OCR Interpretation


Daily American organ. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1856, November 17, 1854, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042002/1854-11-17/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

VOLUME L
WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1854.
NUMBER 5.
American Mights our motto; ud the American Party our cognomen."
AMERICAN ORGAN.
nnr arrrwioo#, (Mc*w sohuat )7i
TBI COKNKR OF LOUISIANA ATKWCE AMD
tsnth htrect, bt
AJJ ASSOCIATION OF NATIVE AMERICANS
rsiNTjw ar
J08IAH MELVIN.
Terms.
OAttr PAT KM, 10 CENTS A WSKIC, 0K $fi A rSAA ; I
WUI? 'APM, $2 A VKAH,
In Advance.
KATMS or AWJCBTISINU,
O**"*a*re>fi?' insertion,60 cents; -V
_ insertion. 26 cent*? sMesqasut
One square on* week '
One square one month '**?? W 75
One square three months " 6 00
Ten linen, or less, make e 10 00
%WCards of two llr
-es, yearly, tire dollars.
The follow'
adopted ? ,Bg Pr<mmbl? resolutions,
. -t a mass meeting of the citizens of
, -ilngton, ou tlio 27th day of September
-?st, present the general sentiments of the
" American party" in this city, and will doubt
less be read with interest by the friends of
American principles throughout the country
to wit:
Whereas a public meeting of citizens of Washing
ton was held at Carusi's Saloon, on the 19th instant
upon a call made in and approved by the Executive
Uie prooeedingg of which, in the reaolutiona
4a^V>h>v? been adopted at that meeting, and in the
speeches of certain selected orators at a subsequent
adjourned meeting, are now spread before the public
eye m the oolumns of said organ, and Its kindred
presses, with approbation; snd whereas said resoln- I
toons, however dressed un in abstract professions of
patriotism, assail principles dear to the American 1
heart and necessary to the safety of the constitution
and to the peace and prosperity of our country; and
whereas. Uie Executive is invoked therein to remove '
trom public employment such officeholders as enter
fctiuwose pnnciplue, thereby to perpetrate a ruthless
proscription of both Whigs and Democrats for an
honest difference of opinion: therefore?
JWwrf, That mere professions of love to the con
?"d 'to civil and religious freedom, when
by ^n*' ?5??ot dooeiT? the sensible
and vigilaut guardians of American liberty, whose
appreheBsious have been excited at beholding the
stride* that hare been made toward a complete con
H?Ternment by subjects of a foreign
potentate well-known a* the avowed enemy of our I
whole American system, to whose overthrow they '
are solemnly devoted. J
custodians of that bene
ficent system of civil and religious freedom bequeath
"? by *ke Cftiiers of the republic, it b our duty
to meet and repel all insidious attacks upon our lib
SaJSi liS assaults; and that we view
?ith indignation and alarm the assertion of princi
ples and puiyoees, on the part of the recognised ex
ponent* of the Roman Catholic Church in the United
States, subversive of our republican institutions,
which constitute aggression* of such a character
that, if not now resSied, will lead, at no distant day
to the overthrow of the American Constitution
the complete establish meet of despotism.
Auoltud That while, in the oast political divisions
*? Whim anaDemocrata, we have
0TOT ?*?toeted principle*
Jk ?U of which are sow settled, y.t in
Cn^n?l_d*0*t,r to all that both parties
dssr we wiU bury every remembrance of naat
" pEg tolZh other o^TireL,^r
fortanea, and our sacred honor" not to oeass oar ex
ertoto. until our oountry shaU be freed from the
dsnpsca that new menace it
sanctified by an open
Si-Kli^L^j" r^e o( Wd JP??etioe, holding as an
principle that tfatelUgcnce and virtue ar?
essential to the success of a free govern meat
.That while we welcome ifc our r.uu.i. .
the victims of tyranny from i.?j <*mntry
eomMmt to go elsewhere
?t oSfewSiSS? Tltttion of ^
whleht before ito
tive of the Uniu>d Stkte^imlB UP?n br,t,'e ^ocu
danjteroui lnfr*** |j*~"propoBw an alarming and
men^.ud ^p^.Ti. PnnclPl?* <* eelfgcvern
of *1! the '~e /SS1*ir* rebuke
_ 0um United Ststes, without
T ] ! ???, or creed.
the eTtrT Vrotw,u,nt denomiaation in
t?l* United Stales maiataina the oonstitutional .??.
l Ohii'oh and Stato^ to which
whiU ^ f Catholics sinoersly concur,
the PaP?' Churcn abroad
"l.d yr7whvt* maintains the
0f ^ 0iT? *? th* ^lesiMtiod
anthwitj, both in Europe and America; the sad and
ruinous effects of wh?h, in the owl ars scen^o
a issa x syr?lHtr;,S
?ho^'who'waiUh''b* poeitions of
bcmocr?t*.?r"f ">r daring
******* ?"d l*rotestant sentimenu
SS^szyassajss
oeeaers at the expenas ef many who xealouslv a?H
e ciently aided in his elevation to power, and whose
j^".7 "nder PI1*t>ng circumstances will fix an in
S ih!r&Tut!rM * m*n *nd -,hp ,v"id?nt
alm^d^'lJ1?1*' ***" |b* denunciations tliat
" fn?ionwT? rlr^iH "gainst the
snVtoT^ QfthelleHh, who are denouneed as ab
n^THuu. ftction*" which dutract
fr?**. U^' by whieh they are one after another be
Wasit'WI to tiic sdministration, we
_?/L*,,r ?PP?>nenU to men of all po
Kn^Ltt^ 7,th?Vt .10 th?r "polhicsl
sarsr 25* SSs
whtwrLTDniorwhiS, ??,n!^lb!rp*riL^"<rnnH"
?oqaaintwTwith iU chareUer and
npirit, ?nd who duly value its countless Mmsinm
snd 'ule ^ ?"mP^?ncT, ability,
? That we will not vote for nor assist in
1*?**.^ b'r'h to offices of trust, emol
ument, or honor under our government; nor will we
AwrimrhT V" <'levsOng to suc^ offices sny
who recognise or hold theni
wtoll.^ZLS7 whatever to any foreign
P ^?*\P2??"^te. power, or authority.
totaR7t^LTid? n.!!!.,rfSt,I,,ti'>n l"w,, 0UKbt to be
resid/n^^Tf^. i"*, ^ ""f"*'. ??d tlie term of
SpStASEl rifbts of citisen
exteB<tod to the period of twentt-one years.
SUITABLE for Presents.?At I>ammond's.
Seventh street, can be found a large collection of
fancy Notions and Toys.
nov 18?eoSt
WHO Waata m eksap Lot ??For sale for
a lot containing 1,176 square feet, situ
ated on New York avonue, between 4th and fith sts.
J. F. HODGSON,
No. 408, 7th street, bet k and I.
sot. It?lwd.
or TUB
j _ ^ E R E C A If O R G A Mr h
",^X.''SZdcZm,'"'~ *->
? association orjutivi!' asm,oaks
crisis in our po
country, b^rtowL?u5 h J^M,!Tf.l*rt?a in our
unoci'*^ or f ^ hroad linee, either of
tut **" w,w ?w?ij * ?ny thing
kno^tufefn^ *1"?!?!* *? eisenU?l Hot of dif
AiESj&Ttori* LWe\U',"0"' 00 ?*<*?*??
ou?Ed ,,lrt.?.nd dUiZtS' P^0"',which
cils. baa b?vJn?Tk 5?T autr*0t?d our National CouU.
tiou of the details of our nn?n?n?7.^r ?od?flc?
?SSlS
aid of the nXWw^f S?!f, P?^" A in
tious as ueutt l),'tw4>cn Vvt.!6*8 * these ques
aTw .^wgsst&s
wKCvh'e -nd^?fV>-ttrwi>der *o the inates in
U?t?^^ imb,ic
IpSl#I
um,,dod^the!LS^5 CberaMtr and justice d*
of the country. the ag? and Um true interests
diffe^tlwTh; ???rim)r 'mP?^*?>ce, on which, at
b^^(^Ve
!S5s;HS
upon the future wZ
SSKtKffi ?
ta ?,? ttfcc," 52?A"^
XIU-OF PATRIOTISM ' Til rmi ? L . M f>e
tesste-i ?**??
"*
universal and
The evils incideufto the SSS5l2? ^?UnVTmen,
?*ners to posU of for"
eminent; aU these haV^^L^L^f ouf *?y'
people for rears nasi ^5? ""own to our
exoeption*, W a mer ' " JCt > ""P ?*' ?f*
blind to the pro^ o?^^,HHr^mL^ ^ ??
"??? hot, oaKToS^M^^ th,e'ttnd: We
amr?SKs^~^
the American people to takethe" ^ ^ f*7*1*? of
"*? Jr '?""?' """'"?11,1
citisens the SS* Md "wwns11^"' *? ?"r.fcIlow'
opinions and of ?" ??noentrmting tha
weekly 8tot-.? daily and
THE AMERICAN ORGAN.
V, . lieaUon will commence on the 13th dar ofl
NoremWr daily and on the mh weeldy 7 ?f
to i^nnTC enS^^L* *?<>
secured to ^ been subscribed and
influential V number of wealthy and
circulation fum^n* ???t of a*n? ^
Ushed in \v.ito T,* v? of ?"? paper now pub
?ty The number of our
SiSsjuais"" '????5s
assemble snrf 11^*' ^tbe P?ople annually
ix?rifKJi^rii I ^ prominent men of all nartiw
periodically sojonra for many months Is eons^Un3
?/ fc-S; g,saita
rTar/- frifv^!. ?*0AK or Ambbicak
roomer' nf tK j ? ,n>ost untiring devotion to tbe ad
r^ry* w<??.
Published at St. Louis in February, 1841, to
object' A*^r*n0* or A,'"'ca'' nnn? m oS
?cZF?iJr?n?lIf?? ZV* M0TT0- AHD "rAvii
ICAIf rAITT OU? COflXOMM."
de,,nfii We ???? *<lvoeate
pemC^oor^ ID ?"r J^irment, if carried out,
r.r^h.Tl-2 . ""' "* P'"4**1 native rights
^-?U o^?Se,<Wi*U tlie piS; Of
v?ite ^ aDd ,hu ?"'
measn^lonD*,^e^,^"h?^ 3TX'? ^ ^tio*1
P^rfrctfavor or prrj?di?., toward the
Sps^arj, KjiSSis*:-:
men ?ad of all pdWoil piirties. The editor of the
" i Detnoer
L progrrssivp
public policy, yet consistent In his advocacy of tha
American Organ will be a Democrat of the school of
Jefferson and Madison, progressive in his notions of
rights of the States.
No eaaay or editorial shall ever appear in the
American Organ, the tendency of whicn would be to
prejudice the rights or wound the feelings of tbe eiti
sens of any of the States. 8o for ss the influenee of
this paper shall extend, tbe constitutional rithts of
each, and of all the States, shall be maintained H >
hnll that Me inttUvtum of tinotrg M?ift s?ia|?i?tly
to them Stair* in which it mint*. k<rh of Ou States, far
the tolt ami sxchiMtt riqkt tn determine
1fihrtJier or not elcnery nhtdJ exint tcMin it* border*.
ir? thali therefore onto* aU agitation of the tfueetion
of tin very, either ?<t Omprem or ovt of it.
The " American Organ" will advocate the free and
vntrammeOed everctae of the rights of oonenenee. on
all qnestkwis connected with relifimu faith; but it
will, by all fair and reapactful arguments, oppoee for
eign (lamination over American cittern*, from whatever
quarter it may approach, and as well in matters eccle
siastical as in matters political.
A synopsis of the nrr>ceedings of Congress during
each session will be from day to day presented.
Oeneral and local news will he gnthsr?i and pub
lished, in order that onr patrons may have a general
knowledge of passing events.
Tbe daily paper wul be publiabed every afternoon,
(except SuiMtars,) and delivered to subscribers st to
cents per week, or mailed to subscribers at $5 per
year, payable in advance.
The weekly paper will be published every Monday
morning, at #2 per rear to single snbecrihers, [so -
ft hie in advance. Clnba of too or more will be for
matted at $1 Mi each per year, (if aant to any one post
office,) parable in advance.
Advertising is solicited, at the usual rates; and, ss
the Organ will have an ritenaire circulation, it will
afford the most desirable medium in this respect.
Subscribers will please remit their subscriptions on
or before tbe 2f>tn day of November, directed to
" American Organ," Washington City, D. C.
mr II?
^ . J,? *???** * House Complete,
S3ifSs
SSSTd2?*"V '2.' "?
: ^ri?x?& W5W.Ss
*?????!s^arasis4 ?""?
W? note the beading of what we keep,
Hof.. rw. F?R pARL0R8.
lor Chairs Rakers, Gothic Pur
?ti . . ' , walnut, and m&hoiraiiy coroiwi
h^ir' Rluih' brocteUe, damaikw^ta
"MWnf Au??Wng their own covers. ' I
th"11 de*7iPtion- Pi"no Stools,
Rn^et f.bK Ao. *?? "1M to
n* . . ' DINING room.
Extension and plain Tables, Sideboards, Chairs Ac
p . . . , CHAMBER SETS.
niah^i^?P.nrfltaK'?f the v*rioui woods-walnut,
"eta 09 det?*ed pieces
?d Md "huck; Alow? I
PLATED GOODS ON ALBATA
T^HB?^'^rk8'L*dleB' UuakBts. Castors," Waiters, |
FRENCH AND ENGLISH CHINA
fat? ?*> ?s^?
su..Bru.h
SSSSS^^^SaS I
KsS^ ras-.r.fe,-' -s
tall and see our stock, and ?.? ? .. , _
it will assist new house
aWbT 'naHng their^honies co'mfoi?
Ninth I^t ?Cr h? Bt0re" ??" *fi2> ??d 496
nhe ? ' " north of Ponn'ylvania ave
nor U?lmcodif DONN, BRQ. A CO.
A Gen?rti| Agency.
WWILLIAM T. SMITH SON & CO.,
ILL give particular and prompt attention to
?~t?3rc%ztth? Depa^ente ?f
ReiU Estate* the8 ?|d t?,tie Imrchl,8U ?>d "ale of
Agent! er ^ 'Pl^rUinin^ to that of 0*net*i
aaaHvuLl? ??taincd the "errices of French 8. Evans
^oTce and ? c,erk in the Pen!
^fttf/sxsjsr ?~??i -uh
??3Hmp,i~
_^ e,^*T^f<'r 5*1?. on liberal terms, 83 building lots
Ss^^Aiattasfta
These lots are very valuable, and. from the rmni.i
ISSTT" K?'"* ^orwsrd 0" Capitol Hill, und ihe
"'population justin this neighborhood thev
must become more and more valuAirevervveLT
Voung men with small means wonld do well wi invest
their monev in the purchase of these lots.
sffiafeT^wnrs
sjs?S?^^^"^'iw-5,5
ta *?????
WILLIAM T. 8MITH80N A Co
HKjrVD f?Q .
McClelland, .Scruggs A Co.. I
Francis A Walton. f Louu, Uo.
A vres A Hamilton, |
Cyrus H. McConmck. [ h ton go, LU.
A. 8. Lee, )
William Bell, I Richmond, Fa.
Tinsley, Tardy, A Co. ) '
Mosby A Speed,
illiam B. Roane,
3i?jor James Garland,
E. 1>. Christian,
Rer. John Eariy.
Hon. Paulus Powell,
Hon. Thos. 8. Bocuck.
nov 18?lm
Lynchburg, Va.
Hon. W. L. Goggin,
T AGBlfCY AT WASHINGTON.
OCLAIMAPrT*.?FRANCIS A. DICKINS
| continues to undertake the agency of claims be
ioi* Congress and other branches of the government
including enmmiaaioners under treaties, and the va
rious pulhc offices. He will attend to j^mpt."
and other land claims, the procuring of patents for
tie oonft^m-tion b/con??l
"JjfT""? "Wn? to lands; claims for prolcrtv
I'Xtln oh token (hr the service of the UnitedStotos^
property dertroved By the Indians, or mhib in ^thi
tu^r?nna'^^"ikTaUd, revolu
4^'tJKJ^lZL *' *** pensions;
mmUtL,. 8erT,ce?' wheier for com
| mutation, half-pay, or bounty lands, as well thi>?#
? SPilV 5r ?f V!r*inla ?? against the United
001 of contracts with (he
gcirerumeni, for damages sustained in oonsequence
OT oondl'ct of the govmiment; and, in
o^wb2? T CS,?T? or the public offi
iff. k" -"rregmr, the aid of an agent or attornev
His charges will be moderate, and dependinir upon
U?Bp*^ n ? cUira and Uj<" uteDt of the ServuL
Mr.F. A. Dickins is known to most of those who
ln Congress within tho last few rears or
who hare occupied any public attention at Washing
t _ Hi* office is on Fifteenth stm-t, opposite to Uie
I and to the Bank of the
AB letters must be post paid. nov 18 y
j hardware cutlery, etc.
I ?*1HE subsoribers would call the attention of pur
I . th*ir ??<> well-selected stodc of
(Tood*. 7h,eb m* offered on as good terms as thev
can be had this side of the manufactories.
torie* n***' BolU' 'l4crew?I direct from the fac
platod^knobs minei*1, Porcelaln. ?i'*ered, glass, and
^"nTtvf" "'T' (h,m 1 to ? by ? inches.
. u^ hou,le and ?hlP use.
Stlver-plstod Huiges for parlor doors.
Plant s and Parker's patent Shutter Himres
Silver-plated and poroolain Bell Pulls.
V estibule and ball Door Locks, verv superior.
AKttiT*4
uu*'l ' rSlle.T^ H',h Co"1- ">d Weight*.
Shutter and fWah Faatners. brass and pfahtd, with
almost everything in the building line.
Carpenter a Tools, a good assortment.
Our stock of table and pocket Cutlery Is verv com
Snv'lii^uf'riS T'TT, bock, bone, cocw, and eb
?utrfTe? and Carvers, Cooks, snd
AS\Sb'" ^ * Wperi?r of
Fine Scissors and Shears.
Plated albata Forks and Spoons.
An entirely new article of enamelled handle table
Kniven, lUpcHtif to i^ory.
A fine assortment of dolt's, Allen's, and other, one,
tw?, Are, aim! hix barrel PmtoU.
rarlor PittoU, a neat article.
Powder Flaaka, Shot Pouches, Ac.
r"lUV,.UrnishAn?, ""ct' ?? Shoves and
Patent Sad Irons with eitra heaters.
VI ood Hor?** and Hnwi, and Azoe.
Shovels, Spades, Rakes, Hoes.
Hovev s patent Hay and Straw Cutters.
Har, boon, and sheet Iron: Steel.
Anvils, Vicea, Bellows.
Horse Shoes and Horse Shoe Nails.
riles and Rasps.
I Bow''' Htibhs, snd Fellows.
Cov^.^^1?for carriago
and ??unu,r 8?"e?'
a&rar
chain
Hrindstoues and Fixtures.
* ^rtment of hair Broom, and Brashes.
IU Pb_? . K WHBBLKR A CO.,
"PPO,ite BrOWM' Marbl* P?'?oe.
??? ~ "war^Lyssz,'7z
nov 18?ly
KNOW-NOTHINGISM.
An Important Speech from John M.
Clayton.
Character, Principle*, ami Otyecta of the Native
American Party.
Hon. Joliu M. Clayton, at a recent uuuw meeting
iu Delaware city, made a long and eloqueut speech '
in exposition and vindication of the principles and
objects of the Know-Notliings, of which we find
the following outline in the Delaware Journal:
I came hero to-day, said Mr. C., for the purpose
of stating how far 1 was willing to sustain the new
party organization, known by the name of the
American party, in this State. I have attoiuled but
a single political-meeting this year, and that was a
meeting held in this town by a small number of
the old Whig party, which determined, by a very
decided vote, that no Whig ticket should bo run
in this Bute at tho approaching election. The
reasons for adopting that resolution were then
fVilly given, tho principal one being that tho Whigs
of tho other counties of tho State had raAlHd to
form any ticket, or to join in electing any Whig State
ticket whatever. This waft the result of a state ol
things well understood here. There were not
enough Wldgs in tho State to offer any reasonable
prospect of electing a Whig ticket. We are left,
therefore, to choose between the American and
Democratic parties?old party lines arc to a great
extent obliterated. Tho American ticket is made
up of mon of both the ancient parties. The Dem
ocratic ticket excludes all but Democrats. On the
4th of last month, the Americans met at the capi
tal of the SUte and formed a platform, upon which
they have organized their new party. It is liberal
and fidr. It proclaims tho principle of religious
toleration in the words of the Constitution itself.
There is no bigotry, no proscription to bo found iu
it. It leaves all men to worship God according to
the dictates of their own consciences, proclaims
no religious test for office, and asserts liberty of
conscience, freedom of thought and freedom of
speech, as constituting the very biusis of the now I
organization. It denies the right of aliens to vote .
without naturalization, and proclaims the doctrine
that Americans should rule their own country. It
welcomes all virtuous and good men, emigrating
from foreign countries to our shores to seek an
asylum from oppression, among us. Though I was
not present at the time the resolutions of the meet
ing were adopted, yet they meet with my most
hearty concurrence and approbation.
On those principles I was willing to act, and am
vet willing to act, but I l^evcr was a member of
what 1*8 been called the Native American partv,
or of the Know-Nothing society, us it is commonly
called. I know there are many eminent men in
this country, for whom I have great respect,
who are members of each of the latter. The pre
sent governor elect of PiBB^ylvanla, who is per
sonally known to me as one of tho most estimable
and able men in this country, is universally believed
to bo a member of the Know-Notliing Order,
and it is said owes his election in a great degree
to their vote*. ' A better man could not, in my
opinion, have been selected for the office. I know
not upon what authority It is stated that the late
President of the United States is a member of the
Know'Nothlng Order. But I do know that a
groat number of the most intelligent aud patriotic
men of this country have adopted tho principles
and joined the society of this secret party. I
know, too, that in this State a very great number
of gentlemen of high standing and acknowledged
patriotism, from tho ranks of both the whig and
democratic parties, are believed to bo among the
members of the Order of United Americans.
Whatever may be the principles of the Know
Nothings of other Slates, we arc bound to believe
that the principles of the Order in Delaware are
in perfect accordance both with the spirit and the
letter of the resolutions adopted in Dover on the
4th of October ; because they wore present in
great numbers at the meeting held on that day
assisted in the formation of the platform itself, and
it was adopted, aud after full deliberation, without
one dissenting voice. We have reason, therefore,
to know that if there be anything prescriptive,
bigoted, or unprincipled among the Know-Noth
ings of other Statoa, it is not to be found in the
creed of the party principle* of the Americans of
Delaware. *
1 have said that I never was a member of the
Native American party in this country, anfr that I (
am not and never have been a member of the
Know-Nothing society or any other secret-society.
Opposed to all proscription of men for the sake of
their religious opinions, I have freely avowed my
determination not to support for public office, any
men who should evince a determination to deny to
others the right to worship God according to the
dictates of their own consciences; and referring to
foreigners who have never been naturalized, I have
repeatedly said, that before their naturalization,
they should not be permitted to govern this coun
try by their votes. They do not renounce their al
legiance to the princes or potentates of their native
country when declaring their intention, nor at auy
time until they are naturalized in obedience to the
act of Congress. To receive their vote* on a mere
declaration of Intention, is in no degree leas objec
tionable than h would be to receive them in Ireland
or Germany, for they we still bound by their allc- |
jrianco to the sovereigns of their native countries.
1 opposed their right of suffrage in 18HB in the
Senate of the United States iu conjunction with all
other Whig members of that body. I made the
motion to strike the alien clause out of the Consti
tution of Michigan. I joined with Mr. Calhoun in
opposing the alien clause in the Compromise bill of
1848.But we were compelled to submit to the
will of the majority, who opposed us and ovemilcd
u*. No great compromise was ever made without
a sacrifice oil the part of those who made it. The
Constitution itseir which was a compromise, was
one In reference to which It was often and truly
said that then) was not a member of the Conven
tion'tlwt framed it, who had not strong objection*
to some parts of It. On this principle St was that
Mr. Calhoun and myself, as I have heretofore pub
licly explained In my place In the ftenata, voted for |
the Compromise of 1840 while strongly protesting i
against this whole alien clause, which we still hoped
in some way to exclude from the bill l>efore it
should become a law. ....
As chairman of the Committee on the Judicial y
In the Senate, I reported the first law which estab
lished a territorial government over Wisconsin,
composed of all territories of the presetit ninte i?f
Towa and Wisconsin. In that I carefully protected
the rights of American citizenship, and excluded
the suffrages of foreigners, without naturalization.
Last winter I movod to strike the alien clause ont
of the Nebraska bill, but unsuccessfully, and for
eigners by that bill are allowed to vote hi the Ter
ritories without naturalization. Foreigners have
also liecn allowed to voto without naturalization In
the States of Illinois, Wisconsin, and Michigan, as
well as hi several of the Territories besides Kansas
aud Nebraska. I cannot now, without an utter
sacrifice of principle, deviate from the doctrine that
none I Hit American citizens should ei\joy the ripjlit
of suffrage. I cannot and will not, at my penod
of life, hoping and wiahing nothing from any po
litical partv, and fearing none, depart from a princi
ple which baa governed me ever since I elite red
public life. V nen we were defeated on this ques
tion, In 1884, I took my hat and left the Senate in
disgust, and every Whig In that chamber followed
me, all of us considering that the Constitution had
been trampled under foot by the party opposed
to us.
I concur also In the sentiment expressed by
General Washington, that " It Is contrary to the
policy of this government to appoint foreigners to
office to the exclusion of native-born citizens." I
do not mean by this that a foreigner should never
be appointed to office. I mean that other circa m
stances lielng equal, the American ought to l?e
preferred, and tjjat was the opinion of Washing
ton. But there are Sfiarn foreigners In this coun
try for whom 1 would not hesitate to vote ? and o
illustrate ray meaning, I now take leave to say
that as the senatorial term of James Shields, of Il
linois, i? about to expire, If I had a hundred votes
to ca*t in the election of tills t<onator of that State,
1 would throw theiu all for .Jmuch Shields, such is
my ophiiou of that man. But if another James
Shields, equally worthy, patriotic, nnd able, were
to present himself as Inn opponent, born an Ameri
can on tho coil here, I would prefer him to the
foreigner, though a naturalised citizen. If any
man differs from that opinion he in at perfect lib
erty to do so, but I do not, envy him in his claims
to true Americau and patriotic feeling*. I shall not
enlarge upo* this subject, for my sentiments have
before been publicly expressed.
You will understand me, therefore, foliow-citiKM,
as standing on tho platform adopted by the Ameri
cans, at Dover, on the 4th day of last month, and
no other which In any degree conflicts with It I
will not support for once a man who claims to be
a Native American, unless he plants himself on that
platform. If ho seeks my vote, he must do it by
professing my principles. lie must not tell mo that
some other party besides the American party here
has nominated him fbr the office. He must come
out plainly, and cay that he asks support on the
principles of the Americans at the capital, when
they met last month publicly In the State Conven
tion. If he asks the support of the American party,
he has no right to accept, without our consent, a
nomination from another party, professing princi
ples which wo, as Americans, have uever adopted.
I did not come hero to make a ticket?I leave all
that to others. 1 only came to explain the grounds
on which I shall act.
A party formed o& thrtw principles must neces
sarily be "thoroughly national, and not sectional in
its character. It can have no geographical divi
sions. No parallel of latitudo or longitude can di
vide it into discordant fragments to form the ele
ments of future separation and civil war. Ignoring
the slavery question as a proper element of party
organization, and as utterly unfitted for party com
binations, it would refuse to test the suitableness
of any men for public office, by the question whether
he was for or against the mere extension of slavory
in somo territory of the United States, always con
tent to leave that, as well as every other domestic
question, to the people of that Territory, who alone
ought to have the right to decide it, as soon as suffi
cient numbers have settled there to form a respect
able commonwealth. Non-intervention is tho prin
ciple now professed by the Democratic party itself,
but it is not tho principle on which they have acted.
Their practico and their professions have never
agreed on this Bubjcot. True, non-intervention
would have left the people of Nebraska and Kan
sas, after a suitable number of people had emigrated
to those territories, to have elected their own Gov
ernor, as well as their Legislature, and would have
left the question of slavory in the meantime?that
is the question whether, under the constitution and
existing laws and treaties, a slaveholder could safely
carry his slaves to those territories, as a question
to be decided solely by tho courts of tho United
States, and not by a Legislature elected only by a
handftil of squatters, including every alien who may
choose to go there from Europe. True non-inter
vention would have denied all power in an execu
tive appointed at Washington to veto the acts of a
Territorial Legislature, as well as all power in Con
gress to supervise Hs decisions on that question.
1 shall not again discuss the merits of the Ne
braska bill. My sentiments upon it are well known
to you all. It lias produced the very bitter fruits
which I anticipated when it was introduced, and
has caused all the violent excitement in the bosom
of the North which I publicly predicted in my place
in the Senate. I said there it would prove injudi
cious, and eminently tend to alienation between the
North and South. Yet I had no Northern preju
dices against the repeal of the Missouri compro
mise line?a line established by the act of 1820,
I always thought the creation of a geographical
division between our countrymen fully justified the
strong expression of Mr. Jefferson, that it sounded
in his ear liko a fire-bell in the night. I may be
permitted now so far to wander from my sutyect as
to say that, although many valued friends differ
with me about the sanctity of the act of 1820, I
never learned from the Whigs of ancient days that
this law was a part of their party creed. It is well
known that, as chairman of the Judiciary Commit
tee of the Senate. I rq>orted a bill, which became
a law, for annexing a territory north of the parallel
of 80 deg. 80 mtn. to the State of Missouri, three
times as large as the State of Delaware. Every
Whig In the Senate, including Henry Clay and
Daniel Webster, then approved and voted for that
bill. Not a Whig in the other House opposed it
that I ever heard. I had a conversation with Mr.
Webster on the subject at the time, who adopted
my views of the propriety of annoxing this terri- I
tory to Missouri, although it subjected it to the
laws of a slave State. It gave Missouri her proper
boundary on the river, and effectually protected the
Indians residing there from the. depredation of law
less and unprincipled men. I repeat, there is no
objection to this partial repeal of the Missouri com
promise lino, that I ever hoard ot whether from
Northern or Southern men. And can it now be
expected of me that I should make myself a party
i to such a controversy as that which rages in the
| North, and sweeps that noble division of our liappy ]
Union like a whirlwind t I cannot and will not be
come a party to such a quarrel. I did not vote for
the repeal of the line in the Nebraska act, and I
will not vote to repeal the repealing clause in that
act, or to disturb tho subject again. I?et it rvst.
Repose for the |>assions of men is required to save
us from ourselves. At this crisis, when I think
there Is far more real danger than has ever existed
before, as the sequel will show, 1 rejoice that an
American party is to be foond in the country, around
which I and other men who think as I do, can rally.
The Whig and Democratic parties having In differ
ent sections of the Union made the slavery ques
tion a part of their respective creeds, are split into
irreconcilable divisions, each aliout equally ultra in
tlu view*, and equally uncharitable in their abuse
of ea'h other. In one-third of this State, a so
called Democratic ticket is run, upon which one
half tin candidates are old and active Whigs. In
another part of the State, an effort has been made
to get Whigs to serve on the Democratic ticket,
but, I hear, without success. In other Statea, the
division amoug the Whip is such, that it Is quite I
impossible that another Whig National Convention
can ever assemble again, and, If another Democratic
Convention should again make that effort, as it
probably will, there can be no real heartfelt con
cord In such a Isjdy. A party strong cnoaph to
Huslain the government in the trial* to which it hiii
inevitably soon bo subjected, ought to tw a deside
ratum with every rigntminded American states
man.
An appeal to American national feeling Tor such
a purpose ought not to be in vain ; and I do not
believe it will be In vain. In every State ami in
every section of this Union there Is now an Amer
ican party. At present a foreigner not naturalized
and in trouble abroad, excites more sympathy
among the politicians of the dominant party than
anv native American could possibly do. More noise
was made bv them alrfmt Martin Kosxta than would
have been created by an equal danger to fifty na
tive Americans in a foreign country. Kossuth w??
at one time, in their estimation, an oliject of mucli
crreater interest and admiratlou than any Ameri
can who has lived sine.! the .lays of *Vashiu$tom
Gentlemen, I an. (or devotion to American
and American interests. I am for Amencnn in
preference to foreign labor. American mechan.cs, I
American manufactures, American ^ nav.gators,
American commerce, and, above all. Am. ncsa g
riculture. 1 am for American breadstuffs, and an
American market for them. I am for the country
as it stands in preference to all other
ami have no desire to wm the foreign vote by ab
iert flattery or profewdonii of greater regard w for
eigner#, than for thoac born in my own?my na
live land. _ , ,
Mv fellow-citizens, I am, aa ail of you who know
me Well understand, no candidate for any office,
post, or station which parties or party men could
ever bestow. I have never held an office which 1
did not gladly resign, ami I suppose 1 shall even
vet resign the seat I now hold before tl?e expira
tion of tba long term whioh is before me. But I
am not ungrateful to my friends for the honors
they hava conferred upon ma, and I well know,
mid can never forget, the men who bestowed theui.
There is no sacrifice which an honorable man could
make to sustain them, which I am not at all
r.-adv to Incur. To the Widen and the Whig
party no man wan more devotedly attached, Dur
ing the last session of Congress the uortbern
Whigs, including all of them except Mr. loot, ot
Vermont, deserted us on the reciprocity treaty.
Tliey all voted ngainut protection to every article
o ir farmer* could raise, and admitted the produce
of all British North America duty free. Thi? trea
ty was clrarlv unconstitutional without an act ot
t/ongress to carry it out, m it trenched ou the tax
ing power of the House of Representatives, By
its own terms, therefore, on act to carry it intoef
fect was required to bt) oassed by Congress. The
requisite act was passed by the House of Repre
sentatives as well as the Senate, aud the northern
vote, which wns formerly always given for protect
ing duties On manufactures, was then as freely
given to repeal the moderate protecting duty of
only 20 per cent, on grain and breadstuff's, wool,
s'icep, &<\?in short everything a Delaware tanner
can producc. What kind of Whig principle was
there in that vote ? The aamo vote was given to
the homestead and graduation bills, whose ten
dency is to depopulate the old State*, and give
away the public domain to foreigners without re
gard to character abroad or at home. The same
vote was given to authorize aliens to vote In ti e
territories. Under these circumstances, I say un
hesitatingly, that 1 prefer party association with
men other than those, and that I would not w
dragged on in their company by the namo of Yi big
or any other name. They abandoned tl?c princi
ples of my past public life, and now it I can And
| 110 other men ready to sustain American principles,
I would prefer to stand outside of any party or
ganised whatever.
I do not expect the new party to agrco with uic
iu everything. J do not expect it to bo either ft
Whig or a Democratic party. Hut if I am to act
with It at all, it must stand by the principles to
which I have referred.
SONORA.
Fcrthkr Particulars or thb Execution of
Count Raousskt.?By way of Los Angeles we have
advices from Guaymas to September 1. The Los
Angeles Star has a long account of tlic French
revolution in Guayamas and the execution of Count
Boulbon. Of the origin of the fight, the Star gives
the following particulars, which are new 5
There hud been previous difficulties between
some of Raousset's companions and the loose Sono
ranians in the streets; the French suffered many
insults, and other foreigners eamc ha also for their
share. Major Roman, the American consul, was
grossly outraged on the 12th day of July, by two
Sonorauians, In going from the dwelling of Senor
Ortiz to his own house, who followed him, one call
ing upon the other to shoot him; a sistor of one
of them, who is married to on American, cried out
to them that Mfyor R. was the American consul;
their reply was, " No matter whether lie is an
American or not." The day before the battle, par
ticularly, the French had been sul(jected to these
insults, and it is not yet certain that these were
not the immediate cause of it, instead of a precon
ceived determination on the part of the French,
The Zircuiustances seem to favor this supposition.
Cp to the very day of the fight, they had reeetved
their dailv pay of seventy-five cents to each private
and a dollar to the officers.
Of Ilaousset, the Star savs:
" He delivered bis sword to the sister of Calvo,
the French Consul, being unwilling to be disarmed
by a Mexican. She asked him for his pistol, but
this he said he would retain for himself. The
Count might easily have escaped, as there was a
little schooner there which is said to have belonged
to him ; but ho said ho would never leave one of
his countrymen behind. A general order had pre
viously been published by Santa Anna, as wc un
derstand, requiring Count Raousset to be arrested
in any department where he might land, and Im
mediately be put to death. ^ . .
" Before the council of war, by whom he was
sentenced to be shot, Count Raousset was asked to
confess his guilt; his reply was that "to God only
would he confess, but he would make a JAtuifi'
if liu cnim were before a different tribunal, ills
siirnet ring, bearing the arms of his family, he pre
aented to the officer of the Mexican army who de
fended him on Ills trial, Dou Francisco Borandir
His red hunting-shirt, blankets, and rifle, he re
quested to Iks' sent to his family, and a medal
which he then wore upon his person he wished to
be sent to his niece. After arranging his business
in a business-like manner, always maintaining tiro
soldier's calmness of heart, he consented to see a
priest. Having complied with the usual rites of
! his religion, he is reported to have declared to his
I attendant, that ' if twenty times en la caprlh (or
1 prepared for death) aud as many times spared, he
would as often return to fight the Mexican govern
ment far the injustice done him, and to make the
I Sonorians happy."1
A flftntnh account of hi? execution ujn :
ti |fe aid not tremble nor falter; his eyes re
mained open, fixed on heaven?in a ward, he dis
played himself more than a man! Five shots
1 were fired?but he received only three wounds;
! one ball broke o medal of the Blessed Vrgtnwhirhhft
wore arouud his neck, (the same which he wished
! sent to lie sent to his niece.) Only a few pieces
I of it could be extracted from the body. Don
Francisco Borunda raised a subscription to build a
monument over tlic Count's remains. Notwitli
Ktanding the events of the 13th, the people of
Guaymas, with rare exception*, deeply fcel the
death of Count de Raousset Boulbon, whose me
mory will be perpetual in Honors!
tU'in Ou San Franciteo IJernUl.
Thk lat* CoCRT ok Raocssit Bocl*ok.?Tli?
late Count de Raousset Boulbon waa born at Avi
gon, In France. His family is said to he sprung
from Henrv the Fourth, one of the wisest and
grratest kings of France. He wa? educated in
Switseiland, in an catablishiuent directed by the
Jesuits, at Fribourg. In 18?, he was a candidate
I for the post of Representative of the people in the
Department of Vsucluse. He advocated the prin
I ciples of the republicans of the Cavaignac school,
I who took Washington for their model, and[ was op
1 posed by the Jacobins and Socialists. M. Dent,
. the candidate of the Utter party, who Is now an
exile In the Marquesas islands, having used offen
sive expressions in a public speech, de Raousset
challenged and wounded him. His family I* weal
thy ; his father, who married a second tune, died
some vears ago at Avignon, leaving a sonl'vase
cond wife, who now resides in Avlfpion. De Raws
set inherited a large fortune, whkh he spent in
o few years. His purse was always open to the
unfortunate. His sympathies ran ju^nat Ms own
order, the ariatocracv, and with tfio people, who
idolised him. . ? .
In tlie latter part of 1849 Count do Raousset
was introduced to M. Dillon, who had juat return
ed to 1'arls from California. He inuuired if there
was anything to do there for him, who hail just ex
pended the last remnant of hia fortune, and who
fell too proud to accept the favor of any nmn *
" Yea," was M. Dillon's reply, " If you have reso
lution enough to strip off that embroidered sniit,
to divest yourself of those highly polished boots,
I and to descend into the raviuea ami gulches with a
pick in vour hand, under a scorching sun.' " I
should like to try," was Count de Kaouaset s reply.
" People reproach my order the aristocracy, with
being good for nothing. They arc probably righ
1 have com before tho people as the advocr
thoir rights; and 1 *m now anxlou* to '
Jove for equality, practically, by gajnir -
my livelihood by the sweat of my > dow ?
Count de Raousset remained ? ^ (^3
California. He exercised t wow." *
man ami lander of goods j?iHy two year* In
him some ten or tw* # profession of boat
vessels, whose d?" - He had gathered around
that of the fol' -jft deserters from merchant
tain for th *fottan was scarcely Inferior to
set m! rtZT*?! I OW M*n Monn
ov perM (Mun>
??-.

xml | txt