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Daily American organ. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1856, August 07, 1856, Image 1

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"The Perpetuation of American Freedom is our object{ American Rlfhti oar motto; and Ike American Party oar oocaomea."
VOI.. II.?NO. 227.
Is published every afternoon, (except Sunday,) at
?h? comer of Louisiana avenue aud Tenth street, and
..a delivered to city subscribers (payable to the oar
iriers) st 6^ cents par week. Single copy, 1 cent
Mail subscribers, |3 00 per annum, or $2 00 for
nil mouths, always in advance.
i ire Hues or less, one Insertion, 26 oenta; eaok ad
ditional line, 5 cents.
Koch additional insertion, half of the above rates.
Displayed advertisements charged solid meawrs.
Is pnb'ished every Saturday, on the lollowinf
I ecpy, one year.. |1 50 1 oopy, 6 months .91 00
? copies, one year. 5 00 K copies, 8 months..6 00
10 copies, one ycsr.lS 00 10 copies, ft months..8 00
%ST Pa yments always in advacos.
Tin oerts pe uns icr ach insertion.
|ST All oummumoations on busi iocs oonnected
with thia paper must be diree'.eu to the " Ammioam
i 'rgun," Washington city, and be . ost-paid.
fjF" All advertisements for the "Groan" should
be handed into the office before twelve o1clock, M., of
.he day of publication.
" Against the insidious wilej of foreign influence?
1 conjure you to believe me, fellow-citixeas?the jeal
ousy of a free people ought to be constantly awake;
saice history aud experience prove, that foreign in
iiueooe is one of the most baneful foes of a republican
#>veriiment."? Wcuhinalon.
?] hope we may find some means, in ftitnre, of
ihlelding o<r stives from foreign influence, political,
commercial, oi in whatever form it may be attempted.
1 can scarcely withhold myself from joining in the
wish of Silas Dean ?'that there were an ooean of Are
belween this and tha old world.'"?
WISH ES to call the attention of all thai
suffer with defective sight, caused by age,
sickness, and particularly from glasses injudiciously
selected, to his superior Spectacles and Glasses, oare^
fully ground by htnuelf to a true spherical accuracy,
and brilliant transparency, suited precisely and ben
eficially to the wearer, according to the concavity or
convexity of the eye. Very numerous are the ill
elleclB caused to the precious organs of sight from
the commencement of using glasses in not being pre
cisely suited, by the use of an optometer; and the
practice of many years enables him to measure the
local disease of the eyes, and such glasses that are
absolutely required will be furnishea with precision
and satisfaction.
J. T. acknowledges the very liberal encourage
ment already obtained, and further solicits the pat
ronage of those that have not yet availed themselves
of his aid.
Persons that cannot conveniently call, by sending
the glasses in use, and stating how many inches they
ran read this print with their spectacles, can be sup
plied with stu n that will improve their sight.
Circulars to be had gratis, at his office, No. 512,
cveuth street, three doors from Odd-Fellows' Half
?.p stairs.
innumerable testimonials hi be seen, and refer
ences given to many who have derived the greatest
c*hsp and comfort fiom his glasses.
Wilhixoton, N. O., June 1G, 18 ;4.
To persons who have have had the sight of their
eyes so impaired as to requite the use of Glasses, 1
would recommend Mr. John Tobias as a suitable per
son from whom to obtain such Glasses as they may
lequire, as he has suited me with a pair of Spectacles
lor a far and near sight. My sight has been impaired
eery much by a service of years in the I'ost Office
Department, which berth required me to be on duty
Irom 11 o'clock at night till after day, during which
rime I used but one Fi^ht.
Brooklyn Obtiiopardic Institution,
April, 18M.
After most careful examination of Mr. J. TobiasV
UlasBCB, 1 am enabled t:> testify that their hardness,
cl rness,'polishing, nd exact optical shape, render
them particularly re ommeudable to those whose
merely optical in.pa rment of the eyes are in want ol
uch auxiliaries. I consider, moreover, Mr. Tobia*
.ally qualified to cietermine the focus of the eye, both
by his optical Knowledge and experience, and by
means of his optometer. In addition, I can further
state that Mr. lobias has supplied some of my pa
tients w..j Glasses, to their and my satisfaction.
I bysicinn aud Surgeon, Berlin ; Member ol the Royal
College of Surarcons, England; Member of the Med
ical ? ociety of]?ondon, and of the Pathological So
ciety ol New York; late Surgeon of the Royal Or
thopedic Institution of Manchester, England, and
Surg? on of the B. O. Institution.
Copy of a testimonial which appeared in the Daily
American Organ, May 21, lb55, from Judge V. Ellis,
^a.e edi.or:)
" 1 aving suffered for many years past with weak
ness of the eyes, aud that defect of visi.m which re
sults iro n a too constant and iutense use of these
ueositne organs, we were led to make a trial of To
bias's new aud improved discovery for the eyes, whose
name hea ls this article. We saw them recommend
ed by s.iodry gentlemen of Virginia, whom we know,
and thei jfore had less hesitation in making the ex
periment. We are more than pleased with the arti
cle. Wo read with less fatigue with these lenB than
f ny we had ever tried before; and we see more dis
Jnctly w ith them. Without meaning ta disparage the
claims ot others, who have made improvements in
Spectacle liens, we deem it but jnst to make the
above statement. Mr. 'i'obias resides on Seventh
street, opposite the National Intelligencer office."
LrNCtiBtma. November 1,1854.
From an examination of Mr. lot ias's Glasses and
from his obset vations and rcmaarks, am convinced
ihat he is a skilful optician.
Norfolk, Va., July 27, 1354.
In the cxperien }? of even two years, I have fonnd
great difficulty in ..otaiuing Spectacles that were ex
sctly adapted to the weakness of m> sight. This in*
convenience Mr. Tobias seems to have removed for
the present by the substitution for me of better and
uin*f suitable Glasses. They are clear, chrystal-like,
and comfortable to my eyes. 1 would oommend him
to those who, fiom age or othei infirmity, require
aitifictal aid in this way. J. J.SIM KINS M. D.
Sir: The pair of Spectacles you furnished me yes
terday are particularly satisfactory to me. They are
very decidedly the beBt I possess, and I an the owner
if eight or nine nairs, carefully selected in different
places, und from opticians recommended to me on
ac -ountot their professional standing in France Eng
land. and the United States. I have been also pleased
with yonr remarks and directions on the treatment
of the eyes, for the purpose of preserving and impro
v fig the sight..
Respectfully yours, CHS. CALDWELL,
Professor of M. C., Louisville, Ky.
fcir. J. Tobias.
Washington, August 3, 1855.
tliving been for yeais under the neessity of hav
ing two sets of glassed -one for use in the dayl ght,
a-d tine for lamplight - I procured ons set from Mr.
Tobias, which answered both purposes- I have used
nis for several months, and find them excellent.
Of Department of State.
PsTRRsscao, October 21 18.'?4
About live years syo, I obtained from Mr Tobias,
la Washington, a pau of Glasses for the Spectacles
which 1 used, and found them of great assistance to
my decaying vision; m?d my opinion of him is that
he is skiltulin the preparation of glasses for eyes
not too fsr gone to be benefited by such aid.
J. F. MAT.
See, for mere testimonial, the Evening Star.
Aug 15?ly
PROPOSALS uill be received daring
the present month by a prepossessing gentle
man, with an estate, for a Wife of pious education,
with means?say equal to half his eetate. Address
American Organ, W. X.
If. B. A widow is not objectionable, july 21?ftt*
' ebraary 21nt, 1856. '
1st. An humble acknowledgment to the Sn
KTour fethg' ^ HJ? Protectin? vouchsafed
JLS &th?? fa their successful Revolutionary
truggle, and hitherto manifested to us, their d<>
m ? Pr^Berv*tiou of the liberties, the
I ?e 2.uenCe' &nd the union ?f these States.
.. J?? perpetuation of the Federal Union, as
the palladium of our civil and religious liberties,
d?nc?r ?n 8Ure bu,Wark of American Indepen
8d. Antericane mu*t rule America, and to this
end, nottvo-born citizens should be selected for all
State, Federal, and municipal offices or government
t3eMment> ^ prrferenPe &1> others: never
^??OM bora of American parents residing
temporarily abroad, should be entitled to ill the
rights oi native-born citizens ; but
I }!2EZ0a rhoU,d "?Ieot<*d ?>?? political
itation (whether of native or foreign birth,) who
I ? any a!le^anco or obligation of any d ,
np Ifh f? "J fore,Kn Prin<*> potentate or power,
or who refuses to recognise the Federal and State
constitutions (each witliin its sphero) as p^momU
A.k ?rrfr ' M ru,es of political action.
nance J th 0nqua"?ed. ^cognition and mainte
I a X , ? re*'rved "?hte of the several States
and the cultivation of harmony and fraternal good'
wiH between the citizens of the several States, and
this end, non-interference by Congress with
questions appertaining solely to the individual
States and non-intervention by each State with
the affairs of any other State.
7th. The recognition of the right of the native
born and naturalized citizens of the United States
permanently residing in any Territory thereof to
frame their constitution and laws, and to regulate
their domestic and social affairs in their own mode
subject only to the provisions of the Federal Con
r210n{,W1 uPrivdeg? of admission into the
Lmon whenever they have the requisite popula
tion for one Representative in Congress. Provided
blit tho8e "ho are citizens of
the Lnited States, under the constitution and laws
I ath*r?,f' *nd who have a fixed residence in any
tionnteiht0r7' ?I-ght! to particiPate "> the forma
tion of the constitution, or in the enactment of
^ laws tor said Territory or State.
8th. An enforcement of the principle that no
I 40 adnit othera than citi
zens10. the L lilted States to the l ight of suffrage
or ol holding political office. '
9th. A change in the laws of naturalization
making a continued residence of twenty-one years
of all not hereinbefore provided for, an indispensable
requisite for citizenship hereafter, and excluding all
paupers, and persons convicted of crime, from land
ing upon our shores; but no interference with the
vested rights of foreigners.
?, V*'* 0ppo*i.tion jo any union between Church
and btate; no interference with religious faith or
worship, and no test oaths for office"
nnd '?H olli're^/i''nf thorough investigation into any
and all alleged abuses of public functionaries, and
, , u e??n*n,y ,n Public expenditures.
1... . T .6 .mai"tenance and enforcement of all
laws constitutionally enacted, until said laws shall
e repealed, or shall be declared null and void by
competent judicial authority.
ni!ih: ^PP?sition to the" reckless and unwise
policy of the present administration in the general
management of our national affairs, and more es
pecially as shown in removing "Americans " (by
designation) and conservatives in principle, from
o lice, and p acing foreigners and ultraists in their
places ; as shown iu a truckling subserviencv to
the stronger, and an insolent and cowardly brava
do towards the weaker powers; as shown in re
opening sectional agitation, by the repeal of the
Missouri Compromise; as showrwin granting to un
Z in"'v k ugnCrS 'i'e ri?ht of Huffrage in Kan
sas and Nebraska; as shown in its vacillating course
on the Kansas and Nebraska question ; as shown
in the corruptions which pervade some of the de
partments of the government; as shown in dis
placing meritorious naval officers through preju
dice or capnee; Hnd as shown in the blundering
mismanagement of our foreign relations.
14th Therefore, to remedy existing evils, and
prevent the disastrous consequences otherwise re
sulting therefrom, we would build up the "Ameri
Ca^?rtVPOn tLherPrinciPlcahereinbefore stated
rs?. . j *2?* ate CounciI ?ball have autho
?! i-Lo a?end the,r ?'?everal constitutions, so as to
abolish the several degrees, and institute a pledge
of honor, instead of other obligations for fellow
snip and admi sion into the party.
16th. A free and open discussion of all political
principles embraced in our platform.
w. s. WEST,
Architect and Superintendent of Buildings
No. 350, Pennsylvania Avenue,
jan 21?jy Washington. D. C.
Surgeon Dentist,
Office near Brotonn Hotel, Pen.n. Avenue.
Charges New York and Philadelphia prices, and
nnarantees his work to be equal to any done iu those
' mar it?ly
? .m. . Mm C- V- JOHNSTON,
| 1 welfth street, south of Pennsylvania avenue, (next
door to Squire Clark's Magistrate's office,)
u. ... at Mrs. Hangs'*.
Wfce will cut and baste, cut Linings and Patterns,
aec 511?ly
Wholesale and retail dealer in all kinds of
' 8?u<f? Snnff Boxes,
bacco Chewing, and Smoking To
Pentuylvania Avenue, under milanT* Hotel,
next door to entrance.
nov 12?6m
s. w/owen
Military and Naval
Pennsylvania Avonne, between 14th and 15th streets.
Washington, D. C.
, b Naval and Military uniforms executed in the
neatest style. mar 2?dtf
I?re. *5iand Dry Goods,
^ CaP*' ??nnets, Ac.,
383 Seventh ttreet, between H and / etreete,
WR All >*? . WA*HI,fOTO!r' ?
a. B. All articles sold are warranted to prove as rep
_ _ rodon kHj,
Jan 17?tf
mTO. 3|H)C street, in rear of the National
A. w Hotel. Open from 6 A. M. to 10 P M
may 17?-ly '
packing, BELTING, HOSE,
and Gaskets kept constantly on hand and for
?aie by T. M. McCORMFCK A Co"
Alexandria, Virginia,
je 15 tf <r?Dt* th? Bo,ton siting Company.
H. W. VARDEff, "
Attorney at Law,
mMTILL practice in the courts of Washington and
s"en,h re1*
US; Jr'* Attorney at
Congress J ,trwt? between High and
^ "^ta, Oeorg^f.wn, D. 0. ebf M -^il y
M K1 ]V '|ss
T11? y,Tdu?71*1m d? T. POTENTINI and
Beg leave to call the attention of the patron. Jt the
a,K [ i pubhc generally, to the increased
w?niM?n i J now offer for ""pplyinff
? !? ?? ' BaLi'. AND SUFPEK PARTIES,
at tee shortest possible notice, with all the delicacies
both in and out of season.
Rooms furnished for Breakfast, Dinner, and Sup
Pe?r . J,r,rut? P*rti?w, at all times.
We hare also connected with our establishment a
?K?V wD' rtU>d ,UP expressly for the ladies, where
they can be furnished with
. .... . game and oysters
or all kinds, served up in every style, at the shortest
notice. Indies favoring us with a call can always be
sires W eTeI7 del,cacJ 111111 tlto appetite de
Ladies and gentlemen can have their Mea^ sent to
them at thair private rooms by leaving orders.
We will Uso pay particular attention to the manu
facturing of plum and ornamental Coufectionerv in
all their brunches, and will always keep on hand i,
select assortment of French Confections, Bon Bou.
Preserves, 4c. '
219, south side Pa. av., bet. 10th aud 11th sts.
ap 14?2m
AVING just opened at No. 560, Penn
sylvania avenue, n- ?r the foot of Capitol Hill,
a new Restaurant, I am prepared to furnisn refresh
ments in the most recherche style. The Bar is sup
plied with the best Liquors; and to one of my
juleps is refreshing, but to fcw^it-don't mention it.
As to food, Oysters aud Game of all kinds in sea
son will always be on hand, prepared to suit the tautes
of the most fastidious.
Cigars and Tobacco of the best brands, as well as
Fipes, so exhilerating after a julep.
A Reading Room, with the latest papers, will fur
nish the current news.
Long experience in the business encourages me to
promise general satisfaction to my friends and all
who may tiivor me with a call
ap 29?2m R. M. A. FENWICK.
white-HOUSE pavillion
11 HE undersigned have opened for t.ie
season this delightful and fashionable resor*
tor the accommodation of the public and partis
wishing to visit this most agreeable retreat, where
they can be furnished on the most liberal terms with
all the luxuries of the season, and with the best re
freshments of all kinds, both at the Pavillion and on
board the boat.
Parties having their own caterer can have the < se
of the dining and ball rooms for fifteen dollars for
the occasion.
National Eating House,
Cor. Oth steeet and Penn. avenue,
ap 28 3in Washington, L). C.
Southeast corner of E and Seventh streets,
opposite Post Office Department.
THE best of Liquors, Cigars, aud Chewing To
bacco ; strictly choice Oysters, Sea Turtle, Ter
rapin, Fish and Duck in season; Quail, Woodcock,
Snipe, Venison, and Beefsteak, served by an expe
rienced cook and polito servants, in pleasant rooms
Private entrance to Reading and Eating Rowms on
h and Seventh streets, for those who object to public
bar rooms.
Families supplied with Oysters on chafing-dishes.
Whiskeys, Ales, and other drinks, 0 cents: fine
Brandies, 10 cents.
Leading political and literary periodicals in read
ing rooms.
Your patronage is respectfully solicited.
_ ap 15?
Saddle, Harness, and Trunk Store,
iM.Sevmth Street, opporite Odd-Fellow*' Hall.
Mf ESSRS. TOPII AM ^late of PhiladeU
if m. phia) and NORFLET (of this city) respect
fully announce to their friends and the public, that
they have commenced the Saddling Business at the
above stand, where they will make and keep con
stantly on hand a large and superior assortment of?
Mens', Ladies', and Boys'Saddles
Bridles, Martingales, and Whips
Harness of every description, both for city and
country use
All kinds of Trunks, Valises, and Carpet Bag?
Ladies Satchels, Travelling Baskets, and Fancy
Work Boxes
Horse Blankets, Covers, Collars, and Hames
Horse, Spoke, and Dust Brushes
Cards, Curry-combs, Sponges, Ac.
All material used will be the best that can be ob
tained; and both of us having been practical work
men for several years, we feel confident that our work
cannot be surpassed, either for style or durability.
By unremitting efforts to give satisfaction, we hope
to merit, and respectfully solicit, a share of public
Particular attention paid to covering Trunks, and
repairing all kinds of work.
Saddlers' Tools constantly on hand.
nov 8?ly
Thair restorative.
HIS Astonishing and Unequaled prepa
ration, turns hair back to its original color,
after having become gray, and reinstates it in all its
original health lustre, softness, and beauty; re
moves at oncc dandruff from the scalp, and all un
pleasant itching, as well as all cutaneous eruptions,
such as Scald heads, Ac., and hence creates a per
fectly healthy state of the scalp, by acting as a stimu
lant and tonic to the organs necessary to supply color
ing matter to the hair, and completely restores them
to their original vigor and strength, and thus pre
vents all teudency to become gray. It also prevents
the hair from becoming unhealthy, and falling off,
and brings it out where it is gone by resuscitating
the organs necessary to supply nutriment, health,
and coloring; matter to it, and hence acts as a perfect
Hair Invigorator and Tonic.
Charlestown, Mass., Aug. f>, 1855.
Gbntlembn: Nothing but a duty and sympathy
that I feel to communicate to others who are afflicted
as I have been would induce mo to give this public
n I have receiver from
J rof. W ood r flair Restorative, When I first com
menced using it, my hair was quite gray, and in spots
entirely bald. I have now used the Restorative about
five -uonths, and my hair is entirely changed to its
original color, brown, and the new hair is over three
inches in length on the spots where it was bald. I
have also been much gratified at the healthy mois
ture and vigor of the hair, which_befbre was dry, and
it has ceased to come out as formerly.
Respectfully, yours, Ac.,
_ Watirford, 1854.
Prof. O. J, Wood: W ith confidence can I recom
mend your Hair Restorative as being the most effica
cious article I ever saw. I have used the Wnhpene
and many 0'her preparations of the day, all to no ef
fect. Since using your Hair Restorative, my hair
and whiskers, which were almost white, have gradu
ally grown dark, and I now feel confident that a few
more applications will restore them to their natural
color. It also has relieved me of all dandruff and
unpleasant itching, bo common among persons who
perspire freely. J. Q. KILBY.
Address O. J. WOOD A CO , Sl? Broadway. N. Y?
and 114 Market street. Si. Louis, Mo.
For sale in Washington, by CHARLES ST0TT A
CO., and by all Druggists. jan 8 tf
/rxA FOR MALE, a two-story hrkV House
JUS. ana Ktore, containing thirteen roorm situated
on King, between Fayette and Henry streets, Alexan
dria, Virginia.
Also, for sale, or exohange for country pro wty,
a number of other houses and lots, situated in', lex
anuria, Virginia.
For terms apply to H. O. CLAUGHTON,
Alexandria, Virginia,
01 . . Dr. L. LLOYD,
feb 14?2*wtf Washington City, 6. C.
DALYIMOKK Look Ilo?pital, hu dii*
? covered the most certain, speedy and effectual
remedy in the world for
disease of imprudence.
Relief in six to twelve bourn.
No Mercury or Noxious Drugs.
V&~A rare warranted, or no charge, i? from
one to two days.
Gleets, Strictures, Seminal Weakness, Pains in the
Loins, Constitutional Debility, Iinpotencr, Weak
ness of the Bock and Limbs, Affections of the Kid
neys, Palpitation of the Heart. Dyspepsia, Nervous
Irritability, Diseases of the Head, Throat, Nose, or
Skin, and all those aerioi s and melancholy disoruers
arising from the destructive habits of youth which
destroy both rbody and mind. Those" secret and
solitary practices more fatal to their victims than
the song of the Syrens to the mariners of Ulysses,
blighting their most brilliant hopes or anticipations,
rendering marriage, Ac., impossible.
Young Men,
Especially, who ht> * become the victims of Solitary
Vice, that dreadful and destructive habit, which annu
slly sweeps to an untimely grave, thousands of young
men, oi the most exalted talents and brilliant intel
lect, who might otherwise have entranoed listening
Senates with the thunders of eloquence, or waked to
ecstacy the living lyre, may call with full confi
Harried Persons, or young men contemplating
marriage, being aware of physical weakness, organic
debility, deformities, Ac., should immediately oonsult
Dr. J., and be restored to perfect health.
He who places himself under the care ef Dr.
Johnson, nay religiously confide in his honor as a
gentleman ahd confidently rely upon his skill as a
Organic Weakness,
Immediately cured and full vigor restored.
This dreadful disease is the penalty most frequent
ly paid by those who have become the victims of im
proper indulgences. Young persons arc too apt to
commit excesses, not being aware of the dreadful con
sequences that may ensue. Now, who that under
stands the subject will pretend to deny that the power
of procreation is lost sowner by those falling into im
proper habits than by the prudent. Besides being
deprived the pleasure of healthy offspring, the most
serious and destructive symptoms to both body and
mind arise. The system becomes deranged, the phys
ical and mental powers weakened, nervous debility,
dyspepsia, palpitation of the heart, indigestion, u
wasting of the frame, cough, symptoms of consump
tion, Ac.
OFFICE, No. 7 South Frederick street,
Lett hand side going from Baltimore street, 7 doors
from the corner.
tSfBo articular in observing the name and num
ber, or you will mistake the place.
fcST" Take notice, observe name on the door and
windows. Dr. Johnston.
Member of the Royal College of Surgeons, London,
graduate from one of the most eminent Colleges ot
the United 8tates, and the greater part of whose life
has been spent in the hospitals of London, Paris, Phila
delphia and elsewhere, has effected some of the most
astonishing cures that were ever known. Many trou
bled with ringing in the ears and head when asleep,
great nervousness, being alarmed at sudden sounds,
and bashfulness, with fVeqnent blushing, attended
sometimes with derangement of mind, were cured
A Certain Disease.
When the misguided and imprudent votary of plea
sure finds he has imbibed the seeds of this painful
disease, it too often happens that an ill-timed sense of
shame or dread of discovery deters him from apply
ing to those who, from education and respectability,
can alone befriend him, delaying till the constitution
al symptoms of this horrid disease make their ap
p( ranee, such as ulcerated sore throat, diseased nose,
nocturnal pains in the head and limbs, dimness of
sight, dca'ness, ncdes on the shin bones and arms,
blotches on the head, face, and extremities, progres
sing with frightful rapidity, till, at last, the palate of
the mouth or the bones of the nose fall in, and the
victim of this awful disease becomes a horrid object
ofcommisseration,till death puts a period to his dread
ful sufferings by sending him to "that bourne from
whence no traveller returns." To such, therefore,
Dr. Johnston pledges himself to preserve the most
inviolable secrecy; and, from bis extensive practice
in the first hospitals in Europe and America, he can
confidently recommend a safe and speedy cure to the
unfortunate victim of this horrid disease!
It is a melancholy fact that thousands fan victims
to this dreadful complaint, owing to the unskilful
ness of ignorant pretenders, who, by the use of that
deadly jtoison, mercury, ruin the constitution, and
either send the unfortunate sufferer to an untimely
grave, or else make the residue of life miserablo.
Take Particular Notice.
Dr. J., addresses all those who have injured them
selves by private nnd improper indulgences.
These are some of the sad and melancholy effects
produced by the early habits of youth, vii:
Weakness of the ftack and Limbs, Pains in the
Head, Dimness of Sight, Loss of Muscular Power,
Palpitation of the Heart, Dyspepsia, Nervous Irrita
bility, Derangement of the Digestive Functions,
General Debility, Symptoms of Consumption, Ac.
The fearful effects on the mind are much to be
dreaded?Loss of Memoir, Confusion of Ideas, De
Sression of Spirits. Evil Forebodings, Aversion to
ociety, Love of Solitude, Timidity, Ac., are some of
the evils produced.
Thousands of persons of all apes, can now judge
what is the cause of their declining health, losing
their vigor, becoming weak, pale, and emaciated,
have a singular appearance about the eyes, cough,
and svmptoms of Consumption.
Married persons, or those contemplating marriage,
being aware of physical weakness, should immedi
ately consult Dr. J. and be restored to perfect health
Dr. Johnston's Invigorating Kemrdy, foi
Organic Weakness.
By this great and important remedy, Weakness of
the Organs are speedily cured, and full vigor re
Thousands of the most nervons and debilitated
who had lost all hope, have been immediately re
lieved. All impediments to Marriage, Physical, or
Mental Disqualification, Nervous Irritability, Trem
blings and Weakness, or Exhaustion of the most fear
ful kind, speedily cured by Dr. Johnston.
Young Men
Who have injured themselves by a certain practic?
indulged in when alone?a habit fre*""*ntly loarned
from evil companions, or at school, me effects of
which are nightly feltj even when asleep, and if not
cured, renders marnago impossible, and destroys
both mind and body, should apply immediately.
What a pity that'a young man, the hope of his
country, and the darling of his parents, should b?
snatched from all prospects and enjoyments of life
by the consequences ot deviating from the path of
nature, and indulging in a certain secret habit. Sucb
persons, before contemplating
Should rcflect that a sound mind and body are the
most necessary requisites to promote connubial hap
ftineas. Indeed, without these, the journey through
ife becomes a weary pilgrimage; tho prospect bourK
darkens to the view; the mind becomes shadowed
with despair, and filled with the melancholy refiec
tion, that the happiness of another beoomes blighted
with our own.
Baltimobs, Maryland.
M* All Surgical Operations performed.
N. B. Let no false delicacv prevent yon, bnt apply
immediately, either personally or by letter.
I3T Skin Diseases speedily cured.
To Ntrangers.
The many thousands cured at this institution with
in the last fifteen years, and the numerous important
Surgical Operations performed by Dr. Johnson, wit
nessed by the reporters of the papers, and many other
persons, notices of which have appeared again and
again before the pnblic, b*nd*? hi* etanditt/y at a gen
tleman of eJtaracUr and retponwibiiity. is a sufficient
guarantee to the afflicted.
N. B. There are so many ignorant and worthies*
attacks advertising themselves as Physicians, ruining
the health of the already afflicted, that Dr. Johnftm.
deems it neceaaaiy to say, especially to those nnac
attainted with his reputation, that his credentials or
dip'omas always hang In his office.
Takb None*.?All letters must be ptost paid, and
00?t*,n a postage stamp fSnr the repl- , or no answer
Jwfllbesent msv IS-dly
The Workinfpnnn'a Son*.
BT C. t. B.
Aia??" A Little More Cider, do."
W? bate the way "Old Buck" doe* t*lk.
And ho do all the rest,
Who earn their bread by daily toil
And foci equal to the beat;
We well remember, Jimmy,
Your glorious " ten cent" speech,
How wages weie to be reduced,
How our pockets you tried to reach.
?*o*rs?Your low wages will never do,
liow wages will never do,
V our low wage* will never do, Jeemea,
Low wages will never do.
From Pauperdom, tl?e idea came,
And in your bead did ccutre,
That workiDgmon were pa;d too higb,
And service you must render:
I he moneyed man must be your pet
His cause you did espouse, '
Hut when you did it, you never thought.
What indignation you'd arouse.
Your low wages will never do, Ac.
Now, in November next, Jeemea,
. "J1' trust you'll learn a lesson.
And ever after make amends
Uy f??ing to confession.
The "ten cent" speech, and slandered Clav,
Koth chow your cruel paaaion
And in November next, you'll get
A sound and gloriousthrasl ling."
Your low wages will never do, Ac.
Letter1 from Charles B. Calvert, Esq.- Who
should the old Clay Whigs support ?
1? the Kditor* of the Baltimore Patriot:
n/7|R8;,E,)1TOKS: Tho ?hove question is daily
wlfhl?y members of the old Whig party, and
without supposing that my opinion will influence
the decision of a single individual, I desire a small
fn,?,0! 10 J?Ur paper t0 a88,'*n tho "won* which
in HUpP?rt Mr- ^"'"ore. The contest
in Maryland can only be between Fillmore and Bu
th<m? Tl \ -V.tho Pr?Priety of going bevond
those candidates to hunt up reasons for our choice.
sctnol07 ?an muthe lJnion a8k hia con
rr-/I,d not,thc political tricksters who en
Dofitieal nlC?r1 th^ir 0elcction by establishing
caiHidat P atr?rm8 other devices, who of the
Whnu r * make the best President lor the
s l ol l"' an -act according to 1 lis own deci
fh? the Question. Ask yourselves which of
deserves"tl '16"' J* pa8t Dfe and services,
deserves the support of the old-line Whigs or
between tho'd ^ ^gl' 1 Wake a difltinc'tio"
between those who left the lin ? to look for mili
lasf j* ?rs a"d J'10? who remained in to tho
a t. Jt is said that comparisons are odious, and
i can only judge of persons or things by com- i
P?r.?m. and 1 tberefoi pn>p0M u Z
antecedents of these two gentlemen.
Mr. J-illnioro, after ably Berving the Whig party
184Ta7on181 flgiU18h?d P?eition8. WR? selected in
reenM^,T ^8,r Btandard beare"S and we all
over the ^1 efCU?m.ent which pervaded all classes
dlnth !lf r -n IlUOn' When he became, by the
the President. Ileatonoe
naKv *,,H h ?8' Pm ?{" the Union' and not of a
party, and by that very act drove off from his fu
jne supportall those politicians who only desired
the success al their party to attain their own scl
h aspirations Ife administered the Government
with Sllch signal ability that the wave* of secthL
jealousy tiul strife which had been running moun
tain high, were calmed in a moment, imd he gain
hV?rM ^p' k <hc t'tf' of I
, ?* it ??"!? be MM.
hVt n ri '"nibt, nUOn 8inC0 lhc d;? of Wash
ihfm?a! ?"rtne m?re un'ver5a' wuisfaction to
Se Whit n ?' Pariie8: If the trne rests of
the V? hig party, and the country had lieen con
sulted, he would, in 1862, have received the unan
imous nomination of the Whig Convention but
theWwUh ?eatfd.rV P?litician8' Who ^"represented
h.Lt p ^ ,r ,constitnents, because he had
ir n I \nt 0f the Cnion? and of their
party. Up to the time of his acceptance of the
American nomination, Mr. Fillraore certainly was
pose toCtakI th? ?,d"line .W,ligS ; aDd 1 now P''?
cratic nominee W * the T of the DeL
In reviewing history, I find nothing worth re
cording until we come to the celebrated "bargi n
and corruption" story, which first brought Mr. Bu
chanan prominently before the public-?and as
many attempts have been mado t" free MrBu
in'tha t' trans a et io I'"' ntt*ched to a? concerned
mnnl tran8artlo.n. 1 propose to examine the testi
Z wh i ?erta,n1^ was the foundation on which
the whole calumny r?sted, and although his friends
attempt to show that he did Mr. Clay full justice
by promptly denying, when called upon, that he had
any authority from Mr. Clay, or hia friends, to make
an> propositions to Gen. Jackson, or that he had intl
a"y "uf a"thority, still Geiu Jackson asserted
that he had done so. It was in the power of Mr.
Buchanan to have at once silenced the slander by
statmg a conversation which he had previously had
with Mr. Clay in the prcscnco of Gov. Letcher
but not satisfied with withholding the substance of
this conversation from the public himself, he suc
ceeded sealing the lips of hoth Mr. Clay and
Gov. Letcher, by a personal appeal to their mag
nanunity, and he is, therefore, in no bettei position
thnn if he had endorsed the stateniont. From that i
time up to his late nomination, if I have read his 1
h.story correcUy he has waged unrelenting war
upon Whig principles and leaders, and in his last
speech to the Keystone Club, ho says:
" Being the representative of the great Demo
cratic party, I must square my conduct according
to that platform, and insert no new plonk or take
one from it. That platform is sufficiently broad
and national for the whole Democratic party.M A/?
ter, this his last declaration, I ask the Whigs, in
the words of Webster, " Where am I to go''^
Since writing the foregoing, I have seen the
letter of Governor Pratt, and examined it to as
certain what course he advised the Whigs to pur
sue in this emergency. In the first place he en
deavors to read Mr. Fillmore out of the Whig par
tv because he joined the Americans, but Mr.
i hnore did no more than Governor Pratt myself
;"dr:';,tho"fnd other whigs did, wh0; benev.'
wL P*rt* wa8 disbanded, as it really
a. j at tim?? united ourselves to some other,
and it does not become us to lecture each other
because we cannot think alike. Governor Pratt
se?ms to suppose that the only question for the
. 11 gs to determine, to coine to a proper conclu
*ion, is which of the two national organizations
^e'r yote, be made most certainly success
nil, and he then jumps to the conclusion himself
that the Democratic organization is the one. Ho
declares that the election of the Republican can
didate will be destructive to the South and the
Union, and then advises the Southern men to de
sert Mr. Fillmore, who has always stood nobly by
ihe South, and sacrificed his popularity at the
North by his noble stand in favor of Sonthern
rights; and he would have us discard an old and
true friend to take up one who has always stood
in rather an equivocal position. He argues that
Mr. Fillmore is not the strongest roan beeaimo in
his opinion, he cannot carry one NorthTm ^
but he does not say that Buchanan can do any
better, and if there ia any reliance to be placed in
the s'gns of the times, he might have further said
that Buchanan cannot certainlv carry a single
Southern State. " * ,
These, however, are the mere opinions of indi
viduals, and should not have the weightof a feather
in making up our judgment. A much safer euide
M lor e?ery man to give his support to that party
w.uch approaches nearest to hia standard of excel
w,lhout beiuK governed bj any other influ
V WOru' ?f Crocket^ 44 first see you
are right, then go ahead." Gov. Pratt admits that
all the Free-soil and Abolition Americans have left
l ^ .f" tt" American party, and still he
asks Southern men to unite upon a party support
ed byr the Softs, as they are called in jfew York,
with Martin Van Buren (the candidate of the Abo
ht.on.ata in 1848) at their head. Mr. Fillmore h*.
been tried, and proved himself a national and con
servative man, not only by his acts when Prer!
dent, but in his speeches since his return from Eu
rope. His mauly independence, in qualifying h i
*C<i!?,!fnCeu ?J Armjric<in platform, stands oi.t
in bold relief, when contrasted with the subservi
ency of the acceptance of his competitor.
Wa must all admit that all Mr. Fillmore's ante
cedents are good except his uniting himself to the
American party, and for thia single error we are
asked to discard him and take up one whose ante
cedents are all opposed to us, and who forfeits all
claim to our confidence by accepting the most ob
noxious platform that was ever proposed, and con
fessing his entire dependence on the partv that
nominated him. Mr. Buchanan may bo called the
father of the Cuba project, for as long ago as 1826,
in his speech on the Panama question, he alludtd
to it; again, in his Ofltend nianife^to, ho urge& |f
and lastly in thin late platform. After a full ex
amina'ion of the claims of these two parties and
their candidates, I cannot for a moment hesitate
to yield my support to Mr. Fillmore. I have not as
signed these as reasons to influence others, but sim
ply to justify myself in the eyes of my old associ
ates ; and all that I could or would ask is that
each member of the old Whig partv shall dispas
sionately weigh these candidates in his own seal* s,
and support the one who comes nearest to his
ideas of perfection. CHARLES B. CALVERT.
From the New York Herald.
Mexico as it Was and Ih.
'The high and patriotic position taken by Gen.
Comonfort in the conduct ol his government, gives
the sincerest pleasure to the friends of liberty in
the United States. The hearty support he receives
from the people at home is also a subject of con
gratulation, and it is easy to perceive that if this
Btate of things can be maintained for a year or two
Mexico will at last take her true place among the
nations of tho earth ; and, indeed, it i? high time
that this most beautiful, fertile and rich of coun
tries s'lould realize a sense of its dignity and
emancipate itself from the fetters of ignorance sit
perstition and venality, with which it has been so
long enchained.
The difticulties which have hitherto proved so
serious an obstruction to theonwaid progress of
that State are to be attributed entirely to the over
whelming power of the Church. Never was there
?uch an imperium in imperio as this. The gov
ernments wh.ch were not pleasing to the priests
had no stability. When there were two parties
contending for the supremacy, whichever the
Church inclined to succeeded.
The Archbishop, with nine bishops under hiin,
all having cathedrals and chapters, except the
prelate of Sonora, with 186 prependaiies and
canonries, 1,200 parishes, and a tegular and secu
lar clergy amounting to 10,000 persons, was no
inconsiderable personage. Of the regular clergy
2,600 retide in the capital, and the orders of t !i !
Dominicans, Franciscans, Carmelites, and Merer
darians possess 150 convents. The salary of the
Archbishop is #130,000 per annum, that of the
Bishop of Puebl.i was #110,000. The remaining
bishops receive altogether about #200,000 moie.
It has been extremely difficult to ascertain the reai
value of the general property of the church. No
administration has yet been able to get at the
truth. Some years since the following was admit
ted by the Archbishop to be the value :
Real estate in town and country - - #18,000 000
Churches, houses, convents, furniture,
jewels, precious vessels - - - . r,2 000 000
Floating capital 20)000|000
Total #30,000,000
But it is fully believed this sum is not more than
one quarter of the true amount. The Signor Len
ao de Tegadn, who is now at tho head of th? finan
ces, asserts with perfect confidence that the real
property of the clergy is of the value cf from two
hundred and fifty to three hundred millions of
dollars. In the city of Mexico, containing five
thousand houses, worth eighty millions of dollars
the church owns one half, and thejneome has been
estimated by the Minister at twenty millions of
d0"r- The estates in mortmain alone, amount
to fifty millions of dollars. Wadd.y Thompson
our former Minister at Mexico, was of the opinion
that one-quarter of the whole country belonged to
the priests The quantity of gold, silver, and
jewels in the churches is great enough to pay the
whole foreign and domestic debt. A" single balus
trade, about three hundred feet long, iu the cath
o'the capital, is iupposed to b? worth a
million of dollars.
Is it any wonder, then, that the people of Mexi
C? .,fVe, been one of the most wretched among
civilized nations ? What would we think h.?<l we
a religious body among us owning one quarter of
?ie united States, with a larger revenue than that
of the government, interfering in every political
movement, and exercising special autnority in nil
cases of deaths, marriages, wills, education, crimes
Of the clergy, and putting the canon law before the
, civil on every possible occasion? Suppose, too,
the power which claimed aU this authority was not
only liresponsibla to the government under which
it existed, but should be able to cut off, by inter
d ct, any obnoxious individual, by church disci
phne. f'om any intercourse with his fellows, and
that they could be made to shun him, have no
transactions with him, and avoid him as they
would a leper?what should we th." "t of it
country where such things were permitted ? Yet
this has be*nf until now, the condition of Mexico;
and the struggle is not yet over between Comon
fort and the clergy. They will not part with their
ill-gotten wealth without a struggle. When the
patriotic Gomez Farias, in 1834, during his brief
Presidency, proposed the seizure of the church
property, and the measure was likely to be adopt
ed, he was very soon upset by a counter-revolu
tion excited by the clergy.
Gen. Comonfort must take warning, and lose no
time in making his policy irrevocable. The church
property should be disposed of in moderate par
cels and at moderate prices, and as many proprie
tary interests should be established as possible, at
5? nth"WaJ'.the peoP,e> from motives of in
y.K i,ng ; would *Und by the govern
,<n ! rtr:'K8,e for entire emancipation from
church oppression. Let him look at Sardinia, which
w going through the same difficulties. The church
there has interdicted its religious offices to all those
who take open part with the government. This in
teiference with a superstitious race is one of the
most dreadful of evils, and the statesmen of Turin
find themsel ves greatly embarrsssed by this power
ful spiritual interposition of the clergy.
In both cases, however, the experiment of libe
ration, if persisted in, will succeed. The mind,
once emancipated, becomes endowed with more
than mortal strength in its opposition to priestly
Let those who seek models in monuments so
critical, read the history of th? brave Hollanders,
who rsaisted for so many year*, amid seas of blood
the horrible tyranny of the bigoted Philip of Spain*

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