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WASHINGTON, D. C.
MONDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1854. VEJSPA8IAN KLLI4 Editor. R. M. IIKATH, Assistant. " Against tile insidious wile* of foreign influence? 1 conjure you to believe me, fellow-citisens -the joal oasy of ? froe people ought to be cons?autly asri^ej aiuce history aud experience prove, that forvigu in fluence in uiie of the most baneful foes of a republican government."? WaihiinjUoi. " I hope we may And winic means, iu future, of abieldiug ourselves from foreign influence, political, commercial, or iu whatever forui it way be attempted. 1 cau scarcely withhold myself from joining in the wish of Silas Dean?' that there were an ocean of tire between this aud the old world.' "?Jtfftrwn. A|Mto for the " American Organ." Jokx T. Alulkt, St. Asaph street, two doors from King street, Alexandria, Virginia. Alfrvd Lbwiiun, Richmond, Virginia. W. 8. Caownr, 144 Baltimore street, Baltimore, Mary land. Jon* P. Hilton (assisted by D. W. Uailry, 69 and ?1 Walnut street, Cincinnati,) is our agent for Cin cinnati and other cities in the west. V. B. 1'xLnaa, the American Newspaper Agent, Is On only authorized A^eut for this paper in the cities of Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, and is duly empowered to take advertisement* and subscriptions at the rates required by us. Hia receipts will lw re garded as payments. His offices are?Boston, Hool Isv's Building; New York, Tribune Buildings; Phil adelphia, northwest oorner Third and Chestnut sts. The " Ankrican Oho an " will be found far sale at Assa k Yatbs', No. 22 ltoekmuu street, New York. A. V. Cualonkr, Burliugton, (N. J..) ia agcut for the " American Organ" for the State oi Now Jersey. M. J. Bcrns, Portsmouth, Virginia. W. F. Fahihb, Fredericksburg, Va. J. C. Morgan, New Orleans. Kahubl O. Flaoo, State of MaasadinsetU. S. Ci-oroii, State of Rhode Island. D. S. VotMo, Staunton, Va. Subscribers who^do not roceive their pspers will please leave their name* and address at the office. ryAii advertisements for the " Organ" | should he handed into tJio oflloo before twelve o'clock, M., of the day of publication. Onr Principles* If there be any one falueliood which tho ad ministration presses strive more zealously and continually to present in the garb of truth than (mother, it is that which represents the Ameri can party aa hostile to the interests and insti tutions of the South. Planting ourselvos upon the constitution? advocating the perpetuation of the Union, and equally maintaining the separate rights of the States?our party is nevertheless calumni ated and slandered by those presses, who date the docliue of tho rotten dynasty they seek to sustain, from the advent of the American party upon the political arens. Their warfare is waged for *elf-pre?ervatioti. But they must fall. Tho corrupt political organizations which hnve existed for years past, and which have, ia turn, degraded themselves by their etl'orts to propitiate foreigners in order to obtain jwwer, are fast disappearing, and a new order of things i3 coining into existence. An American party, in the true and broadest sense of the term, will soon bo installed, and will control the destinies of "our oten native land T Our principles and platform are broad enough and sufficiently national in their scope, to enable all patriotic Americans to rally around our standard, aud to pledge themselves faithfully to its support. We eschew sectional differences. We throw behind us all former political controversies on points of policy. We form a great national party, whose onda are natioual, and whose pur pose* will not interfere with the rights of the State#, or of any portion of the American peo ple. Wo seek to purify our government, to jnako it American in its policy and action, and to provide against tho evils and dangers which threaten its existence. That our party should be opposed by those ia power is natural, for self-preservation is the first law of tutture, but, tluit vituperation, abuse and misrepresentation should be resorted to by our opponents, is not in accordance with our notions of an honorable political contest. We are opposed by two apparently rival parties, and on contradictory bases. The ad ministration presses, under tho lead of the Washington Union and Richmond Enquirer, oppose us, because (they say) we are allied to abolitionism, and hostile to the South. W e havo over and again shown this charge to be unfounded. On tho other hand, tho National Era, the N. Y. Tribune, and other anti-slavery presses, denounce ns as being subservient to slavery, and opposed to their notions of hu man rights. We ask the calm perusal of the following extracts from the N. Y. Tribune of the 2d instant, in relation to the questions we have now raised, to wit: " Myron II. Clark, Greene C. Bronaon, and Ho ratio Sevtnour were the rival candidates for Gover nor when the " Know-Nothing" Grand Council met In this city to nominate one. All three wore na tives and Protestant*; the first-named had long been a zealous and prominent member of the Or thodox Congregational Church, and a most un doubted anll-Papi?t. Ho had tried also to ttecome s Know-Nothing, and had failed, if at all, through souie technicality which did not cast a shadow of doobt on his attachment to 'he principles of the order. He was the tempcrance candidate, and no ?nan questioned lik devotion to liquor prohibition; while both his antagonist* were license wen. ne * as a consistent and earnest anti-Slavery, anti Nebraska roan, while both his antagonists * ere committed U? acquiescence in the triumph of I>ou ^lasism. How came It, think you, that he was re- i iectcd bv the < 'ouncil and a fourth candidate, who ! was neither a Tempeianco nor anti-Slavery man, wai nominated instead* How came they to pre fer defeat with rilinann to triumph with Clark* l?o*s this question admit of more than one answer* "We know that a candi'latc for Con ares* in this I citv, who was himself a "Know Nothing na-requir ed by the Council to ple-lue himself, preliminary to bis nomination l?y that bo?Iv, to vote inflexibly j against Win. H. Seward for President In case he should ??e a candidate for that office and the election should go to the House. And this is but one of many cases of like character. We do not know a single instance in this State aliens a prominent anti Slavery or Maine Iaw man has been nominated for office by the " Know Noth ings," though we believe one is promised a good berth In Massachusetts. But we do know many Tcmporance men who were for Prohibition first ami ether things afterward until they became Know Nothings; kIiic* when they have tried to make Temperance subservient to Natlviam, and have voted down Maine I,aw candidates for Assembly, electing Anti-Prohibition Know Nothings instead, i " We hear that the late Nnow-Nothing grand I council at Cincinnati, formally resolved tnut the j order shall lie neither pro-tlavfry nor anti-alarrry. | That is nominally the position maintained for the I last twenty yesrs by the late llemocratic partv, and | we may fairly expect " the American party ,v at a partv, to t.ike a position on the slavery question abreast of that of Tamnianv Hall. " Wo believe the " Know-Nothing" array ia des tined to prove the deadlioet foe of anti-slavery, tcm parance and every other reform movement; aud we see that the slave-drivers an; beginning to vie with the Union savers hi halting the " Know-Nothing" lsdgss aa admirably suited to their uses. And in any movement like this, politicians by trsde, like the slaveholders, will always outmsnage the men who live by their own lalior, and can bestow but a casual attention upon politica. " Wa might multiply these considerations, but anengh. We aak those who really mean Anti Slavery aud Temperance to look on calmly for a season and see If ?rS are not right Thoae who mean nothing aud care for noising but nucceas, will not heed wlwt wo say, aud ? do uoi^xpect to sat isfy them." W> admire candor and platodealjng, aud lieaca, w? applaud the editor of the Tribune foi his open and undisguised denunciation of the Aitaricaa party, on the grounds above stated. Ws thank him for stating that our party iu N?w York would not support Mr. Clark for Governor simply because he was " a coneiitent and earnest anti-elaiery many We thank him for stating that the Councils of Know Nothiugs required a candidate for Congress " to pledge himself to vote inflexibly against William II. Seward for President," if the elec tion should go into the House of Representa tives. Wo thank him for stating that, in no instance, lias a prominent anti-*latery man been nominated for office in New \ork by the Know-Nothings. "We tbauk the Tribune also for informing the public that the " Grand Council of Know Nothings at Cinciunati formally reiolved that \ the order thall le neither pro-tlarery nor anti-tlavery /" We thank the Tribune for also stating ite beliof, that the " Know-Nothing array is des tined to prove the deadliest foe of anti-slavery, Ac." Will the South any longer credit the mis representations of our principles which arc daily ushered forth through the hireling presses of the administration T We repeat, for the hundredth time, that our party is the party ol ' the Constitution and the Union, and of the rights of tho States as guaranteed thereby. Wo are neither slavery propagandists nor anti-slavery fanatics. We would let slavery alone, and let the South alone in reference to tlavery. It is a subject which belongs solely and exclusively to those States in which it ex ists. Tho very agitation of the subject is fruit ful of mischief. No friend of the Union and of tho Constitution will seek to disturb this ele ment. To disturb it, is to endanger tho Con stitution aud Union, which our party profess to revere. Let the Constitution, with all its compro mise*, be faithfully adhered to, and our glorious Union will bo perpetuated. \ iolate those com promises, and the Union will cease to exist, or be maintained only by despotism. Trans-AUeghany Notes. There is reason to believe that the State au thorities of Virginia are in some perplexity at present, growing out of the great depreciation ol these notes. Tho taxes for the past year are due this month, and there ean be no doubt that tho sheriffs will pay into tho treasury much of this money, as by law, they are authorized to do. The revenue of tho State is required to be kept in the three principal Richmond banks, but it is supposed that these institutions will refuse this year to receive on deposite so much of it as is paid in Trans-Alleghany notes. This is not surprising, since it would be most un reasonable to expect them to receive money de preciated some twenty-fivo or thirty per cent., and yet pay out upon the demand of the State treasurer current funds. Tho law authorises the governor, for good cause, to withdraw from the banks the funds of the State, and it is ru mored that he will probably do so, should the banks positively refuse to receive Trans-Alle ghany money. Such a step would embarrass them very much in the present condition of the money market, and by forcing them to cur tail still further their operations, would of course affect very sensibly, the general interests of the community. They aro thus really be tween Scylla and Chary Mis. It is to bo hoped that they will not be required to venture upon the perils of either passage. Virginia Democratic Convention. After a stormy session of three days this body succeeded in making nominations for State officers. Mr. Wise was nominated for Governor on the socond ballot On the first ballot he only fell short 227 rotes. The vote on tliat ballot is stated by telegraph to the Bal timore Sun to have been as follows, but the figures are evidently inaccuratc; Wise, 81,419; Leake, 25,702 ; Smith, 2,105; Holliday, l,28fl; Siddon; 481, and Faulkner, 259. We under stand that Messrs. Wise, Leake, and Holliday were the only persons regularly put in nomi nation. Messrs. Seddon and Holliday wwe formerly in Congrtes?Messrs. Faulkner and Smith are members of the present House. For Lieutenant Governor the following gen tlemen were placed in nomination, viz: Elisha McComas, of CalHsll; Albert Pendleton, of Gilts; Dr. Harris, of Augusta; and Mr. Iloge, of Mont gomery. On the second ballot, Mr. McComas received tho nomination. Mr. Willis Hocock, the present Attorney Gen eral was nominated for that office without op position. He is a brother of Hon. Thomas 8. Hocock, a member of the present Congress. A telegraphic despatch says: " The nomination of Mr. McComas was declared uuanimou*; but, when the question was put to make that of Mr. Wise unanimou*, there were many noes although the chairman declared the nomin* tlon 'overwhelmingly carried. The on tire session was stormy lu a high degree. Resolution* were nasscd approving of Mr. Pierce? administration, declaring that he had faithfully adhered to tho con stitution." No resolution was introduced in the Conven i tion, censuring Senator Hunter's land bill, and nothing whatever was said about the Know Nothings. j In both particulars, the Convention displayed | considerable sagacity. ! We understand that qnite an exciting scenc ' took place, when tho nominations for Lieuten I ant Governor were under consideration. Mr. Harmon, of Staunton, charged that Mr. Pendle ton had, on a previous occasion, gone into a Democratic caucus, and afterwards refused to abide by the nomination. The friends of tho latter, of course, came to the rescue, and an I angrv discussion then ensued. Nothing very I serious, however, resulted from it Mr. Pendle j ton was tho only sufferer. We have only received the published details of the first day's proceedings. The following letter, from the editor of the Richmond Whig, gives a very graphic account of what ho wit nessed on that occasion: ST*rvm.M. No*. 30,18M.?TV Democratic Con vention met this morning a little before twelve o'clock. It is said, (how truest is, I am unable to I sav.) that the I-oakr men took the advantage of the j \Vi?*ReP, a ltd arincmblcd hoforo the hour led, thereby procuring the appointment of a tem porary chairman In the person of one Mr. Baylor, j who had necessarily the appointment of several I important committees?these committees having I considerable influence upon the issues before the i convention. If this l>e so, von can reedily per ceive and appreciate the feeling of distmst which exist* among tho harmonious Democracy of Vir ginia. And that it is eo, I have upon the author ity of sundry Wise Men who feel immensely indig nant at the fraud which is alleged to have been perpetrated upon them. R?t this apart. I have been the member and the Bpuctator of niauy conventions, but 1 honestly and conaciuutioualy assure you that I have never lutd the misfortune to witness so disorderly, ao turbulent, kud to rowdy an assemblage of men aa that now conv?#od ui the goodly *nd lio?| Mai.I town of S(au4t9n. It ia impossible to describe the confusio* And the wilt} uproar which has prevailed during the entire day.' Every member or the con vention teem* to bo at dagger'* points with his neighbor, and If they adjourn without a fluticufl, a street fight, or an innumerable number of duels in embryo, I shall certainly be most agreeably disap pointed. I have only time to communicate the nuiii and substance of the first day's proceedings. In the morning session, alter calling the roll of delegate*, and exhibiting a great deal of bad feeling, they ad journed to live o'clock, waiting meanwhile the con clusions of the committee, who had been appointed to recommend officers for the permanent organiza tion of the body. Mr. CruUibiioM, apeakel of the House of Delegates, was nominated lor chairman, and Mr. Ritchie and Mr. Hughes for secretaries. Mr. Crutchfleld made a very short speech, upon taking the chair, entering upou none of the profei ? ences or questions that divided the Democratic laity, and apparently much excited and disturbed. He, however, amid the general disturbance, presided with as much dignity aud ability as could reasonably be expected. Immediately a discussion arose upon a proposition to adopt the two-thirds rule?a bitter, acrimonious, and most lengthy discussioii, aud, might say with great propriety, a most tedious and iatigu ing one. During this discussion, we came very near having a term. The rules of the House of Delegates had boen previously adopted for the government ot the cou veutiou at the morning session. But, Mr. Deneule, the Senator from Rockingham, the most putrid and offensive demagogue I liave ever seen, contended that the adoption of the rules of the House of Del egates, necessarily carripd with it the adoption of the majority rule. Hereupon Mr. Irving, ol Lynch burg, arose and stated that if that was the con struction put upon the adoption by the convention of the rules of the House of Delegates, he felt no hesitancy in denouncing the whole proceeding as a fraud?declaring, in his own peculiar and cnival rous way, that he held himself personally responsi ble to any gentleman that might consider himself aggrieved by his remarks. Mr. Deneale ilunk, as a matter of course. 1 have only to state that after the most inconceiv able confusion that ever prevailed in any body, and, after the bitterest discussion 1 ever listened to, they called the roll upou the adoption of the two tbirds or the miyority rule. They adjournod with out determining whether the two-thirds or the majority rule had been adopted. I learn, however, at the present hour?10 o'clock at night?that the minority rule is successfVil?in' other words, that Mr. Wise is nominated. I venture the prediction, that Mr. Wise will be nominated by a decided ma jority. I shall write to you again to-morrow. I merely say that I have never been so amused aud so disgusted before. In conjunction with Hon. R. K. Meade, Mr. Banks, Mr. Cowardin, and many other gentlemen, I am ergoying the elegaut hospitalities of the Hon. A. H. H. Stuart, whose figure in the political word everybody knows, but whono social excellencies are unsurpassable. R. R P. S. Thompson is acquitted, the jury staying out only half an hour. My impression is, that the jury have been humbugged most egregiously. According to the evidence, Thompson ought not only to have been hung, but he ought to have been quartered also. R- R An Appeal kkom tub wiy* ok Dr. Beau:.?The following pathetic appeal from the wifo of Dr. Beale appears In the Philadelphia papers: " It is with the utmost diffidence that I appear in this manner before the public. For my own j sake I would not do it. I would bear my sorrow and anguish in silence, rather than obtrude myself j upon the gaze of a selfish, censorious world. But I owe duties to others, which I must not shrink from discharging, whatever may be the course to uiv own feelings. " I have eight young helpless cliildreu, practi cally made orphans by the recent painful events, with which the public are familiar. I have a hus band dear to me as my own life, shut up in the cell of a prison, for an'alleged crime I am just as well satisfied he never committed, as I can be of | any event which has not ti-ausplred under my per sonal observation. If I believed him guilty, 1 would suffer in siionce and sorrow and shame, and let justice take its courae. I have the feelings of | a woman, and would resent like a woman an iudig- j uity upon my liouor and an outrage upon my rights, i But nothing of the kind has occurred; my nus baud has been cloven down by a combination ol untoward circumstances, which human Wtadoui j could not forsee, nor human caro prevent I know what he is in domestic life, in the bosom of his j familv, and In the circle of his friends. I think I know the purity of his life, and the interior of his heart. His sorrows and his wrongi have made him dearer to me than ever. I will share his sorrows with a loving, sympathising heart, however fierce ly the storm may beat upon him. He is my hus band, the filther of ray children, and has been to me ever all that a wife and mother could desire. In these circumstances it Is easy to see that I can not rest till my loved one Is restored to the circle to which he lias always imparted joy and gWd- ] MM, Will not a benevolent, sympathising community I aid me in this effort ? This is the otyect of tWs | earnest appeal. I ask not for mouey, but for what is to me. in my circumstances, of more value than the gold of Ophlr, a kind co-operatlou in scouring the Interposition of executive clemcncy. TIJs now is my only reeort Petitions for a pardon, already uumerously signed, are in circulation. Will not every husband and lather oonfrr upon me the great favor of glvhig his signature ? A kipd and prompt response to this earneat appeal wBl lighten the sor rows and the bitter anguish of a once united, happy fiimily, but now stricken down, doaolated, and made to drink the cup of wormwood and gafl. LOUISE R BEALE. PHTi.Aniti.Piiia, Nev. SB, 18M. Intirestiko facts crow Etes aki> Ears.?The organ of vision is considered the most delicate or ganisation in the human frame; yet, many who have been born blind, have been enabled to see by surgical operations, and the following Is an iaureft ing fhet concerning one of thjit class. This youth had become 18 years of age, when his eyes were couched by the surgeon. He thought scarlet the most )>eantiful color, black was painful. He fancied i every object touched him ; ami he could not dis tinguish by sight what he perfectly well knew by | feeling, for instance, the cat and dog. Wheu bis second eye waa couched be remarked that the ob jects were not so large in appearance to this, as to the one opened at first. Pictures he considered J only p?rtl-colored surfaces, and a miniature abso lutely astonished hint, seeming to him like putting a bushel into a pint. ! Stanley, the organist, and many blind musicians, I have been tliclicst performer* of their time; and . a schoolmistress in England could discover that ! two boys were playing in a distant corner of tho I room, instead of studying?although a person using hi.4 eyes could not detect the slightest sound. Prof. Sanderson, who was blind, could, in a few moments, tell how many persons were in a mixed ! j company, and of each sex. A Wind French lady could dance in figure dances, sew and thread her 1 I own needle. A blind man in Derbyshire, Bug- ! land, luui actually l>cen a surveyor and planner of roads, his ear guiding him as to distance as ac curately as the eye to others: and the late Justice | | Wlding, who was blind, on walking into a room I for tho first time, after speaking a few words, said, | I " This room is sbout twenty-two feet long, eighteen I wide, and twelve high," all of which was revealed to him with accuracy through the medium of his ear. Verily: " We are mysteriously and wonderfully made.'' A Oracei.es* Scaur.?A gentlemanly looking 1 individual obtained admission a few days ago to the Convent of the Sacred Heart, in St. Louis, and in passing through the chapel appeared to be over come with feelings of devotion, and knelt before the altar as If in prayer. The Slater who attended him, not wishing to disturb his devotions, left him for a short time. On hor return, she found the scsmp had gone, taking wtth him a quantity of; jewelry from about the image of the virgin over the akar. On the same day he stole a valuable gold watch from a priest in 8t. Patrick s church. American *uU Urittah CUid), The London eorrobpoudent of the Evwuuu Post givi* the fojliiwi^ account of th# prugrtwe 1 made by the ConuuaaioBcrs for the %4Justmeut of claims between the United State# and Great Britain : "Tlx; claim* of the Texas bondholders have re cently been biought again before the coin mission eiu. Mr. Reverdy Jouuaou, of Baltimore, cauie out to argue a case for Mr. Dawson, of that city, and although it had been once argued by an emi nent barrister of London, the case was re-opened, without objection, to hear Mr. Johnson. I had re ceived the iiuprcssiou that he had given an opinion that a naturalized citizen of the United States could claim before the commissioner as a British subject against his adopted oouutry, and so said in my letter to the Evening Poet. In this I was mis taken. lie gave an opinion that the claim repre sented by Dawson, who is a naturalized citizen, was admissible under the convention, but placed it on different grounds. It was distinctly stated by him before the commission that a naturalized citizen could not claim against his adopted government. Ilis argument was replied to by General Thomas, the agent for the United States, and the case was then finally submitted to the commissioner* and the umpire, who was present, for decison. Seventy-six English and fifty-three American cluinis have already been heard. In some instances, one of these settled a principle under which many other individual claims have beon embraced. For example, under the claim for the return of duties levied contrary to the provisions of the favored na tion clause of the treaty of July 3, 1818, there arc more than a hundred separate claims. Both gov ernments liave claims for a violation of this treaty. It has been settled by the commissioners, tbat com pensation Is due in these cases, and it is only a question of evidence. To obtain this evidence may requiro till near the end of the time allotted to the commission. In consequence of the commission sitting in London, the British claimants have been enabled to have their own counsel in each case. By the treaty, each government had the right to appoint an ugent to advocate its Interests before the com mission, or to select a counsel for each State. This has practically been done by the British govfcrn ment, for although they appointed au agent, yet in nearly all the Important cases he has had au thority to substitute in his place the counsel em ployed by the claimant. Accordingly, the most emident barristers in England have been before the commission, holding briefs prepared by distinguish ed solicitors. Her Majesty has, therefore, had from Westminster or Doctor's Commons a fresh horse every day, while the people of the United States have ridden the same one. The eases of Kennorthy and Shaw have been re cently argued, and it is understood, although the judgment has not been formally recorded, that they will both be rejected. This will probably settle other cases of like character. These claims arose out of seizures made at Philadelphia in 1839, for fraudulent invoices of goods imported from England. General Tliomas resisted these claims on the ground that these persons were domiciled citizens of the United States, and by the law of na tions bound to abide the decision of its tribunals; that they had enjoyed the advantage of a judicial investigation aud trial by a competent court and jury, and that they were as much under obligation to yield ^ obedience to tho verdict as those who were natives to the soil; and, more over,in the trea ty of commerce between the two oountries, after laying down the conditions on which the citizens of one country should be permitted to reside in and carry on trade in the other, It was expressly stipulated that they should be subject to the laws and statutes of the two countries respectively, and hence he insisted that it never could have' been j the design of either government to commit such , cases to this commission. The cases were argued | for her Majesty's government by James 8. Mills I ***id by his friends to be the best lawyer in Eng land. b BY THIS JMORNINgVmaILS. New York, Dee. 8.?The steamer Black Warrior arrived here to-day from Havana, making her way up through a terrible storm which is now prevailing. Sho brings Havana dates to the 28th. Mr. Eames, Charge d'A flairs to Venezuela, is amongst her pas sengers. Sho left the United States steamer Frialc ton at Havana; all well. This vessel had been out searching for the United States sloop of war Alba ny, supposed to be lost. She was also to resume the search in a few days along the Musquito banks. Political matters in Havana aud on the island generally, wore in a very excited and critical con dition. An outbreak and revolution was daily an j tici|?atcd. The people exhibited unmistakable signs of dissatisfaction. Nothing farther In reference to the seizure of the vessels at Maracoa. It is understood that the American government has taken decided steps hi reference A) this matter, and that it is now under going investigation. Busiaess at Havana was rather quiet. Sugars and molasses unchanged. Coffee qniet. Money stringent. Vessels plenty?freights doll. C/noixkati, Dec. S.?The Lotus v ill o papers of this morning contain a statement of an exciting circumstance which occurred at Cairo, 111., a dav or t#o since. A colored man, who kept a grog shop on a flat lioat at Cairo, having been sued for $6(1, and judgment rendered against him, threaten*! to shoot the magistrate if he refused to let him off. Afterwards he armed himself and took his stand on the boat. The latter was quickly surrounded by a number of people, when the negro fired Into the crowd, wounding four persons. The boat was im mediately set on fire by tho crowd aud cut loose. Whilst out in the stream the negro tied a weight around his neck, jumped overboard and drowned ( thus escaping the more terrible death Intended for 1 him by the excited crowd. j ? ? - j Utjca, Dec. I.?Tlie navigation of th? Erie Ca | nsl Is apparently suspended on acoount of tho ice I on the Chenango Canal. A number of boats are ; frozen in at various points. i Bamoob, Me., Dec. 2.?The navigation in this section of country appears to be closed for the j Qr??*c, Dec. 2.?Lord Elgin gave a farewell 1 ?>all last night, and purposes shortly to depart for England. The guosts numbered over 700. His Excellency's fcrewell sjwech is spoken of as having I been deeply affecting. I'ORTi.ANn, Me., Dec. 2.?Some further particu lars of the accident on the Grand Turk railroad, have been received. Ten persons are ityured] j mostly by fractures of the l>oncs and dislocations of the limits. Their wouuds, however, are not con I sidered dangerous by the physicians. Good surgi cal aid is in sttendanee at the scene of the dimster, from Portland and other places. Mrs. Taylor, who had been visiting at I<anca*ter, is badly burned, and Hes in a critical condition. Eour others of the sufferers only remain at Stark, the rest having been removed by their friends. ' Among the injured are Wm. Burns, of 'twas ter, whose leg is fractured; Wm. H. McCuDis, of Bangor, whose arm has been dislooated ; and the I Rev. Mr. Baxter, of Wilton, Maine, whose collar bone was broken. The train consisted of one pfcs j sengar car, to the rear of which was attached a 1 box car, which was driven half way through the passenger car by the collision. The train stopped in consequeucc of the locomotive becoming un shackled, and not by getting off the track. MARRIRI), | On the 20th ultimo, by the Hev. Mr. Leevel, at ' " KJIerslie," Dr. Bcsnaon Tati-os, of Clarke county, Virginia, to Miss Ri.viaA Laws, dsnghter of James Jeti, Esq., of Rappahannock county, Va. I>IKI>, On Sunday, the 8d instant, at one o'clock, Eliza I bstm C., the beloved wife of Ferdinand Tlutler, Esq , and daughter of Joseph Abbott, Esq. The funeral will take p'ace on Tuesday evening, at 2 o'clock, from the residence of her husoand, corner of 14th street and Pennsylvania avenue. TTie friends of her husband's and father's family are nupectftillv invited to attend. ' On the f?th October, in Thibodaux, Louisiana, of yellow ferer, Dr. Waltm B. Youwe. On the 17th October, In Hon ma, Ixxiisiana, Jam D 2?? fW m*nV ymr* * pe"k,nnt "f Oeorgetown, On the Wh November, near Thibodaux, Lm., of vel low fever, Dr. Taos. H. Yomfo. EThe meeting of the Delegation of the l of the wsr of 1*12, baring been but thinly attended In consequence of th short notice given, Adjourned over to Wednesday evening next, at flW " chick, st the CHy Hell; and, as the business on which they art requested to meet is of importsnoe, it is expected that the members will be punctual in their attendance. J. S. WtTJ.lt HR, dee (~?ntd Chairman. Ki?ht D?ya Later from C?l|fl?rni*. The steamship Star of the West <urived at New York ou Saturday a^eruapn, fepngiu^two huudred ?a<l aixty passengers and fWO.OOO la aped* oil flight. Her date* from baa Fraud** are to the 'Jth of November. She bring* the poweugers that arrived at San Juan hi the steauMfcip Cortes. Among them are Senator Weller and lady, and Mr. McDougall. Senator Owiqn wax expected to leave by the next steamer. Mr. Latham had left several week# before: ? CALiroaHU matteiw. aerify ilL**"' *nrrejor ?ener^ of California, is The overland emlgrauta receutly arrived here re port aurioiw encounters with the Indians Colonel Fay, the mail agent, U making important arrangement to fcabtoto the postal acnice iu the southern part of California. The news from the mines continues favorable Business wan very active at improving prices Later advice* from Australia represent business dull there, and the yield of the mines declining Admiral Despoints ha* despatched the French brig of war ObHgardo to Cuaymas, San Bias and Acapulco. It wan said the object was to prosecute an inquiry concerning the deatli of Count Bouloon. The citizens of Curson Valley are urging the an nexation of that place to California. 1 he attempt to re-open the overland express from Acapulco to Vera Cruz lias been temporarily frustrated by the refusal of Alvarez and party at Acapulco to grant passports to the agents. The vacancy ou the Supreme bench will prob ably bo filled by the appointment of Judge Field of Marysville. KNOW-NOTHINU VICTORY. The election on the 8th for City Comptroller re sults in Mr. Sherman receiving a majority of 1,042 votes over Mr. Haigbt. There was no regular nominees in the field. Mr. Sherman is understood to have been the nominee of the Know-Nothings. The whole number of votes polled was 4,740 At the general election held on the flthofSeptem was 10 4856 eUtlre T?te POl,Cd f?r City Con,PtroUcr FATAL DUEL. rrom the San Francisco Alta California, Nov. 9. Again doe* it fall to our lot to chronicle one of liiiwunhappy events too frequent in this State, which had cast a dark shadow over one hearth at least, and left one heart desolate. The principals in this duel were Achilles Kewen and Colonel W oodlief. The particulars, as well as could be ascertained, are as follows Last Friday evening Mr. Kewen and the Colonel were, with several others, in the saloon known as the "Blue Wing, Montgomery street. The conversation waa principally on the politics of the day, and became rather animated. Thd Colonel remarked to Kewen that he was a d?d " Know-Nothing;" upon which Kewen struck him on the mouth with his hand. Friend# interfered and arrested further proceedings at that time. It is said that on Monday Mr. Kewen sought out Col. Woodlief aud offered an apology which waa refosed. The offer wss again renewed Kewen stating that he would make the apology hi writing if it would be more acceptable. The Colo nel in the mean time had sent a challenge and he ozpressed his determination to have it settled in the usual manner. Friends were accordingly chosen, and it was concluded to cross the bay and adjust the difficulty by recourse to firearms Yesterday morning the parties left in the Oak- I land ferry-boat, at 7 o'clock in the morning. Sev eml persons in the city having been informed of i what was going on, crossed over in the ferry-boat. On arming at Oakland the parties proceeded a I ""tsideof the city limits. The friends I w , e" ^Messrs. Wake Briariy aud Rob ert Wood. Col. Woodliefs friends were Captain Skerrott and M?jor McDonald. The anus chosen lor the occasion were Mississippi vagers. The ground waa being marked off when deputy sheriff Simons, who had got wind of the affair, made his appearance and ordered them to desist. The par ties then got Into their carriages and left, with the determination to crow Into another county. After continuing the journey for some time, until they were about tan miles from Oakland, and in the coku.?,t-T of ^lruTt?< ^ey dismounted and ascended a hill near by, followed by a crowd, which bv this time had increased to about one hundred and fifty persons. On the ridge of the hill they halted ? the pound was marked off, forty pace., the principal* took their places, and on the word " fire" beine given, both wheeled and feed, the ball from Mr rT." wHc^Tng,CO,nPlote,ylbro??h the heart of Col. Vi oodlief and out at bis back, Willing him instantly. It is said that the unfortunate did not live ten seconds after receiving the wound. This disastrous affair took place about one o'clock. The body of the Colonel was brought ovar to the city in the ferry boat last evening, and taken to the Tehama Bouse. The scene, when the wife of the dead man looked upon all that remained of the former partner of her joys and sorrows, whose sil ver thread of hte was so abruptly cut, and who bat a few short hours before, had gone forth in the strength and prime of manhood, is said by those who were present It* evening, to hare been affect main the extreme. It is said that Colonel Woodlief made his will on Tuesday evening, leaving all he possessed to bis widow. Mrs. Woodlief accompanied her husband on the occasion, and stopped in San Antonio while the party went out. She returned with the body to the Tehama House. Devereux J. Woodlief was born. In Greenville county, Virginia, and moved to Texas more than twenty years ago. He was elected s colonel iu the Texan army, and was in active service during the revolution there. Subsequently he was one of the Texas Rangers. During the Mexican war, he ac eompanied the American forces as an amateur war T for lh? independent method In which he took his positions during the battles, and the accuracy of his marksmanship He had been engaged in a number of du?la, had been wounded a number of times in battle, and carries to his grave throe bullets in bis bodv. He came to ( alifornla in 1849, and was collector of the foreign miners tax in Calavoras county. (Colonel Wood lief leaves a brother, a wealthy merchant in New Orleans. With the brother resides a daughter of the deceased, twelve or thirteen years of age. TW* ALLIED ri.xrr and OTHER HOCAMtOW* 15 THE PACinc?ncpoarcn naval engagement. I Since the repulse of the allied floet at Petropo j?vskl, the movement* of the respective vesaelx hsve become a matter of Interest. The greater ' portion of the combined squadron now lie at an- 1 chor in our haH?or. They comprise IT. B. M. frigates President and ' Hque, sioop-ofwar Amphitritc, and steamer Vira go, ami the French frigates Forte and Euridice They are accompanied by their prize the Russian ship Sitka. H. B. M. discovery ship Plover is also in port. The French brlg-of-war OhMgadn, which consti tuted a portion of the squadron in its attack upon retropolovski, sailed from this port ou Saturday ' last for (tuaymas, to make inquiry into the cireuin stamwa Attending the death of Count de Raousset Boulbon. The brig Henry William, which arrived on Mon day night from Sydney, reported a heavy cannon ade outside the Heads, resembling a sea fight and last night there was a Hying report throughout the cJty, wnd to have been brought by a pilot-boat, to the offect that the Obligado had encountered a Russian fHgata. The report, however, needs con firmation. In addition to the vessels above ennmerated, H J K. M. sloop-of-war Trincomalee and the French corvette L Artemise, from the Sandwich Islands. | ' ? * "'w days. The whereabout* of, the Russian frigate Diana is not known, although it is premmed she is cruising somewhere in our waters, perhaps at no great distance from some of her antagonist* The Russian frigate Aurora and sloop-of-war Pwina, were left by the allies at Petropolovski, but where thev may now be is a matter of specu lation. The rnited States steam-frigate Snsqne. hanna was reported at the Sandwich Islands, and is hourly expected In our harbor, she having put into Honolulu merely for a supply of coal. The steam-frigate Mississippi was to hare left Hong Kong three days after the Susquehanna, and may be hourly expected. The United States sloop-of-war St Marys and Portsmouth, ware at Honolulu on the 20th of Oc tober, and will probably pay us a visit in the course of the winter. The English and French squadrons, it Is understood, wiH winter at Monterey. Heavt Penalty.?On last Saturday a tavern keeper of Lebanon, Ohio, was fined ninety dollars, and confined in jail forty days for selling liquor contrary to the statutes. Am TO Savannah.?During the prevalence of the yellow fcrer in Savannah, the contributions recWved to aid ii? relieving the distress and afflic tions of the sick and poor * mounted to $641,404 S8. THIHTV.TWh CONGRESS, SECOND jjaaioiy. SENATE Mohdat, Dccixuis 4. The Keoato (the second session of the 88d Con gress) met to-day, bdng the flmt Monday of De cember, of 1H54, and was called to order by An bury Dickens, Secretary of the Seuate, in the ab sence of the President of the Senate, Win. Atcui bok, of Missouri. The following beuators were present: Messrs. Adams, Allen, Bayard, Bright, Brod liead Brown, Butler, Cass, Chase, Clay, Cooper, Dawson, Dodge of Iowa, Dodge of Wisconsin, Evans, Fish, Fititpatrick, Foot, Hamlin, James, Jones of Iowa, Jones of Tennessee, Mason, Pcttit, Itockwell, Seward, Hhiqlds, Slidfell, Stuart, Sumner, Thompson of Kentucky, Toucey, Wade, Weller, Wright, and Broward -37. Prayer by the Rev. Mr. Slicer. The Secretary of the Senate read to die Scnato a letter from Mr. Atchison, informing that he should oot be able to reach Washington before the second or third week in December, and requesting them to appoint a presiding officer in his place. On motion, Mr. Caw was appointed President of the Senate until the arrival of Mr. Atchison. . Mr. FOOT presented the credentials of Mr. Lac kkkck Bhaikako, United States Senator elect from Vermont, in the place of Mr. Phelps, appointed by the governor. Credentials read, and Mr. Bhajnako sworn. A committee of three were appointed, of which Mr. Dodok was chairman, to wait upon the Presi dent and inform hiiu that they wore ready to re ceive any message which he desired to conuuuiii cate. Mr. BR0D1IEAD gave notice that he should, as early as possible, ask the consideration of the Sen ate upon the extension of the provision relating to bounty lands. Also, that upou a resolution investigating the oauses of danger and safety in steam vessels. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The SPEAKER, at twelve o'clock, called the House to order, when The Rev. Mr. Milbukn, Chaplain to the House, | ottered up an appropriate prayer. The list of members was then called, for the pur pose of ascertaining If n quorum was present, when one hundred and ninety-three members answered to their names. On motion of Mr. JONES, of Tennessee, tho Clerk was directed to Inform the Senate, that a quorum of the House had appeared, and that they were ready to proceed to business. On motion of the same, a committee of three wag appointed to wait upon the President of the United States, in conjunction with a similar committee, to be appointed by the Senate, to inibrrn him that a quorum of the two Houses had mot, and were ready to receive any communication be might bo pleased to make. CiiARLKfl S. Lewis, elected a representative from the 11 tli Congressional district of Virginia, to sup ply the vacancy caused by the death of Mr. Snod grass; F. M. Bristow, elected a representative from tnc 8d Congressional district of Kentucky, to sup ply the vacancy caused by the death of Mr. Ewing. Isaac Tillir, elected a representative from the 12th, aud 11 emav C. Goodwin, elected a represen tative from the 22d districts of New York, iu place of Mr. Dean and Oerrlt Smith, resignod, severally appeared, and were qualified by taking tho oath to support tlie Constitution of the United States. (hi motion of Mr. Florknck, a resolution was adopted providing for the drawing of seats for the present session, when the House proceeded to ex ecute said order. Separate slips of paper, each containing tho name of a member, were deposited In a box, and were drawn therefrom by tho Clerk, who an nounced tho name on cach slip as it was drawn. Each member, as his name was announced, selected his seat; and fully an honr was occupied in this operation. Supreme Court United States. The Court met this morning at 11 o'clock, A. M., and all the Justices were present. No business presenting itself, the Court adjourned till to-morrow at 11 o'clock, A. M. AMERICAN RIFLEMEN, ATTENTION t A SPECIAL Meeting will be held at the Armory, corner of Louisiana avenue and 7th street, to-night, at 7 o'clock. Business in which ail are interested will be trans acted, and punctual utteudance is requested. By order of the Captain: dec 4?It jJOUX L. SMITH. CHANCERY SALE. -By virtue of a de cree of the Circuit Court of tlie District of Co lumbia for the county of Washington, sitting in Equity, made in the cause of John S. Blackford aud others vs. Martha Blagrove and Josephine Bla S-ovo, number One thousand aud nineteen, and dated ovember 14 th, lb54, I will offer for sale at public auction, on FRIDAY, the 8th day of December next, at 8 o'clock P. M., on the premises, all that piece and lot of ground situate on Montgomery stroet, is Georgetown, D. C., being a part of Lot No. 13 of Holmead's Addition to Georgetown, bounded aud described as follows: Beginning at the southwest in tersection of Montgomery and Olive streets, running thence with the west line of Montgomery stroet wo feet, more or less, to the northern boundary line of a lot formerly conveyed by tho late 11. B. Blagrove to George W. Oodey, and running thence 54 fe*.-t paral lel to Olive street, and thence in a line parallel with the first line to Olive street, and thence in a straight line to the place of beginning, together with ths im provements thereon, which consist of a fine two-story frame house and back-buildings attached. Terms of sule: One-third cash: the residue in two equal instalments at nine and eighteen motnhs, to l>? secured by approved bonds, bearing interest from day of aale. On tlie failure of any purchaser to comply with the terms of sale within one week after the day of sale, the right is reserved to re-sell, at his risk and oost, after one week's notice. I). W EDMOXSTON. Jr., Trustee. EDWARD S. WRIGHT, dec 4?TuATh it Auctioneer. WE ARE NOW llECEIVING TWO cargoes Red Ash Kgg COAL, direct from Philadelphia, which wa will sell at the loweat market price. Also, one cargo White Ash Kgg, which we will de liver from the vessel at a much less price than from the yard. Orders should be left immediately, at onr yard, on Xinth street, between I) and E. 2,240 pounds to the ton. Terms cash. YOUXO A MOORE. Dealers in Cumberland and Anthracite Coal. dee 4?8t WALL A STEPHENS, PENNSYLVANIA Avenne, between 9th and 10th streets, have just received a large as sortment of Cloths, Caasimers, and Vesting, which they will have made op to order in the moat fkshion sble sty lea. Also* on hand a very large stock of ready-mad" Clothing, which they will sell as cheap as any other establishment in the United States. dee 4 TGrTHELAOniS OF WASHINGTON. ?|lOWIFERY?Mra. BANGS, Profea. IfJI sional Medium, would recpectfully inform her friends and the public, that she has removed from her late reaidrnce to Twelfth, between C and D streets, next door to John D. Clark's Police Office. Hbe here by tenders her tlianks to her friends and enstomcra | for tlie liberal patronage bestowed upon her, and 1 hopes by her attention and assiduity to business to merit a continuance of public patronage. Refejs to Dr. Hogan and Dr. Fairfax, Alexandria. d?c 4?lw* DREM AND CLOAJt MAKING. Mrs. C. V.J0HXH10X, | Pennsylvania avenue, third door from Ten tli street. entrance on D street, I Will take several Apprentices. Also, good bandi wanted. She will cnt and baste, cut Lining* and Patterns. dec 4?It COMMISSIONER ANI> NOTARY, No. I WO Seventh street, near E, Washing, ton, 1>. C. . GE0R?E C. THOMAS, Commissioner of I>eeds for New York, Texas, Arkansaa, California, New Jersey, l<onisiuna, Ohio, Missouri, Pennsylvania, Alabama, Kentucky, Maryland, Florida, Maine, Georgia, Michigan. Wisconsin, Mississippi, Delaware, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Indiana, Nortk Carolina, S. Carolina, Illinois. Iowa, X. Hampshire, Massachusetts, Virginia, Vermont, Tennessee, and the Territories. A ttortieyfor Pntentt and f Vnfmn, nnrlOfmvtyftnrrr. dec 4 -dly ltam ROOMS FOR RENT. THREE rooms for rent, on the first floor In the house, No. 818, opposite Nstional Intsl lilfenorr office. Inquire of Mr. HANSON, agont for the vfitns In suraaee Company, on the seoond I oot, or to Mr MVS. Plumber. in the same building. dec 4?eodSt if