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Daily American organ. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1856, January 03, 1855, Image 1

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"The Perpetuation *f Aaeiivwi Fre?4oiu in our object; American Rights our motto; aud the American Party our cognomen."
VOLUME I.
WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON, JANUARY 3, 1855.
NUMBER 42.
TICK DAILY AMERICAN ORGAN
la published ewry afternoon, (except Sunday,) at |
the corner of Louisiana avenue mid Tenth street, and
is delivered to city subscribers (payable to the car
riers) at lu couta per week. Single copies, 3 cents.
Mail subscribers, $5 00 per annum, or 92 50 tor
six months, always in advance.
RATE!) OF ADVKKTHISG.
Fire lines or less, one insertion, 85 cents; each ad*
ditional Uno, 5 cents.
Each additional insertion, half of the abore rates.
Displayed advertisements charged by solid mea
sure. ___________
THE WEEKLY AMERICAN ORGAN
Is published every Monday morning, on the following
Terms.
1 copy, one year. .$i 00 I 1 copy, ? months .$1 00
8 copies, one year. 5 00 6 copies, 6 months.. 5 00
10 copies, one year. 15 00 | 10 copies, 6 months. .8 00
{~jjr Payments always in advance.
SATSS or ADVSaTISISO.
Ten cents per line fur ouch insertion.
1y All communications on business counected
with this paper mttstbe dirceted to tho "American
Organ," Washington city, and be post-paid.
Ftr All advertisement* for tho ? Otyan" should^
be handed into tho office before twelve o olodk, M., of
the day of publication.
Our Principles.
First. We shall advocate a repeal of the
ldws of naturalizationj or if that cantiot be ac
complished, then such a modification of those
laws, aa will prevent future immigrant# from
bocoming citizens, short of a resilience ol
tw?nty-ono years, after taking the oath of alle
giance to the United States, and of abjuration
of all other powers, potentates, and princes.
Second. We shall advocate the passage of a
stringent layr by Congropa to prevent the im
migration hither ol" foreigiieraj who an either
paupers or criminals, and to send back to the
aountries from which they oome, all tuch for
eigners of these classes as may, in violation of
such law, hereafter reach our parts; and to
require tho President of tho United States to
demand from any government, which may
send hither such classes of its silbjeetti imme
diate and ample satisfaction ft>r such outrage,
*n4 a prbpet Indemnity agaittst tfl6 ftipetltion
thereof.
? Third, Wo shall oppose the election or ap
pointment of any foreign-lorn citizcn to any
office of trust, honor or emolument under the
FeiWrfl of fate ^ov?hrtM?; or tho employ
ment or enlistment such persons in tho anhy
qr navy in time of u*ir ; maintaining as we
do opinion, that ttie mfo&orn citizens of
the tjiiited feUtos have the righl lb govern the
land of their birth; and that all immigrants
frojn abroad should bo content wttn ine eiywj
mont of life, liberty and property, under our
institutions, without seeking to participate in
the enaction, administration, or execution of
Cutliwfi. , , ,
We ffcuil advdeate Alid Urjc the
adoption of such An amended form <f an oath
to support the Constitution of the United
States, and to be administered to all persons
flexed,or appointed to jtriyx>fHccof trust, honor,
or emolument, under the Federal or State gov
ernments, ns will effectually exclude from such
ofliccs all pertons, who shall not directly and
explicitly recognise the obligations and bind
ing force of the Constitution of the United
Stated, as paramount to all obligations of adhe
sion or allegiance to any foreign prince, power,
potentate, or authority whatever, under any and
all circumstances.
Fifth. We shall maintain the doctrine that
no one of the States of this Union has the right
to admit to the enjoyment of /r?e suffrage any
person of foreign birth, who haa not been^l?i?<
made a citizen of the United States, according
to the " uniform rule" of naturalization pre
scribed by Congress, under the provisions of
the constitution.
Sixth. We shall oppose, now and hereafter,
sny " union qf Church and State," no matter
what class of religionists shall seek to bring
about such union.
Seventh. Wo shall vigorously maintain the
vested rights of all persons, of native or foreign
birth, and shall at all timea oppone the slightest
interference with such vested rights.
Eighth. We shall oppose and protest against
nil abridgment if religieue liberty, holding
it as a cardinal maxim, that religioui fhith is a
question between each individual and hia God,
and over which no political government, or other
human power, can rightfully exercise any su
pervision or control, at aay time, in any place,
or in any form.
Ninth. We shall ?n*we all "higher law"
doctrines, by which the constitution is to be Set
at noaght, violated, or disregarded, whether by
politicians, by religionist*, or by the adherent*
or followers of cither, or by any other class at
persona.
TWlA. We shall maintain and defend the
constitution as it stands, the ITuion as it ex
ist*, and .the rights of the States, without di
minution as guaranteed thereby: opposing at
all times, and to the extent of our ability and
influence, all who may assail them, or either of
them.
Eleventh. Wo shall oppose no man, and sus
tain no man, on the ground of his oppositoon
to, or his support of, Democratic measures, or
Whig measures; but we shall oppose those who
oppose our doctrines, and sustain those who
sustain our doctrines.
Twelfth. And lsstly, we shall use our utmost
exertions to build up an " Amerwan party,"
whose maxim shall be:
American* shall kclk thkis Ooinrravt_
1. T. PARKER,
Hoase nnd Nig* Pnintrr nnd master.
No. SO Ixiuisiana avenue, between ftth and 7th st*.
dee 18?dly
Mr NOTICE.?Persons 4c?iroas of sub
scribing to the Amsricaji Oroas wit! please leave
their names and residence at Wm.B. Richards, Jr.'*,
Fancy Rtore, at F,*rhan|r* Block, at IT. Mansfield's
Tobacco Store, on Royal street, or at the Agencv, 8t.
Axeph street, two doors south of King, or at James
Kntwistle, Jr., DruggisU King street, two doors south
of Royal, Alexandria, Virginia.
JTt. AUDLEY, Aneat
nov #0
nrjOHW P. HALL,agent fbr the Ameri
can Organ, 7th Ward, tfo. *44 ftth street smith, be
tween F and O. Persons who desire to subscribe fbr
the paper will please leave their names and residence
at MrtlaD's, and Mr. Bos well's Drag Store, corner
of 7th street and Virginia avenue
fir THOMAS R. J A COBH, A avert for
?he Amertssn Or-gun, for the IWth and sitth want*.
(Men In Odd Fellows' Hall, near the Marine Garri
son.
jjjjri
struggled in honest coambt oter oonti
and measures, all of which are now . i
the present crisis of danger to all that both parties |
fiwmn
Tho following preamble and resolutions,
adopted at a mass meeting of the cititens of
Washington, 011 the 27 th day of September
I'"it, present the general sentiments of the
" American party" In this city, and will doubt
less be read with interest by the friends of
American principles throughout the country,
to wit:
WhereML a public meeting of citizens of Washing
ton was held at Caruai's Saloon, on the 19th instant,
upon a call made in and approved by the Executive
organ, the proceedings of which, in the resolutions
said to have been adopted at that meeting, and in the
speeches of certain selected oratohi at a subsequent
adjourned meeting, ore now spread before the public
eye in the columns of said organ, aad its luudrud
pi-esses, with approbation; and whereas said resolu
tions, however dressed up In abstruot professions Of
patriotism, asustl principles dear to the American
heart and necessary to the safety of the constitution
aqd to the peace and prosperity of our country; and
whereas. tho Executive is invoked therein to remove
from public employment such officeholders us enter
tain those prinotnlesL thereby to perpetrate a ruthless
proscription of Doth Whigs and Democrats for an
honest difference of opinion : therefore?
Resolved, That njere professions of love to the con
stitution and to civil and religious freedom, when
oontradicted by actions, oannot deeeive the sensible
and vigilant guardians of American liberty, whose
apprehensions have been excited at beholding die
sondes that have been made toward a complete con
trol oT our government by the subjects or a foreign
potentate well-known as the avowed enemy of pUr
whole American system, to whose overthrow they
are solemnly devoted.
Resolved, That, as vigilant custodians of that bene
fieent system of civil and- religious freedom bequeath
ed to us by the fathers of tho rcptiblic, It is our duty
to meet and repel all insidious attacks upon our lib
erties as well as all open assaults j and that wo view
with indignation and alarm the assertion of princi
ples and purposes, on the part of the recognised ex
ponents of the Roman Catholic Church in the United
States, subversive of our republican institutions,
which constitute aggressions of such a character
that, if not now resisted, will lead, at no distant day,
to the overthrow of the American Constitution and
the complete.establishment of despotism.
Resolved, That wKUe, iji the po?,t political divisions
of the 6ombtry, as Whi^s and Democrats, we have
. . .. .
d n
?jW _ ?J
hold dear we will bury "every remembrance of past
opposition, and " pledge to each other our lives, our
fortunes, and our sacred honor" not to cease our ex
ertions until our oountry shall be freed from the
danasrs that naw menace it
Resolved, That we proclaim, as the cardinal princi
plep of our political ana moral creed, a sacred regard j
for the tonstitlition In all its provisions, upafl
wt based
fa. press, together with a school system
for the diffusion of intelligence, sanctified hry an open
Bible as the rale of (kith and practice, holding as ah
established principle that intelligence and virtue are |
essential to the success of a free government
Resolved, That while we welcome to our oountry
the vietims of tyfanhy from foreign lands, and offer
them a place by our side ttndef the Shield of out con
stitution, we claim for Americana the right to govern
their own oouqtiy; and those who do not like our
government have oitr hearty oonsent to go elsewhere
the pursuit of happiness.
Resolved, That toe fourth resolution ef the mooting I
at Carusi's Saloon, recommending to tho President?
the uuiwJ T>mscr'Pt'0? ?> *" officers of the |
federal government who may nnr?
come members of the association of Know l^DOtn- |
infra?a recommendation which, before its adoption,
had bpen recognwed and acted upon by the Execu
tive of the United f?tat*S?ptvpose* an alarrping and
dangerous infraction of the prineipks of self-go^efn
cnept, and. calif frf the prompt'and decisive rebuke
or all the free citijcns pi these United States; without
distinction of party, scct, d. WtRE ? . , h
Resolved, That every Proteatant denomination
the United States maintains the constitutional prin
ciple of a separation of Church and State?in which
pnto^ipte many American Catholics sincerely concur,
whila on the other ha^d, Papal Church abroad
openly, and always, ana everfwlftf-e Jfsiptaie? tbn
doctrine of obedience of the civil to the ecclesiastical
autharity, both in Europe and Anerica; the sad and
ruinous effects of which, in the one, ase seen in
countless emigrants flying from its tyranny and
misery to ear own happy land, and in the other, in
Slimrt kIm s?
insurrections, massacres, snrf proverbial instaoilily
of our Southern sister Republics.
Jfcsoissd, That upon these principles we appeal
from the opinions, whose proclamation has caused
this nteetinjr, to the people of the United States;
and, although Wo might Infer thsx are ap exponent
of stefatiVe fet-lings. .from jhe.oitjtial pvflitions.af
those who controlled the proceealilgs, rti will W'l
hope that the Preatdeat, wbo stone has the power,
will arrest the proscription already begun of faithful
oflWholders, Both Democrats ana Whigs, for daring
to entertain American and Protestant sentiments,
aad will reject the aieitmary suggeetioa urged npon
him bjr the fourth resolution of the meeting lust weak,
as a Covert scheme to gratify the appetite of offlce
seekers at the expense ef many Who sealoualy and
efficiently aided 1a his eleVatian to power, and whose
removal under existing circumstances will Hi an in- i
dtllbfe stain i(p#ti Him si a iMSt) snaai the President !
of the United States.
Resulted, That haviag seen the denunciations that
almost daily issue from our tain presses against the
" Unionists'* ef the Worth, *ho are denoitnSed as ab
soHmI in "the trsRorons taction*" fthfch distract
those States, by which they are one alter another be
ing placed in opposition to the administration, we
were astonished to hear the ptssslng invttton hi the
seoood resolution of our opponents to men of all po
litical opinions, withodt reward to their "political
antecedents," ts form a "fusion" with tbern in their
Mute action?an invitation brand enough to inelnds
Garrisen, Abby Kelly, and Fred. Douglas, besides
their eoa^iutora in the two honees of Congress.
ffWiW, That we, too. appeal to all Aaieri*
who love the Union, whieh "muathe preserved," 1
the constitution, which established and maiatains it.
and the right* of the States which oompnsS it, and
especially to the religions, the moral, and the order
loving classes, to units with us in effecting ths re
forms necessary to the safety and prosperity of our
oountry, believing, as we do, that It is high lime the
' interested and nnaerapnioas demagogues
checked, and the government be placed in
sf men aaquaintea with ite character sad
who dhly valne its eooatleas blessings,
sd Ohtleas we believe in tbs competency,abihty,
right of Amarisan-bora oitisans to govern their
ownoMntry: therefore *?
Msmttsd. That we will not vote for nor assist in
sto* sting fcraifnssa I
vols fori _
Aims Issn-twm cititens who recognise 1
selves under any allegiance whatever to any foreign
prince, potentate, power, or authority.
Rmn&tA, That ths naturalisation laws onght I
totally repeated or materially altered, and ths term of |
residence before admission to ths rights of sttaaso- |
ship be extended to the period of twenty-one years.
HT PEfUOKIN residing in the First sued
Hecond wards dsstring to subscribe to the " Am SB]
can Oaoaa," will leave their names at William H.
Hilton's, Agent Ho. RWJ. Eleventh street, betweenjl
and K, and at Mr. Carroll's shoe store, No. 11T Pcnn
svlvania avenns, between Twentieth and Twenty
flrst stesei '? *< -
HTPeraons residing in the 3d 01 4th
wsrds, who desire to beoome subscribers to the Daily
or Weekly American Organ, will leave their names
snd number of residence st either nf the following
plaocs, vlx Adsmson's Wook and Periodical Hlors,
neventb street, opposite the Post Office: Kvans'n
Prng Store, comer of Reventh aad I, or R. r. Payne's
Drng Store, corner of Fourth and Massachusetts
avenue. R. W. BATES,
nov 14 Agent.
fW Osr I.corgctown Hnher.ribers who do I
not receive the pa(>er regularly, will lesve thsir name
?nd addresx ?t Welch k Wilson's, Joseph K. Itireh d,
orDr. Ijnthieum's. W. 11. CALHOUN,
nor 16 No. 66, Jefferson street
JH. JOHNSON, Futlhr Grocer, corner
a of Seventh snd R strseta, No. 4M, is hafag con
stantly sumdied with fresh Family Omneriee of all
kinds, to which he rsepectfolly aobaits the patronags
nf his fttooda. - nov 13?tf
. WALL A rrr.PHRIffR,
PRNNKV1.VANIA Avssssi bat
and 10th stresta, have just reosivad aImasi
aortaaent of Cloths, Csssimsrs, and Vssting ?1j|fch
they will have made up to erder in the moat hahien
abla styles.
Ahni, on hand * vssy large stock nf ready-mads
Clothing, which they will sell as cheap as any other
establishment in the United States. dsc t I
AN ACT for establishing religious freedom, passed
in the Assembly of Virginia in the beginning of
the your 1786:
Well aware that Almighty God hath created the
mind freo) that all attempts to influence it by tem
poral punishments or burdens, or by civil incapa
citations, tend onlv to beget habits or hypocrisy
and meuuucss, snd are a departure from the plan
of the Holy Author of our religion, who, being Lord
both of body and of mind, yet chose not to prop
agate by coercions ou either, as was in his almighty
power to do: that the impious presumption of leg
islatures Mid rulers, civil as well as ecclesiastical,
who, boing themselves but fallible and uninspired
uncn, have assumed dominion over the faith of
others, sotting up their own opinions and modcB of
thinking as the ouly true and iuittliible, and as such
endeavoring to impose them upon others, huth es
tablished and maintained false religious over tho
greatest part of the world, and through all time;
that to compel a man to furnish contributions of
money for the propagation of opinions which he
disbelieves, is sinful and tyrannical; that even the
forcing him to support this or that teacher of his
own religious persuasion is depriving hiin of tho
comfortable liberty of giving his contributions
to tho partlculrr pastor whose morals ho would
make his pattern, and whose powers he feels most
persuasive to righteousness, and is withdrawing from
the ministry those tcinptfritl rewards, which, pro
ceeding from an approbation! of their personal con
duct, rfre art additional Incitement to eartiest and
unremitting labors for the instruction of mankind;
tliai our civil rights have uodepcndeRoe ou our re
ligious opinions more than our opinions in physics
or geometry; that, therefore, the proscribing of
any citizen as unworthy the public confidence by
laying upon him an Incapacity of being called to
the offices of trust and emolument unless he pro
fess or renounce this or that ro%u,Us opinion, is
depriving him iiy'uriously of those privileges hjiU
advantages to which, in common withTils fellow
citizens,he has a natural right; that it tends also
to corrupt tho principle* of the very religion it is
nteant trt. entioitragc, by bribing, with a monopoly
of worldly honors, those who will externally pro
fess and conform to it; that though, indeed, those
are criminal .who do riot Withstand Bttch tempta
tions, yet neither krW thfcse Iftnoccnt Who Wy the
bait in tlieir way; that to sufl'cr the Civil ma
gistrate to intrude his powers into tho field of opin
ion, and to restrain the profession or propagation of
principles, on the supposition of their ill tendency,
is a dangerous fallacy, which at once destroys all
religious liberty, because, he being of course judge
of that tendency, wiM make bis opinions the rule
of judgment, and approve of condemn the senti
ments of others only as they shall square with, Or
differ from, his own; that it is time enough, for the
rightfal purposes of civil government, Tor its offi
cers to interfere when principles break out into
overt acts against peace and good order; and,
finally, that truth is peat, and will prevail if left to
herself that she is the proper and suffioient antag
onist 6f crrrtr, dnd has nothing to fear from tho
conflict, unless by human Interposition disarmed of
her natural weapous, free argument and debate,
errors ceasing to be dangerous whea it is pormitteu
freely to conibat them.
Be iti tHertforcr cnacled by the General At
tembly, That no mafi be compelled to fre
quent or support any religious woiWfi, f*#r>e, or
ministry whatsoever, nor snail ho be unforced, re
strained, molested, or burdened in his body or goods,
nor shall he other* We su ft'er on account ofhis roiigious
opinions cTr I'eltef, bnt that all mcu shall be free to
profess, awl by argument to ntafnhtin, their opin
ions in matters of religion, and that the same shaft
Hi no. \yiac dimmish, enlarge, or aftect their civil
capacities. j ,, . , .
And though we well know this Assembly. e!ecte<1
by the people for the ordinary purposes of legis
lation oidy, have no power to restrain the acts of
mumtkm assemblies, constituted with powers
equal to 6ur 6vtt\ { ?nd 'list, therefore, to declare
this act Irrevocable would be erf ttfl in law;
yet, wo are freo to declare, and do declare, thari th<?
rights hereby asserted are of the natural rights of
mankind, and that If any act shall bo hereafter
paused to repeal the present, or to narrow its ope
rations, tiltfh *iH Lm an infringement of
nataral right. ____
NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS.
OnrwM of MsraofotiTA* It. R. Com past,
. . .. OeorjjoiowpL D. C., Dec. 20, 18S4i
yEALbll prSpAosil* for th'e grading, ma
CT sonry, and bridging of lorty'tfire*1 ktta a, bnlf
(WK] miles of this road will be reeved at tn? o.
nee of the company until three o'clock P. M. up tho
lith day of February next.
The imum. profiles, plans, and spcciflCatians will
lie ready for inspection on ami alter the 5th day of
Februanr;
The Metropolitan Railroad is designed to extend
from tlie cities of Woahingtun and Georgetown to
Ule Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, by an easy and di
rect rout* connecting WTfh tb? latter rosd east of the
" Point or Rooks," on the Potomac river, and making
a saving of distance on the first ninety miles of the
present travelled route from tho Capitol to tho Wes
tern and Forth western States of forty-fire miles.
i'roceediag from the point o( intersection with the
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad the route extends l/i the
city of Frederick, and passing through the richest
Hgriealtnral district* of Maryliind, terminates in the
city of Hagerttown, where it connects with linsa of
railroads, now In operation, extending to Harrisburg,
tbePennsylranta Central Railroad, Ac.
The portion of the road for which proposal* are
now invited extends from the westerly line or the
District of Colombia ft 8*4 miles from Georgetown)
tn the et^y of Frederisk.
I'ropoM* will be received for the work in see lion*
of one nile each, or for the entire distance of 48W
mile*.
i The suk is generally of a medium character for
thia part of the country, with some heavy cutting in
t the earth and rock, ana bridging; and every facility
eltista tor pmneCuting it vigorously and with encono
mv at all ssaaons of the year. Tlio country is ele*
rated and rolling, well watered, and remarkably
Mttr.
The time conditioned for the completion of the con
tracts will he from one to two years.
| Any further information desired by |>crsons pro*
posuuj tor tho work will he furnished at the office, or
may his had by aritheaaiug the President ef the Com
pany, hjr letter, prior to th? day of letting.
By order of the Board of Directors.
FRANCIS DODOE. President.
EDMUND FRENCH, Chief Engineer.
dee 80?8awtfeb5
SnTUDBRP HA1R-DKEN8ING
ESTABLISHMENT,
Willard's Hotel.
JOHN H. GIBBS begs leave to call the
attention of the Gentlemen to the above estab
lishment, where they will find every comfort in the
Shaving, Har-cntting, Curling, Shampooing, and
Hair Dying departments.
Alsa, to hi* Wigs, Scalps, snd Toupees, which ar
ticles cannot be snrosacea in the United States, and
are always on hand, or made to order at abort notice.
Bis etock of Toilet articles and Furnishing floods
si* osrefnlly selected, and will he found to comprise
the best kinds of Comb*, Brushes; Lnbin's Extracts;
all sorts of Paris Perfumeries; Oucrlain's, Rigge*.
snd other Shaving and Toilet Sonps. Best qitality
Racers ; nail Knives ; Penknives; Tweesers, Raior
Strops; genuine Farina Cologne, in long, short, and
wicker bottles; Toilet Mirrors; Cold Crenm, Lip
Amondine; and almoet every requisite for
the Toilet.
In Furnishing Goods ho has kid Gloves, white
snd colored; fashionable Cravats, Scarfs, Keck Ties;
Winter CBovee; Shirts, Hiisjionrter*, Htocks, pocket
Hsndkerehiefs, Collar*. Ac., sll of which hsve been
pnrchssed from the best nouses in New York, and
are wsmmted to be what they are represented.
dee 11 -iwidSm*
IIOITSK* ANI> LOTS FOR SALE.
| AA HlJILTHNfi lots, and 26 houses,
, briofc snd frame, for sale on easy terms
Also, two *tore? to let, on the corner of 7to and G
streets. Island. Apply to
WAITER A. TRUK,
Carpenter and Builder,
Corner of Virginia avenne and Vth street.
dec v*> eodly
P*" fTBI.rr ANI? PRr\ \TP riRR A RTKS
fottiished st ttro-tltirds their vslne, by cslling
*' the Mew Union Bookstore,
dec St?ot f}i Penn. svenue,
pttdHPECTua
, "amebicaTohoA!*.w
A Ihiily and WteHjf Paper, published in Washing
ton City. IK (Lby
AN ASSOCIATION OF NATIVE AMERICANS.
K have reached an important criala In ?ur po
litical history. Tlic tl?0 loading purlieu in our
country, hitherto separated by broad Iinoa, either of
principle or of policy, differ now scarcely in any thing
but in names.
A National Jtant, formerly an essential point of dif
fertsnoe between rival parties, has now no advocates.
A Protective Tariff for the sake of protection, which
once diyidod parties and distracted our National Coun
cils, has bccouie obsolete, as u question of party polioy,
simply bocaum a "revenue tariff" affords incidental
protection to American Manufactures. A modifica
tion of the details of <raj| present tariff system is all
that is demanded by the mewt strumous advocates of
protection to Amenoun Industry.
The lattribution of the prooeeas of the imblic lands
among the several States, as formerly claimed by one
P"rty, awl the application of those proceeds solely in
aid of the natienul Treasury, as claimed by the other
, P?r'/. have both yielded to a compromise or these con
flicting opinions, so ftir. at least, as to eink tlieSe cjues
tions a* issues between Whigs and Democrats. A plan
formed of a compound of "squatter sovereignty," of
"graduation/" and of a "surrender to the States" in
which they lie, seentf likely to withdraw the public
lands from the arena of future paf t^ contests.
The improvement of harbor* and river* by tSBtittfoi
sional aid, on which political parties have hitherto
differed at different times, has now become less a ques
tion of principle than of local and sectional contest j
anla it will doubtless be adjusted by the next Con
gress, Upon that basis of liberality and justice dc
nlanded by the spirit of the age and the true interests
of the oountry.
Other questions, of rainof importance, on which, at
difterclit times, the livo prominent parties of the ooiro4
try disagreed. haVc now, by a changc of circumstances,
become obsolete. What, then, remain us issnes of
any theoretical or practical importance.between Whigs
and Democrats f We know of none: and if these
hitherto rival parties shall maintain their respective
organizations, tuc jr vfiH de so for the mere sake of the
tjnAls of power 1
But now issues have arisen, having no refcfttrte to
the party organizations of Whigs and Democrats
issues which are vastly Important in their bearing
flpon the Aiture welfare of the country?and which
issued mrtst, Uj their discussion, progress, and termi
nation, annihilate these tfro parties, which, for years
past, have battled, with alternate stiecess, for political
supremacy,
A new era is at band?an era which Will bo <&*!?
acterized, in the future histolfy of these States, as the
?OA or patriotism ! Throughout the length and
broadth of this great and glorious Union, the masses of
the American people have spontaneously and simtiHa
neously started the inquiry?" Ail hot Amsricaxb
capahlb or uovbbhiko thkih I'ovntey t" This in
auiry is as universal aa it is natural and pertinent.
The response is being given in the thousands of asso
ciations springing op )? all portions of the United
States, ana resting on the single basis, that the native
born ciUz.it# qf Hut Union hate the capacity and the
wilt to administer their otbn (fovtrrnnenl, to protect the
right* ivhich they hate inherited, and to perpetual* the
freedom and independence of their natiee land I
Shall We trune the causes at this spontaneous and
universal uprising of Ufe masses of our countrymen f
The evils incident to the indiscrialiftate immigration
of foreigners into our country?the conseqttenees of
permitting such immigrants to uqjoy the right of
suffrage?ahS tbn dmniding effect of elevating for
eigners to posts of botiOt and trrist under our gov
ernment ; all these have been seed Sntf hnedij to our
pcoplo for years past, and yet until mtw, with few
exceptions. the American people have seemed to be
blinn io lae phmreee of foreigniem in the land. We
need not, on the ooca&lo'a of presenting this circular
prospectus to the country, assign ffifc "tHses for this
?ndaen and general manifestation of the pvrpoe of
the American ]ieoplo to take the reins of govern
ment into their own hands; it is sufficient for the
objefct We have now in view to state the undeniable
and obvious fact that fuck purpose exists.
Wi> now come forward to present to our fellow
Mti^ens the mode and means of concentrating the
opii.'Woi or>4 of hafmopiiSng the action of those Who
are disposed to unite fa tlv? foinution pr an " Amer
ican party," whose purpose shad PS to find tt remedy
for the manifold evils which have come vjx>n Hit atia
which are yrarty increasing under the disastrous ope
ration qf our Unos of natural nation ! We propose to
efttabfisn, in ooafbnnitT wMi the wishes of thousands
of the citiien* Of this District, and of a large number
of onr friends in tin ajfsrat States, a daily and
weekly paper, to be Sailed
THE AMBIT AN OROA.V.
The publication will commence on the 18th day of
November cUi'.j, and on fh'OOth Weekly.
A cash capital, amply StfffMeui to commence and
to continue the enterprise, has been subscribed and
secured to bo advanoed by a number of wealthy ahd
influential gentlemen; and we are insureds daily
circulation surpassing that of any paper now pub
lished la Washington eity. The number of our
Weekly subscribers will depend upon the enthusiasm
oi dor OMu in the several States, but ws have such
assuranoes that tfa fiarttKrt flyntrt Wo Shall comMcnCe
with many ihvusarul*: and tliat ri tear wfJJ noi trans
pire before onr weekly list will be swolled to tflore
than one hundred thousand.
Our position at the neat of the federal government,
the Mtftre of our political system, where all the rep
resentatives Of thu tttetee, and of the people annually
assemble, and where prominent men of all parties
periodically sojonrn for many months, hi considered
liy us, andTliy our friends, as the most faVtWaWS (me
for the publication of the o*fu* or nu AwsSICi*
rA?TT; and if the most untiring devotion to the ad
vocacy of the doctrines and poli-y of this party shall
give us s claim to its support, we know We shall de
serve, and we trust WS shall receive it.
Wo csnnot j?erh*p* more distinctly and ococisaly
define the basis on which the American Organ is es
tablished than by presenting the following eMraCt,
which we oopy and adopt from an address or s former
President of 'he Missouri XatUv American Associa
tion, and published at St. Louis in February, 1R41, to
wit!
"Tim rssrstCAflW or Aumicah rmixx is oo?
owner, Amssican aionts OUM Motto, a*? tub Anaa
ICAlt rABTT Otra 00?*OW?B."
Our position is thus defined. Wo shall advosate
such wunsures as will in our judgment, if carried out,
|,erpetuate our freedom and protect our native rights j
nor shall we at any time deviate from the path ol
duty as the organ of the American party, and the ad
vocate of A merican rights.
We shall neither sustain nor oppose any political
measures on the ground that they emanate from a
Democratic or from a Wing administratis ; but we
shall discuss all political qncetions With the most
perfect freedom from favor or prejudice, toward the
present or any foture administration. Keeping al
ways in view the principles and purposes of the
American party, we shall battle for those principles
and purposes, while as sn independent journal, we
shall approve what we think is right and condemn
what we think is wrong in the principles of all public
men and of all politiaal parties. Tne editor of the
American Organ will be a Democrat of the school of
Jefferson -and Madison, progressive in his notions of
pubflc policy, yet consistent in his advocacy of the
rights of the States. . ?
No nsSoy or editorial shall ever appear In the
American Oryass, the tendency of which would be to
prejudice the rights or wound the feelings of the citi
zens of any of the States. So far ss tho influence oi
this paper shall extend, the constitutional rights of
each, and of all the States, shall be maintained. IV*
hold that the institution erf sUtrrry belong* ttreirtsimsly
to those Mate* in which it exists. Koch of the Steles, for
itssty, ha* the enie and rjvUuie* rigid to determine
whether or not slavery shall exist irithin it* border*.
We shall therefor* opprn all agitation of the question
of tineery, either m Congress or out qf it.
The " Atnsrican Organ" will advocate the free and
untrasneneUed exercise of the rights of consnsnre, on
all questions connected with religious faith ; but it
will, by all fair and respectful argnmerits, oppose for
eign domination over American eitsaens, from whatever
quarter it may approach, and as well in mattov ecele
suuitieal sa in matters political.
A aynopeie of the proceedings of Congress during
each session will ba Uxhd day to day presented.
Oenerni and local news will be gathered and ptib
liabed, in order that our patrons msy have a general
knowledge of passing events.
The daily paper woll be published every sfiorooon,
(except Snndsrs,) and delivered ta subscribers at 10
nents per wees, or mailed to subscribers at $5 per
year, payable in advance.
The wnekly paper will be publiahed every Monday
morning, at m per year to single subscribers, pay
able In advanoe. Clubs of ten or more will be fnr
nished at $1 50 each per year, (If sent toanyonepoat
office,) payable in advance.
Advertmnr is solicited, at the usual rates ; and, aa
the Organ will bare an extensive cireulation, it will
afford the moat desirable medium in this respect.
Hubserlhers will please remit their subscriptions, on
or before the 20th day of November, directed to
" A men nan Organ," Washington City, D. C.
n^r !??
AMERICAN ORGAN.
Natithaonittn Leolirea.
ANIMAL P0IS0N8 AND TI1E1U ANTIDOTES.
Br Da. JiKiiNAsu.
Tho doctor hoadovotcdmuch ofhiutimo to exper
imenting on poisouiJ, and, (Vom his Intimate know),
edge of their nature, la a fit person to explain them.
He wan introduced by Prof Henry, who npoke of
the experiments of the morning, and the salinl'ac
tion they g*Yc,
The doctor commenced by remarking the aupo
riority of the science of tfio present day over that
of the ancients in detecting poisons.
In the time of Charles IX. poisons could bo ad
ministercd in pcrftimes, could oo deprived of their
hitter taste, yot so concentrated us to kill in a short
time, and yet so subtle as to defy the efforts of the
most skilful to detect them.
Ambrose Pare, surgeon of Charles IX, gives au
account of the poisoning of Popo Clement by the
vapors of a torch, and gives directions to orery one
whttte death would be of advantage to othera, such
as beneficed clergymen, how to best avoid poison.
He advised obstincnco from all seasoned sauce*,
large draught*, to., and tbo eating of such tilings
as fat soups, dried figs, Ac., as they would break
the fomi of the poisons.
Modern scltmco has revealed the nature of these
poisons, and now the law Id enabled to give the se
curity to ull, that tho most powerful could not then
er\joy. Hut scienco is not yet perfect. The are
iniiuy poisons not yet analyzed, fbr which no an
tidote has been found.
Here he spoke of venomous serponts, the most
dangerous of which is the rattlc-snako. Then fol
lowed a. history of the reptile, explaining with mi
nuteness tho operation and position of tho fangs,
the use the rattle, and the snake's mode of in
jecting poison; at th? same time illustrating his
remarks by preserved heads Of serpents. Also, of
i the symptoms and effects in different stages of tho
polfitfri; He wrkl the venom of the rattle-snake is
of the consistency arid color of olive oil, has a dis
agreeable odor, pungent taste, and may be swal
lowed without danger. It is not perceptible by
the severest chemical tes'. There are times when
tho most venomous serpent Inflict but a slight
wound, as the venom Is at times much less viru
lent tlian at others.
There is reason to beHove that the poison used
by Indians on their arrows Is, in many cases,
nothing but the venom of serponts. And though
this substatlco called warrari, ourare, and wooraru,
has boen variously described by different travellers
as being of an animal or vegetable nature, or a
mixture of both; from experiments ho has made, he
believes it to be the some as that of serpents, caus
ing the same result, producing the some eflbcts in
detail, and yielding to the same antidote.
Mince the experiments of Magendie, in 1800, it is
generally admitted that poisons prsduoe their effect
on the system, by being absorbed and carried into
the circulation, and that they exact their influence
by virtue of their peculiar properties. Various
Opinions have been entertained respecting tho ac
tion of tho poison on tbo blood?Foutana attribu
ting it to coagulation. He experimented in six ;
thousand cases with vipers, In every possible way. ]
Dr. R. had never experimented with vipera, but he \
found it tbo reverse in case of the rattlesnake. . t
Here ho explaiued tho action of the globules of
blood, as socn in a frog's leg, or a bat's wing; these |
globules traversing tno veins,and arteries to pre
serve lite t but the poison causes tbem to adhere to
each other, so that tbey can no longer traverse the
capillaries. This theory Is i?ot new. Shakspeare
put it in the mouth of the ghost In Hamlet, who,
speaking of the poison poured in his can, said
????" It doth posaett
And curd, like eager droppings into milk
The thin and wbmssonie blood."
H#re c?ne the treatment of poisoning by serpent
bite and worare. He spoke of the many remedies
brought down by tradition?*och as the burial
of the affected part In tho earth, placing the affect
ed part in tbo entrails of a freshly killed auinisl,
4c.?the many plants recommended?the applica
tion of stimulants?and the results of his expori
nwnts with them, a total failure in some, an allevi
ation of pain bv others, but a total cure from none.
But an antidote Is finally found. The doctor does
not Ull us who found out this invaluable remedy;
btlt tlie discoverer is suspected. Much credit to
his pcrscvent&ce in so noble a cause through the
revolting experiments fiom which it was gleaned.
l It is a solution of iodine and Iodide of potassi
um in water, applied by washing or Injection un
der tbs skin.
During tho forenoon, in the presence of most of
tbo Hfpmeal Faculty of our city, he conclusively
showed the cfflcir-y of the remedy, by making
rattle-snakes Mte pigeon* #rM cfilckeiM; then
showing the mode of administering tbo antidote
which affords instant relief. He showed that a so
lution of woorrara, injected under the skin of a
pigeon, would kill it in fire minutes. The same
amount, mixed with twenty drops of the antidote,
of the strength of ton grains of iodine, and thirty
of Iodide to on onnce of distilled water, injected in
to the reins, produced no sensible effect. Other
experiments of the same character prorcd beyond
a doubt the efWcory of the antidote.
Bat he says there may lie cases that the antidote
cannot reach, on account of the depth of the
wound ; but wherever it is possible for it to follow
the poison It neutralizes it completely.
The principle on which the antidote arts la it*
aati^putrescent qualities ; and it possesses or?rchlo
rine the additional value of not causing inflammation
or mortification.
Ho also believes the solution mentioned an anti
dote in cosei of poisoning by strychnia to a great
egrec ; also of prussic acid.
ilia plan of treatment for the bite of a serpent,
or wound from a poisoned arrow is, first, to wash
the part with a solution of iodine and iodide of po
tassium, and apply cupping-glasses over the wound,
or ligatures around tho member. Second. If the
wound lie deep, or If absorption has already taken
place, Inject tnc solution under the sklnr beneath
the cupping glass, disseminating it by friction almut
the wound.
This treatment and antidote he has proved in
more than a hundred instances on various birds
i and animals.
Ho closed by adverting to the romantic stories
rife respecting the power of the rattle-snake's
breath to cause blindness, and hi* poworof fWscina
tion?but dismissed them as imaginations unworthy
meu of science.
After the lecture, the audienee weresinrltod to
examine his specimens, and lire rattle-snakes wore
taken from their cages in tongs, that they might
be better seen ; some persons pressed so dooe, It
wss Several times thought that It would be neces
sary to prove the antidote then, but happily no
injury was inflicted. The audience was not very
large but attentive, and all seemed pleased with
the result of the lccturc.
Retiring Addrett of Proftuor JutfpK Hmry, o*
rriiijnitui PrrnAmry oftk* Aryrtcmn Ann
exation for Ihr Adntncemrnt of Nibu-alion.
The speaker said he had supposed that, in conse
quence of his many duties, he woold he permitted
to present his address at the next meeting ; but,
finding the Executive Committee inexorable, be
had hastily thrown together a few ideas on
xnrcxTto*.
No subject has received more attention. Every
one can speculate on hi* own experience, but tbat
in too limited a basis on which to found * general
system of Instruction. No one can tell what Is the
best course, as the very process which be con
demns may have lieen the best to develop his
mind, and lead to bis success. Even to some, the
absence of any systematic training may he most
favorable. Shakspeare's genius might hare been
shackled by the course of a university ; but these
instances are rare ; fbr genius, like the blossom of
the Mexican aloe, is the solitary production of a
eontnry.
I Education is a forced conditiou of mind, tiod
J? lu- Li I
hnfc placed u price 01 that which is valuable, nii'l
hc| who would possess the treasure, must em it it
at tho expense of labor. Tlie sttvagn does net
educate himself, and ii all schools were abolished,
civilization would Boon become barbarism. Civili
zation itacil'is a condition of unstable equilibrium,
which requires constant effort to bo sustained, and
still greater to be advanced.
Here I10 dwelt on tho Importance of individual
action, hi tliin generation's educating tho uoxl.
Modem civilization Is founded on a knowledge and
application of the moral, intellectual, and physical
lawn by which Divine wisdom governs the world.
The laws of morality have bceu revealed, but re
quire constant enforcement and habitual obser
vance ; and the laws of the material and intellec
tual unlverrc, have been discovered by profound
study, and should be taught In their purity.
But few can devote themselves exclusively to
abstract science, and only such as uro fully quali
ii?jd should prepare text-books for thu instruction
of the many. Ho could not agroe to tho idea tlmt
superficial men are best calculated to prepare pop
ular works. It is true that some have the art of
siDiplyiug science, but in most cases this simplifica
tion consists in leaving out the difficult parts.
Tho tcndeucy of modern civilization U to dimin
ish respect for authority. While it elevates the
many, and increase* for the time, at ioust, the sum
of human liapplueas, it does not tend to increase
the amount of knowledge in a corresponding de
gree. Thcrelsa wide difference between discovering
a new truth and spreading the knowledge of old
ones. The latter, though known to millions, is not
equivalent to the former. That civilization muy
advance, it Is. necessary that provision should be
made for the increaso of knowledge as well as its
diffusion. And, also, that the great truths which
have bceu established should not bo diluted, ob
scured, or forgotten. Also, that the truths of mo
rality should be actively, constantly, and habitually
applied. And this oan only be done by tho action
of individuals. But the tendency of high civiliza
tion is to relax individual effort. As elementary
knowledge is diffU&ed, the voice of thu individual
is lass heard.
Knowledge has arrived at such a stage that a di
vision of labor is necessary. And so the reputa
tion of the student of one branch of scieuce, rests
with proficients in the snuio?and as these are not
generally the dispensers of favor?those who seek
wealth or Influence in general knowledge, appeal
to the public generally?hence the tendency to
Charlatanism.
It is impossible that all who art) engaged in
business should have tiuic for profound thought;
they must bo contcnt to receive their knowldge at
second hand. But they are not content to remain
students, but aspire to become teachers?and are
ambitious of authorship.
Tha proiMui ?a ? leading ??o? ? ?.??,) too
quickly to read well?this is not proportionately a
thinking aac. The sum of positive knowledge is
embraced in but few books. Too many silly, super
ficial, and bad books are published.
Here be alluded to the present copy-right system
between this country and England, as debasing
literature, by supplying cheap books, and said that
unless scientific labor is properly paid, the market
will be supplied with the inferior article. Also
to another result of the wide diffusion ofeleluentai y
knowledge, without a proper cultivation of tho
morals, being an inordinate desire for wealth;
this Is illustrated by the auto-biography of one
who glories in his shame, and unnluxhingly de
scribes the means by which he has defiauded the
public.
Hti now spoko of the want of appreciation lor
profound learning and abstract science?of editors
being the most authoritative teachers on all ques
tions, the abuse of their positions by many of the
class, and proper use of It by the few.
His theory of education is to adapt instruction
to age. Memory, imitation, and thu formation of
mental hahlts exist in early life, white the reason
ing faculties arc of slower growth. He would store
the memory at an early age with valuablu rules to
be used in luturo life. Mental cultivation ahould
have three objccts ; to impart facilities in perform
ing various mental operations; to store the mem
ory with facts and precepts, and to impart tlie art
ul thinking, of generalization, of deduction and
induction.
Many children of eight years can be tnught to
4>cak correctly a number of languages, and yet be
unable to understand a single abstract principle
of grammar.
lie thinks the idoa that nothing exespt thst
which he can fully comprehend, should be taught
the child, is preposterous and inixchiovious, that
it is inverting the onV?r of nature, and though it may
produce remarkably intelligent children, it Is also
well calculated to produce remarkably feeble men.
The order of nature is, art before science?tho en
tire concrete, before the entire abstract. Those
two extremes should gradually run into each other;
as the pupil becomes older, the course of instruc
tion should become more and more logical.
Tlie Importance of early judicious training, is
often refesred to, but it is not sufficiently appre
ciated. In connexion with this point he advanced
an idea which seemed new to the association, but
was received as worthy the source whence it came.
It was that the science of statistics has showu that
certain crimes which are peculiar to the season of
youth, disappear comparatively with advancing
age, and re appear again toward the close of Ife.
Among those arts, be thinks, may be taught
ticfore the age of leu, arc reading, spelling, cbi
rographv, and drawing, composition, correct enun
ciation, "and tho use of the various language.,
ancient or modem. At tho sauie time the memo
ry may bo educated to habits of retention and
procimou. Ho dOes not think it is sufficient for a
pupil to express rules In his own language, but
that he should Warn them by rote, and that the
memory. is suscsptible of an ImWinito cultivation.
It was not his idea that the child ahould uot re
oeive as dear explanation aa possible, as far as he
is capable of receiving It, but that habits of pn
<-islon of memory should receive much atUuUon
?luring early youth. He W uot in favor of cram
ming tho memory with too much at a time, tnit
would have it gradually brought into a high statu
of cultivation.
He thonght the error of the old system of educa
tion oonalsted in continuity the drilling period tuo
long, and not shading it on gradually into that of
the logical. In thia country it is defective In not
imparting the mental facilities whieh can moat easily
l>? acquired in early B?, and W equally definitive in
the other extreMe in not habituating the student to
habits of logical thought or deductions IW>m general
principles. He thinks the science taught in our
higher seminaries, with some exceptions, W of a
superficial character, as facts, rather than princi
ples, are taught; and the branches of science which
have assumed the most systematic form, are crowd
ed out of the collegiate course by others more atri
king hut of lees profound character.
He thinks the great object of intellectual educa
tion to consist not only in teaching the pupil how
to thiiJc, but also how to He places great stress
on the education of the hahit*. One can be edu
cated to habits of trnth, courage, generwaitv, beunv
olcnce, and of justice, or may be allowed to fall into
habits of an opposite character. Man is the crea
ture of habit?it is to him more than a second na
tnre; Imt, while bad habits are acquired with rcadi
neea, good haliite can only be formed by unremit
a labor. And the habits of individiin's form the
its of a nation. ?
A Romish Pricht o* R?;rv?t.iCA*?*.?Wo
Warn from the Hickmsu (Ky.) Times, that a Ro
man Catholic priest, liviug iu tluit county,
preached a sermon near Wilburn a few days since.
In which he attempted to prove that a Republics!)
Government was wrong in principle, In prsetlce,
and in morals; that it was contrary to tho laws r?f
God and nature, ruinous to the interests of the true
church, (the Roman Catholic,) and that all who
were members of that church should do everything
In their power to lweak down and destroy say
such government.?vfrn'TiM" Trvmprt, IV**/
mintter, Md.

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