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THE F.A.RJVtEK LiNTD MECHANIC.
Wart 20, 18T0.J n cpgrtmcnrof Agriculture Titoard of Agriculture, Iiutiiigro tiun and Statistics. j Vance, Governor and ex officio Chair . ,- cfot npnlocist and ex officio feuUf e 'rwident State Agricultural 1 14f, i ivj.iicio member of the Koai-d. ' V , President State Agricultural V- - v Hi ex imc o memer of the Hoard, f'ui EXANDER, Master State Grange, 1. i,1 J , 1 ex orttcio member of the Hoard. V1 'a i i m pen of Edgecombe count y. J i x t! 1 tvANS, ot tJuni te ; land county. j0AniAN ty- , commissioner. $Tw.iS secre.ary an! Trea,. IK r of Brlggs' liuilU-.rg : jH-f)' N.C. Good, very Good. I f.0od remedy for burns is imposed of salicylic aciu au cjive oil ; one part of the acid to Aeen parts of the oil. lhis rfixture should be applied to the llirn twice a day. At first it cin. a smarting, but this soon ri-es oif, and the remedy will fci found very effective in heal the ulcerated surface of the barn. jit mav he laid down as a gen od rule that it would be better 1 dispense with a lire in a sleep ing room, unless in cases when Tie poverty of the blood may rc (4ire such artificial heat. As, during sleep, the system throws cffaiMiuusual amount of waste natter, it is of the greatest im portance that the air be cool and pare. IYou can tell by an examina tion of the pulse whether a per du is sick or not. An infant's raise is 140 ; a child of seven yjars about SO ; and between 20 tid r0 vears it is 70 beats a min ute. At fourscore it declines to about 00 beats a minute. If the pulse is constantly above 70 it ifan indication of an unhealthy condition of the body ; there is faver and inflammation some vrhere. If the pulse is over 70, for months, and there is slight cmi:h, the lungs are in some way .effected. On examination you will prob dblv find that your indigestion, ri in the case of many others, is directly due to over-haste in eat 3g. The habit that many people have acquired of bolting their fod is at the bottom of much of tfie dyspepsia so prevalent of lite years in this country. Eat dowly, no matter what may be tio demands that are made on your time. It is far better to tike a little extra time from your business, to properly masticate your food, than to run the risk cf becoming a dyspeptic by not doing so. It would be vell if the body and mind were at ab cilute rest for at least half an tpr preceding the mi. .-day deal. Time for rest should aho fc taken after the meal. J Heart disease, in many cases, i traceable to hereditary predis position. It is, however, some times brought on by causes that .could withal be avoided. An enfeebled, nervous system, cold, id dampness conduce to it. The constant breathing of impure ?ri also, a frequent cause of teart-disease. Confinement in sadly ventilated houses, work tops and factories, has much to wUh heart affections. In nc cases, disease of the heart i produced by violent and con owed exertions, such as lifting ffavy weights. The use of alco 4ll stimulants is, however, a rfre frequent cause of heart dis ffse than over-work. Alcohol, lJ indirect effects on the muscular structure of the In art, utuisposes, especially if the per l?n Usinortl -inT tllO nlprlirkl ia o,lvn.,l I ute, to fatty degeneration of Tym' and of its Srcat blood JTo preserve your teeth you I liiuV Use a moderately stiff v ii , , lllUiougniy at least twice 1 4aV .mnrn.. 1 1 . O ZV tWr 1 T , m,8 1,11(1 niS111 .f l blood-warm and a J1:10 of uie best Boan ar Soft mere are the - ut5 oesiues tne urusn. X ( rare generally injurious ; f ie enamel. Strong acids, r. 'nioinni N.4'V rrnu u i t. i Uo mingling of hot and cold food or drink at meals is very harmful. It is the opinion of leading dentins in Kuropc and this country that t ho reason there is so much tuoth decay in early life, is in a large degree owing to the soft materials given to children i.s food, which are swallowed with scarcely any chewing. On the appearance of derav a dentist should be em ployed. Care in the matter of diet, and watchfulness wnn re rnrd io the condition of the teeth would save people a vast dial of suffering and expense. Safety against pneumonia at tack consists more in the main tenance of a geneially healthy condition of the system than in any special treatment. Over work or anything leading to un due exhaustion, irregularities of diet, fasting, sudden change of clothing, modes of living unfav orable to the healthy state of the liver and kidneys, are among the frequent predisposing causes of the disease. It is a mistake to suppose that catching told is a neccessary condition to contract ing the disease. It is not so, as an almost equal number of cases are developed spontaneously, without any special exposure to cold. It is not a contagious dis ease. Since it operates mainly as an intiamation.of the lungs, its danger depends upon how many of the air cells become in flamed. If only one-third of one lung is involved the case will almost certainly recover, provid ed the patient was previously healthy. If the upper lobe or third of either lung becomes in flamed the symptoms aie moie serious, there is apt to be deliri um, ami the ease will not recover so promptly or certainly. The purity of the blood has a good deal to do with bringing about a favorable result of this disease. As shells of eggs are porous the water in the interior of the egg evaporates some days after the e is laid and leaves a cavi ty of greater or less extent. As a result the yolk sinks, as can be seen in a sta1 egg by holding it to a candle, or the sun. You can determine the exacts age of egsrs in the following wav: Dis solve about four ounces of com mon salt in a quart of pure water and then immerse the egg. If it be only a day or so olel, it will sink to the bottom of the vessel, but if three days old it will float in the liquid; if more than five it comes to the surface, and rises above in proportion to its increased age. A method of preventing the oxidation or rusting of farming instruments having mental sur faces was discovered by the late Prof. Olmsted. The following is his recipe, which at one time he thought of patenting, but after ward determined to publish for the public good; Take any quantity of good lard, and to every half pound or so, add of common resin ("rosin") an amount about equal to half the size of an egg or less a little more r less is of noconsequence. Melt then slowly together, stir stirring as they cool. Apply this with a cloth, or otherwise, just enough to give a thin coat ing to the metal surface to be protected. It can oe wiped off nearly clean from surface 3 where it will be undesirable, as in the case of knives and forks, etc. The resin prevents racidity, and the mixture excludes the ready access of air and moisture. A fresh application may be needed when the coating is washed off by the friction of beating ttorms or otherwise. The feeling of lassiluele you experience on getting out of bed 1 in the morning may be traccab.e to defective ventilation of the bed-room, or from using an un due amount of warm bedclothes and bedding. The habit of lying too much under blankets is very pernicious by reason of the car bonic acid exhaled by the sleeper being respired. It is a mistake to suppose that by simply open ing a window a little at the top, a room can be ventilated. For proper vcutilatiun there must be an inlet for the air. It is also a mistake to suppose that foul air goe- to the top of a ro.m. The oU f impurity, the carbonioa i 1, fails to the bottom. There is nothing so efficacious in remo ving the lower atiata of air as the ordinary open fireplace, es pecially if there is a fire burning. Charlotte Observer: Lastnighi t fie proprietor of the Central Hotel ran over his his register anel found that he had about fifty drummers in the house at that time with three trains to hear from Eight or ten per sons have agreed to join the New Orleans Mardi Gras party, and others will doubtless determine to go before the time for depart ure arrive? Mrs. Mary Moon, the revivalist, has gone to Dur ham, and will commence a se ries of religious meetings there next Sunday The following postofiices have recently been establisheel in this State: Red Oak, Nash county; Meadows, Stokes; Greer's Store, Watauga; Idol's Mil Is, Ashe. Pickettesville, Anson county; Edwinstonville, Rowan; and Warrensville, Samp son, have recen lT been discon tinued Night before last, GraT Toole, the colored barber, and a negro, who is known in the citv by no other name than "CufFy," had a desperate encoun ter in John Schein k's bar-room. The origin of the difficulty is not yet known, but during the progress of it "CufFy" pluged a knife intoTooIe's head, inflicting what was at first believed to be a fatal wound. He also cut Toole on the wrist. Oxford F ice Lnnce: Two prominent Granville Republi cans, ex-Attorney General T. L. Hargrove and ex-Sheriff R. G. Snced, had a fisticuff in Oxford .n Saturday last On the evening of the 8th insr. the resi dence of Dr. James Hicks, near Williamsboro, caught on fire from the chimney, and would most probably have been burned to the ground" but for the oppor tune presence of Mr. Wm. Jen kins, of Henderson, who was passing along the road at the time. lie climbed to the top and succeeded in putting out the fire, and in so doing his hands were terribly burned They want a charter for a road through this county from east to west, pa -sing Roxboro, a link in the Pie Imont k Plymouth road. The idea is to tap the Raleigh & Gaston road in some point be tween RidgewayT and Franklin ton, via Oxford, if pe:sib!e. The people of Person are moving in the matter of railroad through the county Mr, Burroughs has introduced in the House a bill to establish a new county, to be called ."Gilliam," composed of portions of Granville, War-en and Franklin. Petitions against it are circulating. Raleigh News: The? uttering of bad money must be fast be coming a popular crime in this good county of Wake, for in ad dition to the numbers of coiners, or would be makers of false specie, already hauled up, the authorities yesterday' captureel another. There must be mil lions in it, somehow, to judge from the number of those en gaged in the business Thus far this year only nine fertilizer licenses have been taken out fiom the State Treasury byr manufacturers It is stated on reliable authority that (G.10) six tenths of the losses that have accrued in this State since 1S73, have been caused by over-insurance and incendiaries, and so fearful we re the losses of 1878 that about twenty companies retired from the State, saying, as a reason, 'that thoyr were tired of building up the waste places in iSorth Carolina. Chape' Hili Ledger: The bill to charter the University Rail road and to obtain for its use the labors of one hundred onvicts, is now being considered by our legislators. It will doubtless be passed without any objection whatever. The old idea that it would be fatal to the prosperity7 of the University to build a road to Chapel X Jill has long since ex- plotled. I Married Without Shoes About twenty year a 40 a young fellow liuned Johnson, in the wilds of the Cheat Mrun- lains, in West irgtiiia, made nn M i 0 V uiiim 10 ue iiiarnt-u. "But you have not a penny iviiiuiibircita nis iiienu. ae my nanus. A man was given two hands, one to scratch for himself and ihe other for his wife," he said. On the day of the wedding Johnson appeared in a whole coat and trousers, but barefooted. 'This is hardly decent " said the clergyman. '"'I will hn 3 veil a pa r of shoes' "No," said Johnson. '-When I can buy shoes, I will wiar them not before." And he stood up to be married without any thought of his feet. The same sturdy directness showed itself in his future course. What he had not money to pay for he did without. He hired himself to a farmer for a year's work. With the money he saved he bought a couple of acres of wood land and a pair of sheep, built a hut, and went to work on his ground. His sheep increased; as time flew by he bought more ; then he sold off the cheaper kinds and invested in South down and and French Merino. His neigh bors tried by turns raising cattle, horses, or gave their. attention to experimental farming. Johnson having once found out that s1 eep-raising in his dis trict brought a handsome profit, stuck to it. He had that shrewd ness in seeing the best way, and that dogged persistence in fol lowing it which are the surest elements of success. Stock buyers from the Eastern markets found that Johnson's fleeces were the finest and his mutton the sweetest on the Cheat. He never allowed their reputa tion to fall the end of which course is that the man who mar ried barefooted, is new worth a large property. The story is an absolutely' true one, and ma' point a moral for the hordes of stout, able bodied men who crowd the cities this winter, complaining that they must starve for want of work. Souther?! Home. T 1, 1 - In six months of 187S, from May to October, the total reve nue receipts of the Fifth District were $574,354. G7 an increase of $215,050.69 over the corres ponding time in 1877. The Salem Press says: In addition to this large increase of revenue the following property lias been seized by W. H. Wheeler, Col lector, from date of appointment September 1, 1877,) to October 25, 1878: 97 stills, 1,100 gallons whiskey, 80 still caps, 3C4 gal lons of brandy, 90 still worms, S barrels of whiskey, 1,027 beer stands, G3,710 gallons of beer, 1,200 gallons of singlings, 6 to bacco factories and contents, 2,658 pounds of tobacco, 7 wa gons and harness, 2 mules and 5 horses. In talking or writing let your words be few and well chosen. Let not the stream of your life always be a murmuring stream. The best wav to condemn bad traits is by practicing good ones. Every art is best taught by example ; goods deeds produce trood fiiends. The majority of mankind use their first years to make their last miserable. A quarrel is, nine times out of ten, merely the fermentaion of a misunderstanding. You cannot dream yourself into a character ; you must ham mer and forge yourself one. The Catholic population of the United States is estimated to be abount six million and a half. Grain's of Gold. -Appearances are deceiving, judge not hastily. Jy abtut 1.C00 m.-jority John t..ti voied to rtain Smuh field a he capital. Mr. C A. II g . of Salem, is ad iinr r. ,hv- building of his 1 w t 1 i agr::u!tur.d woik ; I- I- Polk will deliver l cuiiinici.c mem address at Rutherford College Milton Chronic'e: Mont fort MeGehee went to Richmond last wcvk to consult Dr. MoGuire. E. R. Stamps, Esq., has been chosen Chairman of the Hoard of Penitentiary Directors. Goldsboro Messenger : J.;s. R. Ilinon, charged by th . coroner's jurv with the kilfing of Jacob Smith, is still at larjze. Married, at St. Clement church in Ringwuod, February 12th, hv Rev. A. S. Smith, Mr. II. S. Har rison and Miss Mamie S. Garrett. Col. John McDonald, of Ral eigh, who discovered Haves, guesses that the Rad. ticket in 1880 will be Sherman and Fen ton. Goldsboro Messenger: During the recent cold spell, a regio boy was found frozen to death on the road in Pikeviile town ship. His name was Enus Colev. Senator Ransom's health is very much improved. He is represented by a correspondent as looking and feeling much stronger than for several vears. Southerner: We learn from Jos. Dupree, Esq , that a difficul ty occurred at Pitt Court last week between Mr. A. Forbes, a witness, and Col. G. W. Johnson, a lawyer, in which Col. J. was "worsted." Mr. John Gat ling has been elected President of the North Carolina Home Insurance Com pany, W. II. Crow, Vice Presi dent; W. S. Primrose, Secretary and Treasurer, and Pulaski Cowper, Adjuster. The company made 6,000 clear during 1878. Salisbury Watchman: Our young townsman, Woodson, has out a new selfacting car coupler, that also uncouples without go ing between the cars or leaving the platform. It is a good thing, beyond a doubt, very simple,and can be made as cheaply as the present link and pin. The Charlotte Democrat states that Col. Wharton J. Green, of Warren county, has bought the Tokay Vineyard in the vicinity of Fayetteville, and will become a valuable citizen of the place. For the land and grape vines and about 6,000 gallons of wine he paid $10,000. The asse-sed valuation of pro perty in Winston and Salem is $2 000,000, and each, separately, about equal. The number of citizens subject to poll in Win ston is 640, while in Salem the number is only about 160. The two towns consolidated would make a city of over 4,000 in habitants. Winston Republi can. The price e.f guano seems to be a stunner to farmers all over the country. We are glad to see that they are beginning to open their eyes. Meetings "are being held not only in our State, but in the other Southern States, in which the farmers resolve not to pay the high prices of foreign fertilizers, but make their home fertilizers at a much less cosf. WiUon Advance. Charlotte Democrat : We are pleased to see that the fanners of the surrounding country are having musical and other enter tainments during the winter evenings. That's right, let the young farmers, boys and girl have fun on the farm and "tin y will not want to move to town. The "religion" of the Su preme Court ot North Carolina is thus slated : Srni.h and Dil lard, Presbyterian Elders, Ashe Episcopalian Consress should make an increased appropriation for the improvement at the mouth of Cape Ftar River. Let the channel be opened for the largest ships to enter the port of Wilmington, and the whole State will fe?l the beneficial effects 141 Pittsbo.o Record : We ar pleased to learn that the R v. Edmund Joyner,of Hickory, X. C, has accepted the Rtrhip of the Episcopal church at thU place, and will arrive here th. latter part of this month'-' Murfreesboro Enquirer: The warehouse of the Farmer d Mechanic' Steamboat Transpor tation Company, at the town wharf, was entirely destroyed by fire Saturday night. The !o- is estimated at $1,000, with no insurance. It is supposed to have been the work of an incen diary, a there had btvn'no tire in the building that day. For tunately there wvre but few goods in it at the time. We arc glad to learn that it will be ie built at once. The Times That Try Men's Souls. When he pops the question. When his wife wants to talk and he dosen't. When he writes to his best girt and has to wait two weeks for a reply. When he pokes his head through his last clean shirt and finds no button on behind. When he walks twelve miks to see his giil and then tin !s ht r out with his rival. When he buys a new pair of shot's and discovers two big nails sticking up in the heels. When he hurries around the corner and lands square in the arms of a man who holds his I. O. Y. When he takes his girl out and discovers that he has left his pocket book at home in his old t rouse r-;. When he comes home early in the morning and his wife wants to hold a little debating society in the lower hall. When h e goes home at ni dit, finds a house full of company, and his wife blissfully ignorant of the fact that dinner is not read v. Turkish Provekhs. Never a sigh falls to the ground. God makes the blind bird's nest. A smile answers every tear. Where there is a .soul there is, a hope. An orderly housj is ' blessed. Alms are a silent prayer. The heart is a child that wants what it sees. Every accident gives advice. Chance is the bt in troducer. Man without judg ment ; ship without anchor. Correct! We are decidedly in favor of retaining the State Geologist; and not only this, but we hope the Legislature will permit our people to enjoy the benefits of that office by pub lishing the Geologist's "report. for free distribution, or at any rate they should be furnished a"t the cost of publication. The present price (2, we believe,) h entirely to-) much. The office of State (ieologist can be made ex ceedingly useful and valuable in bringing the great resources of the State to the attention of cap italists, and we can't imagine how $5,000 a year could be ex pended to better advantage Messenger. Mr. James II. Fovles. mailing clerk of the Messenger in 1871, and who ielt for Texas about six years ago, after trying that State' for that length of time, came to the conclusion tint there were no better lands or fairer prospects for an indus trious man to make a fortune than waa afforded in the old North State, and fast week he passed here in a wagon en route for Peaufort county, havinir wagoned 1ih family all the wav froiri Tex?. H3 .ays that thousands of people have emi grated from other States into Texas that would now be triad to get back to their old trAinpin grounds. We wish friend James God speed on his return to the old North State. M'efr.