Newspaper Page Text
Arm i. 10, 1879.
THE FARMEK -aJSTD MECHANIC. 180 grintltural. 7Y7"j, n-l r A?ncnlti:refImuiisra 1 ion ami Statistics. T J. Jahvis, Governor and ex ofiicio Chair "?V. Kkkr, state oeologist and ex officio ''rlUxlLEiaent State Agricultural . - I.;,'... i tv'nmcio inenib r of the B-m. niit-s-t .in ..,, slt-ito - i r i f 1 1 H r: 1 1 1 I . T T I IMM I I 1 I L I M 111 V swU.. - - - - C s .Vie' v and ex ofiicio member of the Board, v fi H. Cheek, faster State (.ran-, P. f 1 1 nid ex ofiicio member of the B.ard. lf, p i! ioi'EN,of Edgecombe county. ' ' .-r kvns. oicumi-eiland county. 1 nSi jt KouiS .n. secreiary and Treas- w.-ond foor of Driggs' Build hg ur-r. t "ire. ALBANY PENITENTIARY. Tne Modem Bastile to Which Southern Political Prisoners Are tent. AN" OUTSIDKR S VIKH. tl 1 ill-.-llli- etit'i n-i is mauo j.o essed probably Cuttle Fish Mr. W. Y. I lowland, of Beaufort, uvial correspondent of the Depart- ..n,... t.n(l l the ('din- it Ol A-IH limm-, siuner a spcciiticn of this odd fish, ,1 4'. .11, nvlrifr iloSfrilltlOU. tnrether wiiu uiu i"""'o -The cuttle-uh possesses qualities the extraordinary. It is about two feet Ion, covered with a very thm skin: composed uf a gelatinous substance, which however, within-side is strength- 1 bv a strong hone, oi which giuai. - -.1 -.1 T . le by the goldsmiths, ic is of eight arms, which are of service to it in fishing for ...l t.. i;t. it w f"ll:lLlp lf" its prev; wiue in ' "i "' -- lightning or contracting these at pleas hut when dead they contract and ,(-c their rigidity. They iced upon small ii.di, which they seize with their i .. 1 1... .1 fi'iim ,wrfr: wlmdi audtneyaie iiuim-j.,.-, ...n.... I upon the weeds along tne sea- slire. The cuttlefish is found along many oi the coasts of Kurope, but are not easily ,-u.julit - from a contrivance, with which they are furnished by nature; this is a b':i.-k substance, of the color of ink, wak-h is c 'Maine 1 in a bladder general j. n the left side of the belly, and which is ejected in the manner of an eKi-re'u'.ents from the arms. Whenever, then-fore, this lish is pursued, and i liuds a difficulty of escaping, it spurts j.iunh a great quantity of this black 1 ijiior. by which the waters are totally .hiikciK'd. and then it escapes, by lying r!,,-c to the bottom. In this manner the creature finds its safety; and men f,nS ample cause for admiration, from the meat variety of stratagems with whirh creatures are endured for their .( t-uliar preservation." Goldsmith s A miuited Nature. a rue a-e la'u The following brands of fertilizers h:..e ken licensed since our list was i'c.h'ished on the 2th tilt : Feb. lith Preston's Ammoniatcd r.ojte Super Phosphate. March i!-'d Sohuible Pacific Guano. March I tli Merryman's Ammonia -t ..-! dissolved Hones. March 2oth Zeli's A. B. Phosphate. March Star Brand Complete Manure. March 20th S'oluablc Xavassa Gu ano. -March 31st Peruvian Guano, ini I t c J 1 sy Hobson , 11 urt ado & Co. March olst Premium Phosphate. March .'Jlst Anchor Brand. March .'list Pacific Guano Co.'s A.-I l Phosphate of Lime. April 1st Special Compound. Aprii :U Xew Jersey Chemical Co. A ululated Phosphate. April :;d Xew Jersey Chemical Co. A i.lulutcd rVh Guano. April Cth Bradley's Patent Super phosphate of Lime. April 7th Wilcox, Gibbs & Co.'s M;.i!ipu!ated Guano, r, Apiil 12th L. A: B. Ammoniatcd -'.iiahlc rhsphafe (will renew. n 1 . i Iiat is wrong in the Kinston Post o!f -e ? e arc now mailing the Far i:er and Mechanic with our own hands if ! h r to make sure that every num-'-r shall have this office properly ad 'M'd. Last week the package for Ki:it..ii contained a coy for Hon. J C. Washington, but he failed to vcit. This is too bad! Nothing "':..;ues a newspaper so much as in egu- m coming. We have determined Note: Very many free-hearted friends from time to time solicit the Editor of this paper to publish a de tailed narrative of his experience while for more than two years suifering the torture of the condemned, in that Living-Grave, the Albanv Peniten tiary. To do this with justice to my self, and to thousands of my fellow sufi'erers. as well as to my State and Section, will necessitate a "concise Be viewal of the whole period of mis nomered Beconstruction. poitravimr the successive epochs of .Military and rreeumen s llureau nife; of 1 hieve Bing leveling; of Kirk and Ber-en outrages; and of Grant. Chandler, and Landaulet Williams conspiracy to In timidate the Electoral vote of the South, by armed Jannizaries; all of which requires much time and labor; so it is doubtful if I can arrange the information already accumulated in time for publication during the present year. .Meanwhile, to some of my friends there may bo a measure of interest in the following aceount of the Albany Prison written by a staff correspondent of Appleton's Journal. It will afford a faint conception of the dreadful dis cipline and drudgery of that Human Tread-mill; though the correspondent saw only the brightest side, the most lavorab-e appearance, the cleanest por tion of the prison ; and he naturally was prejudiced on the side of the ollh-i-als, who are extremely eourteous to visitors, especially reporters : Al.ISANY STATE TKiSOX. 'This institution ha become famous. Ft has acquired a world-wide reputation ..... ti . i us ,i liiuuci jiiisnn. i nere are out one or two others in the country that ap proach it in excellence. Here you have the criminal incarcer ated, reduced to complete subjection. hampered by inexorable rules, and vet converted into a proiitable laborer. The law seizes the wrong-doer ; he is broimht hither, is given the regulation dress" is taught the routine, and is placed at a bench, where lie is expected to recom pense the fctate for the trouble it has taken m his ease, and to earn it a leward for havimr captured him. There are a few prison-:, and only a few, that equal the Albany Penitentiary in cither of the particulars that have made it noted. Its fame depends upon the strict discipline of its inmates; the rigorous supervision bv its ohicers. which causes punishment to follow quickly upon the heels of any misdeed, however slight : and upon the executive and business talent of its manaters who have made it produce, latterly, an an nua! profit of twenty and some odd thousands of dollars by means of labor of the convicts for outside contractors. The penitentiary is in the western out skirt of Albany. It is situated upon an elevation in the midst of rolling grounds, through which lead fine drives and walks. In t lie summer the lawns are rich and fragiant, and the lofiy trees, of which there are many, throw grateful shadows upon the verdant giounds, and upon the stern walls of the prison. ri"i - 1 . J he prison is a castellated structure, walls, and the shops. lie seems to be upon spriuL's. A runninir man, in the prison-garb, will set the springs in sud den motion, and they will turn, aim fire, and bring down the wretch with mathemetic accuracy and precision, and will then resume their endless inarch. apparently calm and undisturbed. The.-e two men seem at the first glance to le guarding nothing, to be walking to am fro for the sake of some form or cere mony. But, were they to be suddenly subtracted from the scene, their u would become apparent in a single sec ond. Lvery window in the shop-walls. would vomit convicts. Ihey would burst out as water bursts through a sieve, and thev would over-run the country in a dire flood. These two men form the repression to incalculable mi- chief; their steel barrels and their calm eyes are the only barriers between socie ty and a horde of villains schooled and adept in every crime. Hie shops contain at their various benches six hundred prisoners. Son of them are boys, hardly old enough to have lost the half-femine glance of the eve and shape of the face which belong to the child ; and some of them are white-hatred veterans, into whose bent and slowlv-moving figures the rust of decav has already ere l it, and wnose feeble feet for ten. twenty, thirty, forty, and lift v vears, have not strayed one hundred yards from where they stand One enters the shops by means of doors that open directly from the yard. The prisoners are employed mostly in makimr boots and ehoes. Their labor is let out bv the prison officials to manu facturers. The manufacturers supply the stock, the machines, the patterns, and the overseers. The prison supplies the labor, the shelter, the benches, and the power reouisite to run the small shafting necessary for the work. Alost of us know how pleasant it is to enter a shop full oi busy workers, men nil i , or women, lheir uec movements, their free faces, their free looks, all communicate to us a certain elation. Thev labor each for his own benefit. Each blow and each stitch is a definite advance. Each stint accomplished is a long step forward. The knowledge that the world grows easier for them as they finish this mould or this garment, per mits them to laugh and chat with light hearts. How very different it is in a shopful of convicts ! HUMAN MACHINES, You enter one in this penitentiary And you see before you fifty or sixty men standing at tables, with their faces turned from you. The latch rattles as the door opens, a rush of cold air follows you in. and then the door closes with a loud soun 1. Every one in the room has heard it. All know that you are there, all know that a stranger has come to visit them. Vet, of all the fifty or sixty men, not one raises his head or looks around, or sus pends an act. There is not the smallest sign that they arc aware of your pres ence. You look closely at the faces of those near by. Not an eye glances at you. It is a rule of the place that n one shall. I " - " " ' ! ,- I . . I ' Note. This is very true. Standing all day in one spot, day after day, (not excepting even Christmas and New Years,) week after week, month after C I. cm falling upon an object upon which the mind has long since fixed iudf? to be continued. Fighting Femininity. Doubtless you have heard of pretty Airs. Oates, who pleased the boys here and elsewhere. She has become rather a bad lot oi - Wild Oates" since she I'layed in Raleigh, but she can still kick up a row. A recent issue of the St. Louis Times furnishes the following: . The cause of the trouble was an ar ticle which appeared yesterday morn ing, wherein an interview with Miss Inez A. Sexton, one of the chorus, were given. In the interview Mis Sexton gave a brief outline of her re markable career, end followed it with a statement which Airs. Oates construed as an attack upon the moral charac ter of herself and the other lady members ol the company. The statement w.i in effect that Aliss Sexton thoi ght it strange that she, who had alwas lived a pure life and was blessed with musical talents of high order, could not advance rapidly in her profession, while others whose moral character was under a cloud, succeeded in evervthintr and be came a public favorite. Aliss Sexton afterward stated that she intended th? to apply to the stage at large, and not to any particular conimnv Uut M.- Oates felt that her honor was impugn- eu. ana nence the course she adopted. .Miss Sexton was in her dressintr room preparing lor the matinee, when she was startled by hearing a strange noise in the green-room, followed bv the voice of Mrs. Oates, raised to a sharp tone, saying, ''Where is that thing? Jet me get at her where is she? I'll give u io her; and betore .Hiss Sexton could comprehend the nature of tlu '"uu oi me uiMui oancc, the door of her room was pushed open., and in stepped Airs, Oates. her eyea flashing fire.auJ her pale features indicating that she was in a terrible rage. Eyeing the chorus singer k(br a inoioeiu, as n unuecided whether to an nihilate her at once or to tear her in pieces at her leisure, she opened upon her a perfect torrent of the choicest ex pressions at her command. Aliss Sexton endeavored to explain that she intended no reflection upon any member of the company, but Airs. Oates would accent no excuse. Her moral character, she asserted, had been a.sa'ed, together ' j 1,1, 11 . 1 IT ' C .. . wiin mat oi an the lady mem hers ot the company, and she wanted revenue. 'Oh, said she, trembling with raire. "if I was not a ladv I would knock you down and tear your eyes out. You claim to be the only virtuous woman in the company ! Oh, you horrid thing!" At this point Ada Dow came to Airs. Oates assistance, and the couple was soon reinforced by two or three other members of the company, who poured out upon the head of the unfortunate chorus singer a flood of abuse and threats of violence. Airs. Oates apparently having freed her mind, gave place to Miss Dow. with the remark, "slap her face, Ada' the nasty thing. If you're a woman, you'll give her a geod beating for what she has said about all of us. Aliss Sexton said nothing, but was evidently much terrified at the threat ening manner of her visitors, and tried to look as fierce as possible IS A . A 5 H - HEGE'S FATCifT IlilPROyED CIRCULAR SAW MILLS. w M f x "i ; v. s v I M A - 2 V 0 i i if H - z Q l 1 jerilv A tit t HIE 2- i m J ar: ut-. i : Sir II.-. the T j - i VvA "." v ' ' 1 1 'ti ' vrill rom JifTr ot'ac n r o 4- month, year after year, without uttering said31l.s. 0ates . "alld don't you dare n word, or he.-vriii"- one. (thonyh half f n ctnn vnnr V.i- cf.m,, t. built of Ijnck, and surmounted by bat- dcafCiicd by the roar of machinery and day." demented towers. Its front is well pro- whirlinr f m wl N) the ris. With this remark she left the room, portioned and lmposniir. 1 ho nnson ie wniuin0 oi iuau wnces; me pus proper is in the rear. One enters at a oner becomes a mere automaton, doing Miss gexton left aloilC 'hean to dre4 centre door in the facade, lhere is a his work as mechanically as the engine herself for the street, while she gave wide nad, on the right of which are the that groans and wheezes beneath the way to her emotions in tears. She was when a bov MI 0 i 4 3 u o - & : H I 0 ! o St ; i - . f - - C 5 - t1 INTERNAL T P p ' f- r INTERNAL ii & tO. I VOVI'CS i'.Mill Ull.i i, t c. M l x , : v j. T! S.Von f.-.-: -.:!-.r.i! v.'-.--. ; HEGE'S DIAGONAL (D o TKE a5 - r j Z .. . - s A c2- i m ii . r: r. r t m Agr'cjltjrai WorVs ' i ! v. v . r. Corn Sheller, Sj:Prr A.rri-i.lf'i C, -l I i SMI., n r "" l':nI.itt n o H Q mJLm M 12! m AL LEX & C 1! A M , Iron and Brass Founders and Machinists, RALEIGH, N. C, 5IAXrFA(TLKEi:s AND IMrOirrr.HS OF i:N SIM'S Portat-le ai..l Stati .uary. Cotton (Jins, 1'ower Presses, Saw and Grist .Mills, .shaltin,', l'ull'-ys, 1 lair.'.-j , i;-s PLOWS AND PLOW CASTINGS. Plans and estimates furnished on all classes nf niaehi crrv. We call sn.-.-i.il attention Jo the following iroo.is, niamilact incd l.v the TAVLuU MAN CFAcTl.'ltlNG COM PAN V, which we are otlc-rin at MamitUcturers' price.- : Till: DKY ST F.AM KN(iINK, ofTor on wheels. Admitted tr ho the best Portable Fn-inein the State. And the CUPPFIt FNGINF, oiforon wheels, at the follow in- low prices: i iiore Fii.one, oi! wIk-.u, -"."" ; t Horse Kngino, on wheels, ?1.W). Other sizes and styles of Fiuinesat proportionate rate. The Iron-Frame Saw Mill is the best in use, and only one of the kind in the State. Write for circular. parlors of the superintendent, and on the left the offices of the prison, together with the guard-room. The guard-room is furnished with plain tables and chairs for the use of those who come to visit the institution, and upon its walls are racks of muskets and pistols, half-cocked, and ready for use. This is the first token that one is in any other than a quiet and well-ordered country-house. All is silent. There are no sounds of loud voices or loud laughing; in fact, one involuntarily lowers his tone, and stands in an attitude of humility, as if in the near presence of something dreadful and forbidding. On turning to look out of the win dows, one sees a broad yard. In itscentie is a large gias-jdot, en tirely unobstructed. Around its ed.ue is a broad smooth walk, perhaps eight feet wide. Ucyond the yard there are workshops, two low stories in height, and well lighted by numerous windows. There are portions of a high, brown wall to be scei with a foot-path and laiiing upon its top. As one steps into the yard, he hears the whir of sewinu-ma- about to leave her room. TSTriv nnlibn thf mnehino hf i i t i i handed her an envelope, in which was u, xvj "-"a the following note and $47 nothing to awaken new ideas, new "Miss Sexton : Inclosed please find hopes, or reflections, his mind soon your salary to date lour services are ' I m . - no longer required, in consequence of the very ungenerous way in which you have treated your sister professionals in your interview in the Times this morn- mg. Ii. E. J. Miles, Manager, Oates Opera Company. Miss Sexton then left the theatre and went to her room. She said that Mrs. Oates had told her that if she said falls into the habit of brooding ; never- ceasing baneful brooding over ins own situation ! In the case of men sentenced for fifteen, twenty, or thirty years, or for life, it would be a merciful stroke of Heaven to deprive them of Sieht, Speech, Smell, Taste, Ilea- ring, and memory; since in the loss of these six Senses there would anything more to a reporter. be a hope ot saving the seventh, she would horsewhip her to wit, .ucason! l or, it must be re- and have her put in prison. Mie was membeied, there are diflerent styles of very much overcome by her troub.e, and Keverv; one mmd continua 1 recalls its amid her tears and sobs told ot the un real or fancied wromrs, and burns with fust treatment she had received at the force de-iie, and determination for the hands of Airs. Oate. She seemed ut- deadliest revenue! Another, weaker, terry broken down at being thrown out soul recognizes the hopeiesness of its sit- of employment in the height of the nation, and fails into miserable melan- season. Mie attributed the trouble to ii i i'i.iii. I' i 'i'i i , i .i cnoiv, tinner wnicii toe hunt or reason, jeaiousy, wnicn cunninateu uron tne and of life, gradually fade until one, or publication of the interview in question. p.rh;;s building, ralkkjii. n, o. Dealers in A. H, 23 TR, 3 "2 3 3 - fe r -V 2 " 3 ? r 7 t-J- : 1 s r j. & 2 rin r "O OT N O R TH STATE FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY OF WAItRKNTON, X. , 1 5 - een' in Successful Operation for Six Years. M. S. DAVIS, President. A Thoroughly Reliable Home Company, II.F. LONG, Secretary A. HA.RjxGTON. GASTuN TilOMPS ITARRIXGTOX fc JIOAIPSOX, CAMFRON, X. C, Manufacturers of all kinds of Rouirh Taimler. Orders solicited ami filled promptly. Wc give our busiues.s our personal attention and guarantee satisfaction. '"x't- 1 " SMOKIXC; TOBACCO. ,1 cliiccs and a gcneial sound of small both expire. The writer once cut a saying that she had been purposely kept .diall be iioeaue for complaint at '-;.ice. iind ifour j.atrous will notify .any tauure to lvceive their jaj.er i ascertain the fault and rectify ,,!'i"!iess that we are not fit to print d!!--draper. 11 r;anton nuole: Tl.i. .... ...... si m'.i W(t '"'hin wiTc? iii Nes ;'IS '"tk 'Rd have made ar ange- -tr.L ri d. ( .1 . x-L- . Vrrirl-. ' ' em- p-ii ... vi iii ii o-t-i nit . 1 . . . . . . . r nine liiii"- io llogan re- 00 k at the Mcl).v. 11V F.-rd H i,,- rcJ ?he hmesl b dder,at ', r rd. ;he b ds for fuinih fi'ne. 1 - U,Jr w,'n' rejetvod, the -It- ft c o Ul; "i:CIv yard i T f iv ,1 1 - . ii''.iii ic- , lJentrner f,.r 1 urniTi ng lot , . I ood at the Mel),w. 1V F. rd .u K .'id 1 .i;.,.. .1 1 . 1 , hiyrh. 1 k . - , t;. 1 t 1 Mite ir. L.. A. IS lt- t:tt' ; Ydwa-tl colored. 8 E. Po 'h.i 1, ,Bri lain. Timothy Osde-s , "ckw h. s,ml L. P. Gnri- ' I IL I lie m r rct- for lurnifttiuw Jul V ii o I 1 it W..1. I -riCk 3ard ith 00 coids at100per cord. woik, a bustle of industry and activity. fJiit no one is to be seen, In all the broad space not a man appears; it is as dcseitedas if a plague had cleared it. it is clean to a fault ; not a stick, nor a stone, nor a bit of waste, can be found in it. it is rectangular, well swept, im maculate. It is an index of the supreme older and policy of the place. Hut, by looking upward, both to the right and the Jeit, there is to be seen on either hand, in a sort of tower thirty feet above the ground, guard, Before him, in plain sight, and resting cross wise upon a railing in front, is a mus ket. Willi its glistening barrel. In a lit tle passage-way between this railing and a sentry-box in the lear he marches up and down constantly, lie never rests and never halts, lie takes ten or twelve steps in 01c direction, then turns sharply about and takes ten or twelve steps back again. At his left side he carries a rille at "support," with its hammer resting upon his forearm. He is rigid, erect, and soldierly, and his eyes constantly rove 01 er the yard, the notch in his linger with his keen Waded in the chorus, when she had been shoe-knife, ostensibly by accident, promised a better position because her b it in le i-ity to break up a fit of brood- voice was superior to that of any other ing resulting from a sleepless niirht, and female member of the eouipanv. a gloomy rain' December day. It was About 8 o'clock last evening Miss a frequent thing for men to drop "in a Sexton went to the theatre to get a por- fit " while standmir at their work tion ot her wardrobe which had been benches: and not often were less than left there, and was standing near the three or four gibbering idiots, or howl- stage door waiting for the property boy mg maniacs, in the prison at any one to bring it to her, Airs. Oates saw her tunc; notwithstanding that such cases and with hre in her eves remarked, .1 4 1 C .1 I ..ll'-l , 1 1 T . wo e sent to the A.syiums alter three u nai are you aoing nere, you amy months' Uia! in the prison hospital. thing? Get out of my theatre ! Get K. A. b. out. i sav, or 1 fl have voutirown out. Aliss bexton replied : 'T am doing This seeming obliviousness on the no harm ; I am merely waiting for my pare of the prisoners affects one more peasant wardrobe." fie at nrst comprehends, Airs. Oates, evidently bent upon en forcing her demand, said: "Get out of here, you miserable thing. Bob Allies will put you out," and she rushed at the girl, pushing her out of the stage doornito the rain. Completely cowed by this treatment, Miss Sexton returned to her hotel, and probably gave up for the time at least all hope of getting her wardrobe. TKAOE MARK. . MANUFACTURED ONLY CY W.T.BlUckveiji Co. "IfOR PLEASURE j 0y SMOKE THE CLDPNXv dee)ly than he at first comprehends, He sees in this enforced suppression of a most natural act the iron-like discip line that here rules all things, What is more easy than a look ? What act do we perform more readily, and at less cost of time and labor? What, then, must be the character of the fear that restrains the eye from moving outside a certain limit? that keeps that slight, In YOUK OWN ROOM for il Win J I 'U ii ' -, 4 ' ctieip apparatus recently pat ented for the prod act I .n of Tcrkish and Vapor Btha at the cst of th Alcohol ihat upi'bes the het. it 1 as pmve ore en ctive tnai tn r di"a vTuik h Pa'li-fo i-e, in e ai'cirp. Kteaniat sm. A-thn a Cttrrh. Uiu I s a . Ds, epsia md all n-rvous de i 1 i-lug maladies. PAMPHLET FRE?. LLbinslV-rfaWeTurLMiBailiffork: No. 68 East Fourth Street. Cffice Room 50 Pikes Opera Houe, Cincinnati, Ohio. Iilarch 2$-dca. jEW YORK GALLERY, ii VLFIGII, N. C Have your pictures copied a' home. Old pictures enl irgod an-1 finished in India Ink or Water Colors at NKW YORK PRICKS. Those wishing large or Mnall pic ures made, will (Jo well to come to the Gallery, weat side Fay ettevillo street, ovr X C. Ro ks?or. PRICK LIST OF PICTLJliES : 8 Card Photographs, Burnished, $1.00 12 " " " 1.50 8 " sizeTt irotpesorTint'pes, 50 j n Call and e.xuniine specimens. G. W. S'UW 'AiU, fuvwArtisti