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I* W oNe?M AMTkM ll|kli our Mutlw) ui ike Aawicw Party our cofaoauta.'
NUMBER 37. WASHINGTON, D. CL, WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON, DECEMBER 27, 1854. VOLUME L TUB DAILY AMKK1CAJM QUO AN Is published erery afternoon, (enoept Bandar,) at ib? ouroer uf Louuiaua aveuue ami Tenth struct, and in delivered to city subscriboi's (payable to tho car rier*) at lo cents per week. Single copies, 2 oenta. Mail subscribers, $6 UO i*r auuuiti, or $* 50 lor six mouths, always in adraucc. KATKS OV ADVBKTUSINU. Five lines or less, one insertion, 85 aunts; each ad ditional line, 5 cents. Each additional insertion, half ef the above rates. Displayed advertisements charged by solid niea THE WEEKLY AMERICAN ORGAN Is published every Monday morning, on the following Terms. 1 copy, one year.. f2 00 I 1 copy, 6 months .11 00 3 copies, one year, ft 00 S copies, 4 months. .6 00 10 copies, one year.15 00 | 10 copies, 6 months..8 00 |BP* Payments always in advance. RATES OF ADTMTI81NG. Ten cents per line for each insertion. Of All communications on business connected witl i this paper moat be direeled to the " Amtrieau Oryan," Washington city, and be post-paid. IW All advertisements for the " Oryan" should be handed into the oflioe before twelve o clock, M., of tho day of publication. The following preamble and resolutions, Moptod at a mass meeting of the citizens of Washington, on the 27th day of September last, present tho general sentiments of the American party" in this city, and will doubt leas be read with interest by the friends of American principles throughout the oountry 1 to wit: J' ; sSsttrths1fefewast omn'ti^ m*de j? ^ approved by the Ewcntire f ?f w'uch' 1,1 1118 resolutions k*? been adopted at that meeting, and in the *jj?eche*.of certain selected orators at a subsequent w^n2!LS|>md bflfore M iB ?,umaf "T "pa, and its k&drad preaoaa, with approbation; and whereaa ?Ud reaolu wons, however dressed up in abstract professions of patriotism, assail principles dear to the American uecessary to tfie safety of the constitution and prosperity of our county; and gaggra^ttTfi&agS o /^81^06 of ?pW?? : therefore? .*?r ' 4 ?ei? professions of love to the con stituUon and to ci.rU and religious freedom, when contradicted by actions, ceunot deceire the sewulfle of American liberty, whose ha^been?xcit<5d "t beholding the strides that hare been made toward a complete con ^inf.?Ur ^'leriunw'1 ^ 41,8 objects of a foreign I tentatc well-known as the avowed enemy of ogr ^tlemn.TdaeroSd.tCm' to Wh0M vigilant custodians of that bene if^hv'tK <v'ik aad,re'i<fiou? freedom bequeath n,8 bT.the others of the republic, it isour duty in"idiouis sttacks upon our lib ?? ra&SXffiMTCSJa thiX' of <wr rePub'ioan institutions, whfeh constitute aggressions of such a character i that, if not now resisted, will lead, at no dUtent daja?l to the ererthrow of the American Constitution and the complete establishment of despotism. of tbe ^'?Ula,.W wl' WUticakl rfi'isiong ?yd .11 ?? "JJJ thenreseutens,* of danger to all that both parties hold dear we will bury crcry rcmembranee of past opyHton, and "pledge to rsch other oOr lire*, our tortnnea, ami oar sacred honor" net to cease our ei ertwus until our country shall be freed from the dangers that naw mensoe it ?lH'OtZt' W,e P^'"1! m 'he cardinal princi ples of our political and moral erred, ? sacred regard *Z kTJj 'tn?? ln a" its I'rorisions, upon wlich y Amcncan principles?freedom ofoPin'?n. freedom of oonscienoe, foTH,Trfi^rIl5ep,T8,.b:^,fcer w,th ? "cho?l Sfhu l ? sanctified by an open 3"Ji* n,lc1"f '*'??' and practioe, holding as m " >"?en>g,.nce snd virtue are .???T.tial to th?. success ofs free gorernment. Sfi whik',we welwans to oor country 'he 1 icUms of tyrsunr from foreign lands, and ofler theui a place br our side under t& shi*U of our cot We ,IB fur American* the right tt> goVern l?T\rrtrr: notlSeo^ at n2-H55Sli tile f^Trth reswlntion of the meeting Sr1"0"' to the IV<-sident 5 fXra "II Officers of the ; Brs ir !l it,' f the prompt mid decisive rebuke SLtfhJr r^r"^?,^thr?e Unit?? without sect' "r u. That every Protectant denomination in rinle nf 2525 institutional prin ciple of a separation of Church snd Wntn in J hi/-!. pnnc,p.e ,..?v Atnerioan (^thol^ jr^".^ ortnV" , T h*r^' ,h* "P|nl,r. aiiil si ways, and every where maintains the z0?^")' o^ienee ef the civil v> the autharitr, both In Kumtte and Americtt tlie H?d and minims effects of whU. in 0i. oih, ir . ^!n ^^nt" ?"ng fh,m ITtrraunT a^ '"W '?ni ??<? in fee other, ,u : Mh? fr. "'T I'rineiples we appeal fn?m the opininna, whoee proclamation hax rau?ed n'7t'n<?: ?>? of the United Hut^T d ahhi^gh we might infer they are an eiponsnt ?>.VT thli ik. r Prrm,m**' 7et *r "tin and^w^Wi A" n<mn %"d '>n,U,"Ur,t -ntimenu? a -J SIS U' U,c appetite of ,^oe^ ?*pen?e M many who asalonslr and eliciently aided in his elevation to iH)wer and whose ^NhU "*'"t'nK "ireiiDistanoo* will fli An in of "he U^Ttanti:m *" " 'n*n 4"d " thC VM'1 a,J5r% t 4 hVT,n? th* denunciations (bat ' " u n.sU^^rT P,IW?" vr<?* ?^inst the ?nrf^.1 Ll - ^ North, who are dsnonn??d as ab s *S?E zhirh distract ! w>e n,H">, uf which titer am od<* after another hm ng plaosd in uppsaition to the administration, we seTnr^ruto?torh*ar th* l"*?S invition in ?e i r?rT^ "???'tttkm of nor opponenta to men of ^11 n? I' antecedents, to form a "Tusmd with them in their terrKirrr,,ution,*,w>**fc to inci,,d? esis-ciallv to the rrtlgious, thu moral, ?uS tl,e order l'.vmg clawo,. u, unite with ... in effwting the rtv ; zzz ^Mpgss&sa aoquaintedn itli its clianuster and A Wh" d"ljr vrI"" e<Mintle? blessings and rirh! TT* in the eotnpctencv, sSnitv eh"*nk % the,; el. TBtin^Tr i*1*1 we Will not vote for nor assist in n nen t ^ KT^5nrr,Jf7 b'rt,, 10 ???ce of trust, cmol ^ or S"Teri""ent ? nor wil? we R"-h as-22 selves under s?y all^' %?? ? Pr'/"?M!!j*Tu'^fTO' ^ authority. tot^Uy repaalod or ma^rt^J'Ju^, ^f JI ft. JTOHIIiOlf, Family Orortnr, eWa# ^|e of HerpoOi and R Mrrets, !*o. ???>, is hetng cm stantly swppBed wWh fresh Fainilr Orooeries of all kinds, to which be rospmtfoltT solieHs flte patmnsge of hit friends. ~ noTft-*T OUR PRINCIPLES. First. We shall adrocate a. repeal of the laws of naturalisation, or If that cannot he ac complished, then such a modification of those laws, as will prevent future immigrant* from becoming rititTiT1 short of a residence ul twenty-one years, jiter taking the oath of alle giance to the United States, and of abjuration of all other powers, potentates, and princes. Second. We shall advocate the passage of a stringent law by Congress to prevent the im migration hither of foreigners, who are either paupers or criminals, and to send back to the countries from which they come, all tueh for eigners of these classes as may, in violation of Huch law, hereafter readh our ports; and to require the President of the United States to demand from any government, which may send hither such classes of its subjects, imme diate and ample satisfaction for such outrage, and a proper indemnity against the repetition thereof. Third. We shall oppose the election or ap pointment of nay foreign-lorn citizen to any office of trust, honor or emolument, under the Federal or State governments, or the employ ment or enlistment of such persons in the army or navy in time of tear ; maintaining, as we do the opinion, that the native-born citizens of the United States have the right to govern the land of their birth; and that all immigrants from abread should be content with the enjoy ment of life, liberty and property, under our institutions, without seeking to participate in the enaction, administration, or execution of our laws. Fburth. We shall advocate and urge the adoption of such an amended form of an oath to tttpport the Constitution of the United State*, and to be administered to all persons elected or appointed to any office of trust, honor, or emolument, under the Federal or State gov ernments, as will effectually exclude from such offices all person*, who shall not directly and explicitly recognise the obligations and bind ing force of the Constitution of the United States, as paramount to all obligations of adho f ion or allegiance to any foreign prinoe, powtr, potentate, or authority whatever, node?any and all circumstances. Fifth. We "h*H maintain the doctrine that no one of the States of this Union has' the right to admit to the enjoyment of free suffrage any person of foreign birth, who has not been first made a citizen of the United States, according to the " uniform rule" of naturalization pre scribed by Congress, under the provisions of the constitution. Sixth. We shall oppose, now and hereafter, any " union of Church and State," no matter what of religionists shall seek to bring about such union. Seventh. We shall vigorously maintain the vested rights of all persons, of native or foreign birth, and shall at all times oppose the slightest interference with such vested rights. Eighth. We shall oppose and protest against all abridgment of religious liberty, holding it as a cardinal maxim, that religious faith is a question between each individual and his God, and over which no political government, or other human power, can rightfully exercise any su pervision or control, at any time, in any place, or in any form. Kinth. We shall oppose all "higher law" doctrines, by which the constitution is to bo set at nought, violated, or disregarded, whether by politicians, by religionists, or by the adherents or followers of either, or by any other class of persons. Tenth. Wo shall maintain and defend the constitution aa it stands, the Union aa it ex ists, and the rights of the States, without di minution as guaranteed thereby: opposing at all and to the extent of oar ability and infiuenoe, all who may aasail them, or either of them. Eleventh. Wo sliall oppose no man, and sus tain no man, on the ground of hia opposition to, or his support o?, Democratic measures, or Whig meatun*; but wa shall oppose those who oppose our doctrines, and sustain those who sustain our doctrinos. JSeelfth. And lastly, we shall use our utmost exertions to build up an >l American party, whose maxim shall bo: AmBHJCAH MAlt MUE Til SI a CoCTTaV I JK. T. PAIKEl, Hssn aa*ll|aralal?aa4?llaator. No. 80 Louisiana arooue, between 8th and 7th ata. dec It?dly J Br NOTICE.?Persons Mthm of safe* trrihing to the AwaaiCAX Oao*s wffl please leava their mom sad rpidenee at Wm. B. RAarda, JirV Fancy Htore, at fachaoge Bloek, a* H VanafleM'e Tobacco Store, on Royal atreet, or at the *K?eev. ** Aaeph utreet, two doom a?aUi of King, or at Jamqi F.ntwUOe, Jr.. I>n??rr?t. King toreei, two deoes eoath " A'""SC7',JiT XtUMT. ' no* SO IT JOHN P. HAI.L, aieat for theAmort canOraan. 7th Ward, Ko. *44 Mh atreet aoate, be tweenFandO. Peraooa who dnare to anbaoriba fcr the paper wiU please leave tWir amass ?ad raaidene at Mr/Hall's and Mr. Boawell'a Dru? Store, owner ofTth atreet and Virginia arenae. ta* THOMAS I. JACOW, A?aut far tKaAmerioMi Organ, fcr tee ftfte and airth warda. Office in Odd Fdlows' Hall, aaar the Marina Oarri ?OP. - XW PEMOna residing In the Pfcrst aad Second wards desirtng to subscribe to the " A??*i cak Ossa*," will Ware their aarnaa at William H. Hilton'a, Aimt, No. 8?fi, Bfeventh atreet, between(l and K, sad at Mr. Carroll's ahaaatora, Wo. lit l'enn sylraaia arenae, between Twentieth aad Twanty Hrat ataeet. _ti Sriuiaana wiMlai la tk? M ei 4A1 who deal re to baann aaheerihara to tee Daily or Weekly Amencan Oma, will leave their aanes ?Sr of r..ide^-tW nlaoee, viai Adamaoaa Boek Mid Penodie^Stors, fcevWth street, oppose ihe Poat Office: Kvana a Orng Stew*, of "flS* . - J? ':TC 52L?"* ^ fViBS nor 1* A >[***? . tar* Oar (jeerittoai Sabeeithew who do not reeelve the paper regalariy, will leave their namr and addrees at Welch A Wflees'a *? nrDr lanthiosm'a W. B. CALHOUN, Jr IT Wo. ML Jathrsow **r**t wwrrKRN !MABaA^r!*jRTTj nnr. INSURANCE CQWFAnr. 0<+U<d ssm*mMr#mg to Vflll* ?al?aa at Ute ft- imo?ermumtii**. ow IWrwHnf*, J'reaident. ^om^^rt^itrertl'oppoaito Odd FeOow'a Hall. MIT 98?tew 8w* PROBPECTU8 "AMEai<^To*?A!f.? .1 Ltailu and Weekly I\tper, pubUthtd i? H a*A?ii|/ tun Oil u 1> O. fy AN ASSOCIATION OF NATIVE AMKWCAN8. WE have reached an important erl?U in oar po litical history. The twu loading parties in our country, hitherto separated by broad lutes, either of jirinclpk or of policy, differ now scaroely In any thing A A'ativtuU Bank, formerly en essential |wint of dif ference between rival parties, has ttvui uo advocates. A Protective Tariff for the take of protection, which once divided partfcs anddiatraotedour National Coun cils, has booome obsolete, aa a quantum of party policy> a imply became a " revenue tariff' affords incidental protection to American Manufacture*. A modifica tion of tint details of our present tariff system is all that is demanded by the most strenuous advocates of protection to American Industry. .... The distribution of the prooeeds of the publio land* among the several States, as formerly claimed by <m? itarty, and the of thoae prOceeda solely in aid of the national Treasury, as claimed by the Mer party, bare both yialdedtoe compromise of theeecon Uictuiif opiuiona, so far, at least, as to itni these ques tions a* ueue* between Whigs and Democrats. A plan formed of a compound of squatter sovereignty, of " graduation." and of a "surrender to the|WN to which they lie, seems likely to withdrew the public lands from the arena of future party contests. The impreeement of harbor* and r**r* by <*????? aional aid, on which political parties have hitherto differed at different times, has now become less s quee tion of principle than of local and sectional content; and it will doubtless be adjusted by the next Con gress, upon that basis of uberality aud justice de manded by the spirit of the sgp and the true InteresU of the country. . Other questions, of minor importance, onwhich, at different times, the two prominent parties of the oouu try disagreed, haw now,"by a change of circu instances, become obsolete. What, then, remain as issues of I anyfteoiwoal ?r practical importance between Whigs and DemocratsT We know of none: and if these hitherto rival parties shall maintain their respective organizations, they will do so for the mere sake of the ?;x/U? of power f But new issues have arisen, having no reference to the party organizations of Whigs and Democrate? issues wfiich are vastly important in their bearkig upon the ftrture welfare of the country?and which issuM mast, in their discussion, progress, and termi nation, annihilate these two parties, which, for Tear? past, have battled, with alternate succeA, for political 'TwTtt* is at hand?an era whieh will be char acterized, in the future history of these States, as the ska or patriotism ! Throughout the length and breadth of this great and glorious Union, the masses of . a 1 1_ U.-n .nAH??na<u.Blv an/1 aimilliil. Bui or Opfmnt WHIR Couhtet r This in Si.y is as universal as it is natural aid pertinent e rmponee is being given in the thousands of asso cistions springing up in all portions of the United State*, and reeUiy on the tingle basis, that the ?<>*?**? born citizens of this Union have the c<wwc?ijr U*4 will to adminZetrr their own Oovernmenl, toyrotM the right, which thee Am* inherited, and to perpetuate the freedom md^efendeno*^ their natUelanAl Shall wo trace the eat/fM of this spontaneous and universal uprising of the masses of our countrymen 7 The erlle incident to the indiscriminate immigration of foreigners into our eountry?the ooneequencss of permitting socl Immigrants to enjoy the right or suffrage?and the degrading effect of elevating for eigners to posts af honor and trust under our gov ernment: all theee have been seen and known to our people for years past, and yet until now, with few exceptions, the American people have seemed to?e blind to the progress of foreigiUem in the land- We need not, on the occasion of presenting this imttitfctvn to the eountry, assign the oatur* for this sudden and general manifestation of the mtrptm of the American ]>eopie to take the reins of govern ment into their own hands; it is sufficient for the object we have now in view to state the undeniable and obvious fact that nth purpooe rriete. We now come forward to present to nor Hki* citisens the mode and means of couoentimUng the opinions and of harmonizing the action of those who are disposed to unite tn the formation of an " Amer- \ nan party" whose pa/yoes shall be to find a remedy for the manifold evil* which hat* eotne won us, and which are yearly increasing under the dieaetrnne ope ration of our law* i(f natvrakwtion / We propose to establish, in conformity with the wishes of thousands of the cinsens of this District, and of s large number of oar friends in the different States, s daily and weakly paper, to be called TH? AMERICAN ORGAN. The Mdblication will eommenee on the 18th day of NovemSr?aily, and on the 20th weekly. A cash capital, amply sufficient to commence and to continae the enterprise, has been subscribed and secured to be advanced by a number of wealthy and influential gentlemen; and we are insureds dally circulation surpassing that of any pap?r now pub lished to Washington eity. The number of our weekly subscribers will depend upon the enthusiasm of our friends in the ser.-tXHtates, but we hare such u?oruMt that we cannot doubt we shsll commence with many thaueande : and tha* a rear will not trans pire bafurs our weekly list will no swelled to more than one hundred thousand. " Oar pueilion at the seat of the federal government, [ the centre of our politics! systole where all tha rep , roseotalivrs of (he States, sod of the people annually assemble, snd where prominent men of all parties periodically aojoura for many months, ia oonsidered DV us, and by OUT friends, ss the most favorable one f.* the puhflostion of the o?oa* or ths Assuca* riBTT; and If the Bioet nnlirinK drmlion to the ad* recacy of tha doetrtaea aad pobcy of this party shall i give us a claim to its tuvport, we know we shall de serve, and we trust ere snail rvoelve't. We Cannot perhaps mere distinctly and ceneieely define the beau en whieh the Amerjam Oryan* es Uftbliiihed tban by preeentiug the fl>llowing pxtract, whieh W? oepy end a*optfrr>m an addveea "la f^rner rruU-n' lfv- Jiimturi AMs Atnmmm Asoona (ten, snd imblishad at 8t Louis in February, 1M1, to W|t: ,* " T*a rusrertjATiaK or AaaWCAK rmasno* n oca owner, Akricii aiewrs or a motto, ahd to Aaaa ioa* raarr ooa ooanosa* " Ow poeitfam is thns defined We shell idrrtnl* mirk tnmrurm aa will to onr jndgtnent, if earriedowt, I perpetnate omrfreadom and protect oar nateve nghtei nor shall wa ataaytima deviate from the path of dtty aa the organ of the Amtriem party, aad the ad vocate of American right* We shall neither sustain nor oppose any political meaaoree on thegfoond that they emanate from a Itettaantic or tnm a Whig admin latra tion; bat we ahall diacussall political questionsi with thsmost (lerfret freedom fWrn fcvor or prejudice, t<>ward the pfeoent or anjr flitare a4in*n4?tr?tifm Keepinr a! Why* to vlaw tha prinetplee and purposes of Uie aa party, wa shall battle for thoee pnnciptee snd parpoaea, white aa an Independent journal. We shall approve what we think is right and condemn what wa think ia wrong in tha priadpiesof all pobUfl men andVaH political parties. The editor of the American Organ win be a Demorrat of fte school of Jeffersoa ud MaAaon pro?v?saalva in Wa noti<ma of pablic policy jVet eonaisteat in lua ad voeacy of the righta <4 the Htatea. . . lita essay or editorial ehall rver apear ln tlv Annrienn (hya*. tha tendeacy of whiofa wwiMbetn prejudice the rights ot wound the feelings of the ?tj Ann of any of w Rtatea. Bo !kr M the innneaee of this paper shall extend, the orwmtitntional Hrhtsof each, and of aU the Stetea, shall be maiitiained. W* hold that 0u insttfrt? <tf slavery My. iotk**ftoMinwMchto*Ti#?. Kfh nf th* XM~, for iltelf, hat th* ad* and ertlmries rqhl to determine viuibr or net tlanery ?hall eon* until n itt harder*. We iihall therefore .ypnee all afitatvm of Oe TiMteon ofeUrery, either in (\>nfreae *r o*t ?f * The " American (Jryan" will advocate tha fre* and tniramenelled ezercise of the rights of wnenetu*. an an qneaUons connected with reiy/unu fait*; but it will, by all feir and reepaetful aisiiiKOte, opr** for eign. duenieuition veer American eikeeo*, from whstover qaarter it may approach, and at won in matter* WW* sisstieal ss In matters po?ticai A synopsis of the proceedings of Congress dnring each seesion will be ftom day jo day presented. General snd local news will he gathered and puh lishsd, In ardor thst our patrona may have a getwral ?t .a??. Kept H?indays,> arid delivered te subscriber* at 1ft par week, ar mailed to aabaeribers at |fl per (e*?ept cents morning, at ft per tear te single snhecribers, pay able in ad van a* Otnfas ef tea or mora will be fer nlahed at |i 6<i each per year, (if sent te any ooe poet office,) payable in advance. Advertising is nelislted, st the nanal rates; and, as the Organ will hsve aa extenaire ciraulsUon, it will afford the most desirable medium in this respect. Hnbaerihers will please remit thMr snbs?rij?oo*. on or hstwe the SOth day s# November, direstsd te " American Organ,'' Washington City, V. C. nov It? AMERICAN ORGAN. " The American Reformation." The talented editor of the Baltimore Patriot, writing from the gallery of the Ilotwe of Rep resentative*, illustrates with a pencil of light, the effect of the American Reformation upon the various branches of the government Wo like his idea of characterizing the present move ment of the people as tho " American Reform ation," and such it literally is, and such it should be called. We con,mend the article to the perusal of our readers. II? says: ? "Oohormsasit Was.?For some years past we liave Juoked upou this body as au illustration of the evils which a spirit of party, alike wad and mercenary, has inflicted upou the country. A par tisan Qongrcss is reckless and irresponsible, be cause as merit has had no share In the choice of its members, so fidelity can have no ialiuenco in securing their reward. - " The partisan member is therefore a fatalist, considering himself irresponsible for his official acts. He expects to receive no approval from those who differ with hiiu for his (mod deeds, and be is sure thai his party will defend him for all bis evil ones. Thus aimless and idle, often incapable of appreciating the character, or of performing the duties ot a station to which he has been accident ally elevated, ho " disports bim there like any other fly,*' and soou disappears in the oblivion appropri ate to his ephemeral existence. Congress has then, heretofore, seemed, from the gallery, Uke a turbu lent ocean?the caverns of the winds?the temple of discord?the pit of the Bowery, between tho acts?or any other classical figure, which represents disorder. Whilst the broken reverberation of this oratorical Niagara rendered an iutelligent hearing | Impossible, tho spectator was compelled to translate the pantomime of the inaudible debaters?whilst the speaker's hammer produced no more percepti ble sound than the concussion in vacuo, which we witness in acoustic experiments. It was Babel speaking to Bunconibc.. At, tho lust session the arrogance of a partisan Congress was especially [ obvious. Members high In the favor of power ate apples as thoy promenaded the aisles, and playfully threw the cores at their compatriots, as Cromwell used sometimes to tease his Irinaides, or Napoleon pinch the ears of hiB pets. " Home statesmen chewed peanuts in all the sto lid importance of unmerited station, or computed mentally the accumulating per diem of an Indefi nite session. Some slept off the effects of metro politan hospitalities, while a few, smart enough to know that the sun of party prosperity could not gild their little day forever, addressed themselves to the practical business of making hay. These last practised in Congress like so many attorney*, I and tamed to good account their influence in the caucus or before the Departments. Congress sat aa the caucus of competing politicians, or as the arbitrator of discontented aspirants. The public burdaeas was postponed to the unnecessary excite ment of a sectional quarrel, while claimant* upon I the justice of the Legislature, turned from its ob durate doors with execrations upon Its neglect. Mange stories of legislative venality began to steal upon the public ear. Political honors were said to be the avowed medium of compensation for le gitimate support. J5lrect4>ribcs and interests con tingent npotr their own action, were said to be the currency interchanged between the outside influ ences, and tho man changed with the representa tion oj the Republic. Votes were said to l>e as much the subject of negotiation upon the Hi alto at ' Washington as the ordinary obligations of com-1 roerce in Wall stroet. " We turn to another department of the govern ment. A few short months since, might have been seen a well-dressed gentleman with ambrosial locks, giving daily audience to innumerable waiters; there many bout the knee for office, and each brought his tribute of adulation. New, while human nature may be wrought Into Innumerable conditions. Us inte gral staple never changes. Ho although the Presi dent of the United Btstoa la in theory tho tempo rary custodian of a public trust, it is not wonder ful thst he should liavc yielded to those influences which made the Eastern Emperor " Assume the God, " Affect to nod, " Aud seem to shake the spheres.' " Inspired with the design to secure the supremacy of the Democratic party and his own re-election, ho projected a magnificent plan, to be carried out by purchasing the support of dissentient maloou tents, and commanding the admiration of the American people by the brilliant and unscrupulous audacity of his administration. The antagonism of political antipathies was to be reconciled by the infallible solvent of patronage. To effect this plan, cabinet sessions were held and sdioumed upon the certificates of comparative fidelity exhibited by candidates for a clerkship or ooasulato. " The foreign relations of the government were made to await an adjustment of the election ac counts, and no diplomatic measure was ordered un til the administration had calculated IU effiseto? not upon the national interests, hot upon its own. With these magnificent schemes of persooal and party aggrandisement, sprung up designs of war, conquest, and acqidsltion. Too impatient to await the gradual ripening of thoee cause* of couthct w hich always exist among nations, minister* were chosen of the most tnipubuve character?men not Americans, nor bound by the ties of snoextry or se xociation to the internets of America Tbeso men were seat to roam the earth fw canees of Interna tional strife?to occupy the padfic interest, the clap-board city of Urojtmm was laid in ashes. Thus occupied, the pacific Interval, fwrhaps, pre pared our aim* for higher exigencies To secure the necessary legislative co-operation, the hirelings of the government were sent Into convention. Its nominees were grstnlUmsly placarded hy its press, and sustained with the whole oflMal power of the "St people of the United States looked with mor tification and amazement upon these things. The President of their choice sought to perpetuate his own power by proscription and purchase. Tbetr representatives had (forgotten the duties for which they hsd been sppolnted, snd were npon every tongue for venality, indolence and vioe. " The people determined upon a radical correc tion of these evils. The execution of this results imy be called the Jmrriran Reformation. They did not adopt the remedial system of CTOpwefl or Napoleon. They did not drive the money changers from the Tempi# with physical violence. They em ployed neither the bayonet nor the scourge to effect their purpose. It wss done peacefully, si lently, effectually There was no bloodshed?no man was restrained of his lilierty?none were per secuted for their opinions. It was effected in per fiict accordance with the American Constitution. There was neither axe, faggot, nor laqidaMea There was fio oath of recantation, abjuration, or supremacy. Such a reformation in Its manner, and in its political results, was never wrought by any nation before, nor ?u any other nstimi capable of exneating It "Wo will just nnto its effects upon the national re, and will therefore describe Congress sa " What a change has been produced by a short recess 1 Are these tho same menf This is a quiet, orderly body. Nay, more, there ia a degree of attention to business, a disposition to attend Jo questions of national importance. Thoy even lis ten to private clsimants with patience. There seems a disinclination to eneonrage the renewal of those sesass which have pained the national bsart and tinged with shame the. national cheek. Now that we scan them more cloeoly *e discover that an air of almost religious gravity overspreads the body. A sense Of political accountable) * aeems to weigh upon them They converse In gmnps, yet each seems an look upon Ms neighbor with an air of apprehension. Noisy politicians are especially dumb. Prosperous speculations sre wrapped in reverie. Mr. Guiding* having oocc Malfocd that he Is ' responsible to Congress, and nowhere efee,' avails luiui*)tt?of that impunity to rtpout liis ???!?? t*ut reproaches. Mr. Cou^beU ,x-p!XJ ?Vl own the InccndiArv thunder of the tribune They ?wake no respondent echo. Congress uk? un ih. private cafemisr without without modern precedent iu tlrnt body " We note next the effect of thin reformation * upon , k "nm IXtUVTIYK AMU HIS rout*. " All those splendid schtjn.es of aggraudiaeiutmt have been destroyed by the Reformation. They have fallen in dunt and ashes under the breath of thai pestilence with which au indignant people vis ited thoir ungrateful and unworthy servant*. The President of iiinbrosial lock* i* couviuctxl of liis uolitusal mortality. Hln merceuary menials are hiding n terror from a wrath which can neither be ?voided nor appeased. Let us note the effect of the Kelorniatiuii upon Ilia anuual message, i It u tune, inanimate, unexceptional to tlio moat timid conasrvatisiu. 80 fer from redeeming those apprcheuaioriM of war and foreign entanglements which tliu bulletins of Boulc ontfof Bickles led ua ?vr*eo?of Oltw is us pa cihcas if it had beeu dictated through some spiritual medium by the soul of William l'euu, Tho voice Of the people Thln1I^L'!^,iimTitPrrori" the *>?ld <* "'cliurd 1 md would the substance of a thousand men AH untied in proof.'" "More. then, are tho effects of tliis great movement I upon the lace of the public waters visible hi this city. * or here upon tho face of public officers you ' perceive the reflection of the spirit which governs our republican destinies, as the mirror of the ma which ?0T"wd theJcatiBy "It may be a theory too flattering to be true; but it seems that the whole power of public sent! I "!?"} "! ^ww'Htrated iii the particular dcpartmcuts ol admmistnjUon, to judge l.y their appearances. The will of the people is animated bv liberty and | 2 oly ft." Wh? reprMWt then"' n,ust From the New Orleans Creole. The Opinion of Bishop Hopkins, of Ver. I ?iont. j The following extract from ? late account of Bishop Hopkins, in regard to the question ofn.tu ralization, is significant. Tho Bishop is an Irish man by birth, but has tho intelligence to perceive, ?nd the patriotism to admit, tho great error and tho danger of our present system of conferring citizenship: 1 "n? reS?^ed uaivchUL] suffrage as the graud exponent of the genms of our nation. The syStem had worked well, bcoause those who originated it were endowed with virtue and intelligence, and had built up a government whose foundatioo-prin | ciplc honors the capacity of our race." | The Bishop proceeded : of our e*J?toncc is but a brief period in the history of a nation, and already wo arc hearing complaints from every quarter of tho land that our institutions are in danger, and the eclipse of our glory is upproaching. With those tears the speaker did not sympathize at all. All the evjjs complained of came from another class of error*1 than those of principles or laws. It is not that the principle touching the elective franchise I is wrong or impracticable, but the power invoked has been lightly conferred on a Urge claaa of low foreigner The law is good enough, but the peo | pic are not the sauic. They are u?t of the charac ter contemplated in the law which provided for their admittance to the administrative power of tho countrv. Here, then, is the great evil: a chargo must be preferred againot tho judiciary of the country, serious as the act of making such a ciiarge really is. The naturalization law demands certain qualm cations, and the court must be satisfied that the applicant has these qualifications, or cjtixen ship must not be conferred. But how does the matter new stand ? Two witnesucs coming for wanl to testify to the character of the spphcant is sufficient, without any effort living oiade to dis COvur whetlior LhtMc wituuascs have any character at all; whether the applicant can read or has ever | had read to him the constitution, or Is attached to I its principles, and is well disposed to the order and well-being of the United States. The lecturer would exonerate the judloUrr from all intention to do wrong; but the feet Is too p?l pable for denial, that one of tho moat important of all act* is made but the emptiest of forms. Tho i judges usve a reluctance to exercise judicial pre rogatives. Custom is powerful. Mauy outside influences operate to prevent due attention to the obvious meaning of the few. It la a matter of just I pride that our system refuse* to demand any prop erty qualification, but It makes a demand for some thing better. It demand* in the foreign character an understanding of aud attachment to the oonstl tutkw, and a disposition in behalf of the well being of ths country. Tremendous issues are here feided up. The courts should be satisfied that these qualifications cxisl, uinl therefore Inquiries sbouM be made by which It may be am-ertakied whether tho applicant has been a good citisa n at bowe, whether he is capable of understanding the con stitution, and what evidence he has given of being well dls|>osed to good order In the nation. " * It is no part of our political duty to make war against any form of religious laitli, but with a faith fill administration of the naturalization law, he was willing to leave the rest, with perfect trust in Dl Vine Providence. The conferring the right of citizenship should be a moet solemulr imposing cercmouv. There should be specific days lor it; names of applicants should be published for thirty days previous; on the day appointed, an address should be delivered on the nature, s.unit and im poitanca of the law ; full time sboald be taken for due examination of applicants ; and the labor of the judiciary should be to teach the whole commu nity what none can teach so well as they, the dig ulty, duties, and honors trf citizenship, showing that the demand far latter than property qualifica tions, was most wise and just. When thin Is done, then we msy hope to find a corrective Infnaed Into the festering mass of corruption hi our midst, and men will be made to know that ths common ques tions at law are nothing to the importance of tikis trisl for citizenship In the republic. Worn Facta for AsMrlrssa. Tlie last number of the IMinhtirg Review con taina a large and pains-taking article, relating, in part, to the disposition which is to be made of the hordes of convicts, annually let loose upon the ex piration of their terms of punishment, from the prison* and hnlka of Kngland. The writer con siders the topic of the reformation of criminals as one not yet receiving the attention due, and re grets that apathy and mistaken economy on the part of government lead to this incalculable wrong done to society by the emancipation of thousand* of reprobate*, who return to their old hannta and vices with unalHited activity and craft. The ad vantage of getting rid of such a efess is obvious. But where send them ? The colonies of Ureal Britain absolutely refese, for the moat part, to be swamped, by snch Inundation, and no wonder. Thereupon the reviewer, full of liberating his own State and Its dependencies from the curse, hits upon an Idea resembling that of a Htfren embarrass ed with a dead cat which he drops down a mHgh bor's well. He says tend tkcm to York ?nd say nothing about it; pay tlielr passage, set them ashore, and see (he last of them f The administration has sent abroad to represent the country in foreign lands, a frenchman in Hpain, an Italian in Italy, a Herman Jew at the Hague a Hcotehman at Naples, and an Irishman, w* believe, at Portugal floch are the rrpresematKes ?f the present administration It cannot he claimed ihat these men are by nature, education, or position, TT ^ th"^ respanaibfe tmsta than aartvrjjorn erfeens, yet they were preferred. In ? u A. , "f ?"* constant rtmrt paid 10 the fftreign vote, ean w,. wonder that an Amerl (1" conn try V- mirninf AN ACT for establishing rullgious freodom, passed in tho Assembly of Virginia in ti? begUwiag tf the your 1786* Well awaro that Almighty (Jod hath created the mind free ; that all attempt* to Influence it by teni uoral puuuduuwita er hHudena, or by civil Incapa citations, tend only to beget habits of hypoertay and meanness, aud are a JeperturofrOBlI the plan i of tho Holy Author of our religion, who, being Lord both of body and of wind, yet choee not to prop agate by coercions on either, oh was in hi* almighty power to da; that the impious preemption of leg islatures and rulers, eivil an well aa ecclesiastical, who, being themselves but fallible aud uninspired ineu, have assumed dominion over the faith ?f others, Melting up their own opinions and modes of thinking as the only true and iufallibic, and as such endeavoring to impose them upon others, hath es tablished and maintained false religious over tho greatest part of the workl, and through all time; lat to compel a mau to furnish contributions of money for the propagation of oplnloua which he disbelieves, is sliifUl and tyrannical; that even the forciug him to support this or that teacher of his own religious persuasion is depriving him of tho comfortable liberty of giving hU contribution* to the partlcuhT pastor whoso morals ho would make his pattern, aud whose powers he feels most I persuasive to rigbteoosuess, and is withdrawing from tho ministry those temporal rowards, whichf pro ceeding from an approbation of their personal con duct, are an additional Incitement to earnest and unremitting labors for tho instruction of mankind; that our civil rights have no depeudenooon our re ligious opinions more than our opinions in physics 1 or geometry; that, therefore, the proscribing of any citlssn as unworthy tho public oonfldenoe by laying upon him an incapacity of being called to tho offices of trust aud emolument, unless he pro fess or renounce this or that religious opinion, is depriving lum injuriously of those privileges and advantages to which, in common with his fellow citixcns, he has a uatural right; that it.tends also to corrupt the principles or tho very religion it is meant to encourage, by bribing, with a monopoly of worldly honors, those who will externally pro fess and conform to it; that though, indeed, those arc criminal who do not withstand such tcmpta tious, yet neither are those innocent who lay the bait in their -way; that to suffer the civil ma gistrate to intrude his powers into ilia flekl of opin ion, aud to restrain the profession or propagation of principles, on the supposition of their ill tendency, is a dangerous fallacy, which at oncc destroys aH religious liberty, because, he being of cowa* Judge of that tendency, will make his opinions the rule of judgment, aud approve or condemn the senti ments of others only as they shall square with, or differ from, his own; that It 1s time enough, for the rightful purposes of civil goverwnant, for its on cers to interfere whon principles break out into overt acta against peace and irood order j and, finally, that truth is great, and will prevail If left to herself; that she is the propor and suffloicut antag onist of error, and has nothing to fear from tiio conflict, unless by human interposition disarmed of hor natural weapon*, free argument and debate, errors ceaaing to he dangerous when It ifl permitted freely to combat them. , Be it, therefore, enacted by General At trtnbl;/, That no man shall be compelled to fre quent or support any religious worship, place, or ministry whatsoever, nor snail he be enforced, re strained, molested, or burdened In his body or good*, nor shall he othwwise suffer on account ofhis religious opinions or l.eltof, but that all men shall be free to i.rofew, and l?y argument to maintain, their opin ions in matters of religion, and that the sune shall in no wiso diminish, enlarge, or affect their citjI 1 "'And though w> well know this Assembly, elected by tho people for the ordinary purposes of legU_ latiou oulv, have no power to restrain the acts of succeeding assemblies, constituted with powers equal to our own ; and that, therefore, to declare tlii* act irrevocable would be of no effect in law; yet, wo are free to declare, and do declare, that the rights hereby assorted are of the natural rights* mankind, and that if any act shall be bcrealter paused to repeal the preseut, or to narrow Us ope rations, such an act will be an infringement of natural right. Tho following is a brief cxtract of an ?ddrees recently delivered by Profeeaor TUfckf, ?efcweWe Union >'ire Company of Carlisle, on the sutgect of Amurica and American Institutions 1 ?? The Christian principles which our fathers brought with thein, took deep root hi our rlrgtn noil, and became Incorporated wtthour nation! character and policy." It was title ciplo this simple trust in aud rellanco on Divine Providence?that sustained the " men of the B?** olutlon" during their struggle for IndepenSenee. " This went whh them to the battle-field?Ua<Ue?l the lightning in their eyes?Waxed in the lashing of their swords?rung in their shouts ol victory. Aud we owe our homes and ^ J*"???; our high destiny, to the CkrietU* fe>Uk rfoar I at hem?to the might and purity of Uf*obr"^ patriot hearts tbatUcd for freedom, for liouer, and for native land." , . "We should guard sgshiit 'the ,nrorpor*tivn of for*um*ri as a portion of our body politic. 'They come,' eaid he. ' In ceaseless tide upon oar shores, from lands where the stood as belonging to Unpaod notJo tbe people, ami gratified with tbe admirahls workings rf our affairs, and their own participation in Hw, often fail to understand lbs solemn teachings of our past history, and the iiecmsdty of our preecot cowfition. They paw a few ?*????* and then too often participate in the government basod upon Clirist^. pr^ipW, with eat perceiving tho force of ' hriatian o? ga tion The open and palpable bids that w-rre made in tbe last Presidential canvass fbr fareign ?e*aa. toll nigiiiHenntlv the truth of this, bo foreigner u cmnuelriit to discharge tlic <lutie? of Ml A l"erj'*t,1 unlet* he ceases to become identified with the lasvl I that gave liitn birth-* . _ . .. , The m?*md reaAn why we may fear for tbe ? perpetuity of " our freedom" is, that " there are. omong mt those who would shut out the toad, bars of God from our youth, and who aeknoriedge the ?WWWV of ? are very nmn?w, and have strrienan out their hands to displace the IHble from our public RchooU. H The Mihtniwion, *7* ' J1 an organi?tlon that re< opiises a foreign pontw at it* head, ami refuse. t&e Wble to tKa mnke our land an empire, not - re^Mu M here would be the spirit ofifl if we wo..ld yleM to each claim*? If we were silent, old ry???? wonW speak, and the hnttle Kronmf? hition would glvo ls?k the blood slied ft* fese '"^There is still grmmd fer tri.,mphiwtbeibo?gtM that ? our ship of State k ads <m .tars or ber flag U-!l of the *t*r of star by whleh the bark of man can navlgwte the see of life, ?nd gain the coaat ofbttae eacnrely. Cbushiso oit Ksow Nornianisj ?Aorordinff to the Washington correspondent of the ITtilail.1 phia IjeHger, (Mr. Orand,) M "nq^wd efcrt s. to be made by lending Henators and members In Congress, to crusli out Know NotiiinRwrn, and to 41 excommunicate onW fhr aH Uroea, All who havr (tared to Identify tliemweJve* with the er?ler ?* A enneral latardkit is to be pronoutieed againU hstoleranoe and aupcrstition, as well a* agamst all secret societies for political purposes. The IVmo rratic party In Congress, aasist^l by tbe ?W llaera, and the adrohdstratioii, will onslaught iinmeiliately after tin! hobaaY^ Tb | matter is to lw fuUy disco^l h^es of I Congress, ami the most distinguish^ member, of 1 the old line parties are to takr ' ?? >U), The nmhajbiKty is, that le*l?^t HeeaNre, awl ?' <>1<1 horrs " aud " tlie administiwUon, will And they have bet very little power In this Tfr' ?Mnterdvr wW N' almost a* harmlesa as thoae of the Pope o? Rome. Their " mialanghl wjlfssiy he a .laughter of thosn*4vea. The peopk have ma<le nn rbeir mbds to have ?on.'-thing thev will have it. Tbe " revobitlon 1? still going on -let the " old foglea" stsnd fram (I'itlebfrg UermU.