illLLSISORO, X. C.. SATURDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1892.
NEW SERIES-VOL. XL NO. 48.
A D!)vTtllx of THE SKV y()I,r r.vr.Ol
coMMrwIONf:u-j. REI.our f?v ,fff
ANU W A M.s.
Ib' r ( .i-slo-r P, r.!;, of Xe'v
or, having m i .a ai!. juv,.,,:.
ration of '(!,- , :?ect of tie tariff or
J7r, , i ;i"',r' ,5 '-ile-J r:;Vrt.in
v,iV';V " ' ;!::s Election is a boon
:-.l tae .dcb'in.cv :.VlV ;i b!e;fl Mr
.'. ' :.!r,f, u v.a-ii known writer on th
t -rj.T, t.'is ri id!-ivr;k3 r,..f::i!irir re
j..'rt iii ?;;; ro,ums of the New Yo-
Mr. P-.si -, b,f-4i., -wo..,' a net increav'
iwa:o- :..r l-V.H over JSl0 of ,:j;7 ".
a:;. I a not. increase in prod nets in
th" sunJ period of
I w:.l !!' m.rmv into tae relevaacv of
"7 ; ' -'-' .de.wnley bill orany
.':i-r ta; ,: ; if the increase does
' ;" t;::i'1 t!'- ordinary ratio,
''t'i- - .oi l of its purposw. S )
it-i are furiii-JM; I, IS jy l!,f.
Census, covering all jn-..i'iwt-.
t.ie inference is not
: ' , r' :us are made with
' ' a e n tain end in view.
in-.r!a!itiLdu,trie arc left
i :.iU i
i ' l'
u v.-oolcns and other tex-
l; "' ;r ' : 1 1 qt'-'-' pfo lu-ts, etc., are
ut ali. i!d they not,
v ' in ere ue in wafes
;a a: iorious examples of
''--' Ye; the-e are the prit;-i-nes
which have reeeiv,. I
1 U.if !;.,.:.
I v..:. -how, in round figures, their
Ti'.o oi im-rea-f, under the henefieent
1 : '' I'i'mu the census of 170
, t i s-'-7 ja thouand.s:
ViV i) T,S.
' -ii:i7s .:,7) ?i,ir-
il'' , ris and nia-
H',7: 0 7,5 KJ .' -oo
Ir aa i .-.t'-i-l an 1
i.i.at.i.-'.uro-.' .)'.,' t:7,0 ) 'oao
Ih :' . i:av.) the principal industries
v. in .7 ran lie chased pre-etninently as
j.rii. rtcd industries suTerini; a decline
v.;;I.;:! ..iichi h-f decade of SX.,THti),0t)0
fr..ra s'.hMtMObd in 1S70 to ."rai;,0')0,
tv'Mn 1S'I. (n tl:e erudcr iron and
r : rodu'ds and icanuf ictures New
V r!. Mat.-, in 1S70, contributed over
jcr rent, to tin; total product of the
I u States. In 18Sd the percentage
t ! t'a- State- of 'New York h id one
i":: J S per cent, in the lota! of these
ei'i::-!tia! product-. Under the bliht
e::; .r.;'ii.'urr of the tax on the raw ma
I'ai 'He indusiries falling under these
1' have become traufened from
th'- 1) :a..( a 'itic tate to the Republican
t-'ite of Pennsylvania. l
It i-i not known to tlie writer that a
I I rri p! iiIc increase lias taken place in
the s.uci . ediri" decade, which is to be
tovrred by the expected . returns of the
ti' Vifstii een-u-;. All reports have so
far it edcl to adverse further dcclint.'
in tht -r iedii-stries in this Stat'. If ro f
tre ivjuired Ju'rther than that of the
1:1 ru rally known Condition of th"-e in-'h;-tra
in New York State, thj omis-t-a.n
Mr. Peck to ine!o-e them in his
t. J 'U 7 tt ; v. would have fumi-hed it.
Cotton noils hive not iticrea-ed
1 i'her, as .is urll ktio.vn. d'iu ir maim
fart ure ia , oaies more, and more concen
tratrtl in reitaiu 'avored 1 acaliti'S from
i.atura! eau-r, the same as in Mainland.
In all wool rood- the d'adine is genera!
tiu'T ahine due t the tariiT on ra-v wool.
The dei lite- in the consumption 'of' wool
in prop)t!io!i to the :rovt'.i of the popu
lation, a".d ,tiic corres-n.uidiiiLj increase
in sin 1 ly avd wool subst ituf-. s to make
up th- d ieicney, :,'ive fuU evid race of
the hri' It , :'a :ai rf on raw m i'erial.
The i:. ! . in Idv uooils, of 'o:irse,
wouhl m ise up tor ill., diji'ivnen Hut.
the sib nee of Mr. l're does not seem to
warrae" the assumption that increased
J rosp. ittv fame t-o the wor.sinir people
in 1 . ' I ::r excess of tit it enjove 1 in
1 ii;:-t thr ' ';e::eral denre-sion in
Woo!;, n , vt 1 wi ei e cec, a fact s well
kuou: :.. t wrbv,dy at all lair.il.ar wit'n
the 5:7 . Tl.e three bran'c.:es cited
utVn i a th;ehuc t: wa,cs ; aid out and
in the :. -.caber of work people etr.p'.uyed,
ucr.'io-.nY t the eensus tables, as fol
!s)w 'ia rnousautis.i:
. V. AO--' ' - N" U S NHS
v.i.: - ;t.- W.i . I-
(Vtt.n '4 ols r i U -.'..4" '...
l!a:-, oi-.i'if... v.0;o -'.t'' ".-'
lrro-. an i te '!
1 r- iueis f ..) i.'4 i.t'.u :
Totals l. 15 o ?'. N i '
Theie in. lurries saJercd .a d- t.iaj t j
the extent of i'.7S0 ,) paid ;-ss ia
wa-es and loJlS fewer wor'.s.in,' people
ttnp ued. iVat wint i oi fur: tier and
i.T i'ir sivnitica!u;e is that the rate of
wait as sh.v.vu here, has one down to
the extent shown here.
T'ne avira'e per hand em move 1 is as
;S7. . V.-r
Cotton toU -'7
Hat aa I ,a, s.ete 4a 4K
.Ireu an I ?r-:-'.'l pr-viucts. 5-5 r"-' 15s
This is in.ice.l a showing: which woak
cive the te...th-kneH to any hi;h-tarjtl
.!: -iA still rampant in th? greatest
. 1- ...uta, t j.-i!. State of the I'o.o-j wero
e:y ;.;crs v. ante-1 to pr..VC tit-' absuf Uiy
"' lie.' '. e::ii uMiaby M't forth.
. I i."' n )-t dt.tw any in ft rer, .s front
this ir-: -e:;e; ;v!?,- o 1 tlie t a .-) I urtitel
V--"i 'to -ho , 'in; p )-iti as of , : :'. .: a in
i ;ti e .he'n ourut to have s; a i.iy ia
r,r ,n ujodyct nd ia wss pk
ut under the benign influence of the
tariff, but have, on the contrary, aufTerei
the heaviest decline.
T.-a. j"fi facts have been irtirJ by
a Ik a.r c-.ttic ofHcial authority-iA the
State and spurious facts substitute 1 V)
bob,trr up th? policy of the opposition
ji.arty U the only thin. whica rxies a
on:e-. :..;t serious tone to the absurdity
of :h- p 'bliention.
A comparison of the procJuct, of wages
and of i ands -employe! in industries
fur:he-t re :. jv- 1 from the inrJusr.ces rc--
ferr--d to -ao.v-5 on
ji.ii ;-xnz ir;cica-es
th? contrary iivt
Wiu'w. Han Is.
1 h ,s.ir.'!.
I'r-'v.ltift. WaH!. Han.l.
. j .', 1 1 1 ,'7 :? 'jj.off)
It has bi-en deuionstnited puffioiently
by e)p:;ri-o:ic rn i ie here and abroad
that :::b ir in bo. its and shoos is cheaper
than in Eu;- p".' Iu clothing a tarjtf is
in'-uee;:v.. Fasliion an ! t tste alone for-
hi 1 i' :
1:11 i 'j :
't'.i s o .
ready-nn le clothing
ir !i-!d t!
;o u' manu-
frc'urer, tOou rii ids material, by tariff
taxation, are so jouch higher than the
forin Ciothin-;- manufacturer lias to pay
that the pro'.e-tion by the tariff on
chithint; is tj.iite neutralized. In other
industries wiiere tariff protection .is
equally ineffective Fimilar showings can
be made. In clothing, the least pro
tected article, the increase is highest:
75 per cent, in product, 125 per cent, in
wages and 150 per cent, in the number
of hands. Women's clothing has risen
in the product from four and a half
millions to over twenty millions. The
new census will show a heavier increase
yet. Th'e.-e items suffice to" show the
damning evidence of facts ignored by
Mr. Peck. Having pointed them out L
will row return to the facts 'adduced
him to suppart Ins theory.
The increase in products is set. dowj
a-, S-.1, 000,001 h The increase from 1870
to isso was 000,000,000. - Considering
the price inflations of all commodities,
as compared with lSO, and the decline
in such important industries noted above,
the increase of lS0over 1870 shows for
New York fully 100,000,000, or o'Gf
per cent. On the same basis of progres
sion the SdlSO, 000,000 of- 1830 ought
to have grown to 1,800,000,000 in
100. -The .years of the end of the de
cade, however, must show the greatest
ratio of increase, partly on account of the
increase of 'J5 per eent. in the population
of t'ne State and partly on account of the
general trade activity ruling in 1889,
1si0and I SO I against the great stagna
tion rulincc and spreading in intensity
from lSo" to 1887. The ratio of in
crease ought from these considerations to
be nearer a hundred millions than seventy
millions, which. wouhl be the "average. of
the decade. If Mr. Peck is not able to
hhow more than thirty-one millions of
increase he and his theory stand con
demned by his own figures.
K.ed on "Kxtraviitrance."
Ex-Car Peed is something of a
humorist in his way and he has seldom
been more humorous than he is now in
accusing the Democratic House of "ex
travagance,' because with a.-.Republican
Senate and a Republican President
against it it could not repeal the sugar
bounty act, the- steamship subsidy act
and such like acts passed by the' Reed
Conjress, with the deliberate intention
of increasing the expenditures of the
C ;v inment and making the increase
The Ree I Congress and the Harrison
administration have run the annual ex
pense for pensions alouo up to $140,
OoO.ooO, so thatith this ami $10,000,
t'i'0 a year for sugar bounties we have a
permanent expeuse of $150,000,000 a
year altogether a-dde from what are
properly the ordinary expenses of gov
I'mierthe Disability Pension bill and
other pension acts nov iu operation the
ani.uala-xper.se for pensions will increase
for some years to come. It will reach at
least $ 150, 000, 00 u a year, and the only
chance the country Ins of getting rid of
it is by outliving the pensioners. The
riig.ar bounty will be repealed as soon as
the I)em;crats elect a President and a
irijonty of the Senate. Until then it re
nams w ith the other permanent charges
ijri posrd on the country by the most
tanda! us Congress the country ever
With a Democratic Senate these pei
lt tin . t charges can be greatly ieduced.
When Mr. C.eveland is inaugurated he
.v.'ii carta 1 my rene.v the practice of that
trict ee-aomy which characterized his
irst administration aud resulted in the
.urplus whtch Harri -on has dissipated.
In the meantime il-irrion is responsi
ve uefore the countr for the increased
txpvn-c of his ra t:c al administration. He
s'c -.tmg the country a round hundred
r.iii.oa a year more loan Arthur cost it.
jYrrp is the Republican Avho will s-ay
hat ..arris m 1, worth this muca more
or the' country ' It may be that we are
o have an otner Kepuoiicia tis Presi
iect :u the future. It so. le: us get one
v. o c.vs..- !e-s and is worth more tor the
The Austrian Emperor, In order U. -Knowledge
a singular display of loyalty,
accepted. the sum of tive rlorins, equal td
ab ut two dollars, which had been be -pe-
ithe I to his majesty by a poor peas
ant, recently deceased in the Austrian
prt.vtnc of CArniola
What inward pain we sometimes feel
How doth affection's warmth eoncl
When ill intent coinM'out of ?ci?
How many bleeding hearts thera arj
Whose greatest bliss was doin? goI,
Yt for their love reee.v'da scar
from dearest friend misunderstood!
When death hath -!os' 1 the eyes of one
Whose heart beat t?ver for our gooi.
How &ad to know their netting sun
Was dimrnM by usmisunderstooll
'Tis th?n we. feel the pain w,j gave
A parent, frienil or neighbor gool.
An 1 grief o'erwhelms uslik-i a wave -
Too late! to late nisuaier-toii;
Oh ! coul l we but live o'er th pat,
And weave our we 1 of life oae nioro,
filad rays of sunshine would t: cast
Where doubt an 1 dar.cm ss reign'd tforel
Rope is not deid! th Present lives!
Let us redeem it as we shoul 1;
The flowers that's crus'iM more fragrance
T han had it live 1 - ohuu lerstoo:
But One there is who never fails
To read the heart of man aright.
Though to-s'd on life's tempestuous gales,
God will -u-iain us:bj His might;
Let all our aims m life be pur
Men may misjudge still cling to gol;
At last th victory shall b sure,
And we shall then be 1111 derstoo 1!
John Imre, in the Scottish Canadian.
A GARDEN OF ROSES.
T was a settled thing
in the minds of the
village! s of Brace
bridge that old Hol
lo way was "all alone
in the world." None
came to visit him,
and during the two
years he had lived at
liracebridge he had
! never been absent
from home for a day.
flis declining years for he was well
past the sixties denied him recreation,
though on wet days he would occasion
ally put his mackintosh over his should
ers and perch himself beside the pool
for which liracebridge was fa nous and
patiently watch the float for hours at a
time. It is probable, however, that had
it I teen sunshine every day of the year
the fish would have been minus one
enemy. For the sunshine brought the
children out to play, the sunshine; al
lowed him to walk in the paths, of his
garden and watch the growth of his
rose. On wet days he had neither chil
dren nor flowers, so he went to the fish
()ld. Ilolloway had two sources of hap
pines. His tiny cottage was known as
Rose (ilen ' If you ever went to Brace
bridge you would never dream of goi-ng
away without looking over the wicket
gate and inhaling the sweet perfume of
the old man's roses. They lined the
gravel pathway, for all the world like
doral sentries, as their owner passed be
tween them to the porch. Rose trees
were everywhere, and every single blos
som was as familiar to him as the seals
on his watch chain, and he patiently fol
lowed the progress of each petal and the
unfolding of every bud with as much
prid" and cire as he would tnat of the
growth of his own child. Yes, the
flowers brought old ilolloway happiuess.
But he loved the children more. He
ouce said that, when their tiny faces
were looking up at him and smiling,
they, too, were flowers. Every child in
liracebridge knew old Ilolloway. They
called him grandfather. You never met
him in the lanes without a child hang
ing to his hand or his coat tails. Why,
the dear old fellow waould make a point
of passing by the school just when the
children were coining out. Theft he
would 7tt them play on the grass of his
garden. Let them? Nay, he would
play with them, and his laughter seemel
as free as theirs, his shouts of merriment
as joyously innocent. Then when
the sUn began to edge the hill
with ffold and crimson, he would
merrily drive them out of hia floral
domains, and watch them wave their
hands as they turned the pathway at the
fop ofThe nnrwfifclTIe3"to the village.
A, he retraced his steps to the pjrch he
would sometimes stand beside a tree of
roses great crimson blossoms more
beautilul than all the" others. Their
color was richer than the sweetest of toe
blossoms on the neighb -na- bushes,
their perfume more fragrant. It rev
apart from them, too, on the law a. Ik
would look at the name on the .virici
tablet and read the Vim rue word.
"Marion." That was the name he ha 1
given to his favorite tree "M trhin;
and murmuring the word he waaed tntsr
tWbeu Tfrj qwit tijr,
One evening tlie chiTTre:, had allgont
he had bid them "gooJby" as us.nl.
He turned enterithe h-sme. A whole
week ha passe 1 since he hid examine J
hi favorite roe tree. Crossing the
grassy Jawc he came to 'Tae Marion:'
Oue of the great blossoms was droop
ing, but just from the same green stalk
3 fresh bud was. shooting forth. The
old man took out his knife and cut oil
the faded flower. He looked at the b-id
thougJiffully. He seemed to read a sttrry
among the roses a story that went to
his heart. He lookeJ again at the dead
blossom in his hand. Then his eye
wandered toward the bud. He burst
into tears, and quickly turne i a-vay.
"My daughter, my darling Marion 1
I was cruel to send you away, very
rru-td. A father's love for you ma le me
aink it impossible for eveu a husband
p love you as I did. Shall I ever see
gu dead dead as this once beautiful
lossuu, which can never again help to
- veeten my days and brighten au old
man's life Oh, cooie back to -life
igain, and bring your little one with
m. Came come ome!'1
He entered the house weeping.
On the morning of the next day the
hiidreu were on their way to school,
'hey always passed Rose GIenk and old
-tnmwav would invariably be at the
afe. But this morniug the children
eerue 1 more excite 1 thau usual ; some
aing had evidently happened, or was
bout to happen, which made their little
warts beat faster than ever. They had
tailed earlier than was their wont, for
somehow thev nad got to know that tt
was "grandfather's" birthday, and each
wanted to be there first. On, on they
went, laughing, shouting and clapping
their hands in delight. What was there
to stop the happy ripple of their little
tongues? It would seem nothing.
They were children little children
aud were as' free as the birds which were
singing in the trees and on the hedre
rows about them. But, as they turned
the road at the top of the hill which led
down to the home of the roses, theii
laughter became silent, and their lips
ceased to move. They gathered to
gether in a bunch, not in affright, but
more in childish sympathy at the sight
before theni. A woman sat on a grassy
mound. 'Her face was pale, her cheeks
: pinched, her eyes looked as though they
had shed many tears; but yet how pretty
she was-! She was dressed all in black
there was crape on ber cloak and bon
net. She held somethin? mu hied up in
her arms. The children looked and
guesed it was a baby. The woman
smiled and seemed to invite the n to
come near. Then one of the children
gave the woman some flowers, and a
flush of happiness came into her poor,
"Would you like to see ray little boy?"
she asked. And all the 'children gath
ered round while the mother drew aside
the scarf from rouud her baby's necli, so
that they might see it the better. It,
too, had tiny black bows on its little
"Oh, how grand fatherwoul 1 love to
to see him!" cried one of the children.
"May we take him to grandfather? It's
his birthday to-Jay. It would make
him so happy."
"And who is grandfather?" she asked.
"You don't live here, do you"' qu-js-
tined one of the youngsters.
"No," tfe woman answered. "I am
quite a stranger here. But why do you
"Because vou don't know grandfa
. ther," came the logical reply.
"Well tell me who he is.?'
Then one of the children took the wo
man by the hand and led her to the cor
ner from whence the hill started towards
the spot where the proses grew. The
cottage was pointed 'out to her.
"That's Rose Glen," the child said.'
"Yes, I Can smelt the roses here. Oh,,
how sweet," the woman murmured,
looking at the cottage.,
"That's where he lives," the little one
went on. "
"Ye," said a child older than the
others, "Mr. Uoiloway "
The woman gave a wild scream,
which almost made the children run
from her in dismav. She had nearly
fallen to the ground. Bat' she was her
self again ia a moment
. "Oj! my childres, thy ciiliren," she
cried, pitifully, "don't turn from m
don't be friglitese i don't 02 afraid of
me! I love you. every one. Come
nearer to me. On ! corse nearer to me.
I love you, every om
know I know it is his birthday to-day.
And would hc-r-woald h lov to taj
little one, would it make hiai happy?
Do you think he would kiss it just as he j
does you and give it a smile the same a
he gives you? Would he tke it in hi
arms like the tiniest of you?"
She had won the sympitoVof the
Children about her and they all cneSut .
Yes, yes; let us take it to him.'
A wild gladness overspread her face.
Her lips quivered, her eyes sparkled.
Some sudden resolw had come to her.
She drew her hand nervously aerosa her
eyes; then turning to the little ones
about her quickly, she asked:
'And if 1 let you take my child to
him what will you do?"
They were quiet for a moment. Then
the elder child, who had spoken before,
stid: ' ' f
"I will carry him ever so careful.
You can crotne, too."-
"I can come, too," she murmured ; "I
can come, tool"
Silently she placed her baby in the
little girKs arms. The childreu troone I
down the hill toward the houe, the
woman following them with Hesitating
steps. The children had readied the
cottage gate and the woman stayed out
side, looking through the hedgerow and
watching her little one with anxious
care. One xf the children, carrying the
baby in her arms, crossed the lawu
toward old Ilolloway 's favorite rose tree,
"Marion." There was just room for the
cihild to sii nd beneath the great cover
ing of green leaves and flowers. Then
the other children ran to the porch.
They cried out: "Grandfataivr! grand
father' Many happy returns of the day!
many happy returns of .thjL Jail"
Tlie old man heard their voices and
came to the door. How those children
danced and shouted! They got hold of
both of his hands and his coat, and,
with merry laughter, pullei him across
the lawn to his favorite tree. Tneaeverv
little tongue became still, as though
waiting for him to speak. He looked
at the picture before hiiu There, be
neath the cverof blossoms, stood a little
aii"!, ioolv'ug up at aim with a face lit
up with smiles. She held out to him a
baby. Scarcely knowing what he did
he to k the ca l l fro.n her arms into hi
.vn, and c overe I its tiny face with
kis-e-. He looked round about him,
not kno wing what to do or whither to
turu, but his lips were muttering one
Again the children took hold of him
andj.ulled him along the path toward
'he wicket gate. They opened itand the
woman was still standing there, her pala
now nusnea, ner once aim eyei
orighter still. - 7
"Marion! Marion!" the old mari cried.
She fell on his shoulder, with her arms .
about his neck. Jt then the .ehool
oell rang out, and awaj the ciuWreu ran
ip the hill, their voices shouting all the
ay.-M.,y it ! ,.- r..,-.irn of the day,
grandfather' many uappy returns of the
Tne old man. earessing the child as
becrrre-i .tv to breast, with
1 ' 1 ' "..-hi ciingiag to his
nec, w .! e i up the pathway. The bud
on toe ro-e tr.-e sce ne i to peep out
from all the other crirm blossoms.
They entered the house together.
GEMS OF THOUGHT.
Every sufferer coins his own calami -ties.
How to get fat Go into the soap
He may well dare to die who has
dared to live right.
Good luck has ruined mre men
than bad luck has.
The man who can't find anything to
do is generally afraid he will.
Some men gel a reputation for
bravery by being abit to conceal how
s-cared thy are.
A worthy cholar impart knowledge
to others; an unworthy uce keeps his
learning to himself.
He who makes up his min I that the
world owes him a living wi'l find that
he has a very bad debt to collect.
An act of kiadneis never dies, but
ex eads th". invisible uadulatiocs of its
influence over the breadth of centuries.
People should make their own funeral
sermons while they are living, by their
generous charities, coble deeds aad purs
TV re -s-ere 15'J0 railroad aeideata ia
Jrttj last jfi 7
Tht Stnttir Prtved His Plack.
The New York Sun recently prints
aa appreciative article upon the subject
of Senator Ed war! O, Wolcott's career,
hk talents and his idiosyncrasies. Curi
ously enough, however, it neglected to
give one incident which fairly illustrates,
we think, the gentleman's f earlcisneas.
It seems that upon aa occasion some
years ago a frien I took Wolcott for a
drive in the suburbs of Leadvilte, and
Wolcott expressed a suspicion that the
horses were perhaps too frisky ta bo
trustworthy. : Thereupqn, tho friend set
about bantering and badgering Wolcott
upon his excessive timidity. Wolcott
bore this Badinage patiently, till pros
ently they began to descend one of thosa
steep, almost precipitiou inclines in
which Colorado roads abound.
"Will you let me drive awhile!" asked
"Certainly," answered the other, sus
jcting no evil.
But no sooner had Wolcott go, the
reins than he turned to his companion
and aaid: "You have been shaming me
for my timidity. My turn ha come now.
We'll see who squeals first !"
With that he flung the reins oat over
the horses' backs and began plying tho
whip furiously. The frightened horses
dashed down the hill, swinging the
buggy around curves ami against bowl
ders in such wise as to threateu its de
molition. Wolcott continued to ply - th
whip and to shout at the maddened
brutes. His friend clung, wnite and
trembling, to his feat. It i a marvel
that both were not killed. Finally the
buguy was overturned, the horses broke
away, and Wolcott aud nis friend wero
left m a confused heap, with a broken
arm, a sprained ankle and a dozen body
cuts and bruises between 'em.
41 Well, how do you like ifjy asked
Wolcott, gathering himself together and
emerging nimbly from the debris.
The other answered feebly but proudly:
"I hain't squealed yet I" Chicago New
Hsw Wards Change.
Long ago, when a certain article mado
of sturgeons' bladders came into use in
England, it was known by its Dutch
name "huizenblas," that is, "sturgeon
bladder." The term was a meaningleas
one to English ears, and by some means
or other was transformed into the word
which we all know, "isinglass." Tho
change was precisely like that which in
some quarters has turned "asparagua"
into sparrow grassy
In the same manner the old word
4,berfry," which meant simply a watch
tower, was transformed into 4,belfry."
It became the custom to hang bells in
such towers, and by common consent a
change of spelling followed.
What is the derivation of the word
steelyard?" Mont readers would reply
without hesitation that it must have been
invented as the name of a certain famil
iar instrument for weighing, an instru
ment made of steel, and about three
feet in length.
In point; of fact, however, the word
meant in the leginni'ng nothing but tho
yard, or court in London, where tno
continental traders sold their steel. In
this yard, of course, there Sa somo
kiod of balance tor weighing the metal'
a steel yartl balance.
Language is full of such cases.'4 Blind
fold" has nothing to do with the act of
folding lometbing over the eyes, but 11
"blind felled" or struck blind! "But
tery' has no connection with buttef , but
is, or was, a "bottlery," a place for bot
A "blunderbuss" was not an awkward,
or inefficient weapon, but on the con
tary was so terrible as to be called a
doadebus," that is to ay a 'thunder
box'' or thun der barrel." The advances
in the art of war is happily or unhap
pily typified by the fact that a weapon
once so terrible has becouie an object of
ridicule. Will the world ever find our
present iron ciads an 1 mortars aothinj
but things to la-ugh at? Cha'&btra'a
tfyitcrittt Egg'Shapfd Uke.
One of the sight three rnilesi from
Ashland, Oregon, i an egg-shaped laet
one-quarter by three -quarter of a mile,
that has no visible outlet. There is a
ciitf on one side, though the otaer i$
open, and 10") feet fro.n Ue banc is
marthv. Many deer have been killed
j at tner rendezvous on the lake, and its
depth has never leea sounded, rbouga
it .s believed t be very deep, a it no
doubt ha been the crater of a volcaao.
c-Kew Yofil Dispatch.
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