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Daily American organ. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1856, December 21, 1854, Image 2

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WASHINGTON, D. C.
THURSDAY, DECEMBER 81, m*
VK8PASIAN KLLI8, Editor.
r. M.
*^Aamin?t the \ou4hm* wtte* of foreign influeooe -
I ooulure too to bull*Te dm, fellow-eilisena?the j**l
OMyof a fr?? ?ufWi *?> ?>? ooaataaUy awake;
since historr and e*pcried6e prove, that loreim In
fluence is dm of the moat baneful f?es of a republionn
j(<>?erninenl."? WaMngUm.
" I bop# we may find some means, in foture, ?f
~ tnelding ourselves from for?i|pi influence, iiolitieal,
'Kiuimeroud, or in whalerer form it may be atiempUd
I ean scarcely withhold uivself from joining in the
vnsh of Hi but that ihere were mi ocean of flre
Inrtween thia and the old world.' "
Agrmta far the " Aneriw Organ."
Joan T. Acduit, Bt. Asaph street, two door* fhsn
W. L. Wiluamu, Tenjpcnuioc TeinpMj, U*J torwei,
Bttttl.t?d bv D. W. 1U.L.T M ??d
?1 Walnnt utreet, Cincinnati,) is our agaut for Cin
cinnati and othur citiea in the w*t.
V B. Palm in, the Amenoan Newspaper Agent, is
i?
empowered to take advertisements and subscriptions
at ihe rates required fcy us. His reeeipU will bere
garded an payments. Uis ofBcee are?Boston, Bcol
liv'sUuilifing; New York, Tribune Buildings; PUil
udelpliia, northwest corner Third and Chestnut sts.
The " Aussica* Owiak" will be found for sale at
A bus A Yat*s\ No. VI Beekman street, New Turk.
A. D. Cbaloksb, Burlington, (M. J*g?nt *or
?he " American Organ" for the tttate of New Jersey.
M. J. Bcu??. Portsmouth, Virginia.
Osoaoa II. I'arTON, Fredericksburg, V*.
J. C. Mohuam. New Orleans.
Aahcil O. Flaw, Bute of MsiiscbusttU.
8. Cloco*, State of Rhode Island.
I). 8. Yocito, Staunton, Ye.
J. A. Dciwikotos, for Prince George, Charles, Bt.
Mary's, and Calvert counties, Maryland.
P. R. Vbitch, Esq., of Maryland, is general agent
to get subscriber* ou any route he may travel.
pr Subscribers in Baltimore who do not
rceeive their papers regularly, will please send
to W. L. Williams's offlcc, Temperance Temple,
Gay street |
The Oath* and Principles of the Know
Nothing*.
Under this head, the Washington Union
republishes, (it says,) from the Cincinnati En
quirer, an abstract of the oatlis apd principles
of the order commonly called "Know-Noth
ings," and recalls the attention of its readers to
the " itartlinfi AetelopmenU" containod in that
abstract, and adds:
"Tho utter falsity of the assertion so frequently
and unblushingly put forth by a very Urge number
of the Know-Nothing organs, that the order waged
no war against men for their religious belief, will
be perceived by a glance at the oath which in
taken by candidates for the second degree."
We "have first of all to remark, that the
Washington Union is as entirely ignorant of j
the oaths taken by the order oMtnow-Noth
ings, as it is of tho principles which govern
the inhabitants of tho moon. We remember
perfectly well, that something like the abstract
now republished in the Unioti, made its ap
}>carance in tho Pennsylvanian last October.
But neither the publication of the abstract
in the Cincinnati Enquirer, nor in the Pennsyl
vanian, nor in the Union, affords any proof of
the genuineness of the matters therein con
tained.
But, even upon the hypothesis that the ab
stract contains a true copy of the oaths and
other proceedings of the order, is it not per
fectly ridiculous to talk about the "startling
developments" it contains, and eqmlly false to
represent that the abstract of oaths and princi
ples furnishes the slightest proof tliat " the
order wages war against men on account of I
their religious belief?"
In order to decide these questions intelli
,gently, we will here copy from the Union the
form of the oath which it it alUged itf admin
istered to the candidates for the second de
cree, to wit:
" And I furthermore promiao and swear that I
will always conform to the will of tlie majority of
the members of this order iu the selection of can
didates to All every office of honor, profit, or trunt,
?vithin the gift of the people ; nrovided such candi
,lato* shall have been born of American parents,
on American soil, and shall have been educated In
American Institutions ; and that I will use all tlie
iullueaoe I may possess, to elect all such candidates
nboui I inav know to be opposed to all foreign influ
ence, Popery, Jesuitism, and Catholicism, without
auy hesitation on my part whatever."
What " itartling development" is found in
the above extract ? Why, if true, it is simply
an obligation to conform to the Democratic
doctrine, recognised by all political conven
tions, that the fill of a majority shall govern
in the selection of candidates, to which is su
peradded a provieo, that such candidate* shall
be not<t#-born citieens, educated under Ameri
can institutions, and shall be opposed loforeign
influence, Popery, Jesuitism, and Catholicism!
What American-bom dticcn is " itartU<r by
tlie conditions of tho above obligation? Non*.
Is there one American-born citiaen so base,
<to low, so lost to patriotism, so unmindfal of
the teachings of Washington and Jefferson,
that he would hesitate for oue instant to prom
ise or to nt>oar. tliat he would rote for those
candidates only, who are opposed to foreign
mfluencc, foreign Popery, foreign Jesuitism,
or foreign Catholicism? Listen to the warn
ings of the fathers of our republic:
" Against the inaidious wiles of foreign inlu
eoee--i conjure you to believe me, feilow-citisena -
the jealousv of a free people ought to be constant'
ly awake; since history and experience prove,
that foreign influence Is one Of the most baneful
foes of arcpubtlcjui government."?Wauhingtun.
<? I hope we may And some means in future of
uliieldiag ourselves from for*'ign influence, politi
cal, commercial, or in whatever form it may be
attempted. I can scarcely withhold mvaelf from
lolniug in the wish of Silas Dean?' that there
were an ocean of firu between this and the Old
World.' "?Jtfvrion.
Will our oountrym<?i follow the joint advice
of the " fktk* of Mo Country,"1 and of the
" ftUhtr Domorrafy,n or will they blindly
follow tho deceitful invitation* of modern dem
agogues?
Is the last fcrcwell advice of him, " who was
lirst in war, drat in peace, and first in the
hearts of his oountrynaen," of leas import?of
lesa value, of less consideration, than the
treasonable invocations of " higher law " hypo
crites? Are tlie warnings of the great apostle
of Democracy,-?of the sage of iffontioollo,?of
the philosophic Jefferson, to l>e set at naught,
disregarded, and superseded by the twaddle of
1>eiisioned hirelings and amxateur pimps ? IaI
<uUifo-bvrn Americano nnmietr.
But how, or where does the Union dis<xrrw
evidence, that our order " vogot ?e?r upon mm
for their religion* belief f"
Why, forsooth, the American party wiU sus
tain candidates who are "opposed to foreign
influence, Popery, Jesuitism, and Catholicism."
Well, be it so. The right of suffrage is an in
dividual and personal right, to be exercised
freely by the voter, according to his own plea
sura. If he casts his ballot for A, does he
t)i<sraforn " trng* *w?r" upon B? jf a Metho
dist cantx his rote for a Methodist, does be
" toage *oer" upon Presbyterians? If a Pro
toatant renolres or moeaf never to rots for a j
CsthoMe, does he therefore " irngc wor" upon |
Catholics t He denies the Catholk *t> right,
by refusing hiio lus vote. The ballot i? the
propwty Mtd right of the voter, until cast for
the candidate
Lot no Man say, for it isat variance with tru th,
that the American party "wages against
men for their religious belief," when no right in
denied thein, no wrong done them, no injury
inflicted upon them. No man ha* a l ight, or
claim, or pretence of right or claim, to the suf
frage of another. No man lias a right or claim,
or any pretence of right or claim, to any office
or appoiutuient, until the wme is conferred
upon him, by the appointing power.
Our fathers fought for the right of fkke sit
rHAOE, and their sons will follow the example
of their fathers, if denied the privilege of ex
ercising that right, with entire and perfect
freedom.
And now as we will not he behind our neigh
bors hi acts of courtesy, and reciprocity, wo
submit for the examination and consideration
of our readers, and the public, the authentic
form of the oath, taken by Uie members of the
secret order of Jesuits, instituted by Ignatius Lo
yola, which order has thousands of its members
in the United States, who form part and paroel of
the Pierce, Forney, Seward, and Greeley party,
and who are in foil communion with these leaders
of the allied forces, banded together to " crush
out" Americanism, and to introduce the reign
of foreign priestcraft, and domestic demagogu
isin, in this land of liberty and law.
Here it is:
" I, A. B., now in the presence of Almighty God,
the blessed Virgin Mary, the bleBSed Michacl, the
Arch Angel, the blessed St. John the Baptist, the
holy apostles Ht. Peter, and St. Paul, and the saints
and sacred hosts of Heaven, and you my ghostly
father, do declare from my heart, without mental
reservation, that?(Pope Gregory, or tbe present
incumbent)?is Christ's Vicar, and is the true and
only head of the Universal Church throughout the
world; by that virtue of the key* and of binding
and looting given to hit Holiness by Jesus Christ
he hath potter to denote heretical Jiings, Princes,
States, Commonwealths and Ooverments, all being
illegal without his sacred confirmation, and that
they may safely be destroyed; therefore, to the ut
most of my power I will defend this doctrine, and
bis Holiness' rights and customs, against all usurp
ers, and all heretical or Protestant authority,
whatsoever, especially against the new pretended
authority and Church of England, and all adherents,
in regard that they be usurped and heretical, op
posing tbe Hacred Mother Church of Borne.
" I do denounce and disown King, Prince or
State named Protestants, or obedience to any of
their inferior magistrates or officers. I do furth
er declare the doctrines of the Church of Etigland,
of the Calvinists, Huguenots, and other Protest
ants to be damtutble?and those to bt damned who
will not forsake the tame. I do further declare
that I will help, assist and advise all or any of his
Holiness' agents in any place wherever I shall be,
and do my utmost to extirpate the heretical Protest
ant's dcctrine, and to destroy all their pretended
power, legally or otherwise.
" 1 do further promise and declare, that notwith
standing I am dispensed to assume auy religion
heretical for the propagation of tbe mother church
interest*, to keep secret and private all her agents'
counsels as they intrust me, and not to divulge,
directly or indirectly, by word, writing, or other
wise, any matter or circumstance whatsoever, but
to execute all that shall be proposed, given in
charge, or discovered unto me by you my ghostly
Father, or by any of tlii* covenant.
"All of which, I, A B, do swear by the blessed
Trinity, and blessed sacrament which I am now
about to receive, to perform, and on my part to
keep inviolable, and do call the heavenly and glo
rious ghost to witness my real intentions to keep
my oath. In witness whereof, I take this holy
and blessed sacrament of the Eucharist, and wit
ness the same further with mv hand and seal, in
the fttce of this holy covenant."
Such is the oath, and such are the princi
ples of the "order of Jesuits," all of whom are
foreigners, and not one of whom has (as we
are informed) ever taken the oath of alleguince '
to the United States ! And these men, with
their adherents, supporters, and abetters, form
a large and powerful secret party, under the in
fluence and control of Pope Pitts, sworn to do
his bidding, and pledged to aid him in over
throwing " heretical State*, Commonwealths,
and Governments!" But the Washington
Union has no anathemas for this secret order !
We appeal to all right-minded American cit
izens, and ask if it be not time, hiyh time, that
the patriotic portion of all political parties
unite together to thwart the machinations of
foreign Jesuitism and American Demagoguisin?
The " American party" has been formed for
this double purpose, and, by all lair and hon
orable means, in secret councils and in open
contest, we mean to wage an uncompromising
war upon both these elements, nor falter in our
, course till victory perches upon our standard,
I or an overwhelming defeat shall render ns " hore i
de combat."
vw The Riohmond Enquirer is evidently j
alarmed at the present prospects of its party,
and is Booking to arouse the " old line Whigs," |
and induce them to maintain their organization,
and present candidates for State officers at tbe
! next election. It oopies into its columns an
; article published in tbe Alexandria Oasrtte,
signed " I^mdoun," strongly urging the Whigs
I not to lay aside their identity, and thinks it i
[ " certain that a large and respectable portion of
the old line Whigs will resist an inglorious and i
discreditable fusion with a secret political or- |
ganization." No doubt the Enquirer is influ
enced by very disinterested motives, 'in thns j
j exciting the pride of the okl line Whigs. Won j
i der if the Enquirer does'nt think its candidates
1 would be rather more certain of success, if the
1 Whigs and " Ameri<?ns should each run a
ticket? Of course the Whigs will fall into the
scheme of the Enquirer, and help elect Mr.
Wise I They liave, at least, a perfect right to
j do it, if they choose; but will they chooae to
j do it?
NrMes, Withers * Co.
The publication of the condition of this com
pany, continues to excitc much interest. It is
stated by the Globe that the schedule of assets,
j contains a good many errors, generally show
ing a heavier indebtedness on the part of indi
viduals, than is really the case. It appears too
that public functionaries have been depositing
United States money with the Arm, in violation
of the Sub-Treasury law. The Globe of yes
terday says:
" We lean that FVMen, Withers, k Co. ere se
curities on the official bond of the United HIaUw Na
vy Agent of thin city?keep the money of Oie Uni
ted States for him; that they owe the United
States, through him, about (40,000; and that they
have taken part of the asset* on their schedule,
and part which is not on it, (for instance, the note
of one man for ft) ,1,000,) to secure both the Navy
Agent and themselves.
"We have been informed also, but do not at j
present nfctert H as a fact, that the Commissioner
' of ths Patent Office ban on depoeite at the Ki- |
I change Rank, f10,000 of public funda, or nearly j
I that amoent,"
j The correspondent of the Now York Advar J
I tiser, writing from this city, says:
" It is wid that the clerk ot the House ef Rep
resentative* had about nine thousand dollar* of the :
I contingent fond there, and he 1s also reported as s !
debtor to the bank.
It is <piite certain th?t Mr. Allen, the Navy Agent,
continued to keep the money of his office there
snd to on amount of t>e?w??'ii thlrtv and fnrtv |
thoaand dollar*. The sureties of Mr. Allen were
the am of Ik Mm * WiHtn and lb* late General
Anuatrong, w|? dkxl probably Imulvent Mr
AJkn ia aa amiable and worthy man, but be cer
^**5?* the *rtct order* of Sooreurv
Guthrie in this matter, nod h? Is eipwed to * pros
?cution under the ?iWgwiMW.i Uw. bouts notes,
H U said, hare been signed and depoalted with him,
by the broken banker*, with a view to aave him.
But the poor fellow's distress, under these circuiu
I stances, ha* had an injurious effect on hi* health
i *nd he U now a patieut iu the Washington Infirm
i WT.
Our Troubles with the ll*|*r.
It appears from the correspondence between
Mr. Marcy and the J>utcli government, which
wan uut to the ilouae to-day, that tl?e claim of
Captain Gibson iu still unadjusted. Mr. Orr
expressed the opinion), that the failure of the
Hague to satisfy the just demands of our gov
ernment, presented a venr grave question,
and called for the prompt action of Con
grehs. It is probable that the Committee
on Foreign Affairs, to whom the correspond
ence was referred, will give the subject their
earliest attention, and recommend the adoption
of a vigorous and decisive course of action.
Huppreaaioa ofSaaall Notes.
The House yesterday passed the bill to suppress
the circulation of small notes in the District of Co
lumbia, precisely in the same terms as it came from
the Senate.
Wo copy from the UnUinsl a synopsis ol' its pro
visions. As the President will no doubt approve
it, it may be regarded aa the luw, after the first of
November next:
The first section provides, that if any person or
j persons, body politic or corporate, within this Dis
trict, Hlia.Il make, emit, issue, utter, sign, draw, or
endorse any bank note, promissory note, or any I
instrument of writing, for the payment or delivery
of money, or other valuablo thing, or of anything
purporting to be a valuable thing, of a less amount
than five dollars, to bo used aa a paper currency,
or as a circulating medium, either as money or iu
lieu of money, or of any other curreucy, every such
person, and every member, officer, or ageut of such
body politic or corporate, concerned in, or aaseut
ing to, such making, emitting, issuing, uttering,
drawing, or endorsing, as aforesaid, for
any ol tho purposes mentioned, shall forfeit and
pay the sum of ten dollars fbr each and every such
bank note, promissory note, or instrument of wri
ting so made, issued, emitted, uttered, signed,
drawn, or endorsed?one-half to tho utic of any
any person who shall sue therefor, and the other
half to the county of Washington.
The second Section makes it unlawful for any
person or persons, body politic or corporate, to
viui, or offer to pail, within the District of Colum
bia any *uoh paper; tho violation of the statute
to be visited with a fine of not less than five nor
more than ten dollar., for every such offence, one
half to the use of the person who shall sue there
for, and the other half to the uso of the county of
vV ashington. #
The third section provides that if the party, who
shall issue such paper refuse to redeem the same
in gold and silver, he or they shall forfeit and pay
the sum of twenty dollars fbr each and every such
bank note; the amount to inure to the benefit of
the party presenting the note.
The fourth section provides that each aud every
forfeiture under the foregoing provisions of this
act shall be recovered in an action of debt, before
any justice of the peace in the District of Colum
bia, in the name of any person who shall sue
therefor; jurisdiction bring given to every justice
of the pcaoe with this view.
The fifth section makes void and illegal all con
tracts concerning matters in which notes under the
denomination or Sve dollars ester.
The sixth annuls the licenses of all authorised
traders, 4c., who shall either ruueive or pay out
any paper under the denomination of five dollars,
or any other paper not payable In specie on demand.
The seventh section makes it the duty of the
marshal of the District of Columbia, and of every
constable of this District, to give Information to
some justice of the peace in the county, of every
violation of this law which may come to his know
leilge.
The eighth section provides that on the trial of
any cause other than a criminal prosecution un
der the provisions of this act, it shall be lawful for
tho court before whom such cause I* pending to
cause to be brought before said court and examined
as a wituess, any defendant to any such suit, his
agent, or employer, touching the matters and
things in controversy, and to employ such process
to effect tho object aforesaid as is usual in other
cases.
The act is to go into effect from and a/ter the first
day of November next. All such parts of former
laws as may be repugnant to this are repealed.
Impartial Teitlaoiy.
The Richmond Penny Post?a paper con
ducted with very decided ability?copies an
article headed " Basis principles of the Amer
ican party of \ irginia," which appeared not
long ago in our columns, and accompanies it
with tho following very sensible comments.
The Post is, however, mistakou in its supposi
tion, tliat this article has been kept standing in
the American Organ.
Tt probably confoundod it with our prospec
tus,or with our own "principles," both of which
are kept permanently on the outside form of
this paper:
'? We have, for some time past, observed that
the papor which we publish in another column, ha*
been going the rounds of the journal* of Virginia.
c now see that it is kept standing in the columns
of the American Orpm*. We conclude, therefor,!,
that it Is, unmistakably, a genuine exposition of
the Know-Nothlng principles. Such being taken
for granted, wC confess we art altogether unable
to understand why this party ha* incurred such
! denunciations from a portion of the Ameri
can presa. A man may very boneatlv differ from
thein, with respect to many of their view.. Tet
we feel assured that there is not one of them
which a patriot would be a*hamed to avow. There
is not one of them whie.h Washington, or Jefferson,
0r?.iadison, or Marshall might not have entertained
without suffering in the eyes of posterity. If the
acts of thin party correspond with thia' croed, we
know not how it will be possible for even the most
censorious to find fruit with them."
The Richmond Kxamtner comes out In opposi
tion to Senator Adams's Ml, and yet presents some i
views, which, to onr mind at least, fornl*h vory
strong reasons why the adoption of such a measure
1* imperatively demanded.
" haT? long entertained and long ago ei
preaeed the conviction that something must be
done to elevate American citixenahip, or at leant,
to rescue It from that decline in intrinsic dimity
and public estimation which an IndlecriminauTsur.
render of It to Chinese coolie* and Rnropean fel
onsj and paupers hy the half million the rear
must occasion.
? ? ? ? ? j
" Though obnoxious to insuperable objections
in our own mind; yet the bill of Senator Adams
deserves consideration, and is unotyectionable In
so far as it assorts the superiority of one race of
men over another?of the Aaierican over the laaas
of Ktiropcan and Asiatic population*. It asserts
in this a notorious troth. High and elevated sen
timent drove our ancestor* from Kurrrpe. They
fled from political and religious persecution. The
Immigrants now flocking to our ahoros come., for
the moat part, merely la search of richer pasuires
and are impelled by physical want and sensual d?
sire."
? " ? ? .
" This Nil nf Senator Adams is slso unobjection
able in so (Wr a* it makes a distinction between the
American population and foreign population?
treats America, its lands, it* o#foo?, and dearly
bought privileges of every name, as the peculiar
property of American* ; and ehtafly and principal
ly in that It tends to keep off from our white la
iring class that rwinoaa competition which has
afflicted Weste.ni Kunope for seventy year, with
alternate (amine and revolution, and which now
occasions a general axodus of iu poor to oar own
shores.
A lady of experience contends that a kiss on the
forehead denotes reverence of intellect; a kias on
the cheek, that the donor is impressed with the
b?>*utv of <1* klascd one; but thst * kias imprinted
on the lipa ?hows lore,
Nyirli in Ohio.
We haw b?*>u kiadfr jwmitu*l by ? |?n
,^i,n of this city to publiak the foUowiag ex
tract from ft letterlfttdy ruwivcd by hta from
? flrieud in Ohio:
? You nee in the administration papera ejid C
auti-Aniericttii prints, much .aid mbout dc^Hiou
from Know-Nothingiam in this State. This la jdj
gmmoH. There is uot a word of truth in it, and
if au election wan to couie ofl to-morrow, the re
sult would be far more disastrous to the cieiiueii
uf American principle, than was the la*. J?
the eflortH made by those papers to miaiead, can
oulv cause a laugh among those who do kMM, at
these ?am? kuowing editors who do not kno?#.
From tluTjduuU^l UawlU, Ueoauiber #.
The Uuicaater tiuu IIow U
the Ordiuurr C*mno? Ita merits au ae
Among our extracts from Euglish papers in a
recent issue, our readers may nave observed a
paragraph upon the subject of this new ^arm, anil
iu a public writer has shown so much ignorance
while professing to Instruct others, it has occur
red to us thftt a brief description of this pow
erful instrument of death and the principle of its
construction would be acceptable to many.
The writer in question commences by saying:
? The object of boring the Lancaster into an ellip
sis is to prevent the ball from taking a rotary mo
tion," and thereupon he raises the question whe
ther the elliptical ball, in passing through an ellip
tical bore, being prevented from taking ft rotary
motion, has not a dangerous tendency to burst the
gun. So far from Ids premises being correct, tne
very reverse is the true state ol the cusc. T e
elliptical bore is Inteuded to give the ball a rotary
motion, fbr in this motion of the ball upon its own
axis consists tha superiority of this gun over the
ordinary cannou. It is a well-known fuct, that It
is impossible to cast balls or bullets in such a way
that one side will not be heavier than another, and
it is also well-known that this circumstance deflect#
the projectile from ita right line.
I With small arras this difficulty is overcome bv
the groove in the rifle barrel, which, being spiral,
acts upon the soft substance of the leaden bullet,
and gives it a rotary motion before leaving the
muzSe of the rifle, which continues until the ball
is stopped. By this means the heavy side is alter
nately turned in aU directions, so that any tendency
in one direction is immediately counterbalanced
by a revolution of the bullet which changes the
position of the heavy side, and the result is that
the ball flies in a direct line. Now, however well
this plan may answer for small anus and leaden
balls, the groove is impracticable for cannon and
cast-iron Wis, and it has long been a problem to
discover some means of making rifled cannon.
The Lancaster gun professes to have accom
plished this by means of an elliptical bore, out ot
which is to be thrown an elliptical projectile, either
shot or shell. Without plates we may not be able
to make all our readers understand our explanations,
but we hope most of them will do so. The gun is
large, becausc it is at ft long range that its great
precision of aim tells best over the common gun,
and its appearauce is that ol an ordinary large can
non, except that the mouth, instead of being circu
lar, is elongated like an egg, having one axis longer
than another. We will suppose that the mouth is
the largest up aud down?that is, that the longer
axis is vertical, so that the flattened ball fitting it
would stand on its edget but the bore winds grad
ually from the mouth to the breach of the guu, so
that when the ball is driven home to the proper
position when the gun is loaded, it will have turned
oue-fourth around, and will lie horizontally that
is, at right angles to the longer axis of the mouth
oi the gun, and on its aide. When the guu is
fired, the ball must make one revolution for every
four lengths of the gun, and thereby counterbalance
aiiv imperfection in Its Bliape which would other
wise deflect it. Several of these guns have burst.
This is perhaps attributable to the fact that tucy
are used at very long ranges, and were probftbly
overloaded, although it is quite possible, and in lact
probable, that forciug the ball to take a rotary mo
tion would increase the resistance offered so much
as to increase the risk of bursting. Experience
will soon test the quflHion. We may remark that
the srme principle has been applied to small arms,
and a decided advantage is claimed for the Lan
caster over the common rifle.
The Coutts Mystery.
From the N. Y. Sunday Courier. ?_
Ever since the first ticket of the first of the Griw
and Mario operas was bid off to that half mythical
personage called Coutts, there has been an increas
ing curiosity to know who and what the lavish ladv
was, and the appearance of the lady herself night
after night, in splendid costumes, whenever Mario
appeared, and her costly style of living at the St.
Nicholas, have only increased the heat of public
excitement to know who and what she could be.
It was at first gencrallv imagined that she had
been hired by Ilacket to excite a furor about
Mario, and the London papers all took that view
of the mvsterr. But thoae who saw the lady her
self, and had an opportunity of watching her move
ment#, knew that the manager could uot afford to
pay for such a costly and aoubtlul style of adver
tising. Her boquets alone, which are of the largest
and most costly kind, composed of the Ikireat exotic
flowers, would be almost enough to break the man
agement. And then, too, every one must have
wen that the admiring gate which she bends upon
the handsome tenor the moment he comes upon
the stage, is no simulated passion.
She looks at the calve# of his leg*, as though ,
she would devour thorn. Poor lady! Everybody
but Grisi must pitv h* In their hearts. There she
aits "solitary and alone" in her spacious box,
dressed in the costliest of laces and brocades, per
frctly indifferent to everything but Mario. The
ladles of the chorus look curiously at her, lorg
nettes are leveled towards the plaoc where she sits
from all pails of the Itouse, and the bearded gen
tleman of the orchestra look wonderingly up at
her; but she howls nobody, and when "not looking
over the fringe of her splendid fkn, or through the
parted petals of the white camcllas of her bouquet
at the otyect of her burning passion, she Mtni like a
sphvnx, a tremendous riddle, which nobody has
,et been able to solve. But, wo have latdy had
the pleasure of meeting a gentleman recently from
Loudon, who knew Coutts well, and all her anteoc
d.ata, from whoa we learned the following partic
"^The real name of Coutts is Uilea, not Gyles, as
has been often said ; she Is a native of (ikraoester
shire, hi England, and has lived some year* In
London, keeping house In a quiet way, at the Wiest
End, ami goinjr.but little into society, though a
constant attendant at the opera and the theatres^
Her income is but ?2,000 a year, or 110,000 which
la too small a sum to make a show with in London.
At one time she conceived a |>aesion for Charles
Kean, whom she haunted In the same way she now
haunts Mario, until happening to meet the latter
she transferred hef affections, and he has Wn the
idol of her idolatry ever since. What will txscome
of the poor lady when Mario retires nto private
life and goes to live on his estate in Italy, unless
she' should, In the meanwhile, find some other
fascination. it is not easy to oonce ^ Perhaps
some handsome Ysnkec may am?eed Hi attracting
her wing affection*, and put an end to her unhap
py passion. It Is said that while Mario was indis
pos^d at the Metropolitan Hotel she used to caU
(here everv morning in her cvriage, and 'ben the
waiter brought her word that Mario was beffr,
the lucky
eagle. "The heart that truly loved never w?r
^The *udcal World say. that a lady "ho/amo
over in the same steamer with Orisi am' Mario re
lates that Mario', affectionate shadow (the hypo
Scal Mi" "Coutts,") Ir^sistiblv followed hun,
of course, on the embarkation, but
deck of the steamer arrayed in a hlac-ooloreo sua,
with flomtee* embellished with feather trimming,
over the whole of which was work lace Ipon her
head was a fragile breath of a lionnet, trimmed
SorTngeEms The ladv adjanoedtoAe
Hatoon, placed her hat hi the hands of bar maid,
and reclined gr?aefully upon a lounge Where
upon the maid covered her with lace. A lady pas
1 (Jlnpr entered Into conversation with her, and
i asked if she. did not think Mario was handsome.
! Thereupon she bnrst into a fit of laughter so con
tagious that everybody in the saloon wan con
1 hi rained to laugh with her.
Ilrisi afterward playfully said, that she wished a
I committee of gentlemen would incontinently drop
I |ier into the sea ; adding, more earnestly, however, .
that ?he had, for her, the evil eye. She had M
| lowed them wherever thev wont?liftd pone with
them to St. Petersburg. Twice, In such instances,
had they mot with comparative failure W tbay
failed in the United States, it might be ascribed to
I the him evil era.
The weather continues qnlte cold. Tlwre 1s a
I good deal of ics in the river.
FOB TMJC A,M??CAJI WOA*.
America* Ck?r?elcf.
Every mdMure of the Ameriaui party if t*?dd
upon the primal souliuMbt, "A?uri** mutt bt
yov*rn*d by tud while "11 Americans
(tgreo that participation ta gowuineut should be
withheld from foreigners, beeana* of their general
iguorauce of our principle* aud susceptibility to
the corruptions of aatpiriug demagogues, the expe
diency of prohibiting their immigration become*
au important qu^itiun, oti! that should not be rash
ly decided, lor it iuvolves weighty concerns, not
only of this nation, and the present, but perhaps of
all mankind aitd the future. If inuuigratiou be
permitted, it should ouljr be for reasons of high Im>
portanoe, and under restrictions which would effec
tually insure safety; and if entirely prohibited,
only the most apparent and imperative necessity
should be its vindication. Those who advocate
the latter, however, may not only iusist upon the
dangerous approach of the day, when foreigners as
such will have the government in their own hands?
th? existence of the American party will hereafter
secure us against that?but unfortunately there is
another consideration which, lying deeper than po
litical philosophy, American patriotism cannot
reach?in the organic laws of human organization.
Never since human reason learned to invent mag
nificent follies, was a madder project entertained
than that of ftdly peopling this continent with the di
verse races of the Eastern hemisphere. All history
discloses the (act. For ages, aggressions and retalia
tions have convulsed Europe and Asia with long and
wasting wars, and for a reason obvious and simple.
These were the legitimate and inevitable phenom
ena of antagonistic races in contact. There is no
plaiuer truth than that all races of humanity are
reciprocally and radically antagonistic. The very
fact of diverse organization should alone prove It.
The Mongolian race is antagonistic to the Malayan,
the African, the Caucasian, and the aboriginal
American ; and the same Is truo of all; each Is
radically antagonistic to all the others. In further
proof, it Is certain that during the whole historic
period, notwithstanding the different races have
occupied contiguous territory, no assimilation to
any extent lias been effected. And through cycles
of time that repeatedly revolutionized every ex
ternal condition of man, the races alone have pre
served their several identities. Nor is it the least
important observation that varieties of the same
original type likewise aoquire reciprocal repulsiou.
Every one has observed that a German instictively
dislikes an Irishman, while an Englishman Is pro
verbial of his dislike of both. This feeling not
only seems an instinct, but Is oue.
In consequence of a policy In defiauce of the
plainest truths of philosophy, physical, moral, and
political, already there is not a race or nation on
the globe, but is represented here, and has contrib
uted toward the concoction of that grand prospect
ive totality, the " American character." A hypo
critical agglomeration of all the giblets and frag
ments of eastern degeneracy, that all their excel
lencies may be united in one superb whole! Let
us see how feres this hypothesis in that land of gold
and gore, unhappy Mexico, our sister republic, if
the phrase be not blasphemy, to our own Institu
tions.
Here, with summer skies above, and a fairer
earth beneath, with mountaius of rich minerals,
and laved by two oceans?everything that could
invite peaceful industry, or insure prosperity, Mex
ican republicanism is a libel upon liberty. But is
anything more natural to a mongrel race ? Span
iards and Tlascalans, Aztecs and Camanches, Ca
ribs, Yankees, Negroes, Mestizoes, Ac., 4c., all
jumbled into every conceivable incongruity, until
the race Is without an analogue on the face of the
earth. Among such a people, how is It possible
to secure that unanimity of public sympathy
so indispensable to self-government ? With a gov
ernment annual, lunar, or diurnal, according to the
purse and sword of the reigning bandit; one, to buy
the clergy, and the other to butcher opposition,
whether fron^straggling patriots, leagued to unchain
their country, or rival aspirants, equally daring in
the pursuit of power through blood and devasta
tion ; our contempt at th6 spectacle must lie soft
ened by our pity for the inevitable misfortunes of
hybridous imbecility. .
These resnlts -are charged upon the "institutions
of the country"?upon priestcraft, public ignorance,
Ac. True; but could iguorance and oppression
so long prevail, in spite of every encouraging ex
ample, over a nobler race ? Every people tn Eu
rope was once worse still, but they emerged from
their barbarism by the spontaneous energy of
healthy races, while Mexico, starting with their
enlightenment, has fallen back to their degrada
tion. It ia true in aD philosophy, that the human
races cannot be amalgamated, the greater with the
leaa, without general deterioration ; and the obvi
ous inferiority of the Mexicans, of inula Uooa, and
half-breed Indians must confirm tlie proposition,
?vcn if it could not be deduced beyond appeal
from the analogies of nature.
Let us profit by the example of this unhappy
poople, and remember that self-government is possi
ble only through unanimity?that unanimity is possi
ble only through the reciprocal sympathies in pre
dominance, and thst such predominance can never
exist In a people composed of various races, be
tween whom as ail must admit, reciprocal antago
nisms and repulsions must necessarily prevail. Let
us, then, as citizens govern our action by the es
tablished truths of the physical and moral structure
of man. 8**
New Publications.
Dickers' Household Woar* for January, 1858.
This ia one of the most popular of the English
magazines. The name oflts editor Is, of Itself, a suffi
cient guaranty of its excellence. The present num
ber contains the usual variety of agreeable and
usefol reading.
Graham's America* Monthly MaoaZin* for
January, 1846, opens with a very entertaining
sketch of St. Paul and Us environs, illustrated with
a number ef well-executed wood cuts. Headley'a
Life of Washington is continued, and among other
articles appears a well-written review of the life
and character of Mare Antony. The number Is
embellished with s handsome steel engraving, ret>
rosenting the death of Ganoral Msreer at the battle
of Princeton
We are Indebted to Joe Bhlllington for these
publications, who has also sent us the January
aural*er of Oodey's Indies' Book.
I
Knpmne Canrt United mats*.
Wxdkisoat, December SO, 18M.
J. Q. Pettigme, Esq., of South Carolina, was ad
mitted an attorney and counsellor of tliia oowt.
No. 9. The Troy Iron and Nail Factory ??. Geo.
Odiorne, jr. and F. Odiornc. Appeal from the cir
cuit court of the United for the <lintriet ol
Massachusetts. Mr. Justice Catron delivered the
opinion of this court, a*rming the decree of the
said circuit Nwrt In this eanse with costs.
No. 88. The propeller Montleello, John Wilson, ,
claimant, Ac . appellant, rt. Gilbert MoBlson The
argument of this cause was continued by Mr. Grant
for the appellee, ami concluded by Mr. Oillet, for
the appellant.
No 84 The President, Directors, and Company
of the Bank of Tennessee, plalntiffi. in error, v>.
Ijewia P. Horn. This cause was argued by Mr.
.lanin for the defendant in error, and submitted on
printed argument by Mr. Dunbar for the plaintiffs
in error.
Bone CLOCt.?" Mr. K. what o'clock is ituowT
I dont know, no*. " Why Mr. K, I thwtft jm
had the best dock in town T to which Mr. K. re
plied in a petulant tough tone of voice: Veil my
((lock is youst so cute ss nobodies gtoek never was,
?ber she don't run right strrfght no more ; the
last chain I had on her, was s rope, made fW?m a
lether string."
wiwpw ioawj.
Trial of tke foot Ofic OUrk?(MS Council
doing*- MttkemUt' out of employment?Cold
wather, Jtc.
Butmuu, Dec. il.
The trial of Martin, the Pout Offlce clerk, is pro
greaaing rapidly. The evidence milk concluded
yesterday, and the pleading will be commenced
thin morning. The evidence, though, iu many
particular)*, presumptiously strong against the ac
cused, yet does not appear to be sufficiently con
clusive to warrant expectation of a conviction.
The case will likely go to the jury to-day,
An effort was made in the First Branch City
Council last evening to bring the preaeut special
session of tiw body to a close, by introducing a
resolution that tke two Branches adjourn finally this
evening. The movement, however, was not suc
cessftil; and there seems to be a determination, on
the part of the majority, to prolong the session un
til the vexed question of the water department is
settled.
There Is quite a contrariety of opinion as to
how the conauisaionors of the water-works shall be
appointed. With some there tie cms to be a dis
position to submit the matter to the people ; and,
with this view, (be Second Branch have asked the
advice of the city attorney whether it will be legal
to insert a clause iu the ordinance, submitting tho
choice of the commissioners to a vote of the peo
ple. Until tho information dusired is obtuined no
further legislation ou the subject will be fiad.
I regret to say that tho depression of mechani
cal pursuits iu thia city is much greater than is
generally supposed. 1 have been informed, through
a gentleman familiar with the reul state of things,
that there are not less than six or seven thousand
mechanics out of employment at the present mo
ment in Baltimore!
This is truly a mournful fhet, well calculated to
excite the liveliest sympathies for the great amouut
of distress and suffering which such a circumstance
must surely entail ou many worthy and hitherto
prosperous families in our midst. Think of this,
ye that have enough and to spare; and, before
squandering money on superfluities, do what you
can for the cause of heaven-born charity.
The%weather lias been intensely cold bore for tke
past fbrty-eight hours, though, I am pleased to say,
our thermometers keep a respectful distance above
zero, which is much less rigorous weather than our
fellow-citizens further North and East arc experi
encing, judging from the intelligence in the morn
iug papers.
Our markets give evidence of the uearucse of
Christmas, in the vast number of turkeys, chiokens,
ducks, &c., with other dainties displayed for salo.
So far, prices have been rather reasonable, except
for eggs, which are held at rates enormously high,
37 1-2 to 60 cents a dozen was paid for them yes
terday. Amkkicts.
par Notice. The Rev. D. E. Reese will
preach in the Methodist Protestant Church, Virginia
avenue, (Navy Yard,) this Thursday evening at 7
o'clock. The public are respectfully invited.
jar The Delegation of the Soldier* of the
War of 1812. chosen to represent the Soldier* of the
District of Columbia in the National Convention to
be held in this city on the 8th of January, are re
quested to meet at the City Hall on Saturday next at
11 o'clock, on business preliminary tu the meeting of
said convcntiou. J. S. WILLIAMS,
dec 21 Chairman.
CHRISTMAS PRESENTS?Just received
and now opening nt Downs ami Hutchison's,
the most beautiful oollection of Shell Work of every
description ever offered in this city ; together with a
line assortment of Fancy Gooda <k English, French,
and American manufacture, including?
Card Cases and Forte Monnaics of every de
scription
Jewel Caskets, Albums, Cabas, Work Boxes
Fancy Boxes, Writing-desks, Alabaster luk
stands
Shaving Coses, Raznrs, Combs, and Brushes,
in great variety
Travelling Col
nmpanions, Cake Boxes, Wax Dolls
Wax Figures under glass. Panoramas
Children a Cups and Saucers with mottoes; and
Tea and Dinner sets, complete, fur children
Toys, China Vases, Backgammon Boards, Ac
cordeons
Perfumery. Lubin'ji Extract
Albata and Silver-plated Ware, Pocket Kuives,
Ac.
Also, tine Uold and Silver Watches, Fancy Clock*,
and fine Jewelry of every description; together with
many things not necessary to enumerate, and to all
of which the attention of the public is respectfully
invited.
DOWNS A HUTCniNSON,
428 Athenaeum Buildings, l'enn. avenue,
dec 21?eodlw near 41,' street.
OUR ACCOUNT!! will all be made [out
and ready for delivery by the 20th instant. We
earnestly request, and confidently expect, that our
friends will be punctual in settling their reajfectWr
bills, as we relv on the proceeds to meet the demands
on ns. BURNS A COCHRAN,
dec 21?eoStlf
fMAH HH, CLOCKS, CLOCKS I-Thc un
deraigncd having, at great expense, fitted up the
seoond story of his store and made it easy of access
by a steirwav in froot, invite* all persons in want of
a good and cheap Clock, and withal a timekeeper, to
give him a call, aa he is aaliaAed there is not another
such an assortment in the city. AU Clocks sold by
ine am warranted to run and keep time one Tear, if
ly used. A few French Clocks on hand.
T?
y prices are (Tom |>1 25 to $26.
* C. S. WHITTLESEY,
684 Seventh street.
P. S. All bills made with me must bo settled
monthly. dec 21 ?endgwif
SUPERIOR ROTTLED LIQUORS for
Medicinal Purposes. Choice Cognac Brandy.
Port, Sherry, ?nd Madeira Wines.
Families recommended by their physicians the
use of anv of the above Liquors for medicinal pur
poses, will bear in mind that the subscriber has them
constantly on hand of the and beet quality.
ROBT D. TWEEDY, Grocer,
Corner Peun. avenue and 19th st, south side.
dec 81?eod^aal
CHRISTMAS and New-Year Preaentat
The subscriber has received a large and splendid
assortment of Fancy Goods, suitable for Christmas
and New-Year presents, viz:
Staple and Taucy Stationery
Klcgant Pianos
Musical Boxes
Papter-mache Goods
Porte-Monnaiea, Van- handsome
China Vases and Cologne Bottles
ladies' Cabas, or Workboxes, in great, variety
Gold Pens
Rodgers's Cutlery
Oames for Children
Kresh Perfumery, Ac.
All which will be sold at roasonsbls prices .
,W. C. ZANTZINGKR. ^
Stationers' llsll, adjoining the Kirkwood Bonne
dec 81?fwdlf
IN ANTICIPATION of the approaching
Holvdays, I have recently made an additioa to
my heretofore choice stock of?
China Yaaes, Fancy Cups and Saucers, with and
without mottoes
Toilet Bottlea, Cigar Yaaes and Lighters
I-amps, Girandoles, Candelabra*, Spring Candle
sticks. Ac. t
And will take great pleasure in showing them to
any that will give moo call.
A few of those celebrated Gorman Students' l.anip
on hand. Persons in want of a good ligfat would do
well to call before they are entirety closed out
1 am selling Toilet, Tea Hots, and Cniokery Ware
generally, less than oost, being determined to olose
not that'part of ray business.
C. S. WHITTLESEY.
6JW Seventh street
P. S. All bills made with ine must he settled
monthly. dec 21--eod2wif
K*RE8H PRESERVES, Jellies. Extracts
r fbr Flavoriiffc, Ac.?Inst received, from one of
the moat celebrated preserving establishments in the
country, the following articles, put up expruiMlv for
family use:
ft dozen fresh Peaches, natural flavor
6 do Cranberry Jelly
6 do Currant Jelly *
6 do Grape Jelly
6 do Orange Jelly
5 do I^nsm Jelly
5 do West India Preeervea, aaaorled
25 do Extracts of Macs. Lemon, Almond,
^ Vanilla, and Celery
fio jars Canton Preserved Ginger, Imported
*0 do Chow Chow, <*?
i eaaes (Vwah Citron. do
For sale by K K WRITR A CO.,
No. <W Ixmiaiana a venae, bet nth and 7th
streets, oppoaite Bank of Wastilngtntr
dec 21??tlf

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