EDITOR, AND STATE PRINTER,
THE CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION OF THE STATES THEY " MUST BE PRESERVED
S VOL,. II W. 60.
THREE DOLLARS PER ANNUM.
RALEIGH, N. C.THURSDAY, JANUARY 7, 1836.
PRIVTED AMD PUBLISHED
I!. NATHANIEL O. BLARE.
Three dollars per annum, payable half-yearly
In advance; but it will be neeessary for those liv
ing at a distance, or. oat of tbe State, to pay an
entire year in advance. A subscriber failing to
give notice of histlesire to discontinue at the eX-
pirainuiioi in? periou ior wuicn ne may nave paut,i
wiUbecons.dered as having subscribed anew, and
the paper contihued. at the option of the EditOT,
until ordered to be stopped ; but no paper will be
discontinued until all arrearages are paid.
Letters to the Editor must come Tree of postage,
or they may not be attended to.
I Advertisements will be inserted at the rate of
one dollar per square for three insertions. A libe
ral discount will be made to those who advertise
by the year. Those sending in Advertisements
wiW be good enough to mark the number of
tees they wish them inserted.
6.0 09 Dollars for 4 Dollars!
FEHE lih CLASS of the
JH NORTH CAROLINA
ST A TE LOTTER r.for 1 835
to be drawn on the popular
Terminating Figure System,
on Friday the 8th of Janunry,
at Oxford. N. C.
1 Prize of $6, 000, is 86,000
1 Prize of 3,000, is 3,000
1 IVzc of 2 000, is 2.00U
10 Prizes of 1,000, is 10.000
12 Prizes of 500, is 6,000
15 Prize of 300, is 4,500
15 Prizes of 200 'is 3.000
VCVReaidt s manv of 100. S50
-in iA( Av Am
m'W, W, hVV.
Tickets only $4, Halves 2, Qrs. 1 :
A certificate for a package of 10 whole tickets
Will cost only $23. Halves and Quarters in the
aame proportion..- Tube hajl, in the greatest
variety ot numbers, at
STEVENSOrt 6c POINTS' Ofpice,
RALEIGH. N. C
IBESPECTFULLY informs the public in
JBL& general and the Members of the Legisla
ture, that he has situated hinvefinthe Store
formerly occupied by Mr. John Primrose, and
h3 fitted it up expressly for this business, ne
. .1 1 . L- 111. I ,. ,. .. .. ....
leeiS tnanilUl I-r Hie nucrai ciitimratintui ii.-
ceived since his commencement in business, and
hopes to merit a continuance of the same, by
his constant attention and punctually. He
has just received from 'he North a fine assort
Wk mentof Jewelry and Watches, Con-
t;,ur nf U0'J "A fiiJAj. Pj,t?nt Lr ; fvluin
i ' i. Di-a u
vt.ffg jngiisn and rrencn waicnest t,oiu una-.ns.
Keys, Breast-Pins, Ear-Kings and Finger-Rings,
together With a variety of other Ar'icles too te
dious to mention ; which he now invites all
to call and examine for themselves, lie pledges
himself to sell as cheap as can he obtained else
where. He will bestow his attention individually to
the Re pairing of Watches and would particu
larly inform the Members of the General As
sembly, that all work confided to him shall be
Strictly attended to, and warranted to perform
Jewelry repaired ; and Engrav
ing neatly exe tiled.
Raleigh, Nov. 12th 1835. 5i
TValter J. Itauasay &, Co'
is removed from their
old stand, to the brick
row, two dnoi-8 south of
Turner Hughes'' Rook
Store, where tluy re
spectfully invite a call
from their customers and
They expect daily their WINTER SIP
PLY, which, with their present Stock, will be
more extensive than ever has been in this
They continue to do nil repairs to Watches
land Clocks, and repair all kinds of Jewelry, at
the shortest notice. Also, all kinds of Silver
Ware manufacture d.
They have just received 1 i splendid IiaH08,j
Which they offer for sab,, law for cash or to j
try them at the store.
Raleigh, Oct. 26, 193$. 52
INFORMS his friends awl the public gene
ally, that he has REMOVED his Vatch.
Jewelry, and Fancy Store next door to the
Star office, where he has opened, and will far
ther receive in a fev days, a Very rich, fashion
able and extensive collection of goods in his
line; and respectfully invites his friends and
the public at large, to come and examine them.
He solicits a continuance of the liberal patron
age hitherto extended to him.
Clocks and Watches, of all descriptibns. re
paired with the usual care,- Gold and Silver
Hvork manufactured or repaired witlr neatness
Raleigh, Dec. 2, 1835. 6t62.
Sidney M. Barbee & Co.
RESPECTFULLY inform the Citizens of
Ee Raleigh and its vicinity, that they have
fust received and will continue to receive an ex
tensive and well selected assortment of
Staple and Fancy SPry Goods.
Groceries, Shoes, Hardware,C rocki ty, &c.
All of which will Be sold low for Cash, or on
a short credit to punctual customers. For proof
i me declaration, they merely request that all
"lose Dersons who nre ri'psiron's nf nnrrhniina
win call and examine for themselves.
Raleigh, Nov. 19.
THE Exercises of the Lochiel School, situa
ted about a mile wesLgf Hillsborough,
Will be resumed on the second Monday of Jan
nary. As the number of Pupils is limited, an
early application is desirable. Terms for guard
and Fuitiun, including a supoly of Books and
Stationery, are $75 per Session of five months
Music and Painting, taught in the house, by
experienced Instructors, form an extra charge.
. WM. E. ANDERSON.
ItVk, Tallee Female Seminary.
Situated in Halifax County, squi distant 20 milts
fofween the towns of Halifax and Warrenton.
THE Subscriber re sped fully notifies the
public, that the above named institution
opens again on the second Monday in January
next. Thankful for the fvervV liberal natron-
age hitherto received, he flatters himself, that
wiiu an advantages in point ot Healthy loca
uon, ample accommodation of buildings, and
instructors of the highest grade, the School
will rise still higher in merit and public esti
mation. To all acquainted with the very hieh literary
standing of the gentlemen at the head of one of
the hrst Collegiate institutions of our country ;
of the Lady who is Principal of the Female Se
minary in Schenectady, and with the very re
spectable characters of the Mayor, Judge, "City
Physician, and Clergymen of that city, nothing
more nay be, added, to show the very (highly)
satisfactory qualifications and experience of
Mrs.. EMUA .AIcKLVEYf the lady who is to
take charge of the above named institution.
The following branches will be taught in the
above Seminary: Reading, writing, spelling,
grammar, elementary geograpliy.United States
history and arithmetic, ancient and modern
history, Woodbridge's Universal Geography,
including ancient geography VVillard's histo
ry of America, Jamieson's Rhetoric. Hedge's
Logic, Natural Philosophy, Paley's Moral Phi
losophy, Euclid's Elements of Geometry, Day's
Algebra, Farm's Astronomy, Kamc's Elements
of Criticism, Brown's Philosophy of the Mind,
Chemistry and Botam.
For the above branches, per session jot five
Latin ditto, ::
Music on the Piano Forte,
Mu-ic on the Guitar,
Drawing and painting in
water colors, . :i 5 00
Oil colors :: 10 00
Mczotinto work 6c japanning :: 10 00
Bjard, (two-thirds in advance) 30 00
Vippoo 9. Browolow.
Halifax County, Dec 16th, 1835.
The Subscribers being acquainted with the
reputation sustained by Mrs. McElvey, as an
assistant in the Female Seminary under the
care of Miss Sheldon, cheerfully bear testimo
ny to her merits. Her talents and experience
combined with much personal worth, would
render her services as a Teacher, a very valua
ble ncq'iisition to any community.
Eliphalet Nott, President. .
K. Proudfit, Professor of Languages.
Alonso Potter, Frofes, of Rhetoric and Mor
B. F. Joslin, Profess of Natural Philosohy,
John A. TAtes, Profes. of Oriental Lit.
Thos C. Reed, Profes. of Pol. F.con.
J. W. Jackson, Profes. of Mathe'ca.
C Averill, Profes of Chem. and Botany.
Mrs. Emma M'Etvey has been engaged for
several years as an instructress in the institution
under my care and it afforcs me much pleas
ure to-sny, that her character as a teacher, is
rlrnrvtflv Un. uml lKt -K. (. well ...-:!
to take charge of a School, and teach in any
department she may undertake.
I have perfect confidence in her qualifica
tions, and believe that she is desirous of making
herself eminently useful in the institution at
URANIA E. SHELDON, Pimcipal.
Female Seminary, Schenectady
The Subscribers, acquainted with the repu
tation of Mrs. McElvty, as an instructress in the
Female Literary institution under the soper-
ntendance of Miss Sheldon, in the city ot
Schenectady, and understanding that she is on
the eve of her departure for the South, take
great pleasure in bearing testimonO to her qual
ifications, as a ladv of a finished and accom
plished education, and possessing a decision of
character, blended with mildness and affability,
which has crowned her exertionswith flattering
success and gained for herself the warm esteem
a'd attachment ofhtr pupils.
A. L. Linn, Major of Shenectady.
S. W. Jones, First Judge of Shenectady co.
Jacob Van Vechten, Pastor of the Dutch
P. A'exis Proal. Rect. of St. George's Church.
J. Frumvill Backus, Pastor of th Presbyte-
Josiah McGrnus, Pastor of first Bapt'i9 Church.
J. C. Magoffin. Citv physician.
Schenectady. Nov. 28. 1835, 3l63.
Spring Orove Academy,
T have employed IVIr. Hug his, ot Newbern, to
take charge of this Academy, for the ensuing
year. He ci-mes highly recommended, as quali
fied to prepare scholars for the University.
Board will be six dollars per month, ihe tuition
r M heretofore
and the School will com
the 18th ol January next.
JOHN D. HAWKINS.
Dec. 28M, 1635 . 4 61
Valuable Eloiaae in Raleigh.
n n 'L- e sold at Public Auction, on
fp3R V w the premises,on Monday of Wake
MliSL February Coiintv Court, (being the
10 h day of the monih) that valuable Brick
STORE, and LOT, in Raleigh, on Fayetteville
street, belonging to the estate of the late John C.
Siedman, deceased, and now in the occupancy of
Thomas M. Oliver. A credit of ohe, two, and
three years, will be given, on bonds well secur
ed, with interest from dale. Further particulars
made known on the dav of sale.
J. J. ROBETEAU. Guardian
i the Heirs.
Raleieh. 28A Dec. 1835. Ml
HE subscriber expecting shortly to
remove from Wake County, offers
the place at which he now lives for sale.
Ji is about three and a half miles distant East
from Raleigh, on the Newbern Road, and has a
very comfortable dwelling house, good and com
modious out houses, and a fine orchard of well
selected fruit trees both Apple and Peach on it.
Wake County, N. C. Dee. 28th, 1835.
3t63 D. W. STONE.
To Bridge Builders
THE undersigned commissioners, appointed
at the last term of Warren county court, to
iei me re-ommmg ol
Creek, on the Stage roail leading from Warren
ton to Looisburg, will attend on Monday the 1st
of February next, at the bridge, at 11 o'clock,
where all persons disposed to undertake, are in
vited to attend. It is proposed to build the
bridge with stone abutments' and four stone arch
& v 111-7 Ullllr dL U.15 J 1911 I II w
es twenty feet apart ; with' timber of the bes;
material, extending from ihe one to ihe other ?
the dimenions of which, will be'dtade known
on thedttv above mentioned.
Thre istfone in the vicinity, which it is
lieved can be procured at very little cost
TITI a ITT . ' 1 f XI I
DAN'L TURNER. )
POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT .
The Boston Gazette gives the following
abstract of the Report of the Post Master
General. We find impracticable, to give
the Report entire :
Total amount of the receipts for the year
ending 80ih June, 1834, $2,823.749- to
tal expenditure, 2,910,605 -balance a
gninst the Department, 886,855. Gross
revenue for the year ending 30tb,Nov. 1 835,
$2,993,556 total expenditure, 2,757,350
balance in favour of the Department,
In the first part of the year 1835, addi
tional allowances were autborized, as is
alleged, amounting, on the first of May
last, to about $157,000, which have since
been suspended, and do not enter into the
foregouig statement. If finally admitted,
they will reduce the balance in favour of
the Department that year to about $79,
000. On the 1st cf July last the whole debf
of the Department was $1,064,381, viz:
due to Contractors $792,381 ; do to Banks
272,000. Amount due the Department,
estimated to be good, and cash on hnnd,
$1,040,681. Balance of debt $23,700. If
the suspended allowances be added, the
debt will be $180.7i 0
The accounts of the Postmasters for the
quarter ending 30th September last, (says resort to even indirect taxation necessary,
Mr. Kendall) "have been so far examined except for the other three-fourths ; and the
as to show, satisfactorily, that the increase: proceeds of that indirect taxation, though
of gross revenue over that of the corres-j largely and freely reduced, yet accumulat
ponding quarter of last year, is about 12 ing so fastasto require further legislation
percent. The annual saving in the recent jto dispose of, or invest a considerable sur
letting of contracts, was about $30,060. plus on hand. Whether this state of en
Predicate.d on an average increase of re- j viable prosperity be justly attributable to
venue throughout the current fiscal yearithe form of our Government to the ad-
nf ten nir cent, and on a sftvitidr of ft -2. .000
when the contracts recently let shall be'people the physical advantages of our
executed with necessary alterations, an!country or to all cornbined,it is a subject of
estimate of the gross revenue and accruing, strong congratulation, and exhibits a very a thousand other beneficial effects, is re
sponsibilities for the year ending 30th remarkable phenomenon in the history of pidly dispelling the cloud of prejudice
June, 1836, indicates the following results, taxation and finance. Without dwelling ; which was lately existing against military
viz : Gross revenue 83,292,692; total ex
penditures, 82,816,405 leaving balance
in. favour of the Department of $476,227
sufficient to pay off the debt of the De
partment, and leave a considerable amount
applicable to an extension of miil accom
modation. Here is the account Mr. Kendall gives
of the Department when he took posses
sion of it.
When the undersigned took charge of
this Department, his attention was imme
diately called to condition of its fin-
r . i r j . i . .
ancrs. oui it was ?uou luuuu uiui iiu suua-
factorv account of its debts or its means
could, within any short period, be obtained
from its books. It was only perceived,
from current incidents and detached ac
counts, lhat the unsatisfied demands o!
contractors from every quarter of the coun
try, were daily accumulating ; that then
was a debt of near $300,000 dne to Banks ;
that the outstanding acceptances of the
Treas irer exceeded $390,000; that a con
siderable portion of the revenue of some
of the large offices, for the present calen
dar year, had been anticipated by drafts
discounted in Banks, which they had been
instructed to pay at maturity : that addition
al allowances bad been recently authoriz
ed to a considerable amount; that to pro
vide the means to meet the demands on
the Department at Washington, created by
the system of acceptances, upwards of two
thousand of the most considerable post of
fices had been directed to deposite their in
come in banks; and that these means pro
vinfr insufficient, the Department was sub
jected to continual embarrassments in
devising ways and means to meet its en
gagements. At the same lime, it was be
lieved on all hands, that the current re
venue of the Department considerably ex
ceeded its current expenditure, and thatthe
aggregate of debt was in progress of di
minution. In the state of things, it was
deemed expedient to make an effort to
extricate ihe Department from its embar
rassrmenl8. The amount of the old debt remaining
unpaid on the 1st of this month was $467,
304; 205,000 of which is due to Banks,
and the rest to contractors and others. The
Bank debts due in Baltimore and Boston,
amounting to $67,804, were paid in Octo
ber! The old debts due to contractors are
now paid as far as presented, and Mr. Ken
dall thinks that the Bank debt can all be
paid by April next.
Mr. K. states-that bis experience has
confirmed his prior impressions, that the
Post Office Department requires re-organization
; and he makes many suggestions
on the subject, tt is worthy of considera
tion, he says, whether it would not be en
pedient to change the rates of letter post
age, making them conform to the national
currency, in gradations of 5, 10, 15, 20,
25, and 30 cents. Sucha provision would
save almost half the labour now required
in the examination of accounts in the De
partment, and prevent numberless errors.
About a column of the Report is taken
up with some sensible remarks in relation
to the distribution of abolition publications
in the Slave States, by Northern fanatics,
through the agency of the Post Office.
The Document is altogether a highly
satisfactory one, and will gain for Mr. Ken
dall " troops of friends." Bost. Gaz.
We fast week gave an abstract of the
annual Report of the Hon. Levi Wood
Abury, Secretary of the Treasury; we now
iffive the following remarks of the Sec re-
ii.... m .ilotinn In lkiit'ilrnliiQ in h M rV r(-;l
- 2 . r
pury, anu us uisjiuaiuuu.
k has been shown that th available
balance! in the Treasury over all outstand
ing appropriations, on the 1st of January,
1836, is estimated at about ten and a half
millions; the expenditures for the ensuing
year, for all purposes, whether ordinary
or extraordinary, enumerated in the sche
dules, at more than twenty three millions,
and the receipts at less than twenty mil
lions. Hence it follows, that if the appro
priauons made, and the revenues received
in 1833, shall be as large as the estimates
and no larger, the nett surplus now appli
cable to new and other objects, will proba
bly, in the course of the ensuing year, be
come reduced to a sum between six and
seven millions. This sum, therefore,
would in these events remain on the 1st of
January, 1837,as a nett surplus, unexpend
ed and unpledged. ConsequentlyAmost of
it could now be applied to other purposes,
not included in the estimates, add liberally
aid in promoting any constitutional objects,
which Congress may deem most expedi
An unprecedented spectacle is thus pre
sented to the world of a Government, not
only virtually without any debts, and with
out any direct taxation, but with about one
fourth of its whole annual expenses de
frayed from stes of its own unincumbered
and immense tracts of public lands, and no
ministration of it to the character of our i
on the primary causes of our fortunate con-
d it ion, or discussing any secondary ones,
such as the great demand and reward in
this country for either labour or capital, the
more appropriate i.iquiry, under these
novel circumstances, and on an occasion
like the present, seems and to be to dis
cover the most judicious course to pursue
in using this surplus, and in preventing or
regulating itsaccumulation The balance
now on hand, or anticipated, does not differ
so much in amount from that at several
prior periods, as to require any extraor-
dinary steps, if the am available mode
existea. Ot emDIOVinsi It leoailV and Dene-
finally, without new legislation. There!
were threeformer years in our bittory, viz: 'measures which have broken the despot
1815, 1816, and 1817, when our balances ism of a monied institution, restored the
on hand, on the first of Januaty each year, reign of constitutional currency, baffled
were respectively over 13, 22, and 14 mil
ions of dollars, and in 1833, over 11 mil
ions. But these balances were either un
available for a time, or whenever produc
tive, were soon able to be applied in the
lischarge of the public debt, and thus to
prevent longer and larger accumulations,
and to save interest. In that way being
reduced from time to time, they at no other
period have ever exceeded tpn millions,
though on four other occasions they have
accumulated beyond nine millions. But,
happily for the country,it is no longpr com
pelled to part with its resources to dis
charge heavy burdens, imposed in former
times; and in the present prosperous state
of our finances, it is respectfully submitted,
that in order to reduce the present surplus,
there might.be first, and judiciously au
thorized, for purposes not enumerated in
any of the estimates, other benefickf ex
pendituresforobjects clearly lawful and use
ful Not considering it the province of this
Department, in an annual report, to enter
into minute details in relation to theselec
tionof those objects, the undersigned would
merely advert to a few prominent ones,
about which no constitutional difficulties in
terpose such as the erection of suitable and
necessary buildings for the use of the Gen
eral Government, whether in this city or
the different Spates, and the earlier com
mencement in important works contem
plated, and the more rapid completion of
others already begun, which are essential
ly connected with the commerce, the navy,
or the frontier defences of the country."
Colonel Ben? On against Monopolies.
While on his way to the seat of the Gen
eral Government, to renew his efforts in
the cause of the People, Col. Benton was
invited to partake of a public dinner by a
committee from the democratic citizens of
Cincinnati. The following ia his reply.
It breathes the genuine anti-monopoly spir
it. Col. Benton discovers no disposition, af
ter belaboring the United Ststes Bank with
the club of Hercules, year after year, to
qtiail before the power of State Banks and
other monopolies. It is not for the benefit
he has been contending.
Cincinnati, Nov. IStk, 1835.
Gentlemen : I regret that it is not
in my -power to accept your most kind and
flattering invitation, h would be a source
of great pride and gratification to me, to
be able to meet our political friends iu the
way you propose ; nut circumstances re-
rmirurl m tf -nrnr vtA lVIWn- rtirr ini iTTlPT
H . . iuv v fit . " f ' "mJ J J '
and to nostnone w some future time, the
pleasure I should enjoy from a general
meeting with the Democracy of this most
beautiful and flourishing city.
The kind and indulgent terms in which
you speak of my public services, cannot
be otherwise than grateful to-me : but the
great work m which we have been en gag-!
ed, and to which you allude, is not vet ac-
Icomplished, and much remains to be done,
Congress of the United States, before those
who oppose " all monopoliea," and who
advocate " Constitutional rights of the
American People," should intermit their
exertions of repose from their labors. We
have got the upper hand for the present,
of one great monopoly; but the States a
bound with other monopolies, just as mnch
at war with the rights of the people, as
lhat great one was, and each, in its sphere
capable of inflicting great and pervading
injuries upon the feat people, who live by
their own, and not by other people's labor .
Chartered companies, with extentive and
extraordinary privileges, are a greate legsi
lati ve evil. On no point have the powers
of legislative bodies been so strangely mis
understood as on this : on no one haswso
much error and delusion prevailed ; oa no
one is there such need for light among the
people, and for united, faithful, vigorous
and persevering exertions on the part of
those who defended their rights. 1 he ju
diciary should be the guardian of the peo
ple's rights in this case, as well as in
others ; but judicatories are too often "the
slaves of precedent," and refuse to do
right because " the precedents" are in fa
vor of wrong. In this case, the remedy
is wAh the people, and their redress must
be found in an independent press, in their
own votes at elections, and in the perfect
subordination of their representatives to
In thanking you gentlemen, for the hon
or wrhich you have done me, I take the
opportunity to congratulate you upon the
unprecedented and unexampled prosperity
which pervades every part of our country,
and bless every portion of our community,
which so sicrnallv dis.innoints all the vati
cinations of woe and misery from President
Jackson's administration, and which among
jnun upon an equal footing with all other
citiaens, for the most exalted offices of the
country, i nave tne nonor to De,
Gen tlemen, your obedient servant,
THOMAS H. BENTON.
In reply to a similar invitation from the
citizens of Pittsburg, Col. Benton makes
the following just and forcible remarks;
" For the prosperity which now pervades
and blesses every part of pUf country, the
democracy of the whole Union, have the
strongest reasons for self-approbation and
' self congratulation. It was they who
e ectrd nd snst:nnedthe Pntrint Pros Hnt
who has been the "ffreat leader of all the
the execrable designs of Panic and Pres
sure, and secured to the country a degree
of prosperity and of. happiness, such as
no people in any age of the world, or in
any quarter of the globe, ever enjoyed be
fore. Without his lead, and without the
support of the Democracy of the Union,
my own exertions, which you have been
pleased to refer to with so much flattering
commendation, instead of being now hon
ored with your approbation and crown
ed with your plaudits, would have been
the subject of contemptuous ridicule fronf
the triumphant enemies of your rights and
From the Texas Republican Nov. 21.
The election recently held by the Com
mission for officers of the provisional gov
ernment, resulted as follows :
Henry Smith, 31 votes,
S. F. Austin, 22
For Lieuten an'T Governor.
J. W. Robinson, 52 44
The president declared Henry Smith
duly elected Governor and Jas. W. Ro
binion, Lietftenant Governor.
Samuel Houston was elected Major
General without opposition.
Branch T. Archer, W. H. Wharton,
and Stephen F. Austin, were elected For
D. G. Burnet,
The last accounts from the army state
that they were encamped within four hun
dred yards-of the walls of San Antonio,
waiting the arrival of the large cannon,
which is doubtless at this time on its way
from Copeno, destined for the camp.
The schooner Flora, amved on Wed
nesday last, from New York, with goods
to R. Mills So Co
The Natchez Courier ofWhe 1st inst.
says: 44 Judging from the immense emi
gration to Texas within the past month,
from this qiuarter, and from the reports of
travellers, who state that hundreds are met
upon the road every day, Texas will be
able to boast of an army of 1 0,000 before
An arrival from Matamora, informs
us, that Saita Anna had not arrived there
21. His prospects are very bad
; . f f -, A in AAA t
"nances iow mougn .wu, escorteo
UJ a VJ L'r" , ,
provisions high flour at 30 a barrel.
Of ihe People of J3ezti9rn General Con
Whereas, General Antonio Lopez de
Santa Ana, and other military chieftains,
have, by force of arms, overthrown the fed-
the .social compact which existed between
TeXas and the other members of the
Mexican Confederacy.now the. good people
of Texas, availing themselves of their natu
1st, That they have taken up arms m
defence of their rights and liberties, which
vere threatened by the encroachments of
military despots, and in defence of the re
publican principle's of the federal Consti
tuiion of Mexico, of 1824.
2d. That Texrs is no longer morally of
civilly bound by the Compact of Unions
yet, stimulated by the generosity and sym
pathy common to a free people, they offer
their support and assistance to such of the
members of the Mexican Confederacy, at
will take up arms against military despo
tism, 3d. That they do not acknowledge that
the present authorities of the nominal
Mexican Republic have the-right to gov
ern within the limits of Texas.
4th. That they will not cease to rntrf
on war against the said authorities, whilst
their troops are within the limits of Texas.
5th. That they hold it to be their right,
during the disorganization of the federal
system, and the reign of despotism, td
withdraw from the Union, to establish an
independent government, or to adopt such
measures as they may deem best calcula
ted to protect their rights and liberties ;
but that they will continue faithful to the
Mexican Government, so long as that na
tion is governed by the Constitution and
laws that were formed for the government
of the political association.
6th. That Tezas is responsible for the
expenses of her armies, now in the field.
7th. That the public faith of Texas is
pledged for the payment of any dibia con
tracted by her agents.
8:h. That she will reward by donation
in land all who volunteer their services, ia
her present struggle, and receive them as
These declarations we solemnly
avow to the world, and call God to wit
ness their truth and sincerity, and invoke
defeat and disgrace upon our he ads, should
we prove guilty of duplicity.
rr.CM THE BALTIMORE K E PCBLIC AX .
Mr. Van Btjren. The' "Sun" pro
pounds to us the following question :
" Whether if elected, IVIr. Van Burets
will, or will not, sanction any appropria
tion which maybe made by Congress for
Internal Improvement? "
4t the '.Sun" shpultgke our si
lence for non committal, we will so far
gratify him as to say that on this subject,
Mr. Van Buren cannot be affected b ihe
Jesuitical query." A far tack as 182j.
Mr. Van Buren offered two resolutions in
the United States Senate. They con
tain the following declarations tthe first
'-that Congress does not possess power
to make roads and canals within the re
spective States ;" and the other proposed
select committee to prepare an amendnjjpi
to the Constitution, " prt scribing and dTn
ning the power Congress shall have over
the subject of internal improvements,
and subjecting the same to such restric
tions as shall effectually protect the sove
reignty of the respective States, and se
cure to them a just distribution of the bene
fits resulting from all appropriations made
for that purpose."
On the 21st April, during the same
Session of Congress, he opposed the ap
propriation for the Lousville Canal, and
said, that the General Government had no
right either to make a road or canal anrf
assume jurisdiction, or to make such im
provement, without assuming jurisdiction,
leaving this to the States; orto make ap
propriations' without doing either. On
the 15th of the following M ay, on the pro
posal to subscribe to the Dismal Swamp
Cawal, he again saya r
"He would not vote for the bill, for hr
did not believe that this govt rnment pos
sessed the constitutional power to make
fhese canals, or to grant money to mak
In the "Sun" answered? Now let
him tell us, how Judge White will act inr
this matter, should he be elected. The
Whicrs who are internal improvement men
would like to be infornfed. The " wiiP
to answer, we know does not rest with the
editor; "the cue" must first come from c
more influential and less servile quarter.
Keg? what the Boston Gazette, one of
Mr. Webster's leading organs in Massa
" We regret to see any of the WIumJI
anxious to free Mr. Webster of the chaRe
ot bem favorable to the Hartford Conven
fion. Mr. Webster's friends surely need
not be ashamed of that patriotic and truly
There's a confession lor you. The
Hartford Convention, a "truly 'whig mea
sure f " Ben. Hazard will inwardly re
spond to that sentiment, or we are mistair.
e. Rhode Island Hep.
Another change. Our politrWl -opponent
have again changed during the pre
sent year. Last year thev were VPnSs;
during the late election they were Inde
pendent Votp, and now their nomination
of Gen. Harrison and Mr. Tv'er isjna-
iiaunced as the Democrats R publican
Wnjg ticket What next? Ball. Repuit
A. gentleman writes from Swedeborof
(New Jersey) as follows -Several of
my Qeigbbors saw the light, at this place,
of the fira at New York, on last Wlae
JarBfet Tiw disranae fe IS
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