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LIBERTY AJSJ UNION, NOW AJXX rOREVBR, ONE AND INSEPAIlJVBI-E.'-.I)aniel Wpbster.
RALEIGiHr N. C, THURSDAY, AUGUST 9, 1866.
' '" I ' i . 1 " - '".'" V ' ' ' ' -" " " " ' '" 1 i . 1 '. " 11 " 1 '" ' - - " . ' t " 1 ' - w
TVhOLDEN. . J. W. HOLDEN.
W. W. HOLDEN & SON,
EDITORS OF THB STANDARD, :
Sad autrvrized publisher' of the Lam of the United
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Webster's Confession of Faith.
Dr. Smith, of Concord, N. H., haa
put in our hand the following letter of
Danier Webster to liev. Thomas Wor
cester, formerly pastor of the Congrega
tional church iu Salisbury, N. II., which
is accompanied with a conlession of his
religious faith, both of which' are in hia
own handwriting. We have seen Mr.
Webster's name in the records of the
church in Salisbury enrolled among its
members, if we mistake 'not, about the
time the letter below bears date, lie
remained a member of that church till
his death. The letter and confession
were never before published. They are
as follows : tSaletn lttg 'Inter ; June 2.2nd.
Boscawkx, Aug. 8, 180S.
Dear Sir : The other day we were
conversing respectiiigconfessions of faith
Some time ago I wrote down for my
own use a few propositions in the shape
of articles, intending to exhibit a very
short summary of the doctrines of the
Christian religion as they impressed my
mind. I have taken the liberty to en
close a copy for your perusal. I am,
sir, with respect, yours, etc.,
I believe in the existence of Almighty
God, who created and governs the
whole world. I am taught this by the
works ot nature nnd the word of revela
tion. I believe that God exists in three
persous ; this I learn from revelation a
lbue. Nor is it any objection to this
belief that I caunot comprehend how one
can be three or three one. I hold it my
duty to believe, not what I can compre
hend and account for, but what my
Maker teaches us.
I believe the Scriptures of the Old
and New Testament to be the will and
word of God.
I believe Jesus Christ to be the Son
of God. The miracles which he
wrought, establish in my mind his per
sonal authority, and rentier it proper for
me to believe whatever he asserts; I be
lieve, therefore, all his declarations, as
well when he declares himself the Son
of God, as when he declares any other
proposition. And I believe there is no
other way of salvation than through the
merits of his atonement.
I believe that thiugs past, present, and
to come are all equally present in the
mind of the Deity: that with him there
is no succession of time, nor ideas ;
that, theretore, the relative tertnspust,
present, and future, as used among men,
cannot with strict propriety be applied
to Deity. I believe in the doctrine of
predestination, as thus expounded. I
do not believe in those doctrines as im
posing any latality or necessity on
men's actions, or in any way infringing
I' believe in the utter inability of any
human being to work out his own sal
vation, without constant aids of the
Spirit of all grace.
I believe those great peculiarities or
the Cristian religion a resurrection
from the dead aad a day of judgement.
I believe in the universal providence
of Gotl ; and leave to Epicurus, and his
more unreasonable followers in modern
times, the inconsistency ot believing
that God has made a world which he
does not take the trouble of governing.
Although I have great respect for
some other forms of worship, I believe
the Congregational mode, on the whole,
to be preferable to any other.
1 believe religion to be a matter not
of demonstration, but of faith. God re
quires us to give credit to the truths
which he reveals, not because we can
prove them, but because he declares
them. When the mind is reasonably
convinced that the Bible is the word of
God, the only remaining duty is to re
ceive its doctrines, -with full confidence
of their truth, and practice them with a
1 believe that the Bible is to be un
derstood and received in the plain and
obvious meaning of its passages ; since
I cannot persuade myself that a book
intended for the instruction and conver
sion oi ine wnoie worm, should cover
its true meaning in such mystery and
do-ubt, that none but critics and phi
losophers can discover it.
I believe the experiments and subtle
ties of human wisdom are more likely
to obscure than enlighten the revealed
will of God, and that he is the most ac
complished Cristian scholar who hath
been educated at the feet of Jesus, and
in the college of Fishermen.
I believe that all true religion con
sists in the heart and affections, and
that, therefore, all creeds and confess
ions are fallible, and uncertain eviden
ces ot evan;elieal piety.
Finally, I believe that Christ has
imposed on all his disciples a life of ac
tive benevolence : mat ne wno reirams
only from what he thinks to be sinful,
has performed but a part, and a small
nait. of his duty : that he is bound to
do good and communicate, to love his
neighoor, to give food and drink to his
enemy, ana to endeavor, so iar as in
him lies' to promote peace, truth, piety,
and happiness in a wicked and forlorn
world, believing that in the great day
which is to come, there will be no other
standard of merit, no other criterion of
character, than that which is already
established. " By their fruits ye shall
know them." v
Official census returns of the City
of St. Louis make the white population
204,327. It is claimed, however, that
this falls short of the real number, and
that 230,000 would be more correct,
the nationalities are given as follows :
Irish ; 26,130 ; Germans, 49,791 ; French
1,933 ;.Jnghsh, 3,909; American, 118,
ao,;oiner , nations, ,ij. v;my uue
in 48 of the total -population is over. 60
years of agfr; nearly one half are under
tl .'-The- oldest person found was a Bp-.
bemiao woman 10a years old. - 1 ;n
The first element of a genuine Union
ism is confidence in our fellow , men.
Without confidence in our fellow men,
there can be no true union in Church or
State, iu religion or politics, in the fami
ly or general society. A want of confi
dence, disintegrates, divides and sepe
rates individuals, families, churches and
States. It digs between men and na
tions a moral gulf that cannot be
bridged, and builds up between them a
mountain barrier that cannot be crossed.
The political history of disunionism
in our country, and in connection with
our governmeut shows that it had its
origin in a want of confidence between
the two great sections of our common
country. This want of confidence caus
ed mutual distrust and sectional strife
and crimination, until it culminated in
. secession, disunion, division and war.
Had we, as a people, the same confi
dence in each other as had our revolu
tionary fathers, secession, however,
believed as a theory of our government
would never have been practically
tried, our country would never have
been divided, war would uever have de
luged our land in the blood of our kin
dred, and this day we would be a uni
ted, prosperous and happy people.
It is a want of confidence of the dom
inant party of Congress in the people of
the southern states, that still keeps our
country divided, after millions of mon
ey and rivers of blood have been ex
pended to restore it.
We separated because the North and
South lost confidence in each other, and
we continue divided because this confi
dence has not been restored. Distrust
first divided and separated us, and the
same distrust continues this division aud
keeps up the strife. Could confidence
be restored, reconciliation and re-uniou
would soon follow. Under the influ
ence of this ioiyl of Union, we would
be attracted towards each other drawn
together and united as one people, un
der one government.
In the second place, true Unionism
demands of us a willingness to sacrifice
onr personal wishes, individual interests,
opinions, passions, prejudice aud pref
erences for the common good of the
whole country. He who places self-interest,
personal ambition, party success,
local demands aud sectional prejudice
above the unity, peace and prosperity
of his country, is a disunionist, we do
not care to what party he belongs, or
what may be his political creed. Is it
not evident that, without mutual confi
dence, sacrifice and conmpromise,'there
could be no such government as ours
formed, aud when formed it cannot be
perpetuated if this spirit is not kept a
live by the people. That man is the
disunion man, and that party is the dis
union party, that has not this spirit and
and will not act upon this principle.
In the third place, true Unionism de
mands of us love for, and true sympa
thy with each other, as the citizens of
our common country. Is it not appa
rent to every reflecting mind that there
can be no genuine political Uniou among
a people who have no love for, and sym
pathy with each other?" Hatred and dis
trust will des-troy the Union of any lie
publican form of government. Hatred
produces strife, aud strife is destruc
tive to Union. What we need, iu ortler
to be a true united people and country
is confidence, sympathy and friendship.
HOWELL A miOTHERS,
MAN L'FACTUREES IMPORTERS OF
I ji i o i II n ii g- i ii f s;,
WINDOW SHADES, HOLLANDS, &c.
No. 2 GO Baltimore Street,
march 27 i 6m.
QOLD ! GOLD 1 IS DECLINING,
But all kinds of the best Writing Paper and
Envelopes, Illustrated papers, Fashion Books,
Fancy Articles, and Newspapers, thr'o from New
York in thirty-six hours, can always be found at
West's Stationery Store,
Next door to the National Bank. "Small profits
and quirk sales," is our motto.
February 10. 1806 tf
ISIl t FISH ! FISH I
200 BARRELS CUT HERRINGS,
100 " Roe "
20 half barrels Roe "
10 barrels prime mess Shad,
20 barrels Nos. 1 aud 2 Mackerel all new
catch and in line order,
june 2 tf. B. P. WILLIAMSON tfc CO.
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA, I
Wake County. J
Superior Court of Law and Equity, Spring Term,
On motion, it is ordered by the Court, that the
Clerk give notice through the Standard, Sentinel
and I'rogi-esx, newspapers published in the City
of Raleigh, and also rt lour or more public places
iu the County of Wake, to all parties of Record
who have suits pending in the Superior Court of
said County, and their witnesses, to appear at the
next Fall TVrm of the Court, to be held at the
Court House, in Raleigh, on the
First Monday after the fourth Monday
of September, 1866,
prepared to try their cases.
Parties having no counsel are notified to em
ploy on or before the day aforesaid, or their suits
will be tried without counsel.
J. N. BUNTING, Clerk.
Raloigh, July 10, 1800. 48 3taw-td
.LEMONS I LEMONS I t LEMONS I I I
rrv BOXES'ME'SSINA LEMONS, FRESH
Vaud' ill good order. Just received, and
.will Ee sold low to close consignment.
11. f. WILLIAMSON S C!U.
Raleigh, June 29, 1806. 45tf.
NORTH STATE IRON AND
HAVING SECURJSVTHE SERVICES OF
a eompeJtfrpersoii, we are now prepared
to gum Saws in the best style, and : on moderate
We are also prepared to tarnish all kinds of
Castings, and repair Mill Irons,
Orders sent to us will meet with prompt at
tention. B. P. WILLIAMSON & CO.
- Raleigh, Jnne 80, 1866. 45-tf-
i: . ".-"V , :
' An excellent Barn and Stables.'in Raleigh.--
Apply at - a STANDARD OFFICE
FabrBary-2S,.1866.---tf r f-$r?.i i xrV:----
Narth-Caroliua Railroad Company,
Enoinkeb & Superintendent's Office,
Company Shop, June 7th, 1866.
Chansre of Time.
N AND AFTER JUNE 10TH, I860, TRAINS
will run us lollows :
12.00 P. M.
4.50 A. M.
LOO P. M.
8.00 P. M.
" Hillsboro, ...
" Greensboro, .
12.80 P. M...
Mail Train. .-
4.30 A. M.
1.10 P. M.
2.15 A. M.
. " Salisbury,
" Greensboro, ..
11.15 P. M...
1.26 A. M..
Arrive Goldsboro', .
Mail Train connects at Raleigh with Raleigh
& Gaston Trains tor the Norl h. At Goldsboro'
witli Wilmington and Weldon, and Atlantic A
Accommodation train runs daily, (Sundays ex
cepted,) connecting with Wilmington tfc Weldon
There is no Sunday Train going North from
Weldon to Portsmouth ; passengers arriving at
Weldon on that day can go immediately through
eta Petersburg and Kiclimona
Eng. & Sup't.
June 9 3Ctf
PACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP CJ3IPA.WS
THROUGH LINE TO CALIFORNIA,
TOUCHING AT MEXICAN PORTS,
And Carrying the United States Mail.
THROUGH IN TWENTY-TWO DAYS.
Steamship on the
Connecting on the Pa
cific with the
One of the above Large and Splendid
Steamships will leave Pier No. 43, North
River, foot of Canal Street, at 12 o'clock, noon,
on the 1st, 11th and 21st of every month,
(except when those dates fall on Sunday, and
then on the preceding Saturday,) for Aspinwall,
conuecting, via Panama Railway, with one of the
Company's Steamships from Panama for San
Francisco, touching at Acapulco.
Departures of 1st and 21st connect at Panama
with Steamers for South Pacific and Central
American Ports. Those of the 1st touch at
A discount of one quarter from steamers' rates
allowed to second cabin and steerage passengers
with families. Also, an allowance of one quarter
on through rates to clergymen and their families,
and school-teachers. Soldiers having honorable
discharj. es, half-fare.
One hundred ponnds baggage allowed to each
adult. Bagirage-masters accompany the baggage
through, and attend to ladies and children with
out mule protectors. Baggage received on the
dock the day before sailing, from steamboats,
railroads, and passengers who prefer to send
An experienced Surgeon on board. Medicine
and attendance free.
For Passage Tickets, or further information,
apply at the Company's Ticket ollice, on the
Wharf, foot of Canal Street. North River, N. Y.
S. K. HOLMAN, Agent.
Julv 7, 18C6. 47--3m.
rpiIE NEW LINE FOR BALTIMORE,
JL carrying the GREAT HARNDEN EXPRESS
FREIGHT, leave Norfolk at 5 o'clock, p. in.
The new and elegant steamers
GEORGE LEARY, Capt. S. Blakeman,
Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
JAS. T. BRADV, Capt. D. C. Landis,
Monday, Weduesday and Friday.
The steamers of this line have unsurpassed ac
commodations, being all new and constructed
with great regard to speed, comfort and safety,
and the tables are equal to first class hotel fare.
Travellers g ling North via Seaboard aud Roan
oke Railroad, can purchase tickets to Portsmouth,
where coaches will be in waiting to convey them
and their baggage free of charge to the New
Line Steamers. Ample time is afforded to make
sure connection, and the fare under any circum
stances as low as by the Old Bay Line.
Travellers going via Weldon and Petersburg
and NortolK anu reiersourg tuiiiroaus eau prueurc
through tickets at Petersburg and have baggage
checked to Baltimore, Philadelphia and New
This line connects at Baltimore with the Rail
roads for all Princinal Cities North and West.
Through Tickets sold on the Boats, and Passengers
and Baggage transferred from Boat to Cars Free
Passengers, Baggage and Freight transferred to
and from Portsmouth and New Line Steamers
free of charsre.
Leave Baltimore from Spear's Wharf, foot of
Gay Street, at 5 o clock, p. in.
H. V. TOMPKINS, Agent
sep 23134 ly8 At Norfolk.
T AM CONSTANTLY NEGOTIATING
L sales of aud Mortgages upon Southern
A large amount of
Is now seeking opportunity for
I AM EMPOWERED TO PURCHASE
40.OOO ACRES OF COTTON
LANDS IN THE GULF
PLANTERS AND OTHERS,
wishing to sell, mortgage, or take partners in
working their lands, are invited, to apply to
me at once.
D. J. M. A. JEWETT,
46 Washington, Street,
A. F. Devereux & Co.,
EDiiran Rice, Esq.,
William L. Palmer, Esq.,
Gen. William A. Olmstead,
Troy, N. Y.
Dudley C Cbannell, Esq.,
'; Charles C. Fillet,
New-Orleans, La. .
CHARGES MODERATE. 1 j , . .
AH Letter; must enclose a Stamp. .
July 14, 1866, .. ,;. ;. '. 50 tw-6m .
JINE OLD 'WINE I ' ' 1
40 GALLONS OLbAND DELICIOUS SCUP
PERNONO Wine hv the miltun - 1" :
jone tf. t B. P. WILLIAMSON fc CO.
The Stamp Act.
ONE OF THE TAX LAWS OF THB UNITED STATES.
Acknowledgment of deeds, Exempt
Affidavit, 5 eta.
(in suit or legal proceedings,) Exempt
Agreemeut or Appraisement, for each
sheet or piece of paper, on which the
samii is written, 5 eta.
Assignment or Transfers, of mortgage,
lease or policy of Insurance, the same
duty as on the original instrument of
patent right, 5 cts.
Bank Checks, Drafts or Orders, &c., at
sight, or on demand, 2 cts.
Bills of Exchange ; Inland drafts or order
payable otherwise than at sight or on
demand, aud any proiuisory note what
ever, payable ou deinaud or at a time
designated except bank notes issued
. for circulation, and checks made and
Intended to be, and which shall be,
forthwith presented for payment for a
- sum not exceeding $100, 5 cts.
For every additional $100 or fractional
part thereof, 5 cts.
Bills of Lading vessels for the ports of the
United States or British North America, Exempt
On receipt of goods on anvf reigu ports, 10 cts.
Bills of Sale of any vessel, or part there- ,
of, when the considerrtion does not ex
ceed $500, 50 cts.
Exceeding $500 and not exceeding $1,000, $1 00
Exceeding one thousand dollars for each
five hundred dollars fractional part
thereof, 50 cts.
Of personal property, other than ship or
vessel Bond personal, for payment of
money see mortgage. J Official, $1 00
For indemnifying any person for the pay
ment of any sum of mouey, where the
money ultimately recoverable there
upon is one thousand dollars or less, 50 cts.
Where the money recoverable exceeds
one thousand dollars for every addi
tional one thousand dollars, or fraction
al part thereof, - 50 cts.
Bonds, county, city and town bonds, rail
roads and other corporation bonds and
Bcript, are subject to stamp duty. See
mortgage. Of any description, other
than such as are required in legal pro
ceedings, and such as are not otherwise
charged iu this schedule, 25 cts.
Certificates of deposit in bank, sum not
exceeding one hundred dollars, 2 cts.
Of deposit in bank, sum exceeding one
hundred dollars, 5 cts.
Of stock in an incorporated companv, 25 cts.
General, " 5 cts.
Of a qualification of a Justice of the Peace,
Commissioner of deeds or Notary
uublic. S ft a
Of search of records, 5 cts.
That certain papers are on file, 6 cts.
That certain papers cannot be found, 5 cts.
Of redemption of land sold for taxes, 5 cts.
Of birth, marriage and death, 5 cts.
Of qualifications of school teachers, 5 cts.
Ot profits of an incorporated company,
for a sum not less than ten dollars and
not exceeding fifty dollar, 10 eta.
Exceeding fifty dollars and not exceeding
one thousaud dollars, 25 cts.
Exceeding one thousand dollars, for every
additional one thousaud, or fractional
part thereof, 25 cts.
Of damage or otherwise, and all others
certificates or documents issued by any
port warden, marine surveyor, or other
person acting as such, 25 cts.
Certified Transcript of judgments, satis
faction ot judgments and of all papers
recorded or 011 tile, 5 cts.
Check Draft or Order for the payment of
any sum of money exceeding $10,
drawn upon any person or other than a
bank, banker or trust company, at sight
or on demand, 2 cts.
Contract See Agreement Brokers, 10 cts.
Conveyance deed, instrument of writing,
whereby lands, tenements, or other
reality sold shall be conveyed, the ac
tual value which does not exceed $500, 50 cts.
Exceeding $.500, and not exceeding $1,000, $1 00
For every additional five hundreddollars,
or fractional part thereof, in excess of
one thousand dollars, 50 cts.
Entry of any goods, wares or merchandize
at any custom house, not exceeding one
hundred dollars in value, 25 cts.
Exceeding one hundred dollars and not
exceeding live hundred dollars in value,50 cts.
Exceediuglive hundred dollars in value, $1 00
For the withdrawal of any goods or mer
chandize from bonded warehouse, 50 cts.
Guagcr's return if for quantity not ex
ceeding five hundred gal. gross, 10 cts.
Exceeding 500 gallons, 25 cts.
Power of Attorney to sell or transfer
stock, or collect dividends thereon, 25 cts.
To vote at an election if au incorporated
company, 10 cts.
To receive or collect rents, 25 cts.
To sell, or convey, or rent, or lease real
estate, $1 00
For any other purpose, 50 cts.
Probate of will or letters of administra
tion, where the value of both real and
personal estate does not exceed $2,000, $1 00
For every additional $2,000 or fractional
part thereof, in excess of $2,000, 50 cts.
Bonds of executor, administrators, guar
dians aud trustees, are each subjected
to a stamp duty of $1 00
Protest upon bill note, check or draft. 25 cts.
Promisory Note, (See Bills of Exchange,
inland,) Renewal of, subject to same
duty as an original note.
Receipt for the payment of any sum of
money, or debt due, exceeding twenty
dollars, or for the delivery of any pro
perty, 2 cfs.
Trust Deed made to secure n debt to be
stumped as a mortgage conveying estate
to uses, to be stamped as conveyance.
Warehouse Receipt for any goods, wares
or merchandise not otherwise provided
for, deposited or stored in any public
or private warehouse not exceeding
five hundred dollars in value, 10 cts.
Exceeding five hundred and not exceed
ing one thousand dollars, 20 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 dollars, for every addi
tional 1,000 dollars or fractional part
thereof, in excess of ,$1,000, 10 cts.
For any goods, etc., not otherwise provi
ded for,stored or deposited in any public
or private warehouse or yard, 25 cts.
Writs or Legal Documents, writ or other
legal process, by wliich unysuit is com
menced in any court of record, cither
of law or equity, 50 cts.
Writ or original process Issued by a court
not of record, where the amount cluiui
ed is 100 dollars or over, 50 cts.
Upon every confession of judgment or
cognovit for 100 dollars or over, except
in cases where the tax tor a writ has
been paid, 50 cts.
Writ or other process, appeals from jus
tices courts, or other courts of inferior
jurisdiction, to a court of record, 50 cts.
Warrants of distress, when the amount of
rent claimed does not exceed 100 dol
lars, 25 cts.
When the amount exceeds 100 dollars, 50 cts.
Insurance, Marine, Inland and Fire. .
Where the consideration paid for the
insurance, in cash, premium notes, or
both, docs not exceed 10 dollars, 10 cts.
Exceeding ten dollars, und not exceeding
fifty, 50 cts.
Insurance, Life, when the amount insured
does not exceed 1,000 dollars, 25 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 and not exceeding 5,000
dollars, 50 cts.
Exceeding 5,000 dollars, $1 00
Lease or lease of lands or tenements
where the rents does not exceed 300 per
' annum, 50 cts.
Exceeding 800 dollars, for each addition
al 200 dollars, or fractional part thereof,
in excess of 300 dollars, 50 cts.
Perpetual, subject to stamp duty as a
Clause ot guaranty of payment of rent
incorporated or indorsed, five cents ad
ditional. Measurers' Return, if for quantity not ex
ceeding 1,000 bushels, 10 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 bushels, 25 ct-
Mortgage, trust deed, bill of sales, or
personal bond for the payment of money
' ' exceeding . 100 and : not - exceeding 500 . , ,
'dollars, ,,. .50 ctfe.
Exceeding 500 dollars for every addition
al 500, or fractional part thereof, in ex
cess of 500, 50 cts.
Pawner's Chefts, ' .' - 5cts.
Passage Ticket from the United States to
any foreign port, costing not more than : -.
85 dona,-' J r - ' : --50cts. ;
Costing morfr than 35,nd not exceedlntf .. '
- 50, f -tTJIOO
For every additional fifty or fractional
' part thereof, in excess of 50 dollars, , v .. 1 00
" ' '":t .J ..'-?-:. "?, iVU : --"LlJi.
Revenue Stamps may be used indiscriminately
upon any of the matters or things enumerated in
schedule B, except proprietary and playing card
stamps, for which a special use has been provided.
Postage stamps cannot be used in payment ol
the duty chargeable on instruments.
It is the duty of the maker of an instrument to
affix and cancel the stamp thereon. It be neglects
to do so, the party for whom it is made, may
stamp it before it is used ; and If used after the
80th of July, 1864, and used without a stamp, it
cannot afterwards be effectually stamped. Any
failure upon the part of the maker of an instru
ment to appropriately stamp it, renders him lia
ble to a penalty of two hundred dollars.
Suits are commenced in many States by other
process than writ, viz : summons, warrants, pub
lication, petition, &c, in which case these, as the
original process, severally require stamps.
Writs of scira facias are subject to stamp duty
as original processes.
The jurat of an affidavit, taken before a Justice
of the Peace, Notary Public, or other office) duly
authorized to take affidavits, is held to be a cer
tificate, and is subject to a stamp duty of five
ceuts, except when taken iu suits of legal proceed
ings. Certificates of loan in which there shall appear
any printed or written evidence of an amount of
money to be paid on demand or at any time de
signated, are subject to stamp duty as Promisory
The assignment of a mortgage is subject to the
same duty as that imposed upon the original in
strument; that is to say for every sum of five
hundred dollars, or any fractional part thereof, of
the amount secured by the mortgage, at time ot
its assignment there must be affixed a stamp or
stamps, denoting a duty of five cents.
When two or more persons join in the execution
of an instrument, the stamps to which this instru
ment is liable under the law, may be affixed and
cancelled by one of the parties.
In conveyances of real estate, the law provides
that the stamp affixed must answer to the value
of the estate on interest conveyed.
No stamp is rcqnired on any warrant of attor
ney accompanying a bond or note, when such
bond or note has affixed thereto the stamp 01
stamps denoting the duty required, and whenever
any bond or note is secured by mortgage, but one
stamp duty is required on such papers, such
stamp duty being the highest rates required for
such instruments, or either of them. Iu such a
case a note or memorandum of the value or de
nomination of the stamp affixed should be made
upon the margin or in the acknowledgement of
the instrument which is not stamped.
"We publish below the Civil Rights
IJill as it recently passed the Congrpss
over the President's Veto
"lie it enacted by the Senate and House J Repre
sentative of the United Slates of America in Voiiyre
axxetitbled. That all persons born in the United
States and not subject to any foreign Power, ex
cluding Indians, not taxed, an. hereby declared
to be citizens of the United States; and such citi
zens of every race and color, without regard to
auy previous condition of slavery or involuntary
servitude, except as a punishment for crime
whereof the party shall Ave been duly convicted,
shall have the same right in every State aud Ter
ritory in the United Slates to make and enforce
contracts, to sue, be parties, and give evidence,
to inherit, purchase, lease, sell, hold, and convey
real and personal property, aud to full and equal
heuetit of all laws aud proceedings for the securi
ty of person and property as is enjoyed by white
citizens, and shall be subject to like punishment,
pains, and penalties, and to none other, any law,
statute, ordinauce, regulation, or custom to the
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That any per
son who, under color of any law, statute, ordi
nance, regulation, or custom, shall subject, or
cause to be subjected, any inhabitant of any State
or Territory to the deprivation of any right se
cured or protected by this act, or to different
punishment, pains, or penalties on account of
such person having at any time been held in a
condition of slavery or involuntary servitude, ex
cept as a punishment for crime whereof the party
shall have been duly convicted, or by reason of
his color or race, than is prescribed for the pun
ishment of white persons, shall be deemed guilty
of a misdemeanor, aud, on conviction, shall be
punished by tine not exceeding one thousand dol
lars, or imprisonment not exceeding one year, or
both, in the discretion 01 111 e court.
Se- a. And he it further enacted. That the dis'
trict courts of the United States, within their re-
sneetive districts, shall have, exclusively ot the
courts of the several States, cognizance of all
crimes aud offences committed against the provi
sions oi this act, and also, concurrently with the
circuit courts of the United States, ot ull causes,
civil and criminal, affecting persons who are de
nied or cannot enforce in the courts or judicial
tribunals of the State or locality where they may
be, any of the rights secured to them by the first
SCCLlOll Ol tlllB BCL, BUU 11 ttUJ DUIb VI piUOCUUUU
civil or criminal, has been or shall be commenced
in any State court against any such person, for
anv canse whatsoever, or against any officer, civil
or "military, or other person, for arrest or impri
sonment, trespasses, or wrongs done or commit
ted by virtue or under color of authority derived
from this act or the act establishing a bureau for
the relief of treed men ana relugees, anu all acts
amendatory thereof; orfor refusing to do any ac
upon the ground that it would be inconsistent
with this act, such defendant shall have the right
to remove such cause for trial to the proper dist
trict or circuit court in the manner prescribed by
the 'Act relating to habeas corpus and regulating
lnitwiinl n.itfHuiilintM In mrtaSn MiCf.a ' nvkiiikifH
March three, eighteen Hundred ana sixty-tnree,
and all acts amendatory thereof. The jurisdic
tion in civil and criminal matters hereby confer
red on the district and circuit courts of the Unit
ed States shall be exercised and en forced in con
formity with the laws of the United States, so far
as such laws are suitable to carry the same into
effect : but in all cases where such laws arc not
adapted to the object, or are deficient in the pro
visions necessary to furnish suitable remedies and
punish offences against law, the common law, as
modified und changed by the constitution and
statutes of the State wherein the court having
jurisdiction of the cause, civil or criminal, is
Held, so tar as tne same is not inconsistent witn
the Constitution and laws ot the United States,
shall be extcuded to and govern said courts in
the trial and disposition of such cause, and, if of
a criminal nature, in the infliction of punishment
on the party found guilty.
Hec. 4. Ana oe xi runner enaciea, iiiai me dis
trict attorneys, marshals, and deputy marshals of
the United States, t he commissioners appointed
by the circuit and territorial courts of the United
States, with powers ol arresting, imprisoning, or
builinir offenders against the laws of the United
States, the officers and agents of the Freedmeu's
bureau, and every other onicer who may be 6pc
eiallv empowered by the President of the United
States, shall be, and they are hereby, specially
authorized and required, at the expense of the
United States, to institute proceedings against all
and every person who shall violate the provisions
of this act, and cause him or them to be arrested
and imprisoned, or bailed as the case may be,
for trial before such court of the United StaUs or
territorial court as by the act has cognizance of
the offence. And with the view to affording rea
sonable protection to all persons In their consti
tutional rights of equality before the law, without
distinction of race or color, or previous condi
tion of slavery or involuntary servitude, except
as a punishment for aaiinc, whereof the party
shall have been duly coictcd,and to the prompt
discharge of the dutiesof this act, it shall be the
dutv of the circuit courts of the United States
and the superior courts of the Territories of the
United States, irom time to time, to, increase the
number of commissioners, so as to afford a speedy
and convenient means for the arrest and examina
tion of persons charged with a violation of this
act. And such commissioners are hereby author
ized and required to exercise and discharge all
the powers and duties conferred on them bv this
act, and the same duties with regard to tiftences
created by this act, us they are authorised by law
to exercise with regard to other offences against
tne laws 01 tne unirea otaies.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted That It. shall
be the duly of all marshals and deputv marshals
to obey and execute all warrants and precepts Is
sued under the provisions ot this act, when to
incut directed ; ana snonia any marshal or dep
uty marshal refuse to receive such warrant or
other process rlien tendered, or to use all proper
means diligently to encitte the. same, he shall, on
conviction-thereof, b" . fined in the sura of one
thousand dollars, to the nse of the person niion
whom the accused is alleged td havr committed
tne onence. - "And the - bettor- to enaoie uie saia
commissioners to execute their duties tuithrBlly.
and efficiently. In eonformity witli, the Const 'tu-
uou ot tne vuutea tte.aiiatue jnjjemeniavi.
this act, they are hereby authorized and empow- ''v J
ered, within their counties respectively, to ap.v'&!' 3-s
point, Id writing, tinder their bands, any one or
more suitable persons,' from time to time, to exv ' .
. eute all such warrants and . other process as may V
be issued by them In the lawful performance o(" ' . ' .
their respective duties; and the persons so ap-' 1 '
pointed to execute any warrant or process :'-.w;.t
aforesaid shall have authority to summon and ' 1
call to their aid the bystanders or. the pom x-.- ..
itatut of the proper county, or such portion of . ; ,
the land and naval forces of the United States; or -;-''
the militia, as may be necessary to the pct-for-'- "
tnance of the duty with which they are charged,.-) , i . -and
to insure a faithful observance -f the' clause '
of the Constitut on which prohibit slavery, im . -conformity
with the provisions of this act ; and""'"
said warranto shall run and be executed hy safdlt-'
officers anywhere in the Bute or Territory within '& ':
which they are issued. -. . - , v . -' : .".- n
Sec. 0. And be it further enacted, That any, per-,
son nho shall knowingly and willfully obstruct, ' 'i '""
hinder, or prevent an officer, or other person'"
charged with the execution of any ' warrant or - -process
issued under the provisions of this aeti .);
or any person or persons lawfully- assisting him
or them, from arresting anv person for whose ap-.
prehension such warrant or process may have ' "
been issued, or shall rescue or attempt to rescue --i
such person from t le custody of the officer, otb-i t Ti
er persons or persons, or those lawfully assisting v,
as aforesaid, wben so arrested pursuant to the-. ,
authority herein given and declared, or shall aid, , " '
.abet, or assist any person 00 arrested as aforesaid, ' "V
directly or indirectly, to escape from the custody11 '
of the officer or other person legally authorised ', i sv -as
aforesaid, or shall harbor or conceal any person
tor whose arrest a warrant or process shall have V :
been issncd as aforesaid, so as to prevent his dla-' ""'
covery and arrest after notice or knowledge of the
fiict that a warrant has been issued for the appre- - '' -1
henslon of such person, shall, for- either ot said . 1 ,
offences, be subject to a fine not exceeding one : .
thousand dollars, and imprisonment not exceed- " ''
ing six months, by indictment and conviction be
fore the district court of the United States for the
district in which said offence- may have been
committed, or before the proper court of crim- '
inal Jurisdiction, if committed within any one of iJ
the organized Territories of the United States.
Sec. 7. .Antf be it further enacted. That the dis
trict attorneys, the marshals, their deputies, and ' .
the clerks of the said district and Territorial ' -courts
shall be paid for their services the like' '
fees as may be allowed to them for simDi r servi- -ces
in other cases; and in all cases where the' pro--1 . ' -cecdings
are before a commissioner, he shall be
entitled to a fee often dollars in full for his servi- ;
ces in each cose, inclusive of all i-ervices incident ... .
to such arrest and examination. The person or '
persons authorized to execute the process to ho ' ;
Issued by such commissioners for the arrest of ic;
offenders against the provisions of this act shall ;
be entitled to a fee of five dollars for each person
he or they may arrest und take before any such
commissioner as aforesaid, with such otl.fr fces . ,''
as may be deemed reasonable by such conimhv
sioner for sueh other additional services a may l o be
necessarily performed by him or them, such as.
attending at the examination, keeping the prison
er in custody, and providing him with food und '
lodging during his detention, and until the final :
determination of such commissioner, and. in get -1 ;.v.
cral for performing such other duties as may be
required in the premises; 6uch fees to be made -up
in conformity with the lees usually charged .
by the officers of the courts of justice within the ""
proper district or county, as near as may be pine- -tizi.
ticable, and paid out of the treasury of the United
States on the certificate of the judge of the dis-. -t.
trict within which the arrest is made, and to be
recoverable from the defendant as part of . the'. :
judgment in case of conviction. '. ' -
8ec. 8 And be it further enacted, That when---'
ever the President of the United States shall have
reason to believe that offences have been or are
likely to be committed against the provisions oi -this
ac witnin any judicial district, It shull be .
lawfuV for him, in his discretion, to direct thn '
Jnuge, marshal and district attorney of such dis-
trict to attend at such place within the district, ; .
and for such time as be may designate, for the .
purpose of the more speedy arrest and trial of .
persons charged with a violation of this act ; and ' ,
it shall be the duty of every judgeor otnerofficct, "f -when
any such requisition shall be received by
him, to attend at the place and for the time there- T; f -in
Sec. 9. And be it further enacted. That it shall '" '" -be
lawful for the President of the United States, '
or 6uch person as he may empower for that pur- : ti:
pose, to employ such part of the land or naval - 1 ; .
forces of the United States, or the militia, as shall ,
be necessary to prevent the violation and enforce -the
due executit n of this act.
Sec. 10. Ind be it further enacted. That upon
all questions of law arising in any cause under
the provisions of this act a final appeal may be '
taken to the Supreme Court of the United
Scale of Depreciation.
The following Act, in relation to the scaling of
Confederate Currency, from the time of Its first
issue to the end of the war, passed at the recent ! :
session of the General Assembly : ' : "
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED AN, ACT . TO
ESTABLISH A SCALE OF DEPRECIATION . -OF
CONFEDERATE CURRENCY. '
W11EREA8, By an ordinance of the Convention - .
entitled "An ordinance declaring what laws and ' .
ordinances are in force, and for other purposes,"
ratified on the 18th day of October, A. D. 18G5,
it is made the duty of the General Assembly to '
provide a scale of depreciation of the Confederate i
Currency from the time of its first issue to the .:-..-end
of the war; and it is further therein declared I , .
that " all executory contracts, solvable in money,,
whether under seal or not, made after the depre
eiation of said t urrency before the 1st of May
1605, and unfilled (except official bonds and penal ' -'
bonds payable to the State) shall be deemed t -
have been made with the understanding that they ,
were solvable in money of the said currency,"
subject, nevertheless, to' evidence of different in
tent of the parties to the contract; therefore, k .. ,
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the Stat ,j: '
of North-Carolina, and it is hereby enacted by the-'" '-' ' -authority
of Vie same. That the following scale ot i 5
depreciation be and the same is hereby adopted- ' i- "
and established as the measure ot value of one v ,
gold dollar in Confederate currency, for each'
month, and the fractional parts of the month of
December, 1864, from the let day ot November,'- - :
1861, to the 1st day of May, 1865, to-wit: " . o v
Scale of depreciation of Confederate currency, fJUi! -gold
dollarbeing the Knit and measure ofalvit '
from November 1st, 1861, to May 1st, 1865 1 ' ' . '. .vJ"
Months. 1861. 1863. 1863. . 1864. ... 1865; r . .
January, $1 20 $3 00 $21 00 $50 00
February, .... 1 SO 8 00 21 00 60 00 ' -
March. 1 50 4 00 '. 23 00 : 60 00 T iUf
- 18 00
April, .... 1 50 5 00 - 20 00 '100 00
May, 1 50 6 50
June, .... 1 50 6 50
Julv, 1 60 9 00
August, 1 50 14 00
September, .... 2 00 14 00
October, 2 00 14 00 i
November, $1 10 2 50 15 00
2V 00 :
80 00 .
December, 115 8 50 'flt0 ;'--..s'-f,-----w..--
UeceraDcr 1st to lutu inclusive,
10th to 2W1V-,
" 1st to 31st.
And, whereat. Many grave and difficult disputes v -Viz
may arise between executors, adminUtraU.r,v? r-.V
guardians aad trustees,. and their legatees, diet ri- s'i .,
men t of their aeeeants ana trust, arising from the" '-V- '
depreciation f Confederate currency; State treai-a-': :'-V ;.
sury notes and bank notes, incident to and grow- -r-.-, u Y'
ing oat of the late war; and that- law suits 'an4 r
expensive litigation may be obviated-. :', . -r . - - V-.: -Be
it further enacted, That in all such casesfl:.., -
parties are hereby empowered to form a full and "T '
perfect statement of the ease on both sides, wbieh1-- 1
case shall be committed to the determination: ofrv y.- .
one of the Judges of the Superior Courts, ehosen. vr -bv
the parties, who is hereby authorized to con-a.,.
aider and determine the ssme, according to equity' "
and good conscience: Pwided.however, 'That no,l
part of this section shall be construed to eeton-or t '
hinder any person frem proceeding m the usuS"i - .
course of law, if he sjjall deem the same necessary. ,
A true copy. J. A. ENGELI1ABI, ; ' '
. . . " , :;; Ucrktf Senate; -
." . . , -- r-7-r';i a
' f & -
5 -.. -
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it fM- jj:-:; ten - --'-