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Jama fiy THE FARMER A.rTD MECHANIC. 1.12 I ,! ill fi 1 1 t ; 'i 1 1 ; ! '. ;i - in i n ; ! I !iU hi ! hi i s hi1 m S North Carolina Cotton and Cotton Mills. It nwy have been observed that Senator Gordon, in speaking of South ern cotton manufactures, gives the first place to Georgia, and passes North Carolina with barely " brief mention Possibly he was unaware that almobt within view from hi car window, as he rode through the State en route to Congress, are more than twenty fac tories a larger number than may be found, we imagine, in any other whole State of the South. But not to speak at random, we have been at some trouble in compiling from various sources the following list of cotton mills now in operation in North Caro lina : Count v. . Alexander.. Alamance. . do. do do do do. . . do Cabarrus . . . do do Cleveland . . do Catawba . . . do Caldwell . . . Chatham.. . do Craven Cumberl'nd do. do do Forsvthe. . . Franklin. . . Gaston do do do do do Guildford . . Halifax Iredell do Johnston . . Lincoln McDowell. . Mecklenbr g Nash N. Hanover. Orange Randolph . . do do do Richmond. . do do Rockingh'm Surrv I do i r. Name. 44 16 30 50 20 24 24 IN 15 12 523 Tavlorville Mills. 70; 1200 Clover Orchard. jSaxapahaw. i Columbia Mills. Falls of Neuse Co. 1200 E. 31. Holt & Son .110 4356' Col. T. M. Holt. 5000 J. II. Holt & Co. 812' Rockr River. 1500,Phifer & Allison. 1500 Odell & Co. 828 Schenk & Co. Double Shoal M. 1000 Powell & Shuf ord 1200 Claywell fc Co. VW Harper Co. 1600'Bynum MTg Co. jHenly & Co. 2000 Clavpoole & Co. 752WO John Shaw. 60'2800 John Shaw. 14000' Rockfish MV Co. ISOSOBeaverC'k M'gCo 10' 161 4 ; Fries & Co. (Jones' Mills. 3G00;Voodlawn Mill. 24 1 100, Stow e Factory. 100! 3500 1 Tate's " 75 250o.Lineberger & Co. '4W(A. y.. Khvne K Co 3500, Wilson & Moore. 3G00 Oakdale MTgCo 1500; John T. Bellamv. I Cane Creek Mills. 620, V. Turner & Son 200. W. Edgerton. 1800 Phifer & Co. 408 H. C. Bennett, bt 1000 E. C. Crier's Mill. 64 304, Battle & Son. i Wilmington. 2300 S. W. Hoi man. 25 1200 H. Parks, Agent. 20,1100 Deep River Mill. I 1 Cedar Falls " 200,500) Randleman M. Co 130 3840 J. W. Leak, Pres. 100'2016 Pee Dee Mills. iMallov's Mill. 80,3032 .Moreheads Mills. 240 Gwvn& Chathm Green Hill Mills. 26 12 The aggregate capital invested in these mills may be estimated at above 11,600,000. They employ from 12 to 150 operatives ; the average of the whole being 44 to the mill. The goods manufactured are shirtings, sheetings, ginghams, carpet wraps, plaids and stripes, jeans, kerseys, twine, double and single yarns. &c. The Messrs. Battle, of Rocky Mount, have three warp mills and on rope machine. Franklinville mills make seamless bags. NORTH CAROLINA COTTON. While upon the subject, we will men tion that North Carolina, though not considered a "cotton State," is fast taking rank with her more Southern sisters in producing the fleecy staple. When single towns, like Raleigh or Charlotte, buy 40,000 in a season, there can be no doubt that the State is great ly increasing her product. In truth, North Carolina has special advantages for cotton growing. Our climate admits of its culture bv white labor ; and our proximity to the sea board and the great Northern mart, gives ua the preference when orders are to be filled. Besides, the charac ter of our upland cotton is highly es teemed. Improved by the vse of fer tilizers, the staple is white as snow ; and without that dirt, grit and sand, which in many portions of the Gulf States drifts from the coast, and proves ruinous to the machinery wherein the cotton is worked. These favorable characteristics have led many of the leading Northern fac tories to establish agencies for buvins , 1 iii " aii - - - 1 (132) of males and female inmates in the Asylum ;and these were added during the year 53 : making a total of 317. But there were also 98 tuw applicants irho could not ?' receive I ! 3'J were discharged ; 13 cured ; 15 died. Of the 53 admissions, 3 females and 2 males were from "religious ex citement 4 females from domestic trouble ; 4 frm intemieran e ; and the majorities of the others from dis e:te. The report would ;in to .-.how that funds alloted for the supiort of the Asylum are much too small. The sal aries of all officers and employee? were reduced 20 pr cent, during the lat live months of 1877. Yet the In stitution is still cramped. The Sup erintendent says : The mo-t piteous appeals for relief, the most imierative calls for help and rescue are coming up, throughout our broad State, and again and again the fuendly aNtance of legislative mem bers or executive and judicial officers, is invoked to ask of this Board a yet farther extension of duties and res ponsibilities to receive and relieve some case deemed exceptional, some desperate maniac in bonds and chains, or some lovely woman, whom medical aid might snatch from utter destruc tion. Too Much Crape. It is surprising how many ladies one meets with, who wear the funeral black. It is far more surprising that so foolish and hurtful a practice should hold its own against the reason and common-sense of nine in ten of those who adopt it. Custom and tradition, of course, have great weight with the ordinary mind, but we wonder that the leaders of society do not lend their influence tobreak, or change, an unmeaning habit, which entails useless expense, often where it can be poorly borne : which often grievously depresses the spirits ; al ready inthedepths of despair ; which, on the other hand, often makes an hypocritical pretence of sorrow that is not felt ; which in many instances af fects the wealth of the wearer, and which from its universality has ceased to be a special act of respect and rever ence. Having become the rule, it is requisite in all cases, whether the dead relative was. or was. not worthy of be ing beloved. In fact, the custom is entirely arbitrary. There is nothing in a black suit to express sympathy. In ancien I Italy the women wear white, and men brown, for mourning colors. White is still worn in China. In Tur ky, Syria and Armenia, blue is the funeral color. In Egypt, yellow, in dicating that man falls like the sere leaf in some countries. Europe and America alone wear the detestable sa ble. And we know more than one noble woman, who would be cheerfully performing her duty in the world to day but for the excessive melancholy suggested by the constant remainder of her own glory and dress. The War. The Turks are badly whipped. They evacuated Adrianople, blowing up the magazines and burn ing the public buildings. Hundreds of thousands of refugees are crowding to Constantinople. Three train loads of the poor wretches, in open box-cars, were three days without food or shel ter, with snow and sleet steadilv fall- insr. As manv as 15 to the car were frozen stiff. These items jrive some idea of the horrors of civilized war fare ! Truce-commissioners have been sent by the Turks, but meanwhile the Russian advance thunders onward to wards the Bosphorus. Plainly the Sultan must buy peace at a fearful price. And now men's eves are turned to see what England will do. The Ilillsboro Recorder utters our thought in denouncing the venality of the Northern Press, in the great monev centres. It savs 4 'The most alarming feature of the nresent financial strurrle is the ve- i, .... . . - in an our crusi towns, thus permitting nalitvof the citv press of the North our farmers to sell directlv to thp mills To that press the country is inclined without inmirnW th to look for leadership, because in it is w - - O .vjuu&i?- Bions of the New York or Baltimore broker. We are pleased to note these facts ; because we consider cotton the best money-crop we can have. It is light, clean, compact, easily handled, and always equivalent to cash. Look at the trouble of keeping $100 worth of hay, or corn, or potatoes, which com pels the Northern farmer to build large bams, whereas $100 worth of cotton can be rolled under a shed any where. There is little sense or profit in cul tivatmg cotton as an exclusive crop ; but after the farmer has insured for himself a plentiful crop of corn, wheat, vegetables and fruits, he will do well 11 1 . 1 m comuinea so mucn or xaieut, ot in formation and of political knowledge and experience as to present all the qualifications for safe guidance ; added to which, there has been such appear ance of independent thought and fear less criticisms of wrong as at least to maintain the promise that justice, honesty and fairness would live and eventually survive a general deluge of corruption. But the iower of money has svduced the press, and with no exception that we can recall. North ern journalism is arrayed on the side of the money power as against the in terests of all the country besides. It is impossible to conceive that all the country outside of the money centres is wrong : that all its intelligence is at fault : that all its sufferings are unreal: and that all the remedies it proposes are irrational or dishonorable. The worst cure that has befallen the Fifty-four railroads, representing 3.!?75 miles of track, were sold under the hammer, by foreclosure mortgage. hxl year. Proceedings to sell gun against 57 other road-, represent ing ." rnih.-. Tiii-' hws the con dition of the country: yet .-very at tempt to better limit'!'.- i u : ! -s tli as.-lini!l"e " h. .e are n well : let thiriirs take th -ir urr-." A Desirable Home and Cheap Farm for Sa,le. Ideated in a pha-ant thriin- il lage on an imjortant i.'ailroa 1. Em braces a good Farm of :kt-s of upland ani bottom land, adapted toail crops grown in the Stat", im luding all the fruits. Is as healthy as can In found in the State. Fine watt r. goni orchard garden, 3 tenant's larms and houses, one residence with S rooms, good barn and other out-building. Also. 1 hotel. 1 store house, 1 new, handsome cottage with rive rooms. 1 double house, and alut X building lots in the village. Two churches, - steam saw mills, one drug store, and 8 stores for general merchandise, and a good, live, enterprising community. The village was started in 173. and is nourishing. A change of business, de manding the removal of the party to another portion of the State, is the rea son it is on the market. Price, $14,000, one half cash, and the remainder one and two years' time. Good oppor tunity for a colony of eight to twenty families, as other lands around the vil lage can be bought at fair prices. They want immigrants. For particulars, address the Commissioner of Agricul ture, llaleigh, N. C. tfommcrrtal. Northern Markets By Telegraph. New Yokk, Jamiarv lTsj Gold dull at 2V Ster F.x do at 2 Miin -v do at 5 COTTON' STATE ( F MARKET QUALITY" I. ECP 3 YO K PHII.A. Halt. Norfolk Chakli-s" Liverpool: firm firm stpaiy rirm d? niiet itplands UlZ t Orleans li 'Middling 11 Middling 11 3 Middling 11 Mid iiinir tl Mi Idling 6 lril NORTH CAROLINA MARKETS. WILMINGTON. Cotton, 10 spirits turpentine qui't and ste.vdy at ;o Rosin linn, si. 4 for strained. Crn ! turpen tine steady at tl.3 for liar I : S-Llo for vho s and virSiii tar, Sl'O. CHARLOTTE. Cotton active; middlings IC1. Co:n. fl.mr and meal in demand: N. C. fi.-ur S !."": 3 75 per sa k ; wheat, Sl,-- dl-r": co n. : ia con, sides, i3 lU; ham, egs, 1$ W RALEIGH COTTON M.WtKET. Kaleigh, Jan. 23, lTS. Middling Strict L.w Middling Low Middling' Strict (iood Ordinary Good Ordinary ordinary y CITY MARKET WHOLESALE PRICES. Ketall prices run 5 to ir per cent, ldgher Cotton Ties, new t spliced 4 Bagging 11 ?r Flour, North Carolina f-5 6 o0 v v-s Corn Corn Mal. 70 Q xj Eac n. N. C. Host, round l-l$ " hams 12Ui$ 13 Bulk Meats, clear rib sides... vv26i? 9 shoulders 7 7 North Carolina Fork 8 9 Lard, North Carolina 12 121 Western tierce 1' 1.' Cvffee. prime Itio KOod 20 d$ conn jon ls. Svrup. S. H 34 d 36 Mdases, Cuba 4o a!t, Liverpool fine SI SJ 4 Evans' J 0 n Nails, on b sis for l'.-s o5 sugar , white. yellow lo & 11 a ii & A-ainer, reu s ie oak tanned 4 Hides, sreen 4 ' dry 10 Tallow 7 Iri-di potatoes new 2.' 0 Oats, shelled sti af. frin wagon 5 La'ed lo Fodder, baled, new 1 Ou Hay, N. C. based, go d ni Kggs, per dozen 15 Butter. N. C, '20 25 lieeswax Ras.... Eeef.on foot dressed, prim.... S"10 7 6 9 tHKV7Artfl8lMii'M jHE.QUALLED H EVERT ESSm- frPrCTDriirllf minimi TV :ctwork CHOK SEND FOR CATAL01UE" PRICE-LIST. IMPROVEMENTS have been mad? in these Plows since last season. Thev are now The Cheapest and Best in use. At the last North Carolina State Fair thev were awarded SEVEN FIRST PREMIUMS overall competitors, mak ing: the fifth successive year that these Plows have been awarded all premiums. SOLD AT GREATLY PRICES. jan 24 Sm. REDUCED to plant half a dozen acres in cotton to HtPlV116 mbinations of sell for cah to pay taxes, school bills, ana a curse iess tolerable is th.it of .1 preacher and doctor bills, and above press bought to favor and defend allThe Printer ! them." Yes, and we see the same insidious The Living Dead. On our table scoundrelism work in some of the lies a small pamphlet that contains leading Southern cities, such as Rich- nota little food for thought. It is mond, New Orleans, Nashville and Dr. Grisson'3 report of the Insane for Charleston. Let the honest Press of the year ending, Nov. 30th, 1ST7. The I the South doitsdutvat all risk. SULPHATE POTASH, NITRATE POTASH, SULPHATE AMMONIA, MAGNESIA POTASH, nSSOLTZD AND HA 77 22i:S. PERi VIAN(;LN. PLASTER. at NVw Yrk prices. C. L . UPSHUR, I.KAl.Hil KXl I.OIVKLY IN FERTH.IZKR.-s WATER ST.. NORFOLK. jnn -M-r.i BOILERS and MACHINERY, NEW AND sFAONI) HAND Lanes' Patent Saw-Mills and Set Works, ruUTAT.U: (.iUIsl MIL! S PLAN I N U M A C 11 1 N ES. STEAM PI MPS, P.OILER KEEPERS, &c. Mill lirarini: an.l furnihinjz a siciapy. 4- setnl tor circul rs anil iefriptiv i ice 1st i f s-ruiui hand maciiinery and name of uur ii.itroiis. Jan IT ly Richuiona, a. ENGINES ! McCALLUM & COOPER, FOUN3ERS, Machinists and Engine Builder;. RALE Kill N. U. M;,:iuf;n tun r f Enpiiif- f ra!l nr -.-s. and S;i Millsa sin rialty. AN Lr.;:u - ! GINNING, GRINDING AND MANUFACTURING, of all Lf'. f r :n SIX HOUSE I'OWKU TU THIIITY HoKsK nVL!:. Plans drawn. etii:i:itf- furnih d. iattt in- ? notict. rnadr arid w'i! !i?Ml v KIXGSLEYA ASHLEY Architect and lluiltlerM, THE RALEIGH PLAINING MILLS, Scroll Sawing, &c, $cc. ORPERS LEFT WITH JULIUS LEWIS CO., Promptly attended to. Ralep;il N. C, jan 4 ; 2 ai T EOI'FER TO THE FARMERS OF THE W SOUTH OUR Improved Plows, of various kinds, COTTON PLOWS. CULTIVATORS AND TURN PLOWS. with extra adjustable wii.gs. S W IB IE IE5 S ANI Half y weeps, suitable to cultivate any an 1 all crops, which we warrant to be Equal to any Manufactured NORTH OR SOUTH. Send for price list. W. P. DP NX & CO.. ia- .lii :2n Forestville, X. C. 1VIAGNUS EESSBURG, DEALER IN Calf-Skins, Harness Leather, Leather and Shoe Findings, 1404 MAIN STREET, RICHMOND, VA. Hides and Countrv Leather bought. Jan 17 3:n CHAS. D. YATES, Bookseller and Stationer, -AN DEALER IX MUSIC. ORDERS by mail from Teachers aii'l Merchants slicitel anl promptly attended to. novl-ly. GreenslKro. N. C. THE DURHAM WAREHOUSE. 4 DURHAM, N. C, Sella More TJlicco at Ilijtr Average I Vice C. W. WESTBROOK'S WILSON NURSERIES. WILSON. N. C. 1C0.(.h choice Fruit Trees. Vines ami Plants for Spring planting. 17. All trees warranted true to name. Our stock is giving general satisfaction. Reliable agents war ted. Special in ducements ollered to dealers. Send for descriptive list and prices. Address. C. W. WESTBROOK & CO.. Box 09. Wilson. N. C. jan 24 1m. Facilities for handling large quanti ties unsurpassed. Next door to the largest Smoking Tobacco Factory in United States. All business promptly attended to. HIGHEST PRICES GUARANTEED. I i j Always sell at Headquarters, and ! everybody knows Blackwell's Durham I Warehouse is that place. i i 3. J. ?A??.I5H ?f3"3r::-;cr nov.lo-tf. J. C. BREWSTER, DEALER IN HARDWARE, STOVES. TIXWARE, PAINTS AND OILS. Write for prices and refer to this ad- J vertisement. novl.Vlv. Of all kinds neatly, quickly, reliably and cheaply done. For all and any information in regard to m.n liinei v r inn itaas. McCALLUM & COOPER, P. O. liox ty,T. R.M.l'.bni. N :. i ENGINES ! ENGINES TE OFFER TO Till: FARMERS OF NORTH CAROLINA THE ( : r. M ' 1 t r j. V- i 'I which we warrant to excel all others in Efficiency, Lightness of Draft and Kconoiny In orW to secure the GKNTINI-: 1't.OW i uro!:a- r- l.oul.l !!.:.( !!; V. n:mes and adtlres st-iiei:ij'! n ih -m. Circulars iurnished on ai'I:c ilin. jan4-ly K. II. I'l.UMMr.U - AHE YOU GOim TO BUILD ? WRITE AND CUT OFR PRUT, Foi: C3 2 S CQ i MIA M I ml) f H Ix ?2 j 5 8 Anl Gsaraatee to Fcn:?li Yen Such Occds VKKV Ml'rll CH HAITI! t!:a:i y- u c hi h,y t!i m 11 Thoroughly Seasoned! No Shrinking!! gerhaps Xou are Going to Paint ? on: sto k or LEADS, OILS and WINDOW GLASS. IS MUVIITIIH LAi:iE.Vf IN T1IK TA TH. HARDWARE OF EVERY DESCRIPTION JULIUS IIIWI-s v 7 Write for Prices. RALEIGH. N C X? N.T.BLACKWEU&Cp iv-a;,-.;; film 1 smooW f)sL 5 Tt?, r -x. Ti J- - -i tl GO 7Z Z 5 2 -' rrtab and Stati-i:ary ; saw-MJIK nri-illlls O Iiirs.Catiiir,iuf l-;ras and Iron :Horri;'"s. &c. Machinery for Gold and Coal Mines, lil.AST Fl' Ii ATI'S Ar We call peclal attentl.a to uur lMlIiuVHI "OHTAUI.E ENdINK, r x 5 3 Z for agricultural and ether purpose. Also to c. lie SlJitT Small Locomotives for baullng lumber and ether ar.ic'.esupontramways and narrowgauge raJiwaya. v..