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LIBERTY A3tl XJ3VI03V, NOW -AJVI FOREVER, ONE AJXT IIVSEAjRBIEDaniel Webster.
RALEIGH, N. C, TUESDAY, AUGUST 14, 1866.1
W. W. HOLDEN & SON,
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LOYAL 1ND PATRIOTIC SESTLTIESTS.
" The question is whether man is capable
of self-govetnnient. I hold with Jefferson
that government was made for the conve
nience of man, and not man for the govern
ment. That laws and constitutions were de
signed as instruments to promote his wel
fare. And hence from this principle I con
clude that government can and ought to be
changed, amended to conform to the wants.
to the requirements and the enlightened
spirit ot the age." I Andrew Johnson, JSash-
ville, June 10, 1864, in a speech accepting the
nomination for Vice President.
" As my honorable friend Gov. Morton
knows, I long since took the ground that
this Government was sent upon a great mis
sion among the nations of the earth ; that it
had a great work to perform, and that in
starting it, it was started in perpetuity.
" Now turn to the Constitution;
we find that amendments may be made by a
recommendation of two-thirds of Congress,
if ratified by three-fourths of the State. The
instrument was made good in prosperity,
and you can take hold of it, not to break up
the Government, but to go on perfecting it
more and more, as it runs down the stream
of time." " President A. Johnson, in a
speech to the Indiana delegation, April 21,
1S05. the consent of traitors not necessary."
Shall the man who gave his influence
and his means to destroy the government
Is he to participate in the great work of re
organization ? Shall he who brought this
misery upon the State be permitted to con
trol its destinies ? If this be so, then all this
precious blood of our brave soldiers and offi
cers so freely poured out, will have been
wantonly spilled.- All the glorious victories
won bv our noble armies will be for nought,
and all the battle-fields which have been
sown with dead heroes during this rebellion,
will have been made memorable in vain.
Whv all this carnage and devastation ? It
was" that treason might be put down and
traitors punished. Therefore, I say that trait
ors should take a back seat in the work of
restoration. If there be but five thousand
men in Tennessee, loyal to the Constitution,
loyal to Freedom, loyal to Justice, these true
and faithful men should control the work of
re-organization and reformation absolutely."
Andrew Johnson, June 10, 1S64.
TREASON AXD ITS PCXISITtfEXT.
"Treason is the highest crime known in
the catalogue of crimes, and tor htm that is
guilty of it, for him that is willing to lift his
impious hand against the authority of the
nation, I would say; Death is too easy
a punishment." "Vice President Johnson,
April 3d, 1865, on the fall of Richmond."
" When you ask what I would do, my an
swer is. I would arrest them, I would try
them ; I would commit them ; and I would
hang them. "We have put down
these traitors in arms; let us put them down
in law ; in public judgement, and in the
morals of the world." Vice President An
drew Johnson, April 3. 1805.
"I have olwavs thought that theft was a
crime, and should be punished as a crime;
that arson was a crime and should be punish
ed as such ; that murder was a dreadful crime
and should be punished as such, and that
treason was the greatest of all crimes, and
should be punish as such." President An
drew Johnson, April 1 1, 18bo.
With other and interior onenses our peo-
nl are familiar. Hut in our ueaceful historv
treason has been almost unknown. The peo- j
pie must understand that it is the blackest
of crimes and will be surely punished. I
make this allusion not to excite the already
exasperated feelings of the public, but to
point out the principles of public justice
which should guide our action at tins par
ticular juncture, and which accord wit)
sound nublic morals. Let it be tn-'rafted
upon every heart that treason is a crime, and
traitors shall suiter its penally.
But we must not forget that what may
be mercy to individuals U cruelty to tlie
State." President Andrew John-ion, April
" Trason must be made ivlious; traitor?
must not onlv be punished and impos'i-rUiu-d.
hut their social power must (a -destn ; : ; :ni
alter making treason oli.us every Li.'ion
man and the Government should be remuii
erated out of the pockets of those who have
inflicted this great suffering upon the coun
try : Andrew Johnson, April 21, lSuo.
OX DEBARRING TRAITOKS FROM PUBLIC
" I say that the traitor has ceased to be a
citizen, and in joining the rebellion, has be
come a public enemy. lie forfeited hi right
to tote with, loyol men when he renounced his
citizensup, and nougnt to destroy our Govern
ment. We sav to the most honest and in
dustrious foreigner who comes from England
or Germany, to dwell among i s, and to add
10 me weaiiu oi me country, " uetore you
can be a citizen you must stay here for five
years. It we are so cautious about foreign
ers who voluntarily renounce their homes to
live with ns, what siiould we say to the trait
or, who although born and reared anion; us,
has raised a parricidal hand against the
Gorernment which always protected him ?
Sly judgment is that he should be subjected
to a severe ordeal before lie is restored to
citizenship. A fellow who takes the oath
merely to save his property, and denies the
validity of the oath, is a perjured man and
not to be trusted. Before these repenting
rebels can be trusted, let them brins forth
the fruits of repentance." Andrew Johnson.
June 10, 18434.
OK EQUAL RIGHTS.
" I desire that all men shall have a fair
start and an equal chance in the race of life,
and let him succeed who has the most merit.
This, I think, is a principle of Heaven. I
am for emancipation for two reasons; first.
because it ia right in itself, and second, be
cause in the emancipation of the slaves, we
break down an odious and dangerous aristo
cracy. I think that we are treeing more
whites than blacks in Tennessee." Andrew
Johnson, June 10, 1864.
" L Andrew Johnson, hereby proclaim lib
erty full, broad and unconditional liberty,
to every man in Tennessee 1 I will be your
Moses, and lead you through the Red Sea of
struggle and servitude to a future of liberty
nd peace.' Rebellion and slavery shall no
more pollute our State. Loyal men whetlter
whits or Mtick, shall alone govern the State."
Andrew Johnson's speech to the colored citi
zens of Nashville, October 25, 1864.
Oar. NEGRO SUFFER AGE.
Executive Office, -"
Washington, August 15, 1865.
Governor W. L. Sharkey, Jackson, Miss.
" I am gratified to see that you have or
ganized your convention without difficulty.
hope that without delay your convention
will amend jour State Constitution, abolish
ng slavery and denying to all future legis
latures the power to legislate that there is
property in man; also that thev will adopt
the amendment to the Constitution of the
United States abolishing slavery. If you
could extend the elective franchise to all per-
sons of color who can read the Constitution
of the United States in English, and write
their names, and to all persons of color who
own real estate valued at not less than two
hundred and fifty dollars and pay taxes
thereon, you would completely disarm the
adversary and set an example which the
other States would soon follow. This you
can do with perfect safety, and you thus
place the Southern States, in reference to
iree persons ot color, upon the same basis
with the free States.
I hope and trust your Convention will do
this, and as a consequence, the Radicals, who
are wild upon negro franchise, will be com
pletely foiled in their attempt to keep the
Southern States from renewing their rela
tions to the Union, by not accepting their
senators, and Representatives.
President of the United Sttites.
'My position here is different from what
it would be if I was in Tennessee. There
I should try to introduce negro suffrage
gradually; first, those who had served in
the army, those who could read and write,
and perhaps a property qualification for
others, say two hundred or two hundred and
fifty dollars." President Andrew Johnson
ON NORTHERN COPPERHEADS.
" He who stands off stirring up discontent
in this State, and higgling about negroes, is
practically in the rebel camp, and encourages
treason. ie who m Indiana or Ohio, makes
war upon the Govcninent out of regard to
slavery, is just as bad." Andrew Johnson,
at JNashville, June 10, 1805.
A Pen Picture op Mr. Gladstone. A
gifted literary American lady, the other day,
had a seat in that dreary, erated. oriental
cage at the northern end of the House of
Commons, which the finest gentlemen in
England set apart for the use and obscura
tion of their fair visitors. After spending
some hours in studying the taces ot the poli
tical and literary celebrities congregated far
below her, she replied to the demand tor her
verdict by uttering about the best parlia
mentary criticism I remember to have heard :
"They all look so extremely fond of their
dinners except except Mr. Gladstone."
I could not help rejoining: "So much the
worse for Mr. Gladstone."
In passing the eye over those crowded
benches of robust Senators, of ruddy, loud
lunjred, and albaminous patriots heroic de
fenders of Church, State, and the dinner-hour
faithful representatives, if not of the poli
tical aspirations, at least ot the gastronomic
energies of Britain ; and then, in resting the
gaze upon the most interesting personage in
the House, upon Mr. Gladstone's tall, fincly
propotioned, vet slender frame, upon his pale.
intellectual, sensitive face, it is impossible
not to feel a momentary regret that he lias
not more of the roast-beef and plumb pud
ding look, that he has not something ot the
adipose massiveness, something of the coarse
ness of physical texture, by which to meet
the onsets of so much massiveness and coarse
ness about him. His organization seems too
tine, to delicate and nervous, in a word, too
noble, for his antagonists. One feels their
inward walls of brawn and blubber may pro
tect them from the diamond-point of his
spear, even as Gen. Jackson's cotton-bales
absorbed the bullets of the enemy at New
Orleans, and we would almost be willing to
lose a portion of the exquisite quality of Mr.
(Hailstone's eloquence, if, by an addition of
some coarseness of temperament, he could be
spared the pain to which we fear his fineness
of nature subjects him.
Byron once told Lady Blessinuton that ''he
would his daughter had not poetical genius, as
the price paid for its advantages was such as
to iimke .inn :ra.- tn.it his cnild might es
cape them." Mr. Gladstone has the tempera
ment both of a poet and a scholar: and w
see:iis a sort of desccrdiou that it expo
sed to tiie ronuh antauonism of b.-liiv.ving
s'iiires aad fox-hunters. Yet we may also
em "ii! er til it only he who ran siiii'er deeply
ran deeply enjoy; and that while the lieauty
m l e.Viiisiteness of Mr. Glnd.-'oiie's organi
z ition make him the victim f taunts that
vii .! 1 reoound from the gross cuticle o;
ome other men. doubtless he has consol.i
lions which only such souls as he can know
the refreshment of lofty, and. therefore, har
monizing thought, the rapture of noble emo
tion, the provision of ultimate victory, and
what Sir Philip Sydney calls "the strong
appetites of honor." Neic York Independent.
HOWELL & BUOTIIERS,
MAXUFACTL'REES A IMPORTERS OF
X ap e r II si n 5? i 11 s 9
WINDOW SHADES, HOLLANDS, &C.
No. 2CO Baltimore Street,
march 27 1 6m.
ISU X FISH I FISH I
200 BARRELS CUT HERRINGS,
300 " Roe "
20 half barrels Roe "
10 barrels prime mess Shad,
20 X barrels Nos. 1 and 2
2 Mackerel all new
eaten and in hne order,
juue 2 tf. B. P. WILLIAMSON & CO.
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA, I
Wake County. f
Superior Court of Law and Equity, Spring Term,
On motion, it is ordered by the Court, that the
Clerk give notice through the Standard, Sentintl
and Progress, newspapers published in the City
of Raleigh, and also i t four or more public places
in the County of Wake, to all parties of Record
who have suits pending in the Superior Court of
said County, and their witnesses, to appear at the
next all Term ottno Court, to be held at tn
Court House, in Raleigh, on the
First Monday after the fourth Slondaf
of September, 186C,
prepared to try their cases.
Parties having no counsel are notified to e
ploy on or before the day aforesaid, or their
will ne triea wituout counsel.
J. N. BUNTING.
Raloigh, July 10, 1866.. 48 3taw-
LEMONS I LEMONS I t LEMONS
r BOXES MESSINA LEMONS, FRJU&H
JdX) and in good order. Just received, ao?
will be sold low to close consignment. . ' i
B. P. WILLIAMSON ft CO. 1
Raleigh, June 29, 1866. 5tf. jt; r
NORTH STATE IRON AND BlfcAjS
TTAVIN6 SECURED THE SERVICES f
LJ a competent person, we are now preporj
to gum Saws in tne nest styie, ana on moaer
We are also prepared to furnish all kinds
Oast'ins. and repair Mill Irons.
Orders sent to us will meet with prompt
tention. B. P. WILLIAMSON & CO.
Raleigh, June 30, I860. 45-tf
An excellent Barn
ml .Stnbli-s, in Riileiifh.
' February 28, lStto. U
Railroads, Steamboats, &c.
North-Carolina Railroad Company,
Engineer & Superintendent's Oppicb,
Company Shops, June 7th, 18C6.
Change of Time.
VN AND AFTER JUNE 10TH, I860, TRAINS
will run as follows :
. 12.00 P. M.
4.50 A. M.
1.00 P. M.
9.00 P. M.
" HiMsboro, ....
" Greensboro, ..
12.30 T. M.,
7.40 " ...
4.30 A. M.
1.10 P. M.
Leave Charlotte 11.15 P.M...
" Salisbury, 1.26 A. M..
" Greensboro,... 4.10 "....
" Hillsboro, 6.31 "....
" Raleigh, 8.30 "....
Arrive Goldsboro' 11.20 "
2.15 A. M.
Mail Train connects at Raleigh with Raleigh
& Gaston Trains tor the North. At Goldsboro'
with Wilmington and Weldon, and Atlantic &
Accommodation train runs daily, (Sundays ex
cepted,) connecting with Wilmington & Wcldon
There is no Sunday Train going North from
Wcldon to Portsmouth ; passengers arriving at
Weldon on that day can go immediately through
via Petersburg and Richmond.
june 9 36tf En. & Sup't.
PACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP MPAVV.
THROUGH LINE TO CALIFORNIA,
TOUCHING AT MEXICAN PORTS,
And Carrying the United States Mail.
THROUGH IN TWENTY-TWO DAYS.
Steamships on tlie
Connecting on the Pa- !
cijic with tlie
ne of the above Large
J Steamships will leave Pier No,
River, foot of Canal Street, at 12 o'clock, noon,
on the 1st. lltb and 21st of every month.
(except when those dates fall on Sunday, and
then on the preceding Saturday,) for Aspmwall,
connecting, via Panama Railway, with one of the
Compauy's Steamships from Panama for San
r raneiseo, touching at Acapulco. ,
Departures of 1st and 21st connect at Panama
with Steamers for South Pacific and Central
American Ports. Those of the 1st touch at .
A discount of-one qnarter from steamers' rates ;
allowed to second cabin and steerage passengers
with families. Also, an allowance ot otic quarter :
on through rates to clergymen and their families, .
and school-teachers. Soldiers having honorable .
discharges, half-fare. ,
One hundred ponnds baggage allowed to each ,
adult. Baggage-masters accompany the baggage ;
through, and attend to ladies and children with
out male protectors. Baggage received on the .
dock the day before sailing, from steamboats, ,
railroads, and passengers who prefer to send
An experienced Surgeon on board. Medicine
and attendance free.
For Passage Tickets, or further information, ,
applv at the Company s ticket office, on the
Wharf, foot of Canal Street. North River. N. Y.
S. K. nOLMAN, Agent.
July 7, 1S66. 47 3m.
rriIE NEW LINE FOR BALTIMORE,
1 carrying the GREAT If ARNDEN EXPRESS
FREIGHT, leave Norfolk at 5 o'clock, p. m.
1 he new and elegant steamers
(JEORGE LEARV, Cant. S. Blakeman,
Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
JAS. T. BRADY, Capt. D. C. Landis,
Monday, Wednesday and Friday.
The steamers of this line have unsurpassed ac
oiiiiuodations, being all new and constructed
with great regard to speed, comfort and safety,
nd the tables arc equal to hrst class notei lare.
'i' 1 1 - V- . 1 - o. 1 .I L
1 I.lVLlillf g 1H .1UIIU till Ol'UUIWI U ttllU HWiu-
ki- Railroad, can purchase tickets to Portsmouth,
iviicrc coaches will be m waiting to convey tneni
ind their baggage FREE of CHARGE to the New
ine Steamers. Ample time is afforded to make
r-ure connection, anu tne lare under any cireuiu-
tunccs as low as by the Old Bay Line.
Travellers iroinir via Wcldon and Petersburg
md Norfolk and Pelereburg Railroads can procure
through tickets at Petersburg and have baggage
checked to Baltimore, Philadelphia and New
This line connects at Baltimore with the Rail- .
roads for all Principal Cities North and West.
Through Tickets sold on the Boats, and Passengers
and Baggage transferred from Boat to Cars Free
Passengers, Baggage and Freight transferred to j
and from Portsmouth and New Line Steamers
free of charge. . . . !
Leave Baltimore from Spear's Wharl, loot 01
Gay Street, at o o'clock, p. m.
H. V. TOMPKINS, Agent
sep 22 1 a ly8 At Norfolk
X AM CONSTANTLY NEGOTIATING
X sales of and Mortgages upon Southern
A large amount of
Is now seeking opportunity for
I AM EMPOWERED TO PURCHASE
40,000 ACRES OF COTTON
LANDS IN THE GULF
PLANTERS AND OTHEI
July 14, 1S66.
piNE OLD WINE!
40 GALLONS OLDAND DELICIOUS SCUP
PERNONG Wine by the gallon. .
June 2 tf. B. P. WILLIAMSON & CO.
1 1 I
111 III I
The Stamp Act.
ONK OF THE TAX LAWS OF TUB UNITED STATES.
Acknowledgment of deeds, Exempt
Affidavit, 5 cts.
(in suit or legal proceedings,) Exempt
Agreement or Appraisement, for each
xlieet or piece of paper, on which the
same is written, 5 cts.
Assignment or Transfers, of mortgage,
lease or policy of insurance, the same
duty as on the original instrument of
patent right, 5 ets.
Bunk. Checks, Drafts or Orders, &c, at
sight, r on demand, 2 cts.
Bills of Exchange ; Inland drafts or order
payable otherwise than at sight or on
demand, and any promisory note what
ever, payable on demand or at a time
designated except bank notes issued
for circulation, and checks made and
intended to be, and which shall be,
forthwith presented for payment for a
sum not exceeding $100, 5 cts.
For every additional $100 or fractional
part thereof, 5 cts.
Bills of Lading vessels for the ports of the
United States or British North America, Exempt
On receipt of goods on any f.ireigu ports, 10 cts.
Bills of Sale ot" any vessel, or part there
of, when the considerrtion does not ex
ceed $500, 50 cts.
Exceeding $500 and not exceeding $1,000, $1 00
Exceeding one thousand dollars for each
live hundred dollars fractional part
thereof, 50 cts,
Of personal property, other than ship or
vessel Bond personal, for payment of
money see mortgage. Official, $1 00
tor indemnifying any person for the pay
ment of any sum of money, where the
money ultimately recoverable there
upon is one thousand dollars or less, 50 cts.
Where the money recoverable exceeds
one thousand dollars for every addi
tional one thousand dollars, or fraction
al part thereof, 50 cts.
Bouds, county, city and town bonds, rail
roads and other corporation bonds and ,
script, are subject to stamp duty. See
mortgage. Of any description, other
than such as are required in legal pro
ceedings, and such as are not otherwise
charged in this schedule, 25 cts.
Certificates ot deposit iu bank, sum not
exceeding one hundred dollars, 2 cts.
Of deposit in bank, sum exceeding one
hundred dollars, 5 cts.
Of stock iu an incorporated company, 25 ets.
Geueral, 5 cts.
Of a qualification of a Justice of the Peace,
Commissioner of deeds or Notnrv
Of search of records.
That certain papers are on file,
That certain papers cannot be found,
Of redemption of land sold for taxee-,
i oinu, marriage anu ueaiu,
1 , ,i;h.,:. " i.,.i .'..
: Mt ,;,.ifa nf :,..j 1
Ot profits of an incorporated company,
ior a sum not less man ten dollars ana
not exceeding fifty dollars, 10 cts.
Exceeding tilty dollars and not exceeding
one thousand dollars, 25 cts.
Exceeding one thousand dollars, for every
additional one thousand, or fractional
part thereof, 25 cts.
Of damage or otherwise, and all others
certificates or documents issued by any
port warden, marine surveyor, or other
person acting as such, 25 cts.
Certified Transcript of judgments, satis
faction ot judgments and of all papers
recorded or on tile, 5 cts.
Check Draft or Order for the payment of
any sum of money exceeding $10,
drawn upon any person or other than a
bank, banker or trust company, at sight
or on demand, 2 cts.
Contract See Agreement Brokers, 10 cts.
Conveyance deed, instrument of writing, .
whereby lands, tenements, or other
reality sold shall be conveyed, the ac
tual value which does not exceed $500, 50 cts.
Exceedingiri00,aiidnotcxcecding$l,000, $1 00
For every additional five hundred dollars,
or fractional part t hereof, in excess of
one thousaud dollars, 50 cts.
Entry of any goods, wares or merchandize
at any custom house, not exceeding one
hundred dollars in value, 25 cts.
Exceeding one hundred dollars and not
exceeding five hundred dollars in value,50 cts.
Exceeding live hundred dollars in value, $1 00
For the withdrawal of any goods or mer
chandize from bonded warehouse, 50 cts.
Guager's return if for quantity not ex
ceeding five hundred gal. gross, 10 cts.
Exceeding 500 gallons, 25 ets.
Power of Attorney to sell or transfer
stock, or collect dividends thereon, 25 cts.
To vote at an election if an incorporated
company, 10 cts.
To receive or collect rents, 25 cts.
To sell, or convey, or rent, or lease real
estate, $1 00
For any other purpose, 50 cts.
Probate of will or letters of administra
tion, where the value of both real and
personal estate does not exceed $2,000, $1 00
For everv additional $2,000 or fractional
part thereof, in excess of $2,000, 50 cts.
Bonds of executor, administrators, guar
dians and trustees, arc each subjected
to a stamp duty of $1 00
Protest upon bill note, check or draft 25 cts.
Promisory Note, (See Bills of Exchange,
inland,) Renewal of, subject to same
duty as an original note.
Receipt for the payment of any sum of
money, or debt due, exceeding twenty
dollars, or for the delivery of any pro
perty, 2 cfs.
Trust Deed made to secure a debt to be
stamped as a mortgage conveying estate
to uses, to be stamped as conveyance.
Warehouse Receipt for any goods, wares
or merchandise not otherwise provided
for, deposited or stored in any public
or private warehouse not exceeding
live hundred dollars iu value, 10 cts.
Exceeding live huudred and not exceed
ing one thousand dollars, 20 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 dollars, for every addi
tional 1,000 dollars or fractional part
thereof, in excess of $1,000, 10 cts.
For any goods, etc., not otherwise provi
ded for,stored or deposited in any public
or private warehouse or yard, 25 cts.
Writs or Legal Documents, writ or other
legal process, by which any suit is com
menced in any court of record, either
of law or equity, 50 cts.
Writ or original process issued by a court
not of record, where the amount claim
ed is 100 dollars or over, 50 cts.
Upon every confession of judgment or
cognovit for 100 dollars or over, except
in cases where the tax for a writ has
been paid, 50 cts.
Writ or other process, appeals from jus- .
tices courts, or other courts of inferior
jurisdiction, to a court of record, 50 cts.
Warrants of distress, when the amount of
rent claimed does not exceed 100 dol
lars,. 25 ets.
When the amount exceeds 100 dollars, 50 cts.
Insurance, Marine, Inland and Fire.
Where the consideration paid for the
insurance, in cash, premium notes, or
both, does not exceed 10 dollars, 10 cts.
Exceeding ten dollars, and not exceeding ,
fifty, 50 cts.
Insurance, Life, when the amount insured
does not exceed 1,000 dollars, 25 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 and not exceeding 5,000
dollars, 50 cts.
Exceeding 5,000 dollars, $1 00
Lease or lease of lands or tenements
where the rents does not exceed 300 per
annum, 50 cts.
Exceeding 300 dollars, for each addition-
al 200 dollars, or fractional part thereof.
PTW excess of 300 dollars, 50 cts.
Perpetual, subject to stamp duty as a
. Clause ot guaranty of payment of rent
-, 'incorporated or indorsed, live cents ad--f
Measurers' Return, if for quantity not ex-
:- saeding 1,000 bushels, 10 cts.
Exceeding 1,000 bushels, s cts-
Mortgage, trust deed, bill of sales, or
personal bon d for the payment of money
exceeding 100 and not exceeding 500
dollars, 50 cts.
Exceeding 500 dollars for every addition
al 500, or fractional part thereof, in ex
cess of 500, 50 ets.
Pawner's Checks, 5 cts.
Passage Ticket from the United States to
any foreign port, costing not more than
35 dollars, 50 cts.
Costing more than 35, and not exceeding
50, 1 00
For every additional fifty or fractional
part thereof, In excess of 50 dollars, " 1 00
Revenue 8tamps may be used indiscriminately
UP" a"y of the matters or things enumerated in
schedule B, except proprietary and playing card
stamps, for which a special use has been provided.
Postage stamps cannot be used in payment of
the duty chargeable on instruments.
It is the duty of the maker of an instrument to
affix and cancel the stamp thereon. It he neglects
to do so, the party for whom it is made, may
iJjMnpitbeforeitisused; and if used after the
dOth of July, 1864, and used without a stamp, it
cannot afterwards be effectually stamped. Anv
failure upon the part of the maker of an instru
ment to appropriately stamp it, renders him lia
ble to a penalty of two bnndred dollars.
Suits are commenced in many States by other
Putra "'"a writ, viz: summons, warrants, pub
lication, petition, &c, in which case these, as the
vuKiuui jjiuccsb, Beverany require stamps.
Writs of scira facias are subject to stamp duty
as orisrinai processes.
" e4urat of an affidavit, taken before a Justice
of the Peace, Notary Public, or other office duly
authorized to take affidavits, is held to be a cer
tificate, and is subject to a stamp duty of five
cents, except when taken in suits of legal proceed
ings. Certificates of loan in which there shall appear
""j F'luicu ui w riLicu eviuence oi an amount 01
money to be paid on demand or at anv time de
signated, are subject to stamp duty as Promisory
The assignment of a mortgage is subject to the
,u" "ui-j Limt imposeu upon me original in
strument; that is to say for every sum of five
hundred dollars, or any fractional part thereof, of
the amount secured by the mortgage, at time ot
its assignment there must be affixed a stamp or
DL.ni.a, uciiuunj; u amy oi nve cenis.
When two or more persons join in the execution
of an instrument, the 6tainps to which this instru
ment is iiuuie uuuer ine law, may ue affixed and
cancelled by one of the parties.
In conveyances of real estate, the law provides
that the stamp affixed must answer to the value
ot the estate on interest conveyed.
No stamp is required on any warrant of attor
ney accompanying a bond or note, when such
bond or note has affixed thereto the stamp 01 '
stamps denoting the duty required, and whenever
any oono or note is secured oy mortgage, but one
stamp duty is required on such papers, such
stamp duty being the highest rates required for
sucn instruments, or either ot them. In such a
case a note or memorandum of the value or de
nomination of the stamp affixed should be made
upon tae margin or in the acknowledgement of
me instrument wmcn 13 not stamped.
I J.I1B villi
We publish below the Civil Rights
I Bill as it recently passed the Congrpes
over the President's Veto
" Be it enacted bv the Senate and House :f Reare-
sentative of the United Slates of Aintrica in Congress
l assent otea, inat all persons uorn in tne united
States and not subject to any foign Power, ex
cluding luaians, not taxed, arc nereDy declared
to be citizens of the United States ; and such citi
zens of every race and color, without regard to
any previous condition 01 slavery or involuntary
servitude, except as a punishment for crime
whereof the party shall Ave been duly convicted.
j shall have the same right in every State and Ter
ritory in the united states to make and enforce
contracts, to sue, be parlies, and give evidence,
to inherit, purchase, lease, 6en, now, and convey
real and personal property, and to full and equal
benefit of all laws and proceedings for the securi
ty ot person and property as is enjoyed by white
citizens, and shall be suoject to like punisnment,
pains, anil penalties, and to none other, any law,
statute, ordinance, regulation, or custom to the
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That any per
son who, under color of any law, statute, ordi
nance, regulation, or custom, shall subject, or
j cause to be subjected, any inhabitant ot any State
! or Territory to the deprivation of any right se
cured or protected by this act, or to dilferent
punishment, pains, or penalties on account of
such person having at any time been held in a
condition of slavery or involuntary servitude, ex
cent as a punishment for crime whereof the party
shall have been duly convicted, or by reason of
his color or race, than is prescnoed lor tne pun
ishment of white persons, shall be deemed guilty
of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction, shall be
punished by fine not exceeding one thousand dol
lars, or imprisonment not exeeeuiug one year, or
both, in the discretion of the court.
Sec. ;. ld be it further enacted. That the dis
trict courts of the United States, within their re
I sneetive districts, shall have, exclusively of the
courts 01 tne several oiaies, cognizance 01 an
crimes and offences committed against the provi
sions ot this act, and also, concurrently witn tne
circuit courts 01 tiie umtea states, 01 au causes,
civil and criminal, affecting persons who are de-
nied or cannot enforce in the courts or judicial
tribunals of the State or locality where they may
be. anv of the riehts secured to them by the first
section OI tms act; anu 11 uuy buit or prosecution
civil or criminal, has been or shall be commenced
iu any State court against any such person, for
anv cause wnatsoever, or ugauibi any uiiieer, civil
or military, or other person, for arrest or impri
sonment, trespasses, or wrongs done or commit
ted bv virtue or undercolor ot authority derived
from this act or the aot establishing a bureau for
the relief of freedmen ana relugees, and all acts
amendatory thereof; or for refusing to do any ac
upon the ground that it would be inconsistent
with this act, such defendant shall have the right
to remove 6uch cause for trial to the proper dist
trict or circuit court in the manner prescribed by
the 'Act relating to habeas corpus and regulating
iudtcial proceedings in certain cases,' approved
March three, eignteen nunurea ana sixty-inree,
and all acis amenaaiory mereoi. 111c juncuic
tion in civil and criminal matters hereby confer
red on the district and circuit courts of the Unit
ed States shall be exercised and enforced in con
formity with the laws of the United States, so fai
as such laws are suitable to carry the same into
effect : but in all eases where such laws are not
adapted to the obiect, or are deficient in the pro
visions necessary to furnish suitable remedies and
punish offences against law, tne common law, as
modified and changed by the constitution and
statutes ot the State wherein the court having
I jurisdiction ot the cause, civil or criminal, is
Held, so iar as tne same is not inconsistent witn
the Constitution and laws of the United States,
shall be extended to and govern said courts in
the trial and disposition 01 such cause, and, if of
a criminal natnre, in tne inniction 01 punisnment
on the party found guilty.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the dis
trict attorneys, marshals, and deputy marshals of
the United States, t he commissioners appointed
by the circuit and territorial courts 01 the United
States, with powers of arresting, imprisoning, or
bailing offenders against tne laws 01 tne unitea
States, the officers and agents of the Freedmcn's
Bureau, and every other officer who may be spe
cially empowered by the President of the United
States, shall be, and they are hereby, specially
authorized and required, at the expense of the
TTnitftd States, to institute proceedings against all
and every person who shall violate the provisions
of this act, and cause him or them to be arrested
and imprisoned, or bailed as the case may be,
for trial before such court of the United States or
territorial court as by the act has cognizance of
the offence. And with the view to affording rea
sonable protection t all persons in their consti
tutional rights of equality before the law, without
distinction of race or color, or previous condi
tion of slavery or involuntary servitude, except
as a punishment for crime, whereof the party
1 shall have been duly convicted, and to the prompt
discharge of the duties of this act, it shall be the
dutv of the circuit courts of the United States
and the superior courts of the Territories of the
United States, from time to time, to increase the
number of commissioners, so as to afford a speedy
and convenient means for the arrest and examina
tion of j'ersons charged with a violation of this
act. And such commissioners are hereby author
ized and required to exercise and discharge all
the powers and duties conferred on them by this
act, and the same duties with regard to ofiences
created by this act, as they are authorized by law
to exercise with regard to other offences against
the laws of the United States.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted. That it shall
be the duty of all marshals and deputy marshals
to obey and execute all warrants and precepts is
sued under the provisions of this apt, when to
them directed ; and should any marshal or dep
uty marshal refuse to receive such warrant or
other process when tendered, or to use all proper
means diligently to er-cute the same, he shall, on
conviction thereof, b" fined in the sum of one
thousand dollars, to the use of the person upon
whom the accused is alleged to, hav. committed
the ofl'ence. And tho better to enable the said
commissioners to execute their., duties laitbrolly
and efficiently, in conformity with the Constitu
tion of the United States and the requirement of
this act, they are hereby authorized and emnoir.
ered, within their counties respectively, to ap
point, in writing, under their hands, ny one or
more suitable persons, from time to time, to exe
cute all such warrants and other process as miv
be issued by them In the lawful performance of
their respective duties; and the persons soap
pointed to execute any warrant or process as
aforesaid shall have authority to summon and
calf to their aid the bystanders or the posse com
uatut of the proper county, or such portion ol
the land and naval forces of the United States, or
the militia, as may be necessary to the perfor
mance of tho duty with which they are charged,
and to insure a faithful observance of the clause
of the Constitut.on which prohibits slavery, in
conformity With the provisions of this act 7 and
said warrants shall run and be executed by Mid
wtesa1" 8tateor Territot7
hinder, or prevent am officer, or otier person
charged with the execution of any warrant or
process issued under the provisions of this act
or any person or persons lawfully assisting him
or them, from arresting anT person for whose an
prehension such warrant or process may have
been issued, or shall rescue or attempt to rescue
such person from t ie custody of the oflicer. oth
er persons or persons, or those lawfully assisting
as aforesaid, when so arrested pursuant to the
authority herein given and declared, or shall aid
abet, or assist any person o arrested as aforesaid!
directly or indirectly, to escape from the custody
ot the officer or other person legally authorized
as aforesaid, or shall harbor or conceal any person
for whose arrest a warrant or process shall have
been issued as aforesaid, so as to prevent his dis
covery and arrest after notice or knowledge of the
fact that a warrant has been issued for the appre
hension of such person, shall, for either oi said
ofiences, be subject to a fine not exceeding one
thoussnd dollars, and imprisonment not exceed
ing six mouths, by indictment and conviction be
fore the district court of the United States for the
district in which said offence may have been
committed, or before the proper court of crim
inal jurisdiction, if committed within any one of
the organized Territjries of the United States.
:S?Cv7' And be, U "rtAr enacted. That the dis
trict attorneys, the marshals, their deputies, and
the clerks of the said district and Territorial
courts shall be paid for their services the like
fees as may be allowed to them for simili r servi
ces in other cases; and in all cases where the pro
ceedings are before a commissioner, he shall be
entitled to a fee of ten dollars in full for his servi
ces in each case, inclusive of all services incident
to such arrest and examination. The person or
persons authorized to execute the process to be
issued by such commissioners for the arrest of
oflendt re againFt the provisions of this act shall
be entitled to a fee of five dollars for each person
he or they may arrest and take before any such
commissioner as aforesaid, with such othir fees
as may be deemed reasonable by such commis
sioner for such of her additional services as may
be necessarily performed by him orthem, such as
attending at the examination, keeping the prison
er m custody, and providing him with food and
lodging during his detention, and nntil the final
determination of such commissioner, and in gei -eral
for performing such other duties as may be
required in the premises ; such fees to be made
np in conformity with the fees usually charged
by the officers of the courts of justice within the
proper district or county, as near as may be prac
ticable, and paid out of the treasury of the United
States on the certificate of the judge of the dis
trict within which the arrest is made, and to be
rec overable from the defendant as part of the
judgment in case of conviction.
Sec. 8 And be it further enacted. That when
ever the President of the United States shall have
retsoii to believe that offences have been or are
likely to be committed against the provisions ot
this act wituin any judicial district, it shall bo
lafu. for him, in his discretion, to direct tho
juuge, marshal and district attorney of such dis
trict to attend at such place within the district,
and for such time as he may designate, for the
purpose of the more speedy arrest and trial ot
persons charged with a violation of tbia aot m.:
it shall be the duty of every judge or otheroffieei,,
m-i.u uj outu lequisinon snail oe received Dy
liim, to attend at the place and for the time there
Sec. t. And be it further enacted. That it shall
be lawful for the President of the United States,
or such person as he may empower for that pur
pose, to employ such part of the land or naval
forces of the United States, or the militia, as shall
be. necessary to prevent the violation aad enforce
the due exeeutii n of this act. ' .
Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That upon
all questions of law arising in anv cause under
tho provisions of this act a final appeal nay be
taken to the Supreme Court of the United
Scale of Depreciation,
The following Act, in relation to the scaling of
Confederate Currency, from the time of its first
issue to the end of the war, passed at the recent
session of the General Assembly :
A. BILL TO BE ENTITLED AN ACT TO
ESTABLISH A SCALE OF DEPRECIATION
OF CONFEDERATE CURRENCY.
Whereas, By an ordinance of the Convention.
entitled "An ordinance declaring what laws and
ordinances are in force, and for other purposes.
ratified on the 18th day of October, A. D., 1866,
it is made the duty of the General Assembly to
provide a scale of depreciation of the Confederate
Currency from the time of its first issue to the
end of the war; and it is further therein declared
that "all executory contracts, solvable in money,
whether under seal or not, made after the depre
ciation of said currency before the 1st of May,
1865, and unfilled (except official bonds and penal
bonds payable to the State) shall be deemed to
have been made with the understanding that they
were solvable in money of the said currency,"
subject, nevertheless, to evidence of different in
tent of the parties to the contract; therefore,
He it enacted by tlie General Assembly of the Stat
of North- Caroli?ia, and it is hereby enacted by the
xuihority of the same, That the following scale of
depreciation be and the same is herebv adopted
and established as the measure oi value of one
gold dollar in Confederate currency, for each
month, and the fractional parts of the month of
December, 1864, from the l6t day of November.
I80I, to the 1st day of May, 1865, to-wit:
Scale of depreciation of Confederate currency, the
gold dollar being the unit and measure of value,
from November 1st, 1861, to May U, 1865 :
Months. 1861. 1862.
$21 00 $50 00
21 00 50 00
23 00 . 60 00
20 00 100 00
23 00' .
January, .... $1 20
February, .... 130
March, 1 50
April, .... 1 50
May, 1 50
June, .... 1 50
July, 1 50
August, .... 1 50
September, 2 00
October, 2 00
November, $1 10 2 50
December, 1 15 2 50
December 1st to 10th inclusive,
lutn to imn,
" 1st to 31st. '
And, whereas, Many grave and difficult disputes
may arise between executors, administrators,
:uardians and trustees, and their legatees, cllstrl
lutees, wards and cetvyroue trust, in the settle
ment of their accounts and trust, arising from the
depreciation of Confederate currency. State trea
sury notes and bank notes', incident to and grow
ing out of the late war; and that law suits and
expensive litigation may a.e" obviated. .
Be it further enacted, That In all such esses, the
parties are hereby empowered to form a fall and
perfect statement of tlie case on both skies, which
case shall be committed to the determination of
one of the Judges of the Superior Courts, chosen
hv tho. TvRrtiVR- who is hereby authorized to con
sider and determine the same, according to equity
and good conscience : Provided, hoviever. That no
part of this section shall be construed to estop or
hinder any person from proceeding In the usual
course of law, if he shall deem the same necessary.
A true copy. j. a. r.rij,LtLaniJ,
Uerk of Senate.
Ifg8 28 POLLOK STREET,
julylT 76 tf