THE FARMER A.rTD MECHANIC.
fi 1 1
t ; 'i
1 1 ;
! hi i
North Carolina Cotton and Cotton
It nwy have been observed that
Senator Gordon, in speaking of South
ern cotton manufactures, gives the first
place to Georgia, and passes North
Carolina with barely " brief mention
Possibly he was unaware that almobt
within view from hi car window, as
he rode through the State en route to
Congress, are more than twenty fac
tories a larger number than may be
found, we imagine, in any other whole
State of the South. But not to speak
at random, we have been at some
trouble in compiling from various
sources the following list of cotton
mills now in operation in North Caro
do. . .
Cabarrus . . .
Cleveland . .
Catawba . . .
Caldwell . . .
Forsvthe. . .
Franklin. . .
Guildford . .
Johnston . .
Randolph . .
12 523 Tavlorville Mills.
70; 1200 Clover Orchard.
i Columbia Mills.
Falls of Neuse Co.
1200 E. 31. Holt & Son
.110 4356' Col. T. M. Holt.
5000 J. II. Holt & Co.
812' Rockr River.
1500,Phifer & Allison.
1500 Odell & Co.
828 Schenk & Co.
Double Shoal M.
1000 Powell & Shuf ord
1200 Claywell fc Co.
VW Harper Co.
1600'Bynum MTg Co.
jHenly & Co.
2000 Clavpoole & Co.
752WO John Shaw.
60'2800 John Shaw.
14000' Rockfish MV Co.
10' 161 4 ; Fries & Co.
24 1 100, Stow e Factory.
100! 3500 1 Tate's "
75 250o.Lineberger & Co.
'4W(A. y.. Khvne K Co
3500, Wilson & Moore.
3G00 Oakdale MTgCo
1500; John T. Bellamv.
I Cane Creek Mills.
620, V. Turner & Son
200. W. Edgerton.
1800 Phifer & Co.
408 H. C. Bennett, bt
1000 E. C. Crier's Mill.
64 304, Battle & Son.
2300 S. W. Hoi man.
25 1200 H. Parks, Agent.
20,1100 Deep River Mill.
I 1 Cedar Falls "
200,500) Randleman M. Co
130 3840 J. W. Leak, Pres.
100'2016 Pee Dee Mills.
80,3032 .Moreheads Mills.
240 Gwvn& Chathm
Green Hill Mills.
The aggregate capital invested in
these mills may be estimated at above
11,600,000. They employ from 12 to
150 operatives ; the average of the
whole being 44 to the mill. The goods
manufactured are shirtings, sheetings,
ginghams, carpet wraps, plaids and
stripes, jeans, kerseys, twine, double
and single yarns. &c. The Messrs.
Battle, of Rocky Mount, have three
warp mills and on rope machine.
Franklinville mills make seamless bags.
NORTH CAROLINA COTTON.
While upon the subject, we will men
tion that North Carolina, though not
considered a "cotton State," is fast
taking rank with her more Southern
sisters in producing the fleecy staple.
When single towns, like Raleigh or
Charlotte, buy 40,000 in a season, there
can be no doubt that the State is great
ly increasing her product.
In truth, North Carolina has special
advantages for cotton growing. Our
climate admits of its culture bv white
labor ; and our proximity to the sea
board and the great Northern mart,
gives ua the preference when orders
are to be filled. Besides, the charac
ter of our upland cotton is highly es
teemed. Improved by the vse of fer
tilizers, the staple is white as snow ;
and without that dirt, grit and sand,
which in many portions of the Gulf
States drifts from the coast, and proves
ruinous to the machinery wherein the
cotton is worked.
These favorable characteristics have
led many of the leading Northern fac
tories to establish agencies for buvins
, 1 iii " aii - - - 1
(132) of males and female inmates
in the Asylum ;and these were added
during the year 53 : making a total
of 317. But there were also 98 tuw
applicants irho could not ?' receive I !
3'J were discharged ; 13 cured ; 15
died. Of the 53 admissions, 3 females
and 2 males were from "religious ex
citement 4 females from domestic
trouble ; 4 frm intemieran e ; and
the majorities of the others from dis
e:te. The report would ;in to .-.how that
funds alloted for the supiort of the
Asylum are much too small. The sal
aries of all officers and employee? were
reduced 20 pr cent, during the
lat live months of 1877. Yet the In
stitution is still cramped. The Sup
erintendent says :
The mo-t piteous appeals for relief,
the most imierative calls for help and
rescue are coming up, throughout our
broad State, and again and again the
fuendly aNtance of legislative mem
bers or executive and judicial officers,
is invoked to ask of this Board a yet
farther extension of duties and res
ponsibilities to receive and relieve
some case deemed exceptional, some
desperate maniac in bonds and chains,
or some lovely woman, whom medical
aid might snatch from utter destruc
tion. Too Much Crape. It is surprising
how many ladies one meets with, who
wear the funeral black. It is far more
surprising that so foolish and hurtful
a practice should hold its own against
the reason and common-sense of nine
in ten of those who adopt it. Custom
and tradition, of course, have great
weight with the ordinary mind, but
we wonder that the leaders of society
do not lend their influence tobreak, or
change, an unmeaning habit, which
entails useless expense, often where it
can be poorly borne : which often
grievously depresses the spirits ; al
ready inthedepths of despair ; which,
on the other hand, often makes an
hypocritical pretence of sorrow that is
not felt ; which in many instances af
fects the wealth of the wearer, and
which from its universality has ceased
to be a special act of respect and rever
ence. Having become the rule, it is
requisite in all cases, whether the dead
relative was. or was. not worthy of be
ing beloved. In fact, the custom is
entirely arbitrary. There is nothing
in a black suit to express sympathy. In
ancien I Italy the women wear white,
and men brown, for mourning colors.
White is still worn in China. In Tur
ky, Syria and Armenia, blue is the
funeral color. In Egypt, yellow, in
dicating that man falls like the sere
leaf in some countries. Europe and
America alone wear the detestable sa
ble. And we know more than one noble
woman, who would be cheerfully
performing her duty in the world to
day but for the excessive melancholy
suggested by the constant remainder
of her own glory and dress.
The War. The Turks are badly
whipped. They evacuated Adrianople,
blowing up the magazines and burn
ing the public buildings. Hundreds
of thousands of refugees are crowding
to Constantinople. Three train loads
of the poor wretches, in open box-cars,
were three days without food or shel
ter, with snow and sleet steadilv fall-
insr. As manv as 15 to the car were
frozen stiff. These items jrive some
idea of the horrors of civilized war
fare ! Truce-commissioners have been
sent by the Turks, but meanwhile the
Russian advance thunders onward to
wards the Bosphorus. Plainly the
Sultan must buy peace at a fearful
price. And now men's eves are turned
to see what England will do.
The Ilillsboro Recorder utters our
thought in denouncing the venality
of the Northern Press, in the great
monev centres. It savs
4 'The most alarming feature of the
nresent financial strurrle is the ve-
i, .... . . -
in an our crusi towns, thus permitting nalitvof the citv press of the North
our farmers to sell directlv to thp mills To that press the country is inclined
without inmirnW th to look for leadership, because in it is
w - - O .vjuu&i?-
Bions of the New York or Baltimore
We are pleased to note these facts ;
because we consider cotton the best
money-crop we can have. It is
light, clean, compact, easily handled,
and always equivalent to cash. Look
at the trouble of keeping $100 worth of
hay, or corn, or potatoes, which com
pels the Northern farmer to build
large bams, whereas $100 worth of
cotton can be rolled under a shed any
where. There is little sense or profit in cul
tivatmg cotton as an exclusive crop ;
but after the farmer has insured for
himself a plentiful crop of corn, wheat,
vegetables and fruits, he will do well
11 1 . 1 m
comuinea so mucn or xaieut, ot in
formation and of political knowledge
and experience as to present all the
qualifications for safe guidance ; added
to which, there has been such appear
ance of independent thought and fear
less criticisms of wrong as at least to
maintain the promise that justice,
honesty and fairness would live and
eventually survive a general deluge of
corruption. But the iower of money
has svduced the press, and with no
exception that we can recall. North
ern journalism is arrayed on the side
of the money power as against the in
terests of all the country besides. It
is impossible to conceive that all the
country outside of the money centres
is wrong : that all its intelligence is at
fault : that all its sufferings are unreal:
and that all the remedies it proposes
are irrational or dishonorable.
The worst cure that has befallen the
Fifty-four railroads, representing
3.!?75 miles of track, were sold under
the hammer, by foreclosure mortgage.
hxl year. Proceedings to sell
gun against 57 other road-, represent
ing ." rnih.-. Tiii-' hws the con
dition of the country: yet .-very at
tempt to better limit'!'.- i u : ! -s tli
as.-lini!l"e " h. .e are n
well : let thiriirs take th -ir urr-."
A Desirable Home and Cheap
Farm for Sa,le.
Ideated in a pha-ant thriin- il
lage on an imjortant i.'ailroa 1. Em
braces a good Farm of :kt-s of
upland ani bottom land, adapted toail
crops grown in the Stat", im luding all
the fruits. Is as healthy as can In
found in the State. Fine watt r. goni
orchard garden, 3 tenant's larms and
houses, one residence with S rooms,
good barn and other out-building.
Also. 1 hotel. 1 store house, 1 new,
handsome cottage with rive rooms. 1
double house, and alut X building
lots in the village. Two churches, -
steam saw mills, one drug store, and
8 stores for general merchandise, and
a good, live, enterprising community.
The village was started in 173. and is
nourishing. A change of business, de
manding the removal of the party to
another portion of the State, is the rea
son it is on the market. Price, $14,000,
one half cash, and the remainder one
and two years' time. Good oppor
tunity for a colony of eight to twenty
families, as other lands around the vil
lage can be bought at fair prices. They
want immigrants. For particulars,
address the Commissioner of Agricul
ture, llaleigh, N. C.
Northern Markets By Telegraph.
New Yokk, Jamiarv lTsj
Gold dull at 2V
Ster F.x do at 2
Miin -v do at 5
itplands UlZ t
Middling 11 3
Mid iiinir tl
Mi Idling 6 lril
NORTH CAROLINA MARKETS.
spirits turpentine qui't and ste.vdy at ;o
Rosin linn, si. 4 for strained. Crn ! turpen
tine steady at tl.3 for liar I : S-Llo for vho s
and virSiii tar, Sl'O.
Cotton active; middlings IC1. Co:n. fl.mr
and meal in demand: N. C. fi.-ur S !."": 3 75
per sa k ; wheat, Sl,-- dl-r": co n. : ia
con, sides, i3 lU; ham, egs, 1$ W
RALEIGH COTTON M.WtKET.
Kaleigh, Jan. 23, lTS.
Strict L.w Middling
Strict (iood Ordinary
CITY MARKET WHOLESALE PRICES.
Ketall prices run 5 to ir per cent, ldgher
Cotton Ties, new t
Bagging 11 ?r
Flour, North Carolina f-5 6 o0
70 Q xj
Eac n. N. C. Host, round l-l$
" hams 12Ui$ 13
Bulk Meats, clear rib sides... vv26i? 9
shoulders 7 7
North Carolina Fork 8 9
Lard, North Carolina 12 121
Western tierce 1' 1.'
Cvffee. prime Itio
KOod 20 d$
conn jon ls.
Svrup. S. H 34 d 36
Mdases, Cuba 4o
a!t, Liverpool fine SI SJ
4 Evans' J 0 n
Nails, on b sis for l'.-s o5
sugar , white.
A-ainer, reu s ie
oak tanned 4
Hides, sreen 4
' dry 10
Iri-di potatoes new 2.' 0
sti af. frin wagon 5
Fodder, baled, new 1 Ou
Hay, N. C. based, go d ni
Kggs, per dozen 15
Butter. N. C, '20 25
7 6 9
jHE.QUALLED H EVERT ESSm-
frPrCTDriirllf minimi TV
SEND FOR CATAL01UE" PRICE-LIST.
IMPROVEMENTS have been mad?
in these Plows since last season. Thev
The Cheapest and Best in use.
At the last North Carolina State Fair
thev were awarded SEVEN FIRST
PREMIUMS overall competitors, mak
ing: the fifth successive year that these
Plows have been awarded all premiums.
SOLD AT GREATLY
jan 24 Sm.
to plant half a dozen acres in cotton to HtPlV116 mbinations of
sell for cah to pay taxes, school bills, ana a curse iess tolerable is th.it of .1
preacher and doctor bills, and above press bought to favor and defend
allThe Printer ! them."
Yes, and we see the same insidious
The Living Dead. On our table scoundrelism work in some of the
lies a small pamphlet that contains leading Southern cities, such as Rich-
nota little food for thought. It is mond, New Orleans, Nashville and
Dr. Grisson'3 report of the Insane for Charleston. Let the honest Press of
the year ending, Nov. 30th, 1ST7. The I the South doitsdutvat all risk.
nSSOLTZD AND HA 77 22i:S.
PERi VIAN(;LN. PLASTER.
at NVw Yrk prices.
C. L . UPSHUR,
I.KAl.Hil KXl I.OIVKLY IN FERTH.IZKR.-s
WATER ST.. NORFOLK.
BOILERS and MACHINERY,
NEW AND sFAONI) HAND
Lanes' Patent Saw-Mills and
ruUTAT.U: (.iUIsl MIL! S
PLAN I N U M A C 11 1 N ES.
STEAM PI MPS,
P.OILER KEEPERS, &c.
Mill lirarini: an.l furnihinjz a siciapy.
4- setnl tor circul rs anil iefriptiv i ice
1st i f s-ruiui hand maciiinery and name of
Jan IT ly Richuiona, a.
McCALLUM & COOPER,
Machinists and Engine Builder;.
RALE Kill N. U.
M;,:iuf;n tun r f Enpiiif- f ra!l nr -.-s.
and S;i Millsa sin rialty. AN Lr.;:u - !
GINNING, GRINDING AND MANUFACTURING,
of all Lf'. f r :n
SIX HOUSE I'OWKU TU THIIITY HoKsK nVL!:.
Plans drawn. etii:i:itf- furnih d. iattt in- ?
rnadr arid w'i! !i?Ml v
Architect and lluiltlerM,
THE RALEIGH PLAINING MILLS,
Scroll Sawing, &c, $cc.
ORPERS LEFT WITH
JULIUS LEWIS CO.,
Promptly attended to.
Ralep;il N. C,
jan 4 ; 2 ai
T EOI'FER TO THE FARMERS OF THE
of various kinds,
with extra adjustable wii.gs.
S W IB IE IE5 S
Half y weeps,
suitable to cultivate any an 1 all crops, which
we warrant to be
Equal to any Manufactured
NORTH OR SOUTH.
Send for price list.
W. P. DP NX & CO..
ia- .lii :2n Forestville, X. C.
Calf-Skins, Harness Leather,
Leather and Shoe Findings,
1404 MAIN STREET,
Hides and Countrv Leather bought.
Jan 17 3:n
CHAS. D. YATES,
Bookseller and Stationer,
DEALER IX MUSIC.
ORDERS by mail from Teachers
aii'l Merchants slicitel anl
promptly attended to.
novl-ly. GreenslKro. N. C.
DURHAM, N. C,
Sella More TJlicco at Ilijtr Average
C. W. WESTBROOK'S
WILSON. N. C.
1C0.(.h choice Fruit Trees. Vines ami
Plants for Spring planting. 17. All
trees warranted true to name. Our
stock is giving general satisfaction.
Reliable agents war ted. Special in
ducements ollered to dealers. Send
for descriptive list and prices.
C. W. WESTBROOK & CO..
Box 09. Wilson. N. C.
jan 24 1m.
Facilities for handling large quanti
ties unsurpassed. Next door to the
largest Smoking Tobacco Factory in
All business promptly attended to.
HIGHEST PRICES GUARANTEED.
j Always sell at Headquarters, and
! everybody knows Blackwell's Durham
I Warehouse is that place.
i 3. J. ?A??.I5H ?f3"3r::-;cr
J. C. BREWSTER,
HARDWARE, STOVES. TIXWARE,
PAINTS AND OILS.
Write for prices and refer to this ad-
J vertisement. novl.Vlv.
Of all kinds neatly, quickly, reliably and cheaply done.
For all and any information in regard to m.n liinei v r inn itaas.
McCALLUM & COOPER,
P. O. liox ty,T. R.M.l'.bni. N :. i
ENGINES ! ENGINES
TE OFFER TO Till: FARMERS OF NORTH CAROLINA THE ( : r. M '
t r j. V- i 'I
which we warrant to excel all others in
Efficiency, Lightness of Draft and Kconoiny
In orW to secure the GKNTINI-: 1't.OW i uro!:a- r- l.oul.l !!.:.( !!; V.
n:mes and adtlres st-iiei:ij'! n ih -m.
Circulars iurnished on ai'I:c ilin.
K. II. I'l.UMMr.U -
AHE YOU GOim TO BUILD ?
WRITE AND CUT OFR PRUT, Foi:
2 S CQ
MIA M I
Ix ?2 j
Anl Gsaraatee to Fcn:?li Yen Such Occds
VKKV Ml'rll CH HAITI! t!:a:i y- u c hi h,y t!i m 11
Thoroughly Seasoned! No Shrinking!!
gerhaps Xou are Going to Paint ?
on: sto k or
LEADS, OILS and WINDOW GLASS.
IS MUVIITIIH LAi:iE.Vf IN T1IK TA TH.
HARDWARE OF EVERY DESCRIPTION
JULIUS IIIWI-s v 7
Write for Prices. RALEIGH. N C
r -x. Ti
rrtab and Stati-i:ary ; saw-MJIK nri-illlls
O Iiirs.Catiiir,iuf l-;ras and Iron :Horri;'"s. &c.
Machinery for Gold and Coal Mines,
lil.AST Fl' Ii ATI'S Ar
We call peclal attentl.a to uur
lMlIiuVHI "OHTAUI.E ENdINK,
Z for agricultural and ether purpose. Also to c.
Small Locomotives for baullng lumber and ether
ar.ic'.esupontramways and narrowgauge raJiwaya.
xml | txt