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TStTtT .A.. Clopton,
Of Hnntsville, Ala.,
rpREATS WITH PERFECT SUCCESS,
Files, Fistula, Fissures, Strictures, Pol
ypus, Tumors, Scrofulous Ulcers,
Syphilis, Venereal, Diarrhoea,
Dysentery, Dropsical Af
fections, &c, &c.
Special attention given to Diseases peculiar to
Females Ulcerations of the I tems, JWyptts of
the Uterus, prolapsus of the Uterus, Laceratunis
of the Rrinaeam, &c, &c.
tie removeu a poiypus irom uib uici u .""?
as as infant's bead, and the patient was perfectly
well in lllteen days
Dr. C. has never lost a pntient,
nor had an
accident to happen.
Testimonials will be forwarded from
gentlemen of all tlie States South.
nm in FTnntsville. Ala.,
ately on the Memphis and C. Railroad.
All letters must contain a three cent stamp.
.Sept. 15, I860. 77 twaw-ly
Pall and Winter Importation,
Ribbons, Millinery, and Straw Goods.
ARMSTRONG, CATOR & CO.,
IMPORTERS AND JOBBERS OP
Ribbons, Bonnets, Silks and Satins,
Velvets, Ruches, Flowers, Feathers, Straw Bon
nets, Ladies' Hats, trimmed and uutrimmed,
No. 237 and Lofts of 239, Baltimore St.,
OFFER A STOCK UNSURPASSED IN THE
United States in variety and cheapness.
Orders solicited, and prompt attention given,
jgs- Terms CASH.
Sept 13, I860. 76 4m-pd
THE NEW LINE FOR BALTIMORE,
carrying the GREAT HARNDEN EXPRESS
FREIGHT, leave Norfolk at 5 o'clock, p. ni.
The new and elegant steamers
GEORGE LEARY, Capt. S. Blakeman,
Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
JAS. T. BRADY, Capt. D. C. Landis,
Monday, Wednesday and Friday.
The steamers of this line have unsurpassed ac
commodations, being all new and constructed
with great regard to speed, comfort and safety,
and the tables are equal to first class hotel fare.
Travellers going North via Seaboard and Roan
oke Railroad, can purchase tickets to Portsmouth,
where coaches will be in waiting to convey them
and their baggage free of charge to the New
Line Steamers. Ample time is afforded to make
sure connection, and the fare under any circum
stances as low as by the Old Bay Line.
Travellers going via Weldon and Petersburg
aud Norfolk and Pet ersbnrg Railroads can procure
through tickets at Petersburg and have baggage
checked to Baltimore, Philadelphia and New
This line connects at Baltimore with the Rail
roads for all Principal Cities North and West.
Through Tickets sold on the Boats, and Passengers
and Baggage transferred from Boat to Cars f"ree
Passengers, Baggage and Freight transferred to
and from Portsmouth and New Line Steamers
iree of charge.
Leave Baltimore from Spear's Wharf, foot of
Gay Street, at 5 o'clock, p. m.
H. V. TOMPKINS, Agent
sep 23134 ly8 At Norfolk,
Sale of Salisbury Prison Lot.
Bureau of Refugees, Freed men and
Headqrs. Ass't Comm'k., State of N. C. (
Raleigh, N. C, Sept. 15, 1866. j
TN COMPLIANCE WITH ORDERS FROM
1 the Commissioner of the Bureau of Refugees,
i reedmen and Abandoned lianas, dated v ar De
partment, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmeu and
Abandoned Lands, Washington, D. C, August
17th, 1866, and by virtue of authority iven in
section la ot the act ol Congress, passed J uly lb.
1866, entitled " An Act to continue in force and
to amend 'An Act to establish a Bureau for the i
Belief of Freedmen and Refugees, and for other
purposes,' " I will sell at the Boyden House, in
the city of Salisbury, N. C, at public auction, to
the highest bidder, on Thursday, the first dav
ot AovemDer, lows, between tne Hours oi xu
o'clock, A. M., and 2 o'clock, P. M., all that cer- j
tarn tract ol land known as the
" PRISON LOT,"
situated in the city of Salisbury, N. C, and con
veyed Dy the Trustees ot Davidson uoliegeto tne
so-called Confederate States, by deed dated the
2d day of November, A. D. 1861, containing about
fifteen (15) or sixteen (16) acres, more or less.
Said tract of land was used during the late war
by the so-called Confederate States Government,
for the confinement of prisoners-of-war. It was
formerly the site of a large manufacturing estab
lishment. It has a Railroad front of about three
hundred (300) yards on the North-Carolina Rail
road, making it a very desirable location for a I
manufacturing site, or the establishment of a
Store-house for the storage and shipment of the
agricultural products oi tne country.
Terms: Cash, in Government funds, on the j
delivery of a warranty deed therefor, in the name
oi tne united states.
THOS. P. JOHNSTON,
Capt. & A. Q. M., Bu. R. F. fc A. L.
Brevet Major u. S. V.
Sept. 15, 1866. 79 till nov. 1, '66.
X ATHROP, IaUDINGTON &. Co.,
330 Broadway, New York,
Offer to Southern and Western Jobbers and Re
tailers, at the lowest market prices,
A VERY LARGE AND ATTRACTIVE STOCK OF
CLOTHS, NOTIONS, HOSLEBT, WHITE GOODS, 4C.
LATHROP, LUDINGTON & CO.,
326, 328 and 330, Broadway, New York,
TNVITE THE ATTENTION OF ALL FIRST
m. class buyers to their stock of Dry Goods. It
win oe lound unsurpassed for all Southern Mer
chants. All departments of our business have '
been much enlarged, especially that for Dress I
noons, wnere we are constantly opening all the
novelties of the season, to which we now ask the
particular attention ot both J obbers and Retailers.
uur block consists 01
Shawls and Cloaks,
Flannels and Blanket
w ooien (ioods,
Gents Furnishing Goods,
&e., &c., &c. .
rJ?3 h offer the lowt market
j ' iwaagc ur piece.
Aug. 25, 1866. 68-2m
QOTTON PLANTATION FOR SALE.
rJLw ITUATED IN THE RICHLANDS OF
Onslow County; contains
Three Thousand Acres
in the tract of which about one thousand are
cleared, and in good condition for cultivation
The whole of it is good Cotton land! One-haf
"f ?ffiUTO h!a CrlP OD, ft Three hundred acres
in cotton and two hundred in corn. The resi-
rCelB ? VP ?,odi. one and the other build
eifht ??fLng ln i,,onB,e &c' vc7 good. About
Sfe0m6sWnPomt- Will sell on
Veil toe "fK Purchaser desires, will
PSZP OPENED A"srEW 8TORF Ttit
.this .City on the Market Square, I shall keen
constantly on hand, groceries. and iiTT p
saries pf fife for famSy us"" i jjST DeCC8-
My many friends are solicited to Tct.il .
In Store and for sale now, v.
MEAL by the wholesale and retail18 Corn
A.11,1866. - TtS
Cholera, Diarrhoea, and Dysentery x
A cure Is warranted by Dr. Tobias' celebrated
Venetian Liniment, If used when first taken by
persons of temperate habits. This medicine has
beeu known in the United States over 30 years.
Thousands have nsed it, and found it never failed
to cure any complaint for which it was recom
mended, and all those who first tried it, are now
never without it. In the cholera of 1848, Dr.
Tobias attended 40 cases and lost 4, being called
in too late to do any good.
DIRECTIONS. Take a teaspoonful in a wire
glass of water every half hour for two hours, and
rub the abdomen and extremities well with the
Liniment. To allay the thirst, take a lump of ice
in the mouth abut the size of a marble every ten
minutes. It is warranted perlectly innocent to
take internally. Sold by all druggists price, 40
and 80 cents. Depot, 56 Courtlandt street, New
Sent. 22. 1866. 80 lm
Reduction in Price of the American
Made at Waltham, Massachusetts.
In consequence of the recent great improve
ments in-our facilities for manufacturing we have
reduced our prices to as low a point as they can
WITH GOLD AT PAR,
so that no one need hesitate to buy a watch now
from the expectation that it will be cheaper at
some future time. The test often years and the
manufacture and sale of
More than 200,000 Watches
have'given our productions the very highest rank
among time-keepers. Commencing with the de
termination to make only thoroughly excellent
watches, our business has steadily increased as
the public became acquainted with their value,
until for months together, wi have been unable
to supply the demand. We have repeatedly en
larged our factory buildings until they now cover
over three acres of ground, and give accommoda
tion to more than eight hundred workmen.
We are fully justified in saying that we now
make more than one-half of all the watches sol.l in
the United States. The different grades are dis
tinguished by the following trade-marks on the
1. "American Watch Co." Waltham, Mass.
2. " Appleton, Tracy & Co." Waltham, Mass
3. " P. S. Bartlett," Waltham, Mass.
4. "William Ellery."
5. Our Ladies' Watch, of first quality, is
named " Appleton, Tracy & Co.," Wal
6. Our next quality ot Ladies' Watch is named
" P. S. Bartlett," Waltham, Mass. These
watches are tarnished in u great variety
of sizes ai d styles of cases.
The American Watch Co., of Waltham, Mass,
authorize us to state that without distinction of
trade-marks or price,
AL THE PRODUCTS OF THEIR FACTORY
ARE FULLY WARRANTED
to be the best time-keepers of their class ever
made in this or any other country. Buyers
should remember that unlike the guarantee of a
foreign maker who can never be reached, this
guarantee is good at all times against the Com
pavy or their agents, and that if after the most
thorough trial, any watch should prove defective
in any particular, it may be always exchanged for
another. As the American Watches, made at
Waltham, Mass., are for sale by dealers generally
throughout the country, we do not solicit orders
for single watches.
Caution. The public are cautioned to buy
only of respectable dealers. All persons selling
counterfeits will be prosecuted.
ROBBINS & APPLETON,
AgHs for the American Watch Co.
182 Broadway, N. Y.
Sept. 22, 1866. 80 4m
Itch! Itch X Scratch ! X Scratch X I
Wheaton's Ointment will cure the Itch in forty-
eight hours. Also cures Salt Rheum, Ulcers,
Chilblains, and all eruptions of the Skin. Price
50 cts. For sale by all Druggists.
By sending 60 cents to WEEKS & POTTER,
Sole Agents, 170 Washington street, Boston,
Mass., it will be forwarded by mail, free of post-
ge, to any part of the United States.
P. F. PESCUD, Agent,
sept 21 ly Raleigh, N. C.
xxxii's Jiair uye ou cents. islack or
Brown. Instantaneous, beautiful, durable, re
liable. I he best and cheapest in use. Depot
JN o. b6 John Street, New York. Sold by all Drug,
Patent Medicine, Perfumery and Fancy Goods
March 13, 1866. ly.
marriage and Celibacy, an Essay
of Warning and Instruction for Young Men.
Also, Diseases and Abuses which prostrate the
vital powers, with sure means of relief. Sent
free of charge in sealed letter envelopes.
Address Dr. J. SKILLIN HOUGHTON,
Howard Association, Philade.phia, Pa.
Aug. 14, 1866. 63 3m
-JW COOKE Sr. no
Corner of Wall and Nassau Sts., New York.
In connection with our houses in Philadelphia
and Washington, we have opened a NEW YORK
HOUSE at above location, and offer our services
to Banks, Bankers, and Investors tor the transac
tion of their business in this city, including pur
chases and sales of Government Securities,
Stocks, Bonds, and Gold. We are constantly
represented at the Stock Exchange and Gold
Board, where orders 6ent us are promptly filled.
vve Keep on hand a lull supply of
GOVERNMENT SECURITIES OF ALL ISSUES.
buying and selling at current prices, and allowing
correspondents the most liberal rates the market
affords. JAY COOKE A. CO.
may 12. 33 tw&wly.
Permanent and wide-spread Success is the
best Evidence of the Goodness op Brand-
reth's Pills. They should be in every family,
ready for use on the first symptoms of disease
occurring. This method will often save life.
Cholera mast be treated as a Poison,
and your safety demands that it should be got
rid of without delay. Colds, rheumatism, asth
ma, pleurisy, diarrhoea, colics, in fact, all sick
ness is the conseqnence of active impurities in
the blood. These being removed, the health is
restored at once.
Observe my name in the Government stamp in
white letters. Sold bv Druggists.
Sept 15. 77 lm
Brick Machine. The National Brick Ma
chine, a Clay Tempering Machine, and makes
with only two horse power, 30,000 Splendid
Bricks per day, with well defined edges and uni
form lengths. If the Machine does not perform
what we claim for it, we will take it back and
refund the money. Unusual inducements offered
to purchasers of territorial rights. Address
ABRAM REQUA, Gen. Agent,
Aug. 14 lm. 141 Broadway, N. T.
J E. stenhouse. aalan macaulex
CTENHOUSE & MACAULAY,
Wholesale and Retail Grocers and Commission
Merchants, at our Old Stand, Trade Street, Char
lotte, N. C.
Purchase and sell Cotton and all other Produce
on order. '
Business entrusted to us shall command our
pruiupi pentoiuu. aiientloiU
Rwmikci8- Jordan Womble, Sr.,- Esq.
Dunlop, Moncure & Co., Richmond, Va.
Kent, Paine & Co.. "
Martin & Tannahili, Petersburg, V.
COLORED EDECATIONAL. C0NTENTI05.
Friday, Oct. 6, 1866, 9 J o'clock, A.M. .
- Convention met pursuant to adjournment.
James H. Harris of Wake, in the Chair. De
votional exercises by the Chaplain, Rev. Geo.
A. Rue. Roll called and rules read by Sec
retary, J. S. Leary. Reading- of minutes of
previous session by Secretary Cawthorn.
On motion, the minutes of the previous
session were approved.
On motioD, a letter from B. F. Moore, Esq.,
was read by J. E. O'Hara, which was receiv
ed, adopted and ordered to be published
with the minutes.
Dr. Brown, Chairman of the Business Com
mittee, having been called away, on account
of his family being sick, the duty of Chair
man devolved on Rev. George A. Rue.
On motion, Mr. Ballard was appointed on
the Business Committee.
Ex-Gov. W. W. Holden was announced.
J. R. Caswell then invited him to address
the Convention. He was introduced to the
audience by James H. Harris.
Gov. Holden spoke with much plainness and
feeling. He told them that if two years ago
any one had predicted that the colored peo
ple would be free, holding a Convention like
this, and would be visited and addressed by
the Governor of the State on their duties
and responsibilities as a new people, that
person would have been regarded as want
ing in sanity. He said this to impress upon
them a due "sense of their situation. If their
liberty had been assured them in so short a
time, with protection by law to their persons
and property, they might well look forw ard
with hope to the future. He was glad the
Governor of the State had visited them and
made them a speech. It would do good
here, and do good among the Northern
Gov. H. said the father of his country,
George Washington, by his last will and
testament emancipated his slaves ; and that
Abraham Lincoln, the saviour of his coun
try, by the force of circumstances which
must have been shaped by Divine Provi
dence, had put his hand to a document which
had liberated four millions of slaves. It
would be useless for those who formerly
owned this race to repine. He believed but
few did repine. It was submitted to as an
event which no human foresight could have
averted. He thought the general good feel
ing between the two races in this State
should be cultivated and strengthened.
This was the home of the black man as well
as of the white. The two races should mu
tually sustain each other. The black man
needed the knowledge the white man had of
the arts and sciences, and of history and
government. He was also dependent on
the white man for lands and houses.
The white race needed the black as aids in
cultivating and improving the country. They
might also be needed to defend the country
against foreign foes. They would be the
main reliance in some portions of the State
in producing the great staples. The first
care of the black people should be to pro
cure homes, no matter how cheap or small.
To do this they must be industrious, temper
ate and economical. Labor was the first
great consideration. Tbey had no time to
waste at public gatherings they should not
congregate in the towns in greater numbers
than might be necessary for business ; and
tbey should avoid all temptations to idleness
ami dissipation. The first thing was to get
homes, and the next was, while they still la
bored to improve and add to their posses
sions, to educate their children. .Education
was good for all races and colors. " Knowl
edge was power." As a general rule, people
were virtuous and useful in proportion as
they were educated, and vicious and useless
in the world when sunk deep in ignorance.
Knowledge, like the sun, was for all. He
believed thecolored race was capable of much
greater mental improvement than they had
thus far reached. Their memories were cer
tainly very good. This might be the result,
to some extent, of their condition of slavery,
in which the memory had been developed by
their habit, as they could not write, of
charging their minds with facts and events.
He had observed that the colored child was
apt to learn. But memory was merely the
common laborer who brought and piled up
the materials : iudgment was the builder.
Gov. H. in conclusion, said the true inter
est of the colored race was to cultivate the
friendship of the whites ; and the whites
would also nnd their true interests in doing
justice to the blacks and in cultivating their
irienasinp. The colored people were entitled
to all their civil rights, and would have them.
The common government would see to that,
if necessary : but he did not believe that such
necessity would arise. He hoped it would
not. South-Carolina had just passed a law
doing full justice to the colored people in this
respect. No one thought of or proposed
social equality between the two races. So
ciety would always take care of itself. He
urged the colored people to keep out of poli
tics. It was a weariness to the flesh " among
the white people. They had not yet demon
strated their capacity lor selt-eovernrnent.
and would not, until the Union was restored
and our liberties consolidated on the everlas
ting rock of Truth and Justice. Gov. H.
was not ashamed nor afraid to say, while he
was true to his own race, and looked for
ward with confidence to the mighty destiny
they would accomplish for themselves on this
continent, that he was at the same time the
friend of the colored race. He wished them
welL He trusted they would continue to im
prove in knowledge and virtue; that they
would abide m peace among the whites, con
tributing their full share to the stock of ad
vancement, prosperity, and happiness ; and
that they would yet be a people in the earth.
The colored people would always find him a
friend and well-wisher, without the slightest
regard to what might be said of him by office-seekers
or demagogues. He had lived
long enough, and seen enough of the world
to know, that the only true rule was to try to
do right, in all things and under all circum
stances, without regard to consequences.
Mr. J. B. Good of Craven, responded,
warmly approving of what Gov. H. had
Bowman of Cumberland next address
ed the Convention, stating that he entertain
ed no party feeling. Also, the Rev. A. Bass,
Messrs. J. S. Leary, A. Patcher and others
spoke in approbation of what ex-Gov. Hol
den had said.
On motion, a vote of thanks was tendered
to the ex-Governor, who arose and thanked
the Convention for the manner in which he
On motion, a committee were appointed
consisting of Messrs. J. R. Caswell of Wake,
J. R. Good of Craven, W. D. Newsom of
Hertford, James Bowman of Cumberland
and J. S. Porter of Davidson.
The Business Committee, through their
Chairman, Rev. George A. Rue, reported an
address to the citizens of North-Carolina.
On motion, it was adopted.
Mr. Jas. H. Harris of Wake, offered an
amendment by inserting no taxation without
representation, which was accepted and
James E. O'Hara then made a lengthy ad
dress on the importance of education pre
paratory to introducing the constitution for
the State Educational Association.
CONBTITtlTION OF THE FBJEEDMEN'S EDUCA
1st. This Association shall be known as
the Freedmen's Educational Association of
2d. The object of this Association shall be
to aid in the establishment of schools, from
which none shall be excluded on ac
count ot olor or poverty, and to encourage
unsectariaa education injthis State, especial
ly among the freedmen.
3d. It sball assist educational associations
in counties, towns or captain's districts, to
obtain teachers, and in all other matters that
circumstances shall make desirable.
4th. Any adult who is in favor - of the
above object,'may become a member of the
Atsociation by signing this constitution and
contributing one dollar at the beginning of
each , year. The. President, Secretary and
Treasurer of all auxiliaries shall be members
ex officio. - - . " .
oth. Any member contributing fifty dol
lars in one or two instalments, shall become
a director for life and shall be entitled to at
tend and vote at all regular meetings of the
board of managers.
6th. The officers shall be a President, three
Vice Presidents, a Secretary, a Treasurer and
thirteen managers: nine of which shall re
side in or near Raleigh. The President, Sec
retary and Treasurer shall be ex officio mem
bers of the board of managers. The officers
hereafter shall be chosen four each year, to
hold office for the term of three years. In
case of a vacancy in any office the managers
snail make an appointment, to noia until tne
next annual meeting.
7th. The board of managers shall invite
the co-operation of benevolent individuals
and associations in the work of education.
They may provide lecturers, &c. They shall
require the Treasurer to give ample security,
and in general, shall have lull authority to
conduct the affairs of the -Association, sub-
lect to its approval. But thev shall not
without instructions involve the Association
in debt, nor shall any of them receive any
compensation from the treasury.
8th. The annual meeting of this Associa
tion shall be held on the 20th day of Janua
ry in each year, at which time the Treasurer
and board of managers shall present written
reports and officers shall be elected.
9th. This constitution may be amended by
a two-thirds vote at any annual meeting.
Provided, the amendment has been proposed
at the previous annual meeting, or recom
mended one month beforehand by the man
agers, in connection with the call of the
10th. It shall be the imperative duty of
every teacher to fill out such blanks a3 may
be sent to him by tne superintendent, giv
ing a correct report of the condition of the
11th. No officer shall receive compensation
for his services from the treasury, except his
Auxiliaries are requested to adopt the
same for their constitutions.
Mr. Page moved that they be adopted in
the whole. Objected to by James O'Hara
on the grounds that the members of the
convention would be better prepared to vote
upon them by sections.
J. E. O'Hara's motion was carried into ef
fect, and the constitution adopted by sec
The following officers for the Association
were elected James E. O'Hara of Wayne,
President. J. T. bchenck ot Mecklenburg,
George A. Rue of Craven and H. Locket of
Wake. Vice Presidents. Wm. Cawthorn of
Warren, Secretary. Moses Patterson of Wake,
BOARD OF MANAGERS.
Richard Tucker of Craven.
E. A. Richardson of do.
C. D. Puroon, of do.
W. H. Anderson of Wake.
Caesar Johnson of Warren.
J. R. Caswell of Wake.
H. Unthanksof Greensboro.
J. H. Harris of Wake.
T. A. Sykes of Pasquotank.
J. S. Leary of Fayetteville.
J. H. Williamson ot Franklin.
J. R. Page of Chowan.
W. D. Newsom of Hertford.
On motion, tl.j Convention adjourned
meet according to rule.
October 5th, 2 o'clock, P. M.
The Convention met pursuant to adjourn
ment, Mr. Richard Tucker of Craven in the
The business committee then continued
their report through their chairman Rev.
George A. Rue.
The following resolutions were received
Resolved, That it shall be the duty of every
member of this body on his return home,
to form, or cause to be formed, an Equal
Rights League, in or near the place wherein
such delegate resides, and to do all in his
power to promote their increase through
other portions of his county.
Revived, That the members of this Con
vention advise the colored people in their re
spective localities to lorm themselves into
joint stock companies wherever practicable ;
also, to patronize and respect each other in
their various branches of business.
Resolved, That a vote of thanks be render
ed to the State Legislature, for the respectful
manner in which they received and acted
upon our petition at their last sitting.
Resolved, That the members of the State
Legislature have the entire confidence of this
Convention, and of all good colored citizens
everywhere in this State, and we shall ever
pray for their welfare and for the reconstruc
tion and prosperity of our beloved State.
Committee on building reported through
their chairman, J. T. Schenck.
We, your committee on building, after a
careful and deliberate examination, find
that to build a house that would be benefi
cial for a school house, and also, to serve for
all public or State purposes, would require
at least two thousand five hundred dollars
After a considerable discussion on the part
of Messrs. Ellison of Wake, Page of Chow
an, lL.eary oi Cumberland, the report was
called for and carried. The members of the
convention then pledged themselves to raise
the sum of two thousand five hundred dol
lars ($2,500) for the above mentioned pur
pose. Itev. G. A. liue, chairman of the Business
Committee, asked leave to report a resolution.
Mesoived, l nat this convention after this
evening session shall adjourn sine die.
On motion, said resolution was adopted.
On motion, a nominating committee was
appointed to nominate officers of the State
E. R. L., to serve the ensuing year, consisting
of Messrs. J. R. Caswell, J. R. Good, James
Bowman, W. D. Newsom and Stewart Elli
son. After an absence of about twenty min
utes, the nominating committee returned and
made the following report, which on motion.
was received and adopted : J. jH. Harris of
Wake, President ; J. R. Good of Craven, J.
R. Caswell of Wake and Stewart Ellison of
Wake, Vice Presidents ; W. H. Anderson of
Wake, Recording Secretary; J. Randolph,
Jr., of Craven, Corresponding Secretary;
Jas. Bowman of Cumberland, Treasurer.
The Executive board consisted of Jas. T.
Schenck of Mecklenburg, J. S. Porter of Da
vidson, V. Mikeral of Rutherford, Wyatt
Outlaw of Alamance, and J. A. Green of
On motion, a committee on printing was
appointed to assertain the expenses of print
ing the proceedings of the Convention, and
to prepare the minutes for the press, consist
ing of James E. O'Hara, James H. Harris
and J. R. Caswell.
On motion, the convention adiourned to
meet at 1 o'clock,"p. M.
Oct. 5th, 7i o'clock, P. M.
The Convention met pursuant to adjourn
ment, Richard Tucker in the chair.
Devotional exercises conducted bv Rev. G.
A. Rue, Chaplain of the convention.
James H. Harris of Wake was then intro
duced to the Convention, who made an elo
quent and patriotic address, pleasing to both
races. Rev. G. A. Rue was next introduced
to the audience, who made one of those soul-
stirring speeches for which he is so famous.
Rev. James Bowman was next introduced to
the audience, who also made anleloquent ad
dress filled with good advice'to the neoDle
both white and colored.
By request, Rev. G. A. Rue snnsr the Loud
Timbrel, whilst the audience assisted in the
A collection was then taken up. J. R.
Caswell made a few remarks on the decrepid
state of financial- matters. Col. Brady
then presented to the convention f 50,UU to
assist in defraying its expenses. ,
A motion was made to express . sincere
thanks to Col. Brady for his magnanimous
ancHiberal eift. After which the vote of
thanks was tendered and three hearty cheers
given for Col. Brady and the American flag.
After singing of the doxologies and receiv
ing the benediction, the Convention adjourn
ed sine die.
We are pleased to know through the state
ments made by the delegates of the various
Counties, that notwithstanding various out
rages are being committed on our people,
that the mass of the whites are favorable to
Whole number of delegates present 111.
.Number oi counties represented 82.
J. E. OHAliA,
Newbern, N. C, Sept. 30, 1866.
To the Colored Citizens of Nortli- Carolina to
assemble in Convention, at Jialeign, n Oc
Gentlemen : In lsoo, wnen l sat in
Convention with you, I esteemed it the
proudest moment of my life to be thus asso
ciated with such men, and engaged in such
a work. In the formation of the State Equal
Rights League, vou did me the honor of
making me Secretary. This enjoins it upon
me to be present at the first Annual meeting
ot the League, or at the Convention.
I regret very much that circumstances
above my control prevents my attendance.
But, gentlemen, you may be well assured
that if absent in person, I am not in spirit.
My heart longs to be with you not because
of the high estimate I place upon my ser
vices, but because I am interested, soul and
body, in the good work you meet to per
The Convention of last year did a noble
work, notwithstanding all ot us, on our re
turn home to our constituents, did not re
ceive the welcome plaudit of " well done,
good and faithful servants." But all was not
completed. There still remains a vast deal
It is claimed by some that we now have
equal rights in law. How far this is true,
you must decide. If you should find it true,
then vou must consider tne extent ot our
political rights. The education of our peo
ple should lorm an important item in your
deliberations ; and the laboring interests of
our people must not be forgotten. Our peo
ple must be taught to confide in each other,
and assist each other ; the lack of this is do
ing a destructive work among us. And they
must learn, also, men and women, that " the
richest treasure modern times anord, is spot
It must be remembered that these are pe
culiar times in which we live, and in all
your counsel and deliberations, show your
selves " as harmless as doves, but as wise as
serpents," to the end that we all may be
benefitted, and peace and good-will prevail.
May the presence ot Ood be with you, and
His wisdom direct you, that your duties
may be performed with honor to yourselves,
and profit to the btate and country.
JOHN RANDOLPH, Jr.
To the Legislature of 2HbrtIi- Carolina, and tlie
Congress oj the L. ., hereafter to asssnMe.
Gentlemen: The Convention of colored
men, which met in the City ot Kaleigh, JN.
C, on the 2nd day of Oct. 1866, take this
method to return their grateful and heartfelt
thanks for the cordial acceptation and kind
treatment ot the petition presented to your
honorable body at your last assembly.
W e also feel it to be our bounden duty to
return our thanks for what you have done in
removing the disabilities under which we
labored, and which were contrary to the ge
nius ot a republican government, to liberty
and humanity. The Convention continues
to pray your honorable body to give us pro
tection in the future, as we have shown our
selves loyal and peaceable citizens in the
We turther prav your honorable body to
give us the right ot suffrage, in common with
other citizens ol the United Estates, in con
sideration of our loyalty, citizenship and
Believe us gentlemen,
Your obedient servants,
J. H. HARRIS, President.
Geo. A. Rce,
Chairman Business Committee.
Address of the FreedmetiCs Convention to the
IV hue and Colored ciuizens of JVortn-Carolin-a.
Fellow-Citizens : We, the colored Peo
ple of North-Carolina, in Convention assem
bled at Raleigh, on the 2nd, 3d, 4th and
5th days of Oct. 1866, viewing the complex
condition of affairs and of public sentiment
in our State, deem it our duty to present to
you our grievances, our sufferings and the
outrages heaped upon us, because of our
helpless and disqualified position for self
defence, resulting, as we think we can prove,
from no greater cause than our long and un
just political disfranchisement.
We ask you, in tlie spirit of meekness, is
taxation without reiyresentatwnjust f History
and conscience answer no 1
We do not come to you in a spirit of re
proach or denunciation, neither do we feel
in pleading for equal rights without regard
to complexional differences, that we are in
the least degree selfish. Nor do we in any
respect seek to lower the standard of refine
ment, intelligence or honor among the great
and loyal people of the commonwealth of
North-Carolinri, by urging these questions
upon your consideration at this time. We
would view if possible the brightest side of
the picture, which we have to present, and
give to our beloved State all the honor and
credit deserved for the rapid strides which
this great Nation has been taking in the di
rection of universal emancipation and equal
ity before the law.
You will acquiesce when we say that we
can boast a little of our loyalty to the general
government, in the bloody struggle though
which we have just passed. Our fathers
fought shoulder to shoulder with the white
man in the Revolutionary war, and in the
war of 1812. They did their duty and did
it well. In the one just ended, our fathers,
brothers and sons bared their breasts to the
fiery storm to save the Union.
Fellow-Citizens: You have taught us
one good thing, which we cannot forget. It
is this : " That all men are born free and
equal, and that they are endowed by their
Creator with inalienable rights. That among
these are life, liberty and the pursuit of hap
piness. That to secure these rights, govern
ments are instituted among men, deriving
their just powers from the consent of the
Fellow-Citizens : Can we look to you
tor protection or not, to shield us from the
murderous hand ? Oh, humanity, where is
thy blush ! Our defenceless wives and
children, fathers, sons and brothers, are
beaten with clubs, robbed, shot and killed,
in various localities, and the authorities re
gard it not. We beg you as white men in
authority to shield our defenceless heads,
and guard our little homes. . We appeal to
your religion and humanity. We claim by
merit the right of suffrage, and ask it at your
hands. We believe the day has come, when
black men have rights which white men are
bound to respect. We intend to live and
die on the soil which gave us birth. Oh,
North-Carolina, the land of our birth, with
all thy faults we love thee still. Will yon,
oh ! will you treat us as human beings, with
all our rights? It is all we ask.
Your humble servants, in behalf of the
State's Equal Rights League,
GEO. A. RUE, Chairman.
J. T. Schenck, H. Locket, J. A. Sykes.
State op North-Carolina
" Executive Department.
v Kaleigh, N. C. Oct. 3d, 1866.
To the President ' and members of the colored
Convention, note sitting in Raleigh.
I have received, through your Secretary,
James E. O'Hara an invitation to attend
your sittings. Having learned, on all hands,
that vour actions are patriotic, and, in every
way, praiseworthy, I thank you for your in
vitation and will gladly attend.
You shall always find me ready, personally
or officially, to do anything in my power to
aid your people in their efforts to elevate and
improve their condition.
Raleigh, Oct. 3, 1866.
To Mr. James E. O'Hara, Secretary.
Dear Sir : Your letter ot yesterday, invi
ting me to visit the Convention of colored
people now in session in this City, has been
The object of your Convention, as I am in
formed, is to promote education among your
race, and thus elevate and improve it men
tally and morally. This is a noble work,
and one in which every patriot and philan
thropist is pleased to see you engaged. I
trust the results of vour labors may be for
good to the colored people ; and a feel sure
that the country and all its material and
moral interests will be benefitted in propor
tion as your race shall be enlightened and
elevated in the scale of being.
Be pleased to convey to the Convention
my acknowledgements lor tne invitation
thus tendered, and say to them that it will
afford me pleasure to visit the Convention
before it adjourns.
W. W. HOLDEN.
Raleigh, Oct. 4, 1866.
To the Committee of Invitation of the Colored
People's Convention, Raleigh:
In reply to your invitation of yesterday, I
beg leave to say, that my engagements will
not permit me to visit your Convention ; but
I have been pleased to be informed of your
efforts to educate your people in the State of
North-Carolina, and hope they may be at
tended with success. Of course you do not
expect, at once, to establish seminaries for
for the higher branches of learning, but will
direct your attention to primary schools, in
which are taught those rudiments of knowl
edge which are most useful and necessary in
carrying on the ordinary business of life.
With the difficulties now existing of a short
crop in the greater portion of the State, the
unsettled condition of affairs arising out of
the late war, and the sudden emancipation
of the colored race, with but little property
except mat wnicn snail oe acquired oy daily
labor, it win not oe an easy matter to main
tain schools even of this description ; but
whenever it is practicable, 1 hope to see them
But there is much of education, and of the
most necessary part ot it, that is not ob
tained in schools. How to do work well.
and with the greatest advantage, either in a
mechanical trade, or on a farm, or m any
other business, is the most useful kind of
knowledge to people who must live by la
bor. To have habits of industry in apply
ing one's self to his work, to be faithful to
contracts and promises to be sober, honest
and truthful, are lessons which every parent
can teach to his children at home, and which
will cost nothing except the care and atten
tion that every one will readily bestow. In
the present situation of the colored people,
the first object of every one should be to
obtain an honest livelihood for himself and
his family, by labor. The idle will be sure
to become vicious, lose the confidence and
respect of the community probably fall into
crime, and subject themselves to the punish
ment ot the law. JNext to being industrious,
they should be frugal save and lay up what
they earn, and when they become able, buy
land or other property, and thus advance in
the scale of life. Both parents and children
who are able to do useful work, should ap
ply themselves to it, until something shall
in this way be accumulated. Then they
will have the means and time to attend the
schools and improve their time. If both
objects can be effected at the same time, it
will be so much the better. 1 ou will per
ceive, that, in my opinion, instruction in
morals and virtue, and the religious training
derived rrom hearing the (Jospel preached,
and in bunday schools, are more necessary
to your people, at present, than the knowl
edge of letters and books, and it can be more
easily and cheaply obtained. While, there
fore, disposed to encourage every well-meant
enort to give them schools, 1 would keep
constantly present to their minds, that to
elevate their condition nothing is so neces
sary as to become independent in their cir
cumstances, and that this can only be effec
ted by persevering and honest labor.
W. A. GRAHAM.
Raleigh, Oct. 4th, 1866.
Mr. James E. O'Hara :
Sir : I have received yours of this date in
viting me to address the Convention oi col
ored persons of which you are Secretary,
now assembled at the African Church in this
City for the purpose of promoting the cause
ot education amongst their race, i ou as
sume very truly, that I am a friend to your
I could not be otherwise so long as I may
be regarded as a fellow creature of the race
ot man ; and 1 am a warm friend to educa-
Owing to my pressing
highly important cases on
trial or about to
be tried in the Superior
Court of Wake
County, now in session, it will be not only
inconvenient, but really impossible for me to
be present at your Convention.
Allow me, however, to express my plea
sure, that your race are striving by peaceful
means to elevate themselves in the grade of
The best means ot doing this yon can as
readily appreciate as any one. They are
universally acknowledged to be, industry,
and education both moral and religious.
That idleness is the parent of all vice is an
adge as old as time ; and it requires but the
observation of a day to verify this truth,
whether among the one race or the other.
B. F. MOORE.
Raleigh, Oct. 3, 1866.
To the members of the Convention of colored
people, noto in session.
I have received your polite invitation to at
tend the session of your Convention. I have
only time to say that my engagements are
such in the Superior Court now in session.
and likely to be in session for the rest of the
week, that I cannot possibly avail myself of
your invitation. Otherwise I should be glad
to accept ot it. 1 approve ot its obieet and
hope it may result in effecting something for
the benefit and improvement ot your people.
Every good citizen should desire this, and I
assure you it will always give me pleasure to
contribute in anv way that I can to such a
1 am Very Kespeeiully,
Your Friend &c. - .
Raleigh, Oct., 4, 1866.
'Mr; J. E. & Hara, Secretary of the Convention
of colored people vote in session, i . , j
Sir : I have just received vour note on be
half of the Convention to visit and address
ITfiri llAlv KofnM T -n
At win not De in my power to maKe an ad
dress before the Convention. . But under
standing that yon have assembled for the
purpose of suggesting and adopting the best
means for the moral and educational improve-
ment of your people, in a new and critical
condition, I desire to express my approval
of the objects of jour Gouvention.
It is all-important to the colored as well as
the white population, that every tiling possi
ble be done to elevate and enlighten the coll
ored race in a true knowledge of their duties
and responsibilities in their new condition
I an sure yon will eventually find the
most efficient and cheerful encouragement
from those among, whom you have always
lived who know your re,al wants, and who
will be your best and truest friends.
With acknowledgements to the Conve
tion lor their invitation.
I am Yours, &c.
D. M. BARRINGER.
Raleigh, N. C. Oct. 4th, 18C6.
Gentlemen : I have the honor to express
my grateful sense? of the compliment paid
me in your invitation of yesterday to be
present at your Convention in this City, as
well as for the flattering manner in which
that invitation was conveyed.
In reply thereto, I beg leave to assure you
that it will afford me much pleasure to be
present this afternoon : say about half past
3 o'clock, if I may be allowed to attend
simply as a listener, and as a silent friend,
much interested in whatever interests vou or
your cause. ' If not, then I must ask the in
dulgence to postpone my visit to a future oc
casion. I am Gentlemen,
Your Obedient Servant,
J. V. BOMFORD.
Col. 8th U. 8. Infy. Cotnanding.
Messrs J. R. Caswell, of Wake county, Chair
man, Henry Pope, of Randolph county
John Hyman, of Warren county, J. E o'
Hara, of Wayne county, John Porter of
Head Quarters Post of Raleigh, Oct. 3 06
Messrs J. R. Caswell, Harry Pope, John Hv-
T tj? sv rr T 7 t- .
inuit, a. mi. saara, ootn troier.
I herewith acknowledge the invitation thi
day received at your hands to be present nfc
the meeting of the Convention of the colored
people ol .North-Carolina now in session.
shall be glad to see somethinsr of tln
workings of .your Convention, and will be
present at such times as my duties will ner-
mit. Very Respectfully &c.
E. H. CARR.
Brv't. Maj. Gen. Comdg.
Bureau Ref, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands,
Office Superintendent Central Dis.
Raleigh, N. C. Oct. &rd, 1866.
Mr. J. E. O'Hara, Secretary, &c.
Sir : I have the honor to acknowledge the
receipt of your note of invitation requesting
me to honor you with my preseuce and
to address you during the hours of your
I regret exceedingly that I cannot accept
your kind and flattering invitation to address
you, on account of serving on a General Court
Martial in addition to my duties as Superin
tendent of the Bureau of R., F. and A. L.
Even had I the time, I do not think I could
address you on account of not knowing the
object or purpose of your Convention. I
hope to be able to visit your Convention
some time during the session, and will it pos
sible. With my best wishes for your success and
prosperity. I remain very respectfully
your obedient servant,
A. G. BRADY.
Brv't. Col., and Supt.
JUST RECEIVED l
at Ho. 44 Fayetteville Street,
BLASTING POWDER AND FUSE,
Rifle and Canister Powder for sporting,
6. D. and Water Proof Caps,
Bird, Squirrel and Buck Shot, by the bag- or
ratent .Balances ana otner ecaies.
J. BROWN, with
HART & LEWIS.
Raleigh, Oct. 10, 1866. 88 tf.
STATES TAX NOTICE I
Collector's Office 4th District, N. .,
Warrenhon, Oct. 9th, 1866.
THE ASSESSOR'S LIST FOR WAKE CO.
has been placed in my hands for collection. All
persons on whom assessments have been made
during that period in Wake county, will meet ine
or my depnty at the following places, at the times
mentioned, prepared to pay their taxes :
Forestville, Tuesday, the 23d Inst., and Satur
day, the 27th inst.
At Raleigh the 24th, 25tb, and 26th inst., and
on Monday the 29th.
All Distillers, Tobacco, Snuff and Cigar Manu
facturers, must come prepared to give bond aud
security, and all who have made application for
license must come forward and take out their
license. Those who fail to comply with these
requirements will be subject to a heavy penalty.
t3T According to the provision of the law those
who do not pay at the required time will be lia
ble to ten pe1- cent, additional upon their taxes.
The special attention of those who have not paid
on the back lists is called to this fact
JOHN READ, Collector.
W. B. Williams, Deputy. 88 td.
E. E. OVERALL & GO.,
General Commission Merchants,
No. 113 Common St., opposite St. Charles Hotel,
NEW ORLEANS, LA.
General Newspaper Agency,
E. E. OVERALL & CO.,
Office. No. 143 Common St., opposite St. Charles
New Orleans, La.
Having established ourselves as Subsirintion.
Advertising and Collecting Agents in New Orleans
for Newspapers and Magazines throughout the
United States and Europe, we are prepared to
contract for Advertisements on the most liberal
terms. Notice of Business Houses will be insert
ed at reasonable rates through the medium of
well-written letters from New Orleans, thereby
introducing the Trade to thousands of readers.
Communications may be addressed to Box 965
Parties addressing us as above from any portion
of the country can subscribe for Newspapers and
Magazines throughout the United States or
Europe. Orders for Stationery, Printing, Blank
Books, etc., can be filled at the lowest rates.
lromptness and Dispatch will be our motto.
October , l. an .
RUCTION SALE OP
WLLL BE SOLD, AT PUBLIC AUCTION,
NEW BERNE, N. C,
Ob Friday, Ootober 19th, 1866,
A large lot of condemned property, consisting:
in part of the following articles :
. ncK Axes, is.napsacK8
Paulina, Mess Pans,,
Blacksmith's Tools. Axes,
and a large quantity of other property;.
IbKMS: UASH unitea estates ean-ency:
:. J. Lh STUBB8,
Oct 8 87td. Brevt. Lt. Col. and'Ghf. Q.. Mi.
HOES t SHOES ! ! SHOES t il.
THAT LARGE STOCK OJT SHOES,.
advertised, has come, consisting ot
WOMEN'S v- -V
The Largest lot ever brought to this City
Hnr CoL TUCKER remains, in the Nothern
Markets and keeps himseitwell Dosted as to qual
ity and prices of goods.
; Give ns a cull We can. and will sell" you
W. 11. S. TUCJUitt. c