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WASHINGTON, D. C.
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 80, J864. YEtiPAttiAN ELLIS, JMiiee. " ii mil ini 11 M' l,KATH' Alui*Blttt "Against the insidious " ilea of foreign iutluenee I ooojure rou to believe mo, fclluw-?iii?,en? oasy of a free people ought ?o be oon.taatly awake ? since history and expeneuce prove, that foreign iu ! Hi on cm it. one of the aiost bant-ftil foes of a republican frurernmaot."? "*'nhvnytvn. " I hope we may find nornu means, in future, oI ?liielebnf ourselves from foreign influence, politiwl TOinmerotol or in whatever form it may be attempted! I can sowwly withhold myself from Joining ii the Wkfth ox culiu DtMUi?4 thtit theru wem an uoeuu of firt* l?tw?6n thm and the old world.' Agents for The '' Americas Organ." Joa* T. Aidlev, Ht. Asaph atreet, two doora from street Alexandria, Virginia. Auraao LawsiLUf, Hicbmoud, Virginia. W. L. Willi a u?, Tumperauoe Temple, Oay atreet, Halt)more, Marylaud. ?'??" Hilton (assisted by It. W. Dailit, SW and 61 Walnut street, CCincinnati,) is our agent for Cin rlnnati and other cities in the weat. V. B. Filwkh, the Auieriesn Newspaper Agent, is '*Lf?^ auttorutd Agent for this paper iu the citieh of-Boeton, New York, oud Philadelphia, and is duly empowered to take advertisements and subacripUons at the ratas requm-d bv us. Ills receipts will be rc G. ?2 " poviuoiiU. Ilia ottkea are?Boston, tjeol r s uuildine; New York, Tribuna Buildings: Phil adelphia, northwest corner Third and Chestnut sis. Toe " Amuucak Oboan " will be found for sale at A Yaies', No. 22 Beekinan street, New York, i- D, Coa loses, Burlington, (N. J.,) is ag?nt for "f, American Organ" for the State of New Jersey. M. J. Bp*ns Portsmouth, Virginia. UtOlfta H. 1'srtojf, Fredericksburg, Vs. J..0. Mokuak, New Orleans. Samvbl G. Flaou, State of Massachusetts, b. Clooob, State of Rhode Island. D. 8. Yockg, Stuunton, Va. 11 . for Prince George, Charles, 8t and Calvert counties, Maryland. , *?*!?. of Maryland, is general ageut gat subscribers on any route ha may travel. The Sentinel va. Americanism. ' During tho post summer, the Washington Sentinel waa quite rabid in its assaults upon tlio "American part)'," aud published several editorials filled with vonotn towards our order, rome of which wo have briefly heretofore no ticed, and others of which wo have laid aside for future rofercncc. For the last few weeks, however, it has been almost, if not entirely si lent on the question of Americanism, and not until this morning, havo we of late seen any thing in tho columns of that paper, which re quired a notice from us. In this morning's is sue tho Sentinel renews the war upon our party. It has a right to do so, if its opinions are ad- i vrse to our doctrines, and we do not complain I of its course, but merely note it as above, as it appeared to ua rather extraordinary that it I should have " suspended hostilities" for so long a space of time, aud should havo renewed them at this particular juneturo. In this morning's issue that paper inquires, with great apparent anxiety, but without much ? t-uccesa, " Where are the lost tribes of Aboli tionism f" It answers its own inquiry thus: 14 They havo hid themselves In the uew and se cret order, so that they may deceive the South and a >duoe unwary southern men into an alliance with tliem. They have longenough tried open warCur. 1 hey have long enough tried clamor. Not is it surprising that they should now avail themselves of socrocy and reserve." We have too much respect for the editors of the Sentinel, to beliove that they would wil V My misrepresent facta. But we must be al lowed to say, that iu answer to its own In quiry is not (to uso the mildest term) in con formity with the fact It is incorrect The leading organs and the leading men of the order of political abolitionist*, or northern dis uiionists, are opposed, openly and secretly, and violently opposed to tho American party. And why aro they so? Because our party is c*msertatire, and stands upon the platform of the constitution, and is not tho proper place for " higher laic'1 advooatea It is undeniably true, that there are han ureda and thousands of men at tho north and northweet whoso feelings arc anti-slavery, and who honestly consider the institution of slavery an evil, and who are members of tho "Ameri can party," but auch men are not political ab olitionists, aliam dutmionUu, and "higher W advocates, who would scatter the Union into fragments sooner than fail to extirpate slavery. Far from it Such men, foreseeing that the further agitation of slavery would probably in tuit in a separation of these .States, and that such egitation cannot by any possibility result iu benefit to either tho North, the West, or the 1 South, and that it cannot tail to sow discord among brethren, and alieuate the several portions of the country from each other, and foresceiug, too, that the evils of foreiguism and Romanism are yearly and hourly Increasing aud must be met and overcome, (such men we say) are readv and willing to unito with the South, to sink tho question of slarery forerer, and liarmonize In one great national effort to ward off impend ing ruin. But the Sentinel " With optica keen, Sees what is not to b? seen," and imagines that the abolitionists of the North bare " hid themselves in the new and secret or der, so that they may decive the South, and teduoe the unwary Southern men iDto an al liance with them." Well really, the Sontintl is quite compli mentary to the pooplo of the South, in the j above very extraordinary sentence. Does the i Sentinel suppose the South can be deceived or ! cajoled Into tho adoption of any political mea sure*, or course of action, which would destroy their own rights, even were northern men so ignorant of southern intelligence, as to make the preposterous attempt ? Tli? " American party" reeolve* to sink the question of slavery. It brings within its folds the men of the North, West and South, on t'lia basia The purposes of the party are un connected with the slsvery question. Impor tant questions of national importance and char actor have brought this party together. Well, suppose then that those men (if they existed) who '* have hid themaelves in the new and secret order," commence the work of deception and seduction? How will they begin? What path will they strike out? ITom many minutes j would their trhemeof deception and seduction List! Not twenty minutes?not ten! Men and moans are necessary to the accomplish ment of such a scheme as the fertile mind of the Sentinel lias imagined! Southern and Western men must lie " mixed up" with, and be a part aud parrel nf, such a scheme, and contribute moans, by thoughts, words, and act*, to carry It out. Wo regret to see such moonshine in tl?e col umns of any intelligent paper We regret to see Southern men, Southern editor*, advance opinions which impute to the people of the whole South, a stupidity and an ignorance not ! found in the lowest classes of the human race. Wc regret to see a respectable press impute such purposes of treachery to any portion of ; the people of the Unite*! States. We believe that our " Aswumh" brethren <?f the North meatt wKut (Aty uft when they propose to Mink the quueiion of sUvery, tud to -t*nd Hi*>n a national piriform In tin.- *' h iff heft lau>" ali?& th? ??iluunion " 1'*" ijr, at tku North or at tho South, w# repose ??Q ? tttfldiHoo, and With such we shall hold no political communion. Ultraiets of both classes we would avoid. Union men of *11 section* of the country, and without reference to their Connor sasociation.s, we welcome to tho ranks of the " American party." Of such, and of such only, ought the " American party " to be composed, and of such, and of auch only, so far as we are advised, thin party U composed WelK>g to assure the Sentinel that its /tar, ?oaching the tedvetion of the "South by a " hlyhtr ^1" _I*rty, aru entirely groundless. The Anericaa Colt. 1 he following most ridiculous article is pub Imhod this morning by the Washington Senti net, which press, we suppose, lias joined the forces of Picrce and Forney, to aid in "(rush ing out " Amtricanum. It is copied by the Sentinel from tho " American Celt," and intro duced thus: The American Celt, in its annual address to its reader*, speaks in the following forcible and strik ing language of tho new secret society." Very forcible, and very striking language in deed, Mr. Sentinel, as our readers will now see to wit: " ' It is a dreadful thing to engage a whole peo ple, upon oath, to coueeal their political designs lo swear them to bo foresworn, to instruct them in meeting, moving, and acUug, without the pule of the accepted Constitution. Those who have tauKln that lesson to this generation of Americans, have re-revohitionut'd the country. The republic of Washington i? at an end, and the republic ot JUunl . U,b<;gi"!!iuK\ To-day it is the secret societies Against the Church ; to-morrow, thev may under tak* to regulate wages, to legislate on property, to establish a secret police and secret tribunals for the rtert tlfeiii VUnish,ucut of 1,11 who denouuee or de i " ?',MP a'hey should triumph iu tho Presi dential election of 1856, then the republic of Wash ington la at an end, and that of Buntline begins. Already they have sorely shaken three of the pil. r* of the old eonstitution,/r?cfo,H of relxaion of meet/, and of the preu. They are avowedly con nnl* ^ ^ganwtoue religion, against publicity, and to deny the known truth. Where the majority governs and the majority conspires, the revolution s comp'ete. The work of erasing the latter may any tU?0^ tbe,8pirit constitution, strangled In secret, has already departed.'" * What a " dreadful thing" it must be in ', in t,le viow of an " Irish Catholic," that any people should "upon oath conceal their political designs, "when the whole system of ?JetuUitm under which such persons aro born and reared, is founded in the most perfect se crecy, and sustained by oaths which render tho Jesuits unsafe citizens in any government, under which civil and religious liberty have an abiding placo! What a " dreadful thing" that fi eemeu and republicans should meet in secret, to consult upon tho best means of thwarting the machinations of the tools of foreign des pots ! Shod more tears, ye crocodilcs! An ocean of such tears would "not suffice to wash out your sins! Does it accord with the moral sense of the Sentinel to republish the contemptible slander that the "American party" originated with 3ed Buntline t If go, go ahead! But hear tho Celt What an awfal calamity has befallen the country! It says: " Already bars they (K. N.'s) sorely shaken three of th? pillars of the old constitution, frredvm of religion, of tpeech, and of the preu." ' The religion " of the Celt is quite "fret" enough, or it would not utter such palpable untruths without compunctions of conscience. Its "speech" is " free," even free from truth or candor. Its "press" is assuredly free, or such libels would terminate its existence. Doet it want more freedom t We are not surprised that such presses as the Celt should publish such none*nee, but we confess our surprise that tho Washington Sen tmel should republish it, and dignify it with I the terms "forcible and striking language.'" Oar Party in Villain. Wo invite attention to a letter, received bv its last night, and published to-day, over the signature of " Virginia" It is from the pen of one of the most prominent, talented, and popu lar Whig "Know-Nothings" in Central Vir ginia?a man who knows as much of public opinion as any man in the State, and who would not misrepresent tliat public opinion, or any fact to which he refers, oven to accomplish his political wishr*. W e have received several other letters, from high sources, within tho last twenty -four hours, and all, without one exception, bathing the same sentiments. IV e publish this letter, not to continue a dis cussion with the Richmond Whig, but to vin dicate the opinious we have oxpremed. NT" **11 the attention of o>?r readers to ?n advertisement under the head Xotiee to Contractor,, in relation to prof. Is for the grading, masonry, and bridges of ,ue Metro which is to connect this city with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Of the importance of this road, it is unne cessary now to speak, as its construction may be regarded as a "fad fact," and wo hope nothing will occur to delay its progress It is in charge of men who stand high In public con fidence, and we entertain no doubt of its nromDt completion. ^ F It will afford to contractors a fine opportuni ty for the profitable investment of their fund* their Uinc and their exertions. HF" sre requested by J. II. Jones, Esq., Proprietor of tho American Banner, of Phila delphia, to caution the subscribers to that pa per in Washington, not to make payment to nis late agent in this dty, but to remit the (rice of the paper, according to his terms, to imself, #4 Carter's alley, Philadelphia. Others wishing to take the Banner, will address him as above. HP" Our subscribers in Alexandria who (ailed to obtain their papers last evoning, will receive them to-day. in consequence of missing both the stage and boat, wo were unable to forward the Alexandria bundle nntil this morning. Hereafter we shall be more punctual. The "American lb-gun," at Washington, is publishing a series of letters, the flrrrt of which ap peared last Halni-dsy, in reply to the letter of Hon. Henry A. Wise, on Know-Nothlngism. The letter which has appeared Is much admired for its ele gance of diction, and the able reasoning in which it almonds. The " itiuwmin of Aocoinac" has met a foeman worthy of his steel. The letter is signed "R,"1 and dated at Raleigh, N. C., and the author is supposed to be the lion. Kenneth Ray ner. It Is addressed to a gentleman of Virginia. ?A"orfolk B*a<vn. Wc shall publish on Tuesday next, the second letter of "R." in answer to Mr. Wise, and take occasion to say, in advance, that it will ftifly meet the expectations created by the publica tion of the first. In every quarter the highest compliments are paid, by candid and competent Judges, to the author of the letter referred to. fy Monday, l>eing New Year's day, there will be no paper issued from our office. Policy ol the America* Party la Virginia. Mr. Editor : The tact that the Organ ii uow universally regartM in Virginia, ?. not otHy the uxponeut of the princlffoe iud doctrine* ol our party, but m the legitimate medium of" communi cation and InleUlgcncu wuong ourselves, must be my apology for aakiitg a brief spa^e lu yoar col lUiiiw to olfcr a few wbrds of suggestion to our fellow-patriots in thin State. Our strength here is greatly underrated by the uuttidi public, and there la, therefore, much (?pecu lation as to our covfse next spring, J? ew vuUiderf can credit the fact that there is a third party in \ irginla large enough to assume the management of its nan affaire, imsspevtivc of (he piano aad re gardless of the wishes of the hackneyed polite inn ariose business it has been to utt nurte the dear people ou the eve of every election. They therefore take it for granted that wo will quietly await the action of the aforesaid politicians of the Whig party?the Democracy bciug in the Held already?and wheu their champion and ilr. Wiae havo " locked horns," that we will step fbr ward i;s u balance of power party, and perform the gracious tank of peacemakers, by helping one side or the other to thrash iu adversary. Now, this is no doubt a very pleasant state of things in the con templation of gentlemen who expect to secure our aid iu their extremity. But they arc destined to a sad disappointment. All these bright anticipations will be dashed to the ground when the America^ party stands forth in iu manly independence, freed from the thraldom of effete organizations, and ani mated in every member with the vitality and ener gy of a youthful giant. The demagoguhtin of both the old parties, and the corruptions, that have crept iuto both, hare gireu rise to this great national American party, i It is not an organization whose aims are the spoils of office. It seeks not victory for the misera ble gratification of a thirst for public plunder. No, it strikes for a nobler prize?the rescue of America from foreign domination and home dera agoguism. Then why unite our fortunes with either of the old parties f Is it to give one the advantage over the other, when we sec in both the very evils wc profess to aim at ridding our country from ? Surely we have labored to little purpose, if, after all, wc are to become the mere hireling soldiers and mercenary camp followers of some Whig or Democratic leader, put forward by the hungry spoilsmen of his party, who, like the Moss troopers of border memory, sclect a chief with an eye to the service. I have some means of knowing the sentiment of our party in Virginia, and am proud to say it is, without exception, so far ai I know, for independ j ent nomination*. Our party, of course, consists of those who were once either Whigs or Democrats. We liave united in good fkith to achievc a groat revolution In American politics. Past differences of opinion in regard to measures of Federal policy, are for the time merged and held subservient to the more vital questions that form the basis of our organization. And for the sake of accomplishing the great work before us, we have resolved to sink (or if any pn-fer the phrase, to hold in abeyance) our old dif ferences, and, as sons of a common country, to re store its institutions to their former purity and na tionality. To do so successfully, wc know well enough that we must " avoid ali entangling alli ances," and stand forth before the world upon the broad platform of Americanism. Our creed is be fore the country. We invite ail to scrutinize it, and, if they approve, to adopt it, and give us their aid in stamping it upon the institutions of America. Of course, we do not assail men who differ with us, and still prefer to be called Whigs or Democrats' to being known and recognised as Americans. We persecute mo man for opinion's sake. Wo claim the right to rule our country as best suits ourselves as Amcrican-born citizens, without let or hindrance from the subjects of other lands, or their rulers and wc shall endeavor to make good that right. The nomiuees of oue of the old parties iu this State have seen proper to assail us in bitter terms. So be it If Mr. AN ise and his confrere can get along without u?, wc shall try aad get along without Ihnn. If, as he says, he would not accept the of fice of governor at our hands, wc shall of coursc feci constrained, under the circumstance*, to ex cusc him from filling it at all. The Whig, arc yet to determine on their course. I do not know what that may be. They may possibly conclude that they, too, like Mr. Wise, can get along without us. So be it. We shall try and get along without thrm. I have been a member of that party, and more f than oncc honored with iu confidence, and in re turn for iu kindneoH I would now beg to make a suggestion or two for iu consideration. I do so with the utmost deference, and tho pro foundest respect, and with the deepest anxi ety, that the party of my youth and manhood may now act with that prudent conservatism and pa triotic devotion that hare characterized it in many a trying hour. As a party, the Whigs have been helpless and prostrate in Virginia for many year*. They are in a hopeless minority. Tho Democratic and the American are the two great parties in Virginia, and the coming contest will show it. As a third party, the Whigs cannot by any poasibio state of things hoj?c to succeed in electing any ticket they may I nominate. I do not believe that any man they can put up will get 25,000 votea. This is no random | opinion It is formed upon factt l,u>tcn to forty thousand men besides myaelf. Why, than, should the Whig party bring out a ticket to be beaten ? Can they not find In the two other tlckeU a choice worthy of their support * That the American party will be strong enough to triumph in a triangular contest, I liave not the shadow of a doubt. The growth of that party has beon over two thousand per waek for about twenty weeks past. And since the Kuunton Convention iu progress has been un paralleled. It ia still twenty weeks before the elec tion, and we may safely estimate the Increase at from fifteeu hundred to two thousand per week. It then requires no prophet to foretell the result In an ejection where the whole vote cast will not be over one hundred and thirty thousand. Running a Whig ticket will not woaken the American party, If they have an Independent ticket In the field. Once array the two old parties against each other on their reepective platforms, aaf] there will be thouaands of both of their members dissat isfied and disgusted with the wire-working of their leaders, and who will gladly avail themselves of the opportunity of defeating both, by rallying to the standard of Americanism. They can do so without being charged with having gone over to the enemy, and, like the French and English troops on a memorable occasion, after being fatigued fighting each other, they will meet aad shake hands over this brook ol refreshing wateA, *nd be ene mies no more. Then, I repeat, why should the Whigs nuke a nomination at all T Wo will present to the country gentlemen eminently qualified for the duties of the high offices to be filled. We act upon the principle of seeking and selecting the bett mm for office, rather than contribute to the eleva tion of office-seekers by trade. And when we shall have presented our men, wc will challenge for them the support of tho whole country. We then beg of our Whig frienda to await the j action of our own party, before they attempt to complicate the contest by bringing forward a third ticket They liave always been beaten when run- j ning single handed?they muatineviubly be beaten now, if they make a nomination. It will be as iwi- ' possible to bring the American party to the sup- ! port of a Whig tickct, at tttch, as it would be to bring it to the support of Mr. Wiae. Thiim ii? uecesaity for a warfare betweeg us and th0 Whlga, ?ad the.* will b? ????. * *? 1101 t0 uic talc to uh our policy and our <?<*? Hpj Me it lu their power to choosa b^fet-u <*r ticket aud Mr. Wk If w? do *ot meo than the d*C? ^Uthenbatlme enough for the \U.*h to put forth a ticket of their own. I ?u sorry to see the spirit exhibited by the Richmond Whig, iu commenting ou our policy as ct*tcd by tho Oty<t* a few days ?ln<k. I am our partv has as clear a ri#ht to determine ite own course, as the Whig party can claim for ilwlL We hare oot aasWId tbeui, and tl.ey l?v? no riglkl U> sie-'1 Ua. If W? ch?M?ae ?o art for our selves, we do no more than of right wo may. And, however desirable it may be that there should be union and harmony between us and the Whigs, it cannot be secured by requiring us to surrender at discretion to their behests. We want a regular stand-up, old-faahloued fight with Mr. Wise; and wo ask tho privilege of naming our own champion for the contest. This is our right, and is feir to all parties. As the Whig, can't beat him them selves, we had supposed they would not ouly be glad to ace us do so, but would, if nccesaary, " leg" for us in the fight. Yours, Ac., Virginia. FOR TBI AlUlUCAK ORGAN. Lectures at the Smithsonian Institution. EDUCATION IK EUROPE. Professor H. Barnard, L. L. D., Superintendent of public schools iu Counecticut, gave an account of his observations on education in Europe, during his last tour: When it was determined to hold an Educational Exhibition In Loudon, duriug tho Industrial Exhi bition of all nations, the United States, at well aa tho European States, were Invited to send dele gates. The invitation was sent to the President, mid, through the Secretary of State, waa aeut to the'Governors of various States; among thorn, New York and Connecticut. From this last State, Prof. Barnard waa sent as delegate. The Educational Exhibition was held in St. Mar tin's Hall?one of the largest of the kind. The building is five stories high, and all the rooms were crowded with contributions of documents on edu cation, models, maps, globes, Ac., or used as lec ture rooms, where scientific men read papers an various subjects, or consulted as to plans. The number can be imagined from the fact that the catalogue of the articles exhibited there, is a book of IHX) pages, printed with small type. Norway, Switzerland, Sweden, and Holland contributed nobly to the stock, as well as the larger nations, ' but the United States did comparatively nothing, except the State of New York, which sent eome four hundred specimens of globes, maps, drawings, &c. But he was sorry to find there a model of a countrv school-house, Inferior to those now used in all our cities. The high school house of Phila delphia is the best he had met with in any country, but there were no models sent, that would bear comparason with it; so we were misrepresented at the exhibition. He found that, In the school-houses in Germany, tbev still use the long form, and a bench without a back?he had seen in one school a desk and seat for two scholars, but in no case had met with a desk and seat for one, as we invariably have them In our modern school-houses. We are In advance of the world in accommodations for our soholars. But he found that Europeans far exceed us In appliances for study, as maps, Ac. They were so superior that he wished to expend $1,000 in pur chasing specimens of them for tho Conn. Nor man schools. We do not value them as we should. England expends $10,000 yearly on the National School of Design for models. For two months lectures wore delivered daily on the most scientific points of teaching. Among these tho Dean or Hereford, Dr. Dorr, read a paper on the teaching of "Common Things," and offered prizes to those teachers who would best instruct their scholars ou this subject. Here we are in advance of them, for in almost every school is a book called " Fami liar Science," treating these " Common Tilings in a masterly but simple and clear manner. He hvd noticed that nearly all the children In the reform schools were orphans, and thai in some way they should be placed in a family re lation bv putting them In families, or forming them into small bands; otherwise they would make bad citizens. He said Cardinal Wiseman liad done a great deal for education, and that the Catholic Church had always had the education or the |>eople at heart That to the Catholic Church we owed the Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb, the first school for idioU, and tb? first Normal School. That the priests did not oppotr the education of the people, but simply insisted to have them educated in their irhoolt. Here the Professor broke out with the senti ment that Americans should not oppoae the Cath olics, as they were the true friends of learning, and opposition to them in their wishes concern ing schools was opposition to education. He said be wanted schools on a broad, fret btlii, with nothing iu them that would be objectionable to anv He had found that the Catholic priest In Hereford had done more for education than any four ministers of any denomination He had told Father Brady that he did wrong In establishing separate schools, for he could not make them equal the public schools, andIthat he should send his children there. Headvieedus to make our schools such as the Catholics would not object to, as they could help our schools very much with funds, influence, and teachers. To do this, wc should exclude such text hooks, and form* of pravrr, as were objectionable to them, when our thiols would be free Indeed ; free for all, and be attended by all. Here he was stopped by vehement applause by a few, the majority of the audience by their coun tenances expressing blank surprise and wonder as to what would cowo next In the part of the an die nee from whence the applause came, wm a man dressed in the style of a priest. The speaker proceeded to give bis views on op position to foreigner., Ac., touching on the Ameri can movement, but the restlessness of his hearers must hsve warned him of his temerity, a. he soon changed the sutyect for one more agreeable. He then spoke of the English depot foe coH^ lion of apparatus, text-books, *c., of its good effects and of the great necessity of some depot of thekbnd her*. It "could be e^ formed. Wy publlsher would send his text-books there as the best mode to advertise them. And makers of, globes, maps, apparatus, fcc., would be glad to j place his invention in so conspicuous a position^ on.., Association would not recommend them on receipt but place them there to he selected from by teachers in search of bo<*a. And the same Jan as is used in England conkl be adopted^ here, which is, if anv teacher wished a text-book for his school, the depot could obtain them at wholesale prices. Also, a system of exchange could be effected with similar institutions In Europe. Education can be advanced by the drcu tauonof tracts on popular subjects. In on the relations of poverty and and labor, architecture j were attached to every almanac sold that year, thus no one conld pick up an slmanac without see inB something on the snbject. And its results ware soon visible in the improvement or the sch^J ^national educational paper should be started There an' alreadv fifteen State journals, but there <thonhl be a paper above local subjects for the ad rancement of the general welfare. A nutation yet mooted among us ia, how Mar we ,.*n introduce ittttfo* denominational Instruction into schools. In Scotland, the established church (Presbyterian) have charge of the schools, and members of the Free fWh. Episcopalian^ and Catholics, send their children to Pri,.,t^h?1; thus dividing the interest, lu Ireland, they meet on common ground, using prayers and objectionable to none. Holland gives the denomination the ri?ht to send clergymen into the aciiools to Instruct their chddren, and, at the same time scholars of other denominations can go to their own places of worship. In Pn'?*S** *?*?? having the majority appoint the principal of th school, and the smsllsr ehurch the aiwa^V In England the school fund is divided betwee the British and Foreign Society and , etv for Education ; the one under the control of jhe churcli, mil the other fwe. The |lue?liun?l Society lure Waco uouiewhat i Ii*iig?4'u The ochooU being luutoftty Wpporied by the Ujy eminent and dciioiuiua(k>ii*, tt< fuud le aiyKted among the sect* according to-ffceii' ?ulM?riplu?? , thus the one donating the moat, drew* ?o*l f|9y? the (iovcruuiout. The HHgliah Government durtnj; *he but ten yoant had expended but ?l,0<M?,<Jfl0, ?f#ulo the churches havo contributed four time* that agtoum to the support of / Normal schools occupy much attention in Eng Und. The government does not iwelt found, but aid* denomination* to rear tlieiu. Teachers are 1 encouraged to attend these schools in thin manner. Inspectors visit the schools throughout the coun try, and are at liberty to select from each, a lew BchoIVs, ainl pkdc tlAjiu under the teacher, to be taught in a prescribed course for an hour or two a day, and the rest of the time to serve as assist ants to the principal?-this U? continue five years. At the end of this time, if they can pass a credit able examination, they are styled Queen's scholars, and can enter one of the Normal or training schools. During this tiuio he lias been receiving a salary of from (100 to >'i00 per year. At the Normal school he remains three years, supported by the institu tion ; at the end of which time, if Us attainments uro satisfactory, lie receives u " certificate of merit," by which authority he is allowed to teach. From that time he is allowed a salary by government, of from |150 to $800 per year, in addition to what they receive for teaching; and, when worn out, the} are allowed a retiring salary. This feature is much needed hero, for lie class of men are more deserv ing of public support than those who wear them- j selves out iu training up our youth. England needs a medium betweeu her element ary schools, and her colleges, Wo have that in form of high schools, and much good have they done. lie dosed by expressing his belief that much good was done in this country by the mingling of the classes in schools?the English had no idea of such a mixture, and he had been asked if It was true that magnificent houses were built for the com mon children, and the answer he uiado was, '? Sir, we have no cotiunon children in our country." Baltimore Correspondence. Oiid Fcltoui Entertainment?Wm. II. Martin? The Young Guard?a Burglar caught?Corpo ration Moonlight. Baltimore, Dec. 29.?The Odd Fellows of this city gave quite an elegant entertainment yesterday afternoon to the orphan children of deceased mem bers, left to their guardian care. The children, to the number of several hundred, were assembled at the Hall of the order on Gay street, about noon, and from thence were marched lu procession, headod by a band of music and the joint standing committee of education, to the spacious saloon of the Maryland Institute, where a variety of inter esting exercises took place. After a prayer had been offered by Rev. Mr. Shrevc, the children joined In singing an appropriate ode, written for the occasion by George W. Mayers, Esq., which was followed by a neat address from Col James C. Ninde. The address concluded, the yourg folks and their kind benefactors, together with a large number of their widowed mothers, partook of a most bountiftil supply of refreshments, while the fine band in attendance discoursed a number of charming airs. At the conclusion, the children were treated to a concert by the Kunkel Opera Troupe; after which they were dUininsod with gladdened hearts, and pockets and hands wore filled with cakes and confectionary. Altogether the af fair was highly creditable to the benevolence of the order, and to the good taste and management of the committee having it in charge. The decision of the United States district court in reference to the otjectains raised by the counsel of William H. Martin, the post office clerk, as to the legality of his conviction ou what they term an unlawful Indictment, Is cxpected to be given to day. The Young Guard, of Richmond, are still enjoy ing the hospitalities of our military citizens. Their appearance has been much admired here, and the superior music ol their fine band has elicited much applause. At an early hour yesterday morning, one of tho western district watchmen caught a burglar in the act of endeavoring to force an entrance to the front basement of the dwelling of Mr. Roesc, on Lom bard street, west of Howard. The fellow, on being searched at the station-house, was found well-pro vided with all the necessary tools and appliances of his trade. He gave his name as John Williams, and was committed to await a farther examination. For the past four or five nights our citizens have had abundant proof, If any was wanting, of the fol ly of the regulation in regard to lightiug the city lamps only in night* when the moon is not engaged to shine. The framers of the ordinance appear to hare never oncu thought of the possibly of the moon's beams being obscured by thick clouds, and so, taking the poaition that if the moon ought to shine, she woM shine, contented themselves with nimply providing light for the rest of the month. The result, as every one knows, has been, tliat the city is left for nights together in almost Egyptian darkness, affording encouragement to rogues of all shades to carry ou their nefarious practices with out fear of detection. Tills " peuny-wise and pound- | foolish" regulation might have suited "Baltimore Town" in days long past, bat Is quite behind this age of progress; and now that Young America has taken possession of the Council chambers, it is to be hopod we shall soon have a reform in this important municipal regulation. In a large city like Baltimore, the streets should be well lighted every night, and If the lamps arc dispensed with at all, it should be only when thu moon is actually shining with such rcfalgenca a* to render other light unnecessary. Amcniccs. The Old Year ippoitUmenti by the Mayor John De 6'ruchy?Shocking Vote j?f Infant i 1 cide?Kutineu Matten and the Money Market. Baltimore, Dec. SO. The old rear is fast departing ; how fraught with sadness is the fact, and how doc* It arrest tumult ous thought, and bid the careless heart reflect! May the lessons of our own frtilty and moitallty, which are presented in tho death of the old year, make us wise to improve what yet remains of our fleeting life, so that when we shsll have passed the bounds of time, we may not be unprepared for that great change. The argument of the counsel of W. H. Martin, (convicted last weak of purloining letters from the mul) against the legality of his conviction for the reason chiefly that the indictment did not set forth the ownership of the money, said to have beon stolen, w-as commenced to-day In the district court, and had not been concluded when the court ad joamod. The city fathers had quite a long session in st reet convention last evoning, on a sealed oommu niestion from the Mayor, generally undersold to contain tho appointments called for by the Mc Donough bequest ordinance and the water ordi nance. These nominations, as far as they trans pired, are as follows; Agents of the McDonough bequest, Brantr. Mayor and John Hpear Hmith, of Baltimore, and Thomas L. Emory, of New Orleans. Commissioners of the Water Department, Park Winchester, President Commissioner, and Lcrin B. Clark and Edward Spedden, assistants. I understand there was considerable dissatisfac tion expressed at some of these appointments par tiealarlv that of Mr. Winchester. The whole batch, however, were laid over till to-day. John de Gurehy, ail eccentric old Frenchman, who resided for many years in this city, ? nort of hermit Hft, died a few days since, lea-ring an estate valued at about $60,000, which he has portioned among several acquaintances, having left no rcJatirrs. He gives a house and lot to Win. C. fvC,i^"; """I lot to John H. ' ' t '1 9f Bast Knyetie street and two h?*e? KM^botU UrOC11, to hoUBe: ke^r 0 colored wom?, wtxou, he also u^, ^ re#uar, leg**, *w ^ her ^ bu]k of prope rty, rhe old gentWu wa? lu llU 8ad and had resided In this city, for about half a centu' ry. lie amassed most of hi* wealth by gelling ^ oral water on South Ulvert street, in' which capa ' dty u fiualltorly reineuil^red by a large number of our citizens, His peculiar manner and reserved air almost cut him off from anything like sociul intercourse, and very few persons evty cjoaaed tlie threshold of his door, until afti r deaiji h?d broken in upon lib ictii'cujeuL A most shocking cits# of iuhmucido wtut brought to light in this city yesterday. A colorod woman who had been entrusted with the oaru of the infant of another colored woman, who was living out at service, bccame jealous of the child bccauau she fancied her father thought mors of the stranger child than of her own; and in a lit of passion bat tered iu the poor child's skull with an iron poker, producing its death in a few hours! The woman] whose name la Ward, has been committed to an i swer. j ("apt. Robert W. Glann, one of the old defenders ol' Baltimore, who died at his residence on Front street a day or two since, was buried yesterday with military honors by bis old companions in arm*. Business matters look much more encouraging hero at present than about two months since. There is a better feeling In the money market. The banks are discounting more freely, and the opinion very generally prevails, that the crisis in the money pressure is over. Amebjcts. From the Baltimore American. The Naturalization Law<> It is an important step gained in the considera tion of these laws, that the attention directod to them has dissipated the erroneous opinion <h?' they were something not to bo touched withont injuring rights solemnly guaranteed by the consti tution and laws. It has been demonstrated by ref erence to the instrument itself that the constitu tion confers no inherent right of citizenship upon any but those born on the soil over which its au thority extends. The authority to extend the privi lege of citizenship to foreigners has been rested in Congress, with the discretionary power of with holding it altogether, or of granting it under such restrictions as may, in'the experience of the coun try, prove at' different periods necessary. The dis posal of this primary question, of the right to alter the naturalization laws, is a necessary step to the cogsidcration of the reasons that render it expedi ent to do so. A second objection that has been j stated, and now greatly relied upon by those who j oppose any change, is, that Congress can only legis j late upon the qualifications of citizens of the United States, and can in no way affect the decisions of the different States, who may admit to citizenship foreigners upon auy terms they please. The argu ' ments relied upon to support this theory ul-c, that no construction has ever been given to the consti tution that would allow Congress lo presg-ibe the torms of State citizenship, and that the practice of some of tho States has been contrary to any such construction. Thus Miehigun gives to the foreign er who has resided six months within her borders the right to vote, and California, and one or two other States, have been equally loose in bestowing the right of citizenship. Without meddling with a questiou that only properly cau be decided by the Supreme Court or attempting to decide how far the United States is concerned iu the local, civil, and political rights that States may, for the accomplishment of tem porary purposes, grant to aliens, we may with confidence assert that no such action by any State, can make those upon whom it confers rights, citi zens of the United States. They are entitled to the benefit of none of the provisions of the general naturalization laws of the United States. In the contemplation of the constitution they arc still aliens?they cunuot sue in the United States courts as citizens?they cannot demand piotectiou when abroad as citizens, aud they are deprived of other civil immunities that can only be conferred through the declaration of intention and residence pre scribed as tho term of citizenship. The point as to what extent the rights of suffrage can be be stowed bv a State is so far from being defined bv the constitution, that necessarily a wide difference of opinion will exist. A State may, undoubtedly, as one of iu attributes of sovereignty, prescribe the tenns of State citizenship and suffrage, but it manifestly cannot go beyond that point. The only provision of the constitution, that at all justifies a different conclusion, is the second section of Article I, which dcclan.s that in choositi" members of the House of Representa tives, "the electors in each State shall have tho qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of she State Legislaturebut, in accordance with tlic wise system of checks that chaiacterize the compact, this provision is subject the to fifth wet ion of tho same article, whioh de clares that "oacb bouse shall be the judge of the flection*, returns, and qualifications of its own members." Not, however, to go further into the intricacies of quostions that havo vet to be decided by tho Supreme Judiciary of the country, we may fairly characterize tho argument that has been founded upon the exceptions legislation of a few States as an unfair one. It is arguing from an exception and not a general rule. Of the thirty-one States form ing the Union, tweniy-seven have by their uniform practlcc recognized the binding power of the gen eral naturalization laws in prescribing the qualifica tion of citicenship. We may instance the Consti tution of our own State, and its provisions on this ??itfect are identical with those of the majority mentioned. Article first, on the elective franchise, provides that every white male person, having tho necessary qualifications of age, State residence, Ac., and " bciug at the time of election a citizen of th* L nited State*, shall be entitled lo vote," 4c. Now, in view of these facts, is it not a gross perversion of argument, and an untenable subterfuge to urge tliat the practice of four States, whose legislation ? In opposition to that of so vast a majority of the confederacy, shall be taken as establishing the po sition that the right of conferring citizenship rests with the States individually, and cannot be affected by the action of Congress? The absurdity of the proposition is shown by its opposition to the con sentaneous and long-existing practice of the States, and by a contemplation of the mischelvous resul.'s to which its general acceptation would lead. It is a sufficient reply, then, to those who urge that the applicants to Congress for a change of tho naturalization laws are fighting for a shadow, and tliat Congress has not tlie power to regulate the right of suffrage, to say that they fail lanieutably to establish their position by the interpretation of the Constitution as shown by the practice of fhe States. Congress, under the Constitution, is the authority from which the rights of citizenship spring, and iu cudcavoring to ignore that nuthor itf, we encounter nothing hut confusion and doubt. ? Suppose the power to regulate citizenship and the right of stifll-agc not to exist in Congress, how then U that provision of the Constitution which provides that " the citizen of each State shall bo entitled to all the privilegr* and immunitie* of citi zens in the several States" to be obeyed? Would the alien who had obtained the pufudo rights of citizenship by a residence of six months in Michi gan, be snowed to vote (one of the first of privi leges of citizenship) in any of the twenty-seven States tliat have recognised the obligations of tho general law of naturalization ? The question needs no answer. Th? Constitution of our own Statu negatives the right In the most emphatic manner. And how nnnterous would be the conflict nf rights, if it was once established that there is no general power over the right of suffrage, but that saeh State may regulate It as It pleases? t'nder the rampant influence of woman's rights, one Htato slight grant to females the right to vote even for Oongressmen and President, another might extend it to children, others to foreigners just landed on our shores; and our elections, instead of being viewed a* tlie decision of the aggregated intelli gence of the nation, would fall so Tow as lo be bo neath contempt. Nupreme Conrt of thr Xnitod mates. FainAT, December ??, 18V4. No. 37. Lyde Goodwin's administrators appel lants, to Robert Oliver's executors. The argument of this cause was continued by Mr. H. Winter I)avfs for the sppellants, ami by J. Mason Campbell for the appellees. Adjourned till Tuesday morning, 11 o'clock.