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t 7 ESTABLISHED IN 1878. HILLSBORO, N.- C. SATURDAY,. SEPTEMBER 24, 1892. NEW SERIES-VOL. XL NO. 47. 2 ' - - - . ISSUES OF THE DAY Sl,i DATE STEVENSON'? ADDRE9 Al Jl.Of j.MIXGTON, ILL. TIIK WAI Vauikk and the fokce bill. 'Vice-Presidential candidate, Adlai E. r'-vt-nson, spoke before a great gather r..L' of Democrats at Bloomim'too. III. ,Mr. Stevenson's speech, which was re- t ' -vf.-.l with tremendous enthusiasm, in j tirn UiDce was as follows: "The Responsibility of determining vhat line bf public policy shall be pur- pho shall be selected as Chief 1 ."Magistrate is again upon us. Fnon l tne correct! determination of these ques gh the peaceful methods pre- J ( 'tions throi cribed by law, will depend the welfare le. of the peo - ii wjh ue rny endeavor, to suggest fome of the reasons why Mr. Cleveland f-hould be elected President and the Democratic Party restored to power. The four yearn' administration of Presi cl'.nt Cleveland was confessedly an fcone.st administration. Those who pre dated evil from Mr. Cleveland's election j r' iudfahe prophets. The Democratic 4i iiiiinistratioa ending March 4, 3 88'.), l. ts gone into history as an economical ar A able administration of the ovein- ,t. No scandals attached to any of 1tj appointments to office. uAt the close of President Cleveland's 'of ministration the surplus in the Treas ury, exclusive of the gold reserve, was, Is; round numbers, eighty-three millions A dollars. 'What is the condition that now con fronts us jiI the end of three and a half Vnr- of Republican administration? On 1lic ivids of revenues to the Government, I.- -ti mated by the .Secretary of the lr i-ury, for the present fiscal year, and .l th- nihilities of the Government on i ro int of the annual and permanent lip; roj.riations for the same period, there viil In- a -deficit of fifty-two millions of (io!l,'ir?. The bankruptcy which now threatens tlie Treasury is the result, first, 4f the enactment of the McKinley Tariff Jaw, and, secondly, of the lavish appro, j.riafions of the Fifty-first Congress.. TUB TAKIKF. "The tarill is the all important issue f the campaign. The position of the two leading political parties upon that u-s-tiun eaunot be misunderstood. The 9l-iublican Party, as illustrated by its accent enactment of the McKinley" law, ttand for a high protective in other nvonK a prohibitory tariff. The Dem omtie Party, as emphasized by its ut ftor.mces and its acts, is" the advocate of tan;! reform. ' The argument advanced by the early advocates of a protective system was the m crssity of protecting our "infant in dustries.". Yet Mr. Clay, the author of 4hc famous tariff bill with which his T.'irue is inseparably associated, declared ia-.i protection to be only temporary, tin ; that so soou as such industries were .! tc stand alone, tariff duties should nr. .. :n l .. "i tK reduced. The compromise tarill law j f IvW.-of which Mr. Clay was the j fiu,i:..r, provided that at the end of ten cars there should Tiegin a rapid reduc tion of .duties, until the average rate elio iM not exceed twenty per cent. In lie.v of the fact that protection to the 'infant industries" has more than trebled since the passage of the bill of "which Mr. Clay was the author, Clay would himself, if living, be now de-. Xiouneed as a free trader by the protec tionists. "The average tarill tax at the begin ning of the Civil War in J SOI' was but tiineteen per cent. To purchase muni tions of war, to arm and equip soldiers and meet nil of the expenses incident to the giv.K struggle, required large ums of money. Tariff taxes were largely in creased. Our Government was in the throes of war, struggling for its exist ence, and but little heed was given. by the people to the fact that, duties under the new tariff law were not bnlj highly protective' to manufacturers buf burden-enu'-to the people, IVvit this was not nil. 15v "subsequent increase bv micc;;s- sive Republican Congresses the average rsite of duties reached four-seventh per j cent. .'This wa the average rate of tariff J taxes when the McKinley bill became the t law. j "la the early days of the war a new j Fystem of taxation was devised by Con- S gress kuown a the Internal Revenue ! ysttm, by which enormous sums riv.ved j into the Treasury. With the war rioted, ; Republican Congress relieve i the Manufacturers from this taxation, tn I ' added to their promts and to the burleus of the people by increased duties. I jzraritthe ucee-sity of repealing these in ternal war taxes when the evi lences of war no longer demanded the r con tiuuance. Rut why did not the Repub lican Congress repeal the war taxes tariff taxes which bore so heavily upon the far.ner. upoa the mechanic, tpon the laborer, upon the great mass of our .V't-'p'ci Why was not the war tax re duced upon the necessaries of lif'.M' 'Why remove from the manufacturer J the. tax of less than live per cent, and ; leave him the -power to tex the consumer: forty-sewn, sdxty, eighty per edit, upon hats, upon fchocs, upou blankets, upon tic thin.:? 4-'H i: this is not all. The protected fia-" lI'-m:; ar by ye.ir -tr.m get h!;d " . 1 1; i ,ov! u. with the prn.e..'.oii fiil.ude I them, ile.uande 1 of the iVty t:iv. Cof.ure.s et higher du'us. ll lyj) thrsr demand was in subs'auce o a WoLiUituri tariff. The response b ui- 7, was tne passage by a Re- U publican Congress of the McKinley bill. I object of this bill was to check importation. Its parpose to increase the rate of duties, a in many instances to. exclude absolutely forehm goods from our markets, and thus by cutting off competition, enable the home manufacturer without let or hindrance to fix the price of his wares. In a word, the McKinley law, by ita prohibitory features gave ita beneficiaries a prac tical monopoly, and enabled them in fact to levy an additional tax upon the consumer, to the extent that the duly had been increased. Was this not class iegislation of the most odious character? . Amencaa . people unmistakably set . tJr feal of condemnation upon this L .11 o I 1 , - . wm. oiuwijr uui surety tney have be- come convinced that 'protection does not protect" them. "It is worse than idle to speak of its benefits to the American farmer. It is mockerv to tell him he is nroteeted aaiuot iue com nau wueat products or the old world. 'While he is compelled to sell in the open markets of the world he should be allowed the poor privilege of buying what' his necessities require without paying high tribute to the pro tected classes of his own country. To the mechanic and laborer no less than to the farmer, protection has proved a de lusion and a snare. In no instance has it opened up to the farmer 'additional market for a pound of meat or a bushel of grain. lias it in a single instance triven to the, mechanic or laborer in creased wages? The present high tariff adds largely to the cost of articles nec essary to the comfort of thewae earner. How has he been benefited? Has it in creased his wages? Has it any manner benefited his condition? "Recent events connected with the most highly protected establishments of this country sadly attest the fact that a high protective tariff affords no protection to those who earn their bread by daily toil. It was never intended to benefit them. If the claim of the protectionist is well founded, wht have not wages in creased, as tariffs have increased? Why constant reduction of wages in the most highly protected establishments in the land? "To the toiler the McKinley bill has kept the word of promise to the ear, but broken it to the hope.' "My fellow-citizens. To you the tariff is the all-important question. The question is not how much of your earn ings shall be given to the support of tiie Government, but how much shall under the forms of law be seized by the favored the "protected" classes. Are youi interests safe in the hands of a pnrty controlled by the protected monopolists of this country? This is the important question for your determination at the polls. The Democratic Party believes that the burdens of taxation should be equally distributed. We oppose ail leg islation that enriches the few by taxing the many. "Shall high tariff, con iinually increas ing with the demauds of the protected ela-ses,. be the settled policy of oar Gov- eminent, or shall there be relief to the people from the. burdens of unjust tax- ation? THE FOKCE BILL. , "Another issue of great moment in the penuiug contest is the Force bill. The magnitude of this issue cannot be overstated. It may mean the control of the election of Representatives in Con gress by the bayonet. "The Republican Party, by its acts in the Fifty-tirst " Congress, and by its platform, in its late National Conven tion, stantls pledged to the passage of the Force bill, i hat it will pass this bill, when it rs the power, no sane man can doubt. To all of the people, all who desire the peace amprosperity of .our common country, this question is important. To the people of the South-, eru States it is one of transcendent im portance. Shall they still have peace and the protection of the law, or shall the horrors with which they are menaced find their counterpart only in those of the darkest hours of the reconstruction period?" The Tin Plate Infant. According to the report of Special Agent Ir.i Ayres for the tiscal year end ing June 30th last, just published by the Treasury Department, the number of works in operation and the production by quarters have been as follow: ITodurUoti. Work. ..." ...It Pound. First quarter . . . Stvoiv i quurttjr . Thir-l quarter.. . Fourth quarter. Total I,4U9,b2t .iO.t.751 13.rt46,7iy Of these twenty-HX works nine pro ; ducc their own blab's plates, while seven i teen do the tinning only. The nine produced fi.l'.CO.'S pounds of tin and lerni' plates during the last quarter, , and the seventeen produced J Ul'3,723 ; pounds. Protectionists cverj w here are crowing loudly and think tnis the brightest in 1 faut yet boru bv the sid of protection; and some are roak.uv: almost as giowiug premises for its future as did 3IcKinley and Allison, who prophesied iuf19J that it would be born in six mouins, and that iu a year or two it would have its growth and be producing all of our tin plate. It is to In? expected that the Republicans will crj.v about something j auring a rie?ia.r.t:uJ campaign, out n .i " , - , . over than this tiu plate iudu-try in its present condition the panv is indeed lacking for campaigu material. WEAVING, My life is but a weaving Between my Go-i and m; I may but choose the colors He worketh steadily. For oft He weaveth sorrow; And I, in foolish pride. Forget He' sees the upper. Ahd I the under side I I choose my strands all golde. And watch for woven stars; I murmur when the pattern Is set in blurs and mars. I cannot yet remember Whose han !s the shuttles guide; And that my stars are shining Upon the upper side. I choose my threads all crimson. And wait for flowers to bloom, For warp and woof to blossom Upon that mighty loom. Full oft I seek them vainly. And fret for them denied ' Though flowerius wreaths and garlands. May deck the upper side. ' My life is but a weaving Between my God and me; I see the seams, the tangles The fair designs sees He. Then let me watt in patience And blindness; satisfied To make the pattern lovely Upon the upper side. -Florence May Alt, in Christian at "Work. A BROKEN CHAIR AMES rushed up to his fifth -floor. When ne reached the last- landing, where tfeere were two doors, one on the left, the other on the right- he paused a moment. He put a key in hi3 pocket, looked loner at the door on the left, heaved a great sigh, then opened the door on the right. He turned his head, again contemplated the left-hand door, heaved a second great sigh, and entered his own room at the right. Then he took a chair, placed it against . the wall, got astride of it, lighted a cigarette, and remained thus, watching the little clouds of smoke rise to the ceiling, and every five minutes pressing his ear against the wall. He had been there a long while, had smoked a great deal and had many times applied his ear to the wall, when his face, hitherto sombre, took a joyous ex pression. Somebody was stirring on the othei side "She has come in!" he said, aloud. There was a noise of chairs and dishes "She is going to dine!" said James. And he pressed his head yet more closely to the wall, trying to beawarp of the slightest movements of his neighbor, unable to see her but happy to feel her there and to live near her. Not to see her any .more ah! that was heartbreaking for James. He saw her often in other days. He contrived to pass her on the stairs. For that he watted in the stieet whole hours; then, when he perceived her in the distance, he went back, rushel up stairs to give her time to arrive, and. then went slowly down, as if mere chance had brought this blessed moment. But he always feit so embarrassed to see her pass by him so grave and so reserved, that he saluted her more awkardly than the most boorish schoobboy, and lowered k is eyes without daring even to look at her. It was very fine to promise himself to be less timid, to study graceful bows, to invent pretexts for conversation, to imagine skillful declarations; all his. plans were wrecked at the psychological moment, and every time mat tne aaorert one passed, James salute 1 her more and more awkwardly once he even dropped hiJ hat. So, despairing of ever bainj able to conquer his timidity, and trembling lest he might impress her unfavorably, he had preferred to renounce seeing her. In that way. he thought. lS. I do n t succeed in p'.easiog her, at least 1 snail be sure of not displeasing her. And James, therefore, arranged his life, taking precau:ions never to go out nor come in at the same hours that his pretty neighbor did and contenting him self -with living beside her, for her and by her without her suspecting her ex istence to him. However, in order not to see her he had learned about her. Sae ciilei her self Chaiiotte. She worked everyday. , . ..in.hf "oiii" out earlv and returning late. And :e was surely a gHl SirK l -ves 'ood, for far into the night sh; vt-rv was bus with accdi-wr. And Ja.uei ... . : - felt himself seized with admiration lor that brave and beautiful girl who, alone in the world (she was certainly alone as no visitor ever came,) knew how to re sist all the temptations that she must find in her path. How had he come to love her? James sometimes asked himself. Shs had moved into the house the year previous. The first time that he saw her she had seemed to him pretty, iftrd that was all. In the beginning he bd scarcely paid any attention to her. That had come gftdaallj by fjree,' so to spk, tMrlt tbly through the wall. . James was quite sure now about the sentiment he felt for Chariot. He adored her, and he was certain that the present fashion in which he adored her was the way he would always worship her. If she had: allowe l him to stu-ait tnd in that case if he himself couid have had courage to tailc his declara. tion, or rather his profession, of faith would net have been long. 4 'Mademoi selle, I love you. TTHT you be my wUeT' But good Heavens! To o.Ter riis hand to a lady it was necessarj able to put something in it. H ; is a oubter one of those artists ric jilans, but whose works d lately his pictures were no' The boy had reached such i hopes au J ' )t sell, and TI at fed. point that, in order to pay his rent, he ul p,wnei what furniture he ownel; there re mained only the bed and a pjr wicker chair, a chair so oil. so weak uui sj tottering, that it wa a miracle that no could keep astride of it as he did. James wa3 always there, astride of his chair and trying to hear through the thin partition the going and coming of his neighbor. Like the blind who, by the touch alone, gain an exact knowledge of the physiognomy of objects, James, by the rnstling of Charlotte's dress against the furniture, by the approach or with drawal of her footsteps, by their silences even, had grown to see hsr as well as it standing before her. dhe is setting the table," 3aid. he "she is eatinsr now she has finished- she is putting things away she has sat down she is going to sew." And it seems to James that he, too, sat there opposite her, contemplating her in silence. Sometimes always astride of his chair, his observatory as he said, he closed his eyes and' took to dreaming. What is she thinking about? Does she suspect that I am here close to her? If she knew how I loved her! And he was tempted to call her attention to him self by an act of any kind of folly, but the fear of displeasing her always re strained him, and he preferred that she should not know he loved her, rather than to know himself that she would never love him. I He constructed romknees, too. It is impossible." he thought, "that she 4 ' - should never be thinking about me. She knows that I exist, that I live be side her. When she conies in my doo is always halt open; sh; can see that there w a light in my room, sae is curious like all women. She must aalr herself what I am doing, why I never go out. Perhaps she has noticed ma in spite of ray awkwardness on account of my awkwardness who Knows? Pos sibly she has divine 1 that I love her. She waits for me to declare myself, and seeing that I dare not begin, it is ?uo who will take the first steps. One day (everything is possible with women j she will quit her work, cross the landing, aed merely opening the door of my room, she will enter as if at horn? and say to me. 'Since yoa do not corneJ it is I who come.' Yes, bat it-may be a. long time before she comes. What way is there to hurry. herF And James, always atride of his chair, sought the bej m?ua of bringing Charlotte to declare herself. Slip a'note under her doori Ah! how long he had dreamed of doing that; but would sne real iti And supposing that she began to rea I, at thSrst burning phrase she rrrmU tPr ii the t.aner. Get her to - i ii i speak throJ2a a tnirJ party! lial ; whom? They had no mutuil fnead. No, decidedly all those ways werebil or impracticable, and the only course for James was to wait. Bit how long must he wait? Matters went siowi at present very siowiy. Caarlotte, m her rora on the left, made her needle fly. 3a; had de cided that she must tiatsb tht very night the work begun, n. mtfer how bte she had to sit a? isd to kee . awake better, while sha worked, she sang. J arret, on tne rignt, sat up too, of course, always . ia the same posture. listening and mectiaaically miking his body follow the movement of the rhythm indicated by the singer. While it was a slow air all went well. Bat when the strains grew mora hvely the game became truly dangerous, and the poor shaky chair found itself sub- pted to gymnastics beyond it, power . J.o resist. The whole modern repertoire passed along. James heard "Faust. Ahl if he were htrel But he is here! he was on the point of responding. He heard, too, "Rtgoletto," and "Le Prophete," and ; William Tell." Hours elapsed and James, who had never been at such an entertainment, did not leave the concert given him. Gradually Charlotte grew tired. The song was lower, the uotes were given with less force. To the grand airs, hitherto sung from the first to the last measure, succeeded broken snatches, and ' ! the loud outbursts were cnanac-J to sou modulations. Rom i ices and reveries took the p ace of .avatius aud dances. It was no longer the captivating Car mc nor the coquette PiUiUae it was the melancholy Mueitie, and the djing Ophelia. James, always on his chair, had, little by little gro vn drowsy and was now dol ing, but i? his sleep he heard the music and, in spity of himself gently swayed his body to follow the movement shown by Charlotte. She was very drowsy, too. But the courageous girl had resolved to complete, the work commenced. She made up her mind for a supreme effort to ria above her fatigue and sleeeplness, ana, to rouse herself, she suidealy attacked a waltz the "Valse des Rose3M of Metra, one of the mo3t seductive that exist, to the sound of which all of us, whatever we are, have , whirled, and which would bring a dying man to his feet. wv James was dreaming now, and, doubly less, he dreamed that he was waltzing, for to followed the. movement- and waltzed. But the trouble wasthat tho chair could not keep on its feet. N In spite of itseif it made with its proprietor some desperate terns, then, exhausted by the effort, it gave a sinister crack and coi iapsed. d ragging its baffled cavalier to the floor. There was a terrible noise. The floor trembled. The whole house was upset. As for Charlotte, she screamed with fright. The only one who did not cry out was James. This would have been a difficult thing for him. He had received a severe cut im his forehead, and was entirely un conscious. When James came to himself next morning he was stretched on his ted with compresses ba his brow. A woman was sitting by him but on a solid chair this time watching him. "What!, You here, Mademoisellei' "Oh, yes, sir. Last night after tho noise you made in falling I thought some .ting must be the matter, and 1 cams n and ft.iind you did not know anything But ti is all right now. It is all orat, and ti a few days you will have nothing left t your fall unless, perhaps, a smnii scar on your fore'iesd. But teii mp, what could vou have been doin' to fab In that queer way. with yourVchairf" James did not answer and could not keep from blushing. Wo-n.i are quick to under-tin I thj sentiment they inspire, ('asrlotte ws not long iu reading the inralidV hirt. The first tp .va ttken. the w. w broken. It was only to let things' sjn. An 1 the young people talke J fro a dawn till breakfast. James aud Charlotte are married to day and -hrippy as it is po;b!e to be Cbarl':?e doe not work now. The V f her h ivrtnd"$ pictures gives tbaoi .ufficieat support. Tuy. 'i7 in a p!!: rlit. comtoriable and furnished tast?- rioj. They are so happy tfei. ;pl? then. 'and arc cid re-Vr 1 Two things only hve astoaUhei and still astonish their frieads. The dy of their we idmg they hs 1 the organist play the ' Yake des Boies,, a til in tne mii- die of their pirlor, ia the place of honor, j they have placed a shocking wicker ' I chair, so old and so broken that, to make j i: sts.i l up, Charlotte has been oblige 1 to faitea it together with ribbons. 1 From the Frescu, ia the Wave. H. fV.eol S-hool, of Providence, J.. is i;o over i century old, and Hnong :he IS.'JJ aimes enr3lld on the r. gtttr msy b found tucs al maaj iiuucguuhvd xopic. - A Pita Fr tbt Birds. In an)tsay read before the Hassachu- wtts Horticultural Society by Thomas C. '. Thurlow ft was said that the usefulness of birds in destroying insects is estab i Iished beyond a doubt. Many of our ; birds during the spring months lire en ; tirely on insects. Moths and millers are rantnril nn thp wimr. rtlhr in the l&rr 0f ebrjlUliled ftQli ,uu olhe they appear in rarly morning as worms. grubs, bores, etc. Those birds classed : as percbers or climbers are all insect- eating bird?, but may later in the season ! take a little fruit or grain as a dessert. ' Those classed as robbers (including owls '; and hawKS) subsist partly on insects and reptiles, but the damage done in Jolting other useful biids is probably "greater than all the good they do. Other native birds are eotnuioal j classed j as game-birds, and although it is posi S tively stated by ornithologists that many I of these birds subsist larirtdT on insects. .,, tt , . . ... still the laws are against them, and they re protected for certaiu months in order that sportsmen inaj have the pleasure of killing them during the remainder of the yesr. . With the disappearance of the raarth birds, once plenty on our coasts, the giasshoppers have increased as the birds have decreased. The eisayisi-woqld not say that if the birds ha 1 all leen permitted to live there would have been no damage done by insects; but i.t must be admitted that when the primeval forest protected ' thousands of birds which now have .no such protection, nature preserved -the balance of power, and birds and insects must have lived together for generations without either gainiuj materially on the other. Since that time no now species of insects have been created, though some have been imported, but through variouscauses the balance of power has been turned in favor of the insects, till to-day they are the terror of all agricul turists. Of the English sparrows Mr. Thurlow could say nothing from experience, as they did not visit his place, b it, with his present convictions, he did not regret their absence. Some evidence was read from others, showing that the robin Is almost insectivorous and that the preju dice against this bird is unjust and un founded. The common crow, in his opinion, does more damage by destroy ing the eggs and young of other birds than he does good in devouring a few insects. Owls and hawks will kill small birds; therefore keep them nt a distance. The slaughter of birds to ornament ladies' hats and drssses was severely dep recated. New York World. Fish Ten Thousand Years Old. In making railroad tunnels, cuu, etc, and in sinking wells and pits in Nevada, Utah, and Arizona, salt strata are often struck at varying depths, sometimes as much as a hundred yards beneath the sur face. Hundreds of fih, welt preserved, are found in blocks of this pjre rock salt. Thest? salt fields are supposed to occupy what was once tha bottom or a lake thirty miles long, fifteen rnile wide and many hundred feet deep. The fhb" found resemble tha pike and pickerel species, and are wholly uulijce the fish found in the uke an i river, of thst region at tre prct tone. Toe speci mens foin 1 are rut p-'.rifie l. bit are as jrTect!y preserve I iu tu nh us though but recently fr z-iiu a block of ice. When taeu out and ep ' i to the heat of the uf thct Income a bird i blocks of wood. ( Occasionally work.nen. at the salt workWste-l. in "tii basin" Uattf altempte i to ett th- aut i duriao relic. Men of leiruoi- ho htve mv-tig4ted the iu'.f tU'u are ' i-a lit il'-.fi o ''. :h-;vf iU prrerved I'M s if old. -Si. Highest Railway ia tora?;. The hihet rilvy -tu Kirope is the Briecz iuo icusn railway in ?witzerUua, cinnecliog the viiUgeof Br'.eozwith tho summit of th Rjthhrn, It is ojrt3 u vlsiitor ihb u :.Uir. it i run t. iho U-itled-wheel v'-rr:u. It starts c'oe i.y the h jrt-s of L- Ytt.t. aai wiuds up the mo-inrain j,a?t GeMr.e'J, HsiS sudt ao i 0rrt-r:a.Tr', and the iuciine i one metre ia four. Tae cirriages are partly clonal au i psrtiy open, and ech ccipartmest ha two benches. se3t o? four persons o ' sid?. The a-':ft of the Rothhorn on horoek ued U ske tite hours. Th- time f tb tnn. ' inp b? railway i three hour?. iksua Irau-cript. While there are now l.GOO.tTJv Hebrews in the United States, there rs over fi.ooo.fifto in Ituaaia.