Newspaper Page Text
WASHINGTON, D. C.
THURSDAY, DECEMBER 81, m* VK8PASIAN KLLI8, Editor. r. M. *^Aamin?t the \ou4hm* wtte* of foreign influeooe - I ooulure too to bull*Te dm, fellow-eilisena?the j**l OMyof a fr?? ?ufWi *?> ?>? ooaataaUy awake; since historr and e*pcried6e prove, that loreim In fluence is dm of the moat baneful f?es of a republionn j(<>?erninenl."? WaMngUm. " I bop# we may find some means, in foture, ?f ~ tnelding ourselves from for?i|pi influence, iiolitieal, 'Kiuimeroud, or in whalerer form it may be atiempUd I ean scarcely withhold uivself from joining in the vnsh of Hi but that ihere were mi ocean of flre Inrtween thia and the old world.' " Agrmta far the " Aneriw Organ." Joan T. Acduit, Bt. Asaph street, two door* fhsn W. L. Wiluamu, Tenjpcnuioc TeinpMj, U*J torwei, Bttttl.t?d bv D. W. 1U.L.T M ??d ?1 Walnnt utreet, Cincinnati,) is our agaut for Cin cinnati and othur citiea in the w*t. V B. Palm in, the Amenoan Newspaper Agent, is i? empowered to take advertisements and subscriptions at ihe rates required fcy us. His reeeipU will bere garded an payments. Uis ofBcee are?Boston, Bcol liv'sUuilifing; New York, Tribune Buildings; PUil udelpliia, northwest corner Third and Chestnut sts. The " Aussica* Owiak" will be found for sale at A bus A Yat*s\ No. VI Beekman street, New Turk. A. D. Cbaloksb, Burlington, (M. J*g?nt *or ?he " American Organ" for the tttate of New Jersey. M. J. Bcu??. Portsmouth, Virginia. Osoaoa II. I'arTON, Fredericksburg, V*. J. C. Mohuam. New Orleans. Aahcil O. Flaw, Bute of MsiiscbusttU. 8. Cloco*, State of Rhode Island. I). 8. Yocito, Staunton, Ye. J. A. Dciwikotos, for Prince George, Charles, Bt. Mary's, and Calvert counties, Maryland. P. R. Vbitch, Esq., of Maryland, is general agent to get subscriber* ou any route he may travel. pr Subscribers in Baltimore who do not rceeive their papers regularly, will please send to W. L. Williams's offlcc, Temperance Temple, Gay street | The Oath* and Principles of the Know Nothing*. Under this head, the Washington Union republishes, (it says,) from the Cincinnati En quirer, an abstract of the oatlis apd principles of the order commonly called "Know-Noth ings," and recalls the attention of its readers to the " itartlinfi AetelopmenU" containod in that abstract, and adds: "Tho utter falsity of the assertion so frequently and unblushingly put forth by a very Urge number of the Know-Nothing organs, that the order waged no war against men for their religious belief, will be perceived by a glance at the oath which in taken by candidates for the second degree." We "have first of all to remark, that the Washington Union is as entirely ignorant of j the oaths taken by the order oMtnow-Noth ings, as it is of tho principles which govern the inhabitants of tho moon. We remember perfectly well, that something like the abstract now republished in the Unioti, made its ap }>carance in tho Pennsylvanian last October. But neither the publication of the abstract in the Cincinnati Enquirer, nor in the Pennsyl vanian, nor in the Union, affords any proof of the genuineness of the matters therein con tained. But, even upon the hypothesis that the ab stract contains a true copy of the oaths and other proceedings of the order, is it not per fectly ridiculous to talk about the "startling developments" it contains, and eqmlly false to represent that the abstract of oaths and princi ples furnishes the slightest proof tliat " the order wages war against men on account of I their religious belief?" In order to decide these questions intelli ,gently, we will here copy from the Union the form of the oath which it it alUged itf admin istered to the candidates for the second de cree, to wit: " And I furthermore promiao and swear that I will always conform to the will of tlie majority of the members of this order iu the selection of can didates to All every office of honor, profit, or trunt, ?vithin the gift of the people ; nrovided such candi ,lato* shall have been born of American parents, on American soil, and shall have been educated In American Institutions ; and that I will use all tlie iullueaoe I may possess, to elect all such candidates nboui I inav know to be opposed to all foreign influ ence, Popery, Jesuitism, and Catholicism, without auy hesitation on my part whatever." What " itartling development" is found in the above extract ? Why, if true, it is simply an obligation to conform to the Democratic doctrine, recognised by all political conven tions, that the fill of a majority shall govern in the selection of candidates, to which is su peradded a provieo, that such candidate* shall be not<t#-born citieens, educated under Ameri can institutions, and shall be opposed loforeign influence, Popery, Jesuitism, and Catholicism! What American-bom dticcn is " itartU<r by tlie conditions of tho above obligation? Non*. Is there one American-born citiaen so base, <to low, so lost to patriotism, so unmindfal of the teachings of Washington and Jefferson, that he would hesitate for oue instant to prom ise or to nt>oar. tliat he would rote for those candidates only, who are opposed to foreign mfluencc, foreign Popery, foreign Jesuitism, or foreign Catholicism? Listen to the warn ings of the fathers of our republic: " Against the inaidious wiles of foreign inlu eoee--i conjure you to believe me, feilow-citisena - the jealousv of a free people ought to be constant' ly awake; since history and experience prove, that foreign influence Is one Of the most baneful foes of arcpubtlcjui government."?Wauhingtun. <? I hope we may And some means in future of uliieldiag ourselves from for*'ign influence, politi cal, commercial, or in whatever form it may be attempted. I can scarcely withhold mvaelf from lolniug in the wish of Silas Dean?' that there were an ocean of firu between this and the Old World.' "?Jtfvrion. Will our oountrym<?i follow the joint advice of the " fktk* of Mo Country,"1 and of the " ftUhtr Domorrafy,n or will they blindly follow tho deceitful invitation* of modern dem agogues? Is the last fcrcwell advice of him, " who was lirst in war, drat in peace, and first in the hearts of his oountrynaen," of leas import?of lesa value, of less consideration, than the treasonable invocations of " higher law " hypo crites? Are tlie warnings of the great apostle of Democracy,-?of the sage of iffontioollo,?of the philosophic Jefferson, to l>e set at naught, disregarded, and superseded by the twaddle of 1>eiisioned hirelings and amxateur pimps ? IaI <uUifo-bvrn Americano nnmietr. But how, or where does the Union dis<xrrw evidence, that our order " vogot ?e?r upon mm for their religion* belief f" Why, forsooth, the American party wiU sus tain candidates who are "opposed to foreign influence, Popery, Jesuitism, and Catholicism." Well, be it so. The right of suffrage is an in dividual and personal right, to be exercised freely by the voter, according to his own plea sura. If he casts his ballot for A, does he t)i<sraforn " trng* *w?r" upon B? jf a Metho dist cantx his rote for a Methodist, does be " toage *oer" upon Presbyterians? If a Pro toatant renolres or moeaf never to rots for a j CsthoMe, does he therefore " irngc wor" upon | Catholics t He denies the Catholk *t> right, by refusing hiio lus vote. The ballot i? the propwty Mtd right of the voter, until cast for the candidate Lot no Man say, for it isat variance with tru th, that the American party "wages against men for their religious belief," when no right in denied thein, no wrong done them, no injury inflicted upon them. No man ha* a l ight, or claim, or pretence of right or claim, to the suf frage of another. No man lias a right or claim, or any pretence of right or claim, to any office or appoiutuient, until the wme is conferred upon him, by the appointing power. Our fathers fought for the right of fkke sit rHAOE, and their sons will follow the example of their fathers, if denied the privilege of ex ercising that right, with entire and perfect freedom. And now as we will not he behind our neigh bors hi acts of courtesy, and reciprocity, wo submit for the examination and consideration of our readers, and the public, the authentic form of the oath, taken by Uie members of the secret order of Jesuits, instituted by Ignatius Lo yola, which order has thousands of its members in the United States, who form part and paroel of the Pierce, Forney, Seward, and Greeley party, and who are in foil communion with these leaders of the allied forces, banded together to " crush out" Americanism, and to introduce the reign of foreign priestcraft, and domestic demagogu isin, in this land of liberty and law. Here it is: " I, A. B., now in the presence of Almighty God, the blessed Virgin Mary, the bleBSed Michacl, the Arch Angel, the blessed St. John the Baptist, the holy apostles Ht. Peter, and St. Paul, and the saints and sacred hosts of Heaven, and you my ghostly father, do declare from my heart, without mental reservation, that?(Pope Gregory, or tbe present incumbent)?is Christ's Vicar, and is the true and only head of the Universal Church throughout the world; by that virtue of the key* and of binding and looting given to hit Holiness by Jesus Christ he hath potter to denote heretical Jiings, Princes, States, Commonwealths and Ooverments, all being illegal without his sacred confirmation, and that they may safely be destroyed; therefore, to the ut most of my power I will defend this doctrine, and bis Holiness' rights and customs, against all usurp ers, and all heretical or Protestant authority, whatsoever, especially against the new pretended authority and Church of England, and all adherents, in regard that they be usurped and heretical, op posing tbe Hacred Mother Church of Borne. " I do denounce and disown King, Prince or State named Protestants, or obedience to any of their inferior magistrates or officers. I do furth er declare the doctrines of the Church of Etigland, of the Calvinists, Huguenots, and other Protest ants to be damtutble?and those to bt damned who will not forsake the tame. I do further declare that I will help, assist and advise all or any of his Holiness' agents in any place wherever I shall be, and do my utmost to extirpate the heretical Protest ant's dcctrine, and to destroy all their pretended power, legally or otherwise. " 1 do further promise and declare, that notwith standing I am dispensed to assume auy religion heretical for the propagation of tbe mother church interest*, to keep secret and private all her agents' counsels as they intrust me, and not to divulge, directly or indirectly, by word, writing, or other wise, any matter or circumstance whatsoever, but to execute all that shall be proposed, given in charge, or discovered unto me by you my ghostly Father, or by any of tlii* covenant. "All of which, I, A B, do swear by the blessed Trinity, and blessed sacrament which I am now about to receive, to perform, and on my part to keep inviolable, and do call the heavenly and glo rious ghost to witness my real intentions to keep my oath. In witness whereof, I take this holy and blessed sacrament of the Eucharist, and wit ness the same further with mv hand and seal, in the fttce of this holy covenant." Such is the oath, and such are the princi ples of the "order of Jesuits," all of whom are foreigners, and not one of whom has (as we are informed) ever taken the oath of alleguince ' to the United States ! And these men, with their adherents, supporters, and abetters, form a large and powerful secret party, under the in fluence and control of Pope Pitts, sworn to do his bidding, and pledged to aid him in over throwing " heretical State*, Commonwealths, and Governments!" But the Washington Union has no anathemas for this secret order ! We appeal to all right-minded American cit izens, and ask if it be not time, hiyh time, that the patriotic portion of all political parties unite together to thwart the machinations of foreign Jesuitism and American Demagoguisin? The " American party" has been formed for this double purpose, and, by all lair and hon orable means, in secret councils and in open contest, we mean to wage an uncompromising war upon both these elements, nor falter in our , course till victory perches upon our standard, I or an overwhelming defeat shall render ns " hore i de combat." vw The Riohmond Enquirer is evidently j alarmed at the present prospects of its party, and is Booking to arouse the " old line Whigs," | and induce them to maintain their organization, and present candidates for State officers at tbe ! next election. It oopies into its columns an ; article published in tbe Alexandria Oasrtte, signed " I^mdoun," strongly urging the Whigs I not to lay aside their identity, and thinks it i [ " certain that a large and respectable portion of the old line Whigs will resist an inglorious and i discreditable fusion with a secret political or- | ganization." No doubt the Enquirer is influ enced by very disinterested motives, 'in thns j j exciting the pride of the okl line Whigs. Won j i der if the Enquirer does'nt think its candidates 1 would be rather more certain of success, if the 1 Whigs and " Ameri<?ns should each run a ticket? Of course the Whigs will fall into the scheme of the Enquirer, and help elect Mr. Wise I They liave, at least, a perfect right to j do it, if they choose; but will they chooae to j do it? NrMes, Withers * Co. The publication of the condition of this com pany, continues to excitc much interest. It is stated by the Globe that the schedule of assets, j contains a good many errors, generally show ing a heavier indebtedness on the part of indi viduals, than is really the case. It appears too that public functionaries have been depositing United States money with the Arm, in violation of the Sub-Treasury law. The Globe of yes terday says: " We lean that FVMen, Withers, k Co. ere se curities on the official bond of the United HIaUw Na vy Agent of thin city?keep the money of Oie Uni ted States for him; that they owe the United States, through him, about (40,000; and that they have taken part of the asset* on their schedule, and part which is not on it, (for instance, the note of one man for ft) ,1,000,) to secure both the Navy Agent and themselves. "We have been informed also, but do not at j present nfctert H as a fact, that the Commissioner ' of ths Patent Office ban on depoeite at the Ki- | I change Rank, f10,000 of public funda, or nearly j I that amoent," j The correspondent of the Now York Advar J I tiser, writing from this city, says: " It is wid that the clerk ot the House ef Rep resentative* had about nine thousand dollar* of the : I contingent fond there, and he 1s also reported as s ! debtor to the bank. It is <piite certain th?t Mr. Allen, the Navy Agent, continued to keep the money of his office there snd to on amount of t>e?w??'ii thlrtv and fnrtv | thoaand dollar*. The sureties of Mr. Allen were the am of Ik Mm * WiHtn and lb* late General Anuatrong, w|? dkxl probably Imulvent Mr AJkn ia aa amiable and worthy man, but be cer ^**5?* the *rtct order* of Sooreurv Guthrie in this matter, nod h? Is eipwed to * pros ?cution under the ?iWgwiMW.i Uw. bouts notes, H U said, hare been signed and depoalted with him, by the broken banker*, with a view to aave him. But the poor fellow's distress, under these circuiu I stances, ha* had an injurious effect on hi* health i *nd he U now a patieut iu the Washington Infirm i WT. Our Troubles with the ll*|*r. It appears from the correspondence between Mr. Marcy and the J>utcli government, which wan uut to the ilouae to-day, that tl?e claim of Captain Gibson iu still unadjusted. Mr. Orr expressed the opinion), that the failure of the Hague to satisfy the just demands of our gov ernment, presented a venr grave question, and called for the prompt action of Con grehs. It is probable that the Committee on Foreign Affairs, to whom the correspond ence was referred, will give the subject their earliest attention, and recommend the adoption of a vigorous and decisive course of action. Huppreaaioa ofSaaall Notes. The House yesterday passed the bill to suppress the circulation of small notes in the District of Co lumbia, precisely in the same terms as it came from the Senate. Wo copy from the UnUinsl a synopsis ol' its pro visions. As the President will no doubt approve it, it may be regarded aa the luw, after the first of November next: The first section provides, that if any person or j persons, body politic or corporate, within this Dis trict, Hlia.Il make, emit, issue, utter, sign, draw, or endorse any bank note, promissory note, or any I instrument of writing, for the payment or delivery of money, or other valuablo thing, or of anything purporting to be a valuable thing, of a less amount than five dollars, to bo used aa a paper currency, or as a circulating medium, either as money or iu lieu of money, or of any other curreucy, every such person, and every member, officer, or ageut of such body politic or corporate, concerned in, or aaseut ing to, such making, emitting, issuing, uttering, drawing, or endorsing, as aforesaid, for any ol tho purposes mentioned, shall forfeit and pay the sum of ten dollars fbr each and every such bank note, promissory note, or instrument of wri ting so made, issued, emitted, uttered, signed, drawn, or endorsed?one-half to tho utic of any any person who shall sue therefor, and the other half to the county of Washington. The second Section makes it unlawful for any person or persons, body politic or corporate, to viui, or offer to pail, within the District of Colum bia any *uoh paper; tho violation of the statute to be visited with a fine of not less than five nor more than ten dollar., for every such offence, one half to the use of the person who shall sue there for, and the other half to the uso of the county of vV ashington. # The third section provides that if the party, who shall issue such paper refuse to redeem the same in gold and silver, he or they shall forfeit and pay the sum of twenty dollars fbr each and every such bank note; the amount to inure to the benefit of the party presenting the note. The fourth section provides that each aud every forfeiture under the foregoing provisions of this act shall be recovered in an action of debt, before any justice of the peace in the District of Colum bia, in the name of any person who shall sue therefor; jurisdiction bring given to every justice of the pcaoe with this view. The fifth section makes void and illegal all con tracts concerning matters in which notes under the denomination or Sve dollars ester. The sixth annuls the licenses of all authorised traders, 4c., who shall either ruueive or pay out any paper under the denomination of five dollars, or any other paper not payable In specie on demand. The seventh section makes it the duty of the marshal of the District of Columbia, and of every constable of this District, to give Information to some justice of the peace in the county, of every violation of this law which may come to his know leilge. The eighth section provides that on the trial of any cause other than a criminal prosecution un der the provisions of this act, it shall be lawful for tho court before whom such cause I* pending to cause to be brought before said court and examined as a wituess, any defendant to any such suit, his agent, or employer, touching the matters and things in controversy, and to employ such process to effect tho object aforesaid as is usual in other cases. The act is to go into effect from and a/ter the first day of November next. All such parts of former laws as may be repugnant to this are repealed. Impartial Teitlaoiy. The Richmond Penny Post?a paper con ducted with very decided ability?copies an article headed " Basis principles of the Amer ican party of \ irginia," which appeared not long ago in our columns, and accompanies it with tho following very sensible comments. The Post is, however, mistakou in its supposi tion, tliat this article has been kept standing in the American Organ. Tt probably confoundod it with our prospec tus,or with our own "principles," both of which are kept permanently on the outside form of this paper: '? We have, for some time past, observed that the papor which we publish in another column, ha* been going the rounds of the journal* of Virginia. c now see that it is kept standing in the columns of the American Orpm*. We conclude, therefor,!, that it Is, unmistakably, a genuine exposition of the Know-Nothlng principles. Such being taken for granted, wC confess we art altogether unable to understand why this party ha* incurred such ! denunciations from a portion of the Ameri can presa. A man may very boneatlv differ from thein, with respect to many of their view.. Tet we feel assured that there is not one of them which a patriot would be a*hamed to avow. There is not one of them whie.h Washington, or Jefferson, 0r?.iadison, or Marshall might not have entertained without suffering in the eyes of posterity. If the acts of thin party correspond with thia' croed, we know not how it will be possible for even the most censorious to find fruit with them." The Richmond Kxamtner comes out In opposi tion to Senator Adams's Ml, and yet presents some i views, which, to onr mind at least, fornl*h vory strong reasons why the adoption of such a measure 1* imperatively demanded. " haT? long entertained and long ago ei preaeed the conviction that something must be done to elevate American citixenahip, or at leant, to rescue It from that decline in intrinsic dimity and public estimation which an IndlecriminauTsur. render of It to Chinese coolie* and Rnropean fel onsj and paupers hy the half million the rear must occasion. ? ? ? ? ? j " Though obnoxious to insuperable objections in our own mind; yet the bill of Senator Adams deserves consideration, and is unotyectionable In so far as it assorts the superiority of one race of men over another?of the Aaierican over the laaas of Ktiropcan and Asiatic population*. It asserts in this a notorious troth. High and elevated sen timent drove our ancestor* from Kurrrpe. They fled from political and religious persecution. The Immigrants now flocking to our ahoros come., for the moat part, merely la search of richer pasuires and are impelled by physical want and sensual d? sire." ? " ? ? . " This Nil nf Senator Adams is slso unobjection able in so (Wr a* it makes a distinction between the American population and foreign population? treats America, its lands, it* o#foo?, and dearly bought privileges of every name, as the peculiar property of American* ; and ehtafly and principal ly in that It tends to keep off from our white la iring class that rwinoaa competition which has afflicted Weste.ni Kunope for seventy year, with alternate (amine and revolution, and which now occasions a general axodus of iu poor to oar own shores. A lady of experience contends that a kiss on the forehead denotes reverence of intellect; a kias on the cheek, that the donor is impressed with the b?>*utv of <1* klascd one; but thst * kias imprinted on the lipa ?hows lore, Nyirli in Ohio. We haw b?*>u kiadfr jwmitu*l by ? |?n ,^i,n of this city to publiak the foUowiag ex tract from ft letterlfttdy ruwivcd by hta from ? flrieud in Ohio: ? You nee in the administration papera ejid C auti-Aniericttii prints, much .aid mbout dc^Hiou from Know-Nothingiam in this State. This la jdj gmmoH. There is uot a word of truth in it, and if au election wan to couie ofl to-morrow, the re sult would be far more disastrous to the cieiiueii uf American principle, than was the la*. J? the eflortH made by those papers to miaiead, can oulv cause a laugh among those who do kMM, at these ?am? kuowing editors who do not kno?#. From tluTjduuU^l UawlU, Ueoauiber #. The Uuicaater tiuu IIow U the Ordiuurr C*mno? Ita merits au ae Among our extracts from Euglish papers in a recent issue, our readers may nave observed a paragraph upon the subject of this new ^arm, anil iu a public writer has shown so much ignorance while professing to Instruct others, it has occur red to us thftt a brief description of this pow erful instrument of death and the principle of its construction would be acceptable to many. The writer in question commences by saying: ? The object of boring the Lancaster into an ellip sis is to prevent the ball from taking a rotary mo tion," and thereupon he raises the question whe ther the elliptical ball, in passing through an ellip tical bore, being prevented from taking ft rotary motion, has not a dangerous tendency to burst the gun. So far from Ids premises being correct, tne very reverse is the true state ol the cusc. T e elliptical bore is Inteuded to give the ball a rotary motion, fbr in this motion of the ball upon its own axis consists tha superiority of this gun over the ordinary cannou. It is a well-known fuct, that It is impossible to cast balls or bullets in such a way that one side will not be heavier than another, and it is also well-known that this circumstance deflect# the projectile from ita right line. I With small arras this difficulty is overcome bv the groove in the rifle barrel, which, being spiral, acts upon the soft substance of the leaden bullet, and gives it a rotary motion before leaving the muzSe of the rifle, which continues until the ball is stopped. By this means the heavy side is alter nately turned in aU directions, so that any tendency in one direction is immediately counterbalanced by a revolution of the bullet which changes the position of the heavy side, and the result is that the ball flies in a direct line. Now, however well this plan may answer for small anus and leaden balls, the groove is impracticable for cannon and cast-iron Wis, and it has long been a problem to discover some means of making rifled cannon. The Lancaster gun professes to have accom plished this by means of an elliptical bore, out ot which is to be thrown an elliptical projectile, either shot or shell. Without plates we may not be able to make all our readers understand our explanations, but we hope most of them will do so. The gun is large, becausc it is at ft long range that its great precision of aim tells best over the common gun, and its appearauce is that ol an ordinary large can non, except that the mouth, instead of being circu lar, is elongated like an egg, having one axis longer than another. We will suppose that the mouth is the largest up aud down?that is, that the longer axis is vertical, so that the flattened ball fitting it would stand on its edget but the bore winds grad ually from the mouth to the breach of the guu, so that when the ball is driven home to the proper position when the gun is loaded, it will have turned oue-fourth around, and will lie horizontally that is, at right angles to the longer axis of the mouth oi the gun, and on its aide. When the guu is fired, the ball must make one revolution for every four lengths of the gun, and thereby counterbalance aiiv imperfection in Its Bliape which would other wise deflect it. Several of these guns have burst. This is perhaps attributable to the fact that tucy are used at very long ranges, and were probftbly overloaded, although it is quite possible, and in lact probable, that forciug the ball to take a rotary mo tion would increase the resistance offered so much as to increase the risk of bursting. Experience will soon test the quflHion. We may remark that the srme principle has been applied to small arms, and a decided advantage is claimed for the Lan caster over the common rifle. The Coutts Mystery. From the N. Y. Sunday Courier. ?_ Ever since the first ticket of the first of the Griw and Mario operas was bid off to that half mythical personage called Coutts, there has been an increas ing curiosity to know who and what the lavish ladv was, and the appearance of the lady herself night after night, in splendid costumes, whenever Mario appeared, and her costly style of living at the St. Nicholas, have only increased the heat of public excitement to know who and what she could be. It was at first gencrallv imagined that she had been hired by Ilacket to excite a furor about Mario, and the London papers all took that view of the mvsterr. But thoae who saw the lady her self, and had an opportunity of watching her move ment#, knew that the manager could uot afford to pay for such a costly and aoubtlul style of adver tising. Her boquets alone, which are of the largest and most costly kind, composed of the Ikireat exotic flowers, would be almost enough to break the man agement. And then, too, every one must have wen that the admiring gate which she bends upon the handsome tenor the moment he comes upon the stage, is no simulated passion. She looks at the calve# of his leg*, as though , she would devour thorn. Poor lady! Everybody but Grisi must pitv h* In their hearts. There she aits "solitary and alone" in her spacious box, dressed in the costliest of laces and brocades, per frctly indifferent to everything but Mario. The ladles of the chorus look curiously at her, lorg nettes are leveled towards the plaoc where she sits from all pails of the Itouse, and the bearded gen tleman of the orchestra look wonderingly up at her; but she howls nobody, and when "not looking over the fringe of her splendid fkn, or through the parted petals of the white camcllas of her bouquet at the otyect of her burning passion, she Mtni like a sphvnx, a tremendous riddle, which nobody has ,et been able to solve. But, wo have latdy had the pleasure of meeting a gentleman recently from Loudon, who knew Coutts well, and all her anteoc d.ata, from whoa we learned the following partic "^The real name of Coutts is Uilea, not Gyles, as has been often said ; she Is a native of (ikraoester shire, hi England, and has lived some year* In London, keeping house In a quiet way, at the Wiest End, ami goinjr.but little into society, though a constant attendant at the opera and the theatres^ Her income is but ?2,000 a year, or 110,000 which la too small a sum to make a show with in London. At one time she conceived a |>aesion for Charles Kean, whom she haunted In the same way she now haunts Mario, until happening to meet the latter she transferred hef affections, and he has Wn the idol of her idolatry ever since. What will txscome of the poor lady when Mario retires nto private life and goes to live on his estate in Italy, unless she' should, In the meanwhile, find some other fascination. it is not easy to oonce ^ Perhaps some handsome Ysnkec may am?eed Hi attracting her wing affection*, and put an end to her unhap py passion. It Is said that while Mario was indis pos^d at the Metropolitan Hotel she used to caU (here everv morning in her cvriage, and 'ben the waiter brought her word that Mario was beffr, the lucky eagle. "The heart that truly loved never w?r ^The *udcal World say. that a lady "ho/amo over in the same steamer with Orisi am' Mario re lates that Mario', affectionate shadow (the hypo Scal Mi" "Coutts,") Ir^sistiblv followed hun, of course, on the embarkation, but deck of the steamer arrayed in a hlac-ooloreo sua, with flomtee* embellished with feather trimming, over the whole of which was work lace Ipon her head was a fragile breath of a lionnet, trimmed SorTngeEms The ladv adjanoedtoAe Hatoon, placed her hat hi the hands of bar maid, and reclined gr?aefully upon a lounge Where upon the maid covered her with lace. A lady pas 1 (Jlnpr entered Into conversation with her, and i asked if she. did not think Mario was handsome. ! Thereupon she bnrst into a fit of laughter so con tagious that everybody in the saloon wan con 1 hi rained to laugh with her. Ilrisi afterward playfully said, that she wished a I committee of gentlemen would incontinently drop I |ier into the sea ; adding, more earnestly, however, . that ?he had, for her, the evil eye. She had M | lowed them wherever thev wont?liftd pone with them to St. Petersburg. Twice, In such instances, had they mot with comparative failure W tbay failed in the United States, it might be ascribed to I the him evil era. The weather continues qnlte cold. Tlwre 1s a I good deal of ics in the river. FOB TMJC A,M??CAJI WOA*. America* Ck?r?elcf. Every mdMure of the Ameriaui party if t*?dd upon the primal souliuMbt, "A?uri** mutt bt yov*rn*d by tud while "11 Americans (tgreo that participation ta gowuineut should be withheld from foreigners, beeana* of their general iguorauce of our principle* aud susceptibility to the corruptions of aatpiriug demagogues, the expe diency of prohibiting their immigration become* au important qu^itiun, oti! that should not be rash ly decided, lor it iuvolves weighty concerns, not only of this nation, and the present, but perhaps of all mankind aitd the future. If inuuigratiou be permitted, it should ouljr be for reasons of high Im> portanoe, and under restrictions which would effec tually insure safety; and if entirely prohibited, only the most apparent and imperative necessity should be its vindication. Those who advocate the latter, however, may not only iusist upon the dangerous approach of the day, when foreigners as such will have the government in their own hands? th? existence of the American party will hereafter secure us against that?but unfortunately there is another consideration which, lying deeper than po litical philosophy, American patriotism cannot reach?in the organic laws of human organization. Never since human reason learned to invent mag nificent follies, was a madder project entertained than that of ftdly peopling this continent with the di verse races of the Eastern hemisphere. All history discloses the (act. For ages, aggressions and retalia tions have convulsed Europe and Asia with long and wasting wars, and for a reason obvious and simple. These were the legitimate and inevitable phenom ena of antagonistic races in contact. There is no plaiuer truth than that all races of humanity are reciprocally and radically antagonistic. The very fact of diverse organization should alone prove It. The Mongolian race is antagonistic to the Malayan, the African, the Caucasian, and the aboriginal American ; and the same Is truo of all; each Is radically antagonistic to all the others. In further proof, it Is certain that during the whole historic period, notwithstanding the different races have occupied contiguous territory, no assimilation to any extent lias been effected. And through cycles of time that repeatedly revolutionized every ex ternal condition of man, the races alone have pre served their several identities. Nor is it the least important observation that varieties of the same original type likewise aoquire reciprocal repulsiou. Every one has observed that a German instictively dislikes an Irishman, while an Englishman Is pro verbial of his dislike of both. This feeling not only seems an instinct, but Is oue. In consequence of a policy In defiauce of the plainest truths of philosophy, physical, moral, and political, already there is not a race or nation on the globe, but is represented here, and has contrib uted toward the concoction of that grand prospect ive totality, the " American character." A hypo critical agglomeration of all the giblets and frag ments of eastern degeneracy, that all their excel lencies may be united in one superb whole! Let us see how feres this hypothesis in that land of gold and gore, unhappy Mexico, our sister republic, if the phrase be not blasphemy, to our own Institu tions. Here, with summer skies above, and a fairer earth beneath, with mountaius of rich minerals, and laved by two oceans?everything that could invite peaceful industry, or insure prosperity, Mex ican republicanism is a libel upon liberty. But is anything more natural to a mongrel race ? Span iards and Tlascalans, Aztecs and Camanches, Ca ribs, Yankees, Negroes, Mestizoes, Ac., 4c., all jumbled into every conceivable incongruity, until the race Is without an analogue on the face of the earth. Among such a people, how is It possible to secure that unanimity of public sympathy so indispensable to self-government ? With a gov ernment annual, lunar, or diurnal, according to the purse and sword of the reigning bandit; one, to buy the clergy, and the other to butcher opposition, whether fron^straggling patriots, leagued to unchain their country, or rival aspirants, equally daring in the pursuit of power through blood and devasta tion ; our contempt at th6 spectacle must lie soft ened by our pity for the inevitable misfortunes of hybridous imbecility. . These resnlts -are charged upon the "institutions of the country"?upon priestcraft, public ignorance, Ac. True; but could iguorance and oppression so long prevail, in spite of every encouraging ex ample, over a nobler race ? Every people tn Eu rope was once worse still, but they emerged from their barbarism by the spontaneous energy of healthy races, while Mexico, starting with their enlightenment, has fallen back to their degrada tion. It ia true in aD philosophy, that the human races cannot be amalgamated, the greater with the leaa, without general deterioration ; and the obvi ous inferiority of the Mexicans, of inula Uooa, and half-breed Indians must confirm tlie proposition, ?vcn if it could not be deduced beyond appeal from the analogies of nature. Let us profit by the example of this unhappy poople, and remember that self-government is possi ble only through unanimity?that unanimity is possi ble only through the reciprocal sympathies in pre dominance, and thst such predominance can never exist In a people composed of various races, be tween whom as ail must admit, reciprocal antago nisms and repulsions must necessarily prevail. Let us, then, as citizens govern our action by the es tablished truths of the physical and moral structure of man. 8** New Publications. Dickers' Household Woar* for January, 1858. This ia one of the most popular of the English magazines. The name oflts editor Is, of Itself, a suffi cient guaranty of its excellence. The present num ber contains the usual variety of agreeable and usefol reading. Graham's America* Monthly MaoaZin* for January, 1846, opens with a very entertaining sketch of St. Paul and Us environs, illustrated with a number ef well-executed wood cuts. Headley'a Life of Washington is continued, and among other articles appears a well-written review of the life and character of Mare Antony. The number Is embellished with s handsome steel engraving, ret> rosenting the death of Ganoral Msreer at the battle of Princeton We are Indebted to Joe Bhlllington for these publications, who has also sent us the January aural*er of Oodey's Indies' Book. I Knpmne Canrt United mats*. Wxdkisoat, December SO, 18M. J. Q. Pettigme, Esq., of South Carolina, was ad mitted an attorney and counsellor of tliia oowt. No. 9. The Troy Iron and Nail Factory ??. Geo. Odiorne, jr. and F. Odiornc. Appeal from the cir cuit court of the United for the <lintriet ol Massachusetts. Mr. Justice Catron delivered the opinion of this court, a*rming the decree of the said circuit Nwrt In this eanse with costs. No. 88. The propeller Montleello, John Wilson, , claimant, Ac . appellant, rt. Gilbert MoBlson The argument of this cause was continued by Mr. Grant for the appellee, ami concluded by Mr. Oillet, for the appellant. No 84 The President, Directors, and Company of the Bank of Tennessee, plalntiffi. in error, v>. Ijewia P. Horn. This cause was argued by Mr. .lanin for the defendant in error, and submitted on printed argument by Mr. Dunbar for the plaintiffs in error. Bone CLOCt.?" Mr. K. what o'clock is ituowT I dont know, no*. " Why Mr. K, I thwtft jm had the best dock in town T to which Mr. K. re plied in a petulant tough tone of voice: Veil my ((lock is youst so cute ss nobodies gtoek never was, ?ber she don't run right strrfght no more ; the last chain I had on her, was s rope, made fW?m a lether string." wiwpw ioawj. Trial of tke foot Ofic OUrk?(MS Council doing*- MttkemUt' out of employment?Cold wather, Jtc. Butmuu, Dec. il. The trial of Martin, the Pout Offlce clerk, is pro greaaing rapidly. The evidence milk concluded yesterday, and the pleading will be commenced thin morning. The evidence, though, iu many particular)*, presumptiously strong against the ac cused, yet does not appear to be sufficiently con clusive to warrant expectation of a conviction. The case will likely go to the jury to-day, An effort was made in the First Branch City Council last evening to bring the preaeut special session of tiw body to a close, by introducing a resolution that tke two Branches adjourn finally this evening. The movement, however, was not suc cessftil; and there seems to be a determination, on the part of the majority, to prolong the session un til the vexed question of the water department is settled. There Is quite a contrariety of opinion as to how the conauisaionors of the water-works shall be appointed. With some there tie cms to be a dis position to submit the matter to the people ; and, with this view, (be Second Branch have asked the advice of the city attorney whether it will be legal to insert a clause iu the ordinance, submitting tho choice of the commissioners to a vote of the peo ple. Until tho information dusired is obtuined no further legislation ou the subject will be fiad. I regret to say that tho depression of mechani cal pursuits iu thia city is much greater than is generally supposed. 1 have been informed, through a gentleman familiar with the reul state of things, that there are not less than six or seven thousand mechanics out of employment at the present mo ment in Baltimore! This is truly a mournful fhet, well calculated to excite the liveliest sympathies for the great amouut of distress and suffering which such a circumstance must surely entail ou many worthy and hitherto prosperous families in our midst. Think of this, ye that have enough and to spare; and, before squandering money on superfluities, do what you can for the cause of heaven-born charity. The%weather lias been intensely cold bore for tke past fbrty-eight hours, though, I am pleased to say, our thermometers keep a respectful distance above zero, which is much less rigorous weather than our fellow-citizens further North and East arc experi encing, judging from the intelligence in the morn iug papers. Our markets give evidence of the uearucse of Christmas, in the vast number of turkeys, chiokens, ducks, &c., with other dainties displayed for salo. So far, prices have been rather reasonable, except for eggs, which are held at rates enormously high, 37 1-2 to 60 cents a dozen was paid for them yes terday. Amkkicts. par Notice. The Rev. D. E. Reese will preach in the Methodist Protestant Church, Virginia avenue, (Navy Yard,) this Thursday evening at 7 o'clock. The public are respectfully invited. jar The Delegation of the Soldier* of the War of 1812. chosen to represent the Soldier* of the District of Columbia in the National Convention to be held in this city on the 8th of January, are re quested to meet at the City Hall on Saturday next at 11 o'clock, on business preliminary tu the meeting of said convcntiou. J. S. WILLIAMS, dec 21 Chairman. CHRISTMAS PRESENTS?Just received and now opening nt Downs ami Hutchison's, the most beautiful oollection of Shell Work of every description ever offered in this city ; together with a line assortment of Fancy Gooda <k English, French, and American manufacture, including? Card Cases and Forte Monnaics of every de scription Jewel Caskets, Albums, Cabas, Work Boxes Fancy Boxes, Writing-desks, Alabaster luk stands Shaving Coses, Raznrs, Combs, and Brushes, in great variety Travelling Col nmpanions, Cake Boxes, Wax Dolls Wax Figures under glass. Panoramas Children a Cups and Saucers with mottoes; and Tea and Dinner sets, complete, fur children Toys, China Vases, Backgammon Boards, Ac cordeons Perfumery. Lubin'ji Extract Albata and Silver-plated Ware, Pocket Kuives, Ac. Also, tine Uold and Silver Watches, Fancy Clock*, and fine Jewelry of every description; together with many things not necessary to enumerate, and to all of which the attention of the public is respectfully invited. DOWNS A HUTCniNSON, 428 Athenaeum Buildings, l'enn. avenue, dec 21?eodlw near 41,' street. OUR ACCOUNT!! will all be made [out and ready for delivery by the 20th instant. We earnestly request, and confidently expect, that our friends will be punctual in settling their reajfectWr bills, as we relv on the proceeds to meet the demands on ns. BURNS A COCHRAN, dec 21?eoStlf fMAH HH, CLOCKS, CLOCKS I-Thc un deraigncd having, at great expense, fitted up the seoond story of his store and made it easy of access by a steirwav in froot, invite* all persons in want of a good and cheap Clock, and withal a timekeeper, to give him a call, aa he is aaliaAed there is not another such an assortment in the city. AU Clocks sold by ine am warranted to run and keep time one Tear, if ly used. A few French Clocks on hand. T? y prices are (Tom |>1 25 to $26. * C. S. WHITTLESEY, 684 Seventh street. P. S. All bills made with me must bo settled monthly. dec 21 ?endgwif SUPERIOR ROTTLED LIQUORS for Medicinal Purposes. Choice Cognac Brandy. Port, Sherry, ?nd Madeira Wines. Families recommended by their physicians the use of anv of the above Liquors for medicinal pur poses, will bear in mind that the subscriber has them constantly on hand of the and beet quality. ROBT D. TWEEDY, Grocer, Corner Peun. avenue and 19th st, south side. dec 81?eod^aal CHRISTMAS and New-Year Preaentat The subscriber has received a large and splendid assortment of Fancy Goods, suitable for Christmas and New-Year presents, viz: Staple and Taucy Stationery Klcgant Pianos Musical Boxes Papter-mache Goods Porte-Monnaiea, Van- handsome China Vases and Cologne Bottles ladies' Cabas, or Workboxes, in great, variety Gold Pens Rodgers's Cutlery Oames for Children Kresh Perfumery, Ac. All which will be sold at roasonsbls prices . ,W. C. ZANTZINGKR. ^ Stationers' llsll, adjoining the Kirkwood Bonne dec 81?fwdlf IN ANTICIPATION of the approaching Holvdays, I have recently made an additioa to my heretofore choice stock of? China Yaaes, Fancy Cups and Saucers, with and without mottoes Toilet Bottlea, Cigar Yaaes and Lighters I-amps, Girandoles, Candelabra*, Spring Candle sticks. Ac. t And will take great pleasure in showing them to any that will give moo call. A few of those celebrated Gorman Students' l.anip on hand. Persons in want of a good ligfat would do well to call before they are entirety closed out 1 am selling Toilet, Tea Hots, and Cniokery Ware generally, less than oost, being determined to olose not that'part of ray business. C. S. WHITTLESEY. 6JW Seventh street P. S. All bills made with ine must he settled monthly. dec 21--eod2wif K*RE8H PRESERVES, Jellies. Extracts r fbr Flavoriiffc, Ac.?Inst received, from one of the moat celebrated preserving establishments in the country, the following articles, put up expruiMlv for family use: ft dozen fresh Peaches, natural flavor 6 do Cranberry Jelly 6 do Currant Jelly * 6 do Grape Jelly 6 do Orange Jelly 5 do I^nsm Jelly 5 do West India Preeervea, aaaorled 25 do Extracts of Macs. Lemon, Almond, ^ Vanilla, and Celery fio jars Canton Preserved Ginger, Imported *0 do Chow Chow, <*? i eaaes (Vwah Citron. do For sale by K K WRITR A CO., No. <W Ixmiaiana a venae, bet nth and 7th streets, oppoaite Bank of Wastilngtntr dec 21??tlf