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Daily American organ. (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1856, December 04, 1854, Image 3

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* Baltimore Cosrespondenee.
Seatry Jtain? Preeidmt'i Meteage ? Baltimore
Lotoy member*? (/nemrrent Monty? W*etem
Trawfi,
Baltimobb, December 4.
?Iter ? heavy fell of rain throughout the greater
part of yesterday, the clouds towsrd evening beat
a retreat, before a keen blast from old north wind,
aud thin morning we have a project of a culd dry
spell, which will, no doubt, brighten the hojwa of
the ice dealer*, who have no otyection to a hanl
front.
Our are aU ou the tip-toe of expectation
to see the President's message, which hi expected
to be made public to-day. Many are anxious to
see how bin excellency will treat the meditated in
dignity to his fiery ambassador, Hons. Soule, and
not a few are curious whether he will deign to no
tice the danger out and unprincipled faction that
has caused such a tempest in the political elements.
Not a few of our old party politicians and wire
pullers are en route for the Capitol this morning,
in search of crumbs of comfort; and there will
doubtless be a large attendance of lobby members
from this quarter. The old citadel having capitu
lated to the American*, the old guard will natu
rally expect to be pensioned in the way of an of
fice at the Capitol, in consideration of distinguished
services, in upholding the constitution against the
assaults of Know-Nothing traitors. There is some
talk of enlarging the custom-house and post office
here in order to accommodate these old defender?,
but I few both of these retreati are crowded to
their utmost capacity.
There is cousidcrable distrust here, just now, of
Virginia money. Shop keepers and market people
refused it altogether on Saturday; and not a few
who had gone to mrfcst with no other description
of money on Saturday, wtre put to much inconve
nience. Our citixeus have suffered so much of late
from uncurrent money, of one sort or other, that
they have feet confidence in every description of
foreign money.
There is a considerable number of the notes of
the Exchange Bank, which lately exploded at Wash
lugton, held here; and many poor persons arc suf
fering in eoMMiMMM. The report that there is a
good prospect of these notes being eventually re
deemed, which comes to us this morning, will be
good news to many in thkeKy. I trust tho expec
tation may not prove delusive.
Quite a large number of passengers are now
dally arriving here from various points in the West,
via the Central, Ohio, and Baltimore and Ohio rail
road* all spuik in the highest terms of the route,
characterising it a* decidedly the most comfortable,
economical, and expeditious Hue of travel from the
Great West to the seaboard cities. This great high
way, now open between the monumental city and the
timing West, is certainly destined to become, al
most at once, the fcvorits route of a vast portion
of the trade and travel of that once dittant region;
and under the influence of the large accession to
the manufacturing and commercial prosperity of
Baltimore, thence resulting, our city must expand '
and flourish in a degree hitherto unknown.
AuWCCS.
Oorgetowa Correspondence.
GtonorrowN, December I.
M*. Editoh : The music of the Organ continues
to delight its numerous readers in our town, and
every day brings us new facts in relation to the
workings of the foreign party in the metropolis,
and elsewhere.
Our town never wore a more business-like ap
pearance than at the present time, and the various
improvements that are now going on show its in
creasing prosperity.
The Pioneer Cotton Factory is in full operation,
turning out 22,000 yards of cotton cloth weekly.
Every flour mill in town is running day and night,
turning out large quantities of flour.
The ohl iron works, just al>ove the Aqueduct,
which have lately been purchased and put in repair
by a New York company, are now in ftill blast.
The new foundry, now being built and owned by
Mr. Wm. Duval, situated on the canal, between
Montgomery and Jefferson streets, will commence
operations about the first of January next.
I learn that a large number of hands are now at
work on the bridge across the Totomac, two miles
above town, and that it is expected it will be pass
able some time next month.
The Sons of Temperance will hold a grand
mass meeting on Tuesdsy night next, at Society
Hall, High street, at which time they will be ad
dressed by Dr. Clayton, of Washington City.
Yorktowx.
MT Northern I>ibertieiTBuilding Asaoci
stion.?A meeting of the stockholders of the Northern
liberties Building Association will be held in Tem
perance Hull on Tuesday evening next, 6th instant,
'the regular monthly meeting,) for the purpose of
coraiding some amendments to the constitution.
Punctual attendance is requested.
dec 2?8t JOS. RADCLIFF, Secretary.
OR RBirri A PARLOR AND BED
Chamber, furnished or unfurnished, opposite
Browns' Hotel, No. 847, in one of the best and pleas
antest locations in the city. Apply at the confec
tionery store of J. Q. WEAVER,
nov SO? fit
PPLKS t APPLES I?Two kindred
barrels prime New York Apples-inst received
and for sale low, corner of High and Bn4? streets,
Georgetown. B. P. EVANS,
dec 2?i)t
Goods for gentlemen.?o?r stock
of Cloths, Csssimeres and Vestings is equal to
the best in the market We respectfully invite a call
from out friends in Congress, slso citixons and
strangers Tisiting tho metropolis. Orders filled
promptly in style unsurpassed.
We keep a supply of Clothing Ready-Made to meet
immediate wanta, of fine goods and well made.
ALSO?
Furnishing Goods, such as Shirts of all kinila, Neck
Ties, superior Gloves, Ac.
YOUNG A ORKM,
- Merchant Tailors and Clothiers,
doc 2 3t Brown's Hotel.
C1 OSHElT BI TTER and Bnckwkeat.?
JCNow lauding?
22 keas Ohcmnng eounty Butter, very fine
IS no I>elaware county do very good
Piatt Mills extra Buckwheat, in barrels, half
barrels, boxes, aud bags
Also. Pennsylvania Buckwheat, in bags.
For sale by
SHEKEL!. BROTHERS,
No. 40, opposite the Centre Market.
nov #0?1 wif
CRYINC4 DOLLN, Msfic Lanterns, Boys'
Wheel Barrows, Building Blocks, Doll Heads,
Balloons, Air l'istols, Games, Ac., together with a
large assortment of Toys, just received direct fhrni
KRISB KRINGLK, ana for aale low for e*?h at
LAMMOND'S,
nov 30?2t Seventh street.
CR WISHED ROOM* TO LRT.?Per
sons desiring comfortable and well-furnished
rooms, can be accommodated, at moderate rates, at
No. 41#, New Jersey avenue. nov 8B?eotw
t To Members of Cos*re**. Citizens, and
Strangers.
PJ. STEER, MERCHANT TAILOR,
? No. 488, Seventh street, invites the attention
of the public to his olegnnt stock of French Cloths,
Csssimeres, and Vestings, embracing tl?e best styles
of the latest Importations; which we are now making
up in a style of elegance unsurpassed here or else
where. (Union A Int) nov 2#?eo*Jwif
LAROK and com mod ions Honse for rent
on F, between Eleventh and Twelfth streets.
The subscriber has a splendid new four story Dwel
ling for rent. To a punctual permanent tenant lbs
rent will be moderate. Applv to
J. T. WALKKR,
At his I/umber Yard, on the canal, between 11th
and 12th streets. dot g??eotf
Gents undergarments n?r win
tar?of Hilt, Liambswool, Scotch-wool, Merino,
Shaksr Flannel. Oaahmere, Astoria Fur, (for inva
lids.) Canton Flannel, Net Cotton, Ac., of all sises.
A foil aasortment in store, at reduosd prices, at
LANE'S
Gent's Furnishing Store,
4*4 Pennsylvsnia avenue, north side,
nov 89?-sotwif (t*t)
CITY INTELLIGENCE.
BtixAnu'a PiMftuu.-Thia r'?>-g ? eouam
felt" of New York City is still at Odd Fellows'llaS,
and we are pleased to state it is well
Our citiious, whom time and money will not atbw
a trip to New York literally, can go and see nearly
as much at Odd fellows' Hall every evening thi.
week.
Kuxul'h Taoura.?Let k not ba forgotten that
W. Pcnn Lehr has a benefit to-night; that the
Wells children, those iniant prodigies, ??m in Uie
entertainment, and that Macbeth, haunted by the
ghostly prophecies of the terrible witch, Hecate,
will appear, with all the paraphernalia of royalty
and murder.
Hackney CiUu?K?, 4c.?As the season has
arrived when the demand for hackney carriage#
and other vehicles is very great, we consider It
proper to insert the law of the Corporation, that
strangers and others may not be imposed upon.
It would be beneficial if tho owners of backs were
compelled to affix a printed copy of these laws to
the inside of their vehicles:
" Andb* it marled, <te., That, from and after the
passage of this act, the following rates of fare or
charges for conveyance of persons from one place
to another, in the city of Washington, in liacknev
carriages, cabs, or other vehicles, carrying passen
gers for pay or hire, between davbroak and eight
o'clock, P. M., shall not be exoeednd?that is to
say, for each and every passenger, for any distance
not over one and a half mile, twenty-five cents; for
any distance over one and a half miJc, and not ex
ceeding three miles, fifty cents: Provided, In case
any hackney carriage, cab, or other vehicle, shall
be detained for a longer period than five minute*
the driver thereof shall be allowed for the whole
hack, cab, or other vehiole, the sum of twelve and
a half cents for every fifteen minutes so detained ;
and for all conveyances or other detentions later
than eight o'clock P. M., the owner or driver of
hackney carriage?, cabs, or other vehicles, may de
mand and receive at the rate of fifty per cent, on
the foregoing charges, in addition thereto.
"Approved, March 20, 1842."
Columbia Typographical Society.?At the
meeting of this Society, held on Saturday, tho 2d
instant, the cleotion of officors took place, when
the foliowiug gentlemen were elected to serve for
the ensuing year:
William Woodward, President,
William M. Belt, Vice President,
Thomaji Rich, Recording Secretary,
William R. McLbak, Corresponding Secretary
Michael Catox, Treasurer.
Wo understand this Society iutends celebrating
its fortieth anniversary by a Ball and Supper, about
the first of January, which, we have no doubt, will
be a splendid affair. The public will be advised of
the particulars in due season.
Caution to Members or the 84th Congress.
There are numerous hangers-on about the Capitol
who are impressed with the opinion, that the vari
ous offices and employments, In the gift of Con
gress, belong of right to them. When elections
for Congress terminate in favor of new members,
they are immediately inundated with written ap
plications for their support in favor of tho incum
bents, and pledges are sometimes incautiously
given. We would respectfully suggest, that ail
such applications It laid on t/u table, until the
meeting of the 34th Congress, when tho gentle
men can have an opportunity of acquiring full
knowledge of the claims of the various applicants.
Area or the Capitol.?The area covered by
the original building, as approved by Gen. Wash
ington, embraces 67,220 square feet. The front
extends 852 1-2 feet; the depth at the ends
121 1-2 fbet; and the centre, including the pro
jection west and the portico steps east, 290 1-2
feet. The height of the order to top of tho balus
trade, 70 feet, and to the summit of tho great
dome 145 feet.
The wings of this bulldiug, now under construc
tion, will add to the area 86,892 feet, making a
total area of 188,112 square feet, and an entire
front of 761 1-4 feet, by a breadth of the wingi,
including portico and steps, of 824 feet.
Baptisms.?Notwithstanding the inclemency of
the weather last evening, there were several bap
tisms of new converts at the churches in this city.
At the 10th street Baptist church we learn there
were five baptixed, and at the 13th street church
there were also several. The latter church was
crowded to its utmost capacity, showing a deep in
terest in religion to be prevailing in this city.
Card Writing.?This, which has heretofore
been considered only an accomplishment to be
taught in writing schools, has now bocome a legiti
mate business. Any one who is desirous of hav
ing an elegant, neat, and chastc address card, can
now, for a small consideration, procure a pack at
short notice, which equal, if they do not eclipse,
engraved cards In beauty of chirography.
Among these card writers, Mr. M. W. E. Pur
chase has been very successful, aad stands high
for the rapidity, ease, and clegance with which he
finishes a pack of visiting cards. lie has a number
of admirably executed specimens, which show a
superiority of artistic skill to be envied.
Mr. Purchase is stopping at Willaitl'a Hotel,
where he will bo pleased to attend to any who de
sire aught In this line.
America* Golds* Eagle.?A bird of this rare
description was brought to our city on Saturday,
by Lieutenant Bohner, of tho Navy, It having been
caught by one of bis servants, on his grounds, in
Marlborough county. When first observed, he was
surrounded by a large flock of geese, who attacked
I him, which he left to make an assault upon a hyg.
One of the hands employed on the premises, then
set a dog on him, when be let go his hold on tho
hog to encounter the dog. Whilst engaged In this
last fight he was securod. He is a young and hand
some eagle, measuring at least six feet, wkh re
markable large talons.
Watch Returns, Dec. 4.?Daniel MeElhaney,
lodging; John Cox, do; James Clagett, a free negro,
was sent to the workhouse for 80 days, for putting
| out lights at Kunkels, on Saturday evening.
A Mr. Davenport, for firing a pistol In the street,
was dismissed, he being a stranger here, and fired
the pistol only in order to clean it
John Wilson, Scotch, lodging; J. 8. Reeder,
drunk and disorderly, workhouse 30 days ; John T.
Howell, drunk in the street, 80 days; j. Manning,
dismissed; Julia Soain, profanity, workhouse AO
days; John Merchant, Knglsnd, lodging.
The following persona, all Irish, wore arrested at
a place on Seventh street, near M, while they were
busy " enlivening dull care" by an " oukl Irish jig."
Men and women were having a private ball. This
not agreeing with worthy Captain Birch's idea of
" keeping the Sabbath holy," they were taken in
custody and fined this morning : William Sands,
Morris Divine, Timothy Handly, Patrick Carroll
Thomas Linahan, Patrick Moore, John Murphy
Peter Corddon, Edward Shannon, Edward Allen,
Mary Conner, Mary Murray, Catharine Murray!
Mary Allen, and Mary Murphy.
The corner of New York avenue and I street has
long been the resort of a parcel of boys, who con
gregate their, and " make night hidooua" with
laughing, shouting, profcnity, aad the like. Cap
tain Birch determined to break tip this nursery of
rowdyism, and, last evening, arrested eight boya,
who were there, swearing and otherwise mi?he
having themselves, and they were all fined this
morning. The following were their names: Arthur
Belt, George Birch, George nibbs, William Cancer
William Demafne, George Webster, KS
?ixl Dmtel Low-In. 1
ThomM Connor, IHnh, lodging.
Cibciit Coibt.?The cue of C. Werner w. Cor
poration of Washhigtou, uotkad in our i?u? of
Friday, u under the consideration of the Circuit
Court, ww continued oa Saturday. The following
abstract of the remarks of the speaker* in the owe
ou Fridtjr we take from the Sentinel of Saturda)
morning:
Mr. Bradley, addressing the oourt, said that the
case Which was now brought to their consideration
rose under the late legislation of the Corporation
of Washington. The parties were Charles Werner
against the Corporation of Washington.
He read the several laws heretofore passed with
reference to the regulation of taverns, and the acts
relating to spirituous liquors, including that for the
suppression of ti|>pliug houses and the prohibition
of the sale of the intoxicating liquids in quantities
less than a pint. On the flint Monday of Novem
ber, Charles Werner obtained what is commonly
called a tavaru license, aud ou tho seventth was
fined twenty dollars for keeping open his bar and
selling liquors in quantities less than a pint, con
trary to the Corporation statute.
The first question which arose was, Has Con
gress the power to pass such a law as this; to pro
hibit the sale of intoxicating drinks in quantities
less than a pint, and to declare what are tlppliug
houscs; and, further, to delegate the power to in
ferior ministers, created in this District. He main
tained the affirmative, insisting that it is the right
and the duty of the sovereign to pass such laws as
may be necessary to protect society from ills, whe
ther arising from bad arrangements with regard to
health or property; that, in broad terms, it is a
police regulation. It is the essential attribute of
sovereignty?one of the great attributes of gov
ernment for the prevention of; as well as the rem
edy for, ills. This power has always existed. It
existed In Maryland, and, by the deed of cession,
has been transferred to the general government.
Congress, having legislative power over the peo
ple of this District, can, therefore, empower the
officers of this Corporation to carry out those gen
eral purposes. In support of this argument he re
ferred to various decisions of the Supreme Opart
of the United States, to the effect that overy State
may regulate its own internal traffic for the well
being of the people, and to guard their health and
moms. As to how far this power imty be abused,
is another question.
His next proposition was, that Congress has tho
right to delegate thepowcr, and has delegated it
to the Corporation of Washington. In support of
this, he referred to the charter of 1820, and to that
of 1848, to show the power of the Corporation to
pass the liquor act now in quostion.
He insisted that tho Corporation has absolute
powor?1 st. To restrain and prohibit tippling
houses; 2d. Power to regulate taverns; and, 8d.
The general power over licenses for the sale of
spirituous liquors, and, whether with or without li
cense, to prohibit it. As to taverns, he did not
say that the keepers cannot furnish drink with
meals. That may be charged as a part of the
board. However, there may be tippliug-liouses at
the principal hotels as well as in other localities;
in different words, where there is drinking to ex
cess. The power of regulating taverns does not
amouut to prohibition, but to prevent tippling
houses. If he was right in those views, the Cor
poration was entitled to judgment against the ap
pellant
Mr. Carlisle said this question was one of great
interest. In the first place, the class of persons,
of whom this applicant was one, arc numerous in
Washington. There are others engaged in the
liquor business, and with them this is a questiou of
life and death. Then, there are many people who
do not feel disposed, when they arc thirsty, to drink
a pint. Tho act was misnamed. It ought to be
entitled "an act to compel a man to drink a pint
of brandy or ale!" [Laughter.] The question, too,
was interesting to those who are exceedingly in
temperate on the question of temperauce; and of
interest to lawyers, it being a nice question.
Ever since the foundation of Washington, liquor
selling has been a lawful trade, it has not onlv
beqp promoted and encouraged, but the arms ol
the Corporation have been opened wide to receive
all tavern-keepers, and to take from each sixty dol
lars. All of a sudden, under some sort of pressure,
and with a short notice, of less than thirty days, it
is now sought to suppress them ; and when their
proprietors have made provision for the winter, for
the accommodation of their guests. The Corpora
tion has passed two ordinances to break up this
great business?great on account of the number
of persons interested in it, and the amount of cap
ital invested. The result would be that those who
have laid In their stock would be unable to meet
the demands made upon them.
Tho warrant charged that Charles W erner, tieing
the keeper of a tavern, in tho Fourth Ward, did
sell and barter rum, brandy, gin, whiskey, mixed
or unmixed, in quantities less than a pint. The
charge is not that he sold liquor without license, or
that he was the keeper of a tippling-house or bar:
but that simply, being a tavern-keeiter, he sold
liquor to somebodv in a quantity less than a pint.
The question was: What Is meant by a tavern
keeper ? A man mutt satisfy the Corporation that
he is, in substance, an Innkeeper and common
victualler. He must show that he has certain ac
commodations for man and horse. The law specifi
cally points out what a man must have and do be
fore a license can be issued.
As to what a tavern means, they had the deri
vation of the word from the Latin: tabcrna?a
place where drink is sold. " ^ our honors, he
said, " have not forgotten that Horace speaks of
wine?shops on the banks of the Tiber. In the
proper philological senae, a tavern means where
wine Is sold and drank on the premises; therefore,
a license to keep a tavern carries with it the 11
cense to sell liquor. In other words, it is an inn.
I want to know what otir common fathers would
have said If they had been told that a tavern was
a place where they could get something to eat,
| but not to drink, the legitimate meaning of tav
I em-keeplng Is Inn-keeping." _
' The appellant in this case is in the exercise of a
' lawful occupation or trade; lawful at the common
j law ; lawful by all former legislation, and involving
the dispensing or sale of liquors by the small. You
inav make some other trade of it by altering the
man's occupation; and if you take away the prin
cipal part of the business, the other must fail. lie
contended that if this by-law prohibits the man from
selling in quantities less than a pint, It is in restraint
of a lawfol trade. He did not think It necessary to
argue the abstract question. The eyes of the law
recognise it a lawful trade, as well as any other.
Ho wM?ed to know where was the power of the
Corporation to pass a law to restrain lawful trade.
The by-law being void in part, is void in whole.
He contended that the power over taverns Is
made a matter of specific grant; and taverns, in
the charter, is classified with all other legal busi
ness. The Corporation can only provide for li
censing and regulating taverns, as they can license
and regulate auctioneers, hawkers and pedlars, Ac.
it is not simply a powor given to liccuse, tax, and
regulate, but to provide for licensing aud taxing.
lie referred to various authorities to show that
the uumber of taverns may be restricted, when
they are too numerous; but if the law restricts
trile, it is void. His plain Interpretation of the
charter was, that th? Corporation's power to regu
late taverns Is not greater than that to regulate
auctioneers, hackney coaches, pawnbrokers, and
hawkers and pedlers; whereas, the law, under
which the appellant was fined, claims to restrain
his trade, whk-h may AuMbk it. 'Hie power to
do that, does not belong to the National legisla
ture itself. . ?
Mr. Cox said that from the time of Horace, to
which his associate counsel referred, taverns have
1 been held to bo essential for accommodation of
1 travellers. He referred to authorities, to show that
a tavern is designated to lie a place where guests
are entitled to food and drink.
| He remarked, in tho course of his legal argu
' ment, that there was a great mistake and a gross
I misapprehension of the great priociple to prevent
I the vioe of intemperance. It reminded him m a
conversation which he had with a friend of his
who Joined a temperance society. He said he liked
the principle very well, but tliought It was not
called by Its right name. " Wliat name would you
suggest Tasked Mr. Coxa. "Why, replied tbe
gentleman, "a society for the encouragement ot
private tippling."
It Is a reaiarkable fact such is the propensity
on tbe part of men that they can hardly get along
without stimulus; and, so far as the prohibitory
laws are enforced, the demand for spirituous liquors
has more than quadrupled. Forced morality
is no morality at all.
I He took issue with Mr. Bradley, contending that
the decisions referred to by the last-namod gentle
man were not applicable to this case; and adverted
to various authoritlea to show that tavom-keopers
3o not trade or barter, but are under legal obliga
tions to fttrnish their guests with both meat and
drink.
Mr. Bradley roao to reply ; but aa it was then
: after three o'clock, the court adjourned until Batur
?lar morning.
Much internet was excited in the proceedings
Among the listeners were many persons ougagod
in the business affected by the litigation.
Haitbdat, Dec. 1Thin morning, contrary to
expectation, Mr. E. 0. Carringtou appeared in ad
dition to Mossis. Carlisle and Coxe for the appel
lant, and addreesed the Court in mtbeteuce, as fol
lows:
Mr. C. contended that it involved a principle of
great moment to every man in the community, to
wit: Whether the Corporation could assume the
power to pass any act which they might think ne
cessary to preserve the public morals 1 The right
to destroy one man's business to-day, upon that
ground, would give them tho right to destroy, up
on the same ground, tbo business of auy other
man to-morrow.
That the powers of the Corporation in the char
ter were clearly defined and prescribed. He made
two general propositions?First. Congress had no
right to inwst the Corporation with power to pass
the act in question; Second. That, If Congress had
that right, it had not in the charter delegated that
power to the Corporation. Congress could pass
any law necessary for police regulation, but not to
destroy or impair a lawful business, or prohibit a
man from pursuing any lawful avocation. Bnt to
determine whether Congress had delegated to the
Corporation the power to pass the act in question,
consider the effect of such a law. It would amount
to a prohibition. Has tho Corporation the right to
prohibit tavern-keeping, or any other lawfhl busi
ness 1
The Corporation has no rights, which are not
delegated in express terms or by necossary and in
evitable implication. To determine what those
powers are, the language of the charter must be
strictly construed. Is that power given in express
terms ? No. Is it given by necessary implication t
No. On the contrary, by necessary implication,
withheld, certain tilings, to wit: tippling houses,
Ac., being enumerated, which the Corporation has
the power to prohibit?and certain other tilings, to
wit: taverna, 4c., being enumerated, which the
Corporation has the power to regulate. Why are
tippling housed, bawdy houses, &c., the subjects of
prohibition V Because they are tho subjects of fel
ony and misdemeanor. Why are taverns not tho
subject of prohibition? Because the business of
tavern keeping is a lawful business. Why has the
Corporation the power to regulate tavern koepiug?
Because it is a lawful business very liable to abuse.
There is a distinction made In tho charter between
prohibition and regulation.
Tippling houses are tho subjects of prohibition,
and taverns arc the subjects of regulation. To
prohibit tavern keepers from selling liquor in any
(fuantities to their customers, is to impair the pro
fits of their business, or in tho proper and legal
sense of the term to prohibit their business. Mr.
C. then alluded to the argument employed by Mr.
Cox, that tavern keepers do not " barter and sell
liquor " to their customers in the legal sense of those
terms, but allots it under the general privilege con
ferred by their license. Mr. C. then commented
with great warmth and severity upon the bad faith
of the Corporation in advertising tavern keepers to
get their licenses, pocketing their money, and then
restraining and prohibiting thorn in the exorcise of
their business?he denounced it as an " expost
ftu'to Ink " to all intents and purjioHes. He then
read the law, aud contended that if it applied to
tavern keepers, it applied equally to doctors, apoth
ecaries, and all who sold liquor iu quantities less
than a pint under any circumstances. That the
law was therefore absurd?and there being no ex
press power in tho charter to the Corporation to
pass such an act?it was not right to infer the
power to pass an absurd law.
Mr. Bradley replied to the arguments of Messrs.
Coxe and Carlisle, contending, iu tho course of his
remarks, that there ran be an iun or hotel with
out liquor. He asked whether, at the North,
there are not temperance hotels, which do not vend
intoxicating drinks f A tavern keeper Ik a man
who receives and entertains guests, and who
takes care of their cattle, and who may be licensed
to sell liquors. Without a license, he cannot do so.
He denied that an inn-keeper is bound to fur
nish guests with one drop even of liquor at their
meals. There is not a tavern north or west of the
Potomac where liquor is set on the tabic as a part
of their meals. It is a tippling-house in a tavern
that may be created. If a man in in an inn, ho
took it for granted that the guest is entitled to a
room. If a man is sick and buys a pint of liquor,
it is cheap medicine if it cures him. If ho is tired,
the landlord can give him liquor ; or, if the weath
er is cold and the tiro does not cheer him. But is
the guest any more entitled to buy liquor than a
man living in the city f If > citizen cannot pur
chase it, why should a guest V If the laboring man
cannot get liquor, why should the traveller have an
advautage over him f He would ask the court to
show lilni the law which requires liquor to be fur
nished to guests. The vending of intoxicating li
quors has been the subject of police regulation.
They have been treated as a poison. Whether this
wok just or not, was another question.
After arguing for more than three hours, he
summed up by saying that Congress can grant
power to the Corporation to license and regulate
the sale of spirituous liquors ; and that they can
limit the sale to quantities not less than a pint;
and this has l>cen done for fifty years, in the case
of retailers. He maintained, in addition, that power
is given to lioense, tax, and regulate taverns and
ordinaries, and to restrain or prohibit tippling
?shops; and, therefore, they can restrain taverns
from becoming tippling houses. They hare the
power, under police regulations, to restrain the
sale or liquors in Quantities, not lees than a pint.
He had endeavored, he said, to show that, by the
same charter, taverns could be limited Id not less
than that quantity. In a word, the Corporation
has just as much power to restrain taverns an to
suppress tippling nouses. The power in this law
rests on the express grant of the charter. If bo
erred in all this, inasmuch as, from time immemo
rial, the selling of intoxicating liquor* has been the
subject of regulation, the Corporation having the
power to regulate taverns, ban the power to say
that they shall not sell less liquor than a pint. Reg
ulation is not prohibition; it is not restraining but
regulating trade.
Mr. Carlisle briefly replied, stating confidently |
and positively that, in all the previous legislation of
the Corporation, there has never been a word said
about authorizing tavern-keepers to sell less than a
pint. The word " tavern" itself carried with it j
the right to sell liquors in quantities less than a j
pint. Take away the principal part of a man's |
business, and you take awav all of it, for he must i
fail.
Mr. Bradley briefly responded.
The argument here ended; but the court has re- '?
served its decision.
National Gca*d.?This lanious corps givo their '
second annual ball at Jackson Hall to-night, and {
we prophecy a gala tunc. This corps gave the best |
ball of the season last year, and we know the " lux
tre of their shield " will not be dimmed in their i
effort to-night.
MECOND ANNUAL BAI.L
or TH*
NATIONAL GUARD,
Monday, December ith, 18M.
rTIIIE National Guard respectfully an
? nounces to their friends and the public general
ly, that Uteir Second Annual Ball will be given on ,
MONDAY, December4th, 1 tt.M, at
JACKHON li AIili.
Tho company pledge themselves to their kind
patrons and friends to make this an agreeable BA I.L.
No HATH or CAPS allowed in the room, unless
worn by the military.
Tickets ONK DOLLAR, admitting a gentleman
and ladies, to bo had of the members nf the com
pany.
UWMmMm nj ArranqtmniU :
Captain Jamos A. Tait,
.Vrgt. C. B. Bishop, Sargt. J. E. Johnson, |
Corp. F. McOann, Corp. B. H. Graham.
nov 88?dtb
?> IUMI RARE Chance" For I
?Jl.^jWWs A Nelid Investment. !
The subscriber offers for sale hia large and handsome |
House, (recently oeenpied by the Mexican Minister.) j
situated on Four-and-a-half street, near Pennsylvania !
avenue, and in the most populous pa|1 of tho city. It !
is an exceedingly well built house and has been erect- ?
ed bnt a very short time. It contains eighteen fine
rooms, and is replete with moderu improvement*?
gas, bath fixtures, Ac.; has a pump in the rard and
water cistern in the house. The house routs for f 1,000
per annum, and has not been idle one day since its
erection. On the premises are a large brick stable
and carriage-house.
For inspection of Uie premises and farther particu
lars apply to P. W. BROWNINU,
nov 57?d2w Under United States Hotel.
TO PARENT* ANI> CH!IMkS.-1
have appointed LAM MOND'H, on Seventh street,
ray head quarters fiir the distribution of Toys and
Fancy notions, suitable for presents.
dec ?-ift KRISS KRINOLK.
TELEGRAPHIC NEWS.
KiroBisn jroii iu
DAILY AMERICAN O KG AN .
Market*.
Baltimore, Dec. 4.?Flour anil grain both uu
clianged?only a moderate business doing at Satur
day's rates.
Georgetown Market*, December 4.
Flour?family?$10 to 111 36.
Extra super fW 4* 75.
Superfine?$8 50.
Wheal?white $1 83; Red $1 SO.
Coru?white uo sulci, worth 75 to 60 omiU. ; yel
low uo sales.
Mill offal?Short*?1* cent*.
Ship stuff?40 to 65 ?nt?.
Brown stutt?io to 85 oeut*.
Corn meal?05 cent*.
Arrival*.
8chr. Man- Adeline, Powers, from Richmond, to
WheatlcY A Morrison.
Sclir. Extra, Wheatloy, from Baltimore, to J.
Libbey A Son.
Arrivals at the llotela, Saturday and Sun.
day.
WILLARDS'?Willard Brotiuks.
-J A Rockan and lady, lion S II Walley and
Conn daughter, Ma.su
M P O'Hern, Md Hon Ale* DeWItt, do
W Brownell, Pa E F Honey A lady, Conn
Hon T S Bocock A ladv, Hon C M Ingersoll, do
Virginia ' Hon II Hibbard, N H
Hon Lewis Cass and acr- M F Hallihen, D C
vant, Mich N T Hallihen, do
Hon 8 A Smith, Tenn Hon S L Crocker and fa
R C Bates, do
J F Pendleton, Va
A W Bucker, N Y
R Htuyvesant, do
T Davenport, do
Hon Jno Wheeler, N Y
A Y Atocha, do
J H Scott and lady, do
Hon Jno Murray, do
W Warren, do
Hon Y Rockwell, Mas.s
Hon I) T Jones, N Y
Hon T Wentworth and
lady, Mans
Hon il Pringle, N Y
Maj Waggaman A lady,
USA
Mr Hay ward and ladv,
New York
J Strong, Florida
W H 1 inlay, Conn
J II Hall, N Y
J T Crowell, do
Hon C Sumner, Mass
Hon S G Haven, N Y
J II llony, Mass
Dr C W Cross A family,
Louisiana
J Norton, jr, .Mass
H M Clarke, do
W S Walker, D C
S R Fruuklin, USX
Miss S Dclafield, N Y
S P Hallihen, Va
inily, Mass.
0 B Salwen, III
I, W Lovering, Mass
Hon D T Disney, Ohio
Mr Brega A family, N Y
R A Redding, do
Hou B C Eastman and
family, Wisconsin
Hon E Dickinson, Mass
Hon T T Flaglin, N Y
Hon W M Armstrong,
Tennessee
Hon RusBell Sage, N Y
Hon J Washburn Aid
lady, Maine
Hon R W Peckliam, N Y
C H Crosby, Vt
Hou R Johnson, Md
J C Bales, Mass
E A Ryther, Va
J T Wilson A la., Mass
V B Smith, Ohio
J T Wells, do
F N Gaileii, Texas
W A Walker, N Y
Hon T D Eliot, Mass
Geo Hastings, N Y
lloit N 1' Bunks A lady,
Mass
G T Curtis, Mass
Hon J H McDougall A
lady, Cal
W G Hamilton, N Y
Capt Geo Simpson, Cal
UNITED STATES?R. B. Hacknkt.
J S Thompson, Va J P Smith, Md
Mrs T Eauies, do E F. Dodd, N Y
Jno Burns, do I) W Brackett, do
Hon A Ellisop, O X B March, Pa
C Winters, SO J T Russell, Va
J W Shaw, Ark WE Arnold, O
Hon J B Greenwood, A J T Martin, Va
lady Gen Geo Rust, USA
P F Shckecn, N Y Hon W H English, Iud
W H Missellin, do Wm Lee, do
Hon E A Irvine A lady, J U King A ladv, Va
Ark C F Elgiu, Md
Hon S Mace A lady, do C H Elgiu, do
Dr Charters A lady, Geo Hon S Lilly, N J
Hon W B Lindsley, 0 Hon H Hamlin, Me
S Lindslev, do C Hamlin, do
W P Dallas, Mo
KIRKWOOD HOUSE.?Kirkwood Brotiixrs.
F M llardy, 1'a Hou A S Brown A fam
J S Dei not h and 1., N Y lly, Mi.
W Bromwell, Pa
Hon R C Puryear, N C
Miss Puryear, do
O Prudhomme, La
Hon W M Sweet, N Y
C W Baker, N Y
E Beltly, N Y
T Dawson, Mass
Capt C J De Ilaven, U J L Stevens, N Y
SN
Lt Dorscy Read, U 8 N
J B Newman, Kansas
non N Cody, Ind.
Hon T A Hendricks and
lady, Iud
Hou J C Allen, III
Hon John Dick, Pa .
C Torens A lady, N J
W M Buchanan, Scot
land
J Farqubarsou, X Y
L Pleivart, D C - .. . .
Hon E A Simmons, N Y Samuel Iteniner, N Y
Hon J E Davis, Ind W P Gauon, Ga
Hon T Ritchey, Ohio T V Reynolds, Mi
Hon D Carpenter, NY
NATIONAL HOTEL?E. D. Wiulard.
C 0 Frazer, Va J B Kimball, U S N
Hon W Cullom, .Tenn C Hall, Mass
W Lawrence, N J
S D Hodges, N C.
J B Russell, N C
Hon W Ashe, N C
R N P Muse, Ohio
Hon John Kerr, N C
Hon J R Franklin, Md
R P Kidwell, Mass.
T M M vers, do
L P Hall, N Y
Lt O H Bcrryman, USN
Hon B Craige, N C.
Hon W H Wittc, Pa
Hon J L Orr, S C
Misses Cook, do
J Stcrote, Mexico
J F Mining, do
Hon 8 W Harris, Ala
J L Brockman, do
Hon B Fitzpatrick, do
Hon J F Dowdell, do
Hon A II Colquitt, Geo
C Ford, jr., Va
L Jamie, N 0
G W Washburne, III
Hon O B Matteaon, N Y
Hon O W Kittredgc,
Hon G A Grow, Pa
Hon J Knox, III
C A Browne, Mass
Hon D A Noble, A fatal
ly, Michigan
M fcsteva, Europe
M Eliaa, do
Hon H Bennet, N Y
H C Godwin, do
J M Barton, Va
II B Babcock, N Y
J M Queen and familv,
SC
J J Evans, do
A W McDonald, Va
F E Williams, Md
S H Berry, do
K M Foetus, Pa
8 T Spencer, Tenu
Hon Mr Dawson and
lady, Geo
J 8 Phelps, Mo
Hou T M Bust&in, Ky
Hon W A Richardson,
111
Hon W A Goode, Va
Hou W W Boyle, 8 C
F H Evans, Mo
D A Morton, Ohio
J M Elliott, Ky
J E Hoitcr, Pa
J K Hopewell, Md
J Dtivall, do
W Ego i ton, La
A Hopkins, do
EMPIRE HOTEL?8. Hefliblowm
J H Morfson, Va
H Glllaee, Vt
E C Andrews Kansas
F W Moxou, X Y
D W Kingsley, do
M Rallv, I) C
G M Hill. Md
C M Spencer, do
S H Doaain, Va
J W Gallaher, do
J S Ramon, do
W R Carson, N C
C Winters, Pa
REMOVAL.?The office of thn Hartford
and ./Etna Insurance Companies, of Harttord,
Connecticut, lias been removed to No. 512, Seventh
street, opposile the National Intelligeuer otlice, where
the undersigned is prepared to issue policies on oil
descriptions of property on as favorable terms a*
other res|>onsible offices.
The promptness, fairnens, and liberality which have
marked the dealing of these companies for nearly
hiilf a etntury, afford the surest guaranty that their
s flairs will be so mansged as to afford to the
ultimate safety and security,
dec 1?iiwdif
? assured
T. M. HANSON.
J If. JOHNSON, Familv Grocer, corner
? of Seventh and K streets, No. 4fta, i* being con
stantly supplied with fresh Family Groceries of all
kinds, to which he rvs|>ectftilly solicit* the patronage
of his friends. nor 13?tl
FURNISH El) ROOMS TO LET Two
Parlors snd two or three chambers, or the
whole house, if preferred. Enquire at No. )M, Penn
sylvania avenue, between Seventeenth and Eighteenth
streets, near the War. Department. nov lfl
OYSTERJ4--FRENII DAILY.
EPICIiRM of these delicious bivalve*,
eao hare their various palaU>s gratified by hav
ing them served op in every style by the undersigned.
The subscriber bus engaged a professed cook, espe
cially for this department, ahoae qualilicatuins hsve
been attested to by many.
Meals served up at all hours, consisting of every
delicacy of the season. FLINT'S HOTEL,
nov 17?lm Penn. avenue.
WESTERN MAfWACHlIflETTflTlRE
INSURANCE COMPANY.
CitpUnl $150,000, paid it, and mcurrd aewdxny to
thf law of tht OmitumwaM.
RISKS taken at the regular rates, of re
sponsible conumn ice, on buildings, furniture,
stock, machinery, and other property.
O. C.BURNAP, President.
C. B. ADAMS, Agsnt,
OfficHth street, opposite Odd Nlov'i Ball.
nor M?Saw Bw*
amusements.
NAT ION A L THE~ATRE. """*
PRICES OF ADMISSION,
Ureas Circle aud Parquette. 03 oento.
Oentlemeu without Udies ?7U?
Secoud and Third Tien of Boxes...go ?
Ou MONDAY TVEHIKO, December 4th,
,TT . "wwit or
W. PENN LEHK.
FIRST TIME OK
Hliakapeare's Grand Creation,
MACBETH I
NEWTDREHSK^ W' Tt,lcure' "*?? w,u>
NEW SCENERY,
NEW TRAPPINGS,
NEW MUSIC,
Introducing; the '
PANDERINGS OF tIECA TE
AND THE WITCHES
JN A DODBLB 8KNMC;
. OR, THE CONTRAST
bbtwbsn rsi
HsSS*11** mn* ,he K^<?*loai.
dt^(K- GEO. KUNKLE
MsSuff K SEARCH
I&SJ PENN LEHR
sTC1 H. Morgan
&??.
2?' J. W. Adunm
First Officer XfT' ?rown
li,.pni.? ? ? ? ? Brown
SSSSta'.V.'.'.V.V.V.V.V.V. "arrylehr
Gentlewoman . . T L vf^d
SCOTTISH SOLDlKItY, WITCHES, 4c.
SEATS CAN HE SECURED DURING THE DAY.
Doom open at 6>??performance commence at 7W
tt-M J?O.T. POEU.A^i''*
EXCURSION TO NEW YORK CITY t
BULLARDVS PANORAMA.
Takes the spectator
OVER SIX M I L ES
Through the
STREETS OF NEW YORK CITY,
. . Faithfully showing
THE BUSINESS^ BUSTLE, Am) CONFUSION
lie has a view of more than
700 IIortie? and Carriage*,
And upwurds of
10,000 o< its People I
PROCESSIONS,
MILITARY COMPANIES,
? HANDS OP MU&IC,
SHIPPING,
STEAMBOATS, &C.
At euch Exhibition, nn Explanatory Lecture will
be given by one of tlie Proprietor,
Mr. DOEL,
Giving much valuable knowledge of
NEW YORK AND ITS PEOPLE,
..nH i?? 1.Wt*nce ?? ? Stranger, and of general
Wbi^ aTShiST'Sr t0 U?7b0dy' Wil^ba M"
01)D FE'LLOTF.N'' nALL.
in . L- . .1^,vena? Htre*'. *? follows :
Kirst Exhibition
TUESDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 38,
At o,clock, and every evening nntii December
8, inclusive; also, on Wednesday, Friday, and Satur
day afternoons of each week. ' ' l ,r
i 'e. Aftenioou Exhibitions will commence at I
0 clock j the Evening, at 7%.
Admission 25 cents?Children half price
sonTtl S p!lrtiuS ?f"VC Ptr"0,ls *1?Eight per
_? nov 25?d2w
CASH MERCHANT TAILOR.
mskks Siarafas? .ts
need no explanation of its advantages. If you
nduced to take the trouble to come a few doSEoff
opposite Selden, Withers, A Co., Seventh
ofrwr patrons^. W " ^t0 n,eritafu" 8h?r?
, ,,,he ',ubS?rib^'ir *ervnI ??i-Ga rmenta, mods
y exhibition, that need but to be examined
Northeronciti^ t0 tUc be" BOe" in ?"? o{
nov 80?co6tif Seventh street, K Sd E.
GENT'S DRESSTSHIRTS t
Of tuperior <fualUUt, aitd aU tuet, wiCA and vithoul
tbttars.
A LARGE and varied assortment now
on hand. SHIRTS made to orderin the moat
superior and fashionable styles.
My long experience in this department of my busl
ness enables me, confidently, to promi*> all who
patronise me a superior article, and GOOD FIT in
every case. '
LANE'S Gent's Furnishing Establishment.
*24, Pa. avenue, north aide.
nov b?eo2w if (Intel.)
VARIETY BOOT AND SHOE STORe!
?ub?eriber ha* on hand aid is dally
M. receiving large additions of Uoota and Shoea of
?.?_ material and workmanabip, embracing
all the modern styles, among which he would enu
merate in part tho following
FOR LADIES.
Congress Boots, Gaiter Boots of all kinds and oolors
Morocco and Leather Boots
Morocco arid kid Slipper*
Morocco and leather Walking Hboee, together with ?
Urge sop] ly of Toilet Slippers.
. FOR GENTLEMEN.
Quilted bottom Boota, patent leather Boot*
Heavy water-proof Boots, sewed and pegged
Light dress Boots, sewed and tagged
Patent leather, calf and cloth C'ongreea Boota
Parent leather, and calf Kossnth Ties
Calf Monroes and Oxford Ties, sewed and pegged
ALSO?
Misses, Boys, Yootba, and Childrens' Boota and
Shoes of every kind and description, together with a
large assortment ft>r servanta. Heads of iraihee, and
purchasers gum-rally will find It much to their ad von -
tage to viait this establishment
UEOROE BURNS,
84?? PiftwlTinii ivtuut, adjoining
d*6 8?lw |H*ar 1 Patterson's Drug Htors
BENEFICIAL BALL.
" Honor lo vUoin honor it
THE EMPIRE CLUB
Will give their
SECOND GRAND BALL
On Wednesday, Jannnry 10, IfU,
The proceeds of which will be riven towarda erect
ing a Mouumet to the memory of STEWART HOL
LAND, the brave young Washingtonian who was
drowned ou Uie ill-luted Arctic.
Further particulars in a fntnre advertisement.
dec 8?Stood* WM. CAHO, Secretary.
PRIVATE TUITION.
^tlVILand Military Engineering, Tenth
, flf^, ^"uf? from McGuire's, established
in 1882. J. ULL, Professor of Mathematics, can
receive another cIiihs in the higher branches of Msth
emutTcs, Construction, Draughting and Civil and
Military Engineering.
Twins per course, |J5; writing lessons, #10; book
keeping by double entry, *15 p-r course. Psyable
in advance.
<*Wt?8t? jStar.J
TO MEMBKRS OP CONGRESS,
Htmngrrs sojourning in the city, and the pub
lie generally.?IVnnit me to call your attention to
mv large und superior stock of Cloths, Csssimerea,
slid VpMtiiifjj*, which will be made up to order st the
Hiiorteat notice and in Mich stylo m cannot fail to
pl<-sse. Having supplied my establishment with the
very best workmen, I will warrant thst all garments
manufactured by me shall be eousl t<> those made In
any other estabfishiuent In the United Stataa.
WM. H. STANFORD,
Merchant Tailor,
I ennsylvsnia avenue, three doors west of
ii , , , Thir<> street No. +M.
Almi, agent for the n gnlar French Fashions, re
ceived regnlsrly, two suits a month.
dec %?2awXwif jj ^
MiMfBYJ MONEY I MONEY 77
TP? y???"-AII*?ghany Bank notes, and
the notes of the Exchange Hank of rtoldrn, With
ers A Co. bought by M SN VDER, Banker.
. 16 ^ National lfot?;l Building.
JlATORE FOR RENT ON SEVENTH St.?
r~ T,w 'krge Ston- on the corner of Seventh and
1 streeta, Is for rent. The store alone, or store and
dwelling above, will be rented. This is our of the
best stands for busiucss on Seventh street, and in al
ready shelved, with counters complete.
Inquire of ROTH WELL A BROWN, Loniaiana
avenue, opposite Bank of Wsshington.
dec l?end tf
fTWCU RRENT MONEY AND LAND
WJ Wsrrants bought and sold ; Drafts on all the
principal cities sold m suit purch sers. Six per oent
allwwcd on all moneys remaining on deposits over
thirty day a.
Claims against the government collected.
HAMILTON G. FANT.
No. 488 Peon, aranue, Washington, D. C.
nov 1??ly

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