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The farmer and mechanic. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 1877-1885, November 07, 1878, Image 7

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;;?.i".';.. Pir r ( .. X. C. i
October. :l-r, is;s.
.Mi;. Kpitoi:: I have watched
with great anxiety tin- oniric of
agriculture in our State for the
las: it'll years; and J have lvad with
pride, of its unsurpassed agricul
tural, mineral, and manufactui ing
resources f earnestly looking for
ward tu the time, when, by devel
oping those resource-', we should
raise it such a degree of pefcetion,
as would rival the most progressive
of our slstrr States. Having cat
mv lot with the agricultural class
of our country, I am especially in
terested in its success; and mark
with great concern any backward
tendency, on the part of those with
whom J have joined hands in the
work. Such a tendency might
have been noted in our late State
Fair in the lack of cntcrpriz?, or
public spiritulness on the part of
the farmers. The machinery depart
ment was well tilled in every branch.
The manufacturing men generally,
showed no lack of industry in dis
playing their products. Kvcn that,
modest class who plead with such
tender sympathy the cause of our
overworked women, the sewing
machine-man was there, displaying
with wondeiful art the unparallel
ed superiority of his machine.
While but for the unceasing labor
of the Commissioner of Agricul
ture, the agricultural products of
the greater portion of our State
wi-u.d not have been at ail reprc
ivn'cd. We therefore cannot be
two grateful to Co!. Folk for his
zeal and energy in our cause. The
time will soon come when his de
partment will be deemed indispen
sii le by all who feel an interest in
the welfare of our State; and sure
ly no man can bo found to till the
olliv-e of commissioner so well as
;!;.- present encumbent.
Notwithstanding1 the manv long
and valuable articles printed of late
on sheep husbandry, be it said to
our siume, not a decent specimen
was to be seen on the grounds. In
the name of our manhood and
State pride let up arouse ourselves
and do better. S. H.
Southern Mineral Deposits.
The lavish freedom with which
nature has strewn the subsoil of the
givat South with all the metals and
minerals that conduce to the con
venience and luxury of mankind, is
beginning, though at somewhat of
a late hour, to be appreciated, and
we are glad to see that a disposition
is now being manifested to heed the
repeated appeals the South has per-i-tcntly
made to Northern capital
ists to give their attention to the
favorable opportunities for invest
ment in mining property close by
itiat is now open to them.
The Standard a reliable journal
published in Abingdon, Yu., re
marks : As an example of what
may be accomplished in a brief
period, we made mention a month
ago, that Mr. Wood C. Dollens, of
Kentucky, a practical geologist of
twenty years experience, passed
through Abingdon on his vvav to
Ash county, X. C, which lien.
C!ingman has olten pronounced the
richest territory of its size on the
globe. This week he passed through
Abingdon again on his' way to
i'iiiladelphia, New York nd Bos
ton, loaded with rich stores of
mineral specimens. In these thirty
davs. within thirtv miles of our
town, he has discovered, located
and made contracts for the pur
ehase of extensive deposits of cop
per, silver, mica, asbestos, agalma
tolite and nickel. The specimens
examined by the writer, and which
lie was assured were average were
very beautiful. The copper from
KIk Knob, on the main fissure of
'he vein running from Ore Knob to
Haektown, consisted of massive
stilplmrets running from twelve to
J hirty per cent. The argentiferous
gneiss was epial to any the writer
has seen from Xevada but more
-asilv worked, owing to the decom
p -sit ion of the rocks, and would.
Ield from ten to over twenty per
cent. of metal. The mica and as
betos were of the linest quality,
while the agalmatolite was superior
to that long known deposit east of
the Sierra Xevada, and requires no
rolinemcnt in preparing it for
These and other deposits of the
wonderful Pdue Ridge plateau of
North Carolina mav all be made
tributary to the interest of our
town, unless she permits the enter
prise oi other towns to diert them
to Other points, as in tlx past. A
narrow gauge railroad is now about
to be built by seven hundred con
ricts which Cov. Vance is soon to
set to work upon it, from Hickory,
on the Western .North Carolina
Railroad, through Lenoir, Watauga
Gap and Sugar (Jap, to the State
line at Slate Cap. This road is ex
pected to be completed within
twelve months, and it will then re
main only for the enterprising men
of Johnson and Washington coun
ties to complete the short distance
from Slate (lap to Abingdon. A
glance at the map is the best argu
ment in its behalf.
A correspondent from one of the
lower counties writes us as follows:
"There has been raised in small
quantities in this section of the
State for a number of years a spe
cies of grain known as I5ene; it is
of no commercial value, however,
being only grown to be consumed
by the producer. When parched
it is palatable, and is often put in
candy. Last year I raised a little,
but sold it to a country merchant,
who again sold it to a candy manu
facturer in Savannah, Ga., it is
more oily than the pinder or ground
nut, and as it grows well in this
latitude, and as our soil is well
adapted to its growth, I think
there should be opened a market
for all we can produce. Can you
tell where such a market is to be
found I""
Bene is an Arabian plant, and is
extensively used in the diet of those
Eastern people, who have great
faith in its fat-producing proper
ties. It is exceedingly oily and
mucilagenous both in the plant and
the seed. The leaf when green if
steeped in cold water, will make a
mucilage almost as thick as jelly,
and this mucilage is a capital med
cine in diarrlnea and dysentery.
The oil of Bene is used as a laxa
tive, and is said to be p referable- to
castor oil, as it is tasteless. It has
the peculiar virtue of never be
coming old in taste, and after be
ing kept long enough to make other
oils rancid, it comes quite palata
ble, and makes an excellent salid
In Egypt lcme is fed horses. In
Central "Africa it is a chief article
of diet among the negroes, and was
brought thence to the Southern
States. In our boyhood days Bene
was as common upon the market
as were pinders, and there seems to
be no reason why it should not be
again grown largely and profitably.
Dr. V. P. Porch er, in his South
ern Fields and Forests, says that
twenty bushels per acre is a medi
um crop, and that about twenty
live per cent, of the seed is pure
oil. Besides being eaten, are be
ing eaten, are being used for lu-
bncating purposes, the oil is inval
uable for making soap. I hen why
should it not be grown largely in
South Carolina? If the farmers of
the low country will only grow it
in sufficient quantities to make the
manufacture of Bene oil an object,
there will surely spring up a de
mand for the seed. But the seed
must be grown in quantities before
a commercial demand will be crea
ted. "We say, then, prepare to
plant Bene next spring. Plant on
cotton beds, one foot to each plant
on the bed. Grow the seed and
put them on the market; somebody
will discover a wav to utilize them.
Many days ago (along about wa
ermelon time, according to the ex
act and truthful Sentinel) there
encamped in the romantic Chase
woods at Milwaukee a band of
Gypsies, on their way to some far
county from the burial of Queen
Matilda. In Milwaukee there
lived to groan and groaned to live
a small, shrewd boy, whose ambi
tion was to posses ten dollars. This
small boy had observed the atten
tions paid to his sister by a well-to-do
old bachelor, and how to utilize
the old bachelor's acquaintance be
fore relationship was the puzzle
But the small boy arose and went
Xo the Givpsy camp and there un
folded his plan to a red-shawled,
blackeyed daughter of the tribe.
The Gypsy ambushed the bachelor,
told a part of his fortune, and so
worked up the unsuspicious gen
tleman that he planked down 20
to hear what fate had in store for
him in pressing his suit to the
small bov s sister. Behind an oak
in the romantic-woods the Gypsy
and small bov two hours afterward
divided the spoils, and that very
evening the bachelor was sent to
kingdom come bv the heartless
larvnx of the small bovs sister.
Myst2ries of St Louis Beer.
The case of ( : ra 1 again
Chrig occupied the whole dav i
Judge Wickham's court yesterday,
and was not concluded. A number
of number of witnesses were cam
ed. and the whole history of brew
ing was unfolded from the earliest
ages down to the present time. It
is a mistake to .-uppoe that lager
beer is made from nops ami malt
exclusively. n the contrary, rice,
corn, and other ingred'ents" enter
largely into its manufacture. A
recent investigation at Milwaukee
showed that nearly all the large
breweries there use immense quan
tities of rice and corn in making
beer; one firm used about seventy
thousand bushels of corn per month
another three hundred bushels, and
other? used from live thousand to
fifteen thousand pounds of rice
per month. In St. Louis these and
other materials are use in making
beer, but not to the same extent,
and this may account for the pres
ent superiority of St. Lou's beer.
The present trial developed the
fact that some of the enterprising
brewers of the city have been sell
ing beer of their own manufacture
under the name of imported beer,
the consumers paying a higher
price for beer with a foreign name
than for the home-made article. It
It seems that Bohemia pronounces
the best hops in Europe, and a
place there called Budweis turns
out the star beer of Bohemia. It
is largely consumed in Vienna, in
Prague and other cities, and has a
world-wide reputation. cry little
of it ever comes to America, and
the different brands of Budweiser
sold here are all made in St. Louis
some of it containing a small quan
tity of imported hops, and some of
it made of American hops, and
some of it made of American hops,
rice or corn and barley. St. Louis
Globe-Democrat, Oct., To.
The Rich Men of Memphis.
T e Howard Association hag
nearly $200,000 in hand; the mavor
has about S0,000 ; the Citizen's
Relief Committee has about o0,000
a grand total of $:J30,000. This
sum of money is amply suflicient to
feed the destitute people of Mem
phis and the surrounding country
until frost comes, if a few perquis
ites arc cut down. A most serious
drain on the commissary is the sup
ply of the servants of rich people.
These well-to-do citizens fled and
left their houses in charge of black
servants. But the majority of these
house-owners left neither money
nor provisions for the support of
their help. The charity of the
world has been called upon to keep
our people from starvation. Men
worth hundreds of thousands of
dollars have left their property in
charge of blacks, and never provi
ded a dollar for their support. And
yet, if the Citizens' Belie: Commit
tee cut off the supplies from these
servants of rich men, what in God's
name will they do Theyfaithfully
guard ihe property of their em
ployers. If their employers do not
feed them the Belief Committee
must do it. There is no other al
ternative. The committee cannot
and will not see them starve. The
"old man" begins to think there
will be no dav of reckoning. The
white men standing here to-dav
are too few in number. Their
reckoning won't count when the
bovs come back home.
To Make Geraniums Flower
in Winter.
There is perhaps no plant better
suited for prolonged flowering du
ring the winter months than the
Geranium, if handled in the fol
lowing manner: Procure young
plants of the varieties you wish
about the middle of Mav Put them
in four inch pots, this being the
best to keep them in for the next
four months. Use well-decayed sod,
adding about one-third cow ma
nure. Mix thoroughly together;
but do not make too fine, as the
Geranium, delights in rather a
rough compost. Place them in a
shady situation, first putting about
four inches of ashes under the pots.
This will have the effect of keeping
worms ami other insects out of the
pots. Keep them on the drv side.
as you do not want to encourage
Should any flowers appear, pinch
them off ; also the icadmg shoots.
to keep them in shape. Toward
the end of September repot them
in six-inch pots that is, six inches
in diameter m the compost re
commended above. They will now
commence to grow freely. About
the 10th of Ootober put them in
their winter-quarters, selecting the
window where they will get most
sun and light. Plants treated in
this manner will llower the whole
winter. Letter to Toronto Globe.
The Captain on His Charge
II-:: v
fx- 1
It '
. : i T w
cijaplani :, :)ui NY-v V-i; k
Militia ii giniuit, atun-b'd a U -view
la-t wvek. The 5 -. lelU
about h:m a- follows :
dpt. Henry Ward l.eecher, in
full uniform, dashed up to the ar
mory entrance at ':'. in the after
noon, riding a spirited roan horse.
He was accompanied by Staff Sur
geon Watt and two others of the
Colonel's staff. He handed his
reins to his hostler and pa.-sed into
the annorv. As he appeared in
sight of the soldiers thev hammered
the floor with their gun-, and the
band struck up Aimee's favorite
song. Prettv as a Picture." .Mr.
Beecher wore" a cocked plush hat.
over which danced a heavy black
lume. One side of the liat was
fastened up with a rosette, the
other with a beaded velvet cross.
The crown was encircled with a
silk cord with gold km bs for ends.
A high-breasted black coat of mili
tary cut, black pantaloons, corded
with velvet, and mouse-colored
glows completed the dress. Mr.
Beecher wore a Captain s epaulets,
and carried a showy swoid at his
side. His iron-iira v curling locks.
which seemed to have been treated
to pomade, hung over his coat col-
He Was Kind to His Mother.
Bed Kenner who was recently
killed near Cherry Creek, bv the
fall of a horse, was a wild and reck
less desperado, and lived in the
mountains of Nevada for a number
of years. His hand against every
body and everybody's hand against
him ; but he never forgot his old
mother in the States ; and after
selling his mining property down at
Silver Beef for some .jo, 000 or
800,000 he took a trip home, pur
chased his mother a nice and com
fortable homestead and gave her
nearly 840,000 to keep her from
want in her old age, then returned
to his wild mountain home with a
light heart, knowing that his moth
er was well provided for the balance
of her days on this earth. In the
mountains he returned to his wild
career and soon met his death by
A Turkish Tribe.
Last month a Turk, Kein Pasha,
Governor of Banjaluka, with twelve
wives, children and a guard of
eunuchs, arrived in Vienna and
took lodgings at the Hotel Daniel.
Three wives were put in a room,
with a guard of two eunuchs at
each door. It took a whole day to
complete the registration of the
party at Police Headquarters. The
most of the wives were real beau
ties, wearing their raven black hair
closely cut and dyeing their finger
nails. Under Austrian law7 these
ladies were entitled to their per
sonal freedom, and the German re
porter notively says, "If they only
knew it.?' Each eunuch carried a
gun on one arm and a baby on Ihe
A Husband's Remorse.
William B. Cooper, a nephew of
the distinguished author, J.Fcnni
more Cooper, committed suicide a
few days since in New Ctretcht, L.
I., by taking poison. In one of his
pockets was found a paper signed
by Cooper, saying life was a burden
to him ; that hoThad been 'roped
into a criminal infatuation for a
woman, and asserting that his wife,
who recently died quite suddenly,
was poisoned by a party whose name
is withheld, who had two accesso
ries, all of whom are said to be wo
men residing in Brooklyn, X. V.
Cooper says that he did nothing to
cause his wife's death except neg
ecf. TuAixixrj a xi Pruxix;.
Your constant attention to train
ing and pruning is indispensible to
secure well-shaped and thrifty trees.
Do not allow suckers or unnatural
shoots to draw from the parent tree
the nourishment that naturally bo
longs to it. These tender growths,
ii nobbed off when quite young,
nip in the bud the waste of nour
ishment, that frequently ruins a
whole year's growth, and stints in
the outset some of your finest trees.
These apparently small matters, if
neglected, will not only disappoint
the fruit grower, but will retard
his returns in the way of cash, by
robbing bis trees of one or two
year's growth, and that, too, in a
way by which the injury is a per
manent one. Samuel Hope, in
Plunt'T and Granjir..
Show us a model farmer and
we'll bet ten to one that bis front
yard isn't filled with agricultural
implements. X-ot an imp in his
front vard.
Randolph County Fair.
J. v. Fuller wis elected Pre;i.! nt
fnrtiif nvxt year. lb- i a live man
and a niI l j'.irmer. and we trut eve
ry lannrr m thecvuruy will rn jrto
with vv. in making it) fair yet m'r
attr, lve and m"r proiitahh.
W pi W0.-1I, b;t ?a:r.fV tbacc.
V W I'eddiniT, b-t i n.
A S llurcey, bt wh:t- w...
V W Iieddiu:. IkM red wheat.
V S Ilorney. best rye.
V V Kediii:i4. b.?.t m:d ; t - r .
Wtn Wotxl, bet Irh ;&t ' s
VV V Ufddinir. b-.-St tumijts.
I L Cox, best beets.
A S Ibuney, be.t pumpk:nv
W A Woollen. L .t chufas.
Ivey Kerar. best draft hro.
I C Fuller, btst hre.
I .1 Hamlin, be-t cer.
Ivey Keeia'):, bt tur k m ire and
( II (tr:ivt'-i. bo-t e"Ik.
Samtul Lowe, b-.si tr:;.r in lia-ne.-s.
K I Keeraas, bst jiir mules.
J X Wiuninhani. best single male.
S H HaV, be.'t yoke oxen.
M X Brewer, Kst bull.
J C Fuller, best calf over 2 a-ad under
3 years.
J A Blair. be?st calf over 1 and under
2 years.
J A Blair, best calf under 1 yar
J C Fuller, best sow and i.s.
J C Fuller, best mi!eli cow.
II A Vauwerry, best waon.
Ii B Burns, bett buy.
J E Walker, bt harness.
J F Freeman, best bedstead.
J F Free in in, best bureau.
L I) Burkbead, best tinware.
Ivey Kearns, best bacon hams.
I) (I McMasters, best sack lljur.
Ms s I) W Porter, best soap.
Mi s E E Walker, be.-t anple j illy .
Mis E B Kearns, best butter.
Mrs M X Brower, best jvach and
bei r J r 1 1 v .
Mi.V (' McA'.if t r, bet cake.
Mrs M N Ui'iw.'r, b --t pouud
Mis V. E Walka'; lv.t d orated
Mrs I) V Porter, l:t plate rolls.
Mrs. E. A Molli't. best bed judt.
Mrs Win Wo -d, bit double wove
counto: p i::c.
Jimcrax Agricultural Views.
As you sow. sow -ball you ivap.
.lest tuw.
Dead beats abould be buried a.s
soon a they turnup.
To improve, bis farm the farmer
must stir bis stumps.
Potatoes and children need
sprouting occasionally. Some folks
peel them every day.
Don't ride a free horse to death.
It would make vou sore and lame
for a week afterward.-.
Bald headed butter still !
u 1 11 u
the bluest price, notwithstanding
the fact that hair ha- riz
If dried apples are allowed to
banir bv the lire too 0111? the worms
will shrivel up and fall out.
Don't pay 1,000 for a sheep
when the same kind of mutton is
selling at the market- for 10 cent?
a pound.
If some farmers would take as
good care of their ciops as a hen
does of hers it uld do well
The best pumpkin pies and
healthiest crirls are raised in the
country. Anvbodv can tell this so
the minute he ta-tes of one the
pics, we mean.
There is nothing better calcu
lated to preserve brotherly love
neighbors than a fence that cows
can't jump over or pigs crawl un
der. On.r Jiuiiie Journal.
Allret of Tux ex
The State Auditor Satuidav received
the following abstracts of listed tax-
Pasquotank, by B. F. Overman, lcc
ister of Deeds ;
General taxes. 1,502. OS
Special 1,02'J.OO
School 4i 2,074.78
County " 12,442.o:;
Yancey, by C. H. Eyrd, Uegister of
General taxes.
School '
Anson, bT P.
of Deeds.
General tax"..
County '
3o2. 1
oo. 1
.1. Coppede,
2,039 40
Death T Hon. Hugh WucIrielS.
Wiimlugtou tr.
At the residence of his son, Hon. A.
M. Waddell, in this city, on the even
ing of the 2d inst.. Hugh Waddell
calmly and peacefully passed to hi-
rest, m his S'Jth year. The announce
ment will carry sorrow to a very large
circle of friend, for lie was known
and honored throughout the Stab'dmt
especially in this section will his death
be most deeply deplored.
Under the energetic d:recion of
Mr. Gaither Hall, a prominent Hickory
merchant and a zealous churchman, the
Presbyterians of that eiterpriaing
western town, have elected a hand
some church edifice, at a cost, the
Press says, of 2.00 ). The dedicating
sermon was preached last Sunday by
It3v. Ii. Z. Johnson, of Lincolnton.
Mighty 1u: v- wt Mt .
dinner-horn v: l)w ! I? L and iuo:
sakrrd h ra 'hare it. It
mus:k a:;! "Home .swvt
Home," '' noon. I: ha., b.n
listened t ;tu more rapturiM!.
delite than rer any hand bam. Yu
kan hear it fnrthur thanyu kan one
iiv n hn.in s h will arrest
. nun :.d bring him in ouicker
than a shenlT's warrant, it kan
uut-f t any other nose. It kauMi
the di.;f to hear and the dumb !
-h':it for joy. fioriou old inlm
m :ii ! lot!' mav vare lun? lat !
.K-h 1 Jdi.ii
Dr. It 4H, r !!' rt a caw of small
p ir 1 1 1 c k r y. Proper precaution
have been tak n t prevent the uprrad
of the di H'a.v.
.lira Gren. the nr.udfrrr of x
kervill', at HiinU t, a lew J.ir ao,ha
Uen cmht. and it now oaun d m the
WadeUro j nl.
The gin house of Mi. Nanev
Surrg-, near Atkinson's orv. in
Kdgeeomb? eountv was .et on lire
on Monday morning last, but the
names, were discovered and extin
guished before anv real damage
was done.
muscles shows a desire U escape
and he i constantly looking in the
direction of the door through which
he entered. His entire body must
be wet at internals, and should t lu
be negleeted he begin immediately
to manifest great uneasiness, his
tle-h becomes feverish and his suf
ferings cannot be allexialed until
the water i- applied.
ur voung friend, Charlie'll lib-
.so, was transferred to the asylum
on'1 last Wednesday. He hai leen
ve ry much depressed and gloomy
ever since the death of his lather,
which occurred .omc time last
summer. It is earnestly hoped that
the treatment he will speedily re
store him in bo ly and mind. -Concord
Wilmington Kjview : While
cha-ing a nimble revnard a few
days ago, the horse on which Mr.
Preston dimming was riding fell
into an old well, which was proba
bly dug during the war by some of
the soldiers ceamped near this city.
1-ortunately. the horse was onlv
bruised, and Mr. dimming escap
ed unhurt, because of a llying leap
which would make Dan ( astello or
(Inasbional D m look to their lau
rels. There is now in Louisville, Ken
tucky, a truly mysterious and won
eerful creature known as "the wild
man of Tennessee." He is in the
possession of Dr. D. i. Broyle, of
Sparta, a town in the last-named
State. The wild man was captured
by means of a lariat in the Cum
berland Mountains, af er a long
chase, on the loth of September.
He is known to have lived in the
mountains for eighteen years, .stav
ing in the water most of the time
and subsisting on fish and roots.
Close inspection' shows that hi
whole body is covered with a layer
of scales, which drop otl at regular
periods, in the spring and fall,
like the skin of a rattlesnake. He
has a heavy growth of hair on his
head and a dark, reddish beard
about six inches long. His eves
present a frightful appearance, Ic
ing at least twice the size of the
average-sized eve. Some of hi
toes are formed together, which
give his feet a strange appearance,
and his height, when standing jkt
fectly erect, is about six feet live
inches. A nervou t witching of hi-
A pious, namesake and contem
porary, the Oakland (Cal. ) Times,
prints in its current number a de
lightful romance, of which what
follows is the outline: An Oakland
belle, admired for the symmetry
and beauty of her teeth as well as
for other attraction-, had the ill
luck to stump the hem of her dress
and shatter irretrievably the fore
most of the front pearls. She went
to a dentist, who looked overall hi
stock of teeth, but could find not
one to match. Next day there
wandered to the dentist's, door a
gentlemanly young Spaniard, fair
to look upon, who had that kind
of toothache known aa an empty
pocket piled upon an empty stom
ach. The Spaniard's teeth would
match the lady's to a T. A bargain
was struck, the Spaniard got 100
for his tooth and the lady once
more appeared in public undisfig-
! ured. At a party, two years later,
j a wealthy young bonanza king,
j dark of hue" and minu3 a front
j tooth, met the same young woman,
i After weeks of acquaintance be
1 told how the loss of that tooth
gave him the means of acquiring
his first capital. The young lady
blushed, acknowledged the soft
impeachment, and the pair are now
announced to appear in a church

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