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-Sv&r to WAX W ESTABLISHED IN 1878. HILLSBORO, N. C. SATURDAY, JANUARY 27, 1894. NEW SERIESt-VOL. XIII. NO. 11 iHr. i ; iMtor t h n meatii, J fi ' ;i r so.irs ut I'ko .i btrl '?. h n'-t of '-Tr" : I f n 'nr'-r 'y, t - ,fp r 'tir '. .V -- t jV-nr" H fl it? li t Vi-i 'i nth'! tan.- ; f J? n ji: Vwi'y 11 ; it, J1, v iM' ,-ir,' fiin.f. iu.n."- - T Tim' ti"r- fi ,) ik- this : 'J U h. Jir u'i iri jj li k n t I At tf-'i Ur,k of t,lis.' Hm- 1-Art Kirir1 up ltl a lir !jV,- -oon tlr- , J - ! k the jo- ; n km? - Th'yj.oor. ftri-1. imjr-nt thin; ' mijV hnk to" the Hrtt. A th" mother q.fvls h"r lap . Ari-1 h- IuJIh it j-ialn ; 'h. tliu v ),' ti-h"i tf'T th" "iri, rt Hrn r.iri" .i'ain.'" I"n"fi'l ro'lilc, in In !'!' 'n-Jnt. STUPID JACQUES. 1V M'A M. TiunTKr. I 1 that you are ! W r t h l be ing ! Cai.nihal ! si.th:" A. Monsieur IVr- paused, re- tl i ii ir t li ii 4 ?,, wrath wh wasted Jaeijues, standing c?i this stupid nillt niy before him. .Iiii-qiifh wasthe village drudge. Tii' many sinsofhi parents townrdthe .lninuiiity ".v re freely visitil on tho fin, who rum !nlr 1 nothing ia lifo ut hard words, averted lodKs and i.i-.wh. Av.rtfl IooUk, for ninont th r il h (ii'litr t( him from hif ;rfiitii. rs whs th: horrihh' goitre, whirh wm the hi'l im o)joct of lonth It. st ntir. rs. - , - .rn-,ii- was dciith in lift1. His lirnrt im 1 Mlluiir'lirat to the trinx f joV- II., !u, rxpr.-Hsion of iniHt-rv, i-h- p riallv irritating to the artistic eyo of MoiiMrur IN rrot. , I'oor abused dogs and mules, had tli- b.-t-n nblf to Hprafi, might have pmisrd tl - ib-li-'ate touch of the boy's hands, and his kindness to their mi m.tv. Th'-ir browbeaten beiWnctor w as c.i r.-t-l y nior.- capable of express mg liis..unhappinev than they. lay by day his life was th same thill round!- Um rvo early, huddled ii his ra;s. and set forth to his dutief :it thr .workshoji of Monsieur Terrot. This establishment, ih which Monsieur iVrrot pr"-!d'd 'vt a large number f apprentices aiid pupjh; engaged in iheurf tvf t-arving, stool on t ie out skirts of th- illume.. The stle. the 'inih of ( very ol.-t per . i'ted to leaw t!M 'workshop hid rend'Ted Monsi" ir l' riot famou. an-. I the pro prietor of tliehir'esi sii tp in Inter Jiikeii sui!i"il tho connoisseur Hin'oiigt In-- i-atrons from the wealth of artist n dtsirns bro-;.-" t bin: twic n vear."iv tlie old arti t. Besi.lt s .theiswet ping and duttingo) the worhop' bieques was expM tel t haw wotid, attt nd t the fires and be nf tin bt ck and i -ah of all 'the w rkme, as w 11 a- of .nionieur,' whore .enipei a- evt r of tlie inns' irascible. In thf V . V.tld moment of leisure le wus perv.iitt' d to h.stcn t Monsieur" IVr rotV cen ral instructions, ami other wit !. arn a inutdi about curving as ln'C-'uld tr-eu the use of castaway tooN and r ;. -ted material. Thi-- Msorni I;i ir,i s had ctaiel?t to t bt .rya for he hail lueu de tained i-n the wtiy by a housewife who v'omiv ii d n m to iirorm a task of peculiar disagrt tible kind." Such 4ietvLit :on oitea btft ii him. for people w rt not inclined to let him rise from the old position of wilase drudge to the status of slavery for Monsieur Fer rot alone. After tht old art ist had e:lted h ra-e tu .Tacqucs he turned tv his work:uen with fury; ' 'To-!-, that you are! Would that J ruiht be yung again' tor one week. L, had 1 the u.-e of these rheumatic limbs! Idiot.sf Content to goa vea: by yi ar. v - -;ug. copying. When ac opportu.ty ou;es of diitiasuUhif yourselvt, y c-u feebly cry, you caa't think of a th-rru . Pigs!" J aequo- had never seen the master in such an iutdii.-ivc rage. The pupih hung their heatis, 'Fiv. hundred francs!" cried mon sieur, taking up a paper from his desk and bidding it to his failing eves. "1 jvc hundred franca! It is a for- ttme, and then the renown!' He paaned and glared round the .room. "Wpuld monsieur read it again?" asked one voice, faintly. Monoieur did not. read so much as bout It again. "Five hundred franco for the most beautiful and natural design of the edelweiss. Nothing fonventiohal al lowed in th"; competition. The prize is offered by a wealthy American veh? desires to take bock a Bonvenir of th high Alps to his country," Monsieur thrcv aside the paper as he cried passionately ; "And you fay yon have never reeu the edelweinb growing, that you know not where to find it. Whence do vou PujipoHe I wrtnight that design anl that," jioiuting with trembling hand t the modelt copied by his pupils year after year. ! searched until I found my edelweisn. True, it- is jot plentiful in this region, but it gow.i amongst the tucks below the glacier Yonder.' - He pointed to tho mountain above the village, nitrhed, turned abruptly fnm the window, and sHt down at his desk. The old man was very anry. lit re was a cu inee to increase the fame of his workshop. But there was no ppirit in the youths before him. He looked fror.s one to another, with nlniot jiathetic loninq to see some qnrk of geiiiuMn the faces. But all v.i re bent over their work, quite cuii t -tit to c ty with e.xijuisit'j skill the bj'iutiful designs hoi had made trom ten to titty years a ,o. Now his old hands had quite lost their cunning though his brain was a clear as ever. Jacques stood behind his master. His usually downcast eyes were up raised and shining. A daring thought had couie to tho boy's mind. Dead ened bj his own injuries, his brain yet found strong impetus in the sympathy which filled his generous heart. Ho felt in some occult manner that mon: ,"i,nr Wfts "luring acutely, nn.l to suf- ierin .ncjues h koiu whs Kecn'y rc pponwive. 'I will do it," bo said to himself, "I can carve. Jcaninvent." Hi mouth closed -firmly. His flashing eyes were lrenton monsieur's bowed head. When the master turned", he met this intense gaze,, which combined the look of a faithful dog with intelligent and dar ing sympathy. The old man's eyes filled as he mo tioned the lad away. Was it come to this, that he should be pitied by this dull soul? Jacques went out into the sunshine v like one in a dicani, uplifted from tho earth by wings who.se power. h s enree lv dared. to test. But he was speedily recalled to tho present by rude de mands on his services By the tiiuf be reached hi lair abovj1 tho goat's sheil, it was pr.st the sunset hour, and the afterglow w as spreading from the base to the snowy peaks of -the Ober land. Jacques sought in the semi-darkness-of the loft for a woolen box, with which h crept down the ladder t the hght. Hero beside old ' Nannette, the goat, he sat at ease, gloating over the treasures which he held forth one by ne. Nannette herself had often been hid model. Again the familiar tlower and leaves had served his purpose. Not a pupil iu the workshop of mon sieur could have improved thee" works by a touch. Jaeque knew it. He had listened too often to the lectures of the master dot to know the difference between good and bad work. His inspection of his designs seemed t give hiie courage as his gaze rested on the fad ing glow which tinged the rocks by ;h glacier. "I will do .if, monsieur," ss.i i h?, aloud. Night was falling when he ret ou! ' for the heights. The mo)a had not yet risen above the rooky spurs of the mountain, for the valley was narrow and deep. The air was chilled by a w ind that i-wept from the eternal snow of the glacier through the ragged gar ment of Jacques. But hope thrilled bis heart to t a dure- physical drscora fort. The Uet light frjm the villas disappeared as tae.boy climbed beyoad the interveniag trees. Hours and hours he must toil upward toward tb.9 cluster of chalets where he meant tc await the dawn. When Jacques stumbled into th moonlit road, the rough men ol the chalets wero asleep. Careless of a welcome, the veurj icu boldly ent-re J tho nearest shelter and lav down t rest, i He was awakened from his dreamless sleep by the hospitable ow net of the chalet who gave him food, aul the cheer of kindly words.. Jacques received this strange experience with his usual silence; but a radiant smile shone from his uplifted eyes, a3 he started again for the heights, Five thousand feet lelow him the valley was enveloped inmist which, to Jacques, seemed a veil that shut away from him the accustomed life of rruel drudgery. Ah! here was the agf h ! Itsalf not-vct visible, but tho snowv jtcakshad emerged from their clou 1 of mist, and stood tinged with pink and gold against thciblue bky, Jacque began to sing. Up and up rose the snn above tlu mountains, till they shone with heat. There was now no shelter, no trees, no shrubs. The flowery slopes lay far below, and the goat track ceased at the foot of the glacier. Henceforth the way to the rocks pointed out by Monsieur Perrot was broken and hard to follow ; bnt here, and there coo1 streamlets gurgled from under the boulders blocking the road, and Jacques sank beside them to drink and rest. He could almost hear the throbbing of his heart in these. solitudes. He looked down at the village, a mere jlot m tho valley. The haze of early morning had long since vanished. He I A I t II . . 1 usTen jti almost ieariuiiv to ino roar of the torrent tearing its way over the rocky precipices. Afar the solemu resonance of the avalanche seemed to thrill the universo. Jacques was now in sight of tho huge rock: to which monsieur had pointed as the home oj the edelweiss. Jacques rubbed his eyes, dazzled by the glare an.d glitter of sunbeam around him ; then with breathless eagerness climbed on beside the tor rent and up, up, up. At last tlu edelweiss! -Bright though the sun might I c about Jacques, that was but a darL day in tho workshop. Everything went wrong. Models were displaced, dust covered the floor, and the pup J who volunteered his services t ch ar the room upset some fragile work ol tho master's. Monsieur IVrrot cr "1 vehemently ?, hundred times that morning, "Where is this Jacques? I'll belabor him soundly when he arrive--!" A second day p:issed, and by t!iis time a goat-herd, arriving nt the n i 1 -lage, mentioned incidentally thai Jacques had passed ' the Ifight'in lu' 'chalet. The villagers ler.i ned to mis? him in the week that followed, an ) nursed their wrath i.t his ttmcritv in thus breaking tie routine of bisUe. The authorities decided that a rie-spon-ger should be sent t,o bring bim back to the village; but this step was rendered unnecessary, as one day jf.eques reappeared, a little paler aud more ragged than before, but appar ently .the same humble drudge. Somo thought him ovei more silent than be- fore. Nothing could induce him-, to tell Why or where ho had been on tho mountain. As bv maoric the workshop re turned to its former order, and Mou- i sicur IVrrot could devote bis time to j the choice of the geods for the. storo at Interlaken. He was enduring bitter mortification of spirit. His friend, the proprietor of the art museum, had said : j "It is certain some pnnil from the workshop of Monsieur Perrot will carry of the five hundred francs." ' "Why so?" monsieur had rep He, 1 1 with eager vanity. His friend w; ive 1 -his hand in the direction of the works of art just laid out for, choice. "No other work comes up to this." he re plied, "though I've seen ail the de signs before." Poor Mo&fieux Perrot 1 He would haTt permitted this season to pass withor.t : visiting Interlaken if his living h- 1 not depetui'i on these sales. Soaae weeks, later he opened tb tour of his workshop with c glossy ; i air on morning. ' Ia a fer hours bt ' must start for Iatcrlikea. Ee paused , "with his haad oa the latch, cxst;r.g j angry glances oa his pupils th?y ; came clattering aud laughing Ica; the stone-paved street. '.'Fotds! Pigs!" he murmured. 'They have no souls, no r.mbitipns !" 1 He entered the workshop and ap- , proaclu-ti his dcrk. Here he halted ja cit-,i- iorprise, aad looked rouad witu eye that swam with tears oa tne soisy youths & they entered. "Tell me!" said he, "Which ol vou? He pointed to his desk upon which Etood an exquisite carving of edelweiss apparently growing from some toeki piled skilfully around it. In a mo ment the whole troop clustered roun 1 the master. Mouths fell open with surprise, eyes' widened with intense astonishment. Monsieur Perrot looked upon them benignantly. "You were not willing that the old man s workshop should lose its re nown?" said he, his voice tremblin; with emotion. "Let me embrace him who has done this beautiful work!' They hung their heads. "Not I, I not V was hrd, until, abashed, all fclunk away to the benches". Monsieur stood bewildered. His enraptured gaze seemed absorbed iu the perfection of the edelweiss. At length he turned to his pupils. "Messieurs," said he, scathing theni with his glance, ''this is a work of genius ! You . are right. This is ncne of vours. He paused. His roving, fiery glance caught the radiant smile of Jacaues. w.io stood breathless in the doorwav, laming on his broom. A light broke iL noon the mind of tho old artist: scales fell from his eves. "Jacques !" he cried. "You?" I Wi ll miirht the students be strucl: Hinili with surorisr. for tho pptI -in-I Htuut saw "stupid Jacques," the village crndge, held close in the embrace of the master. "You shall sweep no more, my son, my son!" cried Monsieur Perrot, brushing aside his tears of iov. Then politely holding out the broom to tht' vorkmen. he said : "Messieurs, for tho future this im j)le;nent will be wielded in turn by one and another of vou, fox Jacques He looked down on the lad with un speakable tenderness. '"You have saved the old man's name from dishonor. Heuee'orth we shall be as father and sou. Cornel To In- terlakeul" He released the bewildeJed lad From his embrace, and carefully took up the precious work of art. Monsieur Perrot held it out well iu view of the open-mouthed pupils. "Messieurs, adieu! said he, bowiujf derisively in their direction Then laying one arm : r nnd the bent shoulders of the village drudge, he bore Jacipies away to the world rve- vond the vallev. where fame and ! fortune awaited bis areuius. Youtv Companion. 0m of Pussia"; Queer Sects. . The Old Believers-, or Men of the Ancient Faith, are a Russian sect, so called because they cling tenaciously to the old service books, the old ver sions of the Hible, the old hymn book, the obi prayer book and all the customs that were iu vogue iu the liussian church previous to the re forms effected by the Fatrirreh Nicou in th seventeenth century. They uv the old Slavonic alphabet in their lit urgical books ; they; make the sign of the cross in a' different manner t that customary in the parent church. The processions in their churches walk from right to left instead of frm left to right, as Nicon ordered. They think ! unlawful to eat certain kinds of fod. including hare and potatoes, and they prove from the Old Testament that it is unlawful to cut their beards. They never celebrate tho i-ucharist, and only administer baptism at the ap proach of death. Some of them are fanatics, au 1 delare all temporal and civil government to be anti-Christian ; teach the community of goods, extol suicide and voluntarily barn them selves alive rather thin be forced into compliance w-ith the rites end cere monies of the National church. They are chiefly found among the peasants, and their poverty may be one of the causes of their possessing ao places o! public worship and meeting in" each other's houses instead. They were per ieuted aade Peter L , w ho Ia;! double laxes oa them, but his si cetsor. es pee;ally Catharice II. aad .Uexaader I., adopted a ..::!der policy with the u'.n'e of winning them Toach i. iht ExsUra church. Dreoiiyn E-igl-?. TLrtc ror.tes for a ehhic line fo tV,-.-fcd-aich Is!nnds have bci: survey su, iad -.aca is said to Vc practitbK GOOD ROADS. DISCUSSING THE PROBLEM OF BETTER HIGHWAYS. Economy of Good Roads Shown by Eufope Should tthe National Government Undertake tho Work Cost Ier Mile. T has been estimated that, in ad dition to the good roads already possessed by this country, in or der that a system equal to the best in Europe may 1h had, it would be necessary to build or rebuild about one million miles, a reasonable. Vsti mate of the cost of which is $4000 a mile, or $400,000,000 for the whole country. Enormous as must be the cost of constructing a system of first- class highways, it would appear that, inHheir present deplorable conditior, the roads are expensive almost be yond comparison. According to the census tmreau, there were in tho country Juno 1. 18'JO. lf.976.017 horses, 2,246,036 muies and 40,109 asses. A prominent authority gives twenty-five cents a day as his estimate of the cost of feed for each animal. TakinS ihis as ft h the expense, of feedinS this vast number for a single daJ aggregates over 3J,31,000 or more thfm Sl.STC.OOO.OOO in one year It is said that on the smooth stone roa',s OI ceT European countries a i j , ..... uoK can move a neavier load than i? tlrawu on an av"n8 this country by a horse, and that horso there pulls easily three times as heavy load as equally good American animals move with difficulty. A conclusion which many, no doubt, will draw from this is that about one-third of the pres ent number of horses would . give bet ter service with first-class wagon roads than is row enjoyed. However, in view of the fact that a considerable share of these animals is owned in the cities, where there are more or less of good pavements, the number could be reduced only one-half instead of two thirds. This would mean a lessening of the feed expense of $788,000,000 a year. The average earnings of capital in the United States are about three per I cent. Oajhis bnsis the unnecessary J expense of $78,000,000 in miantnin I ing what would, with good r.mds, be J surplus stock, represents the interest on an average investment of more than $26,000, 000, 0i XL This is more than six times tho investment require'.! fo? the building of 1,000,000 miles of good stone roads at a cot of $1000 a mile. It is inconceivable to many how the idea can bo entertained for a moment that the construction and maintenance of highways em be safely intrusted to individuals or private corporations for gain. Only a little iu advance of thic, it is declared, however, is the so-called subdistrict road supervisor system. County control, a n nib shows still a marked improvement over the two. plans named, and wherever the States have entered into tho field of road building with effective legislation an even greater improvement is noted. But of all roads ever constructed in the United St ites those which th National Government has built un questionably are or have been the best. A striking illustration of the com parative merits of National and local management of public jroa Is is to be found in Germany. The let roads of th&t country were built bv th? State which now constitute tho Empir wniie they wer? yet independent king doms, aad they were thus the creation of National Governments. Absorbed into the Empire, the States were no longer distinct Nations. What hai been National lefore ta'them now sunk to the rank of the provincial. The roads, hid1 ben constantly im proved previous to . the formation oi the Empire. Nuw Narrower anc cheaper roads are built, aad the high ways of tho Fatherland, excellent they are, do noi compare favorably with thus- of Fraace, over whic!; National authority is exercised. Uctil receatly the inhabitants 0; cities in this coaatry hav, geaerll? regarded the building of country roads as an undertaking -h.;cb Ik locged to the farmer alone, the ex pease of which he Lo Ud b"r. O late, hrough natural causes and thr general agitation f th question, t Wtter understanding hs-s be ea reached. The mnd blockades in the Trious eec tivss of the conatrv ia th. g fet years nave servexl to bring mercbsotf of towns and smaller cities to m re?iz ing. sense of what htu rods meta" Three years ago the merchant of t Ohio city of 30,000 inhabitant lost ox account of. muddy foods, in two wevkf of the holiday season over $100,00? of trade. Smaller cities and towns, of course, u Acred still more in propor tion, Wing more directly dependent npon the trade which the farmers stjp plied. 'rho quickest and most witiafactort and iu fact tho ouly sure way to ikv cure good public highways throughout the country, in the opinion vf many, is for tho National Oovernm;t. ijc step iu on I exorcise it rightful n thority. j There exists in the connTJ a strong sentiment adverse to the is uing of additional National Ixmdv Can the road hi built without run ning the Government into debt? By Miilding a reasonable peniion of tho xiads eaeh year until oil shall have been constructed, and ly apportion ing tho expenses among the Nation, the States aujl Territories, tho coun lies, aud possibly tho toanshijw, it is ;elicvcd it will bo found possible to secure toe coveted good roads without tuning bonds. Twenty years would he a reasonably short period for tho building of 1,000.000 mile. of suit able highways. This would require the construction of 50,000 uiilesp.fr rear. Tw o hundred millions of dollars t ould be the annual expense. Ou tho convenient supposition that the Na tion nt large should bear one-half and that the States and Territories.togethr cr with tho counties ond towns, should bear tho balance, tho General Gorem ment would bo compelled to appro-' priato annually $100,000,000. This would not represent a very considera ble additional burden, for now three fourths of that amount is expended by theroHal department on nignways. Of theremaining $25,000,000 Urge Bhare. say $10,000,000, could bowipcd out by employing regular army force on the roads.in thoso sections whW their presence is required; As a rule,' it may be said, no less than 20,000 men, who now find army lifo irksotno because of its idle monotony, could bo employed to good account on the high ways. I The majority t the State Govern ments, as well ss the countiea and townships, it is ixdievcd, could also provide for the expense which tbey w ould be expected to bear that the tax' burden would not be greatly increased during the period of construction. Moreover, the expense could ne made even less onerous by the employment of the inousands of criminals in each commonwealth, and nt the same time remove from free labur an objection able ela8 of com petitory New York World. ' ' The Tea Road. - Ke-gu, the half-way halting place otf tbrt famou tea road between tho Chinese border town Ta-ehien-ln and the Thibetan capital, is the centre of the tea trade, and, accordingly, the, residence of nnmeroti tea mtrchonta.- ii nn.H tnnnv inuic'3 innnoiiaui. m m t mandarin from Si-ning, and man . W . . . . . . MA Chinese who chiefly bring the tea here, to sell it to the Thibetan mer chants, who forward it to Lbaftoa. I The currency iu this trade is tho Indian ru which, however, i often disim!eI with, and then the tea is bartered by tbe Chinee Jot wool, hides and furs, gold dust, mer cury, and other Thibetan product, for importation into China. The tea (branches as well as leaves) is packed in pressed bricks, about fourteen inches Ion?, ten wide, and four thick. Eight of tbee.brick re sewa in kin, and a yk carries two ekia..' All Thibetans drink V They boil it, branches and all. iu water, with little h'Aa. aad salt, sa l before drink ing add butter, barley flour, (which is cille i Usdpa.'j and dried oatiro cheese. Tbe solid part of this- rail tare, wbea mcrly moiotened with s little liquid tea and raade op into bird hitlr. U colled ba. aad Izzcus th ttiple food of Thibet. The chief raeit consamd ii, rnnttoa, upsc which the blick teat people lire, rsheep aro cheap. Iu the interior of thi country they et from one rape U tao ruptp. For winter coasump lion, they are killed early ia tho cold --.M)ti, aad the meat is froiea. -latkjasl Eeritw.