the people have themselves already form
ed, and raised into eminence, a new Comena
titei><irtyt
llavo not these politicians heard from the
Northwest, fhnn the North, and from the East?
Do they not know that in New York the
" American party" is composed of sound con
servative elements entirely? Do they not
know that the " hards" and the "silver greys
compose the American party in that State ?
Do they not know that in Massachusetts, the
Whig*, the Democrat*, and the tVce*oilcr>,
(a*K ran a candidate for governor, and that the
"American party" took up an independent
ronecrvative Union man for governor, and
olcctod him by a vote far exceeding all the votes
cast for the throe other parties ? Do they not
know tliat the American party in tho " Old
Bav State" in a pure national party ?
Surely these politicians who now propose U>
create a new Democratic conservative party,
do not so far underrate the intelligence of the
people of this country, as to suppose they arc
ignorant of the motive* which prompt such
politicians in their proposed scheme of recon
structing the Democratic elements 1 The peo
ple at large will not fail to discover that such
politicians are influenced by the hope of pr+
nerving their own jx>titi"M wul influent,
rather than by the conviction of a necessity for
such reconstruction of parties, to preserve the
union of these States. ... i
Is there a ,?oHtician in this nation bold and |
reckless enough to assert that tho "American
party," in any respect, or to any extent, seeks
to stand on any other platform than the ( on
stitution and the I nion.
Is there any riyht guaranteed by the Con
stitution cither to the States or to individuals
which we do not maintain in its purity and in
its full length and breadth ? " We thnll main
tain and defend the Comtitution M it *tand*,
the Union a* it etiit*, and the right* of the
State* without diminution, a* guaranteed
thereby, oj^.iny at all time,, and to the ex
tent of our ability and infuence, aU who
m(,y a***il them, or either of th*m. To
this doctrino we stand pledged. and we de y
our opponents to point to one single act done,
or one sentiment oxpT?*ed by the " American
partv," in conflict with this doctrine. Who at
(be North assails our principles as promul
gated in our first number ? Who at the South
can assail them ?
What rights of the Northern States do we
oppose? What rights of the Southern Stetes
do we not, maintain? What rights of either
will we not defend to the last extremity ? A one.
The " American party" was formed on tho basis
of the Constitution and the Union, and is des
lined to preserve both, by purifying the body
politic, and exercising a contertative influence
wherever its organisations prevail. 1 f there tx
any destructive principle in our creed, it seeks
only the destruction of native demagognism
and fortign influence. We do neck to destroy
all political native demagoguism, v"I de
scriptions offoreign influence, and wc are yet
to learn that the constitution forbids our doing
this, or that tho Union would be endangered
by our complete success in those particulars.
If those gentlemen who liave, under the load
of Mr. Dallas, proposed to form " Constitutional
Clubs," really and iinetrely seek the prescr- j
ration of tho Constitution, and if they will con
vince tho " American party" of their sincerity
and unite with us, they will find a hearty co
option on our part, in furtherance of their
objects; and if those other genl lemon, above
alluded to, in New York and Washington, real
ly seek to porpetuate the Union, and to main
tain unim|>aired and untouched tho right* of
the State*, we shall be most happy, upon be
ing satisfied that permnal advancement is not
the foundation of th-.lr soliHtnde, to have them
co-operate in tho great work, which tho "Ameri
can party" U destined to accomplish.
THE WASHINGTON UNION.
Tip Waajuagton Union is generally recog
nised u an authoritative exponent of tl?? views
and principles of the pm>uat administration
Wo shall so regard it nntil otherwise advised,
Iu whatever comments we nuke, now or hur*.
aflfcr, upon its course. It in a most extraordi
nary journal, and iu this respect it is certainly
a true representative of its constituency.
We do not propose, 011 this occasion, a gen
eral review of its political opinions; that woukl
require more time than one day, and more
space than one number of our paper.
We have seen in that journal, as we think, a
sufficient variety of text* for a great number
of commentaries, and, if our commentaries
were to be mere elucidations of those texts, we
eould illustrate for the Union, as many differ
ent and contradictory opinions as a chameleon
cau exhibit colors. This diversity of opinion
at different times, results we suppose, from
circumstances, for " circumstances alter cases,"
and why not opinions!1 Opinions and posi
tions suited to one condition of tilings, the
Union doubtless thinks, are unsuited to an
other. We will give a practical illustration of
our meaning. It was quite consistent with the
views of the Union, before the recent elections
in Ohio, Indiana, Pennsylvania, &c., &c., to
denounce the " Know-Nothings " as " intoler
ant,'" " infamous" " deceitful" "fradulent
" audacious," and " treacherous" It was also
deemed proper by the Union to assert that
" no true Democrat would ever join any such
" unconstitutional party /" But circumstances
alter opinions. Thousands upon thousands of
" true Democrats" did join the " Knotv
Nothings 1"
The administration was overwhelmed in
those qjections, and immediately thereafter the
Union held the following language, to wit:
"It should be carefully borne in mind that the
Democratic party (meaning the administration)
neither ussumes that the naturalization lawn, as
they exist, are perfect, nor that foreigners liuve not,
on some occasion*, subjected themselves to just
censures, nor that the Roman Catholic religion is
based upon the true Christian creed !"
[See the Union of October 17th, 1854.
Doubtless our foreign-born citizcns will
moderate their anger towards the " Amer
ican party," sine? the administration ad
mits the existence of some of the prominent
ecils which we seek to remedy! Tho very
best motives no doubt influenced the Union in
administering this gentlo rebuke to its allies.
The admission and rebuke originated in tho
patriotic purpose of convincing tho Demo
cratic Knoic-Nothings that tho Union was
only joking when it denounced thcui as " in
tolerant, infamous, deceitful, fraudulent, auda
cious, and treacherousand when it asserted
that no true Democrat would ever join any
such unconstitutional party ! It was neces
sary to make the " amende honorable" to the
Democratic portion of the American party, or
give up all hope of ever regaining them ; and
how otherwise could this be done, than by ad
mitting the existence of the evils of which we
complain, and by administering a gentle re
buke to the foreigners, for being " on some oc
casions" obnoxious to censure t The Demo
cratic " Know-Nothings" iruty, per hap*, fund
perhaps not,) excuse tho Union for having
made its reckless assaults, when they considor
that these assaults were made in ignorance of
the important fact, reeontly discovered, that
al>out one-half of tho American party are Dem
ocrats !
Do wo uot read in the " Good Book" that
tho sin of ignorance shall be forgiven ?
j 111 further perusing tho Un ion's article above
referred to, we must confess there is one sen
tence, of which not only our foreigVi-born cit
izens, but ire also, may justly complain, they
for one reason, and we for another. The Union
says : " Native Americans are justly proud of
their high prerogatives, and naturally jealous
"f anything like foreign influence upon their
institutions, and in these sentiments we par
tici)>ate to the fullest extent//"
Now, as to ourselven, we have come to tho
conclusion, that while wo admire, as well the
sentiments as tho language of this }>aragreph,
there is some mischief browing in that same
Union office!
Now, Mr. Union, we must solemnly protest
against your stealing our principles from us 1
W0 must keep an eye upon you ? Why, you
talk alwut the " hiijh prerogatives" of Native
Americans as though you were tho Chiefs of
our Councils 1 You talk about " participating
to the fullest extent," in our " sentiments," as
though you did not think us a set of " intolor
ant, infamous, deceitful, fraudulent, audacious,
and treacherous Know-Nothings, whom no
true Democrat could ever join "! We don't
comprehend this,?it is more mysterious than
our own " workings"! Now, dear Mr. Union,
let us compromise this matter! We will agree
that we are worse than anything you have ever
called us, if you will only recant your opinions
of the 17th of October, and promise not to ap
ply for initiation into our mysteries, nor to
supplant us, as the " Organ" of the American
party! Do you say " agreed " T So *ay we!
Now that ig sett led, and there must be no more
"barking and filling"!
Since we have thus compromised our mat
ters, we are curious to know what the foreign
born citizens really think al?out the "high
prerogatives" which you claimed for us, natives!
By the way, we had almost forgotten to cite
another sentence from your late editorial, in
volving a similar idea to tho one abovo referred
to, viz: "Citizenship is a boon granted to for
eigners by the liberality of our institutions"!
Now did you really mean to Bay this? or was
it a lapsus pennnt Won't the utterance of
those two sentiments lead you into difficulties
with your friends? As to the " high preroga
tives" of the native*, don't that sound like
giving the natives something more than equal
rights t
" Prerogatives" ia a t<tm bad enough by it
self, but when you prefix the adjunct " high,"
won't it have the appearance of being some
thing above the reach of the foreigner ? Will
they stand it? Then, again, you say that " citi
zenship is a boon." Now, a boon is something
" good," and, in that sense, it will not be ob
jected to; hut tho manner in which you speak
of it, leavos the impression that citizenship is
not a natural right! Surely, you hare not
forgotten the Declaration of Independence, by
virtue of which Africans, Arabs, Chinese,
French, Germans, Italians, Irish, and, in fket,
the world at large, and " the rest of mankind,"
are all made "free and equal /"
It is true, there is something in the consti
tution about Congress having power to pass
uniform hues of naturalisation, which, con
strued literally, pre supposes that natural rights
arc regulated by constitutional law; but, then,
dou't the " kiyher L'U>" btep ia and ?reiride
the constitution f Seward and Suuunw nay it
does, and they are as good h mukLs of the for
eigners as the Washington UMon ! But, Mr.
Union, we leave you to adjust all these ques
tions with foreigner*), who, -under the contract
mWde at Carusi's Saloon, are a part W?d parod
?of your organization, and, in the merciftil lan
guage of criminal courts, when culprits are put
on trial, we say, " God grant you a safe deliv
erance 1"
ILLINOIS ELECTION.
A telegraphic despatch appeared a day or two
ago in the columes of one of our city coteinpo
raries, to the cffect that Illinois had gone for
the democrats, by a decided majority; that
four or live Nebraska democrats had been elect
ed to Congress, and tliat from the complexion
! of the Legislature General Shields would uo
doubt be returned to the U. S. Senate. As
we have seen no confirmation of this intelli
gence in any of the New York papers, we pre
sume that there must be some mistake about
it The first news received from Illinois was
of a very different cliaracter, and justified tho
inference tliat the prairie Stat* had repudiated
the administration as emphatically as had been
done by her neighbors?Ohio and Indiana.
Until some additional intelligence is received
it will be impossible to say what has been the
actual result.
|3y The Transcript, published at Cham
bersburg, Pennsylvania, is about to be enlarged,
and will hoist the flag of the "American party,"
" esteeming the repro%uh connected with such
a course greater honok than to be found in the
ranks of tho anti-republican or foreign faction."
This is tho patriotic language of its publishers.
We wish it success.
Jgff* Tho New Orioans Creole copies the
following resolution, offered by tho oditor of
this paper at the mass meeting on the 27th
September, to wit:
"RetolueJ, That the naturalization laws ought to
be totally repealed, or materially altered; and the
term of residence, before admission to the right of
citizenship, be extended to the period of twenty
one years."
And comments thereon as follows :
" In regard to this resolution, wc will remark,
that ho fur as we are informed, the doctrine of total
repeal is the doctrine of Louisiaiia. And wbv
tthould it not be all over the Union V All will
agree that it is in every respect a better measure
than the material alteration tcheme. Repeal will
accomplish, in a more perfect manner, the great
object of purifying and Americamzing the ballot
box It will protect us thoroughly against frauds
and perjuries. No alteration of the kind alluded
to would effect that object. And, finally, TOTAL
REPEAL is emphatically not only the correct, but
it is also the popular measure, which will rally to
its enthusiastic and united support the truly patri
otic spirits oT every party, ehae, and creed. The
peoplo of this country are not now, nor have they
ever been, partial to half-way measures on any
subject. The true American voter is decided, di
rect, bold, and energetic in all liis movements, lie
is not in any sense a half-way man."
All who heard, or who have read, the re
marks which we submitted to the meeting
referred to, are apprised of the reasons which
induced us to present the resolution above
copied, in the alternative.
The views then briefly presented by us were
thus expressed.
" I shall advocate the repeal of the laws of nat
uralisation bo as to prevent foreigners from be
coming citizens, and thus acquiring the right of
suffrage. I am aware that many of the American
party arc in &vor of granting citizenship in fun,
after a period of twenty-one years; but I am lu
favor of a total exclusion, because, if any term or
years be fixed, many persona will evade tho law,
I by proving their residence for tlie necessary tenn,
before they have resided here as many months, as
there may be years required. It is my purpose to
do all In mf"power to inculcate the safe and salu
tary doctrine?to extend it all over the country?
to teach it to the yonng, and to impress it upon
the old, that Americatti thall rul* their coun
Our friends of the New York Creole will
pcrcoive that there is no difference of opinion
between us on this point, and that the resolu
tion was shaped in the alternative, that it
might command the assent of all our friends.
Whilst we shall strenuously advocate the opin
ions which we entertain individually, we
shall nevertheless respect the views and wishes
of our friends, in the hope th?t when the con
test shall be reached in Congrcsn, harmony
may prevail in our ranks. On all questions of
policy there must bo concession and compro
mise. ?
gf The New York Herald (whose editor
is a foreigner by birth) oontains an article head
ed the " Know-Xo thing platformfrom which
wc extract tho following remarks touching the
action of foreigners as American citizens, to
wit:
" They hardly ever become fused Into the Ameri
can masses: adhering together In clans, and voting
in a body regardless of principle, under the orders
of their priest or the orator of their lager-bier
saloon, they liring discredit on the system of uni
versal suffrage, and Interfere materially with Its
salutary woridng. For these reasons the Know
Nothings?who may now be considered as one of
the three groat parties In this nation?demand that
the electoral franchise shall hereafter l>e denied to
foreign born i?ld?f The? will be allowed to
coiihi here a* usual, work, make mouey, and even
abuse our institutions to their heart's content; but
vote they shall not."
Every observing man in the country knows,
and every honest man will admit, that the for
cign population do in truth generally vote and
act as stated by the Herald. Docs not this
fact fully justify the purposes our party have
in view in flic present organization?
H*'s a Know-Nothing?Kim in* out.?
Such is the language of the administration at
Washington. What right has an American to
be an American in fooling ? or what right has
an American to hold an office * There are
plenty of Irishmen in tho country who will
accept of power and place?and surely so long
as foreigners can be found they should l>e pre
ferred ! Roman Catholic Irishmen?Jesuits
and aliens'?members of the society of Jesus.
4c., can bo appointed to office -can remain in
ofHcw and be hail fellow well met with the
President and cabinet; but an American who
is suspected of acting as he pleases roust be
kicked out 1 An American citizen has no priv
ileges?no rights. And yet if an American is j
not entitled to office, who in the name of all
that is sacred is ? I.et Pierre and the admin
istration answer. If he is a Know-Nothing,
kick him out I?American Sentinel
What ths American 1'astv is had* or.?
In relation to the true friends of the country,
the New York Mirror has tho following:
" But, if we rightly understand this Ameri
can order of men, there is nothing of the Hes
sian or the Swiss in their character or pur
poses. They are not in the market?to be sold
out to the highest bidder on the eve of tlve
election. The platform on which they stand
is simple and firm. Their obiecto are urftriotic
and pure. Tho candidates they vote for roust
be men of revolutionary stamp, whose lore of
country outweighs allegianoc to psrty or love
of power?men " native and to the manor
hornmen whose grnndnires seeled their
immortality and earned a nation's gratitude by
pouring out their life-blood at Lexington, Mon
mouth, Yorktown, and Bunker Hill.
WRECK Of tm WUP
The following lettar from the a^oWof the
New York associated pr**>, gives the -UitaLU
of thin terribl* disaster:
On Board Steamboat Achillm,
Near Long Branch, No*. 18, 8, P. M
D. H. Ckaio, Kmj. : Am promised this morn
ing by tehgrapn, I proceed to give you what
particulars 1 liave witnessed of the dreadful
wreck at Long Branch.
The news of the wreck of the New Kra
ashore at Long Branch reached me about 8
o'clock thin morniug by telegraph, and I im
mediately conveyed the intelligence to Captain
Reynold*, of the Achilles, who was then lying
to olf the llook. While waiting an answer
from W. R. Jones, as to whether he shotAd
Boceed at once to the wreck, or go to tf?e city
r the wrecking schooners, a message came
from Mr. Morrtt, at Long Branch, that the
ship ashore had 800 passengers on board, and
was fast breaking up. Upon tins Capt. R. de
cided to go at once to the scene of the wreck,
to co-operate with those already on the spot in
saving life.
| We left the Hook at 9 1-2, in a dense fog and
southerly wind, which raised a very heavy
head-swelL The fog, however, so increased in
density as to render it impossible to discern
objects further than the vessel's length, much
less to keep sight of the shore at a safe dis
tance, or see objects near it. We, however,
kept on, until we must have been within a
short distance of where the wreck lay; but as
it was impossible to see or do anything, Capt.
R, after waiting sometime, put the vessel's
head again to the northward. When opposite
the Highlands, the fog suddenly lighted up, so
that the land could be distinctly seen, and we
again steered to the southward, in search of the
wreck. About 3 o'clock we came in sight of
her, lying broadside to the beach, heading to
the southward, with her fore, main, and mizen
topsails close reefed still standings -OitTeach
ing her, she proved to be level with the water,
and Aill, and the swell breaking in heavy sur
ges across hur decks. We had already passed
many pieces of the wreck, and half a mile far
ther on we saw the body of a little child, ap
parently about four or five years old, and in
quick succession also that of a man, stripped
of clothing and others with clothes on?four
or five bodies in all. As we approached the
wreck, so as to get a uoarer view, a most liar
rowing spectacle met the eyes.
The jib-boom, rigging, and top of the ship,
fore and aft, were filled with human beings
closely packed together, and clinging to cach
other and to the ropes, while the ship surged
to and fro with cach returning wave; which
broke in wild spray far into the rigging and
over the ship, drenching and suffocating the
passengers, while the poor creatures filled the
air with the most soul-harrowing and pitiful
outcries for assistance. On the beach were
some two hundred persons, gathered in groups,
apparently consulting as to how to act, whilo
others sat leisurely upon the gunwale of the
boats, which the heavy surf rendered it certain
destruction to launch. We saw several boats
upon the shore apparently well-adapted for tho
purpose, and a crowd of persons dragging a
long life-boat toward the beach, where it was
left, and no further attempt mado to launch it
We saw no line frohi tho ship to the shore,
and no life-car. From tho fact that what ap
peared the ship's boat was lying on the beach,
we judged the officers and crew, or most of
them, might have landed or been thrown ashore
in her. The tide was now about. at its full?
the wind had died away, and a slight breeze
sprung up from off-shore, wliich greatly in
creased our hopes that toe swell would go
down with the tide, and render it possible for
the boats to bo launched from shore.
As to ourselves, we found we could do?
nothing. This steamer, which is employed ex
pressly by the underwriters to render assis
tance to vessels ashore, has not the sign of a
surf-boat on board?nothing but two miserable
yawls, both of which would scarcely float the
vessel's crew, were she sinking, and one of
them could not float herself if put overboard.
Not a spar, lino, or life-nresferver?not a piece
of cork big enough to float a drowning dog.
By four and-a-half o'clock the swell had so
much subsided that every passenger could have
been rescued had there been a surf-boat on
board, and there was not a man, from the fire
men to the pilot and captain, who would not
have rejoiced at the opportunity of snatching
the poor sufferers from death, liad they the
means of doing it By whoso neglect is it that
these steamboats are not provided with surf
boats for such dreadful emergencies as this?
Still hoping for a movement toward launching
the boats from shore, we continued painfiil
spectators of the scene, ringing, our bell to en
courage them and beckoning to those on the
shore to launch the boats.
When our wheels were put in motkm, to ad
just the position of the steamer, the passengers,
apparently fearing we were about to nave them,
rent the air with imploring cries, while others
tolled tho ship's bell, the sounds of which
were borne to us above the waitings of the surf
that swept over the ship. We wore near enough
to distinctly see women holding their little ones
with ope hand, while the other, bleached by
the spray, clung with a death-grip to the
ratlines on which they stood. On the fore
castle, there stood, a few moments ago, a
group of four dinging to the stay, but they are
now gone; a heavy swell has probably swept
them away. Two nave been seen to nil from
the jib-boom into the surf.
'1 bus we have looked on, unable to approach
the ship. Captaia Reynolds twice hailed them
on the shore, and asked them to launch the
)>oatH, as the surf^ to us, seemed to bo now suf
I ficieutly smooth to do so on the lee side of the
| ship. Finding that we could do nothing, and,
as the sun went down, seeing the boats nauled
back upon the beach, we left to procure lifc
t>oaU, making signals to the wreck that we
would return immediately.
Meantime the Leviathan also arrived oppo
[ site the wrock, but like ourselves, had no boats
| to render any assistance. On our way un we
i soon met tho Hector, liaving in tow a wrecking
' schooner, in charge of Capt. Bowne, and with
him we went back to the wrock. On reaching
| it Capt Bowne informed us that although he
had boats, ha had not two men who could pull
I an oar. nnd asking if any one on board would
go witn him in the boat? I replied, " Here is
| one," and Mr. Haskill voluntered to do the
I same. Capt Reynolds then informed Capt.
Howne that he could get men to man his hfe
? boat by coming alongside the Achillea. We
I then made prepamtions to ioin Capt Bowne,
| but to our surprise he pulled away from us to
j ward the ship, leaving word for tho Achilles to
! return to the city. Thus a large and powerful
boat with plenty of accommodations for the
rescued passengers, was sent to town, and the
Iloctor, a comparatively slow and unsuitable
boat, is retained.
At half past eight o'clock, when we left tho
wreck, the wind was blowing fresh from tho
j westward, and it was thought would soon re
duce the swell, but with the darkness to con
: tend with, and short handed, it must be impos
! sible to take off the passengers?and many
! more must inevitably perish from exposure
during tho dreary darkness that has now closed
over them.
A reverend sportsman wan once boasting of
his infallible skill in finding a hare. " If" said
irQuaker, who was present, " I were a hare, I
would take my seat in a phu-e where I should
be sure of not being disturbed by thee from
the 1st of .January to the last of December."*
?'Why. where would yo go?" "Into thy
study.
" If you don't give me a penny," said a
young hopeftil to his mamma, " I know a boy
that's got the measles, and I'll go and catch
them, so I will!"
An editor in Iowa has lieen fined two hun,
dm! and fifty dollars for hugging a young
girl in church.

xml | txt