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atlj ^mtriraii <?rpn, 44The Perpetuation of American Freedom ii oar object; American Right* our motto; and the American Partr oar cofiomen." VOLUME L WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY AFTERNOON, JANUARY 18, 1855. NUMBER 55. THIS DAILY AMKH1CAN OBGAN L> published every afternoon, (except Sunday.) at the corner of Louisiana avenue and Tenth street/and is delivered to city subscribers (payable to the car- I rters) at JO eenta per week. Single oopiea, 2 oenta. Mail subscribers, $5 00 per annum, or $2 50 for mx months, always in advance. KATES OF ADVEKTISINQ. Five lines or less, one insertion, 28 eenta: each ad ditional line, 5 eenta. 1 Each additional insertion, half of the above rates. Displayed advertisement* charged by solid inea THE WEEKLY AMERICAN ORCAH Is published every Monday morning, on the following Terms. 1 copv, one year. .$2 00 | 1 copy, < months .91 00 8 copies, one year: 5 00 5 oopiea, # months..5 00 10 copies, one year. 15 00 | 10 oopiea, ? months..8 00 HP" Payments always tn advance. SATES or ADVERTISING. Ten oenta per line for each insertion. !**T All commnnicationa on buainesa connected with thia paper must be directed to the " Anuriotm Organ," Washington city, and be post-paid. , W"AU advertisements for the " Otmum" should be handed into the office before twelve o clock, M., of the day of publication. Oar Principles. First. We shall advocate* repeal of the laws of naturalization, or if that cannot be ac complished, then such a modification of those laws, as will prevent future immigrants from becoming citizens, short of a residence of twenty-one years, after taking the oath of alle giance to the United States, and of abjuration of all other powers, potentates, and princes. Second. We shall advocate the passage of a stringent law by Congress to prevent the im migration hither of foreigners, who are either paupers or criminal*, and to send back to the countries from which they come, all mch for eigners of these classes as may, in violation of such law, hereafter reach our porta; and to require the President of the United States to demand from any government, which may send hither Buch classes of its subjects, imme diate and ample satisfaction for tuck outrage, and a proper indemnity, against the repetition thereof Third, We shall oppose the election or ap pointment of any foreign-born citizen to any office of trust, honor or emolument, under the Federal or State governments, or the employ ment or enlistment of such persons in the army or navy in time of war; maintaining, as we do the opinion, that the native-born citizens of the United States have the right to govern the land of their birth; and that all immigrants from abroad should be content with the enjoy ment of life, liberty and property, under our institutions, withont seeking to participate in the enaction* administration, or execution of our laws. Fourth. We shall advocate and urge the adoption of such an amended form of an oath to support the Constitution of the United I States, and to be administered to all persons elected or appointed to any office of trust, honor, or emolument, under tho Federal or State gov ernments, as will effectually exclude from such offices all persons, who shall not directly and explicitly recognise the obligations and bind ing force of tho Constitution of tho United States, as paramount to all obligations of adhe sion or allegiance te any foreign prince, power, potentate, or authority whatever, under any and all circumstances. F\fth. We shall maintain the doctrino that no one ef the States of this Union had the right to admit to the enjoyment ot free suffrage any IKjrson oiforeign birth, who has not been first made a citizen of the United States, according to tho " uniform rule" of naturalization pre scribed by Congress, under the provisions of the constitution. Simth. We shall oppose, now and hertefter, any " union of Church and State," no matted what class of religionists shall seek to bring about such union. Seventh. We shall vigorously maintain the tested righto of all persons, of native or foreign birth, and shall at all times oppose the slightest interference with such vested rights. Eighth. We shall oppose and protest against "U abridgment qf religious liberty, holding it as a cardinal maxim, that religious faith is a questien between each individual and his God, and over which no political government, or other human power, can right/UIly exercise any su pem^on or control, at any time, in any place or in any form. Ninth. We shall oppose all "higher law" doctrines, by which the constitution is to be net at nought, violated, or disregarded, whether by politicians, by religionisti, or by the adherents or followers of either, or by any other class of porsona 7>?tA. We shall maintain and defend the constitution as it stands, the -fTnion as it ex ists, and the rights of the States, without di minution as guaranteed thereby: opposing at all times, and to the extent of our ability and influence, all who may assail them, or either of them. Eleventh. We shall oppose no man, and sus tain no man, on the ground of his opposition to, or his support of; Democratic measures or Whig measures; bnt we shall oppose those who oppose our doctrines, and sustain those who sustain our doctrines. Twelfth. And lastly, we shall one our utmost to build up an 44 American party," whose maxim shall be: Amssicaws small bpi,b Ttuns Gotnmrl ?. T. PA REEK, Ifonsr end Sign Painter and (ilasier. between ?th and 7th Me. yHOTfCl!,-Persons deairons of iab. fenmng to th* Amvrtcak Oiqan frill dImum* their namea and residence at Wm. B Richard*. Jr '? Tobaooo Htor**! Blo#k' ** H *SMfcld's "ooth novM 5- T. AUDLKT, Agent l-^JOILN P. II ALL, agent for the AmerU ean Organ, 7th Ward, No. S44 tfth atreet smith be tween K and O. Persons who desire to subecriiA fcr ?he paper will please leave their namee and reaidenne at Mr Hall's, and Mr. Boswell's Drug Store, corner "f 7th street and Virgin!* sventie. VT THO WAS e7j Aeons, Agent for the Aawriean Organ, for the fifth and aisth wards. Office in Odd Fellows' Hall, near the Marine Garri son. Tho following preamble and resolutions, adopted at a mau nwrting of ths cikiuns of Washington, on the 27th day of September last, present the general sentiment* of the " American party" in this city, and will doubt' less be read with interest by the friends of American principles throughout the country, to wit: Whereas, a public meeting of citizens of Washing ton was hold at Caruai's Saloon, on the 19th instant, upon a call made in and approved by the Executive organ, the proceedings of which, in the resolutions taui to hare been adopted at that meeting, and in the speeches of certain selected orators at a subsequent adjourned meeting, are now spreud before the public eye in the columns of said organ, and its kindred presses, with approbation; ana whereas said resolu-, lions, however dressed up in abstract professions of patriotism, aswul principles dear to the American heart and neoessary to the safety of the constitution and to the peace and prosperity of our oountry; and whereas, the Executive is invoked therein to remove from public employment such officeholders as enter tain those principles, thereby to perpetrate a ruthless proscription of both Whigs and Democrats for an nonest difference of opinion: therefore? Rmtlrxd, That mere professions of lore to the con stitution and to otrU and religions freedom, when contradicted by actions, cannot deceive the sensible and vigilant guardians of American liberty, whose apprehensions have been excited at beholding the strides that have been made toward a complete con trol of our government by the subjects of a foreign potentate well-known as the avowed enemy of our whole American system, to whose overthrew they are solemnly devoted. B&oUed, That, as vigilant custodians of that bene ficent system of civil and religious freedom bequeath ed to us by the fathers of the republic, it is our duty to meet and repel all insidious attacks npon our lib erties as well as all open assaults; and that we view with indignation ana alarm the assertion of princi ples and proposes, on the part of the recognised ex Sanents of the Roman Catholic Church in tne United tates, subversive of - our republican institutions, which constitute aggressions of such a character that, if not now resisted, will lead, at no distant day. to the overthrow of the American Constitution and the complete establishment of despotism. JiMolwd, That while, in the past political divisions of the country, as Whigs and Democrats, we have struggled in honest conflict over contested principles and measures, all of which are now settled, yet in the present crisis of danger to all that both parties hold dear we will bury every remembrance of past opposition, and " pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor" net to oease our ex ertions until our oountry shall be freed from the dangers that new menace it. jUtolvtd, That we proclaim, as the cardinal princi C" a of our political and moral creed, a sacred regard the constitution in all its provisions, upon wiiich are based our glorious American principles?freedom of speech, freedom of opinion, freedom of conscience, freedom of the press, together with a school systeai for the diffusion of intelligence, sanctified by an open Bible as the rule of faith and practice, holding as an established principle that intelligence and virtue are essential to the success of a free government Rmolvtd, That while we welcome to our country the victims of tyranny from foreign lands, and offer them a place by oar side under the shield of ouroon stitution, we claim far Americans the right to govern their own oountry; and these who.do not like our government have our hearty consent to go elsewhere in the pursuit of happiness. ItfoUwl, That the fourth resolution of the meeting at Carusi's Saloon, recommending to the President el the United States proscription of all offioers of the federal government who may hare thought fit to be come members of the association of Know Knoth inga?a recommendation which, before its adoption, had beeh recognised and acted upon by the Execu tive of the United States?proposes an alarming and dangerous infraction of the principles of self-govern ment, and calls for the prompt and decisive rebuke of all the free citiieus of these United States, without distinction of party, sect, or creed. Tout every Protestant denomination in the United States maintains the constitutional prin ciple of a separation of Church and State?in which principle many American Catholics sinoerelv concur, while on the other hand, the 1'apal Church abroad openly, and always, and everywhere maintains the doctrine of obedience of the civil to the ecclesiastical authority, both in Europe and America; the sad and ruinous effects of whieh, in the one, are seen in oountlesa emigrants flying from its tyrannv and misery to our own happy land, nn4 in the other, in the ignorance and poverty of the masses, In the wealth and vices of the clergy, and in the ooaselesa insurrections, massacres, and proverbial instability of our Southern sister Republics. Hr*>lr?d, That upon tnese principles we appeal from the opinions, whose proclamation has caused this meeting, to tho people of the United States; and, although we might infer they are an exponent of executive feelings, from the official positions of those who controlled the proceedings, yet wo will still hope that the President, who. alone has the power, will arrest ths proscription already begun of faithftil office-holders, both Democrats and Whigs, for daring to entertain American end Protestant sentiments, and will reject the mercenary suggestion urged npon him by the fourth resolution of -the meeting last week, as a covert scheme to gratify the appetite of office seekers at the expense ef many who gealously and efficiently aided in his elevation to power, and whose removal under existing circumstances will fix an In delible stain npon him as a man and as the President of the United States. That having seen ths denunciations that almost daily issue from oertain presses against the " fusionists sf the North, who are denounced as ab sorbed in "the traitorous factions" which distract those Stoles, by which they are one after another be ing placed in opposition to the administration, we were aatoniahed to hear the pressing invition in the seoond resolution of our opponents to men of sll po litical opinions, withont regard to their "political antecedents," ts form s "fuaieu" with them in thsir ftiture action an invitation bread enough to include Garrison, Abby Kelly, and Fred. Douglas, bsaidss thsir soathutors in the two booses of Congress. RmoI?a, That we, too. appeal to all Americans who lore tne Union, which "most be preserved," and the constitution, whiob established and matatainaiL and the rights of ths States whieh oonuuee it, ana especially to the religious, ths moral, and ths order loving rlsssss, to unite with us in sflfeeting the re ft rms necessary to ths safety and prosperity of our oonntry, believing, aa we do, that it is high time the career of interested and nnscrnpnlons demagogue* should be checked, and the govern men t be ptoeed in the hands of men acquainted with its character and spirit, and who dnly value its oountlees blessing". And whereas we believe tn the oompetency, ability, and right of American-born mtixens to govorn their own country: therefore Kttnfatd That we will not vote for nor assist in elevating foreigners by birth to offioes of trust, emol ament, or honor tinder onr government; nor will we vote for or assist in elevating to such offices any American-born citizens who recognise or hold them selves under any allegianoe whatever to any foreign prince, potentate, power, or authority. lUm&td, That tne naturalisation laws ought to be totally repealed or materially altered, and the term of residence before admiasion to the rights of ntinen ship be extended to ths period of twenty-one years. wr PERSON* residing In the First ud Second wards desiring tn subscribe to the " Aaani oam Oasax," will leave their names st William H. Hilton's, Agent. No. 89S. Eleventh street, betareeep and K, and at Mr. Carroil's shoe store, No. 117 Penn Sri van ia avenue, between Twentieth and Twenty, rst sfseet nov 84 tV Persons residing in the 3d sr 4th wards, who desire to become subscriber* to the Daily or Weekly American Organ, will leave their names Slid numlier ? ?? residence at either of the following places, vis: Adamson's Book and Periodioal Store, Seventh street, opposite the Post Offioa : Evans's Drug Store, corner of Seventh and I, or R. Y. Payne's Drug Store, darner of Fourth and Massachusetts arenas. B. W. BATES, nov 14 Agent fW Onr Georgetown Subscriber* who do not rsoeive the pai>?r regularly, will leave their name and sddreaa st Welch A Wilson's, Joseph F. Birch's, or Dr. IJnthicum's. W. H. CALHOUN, nov 15 No. M, Jefferson street JH. JOHNSON, Family Grocer, corner ? of Seventh and K streets. No. 489, is being con stantly supplied with fresh Family Groceries of all kinds, to which he respectfully solicits the patronage ef Ms friends. novl??tT WAIL * STEPHKNH, PENNSYLVANIA Avon we, between ttk and 10th streets, have just reesived a large as sortment of Cloths, Casmmers, and Vesting, which they will hsye made up to order ia the most fashion able styles. Also, on hand a very large stock of ready-made Clothing, whieh they will sen as cheap as any other establishment in the United States. . dec 4 AN ACT for establishing religious freedom, passed In the Assembly of Virginia In the beginning of the year 1786: Well aware that Almighty God hath croated the miud free ; that all attempts to influence it by tem poral punishments or burdens, or by civil incapa citations, tend only to beget habits of hypocrisy and meanness, and are a departure from tho plan of the Holy Author of our religion, who, being Lord both of body and of mind, yet chose not to prop agate by coercions on either, as was in his almighty power to do; that the impious presumption of leg islatures and rulers, civil as well as ecclesiastical, who, bW"E themselves but fkllible and uninspired men have assumed dominion over tho faith of others, setting up their own opinions and modes of thinking as the only true and infallible, and as such endeavoring to Impose them upon others, hath es tablished and maintained false religions over the greatest part of the world, and through all time; that to compel a man to fiirnish contributions of money for the propagation of opinions which he disbelieves, is sinful and tyrannical; that even the forcing him to support this or that teacher of his own religious persuasion is depriving him of the comfortable liberty of giving his contributions to the particulrr pastor whoso morals he would make his pattern, and whose powers ho feels most persuasive to righteousness, and is withdrawing from the ministry those temporal rewards, which, pro ceeding from an approbation of their personal con duct, are an additional incitement to earnest and unremitting labors for the instruction of mankind; that our civil rights have no dependence on our re ligious opinions more than our opinions in physics or geometry; that, therefore, the proscribing ol any citizen as unworthy the public confidence by laving upon ,him an incapaoity of being called to the offices of trust and emolument, unless he pro loss or renounce this or that religiouB opinion, w depriving him injuriously of thow privileges and advantages to which, in common with his fellow citixens, he has r natural right; that it tends also to corrupt the principles or the vory religion it is meant to encourage, by bribing, with a monopoly of worldly honors, those who will externally pro fess and conform to it; that though, indeed, those arc criminal who do not withstand such tempta tions, yet neither are those innocent who lay the bait in their way; that to suffer the civil ma gistrate to intrude his powers Into the field of opin ion, and to restrain the profession or propagation of principles, on the supposition of their ill tendency, is a dangerous fallacy, which at once destroys all religious liberty, because, bo being of course judge of that tendency, will make his opinions the rule of judgment, and approve or condemn the senti ments of others only as they shall square with, or differ from, his own; that it is time enough, for the rightful purposes of civil government, for its offi cers to interfere when principles break out Into overt acta against peace and good order; and, finally, that truth is great, and will prevail if left to herselt that she is tne proper and sufficient antag onist of error, and has nothing to fear from tho conflict, unless by human interposition disarmed of her natural weapons, free argument and debate, errors ceasing to be dangerous when it is permitted freely to combat them. _ Be it, therefore, enacted by Ike General At lembii/, Tliat no man shall be compelled to fre quent or support any religious worship, plaoe, or ministry whatsoever, nor shall he bo enforced, re strained, molested, or burdened in his body or goods, no* shall he otherwise suffer on account ofhis religious opinions or belief; but that all men shall be free to profess, and by argument to maintain, thoir opin ions in matters of religion, and that the same shall in no wiso diminish, enlarge, or affect their civil capacities. ... And though we well know this Assembly, elected by the people for tho ordinary purposes of legis lation only, havo no power to restrain the acts of succeeding assemblies, constituted with powers equal to our own; and that, therefore, to declare this act irrevocable would be of no effect in law ; yet, we are froe to declare, and do declare, that the rights hereby asserted are of the natural rights of mankind, and that If any act shall be hereafter passed to repeal the presen t, or to narrow its ope rations, such an act will bo an infringement of natural right. NOTICE, TO CONTRACTORS. Ornci or Metkopouta* R. R. Compakt, Georgetown, D. C., Dec. S9, 1864. SEALED proposals for the grading, ma? w sonry, and bridging of forty-three and a half miles of this mud will be revived at U?e of floe of the company until three o clock 1. M. on the 15th day of February next. .. The maps, profiles, plans, and be ready lor inspection on and after the fctn day ol ^The'ffctropolitan Railroad Is deeigacd to extend from the cities of Waahingtoo and Georgetown to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, by an easy and di rect route, connecting with the latlsaroed out oi the " Point of Rocks," on the Potomac rlVsr, and making a saving of diatanoe on the first ninety miles of the present trarolled route from the Capitol to the Wee u i n and Northwestern Htatee of ferfy-flve anfles Proceeding from the point ?4 intersection with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad themut* extends to the city of Frederick, and passing through the richest agricultural distneta of Marvland, terminates in the cJtr of Hagerstown, where it connects with lines of railroads, now in operation, extending to llarnaburK, the Pennaylvanie Central Railroad, Ac. The portion of the road for which proposals are dow invited extends from the westerly line of the District of Colombia (t >-4 miles from Georgetown) to the city of Frederi<*. Proposals will be received for the work in sections of one mile each, or for the entire distance of 4*X ? 1?e work is generally of a medium character for this part of the oountry, with some heavy cutting in the earth and rock, and bridging; and every facility exists for prosecuting it rigorouflv and with eneono my at all seasons of the y?r. The eoentry is ele vated and rolling, well watered, and remarkably The time conditioned for the completion of the oon tract* will b* from one to two Any further information dow red by por?ofi? pro ntiaing for the work will be furnished at the office, er may be had by addressing the President ef the Com pany, by letter, prior to tne day of letting. By order of the Board ofDJrectors. FRANCIS DOIKJK. lYssident. EDMUND FRENCH, Chief Engineer dec 80?iawtfch# GENTLEMENB' HAIR-DRESSING establishment, W mart's Hotel. JOHN n. GIBBS begs leave to call tbe attention of the Gentlemen to the above estab lishment, where they will find everv comfort in the Shaving, Hsr-cuttlng, Curling, Shampooing, and B AtaOolfe^ipT Heal pa, and Toupees, which sr ticlea cannot he suMasssdta theUmteJ are always on hand, or made to order at short nwUee His stock of Toilet articles and Furnishing Ootids are carefully selected, snd will be found to wmprw the best kind* of Combs, Brushes: Lubin * Extracts; all serta of Paris Perfumeries; Ouerlain s, Klgges, and other Hhaving and Toilet Soans. Best quality Rasors; nail Knives; Penknives; Tweewrs Raror Strops; genuine Ferine Cologne.jn long, short, and wicker bottles; Toilet Mirrors; Cold < ream, Salve, Amondine; and almoat every requisite for theJToflet. ... In Furnishing Goods he has kid Gloves, white and colored; faanionable Cravats, Snarfc, Neck Ties; winter Gloves; Shirts, Huspenders, Stooks, pocket Handkerchiefs. Collars, Ac., all of which have been purchased from tbe best houses in New \ ork, and are warranted to be what they are represented. dec 11?eodflm* _ _ HOUftKH and LOTS for SALE. ? BUILDING lote, and M honeee, | brick and frame, for sale on fast terms. Also, two stores ?o let, on the comer of 7th and G street*. Island. Apply to Walter a. trite. Carpenter and Builder. Corner of Virginia avenue and 7th street, doc 2i>?eodly , . PUBLIC AND PRIVATE LIBRARIK* furnished at two-thirds their value, by calling it the New Union Bookstore, deo 88?5t 474 Penn. avenue. PROSPECTUS Or TIM "AMERICAN ORGAN,'* A Daily and \V**Uy Paper, pttl>U*h*d in IVathinff Um City, D. C., h AN ASSOCIATION OK NATIVE AMERICANS. WE hare reached an important crisis iu our po- | litioal history. The two leadingparties in our country, hitherto separated by broad linos, either of principle or of policy, differ now scarcely iu any thing but in nam**. A National Bank, formerly an essential point of dif ference between rival parties, has now no advocates. A Protective Tariff for the taks of protection, which onoo divided parties and distracted our National Coun cils, has beoome obsolete, as a question of party J*moy. simply becaete* ? " no*nut tanjf" affords incidental protection to American Manufactures. A modifica tion of the details of our preaent tariff system is all that is demanded by the most strenuous advocates or protection to American Industry. The distribution of the proceeds of the public lands among the several States, as formerly claimed by on* party, and the application of those proceeds solely in aid of the national Treasury, as claimed bv the other party, have both yielded to a compromise or these oen flictuiR opinions, so for, at least, as to rink these ques tions a* Sunt* between Whigs and Democrats. A plan formed of a ooropound of "squatter sovereignty, of " graduation." and of a " surrender to the States in which they lie, seems likely to withdraw the public lands from the arena of future party contosts. ' The improvement of harbor* and rioert by oongres uional aid, on which political partieu have hitherto differed at different times, has now beoome less a quesr | tion of principle than at looal and sectional contest; and it will doubtless be adjusted by the next Con gress, upon that basis of liberality and justioe de manded by the spirit of the age and the true interests of the country. Other questions, of minor importance, on which, at different times, the two prominent parties of the coun try disagreed, have now, by a change of circumstenocs, booome obsolete. What, then, remain as issues of any theoretical or practical importance botween Whigs and Democratsf We know of none; and if these hitherto rival parties shall maintain their respective organisations, they will do so for the mere sake ol the epoils of power t But new issues have arisen, having no reference to the party organizations of Whigs and Democrats? issues which are vastly important in their bearing upon the ftiture welfare of the* country?and which issues must, in their discussion, progress, and termi nation, annihilate these two parties, which, for years past, have battled, with alternate success, for poUttoal A^iew era is at hand?an ton which will be char acterized, in the future history of these States, as the or patriotism I Throughout the length and breadth of this great and glorious Union, the masses of the American people have spontaneously and similiter ueously started the inquiry?" Am hot AnjmrOAKS capahlb or oovkrxMo thsir Cooktbt t This in quiry is as universal as it is natural and pertinent. The response is being given in the thousands of asso ciatioas springing up 'in all portions of the united States, and resting on the single baftis, that the native born cttieen* of thu Union hao* the capacity and At will U> adrninwter (heir own Government, to protect tJu right* which they have inherited, and to perpetuate the freedom and independence qf their native land t Shall we traoe the earn** of this spontaneous and universal uprising of the masses of our countrymen? The evils-incident to the indiscriminate immigration of foreigner* into our ooontry?the consequences <*r permitting such immigrants te enjoy the right-of suffrage?and the degrading effect of elevating for eigners to posts of hoijor and trust under our gov ernment; all thee* have been seen and known to our people for years past, M*d yet mntil note, with few exceptions, the Aavrican people have see men to be blind to the progress of foreignism in the land. We need not, on the occasion of presenting this circular preepectm to the oountry, aasigu the cause* for this sudden and general manifestation of the purpoee of the American people to take the reins of govern ment into their own hands; it is uilttcient for the object we havo now in view to *tate the undeniable and obvious fact that nteh pvrjMi* eiiet*. We now oome forward to present to our fellow - citiiens the mode and moans of concentrating the opinions and of harmonising the action of those who are disposed to unite in the foraUttion of sn " Amer ican party," whoee purpo** shall be to find a rem*ly for the manifold evils which have eome vjxm tu, and which are yearly innreammf under the deeastrou* ope rat*>n of eur Umd* of naturalisation / We propoeB to establish, in oonformity with the wishes of thousands of the cititans of this District, and of a large number of our friends in the different States, a daily and weekly paper, to be called THE AMERICAN ORGAN. The publication will oommence on the 12th day of November daily, and on the 20th weekly. A cash capital, amply sufficient to oommcnoc and to continue the enterprise, has been subscribed ana secured to be edvanoed by a number of wealthy and influential gentlemen; and we are insured a dally circulation surpeaaing that of any paper now pub lished in Washington city. The number of our* weekly subscribers will depend upon the enthusiasm of our friends In the severs! States, but we have such assurances thst we cannot doubt wo shall commence with many thousand*; and that a veer will not trans pire before our weekly list will be swelled to more than on* hundred thousand. Our position at the seat of the federal government, the centre of our political system, whers sll the ren neontatives of the States, and of the people annually assemble, and where prominent men of all py*es periodically sojourn for many months, Is oeiiaiderod bv us, ana by onr friends, ss the most fkvorable one for the publication of the oboak or m Asssica* r asvt : and If the most untiring devotion to the ad vocacy of the doctrines and policy of this party ahall give us a elaim to its support, we know we shall de serve, and ws trust we stall receivs it. We cannot perhaps more distinctly and concissty define the basis on which ths American Organ Is es tablished than by presenting the following; ritrsct, which ws copy and adopt from an address of s former President of ike if***>uri Satim Amerioan Amnna tion, sod published at St- Louis is February, 1841, to wit! * "Til rsarsvcATie* or Amsioas rasrnpM is oss oajsor, Amssica* sierra oca motto, and ths Amsr n AN PASTT OOB OOUSOMS*." Our position is thus defined. We shall advocate such measure* as will in onr judgment, if oarriedout, perpetuate our freedom and protect our native rights: nor shall ws atanyUme devials from the path of doty as the organ of the American party, snd the sd vocate of American nght*. ' We shall neither sustain nor oppose any political measures en the ground thst they emanate from a Democratic or frrrni a Whig administration; but we shall discuss all political questions with the most perfect freedom from favor or prejudioc, toward the preaent or any futnre administration. Keeping al ways in view the principles and purposes of the American party, we shall battle for those principles and purposes, while ss sn independent journal, ws iImJi approve what we think in rijfht and condemn what ws think is wrong in the principles of sll public men and of all political parties. The editor of the American Organ will be a Democrat of the school of Jefferson and Madison progressive In his notions of public policy, yet o>insistent in his sdvocscy of the rights of the States. .... ... No assay or editorisl shall evar appear in the Amerioan Organ, the tendency of which Would be to preindlce the rights or wound the feelings of the (all iens of any of the Htales. Ho for as the influence of this paper shall extend, the oonstitutionsl rights of ssch, snd of all the States, shall be maintained We hold that the institution .,f timer* belong* erehusively loth*** State* in which it miets. Kaoh of the Stat**, for itself, has ths sol* and ardusiv* right to determine whether or not davery ahall exist within it* border*. We >haU therefore nppoee all agitatvm of the queehon nfelavery, either in Omgreee oroutcf iL The " American Organ" will advocate the free and untrammelled exercise of the rights of amscienee, on all questions wmaeeted with religion* faith; bnt it will, by all fair and reapeetfnl arguments, oppne* for eign domination ever American dtiaen*, from whatever quarter it may approach, and as wall in matters eccle siastical ss in matters politioal. A synopsis of the proceedings of Congress during MCh session will be mini day to dsy presented. 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Extract* from th* Inawjural A J, I rest of Governor of Delaware, delivered on the lfitA in Mtaut, ? ? m 0 As tho servant of a gallant and patriotic peo ple as the Chhsf Magistrate of a State, whose spi rit and genius, and uot her mete# and bounds have determined hor position in tliu national estimate it would not become mo to comment upon tho con flicts of faction. Not eueh was the recent election in this State. But tho history of the popular mind of a Commonwealth in tho history of its life, its honor and its fortunes, and a great organic move ment of that mind, such as wo now witness, one that uplifts, sweeps and bears onward with it, the community and its interests, may not, upon such an occasion, be ignored. We have seen a re-as sertion of the declaration, and a re-enactment of the struggle of independence. It would bo injus tice to the people of Delaware to bo silent on the progress and triumph of that sentiment which, kindled at tho altar-flrcs of tho Revolution, has spread with miraculous speed from heart to heart: has united our American people in the holy broth erhood of patriotism, and has secured the triumph not mine?not any man's?not tho victory of art or eloquence, of parties, or politicians?but of a free people, in whoso hearts the American spirit, too long smothered under the ashes of oxliauatcd factions, has buret forth, and asserted its own purity and power. This affords just ground for an exul tation, in which every American is privileged and may bo proud to share ; for, in it, no old party has been exalted; it brings to no true American citi zen occasion for regret or mortification, 110 memo ry oi wrong, and no fear of injustice. As a broad and 1)right assertion of tho principles of American Liberty?tho only true liberty which tho world knows, or has known?springing freshly from tho people, and faithfUl to all the noble and time-abi ding sentiments that render tho voico of our na tive masses, when spontaneous and unperverted, the voice of Eternal Rigfitit must be recognised as a triumph in whioh every real American has an equal interest, and an equal claim. When, under the influence of a sentiment so lofty, the people of a State confide their highest of u?Wu? tljnd,8 ,of 0nc of themselves, in trust that it shall be administered in tho same pure and ex alted spirit, bis solicitude must bear some relation to the exultation of his patriotic pride, and the fer vorof his gratitude. .Such is the anxiety with which I approach the duties that must, for a time ? e ?'090 ^ it is to guard the untar nished honor of Delaware, has a high and holy tni*t. The stranger who consults the chart of our | Continental Republic, hnrdiy discovers our State amjd her leviathan sisters; but he who studies the history of Amcncan valor, American devotion, and American statesmanship, sees her pictured a iriant on every page. Those who won tho laurels of lib erty u, oar revolutionary struggle, who saw the Declaration carried by hor vote, and knew no field from Long Ijdand to Camden and Eutaw, where Delaware did not loave her martyrs, and always nearest the foe?no crisis in her councils where Delaware did not maiutain tho cause of the coun try?no exigency where Delaware was uot among tho foremost of the confederacy in defence of the Union?have done her ample Justice; and their children, of whatever section of our common coun try, will rejoice that, in the present crisis, when the cause of American ludependenco againat for eign domination has again invoked tile natriot ,?HU of d? l?d, 1,? b?? ,h, foKS ?j to record her vote openly and boldlv on the ?1. ?LherJC0^t7;, 8i*Ur Commonwealth* have followed and will follow with a noble ardor ; and u n r w,M!n the children of our Utile State many ph" * her Patriot ic, it will not be forgotten, that, in the gathering of the nation s miliums for tho public and fearless rcassertion of an unshackled Independence, Dela State?led the van; Delaware struck the flrat blow?Delaware won the first victory I The iaaue which has been *o harshlv forced, from abroad, upon our people, has no feature in com mon with our past political controversies, the mere domestic contests which liavo recognised a gener ourand fraternal difference of opinion among those who agree in a united devotion to our native land The present is a resistance to invadert who unite fo*.gn "imds and hearts In allegiance to a foreign Tnnce and Pontiff; and, standing between the American part.es, have dictated their own terms ami asserted thoir own superiority. Under these mfluonoe* the ballot box has Ixx n corrupted by their frauds, or subjected to their violence; Amer ican politics have been stained with vices foreign to the American character; and a large portion of our most virtuous citizens have revolted In disgust of1Priril'*c? ho aharcd, and so degraded ; and tho highest places pf tho Republic have been abandoned to foreigners or their flatter ers, some of whom have <l#red to assert the alleged prerogative of a foreign TontiB to free American clliztns from their allegiance to the government of their county In our foreign pohcy, the settled P"nc,.P'?* of A merican statesmanship aro wen nigh to* sight Of; foreigners have been selected to rep resent the country at tho principal courts of Eu rope; and in the gratification of feelings unshared by our people, they have made the American nime a reproach throughout a Urge part of the civilixod world. > American principles and policy, feeling* and in terest*, nave been merged in their alien oppoaites; and in tho press and ou the platform, forefgn in fluences have overswayod the control and directed the action of parties and tho selection of candi datcs. Tho result of this conspiracy against the original and Native American liberty,'has l>een to !T?. IT U>i!cou.ntr7, a foreign political party, *ub?tantfally, though not nominally, devoted to ft?mgn interests, and preferring persons of foreign birth. If its recognised advocates have as yet tailed to proclaim allegiance to a foreign monarch, they havo made, in moat of the Stales, efforts to Overthrow the American system of public fnHtruc tion; have sought to exclude tlie Bible from tho American ?choola; and have freely denonnced tho most cherished principles of American religion, liberty ; and all this, it should bo remembered has sprung fmm thoso, to *hom all that our Cithers h I.*0" ?"<? l'iat'? dear to us, was freely offered ; all this was foreign In its origin, author* and act*? all this was unprovoked, wanton, lung and patienly endured?endured till foreign demagogues claimed our country a* their own, and made our righta and our safety the counter* with which they played tho game of foreign politic*. At length the reaction and tho rescue came. Its history is an exalted evidence of tho fitness of tho American people, for the mo*t trying exigencies of self-government No son of tho soil can regard it, audit* proof of American intelligence, patriotism and vrrtae, without pride and exultation. It bor rowed no aid, It knew no leader, it sought 110 coun sel. The movement bur*t like a bolt from the overcharged cloud of American wrong*?midden spontaneous and universal; it knew no parent, but tho old and ever true American heart. It had and it needed, no organ, no orator, no oracle, no h>ader, no aid. TTje American people, North and South, Kaat and West, finding tho cup of foreign arrogance and usurpation overrunning, quietly Jtepp^d forth by myrirds from their home*, and recorded the decree. It oao n?ver be revoked It can never be regretted. Hereafter it will be pointed to a* the noblest evidence of American in telligence patriotism and independence; and when *0 remembered, Delegare wilt not be forgotten as ? foremost, to ""P*esa 'ipon the cause the brosd ?eal or the Commonwealth'* sanction. That triumph, should it prove to bo national, will impose many and majestic duties. The first will bo to surround, as with a wall of fire, which no pollu tion can invade, that Holy of Holies?the ballot ho*; and ckwely succeeding will rise the duty of regulating iiniuigration; of closing tlie avenue* which havo communicated with tho prison* and huar-housesofEurope; of defeating tho ungene rous policy by which lb reign princes force u? to re ceive tho moral abominations which their overcloy rd country vomits forth, constraining us to support their paupers, aud to expose the property and live* ol our people to tho ruffian (kill and desperation of their transported felons. A/i a tax and a peril the heaviest and worst, as a wanton wrong and outrage, it should bo redressed in tho first hours of realized national American victory. But tho more pervading and vital triumphs of tho second American revolution, will be th0M0 which will establish, as the settled policy, foreign and domestic of the nation, the saving principle of American Independence, a* applied, notonly to tho right ol suffrage, but to the privileges, sacred and inestimable, of our honest hard-handed home labor. The policy by which our country has been, in its trado, its currency, its varied Industrial pursuit*, agricultural, mechanical, and otherwise, and in iia social habits of expenditure and luxury, thrust into and made a part of Europe, is a treason against Amorican honor and American interests. It is a | repudation of all the peculiar advantages bestowed, by I rovidence, In requital of the virtues of our la thers, upon our young and then unburthenedcouu I try We liave to gratify tho schemes of politician?, and to glut the greediness of money-changers, li> vjted and drawn upon our country a common and almost an equal share of the evils which attend, as their parasite and clinging curses, the wasting vices and crimes of Europe. Our true indepen dence, real happiness and secure policy are to be realized, only by fostering our own American homes?their iudustry, mutual relations and mutu al sclf-rcliuncc. In regard to every political virtuo and hope, to all of pride and confidence associated with that American liberty which,?as the earthquake shakes aud tho tempest overshadows all else of tho civilized world?grows brighter and dearer to Uf, it is apparent that the time has arrived when our country must separate her policy from tho intrigues and machinations of Europe?from the strategy and corruption by which European councils and interests boastfully betrayed tho independence of American Industry and made our land tributary as it noV unhappily is, to England and France forced npon us, with their luxuries, their vices ? and added to tho usurpation the heavy bnpositi. n of a monstrous and perpetual debt?a debt shared by every American ; a debt which drains our coui - try of its specie, and which subjects it, throughout every hbro of its giant frame to tho agony of such a financial convulsion as that which now afflicts us. Vain will be the patriotic throbbing of the great American heart, and vain the vigor of the American arm to re-achievo American Independence, until our land shall have beon made independent in that from all which power has its source?her industrr. Then, and only then, will she cease to be a Eu ropean colony ; then will she be tho America of our father*?truly independent?rich in her own resources?secure In her own strength, and happy in her own freodom. The crimes and oppression*, the wrongs and wars of Europe may terrify and torture their own world, but not a ripple of tho storm will break upon our shores. Till that con summation shall have been effected, our duty will be unfulfilled, and our triumph?however glorious incomplete ; the oracles of our American patriarchs and prochets will remain empty, and thu real mis sion, holy, calm, and beneficent, of our American destiny unachieved. In the fedora! Union, the general and State gov ernment*, revolvingin their appropriate orbs, neitht r unite nor clash,, their mutual influence, induces a mutual Interest, and the individual State* watch with anxiety the disk, darkened or lustrous, a* her councils determine?of tho central orb. Tho his tory of Delaware, in her relation* with the general government has always been Interesting and con spicuous ; and in evei7 crisis it has been her for tune to prove?as the most Illustrious republic* of the past not excelling Delawaro in extant of terri tory have also shown?that real greatness consist* in the exaltation of virtue and spirit, and not in vastness of proportion. In the present,aspect, of our general government there is more for hope?that hope which always abides with i confidenco in tho people, than for present felicitation. Abroad and at home, the gov ernment has been so administered, as to leaVe to tho people ample scope for the cxerctae, through their representatives, of their wisdom and love of coun try. In tho trials which the feebleness and fault* of an unhappy administration have imposed upon ; the oountry, Delaware will again, we may confi dently truat, be found, as in sin the past, at her post?true to the exalted obligations of the consti tution. But it may be remarked, as an illustration of the extraordinary power and succea* of our sys tem, and of the entire reliance due to American prudence and patriotism-?<hat never has our coun try been so secure a* when her danger seemed gruatest, The peril* which were imagined in re gard to the Union, only demonstrated manifestly [ that it was immovable as tho hiljg; every indica tion of weakness or folly in tho government ha* given to the people an opportunity, never expect ed, of proving the all sufficiency 0f their wisdom and devotion. The Banger fro* Foreign Influence-Im policy of the Naturalization I yaws. When the Convention of 1788, to forming the Constitution of the United States, gave to Congress thu power of naturalizing foreigners, they could have had no conception of tho Immense amount of immigration which has lately poured into tho country. Up to that time it did not exceed five thousands year. The last year (1864) shows an immigration of 878,000 at the port of New York alone. With five thousand a year at it* date, tho first act of Congress passed on the sulject required a residence of fourteen years. Thi* showed the opinion of the early fathers of tho republic. From 1790 to 1800 tho 'arrivals were SOOOO, or 5,000 per year. From eighteen hundred to 1810, they were 70,000, or 7,000 per year. From 1810 to 1820 they were 114,000 or 14,000 per year. From tho last date the influx ha* been enormou*. aud has no parallel, oxcept In the ^lorde of northern barbarian* which overran and conquered southern Europe. The immigration of- the last year alone exceeds the aggregate amount of the whole period of thirty years?from 1790 to 1820?by 141,000. j The governments of Europe do not llko us to j trifle with their stability, or the right* and inter est* of their citizen*. On the face of the earth there is no such a reckless prostitution of the rights of citizenship. Even where the mass of na 1 five citizens hare no power of voting or toflnenr ing the government, there I* no naturalization law. The gift of citizenship i* rarely granted, and theii only In special instance* for meritorious causes. Thero is not an instance on the continent where a foreigner can even cross tho government line without a passport. Notwithstanding the aervices of Lafayette and other distinguished foreigner* in the Revolutionary army, the jealouay of foreign influence was not rc mored. It wm not until Independence vu ftrmly established, and a long period of peace in pros pect, that Congress, in 1802, reduced the period of probation from fourteen to five years. We had then an immense oountry, thinly settled. It had been the policy of tho mother oountry to repress manufactures here, a distinguished British states man averring in rarliament that we should not manufacture oven a hob-nail. Wo were without manufactures and manufacturing skill. It became, therefore, our Interest to encourage the immigrs' 'ion of foreign mechanic* and laborer* from their manufactories. And for this purpose the act of 1802 was passed. But the law has long ont-lived the policy which dictated It, and that which was onoe wise and politic, has, by the abase of the foreigner granted by it, become a curse and a nui sance. An opposite policy is now the Interest of the country. We stand in need no longer of foreign ?kill or foreign labor,? Uniontotcn (Pa.) Standard,