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Daily American organ. (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1856, December 29, 1854, Image 1

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a11y Amcriran (<?rpn
"The Perpetuatloa of American Freedom la oar ott|ecl{ American Rights oar motto; and the American Party oar cognomen.*'
Is published every afternoon, (except Sunday,) at
the corner of Louisiana avenue Mid Teutfi street, and
is delivered to city subscribers (payable to the car
riers) at lu cents per week. Single copies, 2 cents.
Mail subscribers, $3 00 per annum, or $2 50 for
aix Maths, always in advance.
Five lines or less, one insertion, 25 cents; each ad
ditional line, 6 cents.
Eadk additional insertion, half of the above rates.
Displayed advertisements charged by solid mea
Is published every Monday morning, on the following
1 copy, one year. .$9 00 I 1 copy, 0 months .91 00
? 8 copies, one year. 5 00 I 6 copies, 0 months..5 00
19 copies, me year.15 00 | 10 copies, 6 months..8 00
Payments always in advance.
Ten cents per line for each insertion.
fW All communications on business connected
with this paper must bo directed to the " Anurican
Organ," Washington city, aud be post-paid.
HT All advertisements for the " Organ." should
be handed into the office before twelve o clock, M., of
the day of publication.
Onr Principles.
First. We shall Advocate a repeal of the
laws of naturalization, or if that cannot be ac
complished, then such a modification of those
laws, as will prevent future immigrants from
becoming citizens, short of a residenoe of
twenty-one years, after taking the oath of alle
giance to the United States, and of abjuration
of all other powers, potentates, and princes.
Second. We shall advocate the passage of a
stringent law by Congress to prevent the im
migration hither of foreigners, who are either
paupers or criminals, and to send back to the
countries from which they come, all such
cigners of these classes as may, in violr^^ cf
such law, hereafter reach our por^. an(j ^
require the President of the Ur!jtwj States to
demand from any governme^ which my
send hither such classes of lta subjects, imme
diate and ample satitfa'Aim% for ^
and a proper indemn^ the repetition
Third. We ahall oppose the election or ap
pointment 0f my foreign-born citizen to any
office honor or emolument, under the
Fe-eral or State governments, or the employ
ment or enlistment of such persons in the army
or navy in time of u>ar ; maintaining, as we
do the opinion, that the native-born citizens of
the United States have the right to govern the
land of their birth; and that all immigrants
from abroad should be content with the enjoy
ment of life, liberty and property, under our
institutions, without seeking to participate in
the enaction, administration, or execution of
our laws.
Iburth. We shall advocate and urge the
adoption of such an amended form of an oath
to support the Constitution of the United
States, and to be administered to all persons
elected or appointed to any office of trust, honor,
or emolument, under the Federal or State gov
ernments, as will effectually exclude from such
offices all persons, who shall not directly and
etplieitly recognise the obligations and bind
ing forcc of the Constitution of the United
States, as paramount to all obligations of adhe
sion or allegiance to any foreign prince, power,
potentate, or authority whatever, under any and
all circumstances.
F\flh. We shall maintain tho doctrine that
no one of the States of this Union has the right
to uteitto the enjoyment of free suffrage any
P<*mfmforei?n birth, who lias not been first
made'* dtizen of the United States, according
to the "uniform rulo" of naturalfzation pre
scribed by Congress, under the provisions of
the constitution.
Sixth. We shall oppose, now and hereafter,
any " union of Church and State," no matter
what class of religionists shall Beek to bri^
about such nnion.
Seventh. Wo shall vigorously the
vesUd rigbts of all persons, of na'jVC or fore^n
birth, and sliall at all times slightest
interference with such v rights
Eighth. We shall opposo and protest against
all abridgment ^ religious liberty, holding
it as a cardir^j nuixiin) that religious faith is a
question oetween each individual and hit God,
**** r--vw which no political government, orother
Oilman power, can rightfully exercise any su
pervision or control, at any time, in any place,
or in any form.
Ninth. We shall oppose al< " higher law"
doctrines, by which the constitution is to be set
at nought, violated, or disregarded, whether by
politicians, by religionists, or by the adherents
or follower* of either, or by any other class of
Tenth. Ws shall maintain and defend the
constitution as it stands, the Union as it ex
ists, and the rights of the States, without di
minution as guaranteed thereby: opposing at
all times, and to the extent of oar ability and
influence, all who may assail them, or either of
EUtenth. We shall oppose no man, and sus
tain no man, ?p the ground of his opposition
to, or his support of. Democratic measures, or
Whig measures; but we shall oppose those who
oppose our doctrines, and sustain those who
sustain our doctrines.
Tuelfth. And lastly, we shall use our utmost
exertions to build up an u American party,"
whose maxim shall be:
AmcKiCAws shah, arks their Ootrnntrt
Honse nnd Painter and Gliutier.
No. 80 Louisiana avenue, between flth and 7th ste.
dee 18?dly
VtT NOTICE.?Persons dedroan of sub
scribing to the Americas Organ will please leave
tbelr names and residence at Wm. B. Richards, Jr.'a,
Kaney Store, at Kxchange Block, at H. Mansfield's
Tobacco Store, on Rnnl street, or st the Agency, St.
Aseph street, two donrt south of King, or at James
Kntwistle, Jr., Drnggist, K ing street, two doors south
of Roysl, Alexandria, Virginia.
J. T. AUDLEY, Agent.
nov 80
bP JOHN P. HALL,n#ent for the Ameri
can Organ, 7th Ward, No. 644 Sth street south, be
tween F and O. Persons who desire to subscribe for
the paper will please leave their names and rsaidenoe
at Mr. Hall's, and Mr. Boswsll's Drag Store, corner
of 7th street and Virginia avenne.
I be American (h-san, for the fifth and sixth wards.
Office In Odd Follows' Hall, near the Marine Garri
The following preamble and resolutions,
adopted At & miasm meeting of the dtizoiw of
Washington, on the ?7tfc day of September
last, present the general eentimenja of the
" American party" in this cltv, and will doubt
less be read with interest by the friends of
American principles throughout the country,
to wit:
Whereto, a public meeting of cititens of Washing
ton waa held at Carusi's Saloon, on the lath instant,
upon a call made in and approved by the Exaeutiv*
orran, the prooeodinga of which, in the resolutions
mSi to have been adopted at that meeting, and iu the
speeches of certain selected orators at a subsequent
adjourned meeting, are now spread before the public
eye in the oolumna of eaid organ, and ite kindred
presses, with approbation; and whereas said resolu
tions, however dressed un in abstract professions of
patriotism, asuail principles dear to the American
? . . ?_ i# it
patriotism, vanm.il principles u?mi vu ww
heart and neoesa&rj to the safety of the Constitution
? *- ? ?J ? u?r *lry | and
) remove
is enter
URU li KIU UvUnKRHJ ?*? vaav bhiv.j v? "? ?
and to the peaoe and prosperity of our countryj and j
whereas, the Executive is invoked therein to remove
from public employment aach officeholders as enter
tain those prinoiplos, thereby to perpetrate a ruthl"
proscription of both Whigs and Democrats for
honest difference of opinion: therefore?
K?olvid, That mere professions of love to the con
stitution and to civil and religious freedom, when
contradicted by actions, cannot deceive the sensible
and vigilant guardians of American liberty, whose
apprehensions have been excited at beholding the
strides that have been made toward a oomplete con
trol of our government by the subjects of a foreign
potentate well-known as the avowed enemy of our
whole American system, to whose overthrew they
are solemnly devoted.
Ketolvtd, That, as vigilant custodians of that bene
ficent system of civil and religions freedom bequeath
ed to us by the fathers of the republic, it Is our duty
to meet and repel all itrf&ous attacks upon our lib
erties aa well as all ope^i assaults; and that we view
with indignation an-i alarm the assertion of pnnci
States, substrain of our republican institutions,
which co^ititute aureaaions of such a character
that, if aot now resisted, will lead, at no distant day.
to "A ererthrow oT the American Constitution and
""jS complete establishment of despotism
KfS0lv?i> That while, in the past politiM
of the country, aa Whigs and Democrat
struggled in honest conflict over contested principles
and measures, all of which are now settled, yet m
die present crisis of danger to ali that both parties
hold dear we will bury every remembrance of past
opposition, and " pledge to each other our lives, our
fJS Jour^crS honor" net toc^our ex
ertions until our country shall be freed from the
dancers that new menabe it .
JfosoW, That we proclaim, aa the cardinal pnnci
plea of our political and moral creed, a sacred regard
for the oonstitution in all its provisions, upon which
are based our glorious American principles freedom
of speech, freedom of opinion, freedom of conscience,
fradmn of the press, together with a school system
fertile diffusion ef intelligence, sanctified by an open
Bible as the rule of faith and practice, holding aa an
established principle that intelligence and virtue are
essential to the success of a free government.
Retolved, That while we welcome to our oountry
the victims of tyranny from foreign lands, and offer
them a place by our side under the shield of our con
stitution, we claim for Americana the nght to govern
their own oountry; ana these who do not like our
govsrnmcnt have our hearty consent to go elsewhere
in the pursuit of happinoe*.
JUtolvd. That the fourth resolution of the meeting
at Camel's Saloon, recommending to the President ot
the Unitedetatee proscription of all officers of the
federal government who may have thonaht lit to bc
oome members of the association of Know Knoth
inge?a recommendation Which, before its adopfaon,
W been rocugnissd and acted upon by the Execu
tive of tke United States?proposes an alarming and;
dangerous Infraction of the principles of wlf-gorern
ment, and calls for the prompt and decisive rebuke
of all the free citiaens or these United States, without
distinction of party, sect, or creed.
Rttoivd, That every Protestant denomination in
the United States maintains the constitutional pnn- i
ciple of a separation of Church and Stote?in which
principle laany American Catholics sincerely concur. .
while on the other hand, the Papal Church abroad
openly, and always, and everywhere maintains the
doctrine of obedience of the civil to the ecclesiastical
autheritv, both in Europe and America; the sad and
ruinena effeete of which, in the one, are seen in
oountfess emigrants fl/injr from its ^rraro? ana
misery to our own happy lancL and in the other, in
the ignorance and poverty ot the 111 ?
wealth and vicee of the clergy, and in the ceaseleas
insurrections, masaaerea, and proverbial instability
of our Southern sister Republics.
IT oomncm BUSVCl AVCirumntmrn
?KM That upon these principles we appeal
trom the Otnnioua, whose proclamation has caused
tote mee^g, to the p^pU of the United Statoe;
and, although we might Infer they are an exponent
of executive feelings, from the ofcdal positions of
those who controlled the proceedings, yet we will still
X^t toe
office-holders, both Democrats and Whigs, for daring
to entertain American and Protestant sentiments,
and will reject the mercenary suggestion urged upon
him by the fourth resolution of the meeting last wee*.
aa a covert sohe;ne to gratify the H>petote of office
seekers at dM expense ef many who saaloualy and
efficier.'jy aided in his elevation to power, and whose
under cawtin<r circumstances Jfii!?*
delible stain umn him as a man and aa the 1 resident
of the United States. . , ? ...
AWtwi, That having seen the dennociatifrns that
almost da&y tossw from osrtain preeaee agsinst the
?? fusioniatn ef the North, who are dsnounsed as ab
sorbed in "the traitorous (hetiona *rklcfc
those States, by which they are one after another be
in* placed in oppoeitioo tn the administration, we
astontehedTThear the pressing Inritior. in toe
second resolution of our opponente ter^afaapo
litical opinions, without regard te their l*'1,t1"*V
antecedents," to form a "ftuten" with them in their
future action?an Invitation broad eooagh te include
atSXAbby Kelly. ?4
kh^ir eoadietors in tha two house* of OongieM.
That we, too. appeal to all Americans
wholevethe Union, whict "must be preeeryed, and
careerof interested and uneerapulous
be checked, and the gorsmment be placed in
the hands of men acquainted with its character and
spirit, and who duly value its countless blsssinga.
And whersas we believe in the oompetency^shihty,
and right of American-born eithena to govern their
e*rn oountry: therefor* , . -
Hr#4rttd. That we will not vote for nor sssnt in
stevMingforeigners by birth to <*ocs of trust, emol
ument, or honor under our government: nor will we
vote for or assist in elevstiag to such ??cc","-r
American-born citiiens who recognise or hold them
?slves under any allegiance to toreiKn
?*..? b.
^tanT rrmnalcd or matenalhr altered, and the term of
to the rights of oitissn
?hip be extended to the period of tweaty-one years.
ijr pfHHONN residing Is the J''"** *"
Second wards desiring to subsfr.be
can Oaoiit," will leave their nsrnea at Wilhain II
Hilton's, Agent, 5o. ?BB, Eleventh street, bef^en|l
and K, and at Mr. Carroll's ahoestere No. 117 Venn
svlvania avenue, between Twentieth and Twmty
rtrst stseet. "?T
HT Persans reaMIsi is the 3d oi
ward* who deeire to beoome wbsenber* to the I>aily
or Weekly American Oi*a?, will leave toeir names
and number of residence at either olfo,1ST"Jf
t>laceft Tit: Adamnon s Book and 1 erifxlical ntore,
Seventh street, oppodte the Post Office : Kvsns s
Omi Store, corner of Seventh and I, ?or R. Y. Payne s
Drug Store, comer of Pourto and^MassMtassMs
' Agent.
nor 14 ?
tar Osr (>orp!t?w? Rslserlliet* wfcs do
of bis Mends. ?*
WAI.X A htephkji*.
warNNRVIiVANIA Avenue, between Oth
and 10th streets, have just received s larg^ ajr
establishment la the United Steles *
AN ACT for establishing religious freedom, passed
iu the Assembly of Virginia in the bogiuniug of
tho year 1786:
Well aware that Almighty God hath created the
mind free ; that all attempts to iutiueiiee it by tem
poral punishments or burdens, or by civil incapa
citations, tend only to beget habits of hypocrisy
and meanness, and arc a departure from the plan
of the Holy Author of our religion, who, being Lord
both of body and of mind, yet chose not to prop
agate by coercions on either, as was In hie almlahty
power to do i that the Impious presumption otleg
islatures and rulers, civil as well as ecclesiastical,
who, being themselves but fallible and uninspired
mon, have assumed dominion over the faith of
others, sotting up their own opinions and modes of
thinking as the only true and infallible, and as such
endeavoring to impose them upon others, hath es
tablished and maintained false religions over the
greatest part of the world, and through all time;
that to compel a man to lVirnish contributions of
money for the propagation of opinions which he
disbelieves, is sinftil and tyrannical; that even the*
forcing him to support this or that teacher of his
own religious persuasion is depriving him of tho
comfortable liberty of glvfng his contributions
to the particulrr pastor whose morals ho would
make his pattern, and whose powers he feels most
persuasive to righteousness, and is withdrawing from
tho ministry those temporid rewards, which, pro
ceeding from an approbation of their personal con
duct, are an additional Incitement to earnest and
unremitting labors for tho instruction of mankind;
that our civil rights have no dependence on our re
ligious opinions more than our opinions in physics
or geometry ; that, therefore, the proscribing of
any citiscn as unworthy .the public confidence by
laying upon him an incapacity of being called to
the offices of trust and emolument, unless he pro
fess or renouueo this or that religious opinion, is
depriving him h\juriously of those privileges and
advantages to which, in common with his fellow
citizens, he has a natural right; that it tends also
to Corrupt the principles or the very religion it is
meant to encourage, by bribing, witn a monopoly
of worldly honors, those who will externally pro
fess and conform to it; that though, indeed, those
arc criminal who do not withstand such tempta
tions, yet neither arc those innocent who lay the
bait in their way; that to suffer the civil ma
gistrate to intrude his powers into the field of opin
ion, and to restrain the profession or propagation of
principles, on the supposition of their ill tendency,
is a dangerous fallacy, which at once destroys all
religious liberty, because, he being of courso judge
of that tendency, will make his opinions the rttle
of judgment, and approve or condcmn the scnti*
ments of others only as they shall square with, or
differ front, his own; that it is time onough, for tho
rightful purposes of civil government, for ite offi
cers to interfere when principles break out iuto
overt acts against peace and rood order i and,
finally, that truth is groat, and will prevail if left to
herself, that she is tne proper and suffioient antag
onist of error, and has nothing to fear from the
conflict, unless by human interposition disarmed of
her natural weapons, free argument and debate,
errors ceasing to be dangerous when it is permitted
freely to combat them.
Be it, therefore, enacted by the General Ait
tembly, That no man shall be compelled to fre
quent or support any religious worship, place, or
miuistrv whatsoever, nor shall he be enforced, re
strained, molested, or burdened in his body or goods,
nor shall he otherwise suffer on account ofhis religious
opinions or belief, but that all men shall be free to
profess, and by argument to maintain, their opin
ions in matters of religion, and that the same shall
in no Vise diminish, enlarge, or affect their civil
And though we well know this Assembly, olected
by tho j>eople for the ordinary pur|>oncs of legis
lation only, have no power to restrain the acts of
suoccoding assemblies, constituted with powers
equal to our own ; and that, therefore, to declare
this act irrevocable would be of no effect in law ;
yet, we are free to declare, and do declare, that the
! rights hereby asserted are of the natural rights of
F mankind, and that if any act shall be hereafter
| passed to repeal the present, or to narrow its ope
| rations, such an act will be an infringement of
natural right.
JIJ8T received by lost arrivals from New
York and Philadelphia
SO packages double-refined Sugars
10 nhds. Clarified do
10 do Bro. N. O. and P. R. Sugar
50 bags old government Java and Maracaibo
60 8o green and white Rio Coffee ?
60 1-2 chests green and black Teas, part extra
fine ooop
S 1-4 casks old " Pinet A Co.," and " Goddard"
Brandy, "Vintage, 1MB."
S 1-8 pipes DaA Brandy
50 barrels old rye and genuine Bourbon Whis
An aaaortiiient of flne Wines, on draught and
in bottles
Also. Jamaica and Santa De Crux Rum
Old llolland Gin and
Genuine Hcheidam Schnapi*
85,000 Cigars, part Havana, verv fin* quality.
100 barrels assorted Maokerel
100 do eastern and Potomac Herring
100 boxes scaled do
Vi quintals 8t George's Bank Dry Cod
100 boxes Cheese, including Dairy and Pine
Also, a s Of family Shad in kalf bl.lt
100 w hole, half and quarter boxes Raisins
loo drums Smyrna Figs
6 boxes Genoa Citron
2 ease* Jar Pruns
1 do glass top lancy boxes and choies Fruit
2 bates Almonds, soft snd hard shelled
I eans E. I. preserved Ginger
10 boxes Maeoamoi and Vermscelli
fio boxes aasorted ground Spices
BO do do toilett Soaps
Also, Pickles, Catsups, Flavoring Extracts, Ac., a
large assortment.
Also Brooms, Bnckets, Mats, Brushes, Ac.
To all of which I invite attention, offering to sell
?n terms and at prices to please, notwithstanding the
pressure in the money market.
Louisiana avenue, opposite Bank of Washington
dec 2H?] w
Willard's Hotel.
JOHN II. GIBBS be?B leave to call the
attention of tho Gentlemen to the above estab
lishment, where they will find every comfort in the
Shaving, liar-cutting. Curling, Shampooing, and
Hair Dying departments.
Alse, to his Wigs, Scalps, and Toupeea, which ar
ticles cannot be surpassed in the United States, and
are always on hand, or msde to order st short notice.
His stock of Toilet articlea and Furnishing Goods
are oarvfull v selected, and will be found to mm prise
the best kinds of Combs, Brushes ; Labia's Extracts;
all sorts of Paris Perfumeries; Gueriain's, Rigres,
and other Shaving and Toilet Soaps. Best quality
Raxnrs; nail Knives; Penknives; Tweeters, Rasor
Strops; genuine Farina Cologne, in long, short, snd
wicker bottles; Toilet Mirrors; Cold Cream, Lip
! Salve, Amondine; and almost every requisite fbr
the Toil?*t.
j In Furnishing Goods he has kid Gloves, white
j and colored; fashionable Cravats, Scarfs, Neck Ties;
winter Gloves; Shirts, Suspenders, Stocks, pocket
Handkerchief*, Collars, Ac., all of which have been
ptrrehaaed from the best honscs in New York, and
are warranted to be what they are represented,
doe II?eod*ni*
Clonk-maklnc EstabliakMCnt.
Ko. 4ft *3^ Hreet, x?4h of Penruiylpanic avenue.
IADIES desiring to be fitted ont in the
A most fhshfonable style with either of the above
named articles of dress will do well to osll st the
above-named establishment.
Also, n Room to rent suitable for an office,
dee 18?1 m
fjmished st two-third* their value, hv calling
j at (lie New Union Bookstore,
1 dec 28?Ct 474 Penn. avenue.
A Daily a,ui IV?H* Pap*r, puhUshtd in. Hashing
t/tn (litu Ik c7., bi/
WE have retched an important crisis in our po
litical history. The two leading parties in our
country, hiUjirto separated by broad liues, either of
principle or of policy, differ flow scarcely in any thing
but in names. - , . . ,;r
A National Bant, formerly an osiwWMI point ordir
ferenoe between rival parties, has now no advocates.
A Prot^tive Tarjf fur the sate of protection, which
once divided parties and distracted our National Coun
cils, has become obsolete, as a question of party Pp"*yi
simply becauee a " revinu* tariff' affords incidental
protection to American Manufactures. A modifica
tion of the details of our present tariff system is all
that w demanded by the most strenuous advocates of
protection to American Industry. . ,
The distribution of the proceeds of the public lands
among the several 8tates, as formerly claimed by on*
party, and the appU^ation of those process '?
aid of the national Treasury, as claimed bv the other
party, have both yielded to a compromise of these oon
flioting opinions, so far, at least, as to lint these quae
tions 041S9U66 between Whin and Deinocnite. A
formed of ? compound of '^squatter sorenArnty, ( of
"graduation," and of* "surrender to the States in
which they lie, seems likely to withdraw the publio
lands from the arena of ftiture party oontests.
The improvement of harbors and rivert by congres
sional aid, on which polltioal parties have hitherto
differed at different times, has now become less a ques
tion of principle than of local and sectional ooutest;
and it will doubtless be adjusted by the next Con
fess, upon that basis of liberality and justice de
msnded by the spirit-of the age and the true interests
of the country. . . , . . ? .
Other questions, of minor importance, on which, at
different times, the two prominent parties ot the coun
try disagreed, have now, by a ohange of circumstances,
bwome obsolete. What, then, remain JMues of
any theoretical or practical importance between Whigs
and Democratsf We know of none; and if these
hitherto rival parties shall maintain their respeotivt
organisations, they will do so for the mere sake of the
' But newtssues have arisen, having no reference to
ths party organisations of Whigs and Democrats
issues which are vastly important in ^ bearing
upon the ftiture welfaA of the country?and which
issues must, in their discussion, progress, and termi
nation annihilate these two parties, which, for years
past, have battled, with alternate success, for pohticai
"^newwa is at hand-?n era whichwill be char
acterized, in the future history of these States, as the
ERA or patriotism ! Throughout the length ana
breadth of this great and glorious Onion, themasscsof
the American people have spontaneously and almulta
neou.ly startedX inqtrtfy-" Aw. sot Amsbioaks
cafamlk or aoraanw? wbi Cotrtrr?T r This m
quiry is *a universal as it is natural and pertinent,
the response is being given in the thousands ofa??<>
ciutions springing up in all portions of the United
States, and resting on the single basts, thai the
born Mvnt qf this Union hate the capacity and the
will to administer their own Governmsnl, to protect tM
right?ithieh theu have inherited, and to perpetuate the
freedom and independence of their native land !
Shall we trace the causes of this spontaneous and
universal uprising of the masses of our countrymen T
The evils incident to the indiscriminate immigration
of foreigners into our country?the consequenoes ot
permitting such immigrants to eujoy the right ot
suffrage?and the degrading effect of elevating for
eigners to posts of honor and trust under our gov
ernment; all these bavo beeu seen and known to our
people for years past, and yet until note, with few
exceptions, the American people have seemed to be
blind to the progress of foreigmsm in the land. We
need not, on the occasion of presenting this |
prospectus to the oeuntey, assign the eayiei for this
sudden and general manifestation of the purpoee of
tho American people to take the reins or
ment into their own hands; it is sufficient for the
object we have now in view to itate the undeniable
and obvious fact that inch pvrpote existe.
We now come forward to present to our fellow
citizens the mode and means of concentrating the
opinions and of harmonizing the action of those who
are disposed to unite-in the formation of an Amer
ican party," whose purpose shall be to find a remedy
for the manifold evils which have come upon us, and,
which are yearly increasing under the dyastrovs ope
ration of our lav? if naturaUtativn ! We propose to
establish, in oonformity with ths wishes of thousands
of the oi tiaras of this District, and of a large number,
of our friendu in different Stale*, a daily and
weekly paper, to be sailed ,
Ths publication will oommanoe on the 18th day of
November daily, and on the 80th weekly.
A oath capital, amply sufficient to oommenos and
to continue ths enterprise, has been subscribed and
secured to be advanced by a number of wealthy and
Influential gentlemen; and we are insured a daily
circulation surpassing that of any paper now pub
lished in Washington eity. The number of oar
weekly subscribers will depend upon the enthusiasm
of our friends in ths several States, but we have such
assurances that we cannot doubt we shall commence
with many thousands: and thsia vsar
pire before our weekly list will be swelled to more
him one hundred thousand.
Our position st the seat of the federal government,
the osntrs of our political system, where all the rep
resentatives ?>f the States, and of the people annually
assemble, and where prominent men of all parties
periodically sojourn for many months, js considered
by as, and by our friends, as the most favorable one
for the publication of this oboak ot tb? A"*bicah
pabtt; and if the most untiring devotion to the ad
vooecy of the doctrines snd polio' of this party shall
g4rr us a claim to its support, we know we shall de
serre, and we trust w? sWll receive it
We cannot perhaps more distinctly and eoncsaely
define the basis on which the American Organ is es
tablished than by presenting ths following extract,
which ws copy and adopt from an address of a former
President of (he Missouri Satire American Associa
tion, snd published st St. Louis in February, 1841, to
"T?a psarsTtTAvtaw or Ambucaw rnasiioa is owa
osjbct, Akebkiak biobt* oca motto, aho tub A*bb
icax raarr ooa cooaoaan."
Oar position Is thus defined Ws Asll *d*?eate
suck measures as will in mir judgment, if carried out,
perpetuate our freedom and protect our native rights ;
nor shall ws st sny time deviate from the path ol
duty aa the organ of the Amsrioau party, and the ad
vocate of American rights.
We shall neither sustain nor oppose sny political
measures on ths ground thst they emanate from a
Democratic or from a Whig sdmin.stfsUon ; but we
shall discuas all polltioal qaeations with the most
perfect freedom from favor <rr prqwlicc, toward the
prrfent or anv future administration. Keeping al
ways in view the principles and purposes of the
African ,*irty, we shall battle for those principles
snd purposes, while as an Independent journal, wi
shsir approve what we think is rifht aod ewdwg
what ws think is wrong In the pnnrinles of sll p?hbc
man and of all politicsl parties The adltaraf the
American Organ will be a Wnocrat of the school of
Jeffarsoo sndMadiaon, progresses in his notions of
public policy, ret consistent In his sdvooscyof the
rights (A the States. .
>0 eaaay or editorial shall
American Organ, tho tendency of which woiild be to
prejudice the rights or wound the frahngs of the mto
rens of any of the Htotes. Ho fcr ss the influence ol
this paper shall extern!, the eonshtnttonal nghts of
sseh, aid of all the States, shall be maintained. H e
hold that Us institution of sUnsru heiongs exclusineiy
to theme States in which it enets. Each of the Statee, for
itself, has the sols and emUsire rigtd to detsrmsns
whetisr trr not ehtrery ehmU siist within Us border*.
We thaU therefore oppose all agitation of the question
of UawTy, timtt in Ckmgr** or oi/i of U.
The " American Organ" will advocate tho free and
untrammslled exorcise of the rights of (^science, on
ell qusstlons connected with rchgious faith; but it
will, by all fair and respectful arguments, npj?m for
eign domination oe* American citizens, from whatever
quarter it may approach, and aa well in matters eeele
stastical as in' milters political.
A synopaia of the proceedings of Oongreaa during
eaob session will be from dsy to day presented.
General and local news will be gathered and pub
lislied, ia order thst our patrons may bavs a general
knowledge of passing eveuta.
The daily paper will be puhlislied every afternoon,
(except Sundays,) and delivered U snbscribers^at 10
cent* per seek, or msiled to subscribers at $S per
year, payable in advance. ..... ? _ , _
The weekly paper will be published everf Monday
morning, at Vi per year to single snbsoribers, psy
able in advance Clubs of ten cr more will he fir
nished at 91 50 each per year, (if sent to any one post
ciffloe.) paytble in wlwanoe. .
Advertising is solicited, at the usual ra<?a ; :and, s
the organ wfll have an extensive circulation, it will
afford the moat desirable medium in this "^pect
Knhscribeni will please remit their snbarnption. on
or before the aotlTdsy of November directed to
" A incriean Orgsu," Wsshingtou City, D. C.
UflV 1#?
Our (Jiioi. ~
8t?Kkeeeelr Mm'"?- Houthern Gulf ???> by the
U "Mud" VeiDB th,t *W?" aboT0 P"ciflc'? guldeu
And throbs in lio.rU (hat lore wd grieve bv dark
Atlantic s strand. 3
U biWe?t1 ?U? bn>tbcrhood ">? ^?PPor or the
With men whose cities glass themselves in Erie's
classic breast;
And those to whom September brings the fireside's
social hours,
With those who see Deoember's brow enwreathcd
with gorgeous flowers!
From where Columbia laughs to greet the amilinir
western tvivo ?
To where Potoimio sighs besido the patriot hero's
? fori! ?U*min* evorglade? to Huron's lordly
The fNation's past thrills through a kin
Wherorer Arnold's tale is told it dyes the cheek with
And glows with pride o'er Bunker Hill or Moultrie's
wider tamo;
And^eWer above the fray the stars of empire
Upon the deck or o'er the dust, it pours a common
It is a sacrod legacy ye ne?cr can divide,
ride- m K? urcbin> nur the son of city
Nor ?ho hunter's white-hairod children who find a
fruitful homo
Where nameless lakes are sparkling and where Iono
ly rivers roam!
Greene drew his sword at Eutaw; and bleeding
southern feet "
Trod the march across tho Delaware amid the snow
and sleet;
And, lo! upon the parchment, where tho natal record
The burning pare of Jefferson bears Franklin's
calmer lines T
Could yo divide that record bright, and tear the
names apart
That erst were written boldly there with plight of
hand and heart? r 8
Could ye erase a Hancock's name e'en with the sa
bre s edge,
?r wash out with fraternal blood a Carroll's double
Say, can the South sell her share in Bunker's hoarv
height? J
Or can the North give up her boast in Torktown's
closing fight ?
Can ye divide with equal hand a heritage of graves
Or rond in twain the starry flag that o'erthem proud
ly waves ?
Can ye cast lota for Vernon's soil, or chaffer mid the
That hangs its solemn folds about your common Fa
ther s tomb f
Or could ye meet around his grave as fratricidal foes
Ana wake your burning curses o'er his pure and
calm repose ?
Ye dare not! is the Alleghanian tbunder-toncd de
'Tis echoed where Nevada guards the blue and tran
quil sea;
Where tropic waves delighted clasp our flowcrv
Southern shore.
And where through frowning mountain-gates Ne
braska's waters roar.
Lectures at the Smithsonian Institution.
Profcwor Hart, of tho Philadelphia High School,
took the stand on this subject, and delivered a long
but interesting lecture, explaining it by a number
of drawings and diagrams of Urge size.
Ho commenced by dwelling on the necessity of
proper buildings, of their being properly lighted,
ventilated, heated, and the conveniences nceessarrv
to' carrv on a well-conducted school. The Faculty
of the High School had long felt this, and, when ft
was decided to erect a new building, they deter
mined to use all knowledge they oould obtain on
the subject. Last September the building was fin
ished, and is a model lor school-houses.
Then he described it minutely. Il was first pro
posed to build on a small back street, as there they
would be less disturbed by dravs, Ac., but it was
found, by experiment, that noises of other kinds
caused more annoyance than they would eiperi
ence on a greater thoroughfare. They built on
Broad street, upon a lot 150 feet wide, and, as the
building was not so wide, It left a clear space of 30
or 30 feet on cach side, which would remain open,
and ensure them abundance of light and air, more
so as the house fronted on Broad street, and they
had a rear ground of lo feet. The coet of the lot
was $17,000, oost of the building $68,000?total
176,000. The building is three stories high, with
an observatory.
Hero he showed, by diagrams, the position of
the basement. It is divided in the middle by a
hall 18 feet wide, and on each side of the hall three
Here Is an Improvement worthy of notice. It
U tailed the hat room. The wall of this apart
ment is covered with a row of boxes ten inches
high and eighteen deep, and there are racks run
across the room fi Ilea with like boxes; of these
there are over six handred, and arc numbered.
Tho achoUreenter through this room, and each
deposits his nat in the boa whose nuuiber corres
ponds with his rcgistor number. There are also
umbrella boxes, two and a half feet deep, at an
angle of 18 deg., calculated to hold twenty um
brellas each ; tlierc arc twenty-two of these, and
arc numbered like the hat boxes?thoir slanting
position drains the water from them into a trough
pieced at the bet torn. An aaslstant is stationed
hero to prevent disorder, and at nine o'clock pre
cisely tho doors of this room are locked, and no
one is allowed to enter again till the dose of tho
school, without a written permit from the teacher*.
There is also a large water trough for wssiung
and drinking, thus saving much running in ana
out of the building. Here also Is the chemical la
boratory, so arranged, with an Inclined plane of
seats, that all the pupils can see the experiments
with ease. The retort for the generation of nox
ious gases is not built, as is Uie case usuallv, with
hut three glass sides, and the back fixed In the
wan; but In this retort there are four sides of
glass. It la moveable, and when experiments are
in progress, it is placed in the middle of the room,
so that all can sec. Tho room can accommodate
flltr scholars.
The hall is sixteen feet wide on each |floor. On
the first floor the space on ono side of the hall
Is thrown into one long room, called tho Lecture
Room. This accommodates some 850 persons, ex
elusive of visiter* Here the pupil* and professor*
assemble twice a ilay for prayer, Ac., and, being ac
cessible by throe doors, can be cleared in one minute
and a half.
From the first to the second floors are two stair
cases, five feet wide, with heavy baiasters of oak,
and a rail ol mahogany, so substantial an to resist
any pressure in ease of panic or fire. From tlx;
econd to the third floors, there la one stairway, but
this is so wide that the building can be cleared in
two and a ball minutes.
The large front door is the entrance of the pro
fessors and visiters, and near the door is an apart
ment fitted up for the rec ption of visiters. The
pupils enter through the hat rOom. On the second
and third floors there are three rooms each side of
the hall, which are used for lectin** and recitations
and accommodate fifty scholars as a maximum'
forty as an average.
On the third floor ia the drawing room. This is
a novel but admirable feature. It I* used by the
Professor of Drawing and Writing ; lighted by a
skylight, and by windows on th* north, with shut
ters, so a? to give any light wanted. The desks
sre arranged In a circular form ; two circles, and
two outside arcs, and am tmi|t In the iw>?t sub
Htautial Mid solid manner, so that they cannot
be shaken ; and are of different heights, so as to
accommodate the small aa well aa tail Una. On
the inaide of the loweat circle Id tho " object ta
ble,n on which is placed the otyect to be copied.
These rooms, like all the other recitation rooms,
will not accommodate more than fifty scholar*
There are no seats for them, but all muat atand
during the hour of their work. TImj wall is pre
pared and painted black to Home height, as is all
other rooms for redtatiou, so tliat with prepared
chalk it makes a much better black board than
wood, and nearly as good as slate. In the draw
ing room, this is used by the teacher altogether.
As specimens of what the pupila could do, ho
pointed to the maps, diagrams, aud pictures of the
different parts of tnc building, which were exceed
ingly well done, and said they were tho very hasty
work of his scholars, got up for this lecture.
The Observatory next claims notice. To thoae
of our readers who have seen tho building, but
have not examined it ftilly, it will seem inadequate
to precise transit observations, as It seems merely
a part of tho main building. But the fket is, it is
enclosed by the walls of the Building but does not
touch it, the wall being four inches from It on. every
side. Tho top is elevated above the main roof, aud
is surmounted by a dome. The Equatorial is hero
on a marble slab, placed on the girders connecting
the walls, and part of the dome is so arranged as
to bo slid back, and give the observer ? view of
the Heavens, from horizon to horizon, and the
chair is so arranged that the operator can, by turn
ing a crank ncur him, move himself, the instru
ment and all, so as to liavo any view ho may wish.
Attached to this ia the calculating room, where a
Rinall library of astronomical and mathematical
works, tublq, Ac., are kept for tho purpose in
dicated by the name.
Heating nnd ventilation now received tl?e atten
tion of the Professor. Ho dwelt upon the many
experiments with stoves, and their fiilure to keep
up an oven temperature; and experiments witli
hot air furnaces. Here he showed the connection
between heating and ventilation, and that if a room
was not properly ventilated, it could not bo heated
by hot air. That air would not ascend any quicker
than would water, without some mechanical agen
cy. Air must be displaced to give room for tho
hot air, otherwise the furnaco might bo heated to
fusion, and very little hot air would ascend to
rooms above. There should bo ventilators on tho
opposite side to the register; if not, the hot air
would make but a small circuit, and ascend the
flue. Here he described tho method used by him.
There were flues in each room opposite tho regis
ters. These venta-ducta were open both at tho
top and bottom, and ran up to the roof without In
terruption, on being joined by another, each room
haviug its own. Under tho slope of the roof is a
small room callod the ventilating room, where
these flues discharge the foul air brought up.
The sides of this room are lined with un, and
the floor paved with brick, so that it ia fire
proof, and here they keep a coal stove con
stantly burning, so as to rarify this foul air, that it
may moro readily rise; and the wanner the wea
ther, the hottor fire they keep. Thus, in the warm
season they establish a draft, causing tho foul air
to rise by ratification, and its place to be supplied
by the pure air through the windows and door*.
On the top of tho pipe which carries off the foul
air, is one of " Emerson'* patent ventilating cape,"
which protects it from the effect! of the winds.
Then he stated that vcnta-ducts should be mode
of soft pine wood, as it la easily warmed, aod
will aasist in rarificatton?that they should be close
jointed, and as smooth as possible, that they may not
avoid any escape for, or friction to the ascending
He concluded bv Maying that the building com
mittee liad used all the light they could find ou
the subject of school-house architecture, and the
result of their researches was now before the world
in this building.
In answer to interrogations of Bishop Totter,
and Hev. Or. Proudfoot, he stated that they used
" Chilton's Furnace." Dr. Lambert inquired its
general effect upon the health of the scholar*.
Prof. Bart had remarked no change in the pupils,
but had noticed a great change in the health of one
of the professors, who, in the old building, was
every winter laid up with a cough several weeks;
but in this, whether from the ventilation or beat
ing, he did not know, but probably both. He had
entirely recovered.
A motion that tho thanks of the Association be
given to Prof Hart, was agreed to, and the Aaaoci
tion adjourned to Thursday, 10 a. m.
Speech of Zackariah Spioer.
On the Question, " Which enjoya the greatest
amount of happiness, the bachelor or tbe married
Hr. President aud Gentlemen : I rise to advocate
the cause of the married mau. Aud why should I
not? I claim to know something about the insti
tution, I do. Will any gentleman pretend to say
that I do not? Let him accompany me home.
Let mo confront him with my wife and seventeen
children, and decide.
High as the Rocky mountains lower above the
Mississippi volley, docs the character of the mar
ried mau tower above that of the bachelor. Whst
if a bachelor ? What was Adam before he got ac
quainted with Eve? What but a Door, shiftless,
helpless, insignificant creature? No more to be
compared with his after-self, tlion a mill-dam to the
great roaring cataract of Nlagfcra. (Applause )
Gentlemen, there was a time, I blush to aay it,
when I too was a bachelor; and a more miewrshk)
creature you would hardly expect to find. Every
day I toiled hard, and at night I came home to my
comfortless garret?no carpet, no fire, no nothing.
Everything was la a clutter, and In the words of
the poet?
" Confusion was monarch of all he surveyed."
Here lay a pair of panto, there a dirty nair of
tioota, there a play-bill, and here a pile of dirty
clothe*. What wonder that 1 took rofu^e at tho
gaming-table and bar-room. I found it would
never do, gentlemen, and, in a lucky moment, I
vowed to reform. Scarcely had tho promise passed
my Hps, when a knock was beard st the door, and
in came Kuasn Himpkius after my dirty clothes.
" Mr. 8picer," says she, " I'vo washed for you
six months, and I haven't seen the first red cent
In the way of payment. Now, I'd like to know
what yon are going to do about it ?**
I felt in my pocket-book. There was nothing in
it, and I knew it well enough.
" Miss fcimpklna," said I, "It's no use denying
it. I haven't got tho powter. I wish, fot your
sake, I had."
" There," laid she, promptly, 441 don't wash an
other rag for yon."
44 Stop P said I. " Rusan, I will do what I can
for you. Silver and gold have I none, but, if my
heart and band will do, they are at your service."
41 Are you in earnest*" says aba, looking a Httle
44 Never more so " say* L
44Then," says she, "aa there aeeins to be no
prospect of getting my pay any other way, I guess
III take up with your ofTter."
Enough said. We were married in a week ; and
what's more, wa haven't repented it. No more
antic* for ine gentlemen. I live In a good houar,
and have somebody to mend iny clothes. When I
was a poor miserable bachelor, gentlemen, I used
to be aa thin aa a weasel. Now I am as plump as
a porker.
Iu conclusion, gentlemen, if you want to be a
poor ragged devil, without a coat to yoor back, or
a ahoe to your foot; if you want to grow old be
fore ?our time, and as uncomfortable, gsncrollr, a*
a 44 hedgehog rolled up the wrong way," I ad fixe
you to remain a bachelor; but if you want to Hve
decently and respectably, get married. I've got
ten daughters, gentlemen, [overpowering applause]
and you may have your pick.
Mr. Spirer sat down amid long and continued
plaudits The generous proposal with which ho
concluded secured him five sons-in-law.
J-JPT Pennsylvania ia the largeat domestic
mmsWmary AeM under the care of ttye PreohV
terian Board.

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