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WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1854. NUMBER 5. American Mights our motto; ud the American Party our cognomen." AMERICAN ORGAN. nnr arrrwioo#, (Mc*w sohuat )7i TBI COKNKR OF LOUISIANA ATKWCE AMD tsnth htrect, bt AJJ ASSOCIATION OF NATIVE AMERICANS rsiNTjw ar J08IAH MELVIN. Terms. OAttr PAT KM, 10 CENTS A WSKIC, 0K $fi A rSAA ; I WUI? 'APM, $2 A VKAH, In Advance. KATMS or AWJCBTISINU, O**"*a*re>fi?' insertion,60 cents; -V _ insertion. 26 cent*? sMesqasut One square on* week ' One square one month '**?? W 75 One square three months " 6 00 Ten linen, or less, make e 10 00 %WCards of two llr -es, yearly, tire dollars. The follow' adopted ? ,Bg Pr<mmbl? resolutions, . -t a mass meeting of the citizens of , -ilngton, ou tlio 27th day of September -?st, present the general sentiments of the " American party" in this city, and will doubt less be read with interest by the friends of American principles throughout the country to wit: Whereas a public meeting of citizens of Washing ton was held at Carusi's Saloon, on the 19th instant upon a call made in and approved by the Executive Uie prooeedingg of which, in the reaolutiona 4a^V>h>v? been adopted at that meeting, and in the speeches of certain selected orators at a subsequent adjourned meeting, are now spread before the public eye m the oolumns of said organ, and Its kindred presses, with approbation; snd whereas said resoln- I toons, however dressed un in abstract professions of patriotism, assail principles dear to the American 1 heart and necessary to the safety of the constitution and to the peace and prosperity of our country; and whereas. Uie Executive is invoked therein to remove ' trom public employment such officeholders as enter fctiuwose pnnciplue, thereby to perpetrate a ruthless proscription of both Whigs and Democrats for an honest difference of opinion: therefore? JWwrf, That mere professions of love to the con ?"d 'to civil and religious freedom, when by ^n*' ?5??ot dooeiT? the sensible and vigilaut guardians of American liberty, whose appreheBsious have been excited at beholding the stride* that hare been made toward a complete con H?Ternment by subjects of a foreign potentate well-known a* the avowed enemy of our I whole American system, to whose overthrow they ' are solemnly devoted. J custodians of that bene ficent system of civil and religious freedom bequeath "? by *ke Cftiiers of the republic, it b our duty to meet and repel all insidious attacks upon our lib SaJSi liS assaults; and that we view ?ith indignation and alarm the assertion of princi ples and puiyoees, on the part of the recognised ex ponent* of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States, subversive of our republican institutions, which constitute aggression* of such a character that, if not now resSied, will lead, at no distant day to the overthrow of the American Constitution the complete establish meet of despotism. Auoltud That while, in the oast political divisions *? Whim anaDemocrata, we have 0TOT ?*?toeted principle* Jk ?U of which are sow settled, y.t in Cn^n?l_d*0*t,r to all that both parties dssr we wiU bury every remembrance of naat " pEg tolZh other o^TireL,^r fortanea, and our sacred honor" not to oeass oar ex ertoto. until our oountry shaU be freed from the dsnpsca that new menace it sanctified by an open Si-Kli^L^j" r^e o( Wd JP??etioe, holding as an principle that tfatelUgcnce and virtue ar? essential to the success of a free govern meat .That while we welcome ifc our r.uu.i. . the victims of tyranny from i.?j <*mntry eomMmt to go elsewhere ?t oSfewSiSS? Tltttion of ^ whleht before ito tive of the Uniu>d Stkte^imlB UP?n br,t,'e ^ocu danjteroui lnfr*** |j*~"propoBw an alarming and men^.ud ^p^.Ti. PnnclPl?* <* eelfgcvern of *1! the '~e /SS1*ir* rebuke _ 0um United Ststes, without T ] ! ???, or creed. the eTtrT Vrotw,u,nt denomiaation in t?l* United Stales maiataina the oonstitutional .??. l Ohii'oh and Stato^ to which whiU ^ f Catholics sinoersly concur, the PaP?' Churcn abroad "l.d yr7whvt* maintains the 0f ^ 0iT? *? th* ^lesiMtiod anthwitj, both in Europe and America; the sad and ruinous effects of wh?h, in the owl ars scen^o a issa x syr?lHtr;,S ?ho^'who'waiUh''b* poeitions of bcmocr?t*.?r"f ">r daring ******* ?"d l*rotestant sentimenu SS^szyassajss oeeaers at the expenas ef many who xealouslv a?H e ciently aided in his elevation to power, and whose j^".7 "nder PI1*t>ng circumstances will fix an in S ih!r&Tut!rM * m*n *nd -,hp ,v"id?nt alm^d^'lJ1?1*' ***" |b* denunciations tliat " fn?ionwT? rlr^iH "gainst the snVtoT^ QfthelleHh, who are denouneed as ab n^THuu. ftction*" which dutract fr?**. U^' by whieh they are one after another be Wasit'WI to tiic sdministration, we _?/L*,,r ?PP?>nenU to men of all po Kn^Ltt^ 7,th?Vt .10 th?r "polhicsl sarsr 25* SSs whtwrLTDniorwhiS, ??,n!^lb!rp*riL^"<rnnH" ?oqaaintwTwith iU chareUer and npirit, ?nd who duly value its countless Mmsinm snd 'ule ^ ?"mP^?ncT, ability, ? That we will not vote for nor assist in 1*?**.^ b'r'h to offices of trust, emol ument, or honor under our government; nor will we AwrimrhT V" <'levsOng to suc^ offices sny who recognise or hold theni wtoll.^ZLS7 whatever to any foreign P ^?*\P2??"^te. power, or authority. totaR7t^LTid? n.!!!.,rfSt,I,,ti'>n l"w,, 0UKbt to be resid/n^^Tf^. i"*, ^ ""f"*'. ??d tlie term of SpStASEl rifbts of citisen exteB<tod to the period of twentt-one years. SUITABLE for Presents.?At I>ammond's. Seventh street, can be found a large collection of fancy Notions and Toys. nov 18?eoSt WHO Waata m eksap Lot ??For sale for a lot containing 1,176 square feet, situ ated on New York avonue, between 4th and fith sts. J. F. HODGSON, No. 408, 7th street, bet k and I. sot. It?lwd. or TUB j _ ^ E R E C A If O R G A Mr h ",^X.''SZdcZm,'"'~ *-> ? association orjutivi!' asm,oaks crisis in our po country, b^rtowL?u5 h J^M,!Tf.l*rt?a in our unoci'*^ or f ^ hroad linee, either of tut **" w,w ?w?ij * ?ny thing kno^tufefn^ *1"?!?!* *? eisenU?l Hot of dif AiESj&Ttori* LWe\U',"0"' 00 ?*<*?*?? ou?Ed ,,lrt.?.nd dUiZtS' P^0"',which cils. baa b?vJn?Tk 5?T autr*0t?d our National CouU. tiou of the details of our nn?n?n?7.^r ?od?flc? ?SSlS aid of the nXWw^f S?!f, P?^" A in tious as ueutt l),'tw4>cn Vvt.!6*8 * these ques aTw .^wgsst&s wKCvh'e -nd^?fV>-ttrwi>der *o the inates in U?t?^^ imb,ic IpSl#I um,,dod^the!LS^5 CberaMtr and justice d* of the country. the ag? and Um true interests diffe^tlwTh; ???rim)r 'mP?^*?>ce, on which, at b^^(^Ve !S5s;HS upon the future wZ SSKtKffi ? ta ?,? ttfcc," 52?A"^ XIU-OF PATRIOTISM ' Til rmi ? L . M f>e tesste-i ?**?? "* universal and The evils incideufto the SSS5l2? ^?UnVTmen, ?*ners to posU of for" eminent; aU these haV^^L^L^f ouf *?y' people for rears nasi ^5? ""own to our exoeption*, W a mer ' " JCt > ""P ?*' ?f* blind to the pro^ o?^^,HHr^mL^ ^ ?? "??? hot, oaKToS^M^^ th,e'ttnd: We amr?SKs^~^ the American people to takethe" ^ ^ f*7*1*? of "*? Jr '?""?' """'"?11,1 citisens the SS* Md "wwns11^"' *? ?"r.fcIlow' opinions and of ?" ??noentrmting tha weekly 8tot-.? daily and THE AMERICAN ORGAN. V, . lieaUon will commence on the 13th dar ofl NoremWr daily and on the mh weeldy 7 ?f to i^nnTC enS^^L* *?<> secured to ^ been subscribed and influential V number of wealthy and circulation fum^n* ???t of a*n? ^ Ushed in \v.ito T,* v? of ?"? paper now pub ?ty The number of our SiSsjuais"" '????5s assemble snrf 11^*' ^tbe P?ople annually ix?rifKJi^rii I ^ prominent men of all nartiw periodically sojonra for many months Is eons^Un3 ?/ fc-S; g,saita rTar/- frifv^!. ?*0AK or Ambbicak roomer' nf tK j ? ,n>ost untiring devotion to tbe ad r^ry* w<??. Published at St. Louis in February, 1841, to object' A*^r*n0* or A,'"'ca'' nnn? m oS ?cZF?iJr?n?lIf?? ZV* M0TT0- AHD "rAvii ICAIf rAITT OU? COflXOMM." de,,nfii We ???? *<lvoeate pemC^oor^ ID ?"r J^irment, if carried out, r.r^h.Tl-2 . ""' "* P'"4**1 native rights ^-?U o^?Se,<Wi*U tlie piS; Of v?ite ^ aDd ,hu ?"' measn^lonD*,^e^,^"h?^ 3TX'? ^ ^tio*1 P^rfrctfavor or prrj?di?., toward the Sps^arj, KjiSSis*:-: men ?ad of all pdWoil piirties. The editor of the " i Detnoer L progrrssivp public policy, yet consistent In his advocacy of tha American Organ will be a Democrat of the school of Jefferson and Madison, progressive in his notions of rights of the States. No eaaay or editorial shall ever appear in the American Organ, the tendency of whicn would be to prejudice the rights or wound the feelings of tbe eiti sens of any of the States. 8o for ss the influenee of this paper shall extend, tbe constitutional rithts of each, and of all the States, shall be maintained H > hnll that Me inttUvtum of tinotrg M?ift s?ia|?i?tly to them Stair* in which it mint*. k<rh of Ou States, far the tolt ami sxchiMtt riqkt tn determine 1fihrtJier or not elcnery nhtdJ exint tcMin it* border*. ir? thali therefore onto* aU agitation of the tfueetion of tin very, either ?<t Omprem or ovt of it. The " American Organ" will advocate the free and vntrammeOed everctae of the rights of oonenenee. on all qnestkwis connected with relifimu faith; but it will, by all fair and reapactful arguments, oppoee for eign (lamination over American cittern*, from whatever quarter it may approach, and as well in matters eccle siastical as in matters political. A synopsis of the nrr>ceedings of Congress during each session will be from day to day presented. Oeneral and local news will he gnthsr?i and pub lished, in order that onr patrons may have a general knowledge of passing events. Tbe daily paper wul be publiabed every afternoon, (except SuiMtars,) and delivered to subscribers st to cents per week, or mailed to subscribers at $5 per year, payable in advance. The weekly paper will be published every Monday morning, at #2 per rear to single snbecrihers, [so - ft hie in advance. Clnba of too or more will be for matted at $1 Mi each per year, (if aant to any one post office,) parable in advance. Advertising is solicited, at the usual rates; and, ss the Organ will have an ritenaire circulation, it will afford the most desirable medium in this respect. Subscribers will please remit their subscriptions on or before tbe 2f>tn day of November, directed to " American Organ," Washington City, D. C. mr II? ^ . J,? *???** * House Complete, S3ifSs SSSTd2?*"V '2.' "? : ^ri?x?& W5W.Ss *?????!s^arasis4 ?""? W? note the beading of what we keep, Hof.. rw. F?R pARL0R8. lor Chairs Rakers, Gothic Pur ?ti . . ' , walnut, and m&hoiraiiy coroiwi h^ir' Rluih' brocteUe, damaikw^ta "MWnf Au??Wng their own covers. ' I th"11 de*7iPtion- Pi"no Stools, Rn^et f.bK Ao. *?? "1M to n* . . ' DINING room. Extension and plain Tables, Sideboards, Chairs Ac p . . . , CHAMBER SETS. niah^i^?P.nrfltaK'?f the v*rioui woods-walnut, "eta 09 det?*ed pieces ?d Md "huck; Alow? I PLATED GOODS ON ALBATA T^HB?^'^rk8'L*dleB' UuakBts. Castors," Waiters, | FRENCH AND ENGLISH CHINA fat? ?*> ?s^? su..Bru.h SSSSS^^^SaS I KsS^ ras-.r.fe,-' -s tall and see our stock, and ?.? ? .. , _ it will assist new house aWbT 'naHng their^honies co'mfoi? Ninth I^t ?Cr h? Bt0re" ??" *fi2> ??d 496 nhe ? ' " north of Ponn'ylvania ave nor U?lmcodif DONN, BRQ. A CO. A Gen?rti| Agency. WWILLIAM T. SMITH SON & CO., ILL give particular and prompt attention to ?~t?3rc%ztth? Depa^ente ?f ReiU Estate* the8 ?|d t?,tie Imrchl,8U ?>d "ale of Agent! er ^ 'Pl^rUinin^ to that of 0*net*i aaaHvuLl? ??taincd the "errices of French 8. Evans ^oTce and ? c,erk in the Pen! ^fttf/sxsjsr ?~??i -uh ??3Hmp,i~ _^ e,^*T^f<'r 5*1?. on liberal terms, 83 building lots Ss^^Aiattasfta These lots are very valuable, and. from the rmni.i ISSTT" K?'"* ^orwsrd 0" Capitol Hill, und ihe "'population justin this neighborhood thev must become more and more valuAirevervveLT Voung men with small means wonld do well wi invest their monev in the purchase of these lots. sffiafeT^wnrs sjs?S?^^^"^'iw-5,5 ta *????? WILLIAM T. 8MITH80N A Co HKjrVD f?Q . McClelland, .Scruggs A Co.. I Francis A Walton. f Louu, Uo. A vres A Hamilton, | Cyrus H. McConmck. [ h ton go, LU. A. 8. Lee, ) William Bell, I Richmond, Fa. Tinsley, Tardy, A Co. ) ' Mosby A Speed, illiam B. Roane, 3i?jor James Garland, E. 1>. Christian, Rer. John Eariy. Hon. Paulus Powell, Hon. Thos. 8. Bocuck. nov 18?lm Lynchburg, Va. Hon. W. L. Goggin, T AGBlfCY AT WASHINGTON. OCLAIMAPrT*.?FRANCIS A. DICKINS | continues to undertake the agency of claims be ioi* Congress and other branches of the government including enmmiaaioners under treaties, and the va rious pulhc offices. He will attend to j^mpt." and other land claims, the procuring of patents for tie oonft^m-tion b/con??l "JjfT""? "Wn? to lands; claims for prolcrtv I'Xtln oh token (hr the service of the UnitedStotos^ property dertroved By the Indians, or mhib in ^thi tu^r?nna'^^"ikTaUd, revolu 4^'tJKJ^lZL *' *** pensions; mmUtL,. 8erT,ce?' wheier for com | mutation, half-pay, or bounty lands, as well thi>?# ? SPilV 5r ?f V!r*inla ?? against the United 001 of contracts with (he gcirerumeni, for damages sustained in oonsequence OT oondl'ct of the govmiment; and, in o^wb2? T CS,?T? or the public offi iff. k" -"rregmr, the aid of an agent or attornev His charges will be moderate, and dependinir upon U?Bp*^ n ? cUira and Uj<" uteDt of the ServuL Mr.F. A. Dickins is known to most of those who ln Congress within tho last few rears or who hare occupied any public attention at Washing t _ Hi* office is on Fifteenth stm-t, opposite to Uie I and to the Bank of the AB letters must be post paid. nov 18 y j hardware cutlery, etc. I ?*1HE subsoribers would call the attention of pur I . th*ir ??<> well-selected stodc of (Tood*. 7h,eb m* offered on as good terms as thev can be had this side of the manufactories. torie* n***' BolU' 'l4crew?I direct from the fac platod^knobs minei*1, Porcelaln. ?i'*ered, glass, and ^"nTtvf" "'T' (h,m 1 to ? by ? inches. . u^ hou,le and ?hlP use. Stlver-plstod Huiges for parlor doors. Plant s and Parker's patent Shutter Himres Silver-plated and poroolain Bell Pulls. V estibule and ball Door Locks, verv superior. AKttiT*4 uu*'l ' rSlle.T^ H',h Co"1- ">d Weight*. Shutter and fWah Faatners. brass and pfahtd, with almost everything in the building line. Carpenter a Tools, a good assortment. Our stock of table and pocket Cutlery Is verv com Snv'lii^uf'riS T'TT, bock, bone, cocw, and eb ?utrfTe? and Carvers, Cooks, snd AS\Sb'" ^ * Wperi?r of Fine Scissors and Shears. Plated albata Forks and Spoons. An entirely new article of enamelled handle table Kniven, lUpcHtif to i^ory. A fine assortment of dolt's, Allen's, and other, one, tw?, Are, aim! hix barrel PmtoU. rarlor PittoU, a neat article. Powder Flaaka, Shot Pouches, Ac. r"lUV,.UrnishAn?, ""ct' ?? Shoves and Patent Sad Irons with eitra heaters. VI ood Hor?** and Hnwi, and Azoe. Shovels, Spades, Rakes, Hoes. Hovev s patent Hay and Straw Cutters. Har, boon, and sheet Iron: Steel. Anvils, Vicea, Bellows. Horse Shoes and Horse Shoe Nails. riles and Rasps. I Bow''' Htibhs, snd Fellows. Cov^.^^1?for carriago and ??unu,r 8?"e?' a&rar chain Hrindstoues and Fixtures. * ^rtment of hair Broom, and Brashes. IU Pb_? . K WHBBLKR A CO., "PPO,ite BrOWM' Marbl* P?'?oe. ??? ~ "war^Lyssz,'7z nov 18?ly KNOW-NOTHINGISM. An Important Speech from John M. Clayton. Character, Principle*, ami Otyecta of the Native American Party. Hon. Joliu M. Clayton, at a recent uuuw meeting iu Delaware city, made a long and eloqueut speech ' in exposition and vindication of the principles and objects of the Know-Notliings, of which we find the following outline in the Delaware Journal: I came hero to-day, said Mr. C., for the purpose of stating how far 1 was willing to sustain the new party organization, known by the name of the American party, in this State. I have attoiuled but a single political-meeting this year, and that was a meeting held in this town by a small number of the old Whig party, which determined, by a very decided vote, that no Whig ticket should bo run in this Bute at tho approaching election. The reasons for adopting that resolution were then fVilly given, tho principal one being that tho Whigs of tho other counties of tho State had raAlHd to form any ticket, or to join in electing any Whig State ticket whatever. This waft the result of a state ol things well understood here. There were not enough Wldgs in tho State to offer any reasonable prospect of electing a Whig ticket. We are left, therefore, to choose between the American and Democratic parties?old party lines arc to a great extent obliterated. Tho American ticket is made up of mon of both the ancient parties. The Dem ocratic ticket excludes all but Democrats. On the 4th of last month, the Americans met at the capi tal of the SUte and formed a platform, upon which they have organized their new party. It is liberal and fidr. It proclaims tho principle of religious toleration in the words of the Constitution itself. There is no bigotry, no proscription to bo found iu it. It leaves all men to worship God according to the dictates of their own consciences, proclaims no religious test for office, and asserts liberty of conscience, freedom of thought and freedom of speech, as constituting the very biusis of the now I organization. It denies the right of aliens to vote . without naturalization, and proclaims the doctrine that Americans should rule their own country. It welcomes all virtuous and good men, emigrating from foreign countries to our shores to seek an asylum from oppression, among us. Though I was not present at the time the resolutions of the meet ing were adopted, yet they meet with my most hearty concurrence and approbation. On those principles I was willing to act, and am vet willing to act, but I l^evcr was a member of what 1*8 been called the Native American partv, or of the Know-Nothing society, us it is commonly called. I know there are many eminent men in this country, for whom I have great respect, who are members of each of the latter. The pre sent governor elect of PiBB^ylvanla, who is per sonally known to me as one of tho most estimable and able men in this country, is universally believed to bo a member of the Know-Notliing Order, and it is said owes his election in a great degree to their vote*. ' A better man could not, in my opinion, have been selected for the office. I know not upon what authority It is stated that the late President of the United States is a member of the Know'Nothlng Order. But I do know that a groat number of the most intelligent aud patriotic men of this country have adopted tho principles and joined the society of this secret party. I know, too, that in this State a very great number of gentlemen of high standing and acknowledged patriotism, from tho ranks of both the whig and democratic parties, are believed to bo among the members of the Order of United Americans. Whatever may be the principles of the Know Nothings of other Slates, we arc bound to believe that the principles of the Order in Delaware are in perfect accordance both with the spirit and the letter of the resolutions adopted in Dover on the 4th of October ; because they wore present in great numbers at the meeting held on that day assisted in the formation of the platform itself, and it was adopted, aud after full deliberation, without one dissenting voice. We have reason, therefore, to know that if there be anything prescriptive, bigoted, or unprincipled among the Know-Noth ings of other Statoa, it is not to be found in the creed of the party principle* of the Americans of Delaware. * 1 have said that I never was a member of the Native American party in this country, anfr that I ( am not and never have been a member of the Know-Nothing society or any other secret-society. Opposed to all proscription of men for the sake of their religious opinions, I have freely avowed my determination not to support for public office, any men who should evince a determination to deny to others the right to worship God according to the dictates of their own consciences; and referring to foreigners who have never been naturalized, I have repeatedly said, that before their naturalization, they should not be permitted to govern this coun try by their votes. They do not renounce their al legiance to the princes or potentates of their native country when declaring their intention, nor at auy time until they are naturalized in obedience to the act of Congress. To receive their vote* on a mere declaration of Intention, is in no degree leas objec tionable than h would be to receive them in Ireland or Germany, for they we still bound by their allc- | jrianco to the sovereigns of their native countries. 1 opposed their right of suffrage in 18HB in the Senate of the United States iu conjunction with all other Whig members of that body. I made the motion to strike the alien clause out of the Consti tution of Michigan. I joined with Mr. Calhoun in opposing the alien clause in the Compromise bill of 1848.But we were compelled to submit to the will of the majority, who opposed us and ovemilcd u*. No great compromise was ever made without a sacrifice oil the part of those who made it. The Constitution itseir which was a compromise, was one In reference to which It was often and truly said that then) was not a member of the Conven tion'tlwt framed it, who had not strong objection* to some parts of It. On this principle St was that Mr. Calhoun and myself, as I have heretofore pub licly explained In my place In the ftenata, voted for | the Compromise of 1840 while strongly protesting i against this whole alien clause, which we still hoped in some way to exclude from the bill l>efore it should become a law. .... As chairman of the Committee on the Judicial y In the Senate, I reported the first law which estab lished a territorial government over Wisconsin, composed of all territories of the presetit ninte i?f Towa and Wisconsin. In that I carefully protected the rights of American citizenship, and excluded the suffrages of foreigners, without naturalization. Last winter I movod to strike the alien clause ont of the Nebraska bill, but unsuccessfully, and for eigners by that bill are allowed to vote hi the Ter ritories without naturalization. Foreigners have also liecn allowed to voto without naturalization In the States of Illinois, Wisconsin, and Michigan, as well as hi several of the Territories besides Kansas aud Nebraska. I cannot now, without an utter sacrifice of principle, deviate from the doctrine that none I Hit American citizens should ei\joy the ripjlit of suffrage. I cannot and will not, at my penod of life, hoping and wiahing nothing from any po litical partv, and fearing none, depart from a princi ple which baa governed me ever since I elite red public life. V nen we were defeated on this ques tion, In 1884, I took my hat and left the Senate in disgust, and every Whig In that chamber followed me, all of us considering that the Constitution had been trampled under foot by the party opposed to us. I concur also In the sentiment expressed by General Washington, that " It Is contrary to the policy of this government to appoint foreigners to office to the exclusion of native-born citizens." I do not mean by this that a foreigner should never be appointed to office. I mean that other circa m stances lielng equal, the American ought to l?e preferred, and tjjat was the opinion of Washing ton. But there are Sfiarn foreigners In this coun try for whom 1 would not hesitate to vote ? and o illustrate ray meaning, I now take leave to say that as the senatorial term of James Shields, of Il linois, i? about to expire, If I had a hundred votes to ca*t in the election of tills t<onator of that State, 1 would throw theiu all for .Jmuch Shields, such is my ophiiou of that man. But if another James Shields, equally worthy, patriotic, nnd able, were to present himself as Inn opponent, born an Ameri can on tho coil here, I would prefer him to the foreigner, though a naturalised citizen. If any man differs from that opinion he in at perfect lib erty to do so, but I do not, envy him in his claims to true Americau and patriotic feeling*. I shall not enlarge upo* this subject, for my sentiments have before been publicly expressed. You will understand me, therefore, foliow-citiKM, as standing on tho platform adopted by the Ameri cans, at Dover, on the 4th day of last month, and no other which In any degree conflicts with It I will not support for once a man who claims to be a Native American, unless he plants himself on that platform. If ho seeks my vote, he must do it by professing my principles. lie must not tell mo that some other party besides the American party here has nominated him fbr the office. He must come out plainly, and cay that he asks support on the principles of the Americans at the capital, when they met last month publicly In the State Conven tion. If he asks the support of the American party, he has no right to accept, without our consent, a nomination from another party, professing princi ples which wo, as Americans, have uever adopted. I did not come hero to make a ticket?I leave all that to others. 1 only came to explain the grounds on which I shall act. A party formed o& thrtw principles must neces sarily be "thoroughly national, and not sectional in its character. It can have no geographical divi sions. No parallel of latitudo or longitude can di vide it into discordant fragments to form the ele ments of future separation and civil war. Ignoring the slavery question as a proper element of party organization, and as utterly unfitted for party com binations, it would refuse to test the suitableness of any men for public office, by the question whether he was for or against the mere extension of slavory in somo territory of the United States, always con tent to leave that, as well as every other domestic question, to the people of that Territory, who alone ought to have the right to decide it, as soon as suffi cient numbers have settled there to form a respect able commonwealth. Non-intervention is tho prin ciple now professed by the Democratic party itself, but it is not tho principle on which they have acted. Their practico and their professions have never agreed on this Bubjcot. True, non-intervention would have left the people of Nebraska and Kan sas, after a suitable number of people had emigrated to those territories, to have elected their own Gov ernor, as well as their Legislature, and would have left the question of slavory in the meantime?that is the question whether, under the constitution and existing laws and treaties, a slaveholder could safely carry his slaves to those territories, as a question to be decided solely by tho courts of tho United States, and not by a Legislature elected only by a handftil of squatters, including every alien who may choose to go there from Europe. True non-inter vention would have denied all power in an execu tive appointed at Washington to veto the acts of a Territorial Legislature, as well as all power in Con gress to supervise Hs decisions on that question. 1 shall not again discuss the merits of the Ne braska bill. My sentiments upon it are well known to you all. It lias produced the very bitter fruits which I anticipated when it was introduced, and has caused all the violent excitement in the bosom of the North which I publicly predicted in my place in the Senate. I said there it would prove injudi cious, and eminently tend to alienation between the North and South. Yet I had no Northern preju dices against the repeal of the Missouri compro mise line?a line established by the act of 1820, I always thought the creation of a geographical division between our countrymen fully justified the strong expression of Mr. Jefferson, that it sounded in his ear liko a fire-bell in the night. I may be permitted now so far to wander from my sutyect as to say that, although many valued friends differ with me about the sanctity of the act of 1820, I never learned from the Whigs of ancient days that this law was a part of their party creed. It is well known that, as chairman of the Judiciary Commit tee of the Senate. I rq>orted a bill, which became a law, for annexing a territory north of the parallel of 80 deg. 80 mtn. to the State of Missouri, three times as large as the State of Delaware. Every Whig In the Senate, including Henry Clay and Daniel Webster, then approved and voted for that bill. Not a Whig in the other House opposed it that I ever heard. I had a conversation with Mr. Webster on the subject at the time, who adopted my views of the propriety of annoxing this terri- I tory to Missouri, although it subjected it to the laws of a slave State. It gave Missouri her proper boundary on the river, and effectually protected the Indians residing there from the. depredation of law less and unprincipled men. I repeat, there is no objection to this partial repeal of the Missouri com promise lino, that I ever hoard ot whether from Northern or Southern men. And can it now be expected of me that I should make myself a party i to such a controversy as that which rages in the | North, and sweeps that noble division of our liappy ] Union like a whirlwind t I cannot and will not be come a party to such a quarrel. I did not vote for the repeal of the line in the Nebraska act, and I will not vote to repeal the repealing clause in that act, or to disturb tho subject again. I?et it rvst. Repose for the |>assions of men is required to save us from ourselves. At this crisis, when I think there Is far more real danger than has ever existed before, as the sequel will show, 1 rejoice that an American party is to be foond in the country, around which I and other men who think as I do, can rally. The Whig and Democratic parties having In differ ent sections of the Union made the slavery ques tion a part of their respective creeds, are split into irreconcilable divisions, each aliout equally ultra in tlu view*, and equally uncharitable in their abuse of ea'h other. In one-third of this State, a so called Democratic ticket is run, upon which one half tin candidates are old and active Whigs. In another part of the State, an effort has been made to get Whigs to serve on the Democratic ticket, but, I hear, without success. In other Statea, the division amoug the Whip is such, that it Is quite I impossible that another Whig National Convention can ever assemble again, and, If another Democratic Convention should again make that effort, as it probably will, there can be no real heartfelt con cord In such a Isjdy. A party strong cnoaph to Huslain the government in the trial* to which it hiii inevitably soon bo subjected, ought to tw a deside ratum with every rigntminded American states man. An appeal to American national feeling Tor such a purpose ought not to be in vain ; and I do not believe it will be In vain. In every State ami in every section of this Union there Is now an Amer ican party. At present a foreigner not naturalized and in trouble abroad, excites more sympathy among the politicians of the dominant party than anv native American could possibly do. More noise was made bv them alrfmt Martin Kosxta than would have been created by an equal danger to fifty na tive Americans in a foreign country. Kossuth w?? at one time, in their estimation, an oliject of mucli crreater interest and admiratlou than any Ameri can who has lived sine.! the .lays of *Vashiu$tom Gentlemen, I an. (or devotion to American and American interests. I am for Amencnn in preference to foreign labor. American mechan.cs, I American manufactures, American ^ nav.gators, American commerce, and, above all. Am. ncsa g riculture. 1 am for American breadstuffs, and an American market for them. I am for the country as it stands in preference to all other ami have no desire to wm the foreign vote by ab iert flattery or profewdonii of greater regard w for eigner#, than for thoac born in my own?my na live land. _ , , Mv fellow-citizens, I am, aa ail of you who know me Well understand, no candidate for any office, post, or station which parties or party men could ever bestow. I have never held an office which 1 did not gladly resign, ami I suppose 1 shall even vet resign the seat I now hold before tl?e expira tion of tba long term whioh is before me. But I am not ungrateful to my friends for the honors they hava conferred upon ma, and I well know, mid can never forget, the men who bestowed theui. There is no sacrifice which an honorable man could make to sustain them, which I am not at all r.-adv to Incur. To the Widen and the Whig party no man wan more devotedly attached, Dur ing the last session of Congress the uortbern Whigs, including all of them except Mr. loot, ot Vermont, deserted us on the reciprocity treaty. Tliey all voted ngainut protection to every article o ir farmer* could raise, and admitted the produce of all British North America duty free. Thi? trea ty was clrarlv unconstitutional without an act ot t/ongress to carry it out, m it trenched ou the tax ing power of the House of Representatives, By its own terms, therefore, on act to carry it intoef fect was required to bt) oassed by Congress. The requisite act was passed by the House of Repre sentatives as well as the Senate, aud the northern vote, which wns formerly always given for protect ing duties On manufactures, was then as freely given to repeal the moderate protecting duty of only 20 per cent, on grain and breadstuff's, wool, s'icep, &<\?in short everything a Delaware tanner can producc. What kind of Whig principle was there in that vote ? The aamo vote was given to the homestead and graduation bills, whose ten dency is to depopulate the old State*, and give away the public domain to foreigners without re gard to character abroad or at home. The same vote was given to authorize aliens to vote In ti e territories. Under these circumstances, I say un hesitatingly, that 1 prefer party association with men other than those, and that I would not w dragged on in their company by the namo of Yi big or any other name. They abandoned tl?c princi ples of my past public life, and now it I can And | 110 other men ready to sustain American principles, I would prefer to stand outside of any party or ganised whatever. I do not expect the new party to agrco with uic iu everything. J do not expect it to bo either ft Whig or a Democratic party. Hut if I am to act with It at all, it must stand by the principles to which I have referred. SONORA. Fcrthkr Particulars or thb Execution of Count Raousskt.?By way of Los Angeles we have advices from Guaymas to September 1. The Los Angeles Star has a long account of tlic French revolution in Guayamas and the execution of Count Boulbon. Of the origin of the fight, the Star gives the following particulars, which are new 5 There hud been previous difficulties between some of Raousset's companions and the loose Sono ranians in the streets; the French suffered many insults, and other foreigners eamc ha also for their share. Major Roman, the American consul, was grossly outraged on the 12th day of July, by two Sonorauians, In going from the dwelling of Senor Ortiz to his own house, who followed him, one call ing upon the other to shoot him; a sistor of one of them, who is married to on American, cried out to them that Mfyor R. was the American consul; their reply was, " No matter whether lie is an American or not." The day before the battle, par ticularly, the French had been sul(jected to these insults, and it is not yet certain that these were not the immediate cause of it, instead of a precon ceived determination on the part of the French, The Zircuiustances seem to favor this supposition. Cp to the very day of the fight, they had reeetved their dailv pay of seventy-five cents to each private and a dollar to the officers. Of Ilaousset, the Star savs: " He delivered bis sword to the sister of Calvo, the French Consul, being unwilling to be disarmed by a Mexican. She asked him for his pistol, but this he said he would retain for himself. The Count might easily have escaped, as there was a little schooner there which is said to have belonged to him ; but ho said ho would never leave one of his countrymen behind. A general order had pre viously been published by Santa Anna, as wc un derstand, requiring Count Raousset to be arrested in any department where he might land, and Im mediately be put to death. ^ . . " Before the council of war, by whom he was sentenced to be shot, Count Raousset was asked to confess his guilt; his reply was that "to God only would he confess, but he would make a JAtuifi' if liu cnim were before a different tribunal, ills siirnet ring, bearing the arms of his family, he pre aented to the officer of the Mexican army who de fended him on Ills trial, Dou Francisco Borandir His red hunting-shirt, blankets, and rifle, he re quested to Iks' sent to his family, and a medal which he then wore upon his person he wished to be sent to his niece. After arranging his business in a business-like manner, always maintaining tiro soldier's calmness of heart, he consented to see a priest. Having complied with the usual rites of ! his religion, he is reported to have declared to his I attendant, that ' if twenty times en la caprlh (or 1 prepared for death) aud as many times spared, he would as often return to fight the Mexican govern ment far the injustice done him, and to make the I Sonorians happy."1 A flftntnh account of hi? execution ujn : ti |fe aid not tremble nor falter; his eyes re mained open, fixed on heaven?in a ward, he dis played himself more than a man! Five shots 1 were fired?but he received only three wounds; ! one ball broke o medal of the Blessed Vrgtnwhirhhft wore arouud his neck, (the same which he wished ! sent to lie sent to his niece.) Only a few pieces I of it could be extracted from the body. Don Francisco Borunda raised a subscription to build a monument over tlic Count's remains. Notwitli Ktanding the events of the 13th, the people of Guaymas, with rare exception*, deeply fcel the death of Count de Raousset Boulbon, whose me mory will be perpetual in Honors! tU'in Ou San Franciteo IJernUl. Thk lat* CoCRT ok Raocssit Bocl*ok.?Tli? late Count de Raousset Boulbon waa born at Avi gon, In France. His family is said to he sprung from Henrv the Fourth, one of the wisest and grratest kings of France. He wa? educated in Switseiland, in an catablishiuent directed by the Jesuits, at Fribourg. In 18?, he was a candidate I for the post of Representative of the people in the Department of Vsucluse. He advocated the prin I ciples of the republicans of the Cavaignac school, I who took Washington for their model, and[ was op 1 posed by the Jacobins and Socialists. M. Dent, . the candidate of the Utter party, who Is now an exile In the Marquesas islands, having used offen sive expressions in a public speech, de Raousset challenged and wounded him. His family I* weal thy ; his father, who married a second tune, died some vears ago at Avignon, leaving a sonl'vase cond wife, who now resides in Avlfpion. De Raws set inherited a large fortune, whkh he spent in o few years. His purse was always open to the unfortunate. His sympathies ran ju^nat Ms own order, the ariatocracv, and with tfio people, who idolised him. . ? . In tlie latter part of 1849 Count do Raousset was introduced to M. Dillon, who had juat return ed to 1'arls from California. He inuuired if there was anything to do there for him, who hail just ex pended the last remnant of hia fortune, and who fell too proud to accept the favor of any nmn * " Yea," was M. Dillon's reply, " If you have reso lution enough to strip off that embroidered sniit, to divest yourself of those highly polished boots, I and to descend into the raviuea ami gulches with a pick in vour hand, under a scorching sun.' " I should like to try," was Count de Kaouaset s reply. " People reproach my order the aristocracy, with being good for nothing. They arc probably righ 1 have com before tho people as the advocr thoir rights; and 1 *m now anxlou* to ' Jove for equality, practically, by gajnir - my livelihood by the sweat of my > dow ? Count de Raousset remained ? ^ (^3 California. He exercised t wow." * man ami lander of goods j?iHy two year* In him some ten or tw* # profession of boat vessels, whose d?" - He had gathered around that of the fol' -jft deserters from merchant tain for th *fottan was scarcely Inferior to set m! rtZT*?! I OW M*n Monn ov perM (Mun> ??-.